US20050209673A1 - Bifurcation stent delivery devices - Google Patents

Bifurcation stent delivery devices Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20050209673A1
US20050209673A1 US10/899,034 US89903404A US2005209673A1 US 20050209673 A1 US20050209673 A1 US 20050209673A1 US 89903404 A US89903404 A US 89903404A US 2005209673 A1 US2005209673 A1 US 2005209673A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
stent
balloon
catheter
stent delivery
distal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/899,034
Inventor
Yoav Shaked
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Y Med Inc
Original Assignee
Y Med Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US54955404P priority Critical
Application filed by Y Med Inc filed Critical Y Med Inc
Priority to US10/899,034 priority patent/US20050209673A1/en
Assigned to Y MED INC. reassignment Y MED INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SHAKED, YOAV
Publication of US20050209673A1 publication Critical patent/US20050209673A1/en
Priority claimed from US11/240,631 external-priority patent/US7766951B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/431,918 external-priority patent/US7780715B2/en
Priority claimed from US11/868,568 external-priority patent/US7753951B2/en
Priority claimed from US13/035,670 external-priority patent/US9050437B2/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/856Single tubular stent with a side portal passage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/95Instruments specially adapted for placement or removal of stents or stent-grafts
    • A61F2/954Instruments specially adapted for placement or removal of stents or stent-grafts for placing stents or stent-grafts in a bifurcation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/95Instruments specially adapted for placement or removal of stents or stent-grafts
    • A61F2/958Inflatable balloons for placing stents or stent-grafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/04Hollow or tubular parts of organs, e.g. bladders, tracheae, bronchi or bile ducts
    • A61F2/06Blood vessels
    • A61F2002/065Y-shaped blood vessels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0014Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof having different values of a given property or geometrical feature, e.g. mechanical property or material property, at different locations within the same prosthesis
    • A61F2250/0039Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof having different values of a given property or geometrical feature, e.g. mechanical property or material property, at different locations within the same prosthesis differing in diameter
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2250/00Special features of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2250/0058Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2250/006Additional features; Implant or prostheses properties not otherwise provided for modular
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M2025/0186Catheters with fixed wires, i.e. so called "non-over-the-wire catheters"
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/10Balloon catheters
    • A61M2025/1043Balloon catheters with special features or adapted for special applications
    • A61M2025/1045Balloon catheters with special features or adapted for special applications for treating bifurcations, e.g. balloons in y-configuration, separate balloons or special features of the catheter for treating bifurcations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/10Balloon catheters
    • A61M2025/1043Balloon catheters with special features or adapted for special applications
    • A61M2025/1056Balloon catheters with special features or adapted for special applications having guide wire lumens outside the main shaft, i.e. the guide wire lumen is within or on the surface of the balloon
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/10Balloon catheters
    • A61M25/1011Multiple balloon catheters

Abstract

A stent delivery system for treating bifurcations is provided. The system has a low profile and provides substantially predictable translational and rotational positioning. In one embodiment, the system includes a fixed wire balloon catheter and a partially attached side branch lumen, wherein the side branch lumen is attached to the catheter at a crotch point. The location of the crotch point is predetermined so as to provide substantially predictable positioning. Several embodiments of the system are described for various types of bifurcations and vessels.

Description

  • This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/549,554, filed on Mar. 4, 2004, incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
  • FIELD AND BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to stent delivery devices and methods and, more particularly, to stent delivery devices for positioning at a bifurcation, the devices having low profiles and predictable positioning capabilities, both rotationally and translationally.
  • Several problems are associated with known prior art bifurcation stent delivery devices. First, they generally have large outer diameters, particularly since the known designs usually include two guidewire lumens—one for a main guidewire and one for a side branch guidewire. The relatively large profiles of currently known systems cause difficulties in maneuverability and access to the site. Furthermore, the presence of two guidewires often results in wire entanglement, making the procedure difficult to perform without multiple insertions and retractions. Another problem which persists in these devices is inaccurate positioning within the vessel. This problem has been addressed with the use of radiopaque markers placed in strategic locations. However, visualization is done in the two-dimensional plane, while the actual procedure takes place within the three-dimensional realm. As such, inaccurate deployment is commonplace, often resulting in either stent jailing or insufficient coverage.
  • An example of a prior art bifurcation stent delivery system is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,048,361 to Von Oepen. The system includes a stent with an increased radial opening and a balloon catheter on which the stent is mounted, the balloon catheter having a hollow chamber for passage of a guiding wire so that it exits in a center of the increased opening. The system disclosed therein includes two passageways for guidewires, necessitating a relatively large outer diameter. Furthermore, the presence of two wires can lead to problems of wire entanglement.
  • Other examples of prior art bifurcation stent delivery systems and methods are disclosed in U.S. Publication No. 2003/0028233 to Vardi et al. and U.S. Publication No. 2001/0049548 to Vardi et al. These include a balloon catheter having a main guidewire lumen and a flexible side sheath having a side branch lumen. The method disclosed aims to reduce wire entanglement by first inserting one of the guidewires, then advancing the system, and finally advancing the second guidewire. Alternatively, one of the guidewires is housed within the system and only released once the system is in place. However, problems of wire entanglement may also occur upon removal of the system. Furthermore, the system disclosed therein is prone to overshooting of the bifurcation, resulting in sub-optimal placement. Finally, the dual lumen configuration results in a relatively large profile for the overall system.
  • Other similar examples of prior art bifurcation stent delivery systems are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,749,825 to Fischell et al. and U.S. Pat. No. 6,682,556 to Ischinger. The systems disclosed therein include balloon catheters with side branch tubes, and require two guidewires: one for the main vessel and one for the branch vessel. Similar to the aforementioned prior art, large profile, wire entanglement, and inaccurate positioning are potential problems.
  • A prior art device which aims to provide improved rotational orientation while avoiding wire entanglement is disclosed in U.S. Publication No. 2003/0055483 to Gumm. Gumm discloses a catheter assembly having a rotatably mounted balloon, and further including a side branch hollow member attached to the catheter balloon. A noted feature of the device is the use of rotating members sealed to opposite ends of the balloon. Thus, the side branch hollow member, the balloon and the rotating members act as a unit which rotates freely relative to the main hypotube. This particular feature is considered an integral part of the design, providing improved orientation of the stent relative to the side branch at the bifurcation. However, this feature also results in an increased overall diameter of the system. Furthermore, it does not provide a way to accurately position the stent in the translational plane.
  • Attempts have been made to reduce the profile of a single stent delivery device by using a fixed wire balloon catheter, such as is disclosed in U.S. Publication No. 2002/0147491 to Khan et al. The device disclosed therein includes either a short section of guidewire fixedly attached to the distal end of a balloon, or a core wire that extends within the system. This design reduces the profile of the system as compared to prior art devices by eliminating the inner guidewire lumen. However, the system disclosed therein does not teach or suggest the possibility of bifurcation stenting, nor does it provide rapid exchange capabilities.
  • There is thus a widely recognized need for, and it would be highly advantageous to have, a bifurcation stent delivery system devoid of the above limitations.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • According the present invention there is provided a stent delivery system. The system includes a main elongated element having a proximal end, a distal end and a body connecting the proximal and distal ends, the main elongated element being for advancement within a main vessel, an auxiliary elongated element having a proximal and distal end, the auxiliary elongated element being for advancement within an auxiliary vessel. The auxiliary elongated element is at least partially attached to the main elongated element. The system also includes a crotch point, wherein at the crotch point, the body of the main elongated element is attached to the auxiliary elongated element, and wherein a location of the crotch point is configured to stop advancement of the system upon reaching a bifurcation.
  • According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a stent delivery device, including a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end, a balloon positioned on the catheter, the balloon having a distal end and a proximal end, wherein the balloon is immovable with respect to the catheter, a wire attached to the distal end of the balloon, and a side element having a distal end and a proximal end, the side element at least partially attached to the balloon.
  • According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a stent delivery system, including a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end, a balloon positioned on the catheter, the balloon having a distal end and a proximal end, a wire attached to the distal end of the balloon, a side element having a distal end and a proximal end, the side element at least partially attached to the balloon, and a crotch point, wherein at the crotch point, the side element and the balloon are attached, and wherein a location of the crotch point is configured to stop advancement of the system upon reaching a bifurcation.
  • According to yet a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a stent delivery system including a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end, a balloon positioned on the distal end of the catheter, the balloon having a distal end and a proximal end, and wherein the balloon is immovable with respect to the catheter, a stent positioned on the balloon, the stent having a side opening, wherein the side opening has a proximal end and a distal end, and a side branch lumen having a distal end and a proximal end, wherein the proximal end is attached to a proximal end of the balloon, and wherein the distal end is configured to exit through the side opening of the stent.
  • According to yet a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a stent delivery system including a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end, a stent positioned on the catheter, the stent having a distal end and a proximal end, an auxiliary elongated element having a distal end and a proximal end, the auxiliary elongated element positioned outside of the stent, and a crotch point located at the proximal end of the stent whereby the auxiliary elongated element is attached to the catheter at the crotch point.
  • According to yet a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a stent delivery system, including a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end, a distal balloon positioned on the distal end of the catheter, the distal balloon having a distal end and a proximal end, a proximal balloon positioned on the catheter proximal to the distal balloon, a stent positioned on the proximal balloon, the stent having a distal end and a proximal end, an auxiliary elongated element having a distal end and a proximal end, the auxiliary elongated element positioned inside of the stent and exiting at the distal end of the stent, and a crotch point located at the distal end of the stent wherein the auxiliary elongated element is attached to the balloon at the crotch point.
  • According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a catheter system including a catheter having a distal end, a proximal end and a body connecting the distal and proximal ends, a side branch lumen having a distal end, a proximal end and a body connecting the distal and proximal ends, wherein a first portion of the side branch lumen is positioned inside the body of said catheter, and a second portion of the side branch lumen is positioned outside the body of the catheter, and an exit point located on the body of said catheter wherein the first portion is proximal to the exit point and the second portion is distal to the exit point.
  • According to yet a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for treating a bifurcation, including introducing a side branch guidewire into a side branch vessel, providing a stent delivery system including a main elongated element, a side branch element, and a crotch point, wherein at the crotch point, the main and side branch elements are attached, and wherein a location of the crotch point is configured to stop advancement of the system when it reaches a bifurcation, and a stent positioned on the main elongated element, inserting a proximal end of the side branch guidewire into the distal end of the side branch lumen, advancing the stent delivery system over the side branch guidewire until a location at which the advancing automatically stops due to the crotch point reaching said bifurcation, and deploying the stent.
  • According to yet a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for treating a bifurcation, including providing a stent delivery system, wherein the system includes a catheter having a balloon at a distal end thereof, a fixed wire at a distal end of the balloon, and a side branch lumen at least partially attached to the catheter, wherein a point of attachment defines a stopping point, and advancing the stent delivery system through a main vessel until a location at which the advancing automatically stops due to the crotch point reaching the bifurcation.
  • According to further features in preferred embodiments of the invention described below, the main elongated element is a catheter and the auxiliary elongated element is a side branch lumen. In a preferred embodiment, the catheter includes a balloon. The catheter may be a fixed wire balloon catheter, an over-the-wire catheter or a rapid exchange catheter. In one embodiment, the main elongated element is a catheter and the auxiliary elongated element is a positioning system. The positioning system includes at least one stopper, which may be a spring wire, for example, and an attachment mechanism, wherein in one embodiment, the attachment mechanism is a polymer jacket, and wherein the polymer jacket is configured to hold a proximal portion of the spring wire in place, and wherein a distal end of the polymer jacket defines a crotch point.
  • In one embodiment, the system includes a stent with a side opening positioned on the main elongated element, and the crotch point is located at a distal portion of the side opening of the stent. In another embodiment, the system includes a stent having a proximal end and a distal end, the stent positioned on the main elongated element, and wherein the crotch point is located at the proximal end of said stent. In yet another embodiment, the system includes a proximal stent having a proximal end and a distal end and a distal stent having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal stent positioned on the main elongated element and the distal stent positioned distal to the proximal stent on the main elongated element. In this embodiment, the crotch point may be located at the distal end of the proximal stent, and the two stents may be deployed separately. In one embodiment, proximal to the crotch point, the bodies of the main and auxiliary elongated elements are attached. In a preferred embodiment, an outer diameter of the system is less than 1 mm. In an exemplary preferred embodiment, the outer diameter of the system is approximately 0.5 mm.
  • According to still further features in the described preferred embodiments, the stent delivery device includes a feature wherein the proximal end of the side branch lumen is positioned within the catheter, and wherein the distal end of the side branch lumen which is detached from the balloon is positioned outside of the catheter. According to still further features, the stent delivery system includes a distal connecting element at the distal end of the balloon. In one embodiment, the distal connecting element lies on a same side of the catheter as the side branch lumen, and is configured for receiving a side branch guidewire which is positionable through both the side branch lumen and the distal connecting element. In another embodiment, the distal connecting element lies on an opposite side of the catheter as the side branch lumen, and is configured for receiving a main guidewire which is positionable through the distal connecting element and outside of the stent.
  • The present invention successfully addresses the shortcomings of the presently known configurations by providing a stent delivery system with a low profile and substantially predictable translational and rotational positioning.
  • Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. Although methods and materials similar or equivalent to those described herein can be used in the practice or testing of the present invention, suitable methods and materials are described below. In case of conflict, the patent specification, including definitions, will control. In addition, the materials, methods, and examples are illustrative only and not intended to be limiting.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The invention is herein described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings. With specific reference now to the drawings in detail, it is stressed that the particulars shown are by way of example and for purposes of illustrative discussion of the preferred embodiments of the present invention only, and are presented in the cause of providing what is believed to be the most useful and readily understood description of the principles and conceptual aspects of the invention. In this regard, no attempt is made to show structural details of the invention in more detail than is necessary for a fundamental understanding of the invention, the description taken with the drawings making apparent to those skilled in the art how the several forms of the invention may be embodied in practice.
  • In the drawings:
  • FIG. 1 is an illustration of a first type of vessel bifurcation with plaque buildup;
  • FIG. 2 is an illustration of a prior art bifurcation stent delivery system;
  • FIG. 3 is an illustration of a bifurcation stent delivery system in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIGS. 4 a-d are illustrations of the system of FIG. 3 shown without a stent;
  • FIG. 5 is an illustration of the system of FIG. 3 in position at a bifurcation;
  • FIG. 6 is an illustration of a the system of FIG. 3, shown without a stent, and further including a distal connecting element;
  • FIG. 7 is an illustration of a bifurcation stent delivery system, shown without a stent, in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 8 is an illustration of a bifurcation stent delivery system, shown without a stent, in accordance with yet another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIGS. 9 a and 9 b are illustrations of a bifurcation stent delivery system in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;
  • FIG. 10 is an illustration of a second type of vessel bifurcation with plaque buildup;
  • FIG. 11 a-c are illustrations of a system for treating a bifurcation such as the one depicted in FIG. 10;
  • FIG. 12 is an illustration of the system of FIG. 11 a in position at a bifurcation;
  • FIG. 13 is an illustration of a third type of vessel bifurcation with plaque buildup;
  • FIGS. 14 a and b are illustrations of a system for treating a bifurcation such as the one depicted in FIG. 13;
  • FIGS. 15 a and b are illustrations of the system of FIG. 14, further including a holder;
  • FIGS. 16 a and b are illustrations of the system of FIG. 14, further including a holder, in an alternative embodiment;
  • FIG. 17 is an illustration of the system of FIG. 14 being introduced into a guiding catheter;
  • FIGS. 18 a-c are illustrations of the system of FIG. 14 during positioning and deployment;
  • FIG. 19 is an illustration of a fourth type of vessel bifurcation with plaque buildup;
  • FIG. 20 is an illustration of a system, shown without a stent, for treating a bifurcation such as the one depicted in FIG. 19;
  • FIG. 21 is an illustration of the system depicted in FIG. 20, further including stents thereon;
  • FIGS. 22 a-d are illustrations of a method of deploying the system of FIG. 20; and
  • FIG. 23 is an illustration of a tapered balloon system with a side branch lumen, in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • The present invention is of a stent delivery system and method for delivery of a stent to a bifurcation area. Specifically, the present invention can be used to position a stent at a bifurcation with rotational and translational alignment. In addition to providing substantially predictable alignment, the devices and systems of the present invention have small outer diameters as compared with prior art bifurcation stent delivery systems, and reduce the possibility of wire entanglement.
  • The principles and operation of a stent delivery system according to the present invention may be better understood with reference to the drawings and accompanying descriptions.
  • Before explaining at least one embodiment of the invention in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of the components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The invention is capable of other embodiments or of being practiced or carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 1, which is an illustration of vessel bifurcation with plaque buildup. A main vessel 1 and a branch vessel 2 are connected at a bifurcation point 3. A buildup of plaque 4 may be found anywhere within the vessels, but if there is plaque buildup located at or close to bifurcation point 3, as shown in FIG. 1, the location presents a specific challenge with regard to accurate stent placement. Stents placed at bifurcations are typically deployed either slightly proximal or slightly distal to the bifurcation point, which can lead to stent jailing and/or insufficient coverage.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 2, which is an illustration of a prior art bifurcation stent delivery system 5. System 5 includes a catheter 6 having a stent 7 with a dedicated side hole 8. A main guidewire 9 is positioned in main vessel 1 and passed through a main guidewire lumen in catheter 6. A side branch guidewire 11 is positioned within a second guidewire lumen, through side hole 8, and into branch vessel 2. As shown in FIG. 1, there is a tendency for system 5 to overshoot bifurcation point 3 during placement. Additionally, prior art bifurcation stent systems are generally large in diameter due to the presence of two guidewire lumens—one for main guidewire 9 and one for branch guidewire 11. Furthermore, the two wires often become entangled with one another, causing a failure in delivery and/or removal of the system.
  • The present invention seeks to address the limitations of prior art systems, by providing substantially predictable positioning and alignment, both translationally and rotationally within the vessel, while retaining a small profile and eliminating wire crossing so as to provide ease of delivery. Several different embodiments of the invention provide solutions for different types of bifurcations, as will be described in further detail hereinbelow.
  • Bifurcation Type I:
  • In a first embodiment, a stent delivery system 10 is designed to be delivered at a bifurcation, such as the one illustrated in FIG. 1, having a main vessel 1 and a branch vessel 2, wherein the plaque 4 is located within the main vessel in the vicinity of bifurcation point 3.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 3 and FIGS. 4 a-d, which are illustrations of a bifurcation stent delivery system 10, shown with and without a stent respectively. System 10 includes a main elongated element 16, and an auxiliary elongated element 34 aligned with main elongated element 16. In a preferred embodiment, auxiliary elongated element 34 is positioned within main elongated element 16 proximal to an exit point 37 and alongside main elongated element 16 distal to exit point 37, as depicted in FIG. 3. In an alternative embodiment, auxiliary elongated element 34 is positioned alongside main elongated element 16, as will be described hereinbelow with reference to FIG. 8.
  • In a preferred embodiment, main elongated element 16 is a catheter 18 having a distal end 20 and a proximal end 22. A balloon 24 is positioned on distal end 20 of catheter 18. Catheter 18 includes a hypotube 25 running along the length of the catheter, and an inflation lumen within hypotube 25 in communication with balloon 24. The inflation lumen is designed for introducing a fluid, preferably a liquid, into balloon 24 for inflation of balloon 24 at the appropriate location. A port for inflation is positioned at proximal end 22, in a configuration which is well known in the art. Catheter 18 shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 a-d may be any commercially available balloon catheter. Optionally, a torquer device may be introduced to proximal end 22 for improving torquability. Such torquer devices are well known in the art.
  • In an exemplary preferred embodiment, balloon 24 is a fixed wire balloon and as such, includes a fixed wire 26 attached to a distal end of balloon 24 at a bonding area 28. A fixed wire skeleton 30 runs along the interior of balloon 24 to provide rigidity. Fixed wire balloons are known in the art, and may be obtained from, for example, Boston Scientific Scimed [ACE balloon, catalog number 02071-04].
  • System 10 includes a stent 12 positioned on main elongated element 16, the stent 12 having a side opening 14. In one embodiment, side opening 14 is a dedicated side opening, and in another embodiment, side opening 14 is any opening within the structure of stent 12. In a preferred embodiment, auxiliary elongated element 34 is a side branch lumen 36 for placement of a side branch guidewire therethrough. Side branch lumen 36 has a distal end 40 and a proximal end 42 and is attached to catheter 18 at proximal end 42 and unattached to catheter 18 at distal end 40. The point at which the detachment between main and auxiliary elongated elements (catheter 18 and side branch lumen 36 in the present embodiment) occurs is defined as a crotch point 44. In an alternative embodiment, side branch lumen 36 is unattached to catheter 18 both proximal and distal to crotch point 44, and is attached to catheter 18 only at crotch point 44. Balloon 24 further includes fluorescent markers 32 which can be visualized during a procedure under fluorescence. In a preferred embodiment, markers 32 are located at both ends of stent 12 and at a location which is aligned with crotch point 44. In alternative embodiments, any configuration on markers which would enable viewing of key locations of system 10 can be used.
  • Crotch point 44 is preferably located close to distal end 40 of side branch lumen 36. It should be noted that the depiction of crotch points in the figures is for indication purposes only, and that crotch points may not include an actual connecting element as shown. The length of the unattached portion is preferably less than 1 mm. In an exemplary preferred embodiment, the length of the unattached portion is approximately 0 mm, i.e. the distal end 40 of side branch lumen 36 is at crotch point 44. It should be noted that in this embodiment, a guidewire within side branch lumen 36 is configured to enter a side branch vessel, as will be described hereinbelow with reference to FIG. 5. This guidewire positioned within side branch lumen 36, and main elongated element 16 form crotch point 44. In an alternative embodiment, the length of the unattached portion is approximately 1-5 mm, or more preferably approximately 2 mm. Side branch lumen 36 may be as long or as short as necessary, both proximally and distally. In a preferred embodiment, the portion of side branch lumen 36 which is proximal to crotch point 44 is approximately 10-30 mm, and in an exemplary preferred embodiment is approximately 25 mm. By extending side branch lumen 36 proximally along at least a portion of hypotube 25, the rigidity of system 10 is increased, thus providing ease of rotation within the vessel. In an alternative embodiment, the portion of side branch lumen 36 which is proximal to crotch point 44 is approximately 5-15 mm.
  • A cross-sectional view along lines A-A, B-B and C-C are depicted in FIGS. 4 b, 4 c and 4 d, respectively. As shown in FIG. 4 b, at a proximal location, side branch lumen 36 is located within catheter 18. Fixed wire skeleton 30 is in the center, and side branch lumen 36 is between fixed wire skeleton 30 and the edge of catheter 18. As shown in FIG. 4 c, at exit point 37, side branch lumen 36 is bonded to catheter 18. Distal to exit point 37, side branch lumen 36 is outside and adjacent to balloon 24, as shown in FIG. 4 d.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 5, which is an illustration of system 10 positioned at a bifurcation. Crotch point 44 is a key element in positioning of stent 12 within the vessel. With catheter 18 in main vessel 1 and a side branch guidewire 38 within side branch lumen 36 positioned in branch vessel 2, system 10 cannot be advanced beyond the point at which crotch point 44 reaches bifurcation point 3. Thus, system 10 is substantially predictably aligned, and overshooting is prevented.
  • In an exemplary preferred embodiment, a method for introducing system 10 is as follows. First, a side branch guidewire 38 is positioned within branch vessel 2. A proximal end of side branch guidewire 38 is introduced into distal end 40 of side branch lumen 36. With side branch guidewire 38 positioned within side branch lumen 36, system 10 is advanced through main vessel 1. Fixed wire 26 provides guidance as advancement occurs. In an alternative embodiment, side branch guidewire 38 is not introduced initially, and system 10 is advanced using only fixed wire 26 as a guide. In either case, system 10 is free to rotate without risk of entanglement. When crotch point 44 reaches bifurcation point 3, advancement of system 10 automatically stops. At this point, system 10 is in place, with side branch guidewire 38 in branch vessel 2, and stent 12 in a correct position both translationally and rotationally. Balloon 24 is then inflated, thus deploying stent 12 within the vessel. Thus, the exact location of crotch point 44 predetermines accuracy of positioning. After deployment, system 10 is removed from branch vessel 2. A particular feature of the invention as described is the ability to provide rapid exchange of catheters via branch guidewire 38, if necessary.
  • It should be apparent that the specific features of the present invention allow for accurate positioning in both the rotational and the translational direction, while providing a small outer diameter overall. In a preferred embodiment, the overall outer diameter is 0.5-1.5 mm. Specifically, by attaching side branch lumen 36 directly to balloon 24, for example, and predetermining the location of crotch point 44, side branch lumen 36 acts as a guide in the translational plane. The use of a fixed wire provides torquability and ease of rotation, particularly since there is only one guidewire present (i.e. the branch guidewire). The configuration of side branch lumen 36 wherein a distal end 40 thereof is unattached to main elongated element 16, or wherein a guidewire placed therethrough is unattached to main elongated element 16 allows for initial entry of side branch lumen 36 into branch vessel 2. These aspects allow for substantially predictable rotation of the system and substantially predictable rotational positioning, without wire entanglement.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 6, which is an illustration of system 10 in accordance with an alternative embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 6, system 10 further includes a distal connecting element 46, attached to a distal end of balloon 24. In a preferred embodiment, distal connecting element 46 is attached at bonding area 28 of balloon 24. In an alternative embodiment, distal connecting element 46 is attached at any other location on balloon 24 which is distal to side branch lumen 36. Distal connecting element 46 is configured to hold side branch guidewire 38 in place until system 10 is in the vicinity of bifurcation 3. This prevents side branch guidewire 38 from moving around within the vessel during delivery of system 10, possibly causing damage. Once system 10 is within the general vicinity of bifurcation 3, side branch guidewire 38 is pulled proximally and released from distal connecting element 46, after which it is advanced into branch vessel 2. System 10 is then advanced until crotch point 44 prevents further advancement, balloon 24 is inflated, and stent 12 is deployed.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 7, which is an illustration of system 10 in accordance with yet another embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 7, side branch lumen 36 is located internally within balloon 24, and includes an exit point 37 at a location along balloon 24. The location of exit point 37 with respect to stent 12 defines a crotch point, which coincides with the location of crotch point 44 described in the earlier embodiments, and is functionally equivalent thereto. In one embodiment, side branch lumen 36 ends at crotch point 44. In an alternative embodiment, side branch lumen 36 extends distally beyond crotch point 44.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 8, which is an illustration of system 10 in accordance with yet another embodiment of the present invention. Side branch lumen 36 is located external and adjacent to main elongated element 16. Crotch point 44 is located distal at an attachment point between side branch lumen 36 and balloon 24. The portion of side branch lumen 36 which lies between exit point 37 and crotch point 44 may be attached or unattached to balloon 24.
  • Reference is now made to FIGS. 9 a and 9 b, which are illustrations of system 10 in accordance with yet another embodiment of the present invention, shown with a stent thereon. In this depiction, side hole 14 is not a dedicated side hole, but rather is any opening within the body of stent 12. It should be noted that this type of side hole may be found on any of the embodiments described herein. System 10 includes a main guidewire 39 rather than a fixed wire at the distal end of balloon 24. A main guidewire lumen 50 is located at bonding area 28 of balloon 24. In a preferred embodiment, main guidewire lumen 50 is relatively short, i.e. 1-5 mm. In alternative embodiments, main guidewire lumen 50 extends proximally along a side of balloon 24. In a preferred embodiment, main guidewire 39 is positioned outside of stent 12 so as to avoid wire crossing between main guidewire 39 and side branch guidewire 38, as shown in FIG. 9 a. In an alternative embodiment, main guidewire 39 is positioned within stent 12, as shown in FIG. 9 b. In a preferred embodiment, main guidewire lumen 50 is positioned on an opposite side from side branch lumen 36, as depicted.
  • In an alternative embodiment (not shown) of the present invention, system 10 includes a main guidewire lumen in place of a fixed wire, and further includes a crotch point 44 in accordance with the different embodiments described above.
  • Bifurcation Type II:
  • In a second embodiment, a stent delivery system 110 is designed to be delivered at a bifurcation as illustrated in FIG. 10, having a main vessel 1 and a branch vessel 2 at an angle with respect to main vessel 1, and wherein plaque 4 is located in main vessel 1 at an area of a bifurcation 3. One example of such a location is the coronary artery, where blockage of, for example, the left anterior descending (LAD) artery is to be avoided while providing coverage to the plaque within the coronary artery. Other examples include renal arteries, the left main coronary artery, vein grafts, and others.
  • Reference is now made to FIGS. 11 a-c, which are illustrations of different embodiments of a system 110 for delivery of a stent at a bifurcation such as the one depicted in FIG. 10. System 110 may be designed with a fixed wire, as shown in FIG. 11 a, as on over-the-wire system, as shown in FIG. 11 b, or as a rapid exchange system, as shown in FIG. 11 c.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 11 a, which is an illustration of system 110 designed as a single wire system. System 110 includes a main elongated element 116 and an auxiliary elongated element 134. In a preferred embodiment, main elongated element 116 is a catheter 118. In a preferred embodiment, catheter 118 includes a balloon 124 with a fixed wire 126 at a distal end thereof. A stent 112 is positioned on balloon 124. In a preferred embodiment, auxiliary elongated element 134 is a side branch lumen 136, and is attached to catheter 118 at a crotch point 144. Side branch lumen 136 has a proximal end 142 and a distal end 140. In a preferred embodiment, side branch lumen 136 is positioned within catheter 118 proximally, exits at an exit point 137, and is attached to main elongated element 116 at crotch point 144. The portion of side branch lumen 136 between exit point 137 and crotch point 144 may be attached or unattached. In a preferred embodiment, a distal end of side branch lumen 136 is at crotch point 144, and a guidewire placed therethrough extends distally to provide a stopping point. In an alternative embodiment, the distal end of side branch lumen is located 1-5 mm distal to crotch point 144, and is unattached to the catheter 118 in this location.
  • In an alternative embodiment, side branch lumen 136 is located external to and positioned alongside catheter 118 proximal to crotch point 144, and is unattached to elongated element 116 distal to crotch point 144. In an alternative embodiment, side branch lumen 136 is unattached to catheter 118 both proximal to and distal to crotch point 144. Crotch point 144 is located at or near a proximal end of stent 112. In a preferred embodiment, crotch point 144 is just proximal to the proximal end of stent 112.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 11 b, which is an illustration of system 110′ designed as an over-the-wire, double rail system. System 110′ is similar to system 110 shown in FIG. 11 a, except that in place of a fixed wire on the distal end of balloon 124′, a main guidewire lumen 125 is present and runs the length of catheter 118′. A main guidewire is positioned through main guidewire lumen 125 for entry into main vessel 1. System 110′ may be introduced to the site via a main guidewire located in main guidewire lumen 125 or via a branch guidewire located in side branch lumen 136′.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 11 c, which is an illustration of system 110″, designed as a rapid exchange dual wire system. System 110″ is similar to both systems 110 and 110′ depicted in FIGS. 11 a and 11 c, except that in place of a fixed wire or a main guidewire lumen running the length of catheter 118″, a short main guidewire lumen 127 is present and runs proximally until an exit point 129. These types of systems are well known in the art, and are known to provide ease of catheter exchange. In the present invention, the location of crotch point 144 allows for more accurate placement within the vessel.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 12, which is a depiction of system 110 positioned at bifurcation 3. A side branch guidewire 138 is introduced into branch vessel 2. System 110 is guided over side branch guidewire 138 and either fixed wire 126 or a main guidewire 139, depending on the type of system, until crotch point 144 of side branch lumen 136 is at bifurcation point 3. In a preferred embodiment, distal end 140 is at crotch point 144, and only guidewire 138 enters branch vessel 2. In an alternative embodiment, side branch lumen 136 extends and into side branch vessel 2. System 1110 is slowly advanced until crotch point 144 reaches bifurcation point 3, after which system 110 automatically stops advancing. Balloon 124 is then inflated, deploying stent 112. After deployment, balloon 124 is deflated, and system 110 is removed.
  • Bifurcation Type III:
  • In a third embodiment, a stent delivery system 210 is designed to be delivered at a bifurcation such as the one illustrated in FIG. 13, having a main vessel 1 and a branch vessel 2 at an angle with respect to main vessel 1, and wherein plaque 4 is located in branch vessel 2 at an area of a bifurcation 3. In an exemplary preferred embodiment, main vessel 1 is an aorta.
  • Reference is now made to FIGS. 14 a and 14 b, which are views of a system 210 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. System 210 includes a main elongated element 216 and an auxiliary elongated element 234. In a preferred embodiment, main elongated element 216 is a catheter 218 having a proximal end 222 and a distal end 220. Catheter 218 has a balloon 224 at distal end 220, with a stent 212 positioned thereon. In one embodiment, balloon 224 includes a main guidewire lumen 227. In an alternative embodiment, balloon 224 is a fixed wire balloon, such as described with reference to the first and second embodiments, and shown at least in FIGS. 4 a and 11 a. In a preferred embodiment, main guidewire lumen 227 extends only partially in the proximal direction along catheter 218 and includes an exit point 229 for rapid exchange. In an alternative embodiment, system 210 is an over-the-wire system and main guidewire lumen 227 extends proximally to the proximal end of catheter 218. In a preferred embodiment, auxiliary elongated element 234 is a positioning system 236, which will be described in further detail hereinbelow.
  • In a preferred embodiment, positioning system 236 includes a stopper element 250 and an attachment mechanism 252. In a preferred embodiment, stopper element 250 is separate from attachment mechanism 252 and comprises, for example, spring wires, flexible polymers, or any other material which can be extended in a first configuration and which can be folded, sprung or otherwise positioned to act as a stopper in a second configuration. In an alternative embodiment, stopper element 250 is part of attachment mechanism 252, but can also be extended in a first configuration and positioned to act as a stopper in a second configuration. In one preferred embodiment, stopper element 250 is comprised of a shape memory metal such as, for example, Nitinol. In the embodiment described herein, spring wires are used as stopper element 250, which are designed to lay substantially horizontal to catheter 218 in their unextended positions and to coil or spring into a stopper upon release. Attachment mechanism 252 attaches the spring wires to main elongated element 216 to form crotch points 244. In a preferred embodiment, attachment mechanism 252 is a jacket having a proximal end 256 and a distal end 254. Attachment mechanism 252 at least partially encloses stopper element 250 (shown as spring wires), such that a proximal portion of stopper element 250 enclosed by attachment mechanism 252 is relatively straight, and a distal portion of stopper element 250 is unenclosed and able to move freely. Attachment mechanism 252 can comprise any biocompatible material, and is preferably comprised of a polymer. In a preferred embodiment, crotch points 244 are located at a proximal end of balloon 224.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 14 b, which is a cross-sectional view of system 210 along the lines A-A, in accordance with one embodiment. Catheter 218 has main guidewire lumen 227 for introduction of a main guidewire 239. Surrounding catheter 218 is stopper element 250, which is held in place by attachment mechanism 252.
  • Reference is now made to FIGS. 15 a-b, which are illustrations of system 210 partially enclosed within a holder 254. The purpose of holder 254 is to temporarily hold stopper element 250 in a substantially straight configuration until the area of bifurcation point 3 is reached. In a preferred embodiment, holder 254 is a peel-away device. When holder 254 is in place, stopper element 250 is enclosed and lies approximately along the plane of main elongated element 216. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 15 a and b, stopper elements 250 are straightened in the distal direction, such that they run alongside stent 212. The area proximal to crotch points 244 is shown in cross section in FIG. 15 b, and includes a main guidewire lumen 227 within catheter 218, stopper elements 250 enclosed within attachment mechanism 252, and holder 254 surrounding attachment mechanism 252.
  • Reference is now made to FIGS. 16 a-b, which are illustrations of system 210 partially enclosed within holder 254, in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention. In the illustration shown in FIGS. 16 a and b, stopper elements 250 are bent in a proximal direction, with holder 254 surrounding stopper elements 250 and holding them in place. That is, stopper elements 250 are folded over attachment mechanism 252. The area proximal to crotch points 244 is shown in cross section in FIG. 16 b, and includes a main guidewire lumen 227 within catheter 218, stopper elements 250 enclosed both within and outside of attachment mechanism 252, and holder 254 surrounding attachment mechanism 252 and stopper elements 250.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 17, which is a depiction of system 210 within a guiding catheter 260. Guiding catheter 260 includes a proximal end 262, through which system 210 is introduced, and a distal end 264, which is open to a vessel. As system 210 is guided into proximal end 262 of guiding catheter 260, holder 254 is removed, since stopper element 250 will remain in place within guiding catheter 260. In a preferred embodiment, holder 254 is a peel-away system, wherein the outer walls may be peeled away and removed from the system while system 210 is being introduced into guiding catheter 260. This introduction is performed outside of the body. In an alternative embodiment, holder 254 is a sheath, which can be pulled back as system 210 is being introduced into guiding catheter 260. Holder 254 can be any device for holding stopper element 250 in place until system 210 is within guiding catheter 260.
  • Reference is now made to FIGS. 18 a and 18 b, which are depictions of a method for introducing system 210 to a bifurcation in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. Guiding catheter 260 with system 210 positioned therein is introduced through main vessel 1 until bifurcation point 3. Distal end 264 of guiding catheter 260 is visualized using methods currently known in the art, such as, for example, fluorescent markers. Once distal end 264 of guiding catheter 260 is at the entrance to branch vessel 2, system 210 is advanced through distal end 264 of guiding catheter 260, as shown in FIG. 18 a. As system 210 is advanced, stopper elements 250 are no longer held in place by guiding catheter 260, and will spring or coil into their second configuration, acting as stoppers, as shown in FIG. 18 b. System 210 is then advanced until stopper elements 250 prevent system 210 from further advancement, as shown in FIG. 18 c. At this point, system 210 is properly positioned, and stent 212 is deployed.
  • Bifurcation Type IV:
  • In a fourth embodiment, a stent delivery system 310 is designed to be delivered at a bifurcation 3 as illustrated in FIG. 19, having a Y-configuration. Main vessel 1 branches into two branch vessels: a first branch vessel 2 and a second branch vessel 2′, and plaque 4 is located in main and or branch vessels at the area of bifurcation point 3.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 20, which is an illustration of a stent delivery system 310, in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. System 310 includes a main elongated element 316 and an auxiliary elongated element 334. In a preferred embodiment, main elongated element 316 is a catheter 318. Catheter 318 has a proximal end 322 and a distend nd 320. Proximal end 322 includes a hub 321 having a Y-valve for dual inflation. Distal end 320 has two balloons: a proximal balloon 324 and a distal balloon 325. Each of proximal and distal balloons 324 and 325 is in fluid communication with its own inflation channel. An outer inflation channel 335 communicates with proximal balloon 324 and an inner inflation channel 327 communicates with distal balloon 325. Outer inflation channel 335 is coaxial with inner inflation channel 327. Alternatively, outer inflation channel 335 and inner inflation channel 327 are positioned side by side. In either case, balloons 324 and 325 may be inflated separately. In an alternative embodiment, outer inflation channel communicates with distal balloon 325 and inner inflation channel 327 communicates with proximal balloon 324. In a preferred embodiment, distal balloon 325 has a fixed wire 326 at a distal end thereof. In alternative embodiments, system 310 includes a main guidewire lumen or a short external guidewire lumen such as distal connecting element 50 shown in FIG. 6.
  • In a preferred embodiment, auxiliary elongated element 334 is a side branch lumen 336 having a proximal end 342 and a distal end 340. In a preferred embodiment, side branch lumen 336 is located internally within catheter 318, and exits therefrom at an exit point 337. Distal to exit point 337, side branch lumen 336 is adjacent to proximal balloon 324 and attached thereto at a crotch point 344. In an alternative embodiment, side branch lumen 336 lies alongside proximal balloon 324.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 21, which is an illustration of system 310 with stents. In a preferred embodiment, two stents are included, as shown. A proximal stent 312 is positioned on proximal balloon 324, and a distal stent 313 is positioned on distal balloon 325. Each stent may be separately deployed by inflating its corresponding balloon. Proximal stent 312 is positioned such that distal end of side branch lumen 336 is approximately aligned with a distal end of proximal stent 312. The distal edges of side branch lumen 336 and stent 312 form a crotch point 344. In an alternative embodiment, side branch lumen 336 extends distally past crotch point 344. All of the embodiments described earlier in the present application may further be applied here.
  • In alternative embodiments, system 310 includes one, two or no stents, depending on the application. For example, system 310 may be used for predilatation, with a stent only on proximal balloon 324. Alternatively, a tapered vessel may require two different stent sizes, wherein one stent of a particular size is positioned on distal balloon 325, while another stent of a different size is positioned on proximal balloon 324.
  • Reference is now made to FIGS. 22 a-d, which are illustrations of a method of deploying system 310 within a Y-bifurcation. First, a side branch guidewire 338 is introduced into a first branch vessel 2. A proximal end of side branch guidewire 338 is then placed through a distal end of side branch lumen 336. System 310 is advanced over side branch guidewire 38 through main vessel 1 and into second branch vessel 2′. When crotch point 344 reaches bifurcation 3, system 310 will not be advanceable, and system 310 will be in place, as shown in FIG. 22 a. As shown in FIG. 22 b, distal balloon 325 is inflated via inner inflation channel 327, deploying distal stent 313 in a branch vessel, just distal to bifurcation point 3. After deployment of distal stent 313, proximal balloon 324 is inflated via outer inflation channel 335, deploying proximal stent 312. An alternate method is depicted in FIG. 22 c, wherein proximal stent 312 is deployed first, and then distal stent 313 is deployed. In an alternative embodiment, both stents are deployed simultaneously. The final result with both stents deployed and in position is shown in FIG. 22 d.
  • Reference is now made to FIG. 23, which is an illustration of a tapered balloon system 410, in accordance with an alternative embodiment of the present invention. Similar to the earlier embodiments, tapered balloon system 410 includes a main elongated portion and an auxiliary elongated element 434. In a preferred embodiment, auxiliary elongated element 434 is a side branch lumen. A balloon has a proximal outer diameter and a distal outer diameter which is different from the proximal outer diameter. In a preferred embodiment, the distal outer diameter is smaller than the proximal outer diameter, although the reverse may be provided as well. This type of balloon system may be useful for introduction of a tapered stent into a vessel, so as to avoid over-expansion of a stent within a distal portion of the vessel.
  • Although the invention has been described in conjunction with specific embodiments thereof, it is evident that many alternatives, modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art. For example, a self-expandable stent may be used in place of a balloon expandable stent, in which case the catheter would not necessarily be a balloon catheter. Accordingly, it is intended to embrace all such alternatives, modifications and variations that fall within the spirit and broad scope of the appended claims. All publications, patents and patent applications mentioned in this specification are herein incorporated in their entirety by reference into the specification, to the same extent as if each individual publication, patent or patent application was specifically and individually indicated to be incorporated herein by reference. In addition, citation or identification of any reference in this application shall not be construed as an admission that such reference is available as prior art to the present invention.

Claims (88)

1. A stent delivery system, the system comprising:
a main elongated element for advancement within a main vessel, said main elongated element comprising:
a proximal end;
a distal end; and
a body connecting said proximal and distal ends;
an auxiliary elongated element for advancement within an auxiliary vessel, said auxiliary elongated element comprising:
a proximal end; and
a distal end,
said auxiliary elongated element partially attached to said main elongated element; and
a crotch point, wherein at said crotch point, said body of said main elongated element is attached to said auxiliary elongated element, and wherein a location of said crotch point is configured to stop advancement of said system upon reaching a bifurcation.
2. The stent delivery system of claim 1, wherein said main elongated element is a catheter and said auxiliary elongated element is a side branch lumen.
3. The stent delivery system of claim 2, wherein said catheter includes a balloon.
4. The stent delivery system of claim 3, wherein said catheter is selected from the group consisting of a fixed wire balloon catheter, an over-the-wire catheter and a rapid exchange catheter.
5. The stent delivery system of claim 1, wherein said main elongated element is a catheter and said auxiliary elongated element is a positioning system.
6. The stent delivery system of claim 5, wherein said positioning system comprises at least one stopper and an attachment mechanism.
7. The stent delivery system of claim 6, wherein said at least one stopper is a spring wire.
8. The stent delivery system of claim 6, wherein said attachment mechanism is a polymer jacket, and wherein said polymer jacket is configured to hold a proximal portion of said at least one stopper in place, and wherein a distal end of said polymer jacket defines said crotch point.
9. The stent delivery system of claim 1, further comprising a stent with a side opening positioned on said main elongated element.
10. The stent delivery system of claim 9, wherein said side opening is a dedicated side opening.
11. The stent delivery system of claim 8, wherein said crotch point is located at a distal portion of said side opening of said stent.
12. The stent delivery system of claim 1, further comprising a stent having a proximal end and a distal end, said stent positioned on said main elongated element, and wherein said crotch point is located at said proximal end of said stent.
13. The stent delivery system of claim 1, further comprising a proximal stent comprising a proximal end and a distal end and a distal stent comprising a proximal end and a distal end, said proximal stent positioned on said main elongated element and said distal stent positioned distal to said proximal stent on said main elongated element.
14. The stent delivery system of claim 12, wherein said crotch point is located at said distal end of said proximal stent.
15. The stent delivery system of claim 1, wherein proximal to said crotch point, said bodies of said main and auxiliary elongated elements are attached.
16. The stent delivery system of claim 3, wherein said balloon is a tapered balloon.
17. The stent delivery system of claim 1, wherein said proximal end of said auxiliary elongated element is positioned within said main elongated element, and further comprising an exit point, wherein distal to said exit point said auxiliary elongated element is external to said main elongated element.
18. The stent delivery system of claim 1 wherein a distal end of said auxiliary elongated element is located distal to said crotch point, and wherein said distal end of said auxiliary elongated element is unattached to said main elongated element.
19. A stent delivery device, the device comprising:
a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end;
a balloon positioned on said catheter, the balloon having a distal end and a proximal end, wherein said balloon is immovable with respect to said catheter;
a wire attached to said distal end of said balloon; and
a side element having a distal end and a proximal end, said side element at least partially attached to said balloon.
20. The stent delivery device of claim 19, further comprising a stent with a side hole, said stent positioned on said balloon, said side hole having a distal end and a proximal end, and wherein said proximal end of said side element is attached to said catheter and said distal end of said side element is positioned alongside said balloon, and wherein a crotch point is defined at a location wherein at said crotch point, said side element is attached to said balloon, and wherein said crotch point is located at said distal end of said side hole.
21. The stent delivery device of claim 20, wherein said side hole is a dedicated side hole.
22. The stent delivery device of claim 19, wherein said proximal end of said side branch lumen is positioned within said catheter.
23. The stent delivery device of claim 20, wherein said distal end of said side element is located distal to said crotch point, and wherein said distal end of said side element is unattached to said catheter.
24. The stent delivery device of claim 19, wherein said balloon is a tapered balloon.
25. The stent delivery device of claim 19, further comprising a stent positioned on said balloon, wherein said proximal end of said side element is attached to said catheter, and wherein a crotch point is defined at a location wherein at said crotch point, said side element is attached to said balloon, and wherein said crotch point is located at said proximal end of said balloon.
26. The stent delivery system of claim 25, wherein said distal end of said side element is located proximal to said crotch point, and wherein said distal end of said side element is unattached to said catheter.
27. The stent delivery system of claim 19, wherein said side element is a side branch lumen.
28. The stent delivery system of claim 19, wherein said side element is a stopper.
29. The stent delivery device of claim 19, wherein said balloon is a proximal balloon, and further comprising a distal balloon positioned on said catheter distal to said proximal balloon.
30. The stent delivery device of claim 29, wherein said distal balloon and said proximal balloon may be inflated separately.
31. The stent delivery device of claim 29, further comprising a distal stent positioned on said distal balloon, said distal stent having a proximal end and a distal end, and a proximal stent positioned on said proximal balloon, said proximal stent having a proximal end and a distal end.
32. The stent delivery device of claim 31, wherein said side element is at least partially attached to said proximal balloon.
33. The stent delivery device of claim 32, wherein a crotch point is defined at a location wherein at said crotch point, said side element is attached to said proximal balloon, and wherein said crotch point is located at a distal end of said proximal balloon.
34. The stent delivery device of claim 19, wherein an outer diameter of said system is less than 1 mm.
35. A stent delivery system, the system comprising:
a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end;
a balloon positioned on said catheter, the balloon having a distal end and a proximal end;
a wire attached to said distal end of said balloon;
a side element having a distal end and a proximal end, said side element at least partially attached to said balloon; and
a crotch point, wherein at said crotch point, said side element and said balloon are attached, and wherein a location of said crotch point is configured to stop advancement of said system upon reaching a bifurcation.
36. The stent delivery system of claim 35, wherein said balloon is a tapered balloon.
37. The stent delivery system of claim 35, wherein said catheter is selected from the group consisting of a fixed wire balloon catheter, an over-the-wire catheter and a rapid exchange catheter.
38. The stent delivery system of claim 35, wherein said side element is a positioning system.
39. The stent delivery system of claim 38, wherein said positioning system comprises at least one stopper and an attachment mechanism.
40. The stent delivery system of claim 39, wherein said at least one stopper is a spring wire.
41. The stent delivery system of claim 39, wherein said attachment mechanism is a polymer jacket, and wherein said polymer jacket is configured to hold a proximal portion of said at least one stopper in place, and wherein a distal end of said polymer jacket defines said crotch point.
42. The stent delivery system of claim 35, further comprising a stent with a side opening positioned on said catheter.
43. The stent delivery system of claim 42, wherein said side opening is a dedicated side opening.
44. The stent delivery system of claim 42, wherein said crotch point is located at a distal portion of said side opening of said stent.
45. The stent delivery system of claim 35, further comprising a stent having a proximal end and a distal end, said stent positioned on said catheter, and wherein said crotch point is located at said proximal end of said stent.
46. The stent delivery system of claim 35, further comprising a proximal stent comprising a proximal end and a distal end and a distal stent comprising a proximal end and a distal end, said proximal stent positioned on said catheter and said distal stent positioned distal to said proximal stent on said catheter.
47. The stent delivery system of claim 46, wherein said crotch point is located at said distal end of said proximal stent.
48. The stent delivery system of claim 35, wherein proximal to said crotch point, said catheter and said side element are attached.
49. The stent delivery system of claim 35, wherein said proximal end of said side element is positioned within said catheter.
50. The stent delivery system of claim 35, wherein said distal end of said side element is located distal to said crotch point, and wherein said distal end of said side element is unattached to said catheter.
51. The stent delivery system of claim 35, wherein said side element is a side branch lumen.
52. The stent delivery system of claim 35, wherein said side element is a stopper.
53. The stent delivery device of claim 35, wherein said balloon is a proximal balloon, and further comprising a distal balloon positioned on said catheter distal to said proximal balloon.
54. The stent delivery device of claim 53, wherein said distal balloon and said proximal balloon may be inflated separately.
55. The stent delivery system of claim 35, wherein an outer diameter of said system is less than 1 mm.
56. A stent delivery system, the system comprising:
a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end;
a balloon positioned on said distal end of said catheter, the balloon having a distal end and a proximal end, and wherein said balloon is immovable with respect to said catheter;
a stent positioned on said balloon, said stent having a side opening, wherein the side opening has a proximal end and a distal end; and
a side branch lumen having a distal end and a proximal end, wherein said proximal end is attached to a proximal end of said balloon, and wherein said distal end is positioned at said side opening of said stent.
57. The stent delivery system of claim 56, wherein said balloon is a tapered balloon.
58. The stent delivery system of claim 56, wherein said proximal end of said side branch lumen is positioned within said catheter, and wherein said distal end of said side branch lumen which is detached from said balloon is positioned outside of said catheter.
59. The stent delivery system of claim 55, wherein said balloon comprises a fixed wire at a distal end thereof.
60. The stent delivery system of claim 55, further comprising a distal connecting element at said distal end of said balloon.
61. The stent delivery system of claim 60, wherein said distal connecting element lies on a same side of said catheter as said side branch lumen, and is configured for receiving a side branch guidewire, said side branch guidewire positionable through both said side branch lumen and said distal connecting element.
62. The stent delivery system of claim 60, wherein said distal connecting element lies on an opposite side of said catheter as said side branch lumen, and is configured for receiving a main guidewire, said main guidewire positionable through said distal connecting element and outside of said stent.
63. A stent delivery system, the system comprising:
a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end;
a stent positioned on said catheter, the stent having a distal end and a proximal end;
an auxiliary elongated element having a distal end and a proximal end, said auxiliary elongated element positioned outside of said stent; and
a crotch point located at said proximal end of said stent wherein said auxiliary elongated element is attached to said catheter at said crotch point.
64. The stent delivery system of claim 63, wherein said auxiliary elongated element is a side branch lumen.
65. The stent delivery system of claim 63, further comprising a fixed wire balloon at said distal end of said catheter.
66. The stent delivery system of claim 63, further comprising a tapered balloon at said distal end of said catheter.
67. The stent delivery system of claim 63, wherein said auxiliary elongated element is a positioning system.
68. The stent delivery system of claim 67, wherein said positioning system comprises at least one stopper and an attachment mechanism.
69. The stent delivery system of claim 67, wherein said at least one stopper is a spring wire comprising a shape-memory metal.
70. The stent delivery system of claim 63, wherein said attachment mechanism is a jacket for holding a proximal end of said at least one spring wire in place.
71. The stent delivery system of claim 63, further comprising a holder for holding a distal end of said at least one spring wire in place.
72. A stent delivery system, the system comprising:
a catheter having a distal end and a proximal end;
a distal balloon positioned on said distal end of said catheter, the distal balloon having a distal end and a proximal end;
a proximal balloon positioned on said catheter proximal to said distal balloon;
a stent positioned on said proximal balloon, the stent having a distal end and a proximal end;
an auxiliary elongated element having a distal end and a proximal end, said auxiliary elongated element positioned inside of said stent and exiting at said distal end of said stent; and
a crotch point located at said distal end of said stent wherein said auxiliary elongated element is attached to said balloon at said crotch point.
73. The stent delivery system of claim 72, wherein said auxiliary elongated element is a side branch lumen.
74. The stent delivery system of claim 72, wherein said distal balloon has a fixed wire at said distal end of said distal balloon.
75. The stent delivery system of claim 72, further comprising a distal stent positioned on said distal balloon.
76. The stent delivery system of claim 72, wherein said stent and said distal stent separately deployable.
77. The stent delivery system of claim 72, wherein said distal stent has a smaller outer diameter than said proximal stent.
78. The stent delivery system of claim 72, wherein said proximal end of said auxiliary elongated element is positioned within said catheter.
79. The stent delivery system of claim 72, wherein said distal end of said auxiliary elongated element is located distal to said crotch point and wherein said distal end of said auxiliary elongated element is unattached to said catheter.
80. A catheter system comprising:
a catheter having a distal end, a proximal end and a body connecting said distal and proximal ends;
a side branch lumen having a distal end, a proximal end and a body connecting said distal and proximal ends, wherein a first portion of said side branch lumen is positioned inside said body of said catheter, and a second portion of said side branch lumen is positioned outside said body of said catheter; and
an exit point located on said body of said catheter wherein said first portion is proximal to said exit point and said second portion is distal to said exit point.
81. The catheter system of claim 80, further comprising a crotch point, wherein at said crotch point said side branch lumen is attached to said catheter, and wherein said crotch point is located on said second portion of said side branch lumen.
82. The catheter system of claim 81, wherein said crotch point is located at said distal end of said side branch lumen.
83. The catheter system of claim 81, wherein said crotch point is located proximal to said distal end of said side branch lumen.
84. The catheter system of claim 80, further comprising a balloon on said distal end of said catheter.
85. The catheter system of claim 84, wherein said balloon is a fixed wire balloon.
86. The catheter system of claim 84, wherein said balloon is a tapered balloon.
87. A method for treating a bifurcation, the method comprising:
introducing a side branch guidewire into a branch vessel;
providing a stent delivery system, wherein the system comprises:
a main elongated element for advancement within a main vessel, said main elongated element having a proximal end, a distal end, and a body connecting said proximal and distal ends;
a side branch element for advancement within said side branch vessel, said side branch element having a body which is partially attached to said main elongated element;
a crotch point, wherein at said crotch point, said bodies of said main and side branch elements are attached, and wherein a location of said crotch point is configured to stop advancement of said system at a bifurcation; and
a stent positioned on said main elongated element;
inserting a proximal end of said side branch guidewire into said distal end of said side branch lumen;
advancing said stent delivery system over said side branch guidewire until a location at which said advancing automatically stops due to said crotch point reaching said bifurcation; and
deploying said stent.
88. A method for treating a bifurcation, the method comprising:
providing a stent delivery system, wherein the system comprises: a catheter having a balloon at a distal end thereof; a fixed wire at a distal end of said balloon; and a side branch lumen at least partially attached to said catheter, wherein a point of attachment defines a stopping point; and
advancing said stent delivery system through a main vessel until a location at which said advancing automatically stops due to said crotch point reaching said bifurcation.
US10/899,034 2004-03-04 2004-07-27 Bifurcation stent delivery devices Abandoned US20050209673A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US54955404P true 2004-03-04 2004-03-04
US10/899,034 US20050209673A1 (en) 2004-03-04 2004-07-27 Bifurcation stent delivery devices

Applications Claiming Priority (18)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/899,034 US20050209673A1 (en) 2004-03-04 2004-07-27 Bifurcation stent delivery devices
EP05709151A EP1732636A4 (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 Stent delivery devices
US11/070,294 US7438720B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 Stent delivery devices
PCT/IL2005/000258 WO2005084130A2 (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 Stent delivery devices
CN2010102667581A CN101912322B (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 The stent delivery system
CN 200580011142 CN1972728B (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 Stent delivery devices
JP2007501448A JP5137568B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 The stent delivery device
EP11193219A EP2431069A1 (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 Stent delivery devices
US11/240,631 US7766951B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2005-10-03 Vessel treatment devices
US11/431,918 US7780715B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2006-05-11 Vessel treatment devices
US11/868,568 US7753951B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2007-10-08 Vessel treatment devices
US12/787,067 US20100234800A1 (en) 2004-03-04 2010-05-25 Vessel treatment devices
US12/791,787 US20100241212A1 (en) 2004-03-04 2010-06-01 Vessel treatment devices
US12/838,286 US9504473B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2010-07-16 Vessel treatment devices
US13/035,670 US9050437B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2011-02-25 Positioning device for ostial lesions
US14/727,770 US10022524B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2015-06-01 Positioning device for ostial lesions
US15/297,065 US10028748B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2016-10-18 Vessel treatment devices
US16/032,281 US20180317931A1 (en) 2004-03-04 2018-07-11 Vessel Treatment Devices

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/070,294 Continuation-In-Part US7438720B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 Stent delivery devices

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050209673A1 true US20050209673A1 (en) 2005-09-22

Family

ID=34922716

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/899,034 Abandoned US20050209673A1 (en) 2004-03-04 2004-07-27 Bifurcation stent delivery devices
US11/070,294 Active 2025-05-22 US7438720B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 Stent delivery devices

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/070,294 Active 2025-05-22 US7438720B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2005-03-03 Stent delivery devices

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (2) US20050209673A1 (en)
EP (2) EP2431069A1 (en)
JP (1) JP5137568B2 (en)
CN (2) CN1972728B (en)
WO (1) WO2005084130A2 (en)

Cited By (59)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040117860A1 (en) * 2002-09-19 2004-06-17 Lg Electronics Inc. Multicast service providing method in mobile communication system
US20060085061A1 (en) * 1996-11-04 2006-04-20 Vardi Gil M Extendible stent apparatus and method for deploying the same
US20060241740A1 (en) * 1996-11-04 2006-10-26 Advanced Stent Technologies, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US20060265041A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Arashmidos Sanati Apparatus and methods for delivering a stent into an ostium
US20070032855A1 (en) * 1998-01-14 2007-02-08 Advanced Stent Technologies, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US20070043422A1 (en) * 2005-08-18 2007-02-22 Cappella, Inc. Delivery system and method of use for accurate positioning of a device in a bifurcation
US20070055356A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-03-08 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Inflatable bifurcation stent
US20070208415A1 (en) * 2006-03-06 2007-09-06 Kevin Grotheim Bifurcated stent with controlled drug delivery
US20080082049A1 (en) * 2006-07-12 2008-04-03 Evans Douglas G Guide wire exchange catheter system
EP1920724A1 (en) * 2006-11-07 2008-05-14 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Cutting radio frequency catheter for creating fenestrations in graft cloth
US20080172123A1 (en) * 2007-01-16 2008-07-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent
US20090275920A1 (en) * 2006-05-11 2009-11-05 Solar Ronald J Systems and methods for treating a vessel using focused force
US20090299454A1 (en) * 2008-06-02 2009-12-03 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Staggered Two Balloon Bifurcation Catheter Assembly and Methods
US7678142B2 (en) 1996-11-04 2010-03-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US7758634B2 (en) 2001-02-26 2010-07-20 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent and delivery system
US7815675B2 (en) 1996-11-04 2010-10-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US7833264B2 (en) 2006-03-06 2010-11-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent
US7833266B2 (en) 2007-11-28 2010-11-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent with drug wells for specific ostial, carina, and side branch treatment
US7842081B2 (en) 2005-11-14 2010-11-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with spiral side-branch
US7842082B2 (en) 2006-11-16 2010-11-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent
US7922758B2 (en) 2006-06-23 2011-04-12 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Nesting twisting hinge points in a bifurcated petal geometry
US7951192B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2011-05-31 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US7951191B2 (en) 2006-10-10 2011-05-31 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent with entire circumferential petal
US7959669B2 (en) 2007-09-12 2011-06-14 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent with open ended side branch support
US8007528B2 (en) 2004-03-17 2011-08-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent
US8016878B2 (en) 2005-12-22 2011-09-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation stent pattern
US8038706B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2011-10-18 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Crown stent assembly
US8043366B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2011-10-25 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Overlapping stent
US8066757B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2011-11-29 Mindframe, Inc. Blood flow restoration and thrombus management methods
US8088140B2 (en) 2008-05-19 2012-01-03 Mindframe, Inc. Blood flow restorative and embolus removal methods
US8118861B2 (en) 2007-03-28 2012-02-21 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation stent and balloon assemblies
US8206429B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2012-06-26 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Adjustable bifurcation catheter incorporating electroactive polymer and methods of making and using the same
US8216267B2 (en) 2006-09-12 2012-07-10 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Multilayer balloon for bifurcated stent delivery and methods of making and using the same
US8257425B2 (en) 1999-01-13 2012-09-04 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US8277501B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2012-10-02 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bi-stable bifurcated stent petal geometry
US8298278B2 (en) 2006-03-07 2012-10-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent with improvement securement
US8298280B2 (en) 2003-08-21 2012-10-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US8317855B2 (en) 2005-05-26 2012-11-27 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Crimpable and expandable side branch cell
US8343211B2 (en) 2005-12-14 2013-01-01 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Connectors for bifurcated stent
US8435284B2 (en) 2005-12-14 2013-05-07 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Telescoping bifurcated stent
US8480728B2 (en) 2005-05-26 2013-07-09 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent side branch deployment initiation geometry
US8486025B2 (en) 2006-05-11 2013-07-16 Ronald J. Solar Systems and methods for treating a vessel using focused force
US8545514B2 (en) 2008-04-11 2013-10-01 Covidien Lp Monorail neuro-microcatheter for delivery of medical devices to treat stroke, processes and products thereby
US8574283B1 (en) 2011-08-30 2013-11-05 Suraj Govind Kamat Deployment of stents within bifurcated vessels
US8585713B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2013-11-19 Covidien Lp Expandable tip assembly for thrombus management
US8647376B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2014-02-11 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Balloon fold design for deployment of bifurcated stent petal architecture
US8679142B2 (en) 2008-02-22 2014-03-25 Covidien Lp Methods and apparatus for flow restoration
US8747456B2 (en) 2007-12-31 2014-06-10 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation stent delivery system and methods
US8821561B2 (en) 2006-02-22 2014-09-02 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Marker arrangement for bifurcation catheter
US8926680B2 (en) 2007-11-12 2015-01-06 Covidien Lp Aneurysm neck bridging processes with revascularization systems methods and products thereby
US8932340B2 (en) 2008-05-29 2015-01-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent and delivery system
US9034025B2 (en) 2005-05-23 2015-05-19 Ostial Corporation Balloon catheters and methods for use
US9050437B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2015-06-09 YMED, Inc. Positioning device for ostial lesions
US9198687B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2015-12-01 Covidien Lp Acute stroke revascularization/recanalization systems processes and products thereby
US9220522B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2015-12-29 Covidien Lp Embolus removal systems with baskets
CN105726175A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-06 南京医科大学第一附属医院 Special-type main branch balloon stent system for bifurcation lesion interventional therapy
US9427340B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2016-08-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US9504473B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2016-11-29 Y Med Inc. Vessel treatment devices
US10123803B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2018-11-13 Covidien Lp Methods of managing neurovascular obstructions

Families Citing this family (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040097996A1 (en) 1999-10-05 2004-05-20 Omnisonics Medical Technologies, Inc. Apparatus and method of removing occlusions using an ultrasonic medical device operating in a transverse mode
US7794414B2 (en) 2004-02-09 2010-09-14 Emigrant Bank, N.A. Apparatus and method for an ultrasonic medical device operating in torsional and transverse modes
JP2009509622A (en) * 2005-10-03 2009-03-12 ワイ メッド インク Vascular therapy device
US7766951B2 (en) * 2004-03-04 2010-08-03 Y Med, Inc. Vessel treatment devices
US20070173918A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2007-07-26 Dreher James H Apparatus and methods for locating an ostium of a vessel
US20070118200A1 (en) * 2005-11-18 2007-05-24 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation stent delivery system
US20070129750A1 (en) * 2005-12-05 2007-06-07 Abbott Laboratories Catheter balloon device with internal guidewire lumen and method of formation
US8167929B2 (en) 2006-03-09 2012-05-01 Abbott Laboratories System and method for delivering a stent to a bifurcated vessel
US8221447B2 (en) * 2006-03-14 2012-07-17 Thermopeutix, Inc. Aneurysm coil delivery system
US9757260B2 (en) * 2006-03-30 2017-09-12 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Prosthesis with guide lumen
US20070239252A1 (en) * 2006-04-10 2007-10-11 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. A Mechanism to Ensure Placement of Ostial Renal Stents
GB2437058A (en) * 2006-04-12 2007-10-17 Vortex Innovations Ltd Kit for endovascular repair
WO2008021570A2 (en) * 2006-08-18 2008-02-21 Abbott Laboratories Bifurcation stent delivery catheter and method
US8608790B2 (en) * 2006-10-06 2013-12-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation catheter and method
US7871396B2 (en) * 2006-10-30 2011-01-18 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation catheter assembly and method
US20080228146A1 (en) * 2007-03-13 2008-09-18 Yoav Shaked Positioning device for ostial lesions
US9358142B2 (en) * 2007-04-24 2016-06-07 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Catheter having guidewire channel
WO2009048449A1 (en) * 2007-10-11 2009-04-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation catheter and method
GB0721459D0 (en) * 2007-11-01 2007-12-12 Vascutek Ltd Apparatus and method
US9402754B2 (en) 2010-05-18 2016-08-02 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Expandable endoprostheses, systems, and methods for treating a bifurcated lumen
US9545323B2 (en) * 2010-11-16 2017-01-17 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Fenestration devices, systems, and methods
WO2012172885A1 (en) * 2011-06-16 2012-12-20 オリンパスメディカルシステムズ株式会社 Somatic insertion tool
WO2013145453A1 (en) * 2012-03-26 2013-10-03 テルモ株式会社 Balloon catheter
US9820761B2 (en) 2014-03-21 2017-11-21 Route 92 Medical, Inc. Rapid aspiration thrombectomy system and method
EP3127497B1 (en) * 2013-11-07 2018-01-31 Cook Medical Technologies LLC Balloon catheter with lithotripsy amplification system
US20180242978A1 (en) * 2015-07-24 2018-08-30 Route 92 Medical, Inc. Methods of intracerebral implant delivery
CN105769401A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-20 南京医科大学第附属医院 Special-shaped side branch balloon stent system for bifurcation lesion interventional therapy
CN105853035B (en) * 2016-04-28 2018-11-16 南京医科大学第附属医院 For a special type of main bifurcation lesions intervention side branch balloon stent system
CN105726179B (en) * 2016-05-16 2019-02-15 张健 A kind of double saccule support systems of special type side branch for bifurcated lesions interventional therapy
CN106236340B (en) * 2016-08-17 2018-11-23 苗立夫 Retracement of loading a conduit branch can protect vascular stent system

Citations (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4983167A (en) * 1988-11-23 1991-01-08 Harvinder Sahota Balloon catheters
US5462530A (en) * 1992-04-09 1995-10-31 Jang; G. David Intravascular catheter with bailout feature
US5685847A (en) * 1994-06-30 1997-11-11 Boston Scientific Corporation Stent and therapeutic delivery system
US5749825A (en) * 1996-09-18 1998-05-12 Isostent, Inc. Means method for treatment of stenosed arterial bifurcations
US6048361A (en) * 1997-05-17 2000-04-11 Jomed Implantate Gmbh Balloon catheter and multi-guidewire stent for implanting in the region of branched vessels
US20010049548A1 (en) * 1999-06-04 2001-12-06 Gil Vardi Bifurcation lesion stent delivery using multiple guidewires
US6375660B1 (en) * 1999-11-22 2002-04-23 Cordis Corporation Stent delivery system with a fixed guide wire
US20020091434A1 (en) * 2001-01-05 2002-07-11 Chambers Jeffrey W. Apparatus and method to position a stent
US6440097B1 (en) * 1995-10-06 2002-08-27 Target Therapeutics, Inc. Balloon catheter with delivery side holes
US20020147491A1 (en) * 1999-11-22 2002-10-10 Khan I. John Stent delivery system having a fixed guidewire
US20030055483A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2003-03-20 Gumm Darrell C. Rotating stent delivery system for side branch access and protection and method of using same
US20030074047A1 (en) * 1996-05-03 2003-04-17 Jacob Richter Method of delivering a bifurcated stent
US6579312B2 (en) * 1997-08-13 2003-06-17 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Stent and catheter assembly and method for treating bifurcations
US20030114912A1 (en) * 2000-05-30 2003-06-19 Jacques Sequin Endoprosthesis deployment system for treating vascular bifurcations
US20030187494A1 (en) * 2000-02-18 2003-10-02 Alessandro Loaldi Endolumenal device for delivering and deploying an endolumenal expandable prosthesis
US6682556B1 (en) * 1997-07-18 2004-01-27 Vascular Concepts Holdings Limited Application catheter and method of implantation of a stent in vascular bifurcations, side branches and ostial lesions
US6692483B2 (en) * 1996-11-04 2004-02-17 Advanced Stent Technologies, Inc. Catheter with attached flexible side sheath
US20040098087A1 (en) * 1999-07-07 2004-05-20 Gilbert Madrid Dual wire placement catheter
US20040138734A1 (en) * 2001-04-11 2004-07-15 Trivascular, Inc. Delivery system and method for bifurcated graft
US20040172121A1 (en) * 2003-02-27 2004-09-02 Tracee Eidenschink Rotating balloon expandable sheath bifurcation delivery
US20050015135A1 (en) * 1999-05-20 2005-01-20 Conor Medsystems, Inc. Expandable medical device delivery system and method

Family Cites Families (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4958634A (en) * 1987-05-06 1990-09-25 Jang G David Limacon geometry balloon angioplasty catheter systems and method of making same
EP0476807A1 (en) * 1990-09-17 1992-03-25 C.R. Bard, Inc. Core wire steerable catheters
AT121303T (en) * 1990-10-04 1995-05-15 Schneider Europ Ag Ballondilationskatheter.
EP0492361B1 (en) * 1990-12-21 1996-07-31 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Fixed-wire dilatation catheter with rotatable balloon assembly
US5197978B1 (en) * 1991-04-26 1996-05-28 Advanced Coronary Tech Removable heat-recoverable tissue supporting device
US5549553A (en) 1993-04-29 1996-08-27 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Dilation ballon for a single operator exchange intravascular catheter or similar device
US6554795B2 (en) * 1997-03-06 2003-04-29 Medtronic Ave, Inc. Balloon catheter and method of manufacture
US7591846B2 (en) * 1996-11-04 2009-09-22 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Methods for deploying stents in bifurcations
US6736827B1 (en) * 2000-10-13 2004-05-18 Medtronic Ave, Inc. Low profile catheter
US6544219B2 (en) * 2000-12-15 2003-04-08 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Catheter for placement of therapeutic devices at the ostium of a bifurcation of a body lumen
NO20024056A (en) * 2001-08-27 2003-02-28 Medinol Ltd Stentsystem
US20030191436A1 (en) * 2002-04-05 2003-10-09 Horvers Ronald Adrianus Maria Balloon catheter
US7273491B2 (en) * 2002-05-30 2007-09-25 Cordis Corporation Means and method for treating an intimal dissection after stent implantation
US6761734B2 (en) * 2002-07-22 2004-07-13 William S. Suhr Segmented balloon catheter for stenting bifurcation lesions

Patent Citations (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4983167A (en) * 1988-11-23 1991-01-08 Harvinder Sahota Balloon catheters
US5462530A (en) * 1992-04-09 1995-10-31 Jang; G. David Intravascular catheter with bailout feature
US5685847A (en) * 1994-06-30 1997-11-11 Boston Scientific Corporation Stent and therapeutic delivery system
US6440097B1 (en) * 1995-10-06 2002-08-27 Target Therapeutics, Inc. Balloon catheter with delivery side holes
US20030074047A1 (en) * 1996-05-03 2003-04-17 Jacob Richter Method of delivering a bifurcated stent
US5749825A (en) * 1996-09-18 1998-05-12 Isostent, Inc. Means method for treatment of stenosed arterial bifurcations
US6692483B2 (en) * 1996-11-04 2004-02-17 Advanced Stent Technologies, Inc. Catheter with attached flexible side sheath
US6048361A (en) * 1997-05-17 2000-04-11 Jomed Implantate Gmbh Balloon catheter and multi-guidewire stent for implanting in the region of branched vessels
US6682556B1 (en) * 1997-07-18 2004-01-27 Vascular Concepts Holdings Limited Application catheter and method of implantation of a stent in vascular bifurcations, side branches and ostial lesions
US6579312B2 (en) * 1997-08-13 2003-06-17 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Stent and catheter assembly and method for treating bifurcations
US20050015135A1 (en) * 1999-05-20 2005-01-20 Conor Medsystems, Inc. Expandable medical device delivery system and method
US20010049548A1 (en) * 1999-06-04 2001-12-06 Gil Vardi Bifurcation lesion stent delivery using multiple guidewires
US20040098087A1 (en) * 1999-07-07 2004-05-20 Gilbert Madrid Dual wire placement catheter
US6375660B1 (en) * 1999-11-22 2002-04-23 Cordis Corporation Stent delivery system with a fixed guide wire
US20020147491A1 (en) * 1999-11-22 2002-10-10 Khan I. John Stent delivery system having a fixed guidewire
US20030187494A1 (en) * 2000-02-18 2003-10-02 Alessandro Loaldi Endolumenal device for delivering and deploying an endolumenal expandable prosthesis
US20030114912A1 (en) * 2000-05-30 2003-06-19 Jacques Sequin Endoprosthesis deployment system for treating vascular bifurcations
US20020091434A1 (en) * 2001-01-05 2002-07-11 Chambers Jeffrey W. Apparatus and method to position a stent
US20040138734A1 (en) * 2001-04-11 2004-07-15 Trivascular, Inc. Delivery system and method for bifurcated graft
US20030055483A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2003-03-20 Gumm Darrell C. Rotating stent delivery system for side branch access and protection and method of using same
US20040172121A1 (en) * 2003-02-27 2004-09-02 Tracee Eidenschink Rotating balloon expandable sheath bifurcation delivery

Cited By (86)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7678142B2 (en) 1996-11-04 2010-03-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US20060085061A1 (en) * 1996-11-04 2006-04-20 Vardi Gil M Extendible stent apparatus and method for deploying the same
US20060241740A1 (en) * 1996-11-04 2006-10-26 Advanced Stent Technologies, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US7815675B2 (en) 1996-11-04 2010-10-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US7766955B2 (en) 1996-11-04 2010-08-03 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US7850725B2 (en) * 1996-11-04 2010-12-14 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US7892279B2 (en) 1998-01-14 2011-02-22 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US8241349B2 (en) 1998-01-14 2012-08-14 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US20070032855A1 (en) * 1998-01-14 2007-02-08 Advanced Stent Technologies, Inc. Extendible stent apparatus
US8257425B2 (en) 1999-01-13 2012-09-04 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US7758634B2 (en) 2001-02-26 2010-07-20 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent and delivery system
US7951192B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2011-05-31 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US8425590B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2013-04-23 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US20040117860A1 (en) * 2002-09-19 2004-06-17 Lg Electronics Inc. Multicast service providing method in mobile communication system
US8298280B2 (en) 2003-08-21 2012-10-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US9050437B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2015-06-09 YMED, Inc. Positioning device for ostial lesions
US9504473B2 (en) 2004-03-04 2016-11-29 Y Med Inc. Vessel treatment devices
US8007528B2 (en) 2004-03-17 2011-08-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent
US9427340B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2016-08-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US9034025B2 (en) 2005-05-23 2015-05-19 Ostial Corporation Balloon catheters and methods for use
US20120004717A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2012-01-05 Incept Llc Apparatus and methods for delivering a stent into an ostium
US7862601B2 (en) * 2005-05-23 2011-01-04 Incept Llc Apparatus and methods for delivering a stent into an ostium
US20060265041A1 (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-11-23 Arashmidos Sanati Apparatus and methods for delivering a stent into an ostium
US8317855B2 (en) 2005-05-26 2012-11-27 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Crimpable and expandable side branch cell
US8480728B2 (en) 2005-05-26 2013-07-09 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent side branch deployment initiation geometry
US20070043422A1 (en) * 2005-08-18 2007-02-22 Cappella, Inc. Delivery system and method of use for accurate positioning of a device in a bifurcation
US20070055356A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-03-08 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Inflatable bifurcation stent
US8038706B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2011-10-18 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Crown stent assembly
US7731741B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2010-06-08 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Inflatable bifurcation stent
US8043366B2 (en) 2005-09-08 2011-10-25 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Overlapping stent
US7842081B2 (en) 2005-11-14 2010-11-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with spiral side-branch
US8435284B2 (en) 2005-12-14 2013-05-07 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Telescoping bifurcated stent
US8343211B2 (en) 2005-12-14 2013-01-01 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Connectors for bifurcated stent
US8016878B2 (en) 2005-12-22 2011-09-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation stent pattern
US8821561B2 (en) 2006-02-22 2014-09-02 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Marker arrangement for bifurcation catheter
US20070208415A1 (en) * 2006-03-06 2007-09-06 Kevin Grotheim Bifurcated stent with controlled drug delivery
US7833264B2 (en) 2006-03-06 2010-11-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent
US8298278B2 (en) 2006-03-07 2012-10-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent with improvement securement
US8486025B2 (en) 2006-05-11 2013-07-16 Ronald J. Solar Systems and methods for treating a vessel using focused force
US8070729B2 (en) 2006-05-11 2011-12-06 YMED, Inc. Systems and methods for treating a vessel using focused force
US8262621B2 (en) 2006-05-11 2012-09-11 YMED, Inc. Systems and methods for treating a vessel using focused force
US20090275920A1 (en) * 2006-05-11 2009-11-05 Solar Ronald J Systems and methods for treating a vessel using focused force
US7922758B2 (en) 2006-06-23 2011-04-12 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Nesting twisting hinge points in a bifurcated petal geometry
US20080082049A1 (en) * 2006-07-12 2008-04-03 Evans Douglas G Guide wire exchange catheter system
US8911406B2 (en) * 2006-07-12 2014-12-16 Kensey Nash Corporation Guide wire exchange catheter system
US8216267B2 (en) 2006-09-12 2012-07-10 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Multilayer balloon for bifurcated stent delivery and methods of making and using the same
US9492297B2 (en) 2006-09-12 2016-11-15 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Multilayer balloon for bifurcated stent delivery and methods of making and using the same
US7951191B2 (en) 2006-10-10 2011-05-31 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent with entire circumferential petal
US8556955B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2013-10-15 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Adjustable bifurcation catheter incorporating electroactive polymer and methods of makings and using the same
US8206429B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2012-06-26 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Adjustable bifurcation catheter incorporating electroactive polymer and methods of making and using the same
US7963960B2 (en) 2006-11-07 2011-06-21 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Cutting radio frequency catheter for creating fenestrations in graft cloth
EP1920724A1 (en) * 2006-11-07 2008-05-14 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Cutting radio frequency catheter for creating fenestrations in graft cloth
US7842082B2 (en) 2006-11-16 2010-11-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent
US20080172123A1 (en) * 2007-01-16 2008-07-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent
US7959668B2 (en) 2007-01-16 2011-06-14 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent
US8118861B2 (en) 2007-03-28 2012-02-21 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation stent and balloon assemblies
US8647376B2 (en) 2007-03-30 2014-02-11 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Balloon fold design for deployment of bifurcated stent petal architecture
US7959669B2 (en) 2007-09-12 2011-06-14 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent with open ended side branch support
US8945172B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2015-02-03 Covidien Lp Devices for restoring blood flow and clot removal during acute ischemic stroke
US8574262B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2013-11-05 Covidien Lp Revascularization devices
US9320532B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2016-04-26 Covidien Lp Expandable tip assembly for thrombus management
US8585713B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2013-11-19 Covidien Lp Expandable tip assembly for thrombus management
US8070791B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2011-12-06 Mindframe, Inc. Multiple layer embolus removal
US9220522B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2015-12-29 Covidien Lp Embolus removal systems with baskets
US8197493B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2012-06-12 Mindframe, Inc. Method for providing progressive therapy for thrombus management
US10123803B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2018-11-13 Covidien Lp Methods of managing neurovascular obstructions
US10016211B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2018-07-10 Covidien Lp Expandable tip assembly for thrombus management
US9198687B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2015-12-01 Covidien Lp Acute stroke revascularization/recanalization systems processes and products thereby
US8066757B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2011-11-29 Mindframe, Inc. Blood flow restoration and thrombus management methods
US8945143B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2015-02-03 Covidien Lp Expandable tip assembly for thrombus management
US9387098B2 (en) 2007-10-17 2016-07-12 Covidien Lp Revascularization devices
US8926680B2 (en) 2007-11-12 2015-01-06 Covidien Lp Aneurysm neck bridging processes with revascularization systems methods and products thereby
US7833266B2 (en) 2007-11-28 2010-11-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent with drug wells for specific ostial, carina, and side branch treatment
US8277501B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2012-10-02 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bi-stable bifurcated stent petal geometry
US8747456B2 (en) 2007-12-31 2014-06-10 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcation stent delivery system and methods
US9161766B2 (en) 2008-02-22 2015-10-20 Covidien Lp Methods and apparatus for flow restoration
US8679142B2 (en) 2008-02-22 2014-03-25 Covidien Lp Methods and apparatus for flow restoration
US8940003B2 (en) 2008-02-22 2015-01-27 Covidien Lp Methods and apparatus for flow restoration
US8545514B2 (en) 2008-04-11 2013-10-01 Covidien Lp Monorail neuro-microcatheter for delivery of medical devices to treat stroke, processes and products thereby
US8088140B2 (en) 2008-05-19 2012-01-03 Mindframe, Inc. Blood flow restorative and embolus removal methods
US8932340B2 (en) 2008-05-29 2015-01-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent and delivery system
US20090299454A1 (en) * 2008-06-02 2009-12-03 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Staggered Two Balloon Bifurcation Catheter Assembly and Methods
US8377108B2 (en) 2008-06-02 2013-02-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Staggered two balloon bifurcation catheter assembly and methods
EP3216422A1 (en) 2011-08-30 2017-09-13 Kamat, Suraj Govind Deployment of stents within bifurcated vessels
US8574283B1 (en) 2011-08-30 2013-11-05 Suraj Govind Kamat Deployment of stents within bifurcated vessels
CN105726175A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-06 南京医科大学第一附属医院 Special-type main branch balloon stent system for bifurcation lesion interventional therapy

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20050209677A1 (en) 2005-09-22
CN101912322B (en) 2011-12-14
JP2007526073A (en) 2007-09-13
EP1732636A4 (en) 2009-08-12
EP1732636A2 (en) 2006-12-20
CN101912322A (en) 2010-12-15
CN1972728A (en) 2007-05-30
EP2431069A1 (en) 2012-03-21
CN1972728B (en) 2010-09-15
WO2005084130A3 (en) 2006-03-02
WO2005084130A2 (en) 2005-09-15
US7438720B2 (en) 2008-10-21
JP5137568B2 (en) 2013-02-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP0784966B1 (en) Rapid exchange stent delivery balloon catheter
CA2360551C (en) Bifurcation stent delivery system
US5843092A (en) Balloon catheter and stent delivery device
JP4445125B2 (en) Expansion and stent delivery catheters for lesions in bifurcation
CA2220141C (en) Endoprosthesis for the treatment of blood-vessel bifurcation stenosis and purpose-built installation device
US5464395A (en) Catheter for delivering therapeutic and/or diagnostic agents to the tissue surrounding a bodily passageway
EP0952864B1 (en) Single operator exchange biliary catheter
ES2593634T3 (en) Treatment devices glasses
US4944745A (en) Perfusion balloon catheter
US7044964B2 (en) Catheter system having imaging, balloon angioplasty, and stent deployment capabilities, and method of use for guided stent deployment
JP3037055B2 (en) The protective sheath stent delivery system
US5267958A (en) Exchange catheter having exterior guide wire loops
AU2010241523B2 (en) Catheter with disruptable guidewire channel
US6544219B2 (en) Catheter for placement of therapeutic devices at the ostium of a bifurcation of a body lumen
EP1476096B1 (en) Delivery system for self-expanding bifurcated stents
US8795227B2 (en) Multi-purpose catheters, catheter systems, and radiation treatment
EP0581900B1 (en) Helical balloon perfusion angioplasty catheter
EP0699451A2 (en) Catheter
US6391050B1 (en) Self-expanding stent delivery system
US5334154A (en) Perfusion type dilatation catheter having perfusion ports with depressed proximal edges
US5709658A (en) Rapid exchange type over-the-wire catheter
US6884257B1 (en) Stent delivery system with adjustable length balloon
US20090299457A1 (en) Endolumenal device for delivering and deploying an endolumenal expandable prosthesis
EP0891751A1 (en) Vascular stent for bifurcations, sidebranches and ostial lesions and an application catheter and method for implantation
JP3631139B2 (en) Bifurcated catheter assembly

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: Y MED INC., DELAWARE

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SHAKED, YOAV;REEL/FRAME:015630/0667

Effective date: 20040722