Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Vertebral body having an altered native cancellous bone volume and related treatment methods

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20060229631A1
US20060229631A1 US11450264 US45026406A US2006229631A1 US 20060229631 A1 US20060229631 A1 US 20060229631A1 US 11450264 US11450264 US 11450264 US 45026406 A US45026406 A US 45026406A US 2006229631 A1 US2006229631 A1 US 2006229631A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
balloon
bone
fig
body
vertebral
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11450264
Inventor
Mark Reiley
Arie Scholten
Karen Talmadge
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Orthophoenix LLC
Original Assignee
Medtronic Spine LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • A61B10/02Instruments for taking cell samples or for biopsy
    • A61B10/0233Pointed or sharp biopsy instruments
    • A61B10/025Pointed or sharp biopsy instruments for taking bone, bone marrow or cartilage samples
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/70Spinal positioners or stabilisers ; Bone stabilisers comprising fluid filler in an implant
    • A61B17/7097Stabilisers comprising fluid filler in an implant, e.g. balloon; devices for inserting or filling such implants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/72Intramedullary pins, nails or other devices
    • A61B17/7233Intramedullary pins, nails or other devices with special means of locking the nail to the bone
    • A61B17/7258Intramedullary pins, nails or other devices with special means of locking the nail to the bone with laterally expanding parts, e.g. for gripping the bone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/72Intramedullary pins, nails or other devices
    • A61B17/7233Intramedullary pins, nails or other devices with special means of locking the nail to the bone
    • A61B17/7258Intramedullary pins, nails or other devices with special means of locking the nail to the bone with laterally expanding parts, e.g. for gripping the bone
    • A61B17/7275Intramedullary pins, nails or other devices with special means of locking the nail to the bone with laterally expanding parts, e.g. for gripping the bone with expanding cylindrical parts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/88Osteosynthesis instruments; Methods or means for implanting or extracting internal or external fixation devices
    • A61B17/885Tools for expanding or compacting bones or discs or cavities therein
    • A61B17/8852Tools for expanding or compacting bones or discs or cavities therein capable of being assembled or enlarged, or changing shape, inside the bone or disc
    • A61B17/8855Tools for expanding or compacting bones or discs or cavities therein capable of being assembled or enlarged, or changing shape, inside the bone or disc inflatable, e.g. kyphoplasty balloons
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/88Osteosynthesis instruments; Methods or means for implanting or extracting internal or external fixation devices
    • A61B17/8866Osteosynthesis instruments; Methods or means for implanting or extracting internal or external fixation devices for gripping or pushing bones, e.g. approximators
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/90Identification means for patients or instruments, e.g. tags
    • A61B90/94Identification means for patients or instruments, e.g. tags coded with symbols, e.g. text
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/44Joints for the spine, e.g. vertebrae, spinal discs
    • A61F2/441Joints for the spine, e.g. vertebrae, spinal discs made of inflatable pockets or chambers filled with fluid, e.g. with hydrogel
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4601Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for introducing bone substitute, for implanting bone graft implants or for compacting them in the bone cavity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4603Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for insertion or extraction of endoprosthetic joints or of accessories thereof
    • A61F2/4611Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for insertion or extraction of endoprosthetic joints or of accessories thereof of spinal prostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/10Balloon catheters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/10Balloon catheters
    • A61M25/1002Balloon catheters characterised by balloon shape
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M29/00Dilators with or without means for introducing media, e.g. remedies
    • A61M29/02Dilators made of swellable material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/00234Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for minimally invasive surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/025Joint distractors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/74Devices for the head or neck or trochanter of the femur
    • A61B17/742Devices for the head or neck or trochanter of the femur having one or more longitudinal elements oriented along or parallel to the axis of the neck
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/74Devices for the head or neck or trochanter of the femur
    • A61B17/742Devices for the head or neck or trochanter of the femur having one or more longitudinal elements oriented along or parallel to the axis of the neck
    • A61B17/744Devices for the head or neck or trochanter of the femur having one or more longitudinal elements oriented along or parallel to the axis of the neck the longitudinal elements coupled to an intramedullary nail
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B10/00Other methods or instruments for diagnosis, e.g. instruments for taking a cell sample, for biopsy, for vaccination diagnosis; Sex determination; Ovulation-period determination; Throat striking implements
    • A61B10/02Instruments for taking cell samples or for biopsy
    • A61B10/0233Pointed or sharp biopsy instruments
    • A61B10/025Pointed or sharp biopsy instruments for taking bone, bone marrow or cartilage samples
    • A61B2010/0258Marrow samples
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00535Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets pneumatically or hydraulically operated
    • A61B2017/00539Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets pneumatically or hydraulically operated hydraulically
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00535Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets pneumatically or hydraulically operated
    • A61B2017/00544Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets pneumatically or hydraulically operated pneumatically
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/00535Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets pneumatically or hydraulically operated
    • A61B2017/00557Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets pneumatically or hydraulically operated inflatable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/025Joint distractors
    • A61B2017/0256Joint distractors for the spine
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B50/00Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers
    • A61B2050/005Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers with a lid or cover
    • A61B2050/0065Peelable cover
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B50/00Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers
    • A61B50/30Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments
    • A61B2050/3015Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments transparent
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B50/00Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers
    • A61B50/30Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments
    • A61B50/33Trays
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B90/00Instruments, implements or accessories specially adapted for surgery or diagnosis and not covered by any of the groups A61B1/00 - A61B50/00, e.g. for luxation treatment or for protecting wound edges
    • A61B90/39Markers, e.g. radio-opaque or breast lesions markers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • A61F2/2846Support means for bone substitute or for bone graft implants, e.g. membranes or plates for covering bone defects
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3601Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses for replacing only the epiphyseal or metaphyseal parts of the femur, e.g. endoprosthetic femoral heads or necks directly fixed to the natural femur by internal fixation devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/38Joints for elbows or knees
    • A61F2/389Tibial components
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/44Joints for the spine, e.g. vertebrae, spinal discs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • A61F2002/2817Bone stimulation by chemical reactions or by osteogenic or biological products for enhancing ossification, e.g. by bone morphogenetic or morphogenic proteins [BMP] or by transforming growth factors [TGF]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • A61F2002/2825Femur
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • A61F2002/2825Femur
    • A61F2002/2828Femoral head
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • A61F2002/2825Femur
    • A61F2002/2832Femoral neck
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • A61F2002/2835Bone graft implants for filling a bony defect or an endoprosthesis cavity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • A61F2002/2853Humerus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • A61F2002/2871Radius
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/28Bones
    • A61F2002/2892Tibia
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/3011Cross-sections or two-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30112Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2002/30113Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners circular
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/3011Cross-sections or two-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30112Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2002/30113Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners circular
    • A61F2002/30115Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners circular circular-O-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/3011Cross-sections or two-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30112Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2002/30125Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners elliptical or oval
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/3011Cross-sections or two-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30112Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2002/30131Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners horseshoe- or crescent- or C-shaped or U-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/3011Cross-sections or two-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30112Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2002/30133Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners kidney-shaped or bean-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/302Three-dimensional shapes toroidal, e.g. rings
    • A61F2002/30204Three-dimensional shapes toroidal, e.g. rings toric
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30224Three-dimensional shapes cylindrical
    • A61F2002/30225Flat cylinders, i.e. discs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30224Three-dimensional shapes cylindrical
    • A61F2002/30228Cylinders of elliptical or oval basis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30242Three-dimensional shapes spherical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30242Three-dimensional shapes spherical
    • A61F2002/30245Partial spheres
    • A61F2002/30247Hemispheres or half-spheres
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30252Three-dimensional shapes quadric-shaped
    • A61F2002/30253Three-dimensional shapes quadric-shaped ellipsoidal or ovoid
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30285Three-dimensional shapes rugby-ball-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30288Three-dimensional shapes bottle-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30308Three-dimensional shapes banana-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30311Three-dimensional shapes doughnut-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30108Shapes
    • A61F2002/30199Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2002/30313Three-dimensional shapes pear-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30448Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements using adhesives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30462Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements retained or tied with a rope, string, thread, wire or cable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30462Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements retained or tied with a rope, string, thread, wire or cable
    • A61F2002/30464Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements retained or tied with a rope, string, thread, wire or cable using bands, belts or straps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30581Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for having a pocket filled with fluid, e.g. liquid
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30581Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for having a pocket filled with fluid, e.g. liquid
    • A61F2002/30586Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for having a pocket filled with fluid, e.g. liquid having two or more inflatable pockets or chambers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30599Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for stackable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30667Features concerning an interaction with the environment or a particular use of the prosthesis
    • A61F2002/30677Means for introducing or releasing pharmaceutical products, e.g. antibiotics, into the body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30667Features concerning an interaction with the environment or a particular use of the prosthesis
    • A61F2002/30682Means for preventing migration of particles released by the joint, e.g. wear debris or cement particles
    • A61F2002/30686Devices for removing particulate debris from prosthetic joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30907Nets or sleeves applied to surface of prostheses or in cement
    • A61F2002/30909Nets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3609Femoral heads or necks; Connections of endoprosthetic heads or necks to endoprosthetic femoral shafts
    • A61F2002/3611Heads or epiphyseal parts of femur
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3609Femoral heads or necks; Connections of endoprosthetic heads or necks to endoprosthetic femoral shafts
    • A61F2002/3625Necks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/40Joints for shoulders
    • A61F2/4059Humeral shafts
    • A61F2002/4062Proximal or metaphyseal parts of shafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/42Joints for wrists or ankles; for hands, e.g. fingers; for feet, e.g. toes
    • A61F2/4202Joints for wrists or ankles; for hands, e.g. fingers; for feet, e.g. toes for ankles
    • A61F2002/4212Tarsal bones
    • A61F2002/4215Lateral row of tarsal bones
    • A61F2002/4217Calcaneum or calcaneus or heel bone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4601Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for introducing bone substitute, for implanting bone graft implants or for compacting them in the bone cavity
    • A61F2002/4602Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for introducing bone substitute, for implanting bone graft implants or for compacting them in the bone cavity for compacting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4603Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for insertion or extraction of endoprosthetic joints or of accessories thereof
    • A61F2002/4625Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for insertion or extraction of endoprosthetic joints or of accessories thereof with relative movement between parts of the instrument during use
    • A61F2002/4627Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor for insertion or extraction of endoprosthetic joints or of accessories thereof with relative movement between parts of the instrument during use with linear motion along or rotating motion about the instrument axis or the implantation direction, e.g. telescopic, along a guiding rod, screwing inside the instrument
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2002/4635Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor using minimally invasive surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2002/4635Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor using minimally invasive surgery
    • A61F2002/4636Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor using minimally invasive surgery through the hip femoral neck
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2002/4685Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor by means of vacuum
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2220/005Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements using adhesives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2220/0075Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements sutured, ligatured or stitched, retained or tied with a rope, string, thread, wire or cable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0004Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2230/0006Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners circular
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0004Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2230/0008Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners elliptical or oval
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0004Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2230/0013Horseshoe-shaped, e.g. crescent-shaped, C-shaped, U-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0002Two-dimensional shapes, e.g. cross-sections
    • A61F2230/0004Rounded shapes, e.g. with rounded corners
    • A61F2230/0015Kidney-shaped, e.g. bean-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0063Three-dimensional shapes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0063Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2230/0065Three-dimensional shapes toroidal, e.g. ring-shaped, doughnut-shaped
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0063Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2230/0069Three-dimensional shapes cylindrical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0063Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2230/0071Three-dimensional shapes spherical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2230/00Geometry of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2230/0063Three-dimensional shapes
    • A61F2230/0073Quadric-shaped
    • A61F2230/0076Quadric-shaped ellipsoidal or ovoid
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0058Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0058Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2250/006Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for modular
    • A61F2250/0063Nested prosthetic parts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00179Ceramics or ceramic-like structures
    • A61F2310/00293Ceramics or ceramic-like structures containing a phosphorus-containing compound, e.g. apatite
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00353Bone cement, e.g. polymethylmethacrylate or PMMA
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00389The prosthesis being coated or covered with a particular material
    • A61F2310/0097Coating or prosthesis-covering structure made of pharmaceutical products, e.g. antibiotics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/10Balloon catheters
    • A61M2025/1043Balloon catheters with special features or adapted for special applications
    • A61M2025/105Balloon catheters with special features or adapted for special applications having a balloon suitable for drug delivery, e.g. by using holes for delivery, drug coating or membranes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/10Balloon catheters
    • A61M2025/1043Balloon catheters with special features or adapted for special applications
    • A61M2025/1072Balloon catheters with special features or adapted for special applications having balloons with two or more compartments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/02Bones
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/10Trunk
    • A61M2210/1003Spinal column
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/10Balloon catheters
    • A61M25/1011Multiple balloon catheters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S606/00Surgery
    • Y10S606/907Composed of particular material or coated
    • Y10S606/91Polymer

Abstract

The native cancellous bone volume of a vertebral body is altered to comprise a region of cancellous bone that has been compressed to form a compressed bone region that peripherally defines a cavity and another region of substantially uncompressed cancellous bone occupying at least a portion of the remaining native cancellous bone volume. A bone filling material occupies the cavity.

Description

    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application is a divisional of co-pending application Ser. No. 10/747,547, filed Dec. 29, 2003, which is a divisional of application Ser. No. 10/411,573, filed Apr. 10, 2003 (now abandoned), which is a divisional of application Ser. No. 10/200,674, filed Jul. 22, 2002 (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,663,647), which is a divisional of Ser. No. 09/059,796, filed Apr. 13, 1998 (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,423,083), which is a divisional of application Ser. No. 08/788,786, filed Jan. 23, 1997 (now U.S. Pat. No. 6,235,043), which is a continuation of application Ser. No. 08/188,224, filed on Jan. 26, 1994 (now abandoned).
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    This invention relates to improvements in the surgical treatment of bone conditions of the human and other animal bone systems and, more particularly, to an inflatable balloon-like device for use in treating such bone conditions. Osteoporosis, avascular necrosis and bone cancer are diseases of bone that predispose the bone to fracture or collapse. There are 2 million fractures each year in the United States, of which about 1.3 million are caused by osteoporosis. Avascular necrosis and bone cancers are more rare but can cause bone problems that are currently poorly addressed.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    In U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,969,888 and 5,108,404, an apparatus and method are disclosed for the fixation of fractures or other conditions of human and other animal bone systems, both osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic. The apparatus and method are especially suitable for use in the fixation of, but not limited to, vertebral body compression fractures, Colles fractures and fractures of the proximal humerus.
  • [0004]
    The method disclosed in these two patents includes a series of steps which a surgeon or health care provider can perform to form a cavity in pathological bone (including but not limited to osteoporotic bone, osteoporotic fractured metaphyseal and epiphyseal bone, osteoporotic vertebral bodies, fractured osteoporotic vertebral bodies, fractures of vertebral bodies due to tumors especially round cell tumors, avascular necrosis of the epiphyses of long bones, especially avascular necrosis of the proximal femur, distal femur and proximal humerus and defects arising from endocrine conditions).
  • [0005]
    The method further includes an incision in the skin (usually one incision, but a second small incision may also be required if a suction egress is used) followed by the placement of a guide pin which is passed through the soft tissue down to and into the bone.
  • [0006]
    The method further includes drilling the bone to be treated to form a cavity or passage in the bone, following which an inflatable balloon-like device is inserted into the cavity or passage and inflated. The inflation of the inflatable device causes a compacting of the cancellous bone and bone marrow against the inner surface of the cortical wall of the bone to further enlarge the cavity or passage. The inflatable device is then deflated and then is completely removed from the bone. A smaller inflatable device (a starter balloon) can be used initially, if needed, to initiate the compacting of the bone marrow and to commence the formation of the cavity or passage in the cancellous bone and marrow. After this has occurred, a larger, inflatable device is inserted into the cavity or passage to further compact the bone marrow in all directions.
  • [0007]
    A flowable biocompatible filling material, such as methylmethacrylate cement or a synthetic bone substitute, is then directed into the cavity or passage and allowed to set to a hardened condition to provide structural support for the bone. Following this latter step, the insertion instruments are removed from the body and the incision in the skin is covered with a bandage.
  • [0008]
    While the apparatus and method of the above patents provide an adequate protocol for the fixation of bone, it has been found that the compacting of the bone marrow and/or the trabecular bone and/or cancellous bone against the inner surface of the cortical wall of the bone to be treated can be significantly improved with the use of inflatable devices that incorporate additional engineering features not heretofore described and not properly controlled with prior inflatable devices in such patents. A need has therefore arisen for improvements in the shape, construction and size of inflatable devices for use with the foregoing apparatus and method, and the present invention satisfies such need.
  • Prior Techniques for the Manufacture of Balloons for In-Patient Use
  • [0009]
    A review of the prior art relating to the manufacture of balloons shows that a fair amount of background information has been amassed in the formation of guiding catheters which are introduced into cardiovascular systems of patients through the brachial femoral arteries. However, there is a scarcity of disclosures relating to inflatable devices used in bone, and none for compacting bone marrow in vertebral bodies and long bones.
  • [0010]
    In a dilatation catheter, the catheter is advanced into a patient until a balloon is properly positioned across a lesion to be treated. The balloon is inflated with a radiopaque liquid at pressures above four atmospheres to compress the plaque of the lesion to thereby dilate the lumen of the artery. The balloon can then be deflated, then removed from the artery so that the blood flow can be restored through the dilated artery.
  • [0011]
    A discussion of such catheter usage technique is found and clearly disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,163,989. Other details of angioplasty catheter procedures, and details of balloons used in such procedures can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,323,071, 4,332,254, 4,439,185, 4,168,224, 4,516,672, 4,538,622, 4,554,929, and 4,616,652.
  • [0012]
    Extrusions have also been made to form prism shaped balloons using molds which require very accurate machining of the interior surface thereof to form acceptable balloons for angioplastic catheters. However, this technique of extrusion forms parting lines in the balloon product which parting lines are limiting in the sense of providing a weak wall for the balloon itself.
  • [0013]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,163,989 discloses a mold and technique for molding dilatation catheters in which the balloon of the catheter is free of parting lines. The technique involves inflating a plastic member of tubular shape so as to press it against the inner molding surface which is heated. Inflatable devices are molded into the desired size and shape, then cooled and deflated to remove it from the mold. The patent states that, while the balloon of the present invention is especially suitable for forming prism-like balloons, it can also be used for forming balloons of a wide variety of sizes and shapes.
  • [0014]
    A particular improvement in the catheter art with respect to this patent, namely U.S. Pat. No. 4,706,670, is the use of a coaxial catheter with inner and outer tubing formed and reinforced by continuous helical filaments. Such filaments cross each other causing the shaft of the balloon to become shorter in length while the moving portion of the shank becomes longer in length. By suitably balancing the lengths and the angle of the weave of the balloon and moving portions of the filaments, changes in length can be made to offset each other. Thus, the position of the inner and outer tubing can be adjusted as needed to keep the balloon in a desired position in the blood vessel.
  • [0015]
    Other disclosures relating to the insertion of inflatable devices for treating the skeleton of patients include the following:
  • [0016]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,313,434 relates to the fixation of a long bone by inserting a deflated flexible bladder into a medullary cavity, inflating the balloon bladder, sealing the interior of the long bone until healing has occurred, then removing the bladder and filling the opening through which the bladder emerges from the long bone.
  • [0017]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,102,413 discloses the way in which an inflatable bladder is used to anchor a metal rod for the fixation of a fractured long bone.
  • [0018]
    Other references which disclose the use of balloons and cement for anchoring of a prosthesis include U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,147,366, 4,892,550, 4,697,584, 4,562,598, and 4,399,814.
  • [0019]
    A Dutch patent, NL 901858, discloses a means for fracture repair with a cement-impregnated bag which is inflated into a preformed cavity and allowed to harden.
  • [0020]
    It can be concluded from the foregoing review of the prior art that there is little or no substantive information on inflatable devices used to create cavities in bone. It does not teach the shape of the balloon which creates a cavity that best supports the bone when appropriately filled. It does not teach how to prevent balloons from being spherical when inflated, when this is desired. Current medical balloons can compress bone but are too small and generally have the wrong configuration and are generally not strong enough to accomplish adequate cavity formation in either the vertebral bodies or long bones of the body.
  • [0021]
    U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,969,888 and 5,108,404 disclose a checker-shaped balloon for compressing cancellous bone, but does not provide information on how this balloon remains in its shape when inflated.
  • [0022]
    Thus, the need continues for an improved inflatable device for use with pathological bones and the treatment thereof.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0023]
    The native cancellous bone volume of a vertebral body is altered to comprise a region of cancellous bone that has been compressed to form a compressed bone region that peripherally defines a cavity and another region of substantially uncompressed cancellous bone occupying at least a portion of the remaining native cancellous bone volume. A bone filling material occupies the cavity.
  • [0024]
    In one embodiment, a void creating device is introduced into the native cancellous bone volume and manipulated to compress the region of cancellous bone and form the cavity. In one embodiment, the void creation device is expanded to compress the region of cancellous bone and form the cavity.
  • [0025]
    Other objects of the present invention will become apparent as the following specification progresses, reference being had to the accompanying drawings for an illustration of the invention.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0026]
    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a first embodiment of the balloon of the present invention, the embodiment being in the shape of a stacked doughnut assembly.
  • [0027]
    FIG. 2 is a vertical section through the balloon of FIG. 1 showing the way in which the doughnut portions of the balloon of FIG. 1, fit into a cavity of a vertebral body.
  • [0028]
    FIG. 3 is a schematic view of another embodiment of the balloon of the present invention showing three stacked balloons and string-like restraints for limiting the expansion of the balloon in directions of inflation.
  • [0029]
    FIG. 4 is a top plan view of a spherical balloon having a cylindrical ring surrounding the balloon.
  • [0030]
    FIG. 5 is a vertical section through the spherical balloon and ring of FIG. 4.
  • [0031]
    FIG. 6 shows an oblong-shaped balloon with a catheter extending into the central portion of the balloon.
  • [0032]
    FIG. 6A is a perspective view of the way in which a catheter is arranged relative to the inner tubes for inflating the balloon of FIG. 6.
  • [0033]
    FIG. 7 is a suction tube and a contrast injection tube for carrying out the inflation of the balloon and removal of debris caused by expansion from the balloon itself.
  • [0034]
    FIG. 8 is a vertical section through a balloon after it has been deflated and as it is being inserted into the vertebral body of a human.
  • [0035]
    FIGS. 9 and 9A are side elevational views of a cannula showing how the protective sleeve or guard member expands when leaving the cannula.
  • [0036]
    FIG. 9B is a vertical section through a vertebral bone into which an access hole has been drilled.
  • [0037]
    FIG. 10 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the balloon of the present invention formed in the shape of a kidney bean.
  • [0038]
    FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the vertebral bone showing the kidney shaped balloon of FIG. 10 inserted in the bone and expanded.
  • [0039]
    FIG. 12 is a top view of a kidney shaped balloon formed of several compartments by a heating element or branding tool.
  • [0040]
    FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 13-13 of FIG. 12 but with two kidney shaped balloons that have been stacked.
  • [0041]
    FIG. 14 is a view similar to FIG. 11 but showing the stacked kidney shaped balloon of FIG. 13 in the vertebral bone.
  • [0042]
    FIG. 15 is a top view of a kidney balloon showing outer tufts holding inner strings in place interconnecting the top and bottom walls of the balloon.
  • [0043]
    FIG. 16 is a cross sectional view taken along lines 16-16 of FIG. 15.
  • [0044]
    FIG. 17A is a dorsal view of a humpback banana balloon in a right distal radius.
  • [0045]
    FIG. 17B is a cross sectional view of FIG. 17A taken along line 17B-17B of FIG. 17A.
  • [0046]
    FIG. 18 is a spherical balloon with a base in a proximal humerus viewed from the front (anterior) of the left proximal humerus.
  • [0047]
    FIG. 19A is the front (anterior) view of the proximal tibia with the elliptical cylinder balloon introduced beneath the medial tibial plateau.
  • [0048]
    FIG. 19B is a three quarter view of the balloon of FIG. 19A.
  • [0049]
    FIG. 19C is a side elevational view of the balloon of FIG. 19A.
  • [0050]
    FIG. 19D is a top plan view of the balloon of FIG. 19A.
  • [0051]
    FIG. 20 is a spherically shaped balloon for treating avascular necrosis of the head of the femur (or humerus) as seen from the front (anterior) of the left hip.
  • [0052]
    FIG. 20A is a side view of a hemispherically shaped balloon for treating avascular necrosis of the head of the femur (or humerus).
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0053]
    The present invention is directed to a balloon-like inflatable device or balloon for use in carrying out the apparatus and method of the above-mentioned U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,969,888 and 5,108,404. Such inflatable devices, hereinafter sometimes referred to as balloons, have shapes for compressing cancellous bone and marrow (also known as medullary bone or trabecular bone) against the inner cortex of bones whether the bones are fractured or not.
  • [0054]
    In particular, the present invention is directed to a balloon for use in treating a bone predisposed to fracture or to collapse. The balloon comprises an inflatable, non-expandable balloon body for insertion into said bone. The body has a predetermined shape and size when substantially inflated sufficient to compress at least a portion of the inner cancellous bone to create a cavity in the cancellous bone and to restore the original position of the outer cortical bone, if fractured or collapsed. The balloon body is restrained to create said predetermined shape and size so that the fully inflated balloon body is prevented from applying substantial pressure to the inner surface of the outer cortical bone if said bone is unfractured or uncollapsed.
  • [0055]
    In addition to the shape of the inflatable device itself, another aspect of importance is the construction of the wall or walls of the balloon such that proper inflation the balloon body is achieved to provide for optimum compression of all the bone marrow. The material of the balloon is also desirably chosen so as to be able to fold the balloon so that it can be inserted quickly and easily into a bone using a guide pin and a cannula, yet can also withstand high pressures when inflated. The balloon can also include optional ridges or indentations which are left in the cavity after the balloon has been removed, to enhance the stability of the filler. Also, the inflatable device can be made to have an optional, built-in suction catheter. This is used to remove any fat or fluid extruded from the bone during balloon inflation in the bone. Also, the balloon body can be protected from puncture by the cortical bone or canula by being covered while inside the canula with an optional protective sleeve of suitable material, such as Kevlar or PET or other polymer or substance that can protect the balloon. The main purpose of the inflatable device, therefore, is the forming or enlarging of a cavity or passage in a bone, especially in, but not limited to, vertebral bodies.
  • [0056]
    The primary object of the present invention is to provide an improved balloon-like inflatable device for use in carrying out a surgical protocol of cavity formation in bones to enhance the efficiency of the protocol, to minimize the time prior to performing the surgery for which the protocol is designed and to improve the clinical outcome. These balloons approximate the inner shape of the bone they are inside of in order to maximally compress cancellous bone. They have additional design elements to achieve specific clinical goals. Preferably, they are made of inelastic material and kept in their defined configurations when inflated, by various restraints, including (but not limited to) use of inelastic materials in the balloon body, seams in the balloon body created by bonding or fusing separate pieces of material together, or by fusing or bonding together opposing sides of the balloon body, woven material bonded inside or outside the balloon body, strings or bands placed at selected points in the balloon body, and stacking balloons of similar or different sizes or shapes on top of each other by gluing or by heat fusing them together. Optional ridges or indentations created by the foregoing structures, or added on by bonding additional material, increases stability of the filler. Optional suction devices, preferably placed so that if at least one hole is in the lowest point of the cavity being formed, will allow the cavity to be cleaned before filling.
  • [0057]
    Among the various embodiments of the present invention are the following:
  • [0058]
    1. A doughnut (or torus) shaped balloon with an optional built-in suction catheter to remove fat and other products extruded during balloon expansion.
  • [0059]
    2. A balloon with a spherical outer shape surrounded by a ring-shaped balloon segment for body cavity formation.
  • [0060]
    3. A balloon which is kidney bean shaped in configuration. Such a balloon can be constructed in a single layer, or several layers stacked on top of each other.
  • [0061]
    4. A spherically shaped balloon approximating the size of the head of the femur (i.e. the proximal femoral epiphysis). Such a balloon can also be a hemisphere.
  • [0062]
    5. A balloon in the shape of a humpbacked banana or a modified pyramid shape approximating the configuration of the distal end of the radius (i.e. the distal radial epiphysis and metaphysis).
  • [0063]
    6. A balloon in the shape of a cylindrical ellipse to approximate the configuration of either the medial half or the lateral half of the proximal tibial epiphysis. Such a balloon can also be constructed to approximate the configuration of both halves of the proximal tibial epiphysis.
  • [0064]
    7. A balloon in the shape of sphere on a base to approximate the shape of the proximal humeral epiphysis and metaphysis with a plug to compress cancellous bone into the diaphysis, sealing it off.
  • [0065]
    8. A balloon device with optional suction device.
  • [0066]
    9. Protective sheaths to act as puncture guard members optionally covering each balloon inside its catheter.
  • [0067]
    The present invention, therefore, provides improved, inflatable devices for creating or enlarging a cavity or passage in a bone wherein the devices are inserted into the bone. The configuration of each device is defined by the surrounding cortical bone and adjacent internal structures, and is designed to occupy about 70-90% of the volume of the inside of the bone, although balloons that are as small as about 40% and as large as about 99% are workable for fractures. In certain cases, usually avascular necrosis, the balloon size may be as small as 10% of the cancellous bone volume of the area of bone being treated, due to the localized nature of the fracture or collapse. The fully expanded size and shape of the balloon is limited by additional material in selected portions of the balloon body whose extra thickness creates a restraint as well as by either internal or external restraints formed in the device including, but not limited to, mesh work, a winding or spooling of material laminated to portions of the balloon body, continuous or non-continuous strings across the inside held in place at specific locations by glue inside or by threading them through to the outside and seams in the balloon body created by bonding two pieces of body together or by bonding opposing sides of a body through glue or heat. Spherical portions of balloons may be restrained by using inelastic materials in the construction of the balloon body, or may be additionally restrained as just described. The material of the balloon is preferably a non-elastic material, such as polyethylene tetraphthalate (PET), Kevlar or other patented medical balloon materials. It can also be made of semi-elastic materials, such as silicone or elastic material such as latex, if appropriate restraints are incorporated. The restraints can be made of a flexible, inelastic high tensile strength material including, but not limited, to those described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,706,670. The thickness of the balloon wall is typically in the range of 2/1000ths to 25/1000ths of an inch, or other thicknesses that can withstand pressures of up to 250-400 psi.
  • [0068]
    A primary goal of percutaneous vertebral body augmentation of the present invention is to provide a balloon which can create a cavity inside the vertebral body whose configuration is optimal for supporting the bone. Another important goal is to move the top of the vertebral body back into place to retain height where possible, however, both of these objectives must be achieved without fracturing the cortical wall of the vertebral body. This feature could push vertebral bone toward the spinal cord, a condition which is not to be desired.
  • [0069]
    The present invention satisfies these goals through the design of inflatable devices to be described. Inflating such a device compresses the calcium-containing soft cancellous bone into a thin shell that lines the inside of the hard cortical bone creating a large cavity.
  • [0070]
    At the same time, the biological components (red blood cells, bone progenitor cells) within the soft bone are pressed out and removed by rinsing during the procedure. The body recreates the shape of the inside of an unfractured vertebral body, but optimally stops at approximately 70 to 90% of the inner volume. The balloons of the present invention are inelastic, so maximally inflating them can only recreate the predetermined shape and size. However, conventional balloons become spherical when inflated. Spherical shapes will not allow the hardened bone cement to support the spine adequately, because they make single points of contact on each vertebral body surface (the equivalent of a circle inside a square, or a sphere inside a cylinder). The balloons of the present invention recreate the flat surfaces of the vertebral body by including restraints that keep the balloon in the desired shape. This maximizes the contacts between the vertebral body surfaces and the bone cement, which strengthens the spine. In addition, the volume of bone cement that fills these cavities creates a thick mantle of cement (4 mm or greater), which is required for appropriate compressive strength. Another useful feature, although not required, are ridges in the balloons which leave their imprint in the lining of compressed cancellous bone. The resulting bone cement “fingers” provide enhanced stability.
  • [0071]
    The balloons which optimally compress cancellous bone in vertebral bodies are the balloons listed as balloon types 1, 2 and 3 above. These balloons are configured to approximate the shape of the vertebral body. Since the balloon is chosen to occupy 70 to 90% of the inner volume, it will not exert undue pressure on the sides of the vertebral body, thus the vertebral body will not expand beyond its normal size (fractured or unfractured). However, since the balloon has the height of an unfractured vertebral body, it can move the top, which has collapsed, back to its original position.
  • [0072]
    One aspect of the invention provides a device for insertion into a vertebral body to apply a force capable of compacting cancellous bone and moving fractured cortical bone. The device includes a catheter extending along an axis and having a distal end sized and configured for insertion through a cannula into the vertebral body. The catheter carries near its distal end an inflatable body having a wall sized and configured for passage within the cannula into the vertebral body when the inflatable body is in a collapsed condition. The wall is further sized and configured to apply the in response to expansion of the inflatable body within the vertebral body. The wall includes, when inflated, opposed side surfaces extending along an elongated longitudinal axis that is substantially aligned with the axis of the catheter. The inflatable body has a height of approximately 0.5 cm to 3.5 cm, an anterior to posterior dimension of approximately 0.5 cm to 3.5 cm, and a side to side dimension of approximately 0.5 cm to 5.0 cm.
  • [0073]
    In a representative embodiment, the inflatable body comprises a balloon and the cannula is a percutaneious cannula.
  • [0074]
    In another aspect of the invention, the wall includes changes in wall thickness which restrain the opposed sided surfaces from expanding beyond a substantially flat condition.
  • [0075]
    According to another aspect of the invention, the wall includes an internal restraint which restrains the opposed side surfaces from expanding beyond a substantially flat condition. The internal restraint may include a mesh material, a string material, a woven material, a seam, or an essentially non-elastic material.
  • [0076]
    In yet another aspect of the invention, the wall includes an external restraint which restrains the opposed side surfaces from expanding beyond a substantially flat condition. The internal restraint may include a mesh material, a string material, a woven material, a seam, or an essentially non-elastic material.
  • [0077]
    A primary goal of percutaneous proximal humeral augmentation is to create a cavity inside the proximal humerus whose configuration is optimal for supporting the proximal humerus. Another important goal is to help realign the humeral head with the shaft of the humerus when they are separated by a fracture. Both of these goals must be achieved by exerting pressure primarily on the cancellous bone, and not the cortical bone. Undue pressure against the cortical bone could conceivably cause a worsening of a shoulder fracture by causing cortical bone fractures.
  • [0078]
    The present invention satisfies these goals through the design of the inflatable devices to be described. Inflating such a device compresses the cancellous bone against the cortical walls of the epiphysis and metaphysis of the proximal humerus thereby creating a cavity. In some cases, depending on the fracture location, the balloon or inflatable device may be used to extend the cavity into the proximal part of the humeral diaphysis.
  • [0079]
    Due to the design of the “sphere on a stand” balloon (described as number 7 above), the cavity made by this balloon recreates or approximates the shape of the inside cortical wall of the proximal humerus. The approximate volume of the cavity made by the “spherical on a stand balloon” is 70 to 90% that of the proximal humeral epiphysis and metaphysis, primarily, but not necessarily exclusive of, part of the diaphysis. The shape approximates the shape of the humeral head. The “base” is designed to compress the trabecular bone into a “plug” of bone in the distal metaphysis or proximal diaphysis. This plug of bone will prevent the flow of injectable material into the shaft of the humerus, improving the clinical outcome. The sphere can also be used without a base.
  • [0080]
    A primary goal of percutaneous distal radius augmentation is to create a cavity inside the distal radius whose configuration is optimal for supporting the distal radius. Another important goal is to help fine tune fracture realignment after the fracture has been partially realigned by finger traps. Both of these goals must be achieved by exerting pressure primarily on the cancellous bone and not on the cortical bone. Excessive pressure against the cortical bone could conceivably cause cortical bone fractures, thus worsening the condition.
  • [0081]
    The present invention satisfies these goals through the design of inflatable devices either already described or to be described.
  • [0082]
    The design of the “humpbacked banana”, or modified pyramid design (as described as number 5 above), approximates the shape of the distal radius and therefore, the cavity made by this balloon approximates the shape of the distal radius as well. The approximate volume of the cavity to be made by this humpbacked banana shaped balloon is 70 to 90% that of the distal radial epiphysis and metaphysis primarily of, but not necessarily exclusive of, some part of the distal radial diaphysis. Inflating such a device compresses the cancellous bone against the cortical walls of the epiphysis and metaphysis of the distal radius in order to create a cavity. In some cases, depending on the fracture location, the osseous balloon or inflatable device may be used to extend the cavity into the distal part of the radial diaphysis.
  • [0083]
    A primary goal of percutaneous femoral head (or humeral head) augmentation is to create a cavity inside the femoral head (or humeral head) whose configuration is optimal for supporting the femoral head. Another important goal is to help compress avascular (or aseptic) necrotic bone or support avascular necrotic bone is the femoral head. This goal may include the realignment of avascular bone back into the position it previously occupied in the femoral head in order to improve the spherical shape of the femoral head. These goals must be achieved by exerting pressure primarily on the cancellous bone inside the femoral head.
  • [0084]
    The present invention satisfied these goals through the design of inflatable devices either already described or to be described.
  • [0085]
    The design of the spherical osseous balloon (described as balloon type 4 above) approximates the shape of the femoral head and therefore creates a cavity which approximates the shape of the femoral head as well. (It should be noted that the spherical shape of this inflatable device also approximates the shape of the humeral head and would, in fact, be appropriate for cavity formation in this osseous location as well.) Inflating such a device compresses the cancellous bone of the femoral head against its inner cortical walls in order to create a cavity. In some cases, depending upon the extent of the avascular necrosis, a smaller or larger cavity inside the femoral head will be formed. In some cases, if the area of avascular necrosis is small, a small balloon will be utilized which might create a cavity only 10 to 15% of the total volume of the femoral head. If larger areas of the femoral head are involved with the avascular necrosis, then a larger balloon would be utilized which might create a much larger cavity, approaching 80 to 90% of the volume of the femoral head.
  • [0086]
    The hemispherical balloon approximates the shape of the top half of the femoral (and humeral) head, and provides a means for compacting cancellous bone in an area of avascular necrosis or small fracture without disturbing the rest of the head. This makes it easier to do a future total joint replacement if required.
  • [0087]
    A primary goal of percutaneous proximal tibial augmentation is to create a cavity inside the proximal tibia whose configuration is optimal for supporting either the medial or lateral tibial plateaus. Another important goal is to help realign the fracture fragments of tibial plateau fractures, particularly those features with fragments depressed below (or inferior to) their usual location. Both of these objectives must be achieved by exerting pressure on primarily the cancellous bone and not the cortical bone. Pressure on the cortical bone could conceivably cause worsening of the tibial plateau fracture.
  • [0088]
    The present invention satisfies these goals through the design of the inflatable devices to be described. Inflating such a device compresses the cancellous bone against the cortical walls of the medial or lateral tibial plateau in order to create a cavity.
  • [0089]
    Due to the design of the “elliptical cylinder” balloon (described as balloon type 6 above) the cavity made by this balloon recreates or approximates the shape of the cortical walls of either the medial or lateral tibial plateaus. The approximate volume of the cavity to be made by the appropriate elliptical cylindrical balloon is 50 to 90% of the proximal epiphyseal bone of either the medial half or the lateral half of the tibial.
  • [0090]
    Balloons for Vertebral Bodies
  • [0091]
    A first embodiment of the balloon (FIG. 1) of the present invention is broadly denoted by the numeral 10 and includes a balloon body 11 having a pair of hollow, inflatable, non-expandable parts 12 and 14 of flexible material, such as PET or Kevlar. Parts 12 and 14 have a suction tube 16 therebetween for drawing fats and other debris by suction into tube 16 for transfer to a remote disposal location. Catheter 16 has one or more suction holes so that suction may be applied to the open end of tube 16 from a suction source (not shown).
  • [0092]
    The parts 12 and 14 are connected together by an adhesive which can be of any suitable type. Parts 12 and 14 are doughnut-shaped as shown in FIG. 1 and have tubes 18 and 20 which communicate with and extend away from the parts 12 and 14, respectively, to a source of inflating liquid under pressure (not shown). The liquid can be any sterile biocompatible solution. The liquid inflates the balloon 10, particularly parts 12 and 14 thereof after the balloon has been inserted in a collapsed condition (FIG. 8) into a bone to be treated, such as a vertebral bone 22 in FIG. 2. The above-mentioned U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,969,888 and 5,108,404 disclose the use of a guide pin and cannula for inserting the balloon into bone to be treated when the balloon is deflated and has been inserted into a tube and driven by the catheter into the cortical bone where the balloon is inflated.
  • [0093]
    FIG. 8 shows a deflated balloon 10 being inserted through a cannula 26 into bone. The balloon in cannula 26 is deflated and is forced through the cannula by exerting manual force on the catheter 21 which extends into a passage 28 extending into the interior of the bone. The catheter is slightly flexible but is sufficiently rigid to allow the balloon to be forced into the interior of the bone where the balloon is then inflated by directing fluid into tube 88 whose outlet ends are coupled to respective parts 12 and 14.
  • [0094]
    In use, balloon 10 is initially deflated and, after the bone to be filled with the balloon has been prepared to receive the balloon with drilling, the deflated balloon is forced into the bone in a collapsed condition through cannula 26. The bone is shown in FIG. 2. The balloon is oriented preferably in the bone such that it allows minimum pressure to be exerted on the bone marrow and/or cancellous bone if there is no fracture or collapse of the bone. Such pressure will compress the bone marrow and/or cancellous bone against the inner wall of the cortical bone, thereby compacting the bone marrow of the bone to be treated and to further enlarge the cavity in which the bone marrow is to be replaced by a biocompatible, flowable bone material.
  • [0095]
    The balloon is then inflated to compact the bone marrow and/or cancellous bone in the cavity and, after compaction of the bone marrow and/or cancellous bone, the balloon is deflated and removed from the cavity. While inflation of the balloon and compaction occurs, fats and other debris are sucked out of the space between and around parts 12 and 14 by applying a suction force to catheter tube 16. Following this, and following the compaction of the bone marrow, the balloon is deflated and pulled out of the cavity by applying a manual pulling force to the catheter tube 21.
  • [0096]
    The second embodiment of the inflatable device of the present invention is broadly denoted by the numeral 60 and is shown in FIGS. 4 and 5. Balloon 60 includes a central spherical part 62 which is hollow and which receives an inflating liquid under pressure through a tube 64. The spherical part is provided with a spherical outer surface 66 and has an outer periphery which is surrounded substantially by a ring shaped part 68 having tube segments 70 for inflation of part 68. A pair of passages 69 interconnect parts 62 and 68. A suction tube segment 72 draws liquid and debris from the bone cavity being formed by the balloon 60.
  • [0097]
    Provision can be made for a balloon sleeve 71 for balloon 60 and for all balloons disclosed herein. A balloon sleeve 71 (FIG. 9) is shiftably mounted in an outer tube 71 a and can be used to insert the balloon 60 when deflated into a cortical bone. The sleeve 71 has resilient fingers 71 b which bear against the interior of the entrance opening 71 c of the vertebral bone 22 (FIG. 9A) to prevent tearing of the balloon. Upon removal of the balloon sleeve, liquid under pressure will be directed into tube 64 which will inflate parts 62 and 68 so as to compact the bone marrow within the cortical bone. Following this, balloon 60 is deflated and removed from the bone cavity.
  • [0098]
    FIGS. 6 and 6A show several views of a modified doughnut shape balloon 80 of the type shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, except the doughnut shapes of balloon 80 are not stitched onto one another. In FIG. 6, balloon 80 has a pear-shaped outer convex surface 82 which is made up of a first hollow part 84 and a second hollow part 85. A tube 88 is provided for directing liquid into the two parts along branches 90 and 92 to inflate the parts after the parts have been inserted into the medullary cavity of a bone. A catheter tube 16 is inserted into the space 96 between two parts of the balloon 80. An adhesive bonds the two parts 84 and 85 together at the interface thereof.
  • [0099]
    FIG. 6A shows the way in which the catheter tube 16 is inserted into the space or opening 96 between the two parts of the balloon 80.
  • [0100]
    FIG. 7 shows tube 88 of which, after directing inflating liquid into the balloon 80, can inject contrast material into the balloon 80 so that x-rays can be taken of the balloon with the inflating material therewithin to determine the proper placement of the balloon. Tube 16 is also shown in FIG. 6, it being attached in some suitable manner to the outer side wall surface of tube 88.
  • [0101]
    Still another embodiment of the invention is shown in FIG. 3 which is similar to FIG. 1 except that it is round and not a doughnut and includes an inflatable device 109 having three balloon units 110, 112 and 114 which are inflatable and which have string-like restraints 117 which limit the expansion of the balloon units in a direction transverse to the longitudinal axes of the balloon units. The restraints are made of the same or similar material as that of the balloon so that they have some resilience but substantially no expansion capability.
  • [0102]
    A tube system 115 is provided to direct liquid under pressure into balloon units 110, 112 and 114 so that liquid can be used to inflate the balloon units when placed inside the bone in a deflated state. Following the proper inflation and compaction of the bone marrow, the balloon can be removed by deflating it and pulling it outwardly of the bone being treated. The restraints keep the opposed sides 77 and 79 substantially flat and parallel with each other.
  • [0103]
    In FIG. 10, another embodiment of the inflatable balloon is shown. The device is a kidney shaped balloon body 130 having a pair of opposed kidney shaped side walls 132 which are adapted to be collapsed and to cooperate with a continuous end wall 134 so that the balloon 130 can be forced into a bone 136 shown in FIG. 11. A tube 138 is used to direct inflating liquid into the balloon to inflate the balloon and cause it to assume the dimensions and location shown vertebral body 136 in FIG. 11. Device 130 will compress the cancellous bone if there is no fracture or collapse of the cancellous bone. The restraints for this action are due to the side and end walls of the balloon.
  • [0104]
    FIG. 12 shows a balloon 140 which is also kidney shaped and has a tube 142 for directing an inflatable liquid into the tube for inflating the balloon. The balloon is initially a single chamber bladder but the bladder can be branded along curved lines or strips 141 to form attachment lines 144 which take the shape of side-by-side compartments 146 which are kidney shaped as shown in FIG. 13. The branding causes a welding of the two sides of the bladder to occur since the material is standard medical balloon material, which is similar to plastic and can be formed by heat.
  • [0105]
    FIG. 14 is a perspective view of a vertebral body 147 containing the balloon of FIG. 12, showing a double stacked balloon 140 when it is inserted in vertebral bone 147.
  • [0106]
    FIG. 15 is a view similar to FIG. 10 except that tufts 155, which are string-like restraints, extend between and are connected to the side walls 152 of inflatable device 150 and limit the expansion of the side walls with respect to each other, thus rendering the side walls generally parallel with each other. Tube 88 is used to fill the kidney shaped balloon with an inflating liquid in the manner described above.
  • [0107]
    The dimensions for the vertebral body balloon will vary across a broad range. The heights (H, FIG. 11) of the vertebral body balloon for both lumbar and thoracic vertebral bodies typically range from 0.5 cm to 3.5 cm. The anterior to posterior (A, FIG. 11) vertebral body balloon dimensions for both lumbar and thoracic vertebral bodies range from 0.5 cm to 3.5 cm. The side to side (L, FIG. 11) vertebral body dimensions for thoracic vertebral bodies will range from 0.5 cm to 3.5 cm. The side to side vertebral body dimensions for lumbar vertebral bodies will range from 0.5 cm to 5.0 cm.
  • [0108]
    The eventual selection of the appropriate balloon for, for instance, a given vertebral body is based upon several factors. The anterior-posterior (A-P) balloon dimension for a given vertebral body is selected from the CT scan or plain film x-ray views of the vertebral body. The A-P dimension is measured from the internal cortical wall of the anterior cortex to the internal cortical wall of the posterior cortex of the vertebral body. In general, the appropriate A-P balloon dimension is 5 to 7 millimeters less than this measurement.
  • [0109]
    The appropriate side to side balloon dimensions for a given vertebral body is selected from the CT scan or from a plain film x-ray view of the vertebral body to be treated. The side to side distance is measured from the internal cortical walls of the side of the vertebral bone. In general, the appropriate side to side balloon dimension is 5 to 7 millimeters less than this measurement by the addition of the lumbar vertebral body tends to be much wider than side to side dimension then their A-P dimension. In thoracic vertebral bodies, the side to side dimension and their A-P dimensions are almost equal.
  • [0110]
    The height dimensions of the appropriate vertebral body balloon for a given vertebral body is chosen by the CT scan or x-ray views of the vertebral bodies above and below the vertebral body to be treated. The height of the vertebral bodies above and below the vertebral body to be treated are measured and averaged. This average is used to determine the appropriate height dimension of the chosen vertebral body balloon.
  • [0111]
    Balloons for Long Bones
  • [0112]
    Long bones which can be treated with the use of balloons of the present invention include distal radius (larger arm bone at the wrist), proximal tibial plateau (leg bone just below the knee), proximal humerus (upper end of the arm at the shoulder), and proximal femoral head (leg bone in the hip).
  • [0113]
    Distal Radius Balloon
  • [0114]
    For the distal radius, a balloon 160 is shown in the distal radius 152 and the balloon has a shape which approximates a pyramid but more closely can be considered the shape of a humpbacked banana in that it substantially fills the interior of the space of the distal radius to force cancellous bone 154 lightly against the inner surface 156 of cortical bone 158.
  • [0115]
    The balloon 160 has a lower, conical portion 159 which extends downwardly into the hollow space of the distal radius 152, and this conical portion 159 increases in cross section as a central distal portion 161 is approached. The cross section of the balloon 160 is shown at a central location (FIG. 17B) and this location is near the widest location of the balloon. The upper end of the balloon, denoted by the numeral 162, converges to the catheter 88 for directing a liquid into the balloon for inflating the same to force the cancellous bone against the inner surface of the cortical bone. The shape of the balloon 160 is determined and restrained by tufts formed by string restraints 165. These restraints are optional and provide additional strength to the balloon body 160, but are not required to achieve the desired configuration. The balloon is placed into and taken out of the distal radius in the same manner as that described above with respect to the vertebral bone.
  • [0116]
    The dimensions of the distal radius balloon vary as follows:
  • [0117]
    The proximal end of the balloon (i.e. the part nearest the elbow) is cylindrical in shape and will vary from 0.5.times.0.5 cm to 1.8.times.1.8 cm.
  • [0118]
    The length of the distal radius balloon will vary from 1.0 cm to 12.0 cm.
  • [0119]
    The widest medial to lateral dimension of the distal radius balloon, which occurs at or near the distal radio-ulnar joint, will measure from 1.0 cm to 2.5 cm.
  • [0120]
    The distal anterior-posterior dimension of the distal radius balloon will vary from 0.5 to 3.0 cm.
  • [0121]
    Proximal Humerus Fracture Balloon
  • [0122]
    The selection of the appropriate balloon size to treat a given fracture of the distal radius will depend on the radiological size of the distal radius and the location of the fracture.
  • [0123]
    In the case of the proximal humerus 169, a balloon 166 shown in FIG. 18 is spherical and has a base design. It compacts the cancellous bone 168 in a proximal humerus 169. A mesh 170, embedded or laminated and/or winding, may be used to form a neck 172 on the balloon 166, and second mesh 170 a may be used to conform the bottom of the base 172 a to the shape of the inner cortical wall at the start of the shaft. These restraints provide additional strength to the balloon body, but the configuration can be achieved through molding of the balloon body. This is so that the cancellous bone will be as shown in the compacted region surrounding the balloon 166 as shown in FIG. 18. The cortical bone 173 is relatively wide at the base 174 and is thin-walled at the upper end 175. The balloon 166 has a feed tube 177 into which liquid under pressure is forced into the balloon to inflate it to lightly compact the cancellous bone in the proximal humerus. The balloon is inserted into and taken out of the proximal humerus in the same manner as that described above with respect to the vertebral bone.
  • [0124]
    The dimensions of the proximal humerus fracture balloon vary as follows:
  • [0125]
    The spherical end of the balloon will vary from 1.0.times.1.0 cm to 3.0.times.3.0 cm.
  • [0126]
    The neck of the proximal humeral fracture balloon will vary from 0.8.times.0.8 cm to 3.0.times.3.0 cm.
  • [0127]
    The width of the base portion or distal portion of the proximal numeral fracture balloon will vary from 0.5.times.0.5 cm to 2.5.times.2.5 cm.
  • [0128]
    The length of the balloon will vary from 4.0 cm to 14.0 cm.
  • [0129]
    The selection of the appropriate balloon to treat a given proximal humeral fracture depends on the radiologic size of the proximal humerus and the location of the fracture.
  • [0130]
    Proximal Tibial Plateau Fracture Balloon
  • [0131]
    The tibial fracture is shown in FIG. 19A in which a balloon 180 is placed in one side 182 of a tibia 183. The balloon, when inflated, compacts the cancellous bone in the layer 184 surrounding the balloon 180. A cross section of the balloon is shown in FIG. 19C wherein the balloon has a pair of opposed sides 185 and 187 which are interconnected by restraints 188 which can be in the form of strings or flexible members of any suitable construction. The main purpose of the restraints is to make the sides 185 and 187 substantially parallel with each other and non-spherical. A tube 190 is coupled to the balloon 180 to direct liquid into and out of the balloon. The ends of the restraints are shown in FIGS. 19B and 19D and denoted by the numeral 191. The balloon is inserted into and taken out of the tibia in the same manner as that described above with respect to the vertebral bone. FIG. 19B shows a substantially circular configuration for the balloon; whereas, FIG. 19D shows a substantially elliptical version of the balloon.
  • [0132]
    The dimensions of the proximal tibial plateau fracture balloon vary as follows:
  • [0133]
    The thickness or height of the balloon will vary from 0.5 cm to 5.0 cm.
  • [0134]
    The anterior/posterior (front to back) dimension will vary from 1.0 cm to 6.0 cm.
  • [0135]
    The side to side (medial to lateral) dimension will vary from 1.0 cm to 6.0 cm.
  • [0136]
    The selection of the appropriate balloon to treat a given tibial plateau fracture will depend on the radiological size of the proximal tibial and the location of the fracture.
  • [0137]
    Femoral Head Balloon
  • [0138]
    In the case of the femoral head, a balloon 200 is shown as having been inserted inside the cortical bone 202 of the femoral head which is thin at the outer end 204 of the femur and which can increase in thickness at the lower end 206 of the femur. The cortical bone surrounds the cancellous bone 207 and this bone is compacted by the inflation of balloon 200. The tube for directing liquid for inflation purposes into the balloon is denoted by the numeral 209. It extends along the femoral neck and is directed into the femoral head which is generally spherical in configuration. FIG. 20A shows that the balloon, denoted by the numeral 200 a, can be hemispherical as well as spherical, as shown in FIG. 20. The balloon 200 is inserted into and taken out of the femoral head in the same manner as that described with respect to the vertebral bone. The hemispherical shape is maintained in this example by bonding overlapping portions of the bottom, creating pleats 200 b as shown in FIG. 20A.
  • [0139]
    The dimensions of the femoral head balloon vary as follows:
  • [0140]
    The diameter of the femoral head balloon will vary from 1.0 cm to up to 4.5 cm. The appropriate size of the femoral head balloon to be chosen depends on the radiological or CT scan size of the head of the femur and the location and size of the avascular necrotic bone. The dimensions of the hemispherical balloon are the same as those of the spherical balloon, except that approximately one half is provided.

Claims (5)

1-5. (canceled)
6. An apparatus, comprising:
a catheter; and
an expandable member coupled to the catheter and configured to move cancellous bone in a vertebral body, the expandable member having a first expandable region, a second expandable region and a substantially non-expanding region, the substantially non-expanding region being disposed between the first expandable region and the second expandable regions.
7. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the first expandable region and the second expandable region are movable from a collapsed configuration to an expanded configuration, the first expandable region having a height in the collapsed configuration and a height in the expanded configuration different from the height in a collapsed configuration, the substantially non-expanding region having a height that is less than the height of the first expandable region in the expanded configuration.
8. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the substantially non-expanding region includes a crimp disposed between the first expandable region and the second expandable region.
9. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the substantially non-expanding region defines a lumen between the first expandable region and the second expandable region.
US11450264 1994-01-26 2006-06-12 Vertebral body having an altered native cancellous bone volume and related treatment methods Abandoned US20060229631A1 (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US18822494 true 1994-01-26 1994-01-26
US08788786 US6235043B1 (en) 1994-01-26 1997-01-23 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US09059796 US6423083B2 (en) 1994-01-26 1998-04-13 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10200674 US6663647B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2002-07-22 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10411573 US20030191489A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2003-04-10 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10747547 US6981981B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2003-12-29 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US11214652 US20050288678A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2005-08-30 Vertebral body having an altered native cancellous bone volume and related treatment methods
US11450264 US20060229631A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2006-06-12 Vertebral body having an altered native cancellous bone volume and related treatment methods

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11450264 US20060229631A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2006-06-12 Vertebral body having an altered native cancellous bone volume and related treatment methods

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20060229631A1 true true US20060229631A1 (en) 2006-10-12

Family

ID=22692257

Family Applications (9)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08792934 Expired - Lifetime US6066154A (en) 1994-01-26 1997-01-22 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US08788786 Expired - Lifetime US6235043B1 (en) 1994-01-26 1997-01-23 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US09059796 Expired - Fee Related US6423083B2 (en) 1994-01-26 1998-04-13 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US09811336 Abandoned US20010011174A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2001-03-16 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10200674 Expired - Lifetime US6663647B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2002-07-22 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10411573 Abandoned US20030191489A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2003-04-10 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10747547 Expired - Fee Related US6981981B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2003-12-29 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10747558 Abandoned US20040153115A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2003-12-29 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US11450264 Abandoned US20060229631A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2006-06-12 Vertebral body having an altered native cancellous bone volume and related treatment methods

Family Applications Before (8)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08792934 Expired - Lifetime US6066154A (en) 1994-01-26 1997-01-22 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US08788786 Expired - Lifetime US6235043B1 (en) 1994-01-26 1997-01-23 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US09059796 Expired - Fee Related US6423083B2 (en) 1994-01-26 1998-04-13 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US09811336 Abandoned US20010011174A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2001-03-16 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10200674 Expired - Lifetime US6663647B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2002-07-22 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10411573 Abandoned US20030191489A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2003-04-10 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10747547 Expired - Fee Related US6981981B2 (en) 1994-01-26 2003-12-29 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US10747558 Abandoned US20040153115A1 (en) 1994-01-26 2003-12-29 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (9) US6066154A (en)
KR (1) KR100355207B1 (en)
DE (4) DE69534156D1 (en)
EP (2) EP1464293B1 (en)
ES (1) ES2287635T3 (en)
RU (1) RU2147213C1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7811291B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2010-10-12 Osseon Therapeutics, Inc. Closed vertebroplasty bone cement injection system
US8827981B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2014-09-09 Osseon Llc Steerable vertebroplasty system with cavity creation element
US20140309646A1 (en) * 2010-11-12 2014-10-16 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Inflatable, steerable balloon for elevation of tissue within a body
US9510885B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2016-12-06 Osseon Llc Steerable and curvable cavity creation system

Families Citing this family (532)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4321355A (en) 1980-09-23 1982-03-23 Union Carbide Corporation Process for preparing polyarylates
US6505160B1 (en) * 1995-07-27 2003-01-07 Digimarc Corporation Connected audio and other media objects
US20050131268A1 (en) * 1995-06-07 2005-06-16 Talmadge Karen D. System and method for delivering a therapeutic agent for bone disease
US20030229372A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2003-12-11 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocols relating to treatment of fractured or diseased bone
DE69534156D1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2005-05-25 Kyphon Inc Improved inflatable device for use in surgical protocols in relation to the fixation of bone
US20060100635A1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2006-05-11 Kyphon, Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US6719773B1 (en) 1998-06-01 2004-04-13 Kyphon Inc. Expandable structures for deployment in interior body regions
US7044954B2 (en) * 1994-01-26 2006-05-16 Kyphon Inc. Method for treating a vertebral body
US6248110B1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2001-06-19 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US5888220A (en) * 1994-05-06 1999-03-30 Advanced Bio Surfaces, Inc. Articulating joint repair
WO1998020939A3 (en) 1996-11-15 1998-09-03 Advanced Bio Surfaces Inc Biomaterial system for in situ tissue repair
US20080086212A1 (en) * 1997-01-02 2008-04-10 St. Francis Medical Technologies, Inc. Spine distraction implant
US20070282443A1 (en) * 1997-03-07 2007-12-06 Disc-O-Tech Medical Technologies Ltd. Expandable element
US5972015A (en) 1997-08-15 1999-10-26 Kyphon Inc. Expandable, asymetric structures for deployment in interior body regions
WO1999029246A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 1999-06-17 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods using expandable bodies to push apart cortical bone surfaces
US6440138B1 (en) * 1998-04-06 2002-08-27 Kyphon Inc. Structures and methods for creating cavities in interior body regions
DE69942858D1 (en) 1998-06-01 2010-11-25 Kyphon S A R L Expandable, preformed structures for folding in regions within the body
US20050228397A1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2005-10-13 Malandain Hugues F Cavity filling device
US6716216B1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2004-04-06 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for treating vertebral bodies
US6241734B1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2001-06-05 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for placing materials into bone
JP2004535249A (en) * 1998-10-26 2004-11-25 エクスパンディング オーソペディクス インコーポレーテッド Expandable orthopedic equipment
DE60028186T2 (en) * 1999-01-27 2007-03-29 Disc-O-Tech Medical Technologies, Ltd. Expandable implant and to attach system
CA2363254C (en) * 1999-03-07 2009-05-05 Discure Ltd. Method and apparatus for computerized surgery
US6428576B1 (en) * 1999-04-16 2002-08-06 Endospine, Ltd. System for repairing inter-vertebral discs
JP2001061968A (en) * 1999-08-30 2001-03-13 Hiroshi Terai Instrument for treating aneurysm
US8414543B2 (en) 1999-10-22 2013-04-09 Rex Medical, L.P. Rotational thrombectomy wire with blocking device
WO2001028618A3 (en) 1999-10-22 2001-12-27 Boston Scient Corp Double balloon thrombectomy catheter
US7776068B2 (en) * 2003-10-23 2010-08-17 Trans1 Inc. Spinal motion preservation assemblies
US7938836B2 (en) * 2003-10-23 2011-05-10 Trans1, Inc. Driver assembly for simultaneous axial delivery of spinal implants
US7727263B2 (en) 2000-02-16 2010-06-01 Trans1, Inc. Articulating spinal implant
US7776042B2 (en) * 2002-12-03 2010-08-17 Trans1 Inc. Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments
US7601171B2 (en) * 2003-10-23 2009-10-13 Trans1 Inc. Spinal motion preservation assemblies
DE60321720D1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2008-07-31 Trans1 Inc Apparatus for wirbelsäulendistraktion and fusion
US7641657B2 (en) 2003-06-10 2010-01-05 Trans1, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae
US6558390B2 (en) 2000-02-16 2003-05-06 Axiamed, Inc. Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine
US6558386B1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2003-05-06 Trans1 Inc. Axial spinal implant and method and apparatus for implanting an axial spinal implant within the vertebrae of the spine
US6790210B1 (en) 2000-02-16 2004-09-14 Trans1, Inc. Methods and apparatus for forming curved axial bores through spinal vertebrae
US6575979B1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2003-06-10 Axiamed, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae
US6740093B2 (en) * 2000-02-28 2004-05-25 Stephen Hochschuler Method and apparatus for treating a vertebral body
US7488329B2 (en) * 2000-03-07 2009-02-10 Zimmer Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for reducing femoral fractures
US20060052788A1 (en) * 2003-02-04 2006-03-09 Thelen Sarah L Expandable fixation devices for minimally invasive surgery
US6447514B1 (en) * 2000-03-07 2002-09-10 Zimmer Polymer filled hip fracture fixation device
US20030220646A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2003-11-27 Thelen Sarah L. Method and apparatus for reducing femoral fractures
US7258692B2 (en) * 2000-03-07 2007-08-21 Zimmer, Inc. Method and apparatus for reducing femoral fractures
US20030220644A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2003-11-27 Thelen Sarah L. Method and apparatus for reducing femoral fractures
US7485119B2 (en) * 2000-03-07 2009-02-03 Zimmer Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for reducing femoral fractures
WO2001076514A3 (en) * 2000-04-05 2002-05-02 Joseph J Basista Methods and devices for treating fractured and/or diseased bone
US7815649B2 (en) * 2000-04-07 2010-10-19 Kyphon SÀRL Insertion devices and method of use
KR20080091284A (en) 2000-04-07 2008-10-09 메드트로닉 스파인 엘엘씨 Insertion devices and method of use
US6749614B2 (en) 2000-06-23 2004-06-15 Vertelink Corporation Formable orthopedic fixation system with cross linking
WO2002000126A1 (en) 2000-06-23 2002-01-03 University Of Southern California Percutaneous vertebral fusion system
US6875212B2 (en) * 2000-06-23 2005-04-05 Vertelink Corporation Curable media for implantable medical device
US6899713B2 (en) 2000-06-23 2005-05-31 Vertelink Corporation Formable orthopedic fixation system
US6964667B2 (en) * 2000-06-23 2005-11-15 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Formed in place fixation system with thermal acceleration
EP1303236B1 (en) * 2000-07-14 2008-12-03 Kyphon SARL Systems for treating vertebral bodies
US20020068974A1 (en) * 2000-07-21 2002-06-06 Kuslich Stephen D. Expandable porous mesh bag device and methods of use for reduction, filling, fixation and supporting of bone
US20080086133A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2008-04-10 Spineology Expandable porous mesh bag device and methods of use for reduction, filling, fixation and supporting of bone
CA2419196A1 (en) * 2000-08-11 2002-02-21 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Surgical instrumentation and method for treatment of the spine
US7153306B2 (en) * 2000-10-25 2006-12-26 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for reducing fractured bone using a fracture reduction cannula
US7569626B2 (en) * 2003-06-05 2009-08-04 Dfine, Inc. Polymer composites for biomedical applications and methods of making
WO2002043628A1 (en) 2000-12-01 2002-06-06 Sabitzer Ronald J Method and device for expanding a body cavity
DE10060815A1 (en) * 2000-12-07 2002-06-20 Henkel Kgaa Stone composite panels
US6623509B2 (en) 2000-12-14 2003-09-23 Core Medical, Inc. Apparatus and methods for sealing vascular punctures
US8083768B2 (en) 2000-12-14 2011-12-27 Ensure Medical, Inc. Vascular plug having composite construction
US6896692B2 (en) 2000-12-14 2005-05-24 Ensure Medical, Inc. Plug with collet and apparatus and method for delivering such plugs
US6846319B2 (en) 2000-12-14 2005-01-25 Core Medical, Inc. Devices for sealing openings through tissue and apparatus and methods for delivering them
US6890343B2 (en) 2000-12-14 2005-05-10 Ensure Medical, Inc. Plug with detachable guidewire element and methods for use
JP4202134B2 (en) * 2000-12-15 2008-12-24 スパイノロジー インコーポレイテッドSpineology,Inc. Annulus reinforcement band
EP1227094B1 (en) * 2001-01-30 2005-12-14 Nissan Chemical Industries Ltd. Isocyanurate compound and method for producing the same
US7008433B2 (en) * 2001-02-15 2006-03-07 Depuy Acromed, Inc. Vertebroplasty injection device
US6595998B2 (en) 2001-03-08 2003-07-22 Spinewave, Inc. Tissue distraction device
US20040083002A1 (en) * 2001-04-06 2004-04-29 Belef William Martin Methods for treating spinal discs
US20020169471A1 (en) 2001-04-16 2002-11-14 Kyphon Inc. Insertion devices and method of use
US6632235B2 (en) * 2001-04-19 2003-10-14 Synthes (U.S.A.) Inflatable device and method for reducing fractures in bone and in treating the spine
US6616673B1 (en) * 2001-04-19 2003-09-09 Biomet, Inc. Segmented joint distractor
US20050209629A1 (en) * 2001-04-19 2005-09-22 Kerr Sean H Resorbable containment device and process for making and using same
US6746451B2 (en) * 2001-06-01 2004-06-08 Lance M. Middleton Tissue cavitation device and method
US20060271061A1 (en) * 2001-07-25 2006-11-30 Disc-O-Tech, Ltd. Deformable tools and implants
WO2006011152A3 (en) 2004-06-17 2007-05-24 Disc O Tech Medical Tech Ltd Methods for treating bone and other tissue
US6375682B1 (en) 2001-08-06 2002-04-23 Lewis W. Fleischmann Collapsible, rotatable and expandable spinal hydraulic prosthetic device
US6736815B2 (en) * 2001-09-06 2004-05-18 Core Medical, Inc. Apparatus and methods for treating spinal discs
FR2829689B1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2004-06-25 Frederic Fortin Nucleus prosthesis and the insertion device and process for its implementation
US20030055316A1 (en) * 2001-09-19 2003-03-20 Brannon James Kevin Endoscopic bone debridement
US6805715B2 (en) * 2001-10-09 2004-10-19 Pmt Corporation Method and device for treating intervertebral disc herniations
US7128746B2 (en) * 2002-05-16 2006-10-31 Pmt Corporation Device for treating intervertebral disc herniations
US20030032963A1 (en) * 2001-10-24 2003-02-13 Kyphon Inc. Devices and methods using an expandable body with internal restraint for compressing cancellous bone
US7488320B2 (en) * 2001-11-01 2009-02-10 Renova Orthopedics, Llc Orthopaedic implant fixation using an in-situ formed anchor
DE10154163A1 (en) 2001-11-03 2003-05-22 Advanced Med Tech An apparatus for raising and stabilizing the spine
CN100502806C (en) 2001-11-09 2009-06-24 诺沃斯特公司 Balloon catheter with non-deployable stent
ES2276747T3 (en) * 2001-12-05 2007-07-01 Synthes Gmbh Intervertebral disk prosthesis or nucleus replacement prosthesis.
US20030171812A1 (en) * 2001-12-31 2003-09-11 Ilan Grunberg Minimally invasive modular support implant device and method
US6733534B2 (en) 2002-01-29 2004-05-11 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. System and method for spine spacing
US6960215B2 (en) * 2002-05-08 2005-11-01 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Tactical detachable anatomic containment device and therapeutic treatment system
US20040011532A1 (en) * 2002-07-16 2004-01-22 White Jack D. Combined rod guide and rod rotator device
JP2005534389A (en) * 2002-08-01 2005-11-17 アボット ラボラトリーズ バスキュラー エンタープライゼズ リミテッド Device for sealing a puncture hole by reducing the circumferential length of the puncture hole
EP1536743A2 (en) * 2002-08-27 2005-06-08 SDGI Holdings, Inc. Systems and methods for intravertebral reduction
JP2006515765A (en) * 2002-11-15 2006-06-08 エスディージーアイ・ホールディングス・インコーポレーテッド Collagen-based materials and methods for the treatment of synovial joint
US20040054414A1 (en) 2002-09-18 2004-03-18 Trieu Hai H. Collagen-based materials and methods for augmenting intervertebral discs
US7488337B2 (en) * 2002-09-30 2009-02-10 Saab Mark A Apparatus and methods for bone, tissue and duct dilatation
US9782572B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2017-10-10 Nordson Corporation Apparatus and methods for treating bone structures, tissues and ducts using a narrow gauge cannula system
CA2735334A1 (en) * 2002-11-05 2004-05-21 Spineology, Inc. A semi-biological intervertebral disc replacement system
WO2004047689A1 (en) * 2002-11-21 2004-06-10 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Systems and techniques for intravertebral spinal stablization with expandable devices
CA2505468A1 (en) * 2002-11-21 2004-06-10 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Systems and techniques for interbody spinal stablization with expandable devices
NL1022023C2 (en) * 2002-11-29 2004-06-03 Dsm Nv Artificial intervertebral disc.
US20040186471A1 (en) * 2002-12-07 2004-09-23 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Method and apparatus for intervertebral disc expansion
US20080033446A1 (en) * 2003-03-11 2008-02-07 Kwan-Ku Lin Flexible and breathable filler for medical application
DE602004018903D1 (en) 2003-02-14 2009-02-26 Depuy Spine Inc intervertebral fusion device prepared in situ
US20060264967A1 (en) 2003-03-14 2006-11-23 Ferreyro Roque H Hydraulic device for the injection of bone cement in percutaneous vertebroplasty
US20070149978A1 (en) * 2003-03-30 2007-06-28 Yuval Shezifi Minimally invasive distraction device and method
US8066713B2 (en) 2003-03-31 2011-11-29 Depuy Spine, Inc. Remotely-activated vertebroplasty injection device
US6981989B1 (en) 2003-04-22 2006-01-03 X-Pantu-Flex Drd Limited Liability Company Rotatable and reversibly expandable spinal hydraulic prosthetic device
US7419505B2 (en) * 2003-04-22 2008-09-02 Fleischmann Lewis W Collapsible, rotatable, and tiltable hydraulic spinal disc prosthesis system with selectable modular components
US6969405B2 (en) * 2003-04-23 2005-11-29 Loubert Suddaby Inflatable intervertebral disc replacement prosthesis
US20040220672A1 (en) * 2003-05-03 2004-11-04 Shadduck John H. Orthopedic implants, methods of use and methods of fabrication
US20050010297A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2005-01-13 Kuros Biosurgery Ag Balloon technologies for tissue repair
US6997929B2 (en) * 2003-05-16 2006-02-14 Spine Wave, Inc. Tissue distraction device
EP1648340B1 (en) * 2003-05-19 2010-03-03 SeptRx, Inc. Tissue distention device and related methods for therapeutic intervention
US7175628B2 (en) * 2003-05-21 2007-02-13 Crosstrees Medical, Inc. Extractable filler for inserting medicine into animal tissue
US7175627B2 (en) * 2003-05-21 2007-02-13 Crosstrees Medical, Inc. Extractable filler for inserting medicine into animal tissue
US9381024B2 (en) 2005-07-31 2016-07-05 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Marked tools
US8415407B2 (en) 2004-03-21 2013-04-09 Depuy Spine, Inc. Methods, materials, and apparatus for treating bone and other tissue
US20050010231A1 (en) * 2003-06-20 2005-01-13 Myers Thomas H. Method and apparatus for strengthening the biomechanical properties of implants
US7744620B2 (en) 2003-07-18 2010-06-29 Intervalve, Inc. Valvuloplasty catheter
GB2420502B (en) * 2003-07-25 2007-01-31 Impliant Ltd Elastomeric spinal disc nucleus replacement
CA2537048C (en) * 2003-09-03 2010-01-12 Kyphon Inc. Devices for creating voids in interior body regions and related methods
WO2005030034A3 (en) 2003-09-26 2006-05-26 Depuy Spine Inc Device for delivering viscous material
US7175629B2 (en) * 2003-09-29 2007-02-13 Crosstrees Medical, Inc. Extractable filler for inserting medicine into vertebral body
US7655010B2 (en) * 2003-09-30 2010-02-02 Depuy Spine, Inc. Vertebral fusion device and method for using same
US7361183B2 (en) 2003-10-17 2008-04-22 Ensure Medical, Inc. Locator and delivery device and method of use
US8852229B2 (en) 2003-10-17 2014-10-07 Cordis Corporation Locator and closure device and method of use
US20100145462A1 (en) * 2006-10-24 2010-06-10 Trans1 Inc. Preformed membranes for use in intervertebral disc spaces
US8088147B2 (en) * 2006-10-24 2012-01-03 Trans1 Inc. Multi-membrane prosthetic nucleus
WO2005041793A3 (en) * 2003-10-23 2005-11-10 Steven D Ainsworth Spinal mobility preservation apparatus and method
JP2007516738A (en) 2003-10-23 2007-06-28 トランスワン インコーポレイティッド Tools and tool kits for performing minimal intrusion process to the spine
US7524103B2 (en) * 2003-11-18 2009-04-28 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Apparatus for mixing and dispensing a multi-component bone cement
US7789912B2 (en) 2004-01-08 2010-09-07 Spine Wave, Inc. Apparatus and method for injecting fluent material at a distracted tissue site
CA2552727A1 (en) 2004-01-16 2005-08-04 Expanding Orthopedics, Inc. Bone fracture treatment devices
US20060247778A1 (en) * 2005-01-26 2006-11-02 Ferree Bret A Intradiscal devices including spacers facilitating posterior-lateral and other insertion approaches
US20050165487A1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2005-07-28 Muhanna Nabil L. Artificial intervertebral disc
US7641664B2 (en) 2004-02-12 2010-01-05 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Surgical instrumentation and method for treatment of a spinal structure
US8360629B2 (en) 2005-11-22 2013-01-29 Depuy Spine, Inc. Mixing apparatus having central and planetary mixing elements
US20090264939A9 (en) * 2004-12-16 2009-10-22 Martz Erik O Instrument set and method for performing spinal nuclectomy
US20050209602A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-22 Disc Dynamics, Inc. Multi-stage biomaterial injection system for spinal implants
US20060135959A1 (en) * 2004-03-22 2006-06-22 Disc Dynamics, Inc. Nuclectomy method and apparatus
US7959634B2 (en) * 2004-03-29 2011-06-14 Soteira Inc. Orthopedic surgery access devices
US20050234493A1 (en) * 2004-03-31 2005-10-20 Carr John P Methods and devices for cavity creation in mammalian bone tissue
US7507241B2 (en) * 2004-04-05 2009-03-24 Expanding Orthopedics Inc. Expandable bone device
US7465318B2 (en) 2004-04-15 2008-12-16 Soteira, Inc. Cement-directing orthopedic implants
US7452351B2 (en) 2004-04-16 2008-11-18 Kyphon Sarl Spinal diagnostic methods and apparatus
US7824390B2 (en) 2004-04-16 2010-11-02 Kyphon SÀRL Spinal diagnostic methods and apparatus
DE602004028970D1 (en) 2004-04-22 2010-10-14 Crosstrees Medical Inc Pull-out device having a filler for introducing drugs into animal tissue
US20080132899A1 (en) * 2004-05-17 2008-06-05 Shadduck John H Composite implant and method for treating bone abnormalities
US20080255560A1 (en) * 2004-05-21 2008-10-16 Myers Surgical Solutions, Llc Fracture Fixation and Site Stabilization System
US8142462B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2012-03-27 Cavitech, Llc Instruments and methods for reducing and stabilizing bone fractures
US20060085081A1 (en) * 2004-06-07 2006-04-20 Shadduck John H Implants and methods for treating bone
US7621952B2 (en) * 2004-06-07 2009-11-24 Dfine, Inc. Implants and methods for treating bone
US20060095138A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2006-05-04 Csaba Truckai Composites and methods for treating bone
FR2871366A1 (en) * 2004-06-09 2005-12-16 Ceravic Soc Par Actions Simpli expandable prosthetic bone implant
US20050278023A1 (en) 2004-06-10 2005-12-15 Zwirkoski Paul A Method and apparatus for filling a cavity
CA2570798A1 (en) * 2004-06-16 2006-01-05 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Surgical instrumentation for the repair of vertebral bodies
US7789913B2 (en) * 2004-06-29 2010-09-07 Spine Wave, Inc. Methods for injecting a curable biomaterial into an intervertebral space
US7776073B2 (en) * 2004-06-30 2010-08-17 Depuy Spine, Inc. In-situ formed posterolateral fusion system
US20060085009A1 (en) * 2004-08-09 2006-04-20 Csaba Truckai Implants and methods for treating bone
WO2006020531A3 (en) * 2004-08-09 2006-04-06 Trans1 Inc Prosthetic nucleus apparatus and methods
US8038682B2 (en) * 2004-08-17 2011-10-18 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Apparatus and methods for delivering compounds into vertebrae for vertebroplasty
US20080319445A9 (en) * 2004-08-17 2008-12-25 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Apparatus and methods for delivering compounds into vertebrae for vertebroplasty
WO2006026425A3 (en) 2004-08-25 2006-04-20 Spine Wave Inc Expandable interbody fusion device
EP1793769A4 (en) * 2004-09-02 2009-06-24 Crosstrees Medical Inc Device and method for distraction of the spinal disc space
US20060057184A1 (en) * 2004-09-16 2006-03-16 Nycz Jeffrey H Process to treat avascular necrosis (AVN) with osteoinductive materials
WO2006034436A3 (en) 2004-09-21 2006-10-19 Stout Medical Group Lp Expandable support device and method of use
US20060229628A1 (en) * 2004-10-02 2006-10-12 Csaba Truckai Biomedical treatment systems and methods
US20060085073A1 (en) * 2004-10-18 2006-04-20 Kamshad Raiszadeh Medical device systems for the spine
US8012207B2 (en) * 2004-10-20 2011-09-06 Vertiflex, Inc. Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine
US8613747B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2013-12-24 Vertiflex, Inc. Spacer insertion instrument
US8425559B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2013-04-23 Vertiflex, Inc. Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine
US8152837B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2012-04-10 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine
US8123807B2 (en) * 2004-10-20 2012-02-28 Vertiflex, Inc. Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine
EP2219538A4 (en) 2004-12-06 2012-12-26 Vertiflex Inc Spacer insertion instrument
US8845726B2 (en) 2006-10-18 2014-09-30 Vertiflex, Inc. Dilator
US8273108B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2012-09-25 Vertiflex, Inc. Interspinous spacer
US9119680B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2015-09-01 Vertiflex, Inc. Interspinous spacer
US8167944B2 (en) * 2004-10-20 2012-05-01 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine
US8128662B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2012-03-06 Vertiflex, Inc. Minimally invasive tooling for delivery of interspinous spacer
US9161783B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2015-10-20 Vertiflex, Inc. Interspinous spacer
US7763074B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2010-07-27 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine
US8945183B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2015-02-03 Vertiflex, Inc. Interspinous process spacer instrument system with deployment indicator
US8317864B2 (en) * 2004-10-20 2012-11-27 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine
US8123782B2 (en) * 2004-10-20 2012-02-28 Vertiflex, Inc. Interspinous spacer
US8277488B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2012-10-02 Vertiflex, Inc. Interspinous spacer
US8409282B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2013-04-02 Vertiflex, Inc. Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine
US9023084B2 (en) 2004-10-20 2015-05-05 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Systems and methods for stabilizing the motion or adjusting the position of the spine
US8048083B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2011-11-01 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US20060100706A1 (en) * 2004-11-10 2006-05-11 Shadduck John H Stent systems and methods for spine treatment
US7682378B2 (en) * 2004-11-10 2010-03-23 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods for introducing an abrading structure to abrade bone
US7799078B2 (en) * 2004-11-12 2010-09-21 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Implantable vertebral lift
US7988735B2 (en) * 2005-06-15 2011-08-02 Matthew Yurek Mechanical apparatus and method for delivering materials into the inter-vertebral body space for nucleus replacement
US8562607B2 (en) 2004-11-19 2013-10-22 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US20060122614A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-06-08 Csaba Truckai Bone treatment systems and methods
US7722620B2 (en) 2004-12-06 2010-05-25 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US7717918B2 (en) * 2004-12-06 2010-05-18 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US7678116B2 (en) * 2004-12-06 2010-03-16 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US7559932B2 (en) * 2004-12-06 2009-07-14 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US8070753B2 (en) * 2004-12-06 2011-12-06 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US7217283B2 (en) * 2004-12-30 2007-05-15 Depuy Products, Inc. Orthopaedic implant for vascularization of the femoral head
JP5159320B2 (en) * 2005-01-07 2013-03-06 セロノバ バイオサイエンシーズ, インコーポレイテッド Three-dimensional implantable bone support
US20060184192A1 (en) * 2005-02-11 2006-08-17 Markworth Aaron D Systems and methods for providing cavities in interior body regions
US8057513B2 (en) * 2005-02-17 2011-11-15 Kyphon Sarl Percutaneous spinal implants and methods
US20060265077A1 (en) * 2005-02-23 2006-11-23 Zwirkoski Paul A Spinal repair
US20060235423A1 (en) * 2005-04-01 2006-10-19 Cantu Alberto R Apparatus having at least one actuatable planar surface and method using the same for a spinal procedure
US20060241566A1 (en) * 2005-04-11 2006-10-26 Orthox, Llc Nucleus Extraction from Spine Intervertebral Disc
US20060247780A1 (en) * 2005-04-27 2006-11-02 Bert Jeffrey K Expandable artificial disc and associated methods and instrumentation
US20060247657A1 (en) * 2005-04-27 2006-11-02 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Methods and systems for characterizing intervertebral disc space
JP5112295B2 (en) * 2005-04-27 2013-01-09 スタウト メディカル グループ,エル.ピー. Expandable support device and methods of use thereof
US20060253199A1 (en) * 2005-05-03 2006-11-09 Disc Dynamics, Inc. Lordosis creating nucleus replacement method and apparatus
US20060253198A1 (en) * 2005-05-03 2006-11-09 Disc Dynamics, Inc. Multi-lumen mold for intervertebral prosthesis and method of using same
US20060265076A1 (en) * 2005-05-03 2006-11-23 Disc Dynamics, Inc. Catheter holder for spinal implant
US8926654B2 (en) 2005-05-04 2015-01-06 Cordis Corporation Locator and closure device and method of use
US8088144B2 (en) 2005-05-04 2012-01-03 Ensure Medical, Inc. Locator and closure device and method of use
US20060264896A1 (en) * 2005-05-09 2006-11-23 Palmer Erika I Minimally invasive apparatus and method for treatment of a tumor associated with a bone
US20060259005A1 (en) 2005-05-11 2006-11-16 Angioscore, Inc. Methods and systems for delivering substances into luminal walls
US9060820B2 (en) 2005-05-18 2015-06-23 Sonoma Orthopedic Products, Inc. Segmented intramedullary fracture fixation devices and methods
US8187327B2 (en) * 2005-05-18 2012-05-29 Kyphon Sarl Selectively-expandable bone scaffold
US8961516B2 (en) 2005-05-18 2015-02-24 Sonoma Orthopedic Products, Inc. Straight intramedullary fracture fixation devices and methods
US7955339B2 (en) * 2005-05-24 2011-06-07 Kyphon Sarl Low-compliance expandable medical device
US7628800B2 (en) * 2005-06-03 2009-12-08 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Formed in place corpectomy device
US20070093899A1 (en) * 2005-09-28 2007-04-26 Christof Dutoit Apparatus and methods for treating bone
US8080061B2 (en) 2005-06-20 2011-12-20 Synthes Usa, Llc Apparatus and methods for treating bone
US20060293561A1 (en) * 2005-06-24 2006-12-28 Abay Eustaquio O Ii System and methods for intervertebral disc surgery
KR20080047357A (en) * 2005-07-07 2008-05-28 크로스트리스 메디칼, 인코포레이티드 Devices and methods for the treatment of bone fracture
US20070010846A1 (en) * 2005-07-07 2007-01-11 Leung Andrea Y Method of manufacturing an expandable member with substantially uniform profile
US20070010844A1 (en) * 2005-07-08 2007-01-11 Gorman Gong Radiopaque expandable body and methods
US20070010845A1 (en) * 2005-07-08 2007-01-11 Gorman Gong Directionally controlled expandable device and methods for use
EP1909707A2 (en) * 2005-07-11 2008-04-16 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for providing prostheses
EP1909658A2 (en) * 2005-07-11 2008-04-16 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for providing cavities in interior body regions
US20070010824A1 (en) * 2005-07-11 2007-01-11 Hugues Malandain Products, systems and methods for delivering material to bone and other internal body parts
US20070068329A1 (en) * 2005-07-11 2007-03-29 Phan Christopher U Curette system
US20070006692A1 (en) * 2005-07-11 2007-01-11 Phan Christopher U Torque limiting device
US20070055276A1 (en) * 2005-07-11 2007-03-08 Edidin Avram A Systems and methods for inserting biocompatible filler materials in interior body regions
US20070010848A1 (en) * 2005-07-11 2007-01-11 Andrea Leung Systems and methods for providing cavities in interior body regions
US8021365B2 (en) * 2005-07-11 2011-09-20 Kyphon Sarl Surgical device having interchangeable components and methods of use
US8105236B2 (en) * 2005-07-11 2012-01-31 Kyphon Sarl Surgical access device, system, and methods of use
WO2007009107A3 (en) 2005-07-14 2008-08-07 Scott E Greenhalgh Expandable support device and method of use
US8016834B2 (en) * 2005-08-03 2011-09-13 Helmut Weber Process and device for treating vertebral bodies
US8366773B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2013-02-05 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Apparatus and method for treating bone
US7785368B2 (en) 2005-08-16 2010-08-31 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Spinal tissue distraction devices
US20070067034A1 (en) * 2005-08-31 2007-03-22 Chirico Paul E Implantable devices and methods for treating micro-architecture deterioration of bone tissue
US8998923B2 (en) * 2005-08-31 2015-04-07 Spinealign Medical, Inc. Threaded bone filling material plunger
US20070233148A1 (en) * 2005-09-01 2007-10-04 Csaba Truckai Systems and methods for delivering bone fill material and controlling the temperature thereof
CN100569192C (en) 2005-09-06 2009-12-16 左适佑;卢士钧 Hole enlarging device for orthopedics department
US7442195B1 (en) 2005-09-12 2008-10-28 Behrens Alfred F Apparatus and method for the reduction of bone fractures
US7691105B2 (en) * 2005-09-26 2010-04-06 Depuy Spine, Inc. Tissue augmentation, stabilization and regeneration technique
US20070093822A1 (en) * 2005-09-28 2007-04-26 Christof Dutoit Apparatus and methods for vertebral augmentation using linked expandable bodies
US8157806B2 (en) * 2005-10-12 2012-04-17 Synthes Usa, Llc Apparatus and methods for vertebral augmentation
US20070123889A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-05-31 Malandain Hugues F Mechanical cavity-creation surgical device and methods and kits for using such devices
EP1948064A4 (en) * 2005-11-10 2013-03-06 Zimmer Inc Minamally invasive orthopaedic delivery devices and tools
US20070123877A1 (en) * 2005-11-15 2007-05-31 Aoi Medical, Inc. Inflatable Device for Restoring Anatomy of Fractured Bone
US7713273B2 (en) * 2005-11-18 2010-05-11 Carefusion 2200, Inc. Device, system and method for delivering a curable material into bone
US7799035B2 (en) * 2005-11-18 2010-09-21 Carefusion 2200, Inc. Device, system and method for delivering a curable material into bone
USD669168S1 (en) 2005-11-18 2012-10-16 Carefusion 2200, Inc. Vertebral augmentation needle
US8690884B2 (en) 2005-11-18 2014-04-08 Carefusion 2200, Inc. Multistate-curvature device and method for delivering a curable material into bone
EP1968505A4 (en) * 2005-11-23 2011-12-28 Crosstrees Medical Inc Devices and methods for the treatment of bone fracture
WO2007065137A3 (en) * 2005-11-30 2008-01-17 Scott E Greenhalgh Balloon and methods of making and using
US20070162132A1 (en) 2005-12-23 2007-07-12 Dominique Messerli Flexible elongated chain implant and method of supporting body tissue with same
US20070173855A1 (en) * 2006-01-17 2007-07-26 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Devices and methods for spacing of vertebral members over multiple levels
US7901409B2 (en) * 2006-01-20 2011-03-08 Canaveral Villegas Living Trust Intramedullar devices and methods to reduce and/or fix damaged bone
US20070191860A1 (en) * 2006-01-30 2007-08-16 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Intervertebral prosthetic disc inserter
US20070179614A1 (en) * 2006-01-30 2007-08-02 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Intervertebral prosthetic disc and method of installing same
US20070233250A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2007-10-04 Shadduck John H Systems for treating bone
US20070213641A1 (en) * 2006-02-08 2007-09-13 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Constrained balloon disc sizer
US20070233258A1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2007-10-04 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Vertebroplasty- device and method
US20070213656A1 (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-09-13 Arthur Ferdinand Device for outputting a qualitative indication associated with the inflation of an expandable member
US20070232905A1 (en) * 2006-04-04 2007-10-04 Francis Tom J Unconstrained Balloon Sizer
US9867646B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2018-01-16 Gamal Baroud Integrated cement delivery system for bone augmentation procedures and methods
WO2007115402A1 (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-10-18 Société De Commercialisation Des Produits De La Recherche Appliquée Socpra Sciences Et Génie S.E.C. Integrated cement delivery system for bone augmentation procedures and methods
US8147500B2 (en) * 2006-04-20 2012-04-03 Depuy Spine, Inc. Instrumentation kit for delivering viscous bone filler material
US8118844B2 (en) 2006-04-24 2012-02-21 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Expandable device for insertion between anatomical structures and a procedure utilizing same
CA2650490A1 (en) * 2006-04-26 2007-11-08 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Apparatus and methods for reinforcing bone
US7806900B2 (en) * 2006-04-26 2010-10-05 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Apparatus and methods for delivery of reinforcing materials to bone
US7846185B2 (en) * 2006-04-28 2010-12-07 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Expandable interspinous process implant and method of installing same
US8105357B2 (en) 2006-04-28 2012-01-31 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Interspinous process brace
US8048118B2 (en) * 2006-04-28 2011-11-01 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Adjustable interspinous process brace
US20070270823A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-11-22 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Multi-chamber expandable interspinous process brace
US8252031B2 (en) * 2006-04-28 2012-08-28 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Molding device for an expandable interspinous process implant
US8348978B2 (en) * 2006-04-28 2013-01-08 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Interosteotic implant
WO2007131002A3 (en) * 2006-05-01 2008-07-10 E Skott Greenhalgh Expandable support device and method of use
US8062337B2 (en) 2006-05-04 2011-11-22 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Expandable device for insertion between anatomical structures and a procedure utilizing same
US9155574B2 (en) 2006-05-17 2015-10-13 Sonoma Orthopedic Products, Inc. Bone fixation device, tools and methods
US8147517B2 (en) * 2006-05-23 2012-04-03 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Systems and methods for adjusting properties of a spinal implant
US20070272259A1 (en) * 2006-05-23 2007-11-29 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Surgical procedure for inserting a device between anatomical structures
US20070276497A1 (en) * 2006-05-23 2007-11-29 Sdgi Holdings. Inc. Surgical spacer
US20070276496A1 (en) * 2006-05-23 2007-11-29 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. Surgical spacer with shape control
US20070276491A1 (en) * 2006-05-24 2007-11-29 Disc Dynamics, Inc. Mold assembly for intervertebral prosthesis
US8092536B2 (en) * 2006-05-24 2012-01-10 Disc Dynamics, Inc. Retention structure for in situ formation of an intervertebral prosthesis
US20070276369A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-11-29 Sdgi Holdings, Inc. In vivo-customizable implant
US8236057B2 (en) * 2006-06-12 2012-08-07 Globus Medical, Inc. Inflatable multi-chambered devices and methods of treatment using the same
US7833284B2 (en) * 2006-06-28 2010-11-16 The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Anti-adhesion membrane
US8118779B2 (en) * 2006-06-30 2012-02-21 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Collagen delivery device
US8399619B2 (en) * 2006-06-30 2013-03-19 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Injectable collagen material
US20080021457A1 (en) * 2006-07-05 2008-01-24 Warsaw Orthopedic Inc. Zygapophysial joint repair system
US20080009876A1 (en) * 2006-07-07 2008-01-10 Meera Sankaran Medical device with expansion mechanism
US20080009868A1 (en) * 2006-07-07 2008-01-10 Bruce Gotfried Device and method for treating compression fractures
US20080027456A1 (en) * 2006-07-19 2008-01-31 Csaba Truckai Bone treatment systems and methods
US8048119B2 (en) 2006-07-20 2011-11-01 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Apparatus for insertion between anatomical structures and a procedure utilizing same
US9597118B2 (en) 2007-07-20 2017-03-21 Dfine, Inc. Bone anchor apparatus and method
US20080027443A1 (en) * 2006-07-26 2008-01-31 Lambert Systms, L.L.C. Biocompatible Anchoring Device For A Soft Tissue Graft, Method Of Making And Method Of Using
WO2008014427A3 (en) * 2006-07-26 2008-07-17 Kenneth L Lambert Device for delivering bone cement precursors, composites thereof, supporting members, and methods of using the same
US20080051896A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-02-28 Loubert Suddaby Expandable Spinous Process Distractor
US8926620B2 (en) 2006-08-25 2015-01-06 Kyphon Sarl Apparatus and methods for use of expandable members in surgical applications
US8043362B2 (en) * 2006-08-25 2011-10-25 Kyphon Sarl Apparatus and methods for use of expandable members in surgical applications
US20080086115A1 (en) 2006-09-07 2008-04-10 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Intercostal spacer device and method for use in correcting a spinal deformity
US8357168B2 (en) * 2006-09-08 2013-01-22 Spine Wave, Inc. Modular injection needle and seal assembly
WO2008033501A3 (en) * 2006-09-14 2008-05-08 Karen Roche Absorbent fabric implant
WO2008032322A3 (en) 2006-09-14 2009-05-07 Mordechay Beyar Bone cement and methods of use thereof
US20080086142A1 (en) * 2006-10-06 2008-04-10 Kohm Andrew C Products and Methods for Delivery of Material to Bone and Other Internal Body Parts
EP2091818B1 (en) 2006-10-19 2016-06-08 DePuy Spine, Inc. Fluid delivery system and related method
US7879041B2 (en) 2006-11-10 2011-02-01 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Systems and methods for internal bone fixation
CA2669129C (en) 2006-11-10 2014-09-16 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Systems and methods for internal bone fixation
US20080114357A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2008-05-15 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Inter-transverse process spacer device and method for use in correcting a spinal deformity
US20080114364A1 (en) * 2006-11-15 2008-05-15 Aoi Medical, Inc. Tissue cavitation device and method
WO2008060277A3 (en) 2006-11-15 2009-09-03 Aoi Medical, Inc. Tissue cavitation device and method
US20080161825A1 (en) * 2006-11-20 2008-07-03 Stout Medical Group, L.P. Anatomical measurement tool
WO2008064346A3 (en) 2006-11-22 2008-12-11 Sonoma Orthopedic Products Inc Fracture fixation device, tools and methods
US8696679B2 (en) * 2006-12-08 2014-04-15 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US9480485B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2016-11-01 Globus Medical, Inc. Devices and methods for vertebrostenting
US7909873B2 (en) 2006-12-15 2011-03-22 Soteira, Inc. Delivery apparatus and methods for vertebrostenting
US8663328B2 (en) * 2006-12-21 2014-03-04 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Methods for positioning a load-bearing component of an orthopedic implant device by inserting a malleable device that hardens in vivo
US7771476B2 (en) 2006-12-21 2010-08-10 Warsaw Orthopedic Inc. Curable orthopedic implant devices configured to harden after placement in vivo by application of a cure-initiating energy before insertion
US8758407B2 (en) * 2006-12-21 2014-06-24 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Methods for positioning a load-bearing orthopedic implant device in vivo
US8480718B2 (en) * 2006-12-21 2013-07-09 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Curable orthopedic implant devices configured to be hardened after placement in vivo
US7972382B2 (en) 2006-12-26 2011-07-05 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Minimally invasive spinal distraction devices and methods
US20080161929A1 (en) 2006-12-29 2008-07-03 Mccormack Bruce Cervical distraction device
US20100087924A1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2010-04-08 University Of Virginia Patent Foundation Expandable Intervertebral Prosthesis Device for Posterior Implantation and Related Method Thereof
US8080031B2 (en) * 2007-01-16 2011-12-20 Radiadyne Llc Minimally invasive rectal balloon apparatus
US9445854B2 (en) * 2008-02-01 2016-09-20 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US9161798B2 (en) * 2008-02-01 2015-10-20 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
WO2008097855A3 (en) * 2007-02-05 2009-07-23 Dfine Inc Bone treatment systems and methods
CA2677738A1 (en) * 2007-02-09 2008-08-21 B & D Medical Development, Llc Pelvic balloon tamponade
EP2124777A4 (en) 2007-02-21 2013-06-05 Benvenue Medical Inc Devices for treating the spine
EP2124778A4 (en) 2007-02-21 2013-03-20 Benvenue Medical Inc Devices for treating the spine
EP2131769B1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2011-04-27 Spinealign Medical, Inc. Fracture fixation system
US20080255569A1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2008-10-16 Andrew Kohm Bone support device, system, and method
WO2008109872A9 (en) * 2007-03-07 2009-03-12 Spineworks Medical Inc Systems, methods, and devices for soft tissue attachment to bone
US20080243122A1 (en) * 2007-03-29 2008-10-02 Kohm Andrew C Apparatuses and methods for bone screw augmentation
US8403937B2 (en) * 2007-03-30 2013-03-26 Kyphon Sarl Apparatus and method for medical procedures within a spine
US20080255624A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-16 Gregory Arcenio Methods and devices for multipoint access of a body part
WO2008124533A1 (en) * 2007-04-03 2008-10-16 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
CA2684461C (en) 2007-04-16 2015-06-30 Vertiflex Inc. Interspinous spacer
US8062364B1 (en) 2007-04-27 2011-11-22 Knee Creations, Llc Osteoarthritis treatment and device
WO2008137428A3 (en) 2007-04-30 2009-11-12 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
WO2008131498A1 (en) 2007-05-01 2008-11-06 Columna Pty Ltd Systems methods and apparatuses for formation and insertion of tissue prostheses
US20090276048A1 (en) * 2007-05-08 2009-11-05 Chirico Paul E Devices and method for bilateral support of a compression-fractured vertebral body
US20100274246A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2010-10-28 Oren Globerman Expandable intramedullary nail for small bone fixation
US7780740B2 (en) * 2007-05-21 2010-08-24 Active Implants Corporation Methods, systems, and apparatus for implanting prosthetic devices into cartilage
EP2164405A2 (en) * 2007-05-21 2010-03-24 AOI Medical Inc. Articulating cavitation device
US7967867B2 (en) 2007-05-31 2011-06-28 Spine Wave, Inc. Expandable interbody fusion device
US20090030399A1 (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-01-29 Kamshad Raiszadeh Drug Delivery Device and Method
US20090054934A1 (en) * 2007-07-25 2009-02-26 Depuy Spine, Inc. Expandable fillers for bone cement
US8465515B2 (en) 2007-08-29 2013-06-18 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue retractors
US20090061002A1 (en) * 2007-09-05 2009-03-05 Venbrocks Rudolf A Calcium phospate based delivery of growth and differentiation factors to compromised bone
WO2009036466A1 (en) * 2007-09-14 2009-03-19 Crosstrees Medical, Inc. Material control device for inserting material into a targeted anatomical region
US8177813B2 (en) * 2007-09-20 2012-05-15 Life Spine, Inc. Expandable spinal spacer
US7976497B2 (en) 2007-09-25 2011-07-12 Polyzen Inc. Multi-layer film welded articulated balloon
US20090088788A1 (en) * 2007-09-28 2009-04-02 Steven Mouw Methods and apparatus having multiple separately actuatable expandable members
US8556925B2 (en) * 2007-10-11 2013-10-15 Vibrynt, Inc. Devices and methods for treatment of obesity
US20090105775A1 (en) * 2007-10-19 2009-04-23 David Mitchell Cannula with lateral access and directional exit port
US8597301B2 (en) * 2007-10-19 2013-12-03 David Mitchell Cannula with lateral access and directional exit port
WO2009059090A1 (en) 2007-10-31 2009-05-07 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Light source
US8556949B2 (en) 2007-11-14 2013-10-15 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Hybrid bone fixation element and methods of using the same
CA2705709C (en) * 2007-11-16 2016-03-15 Synthes Usa, Llc Porous containment device and associated method for stabilization of vertebral compression fractures
US20090299282A1 (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-12-03 Osseon Therapeutics, Inc. Steerable vertebroplasty system with a plurality of cavity creation elements
US20090131950A1 (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-21 Liu Y King Vertebroplasty method with enhanced control
US8517931B2 (en) 2007-11-26 2013-08-27 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Tissue retractors
WO2009073209A1 (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-06-11 Osseon Therapeutics, Inc. Vertebroplasty implant with enhanced interfacial shear strength
US8403968B2 (en) 2007-12-26 2013-03-26 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Apparatus and methods for repairing craniomaxillofacial bones using customized bone plates
US20090177206A1 (en) * 2008-01-08 2009-07-09 Zimmer Spine, Inc. Instruments, implants, and methods for fixation of vertebral compression fractures
WO2009089367A3 (en) 2008-01-09 2009-10-08 Providence Medical Technology, Inc. Methods and apparatus for accessing and treating the facet joint
US8287538B2 (en) 2008-01-14 2012-10-16 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for fracture repair
CA2711955C (en) 2008-01-15 2016-05-17 Vertiflex, Inc. Interspinous spacer
US20090216260A1 (en) * 2008-02-20 2009-08-27 Souza Alison M Interlocking handle
US20090222096A1 (en) * 2008-02-28 2009-09-03 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Multi-compartment expandable devices and methods for intervertebral disc expansion and augmentation
EP2252336B1 (en) 2008-02-28 2014-06-25 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US8795365B2 (en) * 2008-03-24 2014-08-05 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc Expandable devices for emplacement in body parts and methods associated therewith
JP2011516122A (en) * 2008-03-28 2011-05-26 スパイノロジー インコーポレイテッドSpineology,Inc. Fusion method and apparatus of the spinous process
WO2009125242A1 (en) * 2008-04-08 2009-10-15 Vexim Apparatus for restoration of the spine and methods of use thereof
US8252013B2 (en) 2008-04-30 2012-08-28 Kyphon Sarl Expandable surgical access device and methods of use
US20090299401A1 (en) 2008-06-02 2009-12-03 Loma Vista Medical, Inc. Inflatable medical devices
US8361152B2 (en) 2008-06-06 2013-01-29 Providence Medical Technology, Inc. Facet joint implants and delivery tools
US8267966B2 (en) 2008-06-06 2012-09-18 Providence Medical Technology, Inc. Facet joint implants and delivery tools
US9381049B2 (en) 2008-06-06 2016-07-05 Providence Medical Technology, Inc. Composite spinal facet implant with textured surfaces
US9333086B2 (en) 2008-06-06 2016-05-10 Providence Medical Technology, Inc. Spinal facet cage implant
US8512347B2 (en) 2008-06-06 2013-08-20 Providence Medical Technology, Inc. Cervical distraction/implant delivery device
WO2009155319A1 (en) 2008-06-17 2009-12-23 Soteira, Inc. Devices and methods for fracture reduction
US8277506B2 (en) 2008-06-24 2012-10-02 Carefusion 2200, Inc. Method and structure for stabilizing a vertebral body
US8414584B2 (en) 2008-07-09 2013-04-09 Icon Orthopaedic Concepts, Llc Ankle arthrodesis nail and outrigger assembly
US8328807B2 (en) 2008-07-09 2012-12-11 Icon Orthopaedic Concepts, Llc Ankle arthrodesis nail and outrigger assembly
US20100168748A1 (en) * 2008-07-16 2010-07-01 Knopp Peter G Morselizer
EP2303196A4 (en) * 2008-07-23 2012-07-04 Marc I Malberg Modular nucleus pulposus prosthesis
US9364338B2 (en) 2008-07-23 2016-06-14 Resspond Spinal Systems Modular nucleus pulposus prosthesis
US9808345B2 (en) 2008-07-24 2017-11-07 Iorthopedics, Inc. Resilient arthroplasty device
GB0813659D0 (en) 2008-07-25 2008-09-03 Smith & Nephew Fracture putty
US20100030220A1 (en) * 2008-07-31 2010-02-04 Dfine, Inc. Bone treatment systems and methods
US8246627B2 (en) * 2008-08-07 2012-08-21 Stryker Corporation Cement delivery device for introducing cement into tissue, the device having a cavity creator
WO2010019781A1 (en) * 2008-08-13 2010-02-18 Smed-Ta/Td, Llc Drug delivery implants
CA2739326A1 (en) 2008-10-10 2010-04-15 Intervalve, Inc. Valvuloplasty catheter and methods
US20100211176A1 (en) * 2008-11-12 2010-08-19 Stout Medical Group, L.P. Fixation device and method
US7805920B2 (en) * 2008-11-13 2010-10-05 The Toro Company Lawn mower having steeply inclined exit tunnel and battery access through rear face of mower cutting deck
US8992558B2 (en) * 2008-12-18 2015-03-31 Osteomed, Llc Lateral access system for the lumbar spine
US20100160921A1 (en) * 2008-12-19 2010-06-24 Arthrocare Corporation Cancellous bone displacement system and methods of use
JP2012513243A (en) * 2008-12-22 2012-06-14 ジンテス ゲゼルシャフト ミット ベシュレンクテル ハフツング Expandable vertebral body replacement devices and methods
WO2010078488A3 (en) * 2008-12-31 2010-10-21 Spinealign Medical, Inc. Self-expanding bone stabilization devices
US8735828B2 (en) * 2009-01-08 2014-05-27 The Board Of Regents Of The University Of Texas System Real-time in vivo radiation dosimetry using scintillation detectors
WO2010094032A3 (en) 2009-02-16 2010-11-11 Aoi Medical Inc. Trauma nail accumulator
US8454706B2 (en) 2009-02-25 2013-06-04 Brian C. de Beaubien Antibiotic delivery system and method for treating an infected synovial joint during re-implantation of an orthopedic prosthesis
WO2010103344A1 (en) 2009-03-12 2010-09-16 Vexim Apparatus for bone restoration of the spine and methods of use
US8535327B2 (en) 2009-03-17 2013-09-17 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Delivery apparatus for use with implantable medical devices
US8012155B2 (en) * 2009-04-02 2011-09-06 Zimmer, Inc. Apparatus and method for prophylactic hip fixation
US8210729B2 (en) 2009-04-06 2012-07-03 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Attachment system for light-conducting fibers
WO2010118158A1 (en) * 2009-04-07 2010-10-14 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Photodynamic bone stabilization systems and methods for treating spine conditions
US8512338B2 (en) * 2009-04-07 2013-08-20 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Photodynamic bone stabilization systems and methods for reinforcing bone
US8911497B2 (en) * 2009-04-09 2014-12-16 DePuy Synthes Products, LLC Minimally invasive spine augmentation and stabilization system and method
US8540723B2 (en) 2009-04-14 2013-09-24 Dfine, Inc. Medical system and method of use
US8562550B2 (en) * 2009-05-27 2013-10-22 Linares Medical Devices, Llc Interior and exterior cast assemblies for repairing a bone fracture and including interior inflatable or mechanically expandable inserts as well as exterior wrap around and adhesively secured braces
US20100324475A1 (en) * 2009-06-19 2010-12-23 Brannon James K Polymer releasing orthopedic treatment system
EP2467098A4 (en) 2009-08-19 2015-07-08 Illuminoss Medical Inc Devices and methods for bone alignment, stabilization and distraction
WO2011028397A1 (en) * 2009-08-24 2011-03-10 Cook Incorporated Textile-reinforced high-pressure balloon
US8403988B2 (en) 2009-09-11 2013-03-26 Depuy Spine, Inc. Minimally invasive intervertebral staple distraction devices
US9615933B2 (en) 2009-09-15 2017-04-11 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Expandable ring intervertebral fusion device
US8545499B2 (en) * 2009-09-28 2013-10-01 Zimmer, Inc. Expandable intramedullary rod
US20110118740A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-19 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Intramedullary Implants Having Variable Fastener Placement
US9095393B2 (en) 2012-05-30 2015-08-04 Carefusion 2200, Inc. Method for balloon-aided vertebral augmentation
US8226657B2 (en) 2009-11-10 2012-07-24 Carefusion 207, Inc. Systems and methods for vertebral or other bone structure height restoration and stabilization
US20110112507A1 (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-12 Carefusion 207, Inc. Curable material delivery systems and methods
US8894658B2 (en) 2009-11-10 2014-11-25 Carefusion 2200, Inc. Apparatus and method for stylet-guided vertebral augmentation
WO2011063281A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Knee Creations, Llc Navigation and positioning instruments for joint repair
US8906032B2 (en) 2009-11-20 2014-12-09 Zimmer Knee Creations, Inc. Instruments for a variable angle approach to a joint
WO2011063260A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Knee Creations, Llc Bone-derived implantable devices for subchondral treatment of joint pain
US8821504B2 (en) 2009-11-20 2014-09-02 Zimmer Knee Creations, Inc. Method for treating joint pain and associated instruments
US9259257B2 (en) 2009-11-20 2016-02-16 Zimmer Knee Creations, Inc. Instruments for targeting a joint defect
WO2011063250A1 (en) * 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Knee Creations, Llc Implantable devices for subchondral treatment of joint pain
EP2501281A4 (en) 2009-11-20 2017-05-31 Zimmer Knee Creations Inc Coordinate mapping system for joint treatment
US8951261B2 (en) 2009-11-20 2015-02-10 Zimmer Knee Creations, Inc. Subchondral treatment of joint pain
WO2011063240A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Knee Creations, Llc Implantable devices for subchondral treatment of joint pain
US8562619B2 (en) * 2009-12-03 2013-10-22 Industrial Technology Research Institute Injectable thermoplastic polymers for biological tissue repair
US9526538B2 (en) * 2009-12-07 2016-12-27 Globus Medical, Inc. Methods and apparatus for treating vertebral fractures
US20120010624A1 (en) * 2009-12-07 2012-01-12 O'halloran Damien Methods and Apparatus For Treating Vertebral Fractures
US8740948B2 (en) 2009-12-15 2014-06-03 Vertiflex, Inc. Spinal spacer for cervical and other vertebra, and associated systems and methods
WO2011075745A3 (en) * 2009-12-18 2011-10-20 Palmaz Scientific, Inc. Interosteal and intramedullary implants and method of implanting same
US20110172720A1 (en) * 2010-01-13 2011-07-14 Kyphon Sarl Articulating interspinous process clamp
US8114132B2 (en) 2010-01-13 2012-02-14 Kyphon Sarl Dynamic interspinous process device
US8317831B2 (en) * 2010-01-13 2012-11-27 Kyphon Sarl Interspinous process spacer diagnostic balloon catheter and methods of use
US20110178520A1 (en) 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Kyle Taylor Rotary-rigid orthopaedic rod
CA2823873A1 (en) 2010-01-20 2011-07-28 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for bone access and cavity preparation
CN102834073B (en) 2010-01-22 2016-01-13 R·托马斯·哥罗兹 Elastic knee implants and methods
US9220554B2 (en) 2010-02-18 2015-12-29 Globus Medical, Inc. Methods and apparatus for treating vertebral fractures
US8147526B2 (en) 2010-02-26 2012-04-03 Kyphon Sarl Interspinous process spacer diagnostic parallel balloon catheter and methods of use
JP2013521880A (en) * 2010-03-08 2013-06-13 コンベンタス オーソピディックス, インコーポレイテッド Apparatus and method for securing a bone implant
US9199066B2 (en) * 2010-03-12 2015-12-01 Quattro Vascular Pte Ltd. Device and method for compartmental vessel treatment
US8728162B2 (en) 2010-04-15 2014-05-20 Osteomed, Llc Direct lateral spine system instruments, implants and associated methods
EP2380604A1 (en) 2010-04-19 2011-10-26 InnoRa Gmbh Improved coating formulations for scoring or cutting balloon catheters
US8535380B2 (en) 2010-05-13 2013-09-17 Stout Medical Group, L.P. Fixation device and method
US20110295370A1 (en) * 2010-06-01 2011-12-01 Sean Suh Spinal Implants and Methods of Use Thereof
US8684965B2 (en) 2010-06-21 2014-04-01 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Photodynamic bone stabilization and drug delivery systems
DK2588154T3 (en) 2010-07-02 2017-11-27 Agnovos Healthcare Llc A composition comprising calcium phosphate, or sulfatpulvere DMB used in the treatment of degenerative bone conditions
WO2012009486A3 (en) 2010-07-13 2012-03-22 Loma Vista Medical, Inc. Inflatable medical devices
US9144501B1 (en) 2010-07-16 2015-09-29 Nuvasive, Inc. Fracture reduction device and methods
US8992540B2 (en) * 2010-07-22 2015-03-31 Kyphon Sarl Adjustable surgical instruments and methods of use and fabrication
US8814908B2 (en) 2010-07-26 2014-08-26 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Injectable flexible interspinous process device system
EP2598179B1 (en) 2010-07-26 2016-05-11 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Calcium particle-embedded, snap-to-dough, high-viscosity bone cement
US9242081B2 (en) 2010-09-13 2016-01-26 Intervalve, Inc. Positionable valvuloplasty catheter
US8632559B2 (en) 2010-09-21 2014-01-21 Angioscore, Inc. Method and system for treating valve stenosis
US9149286B1 (en) 2010-11-12 2015-10-06 Flexmedex, LLC Guidance tool and method for use
US20120123481A1 (en) * 2010-11-15 2012-05-17 Lin Chih I Bone fixation device
US8771276B2 (en) 2010-12-01 2014-07-08 Carefusion 2200, Inc. Systems and methods for forming a cavity in, and delivering curable material into, bone
US9179959B2 (en) 2010-12-22 2015-11-10 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Systems and methods for treating conditions and diseases of the spine
US8715365B1 (en) * 2011-01-12 2014-05-06 University Of South Florida Injectable hip hemiarthroplasty
CN103945780B (en) 2011-02-22 2016-12-07 齐默尔膝部创造物公司 Navigation and positioning system and a guide device for joint repair
US9700425B1 (en) 2011-03-20 2017-07-11 Nuvasive, Inc. Vertebral body replacement and insertion methods
US9358372B2 (en) 2011-03-25 2016-06-07 Vention Medical Advanced Components, Inc. Apparatus and methods for accessing and dilating bone structures using a narrow gauge cannula
WO2012134841A1 (en) * 2011-03-25 2012-10-04 Orthopaedic International, Inc. Bone compactor
JP5847289B2 (en) 2011-04-07 2016-01-20 ヴェクシム ソシエテアノニム Expandable orthopedic equipment
US9554840B2 (en) * 2011-04-08 2017-01-31 Kyphon SÀRL Low cost low profile inflatable bone tamp
US8728081B2 (en) 2011-04-29 2014-05-20 Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. Bone tamp and methods of use
US20120316571A1 (en) 2011-06-10 2012-12-13 Knee Creations, Llc Subchondral treatment of osteoarthritis in joints
WO2012177759A1 (en) 2011-06-20 2012-12-27 Rdc Holdings, Llc System and method for repairing joints
US8998925B2 (en) 2011-06-20 2015-04-07 Rdc Holdings, Llc Fixation system for orthopedic devices
US8814873B2 (en) 2011-06-24 2014-08-26 Benvenue Medical, Inc. Devices and methods for treating bone tissue
WO2013059609A1 (en) 2011-10-19 2013-04-25 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Systems and methods for joint stabilization
US9144442B2 (en) 2011-07-19 2015-09-29 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Photodynamic articular joint implants and methods of use
US9119646B2 (en) 2011-08-07 2015-09-01 Zimmer Knee Creations, Inc. Subchondral treatment to prevent the progression of osteoarthritis of the joint
US8623089B2 (en) 2011-08-07 2014-01-07 Zimmer Knee Creations, Inc. Subchondral treatment of joint pain of the spine
US9138187B2 (en) 2011-08-07 2015-09-22 Zimmer Knee Creations, Inc. Treatment of subchondral bone by biochemical diagnosis to prevent the progression of osteoarthritis of the joint
EP2747682A4 (en) 2011-08-23 2015-01-21 Flexmedex Llc Tissue removal device and method
WO2013033447A3 (en) 2011-09-01 2013-05-02 Grotz R Thomas Resilient interpositional arthroplasty device
CA2851363A1 (en) 2011-10-11 2013-04-18 Shaun B. Hanson Methods and instruments for subchondral treatment of osteoarthritis in a small joint
US9814582B2 (en) * 2011-12-07 2017-11-14 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Orthopedic augments having recessed pockets
WO2013096197A1 (en) 2011-12-22 2013-06-27 Depuy Spine, Inc. Length-adjustable vertebral body balloon
US9254157B2 (en) 2012-02-07 2016-02-09 Kyphon Sarl Bone fracture reduction device and methods using same
JP6030667B2 (en) 2012-02-08 2016-11-24 クアトロ・ヴァスキュラー・ピーティーイー・リミテッド Limiting structure comprises a non-linear axial struts
US9216033B2 (en) 2012-02-08 2015-12-22 Quattro Vascular Pte Ltd. System and method for treating biological vessels
US9155578B2 (en) 2012-02-28 2015-10-13 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Expandable fastener
CA2872238A1 (en) * 2012-05-03 2013-11-07 Ultimate Joint Ltd. In-situ formation of a joint replacement prosthesis
US8939977B2 (en) 2012-07-10 2015-01-27 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Systems and methods for separating bone fixation devices from introducer
EP2892445B1 (en) 2012-09-07 2016-08-24 Zimmer Knee Creations, Inc. Navigation instruments for subchondral bone treatment
US9339294B2 (en) 2012-09-07 2016-05-17 Zimmer Knee Creations, Inc. Instruments for controlled delivery of injectable materials into bone
EP2724680B1 (en) 2012-10-23 2015-08-05 Spirit Spine Holdings Corporation, Inc. Device for bone fixation
USD745156S1 (en) 2012-10-23 2015-12-08 Providence Medical Technology, Inc. Spinal implant
USD732667S1 (en) 2012-10-23 2015-06-23 Providence Medical Technology, Inc. Cage spinal implant
KR101284497B1 (en) 2012-11-21 2013-07-16 공주대학교 산학협력단 Disk insert replacement member and replace surgical procedure method using the same
US8715351B1 (en) 2012-11-29 2014-05-06 Spine Wave, Inc. Expandable interbody fusion device with graft chambers
US9687281B2 (en) 2012-12-20 2017-06-27 Illuminoss Medical, Inc. Distal tip for bone fixation devices
US9192420B2 (en) 2013-01-24 2015-11-24 Kyphon Sarl Surgical system and methods of use
US9351779B2 (en) 2013-01-25 2016-05-31 Kyphon SÀRL Expandable device and methods of use
US9149318B2 (en) 2013-03-07 2015-10-06 Kyphon Sarl Low cost inflatable bone tamp
US8900312B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-12-02 Spine Wave, Inc. Expandable interbody fusion device with graft chambers
US8828019B1 (en) 2013-03-13 2014-09-09 Spine Wave, Inc. Inserter for expanding an expandable interbody fusion device
WO2014159225A3 (en) 2013-03-14 2014-11-27 Baxano Surgical, Inc. Spinal implants and implantation system
US9358120B2 (en) * 2013-03-14 2016-06-07 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Expandable coil spinal implant
US9572676B2 (en) * 2013-03-14 2017-02-21 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Adjustable multi-volume balloon for spinal interventions
US9345577B2 (en) * 2013-03-14 2016-05-24 Microaire Surgical Instruments Llc Balloon implant device
US9585761B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-03-07 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Angulated rings and bonded foils for use with balloons for fusion and dynamic stabilization
US9675303B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-06-13 Vertiflex, Inc. Visualization systems, instruments and methods of using the same in spinal decompression procedures
US9278002B2 (en) * 2013-06-07 2016-03-08 Gregory Merrell Elbow antibiotic spacer implant
US9539041B2 (en) 2013-09-12 2017-01-10 DePuy Synthes Products, Inc. Minimally invasive biomaterial injection system
US9770278B2 (en) 2014-01-17 2017-09-26 Arthrex, Inc. Dual tip guide wire
US9445921B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2016-09-20 Spine Wave, Inc. Device for expanding and supporting body tissue
US9265623B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2016-02-23 Spine Wave, Inc. Method of expanding a spinal interbody fusion device
US9439783B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2016-09-13 Spine Wave, Inc. Inserter for expanding body tissue
US9114026B1 (en) 2014-03-06 2015-08-25 Spine Wave, Inc. Inserter for an expandable spinal interbody fusion device
JP2015181931A (en) 2014-03-21 2015-10-22 スピリット スパイン ホールディングス コーポレーション インコーポレーテッドSpirit SpineHoldings Corporation,Inc. Device for bone fixation
KR101554305B1 (en) 2014-06-19 2015-09-21 주식회사 제이엔에스 Fixing device using bellows air cylinder
US9814499B2 (en) 2014-09-30 2017-11-14 Arthrex, Inc. Intramedullary fracture fixation devices and methods
CN104814814B (en) * 2015-03-17 2017-01-25 苏州瑞华医院有限公司 A support apparatus for the treatment of osteonecrosis

Citations (95)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1965653A (en) * 1932-11-01 1934-07-10 James W Kennedy Dilator
US3049125A (en) * 1960-03-28 1962-08-14 Kriwkowitsch George Nose packing device
US3091237A (en) * 1960-05-16 1963-05-28 Clawson N Skinner Facial muscle and tissue conditioning device
US3648294A (en) * 1969-02-08 1972-03-14 Esfandiar Shahrestani Endoprostheses, especially for hip joints
US3800788A (en) * 1972-07-12 1974-04-02 N White Antral catheter for reduction of fractures
US3875595A (en) * 1974-04-15 1975-04-08 Edward C Froning Intervertebral disc prosthesis and instruments for locating same
US3889665A (en) * 1972-03-08 1975-06-17 Nat Res Dev Apparatus and method for pressurizing gap-filling cement to a concavely relieved site in a bone
US4005527A (en) * 1975-12-22 1977-02-01 Wilson Ralph S Depth gauge
US4018230A (en) * 1974-04-04 1977-04-19 Kazuo Ochiai Cervical dilator
US4083369A (en) * 1976-07-02 1978-04-11 Manfred Sinnreich Surgical instruments
US4205683A (en) * 1977-01-07 1980-06-03 Victory Engineering Corporation Adapter for inflating balloon catheter
US4274163A (en) * 1979-07-16 1981-06-23 The Regents Of The University Of California Prosthetic fixation technique
US4313434A (en) * 1980-10-17 1982-02-02 David Segal Fracture fixation
US4367816A (en) * 1981-06-10 1983-01-11 Wilkes Kenneth R Tear strip for gas sterilizable package and package
US4369772A (en) * 1980-04-28 1983-01-25 University Of Florida Method for strengthening a fractured bone
US4399814A (en) * 1981-04-27 1983-08-23 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Method and apparatus for pressure-coated bones
US4432358A (en) * 1982-01-22 1984-02-21 Fixel Irving E Compression hip screw apparatus
US4462394A (en) * 1982-05-03 1984-07-31 Howmedica, Inc. Intramedullary canal seal for cement pressurization
US4466435A (en) * 1981-09-04 1984-08-21 Murray William M Bone cement nozzle and method
US4467479A (en) * 1982-02-05 1984-08-28 Brody Garry S Method of surgically repairing an injured human joint and a prosthetic device therefor
US4494535A (en) * 1981-06-24 1985-01-22 Haig Armen C Hip nail
US4562598A (en) * 1981-04-01 1986-01-07 Mecron Medizinische Produkte Gmbh Joint prosthesis
US4595006A (en) * 1982-08-16 1986-06-17 Burke Dennis W Apparatus for cemented implantation of prostheses
US4637396A (en) * 1984-10-26 1987-01-20 Cook, Incorporated Balloon catheter
US4653489A (en) * 1984-04-02 1987-03-31 Tronzo Raymond G Fenestrated hip screw and method of augmented fixation
US4685447A (en) * 1985-03-25 1987-08-11 Pmt Corporation Tissue expander system
US4686973A (en) * 1984-10-12 1987-08-18 Dow Corning Corporation Method of making an intramedullary bone plug and bone plug made thereby
US4796629A (en) * 1987-06-03 1989-01-10 Joseph Grayzel Stiffened dilation balloon catheter device
US4842585A (en) * 1986-12-18 1989-06-27 B. Braun Melsungen Ag Steel cannula for spinal and peridural anaesthesia
US4892550A (en) * 1985-12-30 1990-01-09 Huebsch Donald L Endoprosthesis device and method
US4896662A (en) * 1987-11-30 1990-01-30 Pfizer Hospital Products Group, Inc. Sealing device for introducing cement into a bone canal
US4909252A (en) * 1988-05-26 1990-03-20 The Regents Of The Univ. Of California Perfusion balloon catheter
US4919153A (en) * 1988-10-11 1990-04-24 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for removing pre-placed prosthetic joints and preparing for their replacement
US4932975A (en) * 1989-10-16 1990-06-12 Vanderbilt University Vertebral prosthesis
US4987892A (en) * 1989-04-04 1991-01-29 Krag Martin H Spinal fixation device
US5002576A (en) * 1988-06-06 1991-03-26 Mecron Medizinische Produkte Gmbh Intervertebral disk endoprosthesis
US5013318A (en) * 1990-07-31 1991-05-07 Special Devices Incorporated Medical instrument for measuring depth of fastener hold in bone
US5015255A (en) * 1989-05-10 1991-05-14 Spine-Tech, Inc. Spinal stabilization method
US5100390A (en) * 1990-10-22 1992-03-31 Norma A. Lubeck Lubeck spinal catheter needle
US5102402A (en) * 1991-01-04 1992-04-07 Medtronic, Inc. Releasable coatings on balloon catheters
US5102413A (en) * 1990-11-14 1992-04-07 Poddar Satish B Inflatable bone fixation device
US5108404A (en) * 1989-02-09 1992-04-28 Arie Scholten Surgical protocol for fixation of bone using inflatable device
US5116305A (en) * 1990-02-01 1992-05-26 Abiomed, Inc. Curved intra aortic balloon with non-folding inflated balloon membrane
US5127912A (en) * 1990-10-05 1992-07-07 R. Charles Ray Sacral implant system
US5137512A (en) * 1989-03-17 1992-08-11 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multisegment balloon protector for dilatation catheter
US5176692A (en) * 1991-12-09 1993-01-05 Wilk Peter J Method and surgical instrument for repairing hernia
US5176638A (en) * 1990-01-12 1993-01-05 Don Michael T Anthony Regional perfusion catheter with improved drug delivery control
US5176683A (en) * 1991-04-22 1993-01-05 Kimsey Timothy P Prosthesis press and method of using the same
US5232446A (en) * 1991-10-30 1993-08-03 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multi-sinus perfusion balloon dilatation catheter
US5290306A (en) * 1989-11-29 1994-03-01 Cordis Corporation Puncture resistant balloon catheter
US5295994A (en) * 1991-11-15 1994-03-22 Bonutti Peter M Active cannulas
US5303718A (en) * 1990-12-29 1994-04-19 Milan Krajicek Method and device for the osteosynthesis of bones
US5330429A (en) * 1989-05-09 1994-07-19 Toray Industries, Inc. Catheter with a balloon reinforced with composite yarn
US5331975A (en) * 1990-03-02 1994-07-26 Bonutti Peter M Fluid operated retractors
US5380290A (en) * 1992-04-16 1995-01-10 Pfizer Hospital Products Group, Inc. Body access device
US5383932A (en) * 1993-04-27 1995-01-24 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Absorbable medullary plug
US5423850A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-06-13 Berger; J. Lee Balloon compressor for internal fixation of bone fractures
US5425710A (en) * 1993-10-26 1995-06-20 Medtronic, Inc. Coated sleeve for wrapping dilatation catheter balloons
US5441538A (en) * 1993-04-12 1995-08-15 Bonutti; Peter M. Bone implant and method of securing
US5445639A (en) * 1989-05-10 1995-08-29 Spine-Tech, Inc. Intervertebral reamer construction
US5480400A (en) * 1993-10-01 1996-01-02 Berger; J. Lee Method and device for internal fixation of bone fractures
US5514143A (en) * 1991-11-27 1996-05-07 Apogee Medical Products, Inc. Apparatus and method for use during surgery
US5514153A (en) * 1990-03-02 1996-05-07 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Method of dissecting tissue layers
US5514137A (en) * 1993-12-06 1996-05-07 Coutts; Richard D. Fixation of orthopedic devices
US5522846A (en) * 1993-05-14 1996-06-04 Bonutti; Peter M. Suture anchor
US5525790A (en) * 1989-07-07 1996-06-11 Omron Corporation Handy image scanner
US5527624A (en) * 1991-11-22 1996-06-18 The Lubrizol Corporation Process for preparing sintered shapes and compositions used therein
US5531856A (en) * 1991-05-29 1996-07-02 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Endoscopic inflatable retraction devices
US5540711A (en) * 1992-06-02 1996-07-30 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Apparatus and method for developing an anatomic space for laparoscopic procedures with laparoscopic visualization
US5545222A (en) * 1991-08-12 1996-08-13 Bonutti; Peter M. Method using human tissue
US5545136A (en) * 1993-09-14 1996-08-13 Berger; J. Lee Grooved catheter director apparatus
US5549388A (en) * 1995-05-22 1996-08-27 Wilkes; Kenneth R. Pleated sterilization pouch
US5601590A (en) * 1993-02-04 1997-02-11 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Expandable cannulas
US5755690A (en) * 1987-01-09 1998-05-26 C. R. Bard Multiple layer high strength balloon for dilatation catheter
US5772681A (en) * 1993-03-02 1998-06-30 Metra Aps Dilation catheter
US5865801A (en) * 1995-07-18 1999-02-02 Houser; Russell A. Multiple compartmented balloon catheter with external pressure sensing
US5865728A (en) * 1991-05-29 1999-02-02 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Method of using an endoscopic inflatable lifting apparatus to create an anatomic working space
US5893840A (en) * 1991-01-04 1999-04-13 Medtronic, Inc. Releasable microcapsules on balloon catheters
US5928162A (en) * 1995-02-15 1999-07-27 Symbiosis Corporation Tissue core biopsy cannula
US6036711A (en) * 1998-02-18 2000-03-14 United States Surgical Corporation Reusable cannula
US6036682A (en) * 1997-12-02 2000-03-14 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheter having a plurality of integral radiopaque bands
US6048346A (en) * 1997-08-13 2000-04-11 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for injecting flowable materials into bones
US6066154A (en) * 1994-01-26 2000-05-23 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US6241734B1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2001-06-05 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for placing materials into bone
US6248110B1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2001-06-19 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US20020010472A1 (en) * 2000-06-30 2002-01-24 Kuslich Stephen D. Tool to direct bone replacement material
US20020032447A1 (en) * 2000-09-01 2002-03-14 Stuart Weikel Tools and methods for creating cavities in bone
US20020099385A1 (en) * 2000-10-25 2002-07-25 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for reducing fractured bone using a fracture reduction cannula
US20030050702A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2003-03-13 J - Lee Berger Spinal grooved director with built in balloon and method of using same
US6582446B1 (en) * 1999-05-06 2003-06-24 J. Alexander Marchosky Method and apparatus for percutaneous osteoplasty
US20030120664A1 (en) * 2001-12-21 2003-06-26 Davidson Joel R. Method and apparatus for reassembly of data blocks within a network processor
US6726691B2 (en) * 1998-08-14 2004-04-27 Kyphon Inc. Methods for treating fractured and/or diseased bone
US20050090852A1 (en) * 2000-04-07 2005-04-28 Kyphon Inc. Insertion devices and method of use
US20060095064A1 (en) * 1998-06-01 2006-05-04 Kyphon Inc. Expandable preformed structures for deployment in interior body regions
US7044954B2 (en) * 1994-01-26 2006-05-16 Kyphon Inc. Method for treating a vertebral body

Family Cites Families (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR439636A (en) 1912-02-02 1912-06-19 Louis Marie Clement Charnaux expandable probe for the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the intestine, esophagus and urethra
GB512456A (en) 1938-03-09 1939-09-15 Helena Sadilkova An apparatus for widening narrow or constricted internal organs of the body or their parts
US3112743A (en) * 1960-09-01 1963-12-03 Orthopaedic Specialties Corp Method for treatment of bone fractures
US3626949A (en) 1969-01-23 1971-12-14 Wallace B Shute Cervical dilator
GB1340788A (en) * 1971-02-04 1974-01-30 Matburn Holdings Ltd Nasal tampons
US3779241A (en) * 1971-10-20 1973-12-18 Ethyl Corp Intrauterine contraceptive device and method for its use
US3850176A (en) * 1972-02-07 1974-11-26 G Gottschalk Nasal tampon
US3877429A (en) * 1973-11-30 1975-04-15 David L Rasumoff Catheter placement device
GB1519139A (en) * 1974-06-18 1978-07-26 Crock H V And Pericic L L securing elongate members to structurs more especially in surgical procedures
US4063369A (en) * 1975-12-15 1977-12-20 Mary Louise Hart Visual communication tool for children
US4168224A (en) 1977-02-14 1979-09-18 The Standard Oil Company (Ohio) Coking drum and process for forming improved graphite coke
US4323071B1 (en) 1978-04-24 1990-05-29 Advanced Cardiovascular System
DE2926572C2 (en) * 1979-06-30 1982-04-15 B. Braun Melsungen Ag, 3508 Melsungen, De
US4488549A (en) * 1981-08-25 1984-12-18 University Of Exeter Pressurization of cement in bones
US4554929A (en) 1983-07-13 1985-11-26 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Catheter guide wire with short spring tip and method of using the same
US4697584A (en) * 1984-10-12 1987-10-06 Darrel W. Haynes Device and method for plugging an intramedullary bone canal
US4628945A (en) * 1985-01-25 1986-12-16 Johnson Jr Glenn W Inflatable ankle brace with porous compressible filler
US4625722A (en) * 1985-05-03 1986-12-02 Murray William M Bone cement system and method
US4710181A (en) * 1985-06-11 1987-12-01 Genus Catheter Technologies, Inc. Variable diameter catheter
US4888024A (en) * 1985-11-08 1989-12-19 Powlan Roy Y Prosthetic device and method of fixation within the medullary cavity of bones
US4706670A (en) * 1985-11-26 1987-11-17 Meadox Surgimed A/S Dilatation catheter
US4888022A (en) * 1985-12-30 1989-12-19 Huebsch Donald L Endoprosthesis
US4714478A (en) * 1986-01-17 1987-12-22 Fischer William B Prosthesis, method, and tool for installing same
US4878495A (en) * 1987-05-15 1989-11-07 Joseph Grayzel Valvuloplasty device with satellite expansion means
US4772287A (en) * 1987-08-20 1988-09-20 Cedar Surgical, Inc. Prosthetic disc and method of implanting
GB8721876D0 (en) * 1987-09-17 1987-10-21 Rothmans Int Tobacco Cigarette filter
DE3736604C2 (en) * 1987-10-29 1997-07-10 Christian Dr Med Milewski A device for the preservation and restoration of bone limiting walls of a body cavity after surgery
US6120437A (en) * 1988-07-22 2000-09-19 Inbae Yoon Methods for creating spaces at obstructed sites endoscopically and methods therefor
US5011488A (en) * 1988-12-07 1991-04-30 Robert Ginsburg Thrombus extraction system
US5049132A (en) * 1990-01-08 1991-09-17 Cordis Corporation Balloon catheter for delivering therapeutic agents
US5147366A (en) 1990-03-01 1992-09-15 Pfizer Hospital Products Group, Inc. Pressurization of bone cement surrounding an endoprosthesis
US5163949A (en) * 1990-03-02 1992-11-17 Bonutti Peter M Fluid operated retractors
US5053035A (en) * 1990-05-24 1991-10-01 Mclaren Alexander C Flexible intramedullary fixation rod
NL9001858A (en) * 1990-08-23 1992-03-16 Stamicarbon Botreconstructiemiddel.
US5163989A (en) 1990-08-27 1992-11-17 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Method for forming a balloon mold and the use of such mold
US5454365A (en) * 1990-11-05 1995-10-03 Bonutti; Peter M. Mechanically expandable arthroscopic retractors
US5071435A (en) * 1990-12-20 1991-12-10 Albert Fuchs Extendible bone prosthesis
JP3307392B2 (en) * 1991-05-29 2002-07-24 オリジン・メドシステムズ・インク Organ retraction device for endoscopic surgery
US5213576A (en) * 1991-06-11 1993-05-25 Cordis Corporation Therapeutic porous balloon catheter
US5312417A (en) * 1992-07-29 1994-05-17 Wilk Peter J Laparoscopic cannula assembly and associated method
DE4328690B4 (en) * 1993-08-26 2006-08-17 SDGI Holdings, Inc., Wilmington An intervertebral implant for Wirbelkörperverblockung and implantation instrument for positioning of the intervertebral implant
US5468245A (en) * 1994-02-03 1995-11-21 Vargas, Iii; Joseph H. Biomedical cement bonding enhancer
US5571189A (en) * 1994-05-20 1996-11-05 Kuslich; Stephen D. Expandable fabric implant for stabilizing the spinal motion segment
US5562736A (en) * 1994-10-17 1996-10-08 Raymedica, Inc. Method for surgical implantation of a prosthetic spinal disc nucleus
DE59509559D1 (en) * 1995-02-17 2001-10-04 Sulzer Orthopaedie Ag Baar An apparatus for attaching a medullary space blocker in the medullary space of a tubular bone

Patent Citations (99)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1965653A (en) * 1932-11-01 1934-07-10 James W Kennedy Dilator
US3049125A (en) * 1960-03-28 1962-08-14 Kriwkowitsch George Nose packing device
US3091237A (en) * 1960-05-16 1963-05-28 Clawson N Skinner Facial muscle and tissue conditioning device
US3648294A (en) * 1969-02-08 1972-03-14 Esfandiar Shahrestani Endoprostheses, especially for hip joints
US3889665A (en) * 1972-03-08 1975-06-17 Nat Res Dev Apparatus and method for pressurizing gap-filling cement to a concavely relieved site in a bone
US3800788A (en) * 1972-07-12 1974-04-02 N White Antral catheter for reduction of fractures
US4018230A (en) * 1974-04-04 1977-04-19 Kazuo Ochiai Cervical dilator
US3875595A (en) * 1974-04-15 1975-04-08 Edward C Froning Intervertebral disc prosthesis and instruments for locating same
US4005527A (en) * 1975-12-22 1977-02-01 Wilson Ralph S Depth gauge
US4083369A (en) * 1976-07-02 1978-04-11 Manfred Sinnreich Surgical instruments
US4205683A (en) * 1977-01-07 1980-06-03 Victory Engineering Corporation Adapter for inflating balloon catheter
US4274163A (en) * 1979-07-16 1981-06-23 The Regents Of The University Of California Prosthetic fixation technique
US4369772A (en) * 1980-04-28 1983-01-25 University Of Florida Method for strengthening a fractured bone
US4313434A (en) * 1980-10-17 1982-02-02 David Segal Fracture fixation
US4562598A (en) * 1981-04-01 1986-01-07 Mecron Medizinische Produkte Gmbh Joint prosthesis
US4399814A (en) * 1981-04-27 1983-08-23 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Method and apparatus for pressure-coated bones
US4367816A (en) * 1981-06-10 1983-01-11 Wilkes Kenneth R Tear strip for gas sterilizable package and package
US4494535A (en) * 1981-06-24 1985-01-22 Haig Armen C Hip nail
US4466435A (en) * 1981-09-04 1984-08-21 Murray William M Bone cement nozzle and method
US4432358A (en) * 1982-01-22 1984-02-21 Fixel Irving E Compression hip screw apparatus
US4467479A (en) * 1982-02-05 1984-08-28 Brody Garry S Method of surgically repairing an injured human joint and a prosthetic device therefor
US4462394A (en) * 1982-05-03 1984-07-31 Howmedica, Inc. Intramedullary canal seal for cement pressurization
US4595006A (en) * 1982-08-16 1986-06-17 Burke Dennis W Apparatus for cemented implantation of prostheses
US4653489A (en) * 1984-04-02 1987-03-31 Tronzo Raymond G Fenestrated hip screw and method of augmented fixation
US4686973A (en) * 1984-10-12 1987-08-18 Dow Corning Corporation Method of making an intramedullary bone plug and bone plug made thereby
US4637396A (en) * 1984-10-26 1987-01-20 Cook, Incorporated Balloon catheter
US4685447A (en) * 1985-03-25 1987-08-11 Pmt Corporation Tissue expander system
US4892550A (en) * 1985-12-30 1990-01-09 Huebsch Donald L Endoprosthesis device and method
US4842585A (en) * 1986-12-18 1989-06-27 B. Braun Melsungen Ag Steel cannula for spinal and peridural anaesthesia
US5755690A (en) * 1987-01-09 1998-05-26 C. R. Bard Multiple layer high strength balloon for dilatation catheter
US4796629A (en) * 1987-06-03 1989-01-10 Joseph Grayzel Stiffened dilation balloon catheter device
US4896662A (en) * 1987-11-30 1990-01-30 Pfizer Hospital Products Group, Inc. Sealing device for introducing cement into a bone canal
US4909252A (en) * 1988-05-26 1990-03-20 The Regents Of The Univ. Of California Perfusion balloon catheter
US5002576A (en) * 1988-06-06 1991-03-26 Mecron Medizinische Produkte Gmbh Intervertebral disk endoprosthesis
US4919153A (en) * 1988-10-11 1990-04-24 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for removing pre-placed prosthetic joints and preparing for their replacement
US5108404A (en) * 1989-02-09 1992-04-28 Arie Scholten Surgical protocol for fixation of bone using inflatable device
US5137512A (en) * 1989-03-17 1992-08-11 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multisegment balloon protector for dilatation catheter
US4987892A (en) * 1989-04-04 1991-01-29 Krag Martin H Spinal fixation device
US5330429A (en) * 1989-05-09 1994-07-19 Toray Industries, Inc. Catheter with a balloon reinforced with composite yarn
US5445639A (en) * 1989-05-10 1995-08-29 Spine-Tech, Inc. Intervertebral reamer construction
US5015255A (en) * 1989-05-10 1991-05-14 Spine-Tech, Inc. Spinal stabilization method
US5525790A (en) * 1989-07-07 1996-06-11 Omron Corporation Handy image scanner
US4932975A (en) * 1989-10-16 1990-06-12 Vanderbilt University Vertebral prosthesis
US5290306A (en) * 1989-11-29 1994-03-01 Cordis Corporation Puncture resistant balloon catheter
US5176638A (en) * 1990-01-12 1993-01-05 Don Michael T Anthony Regional perfusion catheter with improved drug delivery control
US5116305A (en) * 1990-02-01 1992-05-26 Abiomed, Inc. Curved intra aortic balloon with non-folding inflated balloon membrane
US5514153A (en) * 1990-03-02 1996-05-07 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Method of dissecting tissue layers
US6017305A (en) * 1990-03-02 2000-01-25 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Method of retracting bones
US5331975A (en) * 1990-03-02 1994-07-26 Bonutti Peter M Fluid operated retractors
US5013318A (en) * 1990-07-31 1991-05-07 Special Devices Incorporated Medical instrument for measuring depth of fastener hold in bone
US5127912A (en) * 1990-10-05 1992-07-07 R. Charles Ray Sacral implant system
US5100390A (en) * 1990-10-22 1992-03-31 Norma A. Lubeck Lubeck spinal catheter needle
US5102413A (en) * 1990-11-14 1992-04-07 Poddar Satish B Inflatable bone fixation device
US5303718A (en) * 1990-12-29 1994-04-19 Milan Krajicek Method and device for the osteosynthesis of bones
US5102402A (en) * 1991-01-04 1992-04-07 Medtronic, Inc. Releasable coatings on balloon catheters
US5893840A (en) * 1991-01-04 1999-04-13 Medtronic, Inc. Releasable microcapsules on balloon catheters
US5176683A (en) * 1991-04-22 1993-01-05 Kimsey Timothy P Prosthesis press and method of using the same
US5865728A (en) * 1991-05-29 1999-02-02 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Method of using an endoscopic inflatable lifting apparatus to create an anatomic working space
US5531856A (en) * 1991-05-29 1996-07-02 Origin Medsystems, Inc. Endoscopic inflatable retraction devices
US5545222A (en) * 1991-08-12 1996-08-13 Bonutti; Peter M. Method using human tissue
US5232446A (en) * 1991-10-30 1993-08-03 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Multi-sinus perfusion balloon dilatation catheter
US5295994A (en) * 1991-11-15 1994-03-22 Bonutti Peter M Active cannulas
US5527624A (en) * 1991-11-22 1996-06-18 The Lubrizol Corporation Process for preparing sintered shapes and compositions used therein
US5514143A (en) * 1991-11-27 1996-05-07 Apogee Medical Products, Inc. Apparatus and method for use during surgery
US5176692A (en) * 1991-12-09 1993-01-05 Wilk Peter J Method and surgical instrument for repairing hernia
US5380290A (en) * 1992-04-16 1995-01-10 Pfizer Hospital Products Group, Inc. Body access device
US5540711A (en) * 1992-06-02 1996-07-30 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Apparatus and method for developing an anatomic space for laparoscopic procedures with laparoscopic visualization
US5601590A (en) * 1993-02-04 1997-02-11 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Expandable cannulas
US5772681A (en) * 1993-03-02 1998-06-30 Metra Aps Dilation catheter
US5441538A (en) * 1993-04-12 1995-08-15 Bonutti; Peter M. Bone implant and method of securing
US5383932A (en) * 1993-04-27 1995-01-24 Johnson & Johnson Professional, Inc. Absorbable medullary plug
US5522846A (en) * 1993-05-14 1996-06-04 Bonutti; Peter M. Suture anchor
US5527343A (en) * 1993-05-14 1996-06-18 Bonutti; Peter M. Suture anchor
US5545136A (en) * 1993-09-14 1996-08-13 Berger; J. Lee Grooved catheter director apparatus
US5423850A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-06-13 Berger; J. Lee Balloon compressor for internal fixation of bone fractures
US5480400A (en) * 1993-10-01 1996-01-02 Berger; J. Lee Method and device for internal fixation of bone fractures
US5425710A (en) * 1993-10-26 1995-06-20 Medtronic, Inc. Coated sleeve for wrapping dilatation catheter balloons
US5514137A (en) * 1993-12-06 1996-05-07 Coutts; Richard D. Fixation of orthopedic devices
US6248110B1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2001-06-19 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for treating fractured or diseased bone using expandable bodies
US6235043B1 (en) * 1994-01-26 2001-05-22 Kyphon, Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US6981981B2 (en) * 1994-01-26 2006-01-03 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US6066154A (en) * 1994-01-26 2000-05-23 Kyphon Inc. Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone
US7044954B2 (en) * 1994-01-26 2006-05-16 Kyphon Inc. Method for treating a vertebral body
US5928162A (en) * 1995-02-15 1999-07-27 Symbiosis Corporation Tissue core biopsy cannula
US5549388A (en) * 1995-05-22 1996-08-27 Wilkes; Kenneth R. Pleated sterilization pouch
US5865801A (en) * 1995-07-18 1999-02-02 Houser; Russell A. Multiple compartmented balloon catheter with external pressure sensing
US6048346A (en) * 1997-08-13 2000-04-11 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for injecting flowable materials into bones
US6036682A (en) * 1997-12-02 2000-03-14 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheter having a plurality of integral radiopaque bands
US6036711A (en) * 1998-02-18 2000-03-14 United States Surgical Corporation Reusable cannula
US20060095064A1 (en) * 1998-06-01 2006-05-04 Kyphon Inc. Expandable preformed structures for deployment in interior body regions
US6726691B2 (en) * 1998-08-14 2004-04-27 Kyphon Inc. Methods for treating fractured and/or diseased bone
US6241734B1 (en) * 1998-08-14 2001-06-05 Kyphon, Inc. Systems and methods for placing materials into bone
US6582446B1 (en) * 1999-05-06 2003-06-24 J. Alexander Marchosky Method and apparatus for percutaneous osteoplasty
US20050090852A1 (en) * 2000-04-07 2005-04-28 Kyphon Inc. Insertion devices and method of use
US20020010472A1 (en) * 2000-06-30 2002-01-24 Kuslich Stephen D. Tool to direct bone replacement material
US20020032447A1 (en) * 2000-09-01 2002-03-14 Stuart Weikel Tools and methods for creating cavities in bone
US20020099385A1 (en) * 2000-10-25 2002-07-25 Kyphon Inc. Systems and methods for reducing fractured bone using a fracture reduction cannula
US20030050702A1 (en) * 2001-09-13 2003-03-13 J - Lee Berger Spinal grooved director with built in balloon and method of using same
US20030120664A1 (en) * 2001-12-21 2003-06-26 Davidson Joel R. Method and apparatus for reassembly of data blocks within a network processor

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7811291B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2010-10-12 Osseon Therapeutics, Inc. Closed vertebroplasty bone cement injection system
US7842041B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2010-11-30 Osseon Therapeutics, Inc. Steerable vertebroplasty system
US8827981B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2014-09-09 Osseon Llc Steerable vertebroplasty system with cavity creation element
US9510885B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2016-12-06 Osseon Llc Steerable and curvable cavity creation system
US20140309646A1 (en) * 2010-11-12 2014-10-16 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Inflatable, steerable balloon for elevation of tissue within a body
US9439705B2 (en) * 2010-11-12 2016-09-13 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Inflatable, steerable balloon for elevation of tissue within a body

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20030191489A1 (en) 2003-10-09 application
US6066154A (en) 2000-05-23 grant
DE69535492T2 (en) 2007-09-06 grant
KR100355207B1 (en) 2003-01-24 grant
US6235043B1 (en) 2001-05-22 grant
US20020183778A1 (en) 2002-12-05 application
DE69535492D1 (en) 2007-06-14 grant
DE69534156T2 (en) 2005-09-29 grant
ES2287635T3 (en) 2007-12-16 grant
US20010011174A1 (en) 2001-08-02 application
US20040153114A1 (en) 2004-08-05 application
EP1498079A1 (en) 2005-01-19 application
DE69534156D1 (en) 2005-05-25 grant
EP1464293A1 (en) 2004-10-06 application
US20040153115A1 (en) 2004-08-05 application
US6423083B2 (en) 2002-07-23 grant
US6663647B2 (en) 2003-12-16 grant
US20010044626A1 (en) 2001-11-22 application
EP1464293B1 (en) 2007-05-02 grant
RU2147213C1 (en) 2000-04-10 grant
US6981981B2 (en) 2006-01-03 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6932843B2 (en) Apparatus and method for the in-situ formation of a structural prosthesis
US5888210A (en) Stem of a femoral component of a hip joint endoprosthesis
EP1011464B1 (en) Systems for percutaneous bone and spinal stabilization, fixation and repair
US6706069B2 (en) Spinal grooved director with built in balloon
US20080255560A1 (en) Fracture Fixation and Site Stabilization System
US7267687B2 (en) Spinal implant and method of use
US20070118143A1 (en) Systems and methods for reducing fractured bone using a fracture reduction cannula
US20040210231A1 (en) Systems and methods for treating vertebral bodies
US7156877B2 (en) Biodegradable/bioactive nucleus pulposus implant and method for treating degenerated intervertebral discs
US20130041472A1 (en) Systems and Methods for Joint Stabilization
US6425923B1 (en) Contourable polymer filled implant
US20060217736A1 (en) Bone cement injecting and filling method and leakage prevention bag for injecting and filling bone cement
US8034071B2 (en) Systems and methods for forming a cavity in cancellous bone
US20070010845A1 (en) Directionally controlled expandable device and methods for use
US4969888A (en) Surgical protocol for fixation of osteoporotic bone using inflatable device
US20100023126A1 (en) Resilient arthroplasty device
US20050090852A1 (en) Insertion devices and method of use
US20020026195A1 (en) Insertion devices and method of use
US7488337B2 (en) Apparatus and methods for bone, tissue and duct dilatation
US20100262240A1 (en) Porous containment device and associated method for stabilization of vertebral compression fractures
US20070010844A1 (en) Radiopaque expandable body and methods
US7758644B2 (en) Systems and techniques for intravertebral spinal stabilization with expandable devices
US6632235B2 (en) Inflatable device and method for reducing fractures in bone and in treating the spine
US6733533B1 (en) Artificial spinal disc
US4462394A (en) Intramedullary canal seal for cement pressurization

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT, WA

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:KYPHON INC.;REEL/FRAME:018875/0574

Effective date: 20070118

Owner name: BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT,WAS

Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:KYPHON INC.;REEL/FRAME:018875/0574

Effective date: 20070118

AS Assignment

Owner name: KYPHON INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SCHOLTEN, ARIE;REEL/FRAME:019222/0520

Effective date: 19960807

Owner name: KYPHON INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TALMADGE, KAREN;REEL/FRAME:019222/0544

Effective date: 19960807

Owner name: KYPHON INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REILEY, MARK A.;REEL/FRAME:019222/0507

Effective date: 19960807

AS Assignment

Owner name: KYPHON, INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: TERMINATION/RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.;REEL/FRAME:020666/0869

Effective date: 20071101

Owner name: KYPHON, INC.,CALIFORNIA

Free format text: TERMINATION/RELEASE OF SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.;REEL/FRAME:020666/0869

Effective date: 20071101

AS Assignment

Owner name: MEDTRONIC SPINE LLC, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:KYPHON INC;REEL/FRAME:020993/0042

Effective date: 20080118

Owner name: MEDTRONIC SPINE LLC,CALIFORNIA

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:KYPHON INC;REEL/FRAME:020993/0042

Effective date: 20080118

AS Assignment

Owner name: KYPHON SARL, SWITZERLAND

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MEDTRONIC SPINE LLC;REEL/FRAME:021070/0278

Effective date: 20080325

Owner name: KYPHON SARL,SWITZERLAND

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MEDTRONIC SPINE LLC;REEL/FRAME:021070/0278

Effective date: 20080325

AS Assignment

Owner name: ORTHOPHOENIX, LLC, TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KYPHON SARL;REEL/FRAME:035307/0018

Effective date: 20130425