US20070269146A1 - Flexible Packaging and Method of Manufacture - Google Patents

Flexible Packaging and Method of Manufacture Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070269146A1
US20070269146A1 US10/568,309 US56830904A US2007269146A1 US 20070269146 A1 US20070269146 A1 US 20070269146A1 US 56830904 A US56830904 A US 56830904A US 2007269146 A1 US2007269146 A1 US 2007269146A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
strips
tear
container
mm
pair
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
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US10/568,309
Inventor
Bernard Jeannin
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Nestec SA
Original Assignee
Nestec SA
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP03018560.7 priority Critical
Priority to EP03018560A priority patent/EP1508530A1/en
Application filed by Nestec SA filed Critical Nestec SA
Priority to PCT/EP2004/009251 priority patent/WO2005016781A1/en
Assigned to NESTEC S.A. reassignment NESTEC S.A. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: JEANNIN, BERNARD
Publication of US20070269146A1 publication Critical patent/US20070269146A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D75/00Packages comprising articles or materials partially or wholly enclosed in strips, sheets, blanks, tubes, or webs of flexible sheet material, e.g. in folded wrappers
    • B65D75/52Details
    • B65D75/58Opening or contents-removing devices added or incorporated during package manufacture
    • B65D75/5805Opening or contents-removing devices added or incorporated during package manufacture for tearing a side strip parallel and next to the edge, e.g. by means of a line of weakness
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B2155/00Flexible containers made from webs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B2170/00Construction of flexible containers
    • B31B2170/20Construction of flexible containers having multi-layered walls, e.g. laminated or lined
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B70/00Making flexible containers, e.g. envelopes or bags
    • B31B70/74Auxiliary operations
    • B31B70/81Forming or attaching accessories, e.g. opening devices, closures or tear strings

Abstract

A wall material for a construction of a flexible container that is designed to be openable by tearing is formed by providing a flexible film for forming a wall of the container, providing a tear barrier element having greater tear resistance than the wall film, locating the element on or within the film to define a tear path thereon, and fixing the element to the film. The film is then arranged to form a flexible-walled container having opposed back and front walls, so that the tear path is spaced from at least a part of the top edge thereof and facilitates opening of the container by restricting tearing to the path defined between the strips. The tear barrier strips may be located to be fixed on the film by means of suitable adhesive or may be embedded between laminate layers of the wall material.

Description

    FIELD OF INVENTION
  • This invention relates to flexible packaging units intended to be opened by tearing and to means for controlling the opening by tearing. The invention provides a method of constructing a flexible packaging unit to facilitate controllable opening thereof by tearing. Further, the invention provides a flexible packaging unit incorporating tear control means for facilitating its controllable opening.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Being able to control the opening of a flexible container such as a plastic bag or pouch is important to consumers, especially where the contents are likely to mess if spilt. Means for controlling the direction of tearing of a tearable packaging unit have been previously proposed. In U.S. Pat. No. 5,186,543 there is disclosed an easy-open flexible container having guide strips respectively located on either opposed side wall and a tear strip located at the apex of the container. Extending from the tear strip to each guide strip is an opposing tear area defined on each wall. Tearing is limited to these areas when the consumer takes hold of and pulls the tear strip from one side to the other. A drawback of this invention is that a special tear strip has to be provided and incorporated into the construction.
  • European patent EP 0471220 discloses a pouch having a thin-walled part for easy tearing, the thin wall part incorporating strings in the plastic film that makes up the wall; the strings being pullable to open the pouch. A drawback of this invention too is the requirement of providing special elements, in this case the strings, adding complexity to the manufacture thereof.
  • EP 0325993 describes a bag having a tear strip that is defined by parallel perforated lines. The perforations are backed by a sealing strip to maintain the hermetic integrity of the bag's interior. Again, this invention has the drawback of increasing complexity of manufacture.
  • EP 0423456 discloses a bag having zipper means rendering it reclosable and a tear strip for facilitating the initial opening. The tear strip can be located internally and externally at the apex of the bag. Protection against unwanted propagation of the tear towards the zipper elements is achieved by providing the zipper elements each with an extended base portion to reinforce the film of the walls and to keep the tear from reaching down to them. This invention adds further to the material requirements for manufacture.
  • There is a need for a bag or other flexible container construction of simple, yet having means of preventing propagation of an initial tear in an undesired direction or area.
  • An advantage of the present invention is to provide a container having a bounded tear area in which tearing is confined in a construction that avoids having a tear strip. By setting limits to the area available for tearing and defining such area entirely within a wall of the container, the problem of the tear propagating off the top edge of the container, leaving the mouth not completely opened, is avoided.
  • An advantage of the present invention is to provide barrier means for preventing the tear from propagating to the top edge of the container.
  • SUMMARY OF INVENTION
  • According to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided a flexible container comprising opposed front and back walls sealed together proximate to their edges to define an internal space, a pair of tear-limiting strips applied to a surface of each wall or located within each wall so that the strips on or within opposed walls coincide substantially, defining corresponding tear paths.
  • To be tear-limiting, the strips have substantially greater tear resistance than the walls.
  • In a preferred form of the invention, the strips of each pair are spaced from about 0.1 mm to about 6 mm apart, preferably about 1 mm-2 mm and further preferably from about 1.2 mm to 1.8 mm.
  • In a further preferred form of the invention, the strips of each pair are located to be substantially parallel to each other.
  • In an embodiment, the strips comprise sealable strips.
  • In an embodiment, the strips are self-adhesive.
  • In a still further preferred form of the invention, the strips are about 1 mm to about 5 mm in breadth, preferably from about 1.5 mm-2.5 mm,
  • Further according to the invention, the strips may all be located on the outer surface of the walls. Alternatively, the strips are all located on the inner surface of the walls. In an embodiment, one pair of strips is located on an inner wall surface and the other on an outer wall surface. In another embodiment, one strip in each pair is located on an inner surface and the other strip is located on an outer surface of each wall. In the event the wall is comprised of a laminate material, a strip may be located to be on a surface between laminate materials making up the wall material.
  • In preferred embodiments, the thickness of the strips is in the range from about 12-100 microns, preferably about 20-50 microns.
  • Further according to the invention, the strips are made of polypropylene (PP). Alternatively, the strips may be made of polyethylene (PET).
  • According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided a flexible-walled container having opposed back and front walls, each wall having a respective top edge, the walls being sealed together proximate to the respective top edges defining an internal space between them, and tear barrier means provided on or within each wall, defining a tear path located to be spaced from at least apart of the top edge thereof
  • In a preferred form of the invention, the tear paths are defined by paired spaced barrier strips resistant to tearing.
  • According to a third aspect of the invention, a method of manufacturing a flexible walled container comprises the steps of providing first and second films, providing tear barrier material in strip form, applying the tear barrier material in paired strips to each film so as to define a substantially coinciding tear path on each and arranging the films in opposition to form a container comprising substantially coinciding tear paths on each wall.
  • The invention further provides a method of manufacturing a sealable bag, the method comprising the steps of providing a flexible film and forming it into a container defining an internal space bounded by respective front and back walls, and applying a tear barrier strip to the walls to define a bounded tear path on each of the front and back walls.
  • In all embodiments of the invention, the tear barrier is of substantially greater tear resistance than the flexible film to which it is applied.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 presents in A a side view of an embodiment of a flexible container of the invention and in B a cross section of the container along line A-A′.
  • FIG. 2 is a side view of an alternative embodiment of the invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a side view of a further alternative embodiment of the invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic illustration of a process of manufacture of a container according to the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS
  • The invention provides for the definition of substantially coinciding tear paths on opposing walls of a flexible packaging unit made of a tearable film, for example a film of plastics material or a laminate. The tear path is designed to facilitate the opening of the container in a controllable manner by a consumer desirous of accessing the contents. By limiting the propagation of the opening tear to a defined path, a cleaner open may be obtained and the likelihood of spillage, waste and messing reduced. The packaging unit may be a pouch container or a bag or the like.
  • The tear paths are defined by applying tear limiting elements in the form of barrier strips in pairs to the surfaces of the container walls or to sheets in laminated material making up the walls. Preferably the strips are substantially parallel to each other. The barrier strips may be applied to the inner or outer surfaces of the container and in any combination. In a preferred embodiment, the strips are all applied to the outer surfaces at corresponding positions. However, they may also be applied to the opposing inner surfaces. Alternatively, one pair may be applied to an inner surface and the other to the outer surface of the opposing wall. In an embodiment, one strip in a pair may be applied to an outer surface while its partner may be applied to the inner surface of the same wall. Where the wall is constructed of a laminate material, one of more of the strips may be located between adjacent layers in the laminate.
  • The strips are preferably spaced apart from about 0.1 mm to about 6 mm and further preferably from about 1 mm to about 2 mm. In a particularly preferred embodiment, the strips are spaced apart by about 1.3 mm to about 1.8 mm.
  • By narrowing the spacing between the strips in each pair and by making the positioning of the pairs coincide on the opposing walls, a near perfect tear line is achievable with the tear paths on the opposing walls almost exactly superposed.
  • The strips are comprised of tear tape that is sealable or preferably self adhesive. Each strip desirably may have a width in the range from about 1 mm to 5 mm, preferably from about 1.5 mm to about 2.5 mm. Desirably the strips have a thickness in the range from about 12 microns to 100 microns, preferably from about 20 to about 50 microns. Factors such as strip thickness, strip width and grade of strip tape material will determine the strip tear resistance in comparison with the tear resistance of the film from which the container is fashioned.
  • In the case where the containers are to be retorted or subjected to a form of heat treatment, the strips are preferably made of polyester or polyethylene (PET). Where the containers are intended to house a dry product and not be subjected to a retort stage, they may conveniently be made from polyproylene (PP) tape. Polyester tape may however also be used, as may other suitable tape materials known in the art.
  • The pouches may conveniently be of the doypack type or be 3- or 4-sidedly sealed pouches. However, other pouch configurations may be employed. The pouch material may be PP, PET and laminates comprising two or more of PP, metallised foil, e.g. aluminium foil (Alu), poly-acrylamide (PA), PET, fibre sheeting, such as paper, and PE. Preferably it will be a 3-layer laminate of PET/Alu/PP for retorted product applications, and PET/PP or PP/PE for dry product applications. Further layers may be added, depending on the product application and processing and the degree of tear resistance required in comparison with the tear-limiting strips to be applied.
  • To facilitate the initiation of a tear, a notch may be formed at an edge of the container wall. Alternatively, a hole may be punched at a suitable location where the opposed walls are sealed together. The notch or hole is sealed around its edges to maintain the airtight integrity of the container. The tear limiting tape strip may be applied to each side of the notches or punched holes.
  • The flexible container 10 illustrated in FIG. 1 has opposing walls 12, 14 sealed together at region 16, proximate to top edges 18, 20. Below region 16 and spaced from top edges 18, 20 is barrier strip 22, 24 applied externally to the wall 12, 14. Spaced from barrier strip 22, 24 is a second barrier strip 26, 28. Between the upper and lower barrier strips is defined thus a tear area 30, 32. A notch 34 is provided to facilitate initiation of a tear in the tear area. When a tear 36 is initiated in tear area 30, 32, it is forced to propagate in that tear area defined by the barrier strips, and not stray beyond. The direction and extent of tearing is thus controllable.
  • FIG. 2 illustrates in cross section an embodiment of laminated wall sections to which barrier strips are applied, according to the invention. Like numerals are applied to denote like features appearing in FIG. 1. In this embodiment, tear barrier strips 22, 24, 26 and 28 are located internally in walls 12 and 14, being placed between adjacent layers of aluminium foil 38 and polypropylene 40. An external layer 42 of polyethylene PET is applied over the aluminium foil 38. The layers are sealed together at heat seal 44.
  • FIG. 3 illustrates a further exemplary embodiment, in which the barrier strips 22, 24, 26 and 28 are placed externally to the container, being applied as self adhesive tape to the outer polyethylene surfaces of layers 42.
  • A wall material for a tearable flexible container of the invention may be manufactured by providing a flexible film for forming a wall of the container, such as a laminate of alufoil and polyethylene, providing a tear barrier element having substantially greater tear resistance than the wall film, for example a polypropylene tape, locating the element on the film to define a tear path thereon, and fixing the element to the film. The barrier element in strip form may be adhered to the film through use of an adhesive, or may be thermally bonded to it.
  • FIG. 4 illustrates a method of manufacturing a laminated flexible sheet material foil for use in forming the bag of FIG. 1. In the illustrated exemplary embodiment, the walls 12, 14 are constructed of a laminated sheet comprising a foil 42 on a polyethylene film 44. The tear barrier comprises polyethylene strips 22, 26 applied to the foil 42. The foil is preferably metallised and may for example be an aluminium foil (“alufoil”).
  • In a preferred embodiment, as the laminated sheet 40 is moved by means of a conveyor system, the barrier strips are of polyester and optionally covered by a layer 46 of polypropylene extruded over them. In FIG. 2, the polypropylene layer 46 is applied by means of an extrusion hopper 48. Irregularities 50 in layer 46 are smoothed out by passing the layer under a correcting roll 52. The adhesive on the strip is a self-adhesive material delivered in reel. No high temperature treatment is needed for the application which is done by simple contact by unwinding a tape while unwinding the film. The strip and its applicator are obtainable from the company PP Payne of Nottingham, England.
  • An advantage of the invention is that it provides a highly reliable guided tear in both opposing walls of the container, along a bounded path leading from one edge to another, be it from a side edge to the opposite side edge or from the top edge to a side edge or from a side edge to a defined part of the top edge.
  • A further advantage is that the package and the guide strips defining the tear path are all retortable.

Claims (22)

1. A flexible container comprising opposed front and back walls sealed together proximate to their edges to define an internal space, a pair of tear-limiting strips applied to each wall so that the strips coincide substantially on the opposed walls, defining corresponding tear paths along each surface, wherein the strips of each pair are spaced from about 1 mm to 2 mm apart, and wherein the strips are about 1 mm to about 5 mm in width.
2. The container of claim 1 wherein the strips of each pair are spaced from about 1.2 mm to 1.8 mm apart.
3. The container of claim 1 wherein the strips of each pair are substantially parallel to each other.
4. The container of claim 1 wherein the strips comprise sealable strips.
5. The container of claim 1 wherein the strips are self-adhesive.
6. The container of claim 1 wherein the strips are about 1.5 to 2.5 mm in width.
7. The container of claim 1 wherein the walls comprise a laminate material.
8. The container of claim 1 wherein the strips are all located on an outer surface of the walls.
9. The container of claim 1 wherein the strips are all located on an inner surface of the walls.
10. The container of claim 1 wherein one pair of strips is located on an internal wall surface and another pair on an external wall surface.
11. The container of claim 7 having a pair of strips located within the laminate material.
12. A flexible container according to claim 1, wherein the opposed back and front walls, each have a respective top edge, the walls being sealed together proximate to the respective top edges defining an internal space between them, wherein the pair of tear-limiting strips defines a tear path located to be spaced from at least a part of the top edge thereof.
13. The conainer of claim 12, comprising tear barrier means manufactured from a material more tear-resistant than the material of the walls.
14. The container of claim 1 wherein the tear path extends from one end to the other across the back and front walls.
15. The container of claim 12 wherein the tear path extends from an end of a wall to the top edge.
16. The container of claim 12 wherein the pair of tear limiting strips is located between adjacent layers in a laminate wall.
17. A method of forming a wall material for a tearable flexible container comprising the steps of:
providing a flexible film for forming a wall of the container,
providing a tear barrier element having a substantially greater tear resistance than the wall film,
locating the element on the film to define a tear path thereon, and fixing the element to the film, and
the tear barrier element comprises a pair of tear-limiting strips which are about 1 mm to about 5 mm in width and the strips of each pair are spaced from about 1 mm to 2 mm apart.
18. A method manufacturing a sealable bag comprising the steps of providing a flexible film and forming it into a container defining an internal space bounded by respective front and back walls, and applying a pair of tear barrier strips to the walls to define a bounded tear path on each of the front and back walls, wherein the strips are located to be spaced from about 1 mm to about 2 mm apart and wherein the strips are about 1 mm to about 5 mm in breadth.
19. A method according to claim 18 comprising applying a pair of strips located to be substantially parallel to each other, the strips having substantially greater tear resistance than the flexible film.
20. A method of manufacturing a flexible walled container comprising the steps of providing first and second films, providing tear barrier material in strip form, applying the tear barrier material in paired strips to each film so as to define a substantially coinciding tear path on each and arranging the films in opposition to form a container comprising substantially coinciding tear paths on each wall, applying the paired strips so as to be spaced from about 1 mm to about 2 mm apart, the strips being about 1 mm to about 5 mm in width.
21. A method according to claim 20 wherein the films comprise a laminate of aluminum foil and polyethylene.
22. A method according to claim 20 wherein the strips comprise a tape selected from the group consisting of polyester, polyethylene and polypropylene.
US10/568,309 2003-08-18 2004-08-17 Flexible Packaging and Method of Manufacture Abandoned US20070269146A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP03018560.7 2003-08-18
EP03018560A EP1508530A1 (en) 2003-08-18 2003-08-18 Flexible packaging and method of manufacture
PCT/EP2004/009251 WO2005016781A1 (en) 2003-08-18 2004-08-17 Flexible packaging and method of manufacture

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US20070269146A1 true US20070269146A1 (en) 2007-11-22

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US10/568,309 Abandoned US20070269146A1 (en) 2003-08-18 2004-08-17 Flexible Packaging and Method of Manufacture

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US (1) US20070269146A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1508530A1 (en)
JP (2) JP2007502753A (en)
CN (1) CN1835871A (en)
AR (1) AR046007A1 (en)
AU (1) AU2004264388B2 (en)
BR (1) BRPI0413605A (en)
CA (1) CA2534881C (en)
MX (1) MXPA06001779A (en)
RU (1) RU2330797C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2005016781A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA200602256B (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090129708A1 (en) * 2005-09-13 2009-05-21 Juichi Kasai Plastic zipper having preventing function against unfairly unsealing, and the manufacturing method and manufacturing appartus thereof
WO2009103296A1 (en) 2008-02-22 2009-08-27 Beanstalk Aps Easy to open package
DE212009000003U1 (en) 2008-02-22 2009-11-26 Beanstalk Aps The easy open package
US20150250478A1 (en) * 2012-10-21 2015-09-10 Ionmed Ltd. Films, kits and methods for enhancing tissue treatment by plasma welding
US9846108B2 (en) 2010-02-16 2017-12-19 Nextteq Llc Containers for fluids with composite agile walls
WO2017218571A1 (en) * 2016-06-14 2017-12-21 Polytex Fibers Corporation Woven plastic bags with features that reduce leakage, breakage and infestations

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1508530A1 (en) * 2003-08-18 2005-02-23 Nestec S.A. Flexible packaging and method of manufacture
US7891875B1 (en) * 2005-09-23 2011-02-22 Leonard Feldman Tear-resistive container for dispensing materials
EP2028127A1 (en) * 2007-08-23 2009-02-25 Alcan Technology & Management Ltd. Bag packaging with opening aid
CA2802834C (en) * 2009-07-07 2016-11-22 Ron Linnewiel An adhesive clamp for closing a bag
EP3157829A1 (en) * 2014-06-19 2017-04-26 Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A. Closure device, method of manufacturing a closure device and a packaging container having such closure device
CN106115078B (en) * 2016-08-09 2018-10-09 海宁市粤海彩印有限公司 The easily tearable flexible packaging and manufacturing method thereof

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US3323707A (en) * 1966-02-15 1967-06-06 Leonard H King Tear-open package
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US20060113361A1 (en) * 2004-12-01 2006-06-01 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Packaged article with improved wrapper

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US3323707A (en) * 1966-02-15 1967-06-06 Leonard H King Tear-open package
US3616990A (en) * 1969-05-01 1971-11-02 Joseph J Powell Easy-tear arrangement for stretchable plastic film
GB1518392A (en) * 1975-03-08 1978-07-19 Mitsubishi Petrochemical Co Package
US4337284A (en) * 1979-02-14 1982-06-29 Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Film tear-tape and packaging film having tear-tape adherent thereto
US6228458B1 (en) * 1995-09-28 2001-05-08 P. P. Payne Limited Package with tear tape and method of forming same
US20060113361A1 (en) * 2004-12-01 2006-06-01 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Packaged article with improved wrapper

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090129708A1 (en) * 2005-09-13 2009-05-21 Juichi Kasai Plastic zipper having preventing function against unfairly unsealing, and the manufacturing method and manufacturing appartus thereof
WO2009103296A1 (en) 2008-02-22 2009-08-27 Beanstalk Aps Easy to open package
DE212009000003U1 (en) 2008-02-22 2009-11-26 Beanstalk Aps The easy open package
US20110011864A1 (en) * 2008-02-22 2011-01-20 Torkild Hofman Easy to open package
EA020919B1 (en) * 2008-02-22 2015-02-27 БИНСТАЛК АпС Easy to open package
US9846108B2 (en) 2010-02-16 2017-12-19 Nextteq Llc Containers for fluids with composite agile walls
US20150250478A1 (en) * 2012-10-21 2015-09-10 Ionmed Ltd. Films, kits and methods for enhancing tissue treatment by plasma welding
WO2017218571A1 (en) * 2016-06-14 2017-12-21 Polytex Fibers Corporation Woven plastic bags with features that reduce leakage, breakage and infestations

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AU2004264388A1 (en) 2005-02-24
JP2007502753A (en) 2007-02-15
AU2004264388B2 (en) 2010-08-26
BRPI0413605A (en) 2006-10-17
AR046007A1 (en) 2005-11-23
CA2534881A1 (en) 2005-02-24
CN1835871A (en) 2006-09-20
RU2006108545A (en) 2006-08-10
CA2534881C (en) 2013-07-23
JP2011042408A (en) 2011-03-03
EP1508530A1 (en) 2005-02-23
ZA200602256B (en) 2007-06-27
WO2005016781A1 (en) 2005-02-24
MXPA06001779A (en) 2006-12-14
RU2330797C2 (en) 2008-08-10

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