US20090075729A1 - Systems and methods for providing access to wireless gaming devices - Google Patents

Systems and methods for providing access to wireless gaming devices Download PDF

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Publication number
US20090075729A1
US20090075729A1 US12324269 US32426908A US2009075729A1 US 20090075729 A1 US20090075729 A1 US 20090075729A1 US 12324269 US12324269 US 12324269 US 32426908 A US32426908 A US 32426908A US 2009075729 A1 US2009075729 A1 US 2009075729A1
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device
gaming
gaming device
user
apparatus
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US12324269
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US8695876B2 (en )
Inventor
Dean Alderucci
Joseph M. Asher
Robert F. Bahrampour
Kevin Burman
James J. Coffey
Ronald Rushin
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Dean Alderucci
Asher Joseph M
Bahrampour Robert F
Kevin Burman
Coffey James J
Ronald Rushin
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/32Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for games, toys, sports or amusements, e.g. casino games, online gambling or betting
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/32Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for games, toys, sports or amusements, e.g. casino games, online gambling or betting
    • G07F17/3202Hardware aspects of a gaming system, e.g. components, construction, architecture thereof
    • G07F17/3223Architectural aspects of a gaming system, e.g. internal configuration, master/slave, wireless communication
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L63/00Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security
    • H04L63/10Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for controlling access to network resources
    • H04L63/105Multiple levels of security
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L2463/00Additional details relating to network architectures or network communication protocols for network security covered by H04L63/00
    • H04L2463/102Additional details relating to network architectures or network communication protocols for network security covered by H04L63/00 applying security measure for e-commerce

Abstract

Systems and methods for controlling access to wireless gaming devices and networks are provided. For example, access is controlled through one or more levels of security checks, such as a hard security check instead of or in addition to a soft security check. In a hard security check, the user employs an apparatus such as a card or other physical token that can be used to access the wireless gaming device. Such an apparatus may communicate information that identifies the user to the device or may simply be used to produce a signal without which the device is locked to users.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • This application is a continuation of co-pending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/418,939 (U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2007-0257101), entitled “SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING ACCESS TO WIRELESS GAMING DEVICES,” by Dean Alderucci et al., and filed May 6, 2006, which is hereby incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates generally to the field of gaming and, more particularly, to a gaming system and method incorporating a wireless network and systems and methods for providing access thereto.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Virtual casinos are accessible via communications networks such as the Internet. For example, on-line casinos present a graphical representation of games, such as casino games, to a user on the screen of a computer in communication with the Internet. The user may place wagers, participate in the gaming, and win or lose money. Receipt of winnings, or payment of losses is typically handled through a credit account.
  • Participants may use gaming devices, some of which may be wireless, to access such on-line casinos. However, security of wireless gaming devices (e.g., handhelds such as the Blackberry™ handheld device) may be sub-optimal as it is typically accomplished through soft checks. For example, a user may be merely asked to enter a valid user name and associated password to provided access to a particular gaming device.
  • It would therefore be desirable to provide mechanisms that better guarantee secure access to wireless gaming devices and gaming systems.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Therefore, it is an object of the invention to provide mechanisms that better guarantee secure access to wireless gaming devices and gaming systems.
  • This and other objects are accomplished in accordance with the principles of the invention by providing gaming networks with one or more levels of security checks, such as a hard security check, instead of, or in addition to, a soft security check before access to a gaming device is granted. In a hard security check, the user employs an apparatus such as a card or other physical token that can be used to access the gaming device. Such an apparatus may communicate information that identifies the user to the device or may be used to produce a signal without which the device is locked.
  • In some embodiments of the present invention, a device capable of detecting or reproducing a signal from an apparatus is provided. Access to the device is provided when the signal is detected. Alternatively or additionally, the signal may include identifying information that needs to be verified in order to provide access to the device. The apparatus may include a medium for storing identifying information as well as an emitter for communicating the identifying information to the device such that access to the device is provided when the identifying information is associated with a user that is authorized to operate the device.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • For a more complete understanding of the present invention and for further features and advantages, reference is now made to the following description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
  • FIG. 1 illustrates a convenience gaming system according to certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 illustrates a convenience gaming system with a wireless network according to certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a convenience gaming system illustrating various gaming activities in accordance with certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 4 illustrates a convenience gaming system showing coverage areas in accordance with certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 5 illustrates a convenience gaming system with a wireless network showing triangulation location determination in accordance with certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 6 is a flow chart depicting steps in a convenience gaming method according to certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 7 depicts a convenience gaming system showing a communication path in accordance with certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 8 illustrates a ship-based convenience gaming system in accordance with certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 9 illustrates a convenience gaming device and apparatus for use in accordance with certain embodiments of the present invention;
  • FIG. 10 illustrates a convenience gaming device and apparatus in accordance with certain embodiments of the present invention; and
  • FIG. 11 illustrates another convenience gaming device in accordance with certain embodiments of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • A convenience gaming system enables participants to engage in gaming activities from remote and/or mobile locations. The possible gaming activities include gambling, such as that provided by casinos. Gambling activities may include any casino-type gambling activities including, but not limited to, slot machines, video poker, table games (e.g., craps, roulette, blackjack, pai gow poker, Caribbean stud poker, baccarat, etc), the wheel of fortune game, keno, sports betting, horse racing, dog racing, jai alai, and other gambling activities. The gaming activities can also include wagering on any type of event. Events can include, for example, sporting events, such as horse or auto racing, and athletic competitions such as football, basketball, baseball, golf, etc. Events can also include such things that do not normally involve wagering. Such events may include, without limitation, political elections, entertainment industry awards, and box office performance of movies. Gaming can also include non-wagering games and events. Gaming can also include lotteries or lottery-type activities such as state and interstate lotteries. These can include all forms of number-selection lotteries, “scratch-off” lotteries, and other lottery contests. The convenience gaming system may be implemented over a communications network such as a cellular network or a private wireless and/or wireline network. Examples of the latter include WiFi and WiMax networks. In some embodiments, the convenience gaming system communications network is entirely independent of the Internet. In other embodiments, the convenience gaming system operation makes minimal use of the Internet, such that only information for which there is no security issues is transmitted via the Internet and/or information may be encrypted. Preferably, the communications network enables players to participate in gaming from remote locations (e.g., outside of the gaming area of a casino). Also, the system may enable players to be mobile during participation in the convenience gaming activities. Preferably, the system has a location verification or determination feature, which is operable to permit or disallow gaming from the remote location depending upon whether or not the location meets one or more criteria. The criterion may be, for example, whether the location is within a pre-defined area in which gaming is permitted by law.
  • As shown n FIG. 1, for example, convenience gaming system 10 includes at least one user 12. The system may include additional users such that there is at least a first user 12 and a second user 14. Multiple users may access a first convenience gaming system 10, while other multiple users access a second convenience gaming system (not shown) in communication with first gaming system 10. Users 12 and 14 preferably access system 10 by way of a gaming communication device 13. Gaming communication device 13 may comprise any suitable device for transmitting and receiving electronic communications. Examples of such devices include, without limitation, mobile phones, PDAs, computers, mini-computers, etc. Gaming communication devices 13 transmit and receive gaming information to and from communications network 16. Gaming information is also transmitted between network 16 and a computer 18, such as a server, which may reside within the domain of a gaming service provider 20. The location of computer 18 is not critical, however, and computer 18 may reside adjacent to or remote from the domain of gaming service provider 20. Moreover, in certain embodiments, a gaming service provider is not required. The computer 18 and/or gaming service provider 20 may reside within, adjacent to, or remote from a gaming provider (not shown in FIG. 1). The gaming provider may be an actual controller of games, such as a casino. As an example, a gaming service provider may be located on the grounds of a casino and the computer 18 may be physically within the geographic boundaries of the gaming service provider. As discussed, however, either possibilities exist for remote location of the computer 18 and the gaming service provider 20. Computer 18 may function as a gaming server. Additional computers (not expressly shown) may function as database management computers and redundant servers, for example.
  • Preferably, software resides on both the gaming communication device 13 and the computer 18. Software resident on gaming communication device 13 is preferably operable to present information corresponding to gaming activities (including gambling and non-gambling activities discussed herein) to the user. The information includes, without limitation, graphical representations of objects associated with the activities, and presentation of options related to the activities and selectable by the user. The gaming communication device software is also preferably operable to receive data from the computer and data input by the user or information communicated through another device or apparatus. Software resident on the computer is preferably able to exchange data with the gaming communication device, access additional computers and data storage devices, and perform all of the functions described herein as well as functions common to known electronic gaming systems.
  • Gaming information transmitted across network 16 may include any information, in any format, which is necessary or desirable in the operation of the gaming experience in which the user participates. The information may be transmitted in whole, or in combination, in any format including digital or analog, text or voice, and according to any known or future transport technologies, which may include, for example, wireline or wireless technologies. Wireless technologies may include, for example, licensed or license-exempt technologies. Some specific technologies which may be used include, without limitation, Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM), General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), WiFi (802.11x), WiMax (802.16x), Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN), Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), or cable modem technologies. These are examples only and one of ordinary skill will understand that other types of communication techniques are within the scope of the present invention. Further, it will be understood that additional components may be used in the communication of information between the users and the gaming server. Such additional components may include, without limitation, lines, trunks, antennas, switches, cables, transmitters, receivers, computers, routers, servers, fiber optical transmission equipment, repeaters, amplifiers, etc.
  • In at least one embodiment, the communication of gaming information may take place through the Internet or without involvement of the Internet. In certain embodiments, a portion of the gaming information may be transmitted over the Internet. Also, some or all of the gaming information may be transmitted partially over an Internet communications path. In certain embodiments, some information is transmitted entirely or partially over the Internet, but the information is either not gaming information or is gaming information that does or does not need to be maintained secretly. For instance, data that causes a graphical representation of a table game on the user's gaming communication device might be transmitted at least partially over the Internet, while wagering information transmitted by the user might be transmitted entirely over a non-Internet communications network. As another example, identifying information associated with a hard check apparatus (e.g., a bracelet as discussed below) may or may not be transmitted from the gaming communication device to a server over the Internet.
  • According to some embodiments of the invention, as shown in FIG. 2 for example, the communications network 21 comprises a cellular network 22. Cellular network 22 comprises a plurality of base stations 23, each of which has a corresponding coverage area 25. Base station technology is generally known and the base stations may be of any type found in a typical cellular network. The base stations may have coverage areas that overlap. Further, the coverage areas may be sectorized or non-sectorized. The network also includes mobile stations 24, which function as the gaming communication devices used by users to access the convenience gaming system and participate in the activities available on the convenience gaming system. Users are connected to the network of base stations via transmission and reception of radio signals. The communications network also includes at least one voice/data switch 26, which is preferably connected to the wireless portion of the network via a dedicated, secure landline. The communications network also includes a gaming service provider 28, which is likewise connected to the voice/data switch via a dedicated, secure landline. The voice/data switch may be connected to the wireless network of base stations via a mobile switching center (MSC), for example and the landline may be provided between the voice/data switch and the MSC.
  • Users access the convenience gaming system by way of mobile stations which are in communication with, and thus part of, the communications network. The mobile station may be any electronic communication device that is operable in connection with the network as described. For example, in this particular embodiment, the mobile station may comprise a cellular telephone.
  • Preferably, in the case of a cellular network for example, the convenience gaming system is enabled through the use of a private label carrier network. Each base station is programmed by the cellular carrier to send and receive private secure voice and/or data transmissions to and from mobile station handsets. The handsets are preferably preprogrammed with both gaming software and the carrier's authentication software. The base stations communicate via Private T-1 lines to a switch. A gaming service provider leases a private T-1 or T-3 line, which routes the calls back to gaming servers controlled by the gaming service provider. Encryption can be installed on the telephones if required by a gaming regulation authority, such as a gaming commission.
  • The cellular network is preferably a private, closed system. Mobile stations communicate with base stations and base stations are connected to a centralized switch located within a gaming jurisdiction. At the switch, voice calls are transported either locally or via long distance. Specific service provider gaming traffic is transported from the central switch to a gaming server at a host location, which can be a casino or other location.
  • As subscribers launch their specific gaming application, the handset will only talk to certain base stations with cells or sectors that have been engineered to be wholly within the gaming jurisdiction. For example, if a base station is close enough to pick up or send a signal across state lines, it will not be able to communicate with the device. When a customer uses the device for gaming, the system may prohibit, if desired, the making or receiving voice calls. Moreover, voice can be eliminated entirely if required. Further, the devices are preferably not allowed to “connect” to the Internet. This ensures a high level of certainty that bets/wagers originate and terminate within the boundaries of the gaming jurisdiction and the “private” wireless system cannot be circumvented or bypassed. In certain embodiments, some data and/or voice traffic may be communicated at least partially over the Internet. In some embodiments, certain non-gaming information may be transported over a path which includes the Internet, while other information relating to the gaming activities of the system is transported on a path that does not include the Internet.
  • As shown in FIG. 3, a gaming communication device 32 is in communication with a gaming service provider 36 over a network 34. The gaming service provider preferably has one or more servers, on which are resident various gaming and other applications. As shown in FIG. 3, some example gaming applications include horse racing and other sports, financial exchange, casino and/or virtual casino, entertainment and other events exchange, and news and real time entertainment. Each of these applications may be embodied in one or more software modules. The applications may be combined in any possible combination. Additionally, it should be understood that these applications are not exhaustive and that other applications may exist to provide an environment to the user that is associated with any of the described or potential convenience activities.
  • In other embodiments of the invention, as shown in FIG. 4, for example, the communications network comprises a private wireless network. The private wireless network may include, for example, an 802.11x (WiFi) network technology to cover “Game Spots” or “Entertainment Spots.” In FIG. 4, various WiFi networks are indicated as networks 41. Networks 41 may use other communications protocols to provide a private wireless network including, but not limited to, 802.16x (WiMax) technology. Further, networks 41 may be interconnected. Also, a convenience gaming system may comprise a combination of networks as depicted in FIG. 4. For example, there is shown a combination of private wireless networks 44, a cellular network comprising a multi-channel access unit or sectorized base station 42, and a satellite network comprising one or more satellites 46.
  • With respect to the private wireless network, because the preferable technology covers smaller areas, (e.g., in the range of 100-300 feet) and provides very high-speed throughput, the private wireless network is particularly well-suited for gaming commission needs of location and identity verification for the gaming service provider products. The gaming spots enabled by networks 41 may include a current casino area 48, new areas such as swimming pools, lakes or other recreational areas 49, guest rooms and restaurants such as might be found in casino 48 or hotels 45 and 47, residential areas 40, and other remote convenience gaming areas 43. The configuration of the overall convenience gaming system depicted in FIG. 4 is intended only as an example and may be modified within the scope of the invention.
  • In some embodiments of the invention, the system architecture for the convenience gaming system includes:
  • (1) a wireless LAN (Local Access Network) component, which consists of mostly 802.11x (WiFi) and/or 802.16x WiMax technologies; robust security and authentication software; gaming software; mobile carrier approved handsets with Windows® or Symbian® operating systems integrated within; and
  • (a) CDMA-technology that is secure for over-the-air data protection;
  • (b) at least two layers of user authentication, (that provided by the mobile carrier and that provided by the gaming service provider);
  • (c) compulsory tunneling (static routing) to gaming services;
  • (d) end-to-end encryption at the application layer; and
  • (e) state-of-the-art firewall and DMZ technologies;
  • (2) an MWAN (Metropolitan Wireless Access Network), which consists of licensed and license-exempt, point-to-point links, as well as licensed and license-exempt, point-to-multi-point technologies;
  • (3) private MAN (Metropolitan Access Network) T-1 and T-3 lines to provide connectivity where wireless services cannot reach; and
  • (4) redundant private-line communications from the mobile switch back to the gaming server.
  • Each of the “Game Spots” or “Entertainment Spots” are preferably connected via the MWAN/MAN back to central and redundant game servers. For accessing the private wireless networks 41, the gaming communication devices are preferably WiFi- or WiMax-enabled PDAs or mini-laptops, and do not have to be managed by a third-party partner.
  • Preferably, the convenience gaming system includes a location verification feature, which is operable to permit or disable gaming from a remote location depending upon whether or not the location meets one or more criteria. The criterion may be, for example, whether the location is within a pre-defined area in which gaming is permitted by law. As another example, the criterion may be whether the location is in a no-gaming zone, such as a school. The location verification technology used in the system may include, without limitation, “network-based” and/or “satellite-based” technology. Network-based technology may include such technologies as multilateration, triangulation and geo-fencing, for example. Satellite-based technologies may include global positioning satellite (GPS) technology, for example.
  • As previously discussed, the cellular approach preferably includes the use of at least one cellular, mobile, voice and data network. For gaming in certain jurisdictions, such as Nevada for example, the technology may involve triangulation, global positioning satellite (GPS) technology, and/or geo-fencing to avoid the potential for bets or wagers to be made outside Nevada state lines. In some embodiments, the network would not cover all of a particular jurisdiction, such as Nevada. For instance, the network would not cover areas in which cellular coverage for a particular base station straddled the state line or other boundary of the jurisdiction. This is done in order to permit the use of location verification to insure against the chance of bets originating or terminating outside of the state. Triangulation may be used as a method for preventing gaming from unapproved locations. Triangulation may be accomplished, for example, by comparing the signal strength from a single mobile station received at multiple base stations, each having GPS coordinates. This technology may be used to pinpoint the location of a mobile station. The location can then be compared to a map or other resource to determine whether the user of the mobile station is in an unapproved area, such as a school. Alternatively, GPS technology may be used for these purposes.
  • As shown in FIG. 5, the convenience gaming system includes a plurality of gaming communication devices 54, 55, and 56. Device 54 is located outside the gaming jurisdiction 58. Devices 55 and 56 are both located inside gaming jurisdiction 58. However only device 56 is located within geo-fence 57, which is established by the coverage areas of a plurality of base station 53. Thus, geo-fencing may be used to enable gaming via device 56 but disable gaming via devices 54 and 55. Even though some gaming communication devices that are within the gaming jurisdiction 58, such as device 55, are not permitted access to the convenience gaming system, the geo-fence 57 ensures that no gaming communication devices outside jurisdiction 58, such as device 54, are permitted access.
  • Geo-fencing does not specify location. Rather, it ensures that a mobile station is within certain boundaries. For instance, geo-fencing may be used to ensure that a mobile station beyond state lines does not access the convenience gaming system. Triangulation on the other hand specifies a pinpoint, or near-pinpoint, location. For example, as shown in FIG. 5, device 56 is triangulated between three of the base stations 53 to determine the location of device 56. Triangulation may be used to identify whether a device, such as a mobile station, is located in a specific spot where gambling is unauthorized (such as, for example, a school). Preferably, the location determination technology utilized in conjunction with the invention meets the Federal Communication Commission's (FCC's) Phase 2 E911 requirements. Geological Institute Survey (GIS) mapping may also be utilized to compare identified coordinates of a gaming communication device with GIS map features or elements to determine whether a device is in an area not authorized for gaming. It should be noted that any type of location verification may be used such as triangulation, geo-fencing, global positioning satellite (GPS) technology, or any other type of location determining technology, which can be used to ensure, or provide an acceptable level of confidence, that the user is within an approved gaming area.
  • In other embodiments, location verification is accomplished using channel address checking or location verification using some other identifying number or piece of information indicative of which network or portion of a network is being accessed by the gaming communication device. Assuming the using of an identifying number for this purpose, then according to one method of location checking, as an example, a participant accesses the gaming system via a mobile telephone. The identifying number of the mobile telephone, or of the network component being accessed by the mobile telephone, identifies the caller's connection to the mobile network. The number is indicative of the fact that the caller is in a defined area and is on a certain mobile network. A server application may be resident on the mobile telephone to communicate this information via the network to the gaming service provider. In related embodiments, the identifying number for information is passed from a first network provider to a second network provider. For example, a caller's home network may be that provided by the second provider, but the caller is roaming on a network (and in a jurisdiction) provided by the first provider. The first provider passes the identifying information through to the second provider to enable the second provider to determine whether the caller is in a defined area that does or does not allow the relevant gaming activity. Preferably the gaming service provider either maintains, or has access to, a database that maps the various possible worldwide mobile network identifying numbers to geographic areas. The invention contemplates using any number or proxy that indicates a network portion of a network, or network component, which is being connected with a mobile telephone. The identifying number may indicate one or more of a base station or group of base stations, a line, a channel, a trunk, a switch, a router, a repeater, etc.
  • In other embodiments of the present invention, when the user connects his telephone to the gaming server, the gaming server draws the network identifying information and communicates that information into the gaming service provider. The software resident on the gaming communication device may incorporate functionality that will, upon login or access by the user, determine the user's location (based at least in part on the identifying information) and send a message to the gaming service provider. The identifying number or information used to determine location may be country-specific, state-specific, town-specific, or specific to some other definable boundaries.
  • In connection with any of the location determination methods, the gaming system may periodically update the location determination information. This may be done, for example, during a gaming session, at pre-defined time intervals to ensure that movement of the gaming communication device to an unauthorized area is detected during play, and not just upon login or initial access.
  • Thus, depending on the location determination technology being used, the decision whether to permit or prohibit a gaming activity may be made at the gaming communication device, at the gaming server, or at any of the components of the telecommunication network being used to transmit information between the gaming communication device and the gaming server (such as at a base station, for example).
  • An aspect of the private wireless network related to preventing gaming in unauthorized areas is the placement of sensors, such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) sensors on the gaming communication devices. The sensors trigger alarms if users take the devices outside the approved gaming areas. Further, the devices may be “tethered” to immovable objects. Users might simply log in to such devices using their ID and password.
  • In connection with FIG. 6, an example embodiment of a method according to the invention can be described as follows. As discussed, software is preferably loaded on a gaming communication device and is operable to receive input data for gaming. The input data may originate at associated gaming software resident on the gaming server, or it may be input by the user of the gaming communication device. The software on the device is operable to present a representation of a gaming environment. This can include, among other things, a representation of a table game such as a blackjack table or a slot machine. Other examples of the representation of a gaming environment include graphical representations of any of the other applications described herein.
  • In the example method shown in FIG. 6, in a first step 602, the gaming communication device is activated. This may take place as a function of turning on a phone, PDA, or other communication device as described elsewhere herein. Preferably, activation comprises connecting the gaming communication device to a private data network. Part of the activation includes logging in at a prompt. This may be considered as a first level of authentication of a user of the gaming communication device. A second level of user authentication comprises authentication of the gaming communication device itself. This may occur, for example, by authentication of a mobile station by a mobile carrier. A third level of user identification may comprise biometrics. Various examples of biometrics may include, but are not limited to, fingerprint identification, photo identification, retina scanning, voice print matching, etc.
  • In a next step 604, the user is presented with the gaming environment. The gaming environment may be presented in various stages. For instance, in a first stage, the gaming environment may comprise a casino lobby where the user is presented with certain gaming options including, for example, table games, slots, sports book, video poker, and a casino cashier. In a subsequent stage, the user may be presented with optional instances of the type of activity selected from the casino lobby.
  • In a next step 606, the user selects an activity, such as a particular casino table game. In step 608, the user is presented with one or more options related to the selected activity. In step 610, the user selects an option. For instance, at this point, the user might place a wager, draw a card, select a restaurant or restaurant menu item, select a news source or a news story, place a buy or sell order on a financial exchange, place a bet on a certain box office performance over/under amount for a given movie, etc. The options for user input are myriad. In step 612, the software resident on the gaming communication device accepts the option input by the user and transmits the input data to the software resident at the gaming server. In step 614, the gaming server software acts on the input data.
  • Actions in this point, may include, without limitation, determining an outcome and/or amount, accessing another server and/or software application, retrieving information, preparing a response to the user, etc. The action of determining an outcome and/or amount might take place, for example, if the user is using the device to place wagers in connection with a gambling activity. For certain gambling activities, such as a table game or slot machine, a random number generator may be incorporated to determine the outcome (i.e., whether the user won or lost) and the gaming server software would also determine an amount won or lost based on the amount wagered and any applicable odds. The action of accessing another server and/or software application might occur, for example, in the event the user is engaging in a services activity such as accessing news services, making reservations and placing food and beverage orders at a restaurant, or making a retail purchase. The action of retrieving information might occur when the gaming server software is prompted to access another server for the purpose of retrieving a certain type of information requested by the user.
  • Preferably, the gaming server software prepares a response to the user's input data and in step 616. In step 618, the user acknowledges the response. For example, in the case of gambling, the user might acknowledge that he won a hand of blackjack because the dealer busted and that his payout was $100 based on a $50 bet at even odds. In step 620, the user logs out.
  • In the situation where the user is gambling, after the series of steps described in connection with FIG. 6, (or a subset or modified series of steps), the user physically enters a casino and goes to a casino cashier for payout and/or settlement (which can include, for example, extensions of credit or advance deposits). In some embodiments, there is a waiting period (e.g., twenty-four hours) before the user can collect winnings. The purpose of the waiting period is to allow time for fraud monitoring. The waiting period may depend on the amount of the balance. For example, if the user is owed less than $5,000 the waiting period may be twelve hours. If the user is owed between $5,000 and $10,000 the waiting period may be twenty-four hours. If the user is owed more than $10,000 the waiting period may be forty-eight hours.
  • Preferably, data is transmitted back and forth during the convenience gaming activities between the gaming communication device and a server controlled by the gaming service provider. An example of the path of communication is shown in FIG. 7. Gaming data, such as a wager placed by the user, is transmitted from gaming communication device 701 to a base station 702 (or a transmitter in the case of a private wireless network such as a WiFi or WiMax network). Base station 702 routes the data through network 703 to a hub or gateway 704, which in turn routes the data to a gaming server 705 operated by a gaming service provider. Preferably, the communication from gaming communication device 701 to the network 703 comprises wireless communication. This may be any type of known wireless communication, or any type of wireless communication available in the future. Examples of acceptable wireless communication protocols include CDMA, GSM, and GPRS.
  • Preferably, the communication from the network 703 to the gateway 704 and to the server 705 are conducted over secure land line. FIG. 7 is an example communication network only and the invention should be understood to cover other networks in which data may be transmitted from gaming communication device 701 to server 705. Preferably, data in response to data being transmitted from gaming communication device 701 to server 705 is transmitted back to gaming communication device 701 along a path essentially opposite to the path of the first transmission. It should be noted that in at least certain embodiments of the methods and systems described herein, a user is not actually playing a game on the gaming communication device. Rather, the user is actually playing the game on the server controlled by the gaming service provider, which may be located within a casino, thereby interacting with the gaming device and the server. In other embodiments, the user may be playing the game on the gaming device itself or interacting solely with the device.
  • With respect to payment and/or receipt of winnings and losses, one possible approach is as follows. Upon check-in at a casino hotel, a hotel representative may query a guest as to whether the guest wants access to a convenience gaming device. If the guest does want such access, the hotel representative may provide the guest with a gaming communication device in exchange for a credit-card type deposit or other deposit. The guest then deposits money into an account for wireless gaming. The guest's account balance information is loaded onto the guest's account file, which is preferably maintained on the gaming server. The user may load money into his gaming account by establishing a credit account, for example, at a casino cashier and/or by paying cash to the casino cashier. Many other alternatives exist and this process is an example only. Guest accounts or gaming communication devices may be preloaded with funds. Funds may be deposited during a convenience gaming session. This may occur, for example, if a user selected a casino cashier activity from the gaming environment and instructed the cashier to add funds to the account. The finance subsystem may also utilize account card technology (such as ATM cards, credit cards, stored value cards, gift cards, etc) in order to conduct financial transactions associated with a user's account. Moreover, the user may receive or make payments remotely, by way of inputting instructions via the gaming communication device or by another remote device such as an automatic teller machine (ATM), which is in electronic communication with the gaming server or other server operated by the casino, hotel, gaming service provider or other entity involved in the convenience gaming activities. For example, a user might remotely (via the gaming communication device) place an order at a restaurant. Then, the user might make advance payment for the meal at an ATM-type machine which is operable to receive instructions corresponding to the financial transaction requirements of the convenience gaming activity of ordering food.
  • Electronic records of the gaming transactions undertaken by a user may be established. Preferably, this is accomplished by utilization of a keystroke log, which is an electronic record of all keystrokes made by the user. Utilization of a keystroke log in this context allows for unprecedented monitoring of a user's gaming activity. In the event of a dispute, one may refer to the keystroke log and readily determine whether, in fact, a user placed a particular wager, for example.
  • An additional possible aspect of the electronic record is to allow a gaming control board or other regulatory authority, access to the electronic record in a direct manner in order to conduct periodic independent monitoring of the convenience gaming activities conducted over the system. Another possible aspect is to allow policing against rigged machines. For instance, it is possible that the gaming control board (or other regulatory authority) could obtain a gaming communication device and compare their test results over time against records in the electronic record database (e.g., by comparing the results shown in the keystroke log). This essentially comprises electronic access for testing.
  • In other embodiments of the invention, as shown in FIG. 8, a ship-based convenience gaming system is provided. The system preferably comprises passenger vessel 802, such as a cruise liner for example. The system includes one or more gaming communication devices 806 connected to a communication network. The network shown in FIG. 8 comprises a mobile network with base stations 808 connected via a LAN to a base station controller (BSC) 810. BSC 810 is connected via a T1 interface to a first Very Small Aperture Terminal (SAT) modem 812, which is in communication with a first satellite 814. First satellite 814 is operable to transmit and receive signals from second satellite 814, which is in communication with second VSAT modem 812. Second VSAT modem 812 is in communication with a gaming server 818 located at gaming service provider 816. Gaming server is coupled to gaming database 820. Again, the network configuration depicted in FIG. 8 is for example purposes only, and other configurations are within the scope of the invention. An on-board back office 822 is preferably provided. Data is communicated by the on-board VSAT modem and transmitter to the first satellite for relay to the second (preferably land-based) VSAT receiver and modem. The data is then communicated to a server and/or centralized database via a mobile station controller (not shown).
  • A corresponding business model involves the gaming service provider contracting with a cruise line, which agrees to allow the gaming service provider to provide coverage throughout the cruise line's ship(s), by using repeaters for example. The gaming service provider may provide a private wireless network, in which case any revenue generated from use of or access to the private wireless network, and revenue from gaming activities, may be allocated among all or any subset of the cruise line and the gaming service provider. Alternatively, the gaming service provider may contract with a mobile carrier and a satellite provider, in which case revenue from the mobile calls, and revenue from gaming activities, may be allocated among all or any subset of the cruise line, the mobile carrier and the gaming service provider.
  • There are several scenarios for a user's activity relative to transactions conducted over the convenience gaming system. In one example scenario the user is in a fixed, but remote, location from the gaming server, which may be located on the premises of a casino. This may include, for instance, a situation in which the gaming communication device is a kiosk or some other communication device which is in a fixed position or which is tethered to a fixed position so that the gaming communication device cannot be moved beyond a certain area. In another example scenario, the user starts a convenience gaming transaction at a first location and ends the transaction at a second location different from the first location. In another example scenario, the user is mobile during a single convenience gaming transaction. In another example scenario, the user is mobile within a first approved area then (during the convenience gaming transaction) the user moves outside the first approved area, through an unapproved area, to a remote second approved area.
  • In another example embodiment, the convenience gaming system may be used to enable gaming activities involving multiple wireless users who interact with one another. For instance, the system may enable a table game (such as blackjack) in which a first user and a second user are conducting gaming transactions on the same table and in which options selected by the first user directly impact outcomes and options relative to the second user. Preferably, the gaming environment presented on the gaming communication devices of both the first and second users will indicate the existence and activity of the other respective user. Another example of multiple users interacting on the convenience gaming system is the provision of a poker game in which users place bets against one another instead of, or in addition to, placing bets against the house. Another example of interaction between users is when a first user makes restaurant reservations or purchases event tickets, thereby reducing the options available to the second user.
  • Preferably, the gaming service provider provides at least the following functions. First, the gaming service provider provides and controls the one or more gaming servers. These servers may be physically located within the confines of the gaming service provider or may exist at a remote location. As mentioned, the gaming servers may also be located at or near a games provider such as a casino, casino hotel, racino, cruise ship, race track, etc. The gaming service provider may also provide monitoring services such as transaction monitoring and key stroke logging services. The gaming service provider may also provide data management and security services. These services are not intended to be exhaustive and the gaming service provider may provide other services which facilitate the convenience gaming process.
  • It should be noted that the invention can be implemented in connection with any gaming environment or an environment for any other activity, which may be conducted electronically. The invention is not limited to Nevada or any other particular gaming jurisdiction. For instance, the invention can be employed in connection with casinos in Atlantic City, N.J., international jurisdictions, Native American gaming facilities, and “racinos” which are race tracks that also have slot machines, video lottery terminals, or other gambling devices. For example, in connection with “racinos,” the invention might be used by participants who wish to play slot machine games while they are viewing race horses in the paddock area. This might be desirable in the event that the slot machine area does not allow smoking and a participant wishes to gamble from an outdoor smoking area. Alternatively, the slot machine area might permit smoking and the gambler wishes to play the slot machines from an area where he or she can avoid breathing second-hand smoke. Numerous other scenarios can be envisioned in which the gaming participant can use the invention to participate in remote gaming, while enjoying some other primary activity in a location remote from the gaming facility.
  • Further, the invention is not limited to gaming, but can include other applications, such as trading financial instruments, and wagering on other types of events, such as elections, award events, or any other activity. More specifically, although the invention is described in the context of remote and/or mobile gaming, the principles of the invention are applicable to any system or method that uses wireless communications or other portable devices including handheld devices such as personal digital (or data) assistants (PDAs), computers, mini-computers, pagers, wireless terminals, mobile telephones, etc. Such systems may include electronic trading systems such as those used for trading financial instruments or any commodities.
  • In at least one embodiment, the invention provides jurisdictional controls, which limit gaming to approved geographical areas. The invention may also include an age/identity verification feature. This can be accomplished through any applicable technique including retina scanning, finger print identification, voice print matching, or other biometrics. Identity verification can also be accomplished by having a customer take a picture of himself (e.g., by use of a digital picture phone) and transmitting the picture to the gaming service provider for comparison to a stored picture of the pre-approved user. Identity verification can also be accomplished by way of comparison of participant provided data to stored data, and execution of electronic agreements or contracts by the participant. The invention may also provide for the logging of keystrokes. In at least one embodiment, all communications are accomplished without accessing the Internet.
  • Mobile, remote gaming may be desirable for many reasons, some of which have already been described. The invention may allow supplementation of existing in-house gaming revenue by allowing bettors to place bets while enjoying other leisure activities such as golf, swimming, dining and shows. The invention may complement the new coinless wagering environment as bettors can play their favorite games outside the casino. The invention provides a high-speed, reliable, accurate, and secure mobile gaming environment that complies with regulatory requirements for identification and location verification of the bettor with the ability to generate key stroke logs. The invention may restrict unauthorized usage from a geographic perspective and is capable of implementation using location verification technology (e.g., geo fencing) to conform the gaming activities to legal parameters.
  • Consumers may benefit from an increased choice of gaming environments. Consumers will be able to bet in whatever surroundings they prefer, benefiting from the knowledge that the product is regulated, fair and secure while enjoying the gaming experience at the speed they choose without external influences, such as that which might occur within the in-house casino environment. The gaming businesses can use the invention to increase their revenue base through a new, regulated, mobile, remote channel. Customers wanting to be entertained during downtime or outside a casino will be able to play games on their gaming communication device and customers intimidated by a traditional casino environment will be able to play in private. The gaming jurisdictions may benefit from an increase in gaming an ancillary revenue growth because customers will have a more enjoyable experience.
  • The invention may also be used to deliver content at an increased speed compared to traditional telecommunications systems. The content may include, for example, live reports, entertainment, news, promotions and advertising.
  • As mentioned above, the invention provides a mobile gaming environment that complies with regulatory requirements for identification and location verification of the bettor. Moreover, the system is designed to be one hundred percent “clean” from a regulatory perspective. The software is clean in that it has not been and will not be licensed to anyone who does business illegally or otherwise operates in a “gray” area. For example, in a preferred embodiment, the software is not licensed to an entity that will illegally operate the software, or otherwise illegally do business on, the Internet. This may be desirable in that certain gaming jurisdictions will not grant gaming permits or licenses to companies that do business with, or license technology to or from, other entities known to be engaging in illegal operations.
  • Preferably, the system is designed such that the gaming software (or other application software operating on the system) is also one hundred percent clean from a regulatory perspective. For instance, before granting a license, a gaming jurisdiction may require that the software being used is not tainted in that it has not been used by the license applicant in violation of any laws and has not been licensed or otherwise distributed or disseminated to others who have used the software for illegal purposes, or who have been engaging in illegal activity. Therefore, it is preferred that the gaming software be clean and untainted from this perspective.
  • The systems and methods described herein may also be used to deliver and/or access “Rich Media” content such as, for example, sports video (live or nearly live) and audio commentary. Such may often only be distributed within specific jurisdictions. Therefore, the distribution may benefit from the inventive aspects discussed herein, particularly the location verification aspect, such as geofencing.
  • The gaming system and methods described herein may permit, among other things, pari-mutuel wagering, sports betting, and dissemination of news and other content. The invention also enables a casino or other gaming provider to advertise ancillary services such as shows, bars, and restaurants. The invention also enables remote reservations and purchases in connection with such services.
  • According to some embodiments of the invention, the convenience gaming system provides for the dissemination of real-time odds to users accessing the system.
  • In other embodiments, an outcome in one transaction can trigger the presentation to the user of options for a second transaction. For example, if a user wins a predetermined amount of money playing blackjack, the user might be presented with an option to purchase retail items at a casino store or to make reservations for certain services at a club. As another example, if a user uses the system to purchase show tickets, the user might be offered to make reservations at one of several restaurants within a certain proximity to the show.
  • In some embodiments of the invention, access to the gaming device may be restricted unless a soft check and/or a hard check are performed. For example, in a soft check process, a user may be required to enter a valid user name and associated password, whereas in a hard check mechanism, the user may employ a physical token such as a card that identifies the user to the gaming device.
  • FIG. 9 illustrates an apparatus 920 to be used in conjunction with a gaming device 910 as part of a hard check mechanism according to the invention. Apparatus 920 may include any of a card which bears a magnetic strip (such as a credit card), a key that includes an RFID transponder, a limited-distance signal emitted or other transponder, a smart card that has a microprocessor or other circuit or “chip”, a bracelet or wristband which includes a signal transmitter such as an RFID signal transmitter, or which includes a magnetically encoded signal, a substrate that bears a bar code or other optically readable identifier, or any combination of the same.
  • For example, in some embodiments of the invention, apparatus 920 may be a magnet or a card bearing a magnetic strip (such as a credit card) or a smart card that has a microprocessor or other circuit or “chip” and which may be read by card reader 1010, which is part of gaming device 1000, as depicted in FIG. 10. Alternatively, such a card may be read by a contact-less device (e.g., a signal reader which receives and interprets signals transmitted by the card).
  • Apparatus 920 may therefore be capable of producing a signal that is detectable by a gaming communication device such that access to the gaming device is provided when the signal is detected. Access to the gaming device may be provided for a predetermined period of time after the signal is initially detected or so long as the signal continues to be detected. The signal produced by apparatus 920 may additionally or alternatively communicate identifying information stored on the apparatus. Such information may be communicated through a transponder or any other suitable emitter. Access to the gaming device may be provided when the identifying information is associated with a user that is authorized to operate the gaming communication device. Such identifying information may be stored on apparatus 920.
  • Moreover, the signal produced by apparatus 920 may additionally or alternatively communicate characteristics associated with the authorized user. These characteristics may include the average volume wagered by the user, whether the user is a high-volume, medium-volume or low-volume wagerer, the user's wagering performance, whether the user is a member of a club affiliated with the organization that distributed the apparatus to the user. User characteristics may be stored and updated on apparatus 920 and/or device 910 as the user enters into more wagers and transactions, thereby enabling the provision of yet another layer of security for the device. For example, even after the initial soft and hard checks are successful, the user may subsequently be denied access to device 910 if the updated information does not fall within a predetermined range of acceptable characteristics or does not substantially match ongoing wagering requirements within a predetermined degree of tolerance. Alternatively or additionally, a certain number of deviation occurrences, which may be communicated by device 910 or merely calculated based on the updated characteristics as communicated by device 910, may trigger an alarm signal generated at a security center. This signal may lead to increased surveillance of the user or may cause security or gambling facility personnel to take action vis-a-vis the user.
  • Alternatively, the signal produced by apparatus 920 may be compatible with a certain class of devices (e.g., gaming devices associated with a relatively higher limit, if at all, on the amounts allowed to be wagered). Before being provided with the apparatus, a user may be required to provide identifying information (e.g., a user I.D.). Upon receipt of this information, a provider such as a gambling facility, may retrieve a user record or profile containing characteristics associated with the user and the information provided. The user may then be provided with an apparatus that corresponds to the retrieved characteristics. An example of such a verification process relating to wagering is discussed below.
  • In some embodiments of the invention, apparatus 920 does not produce any signal. Instead, apparatus 920 may be a storage device or storage medium such as tape, memory, a disk, etc. and gaming device 910 may have a reader capable of extracting information such as a compact disk or other disk or tape reader, or any other card reader or device capable of extracting information stored on such a storage mechanism.
  • In some embodiments of the invention, apparatus 920 may also serve other functions. In addition to, or as an alternative to, securing access to a wireless gaming device, apparatus 920 may use the same mechanisms described herein to communicate with a gaming station or other interface. For example, apparatus 920 may be associated with information that grants the user access to certain non-mobile gaming devices, certain areas within a casino or a hotel, a particular nightclub or restaurant, a particular room or suite, etc., or serve as a user or player tracking card, e.g., a “comp card”.
  • In other embodiments of the invention, apparatus 920 may be a bracelet or wristband such as bracelet 1100 depicted in FIG. 11. Bracelet 1100 can be made of many types of material, such as rubber, plastic, metal or any combination thereof. Bracelet 1100 may be adapted for single-use or multiple uses. The ends of the bracelet may be attachable at point 1111 such that the bracelet can be affixed to or worn on, e.g., the wrist of a user of the game device. For example, bracelet 1100 may have adhesive on one end, allowing that end to be adhered to the other end when the bracelet is formed into a loop around the user's wrist.
  • The bracelet may include a chip, transmitter or transponder which emits a signal that identifies the user (e.g., by emitting a signal that represents a unique identifier such as a signal that represents a sequence of alphanumeric characters). In such embodiments, the bracelet, when worn by a user of the gaming device, can emit a signal that is received by the gaming device, which in turn informs the gaming device that the wireless gaming device is being used by an authorized user (e.g., the user associated with the unique identifier transmitted by the bracelet).
  • The bracelet may operate only for the period during which it is worn by a user. For example, the bracelet or gaming device may include a device which permits detection of whether the bracelet is in a looped position with its ends adhered to each other. This can be advantageous where it is desirable to determine, after a bracelet has been worn by a user, whether the bracelet has been removed by the user (because the ends of the bracelet are no longer in contact with each other). In some embodiments of the invention, a very low amperage current can be passed through the bracelet through a transmitter or battery in the bracelet. Thus, if the bracelet is worn by a user, the ends of the bracelet will be electrically connected and a closed circuit will be formed thereby causing current to flow through the circuit. Such a current can be detected by the gaming device. In other embodiments, the magnetic field of the circuit can be detected by the gaming device. If the circuit is broken or otherwise disengaged, indicating that the user has probably removed the bracelet, then the hard check can fail, and the user must pass the hard check in another manner (e.g., by obtaining another bracelet). The bracelet may or may not be permanently disabled upon removal.
  • The bracelet may have visual or other indicator or indicia associated with user characteristics. Accordingly, different users may be handed out bracelets having different colors, dimensions, sizes, styles, etc. based on their gaming, or other, traits. For example, upon verification of user identity and/or retrieval of user record, a user that wagers or trades in high volumes may be given a bracelet having a different color than that given to a user that wagers or trades in lower volumes.
  • In some embodiments, the gaming device may be configured to provide a recognizable visual, audio and/or other signal when access to the device is provided through the bracelet (i.e., when the hard check is successful) or merely when the device is within a certain distance from the bracelet. For example, an LED on the gaming device may be enabled when access is provided. As another example, the device may produce a blinking light, a beeping sound and/or may vibrate when the device is capable of detecting the bracelet and/or when the user actuates a locator button on the device. Actuation of such a button may also be part of a sequence of steps taken to unlock the device.
  • In some embodiments of the invention, the gaming device may be programmed to recognize one or more particular bracelets at the time the wireless gaming device is registered to be provided to a user. In such embodiments, the gaming device may be selected or determined to match or correspond to the unique identifier of the particular bracelet. For example, a unique identifier may be stored by, coded into, or programmed into the wireless gaming device.
  • In other embodiments of the invention, a unique identifier, and/or user characteristics, are coded into the bracelet at the time the wireless gaming device is registered to be provided to a user. In these embodiments, the identifier of the bracelet would be set to match, correspond to or otherwise be recognized by, the wireless gaming device.
  • In some embodiments of the invention, the identifiers associated with a hard check apparatus (e.g., a bracelet as discussed above) are stored on a server or other device that the wireless gaming device can access. In other embodiments, the wireless gaming device does not store such identifiers. Information conveyed from the apparatus to the wireless gaming device may be checked, compared to predetermined criteria or matched locally (i.e., at the wireless gaming device by, e.g., the device itself) or remotely through, e.g., a server which can authenticate users and communicate back with the device. For example, such information may be transmitted across network 16 of FIG. 1 and may be processed by computer 18.
  • In some embodiments of the invention, the identifier associated with a particular apparatus (e.g., bracelet) allows one or more accounts of the user to be recognized and accessed. For example, an account that stores or manages the “comp points” of the user may be determinable by, and accessible from, the wireless gaming device. Thus, the user may wager using the wireless gaming device and also have her comp points manipulated (e.g., added to in accordance with her use of the wireless gaming device).
  • The wireless gaming device can be programmed to determine the form of hard check used (e.g., from a bracelet instead of from a comp card with a magnetic stripe). For example, the manner of input may provide such a determination (e.g., an identifier received via an integrated card reader as depicted in FIG. 10 indicates that the hard check is performed via a card, while an identifier received via an RFID transponder indicates that the hard check is performed via a bracelet as depicted in FIG. 11). Alternatively or additionally, the form of hard check may be coded into the identifier. For example, identifiers that begin with the number “1” may indicate that the hard check is via a card, while identifiers that begin with the number “2” indicate that the hard check is via a bracelet.
  • Although this disclosure has been described in terms of certain embodiments and generally associated methods, alterations and permutations of these embodiments and methods will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Accordingly, the above description of example embodiments does not define or constrain this disclosure. Other changes, substitutions, and alterations are also possible without departing from the spirit and scope of this disclosure.

Claims (33)

  1. 1. An apparatus comprising:
    a gaming device that includes software that when executed by the gaming device directs the gaming device to:
    determine a characteristic of a user that is authorized to use the gaming device,
    in which the characteristic comprises an amount characteristically wagered by the user, and
    in which the gaming device is operable to communicate with at least one server computer over a wireless communications network and to provide, in combination with the at least one server computer, a wagered-based gaming activity to the user;
    determine that wagering occurring via the gaming device, by an operator of the gaming device, on the at least one wagered-based gaming activity deviates from the amount characteristically wagered by the user; and
    deny access to the operator of the gaming device based at least in part on determining that the wagering occurring via the gaming device deviates from the amount characteristically wagered by the user.
  2. 2. The apparatus of claim 1, in which the at least one wagered-based gaming activity comprises at least one of:
    a gambling activity,
    an activity that comprises wagering on an event, and
    a lottery-based activity.
  3. 3. The apparatus of claim 1, in which the gaming device comprises a wireless mobile gaming device registered to at least the user.
  4. 4. The apparatus of claim 1,
    in which to determine the characteristic comprises at least one of to obtain and receive the characteristic from a second device;
    in which the second device is physically separate from the gaming device; and
    in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    a device adapted to be worn, and
    a device adapted to be carried.
  5. 5. The apparatus of claim 4, in which the second device comprises a bracelet.
  6. 6. The apparatus of claim 4, in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    an RFID transponder programmed with the characteristic,
    a magnetic strip comprising the characteristic,
    an optically readable identifier comprising the characteristic,
    a storage medium comprising the characteristic,
    a disc comprising the characteristic,
    a memory comprising the characteristic, and
    a tape comprising the characteristic.
  7. 7. The apparatus of claim 1, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    at least one of obtain and receive identifying information from a second device,
    in which the second device is physically separate from the gaming device, and
    in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    a device adapted to be worn, and
    a device adapted to be carried; and
    determine that the identifying information is associated with the user that is authorized to use the gaming device; and
    in which access is provided to the gaming device based at least in part on the gaming device determining that the identifying information is associated with the user that is authorized to use the gaming device.
  8. 8. The apparatus of claim 7, in which to determine the characteristic comprises at least one of to obtain and receive the characteristic from the second device.
  9. 9. The apparatus of claim 8, in which the second device comprises a bracelet.
  10. 10. The apparatus of claim 7, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    based at least in part on determining that the identifying information is associated with the user that is authorized to use the gaming device, provide a signal, in which the signal comprises at least one of:
    a visual signal,
    an audio signal, and
    the gaming device vibrating.
  11. 11. The apparatus of claim 1, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    at least one of obtain and receive a first identifier from a second device,
    in which the second device is physically separate from the gaming device, and
    in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    a device adapted to be worn, and
    a device adapted to be carried;
    obtain a second identifier, in which the second identifier comprises an indication of the user that is authorized to use the gaming device; and
    determine that the first identifier matches the second identifier; and
    in which access is provided to the gaming device based at least in part on the gaming device determining that the first identifier matches the second identifier.
  12. 12. The apparatus of claim 11, in which to determine the characteristic comprises at least one of to obtain and receive the characteristic from the second device.
  13. 13. The apparatus of claim 12, in which the second device comprises a bracelet.
  14. 14. The apparatus of claim 11, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    based at least in part on determining that the first identifier matches the second identifier, provide a signal, in which the signal comprises at least one of:
    a visual signal,
    an audio signal, and
    the gaming device vibrating.
  15. 15. The apparatus of claim 1, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    detect a signal produced by a second device,
    in which the second device is physically separate from the gaming device, and
    in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    a device adapted to be worn, and
    a device adapted to be carried; and
    in which access is provided to the gaming device based at least in part on the gaming device detecting the signal.
  16. 16. The apparatus of claim 1, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    cause an alarm signal to be generated based at least in part on determining that the wagering occurring via the gaming device on the at least one wagered-based gaming activity deviates from the amount characteristically wagered by the user.
  17. 17. The apparatus of claim 1, in which the amount characteristically wagered by the user comprises an average amount characteristically wagered by the user.
  18. 18. An apparatus comprising:
    a gaming device that includes software that when executed by the gaming device directs the gaming device to:
    determine a characteristic of a user that is authorized to use the gaming device,
    in which the characteristic comprises an amount characteristically wagered by the user, and
    in which the gaming device is operable to communicate with at least one server computer over a wireless communications network and to provide, in combination with the at least one server computer, a wagered-based gaming activity to the user;
    determine that wagering occurring via the gaming device, by an operator of the gaming device, on the at least one wagered-based gaming activity deviates from the amount characteristically wagered by the user; and
    cause an alarm signal to be generated based at least in part on determining that the wagering occurring via the gaming device on the at least one wagered-based gaming activity deviates from the amount characteristically wagered by the user.
  19. 19. The apparatus of claim 18, in which the at least one wagered-based gaming activity comprises at least one of:
    a gambling activity,
    an activity that comprises wagering on an event, and
    a lottery-based activity.
  20. 20. The apparatus of claim 18, in which the gaming device comprises a wireless mobile gaming device registered to at least the user.
  21. 21. The apparatus of claim 18,
    in which to determine the characteristic comprises at least one of to obtain and receive the characteristic from a second device;
    in which the second device is physically separate from the gaming device; and
    in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    a device adapted to be worn, and
    a device adapted to be carried.
  22. 22. The apparatus of claim 21, in which the second device comprises a bracelet.
  23. 23. The apparatus of claim 21, in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    an RFID transponder programmed with the characteristic,
    a magnetic strip comprising the characteristic,
    an optically readable identifier comprising the characteristic,
    a storage medium comprising the characteristic,
    a disc comprising the characteristic,
    a memory comprising the characteristic, and
    a tape comprising the characteristic.
  24. 24. The apparatus of claim 18, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    at least one of obtain and receive identifying information from a second device,
    in which the second device is physically separate from the gaming device, and
    in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    a device adapted to be worn, and
    a device adapted to be carried; and
    determine that the identifying information is associated with the user that is authorized to use the gaming device; and
    in which access is provided to the gaming device based at least in part on the gaming device determining that the identifying information is associated with the user that is authorized to use the gaming device.
  25. 25. The apparatus of claim 24, in which to determine the characteristic comprises at least one of to obtain and receive the characteristic from the second device.
  26. 26. The apparatus of claim 25, in which the second device comprises a bracelet.
  27. 27. The apparatus of claim 24, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    based at least in part on determining that the identifying information is associated with the user that is authorized to use the gaming device, provide a signal, in which the signal comprises at least one of:
    a visual signal,
    an audio signal, and
    the gaming device vibrating.
  28. 28. The apparatus of claim 18, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    at least one of obtain and receive a first identifier from a second device,
    in which the second device is physically separate from the gaming device, and
    in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    a device adapted to be worn, and
    a device adapted to be carried;
    obtain a second identifier, in which the second identifier comprises an indication of the user that is authorized to use the gaming device; and
    determine that the first identifier matches the second identifier; and
    in which access is provided to the gaming device based at least in part on the gaming device determining that the first identifier matches the second identifier.
  29. 29. The apparatus of claim 28, in which to determine the characteristic comprises to at least one of to obtain and receive the characteristic from the second device.
  30. 30. The apparatus of claim 29, in which the second device comprises a bracelet.
  31. 31. The apparatus of claim 28, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    based at least in part on determining that the first identifier matches the second identifier, provide a signal, in which the signal comprises at least one of:
    a visual signal,
    an audio signal, and
    the gaming device vibrating.
  32. 32. The apparatus of claim 18, in which the software, that when executed by the gaming device, further directs the gaming device to:
    detect a signal produced by a second device,
    in which the second device is physically separate from the gaming device, and
    in which the second device comprises at least one of:
    a device adapted to be worn, and
    a device adapted to be carried; and
    in which access is provided to the gaming device based at least in part on the gaming device detecting the signal.
  33. 33. The apparatus of claim 18, in which the amount characteristically wagered by the user comprises an average amount characteristically wagered by the user.
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US8397985B2 (en) 2013-03-19 grant
US20090209325A1 (en) 2009-08-20 application
US7549576B2 (en) 2009-06-23 grant
US20140228127A1 (en) 2014-08-14 application
US8740065B2 (en) 2014-06-03 grant
US20090082098A1 (en) 2009-03-26 application
US20070257101A1 (en) 2007-11-08 application
US8695876B2 (en) 2014-04-15 grant

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