US20070028554A1 - High strength runner - Google Patents

High strength runner Download PDF

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Publication number
US20070028554A1
US20070028554A1 US11/499,035 US49903506A US2007028554A1 US 20070028554 A1 US20070028554 A1 US 20070028554A1 US 49903506 A US49903506 A US 49903506A US 2007028554 A1 US2007028554 A1 US 2007028554A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
web
stitch
fin
grid tee
central
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11/499,035
Inventor
James Ferrell
Richard McClain
Scott Jankovec
Peter Jahn
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chicago Metallic Corp
Original Assignee
Chicago Metallic Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US70575805P priority Critical
Application filed by Chicago Metallic Corp filed Critical Chicago Metallic Corp
Priority to US11/499,035 priority patent/US20070028554A1/en
Assigned to CHICAGO METALLIC CORPORATION reassignment CHICAGO METALLIC CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MCCLAIN, RICHARD, MR., FERRELL, JAMES, MR., JAHN, PETER G., MR., JANKOVEC, SCOTT G., MR.
Publication of US20070028554A1 publication Critical patent/US20070028554A1/en
Priority claimed from US12/024,412 external-priority patent/US20080148668A1/en
Priority claimed from US12/816,441 external-priority patent/US20110078968A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B9/00Ceilings; Construction of ceilings, e.g. false ceilings; Ceiling construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B9/06Ceilings; Construction of ceilings, e.g. false ceilings; Ceiling construction with regard to insulation characterised by constructional features of the supporting construction, e.g. cross section or material of framework members
    • E04B9/065Ceilings; Construction of ceilings, e.g. false ceilings; Ceiling construction with regard to insulation characterised by constructional features of the supporting construction, e.g. cross section or material of framework members comprising supporting beams having a folded cross-section
    • E04B9/067Ceilings; Construction of ceilings, e.g. false ceilings; Ceiling construction with regard to insulation characterised by constructional features of the supporting construction, e.g. cross section or material of framework members comprising supporting beams having a folded cross-section with inverted T-shaped cross-section
    • E04B9/068Ceilings; Construction of ceilings, e.g. false ceilings; Ceiling construction with regard to insulation characterised by constructional features of the supporting construction, e.g. cross section or material of framework members comprising supporting beams having a folded cross-section with inverted T-shaped cross-section with double web
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B9/00Ceilings; Construction of ceilings, e.g. false ceilings; Ceiling construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B9/18Means for suspending the supporting construction
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0408Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by assembly or the cross-section
    • E04C2003/0413Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by assembly or the cross-section being built up from several parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0426Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by material distribution in cross section
    • E04C2003/0439Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by material distribution in cross section the cross-section comprising open parts and hollow parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/04Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal
    • E04C2003/0404Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects
    • E04C2003/0443Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of metal beams, girders, or joists characterised by cross-sectional aspects characterised by substantial shape of the cross-section
    • E04C2003/046L- or T-shaped

Abstract

A suspended ceiling grid beam is provided that has an increased beam height to provide enhanced resistance to downward deflection. The beam has a cross-section generally in the form of an inverted T, with a central web, a pair of panel support flanges extending from one edge of the web, and a reinforcing bulb extending from the other edge of the web. The reinforcing bulb has a generally planar, fin-like structure extending therefrom opposite to and generally co-planar with the central web.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/705,758, filed Aug. 5, 2005, which is incorporated herein by reference.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a beam or runner having a generally inverted T cross section that is used in a support grid for suspended ceilings.
  • Suspended ceilings typically require a support grid comprising a plurality of interconnected beams for supporting ceiling tiles or panels, light fixtures, air diffusers, etc. The beams, also referred to as runners or tees, are generally inverted T-shaped with a reinforcing bulb at the top, a vertical web extending downwardly from the bulb, and opposed horizontal flanges at the bottom of the web for supporting drop-end ceiling panels. In standard practice, the height of the beam, as measured from the top of the flange to the top of the beam, is approximately 1-½ inches, so as to accommodate the frames of conventional fluorescent ceiling light fixtures. The beams are typically made in a roll-forming operation from a flat strip of sheet metal, as is well known in the art.
  • It is well known that resistance to downward deflection in a beam can be increased by increasing the height of the beam, thus increasing the moment of inertia of the beam. Modifications to suspended ceiling beams have been proposed to increase the beam height. See, U.S. Pat. No. 6,138,416, where the beam is formed with a peak or angle at the top of the bulb to both increase the height of the beam and to accommodate the frame of a lighting fixture that may be supported by the beam.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • By way of the present invention, an improved beam configuration is provided that has an increased beam height to provide enhanced resistance to downward deflection. The beam or grid tee has a cross-section generally in the form of an inverted T, with a central web, a pair of panel support flanges extending from one edge of the web, and a reinforcing bulb extending from the other edge of the web. In keeping with an aspect of the invention, the reinforcing bulb has a generally planar, “fin-like” structure extending therefrom opposite to and generally co-planar with the central web.
  • The fin has narrow width in comparison with the width of the reinforcing bulb. In a first embodiment, the fin is generally planar. In a second embodiment, the fin is more in the shape of a drop, with the narrow portion of the drop being adjacent to the reinforcing bulb.
  • In keeping with another aspect of the invention, the two layers forming the web of the beam are stitched together to provide additional resistance to torque.
  • Other features and advantages will become apparent upon reference to the drawings and detailed description.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIGS. 1-5 show cross-sectional views of five different embodiments of suspended ceiling grid beam that include a reinforcing fin in accordance with the present invention. reinforcing fin in accordance with the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a beam according to the present invention, in which the fin includes a hole for receiving the hanger wire for suspending the beam.
  • FIG. 7 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of the strengthening fin taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 6.
  • FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a beam according to the present invention showing a stitching method in which the web of the beam has a series of horizontal stitches with a vertical cut therein spaced at intervals along the length of the runner.
  • FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of a stitch taken along line 9-9 of FIG. 8.
  • FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of the stitch prior to having the vertical cut being made therein.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • With reference to FIGS. 1-5, a runner or tee 10 for use in a suspended ceiling is disclosed comprising a reinforcing bead or bulb 12, a central web 16, and a pair of opposed flanges 26 for supporting ceiling panels or tiles, with a cap 27 covering the exposed portions of the flanges 26, all as is well known in the art.
  • In keeping with one aspect of the invention, the bulb 12 of the runner 10 is modified to provide for a greater beam height than the standard runner configuration. This is accomplished by forming the bulb 12 with a central fin 14. While the bulb 12 typically has a rectangular cross-sectional shape, as seen in FIGS. 1-4, other cross-sectional shapes are contemplated, such as the I-beam or dog-bone shape seen in FIG. 5, in which the bulb has a relatively narrow central portion between an enlarged top and bottom. The fin 14 extends from the bulb 12 generally opposite to, and coplanar with, the web 16 of the runner. This provides for greater strength, and thus greater resistance to deflection, than a runner of identical configuration but without the fin. The fin 14 preferably has a generally flat configuration (as seen in FIGS. 1-3), and is narrow in width as compared to the width of the strengthening bulb 12. However, other narrow configurations may be used for the fin 14, such as the inverted drop shape seen in FIGS. 4 and 5. The fin 14 may be of different heights, with the overall height of the runner or tee being maintained, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. Thus, while the total height of the tee is a predetermined value, the heights of each of the bulb 12 and fin 14 may vary.
  • The enhanced strength provided by the fin configuration permits the runner to be formed of thinner material than the prior art runner without compromising the beam strength of the runner. This results in a runner that is more economical to manufacture (because less material is required) is easier to handle, particularly in bulk or carton quantities (because each runner is lighter in weight), and is easier to cut.
  • The fin 14 also facilitates the creation of a runner suitable for long spans by stacking a second, inverted, runner on top of the first runner, with their fins 14 lying along each other, and preferably secured to each other through the fins. Such a configuration can also be used to create a coffer.
  • With reference to FIG. 3, the fin 14 can be reinforced by introducing an elongated strengthening element 18 of the same material of the remainder of the runner that is bonded in place between the opposed faces of the two layers that comprise the fin by, e.g., adhesive, solder, spot welding, plasma welding, toggle locks, or by stitching or the creation of embossed hanger wire holes in the fin, as discussed below.
  • To provide the beam with added resistance to torque, the two layers of the web are preferably secured to each other by means of locking stitches or lances that mechanically join together the two layers of the web. See, e.g., U.S. Pat. No. 4,489,529, which is incorporated herein by reference. This patent shows the web of a suspended ceiling beam fastened together by either a horizontal or a vertical stitch.
  • The stitch 20 may be of any configuration known in the art, but is preferably of the configuration shown in FIGS. 8 and 9. FIGS. 8 and 9 show a 2-axis stitch 20 applied at spaced intervals along the length of the web. This stitch 20 includes a vertical cut 21 to resist motion in the horizontal direction.
  • The stitches 20 are preferably made as part of the roll forming operation for the beam in which the beam is passed between a pair of cooperating rollers. One roller has a series of small punches with opposed cutting edges spaced around its circumference, while the other roller has a continuous circumferential groove aligned so that the punches penetrate the groove. Thus, in a first roll pass, the web passes through the rollers, and the punches in the first wheel cut out parallel slots and displace a slug out of the plane of the web and into the groove of the second roller, with the slug from one of the layers protruding through the hole in the other layer to form a horizontally-oriented D-shaped stitch, when viewed in horizontal section as shown in FIG. 10. This resists vertical displacement between the two layers of the vertical web. See also U.S. Pat. No. 6,047,511, FIGS. 1-2 a and associated description, and U.S. Pat. No. 5,979,055, FIGS. 1-3 and associated description, both of which are incorporated by reference.
  • The beam is then passed through a second pair of rollers in which one of the rollers has an edge that creates a vertical displacement in the D-stitch formed in the first roll pass to complete the stitch. As shown in FIG. 9, the illustrated stitch includes a vertical cut that completely severs the layers of the web. However, this is not required and the second roll pass operation may simply press a central portion of the D-shaped stitch back into the plane of the layers forming the web.
  • As shown in FIG. 7, the fin 14 is preferably provided with a series of spaced holes 22 for receiving the hanger wire 24 for suspending the assembled grid from the ceiling. Preferably, the series of holes 22 is spaced so that a hole 22 is aligned with apertures in the web of the beam for receiving the cross beams. Having the fin 14, rather than the web 16, carry the hanger wire allows for the hanger wire to be aligned with the cross-tee and for the hanger wire to be more tightly wrapped about itself. This, in turn, lessens the likelihood of damaging the edges of the ceiling tiles by the hanger wire when the tiles are dropped into place on the flanges 26 of the runner 10 because there is greater clearance. The greater clearance also facilitates faster installation of the ceiling tile. The hanger holes 22 are also preferably formed as part of an embossment 28 for additional strength. The embossment 28 also provides a tapered hole, which allows easier hanger wire insertion.
  • Thus, an improved beam for a suspended ceiling grid has been provided. While the invention has been described in terms of certain preferred embodiments, there is no intent to limit the invention to the same. Instead, the invention is defined by the scope of the following claims.

Claims (13)

1. A grid tee for a suspended ceiling having a cross-section generally in the form of an inverted T with a central web with first and second opposed edges, a pair of panel support flanges extending from the first edge of the web, a reinforcing bulb extending from the second edge of the web, and a fin that is generally co-planar with the central web extending from the reinforcing bulb opposite to the central web.
2. The grid tee of claim 1 wherein the fin and the reinforcing bulb each having a height that is variable, with the sum of the heights of the fin and the bulb being a predetermined value.
3. The grid tee of claim 1 wherein the fin comprises a double layer web with a reinforcing strip disposed between the layers.
4. The grid-tee of claim 1 wherein the fin includes a series of spaced apertures adapted to receive hangar wire for suspending the grid tee.
5. The grid tee of claim 1 wherein the fin includes a series of spaced embossments, each embossment having an aperture adapted to receive a hangar wire for suspending the grid tee.
6. The grid tee of claim 1 wherein the fin has an inverted, drop-shaped cross section.
7. The grid tee of claim 1 wherein the web comprises a double layer, the layers being secured together by a plurality of stitches at spaced intervals along the web, the stitches being formed with a pair of opposed horizontally oriented cuts through the two layers of the web and each stitch including a vertical displacement to resist motion in a horizontal direction.
8. The grid tee of claim 7 wherein the vertical displacement in each stitch comprises a vertical cut through the stitch.
9. The grid tee of claim 7 wherein the vertical displacement in each stitch comprises a central portion of each stitch being displaced back into a plane defined by the layers of the web.
10. A grid tee for a suspended ceiling, having a cross-section generally in the form of an inverted T with a central double layer web having first and second opposed edges, a pair of panel support flanges extending from a first edge of the web, a reinforcing bulb extending from the second edge of the web, and a plurality of stitches at spaced intervals in the web to secure the layers together, the stitches being formed with a pair of opposed, horizontally oriented cuts through the two layers of the web and each stitch including a vertical displacement to resist motion in a horizontal direction.
11. The grid tee of claim 10 wherein the vertical displacement in each stitch comprises a vertical cut through the stitch.
12. The grid tee of claim 10 wherein the vertical displacement in each stitch comprises a central portion of each stitch being displaced back into a plane defined by the layers of the web.
13. A grid tee for a suspended ceiling having a cross-section generally in the form of an inverted T with a central web with first and second opposed edges, a pair of support flanges extending from the first edge of the web, and a reinforcing bulb extending from the second edge of the web, the reinforcing bulb having a cross section with a narrow central portion and a relatively wider top and bottom portion.
US11/499,035 2005-08-05 2006-08-04 High strength runner Abandoned US20070028554A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US70575805P true 2005-08-05 2005-08-05
US11/499,035 US20070028554A1 (en) 2005-08-05 2006-08-04 High strength runner

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/499,035 US20070028554A1 (en) 2005-08-05 2006-08-04 High strength runner
US12/024,412 US20080148668A1 (en) 2005-08-05 2008-02-01 Grid tee for suspended ceiling
US12/816,441 US20110078968A1 (en) 2005-08-05 2010-06-16 Single Strip - Double Web Ceiling Grid Member

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/612,002 Continuation-In-Part US20070175152A1 (en) 2005-12-20 2006-12-18 Single strip - double web ceiling grid member
US12/024,412 Continuation-In-Part US20080148668A1 (en) 2005-08-05 2008-02-01 Grid tee for suspended ceiling

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US20070028554A1 true US20070028554A1 (en) 2007-02-08

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US11/499,035 Abandoned US20070028554A1 (en) 2005-08-05 2006-08-04 High strength runner

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CA (1) CA2617377A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2007019523A2 (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070113507A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2007-05-24 Lehane James J Jr Compressed dovetail lance
US20070125038A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2007-06-07 Lehane James J Jr Grid tee for suspension ceiling
US20100077687A1 (en) * 2008-09-26 2010-04-01 Jankovec Scott G Rotary stitch for joining sheet metal stock
US20100257807A1 (en) * 2009-04-09 2010-10-14 Usg Interiors, Inc. Extended short span tee for drywall ceiling
US20110023400A1 (en) * 2008-01-11 2011-02-03 Usg Interiors, Inc. Grid members for a suspended ceiling and methods of making same
US20110078968A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2011-04-07 James Ferrell Single Strip - Double Web Ceiling Grid Member
USD668352S1 (en) 2008-01-11 2012-10-02 Usg Interiors, Llc Suspended ceiling wall angle
US8397462B2 (en) 2011-06-03 2013-03-19 Usg Interiors, Llc Open web grid runner
US20140301133A1 (en) * 2013-04-03 2014-10-09 Maxlinear, Inc. Method and system for a high-density, low-cost, cmos compatible memory
US9021759B2 (en) 2012-06-13 2015-05-05 Usg Interiors, Llc Serpentine insert for open web grid
US9371649B2 (en) 2013-02-14 2016-06-21 Giuseppe Cipriani Support metal structure of a false ceiling
US9376811B2 (en) * 2012-07-27 2016-06-28 Giuseppe Cipriani Bar for a support structure for a false ceiling and production process for producing the bar
US9593482B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2017-03-14 Giuseppe Cipriani Bar of a support structure for a false ceiling and working process for working the bar
USD829345S1 (en) * 2016-11-14 2018-09-25 Certainteed Ceilings Corporation Support member for ceiling system

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2698081C (en) * 2010-03-30 2012-05-29 Corruven Canada Inc. Suspended ceiling system and runner therefore

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US20110078968A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2011-04-07 James Ferrell Single Strip - Double Web Ceiling Grid Member
US20070125038A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2007-06-07 Lehane James J Jr Grid tee for suspension ceiling
US20080134611A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2008-06-12 Usg Interiors, Inc. Grid tee for suspension ceiling
US7516585B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2009-04-14 Usg Interiors, Inc. Grid tee for suspension ceiling
US20090158684A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2009-06-25 Usg Interiors, Inc. Grid tee for suspension ceiling
US8266860B2 (en) * 2005-11-21 2012-09-18 Usg Interiors, Llc Grid tee for suspension ceiling
US7832168B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2010-11-16 Usg Interiors, Inc. Grid tee for suspension ceiling
US7797903B2 (en) * 2005-11-21 2010-09-21 Usg Interiors, Inc. Compressed dovetail lance
US20070113507A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2007-05-24 Lehane James J Jr Compressed dovetail lance
US8424268B2 (en) 2008-01-11 2013-04-23 Usg Interiors, Llc Grid members for a suspended ceiling and methods of making same
US20110023400A1 (en) * 2008-01-11 2011-02-03 Usg Interiors, Inc. Grid members for a suspended ceiling and methods of making same
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US9371649B2 (en) 2013-02-14 2016-06-21 Giuseppe Cipriani Support metal structure of a false ceiling
US9593482B2 (en) 2013-03-08 2017-03-14 Giuseppe Cipriani Bar of a support structure for a false ceiling and working process for working the bar
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CA2617377A1 (en) 2007-02-15
WO2007019523A2 (en) 2007-02-15

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