US20050180280A1 - Information recording and reproducing apparatus - Google Patents

Information recording and reproducing apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050180280A1
US20050180280A1 US11/097,774 US9777405A US2005180280A1 US 20050180280 A1 US20050180280 A1 US 20050180280A1 US 9777405 A US9777405 A US 9777405A US 2005180280 A1 US2005180280 A1 US 2005180280A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
laser
recording
waveform generator
setting
registers
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Abandoned
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US11/097,774
Inventor
Takashi Hoshino
Toshimitsu Kaku
Akihiro Asada
Takehiko Sekine
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Hitachi Ltd
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Hitachi Ltd
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Priority to US09/488,156 priority Critical patent/US6442118B1/en
Priority to US10/219,224 priority patent/US6954410B2/en
Application filed by Hitachi Ltd filed Critical Hitachi Ltd
Priority to US11/097,774 priority patent/US20050180280A1/en
Publication of US20050180280A1 publication Critical patent/US20050180280A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/12Heads, e.g. forming of the optical beam spot or modulation of the optical beam
    • G11B7/125Optical beam sources therefor, e.g. laser control circuitry specially adapted for optical storage devices; Modulators, e.g. means for controlling the size or intensity of optical spots or optical traces
    • G11B7/126Circuits, methods or arrangements for laser control or stabilisation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/14Digital recording or reproducing using self-clocking codes
    • G11B20/1403Digital recording or reproducing using self-clocking codes characterised by the use of two levels
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/10Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/19Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier
    • G11B27/28Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording
    • G11B27/30Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording on the same track as the main recording
    • G11B27/3027Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording on the same track as the main recording used signal is digitally coded
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/004Recording, reproducing or erasing methods; Read, write or erase circuits therefor
    • G11B7/0045Recording
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/004Recording, reproducing or erasing methods; Read, write or erase circuits therefor
    • G11B7/005Reproducing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/007Arrangement of the information on the record carrier, e.g. form of tracks, actual track shape, e.g. wobbled, or cross-section, e.g. v-shaped; Sequential information structures, e.g. sectoring or header formats within a track
    • G11B7/00745Sectoring or header formats within a track

Abstract

A laser waveform generation function is provided in a laser driving waveform generator 2 near a laser 3. A recording clock generator 9 is included in the laser driving waveform generator 2 to generate a clock with a frequency higher than that of a synchronizing clock 202. This allows a recording laser current (waveform) to be generated without transmission of a high frequency signal from the modulator 6. Further, because the synchronizing clock 202 is stopped upon a reproduction operation including reproduction operation in an ID unit, undesired effects on a reproduction operation such as ID reproduction can be reduced. Because the response speed of the recording clock generator 9 can be changed, a high precision clock can be generated. Thus, a high-precision recording laser current (waveform) can be generated.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a Continuation Application of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/219,224, filed Aug. 13, 2002, which is related to and claims priority from U.S. application Ser. No. 09/488,156, filed Jan. 20, 2000, which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety for all purposes.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to an information recording and reproducing apparatus which records information onto a medium using a laser beam with an emission waveform controlled by the recording information, and reproduces information from the medium by use of a laser beam with a lower intensity than that of the laser beam used for recording. More particularly, the invention provides an optical disk drive with a circuit to generate a desired waveform for the laser beam.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • According to an aspect of the present invention, an information recording and reproducing apparatus records information using a precise laser current waveform, and reduces undesired effects during reproduction operations, such as ID reproduction.
  • More particularly, the invention provides an information recording and reproducing apparatus, such as an optical disk drive, for recording information onto a recording medium while changing the laser emissions. The apparatus includes a movable optical pickup unit which has a modulator that incorporates data to be recorded onto the recording medium using a synchronizing clock, a recording waveform generator having a recording clock generator that generates a recording clock based on the synchronizing clock. The waveform generator changes the laser emissions based on the recording clock and the recording data. A controller is provided to control the modulator and the recording waveform generator. Preferably, the recording waveform generator is formed on a circuit board of the optical pickup unit, and the modulator and the controller are formed on a circuit board other than that of the optical pickup unit. The recording clock generator turns the recording clock on and off based on control by the recording controller.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a timing diagram showing a control operation of the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 is a diagram showing a modulator and a circuit for providing a laser driver;
  • FIG. 3 is a diagram showing the relation among recording data, a synchronizing clock, a recording clock and a recording laser waveform;
  • FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a recording clock generator according to a first embodiment;
  • FIG. 5 is a diagram showing the recording clock generator according to a second embodiment;
  • FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a first embodiment of an information recording and reproducing apparatus using the modulator and the waveform generator in FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 7 is a diagram showing an example of a control interface signal;
  • FIG. 8 is a diagram showing a second embodiment of the information recording and reproducing apparatus using the modulator and waveform generator in FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 9 is a diagram showing an example of an automatic execution circuit;
  • FIG. 10 is a diagram showing an example of an operation sequence in a first embodiment of the information recording and reproducing apparatus;
  • FIG. 11 is a diagram showing an example of an operation sequence in a second embodiment of the information recording and reproducing apparatus;
  • FIG. 12 is a diagram showing an example of an operation sequence in the information recording and reproducing apparatus of the first and second embodiments;
  • FIG. 13 is a diagram showing an example of an operation sequence in the information recording and reproducing apparatus of the first and second embodiments;
  • FIG. 14 is a diagram showing an example of an operation sequence in the information recording and reproducing apparatus of the first and second embodiments;
  • FIG. 15 is a diagram showing an example of an operation sequence in the information recording and reproducing apparatus of the first and second embodiments;
  • FIG. 16 is a diagram showing a modulator (laser waveform generator) and a laser driver; and
  • FIG. 17 is a timing diagram showing timing of a modulator (laser waveform generator) and a laser driver.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIFIC EMBODIMENTS
  • One embodiment of an information recording and reproducing apparatus of the present invention includes, a modulator for providing recording data to be recorded onto a recording medium; a synchronizing clock; a recording waveform generator having a recording clock generator for generating a recording clock based on the synchronizing clock for changing the amount of laser emission based on the recording clock and the recording data; and a recording controller for controlling the modulator and the recording waveform generator. In this embodiment, the recording clock generator has a clock generation/stop function and a response speed changing function, and the recording controller generates a clock generation/stop control signal and a response speed changing signal for control of the recording clock generator.
  • FIG. 2 shows an embodiment of a modulator and waveform generator circuit for controlling a laser. The waveform generator 2 includes an LD driver 11 comprising, e.g., current switches and an adder as shown in FIG. 16, but is not limited to this arrangement. Further, waveform generator 10 and the LD driver 11 are not necessarily integrated, but may be separately constructed. Recording controller 8 provides start and stop signals to a recording-clock generator and also provides a signal to the recording-clock generator to change its response speed.
  • In FIG. 2, signal lines transmit a synchronizing clock 202, recording data 203, a recording gate signal 204, a response speed signal 206 and an oscillation start/stop signal 207. These are connected between the modulator 6, the recording controller 8, and the waveform generator 2, using a flexible cable (not shown) or the like. The waveform generator 2 is preferably provided on an optical pickup unit (not shown), and thus moves with movement of the optical pickup unit. The modulator 6 and the recording controller 8 are provided on a substrate (not shown) in the information recording and reproducing apparatus, and thus do not move with the optical pickup unit.
  • The flow of signals between the modulator 6 and the waveform generator 2 is described with reference to FIG. 3 showing the relation among the recording data 203, the synchronizing clock 202, the recording clock 201 and the recording laser waveform 209. Recording clock generator 9 generates the recording clock signal 201 based on the synchronizing clock signal 202 from the synchronizing clock generator 7, and sends the recording clock 201 to the waveform generator 10. The waveform generator 10 generates the waveform for controlling current to the recording laser 209, based on the recording data (e.g., NRZ signal) 203 sent from the modulator 6 and the recording clock 201 sent from the recording clock generator 9. The emission of laser 3 changes in accordance with changes of the waveform of the laser current 209. The LD driver 11 drives the laser 3 based on the recording laser current 209, thus causing the laser to record on an information recording medium.
  • In these figures, the synchronizing clock 202 is one-fourth the frequency of the recording clock 201. The frequency of the synchronizing clock 202 is not limited to this frequency, but may be an arbitrary 1/N frequency. Because a Phase Locked Loop circuit (PLL) is often used as the recording clock generator 9, and to simplify circuit construction, it is preferable that N be set to a power of 2. Further, as N increases, jitter of the synchronizing clock increases, therefore, it is preferable that N be determined in view of these conditions.
  • The signal timing of the modulator 6 and the waveform generator 9 are described with reference to FIG. 1. During a reproduction operation, because the recording clock 201 is not necessary, the recording controller 8 issues the oscillation start/stop signal 207 to the recording clock generator 9 to stop oscillation of the recording clock 201. Accordingly, interference with other circuits during reproduction operations is prevented. Further, the recording controller 8 stops supply of the synchronizing clock 202 from the synchronizing clock generator 7 to the recording clock generator 9.
  • For a recording operation, it is necessary to start oscillation of the recording clock 201. Generally, during a seek operation for movement of the head to a target position, the oscillation of the recording clock 201 is started. In this case, the synchronizing clock 202 is supplied from the synchronizing clock generator 7 in modulator 6. Upon start of the oscillation of the recording clock 201, because the recording clock 201 is not synchronized with the synchronizing clock 202, a synchronizing operation is performed. To complete the synchronizing operation quickly, it is necessary to increase the loop gain of the PLL of the recording clock generator 9. Because the recording clock generator 9 is easily influenced by external disturbances when the loop gain is high, it is preferable to reduce the loop gain after the synchronization, i.e., to set the response speed to a lower speed. For this purpose, the response speed of the recording clock generator 9 is changed by the response speed changing signal 206 issued from the recording controller 8. Thus, a high precision recording clock can be generated by changing the circuit characteristic of the recording clock generator 9. Note that in FIG. 1, the response speed is switched to a lower speed after the recording operation for one sector, however, it may be arranged such that the response speed is set to a high speed only during a seek operation period, then switched to the lower speed upon start of the recording operation.
  • Next, an example of the structure of the recording clock generator 9 is described with reference to FIG. 4. This structure is a PLL, a well known circuit. In FIG. 4, “fin” corresponds to the synchronizing clock 202; “Gp”, to the gain of phase comparator 91; “Gf”, to the gain of low-pass filter 92; “Ga1” and “Ga2”, to the gains of amplifiers 93 a and 93 b; “Gv”, to gain of a voltage control oscillator 94; “N” to a feedback frequency ratio of a frequency divider 95; and “fout” to an output clock, i.e., recording clock 201. Note that the “fout” 201 is not necessarily the recording clock 202, but a clock obtained by dividing the “fout” may be used as the recording clock 202. The loop gain of the PLL is changed by selecting the gain Ga1 of the amplifier 93 a or the gain Ga2 of the amplifier 93 b.
  • Returning to the explanation of the control of modulator 6 and the waveform generator 9, after completion of the recording operation, because the recording clock 201 is not necessary, the recording controller 8 issues the oscillation start/stop signal 207 to the recording clock generator 9 to stop the oscillation of the recording clock 201. Accordingly, interference with other circuits during the reproduction operation is prevented. Further, the recording controller 8 prevents supply of the synchronizing clock 202 from the synchronizing clock generator 7 to the recording clock generator 9.
  • Note that as shown in FIG. 1, the synchronizing clock 202 is stopped in a sector ID unit so as to prevent interference by the synchronizing clock 202 to the reproduction operation. In this case, when the recording clock generator 9 detects a dropout (stoppage) of the synchronizing clock, it holds the oscillation frequency at the value before the dropout, and the recording clock 201 is continuously supplied to the waveform generator 10. Accordingly, in a recording operation, it is not necessary to perform a synchronizing operation at each sector change, therefore, it is not necessary to change the response speed of the recording clock generator 9 using the response speed changing signal at each sector change. Thus, stable and high precision recording operations can be performed.
  • FIG. 5 is a second example of the recording clock generator 9. In this example, the loop gain is changed by changing the feedback frequency dividing ratio N of the recording clock generator (PLL) 9. If the ratio N is reduced (the minimum value is 1), the gain increases. The gain is changed by selection of an N=1 frequency divider 95 a and an N=4 frequency divider 95 b. Note that when the feedback frequency dividing ratio N is changed, the frequency of the synchronizing clock 202 must be changed at the same time. Accordingly, the response speed is changed by the response speed changing signal 206, and at the same time, the frequency dividing ratio of the synchronizing clock generator 7 in the modulator 6 is changed by selection of frequency dividers 71 and 72. Using this method, the change of response speed is achieved with a digital circuit. Because loss of synchronization might occur, it is preferable that the change of response speed be performed when the PLL holds the value prior to the change of frequency dividing ratio as a phase comparison error. At the control timing in FIG. 1, it is realized by changing the frequency dividing ratio during an ID reproduction operation.
  • FIG. 6 illustrates a first embodiment of the information recording and reproducing apparatus using the above-described modulator and the laser driving waveform generator. In this embodiment, control by the waveform generator 2 can be realized, not by providing signal lines having independent functions, but by providing a single control interface signal 210 to transfer data corresponding to the control content. In FIG. 6, a signal line to transmit the synchronizing clock 202, the recording data 203, a recording gate signal 204 and the control interface signal 210 is connected as a flexible cable (not shown) between a signal processor 1 and the laser driving waveform generator 2.
  • Because the waveform generator 2 is provided in the optical pickup unit (not shown), the waveform generator 2, including the recording clock generator (PLL) 9, moves with the movement of the optical pickup unit. On the other hand, the signal processor 1, including the modulator 6, is provided on the substrate (not shown) fixed to the information recording and reproducing apparatus. Thus, the signal processor 1 does not move with the movement of the optical pickup unit.
  • FIG. 7 is an example of the control interface signal 210 in serial form, although no limitation is posed on the format of the control interface signal 210. The serial interface signal includes three signal lines, one for a transfer enable signal, one for a transfer clock, and one to transfer data. When the level of the transfer enable signal is “H”, the interface is in an operating state, and the transferred data is provided in synchronization with the transfer clock. In the transfer data the first-half 8 bits represent an address of one of various setting registers included in the laser driving waveform generator, and the last half 8 bits represent data written at the address.
  • The waveform generator 2 receiving the data separates the transfer data into the register address and the register setting data using an interface circuit 14, and writes the data into a register of the designated address. The signal processor 1, including an interface circuit 12 between the modulator 6 and the waveform generator 2, is connected to the higher-level device interface circuit 5, for data transfer with a higher level external device such as a PC (not shown).
  • The higher level device also issues recording and reproduction requests (commands) and provides data to be recorded to the information recording and reproducing apparatus. A microprocessor 4 receives these commands from the higher-level device interface circuit 5, and controls the respective elements in the information recording and reproducing apparatus. Similarly, the waveform generator 2 of the present invention is controlled by the microprocessor 4 placing predetermined information into the interface circuit 12 to drive the control interface circuit 14.
  • FIG. 10 shows the control procedure (operation sequence) for normal operation according to the present invention. Setting (1) is used for a high-speed synchronization mode with oscillation of the recording clock (ON), while setting (2) is used for a low-speed synchronization mode with oscillation of the recording clock (ON). Setting (3) is used for a recording clock stop (OFF) mode. When a recording command is issued from the higher-level (external) device, the microprocessor 4 places the information into the interface circuit 12 to drive the control interface circuit 14, which sets the waveform generator 2 to a predetermined state. At the same time, microprocessor 4 also controls clock generator 7 in modulator 6, to generate the synchronizing clock 202. Microprocessor 4 also sets a recording start sector in the ID detector 13. When the ID detector 13 detects the recording start sector, it notifies the recording controller 8 of the detection of the recording start sector. The recording controller 8 controls the modulator 6, to send the recording gate 204 (/WR) and the recording data 203 (NRZ) to the waveform generator 10. As described above, the waveform generator 10 generates the recording laser current waveform 209 based on the recording data (e.g., NRZ signal) 203 from the modulator 6 and the recording clock 201 from the clock generator 9. Then, the LD driver 11 drives the laser 3 based on the waveform 209, to perform recording on the information recording medium.
  • When recording for a sector is complete, microprocessor 4 places the setting (3) information into the interface circuit 12 to drive the control interface circuit 14, to set the waveform generator 2 to the setting (2) within an ID reproduction period following the recording. When a readout command (reproduction request) is issued, the microprocessor 4 places the information of the setting (3) into the interface circuit 12 to drive the control interface, to set the laser driving waveform generator to the setting (3).
  • In the recording and reproducing apparatus of the first embodiment described above, the waveform generation function is performed not by a circuit on the substrate within the apparatus (the modulator 6), but by a circuit on the optical pickup unit near the laser 3. Further, the clock generator 9 is included in the circuit on the optical pickup unit (the waveform generator 2), to generate a clock having a frequency higher than that of the synchronizing clock 202. In this construction, because a recording laser waveform can be generated without transmission of a high frequency signal from the modulator 6, the waveform generator 2 is not easily influenced by delay among the signals, and information can be recorded with high precision using the provided waveform. Further, because the supply of the synchronizing clock 202 is stopped at a reproduction operation, including the sector ID reproduction operation, undesirable effects on the reproduction operation are reduced. Further, because a high precision clock can be generated by changing the response speed of the clock generator 9, a high-precision recording laser current waveform can be generated, and information can be recorded with high precision.
  • FIG. 8 shows a second embodiment of the information recording and reproducing apparatus to which the above-described modulator and the laser driving waveform generator are applied. Explanation corresponding to those same aspects of the first embodiment are omitted. The second embodiment differs from the first embodiment by providing an automatic execution circuit 15 in the interface circuit 12. The other components are same as those in the first embodiment, and therefore, are not discussed again.
  • In the first embodiment, the microprocessor 4 must always detect the start and ending timing of a sector to control the waveform generator 2. This, however, may cause an overload on the microprocessor operation. Because the automatic execution circuit 15 is provided, the microprocessor 4 outputs recording and reproduction requests to the recording controller 8 regardless of sector status. Thus, it is not necessary for the microprocessor 4 to always exactly detect the start and ending timing of a sector; therefore, the load on the microprocessor 4 can be reduced, improving processing speed of the entire apparatus.
  • FIG. 9 is an example of the automatic execution circuit 15. In this figure, registers 151 to 153 for holding 3 types of settings are provided. When power to the drive is turned on, for example, when a disk is inserted, or when a disk is exchanged for another disk, setting information is written from the microprocessor. The recording controller 8 provides 3 types of trigger signals 211 a, 211 b, and 211 c to the automatic execution circuit 15. The automatic execution circuit 15 provides a start signal 212 for the interface circuit 12. At the same time, the automatic execution circuit 15 supplies corresponding register data 213 to the interface circuit 12. When the start signal 212 is received, the interface circuit 12 reads the register data 213 from the automatic execution circuit 15, and supplies the data to the control interface 210.
  • FIG. 11 is an example of the operation sequence of the second embodiment. For recording, the microprocessor provides a recording request to the signal processor 1 to set a recording head sector in the ID detector 13. If the recording controller 8 does not perform other recording reproduction at that time, it supplies a trigger signal 1 (211 a) to the automatic execution circuit 15. The automatic execution circuit 15 operates the interface circuit 12, and outputs the content of the setting register 1, set in advance, to the laser driving waveform generator 2, so as to set the state of the setting (1). At the same time, the recording controller 8 provides the synchronizing clock 202. When the ID detector 13 detects the recording head sector, recording is started. When the recording for a sector has been completed, the recording controller 8 sends a trigger signal 2 (211 b) to the automatic execution circuit 15 within the ID reproduction period following the recording for that sector. The automatic execution circuit 15 operates the interface circuit 12 to supply the contents in the setting register 2 to the waveform generator 2, to set the waveform generator to the state of the setting (2). If the response speed is changed by changing the frequency dividing ratio of a reference clock, the frequency dividing ratio of the synchronizing clock generator is changed at the same time.
  • For reproduction operations, the microprocessor 4 sends a reproduction request to the signal processor 1, setting a reproduction head sector address. The recording controller 8 provides a trigger signal 3 to the automatic execution circuit 15 after the recording end sector. The recording controller performs a recording operation upon reception of the reproduction request, or after the current sector. The automatic execution circuit 15 operates the interface circuit 12 to transmit the contents set in the setting register 3 to the waveform generator 2, to set the waveform generator to the state of the setting (3), i.e., recording clock stop state.
  • According to the information recording and reproducing apparatus of the second embodiment as described above, in addition to the advantages of the first embodiment, the automatic execution circuit 15 reduces the load on the microprocessor 4 and improves the operation processing speed of the entire apparatus.
  • Next, various operating conditions of the recording and reproducing apparatus in the first and second embodiments are described. The following description is of the first embodiment; however, setting (1) means issuance of the trigger signal 1 (211 a) in the second embodiment; setting (2) means issuance of the trigger signal 2 (211 b) in the second embodiment; and setting (3) means issuance of the trigger signal 1 (211 c) in the second embodiment are used.
  • FIG. 12 is an example where a sector designated by the microprocessor 4 has a defect and recording is started at the next sector. In this case, the synchronizing clock 202 is provided in the deficient sector, and the shift to the setting (2) is performed within the ID reproduction period between the end of the deficient sector and the start of the actual recording sector.
  • FIG. 13 is an example where the microprocessor 4 provides a recording request during a reproduction operation and a recording operation is started within a short period after the completion of the reproduction. Because the recording controller 8 is performing a reproduction operation when the recording request is received, the setting is not immediately shifted to setting (1), but the recording controller 8 changes the setting (1) after the reproduction sector. As in the above-described case, the shift to setting (2) is made after the recording head sector.
  • FIG. 14 is an example where a second recording command is set during a recording operation based on a first recording command (recording request), and the recording operation is continued without shifting to a reproduction operation. In this case, because a reproduction command is not set, the setting is not shifted to the setting (3), but is shifted to setting (1) after the end recording sector in the preceding recording operation. Then, after the recording head sector in the subsequent recording operation, the setting is shifted to setting (2).
  • FIG. 15 shows another control method with a similar situation to FIG. 14. If the recording operation is continued, the setting (2) set in the preceding recording operation is continued without changing the setting (without issuance of the trigger signals 1 and 2 in the second embodiment).
  • FIG. 16 shows a laser waveform generating method for an information recording and reproducing apparatus. In FIG. 16, a modulator 6′ performs encoding on recording information sent from a higher level device (not shown) by a predetermined modulation method. An emission current for a laser diode 3 is turned on and off based on a control signal by current switches 111 to 113 provided in laser driver 11′. A current adder 114 adds the currents supplied from the plural current switches. Control signals 1 to 3 (214 to 216) are provided from a waveform generator 10′, and included in the modulator 6′.
  • FIG. 17 is a timing diagram of an example of recording data 203 after modulation and the control signals 1 to 3. In FIG. 17, “mark” is a portion where high laser power irradiates a medium to cause a large amount of change, and “space” is a portion where lower laser power irradiates the medium to cause, or not to cause, a small amount of change. In this waveform example, when a mark is being recorded, laser emission is controlled at the same period as that of a recording clock 201. At the end of the mark, the laser power is lowered, and after two recording clock periods, the laser power is reduced to the space level.
  • To generate this laser emission waveform, the control signals are as follows. Control signal 1 (214) with the same period as that of the recording clock 201, is provided only in the mark portion. Control signal 2 (215) operates between the end of the mark and the front end of the space in a direction to cut off the current, while control signal 3 (216) operates to pass the current through from the rising edge of the control signal 2 through the space portion to the end of the mark portion. These control signals are generated in correspondence with recording data 203. As the current switches 111 to 113 operate to pass predetermined currents when the levels of the control signals are “H”, as a recording laser current 209, a high current in a pulse emission region is the result of addition of the current passed by the current switch 1 and the current passed by the current switch 2, while a low current is only the current passed by the current switch 2. In a cool-down region, when all the current switches are turned off, no current flows. In an erase region, as the current switches 2 and 3 pass currents, the recording laser current is the sum of addition of both currents.
  • In the above-described laser waveform generation method, it is necessary to supply a plurality of control signals synchronized with recording data to current switches. Further, to control the laser at a high frequency, generally, the current switches are provided near the laser. Thus, they are preferably mounted on an optical pickup unit where laser, optical parts, a laser positioning control mechanism and the like are integrated. The current switches are positioned away from a signal processor including the modulator and the waveform generator. In the above-described example of FIG. 16, the control signals 1 to 3 (214 to 216) from the modulator 6′ (the waveform generator 10′) are transmitted via a signal line, such as a flexible cable, to the laser driver 11′.
  • In a DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) or the like, and in information recording and reproducing apparatus, the increase in density of recording medium and the increase in recording/reproduction processing speed of the information recording and reproducing apparatus are occurring. With the development of such increases in recording medium density and processing speed, the precision of signals must be further improved by increasing the signal frequency, reducing the signal delay time and the like. However, in conventional laser waveform generation methods, it is difficult to respond to these requirements, and a laser driving waveform generator with a new construction is needed.
  • The preceding has been a description of the preferred embodiment of the invention. It will be appreciated that deviations and modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention, which is defined by the appended claims.

Claims (11)

1. An information recording and reproducing apparatus comprising:
a laser driving waveform generator comprising:
a laser drive component to drive a laser to selectively effect writing and reading of an information recording medium; and
a waveform generator configured to provide a waveform to the laser drive component based on recording data, a synchronizing clock, and an operational setting;
a control processing component comprising:
a position detector to produce position information indicative of a position of the laser relative to the information recording medium;
a plurality of setting registers, each storing content that can be transmitted to the waveform generator, the operational setting being determined by the content of one of the setting registers; and
control circuitry coupled to the position detector to detect a predetermined position of the laser, the control circuitry configured to transmit the content of one of the setting registers to the laser driving waveform generator based on the position information, thereby determining the operational setting.
2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the position information represents a sector ID.
3. The apparatus of claim 1 further comprising a flexible cable operatively connecting the laser driving waveform generator to the control processing component.
4. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the control processing component is configured to effect a record or a reproduction operation, the control processing component being configured to transmit contents of one or more of the setting registers to the laser driving waveform generator during a record or a reproduction operation.
5. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the waveform generator comprises a plurality of second registers, wherein the content of one of the setting registers comprises address information indicative of one of the second registers and data information to be stored in one of the second registers.
6. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the laser driving waveform generator is collocated with the laser and stationary with respect thereto, and the laser and the control processing component are not in stationary relation to each other.
7. An information recording and reproducing apparatus comprising:
a laser drive component to drive a laser;
a waveform generator configured to provide a waveform to the laser drive component, the waveform being determined based on recording data, a synchronizing clock, and an operating setting of the waveform generator;
a position detector to produce position information indicative of a position of the laser relative to the information recording medium;
a plurality of setting registers, each storing content that can be transmitted to the waveform generator, the operating setting being determined by the content of one of the setting registers; and
control circuitry coupled to the position detector to detect a predetermined position of the laser, the control circuitry configured to transmit contents of one of the setting registers to the waveform generator based on the position information.
8. The apparatus of claim of 7 wherein the laser drive component and the waveform generator are collocated with the laser and are stationary with respect thereto, and the position detector, the setting registers, and the control circuitry do not move in conjunction with the laser.
9. The apparatus of claim 7 wherein the position information represents a sector ID.
10. The apparatus of claim 7 further comprising a flexible cable operatively connecting the laser driving waveform generator to the control processing component.
11. The apparatus of claim 7 wherein the waveform generator comprises a plurality of second registers, wherein the content of one of the setting registers comprises address information indicative of one of the second registers and data information to be stored in one of the second registers.
US11/097,774 1999-09-20 2005-04-01 Information recording and reproducing apparatus Abandoned US20050180280A1 (en)

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US10/219,224 US6954410B2 (en) 2000-01-20 2002-08-13 Information recording and reproducing apparatus for updating the waveform of a laser based on position information
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US9385606B2 (en) 2012-12-03 2016-07-05 M/A-Com Technology Solutions Holdings, Inc. Automatic buck/boost mode selection system for DC-DC converter
US10097908B2 (en) 2014-12-31 2018-10-09 Macom Technology Solutions Holdings, Inc. DC-coupled laser driver with AC-coupled termination element
US10044328B2 (en) 2015-07-20 2018-08-07 Macom Technology Solutions Holdings, Inc. Transimpedance amplifier with bandwidth extender
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