US20070289638A1 - Pressure Regulating Valve - Google Patents

Pressure Regulating Valve Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070289638A1
US20070289638A1 US11/791,223 US79122305A US2007289638A1 US 20070289638 A1 US20070289638 A1 US 20070289638A1 US 79122305 A US79122305 A US 79122305A US 2007289638 A1 US2007289638 A1 US 2007289638A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
valve
piston
pressure regulating
seal
regulating valve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/791,223
Inventor
Tsukuo Ishitoya
Nobuo Kobayashi
Nobuyuki Ogami
Akira Yamashita
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Toyota Motor Corp
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Toyota Motor Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2004-363435 priority Critical
Priority to JP2004363435A priority patent/JP4446172B2/en
Application filed by Toyota Motor Corp filed Critical Toyota Motor Corp
Priority to PCT/JP2005/021192 priority patent/WO2006064627A1/en
Assigned to TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA reassignment TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: OGAMI, NOBUYUKI, ISHITOYA, TSUKUO, KOBAYASHI, NOBUO, YAMASHITA, AKIRA
Publication of US20070289638A1 publication Critical patent/US20070289638A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/12Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid
    • F16K31/122Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid the fluid acting on a piston
    • F16K31/1223Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid the fluid acting on a piston one side of the piston being acted upon by the circulating fluid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/12Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid
    • F16K31/122Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid the fluid acting on a piston
    • F16K31/1221Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid the fluid acting on a piston one side of the piston being spring-loaded
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D16/00Control of fluid pressure
    • G05D16/04Control of fluid pressure without auxiliary power
    • G05D16/10Control of fluid pressure without auxiliary power the sensing element being a piston or plunger
    • G05D16/107Control of fluid pressure without auxiliary power the sensing element being a piston or plunger with a spring-loaded piston in combination with a spring-loaded slideable obturator that move together over range of motion during normal operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7781With separate connected fluid reactor surface
    • Y10T137/7793With opening bias [e.g., pressure regulator]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7781With separate connected fluid reactor surface
    • Y10T137/7793With opening bias [e.g., pressure regulator]
    • Y10T137/7822Reactor surface closes chamber
    • Y10T137/7823Valve head in inlet chamber
    • Y10T137/7825Rectilinear valve stem rigid with reactor surface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7781With separate connected fluid reactor surface
    • Y10T137/7793With opening bias [e.g., pressure regulator]
    • Y10T137/7822Reactor surface closes chamber
    • Y10T137/7823Valve head in inlet chamber
    • Y10T137/7826With valve closing bias

Abstract

In order to achieve seal durability and bring about a damping action for a piston-type pressure regulating valve, a pressure regulating valve (10) of the present invention is characterized by a valve moving member (11, 14) moving in such a manner as to cause communication or block communication between a primary chamber (17) and a secondary chamber (19) within a case (21, 26), wherein a plurality of central members (20, 25) are arranged between the case and the valve moving member and the plurality of central members are taken to be different materials. It is then possible to bring about both a damping action and seal durability using the central members by providing central members of different materials.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention relates to a pressure regulating valve for regulating fluid pressure.
  • BACKGROUND ART
  • Pressure regulating valves such as disclosed in, for example, Japanese Utility Model Laid-open Publication No. Hei. 1-178285, exist as pressure regulating valves for reducing pressure of gases. Such pressure-reducing valves are configured from a pressure regulating spring, a piston moving within a cylinder, a valve element, and a return spring etc. Between the piston and cylinder is then sealed using a U-shaped seal.
  • DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION
  • However, there is the problem that rubber seals that are typically used as seals have low durability. Further, when hard resin seal material of high durability is used, it is not possible to obtain a sufficient damping action (attenuating action) with respect to movement (vibration or oscillation, over shoot) of the valve using the rubber seal material and fluctuations in the secondary pressure of the pressure regulating valve are therefore large.
  • It is therefore the object of the present invention to provide a pressure regulating valve capable of providing both durability for a seal material between a valve member (piston) and a case (cylinder) for the valve member and of providing a damping action for suppressing vibration of the valve element and for suppressing overheating.
  • In order to achieve the aforementioned object, a pressure regulating valve of the present invention is characterized by a valve moving member moving in such a manner as to cause communication or block communication between a primary chamber and a secondary chamber within a case, wherein a plurality of central members are arranged between the case and the valve moving member and the plurality of central members are taken to be different materials.
  • By providing central members of different materials, it is possible to bring about both a damping action and seal durability.
  • It is also preferable for materials for the plurality of central members to be selected so as to have different resistances to sliding.
  • By providing central members of different resistances to sliding, it is possible to bring about both a damping action and seal durability. A central member with a large resistance to sliding (for example, rubber seal material) has a damping action (attenuating action) with respect to vibration of the piston and overshooting. A hard central member (for example, a Teflon group resin etc.) of small resistance to sliding has high durability.
  • It is also preferable for the plurality of central members to be constituted by a seal member provided at least between a side surface of the valve moving member and an inner wall of the case and a damping member for attenuating an extent of movement of the valve moving member.
  • According to this configuration, the damping member has a function for attenuating moving energy (kinetic energy) using frictional force during movement of the piston and suppresses vibration and overshooting at the time of movement of the piston. As a result, it is possible to make gas pressure fluctuation on the downstream side (secondary side) of the pressure regulating valve small.
  • It is also desirable for the valve moving member to include a piston and a valve element, and for the seal member and the damping member to be arranged between a side surface of the piston and the inner wall of the case.
  • It is also preferable for the valve moving member to include a piston and a valve element, with one end of the piston coming into contact with the secondary chamber and the other end coming into contact with the reference pressure chamber, and with the plurality of central members being located between a side surface of the piston and the inner wall of the case.
  • It is also desirable for the central member positioned at the secondary chamber-side of the piston to have a lower resistance to sliding than the central member on the side of the reference pressure chamber.
  • It is further desirable for the central member positioned at the secondary chamber-side of the piston to seal fluids more effectively than the central member on the side of the reference pressure chamber.
  • It is also preferable for the central member positioned on the side of the reference pressure chamber of the piston to attenuate moving force of the valve moving member to a lesser extent than the central member on the side of the secondary chamber.
  • It is also desirable for the plurality of central members to be constituted by at least two seal members for sealing fluid, with one seal member having a relatively higher resistance to sliding than the other seal member.
  • There may also be provided communicating means for causing a space defined by the side surface of the piston, the inner wall of the case and the plurality of central members and the reference pressure chamber to communicate.
  • By providing communicating means, the space and the reference pressure chamber are made to communicate, and it is possible to regulate the pressure value of the space at the time of moving the piston. Further, the communicating means may also be utilized in checking a sealed state of a central member during manufacture or when valve abnormalities are detected.
  • The communicating means may be formed at at least one of the piston or the inner wall of the case.
  • The communicating means may be formed at a central member located at the reference pressure chamber side or at a contact surface of an inner wall of the case and a central member.
  • One of the plurality of central members may be a damping member with a function for highly attenuating an extent of movement of the valve moving member, with the damping member being located at at least one of between the inner wall of the case and the valve element and between the inner wall of the case and the piston.
  • It is also preferable for the valve moving member to include a valve element and a piston and be arranged with first and second urging members on either side within the case, and for the damping member to be located at at least one of between the case and the first urging means, between the first urging means and the valve element, between the valve element and the piston, between the piston and the second urging means, and between the second urging means and the case.
  • The pressure regulating valve of the present invention is suited to regulating the pressure of high-pressure gas and of fuel gas such as hydrogenous gas.
  • The fuel gas supply system of the present invention comprises a fuel gas supply source and the pressure regulating valve according to the present invention.
  • Preferably, the fuel gas supply system comprises a fuel gas container or a fuel gas consuming member, which is connected to the primary chamber of the pressure regulating valve. It is also preferable that the fuel gas is hydrogen gas.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is an illustration illustrating an outline of a first embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is an illustration illustrating an outline of a second embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 (A) and (B) are illustrations illustrating an outline of a third embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is an illustration illustrating an outline of a fourth embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 (A) and (B) are illustrations illustrating an outline of a fifth embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is an illustration illustrating an outline of a sixth embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is an illustration illustrating an outline of a seventh embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is an illustration illustrating an outline of an eighth embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 9 (A) and (B) are illustrations illustrating an outline of a ninth embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 10 (A) and (B) are illustrations illustrating an outline of a tenth embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 11 (A) and (B) are illustrations illustrating an outline of an eleventh embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 12 is an illustration illustrating an outline of a twelfth embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 13 is a diagram showing the constitution of a preferable embodiment of the fuel gas supply system according to the present invention.
  • BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION First Embodiment
  • The following is a description with reference to FIG. 1 of a first embodiment of a pressure regulating valve 10 of the present invention.
  • In FIG. 1, numeral 11 indicates a poppet valve, numeral 12 indicates a spring constituting urging means for the poppet valve, numeral 13 indicates a seat, numeral 14 indicates a piston, numeral 15 indicates a spring constituting piston urging means, numeral 16 indicates a high-pressure gas path (inlet-path), numeral 17 indicates a primary chamber of the pressure regulating valve, numeral 18 indicates a path, numeral 19 indicates a secondary chamber of the pressure regulating valve, numeral 20 indicates a ring-type seal, numeral 21 indicates a cylinder (case), numeral 22 indicates a reference pressure chamber (reference pressure chamber), numeral 23 indicates a space, numeral 24 indicates a path, numeral 25 indicates a damper, numeral 26 indicates a pressure regulating valve case, and numeral 27 indicates a low pressure gas path (outlet path).
  • The inside of the pressure regulating valve can mainly be divided into the primary chamber 17, secondary chamber 19 and reference pressure chamber 22.
  • The spring 12, poppet valve 11, seat 13, piston 14 and spring 15 are arranged in series within the primary chamber 17, secondary chamber 19 and reference pressure chamber 22. The spring 12 presses the poppet valve 11 against the seat 13. The piston 14 is pushed up by the spring 15.
  • A groove is provided so as to go around the outer periphery of the piston 14, with apolymer material ring-type seal 20 being arranged within the groove. The seal 20 seals (covers) the gap between the piston 14 and the cylinder 21. The seal 20 is a material mainly composed of a polymer material such as resin etc. and, for example, a Teflon family seal maybe used. Further, a groove is provided so as to go around the outer periphery of the piston 14, with a polymer material ring-type damper 25 being arranged within this groove. The damper 25 comes into contact with the inner wall of the cylinder 21. The damper 25 is a material, for example, primarily composed of rubber material.
  • The space 23, defined by the annular seal 20, annular damper 25, cylinder 21 and piston 14, and the reference pressure chamber 22, communicate via the path 24. By providing the path 24, the space 23 and the reference pressure chamber 22 (for example, a space communicating with the atmosphere) communicate, and it is possible to regulate the pressure of the space 23 at the time of piston movement. Further, the path 24 may also be utilized in checking a sealed state of the seal 20 during manufacture or when valve abnormalities are detected. The path 24 may also be omitted.
  • In this configuration, high-pressure gas (fluid) flows in to the primary chamber 17 via the high-pressure gas path 16 from an external gas supply source (not shown) . The high-pressure gas flows in to the secondary chamber 19 via the path 18 between the poppet valve 11 and seat 13 and flows out to outside of the pressure regulating valve from the low pressure gas path 27. The piston 14 resists the urging force of the spring 15 and is pushed down by the gas pressure of the secondary chamber 19.
  • When the downstream flow of gas for the pressure regulating valve is consumed, the pressure of the secondary chamber 19 falls. As a result, the piston 14 rises due to the urging force of the spring 15 and the poppet valve 11 rises. The poppet valve 11 comes away from the seat 13, and gas from the primary chamber 17 flows into the secondary chamber 19. The pressure of the secondary chamber 19 then rises due to this inflow and the piston 14 is pushed down again. The poppet valve 11 is then seated on the seat 13 and the extent of the flow of gas is reduced.
  • The pressure regulating valve 10 repeats this operation and regulates the downstream flow gas pressure of the secondary chamber 19. With this regulation, the polymer material ring-type damper 25 is set to have a larger contact resistance with the inner wall of the cylinder 21 than the polymer material ring-type seal 20. The polymer material ring-type damper 25 is then capable of controlling rapid movements of the piston 14. Namely, the damper 25 has a function for attenuating moving energy of the piston 14 using frictional force during movement of the piston 14 and suppresses vibration and overshooting accompanying movement of the piston 14. As a result, it is possible to make gas pressure fluctuation on the downstream flow side (secondary side) of the pressure regulating valve 10 small.
  • Further, according to the embodiment of the present invention described above, by arranging seal materials of different resistance to sliding, it is possible to bring about both a damping action (attenuating action) and seal durability. Rubber seal material with a large resistance to sliding has a damping action (attenuating action) with respect to vibrations of a piston and hard resin seal material (Teflon family resins etc. described previously) with small resistance to sliding has high durability.
  • Second Embodiment
  • FIG. 2 shows an outline of a second embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 2, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described.
  • In this embodiment, an annular back-up ring 31 is overlaid on the polymer material ring-type seal 20. The reliability of the seal is increased as a result of providing the back-up ring 31.
  • Third Embodiment
  • FIG. 3 shows a third embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3(A) shows an outline of an example of a further configuration for the polymer material ring-type damper 25 and FIG. 3(B) shows an example of a partial cut-away view from above taken along A-A′ of FIG. 3(A). In FIG. 4, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described.
  • In this example, minute undulations 32 are formed at a contact surface for an inner wall surface of the cylinder 21 of the damper 25 in place of the path 24 of the piston 14 or alternatively, the surface is roughened so that gas can communicate between the space 23 and the reference pressure chamber 22.
  • Fourth Embodiment
  • FIG. 4 shows a fourth embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 4, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and these portions are not described.
  • This embodiment is different from the case of FIG. 1 in that the path 24 is formed at the side of the cylinder 21. It is preferable for the path 24 to be formed in such a manner that the path 24 and the seal 25 do not overlap when the piston 14 moves.
  • Fifth Embodiment
  • FIG. 5 shows a fifth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 5(A) shows an outline of an example of a further configuration for the portion of the ring-type damper 25 and FIG. 5(B) shows an example of a partial cut-away view from above taken along B-B′ of FIG. 5(A). In FIG. 5, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described.
  • In this example, minute undulations 32 are formed at an inner wall surface of the cylinder 21 that the damper 25 makes contact with in place of the path 24 of the piston 14 or alternatively, the surface is roughened so that gas can communicate between the space 23 and the reference pressure chamber 22.
  • Sixth Embodiment
  • FIG. 6 shows a sixth embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 6, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described.
  • In this embodiment, the positions of the seal 20 and the damper 25 at the piston 14 are reversed with respect to those of the first embodiment. In correspondence with this, the path 24 causes the secondary chamber 19 and the space 23 between the seal 20 and damper 25 at the piston-side wall to communicate.
  • Seventh Embodiment
  • FIG. 7 shows a seventh embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 7, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described.
  • In this embodiment, the polymer material ring-type damper 25 is arranged within a groove 11 c formed at a side part of region 11 a on the side of the primary chamber 17 on the opposite side to the piston of the poppet valve 11. A path 41 for ventilation is provided at a guide 42 of the damper 25 provided at the primary chamber 17.
  • Eighth Embodiment
  • FIG. 8 shows an eighth embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 8, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described.
  • In this embodiment, the polymer material ring-type damper 25 is arranged within a groove 11 c formed at a side part of a region 11 b of the poppet valve 11 on the side of the secondary chamber 19. A path 41 for ventilation is provided at the guide 42 of the damper 25 provided at the secondary chamber 19.
  • Ninth Embodiment
  • FIG. 9(A) and FIG. 9(B) show a ninth embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 9, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described.
  • FIG. 9(A) shows an example where a polymer material ring-type seal and a polymer material ring-type damper are arranged at the side of a moving body (piston 14, poppet valve 11, etc.).
  • FIG. 9(B) shows an example where a polymer material ring-type seal and a polymer material ring-type damper are arranged at the side of a fixed body (cylinder 21, case 26, etc.). Any of these arrangements are desirable and can be selected appropriately according to the structure and characteristics of the pressure regulating valve.
  • Tenth Embodiment
  • FIG. 10(A) and FIG. 10(B) show a tenth embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 10, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described. Although not shown in the drawings, it is also possible to provide a polymer material ring-type seal at the side surface (outer periphery) of the piston 14.
  • In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10(A), a cylindrical damper 25 a positioned with a spring inside is positioned between the bottom of the reference pressure chamber 22 and the piston 14. The damper 25 a has a function for attenuating moving energy using resiliency (retractility) during movement of the piston 14 and suppresses vibration and overshooting of the poppet valve 11 accompanying movement of the piston 14.
  • In the embodiment shown in FIG. 10(B), a cylindrical damper 25 b is arranged between a ceiling 17 a of the primary chamber 17 and region 11 a of the poppet valve 11. The damper 25 b has a function for attenuating moving energy using resiliency (retractility) during movement of the poppet valve 11 (or piston 14) and suppresses vibration and overshooting accompanying movement of the poppet valve 11.
  • With the configuration of FIG. 10(A) and FIG. 10(B), the groove 11 c is not formed at the side surface of the poppet valve 11 and the damper can therefore be arranged in a straightforward manner.
  • Eleventh Embodiment
  • FIG. 11(A) and FIG. 11(B) show an eleventh embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 11, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described. Although not shown in the drawings, it is also possible to provide a polymer material ring-type seal at the side surface (outer periphery) of the piston 14.
  • In the embodiment shown in FIG. 11(A), a columnar damper 25 c positioned at the axial center of the spring 15 is arranged between a bottom 22 a of the reference pressure chamber 22 and the piston 14. The damper 25 c has a function for attenuating moving energy using resiliency (retractility) during movement of the piston 14 and suppresses vibration and overshooting of the poppet valve 11 accompanying movement of the piston 14.
  • In the embodiment shown in FIG. 11(B), a columnar damper 25 d positioned at the axial center of the spring 12 is arranged between a ceiling of the primary chamber 17 and the poppet valve 11. The damper 25 d has a function for attenuating moving energy using resiliency (retractility) during movement of the poppet valve 11 and suppresses vibration and overshooting of the poppet valve 11 accompanying movement of the piston 14.
  • With the configuration of FIG. 11(A) and FIG. 11(B) also, the groove 11 c is not formed in the side surface of the poppet valve 11. The damper can therefore be arranged in a straightforward manner and the structure is simple because the damper is columnar in shape.
  • Twelfth Embodiment
  • FIG. 12 shows an outline of the essential parts of a twelfth embodiment of the present invention. In FIG. 12, portions corresponding to portions of FIG. 1 are given the same numerals and are not described. Although omitted from the drawings, reference pressure chamber 22 and pressure regulating valve case 26 are the same configuration as for FIG. 1.
  • In the embodiment shown in FIG. 12, possible arrangements for dampers 25 e to 25 i that are sheet-shaped resilient bodies at the side of a moving body of a pressure regulating valve are shown. Namely, positioning at one or a plurality of between the pressure regulating valve case 26 and spring 12, between the spring 12 and the poppet valve 11, between the poppet valve 11 and the piston 14, between the piston 14 and the spring 15, between the spring 15 and a bottom 25 of the cylinder 21 is possible. Each damper then suppresses vibrations and overshooting of the poppet valve 11 (or piston 14).
  • Thirteenth Embodiment
  • FIG. 13 is a diagram showing the constitution of a preferable embodiment of the fuel gas supply system according to the present invention. A fuel gas supply system 100 is equipped with a fuel gas source 101 (a fuel gas supply source) connected to the high-pressure gas path 16 of the pressure regulating valve 10 and a fuel gas container member 102 connected to a low pressure gas path 27 of the pressure regulating valve 10. Accordingly, the fuel gas source 101 is connected to the primary chamber 17 of the pressure regulating valve 10, and the fuel gas container member 102 is connected to the secondary chamber 19 of the pressure regulating valve 10.
  • The specific example of the fuel gas source 101 includes a fuel gas generator such as hydrogen gas, a gas container such as a gas cylinder, a tank or the like in which a fuel gas e.g. hydrogen gas, etc. is accommodated. Further, the specific example of the fuel gas container member 102 includes a gas container such as a gas cylinder, a tank or the like to store a fuel gas for example hydrogen gas, a fuel cell (a fuel gas consuming member) consuming a fuel gas such as hydrogen gas or the like.
  • According to the fuel gas supply system 100 having such a constitution, as a fuel gas is supplied to the fuel gas container member 102 via the pressure regulating valve 10 from the fuel gas source 101, the fluctuation in flow of the fuel gas being supplied to the fuel gas container member 102.
  • Note that the present inventions are not limited to the embodiments described above, but rather various modifications are possible provided that the purport of the present invention is not deviated from.
  • For example, in the embodiments described above, the polymer material ring-type seal 20 and the polymer material ring-type damper 25 are arranged at prescribed distances along the axial direction of the piston 14 at the space between a side surface of the piston 14 and the inner wall surface of the cylinder (case) 21 but the configuration is by no means limited in this respect. The seal 20 may be selected appropriately according to the type of fluid (gas, liquid) constituting the target of pressure regulation. In particular, when the fluid is a hydrogenous gas, it is preferable to select a material that is impermeable to hydrogen. The seals and dampers may be located at a plurality of locations and may all be the same shape or may all be different shapes.
  • The damper 25 may also be provided with a seal function. In this event, it is preferable to arrange two seals where the material and characteristics (for example, sliding resistance) are different.
  • It is also possible to omit the paths 24 and 41 provided at at least one of the valve moving member (piston, poppet) or the valve case (cylinder) . Moreover, the fuel gas supply system of the present invention can also have no fuel gas container member.
  • It is further possible to combine each of the aforementioned embodiments in an appropriate manner.
  • Further, the pressure regulating valve of the present invention is suited to reducing pressure of high-pressure gas (gas) and is particularly suited to use as a pressure regulating valve for hydrogenous gas used in fuel cells etc.

Claims (19)

1. A pressure regulating valve having a valve moving member moving in such a manner as to cause communication or block communication between a primary chamber and a secondary chamber within a case, wherein a plurality of seal members are arranged between said case and said valve moving member, and said plurality of seal members are made of different materials.
2. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 1, wherein materials for said plurality of seal members have different resistances to sliding.
3. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of seal members includes a ring-type seal at least provided between a side surface of said valve moving member and an inner wall of said case and a ring-type damper for attenuating an extent of movement of said valve moving member.
4. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 3, wherein said valve moving member includes a piston and a valve element, and said ring-type seal and said ring-type damper are arranged between a side surface of said piston and said inner wall of said case.
5. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 1, wherein said valve moving member includes a piston and a valve element, with one end of said piston coming into contact with said secondary chamber and the other end coming into contact with a reference pressure chamber, and with said plurality of seal members being arranged between said side surface of said piston and said inner wall of said case.
6. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 5, wherein said seal member positioned at said secondary chamber-side of said piston has a lower resistance to sliding than said seal member on said side of said reference pressure chamber.
7. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 5, wherein said seal member positioned at said secondary chamber-side of said piston seals fluid to a greater extent than said seal member on said side of said reference pressure chamber.
8. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 5, wherein said seal member positioned on said side of said reference pressure chamber of said piston has a function for attenuating moving force of said valve moving member to a greater extent than said seal member on said side of said secondary chamber.
9. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 5, wherein said plurality of seal members is constituted by at least two ring-type seals for sealing fluid, with one ring-type seal having a relatively higher resistance to sliding than the other ring-type seal.
10. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 5, further comprising communicating means for causing a space, defined by said side surface of said piston, said inner wall of said case and said plurality of seal members, and said reference pressure chamber to communicate.
11. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 10, wherein said communicating means is formed at at least one of said piston or said inner wall of said case.
12. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 10, wherein said communicating means is formed at a seal member located at said reference pressure chamber side or a contact surface of said inner wall of said case and said seal member.
13. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 5, wherein one of said plurality of seal members is a ring-type damper with a function for highly attenuating an extent of movement of said valve moving member, with the ring-type damper being located at at least one of between said inner wall of said case and said valve element and between said inner wall of said case and said piston.
14. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 3, wherein said valve moving member includes a valve element and a piston and is arranged with first and second urging means on either side within said case, with said ring-type damper being located at at least one of between said case and said first urging means, between said first urging means and said valve element, between said valve element and said piston, between said piston and said second urging means, and between said second urging means and said case.
15. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 1, used in high-pressure gas pressure regulation.
16. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 1, used in pressure regulation of fuel gas.
17. A fuel gas supply system comprising; a fuel gas supply source and the pressure regulating valve according to claim 1.
18. The fuel gas supply system according to claim 17 comprising a fuel gas container or a fuel gas consuming member, which is connected to said primary chamber of said pressure regulating valve.
19. The pressure regulating valve according to claim 17, wherein said fuel gas is hydrogen gas.
US11/791,223 2004-12-15 2005-11-14 Pressure Regulating Valve Abandoned US20070289638A1 (en)

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JP2004363435A JP4446172B2 (en) 2004-12-15 2004-12-15 Pressure regulating valve
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US13/618,954 Active US8770221B2 (en) 2004-12-15 2012-09-14 Pressure regulating valve

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JP2006172123A (en) 2006-06-29
CN101080593B (en) 2012-03-28
DE112005003073T5 (en) 2007-10-18
US8985141B2 (en) 2015-03-24
US8770221B2 (en) 2014-07-08
JP4446172B2 (en) 2010-04-07
WO2006064627A1 (en) 2006-06-22
CN101080593A (en) 2007-11-28
US20110308643A1 (en) 2011-12-22
US20130008530A1 (en) 2013-01-10

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