US20070224067A1 - Variable displacement sliding vane pump - Google Patents

Variable displacement sliding vane pump Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070224067A1
US20070224067A1 US11/389,687 US38968706A US2007224067A1 US 20070224067 A1 US20070224067 A1 US 20070224067A1 US 38968706 A US38968706 A US 38968706A US 2007224067 A1 US2007224067 A1 US 2007224067A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
pump
chamber
slide
pressure
rotor
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Abandoned
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US11/389,687
Inventor
Manfred Arnold
Robert Mooy
Paul Morton
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Stackpole Powertrain International ULC
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Gates Corp
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Priority to US11/389,687 priority Critical patent/US20070224067A1/en
Assigned to GATES CORPORATION, THE reassignment GATES CORPORATION, THE ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: ARNOLD, MANFRED, MOOY, ROBERT H., MORTON, PAUL M.
Publication of US20070224067A1 publication Critical patent/US20070224067A1/en
Assigned to STACKPOLE POWERTRAIN INTERNATIONAL ULC reassignment STACKPOLE POWERTRAIN INTERNATIONAL ULC ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: THE GATES CORPORATION
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C14/00Control of, monitoring of, or safety arrangements for, machines, pumps or pumping installations
    • F04C14/18Control of, monitoring of, or safety arrangements for, machines, pumps or pumping installations characterised by varying the volume of the working chamber
    • F04C14/22Control of, monitoring of, or safety arrangements for, machines, pumps or pumping installations characterised by varying the volume of the working chamber by changing the eccentricity between cooperating members
    • F04C14/223Control of, monitoring of, or safety arrangements for, machines, pumps or pumping installations characterised by varying the volume of the working chamber by changing the eccentricity between cooperating members using a movable cam
    • F04C14/226Control of, monitoring of, or safety arrangements for, machines, pumps or pumping installations characterised by varying the volume of the working chamber by changing the eccentricity between cooperating members using a movable cam by pivoting the cam around an eccentric axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2/00Rotary-piston machines or pumps
    • F04C2/30Rotary-piston machines or pumps having the characteristics covered by two or more groups F04C2/02, F04C2/08, F04C2/22, F04C2/24 or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members
    • F04C2/34Rotary-piston machines or pumps having the characteristics covered by two or more groups F04C2/02, F04C2/08, F04C2/22, F04C2/24 or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having the movement defined in groups F04C2/08 or F04C2/22 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members
    • F04C2/344Rotary-piston machines or pumps having the characteristics covered by two or more groups F04C2/02, F04C2/08, F04C2/22, F04C2/24 or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having the movement defined in groups F04C2/08 or F04C2/22 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members with vanes reciprocating with respect to the inner member

Abstract

A variable displacement sliding vane pump comprising a pump body, inlet and outlet ports formed in said pump body, a drive shaft rotatably mounted in said pump body, a rotor driven by said drive shaft and co-axially aligned therewith, a plurality of radially extending vanes slidably disposed in said rotor, a pivot disposed in said pump body, a slide pivotally disposed on said pivot in said pump body and having a central axis eccentric to the axis of said rotor, a plurality of fluid chambers defined by said rotor, said vanes, and said slide that are successively connected to said inlet and outlet ports, a spring acting on said slide to urge said slide in one direction, a first chamber and a second chamber, each suitable for receiving a fluid pressure and each disposed between said pump body and an outer surface of said slide, the first chamber in fluid communication with a pump outlet discharge pressure, and a valve operable to selectively pressurize and depressurize the second chamber.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates to a variable displacement sliding vane pump having a slide whose position is controlled by a differential pressure between a constant pressure source and a variable pressure source, the differential pressure equilibrating a spring force applied to the slide to establish a desired flow rate and pressure.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • A lubrication system for an engine pressurizes and distributes lubrication fluid to the engine lubrication circuits. It employs a rotor and a slide with multiple vanes and cavities which can vary the volume of fluid delivered to the oil circuits.
  • The slide is eccentrically offset from the rotor to create fluid chambers defined by the vanes, rotor, and inner surface of the slide. A compression spring positions the slide to create large fluid chambers as the default. When the engine requires less volume of fluid or less oil pressure by the pump, a pressure regulator directs fluid from the pump output line to a regulating chamber in the pump. Pressure in the regulating chamber pivots the slide against the force of the spring to more closely align the centers of the rotor and slide, thereby reducing the size of the fluid chambers. This reduces the amount of fluid drawn into the pump from the fluid reservoir and likewise, the amount of fluid output by the pump and thereby reduces the oil pressure as well.
  • There are two ways to control pump output. The first way is to direct line pressure to the regulating chamber via the pressure regulator to decrease pump output. The second way is to remove pressure from the regulating chamber via the pressure regulator by exhausting fluid to increase pump output.
  • Representative of the art is U.S. Pat. No. 4,342,545 (1982) to Schuster discloses a variable displacement vane type pump having a pivotally mounted ring member controllable to vary the eccentricity between the rotor and the ring thus controlling the pump displacement. The ring is positioned on the pivot such that the center thereof is always located in one quadrant relative to axes through the pivot point and the center of the pump rotor to continually maintain the net ring reaction force, due to internal pressure, directed to one side of the pivot connection in opposition to the displacement control pressure, which is impressed on a portion of the outer surface of the ring, whereby control stability throughout the displacement range is improved.
  • What is needed is a variable displacement sliding vane pump having a slide whose position is controlled by a differential pressure between a constant pressure source and a variable pressure source, the differential pressure equilibrating a spring force applied to the slide to establish a desired flow rate and pressure. The present invention meets this need.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The primary aspect of the invention is to provide a variable displacement sliding vane pump having a slide whose position is controlled by a differential pressure between a constant pressure source and a variable pressure source, the differential pressure equilibrating a spring force applied to the slide to establish a desired flow rate and pressure.
  • Other aspects of the invention will be pointed out or made obvious by the following description of the invention and the accompanying drawings.
  • The invention comprises a variable displacement sliding vane pump comprising a pump body, inlet and outlet ports formed in said pump body, a drive shaft rotatably mounted in said pump body, a rotor driven by said drive shaft and co-axially aligned therewith, a plurality of radially extending vanes slidably disposed in said rotor, a pivot disposed in said pump body, a slide pivotally disposed on said pivot in said pump body and having a central axis eccentric to the axis of said rotor, a plurality of fluid chambers defined by said rotor, said vanes, and said slide that are successively connected to said inlet and outlet ports, a spring acting on said slide to urge said slide in one direction, a first chamber and a second chamber, each suitable for receiving a fluid pressure and each disposed between said pump body and an outer surface of said slide, the first chamber in fluid communication with a pump outlet discharge pressure, and a valve operable to selectively pressurize and depressurize the second chamber.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and form a part of the specification, illustrate preferred embodiments of the present invention, and together with a description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.
  • FIG. 1 is a front view of the pump with outer cover removed.
  • FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the pump.
  • FIG. 3 is a front view of the pump body without the outer cover, slide, rotor and vanes.
  • FIG. 4 is a top/plan view of the pump rotor.
  • FIG. 5 is a plan view of the pump slide.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of the pump fluid circuit.
  • FIG. 7 is a graph depicting the pump performance including pump flow rate and pressure.
  • FIG. 8 is a side view of an electric valve.
  • FIG. 9 is a graph depicting the pump performance including pump flow rate and pressure.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • FIG. 1 is a front view of the pump with outer cover removed. The inventive pump 100 comprises body 10. Body 10 defines a cavity 11 within which is disposed slide 12 and rotor 13. A plurality of sliding vanes 14 are radially disposed about rotor 13. Each vane 14 extends radially from a slot 15 in rotor 13. Each vane 14 is moveable within each slot 15.
  • Pump shaft 16 is rotatably mounted in body 10. A splined end 160 of pump shaft 16 engages rotor 13. As rotor 13 rotates vanes 14 are urged outwardly by a pair of vane control rings 17 and centripetal force into a sliding engagement with inner surface 120 of slide 12.
  • Slide 12 is pivotally engaged with the body at a pivot member 18. Slide 12 pivots at pivot member 18 within cavity 11 thereby describing an arc which defines the operating range of motion of slide 12.
  • The position of each vane 14 is a function of the position of slide 12 with respect to ring 17. Ring 17 occupies a space determined by the ends of vanes 14. Ring 17 is substantially concentric with inner surface 120.
  • The position of ring 17 with respect to rotor 13 determines the radial position of each vane 14 in each slot 15, which in turn, determines a given slide 12 position as compared to the position of the axis of rotation of rotor 13. This relationship determines the volume of each of the chambers 21 between the inlet port 19 and the outlet port 20 for a given engine speed and hence a given slide 12 position.
  • Body 12 defines a pair of kidney shaped ports 19, 20 which comprise an inlet port and an outlet port, respectively, for the pump 100. A plurality of chambers 21 are formed by the vanes 14, rotor 13 and inner surface 120. Chambers 21 rotate with rotor 13 and expand and contract during rotation, as is well-known in vane type pumps.
  • Inlet port 19 accepts fluid from a source or reservoir such as an engine oil system, not shown, and passes the fluid to the chambers 21 in turn as rotor 13 rotates. Vanes 14 move the fluid in chambers 21 from the inlet port 19 to the outlet port 20. As can be seen in FIG. 1, if the pump rotor 13 is rotating in a counterclockwise direction, chambers 21 are continually expanding thereby creating a low pressure region which causes an inflow of fluid in the area of inlet port 19 and are contracting thereby increasing fluid pressure which causes an outflow of fluid in the area of the outlet port 20.
  • The position of slide 12 is established by the combined effect of the control pressure in each for two chambers, namely, chamber 22 and chamber 23 acting in balance with the spring force from spring 31. Chamber 22 extends about a portion of the outer circumference of slide 12 from seal member 24 disposed in a groove 26 to seal member 25 disposed in a groove 27, each formed in slide 12. Each seal member 24 and 25 is urged outwardly against surface 28 by a resilient backing member 29, 30 respectively. Chamber 23 extends about a portion of the outer circumference of slide 12 from seal member 24 to pivot member 18.
  • Spring 31 acts in opposition to the sum of the fluid pressures in chambers 22 and 23 such that as the total pressure in chambers 22 and 23 increases, and therefore the torque of the slide around the pivot member increases, the pump slide 12 will move clockwise about pivot member 18. The combined torque caused by the pressure in chamber 22, 23 is balanced by the spring force of spring 31.
  • The fluid pressure in chamber 22 is supplied by fluid in ultimate communication with the outlet port 20 of pump 100 and is therefore subject to the outlet pressure of pump 100 or from a feedback channel to the engine gallery, see FIG. 5. The fluid pressure in chamber 23 is supplied by fluid communication with a second pressure source also connected to the outlet port 20 of pump 100. The fluid pressure in chamber 22 is proportional to the outlet pressure of pump 100. The fluid pressure in chamber 23 is dependent upon the speed of the pump 100, namely, for certain operating regimes below a predetermined pump speed the pressure in chamber 23 is automatically vented to ambient, for example, an oil storage reservoir. Above a predetermined speed the pressure in chamber 23 is equivalent to the pressure in chamber 22. This is also referred to as the “switching point” and can be set at any speed depending upon the application. The sum of the pressures, and therefore torque, in chambers 22 and 23 determine the position of slide 12. The position of slide 12 determines the outlet pressure and flow rate of the pump.
  • Under most operating conditions, the axis of slide 12, and therefore of inner surface 120, moves between position 32 during low engine speed conditions to position 33 during high engine speed conditions. As vanes 14 are rotated from the inlet port 19 to outlet port 20 a pressure transition takes place with the chambers 21.
  • Since the inner surface 120 is subjected to the internal pressure generation in chambers 21, slide 12 is inherently unbalanced during operation. The net resultant reaction force due to the internal pressure generation passes through the central axis of inner surface 120. It will be appreciated that the reaction forces always provides a counterclockwise moment about axis 18 which is in opposition to the clockwise moment generated by the control pressure in chambers 22 and 23.
  • The pressures in chamber 22, 23 are balanced against the force of spring 31 so that the displacement of the pump, and as a result the flow, may be adjusted by varying the chamber pressures. The inventive pump controls both displacement and oil flow for two or more outlet pressure levels based upon the pump outlet pressure or the engine gallery pressure.
  • Typically the desirable pressure level in the pump for each chamber is the pressure level required to produce the proper oil flow and pressure for all engine speeds and load conditions. In some cases, at lower rpm's the engine does not require a high oil pressure level, therefore a somewhat lower pressure is acceptable, and therefore the flow is reduced as well. The lower operating pressure and flow is achieved by pressurizing chamber 23.
  • The required magnitude of the lower oil pressure depends upon different engine parameters, including whether it is a gas or diesel engine, the engine complexity, engine speed and load.
  • The inventive pump provides two levels of control. The first is pressure control over a given speed range due to the variable vane pump function. The second is based upon the ability of the pump to change between two (or more) pressure levels by use of two (or more) pressure chambers 22, 23, controlling the position of slide 12.
  • A cover 70 is secured to the housing 10 by a plurality of fasteners 37. Leakage from the chambers 21 radially outwardly past the cover 70 is prevented by surface to surface contact.
  • FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the pump. The position of ring 17 with respect to rotor 13 determines the radial position of each vane 14 in each slot 15, which in turn, determines a slide 12 position as compared to the position of the axis of rotation of rotor 13. An inner edge 14 a of each vane 14 bears upon the outer surface 17 a of ring 17. An outer edge 14 b of each vane 14 also bears upon and slides upon inner surface 120 of slide 12. The pump may use a single spring 31, or it may use for example, two springs 31 a and 31 b.
  • FIG. 3 is a front view of the pump body without the outer cover, slide, rotor and vanes. Inlet port 19 and outlet port 20 are disposed in body 10. Conduit 34 transmits pressure from the main oil gallery 204 to chamber 22, see FIG. 5. Conduit 35 transmits pressure from the main oil gallery 204 to chamber 23, see FIG. 5. Conduit 34 is exposed to pump outlet pressure or engine gallery oil pressure during all pump operating conditions. The fluid pressure in conduit 35 is determined by the position of valve 207, see FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 4 is a top plan view of the pump rotor. Rotor 13 comprises slots 15 which are oriented radially about the outer circumference. A vane 14 is slidingly engaged in each slot 15. Drive shaft 16 engages rotor 13 through splined hole 36. Drive shaft 16 may also be press fit in hole 36. Each slot 15 comprises a radial length sufficient to accommodate the entire range of movement of each vane 14. During operation of the pump each vane 14 moves radially a predetermined distance which distance is dependent upon the position of rings 17 with respect to rotor 13.
  • FIG. 5 is a plan view of the pump slide. Slide 12 comprises inner surface 120. An outer edge of each vane 14 slidingly engages inner surface 120. Inner surface 120 is cylindrical, but the shape of the surface can be slightly distorted to accommodate design geometries, for example to an oval or egg-shaped form. Pivot 18 engages detent 121. Groove 26 and groove 27 each receive seal members 24, 25 respectively, for sealing a fluid pressure within each chamber 23, 22 respectively. Spring 31 bears upon surface 122. Seal members 24, 25 may comprise any material having a suitable compatibility with the pump fluid, for example, synthetic and/or natural rubbers.
  • FIG. 6 is an example schematic diagram of the pump fluid circuit 200. Fluid conduit 201 connects pump outlet port 20 to an oil filter 202, oil cooler 203 and to a main oil gallery 204. The main oil gallery 204 is exposed to the outlet pressure of pump 100, subject to friction losses normal to any fluid system. Main oil gallery 204 is also connected to the engine oil system 210. This system is offered only as an example and does not depict the varieties of engine oil systems to which the inventive pump and system may be applied.
  • Connected to the main oil gallery 204 is conduit 205 which connects to chamber 22 through conduit 34, see FIG. 1. Connected to conduit 205 is conduit 209. Conduit 209 is connected to electric valve 207, see FIG. 7. Valve 207 is used to selectively connect or disconnect conduit 209 through conduit 206 to conduit 35 and chamber 23 in FIG. 1, with the fluid pressure in conduit 205. Valve 207 is preferably contained within body 10. Valve 207 is shown in FIG. 5 schematically separate from pump 100 for ease of illustration. However, valve 207 may also be separated from pump body 100 as schematically shown in FIG. 5 in order to accommodate variable physical constraints as required by system space requirements. Valve 207 may also comprise a mechanical valve known in the art, for example, a valve which regulates a downstream pressure based upon an upstream pressure commonly known as a pressure regulating valve.
  • The total force exerted against spring 31 by slide 12 is the sum of the torques created by the fluid pressure in chamber 22 plus the fluid pressure in chamber 23, both acting about pivot member 18.
  • At or less than a first operating speed, valve 207 is OPEN thereby allowing the engine gallery pressure to enter chamber 23. The pressure in chamber 23 and combined with the pressure in chamber 22 causes slide 12 to pivot about pivot member 18 an arcuate distance to a position where the torque caused by the combined pressures in chambers 22, 23 is balanced by the spring force of spring 31. The pump characteristics with slide 12 in this position are shown by portion “A” of FIG. 7. The pressure in chamber 22 and 23 is proportional to the pump speed. As the engine speed, and thereby pump speed, increase so does the pressure in the chambers 22, 23. In this operating condition the pump output is a flow and pressure that is less than the flow and pressure of the pump with the valve 207 closed (chamber 23 depressurized) at the same engine speed. In portion “A” the position of slide 12, and thereby of the pump output flow and pressure, is a function of the pressure in both chambers 22, 23.
  • At an operating condition greater than the first operating speed, valve 207 is closed thereby venting chamber 23 to ambient pressure (approximately 1 bar). The pressure in chamber 22 causes slide 12 to pivot about pivot member 18 an arcuate distance to an equilibrium position where the torque caused by the pressure in chamber 22 is balanced by the spring force of spring 31. Slide 12 pivots because as the pump speed increases, the pressure in chamber 22 also increases, thereby increasing the force exerted against spring 31. The pump characteristics with slide 12 in this position are shown by portion B of FIG. 7. The operating regime in portion B can also be characterized as a passive mode since chamber 23 is vented to atmospheric pressure and the entire pivot movement and position of slide 12 is determined by the level of pressurization of chamber 22.
  • In an alternate embodiment valve 207 may be opened to a partial position thereby causing slide 12 to move to a position that is intermediate position A and position B, causing an intermediate outlet pressure and flow. Placing valve 207 in any position between fully open and fully closed allows the pressure in chamber 23 to be variable, thereby providing a range of slide positions for a given pump outlet pressure.
  • In the case of a failure of valve 207, the pump will continue to operate in a passive mode (chamber 23 depressurized) while meeting all oil requirements of the engine. The passive operating mode is still more efficient that a fixed displacement pump. With valve 207 in operation the instant invention provides incremental horsepower reduction over the passive design.
  • FIG. 7 is an example graph depicting the pump performance including pump flow rate and pressure. A range of engine speeds is represented on the x-axis and a range of pump outlet pressures is represented on the y-axis. A range of pump flow rates is also represented on the second y-axis in liters per minute.
  • The engine speed range is from 0 RPM to 8000 RPM. The outlet pressure range is from 0 bar to 6.00 bar. The pump flow rate range is from 0 liters/minute to 90.00 liters/minute.
  • For the purposes of illustration an engine speed of ˜3,500 RPM is selected to demonstrate the characteristics of the inventive pump. The transition between operating conditions “A” and “B” is depicted as the “switching point” in the center of the curves in the graph.
  • For engine speeds less than ˜3,500 RPM the maximum pump outlet pressure is approximately 2.6 bar. The maximum flow rate is approximately 20.0 liters/minute.
  • For engine speeds greater than ˜3,500 RPM the pump outlet pressure quickly transitions up to a minimum outlet pressure of approximately 4.9 bar at 7,500 RPM. The flow rate transitions to a maximum of approximately 28.0 liters/minute at 7,500 RPM.
  • At the transition point the step change in pressure is approximately 1.6 bar. The step change in flow is approximately 5 l/min.
  • The performance transition is caused by slide 12 pivoting about pivot 18 caused by deactivation of valve 207 venting chamber 23 to ambient atmospheric conditions. Valve 207 is controlled by an electric signal transmitted by an engine ECU, for example. Upon reaching the predetermined engine speed, in this case ˜3,5.00 RPM, ECU 208 (see FIG. 6) signals valve 207 to close, thereby pressurizing chamber 23 with fluid pressure equal to that in the main oil gallery 204.
  • As described previously, the pressures in chambers 22, 23 create a torque and hence force which is greater than the combination of the force of the spring 31 and the fluid force in chambers 21, thereby causing spring 31 to compress. This causes slide 12 to pivot. By pivoting in the clockwise direction the flow rate and outlet pressure are each substantially decreased at the predetermined engine speed because pump displacement is reduced.
  • For the purposes of comparison, the dashed lines in portion A of FIG. 7 below ˜3,500 RPM depict the behavior of the outlet pressure and flow rate of a pump in the case where the position of slide 12 is only controlled by a single pressure chamber. In the single chamber case, at relatively low engine speeds, say only slightly greater than idle (˜1,500 RPM), the pump would operate at a comparatively elevated outlet pressure and flow rate not otherwise required by the engine. This is inefficient. The inventive pump provides only the required amount of flow and pressure for efficient operation at reduced engine speeds. This equates to considerable energy savings in the system. However, at elevated engine speeds the pump can quickly and precisely transition to higher flow rates and outlet pressures necessary to meet engine demands.
  • FIG. 8 is a side view of an electric valve. Valve 207 is engaged with the body 10 of the pump. Valve 207 is connected to the electrical harness of the engine or vehicle (not shown). An electrical connector (not shown) engages the valve 207 at socket 208. When valve 207 is de-activated, pressure is vented from chamber 23, thereby causing the pump to operate in region “A”. When valve 207 is activated fluid pressure is admitted to chamber 23 from nozzle 211, thereby causing the pump to operate in region “B”. In order to avoid engine failure caused by inadequate fluid pressure at high speed, the valve must be electrically de-activated to vent pressure from chamber 23. This results in the fail safe situation at high speed, namely, chamber 23 is vented upon electrical failure of valve 207.
  • FIG. 9 is a graph depicting the pump performance including pump flow rate and pressure. A range of engine speeds is represented on the x-axis and a range of pump outlet pressures is represented on the y-axis. A range of pump flow rates is also represented on the second y-axis.
  • The engine speed range is from 0 RPM to 8000 RPM. The outlet pressure range is from 0 bar to 6.00 bar. The pump flow rate range is from 0 liters/minute to 90 liters/minute.
  • For the purposes of illustration an engine speed of ˜2,000 RPM is selected to demonstrate the characteristics of the inventive pump. The transition between operating conditions “A” and “B” is depicted as the “switching point” at approximately 2,000 RPM.
  • In this example, valve 207 is OFF at start up and for engine speeds less than 2,000 RPM, namely, chamber 23 is unpressurized and vented to ambient. For engine speeds less than approximately 2,000 RPM the maximum pump outlet pressure (Line Pressure) is approximately 3.6 bar. The maximum flow rate (Flow Rate) is approximately 25.0 liters/minute.
  • For engine speeds greater than approximately 2,000 RPM the pump outlet pressure (Line Pressure) quickly transitions down to a minimum outlet pressure of approximately 2.4 bar at 2,000 RPM up to 3.2 bar at approximately 7,500 RPM. The flow rate (Flow Rate) transitions to a maximum of approximately 23.0 liters/minute at 7,500 RPM.
  • At the transition point the step change in pressure is approximately 1.4 bar. The step change in flow is approximately 5 l/min.
  • The performance transition in this example is caused by slide 12 pivoting about pivot 18 caused by activation of valve 207 thereby pressuring chamber 23. Valve 207 is controlled by an electric signal transmitted by an engine ECU, for example. Upon reaching the predetermined engine speed, in this case approximately 2,000 RPM, ECU 208 (see FIG. 6) signals valve 207 to close, thereby pressurizing chamber 23 with fluid pressure equal to that in the main oil gallery 204. In the event of a failure of valve 207 chamber 23 would depressurize thereby putting the pump in high discharge pressure mode.
  • Although a form of the invention has been described herein, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that variations may be made in the construction and relation of parts without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention described herein.

Claims (10)

1. A variable displacement sliding vane pump comprising:
a pump body;
inlet and outlet ports in said pump body;
a drive shaft rotatably mounted in said pump body;
a rotor driven by said drive shaft;
a plurality of radially extending vanes slidably disposed in said rotor;
a pivot disposed in said pump body;
a slide pivotally disposed on said pivot and having a central axis eccentric to the axis of said rotor;
a plurality of fluid chambers defined by said rotor, said vanes, and said slide that are successively connected to said inlet and outlet ports;
a spring acting on said slide to urge said slide in one direction;
a first chamber and a second chamber, each for receiving a fluid pressure and each disposed between said pump body and an outer surface of said slide;
the first chamber connected to a pump outlet discharge pressure; and
a valve operable to selectively pressurize the second chamber to a fluid pressure greater than an atmospheric ambient pressure condition.
2. The variable displacement pump as in claim 1 further comprising a second spring acting in parallel with the spring.
3. The variable displacement sliding vane pump as in claim 1, wherein the valve is electric and controlled by an engine ECU.
4. The variable displacement sliding vane pump as in claim 1, wherein the pump outlet discharge flow rate decreases upon depressurization of the second chamber.
5. The variable displacement sliding vane pump as in claim 1, wherein the second chamber is pressurized to a pressure greater than atmospheric ambient pressure for engine speeds less than a predetermined engine speed and is depressurized to an atmospheric ambient pressure for engine speeds greater than said predetermined engine speed.
6. The variable displacement sliding vane pump as in claim 1, wherein the first chamber and the second chamber are both in fluid communication with a pump output discharge pressure.
7. A variable displacement sliding vane pump comprising:
a pump body;
inlet and outlet ports in said pump body;
a drive shaft rotatably mounted in said pump body;
a rotor driven by said drive shaft and co-axially aligned therewith;
a plurality of radially extending vanes slidably disposed in said rotor;
a pivot disposed in said pump body;
a slide pivotally disposed on said pivot in said pump body and having a central axis eccentric to the axis of said rotor;
a plurality of fluid chambers defined by said rotor, said vanes, and said slide that are successively connected to said inlet and outlet ports;
a spring acting on said slide to urge said slide in one direction;
a first chamber and a second chamber, each in fluid communication with a pump discharge oil pressure and each disposed between the pump body and an outer surface of said slide; and
a valve operable at a predetermined pump speed wherein the second chamber is selectively switched between an ambient atmospheric pressure and an pump discharge oil pressure.
8. A variable displacement sliding vane pump comprising:
a pump body;
inlet and outlet ports formed in said pump body;
a drive shaft rotatably mounted in said pump body;
a rotor driven by said drive shaft and co-axially aligned therewith;
a plurality of radially extending vanes slidably disposed in said rotor;
a pivot disposed in said pump body;
a slide pivotally disposed on said pivot in said pump body and having a central axis eccentric to the axis of said rotor;
a plurality of fluid chambers defined by said rotor, said vanes, and said slide that are successively connected to said inlet and outlet ports;
a spring acting on said slide to urge said slide in one direction;
a first chamber and a second chamber, each suitable for receiving a fluid pressure and each disposed between said pump body and an outer surface of said slide;
the first chamber in fluid communication with a pump outlet discharge pressure; and
a valve operable to selectively pressurize and depressurize the second chamber.
9. The variable displacement sliding vane pump as in claim 8, wherein the second chamber is pressurized to a pressure greater than atmospheric ambient pressure for engine speeds less than a predetermined engine speed and is depressurizeable to an atmospheric ambient pressure for engine speeds greater than said predetermined engine speed.
10. The variable displacement sliding vane pump as in claim 8, wherein the second chamber is pressurizeable up to approximately a pump outlet discharge pressure.
US11/389,687 2006-03-27 2006-03-27 Variable displacement sliding vane pump Abandoned US20070224067A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/389,687 US20070224067A1 (en) 2006-03-27 2006-03-27 Variable displacement sliding vane pump

Applications Claiming Priority (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/389,687 US20070224067A1 (en) 2006-03-27 2006-03-27 Variable displacement sliding vane pump
MX2008012455A MX2008012455A (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Variable displacement sliding vane pump.
BRPI0709186-9A BRPI0709186B1 (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Variable displacement sliding pump pump
EP07752989A EP1999373A1 (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Variable displacement sliding vane pump
PCT/US2007/006328 WO2007123607A1 (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Variable displacement sliding vane pump
CNA2007800174603A CN101443557A (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Variable displacement sliding vane pump
RU2008142373/06A RU2396462C2 (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Guided-vane adjustable pump
KR1020087025425A KR20080105168A (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Variable displacement sliding vane pump
JP2009502826A JP2009531598A (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Variable displacement sliding vane pump
CA002647376A CA2647376A1 (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Variable displacement sliding vane pump
AU2007241171A AU2007241171A1 (en) 2006-03-27 2007-03-12 Variable displacement sliding vane pump

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US20090269232A1 (en) * 2008-04-25 2009-10-29 Matthew Williamson Variable Displacement Vane Pump With Enhanced Discharge Port
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CN101892981A (en) * 2009-05-18 2010-11-24 皮尔伯格泵技术有限责任公司 Variable capacity lubricant vane pump
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EP2375073A1 (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-12 Pierburg Pump Technology GmbH Sealing for the control chamber of a variable displacement lubricant pump
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US20130089446A1 (en) * 2004-12-22 2013-04-11 Tesma International Inc. Variable Capacity Vane Pump with Dual Control Chambers
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US20130309113A1 (en) * 2012-05-18 2013-11-21 Magna Powertrain Inc. Multiple Stage Passive Variable Displacement Vane Pump
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US20150252803A1 (en) * 2014-03-10 2015-09-10 Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd. Variable displacement pump
US9181803B2 (en) 2004-12-22 2015-11-10 Magna Powertrain Inc. Vane pump with multiple control chambers
US9243632B2 (en) * 2011-12-21 2016-01-26 Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd. Variable displacement oil pump
US9964108B2 (en) * 2014-12-05 2018-05-08 O.M.P. Officine Mazzocco Pagnoni S.R.L. Variable displacement oil pump
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US8651825B2 (en) * 2004-12-22 2014-02-18 Magna Powertrain Inc. Variable capacity vane pump with dual control chambers
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RU2396462C2 (en) 2010-08-10
EP1999373A1 (en) 2008-12-10
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CA2647376A1 (en) 2007-11-01
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JP2009531598A (en) 2009-09-03
MX2008012455A (en) 2008-10-10

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