US20080146935A1 - Auxiliary Positioning Device For Ultrasonic Apparatus - Google Patents

Auxiliary Positioning Device For Ultrasonic Apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US20080146935A1
US20080146935A1 US11/549,119 US54911906A US2008146935A1 US 20080146935 A1 US20080146935 A1 US 20080146935A1 US 54911906 A US54911906 A US 54911906A US 2008146935 A1 US2008146935 A1 US 2008146935A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
cylindrical lens
parallel light
positioning device
auxiliary positioning
light source
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/549,119
Inventor
Sen-Yung Liu
Original Assignee
Sen-Yung Liu
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sen-Yung Liu filed Critical Sen-Yung Liu
Priority to US11/549,119 priority Critical patent/US20080146935A1/en
Publication of US20080146935A1 publication Critical patent/US20080146935A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3403Needle locating or guiding means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/10Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges for stereotaxic surgery, e.g. frame-based stereotaxis
    • A61B90/11Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges for stereotaxic surgery, e.g. frame-based stereotaxis with guides for needles or instruments, e.g. arcuate slides or ball joints
    • A61B90/13Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges for stereotaxic surgery, e.g. frame-based stereotaxis with guides for needles or instruments, e.g. arcuate slides or ball joints guided by light, e.g. laser pointers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/50Supports for surgical instruments, e.g. articulated arms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/30Devices for illuminating a surgical field, the devices having an interrelation with other surgical devices or with a surgical procedure
    • A61B2090/306Devices for illuminating a surgical field, the devices having an interrelation with other surgical devices or with a surgical procedure using optical fibres
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/30Devices for illuminating a surgical field, the devices having an interrelation with other surgical devices or with a surgical procedure
    • A61B2090/308Lamp handles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B8/00Diagnosis using ultrasonic, sonic or infrasonic waves

Abstract

An auxiliary positioning device for an ultrasonic apparatus is disclosed herein, which is installed on an ultrasonic probe. The auxiliary positioning device includes a fixing member, an adjusting member being flexible and coupled with the fixing member at one end thereof, a parallel light source coupled with the other end of the adjusting member and having a projection hole for passing a parallel light beam emitted from the parallel light source, and a cylindrical lens mounted on one end of the parallel light source in front of the projection hole, whereby the parallel light beam becomes a fanned light beam after it passes through the cylindrical lens. The auxiliary positioning device of the present invention can provide a high precise positioning for diagnosis and treatment.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention relates to an auxiliary positioning device, and in particular to an auxiliary positioning device for an ultrasonic apparatus.
  • 2. The Prior Arts
  • In general, an ultrasonic apparatus is often used to scan and inspect a patient's inner organ. The ultrasonic apparatus can receive an echo to conclude the position of the organ and visualize an image of the organ tissue on a screen. Accordingly, the patient can be further diagnosed and treated based on the displayed images. During the operation of the ultrasonic apparatus, it is only requested to clearly display the image if the ultrasonic apparatus is merely used to inspect the physiological structure. However, if a further diagnosis and treatment such as a sample collection or an injection is needed, an accurate position must be determined. Generally, a three dimensional image can be obtained by scanning an interior of the human body. If a certain area in the body is intended to be sample-collected or injected, an auxiliary positioning device is often needed to help the positioning unless it is performed by a skilled operator. Otherwise, it is difficult to insert a needle into a correct position, thereby resulting in the increase in the possibility of failure and in the times of the needle insertion that will increase the mental pressure and physical pains to the patient.
  • Please refer to FIG. 1, which is a schematic view showing an injection into a body surface of a patient B by means of the guidance of an ultrasonic probe according to a prior art. Before the injection is performed, an ultrasonic probe P is used to scan the body surface of the patient B until a target position is detected. When the ultrasonic probe P reaches the target position, a needle of a syringe S can be inserted into the body of the patient B. At this time, in order to ensure the position to be injected is correct, the needle of the syringe S and the position to be injected must be fully detected by the ultrasonic probe P and completely displayed on a screen. However, it is difficult for a medical operator to perform. As described above, the image obtained by scanning the interior of the body of the patient is a three dimensional image. Even though a correct position is located, if the syringe S and the area detected by the ultrasonic probe P are not in the same plane but displayed together on the screen in a two dimensional image, the operator still has to insert the needle of the syringe S for several times to reach the correct position based on his/her experiences and feelings. As a result, it will make the patient feel uncomfortable mentally and physically. On the other hand, in order to make the image display on the screen more clearly and brightly, the light is often turned down during performing the diagnosis and treatment on patients. However, under such circumstances, it becomes more difficult to find the correct position for insertion by the needle of the syringe S.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • A primary objective of the present invention is to provide an auxiliary positioning device for an ultrasonic apparatus, which can generate a fanned light beam by refracting a parallel light beam through a cylindrical lens. The fanned light beam projects a projection line for accurately locating a position on a body surface of a patient to be diagnosed and treated, thereby solving the problem that a conventional ultrasonic probe is unable to locate an accurate position to be diagnosed and treated. Besides, by the means of the projection line, a position to be treated can be accurately located even in a dark condition. Accordingly, a syringe can be adjusted to be in alignment with the ultrasonic probe through the projection line, so that a needle of the syringe can be inserted into the correct position on the body surface of the patient for treatment.
  • To achieve the above-mentioned objectives, an auxiliary positioning device for an ultrasonic apparatus in accordance with the present invention, which is installed on an ultrasonic probe, includes a fixing member, an adjusting member being flexible and coupled with the fixing member at one end thereof, a parallel light source coupled with the other end of the adjusting member and having a projection hole for passing a parallel light beam emitted from the parallel light source, and a cylindrical lens mounted on one end of the parallel light source in front of the projection hole, whereby the parallel light beam becomes a fanned light beam after it passes through the cylindrical lens.
  • According to the present invention, the parallel light source may be a laser light source or other light sources. The fixing member may be a fixing clamp or a clamp that is sleeved on the ultrasonic probe and fastened thereto with screws. There is no limitation to the structure of the fixing member as long as it can fix the auxiliary positioning device to the ultrasonic probe. The adjusting member is used to adjust a desired angle and a range of the projection light emitted from the parallel light source. The adjusting member may be, but not limited to, a flexible member in accordance wit the present invention. Any flexible or bendable adjusting member such as a multiple rod linkage with ball pivot mechanisms is applicable. The cylindrical lens may be a circular, biconvex, biconcave, plano-convex, or plano-concave cylindrical lens.
  • According to the present invention, the parallel light beam enters into the cylindrical lens and is refracted to a fanned light beam, which can project a projection line on a surface of an object. By means of the projection line, a needle of a syringe can be in alignment with the ultrasonic probe even in a dark condition, so that the needle can be inserted into a correct position to be diagnosed and treated. Accordingly, this can prevent the patient from being inserted many times by a needle, which will cause uncomfortable feeling.
  • The advantages and spirit of the present invention can be more clearly understood from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing an injection into a body surface of a patient by means of the guidance of an ultrasonic probe according to a prior art.
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an auxiliary position device for an ultrasonic apparatus in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3A is a side view of FIG. 2.
  • FIG. 3B is an enlarged view showing a parallel light source and a cylindrical lens in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing a path of a parallel light beam penetrating through the cylindrical lens.
  • FIGS. 5A-5E are schematic views showing different types of cylindrical lenses in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 6A is a schematic view showing a correction of the auxiliary positioning device installed on an ultrasonic probe in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 6B is a schematic view showing that FIG. 6A is in a use state.
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic view of an auxiliary positioning device for an ultrasonic apparatus in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • Referring to FIGS. 2 and 4, an auxiliary positioning device for an ultrasonic apparatus in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention comprises a fixing member 10, an adjusting member 20, a parallel light source 30 and a cylindrical lens 40. The fixing member 10 is coupled with one end of the adjusting member 20 and the parallel light source 30 is coupled with the other end of the adjusting member 20. The cylindrical lens 40 is mounted on an end surface of the parallel light source 30, whereby a fanned light beam L2 is projected out of the cylindrical lens 40 when a parallel light beam L1 emitted from the parallel light source 30 passes through the cylindrical lens 40. The fanned light beam L2 is projected onto a surface of a patient B to form a projection line L3 for auxiliary positioning for an ultrasonic apparatus.
  • The fixing member 10 is, but not limited to, a fixing clamp in this embodiment. The fixing member 10 has a jaw 11 configured to stably hold an ultrasonic probe P (see FIGS. 6A and 6B). Moreover, the fixing member 10 may have a frame (not shown) configured with an outer shape of the ultrasonic probe P and sleeved and fixed thereto with screws.
  • The adjusting member 20 is used to adjust a desired angle and a range of the projection light emitted from the parallel light source 30. The adjusting member 20 may be, but not limited to, a flexible member in this embodiment. Any flexible or bendable adjusting member 20 such as a multiple rod linkage with ball pivot mechanisms is applicable. There is no limitation to the bending angle of the adjusting member 20 and it can be adjusted according to the length and the size of the ultrasonic probe P.
  • The parallel light source 30 is, but not limited to, a laser light source in this embodiment. Any light sources that emit a parallel light beam may be used in the present invention. But a diameter of the light beam of the parallel light source 30 cannot be too large; otherwise it will be difficult to align with a baseline on the ultrasonic probe P accurately.
  • Referring to FIGS. 3A and 3B, the parallel light source 30 has a projection hole 32 defined on one end surface thereof for passing the parallel light bean. A diameter of the projection hole 32 determines the diameter of the projection light emitted from the parallel light source 30. The parallel light source 30 comprises a battery 31 to provide power supply and a switch 35 to turn on/off the power supply. In this embodiment, the switch 35 is located on the parallel light source 30, but it may be located on the adjusting member 20 or the fixing member 10 as well. On the other hand, the battery 31 in the present invention is a button battery, but it can also be a lithium battery or alkaline battery. Accordingly, the parallel light source 30 can be constructed to receive different types of batteries. The battery 31 can be placed in a battery pack 34 disposed between the fixing member 10 and the adjusting member 20, whereby the projection head 33 of the parallel light source 30 is lighter (see FIG. 7). At this time, the switch 35 is provided on the battery pack 34. Besides, the cylindrical lens 40 is set in a direction parallel to the fixing member 10.
  • Referring to FIG. 4, a parallel light beam L1 emitted from the parallel light source 30 through the projection hole 32 enters into a lens surface 41 of the cylindrical lens 40, which is closest to the parallel light source 30, and goes out of a lens surface 42 of the cylindrical lens 40, which is farthest from the parallel light source 30. The parallel light beam L1 becomes a fanned light beam L2 caused by refraction of the light from the cylindrical lens 40. The fanned light beam L2 projects on a surface of a patient B to form a projection line L3, which can be precisely applied to locate a correct position for injection.
  • The cylindrical lens 40 is a circular cylindrical lens as shown in FIG. 4. Referring to FIGS. 5A-5E, the cylindrical lens 40 according to the present invention may be a biconvex cylindrical lens 50, a convex-concave cylindrical lens 60, a plano-convex cylindrical lens 70, a plano-concave cylindrical lens 80, a biconcave cylindrical lens 90, or combinations thereof. Accordingly, the parallel light beam L1 can enter into a lens surface 51, 61, 71, 81 or 91 of the cylindrical lens, which is closest to the parallel light source 30, and goes out of a lens surface 52, 62, 72, 82 or 92 of the cylindrical lens, which is farthest from the parallel light source 30, respectively. On the other hand, a length of the cylindrical lens 40 should be greater than the diameter of the projection hole 32, so that the parallel light beam L1 can be projected completely.
  • Referring to FIGS. 6A and 6B, a surface of the ultrasonic probe P is marked with a baseline P1 that is aligned with a scanning sectional plane of the ultrasonic probe P. The auxiliary positioning device for an ultrasonic apparatus in accordance with the present invention is fixed on the ultrasonic probe P in advance, and the adjusting member 20 is bent downwardly. Then the ultrasonic probe P is placed on and aligned with a correction line P0 defined on a surface of an object, so that the scanning sectional plane and the baseline P1 on the ultrasonic probe P are aligned with the correction line P0. The adjusting member 20 is adjusted to make the projection line L3 overlap and align with the baseline P1; thereby the fanned light beam L2 emitted from the parallel light source 30, the projection line L3, the scanning sectional plane, and the baseline P1 are all located on the same plane vertical to the object surface. During injection, a syringe S having a surface marked with a baseline S1 is provided. After the ultrasonic probe P scans a position to be injected, a needle S2 of the syringe S can be inserted into the accurate position by the alignment of the baseline S1 of the syringe S with the projection line L3. Since the needle S2 and the scanning sectional plane are in the same plane, the needle S2 together with the injection position can be detected by the ultrasonic probe P and displayed on a screen. Accordingly, the needle S2 can be accurately and rapidly inserted into the position to be injected or extracted, so as to perform the following diagnosis and treatment.
  • Although the present invention has been described with reference to the preferred embodiment thereof, it is apparent to those skilled in the art that a variety of modifications and changes may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention which is intended to be defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. An auxiliary positioning device for an ultrasonic apparatus, which is installed on an ultrasonic probe, comprising:
a fixing member;
an adjusting member coupled with the fixing member at one end thereof, in which the adjusting member is flexible;
a parallel light source coupled with the other end of the adjusting member and having a projection hole for passing a parallel light beam emitted from the parallel light source; and
a cylindrical lens mounted on one end of the parallel light source in front of the projection hole, whereby the parallel light beam becomes a fanned light beam after it passes through the cylindrical lens.
2. The auxiliary positioning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the parallel light source is a laser light source.
3. The auxiliary positioning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fixing member is a fixing clamp.
4. The auxiliary positioning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cylindrical lens is a circular cylindrical lens.
5. The auxiliary positioning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cylindrical lens is a biconvex cylindrical lens.
6. The auxiliary positioning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cylindrical lens is a convex-concave cylindrical lens.
7. The auxiliary positioning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cylindrical lens is a plano-convex cylindrical lens.
8. The auxiliary positioning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cylindrical lens is a plano-concave cylindrical lens.
9. The auxiliary positioning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cylindrical lens is a biconcave cylindrical lens.
10. The auxiliary positioning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a battery pack is mounted between the fixing member and the adjusting member.
US11/549,119 2006-10-13 2006-10-13 Auxiliary Positioning Device For Ultrasonic Apparatus Abandoned US20080146935A1 (en)

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US11/549,119 US20080146935A1 (en) 2006-10-13 2006-10-13 Auxiliary Positioning Device For Ultrasonic Apparatus
US12/704,561 US7832914B2 (en) 2006-10-13 2010-02-12 Auxiliary positioning device for ultrasonic apparatus

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011224352A (en) * 2010-04-01 2011-11-10 Nemoto Kyorindo:Kk Medical lighting device and system therewith
EP2609881A1 (en) * 2011-12-29 2013-07-03 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd Robot system and control method thereof
WO2014124438A1 (en) * 2013-02-11 2014-08-14 Palmetto Biomedical Inc. Adjustable surgical light device and system
CN106413503A (en) * 2014-04-29 2017-02-15 B-K医疗公司 Ultrasound imaging probe

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014165551A1 (en) 2013-04-01 2014-10-09 Pathy Vinod V Lighting device

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US4123135A (en) * 1977-06-30 1978-10-31 International Business Machines Corporation Optical system for rotating mirror line scanning apparatus
US5255167A (en) * 1991-12-23 1993-10-19 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Finger mounted laser spotlight
US5311348A (en) * 1991-10-31 1994-05-10 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Cylindrical lens system for use in laser beam scanning apparatus and scanning apparatus including same
US5461790A (en) * 1994-02-16 1995-10-31 Olstowski; Franek Circular saws with laser guides for more precise movement during cutting
US5638214A (en) * 1994-11-04 1997-06-10 Institut National D'optique Luneburg lens with a graded index core and homogeneous cladding
US5823657A (en) * 1996-08-09 1998-10-20 Price; Scott D. Lamp clamp
US5948172A (en) * 1996-08-12 1999-09-07 Neiheisel; Gary L. Descaling metal with a laser having a very short pulse width and high average power
US6322958B1 (en) * 1998-11-26 2001-11-27 Sumitomo Heavy Industries Ltd. Laser marking method and apparatus, and marked member

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US5163752A (en) * 1992-02-14 1992-11-17 Copeland Debra L Flashlight holder apparatus

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4123135A (en) * 1977-06-30 1978-10-31 International Business Machines Corporation Optical system for rotating mirror line scanning apparatus
US5311348A (en) * 1991-10-31 1994-05-10 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Cylindrical lens system for use in laser beam scanning apparatus and scanning apparatus including same
US5255167A (en) * 1991-12-23 1993-10-19 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Finger mounted laser spotlight
US5461790A (en) * 1994-02-16 1995-10-31 Olstowski; Franek Circular saws with laser guides for more precise movement during cutting
US5638214A (en) * 1994-11-04 1997-06-10 Institut National D'optique Luneburg lens with a graded index core and homogeneous cladding
US5823657A (en) * 1996-08-09 1998-10-20 Price; Scott D. Lamp clamp
US5948172A (en) * 1996-08-12 1999-09-07 Neiheisel; Gary L. Descaling metal with a laser having a very short pulse width and high average power
US6322958B1 (en) * 1998-11-26 2001-11-27 Sumitomo Heavy Industries Ltd. Laser marking method and apparatus, and marked member

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011224352A (en) * 2010-04-01 2011-11-10 Nemoto Kyorindo:Kk Medical lighting device and system therewith
EP2609881A1 (en) * 2011-12-29 2013-07-03 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd Robot system and control method thereof
US9261353B2 (en) 2011-12-29 2016-02-16 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Medical robotic system including surgical instrument position detection apparatus and control method thereof
WO2014124438A1 (en) * 2013-02-11 2014-08-14 Palmetto Biomedical Inc. Adjustable surgical light device and system
CN106413503A (en) * 2014-04-29 2017-02-15 B-K医疗公司 Ultrasound imaging probe

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US20100142210A1 (en) 2010-06-10

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