US20080011487A1 - Drive piston and foot valve seat - Google Patents

Drive piston and foot valve seat Download PDF

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Publication number
US20080011487A1
US20080011487A1 US11/485,868 US48586806A US2008011487A1 US 20080011487 A1 US20080011487 A1 US 20080011487A1 US 48586806 A US48586806 A US 48586806A US 2008011487 A1 US2008011487 A1 US 2008011487A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
sealing
sealing plate
housing
chamber
valve
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Abandoned
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US11/485,868
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Mark Bertane
Steve Massie
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Blackhawk Technology Co
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BLACKHAWK ENVIRONMENTAL Co
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Priority to US11/485,868 priority Critical patent/US20080011487A1/en
Assigned to BLACKHAWK ENVIRONMENTAL CO. reassignment BLACKHAWK ENVIRONMENTAL CO. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BERTANE, MARK, MASSIE, STEVE
Publication of US20080011487A1 publication Critical patent/US20080011487A1/en
Assigned to BLACKHAWK TECHNOLOGY COMPANY reassignment BLACKHAWK TECHNOLOGY COMPANY CHANGE OF NAME (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BLACKHAWK ENVIRONMENTAL CO.
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/12Methods or apparatus for controlling the flow of the obtained fluid to or in wells
    • E21B43/121Lifting well fluids
    • E21B43/126Adaptations of down-hole pump systems powered by drives outside the borehole, e.g. by a rotary or oscillating drive
    • E21B43/127Adaptations of walking-beam pump systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B47/00Pumps or pumping installations specially adapted for raising fluids from great depths, e.g. well pumps
    • F04B47/02Pumps or pumping installations specially adapted for raising fluids from great depths, e.g. well pumps the driving mechanisms being situated at ground level
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/10Valves; Arrangement of valves
    • F04B53/1002Ball valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/10Valves; Arrangement of valves
    • F04B53/12Valves; Arrangement of valves arranged in or on pistons
    • F04B53/125Reciprocating valves
    • F04B53/126Ball valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K15/00Check valves
    • F16K15/02Check valves with guided rigid valve members
    • F16K15/04Check valves with guided rigid valve members shaped as balls
    • F16K15/042Check valves with guided rigid valve members shaped as balls with a plurality of balls
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05CINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO MATERIALS, MATERIAL PROPERTIES OR MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR MACHINES, ENGINES OR PUMPS OTHER THAN NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F05C2203/00Non-metallic inorganic materials
    • F05C2203/08Ceramics; Oxides
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05CINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO MATERIALS, MATERIAL PROPERTIES OR MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR MACHINES, ENGINES OR PUMPS OTHER THAN NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F05C2225/00Synthetic polymers, e.g. plastics; Rubber
    • F05C2225/12Polyetheretherketones, e.g. PEEK

Abstract

A drive piston valve and a foot valve may each have a valve seat in the form of a non-compressible (e.g., metal or ceramic) sealing plate having a compressible, resilient mating element that retains the ring at an inlet portion of a check valve having a housing formed of another material, such as a low-wear resin material. In some examples, the sealing plate may have a truncated corner for engaging a check ball in its closed positioned while avoiding damage to the check ball or plate resulting from a chemical encrustation build-up or other containment at the sealing edge.

Description

    FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE
  • The invention relates generally to devices and methods for pumping liquids and more particularly to devices and methods for pumping liquids from a well or a below-surface reservoir using a driving piston rod.
  • BACKGROUND OF RELATED ART
  • There are a variety of techniques for pumping fluids from underground reservoirs. Over a hundred years ago, general windmill and hand pump systems were developed to access well water for drinking and irrigation. Oil well piston pumps with top-head pump jacks were also developed to recover oil. These devices used top head drive piston pumps and stand pipes for the fluid discharge. This basic technology, albeit in more advanced forms, is still in use today. Of course today, pumping systems are used in a variety of applications and come in a variety of other forms.
  • Both the water well and oil well top head drive piston pumps had to address the problem of discharge of liquid at the surface. The liquid discharge needs to be directed and pumped. Many modern pumping techniques, for example, are called upon to pump underground fluid in a liquid sealed manner. This is particularly useful because in many applications the fluids being pumped can be hazardous to people and the environment, such as leachate removal from a landfill, oil and tar removal from petroleum or chemical facilities and clean up of remediation sites, tank farms, pipe lines, manufactured glass plant (MGP) sites, and caisson sumps. As a result, it is desirable to have a pumping system that prevents leakage.
  • Pumping is achieved in many conventional systems through a drive piston and foot valve cylinder pumping combination. A foot valve cylinder is located at the bottom of a riser pipe (or drop pipe) extending from the ground surface to a well or sump. The drive piston pumps fluid (liquid, waste, sludge, etc.) from the well by ratcheting the liquid upwards through the riser pipe. The foot valve has a check valve for selectively passing and blocking fluid. The drive piston has a similar check valve and actuates repeatedly over a stroke range in conjunction with the stationary foot valve to collect liquid into the riser pipe and then pump the liquid out of a well head.
  • To achieve pumping, the check valves of the drive piston and foot valve seat are in a push-pull relationship due to pressure in the riser pipe. On the up stroke of the drive piston, its check valve closes and creates a suction pressure that opens the check valve of the foot valve seat. This action draws liquid from the well into the riser pipe through the open foot valve seat. Liquid already in the riser pipe may be simultaneously pumped out by the upward force from the closed drive piston. On the down stroke of the drive piston, its check valve opens thereby collecting fluid above the drive piston, while the downward pressure closes the foot valve seat check valve thereby preventing additional liquid from collecting in the riser pipe. And the process repeats reciprocally.
  • Each check valve is to have a watertight seal at its base. Liquid passes through the valve's bottom then up and out through the valves side vents around the check ball. Hard steel foot valve seats formed of materials such as brass have thick leather u-cups on the outside to maintain a tight seal against the riser pipe. The stainless steel check balls inside the foot valve seat engage a hard and durable seal plate surface formed in the seat to seal the seat's inlet. Yet, it has been found that this inlet sealing still results in leakage in conventional systems. For example, when using a resin material such as DELRIN (available from E.I. du Pont of Wilmington, Del.) for both the foot valve seat and drive piston, the stainless steel check balls do not form a tight seal throughout the life of the device. With continual pumping, material build up on the inlet seal as well as material wear will scratch and groove the seal thus degrading performance of the check valve.
  • While different materials could be used to form the foot valve seat and drive piston, materials such as DELRIN are preferred because of material cost, low friction, light weight, durable abrasion resistance, and the wide range of chemical compatibility. It has been found that over time when pumping gritty material and pumping at depths of 100′ or more the foot valve and drive piston leak at the check ball valve seat on both the drive piston and foot valve. Reasons for the seal failure between the top end coupling of the foot valve cylinder assembly include the grooves or scratches formed at the seal point of the foot valve seat and drive piston.
  • Therefore, there is a need for a stronger more durable non-scratch, non-grooving valve seat. It is also desirable to retain the outside housing material as DELRIN or another material with advantages in strength, durability, machinability, low friction, chemical compatibility, and low cost.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Provided are various techniques for forming a check valve in a drive piston valve or foot valve in a fluid pumping system, in particular a system for use in accessing underground fluids. Example applications include leachate removal from a landfill, oil and tar removal from petroleum or chemical facilities and clean up of remediation sites, and the like. The check valve may include a valve seat, or sealing plate, in the form of a non-compressible (e.g., metal or ceramic) sealing plate which is retained within the valve assembly by a compressible, resilient mating element. By forming the valve seat of a material (e.g., metal) different than the material of the valve assembly housing (e.g., a resin), the wear problems of conventional check ball engagement seals may be alleviated.
  • In some examples, the valve seat may have a truncated corner that forms the sealing engagement with a check ball. The truncated corner helps ensure a tight seal over a long lifetime by, for example, preventing chemical encrustation build-up or other containment at the sealing edge.
  • In accordance with an embodiment, provided is a valve assembly for a pumping apparatus that pumps liquid through a riser pipe, the valve assembly comprising: a housing positioned in the riser pipe for communicating fluid from a first side of the housing to a second side of the housing through an inlet, the housing defining an inner chamber for liquid flow; a check valve comprising a check ball disposed within the inner chamber and movable from a closed position blocking liquid flow through the chamber and an opened position allowing liquid flow through the chamber; and a metal or ceramic sealing plate disposed at the inlet and having an inner sealing corner to engage the check ball when the check ball is in the closed positioned, the sealing plate having a resilient sealing member at an outer wall for sealing the sealing plate against a wall of the inner chamber.
  • In accordance with another embodiment, provided is a pumping apparatus comprising: a frame; a piston rod drive assembly mounted to the frame for actuating a piston rod in a riser pipe to pump fluid through the riser pipe; a discharge head mounted at a well head for transferring pumped fluid from the riser pipe; a drive piston apparatus affixed to a distal end of the piston rod, the drive piston apparatus having a housing, a first check valve within said housing, said first check valve comprising a first flow chamber having an inlet and outlet, and a first metal or ceramic sealing plate disposed at the inlet of the first flow chamber and engaging the flow chamber through a first resilient sealing member at an outer wall of the first sealing plate; and a foot valve apparatus mounted in the riser pipe and having a housing, a second check valve comprising a second flow chamber having an inlet and an outlet, and a second metal or ceramic sealing plate disposed at the inlet of the second flow chamber and engaging the second flow chamber through a second resilient sealing member at an outer wall of the second sealing plate.
  • In accordance with another example provided is a method of pumping fluid from an underground fluid source, the method comprising: mounting a discharge head at a well head; mounting a piston rod drive assembly to the discharge head for actuating a piston rod in a riser pipe extending from the discharge head to the underground fluid source to pump the fluid through the riser pipe; and attaching a drive piston apparatus to a distal end of the piston rod, the drive piston apparatus having a housing, a first check valve within said housing, said first check valve comprising a first flow chamber having an inlet and outlet, and a first metal or ceramic sealing plate disposed at the inlet of the first flow chamber and engaging the flow chamber through a first resilient sealing member at an outer wall of the first sealing plate.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 illustrates a partial cross-section of an example pumping system including a drive motor and frame;
  • FIG. 2A illustrates an expanded region of FIG. 1 showing a piston valve seat and foot valve seat in an example configuration and a first position;
  • FIG. 2B is an illustration like that of FIG. 2A but showing the piston valve seat and foot valve seat in a second position;
  • FIG. 3 is an illustration of an example drive piston assembly;
  • FIG. 4A is an illustration of an o-ring check valve seat that may be used in the drive piston assembly of FIG. 3;
  • FIG. 4B is an illustration of an example of a truncated sealing corner for the valve seat in FIG. 4A;
  • FIG. 4C is an illustration of another example of a truncated sealing corner for the valve seat in FIG. 4A;
  • FIG. 5 is an illustration of a vent plate for the drive piston assembly of FIG. 3;
  • FIG. 6 is an illustration of an example foot valve assembly; and
  • FIG. 7 is an illustration of an o-ring check valve plate that may be used in the foot valve assembly of FIG. 6.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF AN EXAMPLE
  • FIG. 1 illustrates a pumping system 100 that may be useful in pumping liquid, such as groundwater, hydrocarbons, tar, oil, chemicals or landfill leachate, through a well in a landfill or other geological site, for example, for collection analysis, consumption or disposal of the liquid. The system 100, of the illustrated example, has a drive motor assembly 102 having a piston pump actuator 104 mounted to a frame 106 (illustrated partially uncovered to display the inside) and with two limit switches 107, 108 for detecting a trigger element 109 for controlling operation of the drive motor 102. The drive motor assembly 102 is mounted to a drilled well casing 110 (illustrated partially uncovered to display the inside), via a well head 111, shown at the top surface (G) of a geological site. By way of example not limitation, the casing 110 may be formed of an organic polymer, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or high density polyethylene (HDPE). Depending on the temperatures of the application other materials may be more suitable, such as particularly treated PVCs, like chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC). Stainless steel, black iron, or fiberglass may be used to form the casing 110, as well. Example drive motor assemblies include the ANCHOR PUMP and TRIDENT PUMP assemblies available from Blackhawk Environmental, of Glenn Ellyn, Ill.
  • The linear drive motor assembly 102 controls the pump actuator 104 for use in fluid pumping. Example actuators include a reciprocating air-driven cylinder, a hydraulically-driven cylinder, a mechanically-driven actuator, and an electrically-driven cylinder. The linear drive motor assembly 102 may have a fixed travel distance with a fixed or adjustable cycle rate, for example. In yet other examples, the drive assembly 102 may have a variably-traveling cylinder and/or a fixed cycle rate or a windmill.
  • A hollow cylindrical casing or riser pipe 112 for channeling liquid extends into the well casing 110 at the geological site, and includes an upper end 114 and a lower end 115. Although not shown, a hollow casing liner or sleeve may be used to line the casing 110 and improve piston rod movement. The ends of both the well casing 110 and the liner would permit liquid to pass through them during operation of the device. A discharge opening 116 of a discharge tee 117 is disposed near an upper end of the well casing 110 and sealably coupled to the well head 111 for removal of the liquid being pumped. The discharge opening 116 may be connected to a discharge conduit, for example, through which the liquid elevated from the well may be removed for subsequent collection, analysis, consumption, disposal, or the like.
  • An actuating rod 118, also known as the drive rod, piston rod, or sucker rod, is shown axially disposed within the casing 110. The actuating rod 118 has an upper end 120 and a lower end 122. The actuating rod 118 may be formed of materials such as those used for the casing 110, for example and not by way of limitation. The rod 118 may be a chrome-plated stainless steel or other hardened material, including aluminum, TORLON (a polyamideimide) available from Solvay Advanced Polymers of Alpharetta, Ga., ULTEM available from General Electric Company of Fairfield, Conn., and TEFLON available from E.I. du Pont. A drive piston valve 124 is coupled to the rod 118 at the lower end 122, so that together the two form an assembly for elevating liquid toward the discharge opening 116.
  • A foot valve unit 126 is disposed within riser pipe 112 and below the drive piston valve 124 and may remain in a substantially fixed position relative to the riser pipe 112 during movement of the piston assembly. The foot valve 126 may be disposed within a liner of the riser pipe 112, for example. Alternatively to the embodiments shown, more than one drive piston valve 124 and/or more than one foot valve 126 may be incorporated in the device. Further in some examples, the foot valve 126 may be disposed outside the riser pipe 112, sealably attached to the lower end 115 of the riser piper 112.
  • Further still, while the drive piston valve 124 and the foot valve 126 are illustrated as ball valves, other valve structures may be used to allow liquid to flow through a valve aperture toward the discharge opening 116 and to prevent substantial back flow back into the underground reservoir.
  • By way of example, not limitation, the drive piston valve 124 and foot valve 126 may be formed of various materials such as the materials for the casing 110. Preferably, the materials are chemically inert with respect to the fluid being pumped, resistant to corrosion, durable over long life cycles and can form a liquid tight seal with whatever materials are chosen for seals, such as those described herein. By way of example, not limitation, example materials include polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and stainless steel. Other materials include industrial ceramics, chemically resistant organic polymers, and metallic alloys, a list provided by way of example, not limitation. In an example, the outer casings for the drive piston valve 124 and foot valve 126 are formed of DELRIN or PEEK (polyetheretherketone) (available from Victrex USA of Greenville, S.C., etc.).
  • FIG. 1 also illustrates an optional sealing assembly 128 between the frame and the discharge unit 117. That sealing assembly 128 may be a stuffing box assembly. Example stuffing box assemblies include those described in U.S. application Ser. No. 11/132,524, entitled “Drain Cap Stuffing Box,” the entirety of which is incorporated herein by reference. The sealing assembly 128, for example, may be a two-part assembly including, a first sealing assembly as a stuffing box and a second sealing assembly 204 as a drain cap.
  • FIGS. 2A and 2B illustrate expanded views of the drive piston valve 124 and foot valve 126 in two different positions. The foot valve seat 126 has a check valve 200 in the form of a check ball 202 for sealing an inlet 204, and the drive piston valve 124 has a check valve 206 in the form of a check ball 208 for sealing an inlet 210. FIG. 2A illustrates a first driving piston position where the drive piston 124 is on a upward stroke and the check valve 200 is opened by vacuum pressure in a region 212 between the valves 124 and 126 and check valve 206 is closed by downward pressure from a region 214 extending above valve 126. In this configuration, fluid from a fluid reservoir 216 is collected into the region 212, and fluid from the region 214 is pumped out through discharge tee 117. FIG. 2B illustrates a second driving piston position where the drive piston 124 is in a downward stroke and the check valve 200 is closed by the pressure in region 212 while the check valve 206 is open for communicating liquid from region 212 into the now-expanded region 214.
  • In the form of a DELRIN, PEEK, or other resilient material of the drive piston unit 124, it may be desired to use a sealing member compressibly extending between an inner wall of the riser pipe 112 and an outer surface of the unit 124. In the illustrated examples of FIGS. 2A and 2B, u-cup sealing members 218 and 220 are positioned in outer wall receiving slots and formed of a resilient, compressible material with the u-cup end facing upward. For additional improvement in stroke movement and reducing scraping or friction points, chamfer edges 222 and 224 may be formed on the leading edge of the drive piston 124.
  • To connect the drive piston 124 to the piston rod 118, a rod coupler 226 is screw mounted to a vented opening end 228 of the drive piston 124 and to the piston rod 118 through connector bolt 230.
  • FIG. 3 illustrates an exploded view of the drive piston 124, showing an example implementation as a two-part assembly having a base member 300 and a cap member 302 that slidably and sealably engages the base member 300 over a sealing edge 304, although the engagement is not limited to that shown. In the illustrated example, the sealing edge 304 is fitted with a connector ring 306. An inlet 308 receives liquid from the reservoir and is capped by a check ball 310. To provide for improved sealing of the check ball 310, a separate, insertable sealing plate 312 is fitted against an inner wall 313 at a sealing end 314 of the inlet 308.
  • FIG. 4A illustrates an example sealing plate 312. The sealing plate 312 is preferably formed of a hard, durable material that resists liquid scraping and grooving. Example materials include stainless steel, ceramic, brass, steel, and exotic steel materials like Super Stainless Steel for chemically aggressive pumping environments. Preferably, the sealing plate is formed of a hard generally non-compressible material capable of withstanding the repeated engagement/disengagement with the check ball 310 during pumping, while the drive piston 124 may be formed of a DELRIN or other wear-resistant plastic material. It is preferred not to use steel or other metals on both the housing and the check ball as that could result in galling of the steel-on-steel interfaces. The low-wear, low-resistance properties of DELRIN make it suitably compatible with a steel sealing plate.
  • The sealing plate 312 has an inner wall 316 for engaging the check ball 310 and an outer wall 318 to be disposed adjacent the inner wall 313. The outer wall 318 may seal directly against the inner wall 313, in which case, it will generally be desired to size the dimensions of the wall 318 to match that of the inner wall 313 to allow both assembly prior to operation and engagement maintenance of the plate 312 at the sealing end 314 during operation.
  • The outer wall 318 may be sealed against the inner wall 313 through a compression element such as an o-ring 320 partially recessed within receiving slot 322 machined into the plate 312. Having a resilient compression element allows the sealing plate to be tightly engaged inside the drive piston 124, but without damaging the inner housing wall. The o-ring 320 sealing element may engage the inner surface 313 or it may extend into a groove formed therein. That groove may be formed to receive only the o-ring 320 or the entire outer edge 318, such as when the diameter of the sealing, plate 312 is larger than the inner diameter for wall 313.
  • Other compressible seals may be used for the sealing plate 312. The outer wall 318 as a portion of the metal plate 312 may be replaced by a compressible cap forming the entire outer wall 313. The cap may be glue mounted, screw mounted, molded, slidably engaged, or otherwise affixed to the metal portions of the seal plate 312.
  • Further still, while the o-ring 320 may extend around the entire circumference of the plate 312, alternatively the compressible sealing member may be formed over only a portion of that circumference and still form a tight seal.
  • Preferably, the inner wall 316 is spaced from the outer wall 318 to be flush with an inlet wall 319, although alternatively the inner wall 316 may be spaced a shorter or longer distance from outer wall 318.
  • With a metal sealing plate, it is possible that a metal sealing plate may gall against, and under constant valve actuation force from, the metallic check ball. The metal-on-metal contact has been found to be beneficial for quick actuation of the check ball, but using a sharp edge as the sealing ring is generally undesirable as the edge may damage the check ball or vice versa especially under chemical encrustation which may occur over time as certain liquid particulate is being pumped. Furthermore, it has been found that sharp corner seals may present an unstable contact from which a check ball may move laterally when in the closed, i.e., sealed, position.
  • To address these possibilities, the sealing plate 312 includes a truncated inner seal corner 323 for engaging with a check ball. The truncated corner 323 may be a flat-beveled edge, for example, formed from a conical cut to a right angle corner, as shown in FIG. 4B. Beveled edge 323A forms a flat mating surface for engaging the check ball. FIG. 4C shows the truncated corner 323 in the form of a radial edge 323B. The edge 323B may be formed with a 1/32 inch radius, for example. The truncated edge 323 provides a mating with a check ball preventing lateral movement. The corner 323 may be designed to maintain a relative point-like contact, for example through using a tight radius, but displaces any chemical encrustation or other contaminant from damaging either the valve seat on the check ball during operation.
  • Returning to FIG. 3, and further shown in top view of FIG. 5, venting slots 324 are positioned around an upper end of the drive piston 124. Three slots 324 are provided in the illustrated example, although larger or fewer numbers of slots could be used, including a generally continuous slot. Also shown in FIG. 3 are receiving slots 326 and 328 for the u-cup seals 218 and 220, respectively.
  • Although not illustrated, it is noted that the sealing plate 312 may take on different shapes to marry against different inner housing geometries. Further still, the plate 312 may be further held in position by a lip ring protruding from the inner wall 312 a sufficient distance to provide support along a vertical access, but sufficiently small to allow plate insertion into the housing 300.
  • An example of the foot valve seat 126 is further shown in FIG. 6. A housing 400 defines a flow cavity 402 having an inlet 404 with a sealing end 406 for sealing with a check ball 408. Like the drive piston 124, the foot valve 126 has a sealing plate 410 disposed at the sealing end 406 for engaging the check ball 408 in closed position. The sealing plate 410 (see also FIG. 7) has an inner edge 412 and an outer edge 414 adjacent an inner side wall 416 of the housing 400. The outer edge 414 may seal directly against the inner wall 416 or through a compression element such as an o-ring 418 partially recessed within a receiving slot 420 machined into the plate 410.
  • The sealing plate 410 includes a truncated sealing corner 421 which may be like the truncated corner 323 described above.
  • An o-ring 422 is provided in mating slots for further allowing for a tightened seal in the riser pipe 112. Chamfered lead edges 424 and 426 are also provided in the illustrated example.
  • For retaining the check ball 408 within the cavity 402, a nylon rod may be extended across the diameter of the cavity 402 through opposing bore holes 428 (one shown). This allows a nearly continuous vent for liquid fluid around outlet end 430 of the foot valve 126.
  • Although certain apparatus constructed in accordance with the teachings of the invention have been described herein, the scope of coverage of this patent is not limited thereto. On the contrary, this patent covers all embodiments of the teachings of the invention fairly falling within the scope of the appended claims either literally or under the doctrine of equivalence.

Claims (25)

1. A valve assembly for a pumping apparatus that pumps liquid through a riser pipe, the valve assembly comprising:
a housing positioned in the riser pipe for communicating fluid from a first side of the housing to a second side of the housing through an inlet, the housing defining an inner chamber for liquid flow;
a check valve comprising a check ball disposed within the inner chamber and movable from a closed position blocking liquid flow through the chamber and an opened position allowing liquid flow through the chamber; and
a metal or ceramic sealing plate disposed at the inlet and having an inner sealing corner to engage the check ball when the check ball is in the closed positioned, the sealing plate having a resilient sealing member at an outer wall for sealing the sealing plate against a wall of the inner chamber.
2. The valve assembly of claim 1, wherein the inner sealing corner of the sealing plate comprises a conical, beveled surface for engaging the check ball.
3. The valve assembly of claim 1, wherein the inner sealing corner of the sealing plate comprises a radial corner for engaging the check ball.
4. The valve assembly of claim 1, wherein the outer wall of the sealing plate comprises a mating slot, and wherein the resilient sealing member is an o-ring partially recessed in the mating slot and extending beyond the outer wall for sealably engaging with the wall of the inner chamber.
5. The valve assembly of claim 1, wherein the sealing plate is formed from a material selected from the group consisting of stainless steel, brass, and steel.
6. The valve assembly of claim 5, wherein the housing is formed of a low-wear resin material.
7. The valve assembly of claim 6, wherein the housing is formed of a DELRIN or a PEEK material.
8. The valve assembly of claim 1, wherein the resilient sealing member is releasably positioned between the outer wall of the sealing plate and the wall of the inner chamber, for replacing the resilient sealing member separately from the sealing plate.
9. The valve assembly of claim 1, further comprising:
a drive piston rod attached to the housing for actuating movement of the housing and for moving the check valve between the closed blocking position and the open position under pressure within the riser pipe. wherein the housing comprises a cap member slidably engaged with a base member at least partially defining the inner chamber, the cap member having at least one venting slot, the drive piston rod being attached to a cap member.
10. A pumping apparatus comprising:
a frame;
a piston rod drive assembly mounted to the frame for actuating a piston rod in a riser pipe to pump fluid through the riser pipe;
a discharge head mounted at a well head for transferring pumped fluid from the riser pipe;
a drive piston apparatus affixed to a distal end of the piston rod, the drive piston apparatus having a housing, a first check valve within said housing, said first check valve comprising a first flow chamber having an inlet and outlet, and a first metal or ceramic sealing plate disposed at the inlet of the first flow chamber and engaging the flow chamber through a first resilient sealing member at an outer wall of the first sealing plate; and
a foot valve apparatus mounted in the riser pipe and having a housing, a second check valve comprising a second flow chamber having an inlet and an outlet, and a second metal or ceramic sealing plate disposed at the inlet of the second flow chamber and engaging the second flow chamber through a second resilient sealing member at an outer wall of the second sealing plate.
11. The pumping apparatus of claim 10, wherein the outer wall of the first sealing plate comprises a mating slot, and wherein the first resilient sealing member is an o-ring partially recessed in the mating slot and extending beyond the outer wall of the first sealing plate for sealably engaging the wall of the first inner chamber, and wherein the outer wall of the second sealing plate comprises a mating slot, and wherein the second resilient sealing member is an o-ring partially recessed in the mating slot and extending beyond the outer wall of the second sealing plate for sealably engaging the wall of the second inner chamber.
12. The pumping apparatus of claim 10, wherein the first sealing plate and the second sealing plate are formed from a material selected from the group consisting of stainless steel, brass, and steel.
13. The pumping apparatus of claim 12, wherein the housing of the drive piston apparatus and the housing of the foot valve apparatus are formed of a low-wear resin material.
14. The pumping apparatus of claim 12, wherein the housing of the drive piston apparatus and the housing of the foot valve apparatus are formed of a DELRIN or a PEEK material.
15. The pumping apparatus of claim 10, wherein the first resilient sealing member is releasably positioned between the outer wall of the first sealing plate and the wall of the first inner chamber for replacing the first resilient sealing member separately from the first sealing plate, and wherein the second resilient sealing member is releasably positioned between the outer wall of the second sealing plate and the wall of the second inner chamber for replacing the second resilient sealing member separately from the second sealing plate.
16. The pumping apparatus of claim 10, wherein at least one of the first sealing plate and the second sealing plate comprise an inner sealing corner to engage a check ball when the check ball is in a closed positioned, the inner sealing corner having a conical, beveled surface for engaging the check ball.
17. The pumping apparatus of claim 10, wherein at least one of the first sealing plate and the second sealing plate comprise an inner sealing corner to engage a check ball when the check ball is in a closed positioned, the inner sealing corner having a radial corner for engaging the check ball.
18. A method pumping fluid from an underground fluid source, the method comprising:
mounting a discharge head at a well head;
mounting a piston rod drive assembly to the discharge head for actuating a piston rod in a riser pipe extending from the discharge head to the underground fluid source to pump the fluid through the riser pipe; and
attaching a drive piston apparatus to a distal end of the piston rod, the drive piston apparatus having a housing, a first check valve within said housing, said first check valve comprising a first flow chamber having an inlet and outlet, and a first metal or ceramic sealing plate disposed at the inlet of the first flow chamber and engaging the flow chamber through a first resilient sealing member at an outer wall of the first sealing plate.
19. The method of claim 18, further comprising:
affixedly mounting a foot valve apparatus to a distal end of the riser pipe, the foot valve apparatus having a housing, a second check valve comprising a second flow chamber having an inlet and an outlet, and a second metal or ceramic sealing plate disposed at the inlet of the second flow chamber and engaging the second flow chamber through a second resilient sealing member at an outer wall of the second sealing plate.
20. The method of claim 19, wherein the outer wall of the first sealing plate comprises a mating slot, and wherein the first resilient sealing member is an o-ring partially recessed in the mating slot and extending beyond the outer wall of the first sealing plate for sealably engaging the wall of the first inner chamber, and wherein the outer wall of the second sealing plate comprises a mating slot, and wherein the second resilient sealing member is an o-ring partially recessed in the mating slot and extending beyond the outer wall of the second sealing plate for sealably engaging the wall of the second inner chamber.
21. The method of claim 19, wherein the first sealing plate and the second sealing plate are formed from a material selected from the group consisting of stainless steel, brass, and steel.
22. The method of claim of claim 19, wherein the housing of the drive piston apparatus and the housing of the foot valve apparatus are formed of a DELRIN or a PEEK material.
23. The method of claim 19, further comprising:
forming the first resilient sealing member to be releasably detachable from the outer wall of the first sealing plate for replacing the first resilient sealing member separately from the first sealing plate; and
forming the second resilient sealing member to be releasably detachable from the outer wall of the second sealing plate for replacing the second resilient sealing member separately from the second sealing plate.
24. The method of claim 19, further comprising:
forming at least one of the first sealing plate and the second sealing plate to comprise an inner sealing corner to engage a check ball when the check ball is in a closed positioned, the inner sealing corner having a conical, beveled surface for engaging the check ball.
25. The method of claim 19, further comprising:
forming at least one of the first sealing plate and the second sealing plate to comprise an inner sealing corner to engage a check ball when the check ball is in a closed positioned, the inner sealing corner having a radial corner for engaging the check ball.
US11/485,868 2006-07-13 2006-07-13 Drive piston and foot valve seat Abandoned US20080011487A1 (en)

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US20090065194A1 (en) * 2007-09-07 2009-03-12 Frazier W Lynn Downhole Sliding Sleeve Combination Tool
US20090288837A1 (en) * 2008-05-21 2009-11-26 Mayfield Windel O Apparatus and method for raising a fluid in a well
US20100212907A1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2010-08-26 Frazier W Lynn Full Bore Valve for Downhole Use
GB2471167A (en) * 2009-06-16 2010-12-22 Specmat Ltd A piston assembly for a water pump and a water pump incorporating such a piston assembly
WO2010144580A3 (en) * 2009-06-10 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated Seat apparatus and method
US20110155392A1 (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-06-30 Frazier W Lynn Hydrostatic Flapper Stimulation Valve and Method
US20110155380A1 (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-06-30 Frazier W Lynn Hydrostatic flapper stimulation valve and method
WO2013100209A3 (en) * 2011-12-30 2014-03-13 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Reciprocating subsurface pump
CN104612945A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-13 山东九环石油机械有限公司 Antiscale oil pumping system for three-component compound flooding well
US9500283B1 (en) 2014-06-23 2016-11-22 Redfish Rentals, Inc. Foot valve apparatus
CN107939656A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-04-20 辽宁瑞智石油机械制造有限公司 A kind of thickened-oil pump
CN109779569A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-21 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A kind of water filling gas injection unidirectional device

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US8157012B2 (en) 2007-09-07 2012-04-17 Frazier W Lynn Downhole sliding sleeve combination tool
US20090065194A1 (en) * 2007-09-07 2009-03-12 Frazier W Lynn Downhole Sliding Sleeve Combination Tool
US20100212907A1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2010-08-26 Frazier W Lynn Full Bore Valve for Downhole Use
US20090288837A1 (en) * 2008-05-21 2009-11-26 Mayfield Windel O Apparatus and method for raising a fluid in a well
US7971647B2 (en) * 2008-05-21 2011-07-05 Paal, L.L.C. Apparatus and method for raising a fluid in a well
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CN102159789A (en) * 2009-06-10 2011-08-17 贝克休斯公司 Seat apparatus and method
WO2010144580A3 (en) * 2009-06-10 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated Seat apparatus and method
GB2471167B (en) * 2009-06-16 2014-06-04 Specmat Ltd Water pump cassette
GB2471167A (en) * 2009-06-16 2010-12-22 Specmat Ltd A piston assembly for a water pump and a water pump incorporating such a piston assembly
US20110155392A1 (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-06-30 Frazier W Lynn Hydrostatic Flapper Stimulation Valve and Method
US8739881B2 (en) 2009-12-30 2014-06-03 W. Lynn Frazier Hydrostatic flapper stimulation valve and method
US20110155380A1 (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-06-30 Frazier W Lynn Hydrostatic flapper stimulation valve and method
WO2013100209A3 (en) * 2011-12-30 2014-03-13 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Reciprocating subsurface pump
US9856864B2 (en) 2011-12-30 2018-01-02 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Reciprocating subsurface pump
US9500283B1 (en) 2014-06-23 2016-11-22 Redfish Rentals, Inc. Foot valve apparatus
CN104612945A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-13 山东九环石油机械有限公司 Antiscale oil pumping system for three-component compound flooding well
CN107939656A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-04-20 辽宁瑞智石油机械制造有限公司 A kind of thickened-oil pump
CN109779569A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-21 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A kind of water filling gas injection unidirectional device

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