US20070157376A1 - Bathing system and corresponding method - Google Patents

Bathing system and corresponding method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20070157376A1
US20070157376A1 US11/715,412 US71541207A US2007157376A1 US 20070157376 A1 US20070157376 A1 US 20070157376A1 US 71541207 A US71541207 A US 71541207A US 2007157376 A1 US2007157376 A1 US 2007157376A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
bathing
support
user
water
predefined
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/715,412
Inventor
Ohad Paz
Ofer Parezky
Original Assignee
Ohad Paz
Ofer Parezky
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US11/130,129 priority Critical patent/US20060260041A1/en
Priority to US11/130,130 priority patent/US20060260051A1/en
Priority to US71514705P priority
Priority to US71517705P priority
Priority to US73859205P priority
Priority to PCT/IL2006/000574 priority patent/WO2006123332A2/en
Application filed by Ohad Paz, Ofer Parezky filed Critical Ohad Paz
Priority to US11/715,412 priority patent/US20070157376A1/en
Publication of US20070157376A1 publication Critical patent/US20070157376A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H33/00Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes
    • A61H33/02Bathing devices for use with gas-containing liquid, or liquid in which gas is led or generated, e.g. carbon dioxide baths
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C23/00Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases
    • A47C23/002Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases with separate resilient support elements, e.g. elastomeric springs arranged in a two-dimensional matrix pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C7/00Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools
    • A47C7/02Seat parts
    • A47C7/025Springs not otherwise provided for in A47C7/22 - A47C7/35
    • A47C7/027Springs not otherwise provided for in A47C7/22 - A47C7/35 with elastomeric springs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet
    • A61G5/128Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or the feet for feet
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/0005Means for bathing bedridden persons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1073Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G7/1082Rests specially adapted for
    • A61G7/1098Ankle or foot
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H7/00Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for
    • A61H7/001Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for without substantial movement between the skin and the device
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H7/00Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for
    • A61H7/002Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for by rubbing or brushing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H7/00Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for
    • A61H7/002Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for by rubbing or brushing
    • A61H7/004Devices for suction-kneading massage; Devices for massaging the skin by rubbing or brushing not otherwise provided for by rubbing or brushing power-driven, e.g. electrical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H9/00Pneumatic or hydraulic massage
    • A61H9/0021Hydraulic massage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/30Specific positions of the patient
    • A61G2200/32Specific positions of the patient lying
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/30Specific positions of the patient
    • A61G2200/34Specific positions of the patient sitting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2200/00Information related to the kind of patient or his position
    • A61G2200/30Specific positions of the patient
    • A61G2200/36Specific positions of the patient standing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/30General characteristics of devices characterised by sensor means
    • A61G2203/32General characteristics of devices characterised by sensor means for force
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/30General characteristics of devices characterised by sensor means
    • A61G2203/46General characteristics of devices characterised by sensor means for temperature
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/70General characteristics of devices with special adaptations, e.g. for safety or comfort
    • A61G2203/72General characteristics of devices with special adaptations, e.g. for safety or comfort for collision prevention
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1002Parts, details or accessories with toilet facilities
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1056Arrangements for adjusting the seat
    • A61G5/1067Arrangements for adjusting the seat adjusting the backrest relative to the seat portion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/1056Arrangements for adjusting the seat
    • A61G5/1075Arrangements for adjusting the seat tilting the whole seat backwards
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G5/14Standing-up or sitting-down aids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0115Constructive details used in water
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • A61H2201/0149Seat or chair
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1253Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven
    • A61H2201/1261Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven combined with active exercising of the patient
    • A61H2201/1284Driving means driven by a human being, e.g. hand driven combined with active exercising of the patient using own weight
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/1623Back
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/1628Pelvis
    • A61H2201/1633Seat
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/1635Hand or arm, e.g. handle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/08Trunk
    • A61H2205/081Back
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/08Trunk
    • A61H2205/085Crotch
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/08Trunk
    • A61H2205/086Buttocks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/10Leg
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H33/00Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes
    • A61H33/60Components specifically designed for the therapeutic baths of groups A61H33/00
    • A61H33/6005Special constructive structural details of the bathtub, e.g. of the walls or supporting structure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H33/00Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes
    • A61H33/60Components specifically designed for the therapeutic baths of groups A61H33/00
    • A61H33/601Inlet to the bath
    • A61H33/6021Nozzles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H33/00Bathing devices for special therapeutic or hygienic purposes
    • A61H33/60Components specifically designed for the therapeutic baths of groups A61H33/00
    • A61H33/6089Specific construction features for further massaging means, i.e. not for the nozzles

Abstract

Bathing systems and corresponding methods featuring a multi-position support apparatus. In one non-limiting embodiment, the multi-position support apparatus is accepting a user in a standing position, moving the user into a predefined reclining position, bathing the user in the predefined reclining position, and returning the user to a standing position.

Description

    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a Continuation-In-Part of PCT application number PCT/IL2006/000574 filed on May 16, 2006, titled “Bathing system and corresponding method”. PCT/IL2006/000574 claims priority to U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/130,129, titled “Massage and bathing chair”, filed on May 17, 2005, and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/130,130, titled “Patient support apparatus”, filed on May 17, 2005, and U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/715,147, titled “Bathing system and corresponding method”, filed on Sep. 9, 2005, and U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/715,177, titled “Multi-position support apparatus featuring a motorized foot support”, filed on Sep. 9, 2005, and U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/738,592, titled “Bathing system featuring springs elements surface”, filed on Nov. 22, 2005.
  • This application is also related to PCT application number PCT/IL2006/000575 filed on May 16, 2006, titled “Multi-position support apparatus featuring a motorized foot support”.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The embodiments of the present invention relate to bathing and, more particularly, to bathing systems and corresponding methods featuring a multi-position support apparatus and, optionally, controller operated sprinklers and massage elements.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Hereinafter, the term “sprinkler” refers to any device that emits liquids, including, but not limited to, water spreaders that are used for rinsing and/or bathing. For example, jets, sprinklers jets, and nozzles.
  • Hereinafter, the term “bathing” refers to any device that cleans a user by using water and/or other ingredients, including, but not limited to, washing, and showering. The embodiments of the bathing system may include any type of showering system and/or cleaning system.
  • Hereinafter, the term “engine” refers to any device that is able to move things, including, but not limited to motor, and actuator.
  • Basic principles and details needed for properly understanding the embodiments of the bathing systems and corresponding methods are provided herein. Complete theoretical descriptions, details, explanations, examples, and applications of these and related subjects and phenomena are readily available in standard references in the fields of physics, electronics, home care devices, and elderly care.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY
  • The embodiments of the present invention relate to bathing systems and corresponding methods featuring a multi-position support apparatus and, optionally, controller operated sprinklers and massage elements.
  • The embodiments of the present invention successfully address limitations of presently available bathing devices. The disclosed methods are readily implemented using standard hardware components and standard software modules. Moreover, the disclosed systems are generally applicable as ‘stand-alone’ bathing systems, or as bathing system used in combination with other methods, devices, and systems, performing washing operations.
  • Implementation of the disclosed bathing systems and corresponding methods involves performing or completing selected tasks or steps manually, semi-automatically, fully automatically, and/or a combination thereof. Moreover, depending upon actual instrumentation and/or equipment used for implementing particular embodiments of the disclosed system and corresponding method, several embodiments of the present invention could be achieved by hardware, by software on any operating system of any firmware, or a combination thereof. In particular, as hardware, embodiments of the invention could exist by variations in the physical structure. Additionally, or alternatively, as software, selected functions could be performed by a data processor, such as a computing platform, executing a of computer program types of software instructions or protocols using any suitable computer operating system.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The embodiments of the present invention are herein described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings. No attempt is made to show structural details of the embodiments in more detail than is necessary for a fundamental understanding of the embodiments of the invention, the description taken with the drawings making apparent to those skilled in the art how the several forms of the embodiments of the invention may be embodied in practice. In the drawings:
  • FIG. 1 is an illustration of a multi-position support apparatus in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is an illustration of multi-position support apparatus featuring adjustable length in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 3 is an illustration of an arm rest in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 4 is an example of angles in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 5 is an illustration of a high water flow device in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 6 is an illustration of a floating back support in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 7 is an illustration of an embodiment of a manually operated multi-position support apparatus in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 8 is an illustration of an embodiment of a multi-position support apparatus featuring one engine in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 9 is an illustration of an embodiment of a multi-position support apparatus featuring one engine in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 10 is an illustration of an embodiment of a multi-position support apparatus featuring two engines in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 11 is an illustration of an embodiment of a multi-position support apparatus featuring two engines in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIGS. 12-14 are illustrations of an embodiment of a multi-position support apparatus featuring one engine in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIGS. 15-16 are illustrations of an embodiment of a massage device in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIGS. 17-18 are illustrations of prior art leaf spring element;
  • FIG. 19 is an illustration of an embodiment of an upholstered spring element, in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIG. 20 is an embodiment of a spring elements surface, in accordance with the present invention;
  • FIGS. 21-22 are illustrations of embodiments of multi-position support apparatuses featuring spring elements surface, in accordance with the present invention; and
  • FIGS. 23-25 are illustrations of an embodiment of a multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus in accordance with the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The embodiments of the present invention relate to bathing systems and corresponding methods featuring a multi-position support apparatus and, optionally, controller operated sprinklers and massage elements.
  • In one embodiment, the bathing system receives and releases a user in a completely upright standing position. Optionally, the multi-position support apparatus comprises a seat support pivotally attached to a back support and a leg support, wherein the back support, the seat support and the leg support are adjustable relative to one another, such that the multi-position support apparatus is adjustable between reclining, sitting and standing positions, wherein in the standing position the back support, the seat support and the leg support are all generally vertical. Moreover, a multi-position support apparatus may feature a calf support and a foot support. The seat support may include a pair of buttock supports. Liquids conduits may be included for passing a cleansing liquid directed toward the groin area of a user sitting in the multi-position support apparatus. Moreover, a head-bathing device may be attached to an upper portion of the back support, with liquid conduits for passing a cleansing liquid directed towards the scalp of a user sitting in the multi-position support apparatus. The seat support may be pivotally attached to a base. Moreover, a drying device may be mounted on the back support, the seat support, the leg support and/or the head-bathing device, to direct drying air at a user sitting in the multi-position support apparatus.
  • The embodiments of the present invention are not limited by the details of the order or sequence of steps of operation or implementation of the methods and/or the details of construction, arrangement, and composition of the components of the devices set forth in the following description, drawings or examples. While specific steps, configurations and arrangements are discussed, it is to be understood that this is done for illustrative purposes only. A person skilled in the relevant art will recognize that other steps, embodiments, configurations and arrangements may be used without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
  • The disclosed embodiments are capable of other embodiments or of being practiced or carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology, terminology and notation employed herein are for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.
  • Configurations, components, operation, and implementation of the embodiments of the bathing system and corresponding method are better understood with reference to the following description and accompanying drawings.
  • Referring not to the figures, FIG. 1 illustrates an embodiment of the multi-position support apparatus 10 comprising at least the following elements: back support 11, back-seat angle 13, seat 14, seat-leg angle 15, leg support 16, foot support 17, and multi-position support apparatus base 19. Moreover, the multi-position support apparatus 10 optionally features at least one hand support 12 and leg-foot angle 18. Referring to FIG. 2, other embodiment comprises back support 11 with or without length adjustment 22, and/or leg support 16 with or without length adjustment 21.
  • In one embodiment, back-seat angle 13, seat-leg angle 15, and leg-foot angle 18 feature a pivot, as known in the art. In another embodiment, at least one actuator is connected to hand support 12.
  • In the following description included are only main or principal details needed for sufficiently understanding proper ‘enabling’ utilization and implementation of the disclosed systems and corresponding methods. Accordingly, descriptions of the various required or optional minor, intermediate, and/or sub systems which are readily known by one of ordinary skill in the art, which are available in the prior art and technical literature relating to bathing activities are not included herein.
  • The multi-position support apparatus 10 may use at least one engine to change its angular position. For decorative or space-saving purposes, the multi-position support apparatus 10 may be designed with all or most of the engines controlling its angular position concentrated beneath the seat 14.
  • In one embodiment, when used for cleansing, the multi-position support apparatus 10 both begins and ends in a standing position. Optionally, the angles of the multi-position support apparatus 10 are programmed so that the user returns to the standing position with maximum stability; slightly reclined. Because of its slightly reclined angle, the multi-position support apparatus 10, when in a standing position, does not throw the user off-balance. It is to be noted that the term “reclining” may be interpreted as “backward inclining.”
  • FIG. 4 illustrates an example for the angles of the multi-position support apparatus 10 in a standing position. Either in a standing position or when entering the standing position, angle 41 is larger than 180 degrees, in order to prevent the user from falling forward. Angle 40 should be smaller than 180 degrees, but not smaller than a predefined angle, which depends on the angular position of the multi-position support apparatus 10 in its entirety. The control system may prevent the user from manually reducing angle 40 to an angle wherein there exists a possibility that the user might fall forward from the multi-position support apparatus.
  • During bathing/washing actions (i.e. during the shower itself) with the bathing system, the probability of an accident is very low. Receiving the user from a standing position, and, when the shower is completed, returning the user to a standing position, minimizes the probability of bathing/showering-related accidents occurring. The disclosed embodiments are also useful for people who cannot stand. In those cases, the device receives the user from a sitting position, and, when the shower is completed, returns the user to a sitting position. While in the reclining position, the user is securely supported by the multi-position support apparatus 10 throughout the bathing process. Moreover, in the reclining position of the multi-position support apparatus 10, the user remains in a relaxed position throughout the bathing process.
  • Referring to FIG. 1, engines 23, 24 and 25 are connected to the various parts of the multi-position support apparatus 10. For example, engines are connected to back support 11, seat 14, and leg support 16. In another optional embodiment (not shown in the figure), there are engines connected to the device's pivots. For example, two engines may be connected to back-seat angle 13 and seat-legs angle 15.
  • The angle of back support 11, seat 14, and leg support 16 may change during operation in order to achieve maximum stability and put minimal pressure on the user's legs. In one embodiment, a user enters the apparatus in a standing position, leans backwards, and upon achieving a reclined angle of, for example 20 to 60 degrees, the apparatus begins to move the user into a sitting position. When the apparatus moves from sitting to standing the user is first brought to a reclined position of between 20 and 60 degrees, and only then is brought to a full standing position.
  • In one embodiment, one or more sensors are placed in the foot support 17, or on the foot support 17, or in other possible locations. The sensors may be used for preventing a situation in which the multi-position support apparatus 10 descends on the foot of an operator who is not the user, such as a nurse, or crush objects in its way. The one or more sensors detect objects and prevent foot support 17 from crushing them. Examples for optional sensors are, but are not limited to, infra-red sensor, electric footboard that sends a signal when it is stepped upon, micro switch, camera, or any other sensor known in the art.
  • In one embodiment, one or more sensors are placed in or on back support 11. The one or more sensors prevent a situation in which back support 11 crushes an operator who is not the user, such as a nurse, or detect objects and prevent back support 11 from crushing them. Examples for optional sensors are, but are not limited to, infra-red sensor, electric footboard that sends a signal when it is stepped upon, micro switch, camera, or any other sensor known in the art.
  • In order to achieve a reclining position, it is possible to create an indentation in the pivot area so that the pivot will fall into the indentation when the multi-position support apparatus is stretched, as required for a reclining position.
  • Optionally, the armrests of the multi-position support apparatus may move up, down, and to the sides, to enhance the user's comfort. Optionally, the armrest may be detached from the multi-position support apparatus. In this case, when the multi-position support apparatus moves, the armrests do not move along with it, to allow the user to comfortably reach for an object or shelf during changes in position.
  • FIG. 7 demonstrates one embodiment of a parallelogram-based structure device for shifting from sitting to reclining. The shift is made using a manual lever 70, without the need for an engine.
  • Optionally, the parallelogram-based structure device may be locked in a certain angular position. Alternatively, it is possible to create a friction-based mechanism that maintains the device in the angular position it is brought to.
  • Referring to the embodiments illustrated in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, the use of one engine and a parallelogram-based structure enables the multi-position support apparatus to shift from a standing position to a sitting position or from a sitting position to a reclining position. Engines 80 and 90 operate a rod that may decrease or increase in length. When the rod's length grows, the device shifts to a reclining position.
  • FIG. 10 illustrates a parallelogram-based structure device with two engines. The operation of the first engine is identical to that of the parallelogram-based structure device with one engine. Operation of the second engine raises and lowers the device. 101 is an engine for shifting from a sitting to a standing position. The apparatus is fixed to axis 103. The purpose of engine 102 is to shift the apparatus from a sitting position to a lying position. In the parallelogram-based structure device, elements 104 and 105 are parallel and move in tandem. In a non-parallelogram-based structure device, it may be possible to control each element independently or almost independently.
  • A foot support engine 110 may be added to all of the embodiments of the present invention. FIG. 11 is an illustration showing the device of FIG. 8 with a foot support engine 110.
  • Referring again to FIG. 1, this embodiment shows the states of engines 23, 24, and 25 setting the angular position of the multi-position support apparatus 10. The use of three or more engines to control the angular position of the multi-position support apparatus 10 enables further adjustment of the movement of the multi-position support apparatus 10, for the comfort of the user.
  • The multi-position support apparatus 10 may include more than three parts. Each part may feature a separate engine. Herein disclosed are two examples of optional parts: (a) A headrest that may move up and down and change its angle in any of the three axes. An adjustable headrest is good for users with neck problems. The movement of the headrest may be controlled in conjunction with the operation of the bathing system. For example, when washing the hair, the headrest should tilt back. (b) Changing the angle of feet support 17. Controlling the angle of the feet support may help alleviate foot pain aggravated by long periods of sitting or reclining, for example, pain caused by plantar fascitis.
  • FIGS. 12-14 illustrate another embodiment of the multi-position support apparatus featuring one engine. FIG. 12 illustrates an embodiment of multi-position support apparatus 201 featuring at least the following elements: back-support 200, seat 202, leg-support 204 with or without length extension 210, foot-support 206, multi-position support apparatus base 220, engine 214, rod 222, rod 224 and pivots 216 a, 216 b, 216 c, and 216 d.
  • Engine 214 is connected to apparatus base 220 and moves rod 222 which is connected to seat 202. Rod 224 enables the movement of back-support 200. Optionally, another engine (not shown in the figure) controls rod 224.
  • Referring to FIG. 13, in order to shift the apparatus from a standing to a sitting position, engine 214 causes rod 222 to shorten, and thus seat 202 descends from a vertical to a horizontal position. Rod 224 shortens as well, optionally until reaching a stopper (not shown in the figure).
  • In order to comfortably support the user's legs as apparatus 201 reclines, angle 240 between leg-support 204 and an imaginary line perpendicular to the floor, increases until reaching a predefined angular size. Example of the predefined angular size is between 30 and 60 degrees. Multi-position support apparatus 201 optionally features leg-support 204 with length extension 210 and wheel 212. As apparatus 201 reclines, the length of leg-support 204 is extended by length extension 210, until reaching a predefined length, at which point foot-support 206 may rise above floor level. For example, the predefined length may be achieved by using a stopper, sensor or a program.
  • The wheel 212 enables the foot-support 206 to move freely along the floor without experiencing unnecessary friction. Alternatively, length extension 210 may be motorized, and may move in accordance with the overall reclining action of multi-position support apparatus 201. It is to be understood that the wheel 212 may be combined with all disclosed embodiments.
  • FIG. 14 illustrates the multi-position support apparatus in a sitting position. Shifting the apparatus from a sitting to a standing position is achieved by reversing the order of the aforementioned actions taken to shift from standing to sitting.
  • Engine 214 may be connected to any part of multi-position support apparatus 201 in combination with appropriate pivots and rods to achieve the capabilities of the device illustrated in FIG. 12. For example, engine 214 may be connected to back-support 200 or leg-support 204, while the pivots and rods are connected accordingly. Alternatively, engine 214 may be replaced by an engine connected to one of the pivots.
  • In one embodiment, the multi-position support apparatus 10 is immersed in a bathtub or placed in a shower (not shown in the figures). In one embodiment, the multi-position support apparatus 10 features liquid conduits through which a liquid passes. The liquid may be used for bathing. Examples of liquids are water, water with soap, bath oil, etc.
  • Hereinafter, the term “sprinkler” refers to any device that emits liquids including, but not limited to, water spreaders that are used for rinsing and/or bathing. e.g., jets, sprinkler jets, and nozzles.
  • In order to bathe, the user may be wet from multiple directions. The wetting process is done, at least partially, using sprinklers.
  • In one embodiment, all or some of the sprinklers may be placed on a device located on the side of multi-position support apparatus 10 (not shown in the figures). The device located on the side of multi-position support apparatus 10 may be similar to a device featuring sprinklers as known in the art of wall shower. Moreover, the controller of the bathing device may control the spray on the sprinklers placed on the device located on the side of multi-position support apparatus 10 in similar way to how it is controlling the sprinklers placed on multi-position support apparatus 10 itself.
  • As known in the art, the sprinklers are either fixed in place, or movable/mobile/handheld.
  • In one embodiment, the sprinklers that wet the user's back are attached to the back-support 11. Alternately, the liquid may be sprayed through holes added to the back support 11 that are large enough to allow for the passage of various liquids. Optionally, at least one sprinkler may be located on one or both of the arm rests of the multi-position support apparatus 10, to provide the user with extra spraying directions. The at least one sprinkler installed on the armrests may be a drop sprinkler, which provides, at least one more spraying direction than the number of spraying directions provided by available fixed sprinklers.
  • Moreover, multi-position support apparatus 10 may feature a plurality of massage elements that apply a massaging motion to the user.
  • FIG. 15 and FIG. 16 illustrate an embodiment of a massage device for optional use with the multi-position support apparatus 10. In one example, the massage is given using two “fingers” that are connected to each other by a hinge; when one finger moves up, down or to the side, the other finger moves along with it. Optionally, the massaging fingers are installed with freedom of movement in the up-down axis. This freedom of movement gives the user the feeling of a floating back and adjusts the structure of the chair to the structure of the user's back. It is possible to use one finger, and/or more than two fingers, and/or other equivalent structures without limiting the scope of embodiments.
  • The massaging device may be installed in the seat, backrest and footrest.
  • The massaging elements create a motion that improves cleansing by even distribution of liquids, as well as getting soap to body parts that the user cannot reach, or finds difficult to reach. In fact, the massaging fingers make it possible to soap all of the user's back without the user having to move.
  • Moreover, the massaging elements increase circulation, which has a positive influence on the cardiovascular system. In addition, the massaging elements aid in the removal of dead skin cells, which when left unchecked may potentially cause the development of sebaceous cysts.
  • When the user leans on the multiple massage elements there is a distance between the user and the spray which improved the spread of water over the body. Additionally, this design reduces the chances of the sprayer clogging, and allows improved flow of water for bathing the user.
  • In one embodiment, the multi-position support apparatus 10 features different lengths and therefore caters to users of various heights. Therefore, the length of multi-position support apparatus 10 should be adjusted to the height of the user. Adjustment of multi-position support apparatus 10 to the user's height may be accomplished by controlling the lengths of leg-support 16 and back-support 11.
  • FIG. 2 illustrates an example of a back-support length adjustment 22 featuring a telescopic device. The telescopic device is used for adjusting the length of the back-support to accommodate the user's height. The telescopic device may be operated by one of the following: by hand, with a mechanical device, or using one or more engines, as known in the art.
  • In one embodiment, a leg-support length adjustment 21, used for adjusting the length of the leg-support for the user's height, features a telescopic device. The telescopic device may be operated either manually or by engines, as known in the art.
  • When multi-position support apparatus 10 shifts from the position of sitting to reclining, the user's body may slide down. This motion may cause uncomfortable friction to an unclothed body. To prevent the friction, it is possible to enable multi-position support apparatus 10 to move according to the motion of a user. For example, enabling the back of the bathing system to move according to the motion of a user's back. Referring to FIG. 6, back support 62 is floating over back-support frame 60. In one embodiment, the floating of back support 62 over back-support frame 60 is achieved by slides 61. In one embodiment, one or more of the following parts may be a floating part: head support, back support, and leg support.
  • According to another option, the floating is achieved by using the following optional embodiments: (a) Two or more tracks. Hereinafter, the term “track” refers to any device that enables movement along a specific direction. (b) A spring holding the floating part in place for ensuring that the floating part does not move independently. To prevent quick movement by the spring it is possible, for example, to integrate the spring with a piston. (c) Using a telescopic device which absorbs shocks. Examples are telescopic devices that may be appropriate are telescopic devices such as those used in motorcycles or automobile luggage compartments (trunks). The functionality of the telescope device is to ensure that the support is not moving by itself and/or not moving independently when the user momentarily gets up, for example to soap his feet.
  • The use of a telescopic device is just an example and floating parts may be implemented with any other device known in the art, such as, but not limited to, a wheelchair. As long as no command is given to change the angular position of multi-position support apparatus 10 and/or as long as the engine is idle, the floating part's position on the slide is fixed. This may be achieved by using a pin, step motor, electro-magnet, etc. In this case, the telescopic device is not needed, as the floating part is not moving independently. The floating device moves along at least one track. Examples of optional track configurations include a track down the middle, two tracks down the sides of the back-support, or any other equivalent implementation.
  • Optionally, instead of using a floating device, the movement may be achieved by using an engine. The control commands to the engine may be derived from measuring in advanced the distance the user's back should move as function of the angular position of the chair/apparatus.
  • Optionally, the floating back-device moves together with the head support.
  • Optionally, the back-support may be divided into more than one part. According to another option, the head-support is separated from the back-support, and thus becomes a multi-position support apparatus that is adjustable to different heights of users.
  • The starting positions of the floating parts may be determined according to the specific user's height. In that case, the multi-position support apparatus adjusts to different heights of users by moving the floating parts' positions according to the user's height. The taller a person is, the further apart the floating parts' starting position is in the apparatus' standing position. The following are examples of floating integrated with the multi-position support apparatus.
  • Referring to FIG. 1, parts 11 and 14 are nearest to one another in a standing position. The parts are able to move in order to prevent uncomfortable friction when the apparatus changes its angular position. When an active control system that controls the position and movement of the floating parts is used, parts 11 and 14 move closer together as the apparatus shifts from a sitting to a reclining position. Another example is using floating parts without active control. On this case the floating parts may be placed on a slide. When the user sits, parts 11 and 14 move away from one another. When the user lies down, parts 11 and 14 move closer together. To sum up, when shifting from a standing to a sitting position the parts should move away from each other, and when shifting from sitting to reclining the parts should move closer.
  • The floating-parts examples may be implemented on any of the users' body supporting parts, including the backseat and leg supports. Because relative movement is needed, it is sufficient that only the back-support part and/or the leg-support part be floating. In this case, it is not necessary for the seat to move, because the back-support and/or leg-support are moving.
  • Every shower or bathtub has at least one water drain for collecting and draining liquids into a sewage system and/or into the appropriate disposal system. In one embodiment, the multi-position support apparatus 10 positioned so that the water drain is located beneath foot-support 17. Thus, when the multi-position support apparatus 10 is in the standing position, the water drain is neither exposed nor endangering the user. In another embodiment, the water drain features an electric pump that begins low-pressure draining of the liquids into the appropriate disposal system when the water level rises above a certain height. The purpose of the electric water pump is to prevent water from pooling in the shower.
  • In one embodiment, a feces-collecting device, referred to herein as “integrated toilet”, may be integrated the into multi-position support apparatus 10. The integrated toilet features significant hygienic advantages. Integrated toilets may include for example a toilet, toilet bowl, and lavatory seat. In one embodiment, the outlet of the integrated toilet is directly connected to either, an appropriate disposal system or existing toilet basin. The integrated toilet may come with a bidet and/or sitz-bath, as known in the art. In the case wherein the multi-position support apparatus 10 and the integrated toilet are installed in the shower, the toilet may be cleaned using either an existing shower spray hose, or device specified for this purpose.
  • There are cases where there is a need to secure the user to the multi-position support apparatus 10. For example, when the user is an elderly person suffering from Alzheimer's disease, dementia or amnesia. In either case, the user might try to get up during the washing procedure, and may fall down. In order to prevent injury, the user may be secured to the device.
  • Securing the user to the device may be done by using any means known in the art. For example, multi-position support apparatus 10 side-handles that close-in/wrap the user and hold the user in place, and/or support straps attached to the sides of the multi-position support apparatus 10.
  • FIG. 3 is an illustration of armrest 30, which enables the user to enter multi-position support apparatus 10 from a comfortable and safe direction 31.
  • Entering the multi-position support apparatus 10 comfortably is achieved using two handles, armrests, or hand supports, featuring different lengths. On one side, there is a short handle for allowing easy entry into the device; on the other side, a long handle both supports the user and prevents the user from falling from the apparatus.
  • Moreover, the user may be secured at the knees while standing, to increase safety and stability.
  • In one embodiment, it is possible to control the bathing system's operation by one or more means of the following options: (a) Operating the bathing system using a control button that enables choosing the desired program. (b) Operating the bathing system using a controller that identifies voice commands. (c) Automatic operation of the bathing system by means of user-identification. (d) Identifying the user may be achieved by any method known in the art. For example: by means of voice or visual aids, RFID, smart card, key, user's weight, control panel, etc.
  • After the bathing system identifies the user, a personalized program may be executed. The personalized program may include parameters such as: duration of the shower, water temperature, soap types, shampoo types, number of shampoos, etc.
  • In one embodiment, the bathing system is operated by one or more controller-operated engines. Control of the engines, sprinkler heads, and other devices, such as the drying device, may be operated by either the same controller or multiple controllers. The different controllers may be synchronized between themselves in order to improve the security and comfort of the bathing system user. Optionally, the controller of the bathing system may be a preprogrammed controller.
  • The following examples illustrate different programs that may be used to operate the bathing system.
  • An angular position program operates the change in angular position of multi-position support apparatus 10. For example, changing from a standing position to sitting position, and from sitting to reclining backwards. Another example is changing from backwards reclining to sitting and standing.
  • A bathing program, which may be synchronized with the aforementioned angular position program is operating some or all necessary bathing devices, such as, but not limited to, water, inserting soap, rinsing, controlling temperature, and drying.
  • In one embodiment, the bathing system is operated manually. The manual operating program activates each step/stage according to instructions from either the user or any other human operator. In another embodiment, the bathing system is operated by an automatic program that activates all stages, sequentially.
  • Optionally, it is possible to control the program's sequence; it also is possible to operate a combination of the various bathing programs. Optionally, the different bathing programs and their appropriate variables are stored in a memory device. The memory device may either be a part of the bathing system or an external memory device.
  • In one embodiment, the bathing system is operated by one of the following, or by a combination thereof: (a) the user, (b) an operator who is not the user, (c) from any place where it is possible to control the bathing system's operations via remote control or any other remote operating means as known in the art, or, (d) automatically, using methods known in the art.
  • In an emergency, the bathing system may operate at least one predefined emergency response operation. For example, stopping the spraying of water over the user and bringing the user to a predefined angular position: standing, sitting, or reclining. The angular position, into which the user is brought in an emergency, may the most secure angular position for the specific user. In one embodiment, it is possible to customize the bathing system with the most secure position for each user. Entering the emergency response operation may be initialized by any kind of appropriate device, such as, but not limited to, emergency button, emergency pull-rope, voice command, and etc.
  • In one embodiment, prior to executing the program, the bathing system activates a voice indicator which informs the user about the program to be executed. Only after the user confirms the voice-indicated selection does the bathing system activate the program. The user may confirm execution of the program by any input means known in the art, such as pressing a confirmation button, or by voice-command.
  • In one embodiment, the bathing system operates a selected program, according to a pre-defined period, in the event that a user does not confirm the selection. According to another option, the bathing system cancels operation of a selected program, according to a pre-defined period, in response to a user not responding.
  • In one embodiment, whenever the user does not react to functions of the bathing system throughout a predefined time interval, the bathing system activates one or more of the following operations: (a) Entering an emergency state as defined and disclosed herein. (b) Confirming whether the user falls asleep or if something happens to the user. Examples of confirmations are: voice alarm, visual means, or by any other means which attract the attention either of a user or a user's supervisor. Alternatively, the bathing system may send a warning signal to a predefined supervisor, such as a nurse or a care center. The warning is transferred by means of communication known in the art. Examples of communication means are voice, visual indication, telephone communications, or computer network. All the operations that may be performed whenever the user does not react to a function of the bathing system may be referred to as emergency response operations and may be implemented by using a device referred to as a device for entering an emergency response operation.
  • As disclosed above, an embodiment of the bathing system may feature an interface from which a variety of operations are controlled. The controller may be operated by the following optional means: manual, keyboard, voice-activation, computer-connected, for example via RS232 or USB, remote activation such as by telephone or wireless network or by any other means known in the art. In one embodiment, all or some of the parameters that have been user-customized are backuped. Examples of parameters that have undergone user-customization: User programs, angles, heights, angular change velocity, water temperature, force of sprinklers, and soap type. Parameters customized for the user may be saved in the bathing system or in any computer, or memory element, capable of communicating with the bathing system.
  • In one embodiment, the bathing system features a Built in Test (BIT). The BIT system may be used for fast identification of failures. This capability enables the technician to more easily determine what action should be taken when coming to the user. This also makes it easier to provide price quotes to the user prior to responding for repairs. Optionally, the BIT results may be transferred to the technician's equipment via a phone line or wireless network, or any other known in the art communication aid.
  • In one embodiment, When installing the bathing system at the user's site, the technician is able to set a combination of velocities, movement angles, liquid parameters, cleaning materials-related parameters, and other parameters referred to herein as “operational customized parameters” of the bathing system such that it is possible to fit the use of the bathing system to the requirements, comfort and safety of the specific user. Optionally, the operational customized parameters are saved in a memory element for future use.
  • It is possible to disperse steam into the shower to create the effects of a sauna. It is possible to disperse the steam from any convenient place, as long as it is not dispersed directly over the user. In one embodiment, introducing the steam is managed by either the bathing function or by manual operation.
  • In one embodiment, at least one pump is used, which controls the sprinklers' water pressure and supply, so that the performance of the washing device does not depend on exterior water pressure. This is especially useful whenever the external water pressure is low. In one embodiment, when the water pressure is low, the bathing system contains a water tank for accumulating water before it is sprayed onto the user. The washing device begins washing the user only when the amount of water in the tank, combined with the estimated water pressure, is sufficient for completing the planned shower.
  • In one embodiment, the bathing system includes a temperature controller that immediately stops the spraying of liquid if it determines the liquid's temperature to be out of the predefined temperature range. In another embodiment, the bathing system supports the integration of a fast-heating electric device. In this case, the bathing system receives cold water and heats it to a preset temperature defined and controlled by a controller.
  • In order to increase safety and to avoid a situation in which the user is sprayed with water which is not the desired temperature, a bypass hose is added, with an electric faucet and at least one temperature sensor. When the at least one temperature sensor detects that the temperature of the water is not in the desired range, the water is directed to the Bypass Hose, which flows into the drain or to another place where the water will not touch the user.
  • FIG. 5 illustrates an embodiment featuring high water flow. Tank 52 receives hot water 51 and cold water 50 from the water supply. The hot and cold water are mixed in the water tank. The temperature of the water in the tank is measured by means of one or more temperature sensor 53. Optionally, a temperature sensor is installed close to the opening from which the tank water is pumped out by using pump 54. The amount of both hot and cold water filling the tank is controlled by a temperature controller (not shown in the figure) which reads a water temperature by using temperature sensor 53. An electrical stop valve (not shown in the figure) that controls the amount of water flowing into/through the hose may be placed at the entry of each of the pipes.
  • When the temperature inside the water tank reaches a predefined temperature range, the washing cycle may start. Optionally, some amount of the water is fed into the bathing system by using pipe 56 and some amount of the water is fed back into the water tank by a back-feeding pipe 55. Returning some of the water back into the water tank enables operating the pump according to a constant flow. Operating the pump according to a constant flow may feature a few advantages such as a longer life cycle and less power consumption. In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 5, a change in the water-line pressure has no influence on the bathing system. Moreover, the use of hot water received from outside of the bathing system enables the building up of high pressure even when water pumps are not connected to municipality water lines.
  • In one embodiment, the water tank and the pump are located at the base of the bathing system near the engines such that the structure of the bathing system in its entirety is aesthetic, while also occupying as little space as possible.
  • In one embodiment, the water temperature controller is synchronized with the overall bathing system controller. This synchronization enables the spraying of water at various temperatures over different parts of a user's body and changing the water temperature according to the different states of the system. For example, water sprayed over a user's head when it is being washed is less hot than water used to wash a user's back.
  • In one embodiment, a water-temperature-controller is connected to a bypass pipe. Whenever the temperature of the water fed into the bathing system by using pipe 56 is not within a predefined interval, the water is redirected to the bypass pipe. Optionally, the bypass pipe may be connected to the drain or to the water tank.
  • The temperature of the water and the amount and type of cleansing agent used by the bathing system may be controlled by one or more bathing system controllers. Moreover, the temperature of the water and the amount and type of cleansing agent used by the bathing system may be operated automatically, semi-automatically, or manually.
  • In one embodiment, a cleaning process of selected parts of the bathing system occurs following predefined operations of the bathing system. The cleaning process, for example, may feature at least one of the following: disinfecting, sanitation, sensing and drying the entire bathing system or selected part thereof. The user may activate the cleaning process by means of the bathing system's sprinklers and dryer. In one embodiment, a drying system specific for cleaning is installed. The cleaning process may be controlled by one or more bathing system controllers. Moreover, the cleaning process may be automatically, semi-automatically or manually operated. In one embodiment, the dryers are able to dry the system to such an extent that prevents the appearance of fungus and mildew.
  • In one embodiment, at least one of the parts used in the multi-position support apparatus 10 is an ergonomic part. Ergonomic design enhances a user's safety and comfort while also increasing product usability.
  • The use of at least one controllable engine for setting the angular position of multi-position support apparatus 10 makes multi-position support apparatus 10 easy to learn, easy to use, aesthetically pleasing, and marketable. Moreover, multi-position support apparatus 10 increases the safety of the user and the efficiency of the treatment supplied to the user.
  • Moreover, the bathing system is useful for paralyzed people in a wheelchair who need to start the action of multi-position support apparatus 10 from a sitting position in order to move easily onto multi-position support apparatus 10. For this purpose, it is possible to start the bathing system from a sitting position.
  • In one embodiment, it is possible to adjust the multi-position support apparatus 10 to support users in need of extra space. Non limiting examples of adjustments of the multi-position support apparatus to support users in need of extra space are making a wider multi-position support apparatus or by expanding the distance between the armrests mechanically.
  • Angular change that is to fast may cause dizziness in elderly people. This phenomenon is known in the art as orthostatic hypotension. Optionally, the speed at which multi-position support apparatus 10 changes its angular position may be controlled and adjusted for the comfort and health condition of a user. Optionally, when the angular position changes, it is possible to stop the apparatus by using the control panel or any other controlling device
  • It will be appreciated that the above described methods may be varied in many ways, including changing the order of method steps, and/or performing multiple steps concurrently. For example, using a voice indication to notify the user about an upcoming bathing system program (cycle). Many elderly people suffer from memory deficiencies, eyesight deterioration and other problems that might cause them to be afraid to use the bathing system. Voice indication before every state change or before the bathing program begins may calm down the user and improve the user's experience with the bathing system.
  • Some users are connected to infusions, are post-operative patients, or have external wounds. These people have body parts that should be covered to avoid contact with water. The bathing system may enable the covering of specific body parts to make the bathing process easier.
  • In one embodiment, the multi-position support apparatus enables a personal cover that may be cleaned or changed with ease, to be attached to or laid over the apparatus.
  • A main benefit of the personal cover is the ability to operate the apparatus in a non-home environment with multiple users, in order to assure that a user is not contaminated by a previous user.
  • In one embodiment, data is collected on the use of the bathing system.
  • For a variety of purposes, statistical information should be collected about bathing times. In this embodiment, the bathing system is connected to software that tracks bathing times, the programs that have already been operated, and irregular occurrences such as entering a state of emergency. Such software is useful for senior citizens' and retirement homes, and other institutions that take care of elderly and disabled people, for collecting statistical data about the elderly.
  • Taking a bath is not always an easy action to perform. While taking a bath, changes in heart rate may occur. These changes might be dangerous for elderly people. Optionally, a heart monitoring device or electrocardiograph (ECG) device may be integrated into the bathing system. When the device detects unusual activity, the operation may be stopped. In a case of a drastic change in the heart rate, the bathing system may activate an emergency mode.
  • Referring to FIG. 1, in one embodiment (not shown in the figure), a foot-bath device and/or a foot-massage device is integrated with foot support 17. Among other, foot-massage device is useful for example for diabetic and gout patients. Moreover, foot-massage device is useful for people who suffer from corns, bunions, and general foot pain. Integrating a foot-bath with multi-position support apparatus 10 has many advantages. It is possible to use the water, drainage, and drying device of the bathing system for the foot-bath, as well.
  • As is commonly known, bathing in a Jacuzzi offers many advantages. In order to achieve the Jacuzzi effect, the user and sprinklers must be immersed in water.
  • In one embodiment, a multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 is capable of holding water like a bathtub. In this embodiment, multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 is built as a bathtub having joints, which may bring the user from a standing to a lying position. When the user is in a lying position, the apparatus sidewalls retain a water level needed for immersing at least the back of the user and some of the sprinklers in water, and thus the Jacuzzi effect is made possible. The height of the sidewalls may be the same as the desired water level or higher than the water level in order to prevent water from spilling over unnecessarily. Optionally, the water level in multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 is measured by an appropriate sensor and controlled by a controller. The water flow controller may be operated in a closed or open loop manner.
  • Optionally, multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 features a water pump and an air pump, thereby enabling the Jacuzzi sprinkles to provide both water flow and airflow as needed.
  • Because multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 may hold enough water to immerse the user's back in water, it is similar to a bath system enabling operation of the sprinkles inside the water.
  • It is to be noted that water may spill out of multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 without interfering with the regular operation of multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300, as new water is constantly flown in through sprinklers or other designated water openings.
  • In one embodiment, at least one of the parts from the group featuring back-support, seat, leg-support, foot-support, and bath joints, is capable of holding water, either individually or in combination with other parts.
  • FIGS. 23 and 24, illustrate an embodiment of the multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300, featuring at least the following: back-support 302, seat 304, leg-support 306, bath joints 310 and 312, sprinklers 316, and base and engines indicated by device 320.
  • In this embodiment, when multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 is in its fully reclined position, back-support 302, seat 304, and leg-support 306 forms a tub. In alternative embodiments (not shown in the figures), only some parts of multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 are capable of holding water and performing a Jacuzzi effect. For example, in one embodiment, the seat, back-support and their connecting joint form a water-holding vessel, while the leg support holds water separately. In another embodiment, the seat and/or leg support each hold water separately, while the back-support does not hold water. Other formations are also possible.
  • In other embodiments, the multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 may provide a Jacuzzi effect in other positions, such as a sitting or partially reclining position, and does not have to reach a fully horizontal position of 180 degrees. This may be achieved by multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 having a smart inner and/or outer construction.
  • In the case where the multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 is not totally horizontal in the fully reclined position, back-support 302 may be opened from the top and still retain water.
  • Joints (310,312) of multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 may comprise rubber parts which are capable of changing shape or angle while retaining water in the apparatus tub. For example, joints (310,312) may be shaped as a rubber accordion, capable of bending. Alternatively, joints (310,312) are able to retain water in the apparatus tub only when multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 is in its fully reclined position.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 23 and FIG. 24, device 320 actuates the multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300. Without limiting the scope of the embodiments, the multi position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 may be actuated by any known in the art device and/or by the disclosed actuating devices.
  • Referring again to FIG. 23, in one embodiment the length of leg-support 306 may be adjustable, as indicated by reference 322. Optionally, the length of leg-support 306 may change as the apparatus shifts from one position to another, for example—from a standing to a sitting position. Optionally, multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 may feature a foot-support separate from the leg-support, and these parts may be connected by an appropriate joint. Optionally, multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 may feature a head-support separate from the back-support, and these parts may be connected by an appropriate joint.
  • FIG. 25 illustrates multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 in its standing position. Multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 may receive the user in a standing position, recline during the bath, and return the user to a standing position when the bathing is over.
  • A foot Jacuzzi may be an integral part of multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300, or may be attached to multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300. In one embodiment, the foot Jacuzzi operates when the feet are parallel to the floor, optionally, when the user is in a sitting position. Optionally, in order for the apparatus to both include a foot Jacuzzi and have the foot-support at floor level when multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 is in a standing position, a recess may be made in the floor beneath the foot-support. The recess may contain the Jacuzzi mechanism when multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 is in a standing position. The recess includes a water drain and may feature an electric pump that pushes the water into a disposal system in order to prevent the water from flooding the bathing area.
  • Multi-position support Jacuzzi apparatus 300 has many advantages. For example, it enables elderly or disabled people to enjoy a Jacuzzi without facing the danger of slipping and the dangers caused by awkwardly entering a regular shower. Additionally, the fact that the user's head may be safely kept out of the water during bathing enables elderly people and people suffering from drowsiness to enjoy a Jacuzzi.
  • In one embodiment, spring elements surface is used for seat and/or back rest and/or legs support and/or head support and/or any other surface bearing some of the user's body weight. This embodiment may be integrated with all prior art devices, and especially with the disclosed embodiments of the multi-position support apparatus, such as the multi-position support apparatus 10 illustrated in FIG. 1. FIG. 21 and FIG. 22 illustrate multi-position support apparatus featuring spring elements surface.
  • The spring elements surface may be placed on any support apparatus used for bathing application. For example, bathing chair, bathing bed, and bathing slanted support surface. The spring elements surface features a plurality of elastic spring elements. In one embodiment, the elastic spring elements are leaf shaped as known in the art. The shape, size and number of elastic spring elements provide sufficient support to the body weight of the user. In another embodiment, the spring elements are spiral springs.
  • The spring elements surface may be made of any known in the art material as long as the required resilient characteristics are achieved. In principle, the spring elements may be disposed adjacent each other in any manner as long as it is simply guaranteed that a suitable force transference to achieve the desired spring comfort, that is to say the impression of sitting on something soft on the seat, is guaranteed.
  • The spring elements surface features the following parts: (a) a fenestrated support area that supports the body weight, (b) at least one spring element, and (c) connecting area to the supporting apparatus.
  • The support area is the area on which the user leans. In one embodiment, the support area is upholstered, as illustrated in FIG. 19 by reference 408.
  • Fenestrated support area 408 may be produced in all sizes and shapes, such as, for example, rectangular, square, oval, round, and triangular.
  • FIG. 20 illustrates one embodiment featuring fenestrated support area. The fenestrated support area should cover as less body area as possible, as long as the spring elements surface is still comfortable enough. Covering as less body area as possible enables an easy spraying of liquid on the user's body.
  • The spring element of the spring elements surface should comfortably absorb the body weight of the user while disturbing as less as possible to the liquid spraying, as illustrated, for example, by reference 406 in FIGS. 17-19. The spring elements are resiliently deformable, where required, individually, independent of each other. In case where the sprinkler is placed in the connecting area, it is possible to easily spray the liquids over the user's body.
  • In one embodiment, the spring elements are designed like a leaf spring and feature a connecting area to the supporting apparatus.
  • The spring element area placed between the support area to the connecting area described below.
  • The connecting area to the supporting apparatus serves to attach the spring element to the support apparatus and/or to designated supporting device. Optionally, the connecting area to the supporting apparatus is detachable and/or enabling the use of appropriate fastening devices, such as screws, rivets and clip elements.
  • The spring element may be produced in various ways. For example, using the leaf spring disclosed in US patent application 20040111799 to Ernst Bock. Bock discloses an elastic spring element designed like a leaf spring and comprising a connecting area, a support area as well as a spring element area coupling the connecting area with the support area. The connecting area serves the fastening of the leaf spring to the respective lying surface. In order to attach the element to respective lying surface, the connecting area may contain, for example, a receiving feature in the form of a through-hole, through which a fastening device, such as a screw, may be guided and screwed in. Alternatively, the connecting area may comprise fast snap-fit elements, which are inserted into corresponding recesses or placed onto corresponding projections.
  • In one embodiment, arranging a plurality of leaf springs creates an extensive support area. The leaf spring is attached to the surface at only one spot in rounded connection; the rounded connection gives the spring ability to resiliently bend over in all directions of the surface, the bending angle covers 360 degrees of the surface. For example, the leaf spring can bend horizontally and/or vertically over the surface. Moreover, the leaf spring can bend to the depth of the surface. Each leaf spring element is individually adjustable to the amount and direction of the force applied by the user's body weight. For example, when placing a number of leaf spring elements in back rest device, the leaf springs adjust to support the back of the user.
  • When placing number of leaf spring element next to each other, a small gap is left in order to prevent the user's skin from being pinched. In one embodiment, several elastic spring elements of equal and/or differing stiffness levels may be combined with each other as needed based on the modular concept and be connected with the lying surface. This creates the already addressed individualization of the lying comfort level, wherein, especially with regard to the modular concept, a combination of various different elements with each other is possible.
  • In one embodiment, the spring devices exhibit different levels of spring stiffness so that not only spring elements with the different spring stiffness levels may be combined individually with each other, but also that it offers the possibility of adjusting a spring element in terms of its spring stiffness. Different spring stiffnesses enable better support for sensitive body parts like the head.
  • The extensive support of the spring elements surface provides maximum comfort, and there is no need to add a mattress on top of the spring element surface. The comfort of the surface enables the user to lean on the spring element surface without clothing, with bare skin, without feeling uncomfortable. Using the spring elements surface without any cover or mattress provides better hygienic use in public places, because cleaning the surface is easier and faster after every use. Moreover, covering the spring elements surface with a sheet or another cover may also provide better hygienic use, because the cover may easily be replaced between different users.
  • In one embodiment, the spring elements surface is used for bathing applications. A sprinkler may be attached to the connecting area of the supporting apparatus. In that case, the spring element should be designed to have such a shape that enables maximum spreading of the liquid from the sprinkler. FIGS. 17-20 illustrate an example of a shape which enables liquid spreading.
  • Alternatively, the sprinklers may be placed behind the spring elements surface, or even behind the support apparatus. Referring again to FIGS. 17-20, the leaf spring covers a small percentage of the user's body surface, thus enabling good bathing.
  • The leaf spring may feature a minimal supporting area and the shape of the spring elements of the leaf spring may ensure good spreading of the liquid over the user's body. Moreover, the leaf spring surface distributes the weight of the user's body because the spring elements are able to bend in every direction, so the surface is more comfortable and may be used without clothing.
  • In addition to the above disclosure, the spring elements surface may provide the following benefits: Using the spring elements surface without a mattress or cover enables better hygienic maintenance, because there is no need to clean a mattress in case of unintentional leakage of body liquids, which is common when using the device in a hospital or nursing home. The leaf spring covers a small percentage of the user's body surface, thus enabling optimal spread of the bathing liquid on the user's body and better bathing. The spring elements surface may be made of springs having different size and/or stiffness which provide the best comfort level according to the surface size. The spring suspension surface does not lose its outer shape under compressive load as the pressure is absorbed by the fashioning of the individual spring members.
  • In one embodiment, a bathing system featuring at least one spring elements surface, receives and releases a user in a completely upright standing position. Moreover, the multi-position support apparatus may feature a seat pivotally attached to a back support and a leg support, wherein the back support, the seat and the leg support are adjustable relative to one another, such that the multi-position support apparatus is adjustable between reclining, sitting and standing positions, wherein in the standing position the back support, the seat support and the leg support are all generally vertical. Moreover, a multi-position support apparatus may feature a calf support and a foot support. The seat may include a pair of buttock supports. Liquids conduits may be included for passing a cleansing liquid directed toward the groin area of a user sitting in the multi-position support apparatus. Moreover, a head-bathing device may be attached to an upper portion of the back support, with liquid conduits for passing a cleansing liquid directed towards the scalp of a user sitting in the multi-position support apparatus. The seat may be pivotally attached to a base. Moreover, a drying device may be mounted on the back support, the seat, the leg support and/or the head-bathing device, to direct drying air at a user sitting in the multi-position support apparatus.
  • The embodiments of the present invention are not limited to the details of the order or sequence of steps of operation or implementation of the bathing system and corresponding method set in the description, drawings, or examples.
  • Citation or identification of any reference in this application shall not be construed as an admission that such reference is available as prior art to the embodiments of the present invention.
  • While the embodiments have been described in conjunction with specific embodiments and examples thereof, it is to be understood that they have been presented by way of example, and not limitation. Moreover, it is evident that many alternatives, modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Accordingly, it is intended to embrace all such alternatives, modifications and variations that fall within the spirit and broad scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (86)

1. A bathing system comprising:
at least one multi-position support apparatus able to change its angular position; and
at least one sprinkler.
2. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the multi-position support apparatus comprises a back support and a seat.
3. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the multi-position support apparatus comprises at least one leg support and at least one foot support.
4. The bathing system of claim 2, wherein the multi-position support apparatus further comprises:
at least one leg support;
at least one foot support;
a multi-position support apparatus base; and
at least one arm support.
5. The bathing system of claim 4, wherein the arm support is motorized.
6. The bathing system of claim 2, wherein the multi-position support apparatus further comprises an integrated toilet.
7. The bathing system of claim 2, wherein the multi-position support apparatus further comprises at least one spring elements surface.
8. The bathing system of claim 7, wherein at least one of the spring elements is integrated with at least one of the sprinklers.
9. The bathing system of claim 7, wherein the spring elements comprise leaf springs.
10. The bathing system of claim 7, wherein the spring elements surface is upholstered.
11. The bathing system of claim 7, wherein the spring element comprises a fenestrated support area; at least one spring; and a connecting area.
12. The bathing system of claim 2, wherein the multi-position support apparatus further comprises:
at least one engine for changing its angular position; and
a control system for controlling the at least one engine.
13. The bathing system of claim 12, wherein the control system prevents the apparatus from reaching an angular position from which the user might fall.
14. The bathing system of claim 12, wherein the control systems further controls the at least one sprinkler.
15. The bathing system of claim 2, wherein the multi-position support apparatus further comprises at least one engine for changing its angular position and a mechanical element for preventing the apparatus from reaching an angular position from which the user might fall.
16. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the multi-position support apparatus is capable of retaining water.
17. The bathing system of claim 16, wherein the multi-position support apparatus retains a water level needed for immersing at least the back of a user in the water.
18. The bathing system of claim 16, wherein at least one of the sprinklers is immersed in the water.
19. The bathing system of claim 16, wherein the multi-position support apparatus features a Jacuzzi effect.
20. The bathing system of claim 19, further comprising a water pump and an air pump.
21. The bathing system of claim 16, further comprising a water level sensor and a water controller, whereby the water controller is operated according to the readings of the water level sensor.
22. The bathing system of claim 16, wherein the multi-position support apparatus is not completely horizontal in a fully reclined position and comprises a back-support that is open from the top.
23. The bathing system of claim 12, wherein the control system further controls the temperature of fluids used by the bathing system.
24. The bathing system of claim 12, wherein the control system further controls a bathing system cleaning process.
25. The bathing system of claim 12, wherein the control system controls the amount and type of cleansing agent used by the bathing system.
26. The bathing system of claim 12, further comprising a control device enabling a user to control the bathing system.
27. The bathing system of claim 12, further comprising at least one sensor; whereby the sensor detects an object and the foot support is prevented from crushing the detected object.
28. The bathing system of claim 12, further comprising at least one sensor; whereby the sensor detects an object the back support is prevented from crushing the detected object.
29. The bathing system of claim 12, further comprising a steam dispenser.
30. The bathing system of claim 29, wherein the steam dispenser is controlled by the control system in conjunction with the bathing system mode of operation.
31. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the multi-position support apparatus is a parallelogram-based multi-position support apparatus.
32. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the multi-position support apparatus comprises at least one engine and is capable of changing its position from standing to reclining.
33. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the multi-position support apparatus comprises two engines and is capable of changing its position from standing to reclining.
34. The bathing system of claim 12, wherein the multi-position support apparatus further comprises a headrest, whereby the state of the headrest is controlled in conjunction with the operation of the bathing system.
35. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the bathing system is placed in a shower.
36. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein at least one of the sprinklers is located apart from the multi-position support apparatus.
37. The bathing system of claim 36, wherein the at least one sprinkler located apart from the multi-position support apparatus is controlled by the control system.
38. The bathing system of claim 1, further comprising:
an armrest, and at least one of the sprinklers is placed on the arm rest.
39. The bathing system of claim 38, wherein the armrest is motorized.
40. The bathing system of claim 2, wherein the multi-position support apparatus further comprises liquid conduits through which a liquid passes.
41. The bathing system of claim 1, further comprising a plurality of massage elements.
42. The bathing system of claim 3, wherein the length of the multi-position support apparatus is adjusted to the height of a user.
43. The bathing system of claim 2, wherein at least one part of the multi-position support apparatus is a floating part.
44. The bathing system of claim 3, wherein the foot support covers a water drain located beneath the foot support when the multi-position support apparatus is in a standing position.
45. The bathing system of claim 2, further comprising a water level sensor and an electric pump, whereby the electric pump drains the water into a disposal system.
46. The bathing system of claim 1, further comprising at least one device for entering an emergency response operation.
47. The bathing system of claim 1, further comprising means for customizing and saving operational parameter settings.
48. The bathing system of claim 1, further comprising a water tank, whereby the bathing begins only when the amount of water in the tank, combined with an estimated water pressure, is sufficient for completing the planned bath.
49. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the at least one multi-position support apparatus is adjustable between reclining, sitting and standing positions; and the at least one multi-position support apparatus is generally vertical in the standing position.
50. The bathing system of claim 49, wherein the at least one multi-position support apparatus comprises: an engine connected to a seat, and a wheel connected to a foot support.
51. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the at least one multi-position support apparatus is adjustable between reclining and sitting positions.
52. The bathing system of claim 1, wherein the at least one multi-position support apparatus is adjustable between sitting and standing positions.
53. The bathing system of claim 52, wherein the at least one multi-position support apparatus comprises an engine connected to a seat; and a wheel connected to a foot support.
54. A method for bathing comprising:
accepting a user in a standing position by a multi-position support apparatus;
moving the user into a predefined reclining position by using the multi-position support apparatus;
bathing the user in approximately the predefined reclining position; and
returning the user to the standing position.
55. The method of claim 54, wherein the step of moving of the user into a predefined reclining position comprises leaning the user backwards, and upon achieving a predefined intermediate reclined angle, moving the user into the predefined reclining position; and
wherein the step of returning the user to a standing position comprises moving the user into a predefined intermediate reclined angle, and upon achieving the predefined intermediate reclined angle, moving the user into the standing position.
56. The method of claim 54, wherein the step of returning the user to the standing position further comprises detecting an object and preventing the multi-position support apparatus from crushing the detected object.
57. The method of claim 54, wherein the step of moving the user into the predefined reclining position comprises detecting an object and preventing the multi-position support apparatus from crushing the detected object.
58. The method of claim 54, wherein the steps of moving the user into the predefined reclining position and returning the user to the standing position are controlled in conjunction with the movements of a headrest.
59. The method of claim 54, further comprising the step of sensing a water level below a predefined threshold using a water level sensor before returning the user to the standing position.
60. The method of claim 59, further comprising draining the water into a disposal system using an electric pump operated by the water level sensor.
61. The method of claim 54, further comprising: identifying the user and executing a personalized program.
62. The method of claim 61, wherein the step of executing the personalized program is performed automatically.
63. The method of claim 54, further comprising the step of executing a program manually.
64. The method of claim 54, further comprising executing at least one predefined emergency response operation in case of an emergency.
65. The method of claim 54, further comprising activating a predefined operation whenever the user does not react to a function of the bathing system within a predefined time interval.
66. The method of claim 54, further comprising sending a warning signal to a predefined supervisor whenever the user does not react to a function of the bathing system within a predefined time interval.
67. The method of claim 54, further comprising customizing and saving operational parameter settings.
68. The method of claim 54, wherein the step of bathing the user further comprises retaining a water level needed for immersing at least part of the user's body in the water.
69. The method of claim 68, further comprising providing a Jacuzzi effect.
70. The method of claim 68, further comprising the step of operating a water pump and operating an air pump.
71. A method for bathing comprising:
accepting a user in a sitting position by a multi-position support apparatus;
moving the user into a reclining position;
bathing the user in the predefined reclining position; and
returning the user to the sitting position.
72. The method of claim 71, wherein the step of moving the user into the predefined reclining position comprises detecting an object and preventing the multi-position support apparatus from crushing the object.
73. The method of claim 71, further comprising the step of identifying the user and executing a personalized program.
74. The method of claim 71, further comprising the step of activating a predefined operation whenever the user does not react to a function of the bathing system within a predefined time interval.
75. The method of claim 71, further comprising customizing and saving operational parameter settings.
76. The method of claim 71, wherein the step of bathing the user further comprises retaining a water level needed for immersing at least part of the user's body in the water.
77. The method of claim 76, further comprising providing a Jacuzzi effect.
78. The method of claim 76, further comprising the step of operating a water pump and an air pump.
79. A method for bathing comprising:
accepting a user in a standing position by a multi-position support apparatus;
moving the user into a predefined sitting position;
bathing the user in the predefined sitting position; and
returning the user to the standing position.
80. The method of claim 79, wherein the step of returning the user to the standing position comprises detecting an object and preventing the multi-position support apparatus from crushing the detected object.
81. The method of claim 79, further comprising the step of identifying the user and executing a personalized program.
82. The method of claim 79, further comprising the step of activating a predefined operation whenever the user does not react to a function of the bathing system within a predefined time interval.
83. The method of claim 79, further comprising customizing and saving operational parameter settings.
84. The method of claim 79, wherein the step of bathing the user further comprises retaining a water level needed for immersing at least part of the user's body in the water.
85. The method of claim 84, further comprising providing a Jacuzzi effect.
86. The method of claim 84, further comprising the step of operating a water pump and an air pump.
US11/715,412 2005-05-17 2007-03-08 Bathing system and corresponding method Abandoned US20070157376A1 (en)

Priority Applications (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/130,129 US20060260041A1 (en) 2005-05-17 2005-05-17 Massage and bathing chair
US11/130,130 US20060260051A1 (en) 2005-05-17 2005-05-17 Patient support apparatus
US71514705P true 2005-09-09 2005-09-09
US71517705P true 2005-09-09 2005-09-09
US73859205P true 2005-11-22 2005-11-22
PCT/IL2006/000574 WO2006123332A2 (en) 2005-05-17 2006-05-16 Bathing system and corresponding method
US11/715,412 US20070157376A1 (en) 2005-05-17 2007-03-08 Bathing system and corresponding method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/715,412 US20070157376A1 (en) 2005-05-17 2007-03-08 Bathing system and corresponding method

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IL2006/000574 Continuation-In-Part WO2006123332A2 (en) 2005-05-17 2006-05-16 Bathing system and corresponding method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20070157376A1 true US20070157376A1 (en) 2007-07-12

Family

ID=37431661

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/715,412 Abandoned US20070157376A1 (en) 2005-05-17 2007-03-08 Bathing system and corresponding method

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US20070157376A1 (en)
EP (2) EP1898763B1 (en)
JP (2) JP2008540019A (en)
CN (1) CN101247749B (en)
AT (1) AT519470T (en)
AU (2) AU2006248639A1 (en)
WO (2) WO2006123333A2 (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7353620B1 (en) * 2006-10-02 2008-04-08 Houston Kimberly A Hair drying device
WO2009149929A1 (en) * 2008-06-11 2009-12-17 Meier, Christian Device for lifting a person from a seated position into an at least nearly upright position, and wheel chair equipped with the same
CN102028600A (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-04-27 发美利株式会社 Chair type massage machine
FR2965718A1 (en) * 2010-10-12 2012-04-13 Segula Matra Technologies Wheelchair equipped with footrest
US20120255115A1 (en) * 2009-09-23 2012-10-11 Bodil Akesson Shower stretcher
US8938888B1 (en) * 2012-12-14 2015-01-27 Kevin E. Brown Hair drying system
US20150290061A1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2015-10-15 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Person support apparatuses having exercise therapy features
US20160067125A1 (en) * 2014-09-08 2016-03-10 Splane Design Associates, Inc. Seat assist device
US20170251996A1 (en) * 2016-03-03 2017-09-07 David R. Hall Toilet with Stethoscope
US20170258652A1 (en) * 2016-03-11 2017-09-14 Stephen Latham Method, Apparatus, and System for Implementing Seat Lifting
WO2019227142A1 (en) * 2018-05-27 2019-12-05 Therapeutic Comfort Pty Ltd Automated adjustable seating system

Families Citing this family (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8117695B2 (en) 2005-05-17 2012-02-21 Ohad Paz Multi-position support apparatus featuring a movable foot support
US8104123B2 (en) 2005-05-17 2012-01-31 Ohad Paz Multi-position support apparatus with a movable frame
US7992239B2 (en) 2007-08-20 2011-08-09 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Laterally rotating patient support apparatus
DE102008002805A1 (en) * 2008-03-14 2009-10-01 Aquatec Operations Gmbh Shower and toilet chair
DE102008002804B4 (en) * 2008-03-14 2010-03-11 Aquatec Operations Gmbh Emergency lowering device and electrically operated shower and toilet chair
ITBO20090180A1 (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-09-26 Microtech S R L Apparatus for body massage by liquids and / or liquid solutions
US9693915B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2017-07-04 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Transfer assist apparatus
JP5543137B2 (en) * 2009-06-03 2014-07-09 株式会社ダイフク Voice control device for car wash machine
CN103025294A (en) * 2010-08-06 2013-04-03 欧哈德·帕兹 Multi-position supporting apparatus
CN102525781B (en) * 2010-12-23 2015-04-29 鞍山钢铁集团公司 Intelligent standing, sitting and lying function rehabilitation training device
JP5866495B2 (en) * 2012-09-21 2016-02-17 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Method and apparatus for bottom control of supine table
EP2969060A4 (en) * 2013-03-15 2016-10-05 Wisys Technology Found Inc Musculoskeletal vibration system providing independent vibration and bias control
CN107349059A (en) * 2016-05-09 2017-11-17 贝珍医疗器械(上海)有限公司 A kind of multi-functional recovering aid electric wheelchair
CN105877242A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-24 贵州大学 Practical bathroom chair special for old, weak, sick and disabled people
CN106109163B (en) * 2016-06-20 2018-12-07 西安交通大学 A kind of three pose healing robots
CN107307983A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-11-03 深圳市晓控通信科技有限公司 A kind of Multifunction massage bed based on Internet of Things
CN107440880A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-08 刘冬玲 A kind of orthopedic rehabilitation care device
CN109009741B (en) * 2018-06-27 2020-04-17 刘云畅 Knee osteoarthritis rehabilitation bed
CN108836655B (en) * 2018-07-06 2020-08-14 毕研安 Safe wheelchair with nursing function for orthopedic patients

Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3692028A (en) * 1970-12-31 1972-09-19 Ronald F Etten Emergency treatment tank
US3964786A (en) * 1974-12-20 1976-06-22 David Mashuda Mechanized wheelchair
US4105242A (en) * 1977-03-02 1978-08-08 Terbeek Howard G Mobile chair
US4119164A (en) * 1975-10-23 1978-10-10 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Stand-aid invalid wheelchair
US4407543A (en) * 1981-10-30 1983-10-04 David Mashuda Mechanized wheelchair
US4885810A (en) * 1987-04-13 1989-12-12 Unger Gregory T Articulated litter for hydrotherapy
US5136735A (en) * 1991-03-07 1992-08-11 Zimmerman Phyllis E Immobile patient shower and skin care unit
US5230113A (en) * 1992-04-14 1993-07-27 Good Turn, Inc. Multiple position adjustable day night patient bed chair
US5287568A (en) * 1992-12-07 1994-02-22 Mohrmann Gene D Tilt lift bathing system
US5351345A (en) * 1992-07-08 1994-10-04 Siltech Products Incorporated Bath tub having side access
US5366036A (en) * 1993-01-21 1994-11-22 Perry Dale E Power stand-up and reclining wheelchair
US5465437A (en) * 1994-08-12 1995-11-14 Herman; William David Bathing appliance for handicapped persons
US5517704A (en) * 1994-08-08 1996-05-21 Dagostino; Richard J. Combined commode and shower chair apparatus
US6003168A (en) * 1994-10-06 1999-12-21 Steadman; William David Person movement apparatus
US6009570A (en) * 1996-02-15 2000-01-04 Hargest; Thomas S. Convertible bed/chair with waste disposal
US6131868A (en) * 1992-11-30 2000-10-17 Hill-Rom, Inc. Hospital bed communication and control device
US20040004559A1 (en) * 2002-07-01 2004-01-08 Rast Rodger H. Keyboard device with preselect feedback
US6781517B2 (en) * 1998-04-14 2004-08-24 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Communication and bed function control apparatus
US20040210155A1 (en) * 2001-06-15 2004-10-21 Yasuhiro Takemura Monitoring apparatus
US7107630B2 (en) * 2002-08-26 2006-09-19 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Bathing aid

Family Cites Families (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2576623A (en) * 1949-09-21 1951-11-27 Bernard E Mclaughlin Bathtub hingedly mounted on a collapsible stand
US3997926A (en) 1975-07-09 1976-12-21 England Robert W Bed with automatic tilting occupant support
SE438960B (en) * 1982-05-04 1985-05-28 Permobil Ab Fotplatteanordning Center
US4685159A (en) 1985-05-09 1987-08-11 Hans Oetiker Hospital bed
RU2128479C1 (en) 1988-03-23 1999-04-10 Хилл-Ром, Инк. Patient supporting device (variants) and method of supporting the man's body on mattress
KR0159035B1 (en) 1989-06-26 1998-12-15 다다시 이우라 Bed
US4949408A (en) * 1989-09-29 1990-08-21 Trkla Theodore A All purpose wheelchair
EP0558858A1 (en) 1992-03-02 1993-09-08 Noel Bessiere Armchair transformable into a bed or a stretcher
FR2697418B1 (en) * 1992-11-05 1994-12-23 Mario Konior Multiposition seating, particularly for disabled people.
WO1997032510A1 (en) * 1996-03-05 1997-09-12 Vallance, Lesley, Anne Bath
JPH1033313A (en) * 1996-07-25 1998-02-10 Annaka Seisakusho:Kk Raising bed
JPH11262505A (en) * 1998-03-19 1999-09-28 Kiichi Taga Wheel chair used without underwear
KR19990029230A (en) 1998-06-22 1999-04-26 손종은 Bedside chair with toilet seat
JP4304740B2 (en) * 1998-10-23 2009-07-29 シーホネンス株式会社 bed
JP2001095858A (en) 1999-03-25 2001-04-10 Matsushita Seiko Co Ltd Body moving device
JP3690210B2 (en) * 1999-10-25 2005-08-31 ヤマハ株式会社 Portable shower device
JP3558215B2 (en) * 2000-10-23 2004-08-25 パラマウントベッド株式会社 Bed apparatus equipped with a bottom elevating mechanism having a pinch prevention function
EP1228724B2 (en) * 2001-01-19 2008-09-17 Hermann Bock GmbH Bed, particularly hospital bed
GB2383263B (en) 2001-11-17 2005-11-16 Medi Plinth Healthcare Group L Bed
US6862762B1 (en) 2002-01-11 2005-03-08 Wlf, L.L.C. Patient support apparatus
US7058999B2 (en) 2002-10-24 2006-06-13 Paramount Bed Co., Ltd. Electric bed and control apparatus and control method therefor

Patent Citations (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3692028A (en) * 1970-12-31 1972-09-19 Ronald F Etten Emergency treatment tank
US3964786A (en) * 1974-12-20 1976-06-22 David Mashuda Mechanized wheelchair
US4119164A (en) * 1975-10-23 1978-10-10 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Stand-aid invalid wheelchair
US4105242A (en) * 1977-03-02 1978-08-08 Terbeek Howard G Mobile chair
US4407543A (en) * 1981-10-30 1983-10-04 David Mashuda Mechanized wheelchair
US4885810A (en) * 1987-04-13 1989-12-12 Unger Gregory T Articulated litter for hydrotherapy
US5136735A (en) * 1991-03-07 1992-08-11 Zimmerman Phyllis E Immobile patient shower and skin care unit
US5230113A (en) * 1992-04-14 1993-07-27 Good Turn, Inc. Multiple position adjustable day night patient bed chair
US5351345A (en) * 1992-07-08 1994-10-04 Siltech Products Incorporated Bath tub having side access
US6131868A (en) * 1992-11-30 2000-10-17 Hill-Rom, Inc. Hospital bed communication and control device
US5287568A (en) * 1992-12-07 1994-02-22 Mohrmann Gene D Tilt lift bathing system
US5366036A (en) * 1993-01-21 1994-11-22 Perry Dale E Power stand-up and reclining wheelchair
US5517704A (en) * 1994-08-08 1996-05-21 Dagostino; Richard J. Combined commode and shower chair apparatus
US5465437A (en) * 1994-08-12 1995-11-14 Herman; William David Bathing appliance for handicapped persons
US6003168A (en) * 1994-10-06 1999-12-21 Steadman; William David Person movement apparatus
US6009570A (en) * 1996-02-15 2000-01-04 Hargest; Thomas S. Convertible bed/chair with waste disposal
US6781517B2 (en) * 1998-04-14 2004-08-24 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Communication and bed function control apparatus
US20040210155A1 (en) * 2001-06-15 2004-10-21 Yasuhiro Takemura Monitoring apparatus
US20040004559A1 (en) * 2002-07-01 2004-01-08 Rast Rodger H. Keyboard device with preselect feedback
US7107630B2 (en) * 2002-08-26 2006-09-19 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Bathing aid

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7353620B1 (en) * 2006-10-02 2008-04-08 Houston Kimberly A Hair drying device
WO2009149929A1 (en) * 2008-06-11 2009-12-17 Meier, Christian Device for lifting a person from a seated position into an at least nearly upright position, and wheel chair equipped with the same
US20120255115A1 (en) * 2009-09-23 2012-10-11 Bodil Akesson Shower stretcher
US9687398B2 (en) * 2009-09-23 2017-06-27 Arjo Hospital Equipment Ab Shower stretcher
US10588799B2 (en) 2009-09-23 2020-03-17 Arjo Ip Holding Ab Shower stretcher
CN102028600A (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-04-27 发美利株式会社 Chair type massage machine
FR2965718A1 (en) * 2010-10-12 2012-04-13 Segula Matra Technologies Wheelchair equipped with footrest
EP2441424A1 (en) * 2010-10-12 2012-04-18 Segula Matra Technologies Wheelchair provided with foot-rest
US20150290061A1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2015-10-15 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Person support apparatuses having exercise therapy features
US9687401B2 (en) * 2012-11-16 2017-06-27 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Person support apparatuses having exercise therapy features
US8938888B1 (en) * 2012-12-14 2015-01-27 Kevin E. Brown Hair drying system
US20160067125A1 (en) * 2014-09-08 2016-03-10 Splane Design Associates, Inc. Seat assist device
US9918886B2 (en) * 2014-09-08 2018-03-20 Splane Design Associates, Inc. Seat assist device
US10182789B2 (en) * 2016-03-03 2019-01-22 David R. Hall Toilet with stethoscope
US20170251996A1 (en) * 2016-03-03 2017-09-07 David R. Hall Toilet with Stethoscope
US20170258652A1 (en) * 2016-03-11 2017-09-14 Stephen Latham Method, Apparatus, and System for Implementing Seat Lifting
US10588798B2 (en) * 2016-03-11 2020-03-17 Stephen Latham Method, apparatus, and system for implementing seat lifting
WO2019227142A1 (en) * 2018-05-27 2019-12-05 Therapeutic Comfort Pty Ltd Automated adjustable seating system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2008540020A (en) 2008-11-20
AU2006248558B2 (en) 2011-03-31
EP1898763A4 (en) 2009-09-02
CN101247749B (en) 2012-01-25
EP1898763A2 (en) 2008-03-19
WO2006123332A2 (en) 2006-11-23
AT519470T (en) 2011-08-15
EP1898763B1 (en) 2014-11-26
EP1895883A2 (en) 2008-03-12
WO2006123332A3 (en) 2007-11-08
AU2006248558A1 (en) 2006-11-23
EP1895883B1 (en) 2011-08-10
JP2008540019A (en) 2008-11-20
EP1895883A4 (en) 2009-07-08
WO2006123332A8 (en) 2007-04-26
CN101247749A (en) 2008-08-20
WO2006123333A3 (en) 2007-07-19
WO2006123333B1 (en) 2007-09-07
AU2006248639A1 (en) 2006-11-23
WO2006123333A2 (en) 2006-11-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP6642930B2 (en) Lifting member
US8117695B2 (en) Multi-position support apparatus featuring a movable foot support
US7107630B2 (en) Bathing aid
US5329651A (en) Bathing apparatus for the infirm
US8424134B2 (en) Medical bed
KR20160011074A (en) Auto bed with apparatus for evacuation
CN101247749B (en) Multi-position support apparatus featuring a motorized foot support
US4160292A (en) Bath chair
JP2008514243A (en) Home care system
WO2016201072A1 (en) Stool for use with a toilet
JP6686042B2 (en) Bathing aid
JP2009529932A (en) Steam bath cabinets
US5978983A (en) Portable showering cabinet
JP3753157B2 (en) Shower bath equipment
US20040040086A1 (en) Healthcare system with coordinated operation of sub-systems
KR20070032763A (en) Full seatable toilet seat
EP0402387A4 (en) Convertable bed and bathroom combination
US6615420B1 (en) Bathing chair and method of using
CN108324552B (en) Electronic bath chair control system
US8141184B2 (en) Portable personal hygiene apparatus
KR101456283B1 (en) The bidet for baby
US4123808A (en) Bathtub with spray outlet converted to recto-genital cleansing device
US20040060107A1 (en) Individually adjustable, automated, whole-body washing apparatus
US8621679B1 (en) Motorized back scrubber device
US20110131720A1 (en) Wall Mounted Lift Chair

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION