US20060045621A1 - Asphalt-removing work machine having a storage bin - Google Patents

Asphalt-removing work machine having a storage bin Download PDF

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Publication number
US20060045621A1
US20060045621A1 US11117312 US11731205A US2006045621A1 US 20060045621 A1 US20060045621 A1 US 20060045621A1 US 11117312 US11117312 US 11117312 US 11731205 A US11731205 A US 11731205A US 2006045621 A1 US2006045621 A1 US 2006045621A1
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asphalt
work machine
configured
further including
device
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Abandoned
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US11117312
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Dean Potts
Andrew Tilstra
Jeffrey Renard
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Caterpillar Paving Products Inc
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Caterpillar Paving Products Inc
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C23/00Auxiliary devices or arrangements for constructing, repairing, reconditioning, or taking-up road or like surfaces
    • E01C23/06Devices or arrangements for working the finished surface; Devices for repairing or reconditioning the surface of damaged paving; Recycling in place or on the road
    • E01C23/12Devices or arrangements for working the finished surface; Devices for repairing or reconditioning the surface of damaged paving; Recycling in place or on the road for taking-up, tearing-up, or full-depth breaking-up paving, e.g. sett extractor
    • E01C23/121Devices or arrangements for working the finished surface; Devices for repairing or reconditioning the surface of damaged paving; Recycling in place or on the road for taking-up, tearing-up, or full-depth breaking-up paving, e.g. sett extractor with non-powered tools, e.g. rippers

Abstract

A work machine for removing asphalt from a roadway is disclosed. The work machine includes a removal device configured to remove asphalt from a roadway. The work machine also includes a storage bin operatively connected to the removal device and configured to house the removed asphalt.

Description

    RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/604,982, entitled “Advancements in paving technology,” which was filed on Aug. 27, 2004, the disclosure of which is expressly incorporated herein by reference.
  • TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present disclosure relates generally to an asphalt-removing work machine and, more particularly, to an asphalt-removing work machine having a storage bin.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Many miles of asphalt-surfaced roadways have been built to facilitate vehicular travel. Depending upon usage density, base conditions, temperature variation, moisture variation, and/or physical age, the asphalt surface eventually becomes misshapen, non-planar, unable to support wheel loads, or otherwise unsuitable for vehicular traffic.
  • In order to rehabilitate the roadways for continued vehicular use, spent asphalt may be removed in preparation for resurfacing. One device utilized for the removal of spent asphalt is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,560,207 (the '207 patent) issued to Eftefield et al. on Dec. 24, 1985. The '207 patent describes an asphalt processor having a leading edge which is insertable between a ribbon of asphalt and a base to provide separation of the asphalt from a partial width of a roadway surface. A ramp and elevating structure guide the separated asphalt ribbon into a pair of breaker drums, which are rotatable in opposite circumferential directions to bend and facture the asphalt ribbon. As the asphalt ribbon is fractured, the resulting fragments may be deposited toward the rear of the processor into an accompanying transport work machine for hauling away from the worksite.
  • Although the asphalt processor of the '207 patent may sufficiently remove spent asphalt from a roadway surface, it may be inefficient. In particular, because the asphalt processor of the '207 patent does not have any way to store the fractured asphalt, the transport work machine must be present any time the roadway surface is being removed. The constant accompaniment of the transport work machine and delays associated with moving a laden transport work machine away from the asphalt processor and moving an empty transport work machine into place may decrease the efficiency of the rehabilitation process.
  • In addition, the deposit location of the fractured asphalt associated with the processor of the '207 patent could result in further inefficiencies. Specifically, because the fractured asphalt is deposited into the transport work machine from the rear of the processor, the travel speeds of both the transport work machine and processor must be closely regulated. Too great of a speed differential between the transport work machine and the processor could result in fractured asphalt being unintentionally deposited on the roadway or the transport work machine and processor colliding. Constant regulation of this speed differential may be time consuming and difficult.
  • The disclosed asphalt-removing work machine is directed to overcoming one or more of the problems set forth above.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • In one aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a work machine that includes a removal device and a storage bin. The removal device is configured to remove asphalt from a roadway. The storage bin is operatively connected to the removal device and configured to house the removed asphalt.
  • In another aspect, the present disclosure is directed to a method of removing asphalt from a roadway surface. The method includes separating a layer of asphalt from the roadway surface with a removal device. The method also includes storing the separated layer of asphalt in a storage bin operatively connected to the removal device.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective-view illustration of an exemplary disclosed asphalt-removing work machine;
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective-view illustration of a blade assembly for the asphalt-removing work machine of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a front view illustration of the blade assembly of FIG. 2; and
  • FIG. 4 is a side-view illustration of the asphalt-removing work machine of FIG. 1.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • For the purpose of this disclosure, the term “asphalt” may be defined as a mixture of aggregate and asphalt cement. Asphalt cement may be a brownish-black solid or semi-solid mixture of bitumens obtained as a byproduct of petroleum distillation. The asphalt cement may be heated and mixed with the aggregate for use in paving roadway surfaces, where the mixture hardens upon cooling.
  • FIG. 1 illustrates an exemplary work machine 10 having multiple systems that cooperate with a tow machine 12 and a transport vehicle 14 to “peel” or remove spent asphalt from a roadway surface. In particular, work machine 10 may embody an asphalt peeler having a removal system 16, a grinding system 18, a storage system 20, and an off-loading system 22. It is contemplated that additional components and systems may be included within work machine 10 such as, for example, an auxiliary power system (not shown).
  • Tow machine 12 may pull work machine 10 during operation of removal system 16, while transport vehicle 14 may be loaded with removed asphalt during operation of off-loading system 22. Work machine 10 may be pulled by any suitable tow machine 12 such as, for example, a track-type tractor, a haul truck, a wheel loader, a motor grader, or any other tow machine known in the art. Tow machine 12 may be connected to work machine 10 by way of a hitch 23. It is contemplated work machine 10 may alternatively be self-propelled to remove spent asphalt without the use of tow machine 12. The removed asphalt may be off-loaded to any appropriate transport vehicle 14 such as an on-highway haul truck, an off-highway articulated or non-articulated truck, or any other type of transport vehicle known in the art.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 2, removal system 16 may include various components that interact to remove asphalt from the roadway surface. Specifically, removal system 16 may include a blade assembly 24 connected to a funnel-shaped ramp 26, one or more scoring devices 28, a roller array 30, and a conveying device 32. Removal system 16 may be configured to remove a layer of asphalt from the entire width of the roadway surface or from only a portion of the roadway surface at varying depths and contours.
  • Blade assembly 24 may include multiple blade members 34. Each of blade members 34 may be interconnected by way of hinges 35 and configured to move somewhat independent of each other. In this manner, the contact region between blade assembly 24 and the roadway surface may be adjusted to provide for varying widths, thicknesses, and contours of asphalt removal. For example, outer blade members 34 may be lowered relative to the roadway surface, while inner blade members 34 may be raised to substantially match the crowning profile of the roadway surface. It is contemplated that blade assembly 24 may alternatively include a single integral blade structure.
  • Each of blade members 34 may include a leading edge 36, which may be forced into an asphalt layer or between an asphalt layer and a base for separating the asphalt layer as work machine 10 is advanced by tow machine 12. Leading edge 36 may have a serrated shape with alternating longitudinal recesses (not shown) and extensions (not show). It is contemplated that leading edge 36 may alternatively have a shape other than serrated such as, for example, straight, without recesses or extensions.
  • One or more of blade members 34 may be heated to soften the asphalt prior to separation. In particular, the heated blade member(s) 34 may include or be located proximate a heat source 38. Heat source 38 may embody an electrical resistance circuit, an array of flame-propagating elements, a system to circulate heated fluid, a microwave device, or any other type of heat source known in the art. Blade members 34 may be preheated to a temperature near or above the melting temperature of the asphalt prior to engagement with the asphalt. It is contemplated that the temperature of blade members 34 may be variable and adjusted according to one or more properties of the spent asphalt. Elevating the temperature of blade members 34 may reduce the amount of force required to move blade assembly 24 through the asphalt layer, may extend the life of blade assembly 24, and/or may reduce the amount of energy consumed by grinding system 18 during fracturing of the asphalt. It is also contemplated that the asphalt may be heated prior to engagement with blade members 34 by way of flame-propagating elements directing heat toward the roadway surface, a heated fluid sprayed onto the roadway surface, a chemical reaction associated with a chemical deposited on the roadway surface, or in any other appropriate manner.
  • One or more of blade members 34 may be vibrated to loosen the asphalt during separation. Specifically, the vibrated blade member(s) 34 may include or be connected to a vibration-inducing device 40. Vibration-inducing device 40 may embody a reciprocating hammer disposed within blade member 34 or in contact with blade member 34, a sonic vibration device, a pulsating hydraulic device, or any other vibration-inducing device known in the art. The frequency and/or amplitude of vibration induced within blade members 34 may be adjusted according to one or more properties of the asphalt. Vibrating blade members 34 may reduce the amount of force required to move blade assembly 24 through the asphalt, may extend the life of blade assembly 24, and/or may reduce the amount of energy consumed by grinding system 18 during fracturing of the asphalt.
  • A quick-locking mechanism 42 may be implemented to attach blade members 34 to funnel-shaped ramp 26. Specifically, quick-locking mechanism 42 may include a hydraulic actuator 44 fixedly connected to funnel-shaped ramp 26 and having dual extending latching mechanisms 46 configured to engage and retain blade members 34. Hydraulic actuator 44 may be actuated to move latching mechanisms 46 between connected and disconnected states. It is contemplated that quick-locking mechanism 42 may alternatively include a manually operated actuator, an electrically operated actuator, a pneumatically operated actuator, or any other type of actuator known in the art for moving latching mechanisms 46 between states. It is further contemplated that each hydraulic actuator 44 may alternatively include only a single latching mechanism. Quick-locking mechanisms 42 may facilitate easy replacement of blade members 34. It is also contemplated that quick-locking mechanism 42 may be used to position and or orient each blade member 34 to change the contour of asphalt removal.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 3, funnel-shaped ramp 26 may be configured to reduce a width of the removed asphalt and to guide the width-reduced asphalt to grinding system 18. In particular, blade assembly 24 may be configured to remove a layer of asphalt having a width greater than a width of grinding system 18. In order to accommodate this difference in widths, funnel-shaped ramp 26 may reduce the width of the asphalt layer prior to the asphalt layer reaching grinding system 18. To facilitate this width reduction, funnel-shaped ramp 26 may include a ramp surface 48 and curved side members 50: As a layer of removed asphalt proceeds up ramp surface 48, the outer edges of the asphalt layer may contact curved side members 50. As movement of the asphalt layer continues toward grinding system 18, curved side members 50 may urge the outer edges upward and back toward a center of the asphalt layer, thereby bending or folding the outer edges of the asphalt layer over itself resulting in a reduced width of the asphalt layer.
  • Scoring devices 28 may be configured to score the roadway surface prior to separation of the asphalt layer. Specifically, scoring devices 28 may include a vertical blade 52 pivotally mounted to work machine 10 by way of a hydraulically-movable arm 54 located on either side of and forward of blade assembly 24. Vertical blade 52 may be forced downward into the roadway surface by hydraulically-movable arm 54 during movement of work machine 10 to cut an outer separation boundary of the asphalt layer subsequently removed by blade assembly 24. The outer separation boundary cut into the roadway surface may facilitate clean separation of the asphalt layer. It is contemplated that scoring devices 28 may be heated and/or vibrated to facilitate cutting of the outer separation boundary. It is further contemplated that a saw having hardened teeth may be substituted for vertical blade 52 when separating thick or very firm layers of asphalt.
  • Roller array 30 may include multiple wheels 56 configured to control the depth of blade assembly 24 into the roadway surface and the resulting thickness of the removed asphalt layer. In particular, each wheel 56 may be pivotally mounted to work machine 10 by way of a hydraulically-movable arm 58. Hydraulic pressure may urge hydraulically-movable arms 58 toward the roadway surface and, in turn, pivot blade assembly 24 away from the roadway surface. A velocity and amount of the fluid applied to hydraulically-movable arms 58 may be directly proportional to the speed and distance that blade assembly 24 moves relative to the roadway surface. It is contemplated that hydraulically-movable arm 58 may be moved in a manner other than hydraulically such as, for example, electrically, pneumatically, manually, or in any other suitable manner.
  • Roller array 30 may be configured to pull the asphalt layer toward blade assembly 24. Specifically, roller array 30 may include one or more motors 60 associated with one or more wheels 56. Motors 60 may be electrically powered, hydraulically powered, pneumatically powered, or powered in another manner to drive wheels 56. As wheels 56 are driven, force may be imparted to the asphalt layer in the direction of blade assembly 24.
  • Roller array 30 may also be configured to sense one or more properties of the roadway surface prior to separation of the asphalt layer. For example, a sensor 62 may be associated with one or more wheels 56 and configured to monitor a parameter of wheels 56 indicative of a property of the roadway. The parameter may include, for example, a rolling resistance of wheel 56 that may be indicative of a compaction of the roadway surface. It is contemplated that other parameters of wheels 56 may be also be monitored such as, for example, a vertical movement of wheel 56, a pressure of the fluid within hydraulically-movable arm 58, or any other suitable parameter. These parameters may be indicative of a condition of the asphalt surface, a condition of a base surface under the asphalt layer, a thickness of the asphalt surface or base, a profile of the asphalt surface or base, or any other roadway property known in the art.
  • The property of the roadway may be used to control operation of work machine 10. In particular, temperature or vibration characteristics of blade assembly 24, the travel speed of work machine 10, the depth of the separated asphalt layer, the position and/or orientation of blade members 34, or any other appropriate operation of work machine 10 may be adjusted in response to the roadway property monitored by sensor 62. It is contemplated that the roadway property may also be transmitted to other work machines affecting resurfacing of the roadway preceding or following the removal process.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 4, conveying device 32 may be configured to urge the layer of asphalt layer separated by blade assembly 24 up ramp surface 48 toward grinding system 18. For example, conveying device 32 may embody a chain-driven paddle drag device having a drive roller 64, one or more idlers 66, and a surrounding belt structure 68. Drive roller 64 may drive belt structure 68 about idlers 66 such that belt structure 68 engages an upper surface of the separated asphalt layer and urges the separated asphalt layer toward grinding system 18. It is contemplated that conveying devices other than chain-driven paddle drag devices may be used to urge the asphalt layer up ramp surface 48 such as, for example, a hydraulic push plate, a screw-conveyor, or any other conveying device known in the art.
  • Grinding system 18 may include various components that interact to fragment the asphalt layer removed from the roadway surface and to deposit the fragments into storage system 20. Specifically, grinding system 18 may include a grinding device 70 and a conveying device 72. Grinding device 70 may feed fragmented asphalt to conveying device 72.
  • Grinding device 70 may be configured to fragment the removed asphalt. In one example, grinding device 70 may embody a rotary milling drum having oppositely oriented sets of helical teeth 74 used for cutting and/or shaping the removed asphalt layer. It is contemplated that grinding device 70 may alternatively include multiple milling drums rotated in opposition to each other. It is further contemplated that grinding device 70 may embody a different structure for fragmenting the asphalt layer such as, for example, oppositely rotated breaker drums having individual radially-directed intermeshing teeth, a sonic fragmenting device, reciprocating hammers, high pressure fluid jets, or any other suitable fragmenting structure.
  • The feed speed of conveying device 32 and the rotational speed, position, and/or helical tooth properties of grinding device 70 may be adjusted to affect the dimension of the ground asphalt fragments. For example, the speed of conveying device 32 and/or grinding device 70 may be increased or slowed to change the fragment length, grinding device 70 may be lowered or raised relative to ramp surface 48 to change the fragment thickness, and the helical tooth angle of grinding device 70 may be changed to vary the fragment width. It is contemplated that additional or different parameters of grinding device 70 may be adjusted to alter the dimensions of the asphalt fragments.
  • Conveying device 72 may be configured to move the fragmented asphalt from grinding system 18 into storage system 20. For example, conveying device 32 may include a screw conveyor 76 disposed within a tubular housing 78. Screw conveyor 76 may be rotated to elevate fragments of asphalt within tubular housing 78 from grinding device 70 to storage system 20. As the asphalt fragments exit an upper end of tubular housing 78, they may drop into storage system 20. It is contemplated that conveying devices other than screw conveyors may be used to urge the asphalt layer up into storage system 20 such as, for example, a hydraulic push plate, a chain-driven paddle-type conveyor, or any other conveying device known in the art.
  • Storage system 20 may include components configured to evenly store fragmented asphalt. In particular, storage system 20 may include a storage bin 80 and one or more distribution devices 82. Distribution devices 82 may spread the fragmented asphalt from a front portion of storage bin 80 throughout storage bin 80 to accommodate a greater load of fragmented asphalt and even wear of work machine 10. It is contemplated that distribution devices 82 may be omitted, if desired.
  • Storage bin 80 may be a substantially box-like structure configured to house the fragments of asphalt and to minimize exposure of the fragments to adverse weather conditions. In particular, storage bin 80 may include a trough member 84 and a cover 86. Trough member 84 may have a generally sloping underside to guide the fragments of asphalt downward toward one or more openings 88 during an off-loading process. Cover 86 may be spaced apart from trough member 84 to allow the deposition of fragmented asphalt from conveying device 72, while minimizing the affects of weather such as, for example the accumulation of moisture, extended exposure to sunlight or wind, or other undesirable weather affects. It is contemplated that cover 86 may be omitted, if desired. It is further contemplated that, in addition to sloping downward, the underside of trough member 84 may slope forward or rearward to facilitate the off-loading process from a single opening 88.
  • Each distribution device 82 may be connected to storage bin 80. In one example, distribution device 82 may embody a screw conveyor have a first end connected to a fore portion of cover 86, and a second end connected to an aft portion of cover 86. As fragmented asphalt builds toward the fore portion of storage bin 80, the screw conveyor may move the asphalt rearward. It is contemplated that distribution devices other than screw conveyors may be utilized to distribute deposited asphalt fragments such as, for example, hydraulic push plates, chain-driven paddle-type conveyors, or any other conveying devices known in the art. It is further contemplated that, in addition to distributing the deposited asphalt fragments in a rearward direction, distribution devices 82 may also distribute the asphalt fragments transversely outward toward the sides of storage bin 80. It is yet further contemplated that distribution devices 82 may be manually actuated, run continuously, or automatically actuated in response to a buildup of fragmented asphalt.
  • Off-loading system 22 may be configured to unload fragmented asphalt from a side of work machine 10. In particular off-loading system 22 may include a plurality of screw conveyors 90, each disposed within an associated tubular housing 92 that is connected to openings 88. As screw conveyors 90 are rotated, the asphalt fragments may be elevated within tubular housing 92 toward an open end 94, where the fragments may be allowed to drop into transport vehicle 14 (referring to FIG. 1). As the asphalt fragments are transported away from openings 88, additional fragments may migrate down the sloped surfaces of storage bin 80 into tubular housing 92. It is contemplated that off-loading system 22 may alternatively implement devices other than screw conveyors 90 to move asphalt fragments from storage bin 80 into transport vehicle 14 such as, for example, hydraulic push plates, chain-driven paddle-type conveyors, or any other conveying devices known in the art.
  • Off-loading system 22 may be configured to unload storage bin 80 during operation of removal system 16. In particular, as transport vehicle 14 aligns with off-loading system 22, off-loading system 22 may unload storage bin 80. Unloading of storage bin 80 may possible during travel of work machine 10, during removal of spent asphalt, during grinding of removed asphalt, and/or during any other operation of work machine 10.
  • Off-loading system 22 may be automated. Specifically, off-loading system 22 may be configured to unload storage bin 80 in response to transport vehicle approaching work machine 10. In one example, off-loading system 22 may include a controller 96 in communication with one or more position sensors 98 and screw conveyors 90 via communication lines 100. Position sensors 98 may be configured to relay a relative position of transport vehicle 14 to controller 96, while controller 96 may be configured to sequentially actuate screw conveyors 90 of off-loading system 22 as transport vehicle 14 moves past work machine 10. In this manner, the forward progress of both work machine 10 and transport vehicle 14 may be substantially unaffected by the off-loading process. It is contemplated that controller 96 may alternatively actuate all screw conveyors 90 once transport vehicle is fully in position. It is further contemplated that the off-loading process may be manually initiated.
  • Controller 96 may also be in communication with other components to affect operation of work machine 10. For example, controller 96 may be in communication with sensor 62, heat source 38, vibration-inducing device 40, grinding device 70, tow machine 12, quick-locking mechanism 42, motor 60, and other work machines (not shown) via multiple communication lines (not shown). Controller 96 may be configured to affect operation of the components and systems of work machine 10 in response to the roadway property monitored by sensor 62 and/or to transmit the monitored property to other work machines. It is contemplated that work machine 10 may include separate controllers for the sequential automation of screw conveyors 90 and the controlling of work machine functions in response to the monitored roadway property.
  • Controller 96 may embody a single microprocessor or multiple microprocessors that include a means for controlling an operation of off-loading system 22. Numerous commercially available microprocessors can be configured to perform the functions of controller 96. It should be appreciated that controller 96 could readily embody a general work machine microprocessor capable of controlling numerous work machine functions. Various other known circuits may be associated with controller 96, including power supply circuitry, signal-conditioning circuitry, solenoid driver circuitry, communication circuitry, and other appropriate circuitry.
  • Position sensor 98 may interact with transport vehicle 14 to determine a position of transport vehicle 14 relative to work machine 10. In particular, position sensor 98 may embody an optical sensor configured to visually recognize a portion of transport vehicle 14 or an indicia located on transport vehicle 14, an RF receiver configured to communicate with an RF tag or transmitter located on transport vehicle 14, a GPS device configured to receive position information for transport vehicle 14 from a satellite or local tracking system, or any other position sensing device known in the art.
  • INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY
  • The disclosed work machine finds potential application in road rehabilitation processes where efficient removal of spent asphalt is desired. The disclosed work machine removes the spent asphalt, grinds the removed asphalt, and stores the ground asphalt until an efficient opportunity is presented for unloading the stored asphalt. The operation of work machine 10 will now be explained.
  • As illustrated in FIG. 1, work machine 10 may be towed to remove spent asphalt from a roadway surface. As work machine 10 is towed forward, heated and/or vibrated blade assembly 24 may be forced into an asphalt layer, between an asphalt layer and a base, or into the base to remove a layer of spent asphalt. Blade members 34 may be adjusted to produce a layer of spent asphalt having a substantially equal thickness or, alternatively, to produce a layer of spent asphalt having a predefined contour. The thickness of the removed asphalt layer may be customized by modifying a relative position of wheels 56 to raise or lower blade members 34. In addition to affecting the thickness of the removed asphalt layer, wheels 56 in conjunction with sensors 62 may sense properties of the roadway surface and change operation of work machine 10 in response to the properties.
  • As the layer of spent asphalt is removed, it may be directed toward grinding device 70. In particular, conveying device 32 may pull the removed asphalt layer toward grinding device 70 where the layer may be fragmented or ground to desired dimensions. The dimension of the asphalt fragments may be adjusted by modifying speed parameters of work machine 10 and/or position parameters of grinding device 70. After fragmentation, the spent asphalt may be directed to storage system 20 by way of conveying device 72.
  • The fragments of ground asphalt may be housed within storage bin 80 until transport vehicle 14 is in an off-loading position or is approaching the off-loading position. In order to accommodate a greater amount of ground asphalt without spillage, the asphalt fragments deposited within storage bin 80 may be substantially equally distributed by way of distribution devices 82. As transport vehicle 14 approaches work machine 10, position sensor 98 may trigger the sequential activation of screw conveyors 76 to load transport vehicle 14 as it passes by work machine 10.
  • Because work machine 10 may be unloaded from the side of work machine 10 relative to a travel direction of work machine 10, the efficiency of work machine 10 may be improved. Specifically, because work machine 10 may be unloaded from the side, work machine 10 may continue forward travel during unloading without having to remain stationary while transport vehicle 14 is positioned fore or aft of work machine 10. In addition, because of the side-unloading capability of work machine 10, precise regulation of the speed differential between transport vehicle 14 and work machine 10 may be unnecessary. In fact, efficiency may even be increased when the speeds of work machine 10 and transport vehicle 14 are different. For example, transport vehicle 14 may pass by work machine 10 during unloading at a speed that is optimized for transport vehicle 14 operation and that is different from the speed at which work machine 10 most efficiently operates. By decreasing the delays associated with unloading, the efficiency and productivity of the road rehabilitation process may be improved.
  • In addition, because work machine 10 includes a storage bin, the efficiency and productivity of work machine 10 may be further improved. In particular, storage bin 80 allows work machine 10 to remove spent asphalt without transport vehicle 14. Being able to remove spent asphalt solo allows removal of spent asphalt when transport vehicle 14 is unavailable, which results in increased uptime of work machine 10.
  • Heating and vibrating blade assembly 24 and/or scoring devices 28 during asphalt removal may further improve the efficiency of work machine 10. In particular, heating of the asphalt, blade assembly 24, and/or scoring devices 28 before and/or during engagement may soften the asphalt and require less blade force and grinding power. Similarly, vibration of blade assembly 24 and/or scoring devices 28 may result in less blade force and grinding power consumption.
  • Sensors 62 may also help improve the productivity, efficiency, or component life of work machine 10. For example, sensors 62 may determine a property of the roadway surface that affects the manner in which work machine 10 removes and/or processes the roadway surface. Controller 96 of work machine 10 may adjust a temperature or vibration of blade assembly 24 and/or scoring devices 28, a speed of grinding device 70 and/or work machine 10, or any other such parameter in response to the detected property to allow work machine 10 to remove and process the spent asphalt in the most efficient manner. For example, if high compaction of the roadway is detected by sensors 62, work machine 10 may increase the temperature and/or vibration amplitude to soften and loosen the asphalt to a greater degree, thereby increasing a removal or grinding rate of work machine 10 and reducing wear on work machine 10. Conversely, if low compaction is encountered, the temperature and/or vibration amplitude may be reduced to conserve energy.
  • Quick locking mechanism 42 may facilitate efficient maintenance of work machine 10. In particular, quick locking mechanism 42 may facilitate quick removal and replacement of blade members 34, as compared to a manually intensive processes such as threaded fastening, thermal joining, or other known retention method. The ease of removal and replacement of blade members 34 may correspond to a reduction in the cost and downtime of work machine 10 associated with the maintenance of blade members 34.
  • It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made to the asphalt-removing work machine of the present disclosure. Other embodiments of the asphalt-removing work machine will be apparent to those skilled in the art from consideration of the specification and practice of the invention disclosed herein. It is intended that the specification and examples be considered as exemplary only, with a true scope of the disclosure being indicated by the following claims and their equivalents.

Claims (43)

  1. 1. A work machine, comprising:
    a removal device configured to remove asphalt from a roadway; and
    a storage bin operatively connected to the removal device and configured to house the removed asphalt.
  2. 2. The work machine of claim 1, further including a vibration-inducing device configured to vibrate the removal device.
  3. 3. The work machine of claim 1, further including a heating device configured to heat the removal device.
  4. 4. The work machine of claim 1, wherein the removal device includes a blade.
  5. 5. The work machine of claim 4, wherein the blade includes a plurality of blade members, the plurality of blade members interconnected by way of hinges.
  6. 6. The work machine of claim 5, wherein the plurality of blade members are movable to accommodate the crown of a roadway surface.
  7. 7. The work machine of claim 5, further including a quick-locking mechanism associated with at least one of the plurality of blade members, the quick-locking mechanism configured to secure the at least one of the plurality of blade members to the work machine and to facilitate replacement of the at least one of the plurality of blade members.
  8. 8. The work machine of claim 1, further including a grinding device configured to fracture the removed asphalt.
  9. 9. The work machine of claim 8, wherein the grinding device includes a milling drum.
  10. 10. The work machine of claim 8, further including a funnel-shaped ramp, the funnel-shaped ramp configured to guide the removed asphalt from the removal device to the grinding device.
  11. 11. The work machine of claim 10, wherein the removal device is configured to remove a layer of asphalt having a width larger than a width of the grinding device and the funnel-shaped ramp is configured to fold the outer edges of the removed asphalt layer over itself before the removed asphalt layer reaches the grinding device.
  12. 12. The work machine of claim 10, further including a conveying device configured to urge the removed asphalt layer up the funnel-shaped ramp.
  13. 13. The work machine of claim 12, wherein the conveying device is a paddle-drag device.
  14. 14. The work machine of claim 8, further including at least one conveying device configured to move the fractured asphalt from the grinding device into the storage bin.
  15. 15. The work machine of claim 14, wherein the at least one conveying device includes a screw conveyor.
  16. 16. The work machine of claim 1, further including a scoring device located on each side of the removal device to score the asphalt prior to removal of the asphalt.
  17. 17. The work machine of claim 1, further including a plurality of wheels located forward of the removal device relative to a travel direction of the work machine, the plurality of wheels being operatively connected to the removal device and configured to provide depth control for the removal device.
  18. 18. The work machine of claim 17, further including at least one sensor associated with the plurality of wheels, the at least one sensor providing an indication of a property of the roadway prior to the removal of the asphalt.
  19. 19. The work machine of claim 18, wherein the property includes compaction.
  20. 20. The work machine of claim 18, further including a controller in communication with the sensor and configured to affect an operation of the work machine in response to the indication.
  21. 21. The work machine of claim 17, further including at least one motor associated with the plurality of wheels, the at least one motor configured to drive at least one of the plurality of wheels and draw the asphalt toward the removal device and onto the funnel-shaped ramp.
  22. 22. The work machine of claim 1, further including at least one conveying device located within the storage bin and configured to distribute the removed asphalt within the storage bin.
  23. 23. The work machine of claim 1, further including an off-loading system configured to unload the storage bin from a side of the storage bin relative to a travel direction of the work machine.
  24. 24. The work machine of claim 23, wherein the off-loading system includes a plurality of conveying devices configured to automatically sequentially actuate and unload the storage bin in response to a transport vehicle moving past the work machine.
  25. 25. A method of removing asphalt from a roadway surface, the method comprising:
    separating a layer of asphalt from the roadway surface with a removal device; and
    storing the separated layer of asphalt in a storage bin operatively connected to the removal device.
  26. 26. The method of claim 25, further including vibrating the removal device to loosen the layer of asphalt.
  27. 27. The method of claim 25, further including heating the removal device to soften the layer of asphalt.
  28. 28. The method of claim 25, wherein the removal device includes a plurality of blade members interconnected by way of hinges and the method further includes moving the plurality of blade members to accommodate the crown of the roadway surface.
  29. 29. The method of claim 25, further including grinding the separated layer of asphalt prior to storing.
  30. 30. The method of claim 25, further including:
    guiding the separated layer of asphalt from the removal device to a grinding device; and
    folding the outer edges of the separated layer of asphalt over itself before the separated layer of asphalt reaches the grinding device.
  31. 31. The method of claim 30, further including urging the separated layer of asphalt with a paddle-drag device up a funnel-shaped ramp to the grinding device.
  32. 32. The method of claim 25, further including scoring the asphalt on either side of the removal device.
  33. 33. The method of claim 25, further including sensing a property of the asphalt before separating the layer of asphalt.
  34. 34. The method of claim 33, wherein the property is compaction.
  35. 35. The method of claim 33, further including affecting at least one operation of the work machine in response to the sensed property.
  36. 36. The method of claim 25, further including urging the asphalt toward the removal device.
  37. 37. The method of claim 25, further including distributing separated asphalt within the storage bin.
  38. 38. The method of claim 25, further including off-loading the separated asphalt from a side of the storage bin relative to a travel direction of the storage bin.
  39. 39. The method of claim 25, wherein off-loading includes sequentially actuating a plurality of conveying devices as a transport vehicle moves past the plurality of conveying devices.
  40. 40. A work machine, comprising:
    a removal device configured to remove asphalt from a roadway;
    a grinding device configured to fracture the removed asphalt.
    a storage bin operatively connected to the removal device and configured to house the fractured asphalt;
    at least one conveying device configured to move the fractured asphalt from the grinding device into the storage bin; and
    at least one conveying device located within the storage bin and configured to distribute the removed asphalt within the storage bin.
  41. 41. The work machine of claim 40, wherein the removal device includes a blade having a plurality of blade members, the plurality of blade members interconnected by way of hinges to accommodate the crown of a roadway surface.
  42. 42. The work machine of claim 40, further including a funnel-shaped ramp, the funnel-shaped ramp configured to guide the removed asphalt from the removal device to the grinding device, wherein the removal device is configured to remove a layer of asphalt having a width larger than a width of the grinding device and the funnel-shaped ramp is configured to fold the outer edges of the removed asphalt layer over itself before the removed asphalt layer reaches the grinding device.
  43. 43. The work machine of claim 40, further including an off-loading system configured to unload the storage bin from a side of the storage bin relative to a travel direction of the work machine, wherein the off-loading system includes a plurality of conveying devices configured to automatically sequentially actuate and unload the storage bin in response to a transport vehicle moving past the work machine.
US11117312 2004-08-27 2005-04-29 Asphalt-removing work machine having a storage bin Abandoned US20060045621A1 (en)

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