US20080028688A1 - Lid for a Shaft Cover and Shaft Cover - Google Patents

Lid for a Shaft Cover and Shaft Cover Download PDF

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Publication number
US20080028688A1
US20080028688A1 US10/575,013 US57501304A US2008028688A1 US 20080028688 A1 US20080028688 A1 US 20080028688A1 US 57501304 A US57501304 A US 57501304A US 2008028688 A1 US2008028688 A1 US 2008028688A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
section
cover
characterized
body
locking means
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/575,013
Inventor
Wilfried Neuber
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hydrotec Technologies & Co KG GmbH
Original Assignee
HYDROTEC Tech GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE20315709U priority Critical patent/DE20315709U1/en
Priority to DE20315709.5 priority
Application filed by HYDROTEC Tech GmbH and Co KG filed Critical HYDROTEC Tech GmbH and Co KG
Priority to PCT/EP2004/010195 priority patent/WO2005038150A1/en
Assigned to HYDROTEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG reassignment HYDROTEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: NEUBER, WILFRIED
Assigned to HYDROTEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG reassignment HYDROTEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG CHANGE OF NAME (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HYDROTEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG
Publication of US20080028688A1 publication Critical patent/US20080028688A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/12Manhole shafts; Other inspection or access chambers; Accessories therefor
    • E02D29/14Covers for manholes or the like; Frames for covers
    • E02D29/1427Locking devices

Abstract

The invention relates to a lid for a shaft cover, comprising a cover body (12) and at least one locking means (20) arranged on the body of the lid (12), said locking means comprising a spring section (21-24) and an engaging section (26) which can be placed into contact with one part (36) of the frame (30) and arranged thereon. The invention is characterised in that the spring section (21-24) is respectively secured by both ends thereof to the body of the lid (12), is separated from the body of the lid (12) and the engaging section (26) is arranged between the two ends of the spring section (21-24).

Description

  • The invention concerns a cover for a manhole top with a cover body and with at least one locking means arranged on the cover body, said locking means having a spring section and, arranged thereon, an engagement section that can be brought into engagement with a part of a frame. In addition, the invention concerns a manhole top with such a cover and with a frame accommodating said cover.
  • Manhole tops with such a locking system, whose engagement usually takes place in the manner of a detent or catch, are known and are widely used. As an example, reference is made in this connection to WO 86/04624, which discloses a self-locking manhole cover in which the locking means has a resilient arm that has one end cast to a stiffening rib on the underside of the cover body, and extends with its other free end to a portion of the circumference of the cover essentially parallel thereto. A detent projection that sits at the free end of the resilient arm, at right angles to its longitudinal extent, is provided as the engagement section. In order to latch the detent projection in a corresponding recess in the frame, or to release it therefrom, the resilient arm is elastically movable at right angles to its longitudinal extent, the detent projection being appropriately preloaded in the direction toward the frame by the resilient arm.
  • The present invention now proposes to attach the spring section by each of its two ends to the cover body while keeping it otherwise separated from the cover body, and to arrange the engagement section between the two ends of the resilient arm.
  • On account of the inventive construction, the spring section functions in the manner of a leaf spring that is fixed at both ends. It has become evident in this context that the inventive construction permits realization of a locking system that functions with particular effectiveness while at the same time being especially easy to use.
  • Preferably the spring section extends approximately parallel to the cover body.
  • An especially preferred embodiment of the invention is characterized in that the spring section is designed as an annular body, which is attached to the cover body by a retaining section that essentially joins the two ends of the spring section. As a result of the fact that, in this embodiment, the two ends of the spring section are essentially closed to form an annular body, the spring section functions as a dual leaf spring arrangement with two parallel leaf springs, wherein one half of the annular body, between whose ends the engagement section is located, performs the function of the first leaf spring, and the second half of the annular body, between whose ends the retaining section is located, performs the function of the second leaf spring. The efficiency of the spring action can be increased even further by such a design.
  • As a general rule, the annular body can have any shape, as long as the spring section is curved such that its two ends meet or are at least arranged adjacent to one another.
  • For example, the annular body can have the approximate shape of a circle, wherein the engagement section is usefully arranged at a location essentially diametrically opposite the retaining section.
  • Alternatively, however, the annular body can also have the shape of, e.g., an oval with two, preferably semicircular, curved sections and two essentially elongated sections connecting these two curved sections to one another. The reason being that the shape of such an elongated oval is especially useful for increasing the spring action. The retaining section should preferably be located on one elongated section, with the engagement section located on the other elongated section. The elongated section bearing the engagement section can preferably be recessed relative to the ends of the curved sections that are connected by this elongated section, by which means the annular body can be adapted especially well to the design circumstances, with regard to the desired spring action as well as with regard to the space required.
  • The engagement section usefully has a wedge-shaped detent section, by means of which the engagement functions as a catch. Accordingly, the detent section is provided with at least one surface inclined in the direction of engagement. In addition, it is also possible to design a surface inclined in the opposite direction on the detent section as well, for easier release. Alternatively or in addition, however, it is also possible to design the corresponding engagement surfaces on the frame part with a wedge shape or inclined as angled surfaces.
  • The locking means is usually located on the underside of the cover body.
  • When the cover is provided with stiffening ribs, the locking means should be located on the cover body a distance apart from the stiffening ribs, by which means an especially space-saving arrangement of the locking means results.
  • Lastly, it should be noted for the sake of completeness that at least two locking means should usually be provided on the cover, with said locking means being spaced apart from one another and usually located opposite one another, and radially opposite one another in the case of a circular cover.
  • A preferred example embodiment of the invention is described below on the basis of the attached figures. Shown are:
  • FIG. 1 a perspective view from below of a cover for a manhole top;
  • FIG. 2 a perspective view from below of an arrangement of the cover from FIG. 1 on a frame;
  • FIG. 2 a an enlarged sectional detail view of FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 3 a cross-section through the arrangement of cover and frame shown in FIG. 2; and
  • FIG. 3 a an enlarged sectional detail view of FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 1 shows a perspective view from below of a disk-shaped cover 10, which forms a manhole top in combination with a suitable annular frame that is described in detail below.
  • The cover 10, of which the underside can be seen in FIG. 1, has a disk-shaped cover body 12 whose perimeter is bordered on its underside by a circumferential web 14 that projects downward. This circumferential web 14 serves as a support when the cover 10 is used in a frame, as described below. In addition, the cover body 12 is provided on its underside with stiffening ribs 16 extending radially.
  • Located on the underside of the cover body 12 at each of two radially opposite locations, located in each case between two adjacent ribs 16 and the circumferential web 12, is a locking means 20 that is provided on its outer side, facing the circumferential web 14, with a detent projection 26 that faces radially outward.
  • FIGS. 2 and 3 also show the associated annular frame 30 on which the cover 10 rests and which forms, together with the cover 10, the manhole top. As can be seen from FIG. 3 a in particular, the frame 30 in the example embodiment shown has on its inner side an inward-projecting circumferential support surface 32 that lies in a plane that extends essentially horizontally in the installed state of the frame 30. With the cover 10 placed in the frame 30, the cover 10 rests with its downward-projecting circumferential web 14 on this annular support surface 32 of the frame 30, so that the support surface 32 serves as a support for the cover 10 on the frame 30.
  • When placed in the frame 30, the cover 10 is locked to the frame 30. The aforementioned locking means 20 are attached to the underside of the cover body 12 for this purpose.
  • The precise structure of the locking means 20, in particular, is evident in FIG. 2 a. In the example embodiment shown, each locking means 20 has a closed annular body that lies in a plane extending essentially parallel to the disk-shaped cover body 12. In the example embodiment shown, the annular body is comprised of a closed strip-shaped element that extends essentially at right angles to the disk-shaped cover body 12. As is further evident from FIG. 2 in particular, the annular body consists of two approximately U-shaped curved sections 21 and 22 and two essentially elongated sections 23 and 24. The two elongated sections 23 and 24 connect the curved sections 21 and 22 together, by which means the annular body thus produced has an approximately oval shape.
  • The annular connecting means 20 is cast to the underside of the cover body 12 through a retaining section 25 at the elongated section 24 facing the center of the cover body 12, while the rest of the annular connecting means 20 is separated from and spaced apart from the underside of the cover body 12.
  • The detent projection 26 sits in a radially outward-facing position on the edge of the elongated section 23 that faces the edge of the cover 10. Here, the detent projection 26 is located at a point on the annular body of the locking means 20 essentially radially opposite the retaining section 25. As is further evident from FIG. 2 a in particular, the locking means 20 has a bilaterally symmetrical shape whose axis of symmetry (not shown) extends essentially radially. The retaining section 25 and the detent projection 26 also lie on this imaginary axis of symmetry.
  • It is further evident from FIG. 2 a in particular that the elongated section 23 that bears the detent projection 26 is recessed slightly with respect to the ends of the curved sections 21, 22 that are joined together by this elongated section 23. Therefore, in the example embodiment shown, the shape of the locking means 20 also slightly resembles the outline of a butterfly.
  • The section of the oval locking means 20 that is separated from the cover body 12, and is comprised of the two curved sections 12, 22, the elongated section 23, and the outer edge sections of the elongated section 24, produces a spring action after the manner of an arrangement of two parallel leaf springs in the radial direction with respect to the stationary retaining section 25. In this way, the detent projection 26 is elastically preloaded in the radial direction.
  • Since the annular locking means 20 in the example embodiment shown is formed as a single piece on the cover body 12 with the aid of the retaining section 25, the locking means 20 is made of the same material as the cover body 12. This is usually a cast material, with which the desired spring action of the locking means 20 can be achieved easily due to the above-described design.
  • As is evident from FIG. 3 a in particular, locking of the cover 10 onto the frame 30 takes place with the aid of the locking means 20 by the means that the detent projection 26 engages below an inward-projecting web 34 located on the inner side of the frame 30, in that an angled surface 28 on the outer side of the detent projection 26 comes into contact with a correspondingly inclined mating surface on the bottom of the web 34. In this regard, when the cover 10 is placed in the frame 30, the detent projection 26 undergoes a forced motion in the direction toward the center of the cover 10 against the radial preloading exerted by the oval locking means 20. In this process, the oval locking means 20 compresses slightly in the direction of the retaining section 25 in that the separation between the two elongated sections 23 and 24 is correspondingly decreased. The same temporary change in shape of the oval locking means 20, which is enhanced by the design described above, also occurs when the cover 10 is removed from the frame 30, thereby bringing the detent projection 26 out of engagement with the mating surface 36 on the frame 30.

Claims (12)

1. Cover for a manhole top with a cover body (12) and with at least one locking means (20) arranged on the cover body (12), said locking means having a spring section (21 through 24) and, arranged thereon, an engagement section (26) that can be brought into engagement with a part (36) of a frame (30),
characterized in that the spring section (21 through 24) is attached by each of its two ends to the cover body (12) and is otherwise separated from the cover body (12), and the engagement section (26) is arranged between the two ends of the spring section (21 through 24).
2. Cover according to claim 1,
characterized in that the spring section (21 through 24) extends approximately parallel to the cover body (12).
3. Cover according to claim 1 or 2,
characterized in that the spring section is designed as an annular body (21 through 24), which is attached to the cover body (12) by a retaining section (25) that essentially joins the two ends of the spring section.
4. Cover according to claim 3,
characterized in that the annular body has the approximate shape of a circle.
5. Cover according to claim 4,
characterized in that the engagement section is arranged at a location essentially diametrically opposite the retaining section.
6. Cover according to claim 3,
characterized in that the annular body (21 through 24) has the approximate shape of an oval with two, preferably semicircular, curved sections (21, 22) and two essentially elongated sections (23, 24) connecting these two curved sections (21, 22) to one another.
7. Cover according to claim 6,
characterized in that the retaining section (25) is located on one elongated section (24), and the engagement section (26) is located on the other elongated section (23).
8. Cover according to claim 7,
characterized in that the elongated section (23) bearing the engagement section (26) is recessed relative to the ends of the curved sections (21, 22) that are connected by this elongated section (23).
9. Cover according to at least one of the preceding claims,
characterized in that the engagement section (26) has a wedge-shaped detent section.
10. Cover according to at least one of the preceding claims,
characterized in that the locking means (20) is located on the underside of the cover body (12).
11. Cover according to at least one of the preceding claims, in which the cover (10) is provided with stiffening ribs (16), characterized in that the locking means (20) are located a distance apart from the stiffening ribs (16) on the cover body (12).
12. Manhole top with a cover (10) according to at least one of the preceding claims and with a frame (30) for accommodating the cover (10).
US10/575,013 2003-10-09 2004-09-13 Lid for a Shaft Cover and Shaft Cover Abandoned US20080028688A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE20315709U DE20315709U1 (en) 2003-10-09 2003-10-09 Lid of a manhole cover and manhole cover
DE20315709.5 2003-10-09
PCT/EP2004/010195 WO2005038150A1 (en) 2003-10-09 2004-09-13 Lid for a shaft cover and shaft cover

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20080028688A1 true US20080028688A1 (en) 2008-02-07

Family

ID=32748419

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/575,013 Abandoned US20080028688A1 (en) 2003-10-09 2004-09-13 Lid for a Shaft Cover and Shaft Cover

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US20080028688A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1670993B1 (en)
CN (1) CN100564703C (en)
DE (2) DE20315709U1 (en)
HK (1) HK1092848A1 (en)
NO (1) NO20062057L (en)
WO (1) WO2005038150A1 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080168719A1 (en) * 2003-11-28 2008-07-17 Phillip Borunda Construction hole safety device
US20150291350A1 (en) * 2011-05-02 2015-10-15 The Charles Machine Works, Inc. Apparatus For Sealing A Vacuum Tank Door
CN106013252A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-10-12 无锡爱路建设有限公司 Integrated compression-resisting well cover and method of arranging well cover on new pavement
US10214345B1 (en) * 2011-12-12 2019-02-26 Cameron Gordon Howie Entryway protective collar
US10221602B2 (en) 2016-04-06 2019-03-05 The Charles Machine Works, Inc. Vacuum system
US10428488B2 (en) * 2014-04-03 2019-10-01 Aco Severin Ahlmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Support structure of a cover

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7588392B2 (en) 2006-04-24 2009-09-15 Zurn Industries, Llc Removable grate

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1458391A (en) * 1922-06-26 1923-06-12 Burton Thomas James Cover for manholes and analogous devices
US3623622A (en) * 1970-07-13 1971-11-30 Westhem Corp Ltd Safety locking closure
USRE30326E (en) * 1977-07-20 1980-07-08 Trw Inc. Panel hole closure
US4456397A (en) * 1981-09-23 1984-06-26 Centre De Recherches De Pont A Mousson Road inspection manhole
US4504009A (en) * 1980-06-24 1985-03-12 The Continental Group, Inc. Closure having means for retention in tubular container
US5143478A (en) * 1987-07-23 1992-09-01 Bowman Harold M Adjustable manhole cover support with spanners
US5201151A (en) * 1991-10-11 1993-04-13 Ebw, Inc. Manhole rim and cover assembly
US5383564A (en) * 1992-01-28 1995-01-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Adult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5435455A (en) * 1989-12-22 1995-07-25 Volkswagon Ag Locking device
US5628152A (en) * 1995-08-16 1997-05-13 Bowman; Harold M. Adjustable manhole cover support with shield
US6945733B2 (en) * 2001-05-04 2005-09-20 Aco Severin Ahlmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Cover for a drainage device
US6955499B2 (en) * 2000-09-01 2005-10-18 Precision Cover Systems, Inc. Adjustable utility access

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3081163B2 (en) * 1996-12-29 2000-08-28 アロン化成株式会社 Sailing - Le lid Bas - le hole openers
US5950368A (en) 1997-03-17 1999-09-14 Dabico, Inc. Waterproof pit cover
JP3756387B2 (en) * 2000-07-27 2006-03-15 株式会社ホクキャスト Locking device of the cover for underground structures
JP3437824B2 (en) * 2000-08-11 2003-08-18 長島鋳物株式会社 Occlusion device of the lid opening
JP2002106232A (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-04-10 Takiron Co Ltd Covering lid locking device and covering lid
CN2536653Y (en) 2002-04-22 2003-02-19 高献富 Manhole cover assembly
CN2578393Y (en) 2002-09-29 2003-10-08 吉信国际贸易(上海)有限公司 Locking mechanism of spring arm

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1458391A (en) * 1922-06-26 1923-06-12 Burton Thomas James Cover for manholes and analogous devices
US3623622A (en) * 1970-07-13 1971-11-30 Westhem Corp Ltd Safety locking closure
USRE30326E (en) * 1977-07-20 1980-07-08 Trw Inc. Panel hole closure
US4504009A (en) * 1980-06-24 1985-03-12 The Continental Group, Inc. Closure having means for retention in tubular container
US4456397A (en) * 1981-09-23 1984-06-26 Centre De Recherches De Pont A Mousson Road inspection manhole
US5143478A (en) * 1987-07-23 1992-09-01 Bowman Harold M Adjustable manhole cover support with spanners
US5435455A (en) * 1989-12-22 1995-07-25 Volkswagon Ag Locking device
US5201151A (en) * 1991-10-11 1993-04-13 Ebw, Inc. Manhole rim and cover assembly
US5383564A (en) * 1992-01-28 1995-01-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Adult friendly child-resistant attachment for containers used to store potentially dangerous materials
US5628152A (en) * 1995-08-16 1997-05-13 Bowman; Harold M. Adjustable manhole cover support with shield
US6955499B2 (en) * 2000-09-01 2005-10-18 Precision Cover Systems, Inc. Adjustable utility access
US6945733B2 (en) * 2001-05-04 2005-09-20 Aco Severin Ahlmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Cover for a drainage device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080168719A1 (en) * 2003-11-28 2008-07-17 Phillip Borunda Construction hole safety device
US20150291350A1 (en) * 2011-05-02 2015-10-15 The Charles Machine Works, Inc. Apparatus For Sealing A Vacuum Tank Door
US9821953B2 (en) * 2011-05-02 2017-11-21 The Charles Machine Works, Inc. Apparatus for sealing a vacuum tank door
US10207863B2 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-02-19 The Charles Machine Works, Inc. Apparatus for sealing a vacuum tank door
US10214345B1 (en) * 2011-12-12 2019-02-26 Cameron Gordon Howie Entryway protective collar
US10428488B2 (en) * 2014-04-03 2019-10-01 Aco Severin Ahlmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Support structure of a cover
US10221602B2 (en) 2016-04-06 2019-03-05 The Charles Machine Works, Inc. Vacuum system
CN106013252A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-10-12 无锡爱路建设有限公司 Integrated compression-resisting well cover and method of arranging well cover on new pavement

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
HK1092848A1 (en) 2008-04-18
WO2005038150A1 (en) 2005-04-28
EP1670993B1 (en) 2007-11-28
CN1997796A (en) 2007-07-11
EP1670993A1 (en) 2006-06-21
NO20062057L (en) 2006-07-05
DE502004005621D1 (en) 2008-01-10
CN100564703C (en) 2009-12-02
DE20315709U1 (en) 2004-07-22

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: HYDROTEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG, GERMANY

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NEUBER, WILFRIED;REEL/FRAME:020358/0935

Effective date: 20070301

Owner name: HYDROTEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG, GERMANY

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:HYDROTEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG;REEL/FRAME:020359/0029

Effective date: 20060510

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION