US20060072967A1 - Transition structure - Google Patents

Transition structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US20060072967A1
US20060072967A1 US11/226,399 US22639905A US2006072967A1 US 20060072967 A1 US20060072967 A1 US 20060072967A1 US 22639905 A US22639905 A US 22639905A US 2006072967 A1 US2006072967 A1 US 2006072967A1
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Prior art keywords
damping
restraint
compliance
transition
systems
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Abandoned
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US11/226,399
Inventor
Ulrich Sasse
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TSS TECHNISCHE SICHERHEITS-SYSTEME GmbH
Original Assignee
TSS TECHNISCHE SICHERHEITS-SYSTEME GmbH
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Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to EP04023779.4 priority Critical
Priority to EP04023779 priority
Application filed by TSS TECHNISCHE SICHERHEITS-SYSTEME GmbH filed Critical TSS TECHNISCHE SICHERHEITS-SYSTEME GmbH
Assigned to TSS TECHNISCHE SICHERHEITS-SYSTEME GMBH reassignment TSS TECHNISCHE SICHERHEITS-SYSTEME GMBH ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SASSE, ULRICH
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=34926865&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US20060072967(A1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Publication of US20060072967A1 publication Critical patent/US20060072967A1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/02Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes
    • E01F15/04Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes essentially made of longitudinal beams or rigid strips supported above ground at spaced points
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/02Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes
    • E01F15/025Combinations of at least two of the barrier member types covered by E01F15/04 - E01F15/08, e.g. rolled steel section or plastic strip backed up by cable, safety kerb topped by rail barrier
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/02Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes
    • E01F15/08Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes essentially made of walls or wall-like elements ; Cable-linked blocks
    • E01F15/081Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes essentially made of walls or wall-like elements ; Cable-linked blocks characterised by the use of a specific material
    • E01F15/083Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes essentially made of walls or wall-like elements ; Cable-linked blocks characterised by the use of a specific material using concrete

Abstract

A transition structure between two different restraint systems with different compliances set up along roads is configured such that the restraint systems are connected with each other, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, the system with greater compliance comprises damping elements (20 a-20 i) reducing the compliance section by section and being arranged on the side averted from the roadway.

Description

  • The present application claims priority to European Patent Application No. EP 04 023 779.4, filed 6 Oct. 2004, which application is incorporated herein fully by this reference.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention refers to a transition structure between two different restraint systems at streets, the restraint systems having different compliance.
  • BACKGROUND ART
  • Restraint systems alongside streets are subject to the standard DIN EN 1317-2 of 1998 which establishes various classes and test methods. Beside metal restraint systems, in particular guardrails, such made of concrete have proven to be efficient.
  • The stepped restraint system of EP-A-1 293 610 has proven to be particularly efficient. Further, significant stretches of main roads, freeways and highways are secured with restraint systems of metal.
  • The critical part is the transition from one restraint system to another, especially when these have different compliances.
  • The pre-standard DIN V ENV 1317-4 stipulates in which cases transition structures have to meet certain requirements and further have to be subjected to a complex test. If both restraint systems are made of concrete, a test is required only if the compliance differs by two degrees. With transitions from concrete to steel, a test is already required even if the difference is only one degree of compliance.
  • DE-A-37 42 356 describes a transition structure for transportation infrastructure, the transition being from a concrete restraint element to a guardrail made up from an almost perpendicular steel post and at least almost horizontal steel bar. In the transition zone between the restraint system of concrete and the metal guardrail, the two restraint systems overlap. Vertical pipes of different diameters are provided between the guardrail and the restraint system of concrete. The pipes are supposed to absorb energy in the event of a vehicle crash. This is a rather complex structure since the position of the individual pipes has to be clearly defined. Further, it has been found that the desired smooth transition of compliance cannot be realized with this system.
  • Thus, the disadvantage still exists that, should a car crash into the restraint system in the transition area, severe accidents may happen in the transition area between two restraint systems of different compliance. In particular, a kind of ramp forming can occur by which a vehicle may be thrown off the road.
  • It is an object of the present invention to provide a transition structure between two restraint systems of different compliance that allows for a simple realization of a secure transition.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • According to the present invention, the object is solved by connecting the restraint systems in an abutting manner and by the fact that, especially on the side averted from the road, the system having the greater compliance comprises damping elements reducing the compliance section by section.
  • Preferably, the damping elements thus have different compliances in a transition area between the two restraint systems. The damping effect of the individual damping elements decreases starting from the restraint system with little compliance to the restraint system with greater compliance. Here, the transition area is that area in which the compliance changes, starting from the one restraint system to the other restraint system. Preferably, the restraint system with greater compliance, such as steel guardrails, for example, is provided in the transition area, i.e., it is continued up to the restraint system with lower compliance, such as concrete restraint systems, for example, with the compliance being respectively increased or decreased step by step in the transition area by providing damping elements arranged especially on the side averted from the roadway.
  • The damping elements preferably are cast concrete elements or the like that are, in particular, set immediately upon a roadway surface without any anchoring. The damping effect of the individual damping elements preferably depends on the mass inertia. It is particularly preferred that the cast concrete elements or the damping elements are of the same height and the mass inertia is varied by changing the width or depth.
  • Preferably, the height of the individual damping elements corresponds to at least the height of the restraint system with greater compliance. This is advantageous in that the restraint system with greater compliance is deformed upon a vehicle or the like crashing thereon, whereby it is ensured that the metal guardrail, for example, is pushed against the damping elements and the guard rail does not slide over the damping elements.
  • Preferably, the damping elements are made of increasingly shorter parts of the restraint system with lower compliance. The shorter the parts of the restraint system with lower compliance, i.e. the restraint system of concrete or steel concrete, the easier they can be displaced sideward since they are preferably not anchored in the ground but only set thereon. Thus, the present transition structure from the system with lower compliance to the system with greater compliance, such as a metal guardrail, for example, provides a smooth transition.
  • Preferably, the individual damping elements are not connected with each other. In particular, such damping elements are spaced 5-50 cm apart. It is particularly preferred that the distance between adjacent damping elements increases in the direction of the restraint system with greater compliance. By providing such distances, the intentional displacement of the individual damping elements on the road surface, which causes the damping, is ensured.
  • Whereas, for example, the restraint system of EP-A-1 293 610 is connected over long distances and can therefore be displaced laterally only by very high loads, shorter pieces made from the same material can be displaced more easily. When these are arranged behind the metal rail or the guardrail of the adjoining steel structure with great compliance, they result section by section or almost smoothly in greater compliance up to the portion in which only the system with greater compliance is provided.
  • Of course, this structural principle may also be applied to the transition from a compliant system to a less compliant system. In this instance, increasingly longer damping elements of the system with lower compliance are provided at the end of the system with greater compliance up to the point where the two systems are connected in immediately abutting relationship.
  • Thus, a simple structure is proposed which, after corresponding preliminary tests, can be used generally and may reduce the very expensive tests to a few preliminary tests.
  • In particular, the present transition structure has the advantage that the optimum length of the transition structure and the dimensioning as well as the positioning of the damping elements can be determined by preliminary tests with conventional restraint systems. In later reproductions, it is then possible to calculate these on the basis of the preliminary tests so that no new test is required.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The following is a detailed description of the present invention by means of a preferred embodiment and with reference to the accompanying drawing.
  • In the Figures:
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of a transition structure, and
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the transition structure.
  • In the embodiment illustrated, a restraint system with great compliance comprises a plurality of concrete restraint elements 10 set side by side on a road surface. These may be restraint systems sold by the applicant under the name Safetybaer H2 or Safetybaer H4, for example.
  • In the embodiment illustrated, a restraint system with great compliance comprises two safety rails 12 or metal guardrails. The first restraint element 10 with respect to the transition area 14 is covered at least partly by the two safety rails 12. For this purpose, the restraint element 10 has a recess 16. The recess 16 is formed such that it substantially corresponds to the depth of the safety rails so that these do not protrude beyond the front side 18 of the restraint element 10. Both safety rails 12 are connected, e.g. screwed, to the restraint element 10 in the area of the recess 16.
  • In the transition area 14, a plurality of damping elements 20 are provided behind the safety rails 12 on the side averted from the roadway. The individual damping elements 20 a-20 i have different damping effects. To reduce production costs, the outer shape or the cross section of the damping elements 20 corresponds to the shape of the restraint element 10. The width of the damping elements 20 decreases from the damping element 20 a, which is arranged immediately beside the restraint element 10 with lower compliance, to the damping element 20 i. In the embodiment illustrated, the damping element 20 i is the last and narrowest damping element which is adjoined by the restraint system with great compliance.
  • The individual damping elements 20 a-20 i are arranged on a foundation so that the damping elements 20 a-20 i can be displaced in the transition area 14 in the direction of the arrow 22 (FIG. 1) in the event of a car crashing in.
  • The individual damping elements 20 a-20 i occurs on the surface 28 of a foundation. The foundation may be a concrete foundation or the like.
  • To avoid mutual jamming or blocking of adjacent damping elements 20 a-20 i, the same are respectively arranged at a distance 24 from each other.

Claims (9)

1. A transition structure between two restraint systems with different compliances,
wherein
the restraint systems are connected in an abutting manner and,
on the side averted from the roadway, the restraint system having the greater compliance comprises a plurality of damping elements reducing the compliance section by section.
2. The transition structure of claim 1, wherein the damping effect of the individual damping elements decreases from the restraint system with lower compliance towards the restraint system with greater compliance.
3. The transition structure of claim 1, wherein the damping effect is determined substantially by the mass inertia of the individual damping elements.
4. The transition structure of claim 1, wherein the damping elements are cast concrete elements.
5. The transition structure of claim 1, wherein the damping elements rest unanchored on a road surface or a top surface of a foundation.
6. The transition structure of claim 1, wherein the damping elements are increasingly shorter parts of a restraint system, starting from the restraint system with lower compliance towards the restraint system with greater compliance.
7. The transition structure of claim 1, wherein the damping elements at least have the height of the restraint system with greater compliance.
8. The transition structure of claim 1, wherein adjacent damping elements are spaced at 5-50 cm from each other.
9. The transition structure of claim 8, wherein the distances increase starting from the damping element with lower compliance towards the damping element with greater compliance.
US11/226,399 2004-10-06 2005-09-14 Transition structure Abandoned US20060072967A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP04023779.4 2004-10-06
EP04023779 2004-10-06

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20060072967A1 true US20060072967A1 (en) 2006-04-06

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ID=34926865

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US11/226,399 Abandoned US20060072967A1 (en) 2004-10-06 2005-09-14 Transition structure

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (1) US20060072967A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1645691B1 (en)
AT (1) AT356255T (en)
DE (2) DE202005020638U1 (en)
ES (1) ES2284131T3 (en)
PL (1) PL1645691T3 (en)
PT (1) PT1645691E (en)
SI (1) SI1645691T1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080232528A1 (en) * 2007-03-19 2008-09-25 Sharp Laboratories Of America, Inc. Systems and methods for detecting a specific timing from a synchronization channel

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102006044480A1 (en) * 2006-09-21 2008-04-10 Sps Schutzplanken Gmbh Continuous transition construction for use on roads, has transition section tapered towards first vehicle support system, and connecting portion that sequentially and linearly couples transition section to second vehicle support system
DE102007042392A1 (en) 2007-09-04 2009-03-05 Innotraffic.Net Gmbh Guidance on traffic routes with two restraint systems of different stiffness and a transitional structure between them
DE102008056807A1 (en) * 2008-11-11 2010-05-27 Linetech Gmbh & Co. Kg Roadway demarcation unit, has trapping wall designed as in-situ concrete wall, and mounted at distance from beam barrier construction unit whose flexibility is reduced to that of trapping wall
DE202009003752U1 (en) 2009-03-17 2009-05-20 Studiengesellschaft Für Stahlschutzplanken E.V. Guard rail system for roadways and transitional structure for this purpose
DE202010001873U1 (en) 2010-02-04 2010-05-06 Tss Technische Sicherheits-Systeme Gmbh Bridge road boundary system
EP2354314B1 (en) 2010-02-04 2013-12-11 TSS Technische Sicherheits-Systeme GmbH Bridge-roadway separation system and method for producing same
DE202013004918U1 (en) 2013-05-29 2014-09-03 Tss Technische Sicherheits-Systeme Gmbh Transitional structure for roadway boundaries

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US6835024B1 (en) * 2000-01-10 2004-12-28 Traffix Devices, Inc. Inertial barrier module array and methods
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US6863467B2 (en) * 2002-02-27 2005-03-08 Energy Absorption Systems, Inc. Crash cushion with deflector skin
US6905281B2 (en) * 2002-05-13 2005-06-14 Sung Ku Kang Vehicular impact absorbing apparatus having cushion pins

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DE10145647C1 (en) 2001-09-15 2003-01-16 Tss Tech Sicherheits Systeme G Safety bollard, for concrete road, has stepped profile with base section embedded directly in concrete road surface

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USRE29544E (en) * 1969-01-02 1978-02-21 Energy Absorption Systems, Inc. Energy absorbing deceleration barriers
US3606258A (en) * 1969-01-02 1971-09-20 Fibco Inc Energy absorbing deceleration barriers
US3666055A (en) * 1970-05-25 1972-05-30 Dynamics Research And Mfg Energy absorbing device
US3768781A (en) * 1970-09-04 1973-10-30 Dynamics Res Mfg Inc Shock absorbing structure
US3674115A (en) * 1970-09-23 1972-07-04 Energy Absorption System Liquid shock absorbing buffer
US3643924A (en) * 1970-09-24 1972-02-22 Fibco Inc Highway safety device
US3845936A (en) * 1973-05-25 1974-11-05 Steel Corp Modular crash cushion
US3856268A (en) * 1973-09-17 1974-12-24 Fibco Inc Highway safety device
US3982734A (en) * 1975-06-30 1976-09-28 Dynamics Research And Manufacturing, Inc. Impact barrier and restraint
US4290585A (en) * 1978-04-15 1981-09-22 Arbed S.A. Vehicle-stopping device for safety barriers
US4399980A (en) * 1980-06-24 1983-08-23 Staat Der Nederlanden Obstacle protector means
US4352484A (en) * 1980-09-05 1982-10-05 Energy Absorption Systems, Inc. Shear action and compression energy absorber
US4452431A (en) * 1982-05-19 1984-06-05 Energy Absorption Systems, Inc. Restorable fender panel
US4583716A (en) * 1982-05-19 1986-04-22 Energy Absorption Systems, Inc. Universal anchor assembly for impact attenuation device
US4674911A (en) * 1984-06-13 1987-06-23 Energy Absorption Systems, Inc. Energy absorbing pneumatic crash cushion
US4645375A (en) * 1985-05-23 1987-02-24 State Of Connecticut Stationary impact attenuation system
US4909661A (en) * 1987-11-23 1990-03-20 The Texas A&M University System Advanced dynamic impact extension module
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US5011326A (en) * 1990-04-30 1991-04-30 State Of Connecticut Narrow stationary impact attenuation system
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US20030057410A1 (en) * 2001-09-24 2003-03-27 Barrier Systems, Inc. Apparatus with collapsible modules for absorbing energy from the impact of a vehicle
US6863467B2 (en) * 2002-02-27 2005-03-08 Energy Absorption Systems, Inc. Crash cushion with deflector skin
US6905281B2 (en) * 2002-05-13 2005-06-14 Sung Ku Kang Vehicular impact absorbing apparatus having cushion pins
US6854716B2 (en) * 2002-06-19 2005-02-15 Trn Business Trust Crash cushions and other energy absorbing devices

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080232528A1 (en) * 2007-03-19 2008-09-25 Sharp Laboratories Of America, Inc. Systems and methods for detecting a specific timing from a synchronization channel

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1645691B1 (en) 2007-03-07
SI1645691T1 (en) 2007-08-31
PL1645691T3 (en) 2007-07-31
PT1645691E (en) 2007-06-18
EP1645691A1 (en) 2006-04-12
DE502005000448D1 (en) 2007-04-19
DE202005020638U1 (en) 2006-05-04
ES2284131T3 (en) 2007-11-01
AT356255T (en) 2007-03-15

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Legal Events

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AS Assignment

Owner name: TSS TECHNISCHE SICHERHEITS-SYSTEME GMBH, GERMANY

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SASSE, ULRICH;REEL/FRAME:016842/0578

Effective date: 20050705

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION