US20050166476A1 - Apparatus for Tornado Shelter in Automobile Maintenance Pit - Google Patents

Apparatus for Tornado Shelter in Automobile Maintenance Pit Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050166476A1
US20050166476A1 US10/707,631 US70763103A US2005166476A1 US 20050166476 A1 US20050166476 A1 US 20050166476A1 US 70763103 A US70763103 A US 70763103A US 2005166476 A1 US2005166476 A1 US 2005166476A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
doors
door
pit
apparatus
automobile
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/707,631
Inventor
Shiang Feng
Original Assignee
Shiang Feng
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shiang Feng filed Critical Shiang Feng
Priority to US10/707,631 priority Critical patent/US20050166476A1/en
Publication of US20050166476A1 publication Critical patent/US20050166476A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/14Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate against other dangerous influences, e.g. tornadoes, floods
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H5/00Buildings or groups of buildings for industrial or agricultural purposes
    • E04H5/02Buildings or groups of buildings for industrial purposes, e.g. for power-plants, factories
    • E04H5/06Pits or building structures for inspection or services
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection
    • Y02A50/10TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection against extreme weather events
    • Y02A50/14Storm shelters or storm cellars

Abstract

An apparatus having at least two doors near its top level is installed in an automobile maintenance pit. When the doors are in the close position, the covered space in the pit becomes a tornado shelter. Each of the doors can be opened in two opposite directions. Multiple doors and dual opening directions minimize the chances that all doors are jammed in all directions at the same time. Each of the doors can be opened and closed even when an automobile is parked directly above the pit. When all the doors are in at least one of the open positions, maintenance tasks can be by a person in the pit, beneath the automobile.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to tornado shelters, and in particular, to adding the functionality of a tornado shelter to a residential automobile maintenance pit which is a cavity in the ground of a residential garage or a carport.
  • In-ground tornado shelters are available in the market place. Designs like U.S. Pat. No. 6,161,345 mainly consist of an enclosure with one door for accessing the enclosed area. Their single purpose is to provide a shelter when tornado hits. In case the tornado hit, debris might fall on to the top of the door, and possibly jam the door. These designs lack the redundancy provided by multiple doors where all doors are less likely to be jammed at the same time. Though U.S. Pat. No. 6,161,345 can be installed in a residential automobile garage, its use as a maintenance pit is not intended and not suitable.
  • U.S. Pat. No. 4,966,217 adds a safety cover or door to an automotive service pit. It is designed for commercial automobile service facilities to prevent people from falling into the pit, not for a residential tornado shelter.
  • The purpose of the present invention is to allow a residential automobile maintenance pit function as a tornado shelter by adding at least two doors near the top level over the full length of the pit. This added functionality is an incentive for customers who want to have more practical use of their investment.
  • SUMMARY OF INVENTION
  • An apparatus having at least two doors near its top level is installed in an automobile maintenance pit. Each of the doors can be opened and closed even when an automobile is parked directly above the pit. Each of the doors can be opened in two opposite directions. When all the doors are in at least one of the open positions, maintenance tasks can be performed by a person in the pit, beneath the automobile. When the doors are in the close position, the covered space in the pit becomes a tornado shelter.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a hidden line removed isometric view of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a hidden line removed isometric view of the rolling door assembly with the door in close position.
  • FIG. 3 is a top view of the rolling door assembly with the door in close position.
  • FIG. 4 is a section view taken along section line 4-4 of FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 5 is a section view taken along section line 5-5 of FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 6 is a hidden line removed isometric view, with doors 21, 22 and 23 in the right open position and with rear top door guides 35 and front top door guides 36 removed.
  • FIG. 7 is a front end cut-away, hidden line removed isometric view of the present invention with all doors in close position, in an existing automotive maintenance pit.
  • FIG. 8 is a front end cut-away, hidden line removed isometric view of the present invention with all doors in the right open position and all top door guides removed, in an existing automotive maintenance pit.
  • FIG. 9 is a top view of the present invention integrated with the automotive maintenance pit.
  • FIG. 10 is a section view taken along section line 10-10 of FIG. 9.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • To avoid cluttering the drawings, individual slats 41 of rolling doors 21, 22, and 23 are not shown in all isometric views.
  • Refer to FIG. 1. The apparatus of the present invention consists of a frame and three modules of rolling door assemblies. The said frame consists of lower left brace 11, lower front brace 12, lower right brace 13, lower rear brace 14, upper left brace 15, upper front brace 16, upper right brace 17, upper rear brace 18 and ladder 19. Each rolling door of the said rolling door assemblies can be rolled to the close position as illustrated by the rear rolling door 21, the left open position as illustrated by the middle rolling door 22 and the right open position as illustrated by the front rolling door 23. The said rolling door assemblies are held in place by the said frame.
  • Refer to FIG. 2. The rolling door assembly consists of rolling door 21 in this case in the close position, rear left door guide 31, rear top door guide 35, rear right door guide 32, front left door guide 33, front top door guide 36, and front right door guide 34. Rear left door guide 31 and front right door guide 34 are identical. Rear right door guide 32 and front left door guide 33 are identical. Rear top door guide 35 and front top door guide 36 are identical. Other components of the rolling door assembly not identified in this drawing are rollers 41, slats 42 and eyebolts 43.
  • FIG. 3 is the top view of the rolling door assembly showing a plurality of slats 42 of the rolling door 21 in close position. Section view along section line 4-4 is shown in FIG. 4. Section view along section line 5-5 is shown in FIG. 5.
  • Refer to FIG. 4, the section view along section line 4-4 of FIG. 3, and FIG. 5, the section view along section line 5-5 of FIG. 3. The rolling door 21 consists of a plurality of rollers 41 and slats 42. Each slat 42 interlocks with neighboring slats 42 and is supported by one each roller 41 at each of its two ends. Door guides 31, 32, 34, 35, 36 and 33 in FIG. 3 have roller guide of the same C-shaped cross section. Rollers 41 can travel in the C-shaped roller guide of said door guides 31, 32, 33, 34, 35 and 36. Top door guides 35 and 36 have curved portion near both ends to allow the movement of rolling door 21 change direction, from horizontal to vertical and vice versa. Top door guides 35 and 36 have enlarged ends to accept slip-in connection of left door guides 3land 33 and right door guides 32 and 34. Rear top door guide 35 is secured in the left end by one first eyebolt 43 to rear left door guide 31 and in the right end by one second eyebolt 43 to rear right door guide 32. Front top door guide 36 is secured in the left end by one first eyebolt 43 to front left door guide 33 and in the right end by one second eyebolt 43 to front right door guide 34. Eyebolts 43 can be screwed through the wall of the C-shaped roller guide and function as locks to restrict travel of rolling door 21.
  • Refer to FIG. 6. Rear rolling door 21, middle rolling door 22 and front rolling door 23 are rolled to the right open position. By first removing all eyebolts 43, rear top door guides 35 and front top door guides 36 of each rear rolling door assembly, middle rolling door assembly and front rolling door assembly can be removed to allow unrestricted movement of a person working in the automobile maintenance pit along the full length of the automobile maintenance pit.
  • Refer to FIG. 7. The apparatus of the present invention is installed in an existing rectangular shaped cavity of automobile maintenance pit surrounded by wall 51. All doors of the apparatus are in close position near the top level 52.
  • Refer to FIG. 8. Same as in FIG. 7 except that all rolling doors are in the right open position and that all rear top door guides 35 and front top door guides 36 of rear, middle and front rolling door assemblies are removed.
  • Refer to FIG. 9 and FIG. 10. The apparatus of the present invention can be integrated into the walls of the automobile maintenance pit that uses concrete as the wall material. The top view FIG. 9 shows upper braces 15, 16, 17 and 18 are visible. FIG. 10 is taken from section line 10-10 of FIG. 9. The apparatus is positioned in the cavity prior to pouring of concrete with proper form board arrangement to let concrete fill in the region between upper right brace 17 and lower right brace 13 as well as upper left brace 15 and lower left brace 11. After concrete solidifies, the apparatus is firmly anchored in the automobile maintenance pit.

Claims (3)

1. An apparatus for tornado shelter in automobile maintenance pit comprising:
a frame;
at least two doors, covering near the full length of the top opening of said automobile maintenance pit, each door can be opened in two opposite directions, when all doors are open no obstacle exists near the full length of the top opening of said automobile maintenance pit to facilitate automobile maintenance tasks.
2. The apparatus as described in claim 1, wherein said door can be opened in only one direction.
3. The apparatus as described in claim 1, wherein said frame is integrated into the concrete wall of the said automobile maintenance pit.
US10/707,631 2003-12-25 2003-12-25 Apparatus for Tornado Shelter in Automobile Maintenance Pit Abandoned US20050166476A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/707,631 US20050166476A1 (en) 2003-12-25 2003-12-25 Apparatus for Tornado Shelter in Automobile Maintenance Pit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/707,631 US20050166476A1 (en) 2003-12-25 2003-12-25 Apparatus for Tornado Shelter in Automobile Maintenance Pit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050166476A1 true US20050166476A1 (en) 2005-08-04

Family

ID=34807350

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/707,631 Abandoned US20050166476A1 (en) 2003-12-25 2003-12-25 Apparatus for Tornado Shelter in Automobile Maintenance Pit

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7658038B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-02-09 Lifetime Products, Inc. System and method for constructing a modular enclosure
US7707783B2 (en) * 2005-05-11 2010-05-04 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure
US7770334B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-08-10 Lifetime Products, Inc. Door assembly for a modular enclosure
US7770339B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-08-10 Lifetime Products, Inc. Roof system for a modular enclosure
US7770337B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-08-10 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure with offset panels
US7779579B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-08-24 Lifetime Products, Inc. Packaging system for a modular enclosure
US7797885B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-09-21 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure
US7926227B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2011-04-19 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure with living hinges
US8020347B2 (en) 2005-05-11 2011-09-20 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure
US8091289B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2012-01-10 Lifetime Products, Inc. Floor for a modular enclosure
US8161711B2 (en) 2003-04-30 2012-04-24 Lifetime Products, Inc. Reinforced plastic panels and structures
GB2486825A (en) * 2012-01-05 2012-06-27 Rosemary Jones A storm resistant building frame
US20140366462A1 (en) * 2013-06-14 2014-12-18 Valley Storm Shelters, LLC Storm Shelters

Citations (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US593266A (en) * 1897-11-09 Grain-door for freight-cars
US905634A (en) * 1908-07-21 1908-12-01 John M Beahan Window-screen.
US2094940A (en) * 1936-05-06 1937-10-05 Rolland F Burdo Sliding protecting shade for store shelves
US2132062A (en) * 1937-12-02 1938-10-04 Leo Feuer Device for controlling the load opening in boxcars and the like
US2610086A (en) * 1951-02-26 1952-09-09 Shield Lawrence Collapsible cover for vehicle beds
US2805450A (en) * 1954-03-25 1957-09-10 Charles E Schlytern Door sections
US3456405A (en) * 1966-05-18 1969-07-22 Takenaka Komuten Co Adiabatic simplified construction
US3570579A (en) * 1968-03-18 1971-03-16 Nippon Musical Instruments Mfg Sliding cover and housing device thereof
US3662410A (en) * 1970-09-22 1972-05-16 Glamour Pools Co Enclosures for pools and the like
US3766691A (en) * 1971-12-02 1973-10-23 G Ray Convertible pool enclosure
US4628646A (en) * 1984-03-05 1986-12-16 Anton Eyerle Cover arrangement for a servicing hole
US4762242A (en) * 1987-10-16 1988-08-09 Harris Jesse W Retractable cover for an opening having limited stacking space
US4960150A (en) * 1989-06-30 1990-10-02 Alex Ryan Movable safety cover for vehicle service pit
US4966217A (en) * 1989-02-13 1990-10-30 Dechambeau Scott A Safety cover for automotive service pits
US5979128A (en) * 1998-07-30 1999-11-09 Parsons; Jack L. Wind shelter and method of installation
US6161345A (en) * 1999-09-02 2000-12-19 Hope; Ted C. Tornado shelter

Patent Citations (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US593266A (en) * 1897-11-09 Grain-door for freight-cars
US905634A (en) * 1908-07-21 1908-12-01 John M Beahan Window-screen.
US2094940A (en) * 1936-05-06 1937-10-05 Rolland F Burdo Sliding protecting shade for store shelves
US2132062A (en) * 1937-12-02 1938-10-04 Leo Feuer Device for controlling the load opening in boxcars and the like
US2610086A (en) * 1951-02-26 1952-09-09 Shield Lawrence Collapsible cover for vehicle beds
US2805450A (en) * 1954-03-25 1957-09-10 Charles E Schlytern Door sections
US3456405A (en) * 1966-05-18 1969-07-22 Takenaka Komuten Co Adiabatic simplified construction
US3570579A (en) * 1968-03-18 1971-03-16 Nippon Musical Instruments Mfg Sliding cover and housing device thereof
US3662410A (en) * 1970-09-22 1972-05-16 Glamour Pools Co Enclosures for pools and the like
US3766691A (en) * 1971-12-02 1973-10-23 G Ray Convertible pool enclosure
US4628646A (en) * 1984-03-05 1986-12-16 Anton Eyerle Cover arrangement for a servicing hole
US4762242A (en) * 1987-10-16 1988-08-09 Harris Jesse W Retractable cover for an opening having limited stacking space
US4966217A (en) * 1989-02-13 1990-10-30 Dechambeau Scott A Safety cover for automotive service pits
US4960150A (en) * 1989-06-30 1990-10-02 Alex Ryan Movable safety cover for vehicle service pit
US5979128A (en) * 1998-07-30 1999-11-09 Parsons; Jack L. Wind shelter and method of installation
US6161345A (en) * 1999-09-02 2000-12-19 Hope; Ted C. Tornado shelter

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8161711B2 (en) 2003-04-30 2012-04-24 Lifetime Products, Inc. Reinforced plastic panels and structures
US8132372B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2012-03-13 Lifetime Products Inc. System and method for constructing a modular enclosure
US7770334B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-08-10 Lifetime Products, Inc. Door assembly for a modular enclosure
US7770339B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-08-10 Lifetime Products, Inc. Roof system for a modular enclosure
US7770337B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-08-10 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure with offset panels
US7779579B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-08-24 Lifetime Products, Inc. Packaging system for a modular enclosure
US7797885B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-09-21 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure
US7926227B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2011-04-19 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure with living hinges
US7658038B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2010-02-09 Lifetime Products, Inc. System and method for constructing a modular enclosure
US8051617B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2011-11-08 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure
US8091289B2 (en) 2004-03-29 2012-01-10 Lifetime Products, Inc. Floor for a modular enclosure
US8020347B2 (en) 2005-05-11 2011-09-20 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure
US7707783B2 (en) * 2005-05-11 2010-05-04 Lifetime Products, Inc. Modular enclosure
GB2486825A (en) * 2012-01-05 2012-06-27 Rosemary Jones A storm resistant building frame
GB2486825B (en) * 2012-01-05 2012-11-21 Rosemary Jones A storm resistant building frame
US20140366462A1 (en) * 2013-06-14 2014-12-18 Valley Storm Shelters, LLC Storm Shelters

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Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION