US20090165439A1 - Exhaust gas treatment system for an internal combustion engine - Google Patents

Exhaust gas treatment system for an internal combustion engine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20090165439A1
US20090165439A1 US12/338,250 US33825008A US2009165439A1 US 20090165439 A1 US20090165439 A1 US 20090165439A1 US 33825008 A US33825008 A US 33825008A US 2009165439 A1 US2009165439 A1 US 2009165439A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
exhaust gas
energy
gas treatment
applying
nox
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/338,250
Inventor
Sakutaro Hoshi
Koji Yoshida
Atsushi Kidokoro
Toru Sasatani
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Toyota Industries Corp
Original Assignee
Toyota Industries Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JPP2007-332319 priority Critical
Priority to JP2007332319A priority patent/JP2009156063A/en
Application filed by Toyota Industries Corp filed Critical Toyota Industries Corp
Assigned to KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA JIDOSHOKKI reassignment KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA JIDOSHOKKI ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HOSHI, SAKUTARO, KIDOKORO, ATSUSHI, SASATANI, TORU, YOSHIDA, KOJI
Publication of US20090165439A1 publication Critical patent/US20090165439A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/0892Electric or magnetic treatment, e.g. dissociation of noxious components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/32Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by electrical effects other than those provided for in group B01D61/00
    • B01D53/323Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by electrical effects other than those provided for in group B01D61/00 by electrostatic effects or by high-voltage electric fields
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/92Chemical or biological purification of waste gases of engine exhaust gases
    • B01D53/922Mixtures of carbon monoxide or hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides
    • B01D53/925Simultaneous elimination of carbon monoxide or hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/40Nitrogen compounds
    • B01D2257/402Dinitrogen oxide
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/40Nitrogen compounds
    • B01D2257/404Nitrogen oxides other than dinitrogen oxide
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/50Carbon oxides
    • B01D2257/502Carbon monoxide
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2257/00Components to be removed
    • B01D2257/70Organic compounds not provided for in groups B01D2257/00 - B01D2257/602
    • B01D2257/702Hydrocarbons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/01Engine exhaust gases
    • B01D2258/012Diesel engines and lean burn gasoline engines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/01Engine exhaust gases
    • B01D2258/014Stoichiometric gasoline engines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2259/00Type of treatment
    • B01D2259/80Employing electric, magnetic, electromagnetic or wave energy, or particle radiation
    • B01D2259/804UV light
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2259/00Type of treatment
    • B01D2259/80Employing electric, magnetic, electromagnetic or wave energy, or particle radiation
    • B01D2259/818Employing electrical discharges or the generation of a plasma
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2240/00Combination or association of two or more different exhaust treating devices, or of at least one such device with an auxiliary device, not covered by indexing codes F01N2230/00 or F01N2250/00, one of the devices being
    • F01N2240/28Combination or association of two or more different exhaust treating devices, or of at least one such device with an auxiliary device, not covered by indexing codes F01N2230/00 or F01N2250/00, one of the devices being a plasma reactor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2570/00Exhaust treating apparatus eliminating, absorbing or adsorbing specific elements or compounds
    • F01N2570/14Nitrogen oxides
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02CCAPTURE, STORAGE, SEQUESTRATION OR DISPOSAL OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG]
    • Y02C20/00Capture or disposal of greenhouse gases
    • Y02C20/10Capture or disposal of greenhouse gases of nitrous oxide (N2O)

Abstract

An exhaust gas treatment system for an internal combustion engine includes an exhaust pipe and an energy applying device. Exhaust gas discharged from the internal combustion engine flows into the exhaust pipe. The energy applying device applies energy to the exhaust gas flowing through the exhaust pipe. The energy applied to the exhaust gas is greater than the energy for decomposing nitrogen monoxide (NO) and less than the energy for decomposing nitrogen (N2).

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to an exhaust gas treatment system for an internal combustion engine.
  • Combustion in an internal combustion engine, a boiler and the like results in discharging to the atmosphere of such exhaust gases as particulate matters (PM), hydrocarbons (HC), sulfur oxides (SOx including SO, SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx including NO, NO2 and N2O) and carbon oxides (COx including CO, CO2). Regulations on emissions of such exhaust gas components have become more strict recently in consideration of environmental issues such as global warming. Therefore, importance has been attached to establishment of technologies for exhaust gas purification. Though there are many restrictions in size, weight, cost, working efficiency, maintenance and the like of exhaust gas purification system for transportation device such as a vehicle, demand for effective exhaust gas treatment system is expected to be expanded rapidly. Therefore, development of such exhaust gas treatment system with high efficiency is now an urgent need.
  • In a gasoline engine for vehicle, the engine operation is controlled based on signals from an oxygen sensor or the like such that a theoretical air-fuel ratio is obtained. This allows an oxidation-reduction catalytic converter (three-way catalyst) using platinum and the like to be used for removing PM, HC and NOx from exhaust gas. On the other hand, a diesel engine has good fuel efficiency, and emissions of carbon oxides such as CO2 and the like from the diesel engine are about 20 to 30 percent lower than that from the gasoline engine. However, exhaust gas from the diesel engine contains a large amount of excess oxygen, so that the use of a reduction catalyst in the diesel engine is difficult. Thus, various methods for reducing NOx in the diesel engine have been put into practice use. According to one method, exhaust gas is recirculated for reducing NOx, which is called exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), thereby generating excess PM, and then the excess PM is captured by a filter or the like that is called diesel particulate filter (DPF). According to another method, urea is injected into exhaust gas for reducing NOx, which is called urea selective catalytic reduction (Urea-SCR). According to still another method, NOx is absorbed temporarily and then reduced by fuel and the like at any appropriate time, which is called diesel particulate matter-NOx reduction system (DPNR).
  • However, in the case of the combination of EGR and DPF, the effect of reducing NOx emissions is relatively small and the driving performance of the vehicle is restricted. The method of Urea-SCR is disadvantageous in the installation of a urea tank and the need of replenishing the tank with urea. In the method of DPNR, periodical injection of surplus fuel is required, thereby deteriorating the fuel consumption of the vehicle. These methods for exhaust gas purification need to be performed in accordance with conditions of engine combustion. Therefore, engine controlling becomes complicated, so that engine development becomes enlarged, with the result that the development period is extended and the cost thereof increased accordingly. All the methods require a noble metal such as platinum as a catalyst, which is a problem in view of the cost and the need of conserving natural resources.
  • To solve the above problems, Japanese Patent Application Publication 61-31615 discloses an engine which reforms NOx by means of electric discharge. In this engine, a dissociation cylinder (reformer) is directly connected to an exhaust pipe of the engine, and corona discharge needles are arranged in the outer periphery of the dissociation cylinder. NOx in exhaust gas is decomposed by electric discharge in the dissociation cylinder, and the oxygen atom (oxygen radical) of the decomposed NOx combines with carbon oxide in exhaust gas thereby to form carbon dioxide. Meanwhile, nitrogen atom in the decomposed NOx combines with the other nitrogen atom in the decomposed NOx thereby to form nitrogen (N2). As a result, NOx in exhaust gas is reduced. However, it is hard to reduce NOx efficiently unless the following conditions are satisfied. A first condition is that the amount of carbon monoxide in exhaust gas is sufficiently greater than the amount of oxygen radical produced by the electric discharge. A second condition is that the chemical reactivity of nitrogen (nitrogen radical) separated from nitrogen oxides (NOx) is low enough to inhibit the production of NOx.
  • When the diesel engine is being operated under a lean burn condition or combustion with excess air (oxygen), exhaust gas contains therein a large amount of oxygen. This approach will not be expected to be satisfied with the first condition. Meanwhile, it is well known that under complete combustion wherein combustion takes place under a high temperature (oxidation reaction) and PM and HC are decreased effectively, but NOx emissions are increased. This approach will not be expected to be satisfied with the second condition under engine operation at a high temperature such as complete combustion or high power operation. Thus, when the electric discharge merely occurs under a high temperature of exhaust gas, it results that NOx is regenerated easily and, in some cases, NOx is increased in exhaust gas.
  • The present invention is directed to provide an exhaust gas treatment system for an internal combustion engine which can reduce NOx reliably while preventing nitrogen generated by the decomposition of NOx from being further decomposed to regenerate NOx.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In accordance with the present invention, an exhaust gas treatment system for an internal combustion engine includes an exhaust pipe and an energy applying device. Exhaust gas discharged from the internal combustion engine flows into the exhaust pipe. The energy applying device applies energy to the exhaust gas flowing through the exhaust pipe. The energy applied to the exhaust gas is greater than the energy for decomposing nitrogen monoxide (NO) and less than the energy for decomposing nitrogen (N2). Thus, NOx is decomposed, but N2 is hardly decomposed, so that N2 generated by decomposition of NOx is prevented from being further decomposed to regenerate NOx. Thus, nitrogen atoms in exhaust gas are gradually combined to form a stable nitrogen molecule (N2). Therefore, NOx in exhaust gas can be reduced reliably.
  • Other aspects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, illustrating by way of example the principles of the invention.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The features of the present invention that are believed to be novel are set forth with particularity in the appended claims. The invention together with objects and advantages thereof, may best be understood by reference to the following description of the presently preferred embodiments together with the accompanying drawings in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a diesel engine having an exhaust gas treatment system of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a graph explaining the operation of a low-temperature plasma generator forming a part of the exhaust gas treatment system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention; and
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a diesel engine with the exhaust gas treatment system according to an alternative embodiment of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • The following will describe the preferred embodiment of the present invention with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2. FIG. 1 shows a diesel engine 1 which is equipped with an exhaust gas treatment system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention. The diesel engine 1 includes a cylinder block 2 having four cylinders defining therein combustion chambers 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, an intake manifold 3 and a exhaust manifold 4 both of which are provided in communication with the respective combustion chambers 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D. The intake manifold 3 is connected to an intake pipe 5 in which intake air flows. The exhaust manifold 4 is connected to an exhaust pipe 6 in which exhaust gas discharged from the combustion chambers 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D flows. A low-temperature plasma generator 12 is disposed in the exhaust pipe 6. The diesel engine 1 has an electric control unit (ECU) 10. The low-temperature plasma generator 12 serves as an energy applying device.
  • The low-temperature plasma generator 12 includes a high-frequency power source 21, and a pair of electrode plates 22, 23. The high-frequency power source 21 is electrically connected to the ECU 10. The electrode plate 22 is disposed inside of the exhaust pipe 6 and connected to the high-frequency power source 21. The electrode plate 23 is disposed inside of the exhaust pipe 6 and grounded. As shown in FIG. 1, the electrode plates 22, 23 are disposed parallel and spaced apart to each other in the exhaust pipe 6. The electrode plates 22, 23 are covered with a dielectric material, respectively.
  • The following will describe the operation of the diesel engine 1 with the exhaust gas treatment system according to this preferred embodiment of the present invention with reference to FIG. 1. In operation of the diesel engine 1, air flowing in the intake pipe 5 flows into the combustion chambers 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D through the intake manifold 3. In the respective combustion chambers 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, the intake air is compressed by pistons (not shown), and then fuel injected into the compressed air from an injection nozzle (not shown) is ignited for combustion. Combustion gas is discharged from the combustion chambers 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D as exhaust gas to the exhaust manifold 4.
  • When the exhaust gas flows from the exhaust manifold 4 through the exhaust pipe 6, the ECU 10 activates the high-frequency power source 21 to cause a local electric discharge between a pair of the electrode plates 22, 23 in accordance with the amount of exhaust gas. By so doing, the ambient temperature of plasma is prevented from increasing (or low-temperature plasma), so that stable plasma reaction continues to achieve under a pressure near the atmospheric pressure. As shown in FIG. 2, the electric discharge occurs in a pulse manner that discharge (ON) and non-discharge (OFF) are repeated alternately. The electric discharge energy is controlled by adjusting the frequency and the voltage in accordance with the amount of exhaust gas, thereby making it possible to prevent nitrogen (N2) in the exhaust gas from being decomposed. Exhaust gas flowing between the electrode plates 22, 23 collides with electrons which are accelerated in the electric field between the electrode plates 22, 23, thus NOx in exhaust gas being decomposed thereby to produce nitrogen (N2), oxygen (O2) and the other oxides. As a result, NOx in exhaust gas is reduced. The electric discharge energy between the electrode plates 22, 23 is set greater than energy for decomposing nitrogen monoxide (NO) and less than energy for decomposing nitrogen (N2), or it is set in the range from 642 to 942 kJ/mol. This prevents the nitrogen (N2) produced by decomposing NOx from being decomposed to regenerate NOx.
  • Allowing exhaust gas to pass through the low-temperature plasma generator 12, NOx in the exhaust gas is decomposed to produce N2, O2 and the other oxide, which are then emitted into the atmosphere.
  • The low-temperature plasma generator 12 provides exhaust gas with an electric discharge energy that is larger than energy capable of decomposing nitrogen monoxide (NO), but less than energy capable of decomposing nitrogen (N2). Thus, NOx in exhaust gas is decomposed to produce N2, O2 and the other oxygen, but the produced N2 is hardly decomposed to regenerate NOx at all. Thus, N2 produced by decomposition of NOx is prevented from being decomposed into NOx. Therefore, almost all nitrogen atoms in exhaust gas are consequently combined to form a stable nitrogen molecule (N2), with the result that NOx in exhaust gas is reduced reliably.
  • The low-temperature plasma generator 12 is advantageous in that it has a compact structure in which a pair of the electrode plates 22, 23 is arranged within the exhaust pipe 6 and the high-frequency power source 21 is arranged outside the exhaust pipe 6. Thus, the low-temperature plasma generator 12 may be mounted even to a narrow exhaust pipe. Furthermore, energy consumption may be reduced in comparison with a system using a thermal plasma generator.
  • In this preferred embodiment, the applying energy is adjustable according to the amount of exhaust gas, however, the present invention is not limited. Alternatively, the applying energy may be adjustable according to the exhaust gas temperature, as well.
  • In this preferred embodiment, there is provided only single low-temperature plasma generator. Alternatively, the energy applying device may be composed of a plurality of low-temperature plasma generators. The use of a plurality of low-temperature plasma generators expands the area where the energy is applied to the exhaust gas, so that more amount of NOx may be decomposed. The plural low-temperature plasma generators may be arranged in series along the exhaust pipe 6. Alternatively, the exhaust pipe may be branched and a low-temperature plasma generator may be disposed in each branched pipe so that the plural low-temperature plasma generators are provided in parallel arrangement. The energy applying device of the present invention is not limited to the low-temperature plasma generator. Alternatively, any device that is operable to apply energy of a predetermined range to exhaust gas, for example, an ultraviolet irradiating unit is usable. Therefore, the present invention does not limit the applying energy to plasma. Alternatively, various other kinds of means are usable for applying energy to exhaust gas.
  • In the preferred embodiment, the ECU 10 controls the operation of the high-frequency power source 21 based on the amount of exhaust gas. Alternatively, a NOx detector 11 may be provided for detecting the NOx concentration in exhaust gas, as shown in FIG. 3, and the operation of high-frequency power source 21 may be controlled in accordance with the detected value of the NOx detector 11. NOx concentration can be estimated based on the relation between a specific operating condition of the diesel engine 1 and its corresponding preliminarily measured NOx, and plasma may be generated in accordance with such estimated NOx concentration. This effectively reduces the NOx concentration to an appropriately low level. Controlling the plasma appropriately, PM, HC, and COx can be removed effectively. By generating, for example, oxygen radical (active oxygen) and ozone (O3), PM can be changed to CO and CO2, HC to H2O, CO and CO2, and CO to CO2, respectively.
  • In the above-described preferred embodiment, the exhaust gas treatment system is applied to the diesel engine 1 as an internal combustion engine, but it is applicable to other apparatuses than the diesel engine 1. Alternatively, the exhaust gas system of the present invention is applicable to a gasoline engine, a boiler, and the like.
  • Therefore, the present examples and embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the invention is not to be limited to the details given herein but may be modified within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (11)

1. An exhaust gas treatment system for an internal combustion engine comprising:
an exhaust pipe into which exhaust gas discharged from the internal combustion engine flows; and
an energy applying device for applying energy to the exhaust gas flowing through the exhaust pipe,
wherein the energy applied to the exhaust gas is greater than the energy for decomposing nitrogen monoxide (NO) and less than the energy for decomposing nitrogen (N2).
2. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the applying energy by the energy applying device is set in a range from 642 to 942 kJ/mol.
3. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the applying energy by the energy applying device is adjustable according to amount of the exhaust gas.
4. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 3, wherein the applying energy by the energy applying device is adjustable according to temperature of the exhaust gas.
5. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 1, the exhaust gas treatment system further comprising a NOx detector for detecting NOx concentration, wherein the operation of the energy applying device is controlled based on NOx concentration in the exhaust gas.
6. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the energy applying device is a low-temperature plasma generator.
7. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 6, wherein the low-temperature plasma generator has a pair of electrode plates arranged within the exhaust pipe and a high-frequency power source connects to the electrode plates.
8. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the energy applying device is an ultraviolet irradiating unit.
9. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the exhaust gas treatment system has a plurality of the energy applying devices.
10. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 9, wherein the plurality of the energy applying devices is arranged in series along the exhaust pipe.
11. The exhaust gas treatment system according to claim 9, wherein the exhaust pipe is branched and the energy applying devices are disposed in each branched exhaust pipe in parallel arrangement.
US12/338,250 2007-12-25 2008-12-18 Exhaust gas treatment system for an internal combustion engine Abandoned US20090165439A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JPP2007-332319 2007-12-25
JP2007332319A JP2009156063A (en) 2007-12-25 2007-12-25 Exhaust gas treatment system of internal combustion engine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20090165439A1 true US20090165439A1 (en) 2009-07-02

Family

ID=40459840

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12/338,250 Abandoned US20090165439A1 (en) 2007-12-25 2008-12-18 Exhaust gas treatment system for an internal combustion engine

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US20090165439A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2075422A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2009156063A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100154631A1 (en) * 2008-12-22 2010-06-24 General Electric Company System and method for removing a foreign object from an airstream entering a turbomachine
US20120067716A1 (en) * 2009-01-23 2012-03-22 Plasmatreat Gmbh Method and Apparatus for Detecting Ionisable Gases in Particular Organic Molecules, Preferably Hydrocarbons
US20160158695A1 (en) * 2012-11-05 2016-06-09 Paradigm of New York, LLC Airstream treatment apparatus (ata) and methods of use thereof
WO2016201144A1 (en) * 2015-06-10 2016-12-15 Sturman Digital Systems, Llc Dual fuel ammonia combustion in diesel engines

Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5893267A (en) * 1996-08-19 1999-04-13 The Regents Of The University Of California Catalytic reduction system for oxygen-rich exhaust
US6038853A (en) * 1996-08-19 2000-03-21 The Regents Of The University Of California Plasma-assisted catalytic storage reduction system
US6038854A (en) * 1996-08-19 2000-03-21 The Regents Of The University Of California Plasma regenerated particulate trap and NOx reduction system
US6176078B1 (en) * 1998-11-13 2001-01-23 Engelhard Corporation Plasma fuel processing for NOx control of lean burn engines
US20020014071A1 (en) * 1998-10-01 2002-02-07 Mari Lou Balmer Catalytic plasma reduction of nox
US6363714B1 (en) * 2000-06-09 2002-04-02 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Plasma-catalyst control system
US20030007901A1 (en) * 2001-07-03 2003-01-09 John Hoard Method and system for reduction of NOx in automotive vehicle exhaust systems
US6532733B1 (en) * 1999-10-20 2003-03-18 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Plasma exhaust gas treatment device
US20030233824A1 (en) * 2000-06-01 2003-12-25 Chun Kwang Min Apparatus for removing soot and NOx in exhaust gas from diesel engines
US20040231321A1 (en) * 2003-05-20 2004-11-25 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Exhaust gas purifying apparatus and method of using the same
US20050126160A1 (en) * 2003-12-16 2005-06-16 Goldschmidt Stephen P. Power supply and transformer
US20060005531A1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2006-01-12 Sabine Calvo System for exhaust gas treatment comprising a gas ionizing system with ionized air injection
US20060201139A1 (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-14 Navin Khadiya Emission abatement systems and methods
US20060288689A1 (en) * 2003-05-22 2006-12-28 Hino Motors, Ltd Exhaust gas purifier
US7316106B2 (en) * 2004-09-07 2008-01-08 Gm Daewoo Auto & Technology Company Method for processing combustion exhaust gas containing soot particles and NOx

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0559934A (en) 1991-08-27 1993-03-09 Hitachi Ltd Internal combustion engine and its discharge denitration device
JPH0615143A (en) * 1992-07-03 1994-01-25 Mitsui Eng & Shipbuild Co Ltd Plasma reaction vessel for nitrogen oxide decomposition device
US5807466A (en) * 1996-08-19 1998-09-15 Hughes Electronics Fuel injection system and method for treatment of NOx in a corona discharge pollutant destruction apparatus
US6136158A (en) * 1996-08-19 2000-10-24 Raytheon Company NOx reduction method in corona discharge pollutant destruction apparatus
JP3991252B2 (en) * 1998-12-04 2007-10-17 富士電機システムズ株式会社 Equipment for decomposing organic substances in exhaust gas by pulse corona discharge
JP2007209897A (en) * 2006-02-09 2007-08-23 Tokai Univ Apparatus and method for decomposing and removing nitrogen oxide in combustion exhaust gas

Patent Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6038853A (en) * 1996-08-19 2000-03-21 The Regents Of The University Of California Plasma-assisted catalytic storage reduction system
US6038854A (en) * 1996-08-19 2000-03-21 The Regents Of The University Of California Plasma regenerated particulate trap and NOx reduction system
US6374595B1 (en) * 1996-08-19 2002-04-23 The Regents Of The University Of California Plasma-assisted catalytic storage reduction system
US5893267A (en) * 1996-08-19 1999-04-13 The Regents Of The University Of California Catalytic reduction system for oxygen-rich exhaust
US20020014071A1 (en) * 1998-10-01 2002-02-07 Mari Lou Balmer Catalytic plasma reduction of nox
US6363716B1 (en) * 1998-11-13 2002-04-02 Engelhard Corporation Plasma fuel processing for NOx control lean burn engines
US6176078B1 (en) * 1998-11-13 2001-01-23 Engelhard Corporation Plasma fuel processing for NOx control of lean burn engines
US6532733B1 (en) * 1999-10-20 2003-03-18 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Plasma exhaust gas treatment device
US20030233824A1 (en) * 2000-06-01 2003-12-25 Chun Kwang Min Apparatus for removing soot and NOx in exhaust gas from diesel engines
US6363714B1 (en) * 2000-06-09 2002-04-02 Ford Global Technologies, Inc. Plasma-catalyst control system
US20030007901A1 (en) * 2001-07-03 2003-01-09 John Hoard Method and system for reduction of NOx in automotive vehicle exhaust systems
US20060005531A1 (en) * 2002-08-30 2006-01-12 Sabine Calvo System for exhaust gas treatment comprising a gas ionizing system with ionized air injection
US20040231321A1 (en) * 2003-05-20 2004-11-25 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Exhaust gas purifying apparatus and method of using the same
US20060288689A1 (en) * 2003-05-22 2006-12-28 Hino Motors, Ltd Exhaust gas purifier
US20050126160A1 (en) * 2003-12-16 2005-06-16 Goldschmidt Stephen P. Power supply and transformer
US7316106B2 (en) * 2004-09-07 2008-01-08 Gm Daewoo Auto & Technology Company Method for processing combustion exhaust gas containing soot particles and NOx
US20060201139A1 (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-14 Navin Khadiya Emission abatement systems and methods

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100154631A1 (en) * 2008-12-22 2010-06-24 General Electric Company System and method for removing a foreign object from an airstream entering a turbomachine
US8043413B2 (en) * 2008-12-22 2011-10-25 General Electric Company System and method for removing a foreign object from an airstream entering a turbomachine
US20120067716A1 (en) * 2009-01-23 2012-03-22 Plasmatreat Gmbh Method and Apparatus for Detecting Ionisable Gases in Particular Organic Molecules, Preferably Hydrocarbons
US8920610B2 (en) * 2009-01-23 2014-12-30 Plasmatreat Gmbh Method and apparatus for detecting ionisable gases in particular organic molecules, preferably hydrocarbons
US20160158695A1 (en) * 2012-11-05 2016-06-09 Paradigm of New York, LLC Airstream treatment apparatus (ata) and methods of use thereof
US9920671B2 (en) * 2012-11-05 2018-03-20 Paradigm of New York, LLC Airstream treatment apparatus (ATA) and methods of use thereof
WO2016201144A1 (en) * 2015-06-10 2016-12-15 Sturman Digital Systems, Llc Dual fuel ammonia combustion in diesel engines

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2075422A1 (en) 2009-07-01
JP2009156063A (en) 2009-07-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Talebizadeh et al. The role of non-thermal plasma technique in NOx treatment: A review
US8943807B2 (en) Method and apparatus for cold starting an internal combustion engine
DE102007044192B4 (en) Method for controlling a NOx concentration
EP1620635B1 (en) System and methods for improved emission control of internal combustion engines using pulsed fuel flow
CA2709457C (en) Denox of diesel engine exhaust gases using a temperature-controlled precatalyst for providing no2 in accordance with the requirements
JP5035704B2 (en) System for improved exhaust control of internal combustion engines
US6176078B1 (en) Plasma fuel processing for NOx control of lean burn engines
US7472545B2 (en) Engine exhaust emission control system providing on-board ammonia generation
KR100919649B1 (en) Apparatus and method to inject a reductant into an exhaust gas feedstream
US6293096B1 (en) Multiple stage aftertreatment system
US7521031B2 (en) Method and apparatus for treating exhaust gas
US7090811B2 (en) Method of reducing NOx in diesel engine exhaust
RU2455505C2 (en) System of exhaust gas advanced treatment
EP1309390B1 (en) Process and apparatus for removing nox from engine exhaust gases
US6718753B2 (en) Emission abatement system utilizing particulate traps
US7818960B2 (en) SCR cold start heating system for a diesel exhaust
AU726650B2 (en) A method and apparatus for reducing pollutants and contaminants in exhaust gases of an engine
US5272871A (en) Method and apparatus for reducing nitrogen oxides from internal combustion engine
CN100408834C (en) Exhaust gas purifier
RU2505686C2 (en) Catalytic system for control over emission of ice running on natural gas
US6029442A (en) Method and apparatus for using free radicals to reduce pollutants in the exhaust gases from the combustion of fuel
JP6074912B2 (en) Exhaust gas purification system and exhaust gas purification method
EP2530268B1 (en) Exhaust purification device and exhaust purification method for diesel engine
US7121079B2 (en) System for exhaust gas treatment comprising a gas ionizing system with ionized air injection
US6775972B2 (en) Purification of exhaust gases

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA JIDOSHOKKI, JAPAN

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HOSHI, SAKUTARO;YOSHIDA, KOJI;KIDOKORO, ATSUSHI;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:022403/0976

Effective date: 20081224

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION