US20080029968A1 - Nested can brush seal - Google Patents

Nested can brush seal Download PDF

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Publication number
US20080029968A1
US20080029968A1 US11/906,349 US90634907A US2008029968A1 US 20080029968 A1 US20080029968 A1 US 20080029968A1 US 90634907 A US90634907 A US 90634907A US 2008029968 A1 US2008029968 A1 US 2008029968A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
brush seal
ring
bristle
seal
backplate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/906,349
Inventor
Mark Addis
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
United Technologies Corp
Original Assignee
United Technologies Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US10/980,696 priority Critical patent/US7334311B2/en
Application filed by United Technologies Corp filed Critical United Technologies Corp
Priority to US11/906,349 priority patent/US20080029968A1/en
Publication of US20080029968A1 publication Critical patent/US20080029968A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J15/00Sealings
    • F16J15/16Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces
    • F16J15/32Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with elastic sealings, e.g. O-rings
    • F16J15/3284Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with elastic sealings, e.g. O-rings characterised by their structure; Selection of materials
    • F16J15/3288Filamentary structures, e.g. brush seals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49925Inward deformation of aperture or hollow body wall
    • Y10T29/49934Inward deformation of aperture or hollow body wall by axially applying force

Abstract

A method of forming a brush seal which includes placing a bristle hoop sandwiched by a sideplate and a backplate in the cavity of a forming die. The components are then die formed together into a unitized brush seal.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates generally to a brush seal and more specifically to a method of making a lower cost and/or lighter weight brush seal.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Brush seals are commonly used on gas turbine engines. The brush seal is typically used to prevent secondary flow in the engine from escaping through a gap between a stationary part such as a diffuser case and a rotating part (e.g. a turbine shaft). Brush seals may also have other uses, such as sealing a gap between stationary parts of the engine.
  • A brush seal typically includes packs of wire bristles sandwiched between plates. The bristle packs and plates are typically welded together to form the brush seal. The brush seal must undergo heat treatment after the welding step to relieve any residual stresses. Heat treatment typically involves securing the brush seal within a fixture, then placing the fixture in an oven. The heat treatment process is time consuming and can be expensive.
  • The welding step transforms the discrete sub-assemblies of the brush seal into one piece. The one-piece arrangement prevents the removal of a sub-assembly without affecting or damaging the remainder of the brush seal. This means a mechanic must replace the entire brush seal during maintenance. Replacement of the entire brush seal must occur despite the fact that only one of the sub-assemblies (typically the bristle packs) needs replacement.
  • The bristle packs of the brush seal are expensive. The main factor influencing cost is the amount of raw material used. Each individual bristle in the bristle pack is a taken from a length of wire. A commonly used wire is a 0.0028″, 0.004″ or 0.006″ diameter cobalt alloy wire. One type of bristle pack can have approximately 5000 bristles per linear inch. This type of bristle pack clearly contains a large amount of wire. When used in a 12″ outer diameter single stage brush seal, this type of bristle pack can contain approximately 2.6 miles of wire.
  • It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved brush seal.
  • It is a further object of the present invention to provide a method of producing a lower cost and/or lighter weight brush seal.
  • It is a further object of the present invention to produce a brush seal that requires less machining and/or welding.
  • It is a further object of the present invention to produce a brush seal at a reduced cost.
  • It is a further object of the present invention to produce a brush seal that uses less raw material.
  • It is a further object of the present invention to provide a brush seal that may not require heat treatment.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates to a method for producing a low cost, lightweight brush seal by mechanically forming and joining the components together in a die.
  • The brush seal of the present invention utilizes formed sheet metal side and backplates. The cross sectional shape of the plates approximates an “L”. One plate is placed in a die and a bristle hoop then placed inside the first formed sheet metal. A plunger is then employed to force a second formed sheet metal plate inside the first sheet metal component, capturing the bristle hoop between the two. The plunger sizes both sheet metal elements during the process. Optionally, spot welding after forming can be used to ensure that the components remain securely attached.
  • The resulting formed sheet metal configuration would allow plate thickness to be reduced and still maintain similar structural integrity to machined plates. With only spot welding optionally used to secure the two sheets, a final seal stress relieve step may not be needed. This method allows for all features and details to be formed and die cut into the two “plates” to eliminate the need to machine the details.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • For a further understanding of these and objects of the invention, reference will be made to the following detailed description of the invention which is to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings, where:
  • FIG. 1 is a side sectional view of one embodiment of the sizing die and seal components in place prior to a die forming step.
  • FIG. 2 is a view of FIG. 1 following action by a forming plunger.
  • FIG. 3 is a sectional view through one embodiment of a finished brush seal of the invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a bristle hoop.
  • FIG. 5 is a side view of bristle tufts illustrating typical bristle orientation.
  • FIG. 6 is a perspective sectional view of one embodiment of a brush seal of the invention in use.
  • FIG. 7 is a perspective sectional view of the brush seal of the invention mounted in a support housing using a retaining ring.
  • FIG. 8 is a perspective sectional view of the brush seal of the invention mounted in a support housing using screw means.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of one embodiment of a forming station for a brush seal which consists of a sizing die 10 which defines a die cavity 12 having a substantially flat bottom 14 and side walls 16. A forming plunger 18 is positioned above the die cavity and is adapted for vertical downward and upward movement as indicated by the vertical arrows in the drawings.
  • In operation, a backplate ring 20 is placed in the bottom of die cavity 12. The backplate ring can have a cross-sectional shape in the form of an “L”. Ring 20 can be circular in geometry and can have a central opening 22. In addition to an annular ring, segments of an annular ring or a linear bristle arrangement can also be used. In one embodiment, a bristle hoop 24 is then placed inside (in a radial sense) the backplate ring 20 as shown in FIG. 1. The bristle hoop 24 consists of a weld joint 26 which holds a plurality of bristles in place in the form of a bristle pack 28 such as that described in United States Patent Application Publication Number 2003/0178778A1, herein incorporated by reference. A sideplate ring 30 can have a complementary “L” shape configuration and central opening 32. It should be understood that other configurations other than an “L” cross-section can be used. For example a cross-section approximating a “C” or a crescent may also be used. As seen in FIG. 1, the side plate 30 has an outer diameter larger than the inner diameter of the flange 21 of the back plate 20. After placing the side plate 30 against the bristle hoop 24, the plunger 18 is then activated, forcing sideplate ring 30 inside backplate ring 20, and capturing bristle hoop 24 between the two rings. The angled arrows in FIG. 1 illustrate the thrust of the forming forces which force sideplate ring 30 inside backplate ring 20. The plunger 18 sizes both rings during the forming process as shown in FIG. 2 with the forming resulting in a brush seal having the rings and bristle hoop being held together mechanically in fixed engagement. Typically plates 20 and 30 are made of a corrosion resistant alloy such as stainless steel or Inconel.
  • In an alternative embodiment, the orientation of the leg of the “L” shaped cross section may be reversed relative to the position of the sideplate and backplate. This alternative embodiment allows for suitable mounting of the seal into supporting housings (not shown) and to accommodate for variation in the direction of fluid flow across the seal.
  • In another embodiment, the rings and bristle arrangement may be joined together by a thermal press fit. In this embodiment the inner plate would be chilled to a temperature below room temperature, and the outer plate (with bristle hoop) would be heated to a temperature above room temperature. Once the components are stabilized at these temperatures, the plates, with the hoop captured inside, can be assembled. The plate interface (ID Of inner plate, OD of outer plate) would be sized for an interference fit when the temperature of the joined assembly components is equalized (i.e. brought back to room temperature). The chilling and heating temperatures chosen would be dependent on the relative size of the seal, and the thermal coefficient of expansion of the metal(s) chosen for the plates. A jig or fixture may be used to align the two plates for proper assembly.
  • FIG. 3 illustrates a cross sectional view through one embodiment of a finished seal 32. The formed brush seal may be spot welded at 34 to ensure that the components remain permanently attached. Other methods of attachment include crimping the “L” section of plates, brazing, drilling and subsequently bolting or riveting the plates together.
  • FIG. 4 is a view of a typical bristle hoop 24 having bristle packs 28 held in place by a weld joint 26. FIG. 5 is a side view of bristle tufts 40 illustrating typical bristle orientation.
  • In FIG. 5 the jagged bristle ends represent an unfinished bristle end surface which is finished before use to form a final smooth contact surface using conventional techniques.
  • In FIG. 6 illustrates the finished brush seal of FIG. 3 in place against a rotatable shaft 42.
  • FIG. 7 illustrates the brush seal of the invention mounted in a support housing 44. The brush seal is maintained in place by a split retaining ring 48 which is held in place through locking flange 50 contained in slot 46 of the housing.
  • FIG. 8 illustrates an alternative embodiment for mounting the brush seal in which a plurality of cap screws 52 are used to attach the brush seal to support housing 44 through a hole(s) 54 through the leg of the brush seal.
  • While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to the preferred mode as illustrated in the drawing, it will be understood by one skilled in the art that various changes in detail may be effected therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the claims.

Claims (7)

1-11. (canceled)
12. A unitized brush seal made by the method which comprises;
(a) providing a sizing die which includes a molding cavity having a substantially flat bottom section, and an associated forming plunger,
(b) positioning a backplate ring component in the bottom section of said molding cavity;
(c) placing a bristle hoop component in engagement with and inside of said backplate ring component;
(d) placing a sideplate ring component over said bristle hoop and inside of said backplate ring component thereby capturing said bristle hoop component between said two ring components, and
(e) activating said plunger to force and join said components together in fixed engagement to form of a unitized brush seal.
13. The seal of claim 12 in which both ring components have a cross sectional shape which approximates an “L” and define a bottom and side wall, respectively.
14. The method of claim 13 in which the side walls of the finished brush seal are spot welded at selected locations.
15. A die formed brush seal which includes a backplate ring and a sideplate ring which flank and secure a bristle arrangement which comprises;
(a) a backplate ring having a “L” shaped cross section;
(b) a sideplate ring contained and nested inside and in fixed engagement with said backplate ring and having a “L” shaped cross section; and
(c) a bristle hoop captured and secured between said two rings, with said rings and hoop being mechanically held together in fixed engagement to form a unitized brush seal.
16. The brush seal of claim 15 in which the seal has a “L” shaped cross section and contains a central opening with the bristles being in an annular arrangement within said opening.
17. The seal of claim 16 which contains a plurality of spot welds which aid in holding said two rings together.
US11/906,349 2004-11-03 2007-10-02 Nested can brush seal Abandoned US20080029968A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/980,696 US7334311B2 (en) 2004-11-03 2004-11-03 Method of forming a nested can brush seal
US11/906,349 US20080029968A1 (en) 2004-11-03 2007-10-02 Nested can brush seal

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/906,349 US20080029968A1 (en) 2004-11-03 2007-10-02 Nested can brush seal

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/980,696 Division US7334311B2 (en) 2004-11-03 2004-11-03 Method of forming a nested can brush seal

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20080029968A1 true US20080029968A1 (en) 2008-02-07

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US10/980,696 Active 2024-12-10 US7334311B2 (en) 2004-11-03 2004-11-03 Method of forming a nested can brush seal
US11/906,349 Abandoned US20080029968A1 (en) 2004-11-03 2007-10-02 Nested can brush seal

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/980,696 Active 2024-12-10 US7334311B2 (en) 2004-11-03 2004-11-03 Method of forming a nested can brush seal

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US (2) US7334311B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1655526B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2006132773A (en)
CA (1) CA2525045A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

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US20110133410A1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2011-06-09 Curtis Patterson Hydrodynamic bore seal
US20110204573A1 (en) * 2010-02-23 2011-08-25 General Electric Company Brush seal
US20130020770A1 (en) * 2011-07-18 2013-01-24 Jimmie Wade Hamilton Brush seal
US8366115B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-02-05 United Technologies Corporation Repairable double sided brush seal

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US7565729B2 (en) * 2006-03-17 2009-07-28 General Electric Company Methods of manufacturing a segmented brush seal for sealing between stationary and rotary components
DE102006034483A1 (en) * 2006-07-21 2008-01-24 Alstom Technology Ltd. Regenerative air preheater with brush seal
US20080136112A1 (en) * 2006-12-08 2008-06-12 United Technologies Corporation Brush seal assemblies utilizing a threaded fastening method
US20110175296A1 (en) * 2007-08-22 2011-07-21 Cross Manufacturing Company (1938) Ltd Brush Seals
US8727354B2 (en) * 2008-01-15 2014-05-20 United Technologies Corporation Brush seal assembly and method of manufacturing same
DE102008060371A1 (en) * 2008-12-03 2010-06-10 Mtu Aero Engines Gmbh brush seal
US8051563B2 (en) * 2009-02-06 2011-11-08 General Electric Company Systems and methods and apparatus involving fabricating brush seals
WO2012082805A2 (en) * 2010-12-13 2012-06-21 Sealeze A Unit Of Jason, Inc. High temperature device shaft brush seal assembly, brush seal, and mounting arrangement
US10330348B2 (en) 2012-02-17 2019-06-25 David Alan McBay Closed-loop geothermal energy collection system
DE102013217581A1 (en) * 2013-09-04 2015-03-05 MTU Aero Engines AG Sealing arrangement in an axial flow machine
FR3011585B1 (en) * 2013-10-09 2018-02-23 Safran Aircraft Engines Aircraft turbomachine assembly comprising a freestrated axial holding ring of a brush joint
US9879557B2 (en) 2014-08-15 2018-01-30 United Technologies Corporation Inner stage turbine seal for gas turbine engine
US9863538B2 (en) 2015-04-27 2018-01-09 United Technologies Corporation Gas turbine engine brush seal with supported tip
CN105436858B (en) * 2015-11-06 2019-01-25 苏州汉腾自动化设备有限公司 A kind of brush holder mounting device
CN105290754A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-02-03 苏州汉腾自动化设备有限公司 Device for mounting carbon brush onto polishing machine
US9995163B2 (en) * 2016-09-02 2018-06-12 United Technologies Corporation Halo seal attached secondary seal cover arrangement

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110133410A1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2011-06-09 Curtis Patterson Hydrodynamic bore seal
US8740225B2 (en) * 2009-06-03 2014-06-03 Exponential Technologies, Inc. Hydrodynamic bore seal
US20110204573A1 (en) * 2010-02-23 2011-08-25 General Electric Company Brush seal
US8490981B2 (en) * 2010-02-23 2013-07-23 General Electric Company Brush seal
US8366115B2 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-02-05 United Technologies Corporation Repairable double sided brush seal
US20130020770A1 (en) * 2011-07-18 2013-01-24 Jimmie Wade Hamilton Brush seal

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20060091611A1 (en) 2006-05-04
US7334311B2 (en) 2008-02-26
EP1655526B1 (en) 2012-12-26
JP2006132773A (en) 2006-05-25
CA2525045A1 (en) 2006-05-03
EP1655526A1 (en) 2006-05-10

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