US20070248141A1 - Infrared thermometer and probe cover thereof - Google Patents

Infrared thermometer and probe cover thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070248141A1
US20070248141A1 US11/379,743 US37974306A US2007248141A1 US 20070248141 A1 US20070248141 A1 US 20070248141A1 US 37974306 A US37974306 A US 37974306A US 2007248141 A1 US2007248141 A1 US 2007248141A1
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probe
temperature
set forth
infrared
electronic thermometer
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US11/379,743
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Jeffrey Price
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Covidien AG
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Covidien AG
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Publication of US20070248141A1 publication Critical patent/US20070248141A1/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J5/00Radiation pyrometry
    • G01J5/02Details
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J5/00Radiation pyrometry
    • G01J5/0022Radiation pyrometry for sensing the radiation of moving bodies
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J5/00Radiation pyrometry
    • G01J5/0022Radiation pyrometry for sensing the radiation of moving bodies
    • G01J5/0025Living bodies
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J5/00Radiation pyrometry
    • G01J5/02Details
    • G01J5/021Probe covers for thermometers, e.g. tympanic thermometers; Containers for probe covers; Disposable probes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J5/00Radiation pyrometry
    • G01J5/02Details
    • G01J5/0265Handheld, portable
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J5/00Radiation pyrometry
    • G01J5/02Details
    • G01J5/08Optical features
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J5/00Radiation pyrometry
    • G01J5/02Details
    • G01J5/08Optical features
    • G01J5/0887Integrating cavities mimicking black bodies, wherein the heat propagation between the black body and the measuring element does not occur within a solid; Use of bodies placed inside the fluid stream for measurement of the temperature of gases; Use of the reemission from a surface, e.g. reflective surface; Emissivity enhancement by multiple reflections
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J5/00Radiation pyrometry
    • G01J5/02Details
    • G01J5/06Arrangements for eliminating effects of disturbing radiation
    • G01J2005/067Compensating for environment parameters
    • G01J2005/068Ambient temperature sensor; Housing temperature sensor

Abstract

An electronic thermometer having an infrared sensor is of a type suitable for taking temperature in the mouth of a patient. The thermometer may view body tissue directly or may have a tip that rapidly heats to equilibrium with the body tissue temperature. The tip is viewed by the infrared sensor. A probe cover having a metallized tip for indirectly measuring temperature is also disclosed.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention generally relates to a thermometer and more specifically to an infrared thermometer that is suitable for oral body temperature measurement.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Electronic thermometers are widely used in the healthcare field for measuring a patient's body temperature. Typical electronic thermometers have the form of a probe with an elongated shaft. Electronic temperature sensors such as thermistors or other temperature sensitive elements are contained within the shaft portion. In one version, the probe includes a cup-shaped aluminum tip at its distal end. A thermistor is placed in thermal contact with the aluminum tip inside the probe. When a distal end portion is placed, for example, in a patient's mouth, the tip is heated up by the patient's body and the thermistor measures the temperature of the tip. Additional electronics connected to the electronic sensor components may be contained within a base unit connected by wire to the shaft portion or may be contained within a handle of the shaft portion, for example. Electronic components receive input from the sensor components to compute the patient's temperature. The temperature is then typically displayed on a visual output device such as a seven segment numerical display device. Additional features of known electronic thermometers include audible temperature level notification such as a beep or tone alert signal. A disposable cover or sheath is typically fitted over the shaft portion and disposed after each use of the thermometer for sanitary reasons.
  • Electronic thermometers have many advantages over conventional thermometers and have essentially replaced the use of conventional glass thermometers in the healthcare field. One advantage of electronic thermometers over their conventional glass counterparts is the speed at which a temperature reading can be taken. Several procedures are used to promote a rapid measurement of the subject's temperature. One technique employed is to use predictive algorithms as part of thermometer logic to extrapolate the temperature measurements from the thermistor in contact with the tip to arrive at a temperature reading in advance of the tip reaching equilibrium with the body temperature. Another technique that can be employed simultaneously with a predictive algorithm is to heat the probe to near the body temperature so that part of the probe away from the tip does not act as a heat sink, allowing the tip to reach a temperature close to the body temperature more rapidly. Heating can be accomplished by a thermistor placed in contact with the probe. Another thermistor may be placed in contact with the probe to measure the amount the resistor is heating the probe, which is used to control the heating. It is also known to use an isolator to reduce heat loss from the tip to other parts of the probe.
  • It would be desirable to improve further upon the conventional electronic thermometer. In particular, the electronic thermometer is challenging to assemble because of the various small components that must be placed in the probe. Moreover, although the electronic thermometer quickly provides a body temperature measurement, particularly as compared to conventional glass thermometers, additional speed would be desirable. Moreover in order to obtain the temperature quickly, the probe is heated, which causes a power drain on the batteries. Still further, rapid temperature measurement also relies upon the use of predictive algorithms that add to the complexity of the thermometer.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In one aspect of the present invention, an infrared electronic thermometer for measuring temperature of an object generally comprises a display adapted to show the temperature measured by the thermometer and an elongate probe shaft having an interior. An infrared sensor mounted on the shaft and located on the interior of the probe shaft is operatively connected to the display for electronic communication between the display and the probe. The infrared sensor is capable of sending a signal indicative of the measured temperature. A probe tip mounted on the probe shaft generally at a distal end thereof is adapted to rapidly equilibrate to a temperature corresponding to the temperature of the object in thermal contact with the probe tip. The infrared sensor is disposed for measuring infrared radiation from the probe tip.
  • In another aspect of the present invention, a non-tympanic electronic thermometer for measuring temperature of an object generally comprises a display adapted to show the temperature measured by the thermometer. A probe includes an elongate probe shaft having an interior and a probe tip at a distal end of the shaft. The probe shaft has a ratio of length to diameter of at least about 3. An infrared radiation sensor is adapted to receive infrared radiation and to provide a signal indicative of the temperature of the object. The temperature sensor being in operative electronic communication with the display for sending the temperature indicative signal to the display.
  • In yet another aspect of the present invention, a method of indirect measurement of temperature of an object generally comprises placing a probe of an electronic thermometer including a probe tip in contact with the object. Heat transfer from the object to the probe tip to rapidly heat up the probe tip to an equilibrium temperature is allowed and infrared radiation from the tip is sensed with a sensor sealed in a probe shaft of the probe. A signal corresponding to the temperature of the probe tip detected by the sensor is generated. The signal is communicated the sensor to a display of the electronic thermometer. The detected temperature is shown on the display.
  • In still another aspect of the present invention, a probe cover for an infrared electronic thermometer generally comprises a generally tubular body having an open end and a closed end. The body is sized and shaped to receive a probe of the infrared electronic thermometer into the body through the open end. The body includes a blackbody portion at said closed end of the body. The blackbody portion is formed of a material that rapidly equilibrates to a temperature corresponding to the temperature of an object for viewing by a sensor of the electronic thermometer to measure the temperature of the object.
  • Other objects and features will be in part apparent and in part pointed out hereinafter.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective of an infrared electronic thermometer;
  • FIG. 1A is a diagrammatic representation of the thermometer;
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective of a probe of the thermometer;
  • FIG. 2A is a schematic perspective showing the probe as received in a patient's mouth;
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic, fragmentary elevation of internal components of the probe showing a configuration of a first embodiment;
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic, fragmentary elevation of a probe of a second embodiment;
  • FIG. 5 is a perspective of a probe cover;
  • FIG. 6 is an enlarged, fragmentary elevation similar to FIG. 4 but showing the probe cover on the probe;
  • FIG. 7 is an enlarged, fragmentary elevation similar to FIG. 4 but showing a probe and probe cover of a third embodiment, and
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic, fragmentary elevation of internal components of the probe showing a configuration of a fourth embodiment.
  • Corresponding reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the drawings.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • Referring now to the drawings, and in particular to FIGS. 1 and 2, an electronic thermometer constructed according to the principles of the present invention is indicated generally at 1. The electronic thermometer comprises a temperature calculating unit, indicated generally at 3, that is sized and shaped to be held comfortably in the hand H. The calculating unit 3 (broadly, “a base unit”) is connected by a helical cord 5 to a probe 7 (the reference numerals indicating their subjects generally). It will be appreciated that calculation electronics could be incorporated into the probe so that a separate base unit and connection cord could be omitted. The probe 7 is constructed for contacting the subject (e.g., a patient) and sending signals to the calculating unit 3 representative of the temperature. The calculating unit 3 receives the signals from the probe 7 and uses them to calculate the temperature. Suitable circuitry, such as a programmable microcontroller 8, for performing these calculations is contained within a housing 9 of the calculating unit 3. The circuitry makes the calculated temperature appear on a LCD display 11 on the front of the housing 9. The microcontroller 8 in the calculating unit 3 can be calibrated to convert the temperature signal from the probe 7 to the temperature of the object being measured. In the illustrated embodiment, a direct temperature measurement is made. However, it will be understood that the microcontroller 8 could include predictive software to provide a temperature reading for exhibition on the display 11 prior to the temperature signal output from the probe 7 to the microcontroller becoming steady state. Other information desirably can appear on the display 11, as will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art. A panel 11A of buttons for operating the thermometer 1 is located just above the display 11.
  • The housing 9 includes a compartment (not shown) generally at the rear of the housing that can receive a distal portion of the probe 7 into the housing for holding the probe and isolating the distal portion from the environment when not in use. FIG. 1 illustrates the probe 7 being pulled by the other hand H1 from the compartment in preparation for use. The housing 9 also has a receptacle 13 that receives a suitable container such as a carton C of probe covers 12 (see, FIG. 2). In use, the top of the carton C is removed, exposing open ends of the probe covers. The distal portion of the probe 7 can be inserted into the open end of the carton C and one of the probe covers 12 can be releasably secured in an annular recess 14. Pushers 15 are located at the junction of a handle 17 of the probe 7 with a probe shaft 19. The probe shaft is protected from contamination by the cover 12 when the distal portion of the probe shaft 19 is inserted, for example, into a patient's mouth (FIG. 2A). In order to be used for insertion into the mouth or other larger cavity (e.g., the rectum), the probe shaft 19 is relatively long and thin. For example in one embodiment, the ratio of the length of the probe shaft to its diameter is at least about three, in another embodiment, the ratio is at least about six, in a yet another embodiment, the ratio is at least about twelve, and in still another embodiment the ratio is about eighteen. The length of the probe shaft is measured from where it exits the probe handle 17 above the recess 14 to its distal end from which the metal tip 29 projects. The diameter of the probe shaft 19 is generally constant along its length, but an average or median diameter might be used to calculate the ratio of length to diameter of a non-constant diameter probe shaft. A button 21 on the probe handle 17 can be depressed to cause the pushers 15 to move forward for releasing the probe cover 12 from the probe shaft 19. Subsequent to use, the probe cover 12 is discarded. Other ways of capturing and releasing probe covers may be used without departing from the scope of the present invention.
  • One aspect of the present invention is directed to a temperature sensing arrangement that senses infrared radiation to acquire the body temperature (FIG. 2A). Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention are for acquisition of body temperature, it will be understood that the principles of the present invention may be applied to measure the temperature of an “object,” be it a living being or otherwise. Moreover, the object being measured may be solid, liquid or gas. In a first embodiment illustrated in FIG. 3, the internal components of the probe 7 include a temperature sensor 25, a waveguide 27 and a conical metal tip 29 (the reference numerals indicating their subjects generally). In the illustrated embodiments, the tip 29 is made of aluminum, but other materials (including non-metals) may be used within the scope of the present invention. These components are supported by the probe shaft 19 (not shown in FIG. 3). The metal tip 29 is mounted on a distal end of the probe shaft 19 and is heated up by contact with tissue in the mouth. The metal tip 29 has a high thermal conductivity, low heat capacity and low mass, and a shape selected to warm rapidly to the temperature of the body tissue in thermal contact with the tip. The conical shape of the tip 29 improves its emissivity and reduces reflection of infrared radiation. Infrared radiation emitted from the heated metal tip 29 is received into the waveguide 27 that has a reflective material (e.g., a layer of gold) on its interior. The waveguide 27 transmits the infrared radiation with minimal losses along its length to a proximal end where it impinges upon the temperature sensor 25. The temperature sensor comprises a thermoelectric effect sensor in the form of a thermopile 31 positioned adjacent to the proximal end of the waveguide 27. It will be understood that other thermoelectric effect sensors (not shown), such as pyroelectric sensors, microbolometers or other sensors that do not employ the thermoelectric effect may be used without departing from the scope of the present invention.
  • The thermopile 31 emits a voltage corresponding to the temperature of the “hot junction” relative to the “cold junctions”. It includes a plurality of individual thermocouples (not shown) connected in series. Each thermocouple has a cold junction and a hot junction. See, U.S. Pat. No. 4,722,612 of Junkert et al. issued Feb. 2, 1988. The hot junction is typically formed by a small blackbody (“a target area”) onto which the infrared radiation is directed. The blackbody rapidly heats to a temperature corresponding to the temperature of the object radiating the infrared radiation. The thermopile 31 generates an analog output signal (voltage) representative of the amount of infrared radiation that impinges thereon. The illustrated embodiment of the present invention is designed to sense infrared radiation emitted by the metal tip 29, which is related to the temperature of the biological surface tissue in the mouth of a human body. It is to be understood that a thermometer incorporating the principles of the present invention could be used to measure the temperature of tissue at other locations on the body (e.g., in the rectum, axilla, etc.) within the scope of the present invention.
  • The temperature sensor 25 further includes a second sensor secured to the thermopile 31 in a suitable manner or incorporated into the thermopile. The second sensor generates an analog output signal (resistance) representative of the temperature of the thermopile 31. One sensor suitable for this purpose is a thermistor 33. The second sensor or thermistor 33 is sometimes referred to as the ambient sensor because it effectively measures the ambient temperature of the room in which the thermometer 1 is being used, and thus the temperature of the thermopile 31. In the illustrated embodiment, it is necessary to know the temperature of the thermopile 31 in determining the actual body temperature from its output signals. The temperature sensor 25 is preferably sealed within the probe shaft 19. The probe cover 12 is received over the metal tip 29 and probe shaft 19 in use of the thermometer. The probe cover 12 fits over the distal end of the probe 7 and is releasably held on the probe shaft 19 by the annular recess 14. The probe cover 12 is described in more detail hereinafter with respect to a second embodiment of the thermometer.
  • A tubular waveguide 27 is placed in proximity with the viewing aperture of the thermopile 31. It is preferable that the waveguide 27 be brass or copper with the inside diameter plated with gold to achieve the highest possible reflectivity in the infrared region of the spectrum, i.e. a wavelength of 8-12 microns.
  • Referring now to FIG. 4, a probe of a second embodiment (indicated generally at 107) is shown to comprise a probe shaft 119 and a metal tip 129 mounted in a distal end of the probe shaft (only a fragmentary portion of which is shown). Parts of the probe 107 corresponding to those of the probe 7 of the first embodiment are given the same reference numeral, plus “100”. Unlike the probe 7 of the first embodiment, there is no waveguide 27, and a temperature sensor 125 is mounted by a collar 126 within the probe shaft 119 near the distal end of the probe shaft. Thus, infrared radiation emitted from the metal tip 129 is seen directly by a thermopile (not shown) of the temperature sensor 125 and is not transmitted by any intervening structure (e.g., a waveguide) to the temperature sensor. The cone-shaped field of vision FV of the thermopile is illustrated in FIG. 4, and is equal to the width of the base of the metal tip 129 where the field of vision intersects the base of the metal tip. In order to isolate sensor 125 from heat in the oral cavity, the sensor is placed as far away from the distal end of the probe 107 as possible. In that case, sensor 125 would have a narrow field of vision so that it sees only the tip 129. Thus, the thermopile is able to see the entire metal tip 129. An example of suitable arrangement of the temperature sensor 125 near the distal end of a probe in the tympanic thermometer context is shown in co-assigned U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/480,428, filed Dec. 10, 2003, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference. A similar arrangement may be used here. Wires 128 from the temperature sensor 125 extend through the probe shaft 119 to its handle (not shown). A flex circuit (not shown) or other suitable electrical connection structure may be used.
  • Referring now also to FIGS. 5 and 6, a probe cover generally indicated at 112 for covering the probe shaft 119 in use to prevent contamination and reduction or loss of operability (e.g., by saliva) upon insertion into the mouth. The probe cover 112 includes a tubular body 116 of and a stretchable film 118 closing one end of the tubular body. The film 118 can be constructed, for example, from a lower density plastic (e.g., low density polyethylene (LDPE)), while the body 116 is constructed from a higher density plastic (e.g., high density polyethylene (HDPE)). As shown in FIG. 5 prior to placement on the probe shaft 119, the film 118 extends generally perpendicularly across the end of the tubular body. When applied over the probe shaft 119, the film 118 engages and is stretched over the metal tip 129 of the probe shaft. Thus, the film 118 closely conforms to the shape of the exterior surface of the metal tip 129 when the probe cover 112 is mounted on the probe shaft 119. Thus, conductive heat transfer from the body tissue through the film 118 to the metal tip 129 is facilitated.
  • A third embodiment of the probe 207 is shown in FIG. 7 to comprise a probe shaft 219 and a temperature sensor 225 mounted near the distal end of the probe shaft similar to the embodiment of FIGS. 4-6. Parts of the probe 207 corresponding to those of the probe 107 will be given the same reference numeral, plus “100”. In the third embodiment, the metal tip 125 is omitted. Instead, the probe shaft 219 has a transparent window 220 closing off its distal end. For purposes of the present invention, the window 220 need only be transparent to infrared radiation. In other respects, the construction of the probe 207 can be the same as the probe 107 of the second embodiment.
  • A probe cover 212 of the third embodiment includes a tubular body 216 and film 218 closing the distal end of the body. The tubular body 216 has spacers 221 (two of which are shown) on its interior that engage and space the tubular body from the probe shaft 219. The spacers 221 may have other configurations, different in number or may be omitted without departing from the scope of the present invention. When fully seated on the probe 207, the probe cover film 218 (unlike the first two embodiments) does not engage the end of the probe shaft 219, but is spaced axially from the end of the probe shaft. A central region 222 of the film has metal deposited on it. It is to be understood that the metal deposit need not be located in or confined to a central region. For example, the entire film may be metallized. The metal central region 222 replaces the metal tip 29, 129 of the prior two embodiments. The field of vision of the thermopile (not shown) of the temperature sensor 225 encompasses the central region 222. The central region can be formed by other materials having high thermal conductivity, low heat capacity and low mass.
  • Components of a probe of a fourth embodiment are show in FIG. 8 to comprise a temperature sensor 325, a waveguide 327 and a lens 328. The probe of the fourth embodiment generally corresponds to the probe 7 of the first embodiment in that both have a waveguide (27 and 327). Parts of the probe of the fourth embodiment corresponding to parts of the probe 7 of the first embodiment will be given the same reference numerals, plus “300”. In the fourth embodiment, infrared radiation from body tissue (e.g., tissue inside the mouth) is focused by the lens into the waveguide 327. The waveguide conducts the infrared radiation to the temperature sensor 325 in substantially the same way as the waveguide 27 of the first embodiment. Thus in the fourth embodiment the temperature sensor 325 directly views the body tissue, not any intermediate structure such as a metal tip.
  • When introducing elements of the present invention or the preferred embodiments(s) thereof, the articles “a”, “an”, “the” and “said” are intended to mean that there are one or more of the elements. The terms “comprising”, “including” and “having” are intended to be inclusive and mean that there may be additional elements other than the listed elements.
  • In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.
  • As various changes could be made in the above thermometers and methods of their use without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description and shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Claims (41)

1. An infrared electronic thermometer for measuring temperature of an object, the thermometer comprising:
a display adapted to show the temperature measured by the thermometer;
an elongate probe shaft having an interior;
an infrared sensor mounted on the shaft and located on the interior of the probe shaft, the infrared sensor being operatively connected to the display for electronic communication between the display at the probe wherein the infrared sensor is capable of sending a signal indicative of the measured temperature;
a probe tip mounted on the probe shaft generally at a distal end thereof, the probe tip being adapted to rapidly equilibrate to a temperature corresponding to the temperature of the object in thermal contact with the probe tip, wherein the infrared sensor is disposed for measuring infrared radiation from the probe tip.
2. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 1 wherein the probe tip has a generally concavo-convex shape.
3. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 2 wherein the probe tip is generally conical in shape.
4. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 1 wherein the probe tip is made of metal.
5. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 1 wherein the ratio of the length of the probe to the diameter is at least about 3.
6. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 5 wherein the ratio of the length of the probe to the diameter is at least about 6.
7. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 6 wherein the ratio of the length of the probe to the diameter is at least about 12.
8. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 7 wherein the ratio of the length of the probe to the diameter is about 18.
9. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 1 in combination with a probe cover sized for reception over the probe shaft to cover the probe shaft.
10. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 9 wherein the probe cover comprises a tubular body and film closing one end of the tubular body, the film being adapted to stretch over the probe tip at the distal end of the probe shaft.
11. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 9 wherein the probe cover has a target region formed of heat conductive material positioned for viewing by the infrared sensor when the probe cover is mounted on the probe shaft.
12. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 1 further comprising calculating circuitry operatively connected to the temperature sensor for receiving the temperature indicative signal, the calculating circuitry being operable to calculate the temperature and provide an output to the display to show the calculated temperature.
13. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 12 wherein the calculating circuitry includes a predictive algorithm for predicting the temperature of the object before the temperature indicative signal from the temperature sensor reaches steady state.
14. An infrared electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 12 wherein the calculating circuitry is calibrated to convert measured temperature of the probe tip to actual temperature of the object.
15. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer for measuring temperature of an object, the thermometer comprising:
a display adapted to show the temperature measured by the thermometer;
a probe including an elongate probe shaft having an interior and a probe tip at a distal end of the shaft, the probe shaft having a ratio of length to diameter of at least about 3;
an infrared radiation sensor adapted to receive infrared radiation and to provide a signal indicative of the temperature of the object, the temperature sensor being in operative electronic communication with the display for sending the temperature indicative signal to the display.
16. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 15 wherein the length to diameter ratio of the probe shaft is at least about 6.
17. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 16 wherein the length to diameter ratio of the probe shaft is at least about 12.
18. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 17 wherein the length to diameter ratio of the probe shaft is about 18.
19. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 15 wherein the temperature sensor is adapted to detect infrared radiation.
20. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 19 wherein the temperature sensor comprises a thermopile.
21. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 20 further comprising a waveguide positioned in the probe shaft for guiding infrared radiation from the distal end of the probe shaft to the thermopile.
22. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 21 wherein the probe tip comprises a lens for directing infrared radiation into the waveguide.
23. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 15 in combination with a probe cover sized for reception over the probe shaft to cover the probe shaft.
24. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 23 wherein the probe cover comprises a tubular body and an end film mounted on the tubular body and closing one end thereof.
25. A non-tympanic electronic thermometer as set forth in claim 24 wherein the end film has a target region formed of heat conductive material positioned for viewing by the infrared sensor when the probe cover is mounted on the probe shaft.
26. A non-tympanic thermometer as set forth in claim 25 wherein the target region is formed of metal.
27. A non-tympanic thermometer as set forth in claim 25 wherein the target region occupies less than an entire area of the end film.
28. A non-tympanic thermometer as set forth in claim 15 further comprising a calculating unit operatively connected to the temperature sensor for receiving the temperature indicative signal, the calculating unit being operable to calculate the temperature and provide an output to the display to show the calculated temperature.
29. A non-tympanic thermometer as set forth in claim 28 wherein the calculating unit includes a predictive algorithm for predicting the temperature of the object before the temperature indicative signal from the temperature sensor reaches steady state.
30. A method of indirect measurement of temperature of an object comprising:
placing a probe of an electronic thermometer including a probe tip in contact with the object;
allowing heat transfer from the object to rapidly heat up the probe tip to an equilibrium temperature;
sensing infrared radiation from the tip with a sensor sealed in a probe shaft of the probe;
generating a signal corresponding to the temperature of the probe tip detected by the sensor;
communicating the signal from the sensor to a display of the electronic thermometer;
showing the detected temperature on the display.
31. A method as set forth in claim 30 further comprising sheathing the probe in a probe cover.
32. A method as set forth in claim 31 wherein sheathing the probe comprises moving a generally tubular probe cover body over the probe to a position in which a thermally conductive film at the distal end of the probe cover is stretched over the probe tip.
33. A method as set forth in claim 30 wherein sensing infrared radiation comprises directly viewing the probe tip with an infrared sensor located in the probe.
34. A method as set forth in claim 30 wherein the step of communicating the signal comprises processing a signal generated by the sensor and sending a processed signal to the display.
35. A method as set forth in claim 34 wherein the step of processing the signal includes converting the signal generated by the sensor according to a predetermined calibration factor from a temperature of the probe tip to a temperature of the object.
36. A method as set forth in claim 34 wherein processing the signal comprises employing a predictive algorithm to predict the temperature of the object prior to the signal from the sensor achieving a steady state.
37. A probe cover for an infrared electronic thermometer comprising a generally tubular body having an open end and a closed end, the body being sized and shaped to receive a probe of the infrared electronic thermometer into the body through the open end, the body including a blackbody portion at said closed end of the body, the blackbody portion being formed of a material that rapidly equilibrates to a temperature corresponding to the temperature of an object for viewing by a sensor of the electronic thermometer to measure the temperature of the object.
38. A probe cover as set forth in claim 37 wherein the material of the blackbody portion is different than the material of the remainder of the tubular body.
39. A probe cover as set forth in claim 38 wherein the blackbody portion material is a metal.
40. A probe cover as set forth in claim 38 further comprising a film member wherein the blackbody portion is defined by metal deposited on the film.
41. A probe cover as set forth in claim 40 wherein the blackbody portion is located in a central region of the film member.
US11/379,743 2006-04-21 2006-04-21 Infrared thermometer and probe cover thereof Abandoned US20070248141A1 (en)

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US11/379,743 US20070248141A1 (en) 2006-04-21 2006-04-21 Infrared thermometer and probe cover thereof
CA 2584742 CA2584742C (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-13 Infrared thermometer and probe cover thereof
ES08100594T ES2374099T3 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-16 Infrared thermometer probe cover thereof.
AT08100594T AT533036T (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-16 Infrared thermometer and probe cover for
EP08100594A EP1906160B1 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-16 Infrared thermometer and probe cover thereof
EP10184378.7A EP2261619A3 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-16 Infrared thermometer and probe cover thereof
EP07007704A EP1847820A3 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-16 Infrared thermometer and probe cover thereof
DK08100594.4T DK1906160T3 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-16 Infrared thermometer and probe sheath thereto
IL18261707A IL182617D0 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-17 Infrared thermometer and probe cover therefor
AU2007201761A AU2007201761B2 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-19 Infrared thermometer and probe cover therefor
BRPI0701281 BRPI0701281A2 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-20 termâmetro infrared and probe to the same
KR20070038672A KR100882032B1 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-20 Infrared thermometer and probe cover thetefor
JP2007111176A JP2007301356A (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-20 Infrared thermometer and probe cover therefor
CN 201010145838 CN101793561B (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-20 Probe cover for infrared electronic thermometer
CN 200710109714 CN101059371B (en) 2006-04-21 2007-04-20 Probe cover for infrared thermometer
US11/943,254 US7530738B2 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-11-20 Probe cover having a blackbody
HK07113617A HK1108294A1 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-12-13 A probe cover for an infrared electronic thermometer
US12/418,217 US8123401B2 (en) 2006-04-21 2009-04-03 Probe cover having a blackbody

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US11/943,254 Active US7530738B2 (en) 2006-04-21 2007-11-20 Probe cover having a blackbody
US12/418,217 Active 2027-01-31 US8123401B2 (en) 2006-04-21 2009-04-03 Probe cover having a blackbody

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US12/418,217 Active 2027-01-31 US8123401B2 (en) 2006-04-21 2009-04-03 Probe cover having a blackbody

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US (3) US20070248141A1 (en)
EP (3) EP1847820A3 (en)
JP (1) JP2007301356A (en)
KR (1) KR100882032B1 (en)
CN (2) CN101793561B (en)
AT (1) AT533036T (en)
AU (1) AU2007201761B2 (en)
BR (1) BRPI0701281A2 (en)
CA (1) CA2584742C (en)
DK (1) DK1906160T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2374099T3 (en)
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US8123401B2 (en) 2012-02-28
CA2584742C (en) 2012-06-19

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