US20080187210A1 - Personal bill denomination reader - Google Patents

Personal bill denomination reader Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20080187210A1
US20080187210A1 US12/044,119 US4411908A US2008187210A1 US 20080187210 A1 US20080187210 A1 US 20080187210A1 US 4411908 A US4411908 A US 4411908A US 2008187210 A1 US2008187210 A1 US 2008187210A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
bill
plurality
apparatus
image
match
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US12/044,119
Inventor
Philip Ted Kortum
Aaron Bangor
Marc Andrew Sullivan
Jeffrey Lewis BRANDT
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AT&T Intellectual Property I LP
Original Assignee
AT&T Intellectual Property I LP
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US10/776,930 priority Critical patent/US7366337B2/en
Application filed by AT&T Intellectual Property I LP filed Critical AT&T Intellectual Property I LP
Priority to US12/044,119 priority patent/US20080187210A1/en
Assigned to SBC KNOWLEDGE VENTURES, L.P. reassignment SBC KNOWLEDGE VENTURES, L.P. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BANGOR, AARON, BRANDT, JEFFREY LEWIS, KORTUM, PHILIP T., SULLIVAN, MARC ANDREW
Publication of US20080187210A1 publication Critical patent/US20080187210A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D7/00Testing specially adapted to determine the identity or genuineness of valuable papers or for segregating those which are unacceptable, e.g. banknotes that are alien to a currency
    • G07D7/20Testing patterns thereon
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B21/00Teaching, or communicating with, the blind, deaf or mute
    • G09B21/001Teaching or communicating with blind persons
    • G09B21/007Teaching or communicating with blind persons using both tactile and audible presentation of the information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/72Substation extension arrangements; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selecting
    • H04M1/725Cordless telephones
    • H04M1/72519Portable communication terminals with improved user interface to control a main telephone operation mode or to indicate the communication status
    • H04M1/72522With means for supporting locally a plurality of applications to increase the functionality

Abstract

An apparatus includes a pattern recognizer configured to identify a match of an image of a portion of a bill to one of a plurality of templates. The pattern recognizer is configured to use a rotation-invariant pattern matching algorithm. The apparatus further includes an output device to provide an indication when the match has been identified.

Description

    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • The present application is a continuation of and claims priority to U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/776,930, filed Feb. 11, 2004, the contents of which are expressly incorporated by reference in their entirety.
  • FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE
  • The present disclosure relates to methods and systems for reading a denomination of currency.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART
  • People with low or no vision typically develop sophisticated methods to identify the denomination of currency in their possession. These methods typically involve folding and segmentation of bills in a unique manner for each denomination of currency. For example, $20 bills may be folded in a first unique way, and $10 bills may be folded in a second unique way. However, when receiving a bill such as when receiving change, the aforementioned people must trust that the individual giving them the bills are correctly identifying them.
  • There is an existing device that reads bill denominations that uses standard bill reading technology, much like that found in a vending machine, and provides an audio output. The size of the device is significantly larger than the bill in order to scan the entire bill to read its denomination.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The present invention is pointed out with particularity in the appended claims. However, other features are described in the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the personal bill denomination reader;
  • FIG. 2 shows an embodiment of the personal bill denomination reader integrated with a mobile telephone and its operation; and
  • FIG. 3 shows an embodiment of the personal bill denomination reader having the form of a key fob.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • There is a need for a personal bill denomination reader that is readily available for a user, and allows him/her to use the reader in a discrete and secure way while providing the freedom to use paper money during everyday activities.
  • To address this need and other needs, embodiments of a personal bill denomination reader with tactile output are disclosed herein. A specific tactile output pattern is generated for each recognized denomination of currency. The tactile output provides a high measure of security and privacy while the user “counts” his/her money, functions well in a noisy environment such as a restaurant, and is suitable for users who suffer a hearing impairment. The personal bill denomination reader can be integrated with a mobile telephone or a key fob to facilitate portability with the user.
  • FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the personal bill denomination reader 10. The personal bill denomination reader 10 comprises a digital camera 12 to capture an image of a bill 14. The digital camera 12 can capture and store the image in response to a user-initiated depression of a button 16 or another user-initiated action. Optionally, the reader 10 includes a light source 20 to illuminate the bill 14 to support capturing images in dimly-lit places. The light source 20 may be activated in response to the user-initiated depression of the button 16 or another user-initiated action.
  • The image of the bill 14 is taken from the perspective of one of the corners of the bill 14. In practice, the user may identify a corner of the bill 14 by touch, then hold the reader 10 so that the digital camera 12 is proximate the corner, and press the button 16 to capture an image from the perspective of the corner and activate a bill identification feature.
  • The captured image is processed by a pattern recognizer 22. The pattern recognizer 22 compares the captured image to built-in images 24 of all standard bill denominations to match the captured image to one of the built-in images 24. In the United States, the standard bill denominations may comprise $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 bills, for example. Local bill denominations for other countries may be used in international embodiments.
  • Since each bill has four corners and two sides, the built-in images 24 comprise at least eight built-in images per bill denomination, the built-in images comprising a corresponding image of each of four corners for each of two sides of the bill denomination. The built-in images 24 may also comprise built-in images for previous versions of the currency. For example, since modifications were made to the $20 bill in the year 2003, the built-in images 24 may comprise at least eight images of pre-2003 $20 bills, and at least eight more images of $20 bills issued in 2003.
  • It is noted that the built-in images 24 may be represented within the personal bill denomination reader 10 either by actual images of bills or a transformation of the actual images of bills.
  • The pattern recognizer 22 uses a rotation-invariant pattern matching algorithm so that the bill 14 can be recognized for various orientations of the bill 14 with respect to the reader 10. Built into the algorithm is pattern matching for markings on the front and back of all standard bill denominations, which include current and previous versions of the currency. Since the number of templates is reasonably low, the pattern recognizer 22 can identify the bill 14 nearly instantaneously.
  • Once a positive identification of the bill 14 has been made by the pattern recognizer 22, the reader 10 reports the denomination of the bill 14 in a mode determined by an output selector 26. The mode is selected from a tactile output mode, an audible tone mode and a speech mode. Preferably, the user can select the specific mode via a user input received by the reader 10.
  • In the tactile output mode, a tactile output device 30 generates a tactile output unique to the denomination of the bill 14 based on the match from the pattern recognizer 22. The tactile output mode provides a high level of security in that other people near the user are not made aware of the denomination of the bill 14.
  • In one embodiment, the tactile output device 30 is capable of vibrating in a unique pattern of time and/or frequency for each denomination. Thus, the tactile output device 30 vibrates in a pattern unique to the denomination of the bill 14 based on the match from the pattern recognizer 22. The user feels the vibration pattern and determines the denomination of the bill 14 based thereon.
  • In another embodiment, the tactile output device 30 comprises a small dynamic Braille display to generate a Braille representation of the denomination of the bill 14 based on the match from the pattern recognizer 22. The user touches the Braille display with his/her hand to sense the Braille representation, and interprets the Braille representation to determine the denomination of the bill 14.
  • In a further embodiment, the tactile output device 30 comprises a pressure display capable of generating a unique pressure signal for each denomination of the bill 14 based on the match from the pattern recognizer 22. For example, the pressure display may comprise a plastic pin or another component that rises and lowers in a unique pattern for each denomination. In one embodiment, the plastic pin or other component rises and lowers a humanly-countable number of times based on the denomination. For example, the plastic pin or other component may rise once for $1, twice slowly for $2, and twice quickly for $20.
  • In the audible tone mode, an audible tone generator 32 generates a series of one or more distinctive, non-speech tones associated with the detected denomination of the bill 14. The user hears the audible tones and determines the denomination of the bill 14 thereon. The audible tone mode provides a degree of security in that other people near the user would not know the denomination of the bill 14 unless they knew how to translate the distinctive tones. The audible tone mode also facilitates use of the reader 10 by users who have limited tactile function.
  • In the speech mode, a voice synthesizer 34 generates a voice signal to speak the denomination of the bill 14. The voice synthesizer 34 may generate the voice signal either by playing back a pre-recorded voice recording or by synthesizing speech. Use of a voice recording allows natural intonated output but requires memory space. Use of synthesized speech is more unnatural, but facilitates programmability and flexibility (e.g. if the voice synthesizer 34 is to be capable of speaking the denomination in multiple languages). While not as secure as the tactile and tone modes, the speech mode requires no learning on the part of the user since the exact denomination rather than a code is given to the user.
  • The reader 10 may assume a variety of handheld forms. In one embodiment, the reader 10 is integrated with a mobile telephone. In another embodiment, the reader 10 has the form of a key fob. These and alternative embodiments are beneficial in that the reader 10 can fit in a pocket for carrying by the user.
  • FIG. 2 shows an embodiment of the reader 10 integrated with a mobile telephone 40, and its operation. The digital camera 12 may be provided by the mobile telephone's camera used for wireless picture messaging applications. The tactile output device 30 may be provided by a vibration alerting device of the mobile telephone 40 that serves to alert of incoming telephone calls and incoming messages. The audible tone generator 32 may be provided by the mobile telephone's audible ringer that serves to alert of incoming telephone calls and incoming messages. The voice synthesizer 34 may comprise either pre-recorded speech or synthesized speech of “one dollar”, “two dollars”, “five dollars”, “ten dollars”, “twenty dollars”, “fifty dollars” and “one hundred dollars” to output on a speaker of the mobile telephone 40. Thus, in this embodiment, an individual with low/no vision is enabled to determine the denomination of a bill using his/her wireless camera phone 40.
  • FIG. 2 shows an image 42 of a corner of a bill 44 being acquired using the wireless camera phone 40. The image 42 is processed through pattern recognition to determine a pattern match based on built-in images 50, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60 and 62 of $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 bills, respectively. In the example of FIG. 2, the image 42 is matched to the built-in image 62 of the $100 bill. The wireless camera phone 40 reports the bill denomination by an output 64 comprising either a vibration pattern specific to a $100 bill, a tone pattern specific to a $100 bill, or synthesized speech indicating a $100 bill.
  • FIG. 3 shows an embodiment of the reader 10 having the form of a key fob 70. In one embodiment, the key fob 70 houses the components of the reader 10 shown in FIG. 1, namely the camera 12, the button 16, the optional light source 20, the pattern recognizer 22, the memory 24, the output selector 26, and at least one of the tactile output device 30, the audible tone generator 32 and the voice synthesizer 34. The key fob 70 has superior portability and cost effectiveness. A user can hold the key fob 70 to a corner of the bill 14, press the button 16, and receive denomination information through one of the three modes described above.
  • It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the disclosed embodiments may be modified in numerous ways and may assume many embodiments other than the particular forms specifically set out and described herein.
  • The above disclosed subject matter is to be considered illustrative, and not restrictive, and the appended claims are intended to cover all such modifications, enhancements, and other embodiments which fall within the true spirit and scope of the present invention. Thus, to the maximum extent allowed by law, the scope of the present invention is to be determined by the broadest permissible interpretation of the following claims and their equivalents, and shall not be restricted or limited by the foregoing detailed description.

Claims (20)

1. An apparatus comprising:
a pattern recognizer configured to identify a match of an image of a portion of a bill to one of a plurality of templates, wherein the pattern recognizer is configured to use a rotation-invariant pattern matching algorithm; and
an output device to provide an indication when the match has been identified.
2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the plurality of templates comprises a plurality of standard images or transformations of standard images.
3. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the pattern recognizer is configured to identify the match by comparing an image of a portion of the bill, but not an image of the entire bill, to at least one of the plurality of templates.
4. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a cellular telephone that houses the pattern recognizer and the output device.
5. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a key fob that houses the pattern recognizer and the output device.
6. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a computer memory that stores one or more of the plurality of templates.
7. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the output device is configured to provide an indication of a denomination of the bill when the match has been identified.
8. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the output device provides the indication via a user selectable mode of reporting, wherein the user selectable mode comprises at least one of a tactile output, an audible output, and a speech output.
9. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the plurality of templates includes an image of a corner of a bill denomination or a transformation of the image of the corner of the bill denomination.
10. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a camera to capture the image of the portion of the bill.
11. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a light source, the light source configured to illuminate the portion of the bill.
12. A method comprising:
evaluating a match of a portion of a bill to one of a plurality of templates by using a rotation-invariant pattern matching algorithm; and
providing an indication when a match is detected.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein providing the indication further comprises outputting the indication via a user selected mode, wherein the user selected mode comprises one or more of a tactile indicator, an audible indicator, and a speech indicator.
14. The method of claim 12, wherein one of the plurality of templates comprises an image of a portion of a standard bill.
15. The method of claim 12, wherein one of the plurality of templates comprises a transformation of an image of a portion of a standard bill.
16. The method of claim 12, wherein the plurality of templates includes a first template corresponding to a first local currency denomination and a second template corresponding to a second local currency denomination.
17. The method of claim 12, further comprising outputting a particular tactile pattern corresponding to a particular currency denomination.
18. The method of claim 12, further comprising receiving a command to capture an image of the portion of the bill.
19. A computer readable medium including instructions executable by a processor to:
evaluate a match of a portion of a bill to one of a plurality of templates by using a rotation-invariant pattern matching algorithm; and
provide an indication when a match is detected.
20. The computer readable medium of claim 19, further comprising instructions executable by the processor to generate a particular output pattern associated with a corresponding currency denomination, and to output the particular output pattern when a match with the corresponding currency denomination is detected.
US12/044,119 2004-02-11 2008-03-07 Personal bill denomination reader Abandoned US20080187210A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/776,930 US7366337B2 (en) 2004-02-11 2004-02-11 Personal bill denomination reader
US12/044,119 US20080187210A1 (en) 2004-02-11 2008-03-07 Personal bill denomination reader

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/044,119 US20080187210A1 (en) 2004-02-11 2008-03-07 Personal bill denomination reader

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/776,930 Continuation US7366337B2 (en) 2004-02-11 2004-02-11 Personal bill denomination reader

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20080187210A1 true US20080187210A1 (en) 2008-08-07

Family

ID=34827477

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/776,930 Active 2026-02-02 US7366337B2 (en) 2004-02-11 2004-02-11 Personal bill denomination reader
US12/044,119 Abandoned US20080187210A1 (en) 2004-02-11 2008-03-07 Personal bill denomination reader

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/776,930 Active 2026-02-02 US7366337B2 (en) 2004-02-11 2004-02-11 Personal bill denomination reader

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (2) US7366337B2 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090324053A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-12-31 Ncr Corporation Media Identification
US20110012710A1 (en) * 2009-07-15 2011-01-20 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Device control by multiple remote controls
US20110095873A1 (en) * 2009-10-26 2011-04-28 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Gesture-initiated remote control programming
US20120154561A1 (en) * 2009-06-26 2012-06-21 Venkatesh Rajagopalan Chari Compact assistive reading device
CN104050747A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-09-17 中国工商银行股份有限公司 Banknote detection device and cash withdrawing method and device
CN105046807A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 中山大学 Smart mobile phone-based counterfeit banknote identification method and system

Families Citing this family (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005109846A1 (en) 2004-05-03 2005-11-17 Somatic Technologies, Inc. System and method for providing particularized audible alerts
WO2007019307A2 (en) * 2005-08-03 2007-02-15 Somatic Technologies, Inc. Somatic, auditory and cochlear communication system and method
US8050485B2 (en) * 2006-03-08 2011-11-01 Cashscan Corporation System for high speed processing of gaming documents
US8983208B2 (en) * 2006-11-14 2015-03-17 West Virginia University Pattern matching based on global quantitative characterization of patterns
US20080134849A1 (en) * 2006-12-08 2008-06-12 Mcgough Charles B System and method for making U.S. banknotes readable by visually-impaired persons
US8019115B2 (en) * 2007-04-25 2011-09-13 Graphic Security Systems Corp. Object authentication using a portable digital image acquisition device
JP4486987B2 (en) * 2007-09-26 2010-06-23 シャープ株式会社 Image data output processing apparatus, the image data output processing method, program and recording medium
US9058615B2 (en) * 2007-10-02 2015-06-16 Elady Limited Product evaluation system and product evaluation method
US8094917B2 (en) * 2008-04-14 2012-01-10 Primax Electronics Ltd. Method for detecting monetary banknote and performing currency type analysis operation
US20090260947A1 (en) * 2008-04-18 2009-10-22 Xu-Hua Liu Method for performing currency value analysis operation
US8085972B2 (en) * 2008-07-03 2011-12-27 Primax Electronics Ltd. Protection method for preventing hard copy of document from being released or reproduced
US7844098B2 (en) * 2008-07-21 2010-11-30 Primax Electronics Ltd. Method for performing color analysis operation on image corresponding to monetary banknote
FR2951568B1 (en) * 2009-10-15 2012-05-18 Hologram Ind Method and control device for a secure document
FR2973137B1 (en) * 2011-03-25 2015-07-24 Hologram Ind Method and system authentication of a document Secure
US20130189914A1 (en) * 2012-01-23 2013-07-25 Douglas A. Martin Systems and methods for producing music and/or other media arrangements with coin counting machines
FR3053501B1 (en) * 2016-06-29 2018-11-09 Safran Identity & Security Method document authentication by means of a mobile telecommunication terminal

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4464786A (en) * 1981-06-17 1984-08-07 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha System for identifying currency note
US4611345A (en) * 1983-04-06 1986-09-09 Glory Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Bank bill identification device
US5692068A (en) * 1991-06-27 1997-11-25 E. L. Bryenton Portable hand-held banknote reader
US6101266A (en) * 1996-11-15 2000-08-08 Diebold, Incorporated Apparatus and method of determining conditions of bank notes
US6181813B1 (en) * 1997-09-29 2001-01-30 Xerox Corporation Method for counterfeit currency detection using orthogonal line comparison
US6553136B1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2003-04-22 Hewlett-Packard Company System and method for counterfeit protection
US20050169511A1 (en) * 2004-01-30 2005-08-04 Cummins-Allison Corp. Document processing system using primary and secondary pictorial image comparison

Family Cites Families (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4442541A (en) * 1979-08-15 1984-04-10 Gte Laboratories Incorporated Methods of and apparatus for sensing the denomination of paper currency
DE3783974D1 (en) * 1986-07-11 1993-03-18 Sumitomo Electric Industries Optical character readers.
JPH0413743Y2 (en) * 1986-11-11 1992-03-30
US4984280A (en) * 1988-06-08 1991-01-08 Laurel Bank Machines Co., Ltd. Bill discriminating apparatus
US6449377B1 (en) * 1995-05-08 2002-09-10 Digimarc Corporation Methods and systems for watermark processing of line art images
US6345104B1 (en) * 1994-03-17 2002-02-05 Digimarc Corporation Digital watermarks and methods for security documents
US7024016B2 (en) * 1996-05-16 2006-04-04 Digimarc Corporation Digital watermarking apparatus and methods
US5636565A (en) * 1995-12-14 1997-06-10 Lawrance; Michael Embossing method and device for braille currency encoding
FI105308B (en) * 1996-12-30 2000-07-14 Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd Phone ringtone programming
US6523006B1 (en) * 1998-01-27 2003-02-18 Intel Corporation Three dimensional audio vision
AT301858T (en) * 1999-06-30 2005-08-15 Citicorp Dev Ct Inc Auxiliary system and method for visually impaired the execution of financial transactions
EP1087345A3 (en) * 1999-09-24 2006-05-17 Citicorp Development Center, Inc. Method and system for executing financial transactions for the visually impaired
US6535791B1 (en) * 2000-05-01 2003-03-18 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Electronic information vending machine and method
US20050103838A1 (en) * 2003-11-19 2005-05-19 Zap Card Corporation Method and apparatus for electronically exchanging and storing an image of a business card along with associated card information

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4464786A (en) * 1981-06-17 1984-08-07 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha System for identifying currency note
US4611345A (en) * 1983-04-06 1986-09-09 Glory Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Bank bill identification device
US5692068A (en) * 1991-06-27 1997-11-25 E. L. Bryenton Portable hand-held banknote reader
US6101266A (en) * 1996-11-15 2000-08-08 Diebold, Incorporated Apparatus and method of determining conditions of bank notes
US6181813B1 (en) * 1997-09-29 2001-01-30 Xerox Corporation Method for counterfeit currency detection using orthogonal line comparison
US6553136B1 (en) * 1999-10-28 2003-04-22 Hewlett-Packard Company System and method for counterfeit protection
US20050169511A1 (en) * 2004-01-30 2005-08-04 Cummins-Allison Corp. Document processing system using primary and secondary pictorial image comparison

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090324053A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-12-31 Ncr Corporation Media Identification
US8682056B2 (en) * 2008-06-30 2014-03-25 Ncr Corporation Media identification
US20120154561A1 (en) * 2009-06-26 2012-06-21 Venkatesh Rajagopalan Chari Compact assistive reading device
US9183689B2 (en) * 2009-06-26 2015-11-10 Venkatesh Rajagopalan Chari Compact assistive reading device
US20110012710A1 (en) * 2009-07-15 2011-01-20 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Device control by multiple remote controls
US8659399B2 (en) 2009-07-15 2014-02-25 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Device control by multiple remote controls
US20110095873A1 (en) * 2009-10-26 2011-04-28 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Gesture-initiated remote control programming
US8665075B2 (en) 2009-10-26 2014-03-04 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Gesture-initiated remote control programming
US9159225B2 (en) 2009-10-26 2015-10-13 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Gesture-initiated remote control programming
CN104050747A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-09-17 中国工商银行股份有限公司 Banknote detection device and cash withdrawing method and device
CN105046807A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-11-11 中山大学 Smart mobile phone-based counterfeit banknote identification method and system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20050175230A1 (en) 2005-08-11
US7366337B2 (en) 2008-04-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101124623B (en) Voice authentication system and method
US7715446B2 (en) Wireless methods and devices employing plural-bit data derived from audio information
US7266251B2 (en) Method and apparatus for generating models of individuals
CN1790387B (en) Code structure and code reading terminal
KR100713494B1 (en) Method for authenticating user using camera module and mobile communication terminal therefor
US20170076122A1 (en) System and method of determining if a surface is printed or a mobile device screen
US8023148B2 (en) Print structure, printing method and reading method for medium surface with print-formed dot pattern
CN101437449B (en) Method and apparatus for characterizing acoustical outer ear
US20170180577A1 (en) System and method of border detection on a document and for producing an image of the document
US8165409B2 (en) Mobile device identification of media objects using audio and image recognition
US9183689B2 (en) Compact assistive reading device
US20050036044A1 (en) Image pickup device and image synthesizing method
US8657189B2 (en) Systems and methods for generating, reading and transferring identifiers
US7840033B2 (en) Text stitching from multiple images
US8320708B2 (en) Tilt adjustment for optical character recognition in portable reading machine
US7627142B2 (en) Gesture processing with low resolution images with high resolution processing for optical character recognition for a reading machine
KR0139949B1 (en) Voice verification circuit for validating the identity of telephone calling card customers
EP1751908B1 (en) Personal communication apparatus capable of recording transactions secured with biometric data
US20070051814A1 (en) Optical reader for classifying an image
US20010044324A1 (en) Cellular telephone
US6525706B1 (en) Electronic picture book
US7659915B2 (en) Portable reading device with mode processing
JP4471898B2 (en) Portable information terminal device
US8531494B2 (en) Reducing processing latency in optical character recognition for portable reading machine
US20100331043A1 (en) Document and image processing

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SBC KNOWLEDGE VENTURES, L.P., NEVADA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KORTUM, PHILIP T.;BANGOR, AARON;SULLIVAN, MARC ANDREW;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:020614/0923

Effective date: 20040419

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION