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US20050214513A1 - Decorative shredded material - Google Patents

Decorative shredded material Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050214513A1
US20050214513A1 US11129871 US12987105A US2005214513A1 US 20050214513 A1 US20050214513 A1 US 20050214513A1 US 11129871 US11129871 US 11129871 US 12987105 A US12987105 A US 12987105A US 2005214513 A1 US2005214513 A1 US 2005214513A1
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Prior art keywords
material
sheet
decorative
plurality
pattern
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Abandoned
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US11129871
Inventor
Donald Weder
Sonny Burnside
Original Assignee
Weder Donald E
Burnside Sonny K
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/02Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a stationary cutting member
    • B26D1/03Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a stationary cutting member with a plurality of cutting members
    • B26D1/035Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a stationary cutting member with a plurality of cutting members for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/04Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a linearly-movable cutting member
    • B26D1/045Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a linearly-movable cutting member for thin material, e.g. for sheets, strips or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D11/00Combinations of several similar cutting apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F1/00Perforating; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor
    • B26F1/38Cutting-out; Stamping-out
    • B26F1/3806Cutting-out; Stamping-out wherein relative movements of tool head and work during cutting have a component tangential to the work surface
    • B26F1/3813Cutting-out; Stamping-out wherein relative movements of tool head and work during cutting have a component tangential to the work surface wherein the tool head is moved in a plane parallel to the work in a coordinate system fixed with respect to the work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B23/00Layered products comprising a layer of cellulosic plastic substances, i.e. substances obtained by chemical modification of cellulose, e.g. cellulose ethers, cellulose esters, viscose
    • B32B23/02Layered products comprising a layer of cellulosic plastic substances, i.e. substances obtained by chemical modification of cellulose, e.g. cellulose ethers, cellulose esters, viscose in the form of fibres or filaments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/32Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising polyolefins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/10Applying flat materials, e.g. leaflets, pieces of fabrics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44FSPECIAL DESIGNS OR PICTURES
    • B44F1/00Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects
    • B44F1/08Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects characterised by colour effects
    • B44F1/10Changing, amusing, or secret pictures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44FSPECIAL DESIGNS OR PICTURES
    • B44F3/00Designs characterised by outlines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/50Containers, packaging elements or packages specially adapted for particular articles or materials for living organisms, articles, or materials sensitive to changes of environment or atmospheric conditions, e.g. land animals, birds, fish, water plants, non-aquatic plants, flower bulbs, cut flowers, foliage
    • B65D85/505Containers, packaging elements or packages specially adapted for particular articles or materials for living organisms, articles, or materials sensitive to changes of environment or atmospheric conditions, e.g. land animals, birds, fish, water plants, non-aquatic plants, flower bulbs, cut flowers, foliage for cut flowers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/15Sheet, web, or layer weakened to permit separation through thickness
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24777Edge feature
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/2481Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.] including layer of mechanically interengaged strands, strand-portions or strand-like strips
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24851Intermediate layer is discontinuous or differential
    • Y10T428/2486Intermediate layer is discontinuous or differential with outer strippable or release layer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24893Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.] including particulate material
    • Y10T428/24901Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.] including particulate material including coloring matter
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24934Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.] including paper layer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/04Processes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/04Processes
    • Y10T83/0524Plural cutting steps

Abstract

A decorative shredded material having a complete pattern contained on each strip or piece of the decorative shredded material. Methods for making decorative shredded material.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • [0001]
    This application is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 10/316,818, filed Dec. 10, 2002, now abandoned; which is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 09/637,828, filed Aug. 11, 2000, now abandoned; which is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 09/040,940, filed Mar. 18, 1998, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,258,447, issued Jul. 10, 2001. The entire contents of each of the above-referenced applications is expressly incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
  • STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
  • [0002]
    Not applicable.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0004]
    This invention relates to decorative material and, particularly, decorative shredded material and the methods of creating such a material.
  • [0005]
    2. Description of Related Art Including Information Disclosed Under 37 CFR § 1.97 and 37 CFR § 1.98
  • [0006]
    Sheets of material have been cut to form shredded material, first for packing purposes, later for decorative purposes. One decorative shredded material, a decorative grass formed from shredded plastic sheets, is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,199,627. A process for forming plastic sheets into a decorative grass is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 4,292,266. Compositions for forming a decorative grass, as well as pigments used to color such a grass, are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,401,700, U.S. Pat. No. 4,496,614 and U.S. Pat. No. 4,549,908.
  • [0007]
    The prior art discloses using sheets of material to shred into shredded material, and various ways to provide an overall color to each sheet of material before it is shredded. The prior art does not disclose a sheet of material having specific patterns thereon provided in specific locations prior to shredding or flaking. The prior art does not reveal shredding such a pre-patterned sheet of material having specific patterns thereon in a manner which permits the retention of the substantially complete pattern on each strip or piece which is shredded.
  • [0008]
    There is a need in the art for a sheet of material having specific patterns aligned in such a manner that the sheet may be shredded and each shredded piece or strip of material will retain the substantially complete pattern, thereby providing a new decorative shredded material.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0009]
    The decorative shredded material comprises a sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface and an outer periphery. The sheet of material has a plurality of patterns on at least one surface, and each pattern of the plurality of patterns is oriented along more than one axis. When the sheet of material is shredded into a plurality of decorative strips, at least one complete pattern of the plurality of patterns is contained on each of the plurality of decorative strips.
  • [0010]
    Alternatively, the decorative shredded material comprises a sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface and an outer periphery. The sheet of material has a plurality of patterns on at least one surface, and each pattern of the plurality of patterns is oriented along more than one axis. When the sheet of material is shredded into a plurality of decorative elements, at least one complete pattern of the plurality of patterns is contained on each of the plurality of decorative elements.
  • [0011]
    In a method for providing a decorative shredded material, the method comprises providing a sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface and an outer periphery. The sheet of material has a plurality of patterns on at least one surface, each pattern of the plurality of patterns oriented along more than one axis. The method also comprises cutting the sheet of material into a plurality of decorative strips, wherein at least one complete pattern of the plurality of patterns is contained on each of the plurality of decorative strips.
  • [0012]
    In an alternative method for providing a decorative shredded material, the method comprises providing a sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface and an outer periphery, the sheet of material having a plurality of patterns on at least one surface, each pattern of the plurality of patterns oriented along more than one axis. The method also comprises cutting the sheet of material into a plurality of decorative elements, wherein at least one complete pattern of the plurality of patterns is contained on each of the plurality of decorative elements.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0013]
    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the sheet of material constructed in accordance with the present invention, showing a plurality of patterns disposed on an upper surface thereof, each of the plurality of patterns oriented on the sheet of material both horizontally and vertically. A corner is lifted showing a lower surface of the sheet of material for illustration purposes only.
  • [0014]
    FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the upper surface of the first sheet of material constructed in accordance with the present invention.
  • [0015]
    FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a plurality of sheets of material constructed in accordance with the present invention forming a continuous roll of sheets, the roll partially unrolled to reveal at least one sheet of material.
  • [0016]
    FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a pad having a plurality of sheets of material constructed in accordance with the present invention, showing an edge of the top sheet lifted, exposing the next sheet for illustration purposes only.
  • [0017]
    FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a roll of sheets of material constructed in accordance with the present invention, showing a plurality of knife edges being actuated by an actuator into a first shredding direction to cut at least a portion of the roll of sheets of material into elongated decorative strips.
  • [0018]
    FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a roll of sheets of material constructed in accordance with the present invention, showing plurality of knife edges being actuated by an actuator into the first shredding direction and a second cutting direction to cut the elongated decorative strips into smaller decorative elements.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The Embodiments of FIGS. 1-2
  • [0019]
    Decorative shredded material is frequently used as confetti, decorative grasses, tinsel, and the like (such decorative shredded material also being called “filamentary portions”), and is used to surround other items in various types of gift packages.
  • [0020]
    These decorative shredded materials are often provided as a plurality of strips of a solid color. Alternatively, these decorative shredded materials are often provided as a plurality of strips of multi-color material, or material having a pattern thereon. If a pattern is contained on the unshredded material, the material, when shredded, has components of the pattern, but not a total pattern contained within each strip of material.
  • [0021]
    The present invention contemplates a decorative shredded material formed from a material having a printed pattern thereon, the pattern arranged so that, when the material is shredded into a plurality of discreet, separate strips, the complete pattern is contained upon each strip of the decorative shredded material. In this manner, interesting patterns are formed and contained within each strip, as opposed to irregular, unclear and cut-apart patterns which would occur when a patterned sheet of material was shredded into strips.
  • [0022]
    An objective of this invention is to provide a decorative shredded material formed from a sheet of material which, when shredded into specific strips, forms decorative strips in which each strip contains a specific, complete pattern thereon.
  • [0023]
    A goal of this invention is to also provide a decorative shredded material formed from a sheet of material which, when shredded into specific small pieces, forms decorative pieces (“decorative elements”) in which each decorative piece contains a specific, complete pattern.
  • [0024]
    Turning now to the Figures, shown in FIGS. 1-2 and designated therein by the general reference numeral 10 is sheet of material. The sheet of material 10 has an upper surface 12, a lower surface 14, and an outer periphery 16. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the outer periphery 16 further comprises a first side 18, a second side 20, a third side 22 and a fourth side 24.
  • [0025]
    The sheet of material has printed and/or disposed on at least one surface a pattern 25. “Pattern” as used herein, means any geometric shape, non-geometric shape, asymmetric shape, and/or combination of shapes, which is printed or disposed via any manner known in the art on the sheet of material 10. The pattern 25 is usually oriented along two axes, such as, but not by way of limitation, along the length of the sheet of material 10 and along the width of the sheet of material 10 such that, when the sheet of material 10 is shredded into a decorative shredded material, the entire pattern is contained on each strip or each piece of the shredded sheet of material 10. These two axes are designated on FIGS. 1-2 as the “a axis” and the “b axis” which, in this example, but not by way of limitation, are formed at a ninety degree (90%) angle with respect to each other, and apply to all Figures shown herein. It will be appreciated, however, that in other embodiments there may be an additional axis and/or axes, each having different positions relative to each other.
  • [0026]
    Guidelines (not shown) may also be included on the sheet of material 10. Guidelines may be used to define the area on the sheet of material to be cut, so that the sheet of material may be shredded into separate strips or pieces without cutting substantially into any portion of a pattern 25 printed on each strip or piece of the sheet of material 10.
  • [0027]
    The pattern 25 is oriented, as noted above, along two or more axes so that the pattern 25 is contained within the specified, pre-determined area on each portion of the sheet of material 10. In this manner, the complete pattern 25 is retained on each strip and each piece of decorative shredded material. In addition, no substantial additional portion of any pattern 25 on the sheet of material is included with the primary pattern 25. In this manner, each strip or piece of the decorative shredded material has only the predetermined pattern 25 thereon.
  • [0028]
    A bonding material 26 may, optionally, be disposed on the sheet of material 10, on either the upper surface 12, the lower surface 14, or both surfaces. Alternatively, however, the sheet of material 10 may be free of a bonding material 26. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the bonding material 26, if present, is often disposed on the upper surface 12 of the sheet of material 10. The bonding material 26 may also be disposed in a strip of bonding material 26, although the bonding material 26 also could be applied to a surface of the sheet of material 10 in the form of spaced apart spots, or the bonding material 26 may be disposed on one or more surfaces of the sheet of material 10 in any geometric shape, non-geometric and/or asymmetric shape, or any combination thereof, including any pattern or plurality of patterns. Further, the bonding material 26 may form at least a part, or, alternatively, all of the pattern 25 on each strip of material. In this instance, the bonding material 26 may comprise one or more colors; the bonding material 26 may comprise one or more patterns 25 as well, as described above.
  • [0029]
    Turning now to the characteristics of the sheet of material 10 used to form the decorative shredded material, the sheet of material 10 has a thickness in a range from about 0.1 mil to about 20 mil. Often, the sheet of material 10 has a thickness in a range from about 0.2 mil to about 10 mil. The sheet of material 10 also often has a thickness in a range from about 0.2 mil to about 3.5 mil. In some embodiments, the sheet of material 10 has a thickness in a range from about 0.5 mil to about 2.5 mil. In other embodiments, the sheet of material has a thickness in a range from about 0.4 mil to about 1.0 mil. The sheet of material 10 is constructed of a material which is at least somewhat flexible.
  • [0030]
    The sheet of material 10 may comprise any shape or combination of shapes, and a rectangular shape is shown in FIG. 1 only by way of example. The sheet of material 10 for example may be square, rectangular, circular or any other geometric, non-geometric, asymmetric or fanciful shape. The sheet of material 10 may be constructed of a single layer of material or a plurality of layers of the same or different types of materials. The layers of material comprising the sheet of material 10 may be laminated together or connected together by any method known in the art.
  • [0031]
    In one embodiment, the sheet of material 10 is a thin, flexible material constructed from a paper. Alternatively, a plastic film may be utilized alone or in combination with other sheets of material described herein. Such a plastic film (Hercules B523 oriented polypropylene packaging film (clear)), is available from Hercules Incorporated, Hercules Plaza, Wilmington, Del. 19894. Such sheets of material may be laminated together or may be connected together by any method known in the art, or may remain partially or completely unconnected.
  • [0032]
    The sheet of material 10 shown in FIG. 1 is constructed from any suitable material that is capable of being both printed on and being shredded. The sheet of material 10 must be capable of being shredded without any substantial tearing or degradation by either process (printing and/or shredding). Further, the sheet of material 10 must be capable of being shredded into decorative shredded material, such as, but not by way of limitation, confetti, decorative grass, tinsel, glitter, flakes, and the like.
  • [0033]
    As described above, the sheet of material 10 often comprises paper (the term “paper” as used herein means treated or untreated paper, corrugated paper or cardboard or any other form of paper material). The sheet of material 10 may comprise cellophane, foil, plastic film, metallized film, fabric (woven or nonwoven or synthetic or natural), fiber, burlap, or any combination thereof.
  • [0034]
    The term “plastic film” as used herein means a thermo-plastic resinous material, such as, but not by way of limitation, a man-made polymer such as, but not by way of limitation, a polypropylene. The term “plastic film” as used herein also means a naturally occurring polymer such as cellophane. A plastic film, as contemplated and described in detail herein, is relatively strong and not as subject to tearing (substantially non-tearable), as might be the case with paper or foil.
  • [0035]
    The sheet of material 10 has a length 28 extending between the first and second sides 18 and 20 of the sheet of material 10. The sheet of material 10 also has a width 30 extending between the third and fourth sides 22 and 24 of the sheet of material 10.
  • [0036]
    The sheet of material 10 may be constructed of a single layer of material or a plurality of layers of the same or different types of materials. One or more sheets of material are laminated or bonded together, completely or partially, by any method known in the art, so long as the end result is a sheet of material 10 having the ability to both sustain a printed pattern 25 thereon and to be shredded into decorative shredded strips of material. It will therefore be appreciated that multiple sheets of material 10 may be used. Moreover, when multiple sheets of material 10 are used, the sheets of material 10 need not be uniform in size or shape. That is, one sheet may extend beyond at least a portion of the outer periphery of another sheet of material.
  • [0037]
    As noted earlier, a bonding material 26 may be disposed on the sheet of material 10, in any pattern or shape. One method for disposing a bonding material, in this case an adhesive, on a sheet of material is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,111,637 entitled “Method For Wrapping A Floral Grouping” issued to Weder et al., on May 12, 1992 and which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. Another method for disposing a bonding material in order to laminate two sheets of material is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,297,811 entitled “Laminated Printed Foil Flower Pot Wrap With Multicolor Appearance”, issued to Weder on Nov. 3, 1981, which is also hereby incorporated herein by reference.
  • [0038]
    The term “bonding material” when used herein means an adhesive, possibly a pressure sensitive adhesive, or a cohesive. Where the bonding material is a cohesive, a similar cohesive material must be placed on the adjacent surface for bondingly contacting and bondingly engaging with the cohesive material. The term “bonding material” also includes materials which are heat sealable and, in this instance, the adjacent portions of the material must be brought into contact and then heat must be applied to effect the seal. The term “bonding material” when used herein also means a lacquer, which may be applied to the sheet of material and, in this instance, heat, sound waves, or vibrations, also must be applied to effect the sealing of the lacquer.
  • [0039]
    The sheet of material 10 consists of designs or decorative patterns 25 which are printed, etched, and/or embossed thereon using inks or other printing materials. An example of an ink which may be applied to either surface of the sheet of material 10 is described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,147,706 entitled “Water Based Ink On Foil And/Or Synthetic Organic Polymer” issued to Kingman on Sep. 15, 1992 and which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. In addition, the sheet of material 10 may have various colorings, coatings, embossings, flockings and/or metallic finishes, or other decorative surface ornamentation applied separately or simultaneously. The sheet of material 10 may be characterized totally or partially, but not by way of limitation, by pearlescent, translucent, transparent, iridescent, neon, holographic, or the like, qualities. Each of the above-named characteristics may occur alone or in combination with other characteristics described herein, and may be applied to the upper surface 12 and/or lower surface 14 of the sheet of material 10. Moreover, each surface of the sheet of material 10 may vary in the combination of such characteristics. The sheet of material 10 may also be partially or completely opaque, translucent, clear and/or tinted transparent.
  • Embodiment of FIG. 3
  • [0040]
    Referring now to FIG. 3, a plurality of individual sheets of material 10 a are connected linearly together to form a roll 32. The plurality of sheets of material 10 a in the roll 32 may be connected together by perforations (not shown). Such a roll 32 permits one sheet of material 10 a to be withdrawn from the roll 32, then severed or disconnected from the roll 32. As shown in FIG. 3, the roll 32 is often formed as a continuous roll 32 of sheets of material 10 a, wherein a plurality of sheets of material 10 a may be removed from the roll 32 by unrolling a portion of the roll 32, and using a separate cutting element (not shown) to sever the unrolled portion of the roll 32 of material (not shown). The roll 32 may also be contained within any type of dispenser (not shown). When the roll 32 is disposed in a dispenser, a portion of the material is again unrolled, and a cutting edge (not shown) contained within the dispenser, or a separate cutting element (not shown), severs the unrolled portion of the material.
  • [0041]
    Any number of sheets of material 10 a may form a roll 32 as long as it is possible to unroll the material into at least one sheet of material 10 a and shred the sheet of material 10 a into decorative shredded material, as described below.
  • Embodiments of FIG. 4
  • [0042]
    Shown in FIG. 4 is a modified sheet of material 10 b which is identical to the sheet of material 10 shown in FIGS. 1-2 and described in detail previously, except that the sheet of material 10 b is formed into sheets of material 10 b which are stacked and aligned, generally, but not by way of limitation, one on top of the other to form a pad 34 of sheets of material 10 b.
  • [0043]
    The pad 34 comprises a top sheet 36 having a next sheet 38 disposed directly thereunder, with additional sheets of material 10 b disposed under the next sheet 38, all sheets of material 10 b collectively forming the pad 34 of sheets of material 10 b (one edge of the top sheet 36 lifted for illustration purposes only). The sheets of material 10 b are generally aligned, and may optionally, but not by way of limitation, be connected together via a bonding material (not shown), such as, but not by way of limitation, a pressure sensitive adhesive.
  • Embodiments and Methods of FIG. 5
  • [0044]
    Shown in FIG. 5 is a modified roll 32 c of sheets of material 10 c. The roll 32 c of sheets of material 10 c is constructed exactly like the roll 32 of sheets of material 10 a described before, except the roll 32 c is supported on a generally mounted shaft 40. At least one sheet of material 10 c is withdrawn from the roll 32 c via a leading edge 42 until a predetermined length of the sheet of material 10 c has been withdrawn from the roll 32 c. In this position, a portion of the sheet of material 10 c is disposed under a plurality of knife edges 44 (only one of the plurality of knife edges designated by the numeral 44). The plurality of knife edges 44 are connected to an actuator 46 adapted to move the plurality of knife edges 44 into an engagement position 47 with the sheet of material 10 c. In the engagement position 47, the actuator 46 moves the plurality of knife edges 44 in a first shredding direction 48 to produce a plurality of elongated decorative strips 52 from the sheet of material 10 c. The actuator 46 also moves the plurality of knife edges 44 in a second cutting direction 50, so that each of the elongated decorative strips 52 may be severed from the sheet of material 10 c. When the predetermined length of the sheet of material 10 c has been withdrawn from the roll 32 c, the actuator 46 actuates to move the plurality of knife edges 44 in the first shredding direction 48 to a position wherein the knife edge 44 cuttingly and severingly engages the sheet of material 10 c to shreddingly cut a plurality of elongated decorative strips 52 of the sheet of material 10 c and to sever the plurality of elongated strips 52 from the sheet of material 10 c.
  • [0045]
    It will be appreciated, as shown in FIG. 5, that the pattern 25 c on the sheet of material 10 c is specifically printed, and the printing is spaced apart upon the sheet of material 10 c and is adapted and formed to extend down each decorative strip 52. That is, the pattern 25 c is oriented primarily upon at least, but not by way of limitation, one axis, and usually two or more axes, which permits the pattern 25 c, in its entirety, to be contained on each decorative strip 52, with no overlap of an adjoining pattern 25 c on each decorative strip 52, each decorative strip 52 containing only the pattern 25 c provided on the sheet of material 10 c for that decorative strip 52, and each decorative strip 52 containing the complete pattern 25 c, without any loss of the pattern 25 c. The pattern 25 c conforms to the narrow decorative strip 52, so that each of the plurality of knife edges 44 cuts the sheet of material 10 c in a location that does not contain the pattern 25 c. In this manner, the pattern 25 c remains intact and whole upon each decorative strip 52, as illustrated in FIG. 5.
  • Embodiments and Methods of FIG. 6
  • [0046]
    Shown in FIG. 6 is a modified roll 32 d of sheets of material 10 d. The roll 32 d of sheets of material 10 d is constructed exactly like the roll 32 and 32 c of sheets of material 10 a and 10 c described previously, except that the sheets of material 10 d have a pattern 25 d comprising a plurality of hearts design printed thereon, the design being aligned along both the a axis and the b axis such that each of the plurality of hearts is capable of being contained on a small piece of the sheet of material 10 d after the sheet of material 10 d is severed into a plurality of small pieces. The sheet of material 10 d is supported on a generally mounted shaft 40 d. At least one sheet of material 10 d is withdrawn from the roll 32 d via a leading edge 42 d (not shown) until a predetermined length of the sheet of material 10 d has been withdrawn from the roll 32 d. In this position, a portion of the sheet of material 10 d is disposed under a plurality of knife edges 44 d as described above. The plurality of knife edges 44 d are connected to an actuator 46 d adapted to move the plurality of knife edges 44 d into an engagement position 47 d with the sheet of material 10 d. In the engagement position 47 d, the actuator 46 d moves the plurality of knife edges 44 d in a first shredding direction 48 d to produce a plurality of short strips 53 (only one of the plurality being referenced by the numeral “53”) from the sheet of material 10 d. The actuator 46 d then turns the plurality of knife edges 44 d into to a second cutting direction 50 d wherein the plurality of knife edges 44 d which first cut the plurality of short strips 53 via the first shredding direction 48 d now cuttingly and severingly re-engages the plurality of short strips 53 to cut the plurality of short strips 53 into small pieces. In this second cutting direction 50 d, as described, the plurality of short strips 53 are further severed into small pieces, for use as, but not by way of limitation, confetti, and the like, for example. These small pieces are collectively referred to herein as “decorative elements” and are designated by the numeral 54.
  • [0047]
    When the sheet of material 10 d is shredded into a plurality of decorative elements 54, it will be appreciated that the pattern 25 d formed on the sheet of material 10 d, such as, by not by way of limitation, the plurality of hearts pattern 25 d shown on the sheet of material 10 d, is formed to accommodate such a formation of a plurality of decorative elements 54 via shredding and cutting. That is, the pattern 25 d will be oriented on the sheet of material 10 d on two or more axes such that none of the pattern 25 d is lost in the cutting process, and that the entire pattern is substantially contained on each decorative element 54, as shown in FIG. 6. In addition, such an orientation of the pattern 25 d permits only the one, intended pattern 25 d on each decorative element 54.
  • [0048]
    It will be appreciated that, rather than a roll 32 of sheets of material 10, a pad (not shown) of sheets of material 10 also could be provided, and that the actuator 46 and the plurality of knifed edges 44 could be adapted such that the pad of sheets of material 10 could be cut thereby forming decorative strips 52 and/or decorative elements 54, as illustrated herein and described in detail.
  • [0049]
    It will also be appreciated that when either decorative strips 52 or decorative elements 54 are formed from a pad (not shown), the pattern 25 contained on the plurality of sheets of material 10 contained within the pad 34 will be maintained, as described previously, on either the decorative strips 52 or the decorative elements 54.
  • [0050]
    It will be understood that the mechanical process of forming such decorative strips 52 or decorative elements 54 is represented only schematically in the drawings. The actuator 46 may comprise a hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder or a motor and gear arrangement or any other form of arrangement suitable for moving the plurality of knife edges 44 in the first shredding direction 48 and/or the second cutting direction 50. After the knife edge 44 has cuttingly severed the desired portion of the sheet of material 10 from the roll 32 or a pad 34 (not shown), the actuator 46 is actuated to move the plurality of knife edges 44 in a storage direction (not shown) to a storage position (not shown). Alternatively, the leading edge 42 may be directed across a first plurality of knife edges 44 (not shown) set in the surface to form the decorative strips 52, wherein the actuator 46 actuates a second plurality of knife edges 44 (not shown) to cross-cut the elongated decorative strips 52 into decorative elements 54 (not shown). Apparatus and methods for making decorative shredded materials and the like is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,646,388, entitled, “Apparatus For Producing Weighed Charges Of Loosely Aggregated Filamentary Material”, issued to Weder et al. on Mar. 3, 1987, which is hereby incorporated by reference herein. Another process for forming decorative shredded material into decorative grass is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,292,266, entitled, “Process For Making Decorative Grass”, issued to Weder et al. on Sep. 29, 1981, which is hereby incorporated by reference herein. Yet another decorative grass is shown and described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,199,627, entitled, “Decorative Grass”, issued to Weder et al. on Apr. 22, 1980, which is hereby incorporated by reference herein. Compositions used for forming decorative grass are disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,401,700, 4,496,614 and 4,549,908, entitled, collectively, “Composition For Decorative Grass”, issued to Weder et al. on Aug. 30, 1983, Jan. 29, 1985, and Oct. 29, 1985, respectively, all of which are hereby incorporated by reference herein.
  • [0051]
    Changes may be made in the construction and the operation of the various components, elements and assemblies described herein or in the steps or the sequence of steps of the methods described herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Claims (7)

  1. 1. A package comprising:
    a decorative shredded material comprising a plurality of decorative strips, said strips formed from a sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, an outer periphery, a length and a width, the sheet of material having a printed pattern disposed on a portion of one of the upper and lower surfaces thereof and oriented along the length and along the width of the sheet of material so that the printed pattern is contained within a specified, predetermined area on the sheet of material such that when the sheet of material is shredded into the decorative shredded material, only a predetermined complete pattern is contained on each decorative strip and wherein each decorative strip is substantially free of incomplete, irregular, unclear or cut-apart patterns; and
    an item disposed on or in the decorative shredded material.
  2. 2. A method of producing a decorative shredded material, comprising:
    providing a sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, an outer periphery, a length and a width, the sheet of material having a printed pattern disposed on a portion of one of the upper and lower surfaces thereof and oriented along the length and along the width of the sheet of material so that the printed pattern is contained within a specified, predetermined area on the sheet of material; and
    shredding the sheet of material into a plurality of decorative strips of decorative shredded material, wherein only a predetermined complete pattern is contained on each decorative strip and wherein each decorative strip is substantially free of incomplete, irregular, unclear or cut-apart patterns.
  3. 3. The method of claim 2 wherein a bonding material is disposed on at least a portion of the plurality of decorative strips.
  4. 4. The method of claim 2 wherein the sheet of material is constructed from a material selected from the group consisting of paper, foil, polymer film, fabric, fiber, burlap, cloth, and any combination thereof.
  5. 5. A method of producing a decorative shredded material, comprising the steps of:
    providing a sheet of material having an upper surface, a lower surface, an outer periphery, a length and a width, the sheet of material having a printed pattern disposed on a portion of one of the upper and lower surfaces thereof and oriented along the length and along the width of the sheet of material so that the printed pattern is contained within a specified, predetermined area on the sheet of material; and
    shredding the sheet of material into a plurality of decorative elements of decorative shredded material, wherein only a predetermined complete pattern is contained on each decorative element and wherein each decorative element is substantially free of incomplete, irregular, unclear or cut-apart patterns.
  6. 6. The method of claim 5 wherein the sheet of material is constructed from a material selected from the group consisting of paper, foil, polymer film, fabric, fiber, burlap, cloth, and any combination thereof.
  7. 7. The method of claim 5 wherein a bonding material is disposed on at least a portion of the plurality of decorative elements.
US11129871 1998-03-18 2005-05-16 Decorative shredded material Abandoned US20050214513A1 (en)

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US09040940 US6258447B1 (en) 1998-03-18 1998-03-18 Decorative shredded material
US63782800 true 2000-08-11 2000-08-11
US10316818 US20040202842A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2002-12-10 Decorative shredded material
US11129871 US20050214513A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2005-05-16 Decorative shredded material

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

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US11129871 US20050214513A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2005-05-16 Decorative shredded material
US11810625 US20070237927A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2007-06-06 Sheets of material having a decorative pattern formed of glitter
US11978287 US20080063801A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2007-10-29 Decorative shredded material
US12876626 US20100326879A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2010-09-07 Decorative shredded material
US12985759 US20110104370A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2011-01-06 Decorative grass having a decorative pattern formed of glitter and methods of producing and using same
US13184891 US20110272324A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2011-07-18 Decorative shredded material
US14030681 US20140017400A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2013-09-18 Decorative grass having a decorative pattern formed of glitter and methods of producing and using same

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US10316818 Continuation US20040202842A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2002-12-10 Decorative shredded material

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US11978287 Continuation US20080063801A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2007-10-29 Decorative shredded material

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US09040940 Expired - Fee Related US6258447B1 (en) 1998-03-18 1998-03-18 Decorative shredded material
US10058251 Abandoned US20020069735A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2002-01-25 Decorative shredded material
US10316818 Abandoned US20040202842A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2002-12-10 Decorative shredded material
US10390322 Abandoned US20030131701A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2003-03-17 Method for providing a decorative shredded material
US11129871 Abandoned US20050214513A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2005-05-16 Decorative shredded material
US11978287 Abandoned US20080063801A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2007-10-29 Decorative shredded material
US12876626 Abandoned US20100326879A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2010-09-07 Decorative shredded material
US13184891 Abandoned US20110272324A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2011-07-18 Decorative shredded material

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US10058251 Abandoned US20020069735A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2002-01-25 Decorative shredded material
US10316818 Abandoned US20040202842A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2002-12-10 Decorative shredded material
US10390322 Abandoned US20030131701A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2003-03-17 Method for providing a decorative shredded material

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US12876626 Abandoned US20100326879A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2010-09-07 Decorative shredded material
US13184891 Abandoned US20110272324A1 (en) 1998-03-18 2011-07-18 Decorative shredded material

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US6555198B1 (en) * 1997-06-26 2003-04-29 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Decorative grass formed of polymeric materials having a texture and appearance assimilating paper
US20030082317A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2003-05-01 Weder Donald E. Decorative grass formed of cloth and cloth laminated to paper
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US6824719B2 (en) * 1998-04-10 2004-11-30 The Family Trust U/T/A 12/8/1995 Method for making printed and/or embossed decorative grass
US20020166284A1 (en) * 2001-03-12 2002-11-14 Weder Donald E. Sheets of material having a first printed pattern on an upper surface thereof and a second printed pattern on a lower surface thereof
US20050118356A1 (en) * 2003-12-02 2005-06-02 Weder Donald E. Sheets of material having a decorative pattern formed of glitter
US7767123B2 (en) * 2005-05-25 2010-08-03 Jds Uniphase Corporation Producing two distinct flake products using a single substrate
US20120064328A1 (en) * 2009-05-21 2012-03-15 Elek Bindics Decorative element for decoration of surfaces, preferably wall surfaces
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US20020069735A1 (en) 2002-06-13 application
US20030131701A1 (en) 2003-07-17 application
US20080063801A1 (en) 2008-03-13 application
US20110272324A1 (en) 2011-11-10 application
CA2266215A1 (en) 1999-09-18 application
US6258447B1 (en) 2001-07-10 grant
US20040202842A1 (en) 2004-10-14 application
US20100326879A1 (en) 2010-12-30 application

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