US20070099726A1 - Sole configuration for metal wood golf club - Google Patents

Sole configuration for metal wood golf club Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070099726A1
US20070099726A1 US11/264,390 US26439005A US2007099726A1 US 20070099726 A1 US20070099726 A1 US 20070099726A1 US 26439005 A US26439005 A US 26439005A US 2007099726 A1 US2007099726 A1 US 2007099726A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
club head
section
metal wood
golf club
rear
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/264,390
Inventor
Guerin Rife
Original Assignee
Rife Guerin D
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Rife Guerin D filed Critical Rife Guerin D
Priority to US11/264,390 priority Critical patent/US20070099726A1/en
Publication of US20070099726A1 publication Critical patent/US20070099726A1/en
Priority claimed from US12/355,053 external-priority patent/US20090124410A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • A63B53/0466Heads wood-type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B60/00Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like
    • A63B60/52Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like with slits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • A63B2053/0433Heads with special sole configurations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2225/00Other characteristics of sports equipment
    • A63B2225/01Special aerodynamic features, e.g. airfoil shapes, wings or air passages

Abstract

A metal wood type golf club head including a club head body and means for attachment to a golf shaft, the club head body including a frontal ball striking face having a center of percussion thereon, a rear face, a heel, toe, and top crown, and a bottom sole having a forward section and at least one additional rear section. The forward section provides a friction surface and is defined by a bounce angle extending downwardly from said frontal ball striking face to prevent the leading edge of the club head from digging into the turf or ground during the execution of a golf shot. The rear section of the bottom sole is a reduced friction surface and is recessed upwardly into the club head.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to golf clubs and in particular to wood or metal wood type golf club heads having an improved sole configuration.
  • The way the sole of a golf club impacts the ground surface during the execution of a golf shot often determines the ball flight and the overall results of the shot. The leading edge of a golf club head is the edge at the interface of the bottom sole and lower portion of the ball striking face. It is well known in order to prevent the leading edge from digging into the ground at impact with a golf ball, the bottom sole configuration is formed with a downwardly extending, angular surface toward the rear edge of the club head that raises the leading edge above the ground. This is known in the art as the bounce of the club head, the bounce angle being the angle of the bottom sole relative to the horizontal when the club head is in a normal address position prior to the execution of a golf swing. Therefore, golf clubs with different bounce characteristics will react differently with the ground surface as the club head impacts with the ground during a golf shot.
  • Typically, a golf club with a higher bounce angle is considered to have more bounce. Typical bounce angles vary between 6 and 12 degrees. However, the effective bounce of a club head may also vary by changing the overall length of the bounce surface that engages the ground. For example, a larger bounce angle combined with a shorter bounce surface will create the same effective bounce as a lesser bounce angle with a wider ground engaging surface, since each structure will raise the leading edge of the club head the same height above the ground support surface. Bounce is particularly useful for golf clubs that are used to hit shots out of sand bunkers to enable the club to be swung down and through the sand without digging too deeply therein.
  • Even when a golf ball lies on smoothly cut grass or turf, the bounce and sole configuration will effect the results of the golf shot. This is particularly true when more severe conditions are encountered, such as extremely hard or soft surfaces. For example, when a golf club impacts a hard surface, the club head will tend to bounce resulting in the golf ball being hit thin resulting in a lower golf shot. When a ground surface is soft, a golf club may embed in the ground resulting in the loss of club head speed causing the golf ball to fly short of the intended target. Prior art golf club heads have been made with bottom sole configurations to control the way a golf club head reacts with the ground for the purpose of better controlling a golf shot.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is a metal wood type golf club head of conventional design with an improved sole configuration to increase the effective bounce of the club head. The bottom sole surface is formed in separate sections. A first forward sole section is located directly behind the leading edge of the club head and extends partway to the rear of the club head. The forward sole section is formed of a generally flat or planar land area at an angle downward from the horizontal when the club head is in a normal address position just prior to the execution of a golf shot. This angle is the bounce angle and raises the leading edge above the ground surface. The forward section provides a frictional surface that impacts the ground as a golf ball is hit with the club head. The bounce angle of the forward section prevents the club head from digging into the turf or ground and actually causes the club head to bounce. The bottom sole includes at least a second section behind the forward sole bounce section. The second section extends upwardly and inwardly and recesses into the club head body so it is raised above the ground surface with the club head at the address position. There is less friction on the second section surface since it is raised relative to the ground as a golf ball is hit by the club head. The raised second section preferably has an aerodynamic or airfoil shape that traps air between the bottom sole and ground creating lift and increasing club head speed.
  • Another feature of the sole structure is increased mass low on the club head because of the increased surface area and thickness of the metal wood shell in the lower areas. This produces a higher trajectory ball flight for a given loft angle of the clubface. This, in turn, allows for a lower loft angle for a given ball flight resulting in increased distance for a given swing force. Because of this combination of bounce, loft angle and lower weight, lower lofted clubs, such as drivers, may be used in the fairway resulting in longer golf shots for a given swing force.
  • In various embodiments, the club head may be provided with a rear edge of the bottom sole that rests the club head on the ground for increases stability. The club head may have a flat mid section to stabilize the club at address. Similarly the bottom sole of the club head may have a forward or bounce section of various sizes and bounce angles.
  • The present invention is particularly adaptable for metal wood type golf clubs and in particular to fairway woods. The invention is also adapted for driver type golf clubs and allows drivers to hit a golf ball off closely cut fairway grasses.
  • Among the objects of the present invention is the provision of a metal wood golf club head with an improved bottom sole configuration having a reduced frictional surface.
  • Another object of the present invention is the provision of a metal wood having an improved sole configuration to facilitate hitting a golf ball from a fairway grass surface.
  • Another object of the present invention is the provision of a metal wood golf club head with an improved bottom sole configuration with a bounce angle at the leading edge.
  • Still another object of the present invention is the provision of a metal wood golf club head with an improved bottom sole configuration having an aerodynamic lower surface.
  • Yet another object of the present invention is the provision of a metal wood golf club head with an improved bottom sole configuration allowing a driver lofted club to be used from the fairway grass.
  • These and other objects will become apparent with reference to the following specification and accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a toe side elevational view of a metal wood type golf club head in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a bottom view thereof.
  • FIG. 3 is a front elevational view thereof FIG. 4 is a top plan view thereof.
  • FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 4.
  • FIG. 6 is a view of three sizes of metal wood golf clubs of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a toe side elevational view of another embodiment of a metal wood golf club head in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is a bottom view of the club head of FIG. 7.
  • FIG. 9 is a toe side elevational view of another embodiment of a metal wood golf club head in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 10 is a bottom view of the club head of FIG. 9.
  • FIG. 11 is a toe side elevational view of another embodiment of a metal wood golf club head in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 12 is a bottom view of the club head of FIG. 11.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Detailed embodiments of the present invention are disclosed herein. It should be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention, which may be embodied in various forms. Therefore the details disclosed are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely form a basis for the claims and as a basis for teaching one of ordinary skill in the art how to make and/or use the invention.
  • Referring to the drawings, FIGS. 1 to 5 disclose a metal wood golf club head100 of the present invention formed with a body portion 102 made of a hard metal material, forming a metal shell 104. The club head 100 includes a ball striking face 106, heel 108, toe 110, rear face 112, top crown 114, and bottom sole 116. The club head 100 is preferably formed with a hosel 118 connected to a conventional shaft 120 of any suitable length and handle or grip (not shown) on the upper end thereof.
  • The bottom sole 116 is formed in separate sections. A first forward sole section 122 is located directly behind the leading edge 124 of the club head 100 and extends partway to the rear face 112 of the club head 100. The forward sole section 122 is formed of a flat or planar land area at an angle downward from the horizontal when the club head 100 is in a normal address position just prior to the execution of a golf shot. This angle is the bounce angle and raises the leading edge 124 above the ground surface. The bounce angle extends from the leading edge 124 to the rear edge 125 of the forward sole section 122. The bounce angle may be as little as three degrees and as much as 12-15 degrees depending upon the overall front to rear width of the forward sole bounce section 122, the loft and size of the club head 100. The forward section 122 provides a frictional surface that impacts the ground when a golf ball is struck by the club head 100. The bounce angle of the forward section 122 prevents the leading edge 124 of the club head 100 from digging into the turf or ground surface and actually causes the club head 100 to bounce slightly, thereby maintaining the club head on plane without interference with the ground.
  • The bottom sole 116 includes a mid-section 126 behind or rearward of the forward sole bounce section 122. The mid-section 126 extends upwardly and inwardly and recesses into the club head body 102 to the extent that it is raised above the ground surface with the club head 100 at the address position. The bottom sole 116 preferably may be provided with a rear edge 128 having at least a portion that rests the club head 100 on the ground for increased stability. Raising the mid-section 126 above the ground provides less friction on the surface of the mid-section 126 since it is raised higher than the forward sole bounce section 122 that, in turn, reduces the overall friction across the bottom sole surface 116 of the club head 100 as the club head 100 is swung. The raised mid-section126 preferably has an aerodynamic or airfoil shape that traps air between the bottom sole 116 and ground creating lift and increasing club head speed.
  • As seen in the sectional view of FIG. 5, the thickness of the bottom sole 116 of the club head 100 is greater than the upper portions of the club head 100 resulting in increased weight at the lower areas of the club head 100, that, in turn, facilitates hitting a golf ball higher into the air. The bounce configuration of the forward sole section 122 allows a golfer to hit a golf ball from a flat surface, such as closely mown fairway grass or even a dirt surface, without the leading edge 124 of the club head 100 digging into the surface. Therefore a golfer may hit a driver type club, typically with a face loft angle between 8 to 12 degrees, from a flat surface without a tee. This enables a shot to be hit from a fairway lie where greater distance is needed in order to reach the green and reduces the likelihood of taking a divot that would reduce club head speed and promote a miss hit.
  • In the present embodiment, the club head 100 includes a third rear section 128 on the bottom sole 116 that touches the ground to stabilize the club head 100.
  • FIG. 6 illustrates a series of golf club heads 200, 210 and 220, representing a driver, three wood and five wood respectively. It will be appreciated that the structure of the present invention is equally applicable to any size, shape and loft metal wood. The above illustrations are illustrative only and are deemed limiting to specific shapes, sizes and lofts.
  • FIGS. 7 and 8 illustrate a golf club head 300 that is essentially the same as the club head of FIGS. 1 to 5 except for the bottom sole 316. In this embodiment, a forward section 322 of the bottom sole 316 extends approximately half way between the leading edge 324 and the rear face 312. The forward section 322 includes a bounce angle of a lesser degree than the bounce angle of the previous embodiment, the extended length of the forward section being sufficient to raise the ball striking face 306 of the club head 300 above the ground surface. A rear section 326 of the bottom sole 316 extends upwardly into the club head 300 so as to be raised above the ground surface to reduce friction and provide an aerodynamic airflow surface.
  • FIGS. 9 and 10 illustrate a golf club head 400 that is essentially the same as the club head of FIGS. 1 to 5 except for the bottom sole 416. In this embodiment, the bottom sole 416 includes a forward section 422 that includes a bounce angle sufficient to raise the ball striking face 406 of the club head 400 above the ground surface. A center portion 426 of the bottom sole 416 is flat and is used to support the club head on the grass or other ground support surface prior to the execution of a golf shot. A rear section 428 of the bottom sole 416 extends upwardly into the club head 400 and is raised above the ground surface to reduce friction and provide an aerodynamic flow surface.
  • FIG. 11 and 12 illustrate still another golf club head 500 that is also essentially the same as the club head of FIG. 1 to 5 except for the bottom sole 516. In this embodiment, the bottom sole 516 includes a forward section 522 with a bounce angle as described herein above. A plurality of slots or channels 524 are provided between the forward section 522 and the rear face 512. The slots 524 are oriented in a front to rear direction on the bottom sole 516. The slots reduce friction and provide an aerodynamic flow surface for the club head 500 as it is swung during the execution of a golf shot.
  • While various embodiments have been shown and described, it will be understood there is no intent to limit the invention by such disclosure. All modifications and alternate constructions of woods and metal woods having a bottom sole with a bounce section are included within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the following claims.

Claims (11)

1. A metal wood type golf club head including a club head body and means for attachment to a golf shaft, said club head body including a frontal ball striking face having a center of percussion thereon, a rear face, a heel, toe, and top crown, wherein the improvement comprises: a bottom sole having a forward bounce angle section and at least one additional rear section; said forward section being defined by a generally flat friction surface with a bounce angle extending downwardly from said frontal ball striking face to a rear edge of said forward bounce angle section; and, said rear section being raised upwardly relative to said forward section and recessed into said club head body providing an area of reduced friction relative to said forward bounce angle section.
2. The metal wood type golf club head of claim 1, wherein said bottom sole is formed of a mid section and a rear section between said forward section and said rear face.
3. The metal wood type golf club head of claim 2, wherein said mid section is recessed into said club head body.
4. The metal wood type golf club head of claim 3, wherein said rear section includes at least a portion designed to rest on a ground surface.
5. The metal wood type golf club head of claim 2, wherein said mid section is flat to provide a support area for said club head that rests on a ground surface.
6. The metal wood type golf club head of claim 5, wherein said rear section is recessed into said club head body.
7. The metal wood type golf club head of claim 1, wherein said forward section with the bounce angle formed thereon extends approximately midway between said frontal ball striking face and said rear face.
8. The metal wood type golf club head of claim 7, wherein said rear section is recessed upwardly into said club head body.
9. The metal wood type golf club head of claim 1, wherein said bounce angle is formed in a range of three to 15 degrees.
10. The metal wood golf club head of claim 1, wherein said rear section includes at least one slot extending in a front to rear direction said rear face and said bottom sole.
11. The metal wood golf club head of claim 10 being further defined by a plurality of generally parallel slots extending in a front to rear direction on said bottom sole.
US11/264,390 2005-11-02 2005-11-02 Sole configuration for metal wood golf club Abandoned US20070099726A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/264,390 US20070099726A1 (en) 2005-11-02 2005-11-02 Sole configuration for metal wood golf club

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/264,390 US20070099726A1 (en) 2005-11-02 2005-11-02 Sole configuration for metal wood golf club
US12/355,053 US20090124410A1 (en) 2005-11-02 2009-01-16 Sole configuration for metal wood golf club

Related Parent Applications (1)

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US10/615,635 Continuation-In-Part US6972715B2 (en) 2002-07-08 2003-07-08 Dive computer with global positioning system receiver

Related Child Applications (2)

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US12/170,871 Division US20090090199A1 (en) 2002-07-08 2008-07-10 Dive computer with global positioning system receiver
US12/355,053 Continuation-In-Part US20090124410A1 (en) 2005-11-02 2009-01-16 Sole configuration for metal wood golf club

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US20070099726A1 true US20070099726A1 (en) 2007-05-03

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080176674A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2008-07-24 Roger Cleveland Golf Co., Inc. Golf club head
US7758453B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2010-07-20 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US9443039B2 (en) 2002-07-08 2016-09-13 Pelagic Pressure Systems Corp. Systems and methods for dive computers with remote upload capabilities
US9616982B2 (en) 2002-07-08 2017-04-11 Pelagic Pressure Systems Corp. Dive computer with global positioning system receiver
US20180154225A1 (en) * 2012-09-14 2018-06-07 Acushnet Company Golf club head with flexure
US10245485B2 (en) 2010-06-01 2019-04-02 Taylor Made Golf Company Inc. Golf club head having a stress reducing feature with aperture
US10300350B2 (en) 2010-06-01 2019-05-28 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Golf club having sole stress reducing feature
US10369429B2 (en) 2010-06-01 2019-08-06 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Golf club head having a stress reducing feature and shaft connection system socket
US10422781B2 (en) 2006-12-28 2019-09-24 Pelagic Pressure Systems Corp. Dive computers with multiple diving modes

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1541126A (en) * 1923-03-24 1925-06-09 Dunn William Golf club
US1868286A (en) * 1930-04-11 1932-07-19 Frederick W Grieve Golf club
US2014829A (en) * 1933-04-24 1935-09-17 Leonard A Young Golf club
US4850593A (en) * 1988-09-26 1989-07-25 Nelson Alan F Reduced drag club head for a wood type golf club
USD354103S (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-01-03 Vardon Golf Company, Inc. Golf club head
US5467988A (en) * 1991-10-18 1995-11-21 Nicklaus Golf Equipment Company, L.C. Golf club head
USD372063S (en) * 1994-07-07 1996-07-23 Golf club head
US5573469A (en) * 1994-08-05 1996-11-12 Daiwa Seiko, Inc. Gulf club head
US6123627A (en) * 1998-05-21 2000-09-26 Antonious; Anthony J. Golf club head with reinforcing outer support system having weight inserts
US6383090B1 (en) * 2000-04-28 2002-05-07 O'doherty J. Bryan Golf clubs
US20040121852A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2004-06-24 K.K. Endo Seisakusho Golf club
US20050014576A1 (en) * 2002-12-26 2005-01-20 Mizuno Corporation Golf club head and golf club

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1541126A (en) * 1923-03-24 1925-06-09 Dunn William Golf club
US1868286A (en) * 1930-04-11 1932-07-19 Frederick W Grieve Golf club
US2014829A (en) * 1933-04-24 1935-09-17 Leonard A Young Golf club
US4850593A (en) * 1988-09-26 1989-07-25 Nelson Alan F Reduced drag club head for a wood type golf club
US4850593B1 (en) * 1988-09-26 1996-12-10 Alan F Nelson Reduced drag club head for a wood type golf club
US5467988A (en) * 1991-10-18 1995-11-21 Nicklaus Golf Equipment Company, L.C. Golf club head
USD354103S (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-01-03 Vardon Golf Company, Inc. Golf club head
USD372063S (en) * 1994-07-07 1996-07-23 Golf club head
US5573469A (en) * 1994-08-05 1996-11-12 Daiwa Seiko, Inc. Gulf club head
US6123627A (en) * 1998-05-21 2000-09-26 Antonious; Anthony J. Golf club head with reinforcing outer support system having weight inserts
US6383090B1 (en) * 2000-04-28 2002-05-07 O'doherty J. Bryan Golf clubs
US20040121852A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2004-06-24 K.K. Endo Seisakusho Golf club
US20050014576A1 (en) * 2002-12-26 2005-01-20 Mizuno Corporation Golf club head and golf club

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10407143B2 (en) 2002-07-08 2019-09-10 Pelagic Pressure Systems Corp. Systems and methods for dive computers with remote upload capabilities
US10183731B2 (en) 2002-07-08 2019-01-22 Pelagic Pressure Systems Corp. Underwater warnings
US9443039B2 (en) 2002-07-08 2016-09-13 Pelagic Pressure Systems Corp. Systems and methods for dive computers with remote upload capabilities
US9616982B2 (en) 2002-07-08 2017-04-11 Pelagic Pressure Systems Corp. Dive computer with global positioning system receiver
US10422781B2 (en) 2006-12-28 2019-09-24 Pelagic Pressure Systems Corp. Dive computers with multiple diving modes
US20100255932A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2010-10-07 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US8029385B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2011-10-04 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US7758453B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2010-07-20 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US7803067B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2010-09-28 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US20080176674A1 (en) * 2008-02-21 2008-07-24 Roger Cleveland Golf Co., Inc. Golf club head
US10300350B2 (en) 2010-06-01 2019-05-28 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Golf club having sole stress reducing feature
US10369429B2 (en) 2010-06-01 2019-08-06 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Golf club head having a stress reducing feature and shaft connection system socket
US10245485B2 (en) 2010-06-01 2019-04-02 Taylor Made Golf Company Inc. Golf club head having a stress reducing feature with aperture
US10343033B2 (en) * 2012-09-14 2019-07-09 Acushnet Company Golf club head with flexure
US20180154225A1 (en) * 2012-09-14 2018-06-07 Acushnet Company Golf club head with flexure

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