US20070222117A1 - Moulding Compound for Mouldings with High Weather Resistance - Google Patents

Moulding Compound for Mouldings with High Weather Resistance Download PDF

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US20070222117A1
US20070222117A1 US11579329 US57932905A US2007222117A1 US 20070222117 A1 US20070222117 A1 US 20070222117A1 US 11579329 US11579329 US 11579329 US 57932905 A US57932905 A US 57932905A US 2007222117 A1 US2007222117 A1 US 2007222117A1
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weight
molding composition
characterized
parts
copolymer
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US11579329
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Werner Hoess
Michael Wicker
Klaus Schultes
Klaus Albrecht
Martin Mohrmann
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Evonik Roehm GmbH
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Evonik Roehm GmbH
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L33/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and only one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides or nitriles thereof; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L33/04Homopolymers or copolymers of esters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L33/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and only one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides or nitriles thereof; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L33/04Homopolymers or copolymers of esters
    • C08L33/06Homopolymers or copolymers of esters of esters containing only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, which oxygen atoms are present only as part of the carboxyl radical
    • C08L33/10Homopolymers or copolymers of methacrylic acid esters
    • C08L33/12Homopolymers or copolymers of methyl methacrylate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/02Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing two or more polymers of the same C08L -group
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • Y10T428/24322Composite web or sheet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24628Nonplanar uniform thickness material
    • Y10T428/24669Aligned or parallel nonplanarities
    • Y10T428/24694Parallel corrugations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31855Of addition polymer from unsaturated monomers
    • Y10T428/31909Next to second addition polymer from unsaturated monomers

Abstract

A moulding compound comprises a copolymer (I)a), produced by polymerisation of 90-100% by weight methylmethacrylate, styrene and malic acid anhydride, and optionally 0-10% by weight additional monomers which can be copolymerised with methylmethacrylate, a (co)polymer (II)b), produced by polymerisation of 80-100% by weight methylmethacrylate and optionally 0-20% by weight additional monomers which can be copolymerised with methylmethacrylate, and has a solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628 Part 6) of 50 to 55 ml/g, as well as c) optional conventional additives, auxiliary agents and/or fillers. The moulding compound is characterised in that the copolymer (I) has a solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628 Part) of 55 ml/g or less. Also disclosed are mouldings produced by thermoplastic processing of the moulding compound and their uses.

Description

  • The invention relates to a molding composition for molded parts with high weathering resistance.
  • PRIOR ART
  • EP 0 113 105 A1 describes heat-resistant methacrylate plastic mixtures composed of two copolymers. Copolymer I is obtained via polymerization of methyl methacrylate, of an aromatic vinyl component, and of maleic anhydride, and copolymer II is a polymer composed of from 80 to 100% by weight of methyl methacrylate and of from 0 to 20% by weight of other copolymerizable ethylenic monomers.
  • In particular, the copolymer I can be composed of from 50 to 98% by weight of methyl methacrylate, from 1 to 25% by weight of styrene, and from 1 to 25% by weight of maleic anhydride. The preparation process is described as non-critical. By way of example, a specific proposal converts the monomers mentioned via partial polymerization to give a prepolymer in the presence of 2,2′-azobis(2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile) as initiator and of tert-dodecyl mercaptan as molecular-weight regulator. The prepolymer is then polymerized first for 30 minutes at 80° C. and then again for 2 hours at 130° C. in the presence of lauryl 2,2′-peroxide as initiator and tert-dodecyl mercaptan in a polymerization cell to give a sheet. The polymer sheet is then comminuted to give pellets. Nothing is said about the molecular weight of the polymer, but a factor deserving attention is that the preparation process necessarily has to lead to comparatively high molecular weights, attended by solution viscosities in chloroform of more than 60 ml/g at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6).
  • In EP 0 113 105 A1, various mixtures of the copolymer I with a commercially available polymethyl methacrylate molding composition as copolymer II are prepared and their properties are studied. The product is plastics mixtures with high transparency, with no detectable tendency toward yellowing in the case of injection-molded parts, and with high weathering resistance after exposure for 1100 hours.
  • OBJECT AND SOLUTION OF OBJECT
  • Starting from EP 0 113 105 A1, the intention was to provide a molding composition whose weathering resistance has been further improved and whose MVR flowability (230° C./3.8 kg) in particular in the region advantageous for injection molding is from 2.5 to 5.0 cm3/10 min. In particular, the intention is that the surface of specimens subjected to long-term weathering exhibit only very slight or no cracking. The intention was that, when comparison is made with EP 0 113 105 A1, there is to be no or only very slight impairment of the Vicat softening temperature VST (ISO 306-B50), and that this is to achieve a value of 109° C.
  • The object is achieved via a molding composition, encompassing the following components
      • a) a copolymer (I), polymerized to an extent of from 90 to 100% by weight from methyl methacrylate, styrene, and maleic anhydride, and, if appropriate, from 0 to 10% by weight of other monomers copolymerizable with methyl methacrylate, characterized via a solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) of less than or equal to 55 ml/g
      • b) a (co)polymer (II), polymerized from from 80 to 100% by weight of methyl methacrylate and, if appropriate, from from 0 to 20% by weight of other monomers copolymerizable with methyl methacrylate whose solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) is from 50 to 55 ml/g, and
      • c) optionally conventional additives, auxiliaries, and/or fillers, characterized in that the solution viscosity of the copolymer (I) in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) is less than or equal to 55 ml/g.
    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The inventive molding composition encompasses or is composed of the following components
      • a. a copolymer (I), polymerized to an extent of from 90 to 100% by weight from methyl methacrylate, styrene, and maleic anhydride, and, if appropriate, from 0 to 10% by weight of other monomers copolymerizable with methyl methacrylate, characterized via a solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) of less than or equal to 55 ml/g
      • b. a (co)polymer (II), polymerized from from 80 to 100% by weight of methyl methacrylate and, if appropriate, from from 0 to 20% by weight of other monomers copolymerizable with methyl methacrylate whose solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) is from 50 to 55 ml/g, and
      • c. optionally conventional additives, auxiliaries, and/or fillers
  • The advantageous properties of the inventive molding composition are substantially based on the mixture of copolymer (I) with the (co)polymer (II). A decisive factor for the properties improved in comparison with EP 0 113 105 A1 is the low molecular weight of the copolymer (I), characterized via a solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) of less than or equal to 55 ml/g. It is self-evident that the molding composition can in many instances comprise not only the copolymer (I) and the (co)polymer (II) but also conventional additives, auxiliaries, and/or fillers, examples being colorants, pigments, or organic dyes, in the case of colored injection-molded parts.
  • A test specimen produced, for example via injection molding, from the inventive molding composition can have the following properties simultaneously.
      • a Vicat softening temperature VST (ISO 306-B50) of at least 108°0 C., preferably of 110-115° C.,
      • a melt index MVR (ISO 1133, 230° C./3.8 kg) of at least from 2.5 to 5.0, preferably from 2.8 to 4.9, cm3/10 min.
      • Xenotest weathering resistance (DIN EN ISO 4893, Part 2) after 10 000 hours characterized via a yellowness index (DIN 6167) of less than or equal to 2.0.
  • The Xenotest to DIN EN ISO 4892, Part 2 (artificial weathering or irradiation in devices—filtered xenon arc irradiation) can be carried out by the person skilled in the art, for example using the following parameters: Beta LM Xenotest device; lower wavelength threshold lambda G=300 nm (Xenochrom 300 filter); black standard temperature=65 +/−3° C.; water spray/drying cycle: 18 min of water spray, 102 min of drying time; relative humidity during drying=65%; constant conditions=continuous irradiation of specimens; irradiation intensity=standard method A (artificial weathering); test device: Xenosensitiv (lambda from 300 to 400 nm), controllable from 45 to 120 W/m2, normal specification 60 W/m2.
  • The molding composition is further characterized in that the increase in yellowness index (DIN 6167, D65/10° illuminant, 3 mm) of a test specimen produced from the molding composition is not more than 1.5 units, preferably not more than 1.0 unit, after Xenotest weathering (DIN EN ISO 4893, Part 2) for 10 000 hours.
  • The molding composition is characterized in that a test specimen produced from the molding composition has no cracking visible to the naked eye after Xenotest weathering (DIN EN ISO 4893, Part 2) for 5000 hours, indeed even after 10 000 hours.
  • The molding composition is characterized in that when the Taber 203 scratch hardness of a test specimen produced from the molding composition is determined using an applied force of 3.0 N the value obtained is not more than 3 μm crack depth, in particular not more than 2.8 μm crack depth.
  • Copolymer (I)
  • The (co)polymer (II) is composed of from 80 to 100% by weight, preferably from 90 to 100% by weight, in particular from 99 to 100% by weight, of methyl methacrylate, styrene, and maleic anhydride. If appropriate, from 0 to 20% by weight, preferably from 0 to 10% by weight, in particular from 0 to 1% by weight, of other comonomers capable of free-radical polymerization can also be present, examples being α-methylstyrene or C1-C4-alkyl (meth)acrylates, in particular methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, or butyl acrylate, in particular n-butyl acrylate.
  • The copolymer (I) is particularly preferably composed only of units capable of free-radical polymerization and composed of methyl methacrylate, styrene, and maleic anhydride.
  • Examples of suitable quantitative proportions can be:
      • from 50 to 90% by weight, preferably from 70 to 80% by weight, of methyl methacrylate,
      • from 10 to 20% by weight, preferably from 12 to 18% by weight, of styrene, and
      • from 5 to 15% by weight, preferably from 8 to 12% by weight, of maleic anhydride.
  • The solution viscosity of the copolymer (I) in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) is less than or equal to 55 ml/g, preferably less than or equal to 50 ml/g, in particular from 40 to 55 ml/g, particularly preferably from 43 to 50 ml/g.
  • This can correspond to a molar mass Mw (weight-average) of 95 000 g/mol (Mw determination by means of gel permeation chromatography based on polymethyl methacrylate as calibration standard). By way of example, molecular weight Mw can be determined by gel permeation chromatography or by a light-scattering method (see, for example, H. F. Mark et al., Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering, 2nd Edition, Vol. 10, pages 1 ff., J. Wiley, 1989).
  • Corresponding copolymers can be obtained in a manner known per se via free-radical polymerization. EP-A 264 590 describes by way of example a process for preparation of a molding composition composed of a monomer mixture composed of methyl methacrylate, of a vinylaromatic compound, and of maleic anhydride, and, if appropriate, of a lower alkyl acrylate, where the polymerization is carried out to 50% conversion in the presence or absence of a non-polymerizable organic solvent, and where, starting at conversion of at least 50%, the polymerization is continued in the temperature range from 75 to 150° C. in the presence of an organic solvent as far as at least 80% conversion, and then the low-molecular-weight volatile constituents are evaporated.
  • JP-A 60 147 417 describes a process for preparation of a highly heat-resistant polymethacrylate molding composition in which a monomer mixture composed of methyl methacrylate and of maleic anhydride, and of at least one vinylaromatic compound is fed to a polymerization reactor suitable for solution polymerization or bulk polymerization at a temperature from 100 to 180° C. and is polymerized. DE-A 44 40 219 describes another preparation process.
  • By way of example, the copolymer (I) can be prepared by taking a monomer mixture composed of, for example, 6355 g of methyl methacrylate, 1271 g of styrene, and 847 g of maleic anhydride, and admixing 1.9 g of tert-butyl perneodecanoate and 0.85 g of tert-butyl 3,5,5-trimethylperoxyhexanoate as polymerization initiator and 19.6 g of 2-mercaptoethanol as molecular weight regulator, and 4.3 g of palmitic acid. The resultant mixture can be charged to a polymerization cell and, for example, devolatilized for 10 minutes. The mixture can then be polymerized in a water bath, for example for 6 hours at 60° C., and then for 30 hours at 55° C. water bath temperature. After about 30 hours, the polymerization mixture reaches its maximum temperature: about 126° C. Once the polymerization cell has been removed from the water bath, the polymer corresponding to component a) is further heat-conditioned in the polymerization cell for about 7 hours, for example at 117° C., in an oven under air.
  • (Co)polymer (II)
  • The copolymer (II) is a (meth)acrylate (co)polymer whose solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) is from 50 to 55 ml/g, preferably from 52 to 54 ml/g.
  • This can correspond to a molar mass Mw (weight-average) in the range from 80 000 to 200 000 g/mol, preferably from 100 000 to 150 000 g/mol. By way of example, molecular weight Mw can be determined by gel permeation chromatography or by a light-scattering method (see, for example, H. F. Mark et al., Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering, 2nd Edition, Vol. 10, pages 1 ff., J. Wiley, 1989).
  • The (co)polymer (II) is a homopolymer or copolymer composed of at least 80% by weight of methyl methacrylate and, if appropriate, up to 20% by weight of other monomers copolymerizable with methyl methacrylate. The (co)polymer (II) is composed of from 80 to 100% by weight, preferably from 90 to 99.5% by weight, of methyl methacrylate units polymerized by a free-radical route and, if appropriate, of from 0 to 20% by weight, preferably from 0.5 to 10% by weight, of other comonomers capable of free-radical polymerization, e.g. C1-C4-alkyl (meth)acrylates, in particular methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, or butyl acrylate, preferably n-butyl acrylate. The average molar mass Mw of the copolymer (II) is preferably in the range from 90 000 g/mol to 200 000 g/mol, in particular from 100 000 g/mol to 150 000 g/mol.
  • By way of example, the (co)polymer II can have been polymerized from from 95 to 99.5% by weight of methyl methacrylate and from 0.5 to 5% by weight, preferably from 1 to 4% by weight, of methyl acrylate.
  • The Vicat softening temperature VST (ISO 306-B50) of the (co)polymer (II) can be at least 107° C., preferably from 108 to 114° C. The melt index MVR (ISO 1133, 230° C./3.8 kg) can, for example, be in the range greater than or equal to 2.5 cm3/10 min.
  • Conventional Additives, Auxiliaries, and/or Fillers
  • The molding composition can also comprise, alongside the polymer mixture composed of the copolymer (I) and of the (co)polymer (II), in a manner known per se, conventional additives, auxilaries, and/or fillers, examples being heat stabilizers, UV stabilizers, UV absorbers, antioxidants, and/or colorants, pigments, or organic dyes. It is preferable that the amount of conventional additives, auxiliaries, and/or fillers present is not more than 10% by weight, particularly preferably not more than 5% by weight, in particular not more than 2% by weight. The molding composition can, if appropriate, also comprise absolutely no additives, auxiliaries, and/or fillers.
  • For the injection-molding process, lubricants or mold-release agents are particularly important, and can reduce the level of, or entirely prevent, possible adhesion of the polymer mixture to the injection mold. Furthermore, many moldings in particular, particularly injection-molded parts, are non-transparent but have a color, therefore comprising colorants, pigments, or organic dyes, as additives. Parts for outdoor uses generally comprise UV stabilizers, UV absorbers, or antioxidants for additional protection from weathering.
  • Lubricants can therefore be used as auxiliaries, examples being those selected from the group of the saturated fatty acids whose number of carbon atoms is less than C20, preferably from C16 to C18, or from the saturated fatty alcohols whose number of carbon atoms is less than C20, preferably from C16 to C18. Quantitative proportions present are preferably very small, at most 0.25% by weight, for example from 0.05 to 0.2% by weight, based on the polymer mixture.
  • Examples of suitable materials are stearic acid, palmitic acid, industrial mixtures composed of stearic and palmitic acid. Examples of other suitable materials are n-hexadecanol, n-octadecanol, and industrial mixtures composed of n-hexadecanol and n-octadecanol.
  • Stearyl alcohol is a particularly preferred lubricant or mold-release agent.
  • Preparation of the Molding Composition
  • The molding composition or polymer mixture can be prepared via dry blending of components a) and b), which may take the form of powder, beads, or preferably pellets.
  • It is preferable that the copolymers (I) and the (co)polymer (II) are present 5in a ratio of copolymers (I) to (co)polymer (II) which is from 95 to 5 to 5 to 95, preferably from 20 to 80 to 80 to 20, in particular from 20 to 60 to 80 to 40, in each case based on parts by weight.
  • The polymer mixture can also be processed via melting and mixing of the individual components in the melt, or via melting of dry premixes of the individual components, to give a ready-to-use molding composition. This can take place by way of example in single- or twin-screw extruders. The resultant extrudate can then be pelletized. Conventional additives, auxiliaries, and/or fillers c) can be directly admixed or can be added as required subsequently by the further processor.
  • Uses of the Molding Composition/Moldings
  • The inventive molding composition can be used in a manner known per se to produce molded parts, entirely or to some extent via thermoplastic processing, in particular injection molding or extrusion, or via coextrusion or lamination, or else via lacquering. A feature of the inventive moldings, due to the inventive molding composition present, is high weathering resistance, very little tendency toward yellowing, and very little tendency toward cracking. The surface is also highly scratch-resistant.
  • The moldings are composed entirely or to some extent of the inventive molding composition, which is preferably composed to an extent of from 90 to 100% by weight of the copolymer (I) and of the (co)polymer (II), and, if appropriate, to an extent of from 0 to 10% by weight of conventional additives, auxiliaries, and/or fillers.
  • Examples of extruded moldings can be solid sheets, corrugated sheets, panels having cavities, in particular multiple-web sandwich panels, twin-web sandwich panels, triple-web sandwich panels, or quadruple-web sandwich panels, or sandwich panels with lattice geometry, or other sandwich panels.
  • Injection molded parts can by way of example be parts of household devices, of communications devices, of equipment for hobbies or for sports, or are bodywork parts, or are parts of bodywork parts in automobile construction, in shipbuilding, or in aircraft construction, examples being lamp covers, instrument covers, tachometer covers, displays, panels, or decorative strips. Parts of moldings, e.g. bodywork parts in automobile construction, in shipbuilding, or in aircraft construction, can be parts with a layer structure, where the inventive molding composition is used by way of example as external clear-lacquer layer and/or as internal layer provided with a colorant.
  • Typical examples of bodywork parts or parts of bodywork parts of automobiles are lamp covers, instrument covers, tachometer covers, panels, decorative strips, spoilers, roof modules, or exterior-mirror housings.
  • The inventive molding composition can be particularly advantageously used for the coating of surfaces or for the impregnation of wood, because it has high weathering resistance.
  • A possible method of application introduces the molding composition into an organic solvent or a solvent mixture and then processes it as a lacquer.
  • As an alternative, wood can be coated by the injection-molding process, by injecting a melt of the inventive molding composition over an article composed of wood, e.g. a control knob or a panel, in an injection mold.
  • EXAMPLES
  • A) Preparation of a Copolymer (I)
  • The copolymer (I) is a copolymer composed of 75% by weight of methyl methacrylate, 15% by weight of styrene, and 10% by weight of maleic anhydride.
  • The procedure takes a monomer mixture composed of 6355 g of methyl methacrylate, 1271 g of styrene, and 847 g of maleic anhydride, and admixes this with 1.9 g of tert-butyl perneodecanoate and 0.85 g of tert-butyl 3,5,5-trimethylperoxyhexanoate as polymerization initiator, and 19.6 g of 2-mercaptoethanol as molecular weight regulator, and with 4.3 g of palmitic acid.
  • The resultant mixture is charged to a polymerization cell and devolatilized for 10 minutes. The mixture can then be polymerized in a water bath, for example for 6 hours at 60° C., and then for 30 hours at 55° C. water bath temperature. After about 30 hours, the polymerization mixture reaches its maximum temperature: 126° C.
  • Once the polymerization cell has been removed from the water bath, the polymer is further heat-conditioned in the polymerization cell for 7 hours, at 117° C., in an oven under air.
  • The resultant copolymer (I) is clear and almost colorless, and its V.N. (solution viscosity number to ISO 1628-6, 25° C., chloroform) is 48.7 ml/g. The flowability of the copolymer was determined as MVR=3.27 cm3/10 min to ISO 1133 at 230° C., using 3.8 kg.
  • B) (Co)polymer (II)
  • The (co)polymer (II) used comprised: a commercially available copolymer composed of 99% by weight of methyl methacrylate and 1% by weight of methyl acrylate whose solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) was about 53 ml/g.
  • C) Copolymer (III)
  • The material used for comparison comprised:
    • A commercially available copolymer (copolymer II) composed of 75% by weight of methyl methacrylate, 15% by weight of styrene, and 10% by weight of maleic anhydride whose solution viscosity to ISO 1628-6, 25° C., chloroform, was 68 ml/g. Copolymer (III) therefore differs from copolymer (I) only in the higher molecular weight.
      D) Preparation of Molding Compositions A to D
  • Molding compositions A to D were prepared via mixing of the copolymers I, II, and, respectively, III.
  • Once the individual components had been weighed out into a 10 l mixing drum, a homogeneous pellet mixture was prepared via mixing for 5 minutes on a tumbling mixer. The mixture was placed in the hopper of a single-screw extruder with 35 mm screw diameter and extruded at 230° C. melt temperature. Extrudates were drawn from the extruder die head and were chopped by means of a pelletizer to give pellets after cooling in a water bath and then in an air-cooling section. This procedure was used to prepare mixtures composed of copolymer I and copolymer II, and also mixtures composed of copolymer II and copolymer III.
  • For testing of Theological properties, a sample amount of the pellets was used to carry out the tests. From the pellets obtained, sheets of dimensions 110×110×3 mm were also injection-molded for determination of scratch hardness, as also were test specimens with dimensions 65×40×3 for the weathering tests and the optical measurements.
  • An injection-molding machine from Demag; Schwaig DEMAG D150 was used for this purpose. The injection-molding parameters set were as follows:
    • melt temperature 250° C., mold temperature 70° C., injection pressure: from 120 to 160 bar, hold pressure: from 80 to 75 bar).
  • The following table includes the constitutions of the products, the tests carried out, and also the test results obtained.
  • Table: Constitution, tests, and test results for various polymer mixtures. Examples A and B are inventive, and examples C and D are non-inventive
    Solution viscosity Example
    number ISO 1628-6, C D
    25° C., chloroform [ml/g] A B (comp.) (comp.)
    Copolymer (I) 48.7 25 50
    (Co)polymer (II) 53 75 50 75 50
    Copolymer (III) 68 25 50
    Xenotest (DIN EN ISO 4892,
    Part 2)
    Optical assessment of
    surface quality
    Cracking after 1000 h none none none none
    Cracking after 5000 h none none little little
    Cracking after 10 000 h none none much much
    Taber 203 scratch hardness
    [μm] with applied force of
    1.0 N 0.17 0.10
    1.5 N 0.70 0.21
    2.0 N 1.20 0.75
    3.0 N 2.50 2.10
    MVR (ISO 1133, 3.4 4.3 2.4 2.0
    230° C./3.8 kg) [cm3/10 min]
    VST (ISO 306 B) [° C.] 112.5 114.5 111.0 114.0
    Yellowness index to DIN
    6167 (D65/10° illuminant,
    3 mm)
    after 0 h 0.5 0.3 1.5 1.0
    after 10 000 h 1.0 0.8 4.0 3.5
  • The Xenotest to DIN EN ISO 4892, Part 2 (artificial weathering or irradiation in devices—filtered xenon arc irradiation) was carried out with a Beta LM Xenotest device. The lower wavelength threshold lambda G=300 nm; black standard temperature=65 +/−3° C.; water spray/drying cycle: 18 min of water spray, 102 min of drying time; relative humidity during drying=65%; constant conditions=continuous irradiation of specimens; irradiation intensity=standard method A (artificial weathering); test device: Xenosensitiv (lambda from 300 to 400 nm), controllable from 45 to 120 W/m2, the standard specification value of 60 W/m2 being used for testing.

Claims (16)

  1. 1. A molding composition, encompassing the following components
    a) a copolymer (I), polymerized to an extent of from 90 to 100% by weight from methyl methacrylate, styrene, and maleic anhydride, and, optionally, from 0 to 10% by weight of other monomers copolymerizable with methyl methacrylate,
    b) a (co)polymer (II), polymerized from from 80 to 100% by weight of methyl methacrylate and, if appropriate, from from 0 to 20% by weight of other monomers copolymerizable with methyl methacrylate, whose solution viscosity in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) is from 50 to 55 ml/g, and
    c) optionally conventional additives, auxiliaries, and/or fillers characterized in that
    the solution viscosity of the copolymer (I) in chloroform at 25° C. (ISO 1628-Part 6) is less than or equal to 55 ml/g.
  2. 2. The molding composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the molding composition or a test specimen produced from the molding composition has the following properties simultaneously:
    a Vicat softening temperature VST (ISO 306-B50) of at least 109° C.,
    a melt index MVR (ISO 1133, 230° C./3.8 kg) of at least from 2.5 to 5.0 cm3/10 min.
    Xenotest weathering resistance (DIN EN ISO 4893, Part 2) after 10 000 hours characterized via a yellowness index (DIN 6167) of less than or equal to 2.0.
  3. 3. The molding composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the increase in the yellowness index (DIN 6167) of a test specimen produced from the molding composition is not more than 1.5 units after Xenotest weathering (DIN EN ISO 4893, Part 2) for 10 000 hours.
  4. 4. The molding composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that when the Taber 203 scratch hardness of a test specimen produced from the molding composition is determined using an applied force of 3.0 N the value obtained is not more than 3 μm.
  5. 5. The molding composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the copolymer (I) and the (co)polymer (II) are present in a ratio of from 95 to 5 to 5 to 95 parts by weight.
  6. 6. The molding composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the copolymer (I) has been polymerized from
    from 50 to 90% by weight of methyl methacrylate,
    from 10 to 20% by weight of styrene, and
    from 5 to 15% by weight of maleic anhydride.
  7. 7. The molding composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the copolymer (II) is a polymer composed of from 95 to 99.5% by weight of methyl methacrylate and from 0.5 to 5% by weight of methyl acrylate.
  8. 8. The molding composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the proportion of the conventional additives, auxiliaries, and/or fillers is not more than 10% by weight.
  9. 9. The molding composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that a lubricant is present as auxiliary.
  10. 10. The molding composition as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the mold-release agent stearyl alcohol is present as auxiliary.
  11. 11. Molded parts, producedentirely or to some extent from a molding composition as claimed in claim 1 via thermoplastic processing, in particular injection molding or extrusion, or via coextrusion, lamination, or lacquering.
  12. 12. Extruded parts as claimed in claim 11, characterized in that the materials are solid sheets, corrugated sheets, panels having cavities, selected from multiple-web sandwich panels, twin-web sandwich panels, triple-web sandwich panels, or quadruple-web sandwich panels, or sandwich panels with lattice geometry, or other sandwich panels.
  13. 13. Molded parts as claimed in claim 11, characterized in that the materials are parts of household devices, of communications devices, of equipment for hobbies or for sports, or are bodywork parts, or are parts of bodywork parts in automobile construction, in shipbuilding, or in aircraft construction, lamp covers, instrument covers, tachometer covers, panels, or decorative strips.
  14. 14. Molded parts as claimed in claim 11, characterized in that it has at least one coextruded, laminated, or lacquered layer composed of the parts
  15. 15. The method of using the molding composition as claimed in claim 1 for production of molded parts or of parts thereof via thermoplastic processing, selected from injection molding or extrusion, or via coextrusion, lamination, or lacquering.
  16. 16. The method of using the molding composition as claimed in claim 1 for the coating of surfaces or for the impregnation of wood.
US11579329 2004-05-05 2005-04-07 Moulding Compound for Mouldings with High Weather Resistance Abandoned US20070222117A1 (en)

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