Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20060285660A1
US20060285660A1 US11509337 US50933706A US2006285660A1 US 20060285660 A1 US20060285660 A1 US 20060285660A1 US 11509337 US11509337 US 11509337 US 50933706 A US50933706 A US 50933706A US 2006285660 A1 US2006285660 A1 US 2006285660A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
script
apparatus
server
patient
information
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11509337
Inventor
Stephen Brown
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Health Hero Network Inc
Original Assignee
Health Hero Network Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/0002Remote monitoring of patients using telemetry, e.g. transmission of vital signals via a communication network
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/117Identification of persons
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRICAL DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F19/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications
    • G06F19/30Medical informatics, i.e. computer-based analysis or dissemination of patient or disease data
    • G06F19/34Computer-assisted medical diagnosis or treatment, e.g. computerised prescription or delivery of medication or diets, computerised local control of medical devices, medical expert systems or telemedicine
    • G06F19/3418Telemedicine, e.g. remote diagnosis, remote control of instruments or remote monitoring of patient carried devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for a specific business sector, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/10Services
    • G06Q50/22Health care, e.g. hospitals; Social work

Abstract

A method for monitoring a physiological condition of a user with an apparatus in a computer network is disclosed. The method generally includes the steps of (A) storing authorization information in a nonvolatile condition within the apparatus, the authorization information being suitable for identifying at least one of (i) one or more authorized patients among a plurality of medical patients of a health monitoring service and (ii) one or more authorized types among a plurality of patient types of the health monitoring service, (B) sensing biometric data from the user of the apparatus and (C) identifying the user as a particular patient from at least one of (i) the authorized patients and (ii) the authorized types in response to matching the biometric data to the authorization information.

Description

  • [0001]
    This application is a Continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 09/665,442 filed Sep. 19, 2000, which is a Continuation in Part of U.S. Ser. No. 09/517,140 filed Mar. 2, 2000, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,381,577, which is a Continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 08/975,774 filed Nov. 21, 1997, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,101,478, which is a continuation of Ser. No. 08/847,009, filed Apr. 30, 1997, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,897,493, which claims the benefit of Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/041,746 filed Mar. 28, 1997 and Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/041,751 filed Mar. 28, 1997. This application is related to co-pending applications U.S. Ser. No. 11/473,960 filed Jun. 23, 2006 and U.S. Ser. No. 11/______, filed ______, 2006 (Attorney Docket number 7553.00017). All of the above named applications are hereby incorporated by reference.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    This invention relates generally to remote health monitoring systems. In particular, it relates to a multi-user remote health monitoring system which is capable of identifying a particular user in a number of different ways. The multi-user remote health monitoring system can also be used for tracking and collecting patient data.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    In the United States alone, over 100 million people have chronic health conditions, accounting for an estimated $700 billion in annual medical costs. In an effort to control these medical costs, many healthcare providers have initiated outpatient or home healthcare programs for their patients. The potential benefits of these programs are particularly great for chronically ill patients who must treat their diseases on a daily basis. However, the success of these programs is dependent upon the ability of the healthcare providers to monitor the patients remotely to avert medical problems before they become complicated and costly. Unfortunately, no convenient and cost effective monitoring system exists for the patients who have the greatest need for monitoring, namely the poor and the elderly.
  • [0004]
    Prior attempts to monitor patients remotely have included the use of personal computers and modems to establish communication between patients and healthcare providers. However, computers are too expensive to give away and the patients who already own computers are only a fraction of the total population. Further, the patients who own computers are typically young, well educated, and have good healthcare coverage. Thus, these patients do not have the greatest unmet medical needs. The patients who have the greatest unmet medical needs are the poor and elderly who do not own computers or who are unfamiliar with their use.
  • [0005]
    Similar attempts to establish communication between patients and healthcare providers have included the use of the Internet and internet terminals. Although internet terminals are somewhat less costly than personal computers, they are still too expensive to give away to patients. Moreover, monthly on-line access charges are prohibitive.
  • [0006]
    Other attempts to monitor patients remotely have included the use of medical monitoring devices with built-in modems. Examples of such monitoring devices include blood glucose meters, respiratory flow meters, and heart rate monitors. Unfortunately, these monitoring devices are only designed to collect physiological data from the patients. They do not allow flexible and dynamic querying of the patients for other information, such as quality of life measures or psycho-social variables of illness. Another problem with such devices is that only the most self-motivated patients generate enough useful physiological data and call in regularly. Thus this method is not a good way to reach non-compliant patients.
  • [0007]
    Prior attempts to monitor patients remotely have also included the use of interactive telephone or video response systems. Such interactive systems are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,390,238 issued to Kirk et al. on Feb. 14, 1995, U.S. Pat. No. 5,434,611 issued to Tamura on Jul. 18, 1995, and U.S. Pat. No. 5,441,047 issued to David et al. on Aug. 15, 1995. One disadvantage of these systems is that they either require a patient to call in to a central facility to be monitored or require the central facility to call the patient according to a rigid monitoring schedule.
  • [0008]
    If the patients are required to call the central facility, only the compliant patients will actually call regularly to be monitored. Non-compliant patients will typically wait until an emergency situation develops before contacting their healthcare provider, thus defeating the purpose of the monitoring system. If the central facility calls each patient according to a monitoring schedule, it is intrusive to the patient's life and resistance to the monitoring grows over time.
  • [0009]
    Interactive telephone response systems, moreover, are generally incapable of collecting medical data from monitoring devices, such as blood glucose meters, respiratory flow meters, or heart rate monitors. In addition, patients tend to dislike the regular intrusion which decreases their compliance with the monitoring system.
  • [0010]
    Interactive video systems, on the other hand, cost around $20,000 for installation and are prohibitively expensive for the majority of patients. It is also difficult to identify each patient uniquely using this system.
  • [0011]
    A further disadvantage of these conventional interactive response systems is that they are aimed at a single user, thus preventing any multi-user capabilities. Interactive video response systems are too expensive to install for a single user. Interactive telephone response systems can be used for more than one member of a household, but it is often difficult to distinguish between the different patients. These characteristics, in conjunction with the fact that patients using the conventional interactive response systems do not usually exhibit regular use patterns, means that the patient data collected is statistically unreliable. Thus, these systems are not equipped to handle patient data collection and tracking.
  • [0012]
    Also, as conventional interactive response systems are intended for use in a patient's home, they are not suited for use in public areas. Their single user nature makes them ill-equipped to handle a large volume of users. Touch screen kiosks, which are commonly used in lobbies of public buildings to disseminate information, are difficult to individualize for a patient and are also very expensive. In addition, kiosks are self-contained and not designed to work with other separate information systems, such as the Internet or a healthcare provider's information system.
  • OBJECTS AND ADVANTAGES OF THE INVENTION
  • [0013]
    In view of the above, it is an object of the present invention to provide a simple and inexpensive system for identifying and remotely monitoring a plurality of patients. It is another object of the present invention to provide a remote monitoring system which incurs a minimal hardware cost per patient. It is another object of the present invention to communicate information to a plurality of patients. It is another object of the invention to provide a system which allows flexible and dynamic querying of a plurality of patients. Another object of the present invention is to allow automatic identification of an individual by use of biometric information, a data card, a remote monitoring device, or a separate information system. It is another object of the present invention to assign scripts to patients automatically. It is a further object of the present invention to allow the collection and tracking of data from a plurality of patients for statistical analysis. It is another object of the present invention to provide an interactive response system which accepts and uses input from separate information systems. A final object of the present invention is to provide individualized patient interaction at a public terminal without increasing administration costs.
  • [0014]
    These and other objects and advantages will become more apparent after consideration of the ensuing description and the accompanying drawings.
  • SUMMARY
  • [0015]
    The invention presents a networked system for remotely identifying and monitoring a plurality of individuals, and for communicating information to the individuals. The system includes a server, and a workstation for entering into the server query sets to be answered by the individuals. The server is preferably a world wide web server and the workstation is preferably a personal computer or network terminal connected to the web server via the Internet. The system also includes a remotely programmable apparatus for identifying and interacting with the individuals. The remotely programmable apparatus is connected to the server via a communication network, preferably the Internet. The remotely programmable apparatus interacts with the individuals in accordance with script programs received from the server.
  • [0016]
    The server includes a script generator for generating script programs from the query sets which are entered through the workstation. The script programs are executable by the remotely programmable apparatus to communicate the query sets to the individuals, to receive responses to the query sets, and to transmit the responses from the remotely programmable apparatus to the server. The server also includes a database connected to the script generator for storing the script program and the responses to the queries. The database also stores a list of individuals or individual types, and for each individual or individual type, has a pointer to at least one script program. The server also has script assignment means connected to the database, which assigns to an individual at least one script program, according to script assignment information. The workstation allows a healthcare provider to enter in the script assignment information or the script programs may be automatically assigned based on individual identification information gathered from a input through an interface to the remote apparatus, a biometric sensor, a data card, a remote monitoring device, or other separate information system.
  • [0017]
    The remotely programmable apparatus has a communication device, such as a modem, for receiving the script programs from the server and for transmitting the responses to the server. The remotely programmable apparatus also has a user interface for communicating the query sets to the individuals and for receiving the responses to the query sets. In the preferred embodiment, the user interface includes a display for displaying the query sets and user input buttons for entering the responses to the query sets. In an alternative embodiment, the user interface includes a speech synthesizer for audibly communicating the query sets and a speech recognizer for receiving spoken responses to the query sets.
  • [0018]
    The remotely programmable apparatus also includes a memory for storing the script programs and the responses to the query sets. The remotely programmable apparatus further includes a microprocessor connected to the communication device, the user interface, and the memory. The microprocessor executes the script programs to identify the individual, communicate the query sets to the individual, receive the responses to the query sets, and transmit the responses to the server through the communication network.
  • [0019]
    In one embodiment, the system also includes at least one monitoring device for producing measurements of a physiological condition of the individual and for transmitting the measurements to the apparatus. The monitoring device can also be used to help the remotely programmable apparatus identify the individual. The remotely programmable apparatus includes a device interface connected to the microprocessor for receiving the measurements from the monitoring device. The measurements are stored in the memory and transmitted to the server along with the individual's identity and the responses to the query sets. The server also preferably includes a report generator connected to the database for generating a report of the measurements and responses. The report is displayed on the workstation.
  • [0020]
    As the present invention has multi-user capabilities, it must identify each individual or individual type in order to select the correct script program. In one embodiment, the individual can enter his or her unique identification code into the remotely programmable apparatus. The code is sent to the server and used to determine which script program to send back to the apparatus.
  • [0021]
    In another embodiment, the system uses a data card, which contains information about an individual's identity. The remotely programmable apparatus includes a data card reader in which the data card can be placed and read. A personal identification number (PIN) can also be used in conjunction with the data card in order confirm an individual's identity. In this embodiment, the present invention resembles an ATM machine.
  • [0022]
    In yet another embodiment, the system utilizes a biometric information gathered using a biometric sensor to determine an individual's identity. The biometric information is used by the methods and systems of the invention to provide security against unauthorized use for either or both the remote apparatus and server systems, to identify users for the retrieval of assigned script programs and to use that identity to retrieve information that is used to customize the script programs for the identified user. Examples of biometric information that the invention may use include: retina metrics, iris metrics, voice print metrics, body measurement metrics, handwriting metrics, body odor metrics, heart beat signature metrics and biometrics that may be discernable from the individual's body fluids such as blood, urine or breath.
  • [0023]
    The system of the present invention can also identify an individual or individual type (e.g., diabetic) by intercepting data from a separate information system. Data sent from a server of the separate information system to a printer can pass through the remotely programmable apparatus, which can identify the individual and send the data to the server of the present invention. The data passing through the remotely programmable apparatus can also trigger a script program, which can display queries for the individual to answer, or send information to the printer to be printed. An example of this embodiment has the remotely programmable apparatus located in series between a pharmacy server and a pharmacy printer.
  • [0024]
    Finally, the multi-user characteristic of the present invention makes it possible to collect and track data on individuals. The information generated can be used in a number of ways—for demographic marketing reports for pharmaceutical companies or for epidemiological studies by health care providers.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0025]
    FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a networked system according to a preferred embodiment of the invention.
  • [0026]
    FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating the interaction of the components of the system of FIG. 1.
  • [0027]
    FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a remotely programmable apparatus of the system of FIG. 1.
  • [0028]
    FIG. 4 is a block diagram illustrating the components of the apparatus of FIG. 3.
  • [0029]
    FIG. 5 is a script entry screen according to the preferred embodiment of the invention.
  • [0030]
    FIG. 6A is a listing of a sample script program according to the preferred embodiment of the invention.
  • [0031]
    FIG. 6B is a continuation of the listing of FIG. 6A.
  • [0032]
    FIG. 7 is a script assignment screen according to the preferred embodiment of the invention.
  • [0033]
    FIG. 8 is a sample prompt appearing on a display of the apparatus of FIG. 3.
  • [0034]
    FIG. 9 is a sample query displayed on a workstation of the system of FIG. 3.
  • [0035]
    FIG. 10 is a sample patient report displayed on the workstation of the system of FIG. 1.
  • [0036]
    FIG. 11A is a flow chart illustrating the steps included in a monitoring application executed by the server of FIG. 1 according to the preferred embodiment of the invention.
  • [0037]
    FIG. 11B-C are continuations of the flow chart of FIG. 11A.
  • [0038]
    FIG. 12A is a flow chart illustrating the steps included in the script program of FIGS. 6A-6B.
  • [0039]
    FIG. 12B-c are continuations of the flow chart of FIG. 12A.
  • [0040]
    FIG. 13 flow chart illustrating the steps included in a monitoring application executed by the server of FIG. 1 according to an alternative embodiment of the invention.
  • [0041]
    FIG. 14A is a flow chart illustrating the steps included in the script program used in the alternative embodiment of the invention.
  • [0042]
    FIG. 14B is a continuation of the flow chart of FIG. 14A.
  • [0043]
    FIG. 15 is a perspective view of a remotely programmable apparatus according to a second embodiment of the invention.
  • [0044]
    FIG. 16 is a sample prompt appearing on a display of the apparatus of FIG. 15.
  • [0045]
    FIG. 17 is a block diagram illustrating the components of the apparatus of FIG. 15.
  • [0046]
    FIG. 18 is a schematic block diagram illustrating the interaction of the server of FIG. 1 with the apparatus of FIG. 3 according to a third embodiment of the invention.
  • [0047]
    FIG. 19 is a first sample message, appearing on the display of the apparatus of FIG. 3.
  • [0048]
    FIG. 20 is a second sample message, appearing on the display of the apparatus of FIG. 3.
  • [0049]
    FIG. 21 is a script entry screen according to the third embodiment of the invention.
  • [0050]
    FIG. 22 is a block diagram of a networked system according to the data interception embodiment of the invention.
  • [0051]
    FIG. 23 is a perspective view of a remotely programmable apparatus of the system of FIG. 22.
  • [0052]
    FIG. 24 is a block diagram illustrating the components of the apparatus of FIG. 23.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0053]
    The invention presents a system and method for remotely identifying and monitoring individuals, and for communicating information to the individuals. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the individuals are patients and the system is used to collect data relating to the health status of the patients. The data can be used by healthcare providers or pharmaceutical companies for research or marketing purposes.
  • [0054]
    In the present invention, an individual is designated to mean a unique patient or a unique patient type, such as a diabetic. Also, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to remote patient monitoring. The system and method of the invention may be used for any type of remote monitoring application. The invention may also be implemented as an automated messaging system for communicating information to individuals, as will be discussed in an alternative embodiment below.
  • [0055]
    A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in FIGS. 1-12. Referring to FIG. 1, a networked system 16 includes a server 18 and a workstation 20 connected to server 18 through a communication network 24. Server 18 is preferably a world wide web server and communication network 24 is preferably the Internet. It will be apparent to one skilled in the art that server 18 may comprise a single stand-alone computer or multiple computers distributed throughout a network. Workstation 20 is preferably a personal computer, remote terminal, or web TV unit connected to server 18 via the Internet. Workstation 20 functions as a workstation for entering in server 18 messages and queries to be communicated to the patients.
  • [0056]
    System 16 also includes a remotely programmable apparatus 26 for monitoring patients. Apparatus 26 is designed to interact with one or more patients in accordance with script programs received from server 18. Apparatus 26 is in communication with server 18 through communication network 24, preferably the Internet. Alternatively, apparatus 26 may be placed in communication with server 18 via wireless communication networks, cellular networks, telephone networks, or any other network which allows apparatus 26 to exchange data with server 18. For clarity of illustration, only one apparatus 26 is shown in FIG. 1. It is to be understood that system 16 may include any number of apparatuses, with each apparatus used to monitor any number of patients.
  • [0057]
    In the preferred embodiment, each patient to be monitored is also provided with a monitoring device 28. Monitoring device 28 is designed to produce measurements of a physiological condition of the patient, record the measurements, and transmit the measurements to apparatus 26 through a standard connection cable 30. Examples of suitable monitoring devices 28 include blood glucose meters, respiratory flow meters, blood pressure cuffs, electronic weight scales, and pulse rate monitors. Such monitoring devices are well known in the art. The specific type of monitoring device provided to each patient is dependent upon the patient's disease. For example, diabetes patients are provided with a blood glucose meters for measuring blood glucose concentrations, asthma patients are provided with respiratory flow meters for measuring peak flow rates, obesity patients are provided with weight scales, etc.
  • [0058]
    FIG. 2 shows server 18, workstation 20, and apparatus 26 in greater detail. Server 18 includes a database 38 for storing script programs 40. Script programs 40 are executed by apparatus 26 to communicate queries and messages to a patient, receive responses 42 to the queries, collect monitoring device measurements 44, and transmit responses 42 and measurements 44 to server 18. Database 38 is designed to store responses 42 and measurements 44. Database 38 further includes a look-up table 46. Table 46 contains a list of the patients and patient types to be monitored, and for each patient or patient type, a unique patient identification code, biometric enrollment information and a respective pointer to the script program assigned to the patient. Each apparatus 26 is designed to execute assigned script programs 40, which it receives from server 18. As each apparatus 26 is used by a number of patients, apparatus 26 can execute any number of script programs 40.
  • [0059]
    FIGS. 3-4 show the structure of each apparatus 26 according to the preferred embodiment. Referring to FIG. 3, apparatus 26 includes housing 62. Housing 62 is sufficiently compact to enable apparatus 26 to be placed unobtrusively on a pharmacy counter, a check stand, a night stand or carried by an individual user. Apparatus 26 also includes a display 64 for displaying queries and prompts to the patient. In the preferred embodiment, display 64 is a liquid crystal display (LCD).
  • [0060]
    Four user input buttons 70A, 70B, 70C, and 70D are located adjacent display 64. User input buttons 70A, 70B, 70C, and 70D are for entering in apparatus 26 responses to the queries and prompts. In the preferred embodiment, user input buttons 70A, 70B, 70C, and 70D are momentary contact push buttons. In alternative embodiments, user input buttons 70A, 70B, 70C, and 70D may be replaced by switches, keys, a touch sensitive display screen, or any other data input device.
  • [0061]
    Three monitoring device jacks 68A, 68B, and 68C are located on a surface of housing 62. Device jacks 68A, 68B, and 68C are for connecting apparatus 26 to a number of monitoring devices 28, such as blood glucose meters, respiratory flow meters, or blood pressure cuffs, through respective connection cables (not shown). Apparatus 26 also includes a modem jack 66 for connecting apparatus 26 to a telephone jack through a standard connection cord (not shown). Apparatus 26 further includes a visual indicator, such as a light emitting diode (LED) 74. LED 74 is for visually notifying the patient that he or she has unanswered queries stored in apparatus 26.
  • [0062]
    Apparatus 26 also contains a data card reader 63. Data card reader 63 is capable of reading a data card 65 containing information about a patient. In the present invention, data card 65 contains the patient's identity, condition or disease, and possibly prescription information. Data card 65 is placed in data card reader 63, thus allowing apparatus 26 to identify the patient and assign script program 40. Apparatus 26 also has a printer port 67, allowing apparatus 26 to be directly connected to a printer. Queries 94, responses 42, device measurements 44, and other pertinent information stored on apparatus 26 can be printed directly.
  • [0063]
    The apparatus 26 also includes a biometric sensor 71 for gathering biometric information from the user. The biometric sensor may be substituted for, or used in addition to, other patient identification means (e.g., the data card reader 63). Examples of biometric sensors that may be used by the apparatus 26 include an optical device (e.g., a camera created from a CCD), a silicon sensor (e.g., a chip that gathers information using the capacitance occurring as a result of a body part coming into contact with the silicon chip), a sound sensor (e.g., a microphone), an olfactory sensor (e.g., an “artificial nose”) and/or a sensor for measuring three-dimensional biometric topology (e.g., a laser or ultrasound measuring device). The type of biometric sensor 71 used in a given embodiment of the invention corresponds to the type of biometric information that is used to enroll and later identify the individual.
  • [0064]
    The present invention may use any type of biometric information gathering and analysis as described herein or otherwise known to those skilled in the art. Biometric information includes information that when used alone or in combination with other information uniquely identifies an individual with reasonable certainty. Examples of biometric information include: retina metrics, iris metrics, voice print metrics, body measurement metrics, handwriting metric, body odor metrics, heart beat signature metrics and biometrics that may be discernable from the individual's body fluids such as blood, urine or breath. Retina metrics make use of individual blood vessel patterns on the retina of the eye which are photographed, encoded, and compared to a previously coded “enrollment.” Iris metrics similarly refer to individualized patterns in the iris of the eye which are photographed, encoded, and compared to a previously coded “enrollment.” Voice print metrics capture a sample of an individual voice which reflect the physical structure producing the voice and the developmental speech patterns. Body measurement metrics map the physical measurement of the body and may include the physical characteristics of a finger, a hand, a face or other parts of the body. Handwriting metrics may include not only a comparison of the handwriting to a know sample, but also characteristics such as the speed, stroke order and pressure associated with, for instance, a signature. Use of physiological measurements as biometric information is discussed in more detail below.
  • [0065]
    FIG. 4 is a schematic block diagram illustrating the components of apparatus 26 in greater detail. Apparatus 26 includes a microprocessor 76, and a memory 80 connected to microprocessor 76. Memory 80 is preferably a non-volatile memory, such as a serial EEPROM. Memory 80 stores script programs 40 received from server 18, measurements 44 received from monitoring device 28, responses to queries, and a patient or patient type's unique identification code. Unique information for identifying the individual may also be stored in the memory 80 of the apparatus 26, in the memory of the server 18, or both. This unique information may include a unique identification number or biometric enrollment information associated with the individual that uniquely identifies that individual. Microprocessor 76 also includes built-in read only memory (ROM) which stores firmware for controlling the operation of apparatus 26. The firmware includes a script interpreter used by microprocessor 76 to execute script programs 40. The script interpreter interprets script commands, which are executed by microprocessor 76.
  • [0066]
    The script commands allow apparatus 26 to identify the patient or patient type through user buttons 70A, 70B, 70C, and 70D, monitoring device 28, data card 65, biometric sensor 71 or printer port 67. The script commands also allow apparatus 26 to display the query sets to the patient, receive responses 42 to the query sets, receive measurements 44 from monitoring device 28, and transmit responses to server 18. Specific techniques for interpreting and executing script commands in this manner are well known in the art.
  • [0067]
    Microprocessor 76 is preferably connected to memory 80 using a standard two-wire 12C interface. Microprocessor 76 is also connected to user input buttons 70A, 70B, 70C, and 70D, data card reader 63, biometric sensor 71, printer port 67, LED 74, a clock 84, and a display driver 82. Clock 84 indicates the current date and time to microprocessor 76. For clarity of illustration, clock 84 is shown as a separate component, but is preferably built into microprocessor 76. Display driver 82 operates under the control of microprocessor 76 to display information on display 64. Microprocessor 76 is preferably a PIC 16C65 processor, which includes a universal asynchronous receiver transmitter (UART) 78. UART 78 is for communicating with a modem 86 and a device interface 90. A CMOS switch 88 under the control of microprocessor 76 alternately connects modem 86 and interface 90 to UART 78.
  • [0068]
    Modem 86 is connected to a telephone jack 22 through modem jack 66. Modem 86 is for exchanging data with server 18 through communication network 24. The data includes script programs 40 which are received from server 18 as well as responses 42 to queries, device measurements 44, script identification codes, and the patient or patient type's unique identification code or other information that uniquely identifies the individual which modem 86 transmits to server 18. Modem 86 is preferably a complete 28.8 K modem commercially available from Cermetek, although any suitable modem may be used.
  • [0069]
    Device interface 90 is connected to device jacks 68A, 68B, and 68C. Device interface 90 is for interfacing with a number of monitoring devices, such as blood glucose meters, respiratory flow meters, blood pressure cuffs, weight scales, or pulse rate monitors, through the device jacks. Device interface 90 operates under the control of microprocessor 76 to collect measurements 44 from the monitoring devices and to output the measurements to microprocessor 76 for storage in memory 80. In the preferred embodiment, device interface 90 is a standard RS232 interface. For simplicity of illustration, only one device interface is shown in FIG. 4. However, in alternative embodiments, apparatus 26 may include multiple device interfaces to accommodate monitoring devices 28, which have different connection standards.
  • [0070]
    The monitoring device 28 may include a biometric sensor 79 in lieu of or in addition to a biometric sensor 71 made part of the apparatus 26. In addition to the types of biometric sensors 71 discussed above, a biometric sensor 79 may utilize or augment the data gathered by the monitoring device 28. For example, the biometric sensor 79 may make use of a heartbeat signature obtained by a pulse rate monitor, the blood characteristic obtained using a blood glucose meter, or the signature antigens present in a device reading a urine sample.
  • [0071]
    Referring again to FIG. 2, server 18 includes a monitoring application 48. Monitoring application 48 is a controlling software application executed by server 18 to perform the various functions described below. Application 48 includes a script generator 50, a script assignor 52, and a report generator 54. Script generator 50 is designed to generate script programs 40 from script information entered through workstation 20. The script information is entered through a script entry screen 56. In the preferred embodiment, script entry screen 56 is implemented as a web page on server 18. Workstation 20 includes a web browser for accessing the web page to enter the script information.
  • [0072]
    FIG. 5 illustrates script entry screen 56 as it appears on workstation 20. Screen 56 includes a script name field 92 for specifying the name of script program 40 to be generated. Screen 56 also includes entry fields 94 for entering query sets to be answered by a patient. Each entry field 94 has corresponding response choice fields 96 for entering response choices for the query. Screen 56 further includes check boxes 98 for selecting desired monitoring device 28, such as a blood glucose meter, respiratory flow meter, or blood pressure cuff, from which to collect measurements 44.
  • [0073]
    Screen 56 additionally includes a connection time field 100 for specifying a prescribed connection time at which apparatus 26 executing the script is to establish a subsequent communication link to server 18. The connection time is preferably selected to be the time at which communication rates are the lowest, such as 3:00 AM. During this connection time, apparatus 26 transmits to server 18 all responses 42 and device measurements 44 it has received during the day. During this same connection time, apparatus 26 also receives from server 18 all script programs 40 it will need for the following day or until the next prescribed connection time. This store and forward feature of apparatus 26 reduces communication expenses. However, if numerous patients are using apparatus 26, more than one connection can be made during the day in order to download necessary script programs 40. Screen 56 also includes a CREATE SCRIPT button 102 for instructing script generator 50 to generate script program 40 from the information entered in screen 56. Screen 56 further includes a CANCEL button 104 for canceling the information entered in screen 56.
  • [0074]
    In the preferred embodiment, each script program 40 created by the script generator 50 conforms to the standard file format used on UNIX systems. In the standard file format, each command is listed in the upper case and followed by a colon. Every line in script program 40 is terminated by a linefeed character {LF}, and only one command is placed on each line. The last character in script program 40 is a UNIX end of file character {EOF}. Table 1 shows an exemplary listing of script commands used in the preferred embodiment of the invention.
    TABLE 1
    SCRIPT COMMANDS
    Command Description
    Command CLS: {LF} Clear the display.
    ZAP: {LF} Erase from memory the last set of
    query responses recorded.
    LED: b{LF} Turn the LED on or off, where b is a
    binary digit of 0 or 1. An argument
    of 1 turns on the LED, and an
    argument of 0 turns off the LED.
    DISPLAY: {chars}{LF} Display the text following the
    DISPLAY command.
    INPUT: mmmm{LF} Record a button press. The m's
    represent a button mask pattern for
    each of the four input buttons.
    Each m contains an “X” for
    disallowed buttons or an “0” for
    allowed buttons. For example,
    INPUT: OXOX{LF} allows the user to
    press either button #1 or #3.
    WAIT: {LF} Wait for any one button to be
    pressed, then continue executing the
    script program.
    COLLECT: device{LF} Collect measurements from the
    monitoring device specified in the
    COLLECT command. The user is
    preferably prompted to connect the
    specified monitoring device to the
    apparatus and press a button to
    continue.
    NUMBER: aaaa {LF} Assign a script identification code
    to the script program. The script
    identification code from the most
    recently executed W E R statement is
    subsequently transmitted to the
    server along with the query
    responses and device measurements.
    The script identification code
    identifies to the server which
    script program was most recently
    executed by the remote apparatus.
    DELAY: t {LF} Wait until time t specified in the
    DELAY command, usually the
    prescribed connection time.
    CONNECT: {LF} Perform a connection routine to
    establish a communication link to
    the server, transmit the patient or
    patient type identification code,
    query responses, device
    measurements, and script
    identification code to the server,
    and receive and store a new script
    program. When the server instructs
    the apparatus to disconnect, the
    script interpreter is restarted,
    allowing the new script program to
    execute.
  • [0075]
    The script commands illustrated in Table 1 are representative of the preferred embodiment and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. After consideration of the ensuing description, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that many other suitable scripting languages and sets of script commands may be used to implement the invention.
  • [0076]
    Script generator 50 preferably stores a script program template which it uses to create each script program 40. To generate script program 40, script generator 50 inserts into the template the script information entered in screen 56. For example, FIGS. 6A-6B illustrate sample script program 40 created by script generator 50 from the script information shown in FIG. 5.
  • [0077]
    Script program 40 includes identification commands to determine the patient or patient type from user buttons 70A, 70B, 70C, and 70D, monitoring device 68A, 68B, and 68C, card chip reader 64, biometric sensor 71, 79 printer port 67, and display commands to display the queries and response choices entered in fields 94 and 96, respectively. Script program 40 also includes input commands to receive responses 42 to the queries. Script program 40 further includes a collect command to collect device measurements 44 from monitoring device 28 specified in check boxes 98. Script program 40 also includes commands to establish a subsequent communication link to server 18 at the connection time specified in field 100. The steps included in script program 40 are also shown in the flow chart of FIGS. 12A-12B and will be discussed in the operation section below.
  • [0078]
    Referring again to FIG. 2, script assignor 52 is for assigning script programs 40 to the patients. Script programs 40 are assigned in accordance with script assignment information entered through workstation 20. The script assignment information is entered through a script assignment screen 57, which is preferably implemented as a web page on server 18.
  • [0079]
    FIG. 7 illustrates a sample script assignment screen 57 as it appears on workstation 20. Screen 57 includes check boxes 106 for selecting script program 40 to be assigned and check boxes 108 for selecting the patient or patient types to whom script program 40 is to be assigned. Screen 57 also includes an ASSIGN SCRIPT button 112 for entering the assignments. When button 112 is pressed, script assignor 52 creates and stores for each patient or patient type selected in check boxes 108 a respective pointer to script program 40 selected in check boxes 106. Each pointer is stored in the patient or patient type look-up table 46 of database 38. Screen 57 further includes an ADD SCRIPT button 110 for accessing script entry screen 56 and a DELETE SCRIPT button 114 for deleting script program 40.
  • [0080]
    Referring again to FIG. 2, report generator 54 is designed to generate a patient report 58 from the responses and device measurements received in server 18. Patient report 58 is displayed on workstation 20. FIG. 10 shows a sample patient report 58 produced by report generator 54 for a selected patient. Patient report 58 includes a graph 116 of device measurements 44 received from the patient, as well as a listing of responses 42 received from the patient. Specific techniques for writing a report generator program to display data in this manner are well known in the art.
  • [0081]
    The operation of the preferred embodiment is illustrated in FIGS. 11A-C as a flow chart illustrating steps included in the monitoring application executed by server 18. In step 202, server 18 determines if new script information has been entered through script entry screen 56. If new script information has not been entered, server 18 proceeds to step 206. If new script information has been entered, server 18 proceeds to step 204.
  • [0082]
    As shown in FIG. 5, the script information includes queries 94, and for each query 94, corresponding responses, choices 96. The script information also includes a selected monitoring device type from which to collect device measurements 44. The script information further includes a prescribed connection time for each apparatus to establish a subsequent communication link to server 18. The script information is generally entered in server 18 by a healthcare provider, such as the patients' physician or case manager. Of course, any person desiring to communicate with the patients may also be granted access to server 18 to create and assign script programs 40. Further, it is to be understood that the system may include any number of workstations 20 for entering script generation and script assignment information in server 18.
  • [0083]
    In step 204, script generator 50 generates script program 40 from the information entered in screen 56. Script program 40 is stored in database 38. Steps 202 and 204 are preferably repeated to generate multiple script programs, e.g. a script program for diabetes patients, a script program for asthma patients, etc. Each script program 40 corresponds to a respective one of the sets of queries 94 entered through script entry screen 56. Following step 204, server 18 proceeds to step 206.
  • [0084]
    In step 206, server 18 determines if new script assignment information has been entered through assignment screen 57. If new script assignment information has not been entered, server 18 proceeds to step 210. If new script assignment information has been entered, server 18 proceeds to step 208. As shown in FIG. 7, script programs 40 are assigned to each patient by selecting script program 40 through check boxes 106, selecting the patient or patient types to whom selected script program 40 is to be assigned through check boxes 108, and pressing the ASSIGN SCRIPT button 112. When button 112 is pressed, script assignor 52 creates for each patient or patient type selected in check boxes 108 a respective pointer to script program 40 selected in check boxes 106. In step 208, each pointer is stored in look-up table 46 of database 38. Following step 208, server 18 proceeds to step 210.
  • [0085]
    In step 210, server 18 determines if apparatus 26 is remotely connected to server 18. If not, server 18 proceeds directly to step 220. If apparatus 26 is connected, server 18 determines in a decision step 211 whether to enforce security during communication with the remote apparatus 26. In an embodiment of the invention, biometric information is used to uniquely identify the individual via the remote apparatus 26 or monitoring device. In a step 212 (FIG. 11B), biometric information is received from the remote apparatus 26 or monitoring device. The biometric information is compared to previously enrolled biometric information in a decision step 213 to determine if the biometric information sent by the remote apparatus 26 matches that of an authorized user. If the information does not match an authorized user, the communication is rejected in a step 221 and the method progresses to step 220.
  • [0086]
    If the biometric information does match an authorized user (step 213) or security is not enabled (step 211), the method continues with step 214 where the server 18 receives from apparatus 26 the patient or patient type's unique identification code. This step can be achieved in a number of ways. Biometric information identifying the patient can be sent at this point if not duplicative of biometric information previously sent (e.g., in step 212). The patient can answer specific queries on display 64 of apparatus 26, which allows identification of the patient's identity, condition, or disease. The patient's identification can also be recognized via monitoring device 28, including biometric information obtained by the monitoring device 28 or a biometric sensor 79 in communication with the monitoring device 28. Monitoring device 28 can contain the patient's unique identification code, and can send it to apparatus 26. Apparatus 26 is also capable of recognizing the type of monitoring device 28, for example a blood glucose meter, to determine the patient type, for example diabetes.
  • [0087]
    Data card reader 63 is another way in which apparatus 26 can recognize a patient or patient type. Data card 65 contains information about the patient's identity, condition or disease, and possibly prescription information, which can be read by data card reader 63 of apparatus 26. This information is then sent to server 18, where it is used to determine which script program 40 is sent back to apparatus 26 to which the patient is to respond.
  • [0088]
    Another way in which apparatus 26 can identify a patient or patient type is through printer port 67, as illustrated in FIG. 20. Patient data from the server 106 of another information system can be sent to a printer 108 via apparatus 26. Apparatus 26 can then send the intercepted data to server 18 of the remote monitoring system of the present invention, which can then send appropriate script program 40 to apparatus 26. A more detailed description of the data interception embodiment of the present invention is described below.
  • [0089]
    In step 216, server 18 uses the patient identification code or individual identification information obtained as discussed above to retrieve from table 46 the pointer to script program 40 assigned to the patient. If the script program is to be customized for an individual, this is determined in a decision step 217 and custom information is merged into the script program in a step 218. The individual to customize the script program for is identified using the individual identification information. The customization of script programs is discussed below in more detail with reference to FIGS. 18-21. Server 18 then retrieves assigned script program 40 from database 38. In step 219, server 18 transmits assigned script program 40 to patient's apparatus 26 through communication network 24. Following step 219, server 18 proceeds to step 220.
  • [0090]
    In step 220, server 18 determines if a patient report request has been received from workstation 20. If no report request has been received, server 18 returns to step 202. If a report request has been received for a selected patient, server 18 retrieves from database 38, measurements 44 and query responses 42 last received from the patient, step 222. In step 224, server 18 generates and displays patient report 58 on workstation 20. As shown in FIG. 10, report 58 includes device measurements 44 and query responses 42 last received from the patient. Following step 224, the server returns to step 202.
  • [0091]
    FIGS. 12A-12B illustrate the steps executed by the remote apparatus 26. In a step 290, biometric information is gathered via a biometric sensor 71, 73 that is integrated with the remote apparatus 26 (FIGS. 3-4) or its various embodiments (e.g., FIGS. 15, 17). The remote sensor 79 may alternatively be integrated into a monitoring device 28 or may be a separate device that is placed into communication with the monitoring device 28 or the remote apparatus 26. Any biometric sensor that gathers information that reasonably identifies an individual may be used. Since a number of biometric sensors are commercially available and known to those skilled in the art, they will only be briefly described herein. Examples of biometric sensors that may be used by the apparatus 26 include an optical device (e.g., a camera created from a CCD), a silicon sensor (e.g., a chip that gathers information using the capacitance occurring as a result of a body part coming into contact with the silicon chip), a sound sensor (e.g., a microphone), an olfactory sensor (e.g., an “artificial nose”), a pressure sensor for detecting the speed, stroke order and pressure of handwriting and/or a sensor for measuring three dimensional biometric topology (e.g., a laser or ultrasound measuring device). The type of biometric sensor 71 used in an embodiment of the invention corresponds to the type of biometric information used by the methods of the invention.
  • [0092]
    Biometric information includes information that when used alone or in combination with other information uniquely identifies an individual with reasonable certainty. Examples of biometric information include: retina metrics, iris metrics, voice print metrics, body measurement metrics, handwriting metric, body odor metrics, heart beat signature metrics and biometrics that may be discernable from the individual's body fluids such as blood, urine or breath. Retina metrics make use of individual blood vessel patterns on the retina of the eye which are photographed, encoded, and compared to a previously coded “enrollment.” Iris metrics similarly refer to individualized patterns in the iris of the eye which are photographed, encoded, and compared to a previously coded “enrollment.” Voice print metrics capture a sample of an individual voice which reflect the physical structure producing the voice and the developmental speech patterns. Body measurement metrics map the physical measurement of the body and may include the physical characteristics of a finger, a hand, a face or other parts of the body. Handwriting metrics may include not only a comparison of the handwriting to a know sample, but also characteristics such as the speed, stroke order and pressure associated with, for instance, a signature.
  • [0093]
    Referring to FIG. 12A, biometric information is gathered in a step 290. Security for the apparatus 26 may be configured separately from the security settings of the server 18. In a decision step 292, an apparatus configuration is checked to determine if security has been enabled for the remote apparatus 26. If security is not enabled, the method continues with step 296. If security is enabled, the biometric information collected in step 290 is checked in a decision step 294 against local biometric information maintained for authorized users. If the biometric information verifies with the local biometric information, the method continues with step 296. The method ends at step 334 (FIG. 12C) if the biometric information does not verify with the local biometric information.
  • [0094]
    The method continues with the script program 40 being executed by apparatus 26. Before script program 40 is received, apparatus 26 is programmed with the script interpreter used by microprocessor 76 to execute script program 40. The initial programming may be achieved during the connection to server 18. Following initial programming, apparatus 26 receives (step 296) from server 18 script program 40 assigned to the patient associated with apparatus 26. Script program 40 is received by modem 86 through a first communication link and stored in memory 80.
  • [0095]
    In step 302 (FIG. 12B), microprocessor 76 assigns a script identification code to script program 40 and stores the script identification code in memory 80. In step 304, microprocessor 76 lights LED 74 to notify the patient that he or she has unanswered queries stored in apparatus 26. LED 74 preferably remains lit until the queries are answered by the patient.
  • [0096]
    In step 308, microprocessor 76 prompts the patient by displaying on display 64 “ANSWER QUERIES NOW? PRESS ANY BUTTON TO START”. In step 310, microprocessor 76 waits until a reply to the prompt is received from the patient. When a reply is received, microprocessor 76 proceeds to step 312. In step 312, microprocessor 76 executes successive display and input commands to display the queries and response choices on display 64 and to receive responses 42 to the queries.
  • [0097]
    FIG. 8 illustrate a sample query and its corresponding response choices as they appear on display 64. The response choices are positioned on display 64 such that each response choice is located proximate to a respective one of input buttons 70A, 70B, 70C, and 70D. In the preferred embodiment, each response choice is displayed immediately above respective input button 70. The patient presses input button 70A, 70B, 70C, and 70D corresponding to his or her response. Microprocessor 76 stores each response in memory 80.
  • [0098]
    In steps 314-318, microprocessor 76 executes commands to collect device measurements 44 from selected monitoring device 28 if it is directed to do so by script program 40. Script program 40 specifies selected monitoring device 28 from which to collect measurements 44. In step 314, microprocessor 76 prompts the patient to connect selected monitoring device 28, for example a blood glucose meter, to one of device jacks 68A, 68B, and 68C. A sample prompt is shown in FIG. 10. In step 316, microprocessor 76 waits until a reply to the prompt is received from the patient. When a reply is received, microprocessor 76 proceeds to step 318. Microprocessor 76 also connects UART 78 to interface 90 through switch 88. In step 318, microprocessor 76 collects device measurements 44 from monitoring device 28 through interface 90. Measurements 44 are stored in memory 80.
  • [0099]
    In the preferred embodiment, apparatus 26 is always plugged into telephone jack 22. If not, however, microprocessor 76 prompts the patient to connect apparatus 26 to telephone jack 22 so that apparatus 26 may connect to server 18 at the prescribed connection time in step 320. In step 322, microprocessor 76 waits until a reply to the prompt is received from the patient. When a reply is received, microprocessor 76 turns off LED 74 in step 324. In step 326, microprocessor 76 waits until it is time to connect to server 18. Microprocessor 76 compares the connection time specified in script program 40 to the current time output by clock 84. When it is time to connect, microprocessor 76 connects UART 78 to modem 86 through switch 88.
  • [0100]
    In step 328, microprocessor 76 establishes a subsequent communication link between apparatus 26 and server 18 through modem 86 and communication network 24. If the connection fails for any reason, microprocessor 76 repeats step 328 to get a successful connection. Biometric information gathered by the remote apparatus 26 is transmitted to the server 18 in a step 329. In step 330, microprocessor 76 transmits device measurements 44, query responses 42, script identification code, and patient or patient type identification code stored in memory 80 to server 18 through the subsequent communication link. In step 332, microprocessor 76 receives through modem 86 new script program 40 from server 18. New script program 40 is stored in memory 80 for subsequent execution by microprocessor 76. Following step 332, script program 40 ends.
  • [0101]
    In the above description, apparatus 26 connects to server 18 each time a new patient identification is entered. FIG. 13 shows an alternative embodiment, where apparatus 26 connects to server 18 at one time during the day. During this connection period, apparatus 26 receives from server 18 all script programs 40 it expects to need during the following day. As shown in FIG. 13, steps 202-208 are the same as above, with server 18 generating and storing new script assignments and new script programs if needed. In step 210, apparatus 26 connects with server 18. In step 216, server 18 retrieves script programs 40 from database 38. Script programs 40 can be for patients who are likely to use apparatus 26 the following day or script programs 40 can be for general conditions, diseases, or prescriptions that are requested everyday. In step 218, server 18 transmits assigned script program 40 to patient's apparatus 26 through communication network 24. Following step 218, server 18 proceeds to step 220, which is carried out in the same manner as the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 11A and 11B.
  • [0102]
    In the embodiment of FIG. 13, patients' responses to all queries are transmitted from apparatus 26 to server 18 during a single connection period, ideally the same connection period when script programs 40 are downloaded into apparatus 26 for the following day. FIGS. 14A and 14B show the steps of script program 40 for the embodiment of FIG. 13. Notice all steps are the same, except for the addition of step 325. In step 325, apparatus 26 has the option of repeating another script program sequence for the same or another patient before connecting to server 18. Thus, many patients can use apparatus 26 during the day. Apparatus 26 stores all their responses 42 and measurements 44, and then forwards them to server 18 at the end of the day, as shown in step 330. Apparatus 26 used in this embodiment must have sufficient memory means 80.
  • [0103]
    An advantage of the present invention is that it does not require that each patient purchase his or her own apparatus 26. Instead, patients can visit their nearest pharmacy or healthcare clinic where apparatus 26 is located and answer queries there. Since apparatus 26 only requires identification of a patient or patient type in order to connect to server 18 and download appropriate script program 40, any patient can use any apparatus 18 as long as they have a patient identification code, data card, or have enrolled biometric information. Ideally, patients who are traveling or are far from home can just stop into any pharmacy and answer queries, which will get sent back to server 18.
  • [0104]
    A second advantage of the monitoring system is that it allows each apparatus 26 to be programmed remotely through script programs 40. Patient surveys, connection times, display prompts, selected monitoring devices, patient customization, and other operational details of each apparatus may be easily changed by transmitting a new script program 40 to apparatus 26. Moreover, each script program 40 may be easily created and assigned by remotely accessing server through 18 the Internet. Thus, the invention provides a powerful, convenient, and inexpensive system for remotely monitoring a large number of patients.
  • [0105]
    FIGS. 16-18 illustrate a second embodiment of the invention in which each remotely programmable apparatus has speech recognition and speech synthesis functionality. FIG. 14 shows a perspective view of an apparatus 27 according to the second embodiment. Apparatus 27 includes a speaker 72 for audibly communicating queries and prompts to the patient. Apparatus 27 also includes a microphone 118 for receiving spoken responses to the queries and prompts. Apparatus 27 may optionally include a display 64 for displaying prompts to the patient, as shown in FIG. 17.
  • [0106]
    FIG. 18 is a schematic block diagram illustrating the components of apparatus 27 in greater detail. Apparatus 27 is similar in design to apparatus 26 of the preferred embodiment except that apparatus 27 includes an audio processor chip 120 in place of microprocessor 76. Audio processor chip 120 is preferably an RSC-164 chip commercially available from Sensory Circuits Inc. of 1735 N. First Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112.
  • [0107]
    Audio processor chip 120 has a microcontroller 122 for executing script programs 40 received from server 18. A memory 80 is connected to microcontroller 122. Memory 80 stores script programs 40 and a script interpreter used by microcontroller 122 to execute script programs 40. Memory 80 also stores measurements 44 received from monitoring device 28, responses 42 to the queries, and script identification codes.
  • [0108]
    Audio processor chip 120 also has built in speech synthesis functionality for synthesizing queries and prompts to a patient through speaker 72. For speech synthesis, chip 120 includes a digital to analog converter PAC) 142 and an amplifier 144. DAC 142 and amplifier 144 drive speaker 72 under the control of microcontroller 122.
  • [0109]
    Audio processor chip 120 further has built in speech recognition functionality for recognizing responses spoken into microphone 118. Audio signals received through microphone 118 are converted to electrical signals and sent to a preamp and gain control circuit 128. Preamp and gain control circuit 128 is controlled by an automatic gain control circuit 136, which is in turn controlled by microcontroller 122. After being amplified by preamp 128, the electrical signals enter chip 120 and pass through a multiplexer 130 and an analog to digital converter (ADC) 132. The resulting digital signals pass through a digital logic circuit 134 and enter microcontroller 122 for speech recognition.
  • [0110]
    Audio processor chip 120 also includes a RAM 138 for short term memory storage and a ROM 140 which stores programs executed by microcontroller 122 to perform speech recognition and speech synthesis. Chip 120 operates at a clock speed determined by a crystal 126. Chip 120 also includes a clock 84 which provides the current date and time to microcontroller 122. As in the preferred embodiment, apparatus 27 includes an LED 74, display driver 82, modem 86, and device interface 90, all of which are connected to microcontroller 122.
  • [0111]
    The operation of the second embodiment is similar to the operation of the preferred embodiment except that queries, response choices, and prompts are audibly communicated to the patient through speaker 72 rather than being displayed to the patient on display 64. The operation of the second embodiment also differs from the operation of the preferred embodiment in that responses 42 to the queries and prompts are received through microphone 118 rather than through user input buttons.
  • [0112]
    Script programs 40 of the second embodiment are similar to the script program shown in FIGS. 6A-6B, except that each display command is replaced by a speech synthesis command and each input command is replaced by a speech recognition command. The speech synthesis commands are executed by microcontroller 122 to synthesize queries, response choices, and prompts through speaker 72. The speech recognition commands are executed by microcontroller 122 to recognize responses 42 spoken into microphone 118.
  • [0113]
    For example, to ask the patient how he or she feels and record a response, microcontroller 122 first executes a speech synthesis command to synthesize through speaker 72 “How do you feel? Please answer with one of the following responses: very bad, bad, good, or very good.” Next, microcontroller 118 executes a speech recognition command to recognize the response spoken into microphone 118. The recognized response is stored in memory 80 and subsequently transmitted to server 18. Other than the differences described, the operation and advantages of the second embodiment are the same as the operation and advantages of the preferred embodiment described above.
  • [0114]
    Although the first and second embodiments focus on querying individuals and collecting responses to the queries, the system of the invention is not limited to querying applications. The system may also be used simply to communicate messages to the individuals. FIGS. 18-21 illustrate a third embodiment in which the system is used to perform this automated messaging function. In the third embodiment, each script program contains a set of statements to be communicated to an individual rather than a set of queries to be answered by the individual. Of course, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that the script programs may optionally include both queries and statements.
  • [0115]
    The third embodiment also shows how the queries and statements may be customized to each individual by merging personal data with the script programs, much like a standard mail merge application. Referring to FIG. 18, personal data relating to each individual is preferably stored in look-up table 46 of database 38. By way of example, the data may include each individual's name, the name of each individual's physician, test results, appointment dates, or any other desired data. As in the preferred embodiment, database 38 also stores generic script programs 40 created by script generator 50.
  • [0116]
    Server 18 includes a data merge program 55 for merging the data stored in table 46 with generic script programs 40. Data merge program 55 is designed to retrieve selected data from table 46 and to insert the data into statements in generic script programs 40, thus creating custom script programs 41. Each custom script program 41 contains statements which are customized to an individual. For example, the statements may be customized with the individual's name, test results, etc. Examples of such customized statements are shown in FIGS. 19 and 20.
  • [0117]
    The operation of the third embodiment is similar to the operation of the preferred embodiment except that script programs 40 are used to communicate messages to the individuals rather than to query the individuals. Each message is preferably a set of statements. Referring to FIG. 18, the statements may be entered in server 18 through script entry screen 56, just like the queries of the preferred embodiment.
  • [0118]
    Each statement preferably includes one or more insert commands specifying data from table 46 to be inserted into the statement. The insert commands instruct data merge program 55 to retrieve the specified data from database 38 and to insert the data into the statement. For example, the insert commands shown in FIG. 21 instruct the data merge program to insert a physician name, an appointment date, a patient name, and a test result into the statements. As in the preferred embodiment, each statement may also include one or more response choices which are entered in fields 96.
  • [0119]
    Following entry of the statements and response choices, CREATE SCRIPT button 102 is pressed. When button 102 is pressed, script generator 50 generates a generic script program from the information entered in screen 56. The generic script program is similar to script program 40 shown in FIGS. 6A-6B, except that the display commands specify statements to be displayed rather than queries. Further, the statements include insert commands specifying data to be inserted into script program 40. As in the preferred embodiment, multiple script programs are preferably generated, e.g., a generic script program for diabetes patients, a generic script program for asthma patients, etc. The generic script programs are stored in database 38.
  • [0120]
    Following generation of the generic script programs, server 18 receives script assignment information entered through script assignment screen 57. As shown in FIG. 7, script programs 40 are assigned by first selecting one of the generic script programs through check boxes 106, selecting individuals through check boxes 108, and pressing the ASSIGN SCRIPT button 112. When button 112 is pressed, data merge program 55 creates a custom script program for each individual selected in check boxes 108.
  • [0121]
    Each custom script program is preferably created by using the selected generic script program as a template. For each individual selected, data merge program 55 retrieves from database 38 the data specified in the insert commands. Next, data merge program 55 inserts the data into the appropriate statements in the generic script program to create a custom script program for the individual. Each custom script program is stored in database 38.
  • [0122]
    As each custom script program is generated for an individual, script assignor 52 assigns the custom script program to the individual. This is preferably accomplished by creating a pointer to the custom script program and storing the pointer with the individual's unique identification code in table 46. When the individual's remote apparatus connects to server 18, server 18 receives from apparatus 26 the individual's unique identification code, biometric information, or data card information, etc. Server 18 uses the unique identification information to retrieve from table 46 the pointer to the custom script program assigned to the individual. Next, server 18 retrieves the assigned custom script-program from database 38 and transmits the assigned custom script program to apparatus 26 through communication network 24.
  • [0123]
    Apparatus 26 receives and executes script program 40. The execution of script program 40 is similar to the execution described in the preferred embodiment, except that statements are displayed to the individual rather than queries. FIGS. 17-18 illustrate two sample statements as they appear on display 64. Each statement includes a response choice, preferably an acknowledgment such as “OK”. After reading a statement, the individual presses the button corresponding to the response choice to proceed to the next statement. Alternatively, script program 40 may specify a period of time that each statement is to be displayed before proceeding to the next statement. The remaining operation of the third embodiment is analogous to the operation of the preferred embodiment described above.
  • [0124]
    The multi-user capabilities of the present invention allow for the collection and tracking of patient data. Apparatuses 26 are connected to one or more servers 18. They are placed in a number of different public places, such as pharmacies, where they are accessible to a wide range of patients. Patient responses 42 and measurements 44 are received by apparatuses 26 in the manner described above. The data is then sent to server or servers 18 where it is collected and organized. Ideally, pharmaceutical companies or healthcare providers will use monitoring system 16 to gather patient response to their products or services. The companies or providers will send queries or script programs 40 to server 18, which will then send queries or script programs 40 to one or more apparatuses 26. After patients have answered the queries or attached their monitoring devices 28, server 18 will send the patient data back to the companies and providers.
  • [0125]
    FIG. 22 shows how the present invention can be used in conjunction with a separate information system, such as a pharmacy information system. Patient data from the pharmacy information system 105 can be intercepted by the apparatus 29 in order to trigger the execution of script programs 40. In this embodiment, apparatus 29 is located in series between the pharmacy server 106 of pharmacy information system 105 and the pharmacy printer 108. Pharmacy information system 105 comprises pharmacy server 106, pharmacy workstation 107, and pharmacy printer 108. Patient data sent from pharmacy server 106 to pharmacy printer 108 must pass through apparatus 29. Apparatus 29 takes the patient data and sends it to server 18 of the system of the present invention. Server 18 uses patient data to determine which script program 40 to send to apparatus 29 for patient to answer. It is obvious that this method can be used to identify the patient to apparatus 29 and also server 18.
  • [0126]
    Alternatively, interception of patient data by apparatus 29 can be used to trigger printing of information on pharmacy printer 108. In this embodiment, apparatus 29 is again located in series between pharmacy server 106 of separate information system 105 and pharmacy printer 108. When apparatus 29 receives the patient data, it triggers a stored script program 40, which commands pharmacy printer 108 to print out information for the patient. This information differs in content from the patient data and is printed in addition to it. In addition, the patient data can also be sent to server 18 to trigger additional script program 40 which displays queries on display 64 of apparatus 29 to be answered by patient.
  • [0127]
    FIG. 23 shows a block diagram of apparatus 29 as used in this embodiment, while FIG. 24 shows a schematic block diagram illustrating the components of apparatus 29 in greater detail. FIGS. 23 and 24 are similar to FIGS. 3 and 4, except for the addition of a server port 69 in both figures. Server port 69 is used to connect apparatus 29 to pharmacy server 106. Server port 69 can receive a standard SCSI cable connection or a telephone cable connection, in which case it operates as a modem. Thus apparatus 29 can connect to server 18 through modem jack 66, pharmacy server 106 through server port 69, monitoring device 28 through device jacks 68A, 68B, and 68C, and pharmacy printer 108 through printer port 67.
  • SUMMARY, RAMIFICATIONS, AND SCOPE
  • [0128]
    Although the above description contains many specificities, these should not be construed as limitations on the scope of the invention but merely as illustrations of some of the presently preferred embodiments. Many other embodiments of the invention are possible. For example, the scripting language and script commands shown are representative of the preferred embodiment. It will be apparent to one skilled in the art many other scripting languages and specific script commands may be used to implement the invention.
  • [0129]
    Moreover, the invention is not limited to the specific applications described. The system and method of the invention have many other applications both inside and outside the healthcare industry. For example, the system may also be used by insurance companies and medical clinics to conduct all types of surveys of patients. Retailers and service companies can conduct all types of surveys of consumers. Marketing firms can use the invention to do widespread market research. In addition, stores can use the invention to receive information from customers regarding their shopping tastes. An example of this application would be a bridal registry.
  • [0130]
    The invention may also be used for educational purposes, such as testing students remotely. Students can use the apparatus to take national standardized multiple-choice tests, such as the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). In addition, the invention can be used for financial purposes. Banks, utilities, credit card companies, etc. can send billing information from their servers to customers using the apparatuses. Customers can then authorize the institutions to transfer funds, pay their bills, etc.
  • [0131]
    Therefore, the scope of the invention should be determined not by the examples given, but by the appended claims and their legal equivalents.

Claims (20)

1. A method for monitoring a-health related condition of a user with a server in a communication network, comprising the steps of:
(A) receiving via said communication network first electronic data representing a voice of said user speaking to an apparatus, wherein said apparatus is (i) connectable to said communication network and (ii) located distant from said server;
(B) identifying said user as at least one of (i) a plurality of authorized patients and (ii) a plurality of patient types of a health monitoring service based on said voice; and
(C) generating one or more scripts corresponding to said particular patient, at least one of said scripts (i) asking a question about health information and (ii) stating a plurality of possible answers.
2. The method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of:
transmitting said scripts to said apparatus via said communication network.
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein (i) said first electronic data comprises a voice print and (ii) the step for identifying said user comprises the sub-step of:
matching said voice print with one sample among a plurality of voice print samples corresponding to said authorized patients stored in said server.
4. The method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of:
generating an identification code in response to a voice recognition of a spoken word in said first electronic data, wherein the step of identifying said user comprises the sub-step of:
matching said identification code with one code among a plurality of patient codes corresponding to said patient types stored in said server.
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein said at least one script comprises second electronic data representing a recorded voice asking said question.
6. The method according to claim 1, wherein said at least one script comprises a speech synthesis command instructing said apparatus to audibly synthesis said question.
7. The method according to claim 1, wherein said at least one script comprises a speech recognition command instructing said apparatus to generate a numerical answer indexing one of said possible answers by conducting a voice recognition of a spoken answer to said question.
8. The method according to claim 1, further comprising the steps of:
receiving from said communication network second electronic data representing said voice of said user; and
conducting a voice recognition of a spoken answer to said question in said second electronic data.
9. The method according to claim 1, further comprising the steps of:
generating second electronic. data representing a live voice; and
transmitting said second electronic data to said apparatus via said communication network in real time.
10. The method according to claim 1, further comprising a storage medium storing a computer program comprising the steps of claim 1.
11. A method for monitoring a health related condition of a user with an apparatus in a communication network, comprising the steps of:
(A) generating first electronic data representing a voice of said user speaking to said apparatus;
(B) identifying said user from at least one of (i) a plurality of authorized patients and (ii) a plurality of patient types of a health monitoring service based on said first electronic data; and
(C) executing one or more scripts associated with said identified user and received from a server via said communication network, at least one of said scripts (a) asking a question about health information and (b) stating a plurality of possible answers, wherein said server is (i) connectable to said communication network and (ii) located distant from said apparatus.
12. The method according to claim 11, further comprising the step of:
transmitting said identification code to said server via said communication network.
13. The method according to claim 11, wherein (i) said first electronic data defines a voice print and (ii) the step of generating said identification code comprises the sub-step of:
matching said voice print with one sample among a plurality of voice print samples corresponding to said authorized patients stored in said apparatus.
14. The method according to claim 11, wherein the step of generating said identification code comprises the sub-steps of:
identifying a spoken word by conducting a voice recognition of said first electronic data; and
matching said spoken word with one sample among a plurality of word samples corresponding to said patient types stored in said apparatus.
15. The method according to claim 11, wherein said at least one script comprises second electronic data representing a recorded voice asking said question, the method further comprising the step of:
generating an audible question by playing said recorded voice.
16. The method according to claim 11, wherein said at least one script comprises a speech synthesis command for said question, the method further comprising the step of:
generating an audible question by conducting a speech synthesis of said question.
17. The method according to claim 11, further comprising the steps of:
generating second electronic data representing a spoken answer to said question;
generating a numerical answer indexing one of said possible answers by conducting a voice recognition of said second electronic data; and
transmitting said numerical answer to said server via said communication network.
18. The method according to claim 11, further comprising the steps of:
generating second electronic data representing a spoken answer to said question;
transmitting said second electronic data to said server via said communication network for voice recognition of said spoken answer at said server.
19. The method according to claim 11, further comprising a storage medium storing a computer program comprising the steps of claim 11.
20. An apparatus comprising:
an audio input channel configured to generate first electronic data representing a voice of a user speaking to said apparatus;
a microcontroller configured to identify said user from at least one of (i) a plurality of authorized patients and (ii) a plurality of patient types of a health monitoring service based on said first electronic data; and
a modem configured to transmit said identity of said identified user to a server via a communication network, wherein said server is (i) connectable to said communication network and (ii) located distant from said apparatus.
US11509337 1992-11-17 2006-08-24 Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support Abandoned US20060285660A1 (en)

Priority Applications (76)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US07977323 US5307263A (en) 1992-11-17 1992-11-17 Modular microprocessor-based health monitoring system
US23339794 true 1994-04-26 1994-04-26
US23367494 true 1994-04-26 1994-04-26
US08247716 US5678571A (en) 1994-05-23 1994-05-23 Method for treating medical conditions using a microprocessor-based video game
US08278929 US5569212A (en) 1994-07-22 1994-07-22 Apparatus for electrically determining injection doses in syringes
US08334643 US5601435A (en) 1994-11-04 1994-11-04 Method and apparatus for interactively monitoring a physiological condition and for interactively providing health related information
US47957095 true 1995-06-07 1995-06-07
US08481925 US5899855A (en) 1992-11-17 1995-06-07 Modular microprocessor-based health monitoring system
US08603131 US5794219A (en) 1996-02-20 1996-02-20 Method of conducting an on-line auction with bid pooling
US08669613 US5879163A (en) 1996-06-24 1996-06-24 On-line health education and feedback system using motivational driver profile coding and automated content fulfillment
US68238596 true 1996-07-17 1996-07-17
US08681290 US5782814A (en) 1994-07-22 1996-07-22 Apparatus for determining and recording injection doses in syringes using electrical inductance
US08732158 US5832448A (en) 1996-10-16 1996-10-16 Multiple patient monitoring system for proactive health management
US08757129 US6144837A (en) 1994-11-04 1996-12-03 Method and apparatus for interactively monitoring a physiological condition and for interactively providing health-related information
US08771951 US5933136A (en) 1996-12-23 1996-12-23 Network media access control system for encouraging patient compliance with a treatment plan
US08781278 US5956501A (en) 1997-01-10 1997-01-10 Disease simulation system and method
US08784270 US5887133A (en) 1997-01-15 1997-01-15 System and method for modifying documents sent over a communications network
US08814293 US5951300A (en) 1997-03-10 1997-03-10 Online system and method for providing composite entertainment and health information
US4175197 true 1997-03-28 1997-03-28
US4174697 true 1997-03-28 1997-03-28
US08843495 US5828943A (en) 1994-04-26 1997-04-16 Modular microprocessor-based diagnostic measurement apparatus and method for psychological conditions
US08847009 US5897493A (en) 1997-03-28 1997-04-30 Monitoring system for remotely querying individuals
US08850840 US5985559A (en) 1997-04-30 1997-05-03 System and method for preventing, diagnosing, and treating genetic and pathogen-caused disease
US08857187 US5918603A (en) 1994-05-23 1997-05-15 Method for treating medical conditions using a microprocessor-based video game
US08946341 US5997476A (en) 1997-03-28 1997-10-07 Networked system for interactive communication and remote monitoring of individuals
US95388397 true 1997-10-20 1997-10-20
US08958786 US5913310A (en) 1994-05-23 1997-10-29 Method for diagnosis and treatment of psychological and emotional disorders using a microprocessor-based video game
US08972375 US6068615A (en) 1994-07-22 1997-11-18 Inductance-based dose measurement in syringes
US08975774 US6101478A (en) 1997-04-30 1997-11-21 Multi-user remote health monitoring system
US08995609 US6210272B1 (en) 1997-12-22 1997-12-22 Multi-player interactive electronic game for health education
US4180998 true 1998-03-13 1998-03-13
US09092604 US6023686A (en) 1996-02-20 1998-06-05 Method for conducting an on-line bidding session with bid pooling
US09119546 US6330426B2 (en) 1994-05-23 1998-07-20 System and method for remote education using a memory card
US09127404 US5940801A (en) 1994-04-26 1998-07-31 Modular microprocessor-based diagnostic measurement apparatus and method for psychological conditions
US09152353 US6246992B1 (en) 1996-10-16 1998-09-14 Multiple patient monitoring system for proactive health management
US15921998 true 1998-09-23 1998-09-23
US15905898 true 1998-09-23 1998-09-23
US09160970 US6240393B1 (en) 1998-06-05 1998-09-25 Aggregating and pooling weight loss information in a communication system with feedback
US20137298 true 1998-11-30 1998-11-30
US20132398 true 1998-11-30 1998-11-30
US20388098 true 1998-12-01 1998-12-01
US20388298 true 1998-12-01 1998-12-01
US09237194 US20010011224A1 (en) 1995-06-07 1999-01-26 Modular microprocessor-based health monitoring system
US09271217 US6168563B1 (en) 1992-11-17 1999-03-17 Remote health monitoring and maintenance system
US27443399 true 1999-03-22 1999-03-22
US09274431 US6196970B1 (en) 1999-03-22 1999-03-22 Research data collection and analysis
US29336399 true 1999-04-16 1999-04-16
US09300856 US6368273B1 (en) 1997-03-28 1999-04-28 Networked system for interactive communication and remote monitoring of individuals
US30444799 true 1999-05-03 1999-05-03
US09304446 US6167386A (en) 1998-06-05 1999-05-03 Method for conducting an on-line bidding session with bid pooling
US32000499 true 1999-05-26 1999-05-26
US31870899 true 1999-05-26 1999-05-26
US09336570 US6186145B1 (en) 1994-05-23 1999-06-21 Method for diagnosis and treatment of psychological and emotional conditions using a microprocessor-based virtual reality simulator
US35753699 true 1999-07-19 1999-07-19
US37818899 true 1999-08-20 1999-08-20
US09394219 US6375469B1 (en) 1997-03-10 1999-09-13 Online system and method for providing composite entertainment and health information
US09399122 US6233539B1 (en) 1997-01-10 1999-09-20 Disease simulation system and method
US09422046 US7624028B1 (en) 1992-11-17 1999-10-20 Remote health monitoring and maintenance system
US44140899 true 1999-11-16 1999-11-16
US49580900 true 2000-02-01 2000-02-01
US09496893 US8078407B1 (en) 1997-03-28 2000-02-02 System and method for identifying disease-influencing genes
US09517140 US6381577B1 (en) 1997-03-28 2000-03-02 Multi-user remote health monitoring system
US51842600 true 2000-03-03 2000-03-03
US18953600 true 2000-03-15 2000-03-15
US53123700 true 2000-03-21 2000-03-21
US54048200 true 2000-03-31 2000-03-31
US09658209 US6968375B1 (en) 1997-03-28 2000-09-08 Networked system for interactive communication and remote monitoring of individuals
US09665442 US8712790B1 (en) 1997-03-28 2000-09-19 Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support
US25671500 true 2000-12-18 2000-12-18
US09810334 US7941326B2 (en) 2001-03-14 2001-03-14 Interactive patient communication development system for reporting on patient healthcare management
US09810865 US7167818B2 (en) 1997-01-10 2001-03-16 Disease simulation system and method
US31680401 true 2001-08-31 2001-08-31
US32652101 true 2001-10-01 2001-10-01
US33619801 true 2001-10-23 2001-10-23
US2444501 true 2001-12-17 2001-12-17
US11509337 US20060285660A1 (en) 1992-11-17 2006-08-24 Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11509337 US20060285660A1 (en) 1992-11-17 2006-08-24 Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20060285660A1 true true US20060285660A1 (en) 2006-12-21

Family

ID=46324723

Family Applications (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11473960 Active 2020-09-27 US9215979B2 (en) 1992-11-17 2006-06-23 Multi-user remote health monitoring system
US11509337 Abandoned US20060285660A1 (en) 1992-11-17 2006-08-24 Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support
US11509425 Active 2020-02-27 US8407063B2 (en) 1992-11-17 2006-08-25 Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support
US11511793 Abandoned US20060285736A1 (en) 1992-11-17 2006-08-29 Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11473960 Active 2020-09-27 US9215979B2 (en) 1992-11-17 2006-06-23 Multi-user remote health monitoring system

Family Applications After (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11509425 Active 2020-02-27 US8407063B2 (en) 1992-11-17 2006-08-25 Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support
US11511793 Abandoned US20060285736A1 (en) 1992-11-17 2006-08-29 Multi-user remote health monitoring system with biometrics support

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (4) US9215979B2 (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090299152A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-12-03 Abbott Diabetes Care Inc. Method and Apparatus for Providing Glycemic Control
US20100145202A1 (en) * 2007-03-08 2010-06-10 Sensor Technology & Devices Limited Method and apparatus for determining information concerning the identity of an individual
US20100228141A1 (en) * 2009-03-05 2010-09-09 Theodosios Kountotsis Tamper resistant receptacle where access is actuated by breath samples and method of manufacturing the same
US20110040574A1 (en) * 2008-03-25 2011-02-17 Ho Chung Nicholas Fung Health Monitoring System with Biometric Identification
US8160900B2 (en) 2007-06-29 2012-04-17 Abbott Diabetes Care Inc. Analyte monitoring and management device and method to analyze the frequency of user interaction with the device
US20120095774A1 (en) * 2010-10-15 2012-04-19 Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc. Metadata tagging system for a diabetes management system of devices
USD694909S1 (en) 2011-10-12 2013-12-03 HealthSpot Inc. Medical kiosk
US8996392B2 (en) 2011-03-31 2015-03-31 Healthspot, Inc. Medical kiosk and method of use
US9043217B2 (en) 2011-03-31 2015-05-26 HealthSpot Inc. Medical kiosk and method of use
US9483615B2 (en) 2007-08-10 2016-11-01 Smiths Medical Asd, Inc. Communication of original and updated pump parameters for a medical infusion pump
US9754077B2 (en) 2007-02-22 2017-09-05 WellDoc, Inc. Systems and methods for disease control and management

Families Citing this family (62)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5660176A (en) 1993-12-29 1997-08-26 First Opinion Corporation Computerized medical diagnostic and treatment advice system
US6206829B1 (en) 1996-07-12 2001-03-27 First Opinion Corporation Computerized medical diagnostic and treatment advice system including network access
USRE43433E1 (en) 1993-12-29 2012-05-29 Clinical Decision Support, Llc Computerized medical diagnostic and treatment advice system
US5935060A (en) 1996-07-12 1999-08-10 First Opinion Corporation Computerized medical diagnostic and treatment advice system including list based processing
WO1998040835A1 (en) 1997-03-13 1998-09-17 First Opinion Corporation Disease management system
CA2398823A1 (en) 2000-02-14 2001-08-23 First Opinion Corporation Automated diagnostic system and method
KR20080106481A (en) * 2002-07-29 2008-12-05 이데시아 엘티디. Method and apparatus for electro-biometric identity recognition
US7209886B2 (en) * 2003-01-22 2007-04-24 Biometric Technologies, Inc. System and method for implementing healthcare fraud countermeasures
DE50308379D1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2007-11-22 Tbs Holding Ag A method and apparatus for detecting biometric data according to consumption from at least two directions
US7780595B2 (en) 2003-05-15 2010-08-24 Clinical Decision Support, Llc Panel diagnostic method and system
US7455643B1 (en) 2003-07-07 2008-11-25 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Continuous non-invasive blood pressure measurement apparatus and methods providing automatic recalibration
US20050054926A1 (en) * 2003-09-08 2005-03-10 Robert Lincoln Biometric user identification system and method for ultrasound imaging systems
US7534212B2 (en) 2004-03-08 2009-05-19 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Llc Pulse oximeter with alternate heart-rate determination
US9081879B2 (en) * 2004-10-22 2015-07-14 Clinical Decision Support, Llc Matrix interface for medical diagnostic and treatment advice system and method
US7545272B2 (en) 2005-02-08 2009-06-09 Therasense, Inc. RF tag on test strips, test strip vials and boxes
US8920343B2 (en) 2006-03-23 2014-12-30 Michael Edward Sabatino Apparatus for acquiring and processing of physiological auditory signals
US20080006700A1 (en) * 2006-07-06 2008-01-10 Zume Life Method and apparatus for identifying and scheduling medicine intake
US7581166B2 (en) * 2006-07-21 2009-08-25 At&T Intellectual Property Ii, L.P. System and method of collecting, correlating, and aggregating structured edited content and non-edited content
US20110144455A1 (en) * 2007-08-31 2011-06-16 Bam Labs, Inc. Systems and methods for monitoring a subject at rest
US20080294462A1 (en) * 2007-05-23 2008-11-27 Laura Nuhaan System, Method, And Apparatus Of Facilitating Web-Based Interactions Between An Elderly And Caregivers
FI122456B (en) * 2007-12-31 2012-01-31 Medixine Oy Off-line response card and arrangement for requesting a reply card response
US8660799B2 (en) 2008-06-30 2014-02-25 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Processing and detecting baseline changes in signals
US8398556B2 (en) 2008-06-30 2013-03-19 Covidien Lp Systems and methods for non-invasive continuous blood pressure determination
US8506498B2 (en) 2008-07-15 2013-08-13 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods using induced perturbation to determine physiological parameters
US20100035357A1 (en) * 2008-08-05 2010-02-11 Ziv Geva Apparatus For Optically Reading Test Kits And Identification Data Associated Therewith
US9687161B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2017-06-27 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for maintaining blood pressure monitor calibration
US8532751B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2013-09-10 Covidien Lp Laser self-mixing sensors for biological sensing
US9301697B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2016-04-05 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for recalibrating a non-invasive blood pressure monitor
US9314168B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2016-04-19 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Detecting sleep events using localized blood pressure changes
US8190450B2 (en) * 2008-09-30 2012-05-29 General Electric Company System and method to manage a quality of delivery of healthcare
CA2742694C (en) 2008-11-04 2016-06-14 Securekey Technologies Inc. System and methods for online authentication
EP2401838B1 (en) 2009-02-19 2013-12-11 SecureKey Technologies Inc. System and methods for online authentication
US9250106B2 (en) 2009-02-27 2016-02-02 Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc. Methods and devices for determination of flow reservoir volume
WO2010099490A3 (en) 2009-02-27 2011-01-06 Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc. Methods and devices for determination of flow reservoir volume
WO2010100734A1 (en) * 2009-03-05 2010-09-10 キーパー=スミス エル・エル・ピー Information service providing system, information service providing device, and method thereof
WO2010100735A1 (en) 2009-03-05 2010-09-10 キーパー=スミス エル・エル・ピー Information service providing system, information service providing device, and method thereof
US8216136B2 (en) 2009-03-05 2012-07-10 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Llc Systems and methods for monitoring heart rate and blood pressure correlation
US20100228563A1 (en) * 2009-03-08 2010-09-09 Walker Jr Samuel E System and method for preventing health care fraud
JP4931089B2 (en) * 2009-03-13 2012-05-16 エンパイア テクノロジー ディベロップメント エルエルシー Health diagnosis system, medical examination device and method
US8290730B2 (en) 2009-06-30 2012-10-16 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for assessing measurements in physiological monitoring devices
US9198582B2 (en) 2009-06-30 2015-12-01 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Determining a characteristic physiological parameter
US8628477B2 (en) 2009-07-31 2014-01-14 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for non-invasive determination of blood pressure
US9220440B2 (en) 2009-09-21 2015-12-29 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Determining a characteristic respiration rate
US9066660B2 (en) 2009-09-29 2015-06-30 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for high-pass filtering a photoplethysmograph signal
US8463347B2 (en) 2009-09-30 2013-06-11 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for normalizing a plethysmograph signal for improved feature analysis
US9451887B2 (en) 2010-03-31 2016-09-27 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for measuring electromechanical delay of the heart
US8898037B2 (en) 2010-04-28 2014-11-25 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for signal monitoring using Lissajous figures
US20120109676A1 (en) * 2010-10-29 2012-05-03 Landau Pierre M Multiuser health monitoring using biometric identification
US8825428B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2014-09-02 Neilcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Methods and systems for recalibrating a blood pressure monitor with memory
US9357934B2 (en) 2010-12-01 2016-06-07 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for physiological event marking
US9259160B2 (en) 2010-12-01 2016-02-16 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Ireland Systems and methods for determining when to measure a physiological parameter
US8721557B2 (en) 2011-02-18 2014-05-13 Covidien Lp Pattern of cuff inflation and deflation for non-invasive blood pressure measurement
US9072433B2 (en) 2011-02-18 2015-07-07 Covidien Lp Method and apparatus for noninvasive blood pressure measurement using pulse oximetry
US8608657B2 (en) 2011-05-31 2013-12-17 Covidien Lp Clinical acceptance tool
US20150018633A1 (en) * 2011-06-23 2015-01-15 University Of Virginia Patent Foundation Unified Platform for Monitoring and Control of Blood Glucose Levels in Diabetic Patients
US9060695B2 (en) 2011-11-30 2015-06-23 Covidien Lp Systems and methods for determining differential pulse transit time from the phase difference of two analog plethysmographs
US9555186B2 (en) 2012-06-05 2017-01-31 Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc. Infusion pump system with disposable cartridge having pressure venting and pressure feedback
US20130332201A1 (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-12-12 Peter L. Hagelstein Data acquisition apparatus configured to acquire data for insurance purposes, and related systems and methods
US20160095518A1 (en) * 2013-04-23 2016-04-07 Vrije Universiteit Brussell System for Remote Diagnosis of a Stroke
US9785750B2 (en) * 2015-07-11 2017-10-10 ONEWORLD DESIGN & Manufacturing Group, LTD Medicine organizer
USD804042S1 (en) 2015-12-10 2017-11-28 Covidien Lp Wearable medical monitor
USD794206S1 (en) 2015-12-18 2017-08-08 Covidien Lp Combined strap and cradle for wearable medical monitor

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5615277A (en) * 1994-11-28 1997-03-25 Hoffman; Ned Tokenless security system for authorizing access to a secured computer system
US5633910A (en) * 1994-09-13 1997-05-27 Cohen; Kopel H. Outpatient monitoring system
US5930804A (en) * 1997-06-09 1999-07-27 Philips Electronics North America Corporation Web-based biometric authentication system and method
US6122351A (en) * 1997-01-21 2000-09-19 Med Graph, Inc. Method and system aiding medical diagnosis and treatment
US20020010597A1 (en) * 2000-05-19 2002-01-24 Mayer Gregg L. Systems and methods for electronic health management
US20020035478A1 (en) * 1998-12-22 2002-03-21 Murray David Levitt System, method and article of manufacture for a simulation enabled retail management tutorial system
US6606374B1 (en) * 1999-06-17 2003-08-12 Convergys Customer Management Group, Inc. System and method for recording and playing audio descriptions

Family Cites Families (444)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3426150A (en) * 1965-09-27 1969-02-04 Lockheed Aircraft Corp System for fm transmission of cardiological data over telephone lines
US3581072A (en) 1968-03-28 1971-05-25 Frederick Nymeyer Auction market computation system
US3566365A (en) * 1968-09-12 1971-02-23 Searle Medidata Inc Multiphasic medical screening system
US3566370A (en) * 1969-06-10 1971-02-23 Searle Medidata Inc Automated medical history taking system
US4130881A (en) 1971-07-21 1978-12-19 Searle Medidata, Inc. System and technique for automated medical history taking
US3883235A (en) 1971-09-17 1975-05-13 John R Lynn Automatic visual field examination including fixation monitoring compensation
US3768014A (en) 1972-01-28 1973-10-23 Gen Electric Cardiac pacemaker rate/interval computer system
US3920005A (en) 1972-03-16 1975-11-18 Medtronic Inc Evaluation system for cardiac stimulators
JPS4928038A (en) 1972-07-15 1974-03-13
US3808502A (en) * 1972-08-07 1974-04-30 Birtcher Corp Isolator circuit for use with electrical medical equipment
US4004577A (en) * 1972-12-04 1977-01-25 Survival Technology, Inc. Method of treating heart attack patients prior to the establishment of qualified direct contact personal care
US3910257A (en) 1973-04-25 1975-10-07 Nasa Medical subject monitoring systems
JPS545785Y2 (en) 1973-12-19 1979-03-15
US4051522A (en) 1975-05-05 1977-09-27 Jonathan Systems Patient monitoring system
US3996928A (en) 1975-05-28 1976-12-14 Marx Alvin J Patient vital-signs automated measuring apparatus
US4412287A (en) 1975-05-29 1983-10-25 Braddock Iii Walter D Automated stock exchange
US4060915A (en) 1976-08-02 1977-12-06 Conway Malcolm J Mental image enhancement apparatus utilizing computer systems
US4151831A (en) 1976-11-15 1979-05-01 Safetime Monitors, Inc. Fertility indicator
US4151407A (en) * 1977-04-28 1979-04-24 Texas Instruments Incorporated Low-power, infrared information transmission system
US4150284A (en) * 1977-04-28 1979-04-17 Texas Instruments Incorporated Medical patient condition monitoring system
US4173971A (en) 1977-08-29 1979-11-13 Karz Allen E Continuous electrocardiogram monitoring method and system for cardiac patients
US4216462A (en) 1978-03-06 1980-08-05 General Electric Company Patient monitoring and data processing system
JPS54146633U (en) 1978-03-30 1979-10-12
US4227526A (en) 1978-04-13 1980-10-14 Extracorporeal Medical Systems, Inc. Mechanism for aurally instructing a patient and method
US4958632A (en) 1978-07-20 1990-09-25 Medtronic, Inc. Adaptable, digital computer controlled cardiac pacemaker
US4270547A (en) 1978-10-03 1981-06-02 University Patents, Inc. Vital signs monitoring system
US4253521A (en) * 1978-10-23 1981-03-03 Halliburton Company Setting tool
US4422081A (en) 1979-10-24 1983-12-20 Del Mar Avionics Validator for electrocardial data processing system
US4347568A (en) 1978-12-07 1982-08-31 Diamond Shamrock Corporation Occupational health/environmental surveillance
US4519398A (en) 1979-07-09 1985-05-28 Del Mar Avionics Method and apparatus for long-term monitoring of physiological activity to provide a compact portable record
US4296756A (en) 1979-07-26 1981-10-27 Cyber Diagnostics, Inc. Remote pulmonary function tester
US4259548A (en) * 1979-11-14 1981-03-31 Gte Products Corporation Apparatus for monitoring and signalling system
US4417306A (en) 1980-01-23 1983-11-22 Medtronic, Inc. Apparatus for monitoring and storing utilizing a data processor
US4360345A (en) 1980-07-14 1982-11-23 American Heart Association, Inc. Health education system
US4347851A (en) 1980-10-21 1982-09-07 Norman S. Blodgett Vital signs monitor
US4449536A (en) 1980-10-31 1984-05-22 Sri International Method and apparatus for digital data compression
US4428733A (en) * 1981-07-13 1984-01-31 Kumar Misir Victor Information gathering system
US4965825A (en) * 1981-11-03 1990-10-23 The Personalized Mass Media Corporation Signal processing apparatus and methods
US4694490A (en) 1981-11-03 1987-09-15 Harvey John C Signal processing apparatus and methods
US4465077A (en) 1981-11-12 1984-08-14 Howard Schneider Apparatus and method of determining fertility status
US4473884A (en) 1982-01-08 1984-09-25 Sybron Corporation Electronic medication dispensing system
WO1983003744A1 (en) 1982-04-23 1983-11-10 Reinhold Herbert Edward Jr Ambulatory monitoring system with real time analysis and telephone transmission
US4518361A (en) 1982-08-05 1985-05-21 Conway Malcolm J Method and apparatus for effecting and evaluating action upon visual imaging
US4566461A (en) * 1983-02-15 1986-01-28 Michael Lubell Health fitness monitor
US4576578A (en) * 1983-03-31 1986-03-18 Bell & Howell Company Interactive training apparatus
FR2544525A1 (en) 1983-04-12 1984-10-19 Simatec Sarl portable input device and related information processing to the health of a person
JPS60501695A (en) * 1983-06-29 1985-10-11
US4546436A (en) 1983-07-06 1985-10-08 The Johns Hopkins University Portable pH data collector
US4722349A (en) * 1983-09-29 1988-02-02 Zvi Halperin Arrangement for and method of tele-examination of patients
EP0160680A1 (en) 1983-10-14 1985-11-13 Martin Denev Method for psychotherapy against dependance behaviour by complementing rituals, by use of game devices with dynamic visual games (for example video computer systems)
US4903201A (en) * 1983-11-03 1990-02-20 World Energy Exchange Corporation Automated futures trading exchange
US4592546A (en) 1984-04-26 1986-06-03 David B. Lockton Game of skill playable by remote participants in conjunction with a live event
JPS6125525A (en) 1984-07-13 1986-02-04 Sumitomo Electric Industries Patient monitor apparatus
US4695954A (en) 1984-10-31 1987-09-22 Rose Robert J Modular medication dispensing system and apparatus utilizing portable memory device
US4712562A (en) 1985-01-08 1987-12-15 Jacques J. Ohayon Outpatient monitoring systems
US4627445A (en) 1985-04-08 1986-12-09 Garid, Inc. Glucose medical monitoring system
US4674652A (en) 1985-04-11 1987-06-23 Aten Edward M Controlled dispensing device
US4846797A (en) 1985-05-14 1989-07-11 Intelligent Medicine, Inc. Syringe positioning device for enhancing fluid flow control
US4835372A (en) 1985-07-19 1989-05-30 Clincom Incorporated Patient care system
US5111818A (en) 1985-10-08 1992-05-12 Capintec, Inc. Ambulatory physiological evaluation system including cardiac monitoring
US4838275A (en) 1985-11-29 1989-06-13 Lee Arnold St J Home medical surveillance system
DE3783263T2 (en) * 1986-02-04 1993-07-22 Colin Electronics Chart recorder for living beings.
JPH0743748B2 (en) 1986-02-17 1995-05-15 株式会社オークネット Information transmission processing method of auction information transmission processing system
US4926255A (en) 1986-03-10 1990-05-15 Kohorn H Von System for evaluation of response to broadcast transmissions
US5227874A (en) 1986-03-10 1993-07-13 Kohorn H Von Method for measuring the effectiveness of stimuli on decisions of shoppers
US5057915A (en) 1986-03-10 1991-10-15 Kohorn H Von System and method for attracting shoppers to sales outlets
JPS62226278A (en) 1986-03-27 1987-10-05 Kea Netsuto Kk Offering device for medical guidance information
US4757022A (en) 1986-04-15 1988-07-12 Markwell Medical Institute, Inc. Biological fluid measuring device
US4731726A (en) * 1986-05-19 1988-03-15 Healthware Corporation Patient-operated glucose monitor and diabetes management system
US4738451A (en) * 1986-05-20 1988-04-19 Atari Games Corporation Multi-player, multi-character cooperative play video game with independent player entry and departure
US4803625A (en) 1986-06-30 1989-02-07 Buddy Systems, Inc. Personal health monitor
US4782511A (en) 1986-07-11 1988-11-01 Murex Corporation Interactive medical laboratory specimen apparatus system
US4768229A (en) 1986-07-21 1988-08-30 Zenith Electronics Corporation Restrictive access control system
JPS6332624A (en) * 1986-07-28 1988-02-12 Canon Inc Information processor
US5059394A (en) 1986-08-13 1991-10-22 Lifescan, Inc. Analytical device for the automated determination of analytes in fluids
US4935346A (en) 1986-08-13 1990-06-19 Lifescan, Inc. Minimum procedure system for the determination of analytes
US5049487A (en) 1986-08-13 1991-09-17 Lifescan, Inc. Automated initiation of timing of reflectance readings
US4751642A (en) * 1986-08-29 1988-06-14 Silva John M Interactive sports simulation system with physiological sensing and psychological conditioning
US4799199A (en) * 1986-09-18 1989-01-17 Motorola, Inc. Bus master having burst transfer mode
US4799156A (en) * 1986-10-01 1989-01-17 Strategic Processing Corporation Interactive market management system
US5277197A (en) * 1986-12-08 1994-01-11 Physical Health Device, Inc. Microprocessor controlled system for unsupervised EMG feedback and exercise training
US4858354A (en) 1987-03-09 1989-08-22 Gettler Lawrence H Organization system
US5356287A (en) 1987-03-16 1994-10-18 Mcintyre Kevin M Simulating presence
ES2007041A6 (en) 1987-04-08 1989-06-01 Takio Sa electronic apparatus for medical diagnosis
US5216597A (en) * 1987-05-01 1993-06-01 Diva Medical Systems Bv Diabetes therapy management system, apparatus and method
EP0290683A3 (en) 1987-05-01 1988-12-14 Diva Medical Systems B.V. Diabetes management system and apparatus
NL8701091A (en) 1987-05-08 1988-12-01 Spruyt Hillen Bv Injection.
US4749354A (en) * 1987-06-03 1988-06-07 Edward Kerman Interactive audio teaching aid
US4858617A (en) 1987-09-10 1989-08-22 Ith, Inc. Cardiac probe enabling use of personal computer for monitoring heart activity or the like
US5007429A (en) * 1987-09-21 1991-04-16 Pulsetrend, Inc. Interface using 12-digit keypad for programming parameters in ambulatory blood pressure monitor
DE3769994D1 (en) 1987-10-09 1991-06-13 Hewlett Packard Gmbh Input device.
US4796639A (en) * 1987-11-05 1989-01-10 Medical Graphics Corporation Pulmonary diagnostic system
US5025374A (en) 1987-12-09 1991-06-18 Arch Development Corp. Portable system for choosing pre-operative patient test
US5572421A (en) 1987-12-09 1996-11-05 Altman; Louis Portable medical questionnaire presentation device
US4853521A (en) 1987-12-28 1989-08-01 Claeys Ronald W System for verifying and recording drug administration to a patient
US4890621A (en) * 1988-01-19 1990-01-02 Northstar Research Institute, Ltd. Continuous glucose monitoring and a system utilized therefor
US4950264A (en) 1988-03-31 1990-08-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Thin, flexible sanitary napkin
GB8809115D0 (en) * 1988-04-18 1988-05-18 Turner R C Syringes
US4933873A (en) 1988-05-12 1990-06-12 Healthtech Services Corp. Interactive patient assistance device
US5142484A (en) 1988-05-12 1992-08-25 Health Tech Services Corporation An interactive patient assistance device for storing and dispensing prescribed medication and physical device
JPH01290361A (en) * 1988-05-17 1989-11-22 Canon Inc Facsimile equipment
GB8811591D0 (en) 1988-05-17 1988-06-22 Newland M Personal medication apparatus
US4967756A (en) 1988-06-15 1990-11-06 Instromedix, Inc. Blood pressure and heart rate monitoring method and apparatus
US4931934A (en) 1988-06-27 1990-06-05 Snyder Thomas E Method and system for measuring clarified intensity of emotion
WO1990000367A1 (en) 1988-07-14 1990-01-25 Bomed Medical Manufacturing, Ltd. Management of hemodynamic state of a patient
US5204670A (en) * 1988-08-29 1993-04-20 B. I. Incorporated Adaptable electric monitoring and identification system
US4916441A (en) * 1988-09-19 1990-04-10 Clinicom Incorporated Portable handheld terminal
US4995402A (en) 1988-10-12 1991-02-26 Thorne, Smith, Astill Technologies, Inc. Medical droplet whole blood and like monitoring
US5140518A (en) * 1988-10-28 1992-08-18 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Method and apparatus for processing data in medical information communication system
GB8825795D0 (en) 1988-11-03 1988-12-07 Royal Free Hosp School Med Apparatus for foetal monitoring
GB8825800D0 (en) 1988-11-04 1988-12-07 Baker J Cardiac device
US4907973A (en) * 1988-11-14 1990-03-13 Hon David C Expert system simulator for modeling realistic internal environments and performance
US4939705A (en) 1988-11-23 1990-07-03 Aprex Corporation Drug dispensing event detector
US4933876A (en) 1988-12-28 1990-06-12 Vital Lasertype, Inc. System of operating an automatic plotter
US5111817A (en) 1988-12-29 1992-05-12 Medical Physics, Inc. Noninvasive system and method for enhanced arterial oxygen saturation determination and arterial blood pressure monitoring
FI111789B (en) * 1989-01-10 2003-09-15 Nintendo Co Ltd The electronic game device, with the option of pseudostereofoniseen sound development
FI99250C (en) 1989-01-10 1997-12-29 Nintendo Co Ltd The system for preventing unauthorized use of the external memory,
US5068536A (en) 1989-01-19 1991-11-26 Futrex, Inc. Method for providing custom calibration for near infrared instruments for measurement of blood glucose
US5077476A (en) 1990-06-27 1991-12-31 Futrex, Inc. Instrument for non-invasive measurement of blood glucose
US4978303A (en) 1989-02-06 1990-12-18 Savalife, A California General Partnership Physical acuity test device
US4958641A (en) 1989-03-10 1990-09-25 Instromedix, Inc. Heart data monitoring method and apparatus
US4977899A (en) 1989-03-10 1990-12-18 Instromedix, Inc. Heart data monitoring method and apparatus
US5519058A (en) 1989-03-17 1996-05-21 Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Method for treatment with dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) of hypertension, diabetic neuphropathy and atherosclerosis
US5074317A (en) 1989-03-24 1991-12-24 Bondell James A System for treatment of enuresis
JP2572275B2 (en) 1989-04-18 1997-01-16 株式会社武田エンジニアリング・コンサルタント Blood pressure measuring device according to extraction of the extractor and hemodynamic hemodynamic
US4953552A (en) 1989-04-21 1990-09-04 Demarzo Arthur P Blood glucose monitoring system
US5649114A (en) 1989-05-01 1997-07-15 Credit Verification Corporation Method and system for selective incentive point-of-sale marketing in response to customer shopping histories
US5077665A (en) 1989-05-25 1991-12-31 Reuters Limited Distributed matching system
US5120230A (en) 1989-05-30 1992-06-09 Optical Data Corporation Interactive method for the effective conveyance of information in the form of visual images
US5226895A (en) 1989-06-05 1993-07-13 Eli Lilly And Company Multiple dose injection pen
RU2105776C1 (en) * 1989-06-07 1998-02-27 Дипл. инж. Маркус Реттенбахер Method and apparatus for manufacturing building, structural, and packaging materials, and article manufactured by this method
US5009645A (en) * 1989-06-12 1991-04-23 Jules Silver Syringe for dispensing measured quantities of a material
US5016172A (en) 1989-06-14 1991-05-14 Ramp Comsystems, Inc. Patient compliance and status monitoring system
US4899839A (en) * 1989-06-14 1990-02-13 Dessertine Albert L Compliance and patient status monitoring system and method
US4979509A (en) 1989-07-19 1990-12-25 Northstar Research Institute, Ltd. Continuous glucose monitoring and a system utilized therefor
US5035625A (en) 1989-07-24 1991-07-30 Munson Electronics, Inc. Computer game teaching method and system
US5050612A (en) 1989-09-12 1991-09-24 Matsumura Kenneth N Device for computer-assisted monitoring of the body
CA1323922C (en) 1989-09-26 1993-11-02 William Fang Personal health monitor enclosure
US6024281A (en) * 1989-09-27 2000-02-15 Shepley; Kenneth James Nutritional information system for shoppers
US5084828A (en) 1989-09-29 1992-01-28 Healthtech Services Corp. Interactive medication delivery system
US4978335A (en) 1989-09-29 1990-12-18 Medex, Inc. Infusion pump with bar code input to computer
CA1317636C (en) 1989-09-29 1993-05-11 Buddy Systems, Inc. System and method for power supply preservation in a personal health monitor
US5036462A (en) 1989-09-29 1991-07-30 Healthtech Services Corp. Interactive patient assistance and medication delivery systems responsive to the physical environment of the patient
JPH0414980B2 (en) * 1989-10-18 1992-03-16 Nishitomo Kk
US5065315A (en) 1989-10-24 1991-11-12 Garcia Angela M System and method for scheduling and reporting patient related services including prioritizing services
US5111396A (en) 1989-11-09 1992-05-05 Instromedix, Inc. Portable ecg data-storage apparatus
GB8926715D0 (en) * 1989-11-28 1990-01-17 Bailey David G Improvements relating to the administration of pharmaceutical agents
US5036852A (en) * 1989-12-08 1991-08-06 Leishman Mark L Medical equipment monitor apparatus and method
WO1991009374A1 (en) 1989-12-20 1991-06-27 Hall Tipping Justin Exercise and video game device
CA1317922C (en) * 1990-01-05 1993-05-18 James Varelis Ecg cable storage means in a personal health monitor
US5642731A (en) 1990-01-17 1997-07-01 Informedix, Inc. Method of and apparatus for monitoring the management of disease
US5316008A (en) * 1990-04-06 1994-05-31 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Measurement of electrocardiographic wave and sphygmus
US5176502A (en) * 1990-04-25 1993-01-05 Becton, Dickinson And Company Syringe pump and the like for delivering medication
US5331555A (en) * 1990-05-11 1994-07-19 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic apparatus
US5109974A (en) 1990-05-11 1992-05-05 Menziken Automation Mat Ag Assembly line system
US5171977A (en) 1990-05-14 1992-12-15 Sunquest Information Systems, Inc. Portable medical specimen data collection system
JP2627208B2 (en) 1990-06-14 1997-07-02 株式会社セガ・エンタープライゼス Television tuner cartridge for a game apparatus and a game apparatus
US5265888A (en) 1990-06-22 1993-11-30 Nintendo Co., Ltd. Game apparatus and memory cartridge used therefor
JP2921936B2 (en) 1990-07-13 1999-07-19 株式会社東芝 Image monitoring apparatus
JPH0820412B2 (en) 1990-07-20 1996-03-04 松下電器産業株式会社 Quantitative analysis method using the disposable sensor, and a device
US5182707A (en) * 1990-07-23 1993-01-26 Healthdyne, Inc. Apparatus for recording reagent test strip data by comparison to color lights on a reference panel
US5822544A (en) 1990-07-27 1998-10-13 Executone Information Systems, Inc. Patient care and communication system
US5120421A (en) 1990-08-31 1992-06-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Electrochemical sensor/detector system and method
US5680590A (en) 1990-09-21 1997-10-21 Parti; Michael Simulation system and method of using same
US5251126A (en) 1990-10-29 1993-10-05 Miles Inc. Diabetes data analysis and interpretation method
US5243515A (en) 1990-10-30 1993-09-07 Lee Wayne M Secure teleprocessing bidding system
DE4136022C2 (en) * 1990-11-01 2001-04-19 Fujitsu Ten Ltd Apparatus for expanding and symmetrizing sound fields
US5143378A (en) 1991-01-15 1992-09-01 Joel Deborah L Health game
US5142358A (en) 1991-02-11 1992-08-25 Jason Leonard A Earn per view television viewing regulation device
US5230629A (en) 1991-03-01 1993-07-27 Albert Einstein College Of Medicine Of Yeshiva University Device and method for assessing cognitive speed
US5431690A (en) 1991-03-18 1995-07-11 Biotronik Mess- Und Therapiegerate Gmbh & Co. Ingenieurburo Berlin Medical device for generating a therapeutic parameter
DE4138702A1 (en) * 1991-03-22 1992-09-24 Madaus Medizin Elektronik Process and apparatus for diagnosis and quantitative analysis of apnea, and for simultaneous determination of other diseases
US5321009A (en) 1991-04-03 1994-06-14 American Home Products Corporation Method of treating diabetes
US5301105A (en) * 1991-04-08 1994-04-05 Desmond D. Cummings All care health management system
FR2675282B1 (en) 1991-04-12 1995-01-20 Info Telecom Method and apparatus to materialize a virtual interaction between an object and an information carrier.
US5228450A (en) 1991-05-03 1993-07-20 Diagnostic Medical Instruments, Inc. Methods and apparatus for ambulatory physiological monitoring
US5335338A (en) 1991-05-31 1994-08-02 Micro Solutions, Inc. General purpose parallel port interface
US5226431A (en) * 1991-06-20 1993-07-13 Caliber Medical Corporation Optical/electrical transceiver
WO1993001489A1 (en) 1991-07-12 1993-01-21 Novo Nordisk A/S Portable glucose sensor
DE4123348A1 (en) * 1991-07-15 1993-01-21 Boehringer Mannheim Gmbh Electrochemical analysis system
EP0526166A3 (en) 1991-07-29 1994-02-09 Dessertine Albert L
US6055487A (en) 1991-07-30 2000-04-25 Margery; Keith S. Interactive remote sample analysis system
US5366896A (en) 1991-07-30 1994-11-22 University Of Virginia Alumni Patents Foundation Robotically operated laboratory system
GB9117015D0 (en) 1991-08-07 1991-09-18 Software Solutions Ltd Operation of computer systems
US5333981A (en) 1991-08-26 1994-08-02 Normand Pronovost Bale loading, transporting and unloading trailer
US5295491A (en) * 1991-09-26 1994-03-22 Sam Technology, Inc. Non-invasive human neurocognitive performance capability testing method and system
US5504519A (en) 1991-10-03 1996-04-02 Viscorp Method and apparatus for printing coupons and the like
US5262943A (en) 1991-10-15 1993-11-16 National Computer Systems, Inc. System and process for information management and reporting
US5304112A (en) * 1991-10-16 1994-04-19 Theresia A. Mrklas Stress reduction system and method
US5635532A (en) 1991-10-21 1997-06-03 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Department Of Health And Human Services Compositions and methods for therapy and prevention of pathologies including cancer, AIDS and anemia
US5381138A (en) * 1991-10-31 1995-01-10 Motorola, Inc. Intelligent over-the-air programming
US5343239A (en) 1991-11-20 1994-08-30 Zing Systems, L.P. Transaction based interactive television system
US5734413A (en) * 1991-11-20 1998-03-31 Thomson Multimedia S.A. Transaction based interactive television system
US5519433A (en) 1991-11-20 1996-05-21 Zing Systems, L.P. Interactive television security through transaction time stamping
US5353793A (en) 1991-11-25 1994-10-11 Oishi-Kogyo Company Sensor apparatus
JPH05168013A (en) 1991-12-16 1993-07-02 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd System for medical treatment at home
US5467269A (en) 1991-12-20 1995-11-14 J. B. Laughrey, Inc. Method and means for telephonically crediting customers with rebates and refunds
US5903454A (en) 1991-12-23 1999-05-11 Hoffberg; Linda Irene Human-factored interface corporating adaptive pattern recognition based controller apparatus
US5289824A (en) * 1991-12-26 1994-03-01 Instromedix, Inc. Wrist-worn ECG monitor
US5502726A (en) * 1992-01-31 1996-03-26 Nellcor Incorporated Serial layered medical network
US5502636A (en) * 1992-01-31 1996-03-26 R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company Personalized coupon generating and processing system
JPH08275927A (en) 1992-02-13 1996-10-22 Nasa Corp:Kk Homestay medical care system and medical device used in this system
JP3144030B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2001-03-07 東陶機器株式会社 Health management network system
US5431691A (en) 1992-03-02 1995-07-11 Siemens Pacesetter, Inc. Method and system for recording and displaying a sequential series of pacing events
US5309919A (en) 1992-03-02 1994-05-10 Siemens Pacesetter, Inc. Method and system for recording, reporting, and displaying the distribution of pacing events over time and for using same to optimize programming
US5732696A (en) * 1992-03-17 1998-03-31 New York University Polysomnograph scoring
US5544649A (en) 1992-03-25 1996-08-13 Cardiomedix, Inc. Ambulatory patient health monitoring techniques utilizing interactive visual communication
US5441047A (en) 1992-03-25 1995-08-15 David; Daniel Ambulatory patient health monitoring techniques utilizing interactive visual communication
US5692906A (en) 1992-04-01 1997-12-02 Corder; Paul R. Method of diagnosing and remediating a deficiency in communications skills
WO1993020207A1 (en) 1992-04-02 1993-10-14 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of Health And Human Services Use of restriction endonucleases against viruses, including hiv
CA2088080C (en) 1992-04-02 1997-10-07 Enrico Luigi Bocchieri Automatic speech recognizer
US5249044A (en) 1992-05-05 1993-09-28 Kohorn H Von Product information storage, display, and coupon dispensing system
US5391081A (en) * 1992-05-13 1995-02-21 University Of Florida Research Foundation, Incorporated Method and apparatus for simulating neuromuscular stimulation during medical surgery
WO1993023574A1 (en) * 1992-05-14 1993-11-25 Kozal Michael J Polymerase chain reaction assays for monitoring antiviral therapy
US5336245A (en) * 1992-05-20 1994-08-09 Angeion Corporation Storage interrogation apparatus for cardiac data
US5219322A (en) 1992-06-01 1993-06-15 Weathers Lawrence R Psychotherapy apparatus and method for treating undesirable emotional arousal of a patient
US5299121A (en) * 1992-06-04 1994-03-29 Medscreen, Inc. Non-prescription drug medication screening system
US5282943A (en) * 1992-06-10 1994-02-01 Tosoh Smd, Inc. Method of bonding a titanium containing sputter target to a backing plate and bonded target/backing plate assemblies produced thereby
US5390238A (en) * 1992-06-15 1995-02-14 Motorola, Inc. Health support system
CA2121245A1 (en) 1992-06-22 1994-01-06 Gary Thomas Mcilroy Health care management system
US5231990A (en) 1992-07-09 1993-08-03 Spacelabs, Medical, Inc. Application specific integrated circuit for physiological monitoring
US5344324A (en) 1992-07-15 1994-09-06 Nova Scientific Corporation Apparatus and method for testing human performance
JPH0635505A (en) 1992-07-16 1994-02-10 Osayasu Sato Automatic controller
US5331549A (en) 1992-07-30 1994-07-19 Crawford Jr John M Medical monitor system
US5383858B1 (en) 1992-08-17 1996-10-29 Medrad Inc Front-loading medical injector and syringe for use therewith
US5300093A (en) * 1992-09-14 1994-04-05 Telectronics Pacing Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for measuring, formatting and transmitting combined intracardiac impedance data and electrograms
US6168563B1 (en) * 1992-11-17 2001-01-02 Health Hero Network, Inc. Remote health monitoring and maintenance system
US5899855A (en) 1992-11-17 1999-05-04 Health Hero Network, Inc. Modular microprocessor-based health monitoring system
US5307263A (en) 1992-11-17 1994-04-26 Raya Systems, Inc. Modular microprocessor-based health monitoring system
US20010011224A1 (en) 1995-06-07 2001-08-02 Stephen James Brown Modular microprocessor-based health monitoring system
US5960403A (en) 1992-11-17 1999-09-28 Health Hero Network Health management process control system
US5371687A (en) 1992-11-20 1994-12-06 Boehringer Mannheim Corporation Glucose test data acquisition and management system
US5438607A (en) 1992-11-25 1995-08-01 U.S. Monitors, Ltd. Programmable monitoring system and method
US5590648A (en) * 1992-11-30 1997-01-07 Tremont Medical Personal health care system
US5640953A (en) 1995-03-09 1997-06-24 Siemens Medical Systems, Inc. Portable patient monitor reconfiguration system
DE69328011D1 (en) 1992-12-11 2000-04-13 Siemens Medical Systems Inc Portable modular patient monitoring device with data acquisition module
US5375604A (en) 1992-12-11 1994-12-27 Siemens Medical Electronics, Inc. Transportable modular patient monitor
EP0602459B1 (en) 1992-12-16 1999-11-03 Siemens Medical Systems, Inc. System for monitoring patient location and data
WO1994016774A1 (en) 1993-01-27 1994-08-04 Life Fitness Physical exercise video system
JPH06231186A (en) 1993-02-03 1994-08-19 Fujitsu Ltd Document processor
US5527239A (en) * 1993-02-04 1996-06-18 Abbondanza; James M. Pulse rate controlled exercise system
US5377100A (en) 1993-03-08 1994-12-27 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Method of encouraging attention by correlating video game difficulty with attention level
US5576952A (en) 1993-03-09 1996-11-19 Metriplex, Inc. Medical alert distribution system with selective filtering of medical information
US5357427A (en) 1993-03-15 1994-10-18 Digital Equipment Corporation Remote monitoring of high-risk patients using artificial intelligence
US5799318A (en) 1993-04-13 1998-08-25 Firstfloor Software Method and apparatus for collecting and displaying information from diverse computer resources
US5558638A (en) 1993-04-30 1996-09-24 Healthdyne, Inc. Patient monitor and support system
WO1994025927A3 (en) 1993-04-30 1995-01-12 Arnold J Goldman Personalized method and system for storage, communication, analysis and processing of health-related data
US5882338A (en) * 1993-05-04 1999-03-16 Zeneca Limited Syringes and syringe pumps
US5497763A (en) * 1993-05-21 1996-03-12 Aradigm Corporation Disposable package for intrapulmonary delivery of aerosolized formulations
US5594637A (en) * 1993-05-26 1997-01-14 Base Ten Systems, Inc. System and method for assessing medical risk
US5501231A (en) * 1993-06-02 1996-03-26 Kaish; Norman Patient operated system for testing and recording a biological condition of the patient
US5429140A (en) 1993-06-04 1995-07-04 Greenleaf Medical Systems, Inc. Integrated virtual reality rehabilitation system
US5793969A (en) 1993-07-09 1998-08-11 Neopath, Inc. Network review and analysis of computer encoded slides
US5410474A (en) 1993-07-27 1995-04-25 Miles Inc. Buttonless memory system for an electronic measurement device
US5368562A (en) 1993-07-30 1994-11-29 Pharmacia Deltec, Inc. Systems and methods for operating ambulatory medical devices such as drug delivery devices
US5483276A (en) * 1993-08-02 1996-01-09 The Arbitron Company Compliance incentives for audience monitoring/recording devices
US5572646A (en) 1993-08-25 1996-11-05 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Apparatus for displaying images of living things to show growing and/or moving of the living things
US6249809B1 (en) * 1993-08-30 2001-06-19 William L. Bro Automated and interactive telecommunications system
US5377258A (en) * 1993-08-30 1994-12-27 National Medical Research Council Method and apparatus for an automated and interactive behavioral guidance system
US5456692A (en) 1993-09-03 1995-10-10 Pacesetter, Inc. System and method for noninvasively altering the function of an implanted pacemaker
US5438983A (en) 1993-09-13 1995-08-08 Hewlett-Packard Company Patient alarm detection using trend vector analysis
US5659691A (en) 1993-09-23 1997-08-19 Virtual Universe Corporation Virtual reality network with selective distribution and updating of data to reduce bandwidth requirements
CA2172981A1 (en) 1993-09-30 1995-04-06 Michael V. Ward Electronic dosing information device
US5517405A (en) 1993-10-14 1996-05-14 Aetna Life And Casualty Company Expert system for providing interactive assistance in solving problems such as health care management
US5399821A (en) * 1993-10-20 1995-03-21 Teikoku Tsushin Kogyo Co., Ltd. Keytop for push-button switches, and method of manufacturing same
US5454722A (en) 1993-11-12 1995-10-03 Project Orbis International, Inc. Interactive multimedia eye surgery training apparatus and method
DE4339188A1 (en) 1993-11-16 1995-05-18 Mueller & Sebastiani Elek Gmbh A portable device for detecting body-specific measurement data
WO1995016970A1 (en) * 1993-12-14 1995-06-22 Mochida Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Medical measuring apparatus
US6206829B1 (en) * 1996-07-12 2001-03-27 First Opinion Corporation Computerized medical diagnostic and treatment advice system including network access
US5724968A (en) * 1993-12-29 1998-03-10 First Opinion Corporation Computerized medical diagnostic system including meta function
US5594638A (en) * 1993-12-29 1997-01-14 First Opinion Corporation Computerized medical diagnostic system including re-enter function and sensitivity factors
US6022315A (en) * 1993-12-29 2000-02-08 First Opinion Corporation Computerized medical diagnostic and treatment advice system including network access
US5660176A (en) * 1993-12-29 1997-08-26 First Opinion Corporation Computerized medical diagnostic and treatment advice system
US5454721A (en) 1993-12-30 1995-10-03 Kuch; Nina J. Application of multi-media technology to nutrition education and diet planning
US5471382A (en) 1994-01-10 1995-11-28 Informed Access Systems, Inc. Medical network management system and process
US5612869A (en) 1994-01-21 1997-03-18 Innovative Enterprises International Corporation Electronic health care compliance assistance
JPH09509537A (en) 1994-02-15 1997-09-22 ネットワーク テクノロジー リミティド Interactive control with respect to the equipment of the remote location
US5714319A (en) * 1994-02-28 1998-02-03 Institut National De La Sante Et De La Recherche Medicale Method for the screening of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM)
US5536249A (en) 1994-03-09 1996-07-16 Visionary Medical Products, Inc. Pen-type injector with a microprocessor and blood characteristic monitor
JP2771462B2 (en) * 1994-03-15 1998-07-02 富士通株式会社 Using the magneto-optical recording medium and said medium
US5449334A (en) 1994-03-22 1995-09-12 Kingsbury; Doug Rotatable exercise apparatus
DE69501327D1 (en) * 1994-03-24 1998-02-05 Minnesota Mining & Mfg biometric personenauthentisationssystem
US5488412A (en) * 1994-03-31 1996-01-30 At&T Corp. Customer premises equipment receives high-speed downstream data over a cable television system and transmits lower speed upstream signaling on a separate channel
US5473536A (en) 1994-04-04 1995-12-05 Spacelabs Medical, Inc. Method and system for customizing the display of patient physiological parameters on a medical monitor
US6334778B1 (en) * 1994-04-26 2002-01-01 Health Hero Network, Inc. Remote psychological diagnosis and monitoring system
US5940801A (en) 1994-04-26 1999-08-17 Health Hero Network, Inc. Modular microprocessor-based diagnostic measurement apparatus and method for psychological conditions
EP0760138A4 (en) 1994-04-26 1998-04-01 Raya Systems Inc Modular microprocessor-based diagnostic measurement system for psychological conditions
US5574828A (en) 1994-04-28 1996-11-12 Tmrc Expert system for generating guideline-based information tools
US5550575A (en) 1994-05-04 1996-08-27 West; Brett Viewer discretion television program control system
DE4415896A1 (en) 1994-05-05 1995-11-09 Boehringer Mannheim Gmbh Analysis system for monitoring the concentration of an analyte in the blood of a patient
US5918603A (en) 1994-05-23 1999-07-06 Health Hero Network, Inc. Method for treating medical conditions using a microprocessor-based video game
US5913310A (en) 1994-05-23 1999-06-22 Health Hero Network, Inc. Method for diagnosis and treatment of psychological and emotional disorders using a microprocessor-based video game
US6186145B1 (en) * 1994-05-23 2001-02-13 Health Hero Network, Inc. Method for diagnosis and treatment of psychological and emotional conditions using a microprocessor-based virtual reality simulator
US5704366A (en) * 1994-05-23 1998-01-06 Enact Health Management Systems System for monitoring and reporting medical measurements
US5678571A (en) 1994-05-23 1997-10-21 Raya Systems, Inc. Method for treating medical conditions using a microprocessor-based video game
US5794251A (en) 1994-06-06 1998-08-11 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Information file processing apparatus and method
US5518001A (en) 1994-06-17 1996-05-21 Pacesetter, Inc. Cardiac device with patient-triggered storage of physiological sensor data
US5471039A (en) 1994-06-22 1995-11-28 Panda Eng. Inc. Electronic validation machine for documents
US5524637A (en) * 1994-06-29 1996-06-11 Erickson; Jon W. Interactive system for measuring physiological exertion
US5624265A (en) 1994-07-01 1997-04-29 Tv Interactive Data Corporation Printed publication remote contol for accessing interactive media
JPH0877155A (en) 1994-07-07 1996-03-22 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Information processor and information processing method
US5792117A (en) 1994-07-22 1998-08-11 Raya Systems, Inc. Apparatus for optically determining and electronically recording injection doses in syringes
US6110148A (en) * 1994-07-22 2000-08-29 Health Hero Network, Inc. Capacitance-based dose measurements in syringes
US5782814A (en) 1994-07-22 1998-07-21 Raya Systems, Inc. Apparatus for determining and recording injection doses in syringes using electrical inductance
US5569212A (en) 1994-07-22 1996-10-29 Raya Systems, Inc. Apparatus for electrically determining injection doses in syringes
US5720733A (en) * 1994-07-22 1998-02-24 Raya Systems, Inc. Apparatus for determining and recording injection doses in syringes using electrical capacitance measurements
US6068615A (en) 1994-07-22 2000-05-30 Health Hero Network, Inc. Inductance-based dose measurement in syringes
US5629981A (en) 1994-07-29 1997-05-13 Texas Instruments Incorporated Information management and security system
US5875432A (en) * 1994-08-05 1999-02-23 Sehr; Richard Peter Computerized voting information system having predefined content and voting templates
DE69524108T2 (en) 1994-09-08 2002-06-06 Lifescan Inc Analyte detection strip with a standard strip on the
JPH0883271A (en) 1994-09-09 1996-03-26 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Document processing apparatus
US5987528A (en) * 1994-09-09 1999-11-16 Compaq Computer Corporation Controlling the flow of electronic information through computer hardware
US5593349A (en) * 1994-09-09 1997-01-14 Valley Recreation Products Inc. Automated league and tournament system for electronic games
US6014626A (en) * 1994-09-13 2000-01-11 Cohen; Kopel H. Patient monitoring system including speech recognition capability
WO1996008779A1 (en) 1994-09-14 1996-03-21 Dolphin Software Pty. Ltd. A method and apparatus for preparation of a database document in a local processing apparatus and loading of the database document with data from remote sources
US5978594A (en) * 1994-09-30 1999-11-02 Bmc Software, Inc. System for managing computer resources across a distributed computing environment by first reading discovery information about how to determine system resources presence
US5687734A (en) 1994-10-20 1997-11-18 Hewlett-Packard Company Flexible patient monitoring system featuring a multiport transmitter
US5601435A (en) * 1994-11-04 1997-02-11 Intercare Method and apparatus for interactively monitoring a physiological condition and for interactively providing health related information
US5628004A (en) 1994-11-04 1997-05-06 Optima Direct, Inc. System for managing database of communication of recipients
US5827180A (en) 1994-11-07 1998-10-27 Lifemasters Supported Selfcare Method and apparatus for a personal health network
JP2840923B2 (en) 1994-11-11 1998-12-24 富士通株式会社 Production system
US5488423A (en) * 1994-11-17 1996-01-30 U.S. Narrow Networks, Inc. Home communication method and apparatus
US5546943A (en) 1994-12-09 1996-08-20 Gould; Duncan K. Stimulating a beneficial human response by using visualization of medical scan data to achieve psychoneuroimmunological virtual reality
US5659793A (en) * 1994-12-22 1997-08-19 Bell Atlantic Video Services, Inc. Authoring tools for multimedia application development and network delivery
US5717913A (en) * 1995-01-03 1998-02-10 University Of Central Florida Method for detecting and extracting text data using database schemas
US5553609A (en) 1995-02-09 1996-09-10 Visiting Nurse Service, Inc. Intelligent remote visual monitoring system for home health care service
US5778882A (en) 1995-02-24 1998-07-14 Brigham And Women's Hospital Health monitoring system
EP0730882A3 (en) * 1995-03-08 1997-08-06 Telectronics Nv An improved implantable cardiac stimulation system
US5911132A (en) * 1995-04-26 1999-06-08 Lucent Technologies Inc. Method using central epidemiological database
US5619991A (en) 1995-04-26 1997-04-15 Lucent Technologies Inc. Delivery of medical services using electronic data communications
US5689652A (en) 1995-04-27 1997-11-18 Optimark Technologies, Inc. Crossing network utilizing optimal mutual satisfaction density profile
US5640569A (en) 1995-04-28 1997-06-17 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Diverse goods arbitration system and method for allocating resources in a distributed computer system
US6424249B1 (en) * 1995-05-08 2002-07-23 Image Data, Llc Positive identity verification system and method including biometric user authentication
US5781442A (en) 1995-05-15 1998-07-14 Alaris Medical Systems, Inc. System and method for collecting data and managing patient care
US5602597A (en) * 1995-05-31 1997-02-11 International Business Machines Corporation Video receiver display of video overlaying menu
US5727153A (en) * 1995-06-06 1998-03-10 Powell; Ken R. Retail store having a system of receiving electronic coupon information from a portable card and sending the received coupon information to other portable cards
US5710918A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-01-20 International Business Machines Corporation Method for distributed task fulfillment of web browser requests
US5666487A (en) 1995-06-28 1997-09-09 Bell Atlantic Network Services, Inc. Network providing signals of different formats to a user by multplexing compressed broadband data with data of a different format into MPEG encoded data stream
US5651775A (en) 1995-07-12 1997-07-29 Walker; Richard Bradley Medication delivery and monitoring system and methods
US5715451A (en) * 1995-07-20 1998-02-03 Spacelabs Medical, Inc. Method and system for constructing formulae for processing medical data
US6001065A (en) 1995-08-02 1999-12-14 Ibva Technologies, Inc. Method and apparatus for measuring and analyzing physiological signals for active or passive control of physical and virtual spaces and the contents therein
JPH0947436A (en) 1995-08-09 1997-02-18 Koji Akai Home medical system
US5752234A (en) 1995-08-18 1998-05-12 Patient Solutions Method and apparatus for managing disposable medical supplies appropriate for a single patient visit
US5836304A (en) 1995-08-21 1998-11-17 Kellinger; Frederick J. Computer system for cognitive rehabilitation
US5893077A (en) 1995-08-23 1999-04-06 Microsoft Corporation Method and apparatus for generating and collecting a billing event object within an on-line network
US5704902A (en) * 1995-09-19 1998-01-06 Headwaters Research & Development Inc Handholdable massager having combination massaging and dual function two speed actuator pad
US6177940B1 (en) * 1995-09-20 2001-01-23 Cedaron Medical, Inc. Outcomes profile management system for evaluating treatment effectiveness
US5961446A (en) 1995-10-06 1999-10-05 Tevital Incorporated Patient terminal for home health care system
US5717739A (en) * 1995-10-13 1998-02-10 Dyer; Dwayne Methods and apparatus for enabling an operator to provide pre-recorded information to a customer
US6436036B1 (en) 1995-11-01 2002-08-20 Weight Watchers (Uk) Limited Process for controlling body weight
US5679075A (en) 1995-11-06 1997-10-21 Beanstalk Entertainment Enterprises Interactive multi-media game system and method
US5704364A (en) 1995-11-08 1998-01-06 Instromedix, Inc. Concurrent medical patient data and voice communication method and apparatus
US5678562A (en) 1995-11-09 1997-10-21 Burdick, Inc. Ambulatory physiological monitor with removable disk cartridge and wireless modem
US5944659A (en) * 1995-11-13 1999-08-31 Vitalcom Inc. Architecture for TDMA medical telemetry system
JP3493847B2 (en) 1995-11-15 2004-02-03 株式会社日立製作所 Wide-area medical information system
DE29519492U1 (en) * 1995-12-08 1996-05-23 Redl Hermann M Cardboard box with self-adhesive closure
US5730654A (en) * 1995-12-18 1998-03-24 Raya Systems, Inc. Multi-player video game for health education
US5675635A (en) 1996-01-24 1997-10-07 Sprint Communications Company L.P. System and method for conducting poll at a processor associated with the originating switch
US5704922A (en) * 1996-01-25 1998-01-06 Raya Systems, Inc. Syringe having electrical contact points for metering doses
US5628309A (en) 1996-01-25 1997-05-13 Raya Systems, Inc. Meter for electrically measuring and recording injection syringe doses
DE19602671A1 (en) * 1996-01-25 1997-07-31 Amp Gmbh Arrangement for making contact with a conical contact
US5642936A (en) 1996-01-29 1997-07-01 Oncormed Methods for identifying human hereditary disease patterns
US5746697A (en) * 1996-02-09 1998-05-05 Nellcor Puritan Bennett Incorporated Medical diagnostic apparatus with sleep mode
FI118509B (en) 1996-02-12 2007-12-14 Nokia Oyj A method and apparatus for predicting a patient's blood glucose concentration
US5651363A (en) 1996-02-16 1997-07-29 Orthologic Corporation Ultrasonic bone assessment method and apparatus
US6167386A (en) 1998-06-05 2000-12-26 Health Hero Network, Inc. Method for conducting an on-line bidding session with bid pooling
US6023686A (en) * 1996-02-20 2000-02-08 Health Hero Network Method for conducting an on-line bidding session with bid pooling
US5794219A (en) 1996-02-20 1998-08-11 Health Hero Network, Inc. Method of conducting an on-line auction with bid pooling
US6240393B1 (en) 1998-06-05 2001-05-29 Health Pro Network, Inc. Aggregating and pooling weight loss information in a communication system with feedback
US5715823A (en) * 1996-02-27 1998-02-10 Atlantis Diagnostics International, L.L.C. Ultrasonic diagnostic imaging system with universal access to diagnostic information and images
US5670711A (en) 1996-03-08 1997-09-23 Regents Of The University Of Minnesota Portable rock strength evaluation device
US5748083A (en) * 1996-03-11 1998-05-05 Security Solutions Plus Computer asset protection apparatus and method
US6055314A (en) 1996-03-22 2000-04-25 Microsoft Corporation System and method for secure purchase and delivery of video content programs
US5807114A (en) 1996-03-27 1998-09-15 Emory University And Georgia Tech Research Corporation System for treating patients with anxiety disorders
US5835896A (en) 1996-03-29 1998-11-10 Onsale, Inc. Method and system for processing and transmitting electronic auction information
US5680866A (en) 1996-03-29 1997-10-28 Battelle Memorial Institute Artificial neural network cardiopulmonary modeling and diagnosis
US5801755A (en) 1996-04-09 1998-09-01 Echerer; Scott J. Interactive communciation system for medical treatment of remotely located patients
US5792204A (en) * 1996-05-08 1998-08-11 Pacesetter, Inc. Methods and apparatus for controlling an implantable device programmer using voice commands
US5842976A (en) 1996-05-16 1998-12-01 Pyxis Corporation Dispensing, storage, control and inventory system with medication and treatment chart record
US6050940A (en) 1996-06-17 2000-04-18 Cybernet Systems Corporation General-purpose medical instrumentation
US5879163A (en) * 1996-06-24 1999-03-09 Health Hero Network, Inc. On-line health education and feedback system using motivational driver profile coding and automated content fulfillment
US5825283A (en) 1996-07-03 1998-10-20 Camhi; Elie System for the security and auditing of persons and property
US5935060A (en) * 1996-07-12 1999-08-10 First Opinion Corporation Computerized medical diagnostic and treatment advice system including list based processing
US5760771A (en) 1996-07-17 1998-06-02 At & T Corp System and method for providing structured tours of hypertext files
US5885245A (en) * 1996-08-02 1999-03-23 Sabratek Corporation Medical apparatus with remote virtual input device
US5687717A (en) 1996-08-06 1997-11-18 Tremont Medical, Inc. Patient monitoring system with chassis mounted or remotely operable modules and portable computer
US5819735A (en) 1996-08-15 1998-10-13 Mansfield; Elizabeth A. Device and method for monitoring dietary intake of calories and nutrients
US5810747A (en) 1996-08-21 1998-09-22 Interactive Remote Site Technology, Inc. Remote site medical intervention system
US5772585A (en) 1996-08-30 1998-06-30 Emc, Inc System and method for managing patient medical records
US5791342A (en) 1996-09-03 1998-08-11 Telediagnostics Systems, Inc. Medical data transmission system
US6189029B1 (en) * 1996-09-20 2001-02-13 Silicon Graphics, Inc. Web survey tool builder and result compiler
US5800458A (en) 1996-09-30 1998-09-01 Rehabilicare, Inc. Compliance monitor for monitoring applied electrical stimulation
US5832448A (en) 1996-10-16 1998-11-03 Health Hero Network Multiple patient monitoring system for proactive health management
US5796393A (en) 1996-11-08 1998-08-18 Compuserve Incorporated System for intergrating an on-line service community with a foreign service
US5983003A (en) 1996-11-15 1999-11-09 International Business Machines Corp. Interactive station indicator and user qualifier for virtual worlds
US5889950A (en) * 1996-12-20 1999-03-30 Intel Corporation Method and apparatus for distribution of broadcast data
US5933136A (en) 1996-12-23 1999-08-03 Health Hero Network, Inc. Network media access control system for encouraging patient compliance with a treatment plan
US6151586A (en) 1996-12-23 2000-11-21 Health Hero Network, Inc. Computerized reward system for encouraging participation in a health management program
US5956501A (en) 1997-01-10 1999-09-21 Health Hero Network, Inc. Disease simulation system and method
US5887133A (en) * 1997-01-15 1999-03-23 Health Hero Network System and method for modifying documents sent over a communications network
US6032119A (en) * 1997-01-16 2000-02-29 Health Hero Network, Inc. Personalized display of health information
ES2124186B1 (en) 1997-01-20 1999-08-01 Carpe Diem Salud S L Section and telematic control system of physiological parameters of patients.
US6212550B1 (en) * 1997-01-21 2001-04-03 Motorola, Inc. Method and system in a client-server for automatically converting messages from a first format to a second format compatible with a message retrieving device
DE19707026B4 (en) * 1997-02-21 2004-10-28 Siemens Ag Medical therapy and / or diagnosis system
US5950632A (en) 1997-03-03 1999-09-14 Motorola, Inc. Medical communication apparatus, system, and method
US5959529A (en) * 1997-03-07 1999-09-28 Kail, Iv; Karl A. Reprogrammable remote sensor monitoring system
US5951300A (en) 1997-03-10 1999-09-14 Health Hero Network Online system and method for providing composite entertainment and health information
WO1998040835A1 (en) * 1997-03-13 1998-09-17 First Opinion Corporation Disease management system
JP3044116U (en) 1997-03-18 1997-12-16 株式会社ウイズ Virtual creature of the training simulation equipment
US5983217A (en) 1997-03-21 1999-11-09 At&T Corp Apparatus and method for querying replicated databases
US5897493A (en) 1997-03-28 1999-04-27 Health Hero Network, Inc. Monitoring system for remotely querying individuals
US6101478A (en) 1997-04-30 2000-08-08 Health Hero Network Multi-user remote health monitoring system
US6248065B1 (en) 1997-04-30 2001-06-19 Health Hero Network, Inc. Monitoring system for remotely querying individuals
US6270455B1 (en) 1997-03-28 2001-08-07 Health Hero Network, Inc. Networked system for interactive communications and remote monitoring of drug delivery
US5997476A (en) 1997-03-28 1999-12-07 Health Hero Network, Inc. Networked system for interactive communication and remote monitoring of individuals
US6968375B1 (en) * 1997-03-28 2005-11-22 Health Hero Network, Inc. Networked system for interactive communication and remote monitoring of individuals
US6055506A (en) 1997-04-25 2000-04-25 Unitron Medical Communications, Inc. Outpatient care data system
FI112545B (en) * 1997-05-30 2003-12-15 Nokia Corp The method and system of the patient's blood to predict the glycosylated hemoglobin component level
US6032036A (en) * 1997-06-18 2000-02-29 Telectronics, S.A. Alarm and emergency call system
JP3012560B2 (en) 1997-06-25 2000-02-21 日本電気ソフトウェア株式会社 Computer readable recording medium recording the electronic interaction program between electronic interactive method, and a computer between electronic interactive device and computer between computers
US5945651A (en) 1997-07-17 1999-08-31 Chorosinski; Leonard Remotely programmable medication dispensing system
US6370513B1 (en) 1997-08-08 2002-04-09 Parasoft Corporation Method and apparatus for automated selection, organization, and recommendation of items
US6029138A (en) * 1997-08-15 2000-02-22 Brigham And Women's Hospital Computer system for decision support in the selection of diagnostic and therapeutic tests and interventions for patients
US5954641A (en) 1997-09-08 1999-09-21 Informedix, Inc. Method, apparatus and operating system for managing the administration of medication and medical treatment regimens
US5971855A (en) 1997-09-30 1999-10-26 Tiger Electronics, Ltd. Apparatus and method of communicating between electronic games
KR100269258B1 (en) 1997-10-21 2000-10-16 정선종 Integrated case information repository for process meta-model methodologies and systems that support integrated way
US5868683A (en) * 1997-10-24 1999-02-09 Scientific Learning Corporation Techniques for predicting reading deficit based on acoustical measurements
US5987471A (en) 1997-11-13 1999-11-16 Novell, Inc. Sub-foldering system in a directory-service-based launcher
US6049794A (en) 1997-12-09 2000-04-11 Jacobs; Charles M. System for screening of medical decision making incorporating a knowledge base
US6251587B1 (en) * 1997-12-16 2001-06-26 Nova Molecular, Inc. Method for determining the prognosis of a patient with a neurological disease
US6210272B1 (en) 1997-12-22 2001-04-03 Health Hero Network, Inc. Multi-player interactive electronic game for health education
JPH11296598A (en) 1998-04-07 1999-10-29 Seizaburo Arita System and method for predicting blood-sugar level and record medium where same method is recorded
US6057758A (en) 1998-05-20 2000-05-02 Hewlett-Packard Company Handheld clinical terminal
US6161095A (en) 1998-12-16 2000-12-12 Health Hero Network, Inc. Treatment regimen compliance and efficacy with feedback
US6067524A (en) * 1999-01-07 2000-05-23 Catalina Marketing International, Inc. Method and system for automatically generating advisory information for pharmacy patients along with normally transmitted data
US6507912B1 (en) * 1999-01-27 2003-01-14 International Business Machines Corporation Protection of biometric data via key-dependent sampling
US6196970B1 (en) * 1999-03-22 2001-03-06 Stephen J. Brown Research data collection and analysis
US6513532B2 (en) * 2000-01-19 2003-02-04 Healthetech, Inc. Diet and activity-monitoring device
USD439242S1 (en) * 2000-03-24 2001-03-20 Health Hero Network, Inc. Information appliance
US20030068649A1 (en) * 2000-09-14 2003-04-10 Doberstein Stephen K. Methods and compositions for the construction and use of fusion libraries
US6766216B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-07-20 Flow International Corporation Method and system for automated software control of waterjet orientation parameters
US7168818B1 (en) * 2003-12-29 2007-01-30 Magna Donnelly Mirros North America L.L.C. Mirror system with varying characteristics based on vehicle positioning
EP1786315A4 (en) * 2004-02-05 2010-03-03 Earlysense Ltd Techniques for prediction and monitoring of respiration-manifested clinical episodes
JP5155024B2 (en) 2008-06-04 2013-02-27 モメンティブ・パフォーマンス・マテリアルズ・ジャパン合同会社 Room temperature curable silicone rubber composition

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5633910A (en) * 1994-09-13 1997-05-27 Cohen; Kopel H. Outpatient monitoring system
US5615277A (en) * 1994-11-28 1997-03-25 Hoffman; Ned Tokenless security system for authorizing access to a secured computer system
US6122351A (en) * 1997-01-21 2000-09-19 Med Graph, Inc. Method and system aiding medical diagnosis and treatment
US5930804A (en) * 1997-06-09 1999-07-27 Philips Electronics North America Corporation Web-based biometric authentication system and method
US20020035478A1 (en) * 1998-12-22 2002-03-21 Murray David Levitt System, method and article of manufacture for a simulation enabled retail management tutorial system
US6606374B1 (en) * 1999-06-17 2003-08-12 Convergys Customer Management Group, Inc. System and method for recording and playing audio descriptions
US20020010597A1 (en) * 2000-05-19 2002-01-24 Mayer Gregg L. Systems and methods for electronic health management

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9754077B2 (en) 2007-02-22 2017-09-05 WellDoc, Inc. Systems and methods for disease control and management
US20100145202A1 (en) * 2007-03-08 2010-06-10 Sensor Technology & Devices Limited Method and apparatus for determining information concerning the identity of an individual
US9047510B2 (en) 2007-03-08 2015-06-02 Intelesens Limited Method and apparatus for determining information concerning the identity of an individual
US8160900B2 (en) 2007-06-29 2012-04-17 Abbott Diabetes Care Inc. Analyte monitoring and management device and method to analyze the frequency of user interaction with the device
US9483615B2 (en) 2007-08-10 2016-11-01 Smiths Medical Asd, Inc. Communication of original and updated pump parameters for a medical infusion pump
US20110040574A1 (en) * 2008-03-25 2011-02-17 Ho Chung Nicholas Fung Health Monitoring System with Biometric Identification
US8924159B2 (en) 2008-05-30 2014-12-30 Abbott Diabetes Care Inc. Method and apparatus for providing glycemic control
US20090299152A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-12-03 Abbott Diabetes Care Inc. Method and Apparatus for Providing Glycemic Control
US20100228141A1 (en) * 2009-03-05 2010-09-09 Theodosios Kountotsis Tamper resistant receptacle where access is actuated by breath samples and method of manufacturing the same
US20140172449A1 (en) * 2010-10-15 2014-06-19 Roche Diagnostics International Ag Metadata tagging system for a diabetes management system of devices
US20120095774A1 (en) * 2010-10-15 2012-04-19 Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc. Metadata tagging system for a diabetes management system of devices
US8706520B2 (en) * 2010-10-15 2014-04-22 Roche Diagnostics Operations, Inc. Metadata tagging system for a diabetes management system of devices
US8996392B2 (en) 2011-03-31 2015-03-31 Healthspot, Inc. Medical kiosk and method of use
US9043217B2 (en) 2011-03-31 2015-05-26 HealthSpot Inc. Medical kiosk and method of use
USD694909S1 (en) 2011-10-12 2013-12-03 HealthSpot Inc. Medical kiosk

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US9215979B2 (en) 2015-12-22 grant
US20060287889A1 (en) 2006-12-21 application
US8407063B2 (en) 2013-03-26 grant
US20060241975A1 (en) 2006-10-26 application
US20060285736A1 (en) 2006-12-21 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6480745B2 (en) Information network interrogation of an implanted device
US7860725B2 (en) Method for remote medical consultation and care
US6270455B1 (en) Networked system for interactive communications and remote monitoring of drug delivery
US7399276B1 (en) Remote health monitoring system
US6249809B1 (en) Automated and interactive telecommunications system
US7087015B1 (en) Neurological pathology diagnostic apparatus and methods
US5897493A (en) Monitoring system for remotely querying individuals
US20030036683A1 (en) Method, system and computer program product for internet-enabled, patient monitoring system
US6692436B1 (en) Health care information system
US6978182B2 (en) Advanced patient management system including interrogator/transceiver unit
US6270456B1 (en) Computerized medical diagnostic system utilizing list-based processing
US20040015132A1 (en) Method for improving patient compliance with a medical program
US5940801A (en) Modular microprocessor-based diagnostic measurement apparatus and method for psychological conditions
US20060293921A1 (en) Input device for web content manager responsive to browser viewers' psychological preferences, behavioral responses and physiological stress indicators
US8428967B2 (en) Spot check monitor credit system
US7009511B2 (en) Repeater device for communications with an implantable medical device
US5828943A (en) Modular microprocessor-based diagnostic measurement apparatus and method for psychological conditions
US6278999B1 (en) Information management system for personal health digitizers
US5724968A (en) Computerized medical diagnostic system including meta function
US20080077436A1 (en) Home based healthcare system and method
US20090069867A1 (en) apparatus for providing on-patient communication
US8437689B2 (en) Systems, devices, and methods for selectively preventing data transfer from a medical device
US20030126593A1 (en) Interactive physiological monitoring system
US20030130567A1 (en) Health-related devices and methods
US20090019552A1 (en) Healthcare Medical Information Management System

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: HEALTH HERO NETWORK, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BROWN, STEPHEN J.;REEL/FRAME:018213/0191

Effective date: 20060823