US20070179125A1 - Aminopyrimidines useful as kinase inhibitors - Google Patents

Aminopyrimidines useful as kinase inhibitors Download PDF

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US20070179125A1
US20070179125A1 US11/600,588 US60058806A US2007179125A1 US 20070179125 A1 US20070179125 A1 US 20070179125A1 US 60058806 A US60058806 A US 60058806A US 2007179125 A1 US2007179125 A1 US 2007179125A1
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ring
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aliphatic
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Damien Fraysse
Andrew Miller
Daniel Robinson
Joanne Pinder
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Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc
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Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D403/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D401/00
    • C07D403/14Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, having nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D401/00 containing three or more hetero rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D417/00Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D415/00
    • C07D417/14Heterocyclic compounds containing two or more hetero rings, at least one ring having nitrogen and sulfur atoms as the only ring hetero atoms, not provided for by group C07D415/00 containing three or more hetero rings

Abstract

The present invention relates to compounds useful as inhibitors of protein kinases. The invention also provides pharmaceutically acceptable compositions comprising those compounds and methods of using the compounds and compositions in the treatment of various disease, conditions, and disorders. The invention also provides processes for preparing compounds of the inventions.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This present application claims benefit, under 35 U.S.C. §119, to U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/737,064, filed Nov. 16, 2005, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to compounds useful as inhibitors of kinases. The invention also relates to pharmaceutically acceptable compositions comprising the compounds of the invention, methods of using the compounds and compositions in the treatment of various disorders, and processes for preparing the compounds.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The search for new therapeutic agents has been greatly aided in recent years by a better understanding of the structure of enzymes and other biomolecules associated with target diseases. One important class of enzymes that has been the subject of extensive study is protein kinases.
  • Protein kinases are attractive and proven targets for new therapeutic agents to treat a range of human diseases, with examples of kinase inhibitors including Gleevec® and Tarceva®.
  • Protein kinases constitute a large family of structurally related enzymes that are responsible for the control of a variety of signal transduction processes within the cell. Protein kinases are thought to have evolved from a common ancestral gene due to the conservation of their structure and catalytic function. Almost all kinases contain a similar 250-300 amino acid catalytic domain. The kinases may be categorized into families by the substrates they phosphorylate (e.g., protein-tyrosine, protein-serine/threonine, lipids, etc.). Sequence motifs have been identified that generally correspond to each of these kinase families.
  • In general, protein kinases mediate intracellular signaling by effecting a phosphoryl transfer from a nucleoside triphosphate to a protein acceptor that is involved in a signaling pathway. These phosphorylation events act as molecular on/off switches that can modulate or regulate the target protein biological function.
  • These phosphorylation events are ultimately triggered in response to a variety of extracellular and other stimuli. Examples of such stimuli include environmental and chemical stress signals (e.g., osmotic shock, heat shock, ultraviolet radiation, bacterial endotoxin, and H202), cytokines (e.g., interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor a (TNF-a)), and growth factors (e.g., granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)). An extracellular stimulus may affect one or more cellular responses related to cell growth, migration, differentiation, secretion of hormones, activation of transcription factors, muscle contraction, glucose metabolism, control of protein synthesis, and regulation of the cell cycle.
  • Many diseases are associated with abnormal cellular responses triggered by protein kinase-mediated events. These diseases include autoimmune diseases, inflammatory diseases, bone diseases, metabolic diseases, neurological and neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, allergies and asthma, Alzheimer's disease, and hormone-related diseases. Accordingly, there has been a substantial effort in medicinal chemistry to find protein kinase inhibitors that are effective as therapeutic agents. However, considering the lack of currently available treatment options for the majority of the conditions associated with protein kinases, there is still a great need for new therapeutic agents that inhibit these protein targets.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention provides compounds and pharmaceutically acceptable compositions thereof that are useful as inhibitors of protein kinases. These compounds are represented by formula I:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00001

    or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1, RX, RY, Q, and Ht are as defined herein.
  • These compounds and pharmaceutically acceptable compositions thereof are useful for inhibiting kinases in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo. Such uses include treating or preventing a variety of diseases, disorders or conditions, including, but not limited to, autoimmune diseases, inflammatory diseases, bone diseases, metabolic diseases, neurological and neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, allergies and asthma, Alzheimer's disease, and hormone-related diseases. Other uses include the study of kinases in biological and pathological phenomena; the study of intracellular signal transduction pathways mediated by such kinases; and the comparative evaluation of new kinase inhibitors.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention provides a compound of formula I:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00002
  • or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:
  • Ht is thiazole or pyrazole, wherein each ring is optionally and independently substituted with R2 and R2′;
  • Q is —O—, —NR′—, —S—, —C(R′)2—, or —(C═O)—;
  • RX is T1-R3 or L-Z-R3;
  • RY is T2-R10 or L-Z-R10;
  • R1 is T3-(Ring D);
  • Ring D is a 4-7 membered monocyclic ring or 8-10 membered bicyclic ring selected from a heterocyclyl or a carbocyclyl ring, said heterocyclyl ring having 1-4 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur, wherein each substitutable ring carbon of Ring D is independently substituted by oxo, T4-R5, or V-Z-R5, and each substitutable ring nitrogen of Ring D is independently substituted by —R4;
  • each T, T1, T2, T3, and T4 is independently a C1-4 alkylidene chain or is absent;
  • Z is a C1-4 alkylidene chain or is absent;
  • L is —O—, —S—, —SO—, —SO2—, —N(R6)SO2—, —SO2N(R6)—, —N(R6)—, —CO—, —CO2—, —N(R6)CO—, —N(R6)C(O)O—, —N(R6)CON(R6)—, —N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, —N(R6)N(R6)—, —C(O)N(R6)—, —OC(O)N(R 6)—, —C(R6)2O—, —C(R6)2S—, —C(R6)2SO—, —C(R6)2SO2—, —C(R6)2SO2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6 )—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)O—, —C(R6)═NN(R6)—, —C(R6)═N—O—, —C(R6)2N(R6)N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, or —C(R6)2N(R6)CON(R6)—;
  • R2 and R2′ are independently —R, -T-W—R , or R8, or R2 and R2′ are taken together with their intervening atoms to form a fused, 5-8 membered, unsaturated or partially unsaturated, ring having 0-3 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur, wherein each substitutable ring carbon of said fused ring formed by R2 and R2′ is independently substituted by halo, oxo, —CN, —NO2, —R7, or —V—R6, and each substitutable ring nitrogen of said ring formed by R2 and R2′ is independently substituted by R4;
  • each R3 and R5 is independently —R, -halo, —OR, —C(═O)R, —CO2R, —COCOR, COCH2COR, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R, —S(O)2R, —SR, —N(R4)2, —CON(R7)2, —SO2N(R7)2, —OC(═O)R, —N(R7)COR, —N(R7)C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R4)N(R4)2, —C═NN(R4 )2, —C═N—OR, —N(R7) CON(R7)2, —N(R7)SO2N(R7)2, —N(R4)SO2R, or —OC(═O)N(R7)2;
  • each R is hydrogen, a C1-6 aliphatic group, a C6-10 aryl ring, a heteroaryl ring having 5-10 ring atoms, or a heterocyclyl ring having 4-10 ring atoms, the heteroaryl or heterocyclyl ring having 1-4 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur, the aliphatic group and each R ring being optionally substituted by R9;
  • each R4 is —R7, —COR7, —CO2 (optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic), —CON(R7 )2, or —SO2R7;
  • V is —O—, —S—, —SO—, —SO2—, —N(R6)SO2—, —SO2N(R6)—, —N(R6)—, —CO—, —CO2—, —N(R6)CO—, —N(R6)C(O)O—, —N(R6)CON(R6—, —N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, —N(R6)N(R6)—, —C(O)N(R6)—, —OC(O)N(R6)—, —C(R6)2O—, —C(R6 )2S—, —C(R6)2SO—, —C(R6)2SO2—, —C(R6 )2SO2N(R6)—, C(R6)2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)O—, C(R6)═NN(R6)—, —C(R6)═N—O—, —C(R6)2N(R6)N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, or —C(R6)2N(R6)CON(R6)—;
  • W is —C(R6)2O—, —C(R6)2S—, —C(R6)2SO—, —C(R6)2SO2—, —C(R6)2SO2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)—, —CO—, —CO2—, —C(R6)OC(O)—, —C(R6)OC(O)N(R6)—, —C(R6 )2N(R6)CO—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)O—, —C(R6 )═NN (R6)—, —C(R6 )═N—O—, —C(R6 )2N(R6 )N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)CON(R6)—, or —CON(R6)—;
  • each R6 is independently hydrogen or an optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic group, or two R6 groups on the same nitrogen atom are taken together with the nitrogen atom to form an optionally substituted 4-6 membered heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring; and
  • each R7 is independently hydrogen or an optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic group, or two R7 on the same nitrogen are taken together with the nitrogen to form an optionally substituted 5-8 membered heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring;
  • each R8 is halogen, —CN, or —NO2;
  • each R9 is —R′, -halo, —OR′, —C(═O)R′, —CO2R′, —COCOR′, COCH2COR′, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R′, —S(O)2R′, —SR′, —N(R′)2, —CON(R′)2, —SO2N(R′)2, —OC(═O)R′, —N(R′)COR′, —N(R′)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R′)N(R′)2, —C═NN(R′)2, —C═N—OR′, —N(R′)CON(R′ )2, —N(R′)SO2N(R′)2, —N(R′)SO2R′, or —OC(═O)N(R′)2;
  • each R10 is a 4-membered heterocyclic ring containing 1-2 heteroatoms selected from O, NR11, and S; each R10 is optionally substituted with 0-3 occurrences of J;
  • each J is independently -halo, —OR, oxo, C1-6 aliphatic, —C(═O)R, —CO2R, —COCOR, COCH2COR, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R, —S(O)2R, —SR, —N(R4)2, —CON(R7)2, —SO2N(R7)2, —OC(═O)R, —N(R7)COR, —N(R7)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R4)N(R4)2, ═NN(R4)2, ═N—OR, —N(R7)CON(R7)2, —N(R7)SO2N(R7)2, —N(R4)SO2R, or —OC(═O)N(R7)2; or
  • 2 J groups, on the same atom or on different atoms, together with the atom(s) to which they are bound, form a 3-8 membered saturated, partially saturated, or unsaturated ring having 0-2 heteroatoms selected from O, N, or S;
  • each R11 is —R7, —COR7, —CO2(optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic), —CON(R7)2, or —SO2R7;
  • each R′ is independently hydrogen or a C1-6 aliphatic group optionally substituted with 0-4 occurrences of NH2, NH(C1-4aliphatic), N(C1-4aliphatic)2, halogen, C1-4aliphatic, OH, O(C1-4aliphatic), NO2, CN, CO2H, CO2(C1-4aliphatic), O(haloC1-4 aliphatic), or haloC1-4aliphatic; or, two R′, together with the atom(s) to which they are attached, form an optionally substituted 3-6 membered carbocyclyl or heterocyclyl.
  • In some embodiments, the present invention provides a compound of formula I:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00003
  • or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:
  • Ht is thiazole or pyrazole; Ht is optionally and independently substituted with R2 and R2′;
  • Q is —O—, —NR′—, —S—, —C(R′)2—, or —(C═O)—;
  • RX is H, C1-6aliphatic, NO2, CN, halo, NH2, N(C1-4aliphatic), N(C1-4aliphatic)2, O(C1-4aliphatic), OH, or —N(C═O)(C1-4aliphatic); wherein said aliphatic is optionally substituted with 1-3 fluoro;
  • RY is -Z-R10;
  • R1 is T-(Ring D);
  • Ring D is a 4-7 membered monocyclic heterocyclyl or a carbocyclyl ring, wherein said heterocyclyl has 1-4 ring heteroatoms selected from O, N, and S; Ring D is optionally fused to Ring D′;
  • Ring D′ is a 5-8 membered partially saturated or fully unsaturated monocyclic ring containing 0-4 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur;
  • Ring D and Ring D′ are each independently and optionally substituted with 0-4 occurrences of oxo or -Z-R5;
  • each T is independently a C1-4 alkylidene chain or is absent;
  • R2 and R2′are independently —R, —W—R6, or R8; or R2 and R2′ are taken together with their intervening atoms to form a fused, 5-8 membered, unsaturated or partially unsaturated, ring having 0-3 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur; wherein the 5-8 membered ring is independently substituted with halo, oxo, —CN, —NO2, —R7, or —Y—R6;
  • each Z, Y, and W is independently a bond or a C1-10 alkylidene chain wherein up to six methylene units of the alkylidene chain are optionally replaced by V;
  • each V is selected from —O—, —C(═O)—, —S(O)—, —S(O)2—, —S—, or —N(R4)—;
  • each R3 and R5 is independently —R, -halo, —OR, —C(═O)R, —CO2R, —COCOR, COCH2COR, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R, —S(O)2R, —SR, —N(R4)2, —CON(R7)2, —SO2N(R7)2, —OC(═O)R, —N(R7)COR, —N(R7)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R4)N(R4)2, —C═NN(R4)2, —C═N—OR, —N(R7)CON(R7)2, —N(R7)SO2N(R7)2, —N(R4)SO2R, or —OC(═O)N(R7)2;
  • each R is hydrogen, a C1-6 aliphatic group, a C6-10 aryl ring, a heteroaryl ring having 5-10 ring atoms, or a heterocyclyl ring having 4-10 ring atoms; wherein said heteroaryl or heterocyclyl ring has 1-4 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur; R is optionally substituted with 0-6 R9;
  • each R4 is —R7, —COR7, —CO2R7, —CON(R7)2, or —SO2R7;
  • each R6 is independently hydrogen or an optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic group; or two R6 groups on the same nitrogen atom are taken together with the nitrogen atom to form an optionally substituted 4-6 membered heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring;
  • each R7 is independently hydrogen or an optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic group; or two R7 on the same nitrogen are taken together with the nitrogen to form an optionally substituted 4-8 membered heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring containing 1-4 heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur;
  • each R8 is halogen, —CN, or —NO2;
  • each R9 is —R′, -halo, —OR′, —C(═O)R′, —CO2R′, —COCOR′, COCH2COR′, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R′, —S(O)2R′, —SR′, —N(R′)2, —CON(R′)2, —SO2N(R′)2, —OC(═O)R′, —N(R′)COR′, —N(R′)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R′)N(R′)2, —N(R′)CON(R′)2, —N(R′)SO2N(R′)2, —N(R′)SO2R′, —OC(═O)N(R′)2, ═NN(R′)2, ═N—OR′, or ═O;
  • each R10 is a 4-membered heterocyclic ring containing 1 heteroatom selected from O, NR11, and S; each R10 is optionally substituted with 0-6 occurrences of J;
  • each J is independently R, -halo, —OR, oxo, —C(═O)R, —CO2R, —COCOR, —COCH2COR, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R, —S(O)2R, —SR, —N(R4)2, —CON(R7)2, —SO2N(R7)2, —OC(═O)R, —N(R7)COR, —N(R7)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R4)N(R4)2, ═NN(R4)2, ═N—OR, —N(R7)CON(R7)2, —N(R7)SO2N(R7)2, —N(R4)SO2R, —OC(═O)N(R7)2, or —OP(═O) (OR″)2; or
  • 2 J groups, on the same atom or on different atoms, together with the atom(s) to which they are bound, form a 3-8 membered saturated, partially saturated, or unsaturated ring having 0-2 heteroatoms selected from O, N, or S; wherein 1-4 hydrogen atoms on the ring formed by the 2 J groups is optionally replaced with halo, C1-3alkyl, or —O(C1-3alkyl); or two hydrogen atoms on the ring are optionally replaced with oxo or a spiro-attached C3-4 cycloalkyl; wherein said C1-3alkyl is optionally substituted with 1-3 fluorine;
  • each R11 is —R7, —COR7, —CO2R7, —CON(R7 )2, or —SO2R7;
  • each R′ is independently hydrogen or a C1-6 aliphatic group optionally substituted with 0-4 occurrences of NH2, NH(C1-4aliphatic), N(C1-4aliphatic)2, halogen, C1-4aliphatic, OH, O(C1-4aliphatic), NO2, CN, CO2H, CO2(C1-4aliphatic), O(haloC1-4 aliphatic), or haloC1-4aliphatic; or, two R′, together with the atom(s) to which they are attached, form an optionally substituted 3-6 membered carbocyclyl or heterocyclyl; and
  • each R″ is independently H or C1-2alkyl.
  • In some embodiments, the present invention provides a compound of formula I:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00004
  • or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:
  • Ht is thiazole or pyrazole, wherein each ring is optionally and independently substituted with R2 and R2′;
  • Q is —O—, —NR′—, —S—, or —C(R′)2—;
  • RX is H, C1-6aliphatic, NO2, CN, halo, NH2, N(C1-4aliphatic), N(C1-4aliphatic)2, O(C1-4aliphatic), OH, or —N(C═O)(C1-4aliphatic); wherein said aliphatic is optionally substituted with 1-3 fluoro;
  • RY is T2—R10 or L-Z-R10;
  • R1 is T3-(Ring D);
  • Ring D is a 4-7 membered monocyclic heterocyclyl or a carbocyclyl ring, wherein said heterocyclyl has 1-4 ring heteroatoms selected from O, N, and S; Ring D is optionally fused to Ring D′;
  • Ring D′ is a 5-8 aromatic, partially saturated, or fully unsaturated ring containing 0-4 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur;
  • Ring D and Ring D′ are each independently optionally substituted with 0-4 occurrences of oxo, T4-R5, or V-Z-R5;
  • each T, T3, and T4 is independently a C1-4 alkylidene chain or is absent;
  • Z is a C1-4 alkylidene chain or is absent;
  • L is —O—, —S—, —SO—, —SO2—, —N(R6)SO2—, —SO2N(R6)—, —N(R6)—, —CO—, —CO2—, —N(R6)CO—, —N(R6)C(O)O—, —N(R6)CON(R6)—, —N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, —N(R6)N(R6)—, —C(O)N(R6)—, —OC(O)N(R6)—, —C(R6)2O—, —C(R6)2S—, —C(R6)2SO—, —C(R6)2SO2—, —C(R6)2SO2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)O—, —C(R6)═NN(R)—, —C(R6)═N—O—, —C(R6 )2N(R6 )N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, or —C(R6)2N(R6)CON(R6)—;
  • T2 is independently absent or a C1-10alkylidene chain wherein up to six C units of the alkylidene chain are optionally replaced by —O—, —C(═O)—, —S(O)—, —S(O)2—, —S—, or —N(R4)—; T2 is optionally substituted with 0-6 JT groups;
  • R2 and R2′ are independently —R, -T-W—R6, or R8, or R2 and R2′ are taken together with their intervening atoms to form a fused, 5-8 membered, unsaturated or partially unsaturated, ring having 0-3 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur, wherein each substitutable ring carbon of said fused ring formed by R2 and R2′ is independently substituted by halo, oxo, —CN, —NO2, —R , or —V—R , and each substitutable ring nitrogen of said ring formed by R2 and R2′ is independently substituted by R4;
  • R5 is —R, -halo, —OR, —C(═O) R, —CO2R, —COCOR, COCH2COR, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R, —S(O)2R, —SR, —N(R4)2, —CON(R7)2, —SO2N(R7)2, —OC(═O)R, —N(R7)COR, —N(R7)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R4)N(R4)2, —C═NN(R4 )2, —C═N—OR, —N(R7)CON(R7)2, —N(R7)SO2N(R7)2, —N(R4)SO2R, or —OC(═O)N(R7)2;
  • each R is hydrogen, a C1-10 aliphatic group, a C6-10 aryl ring, a heteroaryl ring having 5-10 ring atoms, or a heterocyclyl ring having 4-10 ring atoms, the heteroaryl or heterocyclyl ring having 1-4 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur, the aliphatic group and each R being optionally substituted by 0-6 R9;
  • each R4 is —R7, —COR7, —CO2R7, —CON(R7) 2, or —SO2R7;
  • V is —O—, —S—, —SO—, —SO2—, —N(R6)SO2—, —SO2N(R6)—, —N(R5)—, —CO—, —CO2—, —N(R6)CO—, —N(R6)C(O)O—, —N(R6)CON(R6)—, —N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, —N(R6)N(R6)—, —C(O)N(R6)—, —OC(O)N(R6)—, —C(R6)2O—, —C(R6)2S—, —C(R6 )2SO—, —C(R6)2SO2—, —C(R6)2SO2N (R6)—, C(R6)2N(R)—, —C(R)2N(R6)C(O)—, —C(R6)2N(R)C(O)O—, C(R6 )═NN(R6)—, —C(R6) ═N—O—, —C(R6)2N(R6 )N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, or —C(R6 )2N(R6 )CON(R6)—;
  • W is —C(R6)2O—, —C(R6)2SO—, —C(R6)2SO—, —C(R6)2SO2—, —C(R6)2SO2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)—, —CO—, —CO2—, —C(R6)2OC(O)—, —C(R6)2OC(O)N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)CO—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)O—, —C(R6)═NN(R6)—, —C(R6)═N—O—, —C(R6)2N(R6)N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)CON(R6)—, or —CON(R6)—;
  • each R6 is independently hydrogen or C1-6 aliphatic optionally substituted with 0-3 J6; or two R6 groups on the same nitrogen atom are taken together with the nitrogen atom to form a 4-8 membered heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring; wherein said heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring is optionally substituted with 0-4 J6;
  • each R7 is independently hydrogen; C1-6 aliphatic; a 5-membered heteroaryl containing 0-4 heteroatoms selected from O, N, or S; or phenyl; each R7 is optionally substituted with 0-3 J7; or two R7 on the same nitrogen are taken together with the nitrogen to form an optionally substituted 4-8 membered heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring; wherein said heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring is optionally substituted with 0-4 J7;
  • each R8 is halogen, —CN, or —NO2;
  • each R9 is —R′, -halo, —OR′, —C(═O)R′, —CO2R′, —COCOR′, COCH2COR′, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R′, —S(O)2R′, —SR′, —N(R′)2, —CON(R6)2, —SO2N(R6)2, —OC(═O)R′, —N(R′)COR′, —N(R6)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R′)N(R′)2, —N(R′)CON(R′)2, —N(R′)SO2N(R′)2, —N(R′)SO2R′, —OC(═O)N(R′)2, ═NN(R′)2, ═N—OR′, ═NR′, or ═O;
  • each R10 is a 4-membered heterocyclic ring containing 1 heteroatom selected from O, NR11, and S; each R10 is optionally substituted with 0-6 occurrences of J;
  • each J and JT is independently R, -halo, —OR, —C(═O)R, —CO2R, —COCOR, COCH2COR, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R, —S(O)2R, —SR, —N(R4)2, —CON(R7)2, —SO2N(R7)2, —OC(═O)R, —N(R7)COR, —N(R7)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R4)N(R4)2, ═NN(R4) 2, ═N—OR, ═NR′, ═O, —N(R7)CON(R7)2, —N(R7)SO2N(R7)2, —N(R4)SO2R, —OC(═O)N(R7)2, or —OP(═O) (OR″)2; or
  • each J6 and J7 is independently NH2, NH(C1-4aliphatic), N(C1-4aliphatic)2, halogen, C1-4aliphatic, OH, O(C1-4aliphatic), NO2, CN, CO2H, CO2(C1-4aliphatic), O(haloC1-4aliphatic), or haloC1-4aliphatic;
  • 2 J or JT groups, on the same atom or on different atoms, together with the atom(s) to which each set of J or JT atoms are bound, form a 3-8 membered saturated, partially saturated, or unsaturated ring having 0-2 heteroatoms selected from O, N, or S; wherein 1-4 hydrogen atoms on the ring formed by the 2 J or JT groups is optionally replaced with halo, C1-3alkyl, or —O(C1-3alkyl); wherein said C1-3alkyl is optionally substituted with 1-3 fluorine; or
  • two hydrogen atoms on the same atom in the ring formed by the 2 J or JT groups are optionally replaced with oxo;
  • each R11 is —R7, —COR7, —CO2R7, —CON(R7)2, or —SO2R7;
  • each R′ is independently hydrogen or a C1-6 aliphatic group optionally substituted with 0-4 occurrences of NH2, NH(C1-4aliphatic), N(C1-4aliphatic)2, halogen, C1-4aliphatic, OH, O(C1-4aliphatic), NO2, CN, CO2H, CO2(C1-4aliphatic), CONH2, CONH(C1-4aliphatic), CON(C1-4aliphatic)2, O(haloC1-4 aliphatic), or haloC1-4aliphatic; or, two R′, together with the atom(s) to which they are attached, form ═O, an optionally substituted 3-6 membered carbocyclyl, or heterocyclyl;
  • each R″ is independently H or C1-2alkyl.
  • In some embodiments, Ht is
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00005

    wherein each ring is optionally and independently substituted with R2 and R2′;
  • In some embodiments, Q is —C(═O)—. In other embodiments, Q is a heteroatom selected from —O—, —NR′— or —S—. In some embodiments, Q is —NR′— or —S—. In some embodiments, Q is —NR′— or —O—. In some embodiments, Q is —S—. In other embodiments is —O—. In yet other embodiments, Q is —NR′—.
  • In some embodiments, R1 is T-(Ring D). In some embodiments, T is absent.
  • In some embodiments, Ring D is an optionally substituted 4-7 membered monocyclic ring selected from a heterocyclyl or a carbocyclyl ring. In some embodiments, said heterocyclyl ring has 1-4 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen or sulphur. In some embodiments, said heterocyclyl ring has 1-2 heteroatoms selected from O, N, and S. In some embodiments, said heterocyclyl ring is piperidinyl, pyrrolidinyl, or morpholinyl. In one embodiment said heterocyclyl is piperidinyl. In another embodiment, said heterocyclyl is pyrrolidinyl.
  • In some embodiments, Ring D′ is phenyl.
  • As would be understood by a skilled practitioner, when two rings are fused, the two rings share two adjacent atoms and also the bond or bonds between the adjacent atoms. For example, piperidine fused with phenyl could form tetrahydroisoquinoline.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00006

    fused with
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00007

    could form
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00008
  • phenyl fused with pyrimidine could form quinazoline.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00009

    fused with
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00010

    could form
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00011
  • Phenyl fused with pyrrolidine could form indoline.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00012

    fused with
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00013

    could form
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00014
  • The fused ring can be rotated in any chemically stable orientation. For example, a phenyl fused with an imidazole could form one of three possible compounds:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00015
  • In some embodiments, Ring D is mono-substituted in the 4-position with T4—R5 or V-Z-R5. In some embodiments, Ring D is optionally substituted in the 4-position with V-Z-R5.
  • In some embodiments, V is —N(R6)CO—, —C(O)N(R6)—, —O—, —N(R6)—, or —N(R6)SO2—. In other embodiments, V is —N(R6)CO— or —C(O)N(R6)—.
  • In some embodiments, Ring D is substituted with —V-Z-R5. In some embodiments, V is —CO— or —CO2—. In some embodiments Z is absent. In some embodiments, R5 is R. In some embodiments, R5 is C1-6 aliphatic or phenyl optionally substituted with halo. In some embodiments, Ring D is substituted with —CO2(C1-6aliphatic) or —CO(phenyl).
  • Unless otherwise indicated, the term “absent,” when referring to a substituent linked to two other substituents, is synonymous with the term “a bond.” In both cases, the variable is defined as the bond that links together the other two substituents to which it is bound. For example, if the substituent is —V-Z-R5; and Z is “a bond” or Z “is absent;” then the substituent becomes —V—R5. Z becomes the bond that joins V and R5.
  • In other embodiments, Ring D is substituted with -Z-R5.
  • In some embodiments, Z is a C1-10 alkylidene chain wherein up to six methylene units of the alkylidene chain are optionally replaced by —O—, —C(═O)—, —S(O)—, —S(O)2—, —S—, or —N(R6)—. In some embodiments, the methylene units of Z are replaced by —O—, —S—, —SO—, —SO2—, —N(R6)SO2—, —SO2N(R6)—, —N(R6)—, —CO—, —CO2—, —N(R6)CO—, —N(R6)C(O)O—, —N(R6)CON(R6)—, —N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, —N(R6)N(R6)—, —C(O)N(R6)—, —OC(O)N(R6)—, —C(R6)2O—, —C(R6)2S—, —C(R6)2SO—, —C(R6)2SO2—, —C(R6 )2SO2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)C(O)O—, —C(R6 )═NN(R6)—, —C(R6)═N—O—, —C(R6)2N(R6)N(R6)—, —C(R6)2N(R6)SO2N(R6)—, or —C(R6)2N(R6)CON(R6)—.
  • In other embodiments, z is absent.
  • In some embodiments, T3 is absent.
  • In other embodiments, T3 is a C1-4 alkylidene chain.
  • In certain embodiments, the substituents in R6 and R7 are independently selected from R9.
  • In another embodiment, the optionally substituted aliphatic group of R6 is a C1-4 aliphatic group.
  • In some embodiments, R7 is an optionally substituted group selected from C1-6 aliphatic, C6-10 aryl, or a heteroaryl ring having 5-10 ring atoms. In some embodiments, R7 is an optionally substituted group selected from C1-6 aliphatic or phenyl. In some embodiments, said phenyl group is optionally substituted with halo.
  • In another embodiment R2 is H or C1-6 aliphatic (which is unsubstituted in certain embodiments).
  • In another embodiment R2 is H or C1-3 aliphatic (which is unsubstituted in certain embodiments).
  • In another embodiment R2′ is H or C1-3 aliphatic (which is unsubstituted in certain embodiments).
  • In some embodiments, R2 is C1-6 aliphatic and R2′ is H.
  • In one embodiment, RX is —R, halogen, —NO2, —CN, —CO2R, —OR, or —SR. In another embodiment, RX is H or F.
  • In one embodiment, RY is T2-R10. In some embodiments, T2 is absent. In another embodiment, RY is -Z-R10. In some embodiments, Z is absent. In other embodiments, Z is a C1-6 alkylidene chain wherein 1-2 methylene units of Z is optionally replaced by O, —N(R6)—, or S. In yet other embodiments, Z is a C1-4 alkylidene chain.
  • In other embodiments, R10 is a 4-membered heterocyclic ring containing 1 heteroatom. In some embodiments, R10 is azetidine. In other embodiments, R10 is
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00016
  • In some embodiments, RY is represented by formula i:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00017
  • In some embodiments, J is C1-4alkyl, C3-6alkyl O(C-1-34alkyl), OH, CN, or F. In other embodiments, J is CH3, OCH31 O (CH2CH3), OCH (CH3)2, OC (CH3)3, OH, CN, or F. In yet other embodiments, J is F or cyclopropyl.
  • In another embodiment, RY is L-Z-R10. In some embodiments, L is —O—, —N(R6)—, or —S—. In some embodiments, Z is a C1-4 alkylidene chain. In other embodiments, z is absent. In some embodiments, RY is represented by formula ii-a or ii-a′:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00018
  • In other embodiments, RY is represented by formula ii-b or ii-b′:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00019
  • In some embodiments, R11 is H. In other embodiments, R11 is an optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic group. In yet other embodiments, R11 is —COR7, —CO2R7, —CON(R7)2, or —SO2R7.
  • In one embodiment, a compound of this invention is represented by formula Ia:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00020

    wherein the variables are as defined in any embodiment herein. In some embodiments, Q is S or O. In some embodiments, Q is S. In other embodiments, Q is O.
  • In another embodiment, a compound of this invention is represented by formula Ib:
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00021

    wherein the variables are as defined in any embodiment herein.
  • In some embodiments, Q is S or O. In some embodiments, Q is S. In other embodiments, Q is O.
  • In some embodiments, R2′ is H or optionally substituted C1-3 aliphatic. In other embodiments, R2′ is H. In yet other embodiments, R is H or optionally substituted C1-3 aliphatic.
  • In another embodiment, R5 is an optionally substituted group selected from C1-6 aliphatic or phenyl.
  • As described above, the variables of formula Ia and Ib are as defined in any embodiment herein. For the avoidance of doubt, these embodiments include, but are not limited to, compounds wherein RY is -Z-R10; wherein if Z is absent, R10 is a 4-membered heterocyclic ring containing 1 heteroatom selected from O, NR11, and S. It should be understood that when the heterocyclic ring is attached via a nitrogen atom (as shown below in formula i), R11 is absent.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00022
  • In another embodiment, this invention includes a compound selected from Table 1 (or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof):
    TABLE 1
    I-1
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00023
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00024
    I-2
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00025
    I-3
  • For purposes of this invention, the chemical elements are identified in accordance with the Periodic Table of the Elements, CAS version, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 75th Ed. Additionally, general principles of organic chemistry are described in texts known to those of ordinary skill in the art, including, for example, “Organic Chemistry”, Thomas Sorrell, University Science Books, Sausalito: 1999, and “March's Advanced Organic Chemistry”, 5th Ed., Ed.: Smith, M. B. and March, J., John Wiley & Sons, New York: 2001, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference.
  • As described herein, a specified number range of atoms includes any integer therein. For example, a group having from 1-4 atoms could have 1, 2, 3, or 4 atoms.
  • As described herein, compounds of the invention may optionally be substituted with one or more substituents, such as are illustrated generally above, or as exemplified by particular classes, subclasses, and species of the invention. It will be appreciated that the phrase “optionally substituted” is used interchangeably with the phrase “substituted or unsubstituted.” In general, the term “substituted”, whether preceded by the term “optionally” or not, refers to the replacement of hydrogen radicals in a given structure with the radical of a specified substituent. Unless otherwise indicated, an optionally substituted group may have a substituent at each substitutable position of the group, and when more than one position in any given structure may be substituted with more than one substituent selected from a specified group, the substituent may be either the same or different at every position. Combinations of substituents envisioned by this invention are preferably those that result in the formation of stable or chemically feasible compounds.
  • The term “stable”, as used herein, refers to compounds that are not substantially altered when subjected to conditions to allow for their production, detection, and preferably their recovery, purification, and use for one or more of the purposes disclosed herein. In some embodiments, a stable compound or chemically feasible compound is one that is not substantially altered when kept at a temperature of 40° C. or less, in the absence of moisture or other chemically reactive conditions, for at least a week.
  • The term “aliphatic” or “aliphatic group”, and the like, as used herein, means an unbranched or branched, straight-chain or cyclic, substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbon that is completely saturated or that contains one or more units of unsaturation that has a single point of attachment to the rest of the molecule. Unless otherwise specified, aliphatic groups contain 1-20 aliphatic carbon atoms. In some embodiments, aliphatic groups contain 1-10 aliphatic carbon atoms. In other embodiments, aliphatic groups contain 1-8 aliphatic carbon atoms. In still other embodiments, aliphatic groups contain 1-6 aliphatic carbon atoms, and in yet other embodiments aliphatic groups contain 1-4 aliphatic carbon atoms. Suitable aliphatic groups include, but are not limited to, linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl, or alkynyl groups. Specific examples include, but are not limited to, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, n-propyl, sec-butyl, vinyl, n-butenyl, ethynyl, and tert-butyl.
  • The term “cycloaliphatic” (or “carbocycle” or “carbocyclyl” or “cycloalkyl” and the like) refers to a monocyclic C3-C8 hydrocarbon or bicyclic C8-C12 hydrocarbon that is completely saturated or that contains one or more units of unsaturation, but which is not aromatic, that has a single point of attachment to the rest of the molecule wherein any individual ring in said bicyclic ring system has 3-7 members. Suitable cycloaliphatic groups include, but are not limited to, cycloalkyl and cycloalkenyl groups. Specific examples include, but are not limited to, cyclohexyl, cyclopropenyl, and cyclobutyl.
  • In the compounds of this invention, rings include linearly-fused, bridged, or spirocyclic rings. Examples of bridged cycloaliphatic groups include, but are not limited to, bicyclo[3.3.2]decane, bicyclo[3.1.1]heptane, and bicyclo[3.2.2]nonane.
  • The term “heterocycle”, “heterocyclyl”, “heterocycloaliphatic”, or “heterocyclic”, and the like, as used herein means non-aromatic, monocyclic, bicyclic, or tricyclic ring systems in which one or more ring members are an independently selected heteroatom. In some embodiments, the “heterocycle”, “heterocyclyl”, “heterocycloaliphatic”, or “heterocyclic” group has three to fourteen ring members in which one or more ring members is a heteroatom independently selected from oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, or phosphorus, and each ring in the system contains 3 to 7 ring members. Examples of bridged heterocycles include, but are not limited to, 7-aza-bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane and 3-aza-bicyclo[3.2.2]nonane.
  • Suitable heterocycles include, but are not limited to, 3-1H-benzimidazol-2-one, 3-(1-alkyl)-benzimidazol-2-one, 2-tetrahydrofuranyl, 3-tetrahydrofuranyl, 2-tetrahydrothiophenyl, 3-tetrahydrothiophenyl, 2-morpholino, 3-morpholino, 4-morpholino, 2-thiomorpholino, 3-thiomorpholino, 4-thiomorpholino, 1-pyrrolidinyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3-pyrrolidinyl, 1-tetrahydropiperazinyl, 2-tetrahydropiperazinyl, 3-tetrahydropiperazinyl, 1-piperidinyl, 2-piperidinyl, 3-piperidinyl, 1-pyrazolinyl, 3-pyrazolinyl, 4-pyrazolinyl, 5-pyrazolinyl, 1-piperidinyl, 2-piperidinyl, 3-piperidinyl, 4-piperidinyl, 2-thiazolidinyl, 3-thiazolidinyl, 4-thiazolidinyl, 1-imidazolidinyl, 2-imidazolidinyl, 4-imidazolidinyl, 5-imidazolidinyl, indolinyl, tetrahydroquinolinyl, tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, benzothiolane, benzodithiane, and 1,3-dihydro-imidazol-2-one.
  • The term “heteroatom” means one or more of oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, phosphorus, or silicon (including, any oxidized form of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, or silicon; the quaternized form of any basic nitrogen or; a substitutable nitrogen of a heterocyclic ring, for example N (as in 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrrolyl), NH (as in pyrrolidinyl) or NR+ (as in N-substituted pyrrolidinyl)).
  • The term “unsaturated”, as used herein, means that a moiety has one or more units of unsaturation.
  • The term “alkoxy”, or “thioalkyl”, as used herein, refers to an alkyl group, as previously defined, attached to the principal carbon chain through an oxygen (“alkoxy”) or sulfur (“thioalkyl”) atom.
  • The terms “haloalkyl”, “haloalkenyl” and “haloalkoxy” means alkyl, alkenyl or alkoxy, as the case may be, substituted with one or more halogen atoms. The term “halogen” means F, Cl, Br, or I.
  • The term “aryl” used alone or as part of a larger moiety as in “aralkyl”, “aralkoxy”, or “aryloxyalkyl”, refers to monocyclic, bicyclic, and tricyclic ring systems having a total of five to fourteen ring members, wherein at least one ring in the system is aromatic and wherein each ring in the system contains 3 to 7 ring members. The term “aryl” may be used interchangeably with the term “aryl ring”. The term “aryl” also refers to heteroaryl ring systems as defined hereinbelow.
  • The term “heteroaryl”, used alone or as part of a larger moiety as in “heteroaralkyl” or “heteroarylalkoxy”, refers to monocyclic, bicyclic, and tricyclic ring systems having a total of five to fourteen ring members, wherein at least one ring in the system is aromatic, at least one ring in the system contains one or more heteroatoms, and wherein each ring in the system contains 3 to 7 ring members. The term “heteroaryl” may be used interchangeably with the term “heteroaryl ring” or the term “heteroaromatic”. Suitable heteroaryl rings include, but are not limited to, 2-furanyl, 3-furanyl, N-imidazolyl, 2-imidazolyl, 4-imidazolyl, 5-imidazolyl, benzimidazolyl, 3-isoxazolyl, 4-isoxazolyl, 5-isoxazolyl, 2-oxazolyl, 4-oxazolyl, 5-oxazolyl, N-pyrrolyl, 2-pyrrolyl, 3-pyrrolyl, 2-pyridyl, 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl, 2-pyrimidinyl, 4-pyrimidinyl, 5-pyrimidinyl, pyridazinyl (e.g., 3-pyridazinyl), 2-thiazolyl, 4-thiazolyl, 5-thiazolyl, tetrazolyl (e.g., 5-tetrazolyl), triazolyl (e.g., 2-triazolyl and 5-triazolyl), 2-thienyl, 3-thienyl, benzofuryl, benzothiophenyl, indolyl (e.g., 2-indolyl), pyrazolyl (e.g., 2-pyrazolyl), isothiazolyl, 1,2,3-oxadiazolyl, 1,2,5-oxadiazolyl, 1,2,4-oxadiazolyl, 1,2,3-triazolyl, 1,2,3-thiadiazolyl, 1,3,4-thiadiazolyl, 1,2,5-thiadiazolyl, purinyl, pyrazinyl, 1,3,5-triazinyl, quinolinyl (e.g., 2-quinolinyl, 3-quinolinyl, 4-quinolinyl), and isoquinolinyl (e.g., 1-isoquinolinyl, 3-isoquinolinyl, or 4-isoquinolinyl).
  • An aryl (including aralkyl, aralkoxy, aryloxyalkyl and the like) or heteroaryl (including heteroaralkyl and heteroarylalkoxy and the like) group may contain one or more substituents and thus may be “optionally substituted”. Unless otherwise defined above and herein, suitable substituents on the unsaturated carbon atom of an aryl or heteroaryl group are generally selected from halogen; —Ro; —ORo; —SRo; phenyl (Ph) optionally substituted with Ro; —O(Ph) optionally substituted with Ro; —(CH2)1-2(Ph), optionally substituted with Ro; —CH═CH(Ph), optionally substituted with Ro; a 4-6 membered heteroaryl or heterocyclic ring optionally substituted with Ro; —NO2; —CN; —N(Ro)2; —NRoC(O)Ro; —NRoC(S)Ro; —NRoC(O)N(Ro)2; —NRoC(S)N(Ro)2; —NRoCO2Ro; —NRo NRo—, —NRo NRoC(O)Ro; —NRo NRoC(O)N(Ro)2; —NRoNRoCO2Ro; —C(O)C(O)Ro; —C(O)CH2C(O)Ro; —CO2Ro; —C(O)Ro; —C(S)Ro; —C(O)N(Ro)2; —C(S)N(Ro)2; —OC(O)N(Ro)2; —OC(O)Ro; —C(O)N(ORo)Ro; —C(NORo)Ro; —S(O)2Ro; —S(O)3Ro; —SO2N(Ro)2; —S(O)Ro; —NRoSO2N(Ro)2; —NRoSO2Ro; —N(ORo)Ro; —C(═NH)— N(Ro)2; —C(═NH)—ORo; —P(O)2Ro; —PO(Ro)2; —OPO(Ro)2; or —(CH2)0-2NHC(O)Ro; wherein each independent occurrence of Ro is selected from hydrogen, optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic, an unsubstituted 4-6 membered heteroaryl or heterocyclic ring, phenyl, —O(Ph), or —CH2(Ph), or, notwithstanding the definition above, two independent occurrences of Ro, on the same substituent or different substituents, taken together with the atom(s) to which each Ro group is bound, to form an optionally substituted 3-12 membered saturated, partially unsaturated, or fully unsaturated monocyclic or bicyclic ring having 0-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur.
  • Optional substituents on the aliphatic group of Ro are selected from NH2, NH(C1-4aliphatic), N(C1-4aliphatic)2, halogen, C1-4aliphatic, OH, O(C1-4aliphatic), NO2, CN, CO2H, CO2(C1-4aliphatic), O(haloC1-4 aliphatic), or haloC1-4aliphatic, wherein each of the foregoing C1-4aliphatic groups of Ro is unsubstituted.
  • An aliphatic group or a non-aromatic heterocyclic ring may contain one or more substituents and thus may be “optionally substituted”. Unless otherwise defined above and herein, suitable substituents on the saturated carbon of an aliphatic or heteroaliphatic group, or of a non-aromatic heterocyclic ring are selected from those listed above for the unsaturated carbon of an aryl or heteroaryl group and additionally include the following: ═O, ═S, ═NNHR*, ═NN(R*)2, ═NNHC(O)R*, ═NNHCO2(alkyl), ═NNHSO2(alkyl), ═N—OH, ═N—(OR*) or ═NR , where each R* is independently selected from hydrogen or an optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic group.
  • Unless otherwise defined above and herein, optional substituents on the nitrogen of a non-aromatic heterocyclic ring are generally selected from —R+, —N(R+)2, —C(O)R+, —CO2R+, —C(O)C(O)R+, —C(O)CH2C(O)R+, —SO2R+, —SO2N(R+)2, —C(═S)N(R+1)2, —C(═NH)—N(R+)2, or —NR+SO2R+; wherein R+ is hydrogen, an optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic, optionally substituted phenyl, optionally substituted —O(Ph), optionally substituted —CH2(Ph), optionally substituted —(CH2)1-2(Ph); optionally substituted —CH═CH(Ph); or an unsubstituted 4-6 membered heteroaryl or heterocyclic ring having one to four heteroatoms independently selected from oxygen, nitrogen, or sulfur, or, notwithstanding the definition above, two independent occurrences of R+, on the same substituent or different substituents, taken together with the atom(s) to which each R+ group is bound, form an optionally substituted 3-12 membered saturated, partially unsaturated, or fully unsaturated monocyclic or bicyclic ring having 0-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur.
  • Optional substituents on the aliphatic group or the phenyl ring of R+ are selected from —NH2, —NH(C1-4 aliphatic), —N(C1-4 aliphatic)2, halogen, C1-4 aliphatic, —OH, —O(C1-4 aliphatic), —NO2, —CN, —CO2H, —CO2(C1-4 aliphatic), —O(halo C1-4 aliphatic), or halo(C1-4 aliphatic), wherein each of the foregoing C1-4aliphatic groups of R+is unsubstituted.
  • The term “alkylidene chain” refers to a straight or branched carbon chain that may be fully saturated or have one or more units of unsaturation and has two points of attachment to the rest of the molecule.
  • The term “protecting group”, as used herein, refers to an agent used to temporarily block one or more desired reactive sites in a multifunctional compound. In certain embodiments, a protecting group has one or more, or preferably all, of the following characteristics: a) reacts selectively in good yield to give a protected substrate that is stable to the reactions occurring at one or more of the other reactive sites; and b) is selectively removable in good yield by reagents that do not attack the regenerated functional group. Exemplary protecting groups are detailed in Greene, T. W., Wuts, P. G in “Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis”, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 1999, and other editions of this book, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference. The term “nitrogen protecting group”, as used herein, refers to an agents used to temporarily block one or more desired nitrogen reactive sites in a multifunctional compound. Preferred nitrogen protecting groups also possess the characteristics exemplified above, and certain exemplary nitrogen protecting groups are also detailed in Chapter 7 in Greene, T. W., Wuts, P. G in “Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis”, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 1999, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference.
  • In some embodiments, two independent occurrences of a group are taken together with the atom(s) to which they are bound to form a ring. This ring is an optionally substituted 3-12 membered saturated, partially unsaturated, or fully unsaturated monocyclic or bicyclic ring having 0-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur.
  • Examples of such rings include, but are not limited to the following: piperidin-1-yl, piperazin-1-yl, or morpholin-4-yl group.
  • In some embodiments, a carbon unit (or C unit) of an alkyl, alkylidene, or aliphatic chain is optionally replaced with another atom or group. Examples of such atoms or groups include, but are not limited to, —NR—, —O—, —S—, —CO2—, —OC(O)—, —C(O)CO—, —C(O)—, —C(O)NR—, —C(═N—CN), —NRCO—, —NRC(O)O—, —SO2NR—, —NRSO2—, —NRC(O)NR—, —OC(O)NR—, —NRSO2NR—, —SO—, or —SO2—, wherein R is defined herein. Examples of C units include —CH2— and ═CH—. Unless otherwise specified, the optional replacements form a chemically stable compound. Optional replacements can occur both within the chain and at either end of the chain; i.e., both at the point of attachment and/or also at the terminal end. Two optional replacements can also be adjacent to each other within a chain so long as it results in a chemically stable compound. Unless otherwise specified, if the replacement occurs at the terminal end, the replacement atom is bound to an H on the terminal end. For example, if a C unit of —CH2CH2CH3 were optionally replaced with —O—, the resulting compound could be —OCH2CH3, —CH2OCH3, or —CH2CH2OH.
  • Unless otherwise stated, structures depicted herein are also meant to include all isomeric (e.g., enantiomeric, diastereomeric, and geometric (or conformational)) forms of the structure; for example, the R and S configurations for each asymmetric center, (Z) and (E) double bond isomers, and (Z) and (E) conformational isomers. Therefore, single stereochemical isomers as well as enantiomeric, diastereomeric, and geometric (or conformational) mixtures of the present compounds are within the scope of the invention.
  • Unless otherwise stated, all tautomeric forms of the compounds of the invention are within the scope of the invention.
  • As would be understood by a skilled practitioner, a pyrazole group can be represented in a variety of ways. For example, a structure drawn as
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00026

    also represents other possible tautomers, such as
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00027

    Likewise, a structure drawn as
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00028

    also represents other possible tautomers, such as
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00029
  • Unless otherwise indicated, a substituent can freely rotate around any rotatable bonds. For example, a substituent drawn as
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00030

    also represents
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00031

    Likewise, a substituent drawn as
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00032

    also represents
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00033

    substituent drawn as
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00034

    also represents
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00035
  • Unless otherwise indicated, a group with two bonds attached at two different ends is attached via the first bond drawn. For example, if J is substituted with -A-X, wherein -A- is —C(═O)O— and X is H, then J is substituted with —C(═O)OH.
  • Additionally, unless otherwise stated, structures depicted herein are also meant to include compounds that differ only in the presence of one or more isotopically enriched atoms. For example, compounds having the present structures except for the replacement of hydrogen by deuterium or tritium, or the replacement of a carbon by a 13C— or 14C— enriched carbon are within the scope of this invention. Such compounds are useful, for example, as analytical tools or probes in biological assays.
  • General Synthetic Methodology
  • The compounds of this invention may be prepared in light of the specification by methods known to those skilled in the art. Those compounds may be analyzed by known methods, including but not-limited to LCMS (liquid chromatography mass spectrometry) and NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance).
  • It should be understood that the specific conditions shown below are only examples, and are not meant to limit the scope of the conditions that can be used for making compounds of this invention. Instead, this invention also includes conditions that would be apparent to those skilled in that art in light of this specification for making the compounds of this invention. Starting materials shown are either commercially available or can be readily accessible from methods known to one skilled in the art. Unless otherwise indicated, all variables in the following schemes are as defined herein.
  • The following abbreviations are used:
    • DIPEA is diisopropylethylamine
    • DMF is dimethylformamide
    • i-PrOH is isopropyl alcohol
    • n-BuOH is n-butanol
    • t-BuOH is tert-butanol
    • EtOH is ethanol
    • MeOH is methanol
    • EtOAc is ethyl acetate
    • TFA is trifluoroacetic acid
    • DMSO is dimethyl sulfoxide
    • Rt is retention time
    • DCM is dichloromethane
    • MeCN is acetonitrile
    • THF is tetrahydrofuran
    • TBTU is 2-(1H-Benzotriazole-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
    • HPLC is high performance liquid chromatography
    • LCMS liquid chromatography mass spectrometry
    • 1H NMR is nuclear magnetic resonance
      Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00036
  • The general scheme above shows some methods of making compounds of this invention wherein the azetidine is directly attached via a nitrogen atom.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00037
  • Scheme I above shows a general route for the preparation of compounds of formula 3, wherein RX, R1, R2, and J are as defined herein and Q is —O—, —NR′—, or —S—. As shown above, the dichlorinated pyrimidine of formula 1 is heated in the presence of a suitable palladium catalyst and a suitable solvent (e.g. dioxane) with an optionally substituted aminothiazole to form a compound of formula 2. Alternatively, the dichlorinated pyrimidine of formula 1 can be heated in the presence of a suitable base (e.g. NaI/DIPEA) and a suitable solvent (e.g. DMF) with an optionally substituted aminothiazole to form a compound of formula 2. The compound of formula 2 is then heated in the presence of a suitable base (e.g. DIPEA/NaI) and a suitable solvent, (e.g. n-BuOH), with an azetidine derivative to form the compound of formula 3.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00038
  • Scheme II above shows a general route for the preparation of compounds of formula 7, wherein RX, R1 , R2, R2′, and J are as defined herein and Q is —O—, —NR′—, or —S—. The dichlorinated pyrimidine of formula 4 is combined with HQ-R1 to form a compound of formula 5. In some embodiments, the two compounds are heated in the presence of a suitable solvent (e.g. t-BuOH) for 16 hours. In other embodiments, the two compounds are mixed at 0° C. in the presence of acetonitrile and triethylamine for 1 hour. The compound of formula 5 is then heated in the presence of a suitable solvent (e.g. DMF) and a suitable base (e.g. DIPEA/NaI) with an optionally substituted aminopyrazole to form the compound of formula 6, which is heated in the presence of an azetidine derivative in the presence of a suitable solvent (e.g. n-BuOH) to form the compound of formula 7.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00039
  • Scheme III above shows a general route for the preparation of compounds of formula 12, wherein RX, R1, R10, and Ht are as defined herein and Q is —O—, —NR′—, or —S—. The ketoester of formula 8 is cyclized in the presence of urea, a suitable solvent (e.g. MeOH, EtOH), and a suitable base (e.g. NaOMe) to form the dihydroxy pyrimidine of formula 9. The compound of formula 9 is then chlorinated under suitable chlorination conditions, such as heating in the presence of POCl3 and DIPEA, to form the dichloropyrimidine of formula 10. The dichloropyrimidine is then heated in the presence of an appropriate amino-heteroaryl under suitable conditions known to those skilled in the art (see scheme for examples) to form a compound of formula 11, which is subsequently heated with HQ-R1 in the presence of a suitable solvent (e.g. t-BuOH) to form the compound of formula 12.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00040
  • Scheme IV above shows a general route for the preparation of compounds of formula 16, wherein L is an appropriate nucleophile (such as N, O, or S), Q is —O—, —NR′—, or —S—, and Z, R1, R10, and Ht are as defined herein. The dichloropyrimidine of formula 13 is heated in the presence of HQ-R1 to form the substituted dichloropyrimidine of formula 14. The compound of formula 14 is then heated in the presence of an appropriate amino-heteroaryl under suitable conditions known to those skilled in the art (see scheme for examples) to form a compound of formula 15, which is heated with R10-Z-L, wherein L is an appropriate nucleophile (such as N, O, or S), and Z and R10 are as defined herein, to form a compound of formula 16.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00041
  • Scheme V above shows a general route for the preparation of compounds of formula 20, wherein R1, RX, RY, R′ and Ht are as defined herein. The ketoester of formula 17, together with a substituted amidine, cyclizes to form the hydroxypyrimidine of formula 18. The compound of formula 18 is then chlorinated under suitable chlorination conditions known to those skilled in the art (e.g. POCl3/DIPEA), to form the chloropyrimidine of formula 19. The chloropyrimidine is then heated in the presence of an appropriate amino-heteroaryl under suitable conditions known to those skilled in the art (see scheme for examples) to form a compound of formula 20.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00042
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00043
  • Scheme VI above shows a general route for the preparation of compounds of formula 29, wherein RX, Het, and J are as defined herein, Q is —(C═O)—, and R1 is an optionally substituted heterocyclyl. The amidine of formula 21 is cyclized with a malonic ester in the presence of a base to form the desired dihydroxypyrimidine of formula 22. The compound of formula 22 is then acetylated under suitable conditions (such as AcOH, Ac2O) to form a compound of formula 23. The compound of formula 23 is then chlorinated according to methods known to one skilled in the art (such as POCl3), to form the dichloropyrimidine of formula 24. The compound of formula 24 is then reduced and then oxidized in the presence of suitable reducing and oxidizing agents (see scheme for examples) to form the resultant carboxylic ester (formula 25), which is then hydrolyzed to the carboxylic acid (formula 26) under suitable hydrolyzing conditions (e.g. LiOH, THF, MeOH). The acid of formula 26 is then coupled with an appropriate amine under suitable peptide coupling conditions (e.g. EDC, HOBt) to form the amide of formula 27. The amide of formula 27 is then combined with the desired heteroaryl-amine to form the compound of formula 28. In some embodiments, when the heteroaryl is a pyrazole, the conditions are NaI, DIPEA, DMF, 900C for 16H. In other embodiments, when the heteroaryl is thiazole, the conditions are tris(dibenzylideneacetone) dipalladium, bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene, dioxane, 100° C., for 2H. The compound of formula 28 is then heated with an optionally substituted azetidine to form a compound of formula 29.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00044
  • Scheme A above shows a general route for the preparation of N-substituted azetidines wherein at least one J group is bonded to the azetidine via a nitrogen atom. Protected azetidine 31 is activated with a suitable leaving group under suitable conditions to form azetidine 32, which, upon treatment with NHRARB under basic conditions, forms the amine-substituted azetidine 34. Azetidine 34 is then deprotected under suitable nitrogen deprotection conditions to form compound 35.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00045
  • Scheme B above shows a general route for the preparation of O-substituted azetidines wherein at least one J group is OR wherein R is H or C1-6alkyl.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00046
  • Scheme C depicts a general route for the preparation of cyclopropyl-fluoro-substituted azetidines. Compound 42 is oxidized under suitable conditions to form compound 43, which, under suitable Grignard conditions, is combined with cyclopropyl-MgBr to form the cyclopropyl-substituted azetidine 44. Compound 44 is then fluorinated under suitable fluorination conditions to form 45, which is hydrogenated under Pd/C conditions to form the deprotected free azetidine 46.
  • Accordingly, this invention relates to processes for making the compounds of this invention.
  • One aspect of this invention relates to a method for treating a disease state in patients that is alleviated by treatment with a protein kinase inhibitor, which method comprises administering to a patient in need of such a treatment a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula I (herein including Ia and Ib). The method is particularly useful for treating a disease state that is alleviated by the use of an inhibitor of a kinase such as the Aurora kinases (Aurora A, Aurora B, Aurora C), FLT-3, JAK-2, JAK-3, ITK, Src, Abl, Abl(T315I), Arg, FGFR1, MELK, MLK1, MuSK, Ret, TrkA, PLK4, Tie-2, and TrkA. [00101] The activity of the compounds as protein kinase inhibitors may be assayed in vitro, in vivo or in a cell line. In vitro assays include assays that determine inhibition of either the kinase activity or ATPase activity of the activated kinase. Alternate in vitro assays quantitate the ability of the inhibitor to bind to the protein kinase and may be measured either by radiolabelling the inhibitor prior to binding, isolating the inhibitor/kinase complex and determining the amount of radiolabel bound, or by running a competition experiment where new inhibitors are incubated with the kinase bound to known radioligands.
  • Another aspect of this invention is directed towards a method of treating cancer in a subject in need thereof, comprising the sequential or co-administration of a compound of this invention or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and another therapeutic agent. In some embodiments, said additional therapeutic agent is selected from an anti-cancer agent, an anti-proliferative agent, or a chemotherapeutic agent.
  • In some embodiments, said additional therapeutic agent is selected from camptothecin, the MEK inhibitor: U0126, a KSP (kinesin spindle protein) inhibitor, adriamycin, interferons, and platinum derivatives, such as Cisplatin.
  • In other embodiments, said additional therapeutic agent is selected from taxanes; inhibitors of bcr-abl (such as Gleevec, dasatinib, and nilotinib); inhibitors of EGFR (such as Tarceva and Iressa); DNA damaging agents (such as cisplatin, oxaliplatin, carboplatin, topoisomerase inhibitors, and anthracyclines); and antimetabolites (such as AraC and 5-FU).
  • In yet other embodiments, said additional therapeutic agent is selected from camptothecin, doxorubicin, idarubicin, Cisplatin, taxol, taxotere, vincristine, tarceva, the MEK inhibitor, U0126, a KSP inhibitor, vorinostat, Gleevec, dasatinib, and nilotinib.
  • In another embodiment, said additional therapeutic agent is selected from Her-2 inhibitors (such as Herceptin); HDAC inhibitors (such as vorinostat), VEGFR inhibitors (such as Avastin), c-KIT and FLT-3 inhibitors (such as sunitinib), BRAF inhibitors (such as Bayer's BAY 43-9006) MEK inhibitors (such as Pfizer's PD0325901); and spindle poisons (such as Epothilones and paclitaxel protein-bound particles (such as Abraxane®).
  • Other therapies or anticancer agents that may be used in combination with the inventive agents of the present invention include surgery, radiotherapy (in but a few examples, gamma-radiation, neutron beam radiotherapy, electron beam radiotherapy, proton therapy, brachytherapy, and systemic radioactive isotopes, to name a few), endocrine therapy, biologic response modifiers (interferons, interleukins, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) to name a few), hyperthermia and cryotherapy, agents to attenuate any adverse effects (e.g., antiemetics), and other approved chemotherapeutic drugs, including, but not limited to, alkylating drugs (mechlorethamine, chlorambucil, Cyclophosphamide, Melphalan, Ifosfamide), antimetabolites (Methotrexate), purine antagonists and pyrimidine antagonists (6-Mercaptopurine, 5-Fluorouracil, Cytarabile, Gemcitabine), spindle poisons (Vinblastine, Vincristine, Vinorelbine, Paclitaxel), podophyllotoxins (Etoposide, Irinotecan, Topotecan), antibiotics (Doxorubicin, Bleomycin, Mitomycin), nitrosoureas (Carmustine, Lomustine), inorganic ions (Cisplatin, Carboplatin), enzymes (Asparaginase), and hormones (Tamoxifen, Leuprolide, Flutamide, and Megestrol), Gleevec™, adriamycin, dexamethasone, and cyclophosphamide.
  • A compound of the instant invention may also be useful for treating cancer in combination with the following therapeutic agents: abarelix (Plenaxis depot®); aldesleukin (Prokine®); Aldesleukin (Proleukin®); Alemtuzumabb (Campath®); alitretinoin (Panretin®); allopurinol (Zyloprim®); altretamine (Hexalen®); amifostine (Ethyol®); anastrozole (Arimidex®); arsenic trioxide (Trisenox®); asparaginase (Elspar®); azacitidine (Vidaza®); bevacuzimab (Avastin®); bexarotene capsules (Targretin®); bexarotene gel (Targretin®); bleomycin (Blenoxane®); bortezomib (Velcade®); busulfan intravenous (Busulfex®); busulfan oral (Myleran®); calusterone (Methosarb®); capecitabine (Xeloda®); carboplatin (Paraplatin®); carmustine (BCNU®, BiCNU®); carmustine (Gliadel®); carmustine with Polifeprosan 20 Implant (Gliadel Wafer®); celecoxib (Celebrex®); cetuximab (Erbitux®); chlorambucil (Leukeran®); cisplatin (Platinol®); cladribine (Leustatin®, 2-CdA®); clofarabine (Clolar®); cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan®, Neosar®); cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan Injection®); cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan Tablet®); cytarabine (Cytosar-U®); cytarabine liposomal (DepoCyt®); dacarbazine (DTIC-Dome®); dactinomycin, actinomycin D (Cosmegen®); Darbepoetin alfa (Aranesp®); daunorubicin liposomal (DanuoXome®); daunorubicin, daunomycin (Daunorubicin®); daunorubicin, daunomycin (Cerubidine®); Denileukin diftitox (Ontak®); dexrazoxane (Zinecard®); docetaxel (Taxotere®); doxorubicin (Adriamycin PFS®); doxorubicin (Adriamycin®, Rubex®); doxorubicin (Adriamycin PFS Injection®); doxorubicin liposomal (Doxil®); dromostanolone propionate (dromostanolone®); dromostanolone propionate (masterone injection®); Elliott's B Solution (Elliott's B Solution®); epirubicin (Ellence®); Epoetin alfa (epogen®); erlotinib (Tarceva®); estramustine (Emcyt®); etoposide phosphate (Etopophos®); etoposide, VP-16 (Vepesid®); exemestane (Aromasin®); Filgrastim (Neupogen®); floxuridine (intraarterial) (FUDRO); fludarabine (Fludara®); fluorouracil, 5-FU (Adrucil®); fulvestrant (Faslodex®); gefitinib (Iressa®); gemcitabine (Gemzar®); gemtuzumab ozogamicin (Mylotarg®); goserelin acetate (Zoladex Implant®); goserelin acetate (Zoladex®); histrelin acetate (Histrelin implant®); hydroxyurea (Hydrea®); Ibritumomab Tiuxetan (Zevalin®); idarubicin (Idamycin®); ifosfamide (IFEX®); imatinib mesylate (Gleevec®); interferon alfa 2a (Roferon A®); Interferon alfa-2b (Intron A®); irinotecan (Camptosar®); lenalidomide (Revlimid®); letrozole (Femara®); leucovorin (Wellcovorin®, Leucovorin®); Leuprolide Acetate (Eligard®); levamisole (Ergamisol®); lomustine, CCNU (CeeBU®); meclorethamine, nitrogen mustard (Mustargen®); megestrol acetate (Megace®); melphalan, L-PAM (Alkeran®); mercaptopurine, 6-MP (Purinethol®); mesna (Mesnex®); mesna (Mesnex tabs®); methotrexate (Methotrexate®); methoxsalen (Uvadex®); mitomycin C (Mutamycin®); mitotane (Lysodren®); mitoxantrone (Novantrone®); nandrolone phenpropionate (Durabolin-50®); nelarabine (Arranon®); Nofetumomab (Verluma®); Oprelvekin (Neumega®); oxaliplatin (Eloxatin®); paclitaxel (Paxene®); paclitaxel (Taxol®); paclitaxel protein-bound particles (Abraxane®); palifermin (Kepivance®); pamidronate (Aredia®); pegademase (Adagen (Pegademase Bovine)®); pegaspargase (Oncaspar®); Pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®); pemetrexed disodium (Alimta®); pentostatin (Nipent®); pipobroman (Vercyte®); plicamycin, mithramycin (Mithracin®); porfimer sodium (Photofrin®); procarbazine (Matulane®); quinacrine (Atabrine®); Rasburicase (Elitek®); Rituximab (Rituxan®); sargramostim (Leukine®); Sargramostim (Prokine®); sorafenib (Nexavar®); streptozocin (Zanosar®); sunitinib maleate (Sutent®); talc (Sclerosol®); tamoxifen (Nolvadex®); temozolomide (Temodar®); teniposide, VM-26 (Vumon®); testolactone (Teslac®); thioguanine, 6-TG (Thioguanine®); thiotepa (Thioplex®); topotecan (Hycamtin®); toremifene (Fareston®); Tositumomab (Bexxar®); Tositumomab/I-131 tositumomab (Bexxar®); Trastuzumab (Herceptin®); tretinoin, ATRA (Vesanoid®); Uracil Mustard (Uracil Mustard Capsules®); valrubicin (Valstar®); vinblastine (Velban®); vincristine (Oncovin®); vinorelbine (Navelbine®); zoledronate (Zometa®) and vorinostat (Zolinza®).
  • For a comprehensive discussion of updated cancer therapies see, http://www.nci.nih.gov/, a list of the FDA approved oncology drugs at
  • http://www.fda.gov/cder/cancer/druglistframe.htm, and The Merck Manual, Seventeenth Ed. 1999, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference.
  • The protein kinase inhibitors or pharmaceutical salts thereof may be formulated into pharmaceutical compositions for administration to animals or humans. These pharmaceutical compositions, which comprise an amount of the protein inhibitor effective to treat or prevent kinase mediated condition and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, are another embodiment of the present invention.
  • The term “protein kinase-mediated condition”, as used herein, diseases or other deleterious conditions in which a protein kinase is known to play a role. Such conditions include, without limitation, autoimmune diseases, inflammatory diseases, neurological and neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, allergy and asthma. The term “cancer” includes, but is not limited to the following cancers: breast; ovary; cervix; prostate; testis, genitourinary tract; esophagus; larynx, glioblastoma; neuroblastoma; stomach; skin, keratoacanthoma; lung, epidermoid carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, small cell carcinoma, lung adenocarcinoma; bone; colon, adenoma; pancreas, adenocarcinoma; thyroid, follicular carcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma, papillary carcinoma; seminoma; melanoma; sarcoma; bladder carcinoma; liver carcinoma and biliary passages; kidney carcinoma; myeloid disorders; lymphoid disorders, Hodgkin's, hairy cells; buccal cavity and pharynx (oral), lip, tongue, mouth, pharynx; small intestine; colon-rectum, large intestine, rectum; brain and central nervous system; and leukemia.
  • The term “cancer” also includes, but is not limited to, the following cancers: epidermoid Oral: buccal cavity, lip, tongue, mouth, pharynx; Cardiac: sarcoma (angiosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, liposarcoma), myxoma, rhabdomyoma, fibroma, lipoma and teratoma; Lung: bronchogenic carcinoma (squamous cell or epidermoid, undifferentiated small cell, undifferentiated large cell, non-small cell, adenocarcinoma, alveolar (bronchiolar) carcinoma, bronchial adenoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, chondromatous hamartoma, mesothelioma; Gastrointestinal: esophagus (squamous cell carcinoma, larynx, adenocarcinoma, leiomyosarcoma, lymphoma), stomach (carcinoma, lymphoma, leiomyosarcoma), pancreas (ductal adenocarcinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, gastrinoma, carcinoid tumors, vipoma), small bowel or small intestines (adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, carcinoid tumors, Karposi's sarcoma, leiomyoma, hemangioma, lipoma, neurofibroma, fibroma), large bowel or large intestines (adenocarcinoma, tubular adenoma, villous adenoma, hamartoma, leiomyoma), colon, colon-rectum, colorectal; rectum, Genitourinary tract: kidney (adenocarcinoma, Wilm's tumor [nephroblastoma], lymphoma, leukemia), bladder and urethra (squamous cell carcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma), prostate (adenocarcinoma, sarcoma), testis (seminoma, teratoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratocarcinoma, choriocarcinoma, sarcoma, interstitial cell carcinoma, fibroma, fibroadenoma, adenomatoid tumors, lipoma); Liver: hepatoma (hepatocellular carcinoma), cholangiocarcinoma, hepatoblastoma, angiosarcoma, hepatocellular adenoma, hemangioma, biliary passages; Bone: osteogenic sarcoma (osteosarcoma), fibrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, malignant lymphoma (reticulum cell sarcoma), multiple myeloma, malignant giant cell tumor chordoma, osteochronfroma (osteocartilaginous exostoses), benign chondroma, chondroblastoma, chondromyxofibroma, osteoid osteoma and giant cell tumors; Nervous system: skull (osteoma, hemangioma, granuloma, xanthoma, osteitis deformans), meninges (meningioma, meningiosarcoma, gliomatosis), brain (astrocytoma, medulloblastoma, glioma, ependymoma, germinoma [pinealoma], glioblastoma multiform, oligodendroglioma, schwannoma, retinoblastoma, congenital tumors), spinal cord neurofibroma, meningioma, glioma, sarcoma); Gynecological: uterus (endometrial carcinoma), cervix (cervical carcinoma, pre-tumor cervical dysplasia), ovaries (ovarian carcinoma [serous cystadenocarcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, unclassified carcinoma], granulosa-thecal cell tumors, Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors, dysgerminoma, malignant teratoma), vulva (squamous cell carcinoma, intraepithelial carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, fibrosarcoma, melanoma), vagina (clear cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, botryoid sarcoma (embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma), fallopian tubes (carcinoma), breast; Hematologic: blood (myeloid leukemia [acute and chronic], acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, myeloproliferative diseases, multiple myeloma, myelodysplastic syndrome), Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma [malignant lymphoma] hairy cell; lymphoid disorders; Skin: malignant melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, Karposi's sarcoma, keratoacanthoma, moles dysplastic nevi, lipoma, angioma, dermatofibroma, keloids, psoriasis, Thyroid gland: papillary thyroid carcinoma, follicular thyroid carcinoma; medullary thyroid carcinoma, undifferentiated thyroid cancer, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B, familial medullary thyroid cancer, pheochromocytoma, paraganglioma; and Adrenal glands: neuroblastoma. Thus, the term “cancerous cell” as provided herein, includes a cell afflicted by any one of the above-identified conditions. In some embodiments, the cancer is selected from colorectal, thyroid, or breast cancer.
  • The term “Aurora-mediated condition” or “Aurora-mediated disease” as used herein means any disease or other deleterious condition in which Aurora (Aurora A, Aurora B, and Aurora C) is known to play a role. Such conditions include, without limitation, cancer such as colorectal, thyroid, and breast cancer; and myeloproliferative disorders, such as polycythemia vera, thrombocythemia, myeloid metaplasia with myelofibrosis, chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, hypereosinophilic syndrome, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, and systemic mast cell disease.
  • In some embodiments, the compounds of this invention are useful for treating cancer, such as colorectal, thyroid, breast, and non-small cell lung cancer; and myeloproliferative disorders, such as polycythemia vera, thrombocythemia, myeloid metaplasia with myelofibrosis, chronic myelogenous leukemia, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, hypereosinophilic syndrome, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, and systemic mast cell disease.
  • In some embodiments, the compounds of this invention are useful for treating hematopoietic disorders, in particular, acute-myelogenous leukemia (AML), chronic-myelogenous leukemia (CML), acute-promyelocytic leukemia (APL), and acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
  • In addition to the compounds of this invention, pharmaceutically acceptable derivatives or prodrugs of the compounds of this invention may also be employed in compositions to treat or prevent the above-identified disorders.
  • A “pharmaceutically acceptable derivative or prodrug” means any pharmaceutically acceptable salt, ester, salt of an ester or other derivative of a compound of this invention which, upon administration to a recipient, is capable of providing, either directly or indirectly, a compound of this invention or an inhibitorily active metabolite or residue thereof. Particularly favored derivatives or prodrugs are those that increase the bioavailability of the compounds of this invention when such compounds are administered to a patient (e.g., by allowing an orally administered compound to be more readily absorbed into the blood) or which enhance delivery of the parent compound to a biological compartment (e.g., the brain or lymphatic system) relative to the parent species.
  • Pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of the compounds of this invention include, without limitation, esters, amino acid esters, phosphate esters, metal salts and sulfonate esters.
  • The compounds of this invention can exist in free form for treatment, or where appropriate, as a pharmaceutically acceptable salt.
  • As used herein, the term “pharmaceutically acceptable salt” refers to salts of a compound which are, within the scope of sound medical judgment, suitable for use in contact with the tissues of humans and lower animals without undue toxicity, irritation, allergic response and the like, and are commensurate with a reasonable benefit/risk ratio.
  • Pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of this invention include those derived from pharmaceutically acceptable inorganic and organic acids and bases. These salts can be prepared in situ during the final isolation and purification of the compounds. Acid addition salts can be prepared by 1) reacting the purified compound in its free-based form with a suitable organic or inorganic acid and 2) isolating the salt thus formed.
  • Examples of suitable acid salts include acetate, adipate, alginate, aspartate, benzoate, benzenesulfonate, bisulfate, butyrate, citrate, camphorate, camphorsulfonate, cyclopentanepropionate, digluconate, dodecylsulfate, ethanesulfonate, formate, fumarate, glucoheptanoate, glycerophosphate, glycolate, hemisulfate, heptanoate, hexanoate, hydrochloride, hydrobromide, hydroiodide, 2-hydroxyethanesulfonate, lactate, maleate, malonate, methanesulfonate, 2-naphthalenesulfonate, nicotinate, nitrate, oxalate, palmoate, pectinate, persulfate, 3-phenylpropionate, phosphate, picrate, pivalate, propionate, salicylate, succinate, sulfate, tartrate, thiocyanate, tosylate and undecanoate. Other acids, such as oxalic, while not in themselves pharmaceutically acceptable, may be employed in the preparation of salts useful as intermediates in obtaining the compounds of the invention and their pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts.
  • Base addition salts can be prepared by 1) reacting the purified compound in its acid form with a suitable organic or inorganic base and 2) isolating the salt thus formed.
  • Salts derived from appropriate bases include alkali metal (e.g., sodium and potassium), alkaline earth metal (e.g., magnesium), ammonium and N+ (C1-4 alkyl)4 salts. This invention also envisions the quaternization of any basic nitrogen-containing groups of the compounds disclosed herein. Water or oil-soluble or dispersible products may be obtained by such quaternization.
  • Base addition salts also include alkali or alkaline earth metal salts. Representative alkali or alkaline earth metal salts include sodium, lithium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and the like. Further pharmaceutically acceptable salts include, when appropriate, nontoxic ammonium, quaternary ammonium, and amine cations formed using counterions such as halide, hydroxide, carboxylate, sulfate, phosphate, nitrate, loweralkyl sulfonate and aryl sulfonate. Other acids and bases, while not in themselves pharmaceutically acceptable, may be employed in the preparation of salts useful as intermediates in obtaining the compounds of the invention and their pharmaceutically acceptable acid or base addition salts.
  • Pharmaceutically acceptable carriers that may be used in these pharmaceutical compositions include, but are not limited to, ion exchangers, alumina, aluminum stearate, lecithin, serum proteins, such as human serum albumin, buffer substances such as phosphates, glycine, sorbic acid, potassium sorbate, partial glyceride mixtures of saturated vegetable fatty acids, water, salts or electrolytes, such as protamine sulfate, disodium hydrogen phosphate, potassium hydrogen phosphate, sodium chloride, zinc salts, colloidal silica, magnesium trisilicate, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, cellulose-based substances, polyethylene glycol, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, polyacrylates, waxes, polyethylene-polyoxypropylene-block polymers, polyethylene glycol and wool fat.
  • The compositions of the present invention may be administered orally, parenterally, by inhalation spray, topically, rectally, nasally, buccally, vaginally or via an implanted reservoir. The term “parenteral” as used herein includes subcutaneous, intravenous, intramuscular, intra-articular, intra-synovial, intrasternal, intrathecal, intraperitoneal, intrahepatic, intralesional and intracranial injection or infusion techniques.
  • Sterile injectable forms of the compositions of this invention may be aqueous or oleaginous suspension. These suspensions may be formulated according to techniques known in the art using suitable dispersing or wetting agents and suspending agents. The sterile injectable preparation may also be a sterile injectable solution or suspension in a non-toxic parenterally-acceptable diluent or solvent, for example as a solution in 1,3-butanediol. Among the acceptable vehicles and solvents that may be employed are water, Ringer's solution and isotonic sodium chloride solution. In addition, sterile, fixed oils are conventionally employed as a solvent or suspending medium. For this purpose, any bland fixed oil may be employed including synthetic mono- or di-glycerides. Fatty acids, such as oleic acid and its glyceride derivatives are useful in the preparation of injectables, as are natural pharmaceutically-acceptable oils, such as olive oil or castor oil, especially in their polyoxyethylated versions. These oil solutions or suspensions may also contain a long-chain alcohol diluent or dispersant, such as carboxymethyl cellulose or similar dispersing agents which are commonly used in the formulation of pharmaceutically acceptable dosage forms including emulsions and suspensions. Other commonly used surfactants, such as Tweens, Spans and other emulsifying agents or bioavailability enhancers which are commonly used in the manufacture of pharmaceutically acceptable solid, liquid, or other dosage forms may also be used for the purposes of formulation.
  • The pharmaceutical compositions of this invention may be orally administered in any orally acceptable dosage form including, but not limited to, capsules, tablets, aqueous suspensions or solutions. In the case of tablets for oral use, carriers commonly used include lactose and corn starch. Lubricating agents, such as magnesium stearate, are also typically added. For oral administration in a capsule form, useful diluents include lactose and dried cornstarch. When aqueous suspensions are required for oral use, the active ingredient is combined with emulsifying and suspending agents. If desired, certain sweetening, flavoring or coloring agents may also be added.
  • Alternatively, the pharmaceutical compositions of this invention may be administered in the form of suppositories for rectal administration. These can be prepared by mixing the agent with a suitable non-irritating excipient which is solid at room temperature but liquid at rectal temperature and therefore will melt in the rectum to release the drug. Such materials include cocoa butter, beeswax and polyethylene glycols.
  • The pharmaceutical compositions of this invention may also be administered topically, especially when the target of treatment includes areas or organs readily accessible by topical application, including diseases of the eye, the skin, or the lower intestinal tract. Suitable topical formulations are readily prepared for each of these areas or organs.
  • Topical application for the lower intestinal tract can be effected in a rectal suppository formulation (see above) or in a suitable enema formulation. Topically-transdermal patches may also be used.
  • For topical applications, the pharmaceutical compositions may be formulated in a suitable ointment containing the active component suspended or dissolved in one or more carriers. Carriers for topical administration of the compounds of this invention include, but are not limited to, mineral oil, liquid petrolatum, white petrolatum, propylene glycol, polyoxyethylene, polyoxypropylene compound, emulsifying wax and water. Alternatively, the pharmaceutical compositions can be formulated in a suitable lotion or cream containing the active components suspended or dissolved in one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers. Suitable carriers include, but are not limited to, mineral oil, sorbitan monostearate, polysorbate 60, cetyl esters wax, cetearyl alcohol, 2-octyldodecanol, benzyl alcohol and water.
  • For ophthalmic use, the pharmaceutical compositions may be formulated as micronized suspensions in isotonic, pH adjusted sterile saline, or, preferably, as solutions in isotonic, pH adjusted sterile saline, either with or without a preservative such as benzylalkonium chloride. Alternatively, for ophthalmic uses, the pharmaceutical compositions may be formulated in an ointment such as petrolatum.
  • The pharmaceutical compositions of this invention may also be administered by nasal aerosol or inhalation. Such compositions are prepared according to techniques well-known in the art of pharmaceutical formulation and may be prepared as solutions in saline, employing benzyl alcohol or other suitable preservatives, absorption promoters to enhance bioavailability, fluorocarbons, and/or other conventional solubilizing or dispersing agents.
  • The amount of kinase inhibitor that may be combined with the carrier materials to produce a single dosage form will vary depending upon the host treated, the particular mode of administration. Preferably, the compositions should be formulated so that a dosage of between 0.01-100 mg/kg body weight/day of the inhibitor can be administered to a patient receiving these compositions.
  • It should also be understood that a specific dosage and treatment regimen for any particular patient will depend upon a variety of factors, including the activity of the specific compound employed, the age, body weight, general health, sex, diet, time of administration, rate of excretion, drug combination, and the judgment of the treating physician and the severity of the particular disease being treated. The amount of inhibitor will also depend upon the particular compound in the composition.
  • According to another embodiment, the invention provides methods for treating or preventing a kinase-mediated condition comprising the step of administering to a patient one of the above-described pharmaceutical compositions. The term “patient”, as used herein, means an animal, preferably a human.
  • In some embodiments, said kinase-mediated condition is a proliferative disorder or cancer. In some embodiments, said kinase-mediated condition is selected from a hematopoietic disorder, in particular, acute-myelogenous leukemia (AML), acute-promyelocytic leukemia (APL), chronic-myelogenous leukemia (CML), and acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
  • Preferably, that method is used to treat or prevent a condition selected from cancers such as cancers of the breast, colon, prostate, skin, pancreas, brain, genitourinary tract, lymphatic system, stomach, larynx and lung, including lung adenocarcinoma and small cell lung cancer; stroke, diabetes, myeloma, hepatomegaly, cardiomegaly, Alzheimer's disease, cystic fibrosis, and viral disease, or any specific disease or disorder described above.
  • According to another embodiment, the invention provides methods for treating or preventing cancer, a proliferative disorder, or a myeloproliferative disorder comprising the step of administering to a patient one of the herein-described compounds or pharmaceutical compositions.
  • In some embodiments, said method is used to treat or prevent a hematopoietic disorder, such as acute-myelogenous leukemia (AML), acute-promyelocytic leukemia (APL), chronic-myelogenous leukemia (CML), or acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
  • In other embodiments, said method is used to treat or prevent myeloproliferative disorders, such as polycythemia vera, thrombocythemia, myeloid metaplasia with myelofibrosis, chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, hypereosinophilic syndrome, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, and systemic mast cell disease.
  • In yet other embodiments, said method is used to treat or prevent cancer, such as cancers of the breast, colon, prostate, skin, pancreas, brain, genitourinary tract, lymphatic system, stomach, larynx and lung, including lung adenocarcinoma, small cell lung cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer.
  • According to another embodiment, the invention provides methods for treating or preventing a kinase-mediated condition comprising the step of administering to a patient a compound of formula I or a composition comprising said compound. In some embodiments, said kinase is an Aurora kinase.
  • Another aspect of the invention relates to inhibiting kinase activity in a patient, which method comprises administering to the patient a compound of formula I or a composition comprising said compound. In some embodiments, said kinase is an Aurora kinase (Aurora A, Aurora B, Aurora C), FLT-3, JAK-2, JAK-3, ITK, Src, Abl, Abl(T315I), Arg, FGFR1, MELK, MLK1, MuSK, Ret, TrkA, PLK4, Tie-2, and TrkA.
  • Another aspect of the invention relates to inhibiting kinase activity in a biological sample, which method comprises contacting said biological sample with a compound of formula I or a composition comprising said compound. The term “biological sample”, as used herein, means an in vitro or an ex vivo sample, including, without limitation, cell cultures or extracts thereof; biopsied material obtained from a mammal or extracts thereof; and blood, saliva, urine, feces, semen, tears, or other body fluids or extracts thereof.
  • Inhibition of kinase activity in a biological sample is useful for a variety of purposes that are known to one of skill in the art. Examples of such purposes include, but are not limited to, blood transfusion, organ-transplantation, biological specimen storage, and biological assays.
  • Another aspect of this invention relates to the study of kinases in biological and pathological phenomena; the study of intracellular signal transduction pathways mediated by such kinases; and the comparative evaluation of new kinase inhibitors. Examples of such uses include, but are not limited to, biological assays such as enzyme assays and cell-based assays.
  • Depending upon the particular conditions to be treated or prevented, additional drugs, which are normally administered to treat or prevent that condition, may be administered together with the inhibitors of this invention. For example, chemotherapeutic agents or other anti-proliferative agents may be combined with the inhibitors of this invention to treat proliferative diseases.
  • Examples of known chemotherapeutic agents include, but are not limited to, Gleevec®, adriamycin, dexamethasone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, fluorouracil, topotecan, taxol, interferons, and platinum derivatives.
  • Other examples of agents the compounds of this invention may also be combined with include, without limitation: treatments for Alzheimer's Disease such as Aricept® and Excelon®; treatments for Parkinson's Disease such as L-DOPA/carbidopa, entacapone, ropinrole, pramipexole, bromocriptine, pergolide, trihexephendyl, and amantadine; agents for treating Multiple Sclerosis (MS) such as beta interferon (e.g., Avonex® and Rebif®), Copaxone®, and mitoxantrone; treatments for asthma such as albuterol and Singulair®; agents for treating schizophrenia such as zyprexa, risperdal, seroquel, and haloperidol; anti-inflammatory agents such as corticosteroids, TNF blockers, IL-1 RA, azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, and sulfasalazine; immunomodulatory and immunosuppressive agents such as cyclosporin, tacrolimus, rapamycin, mycophenolate mofetil, interferons, corticosteroids, cyclophophamide, azathioprine, and sulfasalazine; neurotrophic factors such as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, MAO inhibitors, interferons, anti-convulsants, ion channel blockers, riluzole, and anti-Parkinsonian agents; agents for treating cardiovascular disease such as beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, nitrates, calcium channel blockers, and statins; agents for treating liver disease such as corticosteroids, cholestyramine, interferons, and anti-viral agents; agents for treating blood disorders such as corticosteroids, anti-leukemic agents, and growth factors; and agents for treating immunodeficiency disorders such as gamma globulin. Another embodiment provides a simultaneous, separate or sequential use of a combined preparation.
  • Those additional agents may be administered separately, as part of a multiple dosage regimen, from the kinase inhibitor-containing compound or composition. Alternatively, those agents may be part of a single dosage form, mixed together with the kinase inhibitor in a single composition.
  • Methods for evaluating the activity of the compounds of this invention (e.g., kinase assays) are known in the art and are also described in the example set forth.
  • In order that this invention be more fully understood, the following preparative and testing examples are set forth. These examples are for the purpose of illustration only and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention in any way. All documents cited herein are hereby incorporated by reference.
  • EXAMPLES
  • As used herein, the term “Rt(min)” refers to the HPLC retention time, in minutes, associated with the compound. Unless otherwise indicated, the HPLC method utilized to obtain the reported retention time is as follows:
      • Column: ACE C8 column, 4.6×150 mm
      • Gradient: 0-100% acetonitrile+methanol 60:40 (20 mM Tris phosphate)
      • Flow rate: 1.5 mL/minute
      • Detection: 225 nm.
  • Mass spec. samples were analyzed on a MicroMass Quattro Micro mass spectrometer operated in single MS mode with electrospray ionization. Samples were introduced into the mass spectrometer using chromatography. Mobile phase for all mass spec. analyses consisted of 10 mM pH 7 ammonium acetate and a 1:1 acetonitrile-methanol mixture, column gradient conditions are 5%-100% acetonitrile-methanol over 3.5 mins gradient time and 5 mins run time on an ACE C8 3.0×75 mm column. Flow rate is 1.2 ml/min.
  • 1H—NMR spectra were recorded at 400 MHz using a Bruker DPX 400 instrument. The following compounds of formula I were prepared and analyzed as follows.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00047
  • EXAMPLE 1 (S)-3-(4,6-Dichloro-pyrimidin-2-yloxy)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester
  • Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00048
  • Tetrahydrofuran (40 ml) was carefully added to sodium hydride (60% in oil, 0.84 g, 21.02 mmol) under nitrogen. (S)-3-Hydroxy-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (4.13 g, 22.06 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (40 ml) was added and the suspension was stirred at room temperature for 2 hrs. The suspension was cooled to −78° C. and a solution of 4,6-dichloro-2-methanesulfonyl-pyrimidine (4.55 g, 20.04 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (40 ml) was added the stirring continued at −78° C. for a further 2 h. Sat NH4Cl and EtOAc was added, the organic layer dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated in vacuo. The compound was purified by flash column chromatography (15% EtOAc/hexane) to give the title compound as a white solid (5.27 g, 79%). 1H NMR (CDCl3) 1.49 (9H, s), 2.12-2.30 (2H, m), 3.55-3.71 (4H, m), 5.51-5.59 (1H, m), 7.05 (1H, s). MS (ES+): 334.
  • EXAMPLE 2 (S)-3-[4-Chloro-6-(5-methyl-2H-pyrazol-3-ylamino)-pyrimidin-2-yloxy]-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester
  • Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00049
  • A round bottom flask was charged with of (S)-3-(4,6-dichloro-pyrimidin-2-yloxy)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (5.27 g, 15.83 mmol), 5-methyl-2H-pyrazol-3-ylamine (3.07 g, 31.65 mmol), sodium iodide (2.37 g, 15.83 mmol), diisopropylethyl amide (4.99 g, 39.58 mmol, 6.87 ml) and dimethylformamide (60 ml) under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was stirred at 90° C. for 16 h, and then allowed to cool to room temperature. The residue was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with brine, dried (Na2SO4) and concentrated in vacuo. The compound was purified by flash chromatography (1:1 hexane:EtOAc) to give the title compound as an off white solid (4.75 g, 78%). 1H NMR (DMSO) 1.50 (9H, d), 2.02-2.20 (2H, m), 2.21 (3H, s), 3.32-3.45 2H, m), 3.55-3.65 (1H, m), 5.40 (1H, d), 6.41 (1H, brs), 7.40 (1H, brs), 10.15 (1H, brs), 12.12 (H, s). MS (ES+): 395.
  • EXAMPLE 3 (S)-3-[4-Azetidin-1-yl-6-(5-methyl-2H-pyrazol-3-ylamino)-pyrimidin-2-yloxy]-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester Compound I-1
  • Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00050
  • A round bottom flask was charged with (S)-3-[4-chloro-6-(5-methyl-2H-pyrazol-3-ylamino)-pyrimidin-2-yloxy]-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (200 mg, 0.51 mmol), azetidine (58 mg, 1.02 mmol), diisopropyl ethylamine (162 mg, 1.23 mmol, 0.22 ml) and n-butanol (10 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 14 h and then diluted with ethyl acetate (25 ml) and washed with brine. The organic was dried (Na2SO4) and concentrated in vacuo to give the title compound as a white solid (180 mg, 85%). 1H NMR (DMSO) 1.40 (9H, d), 2.00-2.22 (5H, m), 2.30-2.33 (2H, m), 3.51-3.57 (1H, m), 3.90 (4H, t), 5.32 (1H, d), 5.86-5.93 (2H, brs), 9.11 (1H, s), 11.86 (1H, s). MS (ES+): 416. HPLC Rt (min): 9.058.
    Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00051
  • EXAMPLE 4 (S)-tert-butyl 3-(4-(3-cyclopropyl-3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)-6-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-ylamino)pyrimidin-2-yloxy)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (I-2)
  • Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00052
  • Diisopropylethylamine (1.74 g, 13.52 mmol, 2.40 ml) was added to a suspension of (S)-tert-butyl 3-(4-chloro-6-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-ylamino)pyrimidin-2-yloxy) pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (1.00 g, 2.54 mmol) and 3-cyclopropyl-3-fluoroazetidine hydrochloride (768 mg, 5.07 mmol) in n-butanol (20 ml) and the mixture was heated to 90∞C and stirred for 20 hrs. The mixture was allowed to cool and diluted with ethylacetate (80 ml) and water (50 ml). The organic layer was dried (MgSO4) and concentrated to give a yellow oil. Purification by flash column chromatography eluting with ethylacetate gave the title compound as an off white solid (130 mg, 11%). 1H NMR (DMSO, 400 MHz) 0.48-0.51 (2H, m), 0.66-0.69 (2H, m), 0.88-0.93 (1H, m), 1.42 (9H, s), 2.12-2.24 (2H, m), 2.27 (3H, s), 3.39-3.49 (3H, m), 3.59-3.61 (1H, m), 3.89-4.02 (4H, m), 5.39 (1H, d), 5.95 (1H, brs), 6.01 (1H, s), 9.24 (1H, S), 11.90 (1H, s). ES+474. HPLC Rt (min): 9.668.
  • EXAMPLE 5 (S)-(5-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(3-(4-(3-cyclopropyl-3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)-6-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-ylamino)pyrimidin-2-yloxy)pyrrolidin-1-yl)methanone (I-3)
  • Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00053
  • To a solution of (S)-tert-butyl 3-(4-(3-cyclopropyl-3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)-6-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-ylamino)pyrimidin-2-yloxy)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (105 mg, 0.24 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 ml) was added trifluoroacetic acid (2.5 ml) and the solution stirred at room temperature for 1 hr. The reaction was concentrated, treated with methanol (5 ml) and concentrated hydrochloric acid (0.5 ml) and concentrated again to give a white solid. The solid was dissolved in DMF (4 ml) and EDC (46 mg, 0.24 mmol), HOBT (32 mg, 0.24 mmol), DIPEA (122 mg, 0.96 mmol, 0.17 ml) and 5-chloro-2-fluorobenzoic acid (42 mg, 0.24 mmol) was added and the solution stirred at room temperature for 40 hrs. The reaction was diluted with sat NaHCO-3 (30 ml) and ethylacetate (30 ml), the organic layer washed with brine, dried (MgSO4) and concentrated to give a yellow oil. Purification by flash column chromatography eluting with 50% EtOAc/hexanes to EtOAc gave the title compound as a pink solid (20 mg, 16%). 1H NMR (DMSO, 400 MHz) 0.46-0.52 (2H, m), 0.65-0.68 (2H, m), 1.41-1.52 (1H, m), 1.97-2.31 (5H, m), 3.39-3.51 (1H, m), 3.61-3.79 (2H, m), 3.84-4.06 (5H, m), 5.39 and 5.49 (0.5H, s), 5.95 (1H, s), 6.03 (1H, s), 7.40-7.47 (1H, m), 7.58-7.66 (2H, m), 9.21 and 9.27 (0.5H, s), 11.91 (1H, s). ES+530. HPLC Rt (min) : 9.226.
  • EXAMPLE 6 Aurora-2 (Aurora A) Inhibition Assay
  • Compounds were screened for their ability to inhibit Aurora-2 using a standard coupled enzyme assay (Fox et al., Protein Sci., (1998) 7, 2249). Assays were carried out in a mixture of 100 mM Hepes (pH7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM DTT, 25 mM NaCl, 2.5 mM phosphoenolpyruvate, 300 μM NADH, 30 μg/ml pyruvate kinase and 10 μg/ml lactate dehydrogenase. Final substrate concentrations in the assay are 400 μM ATP (Sigma Chemicals) and 570 μM peptide (Kemptide, American Peptide, Sunnyvale, Calif.). Assays were carried out at 30° C. and in the presence of 40 nM Aurora-2.
  • An assay stock buffer solution was prepared containing all of the reagents listed above, with the exception of Aurora-2 and the test compound of interest. 55 μl of the stock solution was placed in a 96 well plate followed by addition of 2 μl of DMSO stock containing serial dilutions of the test compound (typically starting from a final concentration of 7.5 μM). The plate was preincubated for 10 minutes at 30° C. and the reaction initiated by addition of 10 μl of Aurora-2. Initial reaction rates were determined with a Molecular Devices SpectraMax Plus plate reader over a 10 minute time course. IC50 and Ki data were calculated from non-linear regression analysis using the Prism software package (GraphPad Prism version 3.0cx for Macintosh, GraphPad Software, San Diego Calif., USA).
  • Compound I-1 was found to have a Ki value <0.050 uM. Compounds I-2 and I-3 were found to have a Ki value <0.010 uM.
  • EXAMPLE 7 Aurora-1 (Aurora B) Inhibition Assay (Radiometric)
  • An assay buffer solution was prepared which consisted of 25 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 0.1% BSA and 10% glycerol. A 22 nM Aurora-B solution, also containing 1.7 mM DTT and 1.5 mM Kemptide (LRRASLG), was prepared in assay buffer. To 22 μL of the Aurora-B solution, in a 96-well plate, was added 2 μl of a compound stock solution in DMSO and the mixture allowed to equilibrate for 10 minutes at 25° C. The enzyme reaction was initiated by the addition of 16 μl stock [γ-33P]-ATP solution (˜20 nCi/μL) prepared in assay buffer, to a final assay concentration of 800 μM. The reaction was stopped after 3 hours by the addition of 16 μL 500 mM phosphoric acid and the levels of 33P incorporation into the peptide substrate were determined by the following method.
  • A phosphocellulose 96-well plate (Millipore, Cat no. MAPHNOB50) was pre-treated with 100 μL of a 100 mM phosphoric acid prior to the addition of the enzyme reaction mixture (40 μL). The solution was left to soak on to the phosphocellulose membrane for 30 minutes and the plate subsequently washed four times with 200 μL of a 100 mM phosphoric acid. To each well of the dry plate was added 30 μL of Optiphase ‘SuperMix’ liquid scintillation cocktail (Perkin Elmer) prior to scintillation counting (1450 Microbeta Liquid Scintillation Counter, Wallac). Levels of non-enzyme catalyzed background radioactivity were determined by adding 16 μL of the 500 mM phosphoric acid to control wells, containing all assay components (which acts to denature the enzyme), prior to the addition of the [γ-33P]-ATP solution. Levels of enzyme catalyzed 33P incorporation were calculated by subtracting mean background counts from those measured at each inhibitor concentration. For each Ki determination 8 data points, typically covering the concentration range 0-10 μM compound, were obtained in duplicate (DMSO stocks were prepared from an initial compound stock of 10 mM with subsequent 1:2.5 serial dilutions). Ki values were calculated from initial rate data by non-linear regression using the Prism software package (Prism 3.0, Graphpad Software, San Diego, Calif.).
  • Compounds I-1 and I-2 were found to have a Ki value <0.50 uM. Compound I-3 was found to have a Ki value <0.025 uM.
  • EXAMPLE 8 Itk Inhibition Assay
  • The compounds of the present invention were evaluated as inhibitors of human Itk kinase using a radioactivity-based assay.
  • Assays were carried out in a mixture of 20 mM MOPS (pH 7.0), 10 mM MgCl2, 0.1% BSA and 1 mM DTT. Final substrate concentrations in the assay were 7.5 μM [γ-33P]ATP (400 μCi 33P ATP/μmol ATP, Amersham Pharmacia Biotech/Sigma Chemicals) and 3 μM peptide (SAM68 protein Δ332-443). Assays were carried out at 25° C. in the presence of 50 nM Itk. An assay stock buffer solution was prepared containing all of the reagents listed above, with the exception of ATP and the test compound of interest. 50 μL of the stock solution was placed in a 96 well plate followed by addition of 2 μL of DMSO stock containing serial dilutions of the test compound (typically starting from a final concentration of 50 μM with 2-fold serial dilutions) in duplicate (final DMSO concentration 2%). The plate was pre-incubated for 10 minutes at 25° C. and the reaction initiated by addition of 50 μL [γ-33P]ATP (final concentration 7.5 μM).
  • The reaction was stopped after 10 minutes by the addition of 100 μL 0.2M phosphoric acid+0.01% TWEEN 20. A multiscreen phosphocellulose filter 96-well plate (Millipore, Cat no. MAPHN0B50) was pretreated with 100 μL 0.2M phosphoric acid+0.01% TWEEN 20 prior to the addition of 170 μL of the stopped assay mixture. The plate was washed with 4×200 μL 0.2M phosphoric acid+0.01% TWEEN 20. After drying, 30 μL Optiphase ‘SuperMix’ liquid scintillation cocktail (Perkin Elmer) was added to the well prior to scintillation counting (1450 Microbeta Liquid Scintillation Counter, Wallac).
  • Ki(app) data were calculated from non-linear regression analysis of the initial rate data using the Prism software package (GraphPad Prism version 3.0cx for Macintosh, GraphPad Software, San Diego Calif., USA).
  • Compound I-1 was found to have a Ki value <1 uM.
  • EXAMPLE 9 JAK3 Inhibition Assay
  • Compounds were screened for their ability to inhibit JAK using the assay shown below. Reactions were carried out in a kinase buffer containing 100 mM HEPES (pH 7.4), 1 mM DTT, 10 mM MgCl2, 25 mM NaCl, and 0.01% BSA.
  • Substrate concentrations in the assay were 5 μM ATP (200 uCi/μmole ATP) and 1 μM poly(Glu)4Tyr. Reactions were carried out at 25° C. and 1 nM JAK3.
  • To each well of a 96 well polycarbonate plate was added 1.5 μl of a candidate JAK3 inhibitor along with 50 μl of kinase buffer containing 2 μM poly(Glu)4Tyr and 10 μM ATP. This was then mixed and 50 μl of kinase buffer containing 2 nM JAK3 enzyme was added to start the reaction. After 20 minutes at room temperature (25 C), the reaction was stopped with 50 μl of 20% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) that also contained 0.4 mM ATP. The entire contents of each well were then transferred to a 96 well glass fiber filter plate using a TomTek Cell Harvester. After washing, 60 μl of scintillation fluid was added and 33P incorporation detected on a Perkin Elmer TopCount.
  • Compounds I-1 and I-2 were found to have a Ki value <0.50 uM. Compound I-3 was found to have a Ki value <0.25 uM.
  • EXAMPLE 10 JAK2 Inhibition Assay
  • The assays are as described above in Example 3 except that JAK-2 enzyme is used, the final poly(Glu)4Tyr concentration is 15 μM, and final ATP concentration is 12 μM.
  • Compound I-1 was found to have a Ki value <0.25 uM. Compounds I-2 and I-3 were found to have a Ki value <0.10 uM.
  • EXAMPLE 11 FLT-3 Inhibition Assay
  • Compounds can be screened for their ability to inhibit FLT-3 activity using a radiometric filter-binding assay. This assay monitors the 33P incorporation into a substrate poly(Glu, Tyr) 4:1 (pE4Y). Reactions are carried out in a solution containing 100 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 25 mM NaCl, 1 mM DTT, 0.01% BSA and 2.5% DMSO. Final substrate concentrations in the assay are 90 μM ATP and 0.5 mg/ml pE4Y (both from Sigma Chemicals, St Louis, Mo.). The final concentration of a compound of the present invention is generally between 0.01 and 5 μM. Typically, a 12-point titration is conducted by preparing serial dilutions from 10 mM DMSO stock of test compound. Reactions are carried out at room temperature.
  • Two assay solutions are prepared. Solution 1 contains 100 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 25 mM NaCl, 1 mg/ml pE4Y and 180 mM ATP (containing 0.3 mCi of [γ-33P]ATP for each reaction). Solution 2 contains 100 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 25 mM NaCl, 2 mM DTT, 0.02% BSA and 3 nM FLT-3. The assay is run on a 96 well plate by mixing 50 μl each of Solution 1 and 2.5 ml of the compounds of the present invention. The reaction is initiated with Solution 2. After incubation for 20 minutes at room temperature, the reaction is stopped with 50 μl of 20% TCA containing 0.4 mM of ATP. All of the reaction volume is then transferred to a filter plate and washed with 5% TCA by a Harvester 9600 from TOMTEC (Hamden, Conn.). The amount of 33P incorporation into pE4y is analyzed by a Packard Top Count Microplate Scintillation Counter (Meriden, Conn.). The data is fitted using Prism software to get an IC50 or Ki.
  • While we have described a number of embodiments of this invention, it is apparent that our basic examples may be altered to provide other embodiments that utilize or encompass the compounds, methods, and processes of this invention. Therefore, it will be appreciated that the scope of this invention is to be defined by the appended claims.

Claims (38)

1. A compound of formula I:
Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00054
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:
Ht is thiazole or pyrazole; Ht is optionally and independently substituted with R2 and R2′;
Q is —O—, —NR′—, —S—, —C(R′)2—, or -(C═O)—;
RX is H, C1-6aliphatic, NO2, CN, halo, NH2, N(C1-4aliphatic), N(C1-4aliphatic)2, O(C1-4aliphatic), OH, or —N(C═O)(C1-4aliphatic); wherein said aliphatic is optionally substituted with 1-3 fluoro;
RY is -Z-R10;
R1 is T-(Ring D);
Ring D is a 4-7 membered monocyclic heterocyclyl or a carbocyclyl ring, wherein said heterocyclyl has 1-4 ring heteroatoms selected from O, N, and S; Ring D is optionally fused to Ring D′;
Ring D′ is a 5-8 membered partially saturated or fully unsaturated monocyclic ring containing 0-4 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur;
Ring D and Ring D′ are each independently and optionally substituted with 0-4 occurrences of oxo or -Z-R5;
each T is independently a C1-4 alkylidene chain or is absent;
R2 and R2′ are independently —R, —W—R6, or R8; or R2 and R2′ are taken together with their intervening atoms to form a fused, 5-8 membered, unsaturated or partially unsaturated, ring having 0-3 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur; wherein the 5-8 membered ring is independently substituted with halo, oxo, —CN, —NO2, —R7, or —Y—R6;
each Z, Y, and W is independently a bond or a C1-10 alkylidene chain wherein up to six methylene units of the alkylidene chain are optionally replaced by V;
each V is selected from —O—, —C(═O)—, —S(O)—, —S(O)2—, —S—, or —N(R4)—;
each R3 and R5 is independently —R, -halo, —OR, —C(═O)R, —CO2R, —COCOR, COCH2COR, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R, —S(O)2R, —SR, —N(R4)2, —CON(R7)2, —SO2N(R7)2, —OC(═O)R, —N(R7)COR, —N(R7)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R4)N(R4)2, —C═NN(R4)2, —C═N—OR, —N(R7)CON(R7)2, —N(R7)SO2N(R7)2, —N(R4)SO2R, or —OC (═O)N(R7)2;
each R is hydrogen, a C1-6 aliphatic group, a C6-10 aryl ring, a heteroaryl ring having 5-10 ring atoms, or a heterocyclyl ring having 4-10 ring atoms; wherein said heteroaryl or heterocyclyl ring has 1-4 ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur; R is optionally substituted with 0-6 R9;
each R4 is —R7, —COR7, —CO2R7, —CON(R7 )2, or —SO2R7;
each R6 is independently hydrogen or an optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic group; or two R6 groups on the same nitrogen atom are taken together with the nitrogen atom to form an optionally substituted 4-6 membered heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring;
each R7 is independently hydrogen or an optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic group; or two R7 on the same nitrogen are taken together with the nitrogen to form an optionally substituted 4-8 membered heterocyclyl or heteroaryl ring containing 1-4 heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur;
each R8 is halogen, —CN, or —NO2;
each R9 is —R′, -halo, —OR′, —C(═O)R′, —CO2R′, —COCOR′, COCH2COR′, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R′, —S(O)2R′, —SR′, —N(R′)2, —CON(R′)2, —SO2N(R′)2, —OC(═O)R′, —N(R′)COR′, —N(R′ )CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R′)N(R′)2, —N(R′)CON(R′)2, —N(R′)SO2N(R′)2, —N(R′)SO2R′, —OC(═O)N(R′)2, ═NN(R′)2, ═N—OR′, or ═O;
each R10 is a 4-membered heterocyclic ring containing 1 heteroatom selected from O, NR11, and S; each R10 is optionally substituted with 0-6 occurrences of J;
each J is independently R, -halo, —OR, oxo, —C(═O)R, —CO2R, —COCOR, —COCH2COR, —NO2, —CN, —S(O)R, —S(O)2R, —SR, —N(R4)2, —CON(R7)2, —SO2N(R7)2, —OC(═O)R, —N(R7)COR, —N(R7)CO2(C1-6 aliphatic), —N(R4)N(R4)2, ═NN(R4)2, ═N—OR, —N(R7)CON(R7)2, —N(R7)SO2N(R7)2, —N(R4)SO2R, —OC(═O)N(R7)2, or —OP(═O) (OR″)2; or
2 J groups, on the same atom or on different atoms, together with the atom(s) to which they are bound, form a 3-8 membered saturated, partially saturated, or unsaturated ring having 0-2 heteroatoms selected from O, N, or S; wherein 1-4 hydrogen atoms on the ring formed by the 2 J groups is optionally replaced with halo, C1-3alkyl, or —O(C1-3alkyl); or two hydrogen atoms on the ring are optionally replaced with oxo or a spiro-attached C3-4 cycloalkyl; wherein said C1-3alkyl is optionally substituted with 1-3 fluorine;
each R11 is —R7, —COR7, —CO2R7, —CON(R7)2, or —SO2R7;
each R is independently hydrogen or a C1-6 aliphatic group optionally substituted with 0-4 occurrences of NH2, NH(C1-4aliphatic), N(C1-4aliphatic)2, halogen, C1-4aliphatic, OH, O(C1-4aliphatic), NO2, CN, CO2H, CO2 (C1-4aliphatic), O(haloC1-4 aliphatic), or haloC1-4aliphatic; or, two R′, together with the atom(s) to which they are attached, form an optionally substituted 3-6 membered carbocyclyl or heterocyclyl; and
each R″ is independently H or C1-2alkyl.
2. The compound of claim 1, wherein Ht is
Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00055
wherein Ht is optionally and independently substituted with R2 and R2′.
3. The compound of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein Q is —S—.
4. The compound of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein Q is —O—.
5. The compound of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein Q is —C(═O)—.
6. The compound of any one of claims 1-5, wherein Ring D is an optionally substituted 4-7 membered monocyclic ring selected from a heterocyclyl or a carbocyclyl ring, wherein said heterocyclic ring has 1-2 heteroatoms selected from O, N, and S.
7. The compound of claim 6, wherein Ring D is a 4-7 membered carbocyclyl.
8. The compound of claim 6, wherein Ring D is a 4-7 membered heterocyclyl.
9. The compound of claim 8, wherein Ring D is an optionally substituted piperidinyl or pyrrolidinyl.
10. The compound of any one of claims 1-9, wherein T is absent.
11. The compound of any one of claims 1-10, wherein R2 is H or optionally substituted C1-6 aliphatic.
12. The compound of any one of claims 1-11, wherein RX is H or F.
13. The compound of any one of claims 1-12, wherein RY is -Z-R10.
14. The compound of claim 13, wherein Z is absent.
15. The compound of claim 13, wherein Z is a C1-6 alkylidene chain wherein 1-2 methylene units of Z is optionally replaced by O, —N(R6 )—, or S.
16. The compound of claim 15, wherein Z is a C1-4 alkylidene chain.
17. The compound of any one of claims 13-16, wherein R10 is an optionally substituted azetidine.
18. The compound of claim 17, wherein R10 is represented by formula i:
Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00056
19. The compound of any one of claims 1-16, wherein RY is represented by formula ii-a′:
Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00057
20. The compound of any one of claims 1-19 as represented by formula Ia:
Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00058
21. The compound of claim 20, wherein Q is O.
22. The compound of claim 20, wherein Q is S.
23. The compound of any one of claims 1-19 as represented by formula Ib:
Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00059
24. The compound of claim 23, wherein Q is O.
25. The compound of claim 23, wherein Q is S.
26. The compound of any one of claims 20-25, wherein R2′ is H or optionally substituted C1-3 aliphatic.
27. The compound of claim 26, wherein R2′ is H.
28. The compound of any one of claims 20-27, wherein R2 is H or optionally substituted C1-3 aliphatic.
29. The compound of any one of claims 20-27, wherein R5 is an optionally substituted group selected from C1-6 aliphatic or phenyl.
30. The following compounds:
I-1
Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00060
Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00061
I-2
Figure US20070179125A1-20070802-C00062
I-3
31. A composition comprising a compound of any one of claims 1-30 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, adjuvant, or vehicle.
32. A method of inhibiting Aurora protein kinase activity in a biological sample comprising contacting said biological sample with a compound of any one of claims 1-30.
33. A method of treating a proliferative disorder in a patient comprising the step of administering to said patient a compound of any one of claims 1-30.
34. The method according to claim 33, wherein said proliferative disorder is selected from melanoma, myeloma, leukemia, lymphoma, neuroblastoma, or a cancer selected from colon, breast, gastric, ovarian, cervical, lung, central nervous system (CNS), renal, prostate, bladder, pancreatic, brain (gliomas), head and neck, kidney, liver, melanoma, sarcoma, or thyroid cancer in a patient in need thereof wherein said method comprises administering to said patient a compound of any one of claims 1-30.
35. A method of treating cancer in a subject in need thereof, comprising the sequential or co-administration of a compound of any one of claims 1-30 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and another therapeutic agent.
36. The method according to claim 35, wherein said therapeutic agent is selected from taxanes, inhibitors of bcr-abl, inhibitors of EGFR, DNA damaging agents, and antimetabolites.
37. The method according to claim 35, wherein said therapeutic agent is selected from Paclitaxel, Gleevec, dasatinib, nilotinib, Tarceva, Iressa, cisplatin, oxaliplatin, carboplatin, anthracyclines, AraC and 5-FU.
38. The method according to claim 35, wherein said therapeutic agent is selected from camptothecin, doxorubicin, idarubicin, Cisplatin, taxol, taxotere, vincristine, tarceva, the MEK inhibitor, U0126, a KSP inhibitor, vorinostat, Gleevec, dasatinib, and nilotinib.
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CA2629781A1 (en) 2007-05-24
DE602006021776D1 (en) 2011-06-16
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AU2006315334A1 (en) 2007-05-24
EP1951716B1 (en) 2011-05-04

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