US20070286687A1 - Method and equipment for constructing micropiles in soil - Google Patents

Method and equipment for constructing micropiles in soil Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070286687A1
US20070286687A1 US11/450,274 US45027406A US2007286687A1 US 20070286687 A1 US20070286687 A1 US 20070286687A1 US 45027406 A US45027406 A US 45027406A US 2007286687 A1 US2007286687 A1 US 2007286687A1
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Prior art keywords
rod
drilling
grout
nozzles
soil
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Abandoned
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US11/450,274
Inventor
Cesare Melegari
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Cesare Melegari
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Priority to US11/450,274 priority Critical patent/US20070286687A1/en
Publication of US20070286687A1 publication Critical patent/US20070286687A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/22Piles
    • E02D5/24Prefabricated piles
    • E02D5/30Prefabricated piles made of concrete or reinforced concrete or made of steel and concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads
    • E02D5/80Ground anchors
    • E02D5/808Ground anchors anchored by using exclusively a bonding material

Abstract

A method and the corresponding equipment for constructing concrete micropiles of the type used for soil consolidation, which involves the use of a drilling rod which also acts as reinforcement for the pile, and injection of cement grout directly during drilling, the injection being performed from the surface downwards, that includes the following stages:
    • soil drilling with a rod consisting of a drilling bar fitted at the tip with a bit equipped with nozzles, and simultaneous high-pressure injection of grout through said nozzles;
    • when the bar has fully penetrated into the soil, connection of a second bar by means of a sleeve coupling and continuance of drilling with simultaneous grout injection;
    • when the design depth has been reached, detachment of said rod, which is left in the ground to act as reinforcement for the pile thus constructed.

Description

  • This invention relates to a method and the corresponding equipment for constructing concrete micropiles of the type used for soil consolidation, underpinning and the like.
  • The method according to the invention involves the use of a drilling rod which also acts as reinforcement for the pile, and injection of cement grout directly during drilling, the injection being performed from the surface downwards, unlike known methods, wherein the grouting stage is performed from the bottom of the hole to the surface. The method according to the invention allows micropiles to be made very quickly, with a considerable cost saving on the end product.
  • One of the most effective techniques for stabilising soil, underpinning or performing the work required to increase the load-bearing capacity of soil is to construct micropiles.
  • This known technique involves inserting into the ground a reinforced concrete pile a few centimetres in diameter and a few metres long, to stabilise the soil and increase its load-bearing capacity.
  • In accordance with the prior art, in order to construct micropiles a hole is drilled with a drilling rod fitted with a bit at the tip; when the design depth is reached the rod is removed, steel reinforcement is inserted in the hole, and the hole is filled with a concrete mix of suitable particle size.
  • This is a long, laborious method and, especially in rather loose soil, can involve problems caused by the mobility of this type of soil.
  • The present invention, which falls into this sector, relates to a method and the corresponding equipment for constructing micropiles with the technology known as jet-grouting, which involves drilling the soil with a rod fitted, at its tip, with a plurality of nozzles through which a fluid is injected at very high pressure (several hundred bars).
  • Said rods consist of bars with a continuous thread, fitted at the tip with a disposable bit equipped with a set of nozzles through which grout is injected during excavations.
  • Grout injection therefore takes place simultaneously with drilling, so that when the rod reaches the required depth, the micropile has already been formed and the work can be considered finished.
  • This technique also allows the construction of micropiles with a wide base that increases their load-bearing capacity.
  • This invention will now be described in detail, by way of example but not of limitation, by reference to the annexed figures wherein:
  • FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a drilling rod according to the invention;
  • FIG. 2 is the cross-section of an area of soil at the start of drilling designed to construct a micropile;
  • FIG. 3 illustrates the rod according to the invention at a more advanced stage of construction of a micropile.
  • As shown in FIG. 1, number 1 indicates a rotating high-pressure injection head to which the drilling rod according to the invention, indicated as 2, is connected.
  • Head 1 is connected to devices of known type which cause it to rotate around its own axis until it causes rod 2 to rotate.
  • Rod 2 consists of a set of (self-drilling) steel bars 3, which are of known type in themselves, and which are connected end-to-end via sleeve couplings 4, with the insertion of high-pressure gaskets 5.
  • Rod 2 is fitted at its tip with a disposable bit 6, which presents one or more nozzles 7 leading to an axial pipe 8; said pipe 8 communicates with the interior of the drilling rod which, in turn, communicates with a pipe 9 located in the injection head.
  • A line 11 designed to feed a grout mixture originating from equipment 12 of known type leads to inlet 10 of pipe 9.
  • Two stages of the process are illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3.
  • The equipment, supported by a structure 13, which is only illustrated schematically because it is of known type, is set up at the point to be drilled; the first bar, fitted with a bit at its tip, is mounted on head 11, and drilling begins.
  • Head 1, connected to a rotary table or other known apparatus which causes it to rotate around its own axis, causes the rotation of bar 3 with bit 6, which begins to drill the ground (FIG. 2).
  • During excavations, grout is pumped at high pressure into pipe 9 and exits through nozzles 7 in the bit at very high speed and pressure, thus removing and compacting the soil around the rod and creating a hole, shown as 14 in FIG. 3, which fills with grout as the rod descends.
  • As drilling proceeds, other bars are added to the rod and secured with couplings 5, and drilling continues in this way until the design depth is reached.
  • If necessary, the rotation of the rod and simultaneous grout injection can be continued for some time, so as to create at the base of the pipe a bulb of larger dimensions which improves interaction with the soil.
  • When drilling is over, the rod is disconnected from head 1, which is moved to another point, while the rod remains embedded in the grout which has filled the hole. The interior of the rod is also full of grout, acting as reinforcement for the pile thus constructed. As will clearly appear from the description supplied, this technique offers all the advantages of the jet-grouting technology for the production of micropiles, with a high-output process which allows fast, clean operation.
  • An expert in the field could devise various modifications and variations, all of which should be deemed to fall within the ambit of this invention.

Claims (8)

1) Method for the construction of micropiles in soil, whereby a hole is drilled and filled with grout and steel reinforcement is inserted into said hole, characterised in that said method includes simultaneous drilling and grout injection.
2) Method as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that drilling and grout injection are performed from the surface to the bottom of the hole.
3) Method as claimed in claim 2, characterised in that drilling is performed with a rod which acts as reinforcement for the micropile, while grout is injected at high pressure at the same time, along said rod 1, and exits from a nozzle in the bit fitted at the distal extremity of the rod.
4) Method for the construction of micropiles, characterised in that it includes the following stages:
soil drilling with a rod consisting of a drilling bar fitted at the tip with a bit equipped with nozzles, and simultaneous high-pressure injection of grout through said nozzles;
when the bar has fully penetrated into the soil, connection of a second bar by means of a sleeve coupling and continuance of drilling with simultaneous grout injection;
when the design depth has been reached, detachment of said rod, which is left in the ground to act as reinforcement for the pile thus constructed.
5) Equipment for the construction of micropiles with the method as claimed in claim 4, characterised in that it includes a drilling rod fitted at its tip with a bit equipped with one or more outwardly-directed nozzles, and means designed to direct grout at high pressure towards said nozzles, passing inside said rod.
6) Equipment as claimed in claim 5, characterised in that said rod consists of a plurality of self-drilling bars connected via sleeve couplings designed to withstand very high pressures.
7) Apparatus as claimed in claim 6, characterised in that said rod is fitted with a bit equipped with at least one pair of nozzles with different inclinations, for injection of grout.
8) Apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein said nozzles have an inclination of 30° and 60° respectively.
US11/450,274 2006-06-12 2006-06-12 Method and equipment for constructing micropiles in soil Abandoned US20070286687A1 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/450,274 US20070286687A1 (en) 2006-06-12 2006-06-12 Method and equipment for constructing micropiles in soil

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/450,274 US20070286687A1 (en) 2006-06-12 2006-06-12 Method and equipment for constructing micropiles in soil

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2940807A1 (en) * 2009-01-06 2010-07-09 Ancrest Sa DEVICE FOR ANCHORING IN A SOIL
WO2011073545A1 (en) * 2009-12-16 2011-06-23 Ancrest S.A. Device for anchoring in multilayer ground
EP1959057A3 (en) * 2007-02-14 2012-06-06 MELEGARI, Cesare Equipment and method for constructing micropiles in soil, in particular for the anchorage of active anchors
WO2012171056A1 (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-12-20 Shane Brown Resin injection apparatus for drilling apparatus for installing a ground anchor
KR101358127B1 (en) 2012-06-27 2014-02-07 삼성중공업 주식회사 Drill used for repairing wind turbine blade, and blade repairing system including the same
US20150225941A1 (en) * 2012-09-27 2015-08-13 Soletanche Freyssinet Method for producing a reinforced structure in the ground
JP2016044476A (en) * 2014-08-25 2016-04-04 日鐵住金建材株式会社 Joint structure of steel pipe for casting and connection method for the steel pipe for casting
JP2016135969A (en) * 2015-01-23 2016-07-28 株式会社フジタ Casing segment used in micro pile method and micro pile method
JP2018115553A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-07-26 株式会社フジタ Casing segment used for micro pile method
JP2019049187A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-03-28 日鐵住金建材株式会社 Joint structure of steel pipe for installation, and connection method of steel pipe for installation
CN111167975A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-05-19 张佳丽 Connecting device in steel bar splicing process

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3742717A (en) * 1971-06-30 1973-07-03 G Wey Process for ground consolidation and reinforcement of stressed anchorage piling increasing the load capacity
US3842608A (en) * 1972-11-28 1974-10-22 L Turzillo Method and means for installing load bearing piles in situ
US4946314A (en) * 1986-09-10 1990-08-07 G. D. Anker Gmbh Rock anchor
US5304016A (en) * 1992-11-10 1994-04-19 Kabushiki Kaisha Ask Kenkyusho Method for forming a pillar in an earthen foundation
US5560739A (en) * 1993-11-16 1996-10-01 Kabushiki Kaisha Ask Kenkyusho Method of forming a modified ground in an earthen foundation
US5575593A (en) * 1994-07-11 1996-11-19 Atlas Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for installing a helical pier with pressurized grouting
US5904447A (en) * 1997-07-02 1999-05-18 Integrated Stabilization Technologies Inc. Drive device used for soil stabilization
US5919005A (en) * 1997-07-02 1999-07-06 Integrated Stabilzation Technologies Inc. Ground anchor device for penetrating an underground rock formation
US5934836A (en) * 1997-07-02 1999-08-10 Integrated Stabilization Technologies, Inc. Ground anchor device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3742717A (en) * 1971-06-30 1973-07-03 G Wey Process for ground consolidation and reinforcement of stressed anchorage piling increasing the load capacity
US3842608A (en) * 1972-11-28 1974-10-22 L Turzillo Method and means for installing load bearing piles in situ
US4946314A (en) * 1986-09-10 1990-08-07 G. D. Anker Gmbh Rock anchor
US5304016A (en) * 1992-11-10 1994-04-19 Kabushiki Kaisha Ask Kenkyusho Method for forming a pillar in an earthen foundation
US5560739A (en) * 1993-11-16 1996-10-01 Kabushiki Kaisha Ask Kenkyusho Method of forming a modified ground in an earthen foundation
US5575593A (en) * 1994-07-11 1996-11-19 Atlas Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for installing a helical pier with pressurized grouting
US5904447A (en) * 1997-07-02 1999-05-18 Integrated Stabilization Technologies Inc. Drive device used for soil stabilization
US5919005A (en) * 1997-07-02 1999-07-06 Integrated Stabilzation Technologies Inc. Ground anchor device for penetrating an underground rock formation
US5934836A (en) * 1997-07-02 1999-08-10 Integrated Stabilization Technologies, Inc. Ground anchor device

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1959057A3 (en) * 2007-02-14 2012-06-06 MELEGARI, Cesare Equipment and method for constructing micropiles in soil, in particular for the anchorage of active anchors
US9869177B2 (en) 2009-01-06 2018-01-16 Societe Industrielle De Produits Mecaniques Ancr'est Device for anchoring in multilayer soil
WO2010079277A1 (en) * 2009-01-06 2010-07-15 Ancrest S.A. Device for anchoring in multilayer soil
FR2940807A1 (en) * 2009-01-06 2010-07-09 Ancrest Sa DEVICE FOR ANCHORING IN A SOIL
US9097112B2 (en) 2009-01-06 2015-08-04 Societe Industrielle De Produits Mecaniques Ancr'est Method for anchoring a device in multilayer soil
WO2011073545A1 (en) * 2009-12-16 2011-06-23 Ancrest S.A. Device for anchoring in multilayer ground
WO2012171056A1 (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-12-20 Shane Brown Resin injection apparatus for drilling apparatus for installing a ground anchor
CN103874829A (en) * 2011-06-14 2014-06-18 谢恩.布朗 Resin injection apparatus for drilling apparatus for installing a ground anchor
US9175561B2 (en) 2011-06-14 2015-11-03 Shane Brown Resin injection apparatus for drilling apparatus for installing a ground anchor
KR101358127B1 (en) 2012-06-27 2014-02-07 삼성중공업 주식회사 Drill used for repairing wind turbine blade, and blade repairing system including the same
US10106976B2 (en) * 2012-09-27 2018-10-23 Soletanche Freyssinet Method for producing a reinforced structure in the ground
US20150225941A1 (en) * 2012-09-27 2015-08-13 Soletanche Freyssinet Method for producing a reinforced structure in the ground
JP2016044476A (en) * 2014-08-25 2016-04-04 日鐵住金建材株式会社 Joint structure of steel pipe for casting and connection method for the steel pipe for casting
JP2016135969A (en) * 2015-01-23 2016-07-28 株式会社フジタ Casing segment used in micro pile method and micro pile method
JP2018115553A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-07-26 株式会社フジタ Casing segment used for micro pile method
JP2019049187A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-03-28 日鐵住金建材株式会社 Joint structure of steel pipe for installation, and connection method of steel pipe for installation
CN111167975A (en) * 2020-01-10 2020-05-19 张佳丽 Connecting device in steel bar splicing process

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