US20060083631A1 - Fuel pump assembly - Google Patents

Fuel pump assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
US20060083631A1
US20060083631A1 US10/964,140 US96414004A US2006083631A1 US 20060083631 A1 US20060083631 A1 US 20060083631A1 US 96414004 A US96414004 A US 96414004A US 2006083631 A1 US2006083631 A1 US 2006083631A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
pump
motor
forth
spring clamp
assembly
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/964,140
Inventor
Kevin Israelson
Ronald Roche
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Walbro LLC
Original Assignee
Walbro LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Walbro LLC filed Critical Walbro LLC
Priority to US10/964,140 priority Critical patent/US20060083631A1/en
Assigned to WALBRO ENGINE MANAGEMENT, L.L.C. reassignment WALBRO ENGINE MANAGEMENT, L.L.C. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: ISRAELSON, KEVIN L., ROCHE, RONALD H.
Publication of US20060083631A1 publication Critical patent/US20060083631A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M37/00Apparatus or systems for feeding liquid fuel from storage containers to carburettors or fuel-injection apparatus; Arrangements for purifying liquid fuel specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M37/04Feeding by means of driven pumps
    • F02M37/08Feeding by means of driven pumps electrically driven
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2/00Rotary-piston machines or pumps
    • F04C2/08Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing
    • F04C2/10Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of internal-axis type with the outer member having more teeth or tooth-equivalents, e.g. rollers, than the inner member
    • F04C2/102Rotary-piston machines or pumps of intermeshing-engagement type, i.e. with engagement of co-operating members similar to that of toothed gearing of internal-axis type with the outer member having more teeth or tooth-equivalents, e.g. rollers, than the inner member the two members rotating simultaneously around their respective axes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2210/00Fluid
    • F04C2210/20Fluid liquid, i.e. incompressible
    • F04C2210/203Fuel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2230/00Manufacture
    • F04C2230/60Assembly methods
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2240/00Components
    • F04C2240/30Casings or housings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05CINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO MATERIALS, MATERIAL PROPERTIES OR MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR MACHINES, ENGINES OR PUMPS OTHER THAN NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F05C2225/00Synthetic polymers, e.g. plastics; Rubber

Abstract

A fuel pump assembly has a pump mounted to an electric motor by a spring clamp device preferably having a plurality of arms spaced circumferentially around the pump and extending axially generally parallel to an axis of rotation of the motor, from a common base member. The base member is preferably received by the motor, and each arm preferably has a clip which projects radially inward to contact an outboard end face of the pump. The clips are preferably disengageable from the pump and exert a controlled force on the pump, thus producing a consistent and controlled clamping force across the housing encasement to eliminate any potential distortion of the preferably plastic housing.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates generally to a fuel pump assembly and more particularly to a spring clamp device for securing a motor to a pump of the assembly.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Prior art automotive fuel pump assemblies typically have an electric motor with a stator and an armature with a drive shaft connected to a fuel pump between inlet and outlet end caps which are all received inside of a metallic sleeve extending axially along the entire length of the assembly. The ends of the sleeve are rolled over and project radially inward of the end caps to generally align and hold the assembly together and prevent de-coupling of the pump from the motor. During manufacturing, the various components of the pump and motor and the end caps are all assembled inside the sleeve and then both of its ends are rolled over the end caps thus securing all of the components of the pump and motor together in axial alignment.
  • Unfortunately, this process requires the entire assembly be purchased from a single manufacturer who assembles and/or produces both pump and motor components. Furthermore, rolling the ends of the sleeve places a compressive force on the internal components which is not easily controlled or consistently repeated. Excessive stress placed upon the plastic components of the pump can degrade pump performance. Yet further, the sleeve-type of pump and motor assembly is expensive to manufacture and can not be repaired without destroying the sleeve.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • A fuel pump assembly has a pump coupled to an electric motor by a spring clamp device preferably having a plurality of arms spaced circumferentially around the pump and motor and extending generally axially and parallel to an axis of rotation of the motor, from a common first member and to a plurality of second members. The first member spans radially and is preferably received by the motor, and the plurality of second members preferably project radially inward from the respective arms to contact an outboard face of the pump. The second members are preferably disengageable clips which exert a controlled force upon the pump, thus exhibiting a consistent and controlled stress across the pump encasement to eliminate any potential distortion of the preferably plastic encasement.
  • Objects, feature, and advantages of this invention include a fuel pump assembly which can be dis-assembled without destroying any of the assembly components, the motor and pump can be separately manufactured and pre-assembled, and the pump encasement can be made of relatively inexpensive plastic without concern of distortion. Operation reliability and performance is improved, and the assembly is rugged, durable, maintenance free, of relatively simple design, inexpensive to manufacture and assemble, and in service has a long useful life.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • These and other objects, features and advantages of this invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of the presently preferred embodiments and best mode, appended claims, and accompanying drawings in which:
  • FIG. 1 is a side view of a fuel pump assembly of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a bottom end view of the fuel pump assembly;
  • FIG. 3 is a segmented cross section of a fuel pump and spring clamp device of the fuel pump assembly taken along line 3-3 of FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 4 is a cross section of the fuel pump assembly illustrating two fasteners and taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 5 is a top view of the spring clamp assembly;
  • FIG. 6 is a side view of the spring clamp assembly;
  • FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary side view of the spring clamp assembly of FIG. 6;
  • FIG. 8 is a side view of a second embodiment of a fuel pump assembly;
  • FIG. 9 is a side view of a second embodiment of the spring clamp device utilized in FIG. 8; and
  • FIG. 10 is a segmented cross section of a third embodiment of a fuel pump assembly.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Referring in more detail to the drawings, FIGS. 1-4 illustrate an electric fuel pump assembly 20 embodying the present invention and having an electric motor 22 coupled to a fuel pump 24 secured by a spring clamp device 26 to the motor. The motor 22 is generally elongate axially and has a stator encircling an armature with a drive shaft 34 journaled for rotation by bearings carried by end caps 28 and 30 received in a housing shell 32. The drive shaft 34 projects axially outward from the inboard end cap or surface 30 along an axis of rotation 36 for mechanical coupling to the fuel pump 24. The motor 22 and the pump 24 are preferably pre-assembled, “off-the-shelf,” items which are releasably mounted together in coaxial alignment by the snap fitting spring clamp device 26.
  • Referring to FIGS. 3 and 4, the fuel pump 24 has an encasement or housing 38 with a base 48 and a cover or end cap 52 preferably made of non-corrosive and economical plastic which defines a cavity 40 receiving a gear-rotor assembly 42 of a positive displacement pump. The base 48 has an inboard face 44 which faces the inboard end cap or surface 30 of the motor 22 and a through bore 50 for receipt of the motor shaft 34. The pump end cap or cover 52 is attached and sealed to the base 48 during assembly and after the gear-rotor assembly 42 is installed therein. The end cap 52 has an outboard end face 46 and an axially projecting fuel outlet 54 and a fuel inlet 56. Inlet 56 communicates with the fuel inlet of the gear-rotor assembly 42 and outlet 54 communicates with the cavity or outlet 40 of the gear-rotor assembly through which it discharges fuel at a high pressure when operating. If desired, a turbine pump assembly or other type of fuel pump assembly may be utilized in lieu of the gear-rotor pump assembly 42.
  • Referring to FIGS. 5-7, the spring clamp device 26 releasably mounts and attaches together the motor 22 and pump 24 of the fuel pump assembly 20. The clamp device 26 preferably attaches to the inboard end cap or surface 30 of the motor 22 by two fasteners or screws 60 and extends radially outward and axially along the pump housing 38 to partially envelope or “cage,” and resiliently engage the pump 24. An annular member or base plate 62 of the spring clamp device 26 has two diametrically opposed holes 64 to receive the screws 60 which thread into the end cap 30 of the motor 22 and hold the base plate 62 directly against the end cap 30 in a substantially perpendicular orientation to the axis of rotation 36. Four resilient flex arms 68 project substantially axially downward from a peripheral edge 66 of the base plate 62 and are preferably integral and unitary with the base plate. The arms 68 are preferably substantially equally spaced circumferentially from one another and are preferably slightly bowed outward when not flexed for engagement to the pump 24. Located at the distal end 70 of each arm 68 is a finger or clip 72, which projects generally radially inward, and resiliently snaps over the outboard face 46 of the pump encasement 38 as the arms 68 resiliently flex from a radially outward unstressed state and in a generally radially inward direction toward a radial unstressed state and axial stressed state.
  • Each clip 72 has a contact portion 74 which projects radially inward from its associated flex arm 68 and preferably angles axially inward at an angle 78 preferably about five degrees when in a disengaged state (as best shown in FIGS. 6 and 7) and with respect to an imaginary plane 76 disposed perpendicular to the axis of rotation 36. From the contact portion 74, the clip 72 has a rounded cam-like return bend 80 which extends to a generally axially outward projecting distal tab 82 of the clip 72. The spring clamp device 26 is preferably made from a single stamping of sheet metal or spring steel.
  • During assembly of the fuel pump assembly 20, a downward projecting cylindrical shoulder 84 of the motor housing 32, disposed concentrically about the shaft 34, is received in the base plate 62 of the spring clamp device 26 through a central hole 86 (as best shown in FIG. 5). The screws 60 are then threaded into the motor end cap 30 which rigidly holds the base plate 62 to the motor 22 with the flex arms 68 projecting generally axially away from the motor 22 (as best shown in FIGS. 3 and 4). The clips 72 of the flex arms 68 are then resiliently moved radially outward so that the clips 72 radially clear the pump housing 38 when the pump 24 is moved between them, and axially toward and coupled with the motor 22.
  • With the pump 24 coupled to the motor drive shaft 34 and the flex arms 68 released, the cam-like bends 80 of the clips 72 are preferably in biased contact with a slightly rounded peripheral edge 81 of the pump encasement 38 but not yet in direct contact with the outboard face 46. An external force applied in a radially inward direction against the mid-section of each bowed flex arm 68 causes the flex arms to generally straighten and the contact portions 74 of the clips 72 to align parallel with the imaginary plane 76 (as best shown in FIG. 7). The cam-like bend 80 then assists each clip 72 to snap over the edge 81 and slide over the outboard face 46 in a radially inward direction. When the external force placed upon the flex arms is released, the resilience or spring force of the bowed flex arms 68 and clips 72 exert an evenly distributed and consistent force upon the plastic pump encasement 38 in an axially inward direction. If removing the pump 24 from the motor 22 is desired, a radially outward force is placed upon the clip tabs 82 which flexes the arms 68 radially outward to radially clear the clips 72 from the cylindrical pump housing 38. Once cleared, the pump 24 can then be moved axially away and de-coupled and removed from the motor 22.
  • FIGS. 8 and 9 illustrate a modified spring clamp device 26′ wherein the flex arms 68′ extend the entire axial length of the pump 24′ and motor 22′ and the base plate 62′ is in biased contact with the outboard end cap 28′ of the motor housing 32′. Preferably the end cap 28′ has a cylindrical shoulder 88 over which the base plate 62′ is received. With this modification, separate fasteners or screws are not required.
  • Skilled persons will understand that the orientation of the spring clamp device 26″ relative to the motor 22″ and pump 24″ could be reversed so that the clips 72″ engage the motor end cap or surface 28″ and the base plate 62″ is attached to the pump base 48″ or overlies and engages to the pump end cap 52″ (as best shown in FIG. 10).
  • While the forms of the invention herein disclosed constitute presently preferred embodiments, many others are possible. It is not intended herein to mention all the possibly equivalent forms or ramifications of the invention and it is understood that the terms used herein are merely descriptive rather than limiting and that various changes may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention.

Claims (19)

1. An electric motor pump assembly comprising:
a pump;
a separate electric motor coupled to the pump along an axis of rotation; and
a spring clamp device having;
a base member carried by one of the pump and the motor;
at least two flex arms each carried by the base member and circumferentially spaced apart and extending axially along at least one portion of the pump and motor; and
a clip projecting radially inward from each flex arm adjacent a distal end of the flex arm and received by the other of the pump and motor.
2. The pump assembly set forth in claim 1 comprising:
an inboard end cap of the motor axially facing the pump; and
at least one fastener engaging the base member to the inboard end cap.
3. The pump assembly set forth in claim 2 wherein the base member is substantially disposed axially between the pump and motor.
4. The pump assembly set forth in claim 3 wherein the at least one fastener threads into the inboard end cap.
5. The pump assembly set forth in claim 1 wherein the flex arm is bowed radially outward when the spring clamp device is in a disengaged state.
6. The pump assembly set forth in claim 1 comprising a contact portion of the clip projecting radially inward from the flex arm and projecting slightly axially inward with respect to the axis of rotation when the spring clamp device is in a disengaged state, and the contact portion being biased directly against the other of the pump and motor when the spring clamp device is in an engaged state by the flex arm.
7. The pump assembly set forth in claim 6 comprising a distal tab projecting substantially axially outward from the contact portion for moving the clip radially outward against the radially inward biasing force of the flex arm to release the spring clamp device from the other of the pump and motor.
8. The pump assembly set forth in claim 1 wherein the at least two flex arms are equally spaced circumferentially about the motor and pump and are each bowed radially outward.
9. The pump assembly set forth in claim 8 comprising a contact portion of the clip projecting radially inward from each one of the plurality of flex arms and projecting slightly axially inward with respect to the axis of rotation when the spring clamp device is in the disengaged state, and the contact portion being biased directly against the other of the pump and motor when the spring clamp device is in an engaged state by the respective plurality of flex arms.
10. The pump assembly set forth in claim 9 comprising a distal tab projecting substantially axially outward from the contact portion of the clip for moving the clip radially outward against the radially inward biasing force of each one of the at least two flex arms to release the spring clamp device from the other of the pump and motor.
11. The pump assembly set forth in claim 1 comprising:
an inboard end cap of the motor axially facing the pump;
an opposite outboard end cap of the motor;
an outboard face of the pump facing axially from the motor; and
the base member being in biased contact with the outboard end cap when the clips are in biased contact with the outboard face.
12. The pump assembly set forth in claim 11 wherein the base member is planar and annular in shape.
13. A spring clamp device for preventing de-coupling of a pump from a motor of a pump sub-assembly and along an axis of rotation, the spring clamp device having:
a base member spanning radially with respect to the axis of rotation;
a plurality of arms projecting axially from the first member and spaced circumferentially from one-another about the pump sub-assembly; and
a clip projecting radially with respect to the axis of rotation and from a distal end of each one of the plurality of arms.
14. The spring clamp device set forth in claim 13 comprising an engaged state wherein the base member and the clips are biased axially away from one-another by at least a portion of the pump sub-assembly.
15. The spring clamp device set forth in claim 14 comprising:
a disengaged state wherein each one of the plurality of arms are bowed radially outward with respect to the axis of rotation; and
the engaged state causing each one of the plurality of arms to be less bowed than when in the disengaged state.
16. The spring clamp device set forth in claim 14 comprising:
the base member being in contact with an outboard surface carried by the pump sub-assembly;
the clips being in biased contact with an opposite outboard face carried by the pump sub-assembly; and
wherein the pump sub-assembly extends axially between the outboard surface and the outboard face.
17. The spring clamp device set forth in claim 13 comprising:
the base member being in contact with an outboard surface carried by the motor;
the clips being in biased contact with an outboard face carried by the pump; and
wherein the outboard surface faces axially away from to the outboard face.
18. The spring clamp device set forth in claim 13 comprising:
the base member being engaged to the motor via at least one fastener; and
the clips being in biased contact with an outboard face carried by the pump.
19. The spring clamp device set forth in claim 13 wherein the base member, the plurality of arms and the clips are unitarily formed together from a single stamping of metal.
US10/964,140 2004-10-13 2004-10-13 Fuel pump assembly Abandoned US20060083631A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/964,140 US20060083631A1 (en) 2004-10-13 2004-10-13 Fuel pump assembly

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/964,140 US20060083631A1 (en) 2004-10-13 2004-10-13 Fuel pump assembly
ITRM20050506 ITRM20050506A1 (en) 2004-10-13 2005-10-12 Fuel pump assembly.
JP2005298509A JP2006112427A (en) 2004-10-13 2005-10-13 Fuel pump assembly

Publications (1)

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US20060083631A1 true US20060083631A1 (en) 2006-04-20

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US10/964,140 Abandoned US20060083631A1 (en) 2004-10-13 2004-10-13 Fuel pump assembly

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JP (1) JP2006112427A (en)
IT (1) ITRM20050506A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080107549A1 (en) * 2006-11-08 2008-05-08 Ti Group Automotive Systems, L.L.C. Fuel pump and filter assembly
US20140079578A1 (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-03-20 Asmo Co., Ltd. Electric pump

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2735500T3 (en) * 2004-12-22 2019-12-19 Active Tools Int Hk Ltd A compression chamber unit and a method for forming said unit
JP4901661B2 (en) * 2007-09-13 2012-03-21 日立オートモティブシステムズ株式会社 Pump device and power steering device to which this pump device is applied

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3491696A (en) * 1968-10-11 1970-01-27 Henry H Howard Centrifugal pump
US4306841A (en) * 1980-01-30 1981-12-22 Whirlpool Corporation Pump mounting for an automatic washer
US4904166A (en) * 1988-11-30 1990-02-27 White Consolidated Industries, Inc. Vertical axis motor-pump assembly for clothes washing machine

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3491696A (en) * 1968-10-11 1970-01-27 Henry H Howard Centrifugal pump
US4306841A (en) * 1980-01-30 1981-12-22 Whirlpool Corporation Pump mounting for an automatic washer
US4904166A (en) * 1988-11-30 1990-02-27 White Consolidated Industries, Inc. Vertical axis motor-pump assembly for clothes washing machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080107549A1 (en) * 2006-11-08 2008-05-08 Ti Group Automotive Systems, L.L.C. Fuel pump and filter assembly
US20140079578A1 (en) * 2012-09-20 2014-03-20 Asmo Co., Ltd. Electric pump
US9810223B2 (en) * 2012-09-20 2017-11-07 Asmo Co., Ltd. Electric pump
US10385855B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2019-08-20 Denso Corporation Electric pump

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ITRM20050506A1 (en) 2006-04-14
JP2006112427A (en) 2006-04-27

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: WALBRO ENGINE MANAGEMENT, L.L.C., ARIZONA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ISRAELSON, KEVIN L.;ROCHE, RONALD H.;REEL/FRAME:015898/0181

Effective date: 20041010

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION