US20090126718A1 - Method and device for utilizing solar energy - Google Patents

Method and device for utilizing solar energy Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20090126718A1
US20090126718A1 US11/986,046 US98604607A US2009126718A1 US 20090126718 A1 US20090126718 A1 US 20090126718A1 US 98604607 A US98604607 A US 98604607A US 2009126718 A1 US2009126718 A1 US 2009126718A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
solar
sun
collectors
solar energy
utilizing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/986,046
Inventor
Shai Gelber
Uzi Ezra Havosha
Original Assignee
Shai Gelber
Uzi Ezra Havosha
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shai Gelber, Uzi Ezra Havosha filed Critical Shai Gelber
Priority to US11/986,046 priority Critical patent/US20090126718A1/en
Publication of US20090126718A1 publication Critical patent/US20090126718A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/30Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with lenses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • F24S10/40Solar heat collectors using working fluids in absorbing elements surrounded by transparent enclosures, e.g. evacuated solar collectors
    • F24S10/45Solar heat collectors using working fluids in absorbing elements surrounded by transparent enclosures, e.g. evacuated solar collectors the enclosure being cylindrical
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/70Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with reflectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S50/00Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors
    • F24S50/20Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors for tracking
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S60/00Arrangements for storing heat collected by solar heat collectors
    • F24S60/30Arrangements for storing heat collected by solar heat collectors storing heat in liquids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

Vertically placed solar collectors arranged in a circular formation aided by magnifying glasses and mirrors to increase the heating effect of solar energy. Mirrors and magnifying glasses placed around the outside and in the center of the circular formation. Optional computer controlled movement of the solar collectors and/or the mirrors and magnifying glasses to optimally catch the angle of the sun's rays as the earth moves relative to the sun and according to the season. Use of captured energy to heat water and produce electricity for a house and/or an electrically driven car.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention is in the field of solar energy and in particular a new system of arranging the solar collectors and utilizing excess energy to produce electricity.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Solar energy has been utilized for mankind's benefit from the earliest times. In more modern times one common use of solar energy is to heat the water in a water system. Such water systems could be on a commercial scale or for domestic use. An additional use is to produce electricity for immediate use or to charge a battery for later use. Use of solar energy is a source of energy that is natural, pollution free, consistent, reliable and without cost. This invention comes to utilize solar energy for both the above mentioned uses.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description present embodiments of the invention and are intended to provide an overview or framework for understanding the nature and character of the invention as it is claimed. The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated into and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate various embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles and operations of the invention but not to limit the invention to these descriptions only.
  • The object of this invention is to utilize in a more efficient way solar energy.
  • Another object of this invention is to increase the power of the sun's energy by making the sun's light waves pass through a magnifying glass before reaching the solar collectors. The magnifying glass would be placed in such a way so as to focus the sun's radiation on the solar collectors.
  • Another object of this invention is to increase the power of the sun's energy by having mirrors placed at the far side of the solar collectors from the sun. The mirrors would be placed in such a way so as to focus the sun's radiation on the solar collectors and thereby increase the intensity of heat and increase the surface area of the collectors heated by the sun's heat and radiation.
  • Another object of this invention is for the solar collectors to be upright and a cylindrical shape.
  • Another object of this invention is for the solar collectors to be arranged in a circle or a circular type formation.
  • Another object of this invention is for the solar collectors to move together with the angle of the sun to catch the optimal solar energy throughout the day. This movement could be both regarding the angle of the solar collectors and their direction relative to the sun. A computer program would be used to adjust the angle and direction of the solar panel according to the data base of the program containing the position of the sun relative to the earth at different latitudes, different seasons of the year and times of the day. A motorized mount holding the solar panel could move the panel according to the changes calculated by the computer program.
  • Another object of this invention is for the magnifying glasses and/or the mirrors to move together with the sun to catch the optimal solar energy throughout the day. This movement could be both regarding the angle of the magnifying glasses and/or mirrors and their direction relative to the sun. A computer program would be used to adjust the angle and direction of the magnifying glasses and/or mirrors according to the data base of the program containing the position of the sun relative to the earth at different latitudes, different seasons of the year and times of the day. A motorized mount holding the magnifying glasses and/or mirrors could move the mount according to the changes calculated by the computer program.
  • Another object of this invention is to utilize the energy collected to heat water in a water tank.
  • Another object of this invention is to utilize the energy collected produce electricity in order to charge a rechargeable battery. This electricity could be produced by photovoltaic technology. The change from utilizing the sun's energy to heat water to producing electricity could be controlled by a heat sensitive switch that would give priority to heating water and when a pre-set water temperature is reached the sun's energy would be utilized by charging an electric battery. The switch would perform the reverse procedure when the temperature of the water fell below a pre-set temperature.
  • Another object of this invention is to have mirrors at the back of the solar collectors to increase surface area of the collectors heated by the sun's heat and radiation.
  • Another object of this invention is to have mirrors and/or magnifying glasses in the center of the circle of solar collectors to increase the radiated heat from the sun on the solar collectors.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and form a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description, serve to explain by way of example only, the principles of the invention:
  • FIG. 1 is a diagram of a conventional solar system used to heat water for domestic purposes.
  • FIG. 2 is a diagram of a solar system with magnifying glass, cylindrical solar collectors arranged in a circular formation.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • As will be appreciated the present invention is capable of other and different embodiments than those discussed above and described in more detail below, and its several details are capable of modifications in various aspects, all without departing from the spirit of the invention. Accordingly, the drawings and description of the embodiments set forth below are to be regarded as illustrative in nature and not restrictive.
  • FIG. 1 shows a conventional solar energy water heating system 100. This configuration is only one of many options. The variants depend on the capital cost, the ratio of sunlight hours to hours of the day without sunlight and other local factors like for example the possibility of below zero temperatures.
  • The sun 102 radiates heat and light that falls on a flat plate solar collector 104. When the system relies on convection water flow the water tank 106 should be higher than the collector 104. When this is not the case a water pump is required to pump the water on its route through the system. The water heated in the solar collector 104 rises to the top of the collector 104 and out through piping 108 to the top of the tank 106. Cooler water flows from the bottom of the tank 106 through piping 110 to the base of the collector 104 to be heated and the cycle continues. The user of the water takes the supply from the hottest section of the tank 106 namely from the upper section through piping 112.
  • FIG. 2 shows the solar system of this invention where the sun 102 radiates heat and light on the circular solar panel 120. The solar panel 120 accommodates the cylindrical solar collector tubes 122. The solar collector tubes 122 are arranged in a circular formation to maximize the efficiency of absorbing energy from the sun as the sun's position changes relative to the earth.
  • There are at least two methods of heat transfer from the solar collector tubes 122 to the water being heated. Either the water being heated passes through the tube collectors 122 and the water is heated by the intense heat inside the tubes 122 or a sealed pipe containing a fluid is heated by the heat in the tubes 122 and then a second heat exchange takes place when the sealed pipe passes through the water required to be heated.
  • Over the whole area of the solar collection panel 120 is a magnifying glass 124 or group of magnifying glasses aimed to concentrate and intensify the heating effect of the sun's radiation. This magnifying glass 124 could be a mirror on all or part of the northern facing side of the collectors 122, thereby also heating the opposite side of the collectors 122 that the sun radiation does not reach directly. Alternatively, a mirror 126 could be on the far side of the magnifying glass 124 on the northern facing side of the collectors 122 so that sun's radiation reflected by the mirror 126 will pass through the magnifying glass 124 before focusing on the collector 122.
  • The magnifying glass 124 and/or mirror 126 could be separated into magnifying glasses and mirrors for each solar collector tube 122. This would enable more exact focusing of the sun's radiation on each tube 122.
  • Inside the circle of solar collectors 122 are mirrors 127 and magnifying glasses 128 to catch the sun's radiation on the northern facing side of the southern solar collection tubes. The northern solar collector tubes would have a magnifying glass 129 on their southern facing side.
  • The references herein to north and south refer to the situation in the northern hemisphere.
  • FIG. 3 shows a solar collection tube 122 showing the glass outer layer 130. Inside the glass 130 is an absorber tube 132 that absorbs the sunlight converting the light energy to heat energy. The piping 134 of water or other fluid enters the collection tube 122 and exits having absorbed heat from inside the tube 122.
  • The inside hollow 136 of the collection tube 122 could be a partial vacuum to increase the heat absorption and energy transfer processes.

Claims (17)

1. A method and device for utilizing solar energy comprising,
a. at least one solar collector in the shape of an upright cylinder,
b. at least one focused magnifying glass between the sun and the said solar collector,
c. at least one focused mirror placed the far side of the said solar collector from the sun, and
d. piping containing liquid entering and exiting the said solar collectors,
whereby the said solar collectors and the said liquid in the said piping are heated by the sun's radiation passing through the said magnifying glass and focusing on at least a portion of the said solar collectors and the sun's radiation reflecting from the said mirrors onto at least a portion of the said solar collectors.
2. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim I further comprising a computer controlled device to move the said magnifying glass and said mirror to focus the said radiation on the said solar collectors as the position of the earth changes relative to the position of the sun.
3. A method and device for utilizing solar energy comprising,
a. at least one solar collector in the shape of an upright cylinder,
b. at least one focused magnifying glass between the sun and the said solar collector,
c. at least one focused mirror placed the far side of the said solar collector from the sun,
d. piping containing liquid entering and exiting the said solar collectors, and
e. a computer controlled mechanism to adjust the direction and angle of the said magnifying glass and said mirror in order to maximize the effect of focused of energy from the sun,
whereby the said solar collectors and the said liquid in the said piping are heated by the sun's radiation passing through the said magnifying glass and focusing on at least a portion of the said solar collectors and the sun's radiation reflecting from the said mirrors onto at least a portion of the said solar collectors and whereby liquid is heated by the said solar collectors.
4. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 3 wherein the said adjustment is made to the said mirrors and said magnifying glass.
5. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 3 wherein the said adjustment is made to the solar panel to which is affixed the said solar collectors.
6. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 1 wherein the said solar collectors are arranged in a formation of 360 degrees.
7. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 3 wherein the said solar collectors are arranged in a formation of 360 degrees.
8. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 1 wherein the said solar collectors are other than a cylindrical shape.
9. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 3 wherein the said solar collectors are other than a cylindrical shape.
10. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 1 wherein the heat collected is utilized to heat water.
11. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 1 wherein the energy from the sun is utilized to create electricity and charge a battery using a photovoltaic technology.
12. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 11 wherein the said utilization begins when the said water reaches a given temperature, the said switchover from water heating to producing electricity and the reverse action being automatic using a heat sensitive switch.
13. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 3 wherein the heat collected is utilized to heat water.
14. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 3 wherein the heat collected is utilized to create electricity and charge a battery using a photovoltaic technology.
15. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 14 wherein the said utilization begins when the said water reaches a given temperature, the said switchover from water heating to producing electricity and the reverse action being automatic using a heat sensitive switch.
16. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 1 further comprising at least one mirror and at least one magnifying glass in the center area of a circular type formation of the said solar collectors thereby increasing the heat and radiation of the sun on the said solar collectors.
17. A method and device for utilizing solar energy as claimed in claim 3 further comprising at least one mirror and at least one magnifying glass in the center area of a circular type formation of the said solar collectors thereby increasing the heat and radiation of the sun on the said solar collectors.
US11/986,046 2007-11-20 2007-11-20 Method and device for utilizing solar energy Abandoned US20090126718A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/986,046 US20090126718A1 (en) 2007-11-20 2007-11-20 Method and device for utilizing solar energy

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/986,046 US20090126718A1 (en) 2007-11-20 2007-11-20 Method and device for utilizing solar energy

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20090126718A1 true US20090126718A1 (en) 2009-05-21

Family

ID=40640646

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/986,046 Abandoned US20090126718A1 (en) 2007-11-20 2007-11-20 Method and device for utilizing solar energy

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US20090126718A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20180087807A1 (en) * 2011-03-21 2018-03-29 Naked Energy Ltd. Heat transfer device
US11047600B1 (en) 2017-03-07 2021-06-29 Joel Lambert Solar panel optimization apparatus

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4210463A (en) * 1977-07-11 1980-07-01 Escher William J D Multimode solar energy collector and process
US4644933A (en) * 1985-10-28 1987-02-24 Gregory Samuel T Solar system
US5347985A (en) * 1993-03-03 1994-09-20 Bucciarelli Douglas A Constant temperature solar water heater switch
US6857426B2 (en) * 2002-09-25 2005-02-22 Dirk Besier Absorber element for solar high-temperature heat generation, and a method for its production

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4210463A (en) * 1977-07-11 1980-07-01 Escher William J D Multimode solar energy collector and process
US4644933A (en) * 1985-10-28 1987-02-24 Gregory Samuel T Solar system
US5347985A (en) * 1993-03-03 1994-09-20 Bucciarelli Douglas A Constant temperature solar water heater switch
US6857426B2 (en) * 2002-09-25 2005-02-22 Dirk Besier Absorber element for solar high-temperature heat generation, and a method for its production

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20180087807A1 (en) * 2011-03-21 2018-03-29 Naked Energy Ltd. Heat transfer device
US11047600B1 (en) 2017-03-07 2021-06-29 Joel Lambert Solar panel optimization apparatus

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4148300A (en) Solar radiation energy concentrator
US9140468B2 (en) Solar power unit
US9989278B1 (en) Solar energy collector and/or concentrator, and thermal energy storage and retrieval system including the same
JP2008523593A5 (en)
KR101172578B1 (en) Solar collector type of condensing solar light
WO2012113195A1 (en) Solar secondary light concentrating frequency dividing method and apparatus thereof based on dish-like light concentration
Lovegrove et al. Solar thermal energy systems in Australia
CN101307960A (en) Solar energy intensively effective concentrating collector
CN101280967A (en) Ball lens array heat collection system without tracking
BR112013020168B1 (en) element of capture and concentration of direct solar radiation
CN101625160A (en) Solar thermoelectricity device with effective light collection
CN202092333U (en) Full-intelligent automatic condensing and reflecting solar water heating system
US20090126718A1 (en) Method and device for utilizing solar energy
KR20100103164A (en) Solar heat power generation methode by thermoelectric generation device on tracking pedestal
CN103335421B (en) Solar energy electric heating mixing unit and system
CN105391376B (en) Photovoltaic temperature difference combined power generation device
CN205596038U (en) Focalization fei nieer solar energy spotlight phase change energy storage thermoelectric generation and hot water system
CN101974963A (en) Low-power condensing electricity-generation heat-supply solar energy tile
KR20120123944A (en) Multi-purpose solar concentrating device
CN105577032A (en) Unit type photoelectric-thermoelectric-hot water composite system by use of solar energy full spectrum
CN204304844U (en) Low-temperature solar energy light and heat collection type semiconductor thermo-electric generation apparatus
Singh et al. A REVIEW ON SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTION FOR THERMAL APPLICATIONS
CN201159790Y (en) Solar energy collector capable of bidirectional tracing
CN2522797Y (en) Asymmetric parabolic mirror-face flat-tube type solar heat-collector
KR20210066464A (en) Parabolic trough concentrator type solar thermal energy system having concentrated photovoltaic

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION