US20070131439A1 - Power impact tool adapter - Google Patents

Power impact tool adapter Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070131439A1
US20070131439A1 US11634097 US63409706A US2007131439A1 US 20070131439 A1 US20070131439 A1 US 20070131439A1 US 11634097 US11634097 US 11634097 US 63409706 A US63409706 A US 63409706A US 2007131439 A1 US2007131439 A1 US 2007131439A1
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US
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
portion
grip
end portion
disposed
striking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11634097
Inventor
Koichi Hashimoto
Hiroyuki Tsubakimoto
Kunihiko Tatsu
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Panasonic Electric Works Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Panasonic Electric Works Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25FCOMBINATION OR MULTI-PURPOSE TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DETAILS OR COMPONENTS OF PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS NOT PARTICULARLY RELATED TO THE OPERATIONS PERFORMED AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B25F5/00Details or components of portable power-driven tools not particularly related to the operations performed and not otherwise provided for
    • B25F5/02Construction of casings, bodies or handles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B31/00Chucks; Expansion mandrels; Adaptations thereof for remote control
    • B23B31/005Cylindrical shanks of tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D16/00Portable percussive machines with superimposed rotation, the rotational movement of the output shaft of a motor being modified to generate axial impacts on the tool bit
    • B25D16/003Clutches specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D16/00Portable percussive machines with superimposed rotation, the rotational movement of the output shaft of a motor being modified to generate axial impacts on the tool bit
    • B25D16/006Mode changers; Mechanisms connected thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D17/00Details of, or accessories for, portable power-driven percussive tools
    • B25D17/04Handles; Handle mountings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25FCOMBINATION OR MULTI-PURPOSE TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DETAILS OR COMPONENTS OF PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS NOT PARTICULARLY RELATED TO THE OPERATIONS PERFORMED AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B25F5/00Details or components of portable power-driven tools not particularly related to the operations performed and not otherwise provided for
    • B25F5/02Construction of casings, bodies or handles
    • B25F5/029Construction of casings, bodies or handles with storage compartments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B2231/00Details of chucks, toolholder shanks or tool shanks
    • B23B2231/02Features of shanks of tools not relating to the operation performed by the tool
    • B23B2231/026Grooves
    • B23B2231/0264Axial grooves
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B2231/00Details of chucks, toolholder shanks or tool shanks
    • B23B2231/02Features of shanks of tools not relating to the operation performed by the tool
    • B23B2231/0276Keyways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2211/00Details of portable percussive tools with electromotor or other motor drive
    • B25D2211/06Means for driving the impulse member
    • B25D2211/061Swash-plate actuated impulse-driving mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2216/00Details of portable percussive machines with superimposed rotation, the rotational movement of the output shaft of a motor being modified to generate axial impacts on the tool bit
    • B25D2216/0007Details of percussion or rotation modes
    • B25D2216/0023Tools having a percussion-and-rotation mode
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2216/00Details of portable percussive machines with superimposed rotation, the rotational movement of the output shaft of a motor being modified to generate axial impacts on the tool bit
    • B25D2216/0007Details of percussion or rotation modes
    • B25D2216/0038Tools having a rotation-only mode
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25DPERCUSSIVE TOOLS
    • B25D2250/00General details of portable percussive tools; Components used in portable percussive tools
    • B25D2250/165Overload clutches, torque limiters

Abstract

A power impact tool includes a main body accommodating a chuck at a front end portion thereof; a clutch handle for setting a torque applied to the chuck; a grip including a base portion; a free end portion; and a reinforcing connecting portion connected to the front end portion of the main body at the back of the clutch handle and to the free end portion of the grip. The reinforcing connecting portion is disposed in front of the grip; and a part protruded most forward among the reinforcing connecting portion is located directly in front of the trigger switch disposed at the base portion of the grip. A part of the reinforcing connecting portion disposed behind the clutch handle retreats backward toward the free end portion of the grip.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a power impact tool; and, more particularly, to a power impact tool having a striking-motion-activated mode for transferring a rotational force and applying a striking force in an axial direction and a striking-motion-deactivated mode for transferring only the rotational force.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • As for a power impact tool which is capable of transferring a rotational force and applying a striking force in an axial direction to an output bit, there has been provided a hammer drill for use in a concrete boring operation and the like. When such a hammer drill is provided with a striking-motion-deactivated mode as an addition, the same hammer drill can be used to create a hole on a concrete (the concrete boring operation) as well as to fasten a screw to an anchor inserted into the hole (a screw fastening operation), wherein the striking-motion-deactivated mode is configured to transfer only the rotational force while applying no striking force in the axial direction.
  • By allowing a fastening torque to be adjusted to a desired fastening torque with a fastening torque-adjusting clutch thereof, it is convenient to use such a tool having the striking-motion-deactivated mode when performing the screw fastening operation.
  • In case of using a heavy hammer drill, two hands are required to grip both a grip portion and an auxiliary grip portion. Here, the grip portion extends vertically downwardly from a rear end portion of a housing and the auxiliary grip portion extends vertically downwardly from a front end portion of the housing.
  • It is apparent that the operation can be performed with only one hand while balancing its weight, given that if the grip portion is vertically downwardly extended from an intermediate portion of the housing. However, when employing a heavy battery pack in such a configuration by attaching the battery pack to a bottom of the grip portion in a heavy weight power impact tool as disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-open Application No. 2002-233673, the rigidity of the housing can be susceptible to a problem unless a reinforcing connecting portion is provided to connect a leading end side of the housing with the grip portion.
  • When providing a clutch handle at a front end portion of the housing, the reinforcing connecting portion needs to be connected to the front end portion of the main body at the back of the clutch handle and to the free end portion of the grip portion, and needs to be disposed behind the clutch handle while being disposed in front of the grip portion in order to allow manipulation of the clutch handle. In this circumstance, because the grip portion is required to be disposed at a rear portion of the housing so as to ensure a space for a hand to grip the grip portion between the connecting portion and the grip portion, the weight balance is lost. In case of elongating the housing by design, the connection and the grip portion can be provided while maintaining the weight balance. Yet, the shortcoming of this elongation is that the overall length of the power impact tool gets increased.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a compact and conveniently useable power impact tool while having a good weight balance even with a reinforcing connecting portion disposed therewith.
  • In accordance with the present invention, there is provided a power impact tool including a striking-motion-activated mode for transferring a rotational force and applying a striking force in an axial direction of rotation to an output bit held by a chuck; a striking-motion-deactivated mode for transferring only the rotational force to the output bit; a main body accommodating the chuck at a front end portion thereof; a clutch, operating in the striking-motion-deactivated mode, for applying an adjusted fastening torque to the chuck; a clutch handle for setting the fastening torque and disposed at the front end portion of the main body; a grip including a base portion, which is connected to the main body at a location between the front end portion and a rear end portion of the main body, and a free end portion accommodating a battery pack, a trigger switch being disposed at the base portion of the grip; and a reinforcing connecting portion connected to the front end portion of the main body at the back of the clutch handle and also connected to the free end portion of the grip, wherein the reinforcing connecting portion is disposed in front of the grip; and a part protruded most forward among the reinforcing connecting portion is located directly in front of the trigger switch, and a part of the reinforcing connecting portion disposed behind the clutch handle retreats backward toward the free end portion of the grip.
  • The reinforcing connecting portion can be provided while allowing manipulations of the clutch handle and the trigger switch disposed on the grip portion.
  • The power impact tool in accordance with the present invention has a reinforcing connecting portion disposed at a front side of the grip portion. A part of the reinforcing connecting portion is connected to the front end portion of the main body at the back of the clutch handle and to the free end portion of the grip, wherein the reinforcing connecting portion is disposed in front of the grip; and a part protruded most forward among the reinforcing connecting portion is located directly in front of a trigger switch disposed at the base portion of the grip, and a part of the reinforcing connecting portion disposed behind the clutch handle retreats backward toward the free end portion of the grip. Accordingly, even if the grip portion is not provided at a rearward portion of the housing, it is possible to ensure a space for allowing manipulations of the clutch handle and the trigger switch disposed on the grip portion. Accordingly, the grip portion may be disposed at a position while allowing a weight balance. Hence, the power impact tool of the present invention has a good manipulability and provides a sufficient strength to the housing with the use of the reinforcing connecting portion.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The above and other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of embodiments, given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a side view of one example in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a vertical cross sectional view showing a state in which a striking-motion-deactivated mode is set, in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 3 is a horizontal cross sectional view showing the striking-motion-deactivated mode in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 4 is a vertical cross sectional view showing a state in which a striking-motion-activated mode is set, in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 5 is a horizontal cross sectional view showing the striking-motion-activated mode in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 6A is a perspective view showing one embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 6B shows a typical shank thereof;
  • FIGS. 7A to 7D show cross sectional views of FIG. 1, cut along the lines 7A-7A, 7B-7B, 7C-7C, and 7D-7D, respectively;
  • FIG. 8 is an exploded view showing a portion of a fastening torque adjusting clutch in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention; and
  • FIG. 9 is a partial cross sectional view of another example in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS
  • Hereinafter, there will be described embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  • In an embodiment of the present invention as shown in FIGS. 1 to 9, it is discussed that a power tool shown thereof is a hammer drill capable of transferring a rotational force and applying a striking force in an axial direction and includes a striking-motion-deactivated mode that is capable of transferring only the rotational force to an output bit. Reference numeral 9 in the drawings designates a housing with which a grip portion 90 is formed integrally so as to extend downwardly therefrom. A battery pack 91 is detachably attached to the bottom of the grip portion 90. A housing-reinforcing connecting portion 92 is integrally formed between the bottom frontal end of the grip portion 90 and the front end of the housing 9. Reference numeral 93 in the drawings designates a trigger switch disposed at a base portion of the grip portion 90. Disposed within the rear end portion of the housing 9 is a motor 19 that can be activated or deactivated by the actuation of the trigger switch 93 and also can change its direction of rotation in response to the manipulation of a direction-changing lever 94. The housing 9 includes a main body 100 accommodating moving parts including a chuck portion 51 and the motor 19 at a front end and a rear end portion thereof, respectively; a grip portion 90 having the base portion connected to a central portion of the main body and the bottom (or free) end portion accommodating the battery pack 91; and the reinforcing connecting portion 92.
  • A connecting shaft 13 is operatively connected to an output shaft 10 of the motor 19 through gears 11 and 12. The connecting shaft 13 is provided at its front end with a pinion 14 integrally formed therewith. A motion conversion member 2 is disposed at an intermediate part of the connecting shaft 13. The motion conversion member 2 includes a rotating portion 20 affixed to and rotatable with the connecting shaft 13 as a unit, an outer race 21 rotatably fitted to an inclined surface of the rotating portion 20, and a rod 22 protruding from the outer race 21. The rod 22 is connected to a piston 30 that can be moved within a cylinder 3 along an axial direction.
  • A collar 15 that forms the engaging clutch in cooperation with the rotating portion 20 is provided on the connecting shaft 13 in such a fashion that the collar 15 can rotate with the connecting shaft 13 as a unit and also can be slid in an axial direction with respect to the connecting shaft 13. The collar 15 is pressed against the rotating portion 20 by means of a spring 16 into engagement with the rotating portion 20 to thereby transfer the rotational force of the connecting shaft 13 to the rotating portion 20. As the rotating portion 20 makes rotational movement, the rod 22 and the outer race 21 whose rotation about the connecting shaft 13 is restrained by being connected to the piston 30 are subjected to oscillating movement. This causes the piston 30 to reciprocate in its axial direction.
  • If a switching handle 7 (see FIG. 1) disposed on a flank side of the housing 9 is manipulated, the collar 15 moves forward against the spring 16 and is disengaged from the rotating portion 20. Under this condition, no rotational force is transferred to the rotating portion 20 and no reciprocating movement is induced in the piston 30.
  • The cylinder 3 is rotatable about it axis, on the outer circumferential surface of which a rotating body 40 having a gear meshed with the pinion 14 of the connecting shaft 13 is coupled for sliding movement in an axial direction of the cylinder 3 and also for rotational movement with respect to the cylinder 3. At one side of the rotating body 40, a clutch plate 41 is secured to the cylinder 3.
  • The rotating body 40 is of a ring shape and has a plurality of axially penetrating holes into which steel balls 42 are received. A clutch spring 45 is disposed to press a ball retainer (thrust plate) 44 against the steel balls 42. Pressing action of the clutch spring 45 brings the steel balls 42 into engagement with conical engaging recesses formed on the clutch plate 41.
  • During the time when the steel balls 42 retained in the holes of the rotating body 40 are engaged with the recesses of the clutch plate 41, the rotating body 40 rotates about the axis of the cylinder 3 together with the clutch plate 41 as a unit, thereby ensuring that the rotational force of the connecting shaft 13 is transmitted to the cylinder 3 through the rotating body 40 and the clutch plate 41. The clutch spring 45 that makes contact with a ball retainer 44 at one end is supported at the other end by means of a movable plate 46 lying around the outer periphery of the cylinder 3. Along with the rotation of a clutch handle (or a dial) 48, the movable plate 46 can be moved in an axial direction of the cylinder 3 to thereby change the level of compression of the clutch spring 45.
  • The pin 8 for directly coupling the rotating body 40 serving as a driving member to the clutch plate 41 functioning as a driven member (see FIG. 4) is provided at the rotating body 40. As the pin 8 is pressed by the spring 80 to protrude toward and engage with the clutch plate 41, the rotating body 40 and the clutch plate 41 get directly coupled to each other, thus ensuring that the rotational force of the rotating body 40 is constantly transferred to the clutch plate 41 and the cylinder 3.
  • A conversion plate 81 is disposed around the outer circumference of the cylinder 3 in an axially movable manner. If the conversion plate 81 is pressed by a spring 82 to move forward, the distal end of the direct-coupling pin 8 is placed at a boundary surface of the rotating body 40 and the clutch plate 41 as shown in FIG. 2, thus releasing the direct coupling between the rotating body 40 and the clutch plate 41. Further, when the collar 15 is moved into engagement with the rotating portion 20, the conversion plate 81 is pressed by the collar 15 and moves backward against the spring 82, thus allowing the pin 8 to directly couple the rotating body 40 to the clutch plate 41.
  • A spindle 5 is attached to the axial front end of the cylinder 3 for unitary rotation with the cylinder 3. The spindle 5 is provided at its axial front end with the chuck portion 51 for holding an output bit 50. The chuck portion 51, which corresponds to an SDS-plus (Special Direct System Plus) type shank indent to be held by the chuck portion, includes a removal-inhibiting ball (or sprung ball) 510 and a rotation-transferring internal protrusion (or wedge) 511 (see FIG. 3). The chuck portion 51 is designed to hold the output bit 50 in such a manner that the output bit 50 can be rotated with the chuck portion 51 as a unit while sliding axially within a predetermined range of movement.
  • The piston 30 is of a cylindrical shape having a closed rear end and an opened front end. A striker 35 is slidably received within the piston 30. As the piston 30 makes reciprocating movement, the striker 35 is also caused to reciprocate, at which time the air within the space of the piston 30 enclosed by the striker 35 functions as an air spring. By the reciprocating movement thus caused, the striker 35 applies a striking force to the output bit 50 in an axial direction through an intermediate member 52 axially slidably retained within the spindle 5. Reference numeral 56 in the drawings designates a ball for preventing the intermediate member 52 from being backwardly removed out of the spindle 5.
  • FIGS. 2 and 3 illustrate the striking-motion-deactivated mode, i.e., a condition devoted to screw tightening. In order to attain this mode, the collar 15 is caused to move forward by the manipulation of the switching handle 7, thus releasing the engagement between the collar 15 and the rotating portion 20. Concurrently, the flange portion 150 of the collar 15 removes the pushing force applied to the conversion plate 81, in response to which the conversion plate 81 moves forward under the pressing force of the spring 85 to push the direct-coupling pin 8. This releases the direct coupling between the rotating body 40 and the clutch plate 41. Thus, the rotational force that the rotating body 40 receives from the pinion 14 of the connecting shaft 13 is transferred to the spindle 5 through the steel balls 42, the clutch plate 41 and the cylinder 3. At this moment, an O-ring 58 disposed on the rear inner circumference of the spindle 5 is resiliently engaged with the front outer circumference of the striker 35, thereby preventing the striker 35 and the intermediate member 52 from any axial movement. Accordingly, no inadvertent movement is caused to the striker 35 and the intermediate member 52.
  • In the process of tightening, e.g., a screw, through the use of the rotating output bit 50 under the striking-motion-deactivated mode, if the load torque becomes greater than the engaging force between the steel balls 42 and the clutch plate 41 imparted by the clutch spring 45, the steel balls 42 get released from the engaging recesses of the clutch plate 41, thus interrupting the transfer of the rotational force from the rotating body 40 to the clutch plate 41 (cylinder 3). This restrains the tightening torque.
  • The tightening torque can be increased by turning the clutch handle 48 as set forth above and displacing the movable plate 46 backward to increase the level of compression by the clutch spring 45. This means that the rotating body 40 and the clutch plate 41 cooperate with the steel balls 42, the movable plate 46 and the clutch spring 45 to form a torque-adjusting clutch 4. Further, when the clutch spring 45 has been compressed to the maximum extent by the manipulation of the clutch handle 48, the steel balls 42 are kept in a condition that it cannot be escaped from the engaging recesses. This condition is suitable for what is called a drilling task.
  • Under the situation illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5 wherein the collar 15 is moved backward into engagement with the rotating portion 20 upon manipulating the switching handle 7, the collar 15 causes the conversion plate 81 to move backward against the spring 82, thus ensuring that the rotating body 40 and the clutch plate 41 are directly coupled by the direct-coupling pin 8. Accordingly, the piston 30 is reciprocated by the motion conversion member 2, while the cylinder 3 and the spindle 5 are rotatably driven at all times. In this connection, as the output bit 50 is pressed against an object to be drilled, the output bit 50 and the intermediate member 52 are moved backward, to thereby push the striker 35 in a rearward direction beyond the position wherein the striker 35 is retained in place by the O-ring 58. Thus, the reciprocating movement of the piston 30 leads to the reciprocating movement of the striker 35, which means that the striker 35 is in condition for applying a striking force to the output bit 50 in an axial direction through the intermediate member 52. This ensures that the rotational force and the axial striking force are transferred to the output bit 50.
  • The switching handle 7 is adapted to displace the collar 15 out of engagement with the rotating portion 20. The pressing force of the spring 16 is used for causing the collar 15 to move toward and smoothly engage with the rotating portion 20. The spring 16 is designed to have a pressing force greater than that of the spring 82 for pressing the conversion plate 81. Furthermore, the pressing force of the spring 82 is greater than that of the spring 80 for pressing the direct-coupling pin 8.
  • In the meantime, an output bit 50 such as a drill bit or a driver bit is provided without a SDS-plus type shank for use with the hammer drill and therefore is mounted with the use of an adapter 50′ having the SDS-plus type shank. The SDS-plus type shank employed in the adapter 50′ differs somewhat from a typical SDS-plus type shank shown in FIG. 6B.
  • More specifically, as illustrated in FIG. 6A, the SDS-plus type shank of the adapter 50′ is the same as the typical SDS-plus type shank in that the adapter 50′ has a closed groove 500 to engage with the removal-inhibiting ball 510; and a slide groove 501 with which the rotation-transferring internal protrusion 511 is slidingly engaged, the closed groove 500 being closed at an end of the shank portion whereas the slid groove 501 being opened at the end of the shank portion. A distinctive feature of the adapter 50′ resides in that the axial length of the slide groove 501 measured from the rear end of the shank is short. In other words, at the time of mounting the adapter 50′ into the chuck portion 51, the depth of insertion of the adapter 50′ is restrained by the stopping action of the internal protrusion 511. This prevents the adapter 50′ from moving backward into contact with the front end of the intermediate member 52 at its rear end.
  • Thus, even when the output bit 50 such as a drill bit or a driver bit is mounted through the adapter 501 in the striking-motion-activated mode, i.e., hammer drill mode, where the rotational force and the striking force are applied jointly, there lies no possibility that the striking force is applied to the adapter 50′. This also precludes the possibility that the adapter 50′, the output bit 50 such as a drill bit or a driver bit, and the screw or the like in contact with the distal end of the output bit 50 are damaged by the striking vibration. In addition, the striker 35 continues to be retained in position by means of the O-ring 58 for the reasons noted above.
  • In the event that, the output bit 50, which is a hammer drill bit having the typical SDS-plus type shank illustrated in FIG. 6B, is mounted to the chuck portion 51, it can be moved backward to such an extent that the rear end of the output bit 50 makes contact with the intermediate member 52. Furthermore, the striker 35 can be displaced backward through the intermediate member 52 beyond the position where the striker 35 is retained in place by means of the O-ring 58, in which condition the striking force as well as the rotational force is applied to the output bit 50.
  • The slide groove 501 of the adapter 50′ differs not only in length but also in inner end shape from that of the typical shank. The internal protrusion 511 has a front end comprised of a flat inclined surface. For this reason, if the front end of the internal protrusion 511 makes contact with the inner end of the slide groove 501 of the typical shank shown in FIG. 6B, the side edges of the inner end of the slide groove 501 can get worn out. To avoid such a situation, the slide groove 501 of the adapter 50′ is designed to have a slant inner end surface 502 capable of making surface-to-surface contact with the front end of the internal protrusion 511.
  • Furthermore, the adapter 50′ may be stored, when not in use, within a holder portion 95 provided in the connecting portion 92 of the housing 9. As depicted in FIGS. 1 and 7, the holder portion 95 is in the form of a recessed space opened to one side of the connecting portion 92. The holder portion 95 has a spring plate 950 for retaining the shank portion of the adapter 50′, an enlarged recess part 952 for receiving the large diameter chuck portion of the adapter 50′, and a void part 953 for accommodating the output bit 50 when the adapter 50′ is stored with the output bit 50 attached thereto.
  • At the other side of the enlarged recess part 952, the connecting portion 92 has a reduced thickness to provide an access space 951 through which the fingers of a user gain access to the large diameter chuck portion of the adapter 50′ to take out the adapter 50′. This access space 951 is disposed at a side of the connecting portion 92, where the side faces the grip portion 90. Further, the access space 951 is located approximately at a middle of the connecting portion 92 so as not to face the trigger switch 93.
  • With the access space 951, the adapter 50′ is easily removed from the holder portion 95 opened at one side by, e.g. engaging the fingers of the user through the access space 951. There is a case in which the spring force of the spring plate 950 is required to be strong in order to prevent the adapter 50′ from being released out of the holder portion 95 when exposed to the striking vibration especially since the user may exert a force from the holder portion 95 formed while being opened at one side toward a direction corresponding to the adapter 50′ releasing direction. However, even under such a condition, the release of the adapter 50′ can be performed easily owing to the access space 951 provided. Further, even in a case where the trigger switch 93 is engaged while one hand is gripping the grip portion 90, the fingers of the other hand still can access into the access space 951. This ensures that the adapter 50′ can be removed conveniently at all times.
  • In order to store the adapter 50′ carrying the output bit 50 in the holder portion 95 with no removal of the output bit 50, the front end of the output bit 50 is inserted into the void part 953 as illustrated in FIG. 7D, after which the large diameter chuck portion of the adapter 50′ is received within the enlarged recess part 952 and the shank portion of the adapter 50′ is pushed into the seat portion of the spring plate 950. The above-noted storing operations are conducted in the reverse order to take out the adapter 50′. However, in the process of taking out the adapter 50′, it is likely that, as can be seen in FIG. 7D, the output bit 50 may come in contact with the side wall edge 955 of the connecting portion 92, thereby causing scratches or damages to the edge 955. For this reason, it is desirable to provide a reinforcing rib 954 on the side wall of the connecting portion 92 as illustrated in FIG. 9. Further, scratches to the inner surface of the housing 9 caused by the output bit 50 and noises therefrom can be generated when the striking force is present. As these scratches and noises can be prevented, a cushion member 956 capable of resiliently contacting with the leading end of the output bit 50 may be provided at an inner leading end of the void part 953.
  • The reinforcing connecting portion 92 is connected to the front end portion of the main body at the back of the clutch handle 48 and to the free end portion of the grip portion 90. Further, it is disposed behind the clutch handle 48 while retreating backward toward the free end portion of the grip portion 90 while being disposed in front of the grip portion 90. Moreover, a part protruded most forward among the reinforcing connecting portion 92 is located directly in front of a trigger switch 93 disposed at the base portion of the grip portion 92. In this manner, while not only the grip portion 90 is located at a position allowing an overall balance but also the manipulations of the clutch handle 68 and the trigger switch 93 are not affected, the connecting portion 92 for a reinforcement purpose can be provided. Furthermore, as shown by an example in FIGS. 1 to 9, while maintaining between the grip portion 90 and the connecting portion 92 a space into which a hand for gripping the grip portion 90 and fingers for the access space 951 are allowed to be engaged, the connecting portion 92 is avoided from going forwardly over a line (See FIG. 1) which connects the bottom end of the battery pack 91 and the leading end portion of the chuck portion 51. In this regard, when the power tool is forcefully leant forwardly, the connecting portion 92 can be prevented from being damaged by collision thus caused or the adapter 50′ is prevented from being released out of the holder portion 95 due to collision thus caused.
  • Although in the embodiment of the present invention that the adapter 50′ is used to install the output bit 50 into the holder portion 95, the output bit 50 can be installed directly into the holder portion 95. Further, in the example shown in FIGS. 1 to 9, a concrete drill bit to be used with a hammer drill can be dangerous when exposed because of its sharp edges. Thus, by configuring the total length of the holder portion 95 to be shorter than that of the concrete drill bit, the holder portion 95 is refrained from accommodating the concrete drill bit thereinto.
  • In the embodiment of the present invention, it is further noted that a SDS-top or a SDS-max type shank can also be used in place for the SDS-plus type shank instead. Further, there are typically two wedges and two sprung balls employed for the shank. However, as for simplicity purpose, only one set of the wedges and the sprung balls are discussed as shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B. Likewise, there are typically two to three slide grooves and two closed grooves to be used in the embodiment of the present invention, despite only one set of the above is discussed as well.
  • While the invention has been shown and described with respect to the embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modification may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (1)

  1. 1. A power impact tool comprising:
    a striking-motion-activated mode for transferring a rotational force and applying a striking force in an axial direction of rotation to an output bit held by a chuck;
    a striking-motion-deactivated mode for transferring only the rotational force to the output bit;
    a main body accommodating the chuck at a front end portion thereof;
    a clutch, operating in the striking-motion-deactivated mode, for applying an adjusted fastening torque to the chuck;
    a clutch handle for setting the fastening torque and disposed at the front end portion of the main body;
    a grip including a base portion, which is connected to the main body at a location between the front end portion and a rear end portion of the main body, and a free end portion accommodating a battery pack, a trigger switch being disposed at the base portion of the grip; and
    a reinforcing connecting portion connected to the front end portion of the main body at the back of the clutch handle and also connected to the free end portion of the grip,
    wherein the reinforcing connecting portion is disposed in front of the grip; and
    a part protruded most forward among the reinforcing connecting portion is located directly in front of the trigger switch, and a part of the reinforcing connecting portion disposed behind the clutch handle retreats backward toward the free end portion of the grip.
US11634097 2005-12-09 2006-12-06 Power impact tool adapter Abandoned US20070131439A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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JP2005-357010 2005-12-09
JP2005357010A JP2007160420A (en) 2005-12-09 2005-12-09 Impact tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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US12267028 US20090065228A1 (en) 2005-12-09 2008-11-07 Power impact tool

Related Child Applications (1)

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US12267028 Continuation-In-Part US20090065228A1 (en) 2005-12-09 2008-11-07 Power impact tool

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US20070131439A1 true true US20070131439A1 (en) 2007-06-14

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Family Applications (1)

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US11634097 Abandoned US20070131439A1 (en) 2005-12-09 2006-12-06 Power impact tool adapter

Country Status (4)

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US (1) US20070131439A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1795311B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2007160420A (en)
CN (2) CN200977567Y (en)

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US20100193207A1 (en) * 2009-02-05 2010-08-05 Kwok Ting Mok Power tool chuck assembly with hammer mechanism
US7987920B2 (en) * 2007-11-21 2011-08-02 Black & Decker Inc. Multi-mode drill with mode collar
US20120074658A1 (en) * 2009-05-05 2012-03-29 Black & Decker Inc. Power Tool with Integrated Bit Retention Device
US8251158B2 (en) 2008-11-08 2012-08-28 Black & Decker Inc. Multi-speed power tool transmission with alternative ring gear configuration
US20130167691A1 (en) * 2011-06-30 2013-07-04 Robert Bosch Gmbh Drywall screwdriver
US20130333907A1 (en) * 2010-12-22 2013-12-19 Joachim Hecht Hand-held power tool
US20150217422A1 (en) * 2014-02-06 2015-08-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Hand Power Tool having an Electronically Commutated Electric Motor
US20160121466A1 (en) * 2013-06-27 2016-05-05 Makita Corporation Screw-tightening power tool
US9387578B2 (en) 2013-10-28 2016-07-12 Black & Decker Inc. Handle arrangement for sander

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US20060266536A1 (en) * 2005-05-26 2006-11-30 Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd. Hammer drill
US7694750B2 (en) * 2005-05-26 2010-04-13 Panasonic Electric Works Co., Ltd. Hammer drill
US7828074B2 (en) 2005-05-26 2010-11-09 Panasonic Electric Works Co., Ltd. Hammer drill
US8555998B2 (en) 2007-11-21 2013-10-15 Black & Decker Inc. Multi-mode drill with mode collar
US7987920B2 (en) * 2007-11-21 2011-08-02 Black & Decker Inc. Multi-mode drill with mode collar
US8109343B2 (en) * 2007-11-21 2012-02-07 Black & Decker Inc. Multi-mode drill with mode collar
US8251158B2 (en) 2008-11-08 2012-08-28 Black & Decker Inc. Multi-speed power tool transmission with alternative ring gear configuration
US8434564B2 (en) 2008-11-08 2013-05-07 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool
US8322457B2 (en) * 2009-02-05 2012-12-04 Techtronic Power Tools Technology Limited Power tool chuck assembly with hammer mechanism
US20100193207A1 (en) * 2009-02-05 2010-08-05 Kwok Ting Mok Power tool chuck assembly with hammer mechanism
US20120074658A1 (en) * 2009-05-05 2012-03-29 Black & Decker Inc. Power Tool with Integrated Bit Retention Device
US8820431B2 (en) * 2009-05-05 2014-09-02 Black & Decker Inc. Power tool with integrated bit retention device
US20130333907A1 (en) * 2010-12-22 2013-12-19 Joachim Hecht Hand-held power tool
US9849574B2 (en) * 2010-12-22 2017-12-26 Robert Bosch Gmbh Hand-held power tool
US20130167691A1 (en) * 2011-06-30 2013-07-04 Robert Bosch Gmbh Drywall screwdriver
US20160121466A1 (en) * 2013-06-27 2016-05-05 Makita Corporation Screw-tightening power tool
US9387578B2 (en) 2013-10-28 2016-07-12 Black & Decker Inc. Handle arrangement for sander
US10046433B2 (en) 2013-10-28 2018-08-14 Black & Decker Inc. Handle arrangement for sander
US20150217422A1 (en) * 2014-02-06 2015-08-06 Robert Bosch Gmbh Hand Power Tool having an Electronically Commutated Electric Motor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JP2007160420A (en) 2007-06-28 application
CN1978106A (en) 2007-06-13 application
EP1795311B1 (en) 2011-09-21 grant
EP1795311A3 (en) 2010-03-24 application
CN200977567Y (en) 2007-11-21 grant
EP1795311A2 (en) 2007-06-13 application

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