US20050211139A1 - Plastic pallet - Google Patents

Plastic pallet Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050211139A1
US20050211139A1 US10811474 US81147404A US2005211139A1 US 20050211139 A1 US20050211139 A1 US 20050211139A1 US 10811474 US10811474 US 10811474 US 81147404 A US81147404 A US 81147404A US 2005211139 A1 US2005211139 A1 US 2005211139A1
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
pallet
ribs
legs
edges
load
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10811474
Inventor
Dominic Perrotta
Wolfgang Jung
Scott Skurdalsvold
Original Assignee
Perrotta Dominic P
Wolfgang Jung
Scott Skurdalsvold
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/0004Rigid pallets without side walls
    • B65D19/0006Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/003Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces
    • B65D19/0032Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces the base surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/0036Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces the base surface being made of a single element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces
    • B65D19/0038Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces the base surface being made of a single element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces and each contact surface having a stringer-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00014Materials for the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00034Plastic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00069Plastic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00263Overall construction of the pallet
    • B65D2519/00268Overall construction of the pallet made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00283Overall construction of the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00288Overall construction of the load supporting surface made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00318Overall construction of the base surface made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00338Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface having a discrete foot-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00398Overall construction reinforcements
    • B65D2519/00402Integral, e.g. ribs
    • B65D2519/00407Integral, e.g. ribs on the load supporting surface
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00736Details
    • B65D2519/00935Details with special means for nesting or stacking
    • B65D2519/0094Details with special means for nesting or stacking nestable

Abstract

A nestable plastic pallet that can be stacked to have a reduced stack height. The pallet includes a single wall of homogeneous material that defines a substantially flat load-supporting surface. The load-supporting surface has perimeter edges, and the pallet has an underside opposite the load-supporting surface. Perimeter edges of the pallet have raised lips, which project from the load-supporting surface. The perimeter edges also have downwardly-extending lips formed which project from the underside at the perimeter edges. The underside of the pallet has raised ribs, which project from the underside and extend between and up to the downwardly-extending lips. The raised ribs and the downwardly-extending lips allow the pallet to be edge rackable. Legs projecting from the underside of the pallet support the pallet on a surface.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0002]
    The invention relates to an apparatus that can be used as a pallet for storing goods, more specifically, to a plastic mechanical pallet that can be used in a manufacturing, distribution or warehouse facility.
  • [0003]
    2. Description of the Related Art
  • [0004]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,562,718 (Dunk) discloses a pallet formed of sheet metal using a drawing operation. The pallet includes depressions and ribs, which are stamped or drawn into the pallet from the product or load carrying side of the pallet.
  • [0005]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,674,414 (Nulle et al.) discloses a one-piece pallet with a plurality of legs and channel-like webs. The Legs and the webs are formed from the product side of the pallet and are depressions on the product side of the pallet.
  • [0006]
    U.S. Pat. No. 3,526,195 (Maryonovich) discloses a plastic pallet formed of a single sheet of thermoplastic material. The pallet has ribs and legs. The legs and the ribs are formed from the product side of the pallet and are depressions on the product side of the pallet. Depending on a pallet's orientation in relation to another pallet, the pallet is either nestable or stackable with respect to other pallets.
  • [0007]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,791,262 (Knight et al.) discloses a reinforced plastic pallet that is constructed from two separate plastic sheets, which are pressed together at preselected locations.
  • [0008]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,809,618 (Bell) discloses a plastic pallet that is formed of injection molded plastic or injection molded plastic foam. The pallet has a flat upper surface and a plurality of supporting legs. The legs are used for providing rigidity and support. The pallet includes lifting ribs and strengthening rib on a bottom side of the pallet.
  • [0009]
    Prior art pallets have the disadvantages that they are not edge rackable (can be supported only by the edges of the pallet when the pallet is loaded) particularly along the longer sides of the pallet. Furthermore, the prior art does not disclose pallets having only seven feet or legs.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0010]
    It is accordingly an object of the invention to provide a single-walled homogeneous plastic pallet which overcomes the above-mentioned disadvantages of the heretofore-known devices and methods of this general type and which provides a durable pallet that is easily manufactured, lightweight, and can be used to hold a variety of products.
  • [0011]
    With the foregoing and other objects in view there is provided, in accordance with the invention, a pallet including a single wall of homogeneous material defining a substantially flat load-supporting surface. The substantially flat load-supporting surface has perimeter edges. The single wall has an underside opposite the load-supporting surface. Raised ribs formed by an increased material thickness of the wall and which project from the underside and extend between and up to the edges is provided. Deflections in the single wall, which form legs projecting from the underside, are included.
  • [0012]
    In accordance with another feature of the invention, there are provided raised lips formed by an increased material thickness of the wall and which project from the load-supporting surface at the four edges.
  • [0013]
    In accordance with a further feature of the invention, the perimeter edges include two opposite substantially parallel longitudinal edges and two other substantially parallel opposite edges. The opposite longitudinal edges are longer than the other two opposite edges.
  • [0014]
    In accordance with an added feature of the invention, the legs are only seven legs, which include four corner legs, a center leg at a center of the pallet and two side legs at a middle of the longitudinal sides.
  • [0015]
    In accordance with an additional feature of the invention, the legs are cored out from the load-supporting surface.
  • [0016]
    In accordance with yet another feature of the invention, the legs have holes formed therein for allowing fluid drainage.
  • [0017]
    In accordance with yet a further feature of the invention, the legs are formed with draft angles a for producing and stacking the pallets.
  • [0018]
    In accordance with yet an added feature of the invention, the raised ribs include longitudinal raised ribs extending substantially parallel to the longitudinal edges and radial raised ribs radiating from a center of the pallet.
  • [0019]
    In accordance with yet an additional feature of the invention, there are provided downwardly-extending lips formed by an increased material thickness of the wall and which project from the underside at the four edges. The material thickness of the downwardly-extending lips is less than the material thickness of the raised ribs. The raised ribs have a lead in angle β, which blends into the downwardly-extending lips.
  • [0020]
    In accordance with still another feature of the invention, the raised ribs include longitudinal raised ribs extending substantially parallel to the longitudinal edges and radial raised ribs radiating from a center of the pallet.
  • [0021]
    In accordance with still a further feature of the invention, the load-supporting surface has a surface texture.
  • [0022]
    With the objects of the invention in view, there is also provided, a pallet including a single wall of homogeneous material defining a substantially flat load-supporting surface. The substantially flat load-supporting surface has perimeter edges. The single wall has an underside opposite the load-supporting surface. Raised lips formed by an increased material thickness of the wall and which project from the load-supporting surface at the perimeter edges are provided. Downwardly-extending lips formed by an increased material thickness of the wall and which project from the underside at the perimeter edges are provided. Raised ribs formed by an increased material thickness of the wall and which project from the underside and extend between and up to the downwardly-extending lips are also provided. Deflections in the single wall form legs projecting from the underside.
  • [0023]
    Other features which are considered as characteristic for the invention are set forth in the appended claims.
  • [0024]
    Although the invention is illustrated and described herein as embodied in the plastic pallet, it is nevertheless not intended to be limited to the details shown, since various modifications and structural changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention and within the scope and range of equivalents of the claims.
  • [0025]
    The construction and method of operation of the invention, however, together with additional objects and advantages thereof will be best understood from the following description of specific embodiments when read in connection with the accompanying drawings.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0026]
    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the pallet according to the invention as seen from the load carrying side;
  • [0027]
    FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the pallet according to FIG. 1 as seen from the underside; and
  • [0028]
    FIG. 3 is a section through the center of two nested pallets according to FIG. 1.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0029]
    Referring now to the figures of the drawing in detail and first, particularly, to FIG. 1 thereof, there is seen a single-walled plastic pallet 1 according to the invention. The plastic pallet 1 is produced by a low-pressure structural foam process, which utilizes a chemical foaming agent to produce a pallet of homogeneous material. The term homogeneous material refers to a blend of plastic resin such as HDPE (High Density Polyethylene), filler such as calcium carbonate, and a blowing agent, and a color concentrate. It is also possible to include a low percentage of LDPE (Low Density Polyethylene) as a regrind material for lowering material costs. Because the pallet 1 is a single-walled homogenous part it is completely and easily recyclable.
  • [0030]
    The pallet 1 includes a substantially planar load-supporting surface 5, which can be provided with a surface texture or surface grain 8 for increasing the coefficient of friction between the load and the pallet 1. The pallet 1 has four perimeter edges, which have raised lips 6, which project in the direction of the load to be supported by the pallet. The raised lips 6 help prevent the load from shifting off of the pallet 1. The four edges of the pallet also have downwardly-extending lips 11, which extend in a direction away from the load to be supported by the pallet.
  • [0031]
    The pallet 1 includes seven legs for supporting the pallet 1 on the floor or on top of the load of another pallet 1. The legs include four L-shaped corner legs 4, two side legs 2, located in the center of the long sides of the pallet 1, and a center leg 3 located in the center of the pallet 1. The legs are cored out from the load carrying side of the pallet 1, so as to reduce the weight of the pallet 1 and to reduce the cycle time for producing the pallet 1. The legs are provided with generous radii at all their edges, and the legs may have holes 7 in their bottoms to allow drainage of any liquid that the pallet 1 may be exposed to. The legs can include a draft angle a on their sides to allow the easy manufacture of the pallet 1 and to allow a plurality of pallets 1 to be nested upon one another.
  • [0032]
    FIG. 2 shows ribs, which are provided only on the underside of the pallet 1. The ribs include longitudinal ribs 10 which are substantially parallel to the long side of the pallet 1 and run the entire length of the pallet 1 from edge to edge and thus from downwardly-extending lip 11 to downwardly-extending lip 11. The ribs also include radial ribs 9, which extend from the center leg 3 of the pallet 1 to the downwardly-extending lips 11. The radial ribs 9 and the longitudinal ribs 10 intersect one another. Both the longitudinal ribs 10 and the radial ribs 9 may be interrupted by any one of the legs, however, the ribs continue on the opposite side of the legs to the downwardly-extending lips 11. At the edges of the pallet 1 each of the ribs have a lead in angle β, which blends into the downwardly-extending lips 11. The angle β allows forks of a forklift to enter a region under the pallet 1 without damaging the ribs 9, 10.
  • [0033]
    FIG. 3 shows the pallet in an edge rackable position, where edge rackable is defined as supporting a pallet 1 from its underside by only supporting the pallet 1 under two opposing edges of the pallet. Such a support may be a pair of angle irons.17 mounted on a frame. The pallet 1 must have sufficient rigidity to be edge rackable. In the present invention the downwardly-extending lips 11 and the ribs 9, 10, which extend up to the downwardly-extending lips 11, achieve this rigidity. The lead in angle β of the ribs matches the angle of an angle iron on which the pallet 1 is edge rackable. Although the ribs 9, 10 have been disclosed as radial ribs 9 and longitudinal ribs 10, any geometry of ribs can be used as long as sufficient strength is provided for edge racking of the pallet 1.
  • [0034]
    FIG. 3 also shows two pallets 1 as they are nested when stacked on top of one another. As can be seen from FIG. 3 the legs fit into the recesses of the legs 2, 3, 4 of the underlying pallet 1. Furthermore when nested, the top pallet 1 rests on its ribs 9, 10 on the load-supporting surface 5 of the underlying pallet. The lead in angle β formed on the ribs 9, 10 allows access to separate the pallets 1 when they are nested.

Claims (12)

  1. 1. A pallet, comprising:
    a single wall of homogeneous material defining a substantially flat load-supporting surface having perimeter edges and an underside opposite said load-supporting surface; raised ribs formed by an increased material thickness of said wall and projecting from said underside and extending between and up to said edges; and deflections in said single wall forming legs projecting from said underside.
  2. 2. The pallet according to claim 1, further comprising raised lips formed by an increased material thickness of said wall and projecting from said load-supporting surface at said four edges.
  3. 3. The pallet according to claim 2, wherein said perimeter edges include two opposite substantially parallel longitudinal edges and two other substantially parallel opposite edges, and said opposite longitudinal edges are longer than said other two opposite edges.
  4. 4. The pallet according to claim 3, wherein said legs are only seven legs including four corner legs, a center leg at a center of the pallet and two side legs at a middle of said longitudinal sides.
  5. 5. The pallet according to claim 4, wherein said legs are cored out from said load-supporting surface.
  6. 6. The pallet according to claim 5, wherein said legs have holes formed therein for allowing fluid drainage.
  7. 7. The pallet according to claim 5 wherein said legs are formed with draft angles a for producing and stacking the pallets.
  8. 8. The pallet according to claim 3, wherein said raised ribs include longitudinal raised ribs extending substantially parallel to said longitudinal edges and radial raised ribs radiating from a center of the pallet.
  9. 9. The pallet according to claim 3, further comprising downwardly-extending lips formed by an increased material thickness of said wall and projecting from said underside at said four edges, said material thickness of said downwardly-extending lips being less than said material thickness of said raised ribs, and said raised ribs having a lead in angle β blending into said downwardly-extending lips.
  10. 10. The pallet according to claim 9, wherein said raised ribs include longitudinal raised ribs extending substantially parallel to said longitudinal edges and radial raised ribs radiating from a center of the pallet.
  11. 11. The pallet according to claim 1, wherein said load-supporting surface has a surface texture.
  12. 12. A pallet, comprising:
    a single wall of homogeneous material defining a substantially flat load-supporting surface having perimeter edges and an underside opposite said load-supporting surface;
    raised lips formed by an increased material thickness of said wall and projecting from said load-supporting surface at said perimeter edges;
    downwardly-extending lips formed by an increased material thickness of said wall and projecting from said underside at said perimeter edges;
    raised ribs formed by an increased material thickness of said wall and projecting from said underside and extending between and up to said downwardly-extending lips; and
    deflections in said single wall forming legs projecting from said underside.
US10811474 2004-03-24 2004-03-24 Plastic pallet Abandoned US20050211139A1 (en)

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Cited By (17)

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US20080149005A1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2008-06-26 Coca-Cola Bottling Company United, Inc. Stackable packaged goods pallet
US20080295748A1 (en) * 2005-11-17 2008-12-04 Aeropal Technology Sdn. Bhd Pallet
GB2450242A (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-12-17 Rehrig Pacific Co A nestable pallet with reinforcement
US20090246461A1 (en) * 2008-03-28 2009-10-01 Oria Collapsibles, Llc Article, assembly and process for producing a waterproof, degradation resistant and increased structural supported stiffener insert such as incorporated into a composite pallet construction
US20090241461A1 (en) * 2008-03-28 2009-10-01 Linares Miguel A Composite stackable pallet construction
US20090317551A1 (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-12-24 Oria Collapsibles, Llc Spray applicating process and production assembly for manufacturing a pallet
US20100043676A1 (en) * 2008-08-22 2010-02-25 Apps William P Pallet with alignment features
US20100043678A1 (en) * 2008-03-28 2010-02-25 Oria Collapsibles, Llc Structural supporting substrate incorporated into a composite and load supporting platform
US20110139040A1 (en) * 2003-01-09 2011-06-16 Apps William P Nestable pallet
US20110179977A1 (en) * 2008-06-20 2011-07-28 Oria Collapsibles, Llc Pallet assembly with locating support structure
WO2011109715A1 (en) * 2010-03-04 2011-09-09 San Pallets, Llc Four-way stack-and-nest pallet with full window-framed runners
US8438981B2 (en) 2008-06-20 2013-05-14 Oria Collapsibles, Llc Pallet design with buoyant characteristics
US8522694B2 (en) 2008-06-20 2013-09-03 Oria Collapsibles, Llc Structural supporting pallet construction with improved perimeter impact absorbing capabilities
US20140041801A1 (en) * 2012-08-07 2014-02-13 Fuji Seal International, Inc. Assembly for transporting reels with wound foil and method for arranging foil onto a container
US8701569B2 (en) 2008-06-20 2014-04-22 Oria Collapsibles, Llc Pallet design with structural reinforcement
US20150191275A1 (en) * 2014-01-09 2015-07-09 Oria Collapsibles, Llc Plastic coated pallet article exhibiting varying surface patterns for assisting in fluid drainage, gaseous release and frictional retention of items supported thereupon
GB2545709A (en) * 2015-12-23 2017-06-28 Marches Global Ltd Pallet arrangement

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