US20060169458A1 - Pumping system and method for recovering fluid from a well - Google Patents

Pumping system and method for recovering fluid from a well Download PDF

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Publication number
US20060169458A1
US20060169458A1 US11/049,186 US4918605A US2006169458A1 US 20060169458 A1 US20060169458 A1 US 20060169458A1 US 4918605 A US4918605 A US 4918605A US 2006169458 A1 US2006169458 A1 US 2006169458A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
well
pumping
string
hollow
sucker rods
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Abandoned
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US11/049,186
Inventor
Delbert Jones
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TRC Services Inc
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TRC Services Inc
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to US11/049,186 priority Critical patent/US20060169458A1/en
Assigned to TRC SERVICES, INC. reassignment TRC SERVICES, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: JONES, DELBERT H., JR.
Publication of US20060169458A1 publication Critical patent/US20060169458A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/12Methods or apparatus for controlling the flow of the obtained fluid to or in wells
    • E21B43/121Lifting well fluids
    • E21B43/126Adaptations of down-hole pump systems powered by drives outside the borehole, e.g. by a rotary or oscillating drive

Abstract

The present invention relates to a pumping system and method for drawing or pumping subsurface fluid (e.g., gas, oil, water, etc.) from a well, particularly a gas well. The pumping system of the present invention includes a pump which displaces fluid in a well into a string of hollow sucker rods during the downward stoke of the pump. The string of hollow sucker rods extends generally to the surface so that the fluids can be directed to collection equipment on the surface.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • Not applicable.
  • STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
  • Not applicable.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates generally to pumping systems for recovering or pumping subsurface liquids from a well.
  • When hydrocarbon-producing wells are drilled, initial hydrocarbon production is usually attained by natural drive mechanisms which force the hydrocarbons into producing wells. Further, as the reservoir energy is spent during production, it may be necessary to use other methods to recover the large quantities of hydrocarbons remaining in the reservoir. For example, a common technique is water flooding, wherein water is injected through certain injection wells to displace the remaining hydrocarbons from the reservoir into a producing well in the field.
  • During production, the natural and/or artificial production fluids travel up a casing (i.e., tubing) of the well. Commonly, the casing of the well includes lower sections of tubing having a smaller diameter, such as a diameter of 2⅞ inches, and upper sections having other diameters, such as a diameter of 5½ inches. Due to the larger dimensions of the upper casing sections however, the fluid of the well may rise to a level such that the pressure behind the fluid is no longer sufficient to drive the fluids of the well to the surface. This causes the well to effectively “suffocate.” Moreover, “bubbling” can occur, which results in significant gas loss (e.g., 3 to 10 MCF/day).
  • Commonly, gas wells are slim hole completions utilizing smaller diameter casing sections at the lower ends of the well. For example, consider a casing having a 500-1,000 foot section of 2⅞ inch tubing at the lower end of the well, which then transitions into a 8,000-9,000 foot section of 5½ inch tubing extending to the surface. The 2⅞ inch tubing at the bottom of the casing may not enable the fluid to be forced up the length of the casing because the fluid essentially gets “too heavy”, especially when the fluid reaches the 5½ inch portion of the tubing, or when the fluid includes a heavy substance, such as water. If the well becomes “waterlogged” and the fluid cannot be lifted to the surface, the well suffocates and bubbles.
  • Generally, a conventional pump with a string of solid rods cannot be utilized because of the inability of the convention pump to efficiently lift the heavy fluid. Further, caution must be used so as not to rupture the casing wall of the well. Therefore, a need exists for a safe, effective and efficient pumping system for drawing fluid from a producing well. It is to such a pumping system that the present invention is directed.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The pumping system of the present invention includes a down hole downstroke pump. Fluid flows into the barrel of the pump and is displaced therefrom via a hollow plunger into a string of hollow sucker rods on the downward stoke of the pump. The string of hollow sucker rods extend generally to the surface so that the fluid can be directed to collection equipment on the surface. Substantially all of the fluid is conveyed to the surface through the string of hollow sucker rods rather than through the cavity of the well tubing thereby relieving wear and tear on the sucker rods.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a pumping system constructed in accordance with the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • Referring now to FIG. 1, shown therein is a pumping system 10 for pumping fluids from a gas well 12, the gas well 12 defined by a well tubing 14 (which may also be referred to herein as a well casing 14). The gas well 12 extends from a ground surface 15 a distance into the earth to a hydrocarbon bearing formation (not designated). The well tubing 14 has a well tubing hole 16 within which gases and fluids from the hydrocarbon bearing formation collect via perforations (not shown) in the well tubing 14.
  • The pumping system 10 is constructed of a pump 18 which has a pump barrel 20. A lower end 22 of the pump 18 is connected to a seating nipple 24 which in turn is attached to a holddown device 26 which is attached to an inner surface 27 of the well tubing 14. The holddown device 26 thereby secures the pump 18 at a position within the well tubing 14. The seating nipple 24 has perforations 28 which allow fluids and gas to flow into the pump 18 from the well 12.
  • The pump 18 is constructed of a hollow plunger 30 which has an upper end 32 and a lower end 34. The hollow plunger 30 has a plunger cavity 36 into which fluids and gas can flow from the pump barrel 20. Attached to the hollow plunger 30 is a string of hollow sucker rods 38 which has a lower end 40, an upper end 42, and a sucker rod cavity 43 into which a fluid or gas can flow from the hollow plunger 30. The lower end 40 of the string of hollow sucker rods 38 is attached to the upper end 32 of the hollow plunger 30 via a hollow adaptor/connector 44. The hollow adaptor/connector 44 is constructed such that there is a substantially continuous opening between the hollow plunger 30 and the string of hollow sucker rods 38. Further, the pump 18, in one embodiment, is constructed of a standing valve 46 having an entrance hole 48 and an exit hole 50, and a traveling valve 52 having an entrance hole 54 and an exit hole 56. The traveling valve 52 is connected to the lower end 34 of the hollow plunger 30. In operation, fluid and gas is pumped in an upward direction 60 through the string of hollow sucker rods 38 and thereby through a well head 66 and stuffing box 68 at an upper end of the well tubing 14 above the surface 15.
  • The fluid and gas flows therefrom into a flow T 70 which has a first valve 72 which leads into a separator 74, and optionally a second valve 76 for inputting other materials into the flow T 70, if desired. The upper end 42 of the string of hollow sucker rods 38 is attached to a polished rod 78 via a polished rod connector 80. The polished rod 78 is connected to a pumping unit 82 which provides the mechanics for raising and lowering the string of hollow sucker rods 38 and the hollow plunger 30 of the pump 18 in a manner well known to those of ordinary skill in the art.
  • Preferably, the pump 18 is a type of pump known in the art as a downstroke pump. In operation, the pumping system 10 is installed in the well 12 such that the pump 18 is positioned at a position in the well tubing 14 where there is significant fluid collection, as discussed previously. As noted above, the pump 18 is preferably a downstroke pump, such as is commercially available from Skillman Pump Co., Tomcat Supply (the “Pup Pump,” Oklahoma City, Okla.), Norris O'Bannon Co., or Harbison-Fischer Manufacturing Co., for example.
  • The components of the well 12 and pumping system 10 are commercially available and/or are able to be manufactured or obtained by persons of ordinary skill in the art. For example, the pump 18 is preferably a downstroke pump such as a 2 inch by 1 1/16 inch “Pup Pump” available from Tomcat Supply Co. in Oklahoma City. Other downstroke pumps are available as noted above.
  • In operation, the pump 18 shown in FIG. 1 pumps fluid and gas upwardly when the hollow plunger 30 of the pump 18 is on the downward stroke. More particularly, when the hollow plunger 30 is moving upwardly (pulled upwardly by the string of hollow sucker rods 38), the traveling valve 52 is closed. The standing valve 46 is open and fluid fills the pump barrel 20 as the hollow plunger 30 is lifted. When the downstroke is initiated, the hollow plunger 30 is pushed downwardly by the force of the string of hollow sucker rods 38 causing the standing valve 46 to close and the traveling valve 52 to open thereby causing the plunger cavity 36 of the hollow plunger 30 to be filled with the fluid in the pump barrel 20. As fluid is forced into the plunger cavity 36, fluid already in the plunger cavity 36 is forced upwardly in direction 60 into the string of hollow sucker rods 38. Eventually, as the string of hollow sucker rods 38 fill with fluid over the entire length of the string of hollow sucker rods 38, fluid is pushed through the flow T 70 into the separator 74 where the gas and oil can be separated from the remainder of the fluid pumped from the well 12. Using the pumping system 10 described herein, substantially all of the fluid and gas is pumped through the string of hollow sucker rods 38, contrary to other pumping systems previously available wherein fluid is pumped via the well tubing hole 16 (e.g., see U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,497,561 and 6,368,084 issued to Skillman).
  • In one embodiment, the hollow sucker rod utilized for the string of hollow sucker rods 38 can be a “PCPRod® 1000” hollow sucker rod obtainable from Tenaris Connections in Houston, Tex., and the adaptor/connector 44 can be a common 1 inch hollow rod connector having a 11½ V thread which is modified to be compatible with the threading of the Tenaris PCPRod®. Examples of other threaded pipe joints which constructed to make the adaptor/connector 44 in accordance with the present invention can be found in U.S. Patent Application Publication Nos. 2004/0017079, 2004/0017080, and 2004/0113423; and U.S. Pat. No. 6,764,108, the entire contents of each which are hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference.
  • The stuffing box 68 is a device that prevents leakage around the string of hollow sucker rods 38 as the string of hollow sucker rods 38 runs into and out of the well 12. For example, the stuffing box 68 can be a packing or stuffing box made by J. M. Huber Corporation in Edison, N.J. or other stuffing boxes known in the art.
  • Because the string of hollow sucker rods 38 generally has a smaller outer diameter than the inner diameter of the well tubing 14 (e.g., about 1.9 inches and 2⅞ inches, respectively), some bubbling can occur therebetween. The stuffing box 68 may have an integrated stuffing flow T (not shown) which can be adapted to allow for collection of the gas bubbling in the annular side between the string of hollow sucker rods 38 and the well tubing 14.
  • As noted above, the holddown device 26 is a device which holds the pump 18 in a substantially stationary position within the well tubing 14. Preferably, the holddown device 26 is connected to a stationary component of the pump 18 (e.g., the pump barrel 20) and/or the seating nipple 24. In one embodiment, the holddown device 26 includes a mechanical holddown having a packer, such as a commercially available 2 1/16 inch mechanical holddown.
  • Other components of the pumping system 10 may include, but are not limited to, the following: a seating nipple 24 with dimensions 2 1/16 inch by 2⅜ inch; an adaptor/connector 44 having internal and external dimensions suitable for connecting the pump plunger 34 to an adjacently disposed hollow sucker rod of the string of hollow sucker rods 38 constructed from PCP1000 hollow rods available from Tenaris. The flow T 70 and stuffing box 68 are available from Tenaris. The stuffing box 68 may be for example 2⅞ inches by 1.9 inches with a 1 inch bleeder. Well heads 66 are well known in the art and are commercially available as are separators 74. The well tubing 14 typically has an internal diameter of 2⅞ inches and is well known to those of ordinary skill in the art.
  • From the above description, it is clear that the present invention is well adapted to carry out the objects and to attain the advantages mentioned herein, as well as those inherent in the invention. Although the foregoing invention has been described in some detail by way of illustration and example for purposes of clarity of understanding, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that certain changes and modifications may be practiced without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, as described herein, and that the examples described herein are not intended to limit the appended claims but only to exemplify several of the embodiments that the invention encompasses.

Claims (17)

1. A pumping system for removing fluids from a well, comprising:
a pump having a barrel and having a hollow plunger reciprocatingly disposed within the barrel;
a string of hollow sucker rods having a cavity and extending from the pump to a well head near a surface end of the well;
a hollow adaptor/connector for connecting the hollow plunger to the string of hollow sucker rods, wherein the hollow adaptor/connector provides a continuous opening between the hollow plunger and the string of hollow sucker rods; and
wherein when the hollow plunger is raised on an upstroke of the string of hollow sucker rods, fluid enters the barrel of the pump and wherein when the hollow plunger is lowered on a downstroke of the string of hollow sucker rods, the fluid in the barrel of the pump is displaced into the cavity of the string of hollow sucker rods such that substantially all of the fluid pumped from the well into the barrel of the pump is introduced into the string of hollow sucker rods.
2. The pumping system of claim 1 further comprising a seating nipple attached to a lower end of the pump.
3. The pumping system of claim 2 further comprising a holddown device for connecting the seating nipple to an inner surface of a well tubing disposed within the well.
4. The pumping system of claim 1 wherein the pump is sized to fit with a well tubing of the well, the well tubing having an internal diameter of about 2⅞ inches.
5. The pumping system of claim 1 further comprising a stuffing box positioned above the well head, wherein the string of hollow sucker rods reciprocates within the stuffing box.
6. The pumping system of claim 5, wherein the stuffing box comprises an integrated stuffing flow T for allowing for the collection of fluids between a well tubing of the well and the string of hollow sucker rods.
7. The pumping system of claim 1 further comprising a flow T connected to the string of hollow sucker rods so that the fluid can be circulated from the string of hollow sucker rods into a separator.
8. The pumping system of claim 1 further comprising a polished rod connected to and extending between a flow T or an upper end of the string of hollow sucker rods and a pumping unit.
9. A method of removing fluids from a well, comprising:
providing a pumping system in a well, the pumping system comprising:
a pump having a barrel and having a hollow plunger reciprocatingly disposed within the barrel,
a string of hollow sucker rods having a cavity and extending from the pump to a well head near a surface end of the well, and
a hollow adaptor/connector for connecting the hollow plunger to the string of hollow sucker rods, wherein the hollow adaptor/connector provides a continuous opening between the hollow plunger and the string of hollow sucker rods; and
operating the pumping system in the well such that when the hollow plunger is raised on an upstroke of the string of hollow sucker rods, fluid from the well enters the barrel of the pump and when the hollow plunger is lowered on a downstroke of the string of hollow sucker rods, the fluid in the barrel of the pump is displaced into the cavity of the string of hollow sucker rods such that substantially all of the fluid pumped from the well into the barrel of the pump is introduced into the string of hollow sucker rods and is driven via the string of hollow sucker rods into a collection device.
10. The method of claim 9 wherein in the step of operating the pumping system, the collection device is a separator.
11. The method of claim 9 wherein in the step of providing the pumping system, the pumping system further comprises a seating nipple attached to a lower end of the pump.
12. The method of claim 11 wherein the pumping system further comprises a holddown device for connecting the seating nipple to an inner surface of a well tubing disposed within the well.
13. The method of claim 9 wherein in the method of providing the pumping system, the pump of the pumping system is sized to fit with a well tubing of the well, the well tubing having an internal diameter of about 2⅞ inches.
14. The method of claim 9 wherein in the method of providing the pumping system, the pumping system further comprises a stuffing box positioned above the well head, whereby the string of hollow sucker rods reciprocates within the stuffing box.
15. The method of claim 14 wherein the stuffing box of the pumping system comprises an integrated stuffing flow T for allowing for the collection of fluids between a well tubing of the well and the string of hollow sucker rods.
16. The method of claim 9 wherein in the method of providing the pumping system, the pumping system further comprises a flow T connected to the string of hollow sucker rods so that the fluid can be circulated from the string of hollow sucker rods into the collection device.
17. The method of claim 9 wherein in the method of providing the pumping system, the pumping system further comprises a polished rod connected to and extending between a flow T or an upper end of the string of hollow sucker rods and a pumping unit.
US11/049,186 2005-02-02 2005-02-02 Pumping system and method for recovering fluid from a well Abandoned US20060169458A1 (en)

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PCT/US2006/000689 WO2006083497A2 (en) 2005-02-02 2006-01-09 Pumping system and method for recovering fluid from a well

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060278398A1 (en) * 2005-06-07 2006-12-14 Ypf Sociedad Anonima Assembly and method of alternative pumping using hollow rods without tubing
US20100101801A1 (en) * 2008-10-28 2010-04-29 Morley Sebree Downhole well pump
US20110073317A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-03-31 Conocophillips Company Slim hole production system
US20110073318A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-03-31 Conocophillips Company Producing gas and liquid from below a permanent packer in a hydrocarbon well
US20110073319A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-03-31 Conocophillips Company Double string pump for hydrocarbon wells
CN103541664A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-29 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Hydraulic feedback type sucker rod weighting device
US20150275889A1 (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-10-01 Muth Pump Llc Pumping system with plunger having a shaped edge and coating
US9822620B2 (en) 2014-03-25 2017-11-21 Muth Pump Llc Pumping system with plunger having a shaped edge and coating

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US1737248A (en) * 1926-03-24 1929-11-26 Elmer W Riggle Well apparatus
US1738136A (en) * 1927-03-02 1929-12-03 Thomas C Bannon Well pump
US3074352A (en) * 1961-03-03 1963-01-22 Pan American Petroleum Corp Well pump
US4089626A (en) * 1975-12-22 1978-05-16 Dover Corporation Injector pump
US4121659A (en) * 1977-09-12 1978-10-24 Otis Engineering Corporation Collar lock and seal assembly for well tools
US4171016A (en) * 1977-12-19 1979-10-16 Kempton Edward A Water removal system for gas wells
US5522463A (en) * 1994-08-25 1996-06-04 Barbee; Phil Downhole oil well pump apparatus
US5720600A (en) * 1993-06-29 1998-02-24 Zakharov; Boris Semenovich Sucker rod pump
US6368084B1 (en) * 2000-02-01 2002-04-09 Skillman Pump Company, Llp Downstroke sucker rod well pump
US6585049B2 (en) * 2001-08-27 2003-07-01 Humberto F. Leniek, Sr. Dual displacement pumping system suitable for fluid production from a well
US20040017080A1 (en) * 2002-05-16 2004-01-29 Tenaris Connections Ag Threaded pipe joint
US20040017079A1 (en) * 2002-04-30 2004-01-29 Tenaris Connections B. V. Threaded pipe joint
US6764108B2 (en) * 1999-12-03 2004-07-20 Siderca S.A.I.C. Assembly of hollow torque transmitting sucker rods

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1737248A (en) * 1926-03-24 1929-11-26 Elmer W Riggle Well apparatus
US1738136A (en) * 1927-03-02 1929-12-03 Thomas C Bannon Well pump
US3074352A (en) * 1961-03-03 1963-01-22 Pan American Petroleum Corp Well pump
US4089626A (en) * 1975-12-22 1978-05-16 Dover Corporation Injector pump
US4121659A (en) * 1977-09-12 1978-10-24 Otis Engineering Corporation Collar lock and seal assembly for well tools
US4171016A (en) * 1977-12-19 1979-10-16 Kempton Edward A Water removal system for gas wells
US5720600A (en) * 1993-06-29 1998-02-24 Zakharov; Boris Semenovich Sucker rod pump
US5522463A (en) * 1994-08-25 1996-06-04 Barbee; Phil Downhole oil well pump apparatus
US6764108B2 (en) * 1999-12-03 2004-07-20 Siderca S.A.I.C. Assembly of hollow torque transmitting sucker rods
US6368084B1 (en) * 2000-02-01 2002-04-09 Skillman Pump Company, Llp Downstroke sucker rod well pump
US6497561B2 (en) * 2000-02-01 2002-12-24 Skillman Pump Company, Llp Downstroke sucker rod pump and method of use
US6585049B2 (en) * 2001-08-27 2003-07-01 Humberto F. Leniek, Sr. Dual displacement pumping system suitable for fluid production from a well
US20040017079A1 (en) * 2002-04-30 2004-01-29 Tenaris Connections B. V. Threaded pipe joint
US20040017080A1 (en) * 2002-05-16 2004-01-29 Tenaris Connections Ag Threaded pipe joint

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060278398A1 (en) * 2005-06-07 2006-12-14 Ypf Sociedad Anonima Assembly and method of alternative pumping using hollow rods without tubing
US7647962B2 (en) * 2005-06-07 2010-01-19 Ypf Sociedad Anonima Assembly and method of alternative pumping using hollow rods without tubing
US20100101801A1 (en) * 2008-10-28 2010-04-29 Morley Sebree Downhole well pump
US7845399B2 (en) 2008-10-28 2010-12-07 Morley Sebree Downhole well pump
WO2011041569A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-04-07 Conocophillips Company Slim hole production system
US20110073318A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-03-31 Conocophillips Company Producing gas and liquid from below a permanent packer in a hydrocarbon well
US20110073319A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-03-31 Conocophillips Company Double string pump for hydrocarbon wells
WO2011041548A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-04-07 Conocophillps Company Producing gas and liquid from below a permanent packer in a hydrocarbon well
US20110073317A1 (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-03-31 Conocophillips Company Slim hole production system
US8708039B2 (en) 2009-09-30 2014-04-29 Conocophillips Company Producing gas and liquid from below a permanent packer in a hydrocarbon well
US8651191B2 (en) * 2009-09-30 2014-02-18 Conocophillips Company Slim hole production system and method
US8708040B2 (en) * 2009-09-30 2014-04-29 Conocophillips Company Double string pump for hydrocarbon wells
CN103541664A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-29 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Hydraulic feedback type sucker rod weighting device
US20150275889A1 (en) * 2014-03-25 2015-10-01 Muth Pump Llc Pumping system with plunger having a shaped edge and coating
US9745837B2 (en) * 2014-03-25 2017-08-29 Muth Pump Llc Velocity pumping system
US9822620B2 (en) 2014-03-25 2017-11-21 Muth Pump Llc Pumping system with plunger having a shaped edge and coating

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WO2006083497A2 (en) 2006-08-10
WO2006083497A3 (en) 2007-06-28

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Owner name: TRC SERVICES, INC., OKLAHOMA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:JONES, DELBERT H., JR.;REEL/FRAME:016888/0410

Effective date: 20050131

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

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