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Manufacture of cellulose material

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Publication number
US2005378A
US2005378A US64194732A US2005378A US 2005378 A US2005378 A US 2005378A US 64194732 A US64194732 A US 64194732A US 2005378 A US2005378 A US 2005378A
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Prior art keywords
cellulose
material
chloride
stannous
reddening
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Kiel Franz
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WALDHOF ZELLSTOFF FAB
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WALDHOF ZELLSTOFF FAB
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21CPRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE BY REMOVING NON-CELLULOSE SUBSTANCES FROM CELLULOSE-CONTAINING MATERIALS; REGENERATION OF PULPING LIQUORS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • D21C9/00After-treatment of cellulose pulp, e.g. of wood pulp, or cotton linters ; Treatment of dilute or dewatered pulp or process improvement taking place after obtaining the raw cellulosic material and not provided for elsewhere
    • D21C9/08Removal of fats, resins, pitch or waxes; Chemical or physical purification, i.e. refining, of crude cellulose by removing non-cellulosic contaminants, optionally combined with bleaching
    • D21C9/083Removal of fats, resins, pitch or waxes; Chemical or physical purification, i.e. refining, of crude cellulose by removing non-cellulosic contaminants, optionally combined with bleaching with inorganic compounds

Description

Patentedv June 18, 1935 UNITED! STATES PATENT OFFICE signor of one-half to Zellstoffi'abrik Waldhof,

Mannheim-Waldhof, Germany, a corporation of Germany No Drawing. Application November 9,

In Germany December 16,

Serial No. 641,947. 1931 i 2 Claims.

Unbleached or slightly bleached cellulose or mixtures thereof with bleached celluloses have a tendency, particularly when stored in damp places or exposed to light, to exhibit intense red- 5 dening or smudged graydiscolorations which are connected with the said reddening. The reddening or discolorations also occur in the fibrous products (paper, cardboard, cellulose wadding and the like) manufactured from such substances and render it impossible or scarcely possible to utilize them for many purposes, particularly since the discoloration or reddening can also be caused V to a considerable extent by the chemical action of various reagents (particularly salts, oxidizing agents and others). This is particularly disadvantageous for example when such papers, say in the form of wrapping paper, come into contact with salt-containing goods.

It has previously been attempted to prevent or eliminate the said disadvantageous reddening and discolorations by means of certain oxidizing agents. This method, however, has been unable to find any introduction into the art, because the use of oxidizing agents is troublesome, and the fibrous material itself is more or less strongly attacked at the same time. It has also been attempted to employ, for the same purpose, volatile reducing agents, such as sulfurous acid, or those which are absorbed either not at all or only a little by the cellulose fibres (for example, hydrosulfite), but without success, because even with these a permanent effect cannot be attained.

I have now found that complete and permanent elimination of this reddening or discoloration occurring with the use of unbleached or slightly bleached cellulose material is attained in a very simple manner by impregnating the material with non-volatile reducing metallic salts which are capable of being absorbed by the cellulose fibre. Salts, such as stannous chloride, cuprous chloride, ferrous chloride, chromous chloride, and like salts, preferably of heavy metals have been found to be particularly adapted for this purpose. Thus, for example, by employing only 1 part of stannous chloride per 1000 parts of unbleached cellulose, it is possible to eliminate the reddening of the cellulose completely and permanently.

The new process may be carried out for as follows:

example Example I In the manufacture of unbleached cellulose, at any point in the manufacturing process which is suitable for a thoroughly good mixing, preferably in the hollander, before finishing, an acid stannous chloride solution is added to the stuff (-1 part of stannous chloride per 1000 parts of dry stuff) The stuff, which immediately becomes considerably lighter in colour, is thoroughly mixed at the same time and is treated further in known manner. It can then be manufactured (also in admixture with bleached cellulose) into perfectly color-fast material such as paper, cardboard, cellulose wadding and the like.

Example II In the manufacture of paper, 1 part of stannous chloride in solution per 1000'parts of dry stuff is added to the ground material in the hollander after the addition of the alumsolution. The ground material is thereupon thoroughly mixed for about 10 minutes, whereupon the treatment is completed' The effect of the addition generally makes itself felt immediately by a considerable lightening in the tint. The material can then be dyed (also in'comparatively pure and clear tints) and worked up in known manner.

I claim:

1. In a process for the manufacture of cellulose material of all kinds from unbleached cellulose, the step of preventing discoloration, particularly reddening of the material which comprises the impregnation of the fibrous material with a solution of stannous chloride.

2. Cellulose materials manufactured from unbleached cellulose and containing stannous chlo- '-ride. a

FRANZ KIEL.

US2005378A 1931-12-16 1932-11-09 Manufacture of cellulose material Expired - Lifetime US2005378A (en)

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5080754A (en) * 1990-07-20 1992-01-14 The Research Foundation Of State University Of Ny Method for reducing brightness reversion in lignin-containing pulps and article of manufacture thereof
US5681380A (en) * 1995-06-05 1997-10-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ink for ink jet printers
US5700850A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-12-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Colorant compositions and colorant stabilizers
US5709955A (en) * 1994-06-30 1998-01-20 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Adhesive composition curable upon exposure to radiation and applications therefor
US5721287A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-02-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of mutating a colorant by irradiation
US5733693A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-03-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for improving the readability of data processing forms
US5773182A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-06-30 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of light stabilizing a colorant
US5782963A (en) * 1996-03-29 1998-07-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5786132A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-07-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Pre-dyes, mutable dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US5837429A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-11-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Pre-dyes, pre-dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US5855655A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-01-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5858586A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-01-12 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Digital information recording media and method of using same
US5865471A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-02-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photo-erasable data processing forms
US5885337A (en) * 1995-11-28 1999-03-23 Nohr; Ronald Sinclair Colorant stabilizers
US5891229A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-04-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6008268A (en) * 1994-10-21 1999-12-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition, method of generating a reactive species, and applications therefor
US6017661A (en) * 1994-11-09 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Temporary marking using photoerasable colorants
US6017471A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6033465A (en) * 1995-06-28 2000-03-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6071979A (en) * 1994-06-30 2000-06-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition method of generating a reactive species and applications therefor
US6099628A (en) * 1996-03-29 2000-08-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6211383B1 (en) 1993-08-05 2001-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nohr-McDonald elimination reaction
US6228157B1 (en) 1998-07-20 2001-05-08 Ronald S. Nohr Ink jet ink compositions
US6242057B1 (en) 1994-06-30 2001-06-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition and applications therefor
US6265458B1 (en) 1998-09-28 2001-07-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6277897B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2001-08-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6294698B1 (en) 1999-04-16 2001-09-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6331056B1 (en) 1999-02-25 2001-12-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Printing apparatus and applications therefor
US6368396B1 (en) 1999-01-19 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants, colorant stabilizers, ink compositions, and improved methods of making the same
US6368395B1 (en) 1999-05-24 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Subphthalocyanine colorants, ink compositions, and method of making the same
US6503559B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-01-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Neonanoplasts and microemulsion technology for inks and ink jet printing
US6524379B2 (en) 1997-08-15 2003-02-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants, colorant stabilizers, ink compositions, and improved methods of making the same

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5080754A (en) * 1990-07-20 1992-01-14 The Research Foundation Of State University Of Ny Method for reducing brightness reversion in lignin-containing pulps and article of manufacture thereof
US5908495A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-06-01 Nohr; Ronald Sinclair Ink for ink jet printers
US5700850A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-12-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Colorant compositions and colorant stabilizers
US6066439A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-05-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Instrument for photoerasable marking
US5721287A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-02-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of mutating a colorant by irradiation
US6054256A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-04-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method and apparatus for indicating ultraviolet light exposure
US5773182A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-06-30 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of light stabilizing a colorant
US6017471A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6211383B1 (en) 1993-08-05 2001-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nohr-McDonald elimination reaction
US6127073A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-10-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for concealing information and document for securely communicating concealed information
US6120949A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-09-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoerasable paint and method for using photoerasable paint
US5858586A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-01-12 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Digital information recording media and method of using same
US5865471A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-02-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photo-erasable data processing forms
US6060200A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-05-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photo-erasable data processing forms and methods
US5733693A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-03-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for improving the readability of data processing forms
US6060223A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-05-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Plastic article for colored printing and method for printing on a colored plastic article
US6342305B1 (en) 1993-09-10 2002-01-29 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6090236A (en) * 1994-06-30 2000-07-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photocuring, articles made by photocuring, and compositions for use in photocuring
US6242057B1 (en) 1994-06-30 2001-06-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition and applications therefor
US5709955A (en) * 1994-06-30 1998-01-20 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Adhesive composition curable upon exposure to radiation and applications therefor
US6071979A (en) * 1994-06-30 2000-06-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition method of generating a reactive species and applications therefor
US6008268A (en) * 1994-10-21 1999-12-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition, method of generating a reactive species, and applications therefor
US6017661A (en) * 1994-11-09 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Temporary marking using photoerasable colorants
US6235095B1 (en) 1994-12-20 2001-05-22 Ronald Sinclair Nohr Ink for inkjet printers
US6063551A (en) * 1995-06-05 2000-05-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Mutable dye composition and method of developing a color
US5681380A (en) * 1995-06-05 1997-10-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ink for ink jet printers
US5786132A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-07-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Pre-dyes, mutable dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US5837429A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-11-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Pre-dyes, pre-dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US6033465A (en) * 1995-06-28 2000-03-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6168655B1 (en) 1995-11-28 2001-01-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5885337A (en) * 1995-11-28 1999-03-23 Nohr; Ronald Sinclair Colorant stabilizers
US6099628A (en) * 1996-03-29 2000-08-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6168654B1 (en) 1996-03-29 2001-01-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5891229A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-04-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5855655A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-01-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5782963A (en) * 1996-03-29 1998-07-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6524379B2 (en) 1997-08-15 2003-02-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants, colorant stabilizers, ink compositions, and improved methods of making the same
US6277897B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2001-08-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6503559B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-01-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Neonanoplasts and microemulsion technology for inks and ink jet printing
US6228157B1 (en) 1998-07-20 2001-05-08 Ronald S. Nohr Ink jet ink compositions
US6265458B1 (en) 1998-09-28 2001-07-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6368396B1 (en) 1999-01-19 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants, colorant stabilizers, ink compositions, and improved methods of making the same
US6331056B1 (en) 1999-02-25 2001-12-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Printing apparatus and applications therefor
US6294698B1 (en) 1999-04-16 2001-09-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6368395B1 (en) 1999-05-24 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Subphthalocyanine colorants, ink compositions, and method of making the same

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