US20070227089A1 - Apparatus and method for joining building components - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for joining building components Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070227089A1
US20070227089A1 US11/395,580 US39558006A US2007227089A1 US 20070227089 A1 US20070227089 A1 US 20070227089A1 US 39558006 A US39558006 A US 39558006A US 2007227089 A1 US2007227089 A1 US 2007227089A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
apparatus
building component
includes
channel
engagement structure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/395,580
Inventor
Michael Lewis
Chris McInelly
Dean Habersetzer
Bryan Branscome
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Boeing Co
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Boeing Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Boeing Co filed Critical Boeing Co
Priority to US11/395,580 priority Critical patent/US20070227089A1/en
Assigned to BOEING COMPANY, THE reassignment BOEING COMPANY, THE ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BRANSCOME, BRYAN A., HABERSETZER, DEAN W., LEWIS, MICHAEL S., MCINELLY, CHRIS G.
Publication of US20070227089A1 publication Critical patent/US20070227089A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D11/00Passenger or crew accommodation; Flight-deck installations not otherwise provided for
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/6112Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by clamping, e.g. friction, means on lateral surfaces
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B2001/6195Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the slabs being connected at an angle, e.g. forming a corner
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0594Hinge-like connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/07Joining sheets or plates or panels with connections using a special adhesive material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T50/00Aeronautics or air transport
    • Y02T50/40Weight reduction
    • Y02T50/46Interior

Abstract

A joint apparatus and method of assembly is disclosed for connecting building components such as panels, door jamb assemblies, windows and other structures. The apparatus includes an engagement structure with retaining elements that couple building components without the need for mechanical fasteners. The retaining element may contain serrations on which an adhesive is applied before a panel or other building component is secured to the joint apparatus. Other building components such as hinge assemblies include coupling members with a flange. The slots along a retaining element allows coupling members to snap fit into the joint apparatus once a flange is secured into the slots in order to lock the components.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention
  • The present invention generally relates to a joint apparatus for facilitating the assembly of building components such as panels, hinge assemblies, latch assemblies, door stops, and other structural elements. These building components may be installed within a commercial aircraft. A building component is secured to the joint apparatus using adhesive or snap fit locking engagement. In addition, the invention relates to a method and apparatus for coupling and supporting building components in planar or angular relation.
  • 2. Description of Related Art
  • Structural joint connectors have use in a variety of manufacturing and building applications to create many different products. The connectors have numerous functions that include joining panels and various different building components during production. A variety of different connectors have been developed to interconnect structural elements.
  • Existing devices used to secure panels and other components include the use of an extrusion with flanges designed to fit along a panel edge. Mechanical fasteners are commonly installed through the flange and into the panel in order to strengthen the joint. Other connectors that include straps, angles, edges, and end fittings with a greater thickness or different material are used to enhance the strength of joints. For example aircraft industries have created aluminum connectors to join walls, panels, and barriers for aircraft interiors.
  • In aerospace applications, size and weight considerations are paramount. Many existing structural components were created to decrease weight, size, or the amount of material required while providing sufficient strength to ensure an effective joint. In addition, the amount of labor hours required to assemble the components must also be considered in order to minimize manufacturing costs. Accordingly, there is a continuing need in the art for building components that are lightweight, size efficient, cost effective, and easy to assemble.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • According to one aspect of the invention, a lightweight and compact joint apparatus provides a secure structural connection for building components such as wall panels and hinge assemblies while reducing the amount of labor hours required during assembly.
  • According to another aspect of the invention, the joint apparatuses and methods provide a rigid connection for a variety of building components. A small, lightweight, and sturdy apparatus that connects two adjacent panels or joins a panel with another distinctive building component includes a channel with an engagement structure that allows building components to connect without the need of mechanical fasters. The joint apparatus may interlock with a portion of each of the adjacent panels to secure them together. It is also a feature of this invention to provide a novel method of ensuring that a solid structural joint results.
  • According to another aspect, a snap fit locking engagement secures each building component to the joint apparatus. Slots and engagement structures along with a consistently designed coupling enhance the strength of a joint.
  • Other objects, features, and advantages of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from a consideration of the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a cross sectional view of an embodiment of the joint apparatus with a single building component.
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a joint apparatus embodiment similar to that illustrated in FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a joint apparatus coupling two building components.
  • FIG. 4 is a cross sectional view of a joint apparatus and two building components.
  • FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a joint apparatus and two building components at a corner.
  • FIG. 6 is a cross sectional view of the joint apparatus illustrated in FIG.5.
  • FIG. 7 is a cross sectional view of a joint apparatus and two building components.
  • FIG. 8 illustrates a joint apparatus with two building components at a corner.
  • FIG. 9 is a cross sectional view of the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 8
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The foregoing and other advantages and features of the invention, and the manner in which the same are accomplished, will become more readily apparent upon consideration of the following detailed description of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate preferred and exemplary embodiments, and which are not necessarily drawn to scale, wherein:
  • FIG. 1 shows a partial view of a joint apparatus 10 which includes a channel 12 formed by an engagement structure 14. An engagement structure 14 may include a first retaining element 16 to enhance the strength of a coupling between the joint apparatus and a building component 20 such as a panel, a hinge assembly, or a door stop installed in aircraft interiors. The embodiment comprises an engagement structure 14 that may include a first retaining element 16 and a second retaining element 18 that are configured to engage with an insert structure 24 of a building component 20 that has a planar surface 26 such as a panel 22. Retaining elements 16, 18 may configured to engage with a panel 22 that has a complementary configured insert structure 24.
  • The joint apparatus 10 is small and lightweight and has the strength to couple building component 20. It may be fabricated from an aluminum alloy material such as 7075 or 2024.
  • The retaining element 16 in the embodiment shown in FIG. 1 includes a treated surface 27 with serrations 30 to enhance the rigidity of the coupling such that a channel 12 can secure a building component 20 without the use of additional mechanical fasteners such as screws, bolts, etc.
  • A substance used for bonding, such as adhesive 32, may also be applied to a retaining element 16 prior to contact with an insert structure 24 of a building component 20. The serrations 30 are approximately 0.010 inch deep to ensure proper bonding. The size of a joint apparatus and method used to install a building component may be adapted to satisfy strength requirements and minimize the dimensions of the component.
  • The size of retaining elements 16, 18, described in the embodiment along with method of joining, characteristics of an adhesive 32, and use of serrations 30 enhance the strength of the joint and eliminate the need for a building component, such as a panel, with a thickness greater than 1 inch. This can result in a significant reduction in size and weight in order to satisfy requirements for products such as aircraft interiors. The length of the retaining elements 16, 18 are approximately 0.50 inch in order to retain a building component 20 that is approximately 0.50 inch wide.
  • FIG. 2 illustrates a joint apparatus 10 with an engagement structure 14. An engagement structure includes retaining elements 16, 18 and serrations 30.
  • FIG. 3 illustrates a joint apparatus 10 that couples first and second building components 20, 21.
  • The joint apparatus 10 illustrated in FIG. 4 includes channels 12, 13. Each channel includes an engagement structure 14 with retaining elements 16, 18 to join more than one building component such as panels 22, 23. A retaining element 16 in the embodiment shown in FIG. 4 includes serrations 30 to enhance the bond strength of an adhesive 32 which is applied prior to coupling an insert structure 20 to a joint apparatus 10. The assembly of FIG. 4 is exemplary only, and the joining apparatus disclosed and/or claimed herein may be used to connect numerous other building components such as hinge assemblies, latches, and stops.
  • Another alternative embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in FIG. 5 which includes a joint apparatus 10 coupling two building components 20, 21 at a corner.
  • FIG. 6 illustrates a joint apparatus 10 that includes a first channel 12 and a second channel 13 that bridge two building components 20, 21 at an angle. A first channel 12 includes an engagement structure 14 comprising a first retaining element 16 and a second retaining element 18. An adhesive 32 is applied over serrations 30, which extend from a retaining element before a building component such as a panel 22 is inserted into a channel 12 and supported by an engagement structure 14. A retaining elements 16, 18 are configured to engage with a building apparatus 22 that has a complementary configured insert structure 24.
  • The embodiment in FIG. 6 also includes a decorative layer and/or protective rub strip 42 that is attached to a joint apparatus 10. The embodiment includes a projection 44 extending from a joint apparatus 10 that secure a rub strip 42 to a joint apparatus 10. A rub strip 42 has a structural extension 46 and a retainer cavity 48 that is compatible with a projection 44 in order to provide a means of snap fit fastening. This is created to ensure quick disassembly and installation in order to accomplish maintenance, repairs, or modifications.
  • Another alternative embodiment of the present invention is illustrated in FIG. 7 which is a cross sectional view of a joint apparatus 10 that includes a first channel 12 and a second channel 13 that couple two building components 20, 21. A first channel 12 includes an engagement structure 14 comprising a first retaining element 16 and a second retaining element 18. An adhesive 32 is applied over serrations 30 which extend from a retaining element before a building component such as a panel 22 is inserted into a channel 12 and supported by an engagement structure 14.
  • The second channel 13 includes an engagement structure 14 with retaining elements 28, 29 to secure a second building component 21. A building component 21 may be a jamb element 34 such as a door stop 33, hinge assembly or latch assembly. Retaining elements 28, 29 illustrated in the embodiment include a slot 35 to secure a door stop 33 to a joint assembly 10. Door stop 33 includes a coupling member 38 that fits into an engagement structure 14. Upon insertion of a coupling member 38, a flange 40 on a coupling member 38 snap-fits into slots 35 located along an engagement structure 14. The snap-fit connection is accomplished once the flange 40 is snugly fit into the slots 35 in order to secure a building component 21 onto a joint apparatus 10 without the use of mechanical fasteners. In another embodiment, a flange 40 on an engagement structure may be used to fit into a slot 35 on a coupling portion 38 of a building component 21 in order to snap-fit upon insertion.
  • Each embodiment may include a universal retaining element, 29. In addition to a slot 35, a retaining element 29 comprises a treated surface with serrations 30 for use when joining a building component that does not include a coupling member 38 with a flange 40. Serrations 30 enhance rigidity to allow a channel 13 to secure a building component that does not include a flange 40. The embodiment includes an adhesive that is applied over serrations 30, before a building component 21 such as a panel 22 is inserted into a channel 13 and supported by an engagement structure 28, 29.
  • Referencing FIG. 7 in some of the embodiments, a decorative layer and/or protective rub strip 42 may be attached to a joint apparatus 10. The apparatus illustrated in the embodiment includes projections 44 extending from an engagement structure 14 that secure a rub strip 42 to a joint apparatus 10. Rub strip 42 includes a structural extension 46 and a retainer cavity 48 that is compatible with a projection 44 in order to provide a means of snap fit fastening. This is created to ensure quick disassembly and installation in order to accomplish maintenance, repairs, or modifications.
  • A joint apparatus 10 that couples two building components, 20, 21 at a corner is illustrated in FIG. 8.
  • FIG. 9 is a cross section illustration of an embodiment of the invention that includes use of a joint apparatus 10 connecting building components 20, 21 at a corner. A joint apparatus includes two channels 12, 13, a first connector 50, and a second connector 51. A first connector 50, may be attached to retaining elements 18, 28 at an angle. A second connector 51 may be fabricated with a curved surface 53 and attached to retaining elements 16, 29 in parallel.
  • The first channel 12 includes an engagement structure 14 comprising a first retaining element 16 and a second retaining element 18. An adhesive 32 is applied over serrations 30, which extend from a retaining element 16 before a building component 20 such as a panel 22 is inserted into a channel 12 and supported by a engagement structure 14. The use of serrations and adhesive enhance the strength of the joint and eliminate the need for mechanical fasteners such as bolts, screws, nails, rivets or pins.
  • The second channel 13 includes an engagement structure 14 with retaining elements 28, 29 to secure a second building component 21. A building component may be a jamb element 34 such as a hinge assembly 36, door stop, or latch assembly.
  • Hinge assembly 36 includes a coupling member 38 that fits into a engagement structure 14. Upon insertion of a coupling member 38, a flange 40 extending from a coupling portion 38 snap-fits into slots 35 located along an engagement structure 14. The snap-fit connection allows a flange 40 to snugly fit into slots 35 and secure hinge assembly 36 to a joint apparatus, 10 without the use of mechanical fasteners such as a screw, bolt, nail pin, or rivet. In another embodiment, flanges on an engagement structure 14 can be used to fit into slots 35 on a coupling portion 38 of a building component 21 in order to snap-fit upon insertion.
  • In addition to a slot 35 or a flange 40, a retaining element 29 comprises a treated surface with serrations 30 for use when joining a building component that does not include a coupling member 38 with a flange 40. Serrations 30 enhance rigidity to allow a channel 13 to secure a building component that does not include a flange 40. The embodiment includes an adhesive that is applied over serrations 30, before a building component 21 such as a panel 22 is inserted into a channel 13 and supported by an engagement structure 28, 29
  • With continued reference to FIG. 9, in other embodiments a joint apparatus may also include a decorative layer and/or protective rub strip 42 that is attached to a joint apparatus 10. A joint apparatus illustrated in the embodiment includes projections 44 extending from an engagement structure 14 that secure rub strip 42 to a joint apparatus 10. Rub strip 42 has a structural extension 46 and a retainer cavity 48 that is compatible with a projection 44 in order to provide a means of snap fit fastening. This is created to ensure quick disassembly and installation in order to accomplish maintenance, repairs, replacement, or modifications.
  • Those skilled in the art will understand that the preceding exemplary embodiments of the invention provide the foundation for numerous alternatives and modifications thereto. These other modifications are also within the scope of the invention. Accordingly, the invention is not limited to that precisely as shown and described above.

Claims (22)

1. A joining apparatus for use with a building component having an insert structure, a channel, an engagement structure disposed in said channel such that the building component is securable in the channel without the use of additional mechanical fasteners.
2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the engagement structure includes a first retaining element configured to engage with a building component having a planar surface.
3. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the engagement structure includes a second retaining element that is configured to engage with a building component having a complementary configured insert structure.
4. The apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a plurality of channels each having an engagement structure disposed therein.
5. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the treated surface includes serrations.
6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the thickness of the building component is less than 1 inch.
7. The apparatus of claim 1 further comprising an adhesive disposed on the engagement structure.
8. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the channel is configured to receive an aircraft building component.
9. The apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a rub strip.
10. The apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a structural projection that allows a complementary configured rub strip retainer cavity to join with said joint apparatus.
11. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the building component is an aircraft interior building component.
12. A joining apparatus comprising: a channel with an engagement structure; and a building component including a coupling portion that is configured to engage with the channel such that the resultant joined apparatus is free from mechanical fasteners.
13. The apparatus of claim 12 wherein the building component includes a jamb element.
14. The apparatus of claim 12 wherein the building component includes a panel.
15. The apparatus of claim 12 wherein the coupling portion of the building component includes an insert.
16. The apparatus of claim 12 wherein the coupling portion of the building component includes an insert that is configured to adjoin with the engagement structure which includes a complimentary configured slots.
17. The joining apparatus of claim 12 that includes a rub strip.
18. The joining apparatus of claim 12 that includes a structural projection that allows a complementary configured retainer cavity on a rub strip to join with said joint apparatus.
19. The joining apparatus of claim 12 wherein the building component is an aircraft interior structure.
20. A method of assembling an interior of an aircraft, the method comprising: providing a joint apparatus, attaching a building component to the joint apparatus without the use of mechanical fasteners.
21. The method of claim 20 further comprising applying an adhesive to a surface of the building component prior to inserting said building component into a channel.
22. A method of assembling an interior of an aircraft, the method comprising: engaging a joint apparatus with a building component such that the resulting joined structure is free of mechanical fasteners.
US11/395,580 2006-03-31 2006-03-31 Apparatus and method for joining building components Abandoned US20070227089A1 (en)

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US12/619,597 US8245467B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2009-11-16 Apparatus and method for joining building components

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US20170080670A1 (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-03-23 The Boeing Company Panel and Associated Closeout Method
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US8245467B2 (en) 2012-08-21

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