US20060290792A1 - Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products - Google Patents

Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20060290792A1
US20060290792A1 US11169220 US16922005A US2006290792A1 US 20060290792 A1 US20060290792 A1 US 20060290792A1 US 11169220 US11169220 US 11169220 US 16922005 A US16922005 A US 16922005A US 2006290792 A1 US2006290792 A1 US 2006290792A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
size
image
output image
primary image
cropped
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
US11169220
Other versions
US8106956B2 (en )
Inventor
Jarno Nikkanen
Ossi Kalevo
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nokia Technologies Oy
Original Assignee
Nokia Oyj
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/262Studio circuits, e.g. for mixing, switching-over, change of character of image, other special effects ; Cameras specially adapted for the electronic generation of special effects
    • H04N5/2628Alteration of picture size, shape, position or orientation, e.g. zooming, rotation, rolling, perspective, translation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/225Television cameras ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules specially adapted for being embedded in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/232Devices for controlling television cameras, e.g. remote control ; Control of cameras comprising an electronic image sensor
    • H04N5/23296Control of means for changing angle of the field of view, e.g. optical zoom objective, electronic zooming or combined use of optical and electronic zooming

Abstract

An digital camera device is disclosed having a digital zoom function in order to form an output image, which device includes a sensor and optics to produce an primary image, a display in which the primary image is arranged to be cropped in connection with the digital zoom function in order to form the said output image, user interface means to set one or more settings relating to the digital zoom function and a image processor which is arranged to put a size for the said output image based on the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range. In the user interface is arranged to be set as the said setting one or more size limit for the said output image and based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image, the image processor is arranged to perform scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit. In addition the invention also relates to corresponding methods and program products.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention concerns digital camera device having a digital zoom function in order to form an output image, which device includes
      • a sensor and optics to produce an primary image,
      • a display in which the primary image is arranged to be cropped in connection with the digital zoom function in order to form the said output image,
      • user interface means to set one or more settings relating to the digital zoom function and
      • a image processor which is arranged to put a size for the said output image based on the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range.
  • In addition, the invention also concerns methods and corresponding program products.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Zoom is used in digital cameras to crop out uninteresting parts of the view and to enlarge the interesting part of the view. Optical zoom genuinely enlarges the image and introduces new details and information to the image.
  • Digital zoom is also commonly included in digital cameras, either as a method to complement the optical zoom or as the sole zooming method in low-end digital cameras. Digital zoom uses the primary image that is produced by the camera optics and imaging sensor as the input, and thus digital zoom does not introduce genuine new details to the image. Digital zoom either crops the input image and thus reduces the image resolution, or crops the input image and then interpolates, or in more general, upscales the image to some higher resolution than the cropped resolution, for example, back to the original input resolution.
  • No information is lost from the ROI (Region of Interest) in the cropping but only the information outside ROI. Similarly, no genuine new information is introduced in the interpolation; new values are estimated into each location (x, y) of the output image according to certain neighbourhood of pixels that correspond to location (x, y) in the cropped input image. For example, bilinear or bicubic interpolation are typically used in connection with this measure.
  • Typically the digital zoom in digital cameras operates fairly like next. The input primary image produced by sensor and optics is cropped according to the digital zoom factor and then the cropped image is interpolated back to the original resolution in order to produce the final output image. The activation of digital zoom in UI (User Interface) varies a lot.
  • Some manufacturers have a bit more sophisticated digital zoom methods. For example, Sony has “SmartZoom” concept that is introduced in some devices [1]. It operates like fairly like this: 1) user selects output_resolution. This must be lower than the original_sensor_resolution. 2) user enables SmartZoom. 3) the user uses zoom ring to zoom (i.e. optical zoom). 4) the system crops output_resolution_sized subimage from the original image. The resolution of that is original_sensor_resolution.
  • Thus, when using SmartZoom, the minimum zoom factor i.e. optical+digital is not x1, but it is (original_sensor_resolution/output_resolution). This is bigger than x1. The maximum zoom factor is increased to {optical_zoom_factor*(original_sensor_resolution/output_resolution)}.
  • SmartZoom does not deteriorate the image quality as much as the traditional digital zoom methods, which is due to use of simple cropping instead of interpolation+downscaling combination. However, user cannot enable SmartZoom before he selects lower resolution than original_sensor_resolution as the output_resolution.
  • Also, HP PhotoSmart 935 digital camera [2] has at least following digital zoom features 1) no interpolation is used, only cropping and 2) the actual pixel size that results from the digital zoom (cropping) is displayed on the viewfinder. According to quick tests, the JPEG compression factor seems to change from a fixed setting A into fixed setting B when digital zoom is performed.
  • The prior art solutions above doesn't take into account different kind of further use applications. One of these is to produce a hard copy. Image quality problems arise due to the consecutive scaling measures that are performed in both directions (i.e. upscaling and downscaling). Problems arise also due to the fact that scaling measures are performed as postprocessing. This causes to the image, for example, artefacts.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The purpose of the present invention is to bring about ways to perform digital zooming procedure with digital camera devices. The invention is a digital zoom system (UI and system level inventions) for devices that contain digital camera sensor(s). The characteristic features of the digital camera devices according to the invention are presented in the appended claims 1, 8, 10 and 11 and the characteristic features of the methods are presented in claims 13, 20, 22 and 23. In addition, the invention also concerns program products, whose characteristic features are presented in the appended claims 25, 32, 34 and 35.
  • In the invention, when the end user performs digital imaging, the invention instructs the processor of the device how to perform a smart digital zoom function that there is always a benefit in connection with the further use or processing of the produced digital image. The digital zooming has now performed in dynamical manner. The user may set one or more size limits or size setting for the output image size based on which the suitable scaling measures are then performed.
  • The first digital camera device according to the invention has a digital zoom function in order to form an output image. The device includes a sensor and optics to produce an primary image, a display in which the primary image is arranged to be cropped in connection with the digital zoom function in order to form the said output image, user interface means to set one or more settings relating to the digital zoom function and image processor which is arranged to put a size for the said output image based on the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range. In the user interface of the device is arranged to be set as the said setting one or more size limit for the said output image and based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image, the image processor is arranged to perform scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit.
  • The second digital camera device according to the invention includes also a sensor and optics in order to produce an primary image, a display in which the primary image is arranged to be cropped in connection with the digital zoom function in order to form the said output image and image processor which is arranged to store the output image using a quality factor set for it. The quality factor is connected to the size of the cropped primary image.
  • The third digital camera device according to the invention includes also a digital zoom function in order to form an output image. The device includes a sensor and optics to produce an primary image, a display in which the primary image is arranged to be cropped in connection with the digital zoom function in order to form the said output image, user interface means to set one or more settings relating to the digital zoom function and image processor which is arranged to put a size for the said output image based on the cropping of the primary image and to store the said output image using a quality factor set for it. In the user interface is arranged to be set as the said setting one or more size limit for the said output image and based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image, the image processor is arranged to perform scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit and the said quality factor is connected to the size of the cropped primary image.
  • The fourth digital camera device according to the invention includes a digital zoom function in order to form an output image. In addition the device includes a sensor and optics to produce an primary image, a display in which the primary image is arranged to be viewed in connection with a digital imaging, user interface means to set one or more settings relating to the digital zoom function and image processor which is arranged to process the primary image in order to form the said output image. In the user interface is arranged to be set as the said setting at least one size setting for the said output image and the image processor is arranged to perform scaling operations for the primary image as the said processing in order to produce the output image having the size of the set size setting.
  • Furthermore, the invention concerns also first method to be performed in connection with a digital zoom function in order to form an output image. In the method user sets one or more settings relating to the digital zooming procedure, an primary image is produced, the primary image is cropped in connection with the digital zooming procedure in order to form the said output image, a size for the said output image is put on the basis of the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range. For the said output image is set as the said setting one or more size limit and based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image is performed scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit.
  • The invention concerns also second method to be performed in connection with a digital zooming procedure in order to form an output image in which method an primary image is produced, the primary image is cropped in connection with the digital zooming procedure in order to form the said output image and the output image is stored using a quality factor set for it. The quality factor is calculated on the basis of the size of the cropped primary image.
  • The invention concerns also third method to be performed in connection with digital zooming procedure in order to form an output image in which method user sets one or more settings relating to the digital zooming procedure, an primary image is produced, the primary image is cropped in connection with the digital zooming procedure in order to form the said output image, a size for the said output image is put on the basis of the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range and the output image is stored using a quality factor set for it. For the said output image is set as the said setting one or more size limit and based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image is performed scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit and the said quality factor is calculated on the basis of the size of the cropped primary image.
  • The invention concerns also fourth method to be performed in connection with digital zooming procedure in order to form an output image in which method user sets one or more settings relating to the digital zooming procedure, an primary image is produced and the primary image is processed in order to form the said output image. For the said output image is set as the said setting at least one size setting and for the primary image is performed scaling operations as the said processing in order to produce the output image having the size of the set size setting.
  • Furthermore, the first program product for performing digital zoom function in order to form an output image in a digital camera device includes a storing means and a program code executable by a processor and written in the storing means. The program code includes first code means configured to set one or more settings via a user interface relating to the digital zoom function, second code means configured in connection with the digital zoom function to crop in the user interface a primary image produced by an imaging means in order to form the said output image and third code means configured to put a size for the said output image on the basis of the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range. In addition, the program code also includes fourth code means configured in the user interface to set as the said setting one or more size limit for the said output image and fifth code means configured to perform scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit which scaling operations is arranged to be based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image.
  • The second program product for performing digital zoom function in order to form an output image in a digital camera device includes a storing means and a program code executable by a processor and written in the storing means, and which program code includes first code means configured in connection with the digital zoom function to crop in the user interface a primary image produced by an imaging means in order to form the said output image and second code means configured to store the output image using a quality factor set for it. In addition, the program code also includes third code means configured to determine the quality factor to be used based on the size of the cropped primary image.
  • The third program product for performing digital zoom function in order to form an output image in a digital camera device, which program product include a storing means and a program code executable by a processor and written in the storing means, which program code includes first code means configured to set one or more settings via a user interface relating to the digital zoom function, second code means configured in connection with the digital zoom function to crop in the user interface a primary image produced by an imaging means in order to form the said output image, third code means configured to put a size for the said output image on the basis of the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range and code means configured to store the output image using a quality factor set for it. The program code also includes fourth code means configured in the user interface to set as the said setting one or more size limit for the said output image, fifth code means configured to perform scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit which scaling operations is arranged to be based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image and code means configured to determine the quality factor to be used based on the size of the cropped primary image.
  • The fourth program product for performing digital zoom function in order to form an output image in a digital camera device, which program product include a storing means and a program code executable by a processor and written in the storing means, which program code includes first code means configured to set one or more settings via a user interface relating to the digital zoom function, second code means configured in connection with the digital zoom function to view in the user interface a primary image produced by an imaging means in order to form the said output image and third code means configured to process the primary image in order to form the said output image. The program code also includes fourth code means configured in the user interface to set as the said setting at least one size setting for the said output image and fifth code means configured to perform scaling operations for the primary image as the said processing in order to produce the output image having the size of the set size setting.
  • The size limit or sizes according to the invention may be, for example, a minimum size for the said output image, a maximum size for the said output image or at least one output size for an output image. Other limits are also possible. Different kinds of combinations of the listed limits above are also possible. The scaling operations may be upscaling and/or downscaling. The size limits defines which scaling operations has been performed, if any. Thus the digital zoom implemented in connection with the device may be understood certain kind of dynamical implementation. The size of the cropped area of the primary image i.e. the size of the region of interest and/or the nominal resolution of the sensor will thus contribute to the function of the digital zooming procedure.
  • Owing to the invention, numerous advantages to carry out digital zooming procedure for an image in connection with a digital imaging device are achieved. A first advantage is achieved in the usability of the camera device. The user has no more need for deep knowledge concerning the digital zoom function. The user needs only to set some size limits in the user interface of the device for the output image and then the device itself decides the suitable measure that is needed (if any) to get output result image desired for the further use.
  • The second improvement achieved with the invention is reasonable file size. Often, when the photocopy is intended to be produce from the output image, there is no need to high resolution. If the intended photocopy size is, for example, postcard size, the resolution that is required to produce a photocopy having reasonable quality is only something between 1-2 Mpix, for example.
  • Thirdly, the invention improves also the image quality in comparison to the traditional digital zoom systems in digital cameras. Improvement is introduced especially in mobile imaging devices that have less memory and processing power, and that have additional restrictions (e.g. MMS file size limitations).
  • Fourthly, the invention improves also the image quality especially in a case in which the photocopy is intended to produce from an image that is produced by a sensor having nominal resolution below than the desired photocopy size. If the scaling measures to the desired photocopy size is performed according to the invention, the advantage is achieved by reducing the amount of artefacts that would otherwise appear if the scaling measures would be performed as post-processing after the imaging process (imaging process that includes e.g. sharpening that should be done only once and only after scaling) and (lossy) image compression.
  • The invention is particularly suitable for digital imaging that is intended to produce such images which are intended to be printed as photocopies. Owing to the invention a multiple consecutive up- and downscaling operations performed for an output image are avoided that is known from the current prior art.
  • Other characteristic features of the invention will emerge from the appended Claims, and more achievable advantages are listed in the specification.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The invention, which is not limited to the embodiments to be presented in the following, will be described in greater detail by referring to the appended figures, wherein
  • FIG. 1 is a rough schematic view of a basic application example of the first digital camera device and the first program product to be arranged in connection with the first digital camera device according to the invention,
  • FIG. 2 shows some examples of cropping of a primary image in connection with the invention,
  • FIG. 3 shows a flowchart of the first application example of the first method when performing digital zooming procedure,
  • FIG. 4 shows a flowchart of the second application example of the first method when performing digital zooming procedure,
  • FIG. 5 shows a flowchart of the third application example of the first method when performing digital zooming procedure,
  • FIG. 6 shows a flowchart of the fourth application example of the first method when performing digital zooming procedure,
  • FIG. 7 shows a flowchart of the fifth application example of the first method when performing digital zooming procedure,
  • FIG. 8 is a rough schematic view of a basic application example of the second digital camera device and the second program product to be arranged in connection with the second digital camera device according to the invention,
  • FIG. 9 shows a flowchart of the first application example of the second method when performing digital zooming procedure,
  • FIG. 10 is a rough schematic view of a basic application example of the third digital camera device and the third program product to be arranged in connection with the third digital camera device according to the invention that is a combination of the devices of FIG. 1 and FIG. 8,
  • FIG. 11 shows a flowchart of the application example of the third method when performing digital zooming procedure and
  • FIG. 12 shows a flowchart of the application example of the fourth method when performing digital imaging procedure.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • FIGS. 1, 8 and 10 show some examples of portable digital camera devices 10.1-10.3 according to the invention. In general, the devices 10.1-10.3 according to the invention may be, for example, mobile devices, such as, for example, mobile phones, PDA devices (Personal Digital Assistant) or some equivalent intelligent communication devices (“smart device”). Of course, the devices 10.1-10.3 may also be digital cameras without any special communication features.
  • In their general form the devices 10.1-10.3 may include a display 11 and image processor means 12. The display may include a color display element 11, known as such (for, example, LCD or TFT), or corresponding by means of which can be show and view images OIM1-OIM3 and through which the user interface UI of the device 10.1-10.3 may be used. The display 11 may also operate as a viewfinder which the device 10.1-10.3 may have even several (optical and digital). In the viewfinder function, the display 11 may be used to view the imaging view in connection with the digital imaging when the image object is aimed with the device 10.1-10.3.
  • The image processor means may include one or several processor(s) unit(s) 12 or-corresponding by means of which are carried out the functions of the devices 10.1-10.3 in many relations. In connection with the invention these measures are focused to the digital imaging, more particularly to the digital zooming procedure. The devices 10.1-10.3 may also have one or more memories MEM, MEM' in which may be store different kind of data. Some examples of these are output images OIM1-OIM3 that are produced by the device 10.1-10.3 and also program products 30.1-30.2. The products 30.1-30.2 are arranged in connection with the devices 10.1-10.2 in order to perform measures and operations according to the invention.
  • The digital camera devices 10.1-10.3 according to the invention have also digital zoom function 35. Digital zoom function 35 has been used in order to form an output image OIM1-OIM3. Digital zoom 35 may be known as such but also included with the operations according to the invention described more specifically in below.
  • In addition, the devices 10.1-10.3 include also imaging means. These means may include a sensor 13 and optics 14. The sensor 13 may be known as such like the optics 14. The optics 14 may have means to adjust focal length (optical zoom) but this is not necessary. By using of sensor 13 and optics 14 a primary image PIM may be produce. Also these means 13, 14 are used to produce a viewfinder image to which cropping measures are pointed out when performing digital zooming.
  • Next the devices 10.1-10.3 will be described in a manner that is more focused to the invention. For the skilled person, it is well known that the devices 10.1-10.3 may also include other such functionalities, which are not required to describe in this application context more detailed manner. In addition, the function entities of the device 10.1-10.3 described hereinafter can, of course, take care out of many other matters and functions that which are considered to be relevant to describe in this connection in order to illuminate the basic idea of the invention.
  • For the skilled person it is obvious that at least part of the functions, operations and measures of the invention may be performed in a program level executed by the processor 12. Of course, such implementations are also possible in which at least part of the operations are performed on program level and part of the operations are performed on the hardware level. Next in the relevant points are referred to these program code means by means of which the device operations may be performed according to one embodiment.
  • First a reference is made to the device 10.1 presented in FIG. 1 and digital zooming example presented in FIG. 2. The program code means 31.1-31.10 forming the program code 31 are also presented in FIG. 1.
  • As was told already in above, the device 10.1 according to the invention includes also the display 11. By using of that the primary image PIM produced by using the imaging means 13, 14 is arranged to be crop. Cropping operation is performed in connection with the digital zooming procedure when the selection of the ROI1-ROI3 in the primary image PIM showed on display 11 is performed in order to produce the output image OIM1-OIM3. The program code means 31.2 of the program code 31 may take care out of this measure.
  • In addition, in the user interface UI of the device 10.1 is also arranged to be set one or more settings. The expression “user interface” is not intended to limit the invention in any way. That may have different kind of forms, for example, a collection(s) of buttons and/or (rotation) switches and/or only elements presented on the display 12 which are controlled by the control means of known kind of user interfaces or in any other suitable manner. The settings may relate among others to the digital zooming procedure intended to be performed. The program code means 31.1 may take care out of this measure in a well-defined manner.
  • The basic idea of the invention is that, for example, via the user interface UI of the device 10.1 is arranged to be set as the setting one or more size limit for the output image OIM1-OIM3 that is intended to be produce as the result of the digital imaging. The program code means 31.4 may take care out of these measures.
  • In the invention the image processor 12 is arranged to put a size for the output image OIM1-OIM3. That is carried out based on the performed cropping of the primary image PIM. The size adjustment that is defined by the size limits is performed at least in part of the digital zoom range. The program code means 31.3 may take care out of this measure.
  • More particular, the general idea of the invention is that it puts the size for the output image OIM1-OIM3 in a smart way. In the device 10.1 an algorithm code 31 is used that checks how the area ROI1-ROI3 that is cropped in the primary image PIM relates to the one or more size limits put in the UI. The size of the output image OIM1-OIM3 is then set based on the one or more size limits and also to the size of the cropped primary image area ROI1-ROI3. When the image processor 12 observes that the sizes and limits set for them relate to each other in certain manner it decides are scaling operations needed. These scaling operations may be upscaling (being different kind of interpolation methods) and downscaling. Scaling operations are performed at least in part of the digital zoom range. The digital zoom range in which the scaling operations are performed is defined by the one or more size limits that have been set via the user interface UI. The program code means 31.5 may take care out of these measures. Owing to the invention the user need not any more to select lower resolution than original_sensor_resolution to be the output_resolution. Thus, the output_resolution is decided in a smart way.
  • Next the invention is described in the case of JPEG images. However, the invention does not exclude other image formats to be applied but one versed in the art may adapt the invention to other image formats too. A reference is made to the FIG. 2. That describes different kind of cropping ROI1-ROI3 pointed out to the primary image PIM and from which the output images OIM1-OIM3 are produced. The reference is made to FIG. 2 when describing different method options in the below.
  • Next the method in digital zooming procedure 35 in order to form an output image OIM1-OIM3 is described in connection with different kind of embodiments. In the first and second embodiments only one size limits are applied in both cases. In the case of first embodiment is referred to the FIGS. 1, 2 and to the flowchart of the FIG. 3. The FIG. 3 is described detailed manner. The others flowcharts are described only the parts that differs from the embodiment of FIG. 3.
  • In the FIG. 3 as a first step 300 the user of the device 10.1 starts the imaging procedure according to the invention. In stage 301 the user has an option to set one or more settings relating to the digital zoom function 35, which is possibly needed in connection with the imaging. These settings may be set via the device's 10.1 the user interface UI. There may be even several settings that may be set in this stage 301, not only the setting(s) according to the invention. The settings may be set also in that case, if the digital zoom function is not even activated and only possible optical zooming 34 is enough perform imaging operation.
  • The settings that may be set in this connection are one or more size limits for the output image OIM1-OIM3. In this embodiment the size limit according to the invention is a minimum size min_image_size for the output image OIM1-OIM3 that is intended to be produce in the method. The size limit min_image_size may be expressed, for example, as a megapixel value. Now this exemplary value may be, for example, 1.5 Mpix. In the embodiments the sensor 13 may have total resolution that is, for example, 5 Mpix. One should also understand that these values hereinafter are only intended to be examples, so they are not intended to limit the invention or its adaptation to some special purpose.
  • The processor 12 registers this setting min_image_size and stores that to the memory MEM' of the device 10.1. After this the setting min_image_size set by the user in stage 301 may be used always in connection with the digital imaging even if the device 10.1 would be switched off between imaging measures. So to say this setting min_image_size may be like one of the current settings widely used in camera devices. The setting value min_image_size may be stored as a default value to the settings until that changes next time by the user. These aspects relate also to other setting of the invention described hereinafter.
  • The setting relating to the min_image_size and size limits according to the invention in general may be set by using the predefined list presented in the UI. There may be also assist information relating to different values, which helps user in selection. In this kind of list some minimum sizes for the output image OIM1-OIM3 may be present in order to set one by the user. Of course, the user may also set the size value decided by his own. Then the min_image_size may be set to be any size. Size values may be also other values than, for example, the integer Mpix size values. The size value scale may change smoothly.
  • In stage 302 the user of the device 10.1 sights the image objects with camera device 10.1. In stage 302 the continuous viewfinder imaging is performed and this causes that the primary image PIM is also produced. Because of that the primary image PIM captured by sensor 13 and optics 14 is shown on the display 11.
  • If the circumstances (for example, the distance between user and the aimed image objects) are such that the user wants to crop the image area of the primary image PIM, he may perform zooming procedure. If the camera device 10.1 has optical zoom function 34, the user may utilize that in desired manner in stage 303. The optical zoom function 34 may be adjusted to its telephoto position or to other suitable position in order to crop the image object in a desired manner. If telephoto position is used, the optical zoom 34 is in its maximum level. The primary image PIM for the viewfinder 12 purpose is then produced by using this optical zoom function 34.
  • If the user wants still more crop the view i.e. the region of interest ROI1-ROI3 is in “deeper” in the primary image PIM, he may use the digital zoom 35 of the device 10.1. This is performed also in stage 303. The user interface UI may be designed so that the digital zoom 35 is activated when the user tries to zoom further than what the optical zoom 34 allows. The user may go further from this maximum optical zoom adjustment. Also, in certain implementations the digital zoom 35 may be activated though the optical zoom 34 isn't its extreme telephoto position. The viewing area ROI1-ROI3 that is cropped may be surrounded in the viewfinder screen 11 by using, for example, a rectangular or other border as is presented in FIG. 2. This may be used to indicate for the user that the digital zoom 35 is activated now. The user continues the cropping i.e. digital zooming procedure until the desired area is reached in the viewfinder display 11.
  • One should be understand that only one cropping ROI1, ROI2 or ROI3 is presented in the viewfinder 11 at a time. The image objects in the bordered area ROI1-ROI3 forms the image objects that will come to the output image OIM1-OIM3. The surroundings area that are outside of the borders ROI1-ROI3 will be discarded. This is well known procedure in the digital zoom implementations.
  • When the border frames are around the subject in the desired manner i.e. the region of interest ROI1-ROI3 has only the desired image objects, the user presses the shutter button to capture the final primary image PIM from which the device 10.1 produces the output image OIM. The processor 12 recognizes the cropped area ROI1-ROI3 of the primary image PIM and inputs only this data to the further processing and storing. This is performed in the stage 304.
  • In stages 305 and 306 is performed possible scaling operations, which is now based on the one size limit min_image_size and also on the size of the cropped area ROI1-ROI3 of the primary image PIM.
  • In stage 305 the cropped sub-images ROI1-ROI3 are taken into the processing that is performed in the manner according to the invention. Now the size for the output image OIM1-OIM3 that is intended to be stored or to route further processing, for example, at somewhere else, is put on the basis of the cropped area ROI1-ROI3 of the primary image PIM. This size adjustment may be performed at least in part of a digital zoom range. The range, in which this is performed, is now in this embodiment defined by the size limit value min_image_size defined in stage 301. So, in this embodiment the digital zooming range is divided into two sub-ranges in which one range has been performed scaling measures and in another range has not been performed any scaling measures.
  • If the processor 12 determines that the condition of stage 305 is true, i.e. the size of the cropped image area ROI1 (=1.3 Mpix) is now less than the set size limit min_image_size (=1.5 Mpix) then the step to stage 306 is performed. Thus, the digital zoom factor is too high that was intended in stage 301. In stage 306 the image processor 12 upscales the cropped image area ROI1 of the primary image PIM to this minimum size min image size (=1.5 Mpix) set for it in order to produce the final output image OIM1. The program code means 31.6 may take care out the analyzing if the size of cropped primary image is below the minimum size min_image_size and the interpolating (stages 305 and 306).
  • However, if the size of the cropped image area ROI2, ROI3, i.e. the digital zoom factor is such that the condition in stage 305 is untrue, this is also recognized by the processor 12, the step to stage 307 is then performed. There the captured and cropped image ROI2 (=2 Mpix) and ROI3 (=3 Mpix) is then stored or further processed without any scaling measures. The program code means 31.3 performs this. So to say, the cropped image area ROI2, ROI3 without any measures that relate to scaling, forms then the desired output image OIM2, OIM3. Thus, the size of them will be in that case more than minimum image size limit min_image_size set for produced output image. The imaging procedure ends to stage 308.
  • The stage 307 in this embodiment and the corresponding stages in other embodiments, too, may include the JPEG encoding process. In the invention this JPEG coding process is performed after the possible scaling measures. Owing to this is achieved appropriate order to perform scaling and coding measures.
  • The embodiment above can be used, for example, in such case if the user knows that he is going to print the images in certain resolution, and he wants that the camera 10.1 does the required interpolation. The user could also use size limit min_image_size to make the digital zoom 35 operate in the traditional way by setting min_image_size=max image_size, if the user so desires. The application example of maximum image size max_image_size is described next.
  • In FIG. 4 is described another embodiment in which the use of one other setting than minimum image size min_image_size is described. In this embodiment the stages 400-404 may be equivalent with the corresponding stages 300-304 of FIG. 3. Also, other stages, which don't considerably differ from the performed measures of FIG. 3, are not described hereinafter more detailed. The only exception when considering these stages 400-404 is now that in stage 401 instead of minimum image size min_image_size or image sizes in the sense of invention in general, is set the maximum image size max_image_size for the output image OIM1-OIM3 as the one or more size limits according to the invention. This maximum image size value max_image_size may now be, for example, 2.5 Mpix. This may also be set in the user interface UI of the device 10.1.
  • The above means that the output image produced by digital zooming procedure 35 will have the size max_image_size, between the zoom factor [no_digital_zoom_used, max_image_size]. The final size of the output image will be smaller than the set max_image_size if the digital zoom is used in such amount that the size of the cropped area is smaller than the maximum image size max_image_size set for it.
  • In stage 405 the processor 12 is again used to determine if the size of the cropped image area ROI1-ROI3 exceeds the maximum size max_image_size (=2.5 Mpix) that was set for it in stage 401 or picked up from the memory MEM' of the digital zoom function 35. If the condition of stage 405 is true, that it is in the case of ROI3, the step to stage 406 is then performed.
  • In stage 406 the image processor 12 downscales the cropped area ROI3 of the primary image PIM to this maximum size max_image_size set for it. The program code means 31.7 may take care out of this measure. Also, the downscaling methods applied herewith connection are well apparent for the skilled person and because of that there are no need for their detailed description.
  • If the condition evaluated in stage 405 is untrue, that is now in the cases of ROI1 and ROI2, the step to stage 407 is then performed. The size of them will remain corresponding the effective cropped area and the output image OIM1, OIM2 has sizes 1.3 Mpix and 2 Mpix. Other steps 407-408 may correspond the steps 307-308 described in connection with the embodiment FIG. 3.
  • In this embodiment the cropping stage 403 may also be optional. If no cropping is performed in stage 403 then the captured image PIM may also be downscale to the max_image_size. This non-cropping feature may also be applied in other embodiments, too. If the user wants the output images with the nominal resolution of the sensor 13 (for example, 5 Mpix), he may set in UI max_image_size=sensor_size.
  • In FIG. 5 is described the embodiment which mainly corresponds the embodiment described in FIG. 4. However, this embodiment illustrates that the data of the primary image PIM produced by sensor 13 and optics 14 may be used to determine some imaging setups. The program code means 31.10 may take care out of this measure.
  • Here in stage 502.1 this whole amount of primary image PIM data produced by the sensor 13 is collected in order to adjust, for example, the white balance of the final output image OIM1-OIM3. This collection of AWB statistics may be performed in connection with the viewfinder stage 502 in which the imaging is performed by using sensor 13. Although, in the resulted output image OIM1-OIM3 will only have the data that is got due to the cropping procedure i.e. the data of the region of interest ROI1-ROI3 the whole area of the primary image PIM (=5 Mpix) captured and viewed by the sensor 13 is used to determine the AWB correction. Any kind of methods may also be utilized in the AWB. The set of AWB will be carried out before any possible scaling operations are performed i.e. in this embodiment before stage 506. Of course, the other embodiments presented above and below may also utilize the collecting of AWB statistics performed in this embodiment.
  • FIG. 6 presents the embodiment in which the embodiments described in FIG. 3 and 4 are combined to be one unified procedure. The descriptions of these embodiments above are valid in their appropriate parts. Here is applied as the size limits in the meaning of the invention for the output image OIM1-OIM3 besides of the minimum image size min_image_size in addition the maximum image size max_image_size.
  • These values are again set in stages 601 and 602 and they may be in this application example the same that was used in embodiments above (1.5 Mpix, 2.5 Mpix). This setup may also be performed in the user interface UI of the device 10.1. In this embodiment the area of the digital zoom factor between which the method according to the invention is applied is after the image size of the minimum image size (YES path of stage 606) and prior to the image size of the maximum image size (YES path of stage 608). If the cropped image size (ROI1, 1.3 Mpix) that the user intends to be the output image OIM1 is determined in stage 606 to be less than the size limit min_image_size (=1.5 Mpix) set for it upscaling i.e. interpolation measure is then performed in stage 607. If the cropped image size (ROI3, 3 Mpix) that the user intends to be the output image OIM3 is determined in stage 608 to be more than the size limit max_image_size (=2.5 Mpix) set for it downscaling measure is then performed in stage 609. The program code means 31.8 may take care out of these measures and analysis.
  • If the size of the cropped area ROI2 that is intended to be the output image OIM2 is in the digital zoom factor range that is between the maximum image size max_image_size and the minimum image size min_image_size (i.e. NO path of stage 608) there are not performed any measures for the cropped area ROI2 relating to upscaling or downscaling. After storing stage 610 imaging and zooming procedure for the image in question is ended (stage 611).
  • The embodiment in FIG. 7 corresponds otherwise the embodiment presented in FIG. 6 but here also the size limits include in addition at least one output image size output_image_size for the output image intended to be produce. The size limit for the maximum image size max_image_size may now be, for example, 4 Mpix and the size limit for the minimum image size min_image_size may now be, for example, 0.3 Mpix (=VGA resolution). The size limit for the output size limit output_image_size may now be in this exemplary case, for example, 3.2 Mpix. Alternatively, this output size limit may also be a set of some general used resolutions (for example, 4 Mpix, 3.2 Mpix, 2 Mpix, 1 Mpix). In this embodiment the nominal resolution of the sensor 13 may be, for example, 5 Mpix. Owing to this embodiment the user will achieve only such output images which size would be just desired. The program code means 31.9 may take care out of operations relating to this output image size measure set.
  • According to a first aspect of this embodiment, if such a setup is performed for the size limits that the minimum image size min_image_size is set to be very small, for example, 0.3 Mpix, and the maximum image size max_image_size is set to be very large, for example, 5 Mpix, all images are then generated to the set output image size output_image_size 3.2 Mpix.
  • The size limit setting for the output image size output_image_size may be now set in stage 702′. If the predefined set of the output image size limits (for example, 4 Mpix, 3 Mpix, 2 Mpix, 1 Mpix) are applied, then in this stage 702′ it is possible to select a special imaging mode relating to digital zoom function 35 that is now expressed as a “quantized output size mode”. In general, this in mode the digital zoom range between the set minimum size limit min_image_size and the set maximum size max_image_size limit is quantized by the set output image size limits on the basis of which is set the size for the cropped primary image in an established manner. According to this mode the user don't need to set every image sizes between size limits max_image_size and min_mimage_size that he or she desires but the image is scaled to one of the predefined image size based on an established criteria. This selection reduces the amount of selections needed to perform in the user interface UI.
  • If in stage 708 is determined by processor 12 that the cropped size i.e. the size of the region of interest ROI2 of the produced primary image PIM is between the size limits min_image_size and max_image_size then a step to stage 709.2 is performed. There the image processor 12 scales the cropped area ROI2 (=2 Mpix) of primary image PIM to the set output image size output_image_size. This scaling measure is performed in an established manner.
  • The scaling measure may be implement to be in such a manner, for example, that between the size range (3.2-4] Mpix the size of the output image is to be 4 Mpix and between the size range (2-3.2] Mpix the size of the output image is to be 3.2 Mpix and between the size range (1-2] Mpix, that is the case in ROI2 the size of the output image is to be 2 Mpix etc. In these cases the cropped primary image is thus interpolated. Of course, the implementation may also be instead for the presented above i.e. instead of the interpolation the decimation would be performed as a scaling measure. In such a embodiment, for example, the cropped primary image between the size range (3.2-4] Mpix would be decimated to be 3.2 Mpix etc. This quantization embodiment allows to produce such output images which don't have arbitrary sizes but the size that is the most common size being nearest for the cropped image area.
  • So, in this stage 709.2 both the downscaling and also the upscaling measures are possible to be performed which depends on the relation of the size of ROI and output_image_size and also the implementation of this quantization embodiment. Otherwise the procedure may be mainly carried out like in the embodiments described above. It should also be noticed in connection with this embodiment of FIG. 7 that if the size of the cropped image area is precisely the size set for the size limits, i.e, max_image_size or min_image_size, then the stages 707 and 708 are performed without any interpolation or decimation measures.
  • Of course, such an embodiment is also possible, in which there are not applied the size limits relating to maximum and minimum size but only the set size for all output images that are intended to be produce. In that case the measures, which are carried out may depend on the sizes of the regions of interests ROI1-ROI3. If size of the cropped area i.e. in cases of ROI1 and ROI2 goes below the set size for the output image then is performed interpolation measures i.e. new pixels are created in a well-known manner. If size of the cropped area i.e. in the case of ROI3 exceeds the set size for the output image then is performed downscaling measures. Of course, if the size of the cropped area would be just precisely the size of the set output size then no measures are required. This is obvious for the other embodiments, too.
  • In FIG. 8 is described another embodiment of the device 10.2 according to the invention. Mainly the functional entities of that have been defined in appropriate level in connection with the description of FIG. 1. The device 10.2 is equipped with a program code 32 that may take care out of the required operations.
  • Also, in this embodiment the digital camera device 10.2 has functionality in order to carry out digital zoom function. This is intended to form an output image. The device 10.2 includes besides the functions and entities described in connection of FIG. 1 also a user interface entity UI and processor entity 12. In the user interface UI the primary image produced by sensor 13 is cropped in connection with the digital zooming procedure in order to form the output image. This may take care out of by program code means 32.1. The image processor 12 stores the output image by using a quality factor qf set for it. This may take care out of by program code means 32.2.
  • In the device 10.2 according to the invention, the quality factor qf is surprisingly connected to the size of the cropped primary image area i.e. to the size of the region of interest about which the final output image is intended to be produced.
  • The measures relating to this may take care out of by program code means 32.3.
  • In FIG. 9 is described one example of the method in digital zooming procedure in order to form an output image. This method may be implement by using the device 10.2 described in FIG. 8. Here the stages 900-902 may correspond measures already described in the embodiments presented prior to this embodiment. These stages may include viewfinder imaging (stage 901), cropping of the viewfinder image (stage 902) and capturing the cropped image in order to produce the output image (stage 903).
  • After stage 903 is performed stage 904 in which the quality factor qf is determined for the captured and cropped image. The quality factor qf is now determined surprisingly on the basis of the size of the cropped image area. The sizes may be, for example, megapixel values, as presented already in embodiments above. Thus, the size may be understood as resolution of the image. This procedure is carried out, for example, in such a manner that by processor 12 is first determined the size of the cropped image area.
  • The quality factor may be calculated, for example, by using the equation of:
    qf_new=qf_old+({1.0−scale}*{max[96, qf_old]−qf_old}).
  • In that
    scale=(crop xsize/original xsize)*(crop ysize/original ysize).
  • In that qf_new=new quality factor, qf_old=old quality factor, crop_xsize=size of ROI in vertical direction crop_ysize =size of ROI in horizontal direction and original_xsize, original_ysize=size of primary image produced by sensor in the horizontal and in the vertical direction. The device 10.2 may be equipped with the program code means 32.4 that takes care out of these calculations. The file size of the cropped image is smaller than the file size of the cropped and interpolated image, even if the JPEG quality factor qf is increased considerably for the cropped image.
  • In stage 905 the captured and cropped output image is stored using a quality factor set for it (program code means 32.2).
  • The applying of the quality factor qf in connection with JPEG coding is obvious for the man skilled in the art. As is known, the JPEG encoding bases on 8×8 discrete cosine transform (DCT). The quality factor qf is used to adjust the values of the quantizing matrix that is after DCT conversion (=64 values). The quantizing matrix may be calculated prior to the coding by using of the value of the quality factor qf.
  • When the values of the divisors being stored in the matrix grows that cause the greater portion of the values of the DCT quantizes to zero. This causes that the size of the output image to be stored decreases and in same time the quality becomes poorer. In the application embodiment described above the greater value of the quality factor qf (near to 100) means the lesser values for the divisors in the matrix. This causes better quality for the image. When the value of the quality factor approach zero the values of the divisors becomes greater. The effect in the quality of the output image is opposite.
  • In some image processing softwares the quality factor is defined by using the name of “compressing factor”. In these cases the function is right contrary. One should also understood that to the JPEG file in connection with the image data is always stored also the used quantisizing matrix, not the actual quality factor qf at all. Afterwards, by using of the quantisizing matrix the used quality factor qf may then be estimated. The JPEG standard presents certain basic matrix which represents quality factor value qf=50. However, if the user wants to select his matrix on some other manner that is also possible, of course.
  • The quality factor qf=100 means that all divisor values of the matrix are one and thus DCT converted value are cut off to the integer precision (in that case the image is compressed a little bit).
  • If the whole process is described block by block: From the image is taken 8×8 image block→DCT conversion is pointed out to the image block→the converted values are quantisized by using of the quantisizing matrix→the quantisized values are coded by using of the zigzag scanning and variable length coding. Nevertheless, the basic theory of the JPEG processes are apparent for the man skilled in the art and this background information presented above is not intended to be limit the methods according to the invention in any manner. In general, the JPEG processing steps are included to the stages 307 (and other corresponding storing stages in the other embodiments).
  • The quality factor qf is the input parameter for the JPEG encoder when the output image intended to be stored is compressed to JPEG format. If the JPEG compression quality factor qf is not increased for the cropped images, the compression artifacts might become disturbing if the image is later interpolated into considerably bigger resolution.
  • In FIG. 10 has been described a third example of the device 10.3 according to the invention and in FIG. 11 a flowchart relating to this device 10.3. Now the methods and devices 10.1, 10.2 are combined to be one unified device 10.3. If crystallizing the combined embodiments above and the idea of FIG. 11 the JPEG quality factor qf is thus connected to the crop size of the ROI1-ROI3. Smaller crop size of the ROI allows higher quality factor qf (less compression) to be set and still have smaller file size. The actual image details are preserved better when using cropping, no interpolation and higher quality factor, in comparison to cropping, interpolation and lower quality factor.
  • If the image is interpolated into bigger resolution afterwards, the JPEG-compression artefacts will not become as visible as in a case in which the JPEG quality factor is static, because there will be less JPEG compression artefacts due to increased quality factor. One skilled in the art may also combine the embodiments of FIG. 7 and 11, however without excluding the other embodiment combinations.
  • Yet according to one embodiment the size limits according to the invention and presented above need not necessary be equal or smaller than the nominal resolution of the sensor 13 by using of which the primary image PIM is produced with cooperation of the optics 14. The only conditions for the minimum and maximum size limits according to the invention are that 1) min_image_size<=max_image_size and 2) min_image_size>0.
  • One example of this kind of embodiment may be the situation in which the user wants to perform digital imaging with his or her camera device in order to prepare hardcopies from the produced digital images by using the image printer device. This embodiment is presented as a flowchart in FIG. 12. If the nominal resolution of the sensor 13 of the camera device would be, for example, 0.3 Mpix (=VGA resolution) and the default printing size of the image printer device would be, for example, 1375664 pix then, according to the first embodiment, the whole primary image area may be interpolated from 0.3 Mpix to 1375664 pix that is now set to be max_image_size and min_image_size (stage 2100). Owing to the embodiment the images produced by VGA sensor 13 are able to be fitted precisely to the image printer device. Thus, in this embodiment the cropping process isn't necessarily performed at all but whole of the sensor data captured in stage 2200 is interpolated in stage 2400 from the nominal sensor resolution to the precisely image size being characteristic of the image printing device. This is performed if the size condition of stage 2300 is fulfilled which means that the nominal resolution of the sensor 13 is smaller than the min_image_size set to be used in this connection.
  • Other universal stages 2000, 2500, 2600 were described already above embodiments. Of course, according to a second embodiment, one versed in the art may apply this kind embodiment to the embodiments presented already above in FIGS. 3-7, 9 and 11 in which the cropping process were performed.
  • In the embodiment above, in which the size limits are equal or greater than the nominal sensor resolution and no cropping is performed at all, a reference is made to the device 10.3 presented in FIG. 10. There is also a program product 33 having code means to perform scaling measures according to this embodiment. Code means may mainly correspond the code means 31.1-31.10 in connection with FIG. 1 but now tailored to the concerned embodiment. If cropping is not performed, the display 11 is only intended to be viewfinder and possible interface for the user interface UI. 11. There the image processor 12 performs scaling operations for the primary image in order to produce the output image having the size of the set size setting. Thus, one versed in the art recognizes that all combinations between different embodiments presented in connection with this application are possible.
  • The motivation for the embodiments above arises from the reason, for example, that the user may want to prepare hardcopies having the size, for example, 4″×6″ and the resolution 254 dpi and the user also wants that the digital camera device 10.3 performs the interpolation processing. The advantage that is achieved by this is that the interpolation is now carried out, among others, before the sharpening and the JPEG-encoding. This avoids the magnification of the sharpening and JPEG artefacts, and produces better sharpening result. Thus, these embodiments remove the need for the post-processing of the image intended to be printed that would otherwise be performed by the digital printing service in which the cropped or noncropped VGA image would be interpolated to the size of 1.38 Mpix before printing process, for example. Interpolating the image after JPEG-encoding would magnify thus the artefact effects.
  • In FIGS. 1, 8 and 10 is presented rough schematic views of application examples of a program products 30.1, 30.2 according to the inventions. The program products 30.1, 30.2 are intended to perform in connection with digital zoom function 35 in order to form an output image in a digital camera device 10.1-10.3 according to the invention. The program products 30.1, 30.2 may include a storing means, such as, a memory medium MEM and also a program codes 31, 32, 33 executable by the processor unit 12 of the devices 10.1-10.3 and written in the memory medium MEM for dealing out digital zooming procedure in accordance with the methods of the invention at least partly in the software level. The memory medium MEM for the program codes 31, 32 may be, for example, a static or dynamic application memory of the device 10.1-10.3, wherein it can be integrated directly in connection with the imaging application or more specifically in connection with the digital zoom function 34.
  • The program codes 31, 32, 33 may include several code means 31.1-31.10, 32.1-32.4 described above, which can be executed by processor 12 and the operation of which can be adapted to the method descriptions just presented above. The code means 31.1-31.10, 32.1-32.4 may form a set of processor commands executable one after the other, which are used to bring about the functionalities desired in the invention in the equipment 10.1-10.3 according to the invention. The invention does not have major impact on the implementation details of digital zoom function 35. The implementation details depend on the product.
  • When considering the basic idea of the invention after the digital zoom function 35 is activated, the original image PIM produced by sensor and optics 13, 14 is cropped according to the digital zoom factor. It doesn't matter that the resolution of the output image OIM1-OIM3 gets smaller due to cropping, because no additional real information would be introduced by the interpolation or upscaling measures anyway. It makes no sense, especially in mobile communication devices (cf. 100 kB file size limitations of MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service)), to interpolate into bigger image (=bigger file size) from the cropped image. Sending the image, opening/processing of the image etc. are faster with the cropped image. For sending and receiving images the devices 10.1-10.3 may include communication modules in order to communicate in network system (not shown). The image can be interpolated into bigger resolution, afterwards, if it is required for some reason, for example, the embodiment relating to quality factor.
  • Some of the advantages are explained already in description above. Here are presented some real situations and achieved advantages, which may appear during the use of the digital imaging product 10.1-10.3.
  • EXAMPLE 1
  • The photo print service company X uses 254 dpi printing resolution (typical at the moment of filing). User wants to take pictures with his 4 Mpix digital camera device and have postcard size (10×15 (=4″×6″)) printouts of them from this photo service X. Now, the user actually needs ˜1 Mpix images and not 4 Mpix images, because the image files will be downscaled to ˜1 Mpix size anyway in the photo service before printing. The accurate size for the image having postcard size (10×15) is 4×254×6×254=1548384 pix and for the image having postcard size (10×13) is 4×254×4×254×4/3=996×1354=1375664 pix. These exact sizes are cited above ˜1 Mpix. The user sets max_image_size to 4 Mpix and min_image_size to 1548384 pix or 1375664 pix, and can use digital camera 10.1 normally. It would not be wise to use the traditional approach, in which the cropped image is interpolated back to original resolution, and then the image is again downscaled before printing. Interpolating/downscaling back and forth deteriorates the image quality.
  • From the viewpoint of UI convenience it is also possible to set in the user interface UI the DPI value and the size of the photocopy intended to be print instead of the sizes calculated above. In this kind of UI implementation the user is not required to determine the exact pixel values described above. Also, if the user knows at the moment of digital imaging that he or she is going to utilize only the photo service X for producing hardcopies then it is useful to set max_image_size=min_image_size.
  • EXAMPLE 2
  • Advanced users can have better control over the digital zoom operation (use of interpolation), and at the same time normal users don't have to know anything more about digital zoom than with any other approach.
  • EXAMPLE 3
  • User does not need to lower the target resolution when he wants to use smarter digital zoom (like in prior art solutions, for example), output resolution will be decreased automatically when digital zoom factor is bigger than x1.
  • EXAMPLE 4
  • Very big digital zoom does not cause the image to be cropped into very small image like may be the situation in some prior art solutions, but user can set lower limit for the resolution, e.g. according to desired printing resolution.
  • EXAMPLE 5
  • The fact that JPEG quality factor is connected to the digital zoom factor (=cropping factor) improves the image quality.
  • EXAMPLE 6
  • The cropped images are faster to process/send than the interpolated images, especially in mobile communication devices. The user can zoom into the cropped image later in some suitable tool (the “Media Gallery”) by using e.g. bicubic interpolation, it is not restricted by the invention.
  • It should be understood that the above specification and the figures relating to it are only intended to illustrate the present invention. Thus, the invention is not limited only to the embodiments presented above or to those defined in the claims, but many various such variations and modifications of the invention will be obvious to the professional in the art, which are possible within the scope of the inventive idea defined in the appended claims.
  • REFERENCES
    • [1]: http://www.docs.sony.com/release/DSCF828revision.pdf, WEB downloading possible at least May 18, 2005;
    • [2]: http://h10032.www1.hp.com/ctg/Manual/bpy60657.pdf, WEB downloading possible at least May 18, 2005;

Claims (36)

  1. 1. Digital camera device having a digital zoom function in order to form an output image, which device includes
    a sensor and optics to produce an primary image,
    a display in which the primary image is arranged to be cropped in connection with the digital zoom function in order to form the said output image,
    user interface means to set one or more settings relating to the digital zoom function and
    image processor which is arranged to put a size for the said output image based on the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range,
    characterized in that in the user interface is arranged to be set as the said setting one or more size limit for the said output image and based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image, the image processor is arranged to perform scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit.
  2. 2. Digital camera device according to claim 1, characterized in that the size limit is a minimum size for the said output image to which size the image processor is arranged to upscale the cropped primary image if the size of that is below the said minimum size.
  3. 3. Digital camera device according to claim 1, characterized in that the size limit is a maximum size for the said output image to which size the image processor is arranged to downscale the cropped primary image if the size of that exceeds the said maximum size.
  4. 4. Digital camera device according to claim 2, characterized in that the size limit includes in addition a maximum size for the said output image to which size the image processor is arranged to downscale the cropped primary image if the size of that exceeds the said maximum size.
  5. 5. Digital camera device according to claim 4, characterized in that the size limit includes in addition at least one output image size for the said output image to which size the image processor is arranged to scale the cropped primary image in an established manner if the size of that is between the said minimum size and the said maximum size.
  6. 6. Digital camera device according to claim 5, characterized in that the digital zoom range between the set minimum size limit and the set maximum size limit is arranged to be quantized by the set output image size limits on the basis of which is arranged to be set the size for the cropped primary image in an established manner.
  7. 7. Digital camera device according to claim 1, characterized in that a data of the primary image is arranged to be used to determine imaging setups.
  8. 8. Digital camera device having a digital zoom function in order to form an output image, which device includes
    a sensor and optics in order to produce an primary image,
    a display in which the primary image is arranged to be cropped in connection with the digital zoom function in order to form the said output image and
    image processor which is arranged to store the output image using a quality factor set for it,
    characterized in that the quality factor is connected to the size of the cropped primary image.
  9. 9. Digital camera device according to claim 8, characterized in that the quality factor is calculated by using the equation of:

    qf_new=qf_old+({1.0−scale}*{max[96, qf_old]−qf_old})
    wherein
    scale=(crop xsize/original xsize)*(crop ysize/original ysize)
    and in which
    qf_new=new quality factor,
    qf_old=old quality factor,
    crop_xsize=size of ROI in vertical direction
    crop_ysize=size of ROI in horizontal direction and
    original_xsize, original_ysize=size of primary image produced by sensor.
  10. 10. Digital camera device having a digital zoom function in order to form an output image, which device includes
    a sensor and optics to produce an primary image,
    a display in which the primary image is arranged to be cropped in connection with the digital zoom function in order to form the said output image,
    user interface means to set one or more settings relating to the digital zoom function and
    image processor which is arranged to put a size for the said output image based on the cropping of the primary image and to store the said output image using a quality factor set for it,
    characterized in that in the user interface is arranged to be set as the said setting one or more size limit for the said output image and based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image, the image processor is arranged to perform scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit and the said quality factor is connected to the size of the cropped primary image.
  11. 11. Digital camera device having a digital zoom function in order to form an output image, which device includes
    a sensor and optics to produce an primary image,
    a display in which the primary image is arranged to be viewed in connection with a digital imaging,
    user interface means to set one or more settings relating to the digital zoom function and
    image processor which is arranged to process the primary image in order to form the said output image,
    characterized in that in the user interface is arranged to be set as the said setting at least one size setting for the said output image and the image processor is arranged to perform scaling operations for the primary image as the said processing in order to produce the output image having the size of the set size setting.
  12. 12. Digital camera device according to claim 11, characterized in that the size setting is a minimum size for the said output image to which size the image processor is arranged to upscale the primary image if the size of that is below the said minimum size.
  13. 13. Method in digital zooming procedure in order to form an output image in which method
    user sets one or more settings relating to the digital zooming procedure,
    an primary image is produced,
    the primary image is cropped in connection with the digital zooming procedure in order to form the said output image,
    a size for the said output image is put on the basis of the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range,
    characterized in that for the said output image is set as the said setting one or more size limit and based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image is performed scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit.
  14. 14. Method according to claim 13, characterized in that the size limit is a minimum size for the said output image to which size the cropped primary image is upscaled if the size of that is below the said minimum size.
  15. 15. Method according to claim 13, characterized in that the size limit is a maximum size for the said output image to which size the cropped primary image is downscaled if the size of that exceeds the said maximum size.
  16. 16. Method according to claim 14, characterized in that the size limit includes in addition a maximum size for the said output image to which size the cropped primary image is downscaled if the size of that exceeds the said maximum size.
  17. 17. Method according to claim 16, characterized in that the size limit includes in addition at least one output image size for the said output image to which size the cropped primary image is scaled in an established manner if the size of that is between the said minimum size and the said maximum size.
  18. 18. Method according to claim 17, characterized in that the digital zoom range between the set minimum size limit and the set maximum size limit is quantized by the set output image size limits on the basis of which is set the size for the cropped primary image in an established manner.
  19. 19. Method according to claim 13, characterized in that a data of the primary image is used to determine imaging setups.
  20. 20. Method in digital zooming procedure in order to form an output image in which method
    an primary image is produced,
    the primary image is cropped in connection with the digital zooming procedure in order to form the said output image and
    the output image is stored using a quality factor set for it,
    characterized in that the quality factor is calculated on the basis of the size of the cropped primary image.
  21. 21. Method according to claim 20, characterized in that the quality factor is calculated by using the equation of:

    qf_new=qf_old+({1.0−scale}*{max[96, qf_old]−qf_old})
    wherein

    scale=(crop xsize/original xsize)*(crop ysize/original ysize)
    and in which
    qf_new=new quality factor,
    qf_old=old quality factor,
    crop_xsize=size of ROI in vertical direction
    crop_ysize=size of ROI in horizontal direction and
    original_xsize, original_ysize=size of primary image produced by sensor.
  22. 22. Method in digital zooming procedure in order to form an output image in which method
    user sets one or more settings relating to the digital zooming procedure,
    an primary image is produced,
    the primary image is cropped in connection with the digital zooming procedure in order to form the said output image,
    a size for the said output image is put on the basis of the cropping of the primary image and
    the output image is stored using a quality factor set for it,
    characterized in that for the said output image is set as the said setting one or more size limit and based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image is performed scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit and the said quality factor is calculated on the basis of the size of the cropped primary image.
  23. 23. Method in digital zooming procedure in order to form an output image in which method
    user sets one or more settings relating to the digital zooming procedure,
    an primary image is produced and
    the primary image is processed in order to form the said output image,
    characterized in that for the said output image is set as the said setting at least one size setting and for the primary image is performed scaling operations as the said processing in order to produce the output image having the size of the set size setting.
  24. 24. Method according to claim 23, characterized in that the size setting is a minimum size for the said output image to which size the primary image is upscaled if the size of that is below the said minimum size.
  25. 25. Program product for performing digital zoom function in order to form an output image in a digital camera device, which program product include a storing means and a program code executable by a processor and written in the storing means, which program code includes
    first code means configured to set one or more settings via a user interface relating to the digital zoom function,
    second code means configured in connection with the digital zoom function to crop in the user interface a primary image produced by an imaging means in order to form the said output image and
    third code means configured to put a size for the said output image on the basis of the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range,
    characterized in that the program code includes
    fourth code means configured in the user interface to set as the said setting one or more size limit for the said output image and
    fifth code means configured to perform scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit which scaling operations is arranged to be based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image.
  26. 26. Program product according to claim 25, characterized in that the size limit is a minimum size for the said output image and the program code comprises sixth code means configured to upscale the cropped primary image to the said minimum size if the size of the cropped image is below the said minimum size.
  27. 27. Program product according to claim 25, characterized in that the size limit is a maximum size for the said output image and the program code comprises seventh code means configured to downscale the cropped primary image to the said maximum size if the size of the cropped image exceeds the said maximum size.
  28. 28. Program product according to claim 26, characterized in that the size limit includes in addition a maximum size for the said output image and the program code includes eighth code means configured to downscale the cropped primary image to the said maximum size if the size of the cropped image exceeds the said maximum size.
  29. 29. Program product according to claim 28, characterized in that the size limit includes in addition at least one output image size for the said output image and the program code includes ninth code means configured to scale the cropped primary image to the said output image size in an established manner if the size of the cropped primary image is between the said minimum size and the said maximum size.
  30. 30. Program product according to claim 29, characterized in that the program code includes ninth code means configured to quantize by the set output image size limits the digital zoom range between the set minimum size limit and the set maximum size limit and on the basis of quantization to set the size for the cropped primary image in an established manner.
  31. 31. Program product according to claim 25, characterized in that the program code includes tenth code means configured to determine imaging setups using a data of the primary image.
  32. 32. Program product for performing digital zoom function in order to form an output image in a digital camera device, which program product include a storing means and a program code executable by a processor and written in the storing means, which program code includes
    first code means configured in connection with the digital zoom function to crop in the user interface a primary image produced by an imaging means in order to form the said output image and
    second code means configured to store the output image using a quality factor set for it,
    characterized in that the program code includes
    third code means configured to determine the quality factor to be used based on the size of the cropped primary image.
  33. 33. Program product according to claim 32, characterized in that the program code includes fourth code means configured to calculate the quality factor by using the equation of:

    qf_new=qf_old+({1.0−scale}*{max[96, qf_old]−qf_old})
    wherein

    scale=(crop xsize/original xsize)*(crop ysize/original ysize)
    and in which
    qf_new=new quality factor,
    qf_old=old quality factor,
    crop_xsize=size of ROI in vertical direction
    crop_ysize=size of ROI in horizontal direction and
    original_xsize, original_ysize=size of primary image produced by sensor.
  34. 34. Program product for performing digital zoom function in order to form an output image in a digital camera device, which program product include a storing means and a program code executable by a processor and written in the storing means, which program code includes
    first code means configured to set one or more settings via a user interface relating to the digital zoom function,
    second code means configured in connection with the digital zoom function to crop in the user interface a primary image produced by an imaging means in order to form the said output image,
    third code means configured to put a size for the said output image on the basis of the cropping of the primary image at least in part of an digital zoom range and
    code means configured to store the output image using a quality factor set for it,
    characterized in that the program code includes
    fourth code means configured in the user interface to set as the said setting one or more size limit for the said output image,
    fifth code means configured to perform scaling operations for the cropped primary image at least in part of the digital zoom range defined by the said one or more size limit which scaling operations is arranged to be based on the one or more size limit and the size of the cropped primary image and
    code means configured to determine the quality factor to be used based on the size of the cropped primary image.
  35. 35. Program product for performing digital zoom function in order to form an output image in a digital camera device, which program product include a storing means and a program code executable by a processor and written in the storing means, which program code includes
    first code means configured to set one or more settings via a user interface relating to the digital zoom function,
    second code means configured in connection with the digital zoom function to view in the user interface a primary image produced by an imaging means in order to form the said output image and
    third code means configured to process the primary image in order to form the said output image,
    characterized in that the program code includes
    fourth code means configured in the user interface to set as the said setting at least one size setting for the said output image and
    fifth code means configured to perform scaling operations for the primary image as the said processing in order to produce the output image having the size of the set size setting.
  36. 36. Program product according to claim 35, characterized in that the size setting is a minimum size for the said output image and the program code comprises sixth code means configured to upscale the primary image to the said minimum size if the size of the image is below the said minimum size.
US11169220 2005-06-27 2005-06-27 Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products Active 2028-02-18 US8106956B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11169220 US8106956B2 (en) 2005-06-27 2005-06-27 Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products

Applications Claiming Priority (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11169220 US8106956B2 (en) 2005-06-27 2005-06-27 Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products
JP2008518879A JP4516149B2 (en) 2005-06-27 2006-06-12 Digital camera device and method and a corresponding program product for implementing a digital zoom in a digital camera device
CN 201110364852 CN102647563B (en) 2005-06-27 2006-06-12 Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products
EP20130163885 EP2618559B1 (en) 2005-06-27 2006-06-12 Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products
PCT/FI2006/050249 WO2007000486A3 (en) 2005-06-27 2006-06-12 Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products
EP20060755411 EP1897363B1 (en) 2005-06-27 2006-06-12 Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products
CN 200680023404 CN101208947B (en) 2005-06-27 2006-06-12 Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices
US13361058 US8605172B2 (en) 2005-06-27 2012-01-30 Digital camera device and method for implementing a digital zoom having a quality factor as an input for a JPEG encoder in digital camera devices

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13361058 Continuation US8605172B2 (en) 2005-06-27 2012-01-30 Digital camera device and method for implementing a digital zoom having a quality factor as an input for a JPEG encoder in digital camera devices

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20060290792A1 true true US20060290792A1 (en) 2006-12-28
US8106956B2 US8106956B2 (en) 2012-01-31

Family

ID=37566829

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11169220 Active 2028-02-18 US8106956B2 (en) 2005-06-27 2005-06-27 Digital camera devices and methods for implementing digital zoom in digital camera devices and corresponding program products
US13361058 Active US8605172B2 (en) 2005-06-27 2012-01-30 Digital camera device and method for implementing a digital zoom having a quality factor as an input for a JPEG encoder in digital camera devices

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13361058 Active US8605172B2 (en) 2005-06-27 2012-01-30 Digital camera device and method for implementing a digital zoom having a quality factor as an input for a JPEG encoder in digital camera devices

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (2) US8106956B2 (en)
EP (2) EP2618559B1 (en)
JP (1) JP4516149B2 (en)
CN (2) CN101208947B (en)
WO (1) WO2007000486A3 (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070223047A1 (en) * 2006-03-22 2007-09-27 Fujifilm Corporation Image trimming method, apparatus and program
US20080036864A1 (en) * 2006-08-09 2008-02-14 Mccubbrey David System and method for capturing and transmitting image data streams
US20080158385A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-03 Research In Motion Limited Method for saving an image from a camera application of a portable electronic device
US20090115872A1 (en) * 2007-11-02 2009-05-07 Research In Motion Limited System and method for processing images captured using camera-equipped mobile devices
US20090322910A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-12-31 Sony Corporation And Sony Electronics, Inc. Super-resolution digital zoom
US20100026835A1 (en) * 2006-04-25 2010-02-04 Norio Negishi Image sensing apparatus and method for controlling the same
US20120002084A1 (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 True Vision Systems, Inc. Systems, apparatus, and methods for digital image capture with variable density display and high resolution electronic zoom
US8446484B2 (en) 2010-04-21 2013-05-21 Nokia Corporation Image processing architecture with pre-scaler
US20130135442A1 (en) * 2011-11-28 2013-05-30 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Digital photographing apparatus and control method thereof
US8498451B1 (en) * 2007-11-12 2013-07-30 Google Inc. Contact cropping from images
CN103281510A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-09-04 王彤 Method for transmitting digital image of digital imaging apparatus to host
CN103780828A (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-05-07 联想(北京)有限公司 Image acquisition method and electronic device
US9325905B2 (en) 2011-03-16 2016-04-26 Qualcomm Incorporated Generating a zoomed image

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5055686B2 (en) 2004-05-13 2012-10-24 ソニー株式会社 Imaging system, an imaging apparatus, an imaging method
WO2010081932A1 (en) 2009-01-19 2010-07-22 Nokia Corporation Method and apparatus for reducing size of image data
JP2010279022A (en) * 2009-04-30 2010-12-09 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Imaging device
CN103200388A (en) * 2013-02-20 2013-07-10 北京佳讯飞鸿电气股份有限公司 Method achieving fast multi-split screen round inspection
US9646362B2 (en) * 2013-09-18 2017-05-09 Oracle International Corporation Algorithm for improved zooming in data visualization components
US9215377B2 (en) 2013-12-04 2015-12-15 Nokia Technologies Oy Digital zoom with sensor mode change
US9717417B2 (en) 2014-10-29 2017-08-01 Spectral Md, Inc. Reflective mode multi-spectral time-resolved optical imaging methods and apparatuses for tissue classification
US9445007B1 (en) 2015-02-25 2016-09-13 Qualcomm Incorporated Digital zoom methods and systems

Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5172234A (en) * 1987-08-04 1992-12-15 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Camera having an electronic zooming display feature
US5477264A (en) * 1994-03-29 1995-12-19 Eastman Kodak Company Electronic imaging system using a removable software-enhanced storage device
US6507704B2 (en) * 2000-10-06 2003-01-14 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Pseudo-zoom camera and image processing system using the pseudo-zoom camera
US6650366B2 (en) * 1998-03-26 2003-11-18 Eastman Kodak Company Digital photography system using direct input to output pixel mapping and resizing
US6650368B1 (en) * 1999-10-26 2003-11-18 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, Lp. Digital camera and method of enhancing zoom effects
US20040257380A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2004-12-23 Herbert Leslie B. Imaging method and system
US20050219386A1 (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-10-06 Stavely Donald J Imaging device with burst zoom mode
US20060125937A1 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-15 Ambarella, Inc. High resolution zoom: a novel digital zoom for digital video camera
US20060221198A1 (en) * 2005-03-31 2006-10-05 Jared Fry User established variable image sizes for a digital image capture device
US7142236B2 (en) * 2001-04-20 2006-11-28 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Digital zoom apparatus to perform zoom during successive changes in zoom magnification
US7345774B2 (en) * 2001-10-26 2008-03-18 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Apparatus and method for adapting image sensor aspect ratio to print aspect ratio in a digital image capture appliance
US7362360B2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2008-04-22 Samsung Techwin Co., Ltd. Digital camera and method for saving digital image
US7397502B2 (en) * 2002-07-31 2008-07-08 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Imaging apparatus including control device for controlling white balance
US7420598B1 (en) * 1999-08-24 2008-09-02 Fujifilm Corporation Apparatus and method for recording image data and reproducing zoomed images from the image data
US7787026B1 (en) * 2004-04-28 2010-08-31 Media Tek Singapore Pte Ltd. Continuous burst mode digital camera

Family Cites Families (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5249053A (en) 1991-02-05 1993-09-28 Dycam Inc. Filmless digital camera with selective image compression
US5402171A (en) * 1992-09-11 1995-03-28 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electronic still camera with improved picture resolution by image shifting in a parallelogram arrangement
JP2000115605A (en) 1998-10-07 2000-04-21 Olympus Optical Co Ltd Digital camera
US6920250B1 (en) * 1999-03-04 2005-07-19 Xerox Corporation Additive model for efficient representation of digital documents
US7019778B1 (en) * 1999-06-02 2006-03-28 Eastman Kodak Company Customizing a digital camera
JP2001167265A (en) * 1999-12-07 2001-06-22 A I Soft Inc Medium with recorded image processing program, device and method for processing image
GB0019342D0 (en) * 2000-08-08 2000-09-27 Hershaw Andrew M Vehicle safety lamp system
JP4046957B2 (en) * 2001-07-05 2008-02-13 キヤノン株式会社 Imaging apparatus and a control method thereof, an information processing apparatus and method, and storage medium
US7098949B2 (en) 2002-07-29 2006-08-29 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Apparatus and method for improved-resolution digital zoom in a portable electronic imaging device
US7116364B2 (en) 2002-10-29 2006-10-03 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Method and apparatus for maintaining a consistent effective focal length in a digital camera
JP4555775B2 (en) 2003-01-29 2010-10-06 オリンパス株式会社 Imaging device

Patent Citations (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5172234A (en) * 1987-08-04 1992-12-15 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Camera having an electronic zooming display feature
US5477264A (en) * 1994-03-29 1995-12-19 Eastman Kodak Company Electronic imaging system using a removable software-enhanced storage device
US6650366B2 (en) * 1998-03-26 2003-11-18 Eastman Kodak Company Digital photography system using direct input to output pixel mapping and resizing
US7420598B1 (en) * 1999-08-24 2008-09-02 Fujifilm Corporation Apparatus and method for recording image data and reproducing zoomed images from the image data
US6650368B1 (en) * 1999-10-26 2003-11-18 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, Lp. Digital camera and method of enhancing zoom effects
US6507704B2 (en) * 2000-10-06 2003-01-14 Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. Pseudo-zoom camera and image processing system using the pseudo-zoom camera
US7142236B2 (en) * 2001-04-20 2006-11-28 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Digital zoom apparatus to perform zoom during successive changes in zoom magnification
US7345774B2 (en) * 2001-10-26 2008-03-18 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Apparatus and method for adapting image sensor aspect ratio to print aspect ratio in a digital image capture appliance
US7397502B2 (en) * 2002-07-31 2008-07-08 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Imaging apparatus including control device for controlling white balance
US7362360B2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2008-04-22 Samsung Techwin Co., Ltd. Digital camera and method for saving digital image
US20040257380A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2004-12-23 Herbert Leslie B. Imaging method and system
US20050219386A1 (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-10-06 Stavely Donald J Imaging device with burst zoom mode
US7787026B1 (en) * 2004-04-28 2010-08-31 Media Tek Singapore Pte Ltd. Continuous burst mode digital camera
US20060125937A1 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-15 Ambarella, Inc. High resolution zoom: a novel digital zoom for digital video camera
US20060221198A1 (en) * 2005-03-31 2006-10-05 Jared Fry User established variable image sizes for a digital image capture device

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8437048B2 (en) * 2006-03-22 2013-05-07 Fujifilm Corporation Image trimming method, apparatus and program
US20070223047A1 (en) * 2006-03-22 2007-09-27 Fujifilm Corporation Image trimming method, apparatus and program
US8314850B2 (en) * 2006-04-25 2012-11-20 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image sensing apparatus and method for controlling the same
US20100026835A1 (en) * 2006-04-25 2010-02-04 Norio Negishi Image sensing apparatus and method for controlling the same
US20080036864A1 (en) * 2006-08-09 2008-02-14 Mccubbrey David System and method for capturing and transmitting image data streams
US9668123B2 (en) * 2006-12-28 2017-05-30 Blackberry Limited Method for saving an image from a camera application of a portable electronic device
US20160269892A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2016-09-15 Blackberry Limited Method for saving an image from a camera application of a portable electronic device
US9344548B2 (en) * 2006-12-28 2016-05-17 Blackberry Limited Method for saving an image from a camera application of a portable electronic device
US20080158385A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-03 Research In Motion Limited Method for saving an image from a camera application of a portable electronic device
US9967736B2 (en) * 2006-12-28 2018-05-08 Blackberry Limited Method for saving an image from a camera application of a portable electronic device
US20090115872A1 (en) * 2007-11-02 2009-05-07 Research In Motion Limited System and method for processing images captured using camera-equipped mobile devices
US8798335B1 (en) 2007-11-12 2014-08-05 Google Inc. Contact cropping from images
US8498451B1 (en) * 2007-11-12 2013-07-30 Google Inc. Contact cropping from images
US9332101B1 (en) 2007-11-12 2016-05-03 Google Inc. Contact cropping from images
US20090322910A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-12-31 Sony Corporation And Sony Electronics, Inc. Super-resolution digital zoom
EP2141916A2 (en) 2008-06-30 2010-01-06 Sony Corporation Super-resolution digital zoom
US8542296B2 (en) * 2008-06-30 2013-09-24 Sony Corporation Super-resolution digital zoom
US8587696B2 (en) * 2008-06-30 2013-11-19 Sony Corporation Super-resolution digital zoom
US20130342734A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2013-12-26 Sony Electronics Inc. Super-resolution digital zoom
US8477217B2 (en) * 2008-06-30 2013-07-02 Sony Corporation Super-resolution digital zoom
EP2141916A3 (en) * 2008-06-30 2013-03-06 Sony Corporation Super-resolution digital zoom
US8446484B2 (en) 2010-04-21 2013-05-21 Nokia Corporation Image processing architecture with pre-scaler
US20120002084A1 (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 True Vision Systems, Inc. Systems, apparatus, and methods for digital image capture with variable density display and high resolution electronic zoom
US9325905B2 (en) 2011-03-16 2016-04-26 Qualcomm Incorporated Generating a zoomed image
US9325895B2 (en) * 2011-11-28 2016-04-26 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Digital photographing apparatus and control method thereof
US20130135442A1 (en) * 2011-11-28 2013-05-30 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Digital photographing apparatus and control method thereof
CN103780828A (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-05-07 联想(北京)有限公司 Image acquisition method and electronic device
CN103281510A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-09-04 王彤 Method for transmitting digital image of digital imaging apparatus to host
WO2014074361A1 (en) * 2012-11-06 2014-05-15 Pathway Innovations And Technologies, Inc. Method and system for accelerating video preview digital camera

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
WO2007000486A2 (en) 2007-01-04 application
US20120194708A1 (en) 2012-08-02 application
EP2618559A3 (en) 2014-01-22 application
JP2008547341A (en) 2008-12-25 application
CN101208947B (en) 2012-01-11 grant
JP4516149B2 (en) 2010-08-04 grant
US8605172B2 (en) 2013-12-10 grant
EP2618559A2 (en) 2013-07-24 application
CN101208947A (en) 2008-06-25 application
CN102647563A (en) 2012-08-22 application
EP1897363A2 (en) 2008-03-12 application
EP1897363A4 (en) 2011-03-09 application
WO2007000486A3 (en) 2007-02-15 application
EP2618559B1 (en) 2017-08-23 grant
CN102647563B (en) 2015-05-27 grant
US8106956B2 (en) 2012-01-31 grant
EP1897363B1 (en) 2015-06-10 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7024051B2 (en) Customizing a digital imaging device using preferred images
US7308158B2 (en) Imaging method and system
US20030007078A1 (en) Image tagging for post processing
US20040174444A1 (en) Signal processing apparatus and image data generation apparatus
US20050212817A1 (en) Display device and method for determining an area of importance in an original image
US20050146631A1 (en) In-camera cropping to standard photo sizes
US20070216782A1 (en) Method of processing and storing files in a digital camera
US20070025713A1 (en) Image-capturing device having multiple optical systems
JP2010524279A (en) Distance map generation type multi-lens camera
US20040246360A1 (en) System and method for displaying preview images to a camera user
US20090102942A1 (en) Composition determining apparatus, composition determining method, and program
JP2008271240A (en) Imaging apparatus, image processing apparatus, imaging method, and image processing method
US20080260375A1 (en) Imaging apparatus and imaging method
US20080018754A1 (en) Method for image data print control, electronic camera and camera system
US20140085507A1 (en) Controlling the sharpness of a digital image
JP2006345054A (en) Image pickup apparatus
US20050046710A1 (en) Image enlarging apparatus and method
WO2001009836A1 (en) System and method for providing an enhanced digital image file
JP2007028283A (en) Image sensing device
US20030103145A1 (en) Method for image data print control, electronic camera and camera system
JP2005323015A (en) Digital camera
US20140086486A1 (en) Adjusting the sharpness of a digital image
US20130120617A1 (en) Zoom control method and apparatus, and digital photographing apparatus
JP2008271241A (en) Imaging apparatus, image processing apparatus, imaging method, and image processing method
US20060221198A1 (en) User established variable image sizes for a digital image capture device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: NOKIA CORPORATION, FINLAND

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:NIKKANEN, JARNO;KALEVO, OSSI;REEL/FRAME:016942/0524

Effective date: 20050726

AS Assignment

Owner name: NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY, FINLAND

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NOKIA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:035570/0846

Effective date: 20150116

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4