US20090149570A1 - Plasticizer, a biodegradable material comprising the plasticizer and application thereof - Google Patents

Plasticizer, a biodegradable material comprising the plasticizer and application thereof Download PDF

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US20090149570A1
US20090149570A1 US12216927 US21692708A US2009149570A1 US 20090149570 A1 US20090149570 A1 US 20090149570A1 US 12216927 US12216927 US 12216927 US 21692708 A US21692708 A US 21692708A US 2009149570 A1 US2009149570 A1 US 2009149570A1
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plasticizer
biodegradable
according
parts
weight
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Hsiu-Yu Cheng
Guang-Way Jang
Yin-Ju Yang
Shu-Chen Lee
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Industrial Technology Research Institute
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Industrial Technology Research Institute
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIALS AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J167/00Adhesives based on polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09J167/04Polyesters derived from hydroxycarboxylic acids, e.g. lactones
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUSE OF INORGANIC OR NON-MACROMOLECULAR ORGANIC SUBSTANCES AS COMPOUNDING INGREDIENTS
    • C08K5/00Use of organic ingredients
    • C08K5/0008Organic ingredients according to more than one of the "one dot" groups of C08K5/01 - C08K5/59
    • C08K5/0016Plasticisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L5/00Compositions of polysaccharides or of their derivatives not provided for in groups C08L1/00 or C08L3/00
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L5/00Compositions of polysaccharides or of their derivatives not provided for in groups C08L1/00 or C08L3/00
    • C08L5/10Heparin; Derivatives thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L67/00Compositions of polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L67/00Compositions of polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L67/02Polyesters derived from dicarboxylic acids and dihydroxy compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L67/00Compositions of polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L67/02Polyesters derived from dicarboxylic acids and dihydroxy compounds
    • C08L67/03Polyesters derived from dicarboxylic acids and dihydroxy compounds the dicarboxylic acids and dihydroxy compounds having the carboxyl- and the hydroxy groups directly linked to aromatic rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L67/00Compositions of polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L67/04Polyesters derived from hydroxycarboxylic acids, e.g. lactones
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L89/00Compositions of proteins; Compositions of derivatives thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L89/00Compositions of proteins; Compositions of derivatives thereof
    • C08L89/04Products derived from waste materials, e.g. horn, hoof or hair
    • C08L89/06Products derived from waste materials, e.g. horn, hoof or hair derived from leather or skin, e.g. gelatin
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIALS AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J167/00Adhesives based on polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain; Adhesives based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09J167/02Polyesters derived from dicarboxylic acids and dihydroxy compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/06Biodegradable
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2666/00Composition of polymers characterized by a further compound in the blend, being organic macromolecular compounds, natural resins, waxes or and bituminous materials, non-macromolecular organic substances, inorganic substances or characterized by their function in the composition
    • C08L2666/02Organic macromolecular compounds, natural resins, waxes or and bituminous materials

Abstract

The present invention relates to a Plasticizer, which is fabricated by mixing monomers of biodegradable polymer with bio-molecules subsequently to deal the mixture with thermal treatment. The Biodegradable material comprising the Plasticizer has high melt index which is contributive for the processing of thermal processing, and the microwave-tolerance and water-resistance of the material makes the material suitable for food packaging.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to a biodegradable material, especially a biodegradable material containing a plasticizer.
  • 2. Description of Related Art
  • The rise of plastic packaging material closely relates to the change of general lifestyle. The use of light, convenient packaging to facilitate food storage and transportation, as well as increasing the shelf life of food has become very important due to the pressure from high population growth rate and food shortage. Although plastic packaging at present can satisfy these demand, the consumption of plastic has exceeded 160 million tons annually, within which 35% is used as packaging material. The treatment of waste from the packaging material imposes huge impact on the environment, so the recycling of plastic and the study of degradable plastic have become more and more important.
  • Biodegradable material has been generally defined as a material under sufficient water, oxygen, and suitable nutrients and temperature being able to decompose into carbon dioxide and water by microbes. Biodegradable material is a new type of polymer, which is characterized by the self-decomposition when its function completes. The bonding between these polymers decomposes into environmentally friendly compositions through biological processes. Biodegradable material is more friendly to the environment than conventional material. Generally speaking, the treatment and recycling for plastics used in disposable applications after use are not economic and impose greater impact on the environment. The treatment of contaminated plastics at present is nothing more than combustion or landfill, which invisibly increases the loading to the environment. Therefore, the development of biodegradable material has become a high-profile issue. Depending on the source of the material, biodegradable material can be divided into four categories: (1) biodegradable material based on polylactic acid; (2) biodegradable material based on polyester; (3) biodegradable material based on starch; and (4) biodegradable material based on polycaprolactone. Other natural materials such as soybean are also under development continually.
  • Although the biodegradable material at present is environmentally friendly, the structure of such material is hard to be modified, and their products after different kinds of fabrication processes have disadvantages of fragility, low heat-resistance, insufficient viscosity and so on. Therefore, the application of biodegradable materials is greatly limited, and the marketing products can only be used at low temperature. In view of this, the emphasis of future market demand will be focused on the environmentally friendly formula having increased functionalities of heat-tolerance, tenacity, viscosity and so on.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In view of the disadvantages in the known art, the object of the present invention is to provide a plasticizer added in biodegradable material, to improve the property of the biodegradable material, and facilitate the follow-up processes.
  • Another object of the present invention is to provide a biodegradable material having excellent properties. By the use of plasticizer, biodegradable materials with appropriate tenacity, impact-tolerance, high adhesion and ductility can be obtained.
  • Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a surface-covering material for paper, wood, plastic or metal substrate to improve the water-resistant, oil-resistant, microwave-tolerant and anti-freezing properties of the substrate.
  • Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a adhesion material for paper, wood, plastic or metal substrate to adhere two substrates.
  • To achieve the above objects, the plasticizer for the biodegradable material of the present invention comprises 100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule and 0.1 to 1000 parts by weight of a monomer of biodegradable polymer, wherein the bio-molecule and the monomer of biodegradable polymer are thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C. after mixing.
  • The present invention also includes a use of plasticizer for adjusting the tenacity and/or impact-tolerance and/or ductility and/or adhesion of biodegradable material, wherein the plasticizer comprises 100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule and 0.1 to 1000 parts by weight of a monomer or oligomer of biodegradable polymer, water or mixtures thereof, and the plasticizer is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C.
  • The present invention includes a biodegradable material precursor, which comprises 100 parts by weight of a biodegradable polymer and 0.1 to 50 parts by weight of a plasticizer; wherein the plasticizer is made up of 100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule and 0.1 to 1000 parts by weight of a monomer or oligomer of biodegradable polymer, water or mixtures thereof; wherein the plasticizer is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C.
  • The present invention also includes a biodegradable material, which is obtained by thermal-treating the above-mentioned biodegradable material precursor.
  • The biodegradable material of the present invention can adhere two objects by thermal-compressing, and therefore the present invention also provides a adhesion material, which is obtained by thermal-treating the above-mentioned biodegradable material precursor. The adhesion material is characterized by adhering two surfaces through thermal-compressing.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1. is an image of a thin film formed by laminating the biodegradable material of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2A. is an image of water drops on the surface of glassine paper.
  • FIG. 2B. is an image of water drops on glassine paper having the biodegradable material of the present invention on its surface.
  • FIG. 2C. is an image of water drops on glassine paper having low density polyethylene thin film on its surface.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The biodegradable plasticizer of the present invention comprises 100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule and 0.1 to 1000 parts by weight of a precursor monomer or oligomer of the biodegradable polymer, water or mixtures thereof, wherein the bio-molecule and the precursor monomer or oligomer of the biodegradable polymer, water and mixtures thereof are thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C. after mixing. In a preferred embodiment, the mixing ratio of the bio-molecule and the precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer is 100 parts by weight of the bio-molecule, and 0.1 to 500 parts by weight of the precursor monomer or oligomer of the biodegradable polymer, water or mixtures thereof. In a more preferred embodiment, the mixing ratio of the bio-molecule and the precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer is 100 parts by weight of the bio-molecule and 0.1 to 200 parts by weight of the precursor monomer or oligomer of the biodegradable polymer, water or mixtures thereof.
  • The “bio-molecule” mentioned in the present invention refers to a biodegradable or bio-compatible material, such as protein or other materials forming the connective tissues or bones of animals or plants (such as agar, hyaluronic acid, chitosan or vegetable gelatin, for example hydroxypropypethyl cellulose).
  • Preferably, the protein suitable for the plasticizer of the present invention is animal gelatin or animal collagen, wherein the animal gelatin mentioned in the present invention refers to proteins from which the source includes beef bones, beef skin or pig skin, whose main composition is the protein after the hydrolysis of collagen.
  • Furthermore, the precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer in the plasticizer of the present invention refers to a precursor monomer, from which the polymer formed by polymerization reaction is biodegradable. In other words, the precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer can be used in the plasticizer of the present invention. There are many biodegradable polymers in the known art, and the one more suitable for the present technique is biodegradable polyester or biodegradable polyethylene or copolymers thereof, wherein the biodegradable polyester includes polygiycolic acid, polylactic acid, polycaprolactone, polyhydroxybutyrate, polyhydroxyvalerate, polyhydroxyvaleric acid or copolymers thereof, and the biodegradable polyethylene includes polyvinylacetate, poly(butylenes succinate), polyvinyl alcohol, poly-p-dioxanone or copolymers thereof.
  • The plasticizer of the present invention is formed by mixing the bio-molecule and the precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer at a required ratio, then thermal-treating the mixture, wherein the temperature for thermal-treating is 50 to 160° C., and 80 to 130° C. in a preferred embodiment.
  • In some embodiments, the precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer of the present invention can be replaced by oligomer or water, i.e. the plasticizer of the present invention comprises bio-molecule and water. In these embodiments, the bio-molecule solution is used to adjust the tenacity and/or impact-tolerance and/or adhesion and/or ductility of the biodegradable polymer. The bio-molecule solution used as plasticizer is composed of 100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule and 0.1 to 1000 parts by weight of water, wherein some parts of the water can be replaced by the precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer. The same as the embodiments using the precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer, the bio-molecule solution is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C. after mixing, and preferably at 80 to 130° C. In this embodiment, the definition of the bio-molecule is the same as mentioned above. From the above description for the composition of the plasticizer, the use of plasticizer is to adjust the tenacity and/or impact-tolerance and/or adhesion and/or ductility of a biodegradable polymer, wherein the plasticizer is added to the biodegradable polymer, and then the tenacity and/or impact-tolerance and/or adhesion and/or ductility of the biodegradable polymer can be changed after fabrication as expected.
  • Therefore, the biodegradable material precursor of the present invention comprises 100 parts by weight of a biodegradable polymer and 0.1 to 50 parts by weight of a plasticizer, wherein the plasticizer comprises 100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule and 0.1 to 1000 parts by weight of a precursor monomer or oligomer of the biodegradable polymer, water or mixtures thereof, and the plasticizer is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C. The definitions of bio-molecule and biodegradable polymer are the same as mentioned above. Preferably, the biodegradable material precursor is formed by mixing 100 parts by weight of a biodegradable polymer and 0.1 to 10 parts by weight of a plasticizer, wherein the preferred temperature for thermal-treating the plasticizer is 80 to 130° C.
  • The biodegradable material precursor of the present invention can be thermal-treated to form different types of biodegradable material as needed (ex: container or surface thin film), i.e. the present invention provides a biodegradable material, which is obtained by thermal-treating the above-mentioned biodegradable material precursor.
  • The thermal-treating process mentioned in the present invention includes polymer techniques which are used to produce a polymer, such as injection-molding, extrusion-molding, roll-coating, laminating or foaming. The molding temperature of the biodegradable material formed by the biodegradable material precursor of the present invention is 160 to 280° C., and preferably 190 to 250° C.
  • It can be easily understood by the skilled in the art that biodegradable materials with different tenacity, impact-resistance, adhesion and ductility can be obtained by adjusting the composition of plasticizer and the ratio of plasticizer to biodegradable polymer as needed. For example, the required properties for a biodegradable material used as a container, a coating film or electronic plastics are different, and that can be achieved by changing the composition of the precursor.
  • During the development of the present invention, the biodegradable material can also be used as a adhesive, which is to place the biodegradable material between the surface of two objects needed to be adhered, and use thermal-compressing to produce the adhesive property of the biodegradable material, then adhere these two objects.
  • Therefore, the biodegradable material of the present invention is also a adhesion material, which is used to adhere two objects, wherein the material of these two objects can be the same or different, including paper, wood, plastic or metal.
  • Specifically, it is known from the above description for the biodegradable material precursor that the flowability of the biodegradable material precursor can be adjusted by changing the amount of the plasticizer added, and therefore the biodegradable material with high and low contents of plasticizer can be used in different fields appropriately, and can be diluted by adding solvents (especially water). Generally speaking, the biodegradable material with low flowability (i.e. high viscosity) is more suitable to be used as a adhesive.
  • The advantages of the present invention are further depicted with the illustration of examples, which however should not be construed as a limitation on the scope of claims.
  • EXAMPLE 1 Preparation of Plasticizer
  • The present embodiment includes the preparation of four plasticizers, which is described as below:
  • Case 1
  • 5 g vegetable gelatin (vegetable hard shell capsule #0 produced by Dah Feng Capsule Industry Co., Ltd.) was mixed with 5 g water, then placed in an environment of 80° C. for 1 hour to obtain the plasticizer of the present invention (A001).
  • Case 2
  • 5 g vegetable gelatin (vegetable hard shell capsule #0 produced by Dah Feng Capsule Industry Co., Ltd.) was mixed with 5 g lactic acid monomer, then placed in an environment of 130° C. for 4 hours to obtain the plasticizer of the present invention (A002).
  • Case 3
  • 5 g animal gelatin (gelatin 260B sold by Buildmore Enterprise Co., Ltd.) was mixed with 5 g water, then placed in an environment of 80° C. for 1 hour to obtain the plasticizer of the present invention (A003).
  • Case 4
  • 5 g animal gelatin (gelatin 260B sold by Buildmore Enterprise Co., Ltd.) was mixed with 5 g lactic acid monomer, then placed in an environment of 130° C. for 4 hours to obtain the plasticizer of the present invention (A004).
  • EXAMPLE 2 Preparation of Biodegradable Material
  • The present embodiment includes the preparation of four biodegradable materials, which is described as below:
  • Case 1
  • 10 g plasticizer of example 1 (A001) was added in 500 g polylactic acid (PLA), then underwent laminating process at the 190° C. to obtain a biodegradable material as a thin film (PLA/A001), as shown in FIG. 1.
  • Case 2
  • 10 g plasticizer of example 1 (A002) was added in 500 g polylactic acid (PLA), then underwent laminating process at the 250° C. to obtain a biodegradable material as a thin film (PLA/A002).
  • Case 3
  • 10 g plasticizer of example 1 (A003) was added in 500 g polylactic acid (PLA), then underwent laminating process at the 250° C. to obtain a biodegradable material as a thin film (PLA/A003).
  • Case 4
  • 10 g plasticizer of example 1 (A004) was added in 500 g polylactic acid (PLA), then underwent laminating process at the 190° C. to obtain a biodegradable material as a thin film (PLA/A004).
  • EXAMPLE 3 The Properties of Biodegradable Material
  • The present embodiment includes some testing results for the properties of biodegradable material to illustrate the efficacy of the present invention.
  • Melt Index
  • The melt index of PLA is 4 to 8. After adding the plasticizer of the present invention, the melt index of PLA is raised up to 32 to 79 (testing values of four biodegradable materials from example 2). The increasing of melt index shows that the addition of plasticizer of the present invention is contributive to the fabrication of PLA, such as the laminating in example 2.
  • Contact Angle
  • The contact angle of the present embodiment was tested by measuring the contact angle of water drops on the surface of glassine paper. Without surface modification of the glassine paper, the contact angle is 40.25° (FIG. 2A), and it is elevated to 70.89° when the surface is rod-coated to form the biodegradable material PLA/A004 (FIG. 2B). In the data of control study, the contact angle of a glassine paper coated with low density polyethylene (LDPE) is 60.93° (FIG. 2C). It is known from the results of contact angle that the biodegradable material of the present invention can increase the hydrophobicity of a surface.
  • Temperature Test
  • Biodegradable material PLA/A004 was formed and coated on the surface of a biodegradable food container (paper) as a thin film, then microwaved for 3 minutes at a high microwave power (750 W), and no peeling-off of the thin film was observed. Afterward, water was added to 80% confluence of the container after microwave, then placed in a freezer for 4 hours, defrosted at room temperature, and no peeling-off of the thin film was observed. Afterward, the film was peeled off the paper surface, and some fiber residue was observed on the paper surface, which shows that the adhesion between the film and the paper remain unchanged before and after the test.
  • Adhesion Test
  • Biodegradable material PLA/A004 was combined and sandwiched between paper and wood (paper/biodegradable material/wood), and then underwent adhesion test based on the testing standard JIS K5400. In the control case, paper/LDPE/wood was tested under the same condition. The adhesion test result for LDPE is 4, and 8 for the biodegradable material of the present invention, which shows that the thin film formed by the biodegradable material of the present invention has good adhesion with other natural biodegradable materials.
  • Glass Transition Temperature (Tg), Crystallization Temperature (Tc), Melting Temperature (Tm) Decomposition Temperature (Td) and Melt Index (MI)
  • The polymer properties of biodegradable material in example 2 are compared with that of PLA in control case, and the results are shown in below table.
  • TABLE 1
    property
    polymer Tg Tc Tm Td MI
    PLA 54.7 120.4 150.3 329.6 2~4
    PLA/A001 50.3 109.9   147/153.0 352.4 24.6
    PLA/A002 52.0 108.7   147/153.5 352.1 32.2
    PLA/A003 48.2 104.6 142.0/151.2 346.4 36.1
    PLA/A004 48.1 119.8 149.3/152.8 346.8 79.8
  • It is known from the testing data in table 1, the plasticizer of the present invention greatly increases the melt index of PLA without changing other polymer properties, and facilitate the fabrication of biodegradable polymers such as PLA.
  • In summary, the plasticizer of the present invention increases the tenacity, oil-resistance, water-resistance and microwave-tolerance of the biodegradable polymer, and the adhesion property is also better than conventional food packaging. and no peeling-off occurs under freezing condition. The plasticizer of the present invention is contributive to the replacement of plastic packaging by biodegradable packaging, and the production of waste can be reduced by using this environmentally friendly formula combined with plastic or metal substrates.
  • OTHER EXAMPLES
  • All technical features disclosed in this specification can be combined with other processes, and every single technical feature can be selectively substituted by features the same with, equal to, or similar to the aimed features. Therefore, each technical feature disclosed in this specification is merely an example equal to or similar to the aimed features.
  • The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed above, but these embodiments are not used to limit the present invention. Those skilled in the art can make various changes and modifications without departing the spirit and the scope of the present invention.

Claims (26)

  1. 1. A plasticizer for biodegradable materials, comprising:
    100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule; and
    0.1 to 1000 parts by weight of a precursor monomer or oligomer of the biodegradable polymer, water and the mixture thereof;
    wherein said bio-molecule and said precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C. after mixing.
  2. 2. The plasticizer according to claim 1, comprising:
    100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule; and
    0.1 to 200 parts by weight of a precursor monomer or oligomer of the biodegradable polymer, water and mixtures thereof;
    wherein said bio-molecule and said precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C. after mixing.
  3. 3. The plasticizer according to claim 1, wherein said bio-molecule includes vegetable gelatin, animal protein, agar, chitosen, hyaluronic acid or mixtures thereof.
  4. 4. The plasticizer according to claim 3, wherein said animal protein includes animal gelatin or collagen.
  5. 5. The plasticizer according to claim 1, wherein said biodegradable polymer includes biodegradable polyester or biodegradable polyethylene or copolymers thereof.
  6. 6. The Plasticizer according to claim 5, wherein said biodegradable polyester includes polygiycolic acid, polylactic acid, polycaprolactone, polyhydroxybutyrate, polyhydroxyvalerate, polyhydroxyvaleratic acid or copolymers thereof.
  7. 7. The plasticizer according to claim 5, wherein said biodegradable polyethylene includes polyvinylacetate, poly(butylenes succinate), polyvinyl alcohol, poly-p-dioxanone or the copolymer thereof.
  8. 8. The plasticizer according to claim 1, wherein the temperature of said thermal-treating is 80 to 130° C.
  9. 9. A use of plasticizer for adjusting the tenacity and/or impact-tolerance and/or adhesion and/or ductility of a biodegradable polymer, wherein the said plasticizer comprises:
    100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule; and
    0.1 to 1000 parts by weight of a monomer or oligomer of biodegradable polymer, water and mixtures thereof;
    wherein said plasticizer is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C.
  10. 10. The use according to claim 9, wherein the said plasticizer comprises:
    100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule; and
    0.1 to 500 parts by weight of a monomer of biodegradable polymer, oligomer, water and mixtures thereof;
    wherein said bio-molecule and said precursor monomer of the biodegradable polymer is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C. after mixing.
  11. 11. The use according to claim 10, wherein said bio-molecule includes vegetable gelatin, animal protein, agar, chitosen, hyaluronic acid or mixtures thereof.
  12. 12. The plasticizer according to claim 11, wherein said animal protein includes animal gelatin or collagen.
  13. 13. The use according to claim 9, wherein said biodegradable polymer includes polygiycolic acid, polylactic acid, polycaprolactone, polyhydroxybutyrate, polyhydroxyvalerate, polyhydroxyvaleratic acid, polyvinylacetate, poly(butylenes succinate), polyvinyl alcohol, poly-p-dioxanone or copolymers thereof.
  14. 14. The plasticizer according to claim 9, wherein the temperature of said thermal-treating is 80 to 130° C.
  15. 15. A biodegradable material precursor, comprising:
    100 parts by weight of a biodegradable polymer; and
    0.1 to 50 parts by weight of a plasticizer;
    wherein said plasticizer comprises 100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule and 0.1 to 1000 parts by weight of a precursor monomer or oligomer of the biodegradable polymer, water or mixtures thereof; and said plasticizer is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C.
  16. 16. The biodegradable material precursor according to claim 15, comprising:
    100 parts by weight of a biodegradable polymer; and
    0.1 to 20 parts by weight of a plasticizer;
    wherein said plasticizer comprises 100 parts by weight of a bio-molecule and 0.1 to 500 parts by weight of a monomer or oligomer of biodegradable polymer, water or mixtures thereof; and said plasticizer is thermal-treated at 50 to 160° C.
  17. 17. The biodegradable material precursor according to claim 15, wherein said bio-molecule includes vegetable gelatin, agar, animal protein, chitosen, hyaluronic acid or mixtures thereof.
  18. 18. The biodegradable material precursor according to claim 15, wherein said biodegradable polymer includes polygiycolic acid, polylactic acid, polycaprolactone, polyhydroxybutyrate, polyhydroxyvalerate, polyhydroxyvaleratic acid, polyvinylacetate, poly(butylenes succinate), polyvinyl alcohol, poly-p-dioxanone or copolymers thereof.
  19. 19. The biodegradable material precursor according to claim 15, wherein the temperature of said thermal-treating is 80 to 130° C.
  20. 20. A biodegradable material, which is obtained by thermal-treating said biodegradable material precursor according to claim 15.
  21. 21. The biodegradable material according to claim 20, wherein said thermal-treating includes injection-molding, extrusion-molding, roll-coating, laminating or foaming.
  22. 22. The biodegradable material according to claim 20, wherein the temperature of said thermal-treating is 160 to 280° C.
  23. 23. The biodegradable material according to claim 22, wherein the temperature of said thermal-treating is 190 to 250° C.
  24. 24. A adhesion material, which is obtained by thermal-treating said biodegradable material precursor according to claim 15, and said adhesion material is characterized by using thermal-compressing to adhere two surfaces.
  25. 25. The adhesion material according to claim 24, wherein the material of said surfaces are the same or different.
  26. 26. The adhesion material according to claim 25, wherein the material of said surfaces includes paper, wood or metal.
US12216927 2007-12-11 2008-07-14 Plasticizer, a biodegradable material comprising the plasticizer and application thereof Abandoned US20090149570A1 (en)

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