US20070283517A1 - Toothbrush head - Google Patents

Toothbrush head Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070283517A1
US20070283517A1 US11423058 US42305806A US2007283517A1 US 20070283517 A1 US20070283517 A1 US 20070283517A1 US 11423058 US11423058 US 11423058 US 42305806 A US42305806 A US 42305806A US 2007283517 A1 US2007283517 A1 US 2007283517A1
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US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
toothbrush
toothbrush head
angle
end
head
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11423058
Inventor
Stephen John Blanchard
Bethann O'Malley
Justin McDonough
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Johnson and Johnson Consumer Inc
Original Assignee
Johnson and Johnson Consumer Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B15/00Other brushes; Brushes with additional arrangements
    • A46B15/0002Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B15/00Other brushes; Brushes with additional arrangements
    • A46B15/0002Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process
    • A46B15/0004Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process with a controlling means
    • A46B15/0012Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process with a controlling means with a pressure controlling device
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B9/00Arrangements of the bristles in the brush body
    • A46B9/02Position or arrangement of bristles in relation to surface of the brush body, e.g. inclined, in rows, in groups
    • A46B9/025Position or arrangement of bristles in relation to surface of the brush body, e.g. inclined, in rows, in groups the bristles or the tufts being arranged in an angled position relative to each other
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B9/00Arrangements of the bristles in the brush body
    • A46B9/02Position or arrangement of bristles in relation to surface of the brush body, e.g. inclined, in rows, in groups
    • A46B9/026Position or arrangement of bristles in relation to surface of the brush body, e.g. inclined, in rows, in groups where the surface of the brush body or carrier is not in one plane, e.g. not flat
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B2200/00Brushes characterized by their functions, uses or applications
    • A46B2200/10For human or animal care
    • A46B2200/1066Toothbrush for cleaning the teeth or dentures

Abstract

The invention includes a toothbrush head having an end proximal a toothbrush handle, an end distal to the toothbrush handle, a dorsal surface for holding at least one toothbrush bristle, a ventral surface opposite the dorsal surface, first and second sides disposed between the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the toothbrush head, and a plurality of gum cushions disposed on each of the sides of the toothbrush head, where the height of the respective gum cushions tapers from the proximal end of the toothbrush head to the distal end of the toothbrush head.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This patent relates to a toothbrush head that is comfortable to use and that provides the user of the toothbrush with an indication of when the user may be brushing with excess pressure.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • A toothbrush sold under the Tradename Mentadent White & Clean has a handle that includes a base, an offset, a straight neck, and an angled toothbrush head. A toothbrush also is known which includes a base, a thumb grip portion, an offset, a neck and a head, where the offset and neck are angled with respect to the longitudinal axis of the base. However, such brushes do not indicate to the consumer when one may be using excessive force during brushing. There is a continuing need for a toothbrush handle that is more comfortable during use, that optionally provides improved access to back teeth, and that serves to indicate when one may wish to brush softer. The present invention provides such a benefit.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention includes a toothbrush head having an end proximal a toothbrush handle, an end distal to the toothbrush handle, a dorsal surface for holding at least one toothbrush bristle, a ventral surface opposite the dorsal surface, first and second sides disposed between the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the toothbrush head, and a plurality of gum cushions disposed on each of the sides of the toothbrush head, where the height of the respective gum cushions tapers from the proximal end of the toothbrush head to the distal end of the toothbrush head.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a toothbrush according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a side view of the toothbrush of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 3 is a plan view of the bottom side of the toothbrush of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 4 is a front view of the toothbrush of FIG. 1 taken along the longitudinal axis of the base portion of the toothbrush.
  • FIG. 5 is a rear view of the toothbrush of FIG. 1 taken along the longitudinal axis of the base portion of the toothbrush.
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-section through the base portion of the toothbrush at A-A.
  • FIG. 7 is an elevated side view of a toothbrush head according to the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE IVENTION
  • As is seen in FIGS. 1-6, where like numbers refer to like elements, in one embodiment, a toothbrush 20 of the present invention has a base portion 1, having a dorsal surface 15, a ventral surface 16 and longitudinal axis b bisecting base portion 1. Base portion 1 is ovoid and is sized to fit comfortably in the palm of a consumer's hand. As used herein, ovoid means a two-dimensional figure where the cross-section of the figure is generally rounded and includes ovoidal shapes having one or both of the top and bottom surfaces flattened of the figures flattened, as seen in FIG. 6. Base portion 1 tapers towards a brush head 6 of the present invention to form a waist 2. A grip portion 7 is adjacent waist 2 and terminates at a shoulder 3. An offset 4 is disposed between shoulder 3 and a neck 5, which is adjacent to toothbrush head 6. Toothbrush head 6 has a dorsal surface 13 that is continuous with dorsal surface 15 of the toothbrush. Grip portion 7 and waist 2 are concave with respect to dorsal suface 15 of the toothbrush. Offset 4 is designed to provide improved access to back teeth. The angle c′ of the longitudinal axis c bisecting offset 4, with respect to longitudinal axis b bisecting base portion 1, may range from about 10 to about 45 degrees, or about 20 to about 30 degrees, for example 24 degrees. The angle a′ of the longitudinal axis a bisecting toothbrush neck 5, with respect to the longitudinal axis b of base portion 1, may range from about 5 to about 15 degrees, or from about 10 to about 15 degrees, for example 12 degrees. Toothbrush head 6 is sized for maximum cleaning and comfort during use. Ventral surface 16 of base portion 1 and the point where offset 4 and neck 5 meet may be flatened to prevent the toothbrush from rolling when placed on a flat surface, e.g. a counter top. In addition, dorsal surface 15 of base portion 1 may be flattened to provide a more comfortable grip in the hand, provided that the general ovoidal configuration, as defined herein above, is maintained.
  • Toothbrush head 6 of the present invention comprises dorsal surface 13 for containing at least one bristle, a ventral surface 14 opposite dorsal surface 13, and first 17 and second 18 sides disposed between dorsal 13 and ventral 14 surfaces. Each of the first and second sides comprise an equal number of gum cushions 8 attached thereto. Gum cushions 8 located on either side may be of the same configuration and size, although embodiments where slight differences in configuration and size are included within the scope of the invention. The gum cushions may be made from any soft and flexible material, for example thermoset or thermoplastic elastomers, such as silicone, ethylene propylene diene monomer, styrene copolymers, or rubber. The gum cushions are designed to serve as an indicator of when a consumer is brushing with too much force, which may lead to discomfort or damage to the gums. In this case, the consumer feels the cushions contacting their gums and knows that they should brush with less force. The number of cushions will depend on the size of the toothbrush head. In a full size toothbrush head, for example one used by adults, the number of gum cushions on each side of the brush head may range from 2 to 5, for example 3. In a compact toothbrush head, for example one used by children or adults with smaller jaws, the number of gum cushions on each side may range from 1 to 3, for example 2. The gum cushions may be separate one from the other, or they may be molded in an integral configuration providing multilobal cushions on both sides of the brush head.
  • The gum cushions are sized to function as indicators of brushing pressure, or force. The height of the gum cusions should be less than the height of the bristles so that the cushion is not in contact with the gums while appropriate brushing pressure is being applied. Thus, the height of the cushions relative to the height of the bristles is such that contact with the gums by the cushions may be made at the appropriate pressure, thus indicating that the force being applied is sufficient, while still exposing the teeth to a sufficient bristle area to provide for cleaning of teeth. For instance, the height of the cushions from the dorsal surface of the brush head may range from about 3 to about 9 mm, for example 5, or 7, or 8 mm. In one embodiment as shown in FIG. 7, the toothbrush head contains 3 gum cushions on each side of the brush head that taper in height from the end 21 of the toothbrush head that is proximal to the base portion of the toothbrush to the end 22 of the toothbrush head that is distal to the base of the handle. In this embodiment, the height of the gum cushion 23 proximal to the base portion of the toothbrush handle may be about 8 mm, the height of the middle gum cushion 24 may be about 6.5 mm, and the height of the gum cushion 25 distal to the base portion may be about 5 mm. In order to enable better access to the back teeth, there is a gap 9 between gum cushion 25 and distal end 22 of the toothbrush head. The size of the gap may range from about 5 mm to about 9 mm, for example about 6.5 mm, or about 7.5 mm.
  • While the embodiments discussed above and exemplified in the figures utilize the toothbrush head containing gum cushions in combination with toothbrush handles comprising angled offset and neck portions, other embodiments of the invention may utilized the inventive toothbrush heads with toothbrush handles that do not include angled offset and/or neck portions.
  • The toothbrush may be made of plastics such as, but not limited to, cellulose acetate propionate, nylon, polyethylene, polypropylene, polycarbonate, and poly(ethylene terephthalate). The plastic is heated above its melting point and injected into a toothbrush cavity in a toothbrush mold.
  • The toothbrush may be finished by conventional techniques to add bristles to the head of the toothbrush. The bristles may be stapled into the head of the toothbrush or fused onto the head of the toothbrush. The handle of the toothbrush may be overmolded with materials such as thermoplastic or thermoset elastomers, such as silicone ethylene propylene diene monomer, styrene copolymers, or rubber. The overmolding process may be carried out in the original toothbrush mold. Alternatively, the toothbrush may be transferred to a separate mold for the overmolding process. The overmolding may be thicker in the thumb grip portion to provide increased comfort during use. Different elastomeric materials may be overmolded in different regions of the toothbrush handle to provide a different feel or different functions.
  • The toothbrush head contains toothbrush bristles for cleaning the teeth. The toothbrush bristles may be made from any conventional toothbrush bristle material such as nylon, polyamides, polyesters, polybutylene terephthalate, polypropylene, acetal resins, fluoropolymers, polyacrylates, and polysulfones. The toothbrush bristles may be structured, flocked or coated on their surface area. The toothbrush bristles may contain additives such as, but not limited to abrasives and polishing agents; anti-cavity agents such as sodium fluoride; antimicrobial agents, and combinations thereof. The toothbrush bristles may be angled. For example, as seen in FIG. 7, the toothbrush bristles that make up the heel tuft 10, may be at an angle of less than 90 degrees, for example from about 75 to about 85 degrees, or about 83 degrees, towards the base of the toothbrush handle and the toothbrush bristles that make up the toe tuft 11, may be at an angle of less than 90 degrees, for example from about 75 to about 85 degrees, or about 83 degrees, towards the distal end of the toothbrush head. The center portion of the toothbrush head may contain rows of toothbrush bristles in pairs of tufts 12 that are angled towards each other along the longitudinal direction of the toothbrush head. The angle of these toothbrush bristle tufts may also be about 83 degrees. The top of each tuft may be trimmed in the same direction as the tuft, optionally at the same angle as the angle of the tuft, forming angled peaks.
  • Several examples are set forth below to further illustrate the nature certain embodiments of the invention and the manner of carrying it out. However, the invention should not be considered as being limited to the details thereof.
  • EXAMPLES Example 1 Toothbrush Handle
  • The toothbrush handle shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 may be made from an injection molding machine from polypropylene. Ethylene propylene diene monomer was overmolded on the handle and the toothbrush head to form a thumb grip and gum cushions. Consumers found the toothbrush handle to be comfortable to use and liked the aesthetics of the toothbrush handle.
  • Example 2 Toothbrush Head
  • The toothbrush head of the toothbrush handle of Example 1 was filled with nylon toothbrush bristles in the pattern shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. The angle of the toe tuft and the heel tuft was 83 degrees. The angle of the pairs of bristle tufts in the longitudinal direction of the toothbrush head was 83 degrees. The ends of the toothbrush bristles were trimmed to form peaks. The outer toothbrush bristles were tapered bristles. Consumers liked the aesthetics of the toothbrush head.

Claims (9)

  1. 1. A toothbrush head, comprising:
    an end proximal a toothbrush handle,
    an end distal to the toothbrush handle,
    a dorsal surface for holding at least one toothbrush bristle,
    a ventral surface opposite the dorsal surface,
    first and second sides disposed between the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the toothbrush head, and
    a plurality of gum cushions disposed on each of the first and second sides of the toothbrush head, wherein the height of the respective gum cushions tapers from the proximal end of the toothbrush head to the distal end of the toothbrush head.
  2. 2. The toothbrush head according to claim 1, wherein the toothbrush head comprises 3 gum cushions on each of the first and second sides.
  3. 3. The toothbrush head according to claim 2, wherein the height of the gum cushion are about 8 mm, about 6.5 mm, and about 5 mm, respectively.
  4. 4. The toothbrush head according to claim 3, wherein the toothbrush head further comprises a toe tuft at an angle of less than 90 degrees towards the distal end of the toothbrush head.
  5. 5. The toothbrush head according to claim 4, further comprising a heel tuft at an angle of less than 90 degrees towards the proximal end of the toothbrush head.
  6. 6. The toothbrush head according to claim 1, further comprising pairs of toothbrush bristle tufts angled towards each other along the longitudinal direction of the toothbrush head at an angle of 83 degrees.
  7. 7. The toothbrush head according to claim 6, wherein the toothbrush bristles are trimmed at the same angle to form angled peaks.
  8. 8. The toothbrush head according to claim 3, wherein the toothbrush head further comprises a toe tuft at an angle of about 83 degrees towards the distal end of the toothbrush head.
  9. 9. The toothbrush head according to claim 8, further comprising a heel tuft at an angle of about 83 degrees towards the proximal end of the toothbrush head.
US11423058 2006-06-08 2006-06-08 Toothbrush head Abandoned US20070283517A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11423058 US20070283517A1 (en) 2006-06-08 2006-06-08 Toothbrush head

Applications Claiming Priority (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11423058 US20070283517A1 (en) 2006-06-08 2006-06-08 Toothbrush head
CA 2590814 CA2590814A1 (en) 2006-06-08 2007-06-01 Toothbrush head
AU2007202590A AU2007202590A1 (en) 2006-06-08 2007-06-06 Toothbrush head
JP2007151691A JP2008006281A (en) 2006-06-08 2007-06-07 Toothbrush handle
DE200760007846 DE602007007846D1 (en) 2006-06-08 2007-06-07 toothbrush handle
EP20070252287 EP1864590B1 (en) 2006-06-08 2007-06-07 Toothbrush with gum cushions on the sides of the head
BRPI0705486A BRPI0705486A (en) 2006-06-08 2007-06-08 toothbrush head
HK08104113A HK1113980A1 (en) 2006-06-08 2008-04-11 Toothbrush with gum cushions on the sides of the head

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20070283517A1 true true US20070283517A1 (en) 2007-12-13

Family

ID=38426524

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11423058 Abandoned US20070283517A1 (en) 2006-06-08 2006-06-08 Toothbrush head

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US20070283517A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1864590B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2008006281A (en)
CA (1) CA2590814A1 (en)
DE (1) DE602007007846D1 (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USD632484S1 (en) 2009-12-18 2011-02-15 Eduardo Jimenez Toothbrush handle with tissue cleaner
USD645252S1 (en) 2008-08-15 2011-09-20 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Toothbrush
USD654270S1 (en) 2009-12-18 2012-02-21 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush handle
USD654695S1 (en) 2009-12-18 2012-02-28 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
USD654696S1 (en) 2009-12-18 2012-02-28 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush handle with tissue cleaner
USD675830S1 (en) 2009-12-18 2013-02-12 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
USD680747S1 (en) 2008-09-30 2013-04-30 Dr. Fresh, Llc Toothbrush feature
US20140230256A1 (en) * 2013-02-20 2014-08-21 The Gillette Company Hand held device
US8863345B2 (en) 2009-12-18 2014-10-21 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement having a closed-loop arrangement of cleaning elements
US20150289638A1 (en) * 2014-04-11 2015-10-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Head for an oral care implement
USD775470S1 (en) * 2014-06-11 2017-01-03 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
USD780457S1 (en) 2014-12-23 2017-03-07 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
USD791486S1 (en) * 2011-05-02 2017-07-11 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US10021959B2 (en) 2014-12-23 2018-07-17 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement having multi-component handle

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EP3148370A4 (en) * 2014-06-19 2018-02-14 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement

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DE602007007846D1 (en) 2010-09-02 grant
CA2590814A1 (en) 2007-12-08 application
EP1864590B1 (en) 2010-07-21 grant
EP1864590A1 (en) 2007-12-12 application

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