US20050161259A1 - Unsymmetrical profile threads for use in a positive displacement motor housing - Google Patents

Unsymmetrical profile threads for use in a positive displacement motor housing Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20050161259A1
US20050161259A1 US10765021 US76502104A US2005161259A1 US 20050161259 A1 US20050161259 A1 US 20050161259A1 US 10765021 US10765021 US 10765021 US 76502104 A US76502104 A US 76502104A US 2005161259 A1 US2005161259 A1 US 2005161259A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
thread profile
angle
load bearing
root radius
unsymmetrical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10765021
Inventor
Anmol Kaul
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Schlumberger Technology Corp
Original Assignee
Schlumberger Technology Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B33/00Features common to bolt and nut
    • F16B33/02Shape of thread; Special thread-forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B17/00Drilling rods or pipes; Flexible drill strings; Kellies; Drill collars; Sucker rods ; Cables; Casings; Tubings
    • E21B17/02Couplings; joints
    • E21B17/04Couplings; joints between rod or the like and bit or between rod and rod or the like
    • E21B17/042Couplings; joints between rod or the like and bit or between rod and rod or the like threaded
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B4/00Drives used in the borehole
    • E21B4/02Fluid rotary type drives

Abstract

The present invention provides an unsymmetrical thread profile used to connect stator housings of a positive displacement motor. The unsymmetrical thread profile comprises one or more non-load bearing flanks angled with respect to the longitudinal axis of the thread profile such that the root radius is greater than the root radius of a symmetrical thread profile having substantially the same pitch and first angle.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates to mud driven motors used in the drilling of oil wells. More particularly, the invention relates to an unsymmetrical thread profile for connection of a positive displacement motor (PDM) housing.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Positive Displacement Motors (PDMs) are known in the art and are commonly used to drill wells in earth formations. PDMs operate according to a reverse mechanical application of the Moineau principle wherein pressurized fluid is forced though a series of channels formed on a rotor and a stator. The channels are generally helical in shape and may extend the entire length of the rotor and stator. The passage of the pressurized fluid generally causes the rotor to rotate within the stator. For example, a substantially continuous seal may be formed between the rotor and the stator, and the pressurized fluid may act against the rotor proximate the sealing surfaces so as to impart rotational motion on the rotor as the pressurized fluid passes through the helical channels.
  • FIG. 1 shows a conventional downhole motor assembly known in the art. As shown, the assembly 10 includes a rotatable drill bit 12, a bearing/stabilizer section 14, a transmission section 16 which may include an adjustable bent housing (for directional drilling), a motor power section 18, and a motor dump valve 20. The bent housing 16 and the dump valve 20 are not essential parts of the downhole motor. As mentioned above, the bent housing can be used as a means of directional drilling. The dump valve can be used to allow drilling fluid to enter the motor as it is lowered into the borehole and to allow drilling fluid to exit the motor when it is pulled out of the borehole. The dump valve also shuts the motor off when the drilling fluid flow rate drops below a threshold. During operation, drilling fluid pumped through the drill string (not shown) from the drilling rig at the earth's surface enters through the dump valve 20, passes through the motor power section 18 and exits the assembly 10 through the drill bit 12.
  • Prior art FIGS. 2 and 3 show details of the power section 18 of the downhole motor. The power section 18 generally includes a housing 22 which houses a motor stator 24 within which a motor rotor 26 is rotationally mounted. The power section 18 converts hydraulic energy into rotational energy by reverse application of the Moineau pump principle. The stator 24 has a plurality of helical lobes, 24 a-24 e, which define a corresponding number of helical cavities, 24 a′-24 e′. The rotor 26 has a plurality of lobes, 26 a-26 d, which typically number one fewer than the stator lobes and which define a corresponding plurality of helical cavities 26 a′-26 d′. Generally, the greater the number of lobes on the rotor and stator, the greater the torque generated by the motor. Fewer lobes will generate less torque but will permit the rotor to rotate at a higher speed. The torque output by the motor is also dependent on the number of “stages” of the motor, a “stage” being one complete spiral of the stator helix.
  • Stator housings of a PDM are typically connected with threaded connections. The threaded connections are particularly susceptible to bending stress fatigue failures. In part, such failures result because the wall thickness of these housings is typically smaller than that commonly found on the connections of drill collars.
  • Accordingly, there is a need for a thread profile that reduces the stator housings' susceptibility to bending stress fatigue failures.
  • SUMMARY OF INVENTION
  • In one aspect, the present invention comprises an unsymmetrical thread profile used to connect stator housings of a positive displacement motor. The unsymmetrical thread profile comprises one or more load bearing flanks angled with respect to the longitudinal axis of the thread profile at a first angle. The unsymmetrical thread profile further comprises one or more non-load bearing flanks angled with respect to the longitudinal axis of the thread profile at a second angle. The unsymmetrical thread profile further comprises a root radius between the non-load bearing blanks and the load bearing flanks. The second angle is less than the first angle such that the root radius is greater than the root radius of a symmetrical thread profile having substantially the same pitch and first angle.
  • In another aspect, the present invention provides a method of providing a larger root radius for a thread profile. The method comprises providing a load bearing flank having a first angle and providing a non-load bearing flank having a second angle less than the first angle.
  • In another aspect, the present invention provides a method of reducing the fatigue experienced by a threaded connection comprising reducing the angle of the non-load bearing flank to increase the root radius.
  • Other aspects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description and the appended claims.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a side elevation view of a prior art drilling motor assembly;
  • FIG. 2 is a cutaway view of the motor of FIG. 1 showing the rotor and the stator;
  • FIG. 3 is a cross section taken along the line 3-3 in FIG. 2;
  • FIG. 4 shows a prior art thread profile used to connect stator housings of a positive displacement motor.
  • FIG. 5 shows an enlarged view of a prior art stator housing threaded connection.
  • FIG. 6 shows an embodiment of the thread profile of the “pin-side” threaded connection of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 shows an enlarged view of an embodiment of the thread profile of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 shows an embodiment of the thread profile of the “box-side” threaded connection of the present invention.
  • FIG. 9 shows an enlarged view of an embodiment of the thread profile of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • FIGS. 4 and 5 show a prior art conventional thread profile 30 that is used to connect stator housings of a positive displacement motor (PDM). FIG. 4 shows the threaded connection 32 on the pin-side 34 of the stator housing 36, while FIG. 5 shows an enlarged view of the threaded connection 32. As used in this application, the term “pin-side” refers to the end 34 of the stator housing 36 that is threadably received by the “box-side” 38 of the adjacent housing/drill string component 40.
  • The illustrated conventional thread profile 30 of the threaded connection 32 is a tapered thread with a symmetrical V-profile and a symmetrical root radius 42. The thread root radius 42 governs the stress concentration and the level of fatigue resulting from the bending and axial stresses experienced in the threaded connection 32 during the drilling process. For a given pitch diameter and profile angle, the root radius 42 is limited by the useful mating area and the thread pitch P.
  • FIGS. 6 and 7 show an embodiment of the thread profile 44 of a threaded connection 46 of the present invention. The threaded connection 46 is adapted for the connection of the stator/adapter housing 48 of a PDM. FIG. 6 shows the threaded connection 46 on the pin-side 50 of the stator/adapter housing 48, while FIG. 7 shows an enlarged view of the threaded connection 46. As best seen in FIG. 7, the embodiment of the thread profile 44 of the present invention is shown in solid lines that overlay the conventional thread profile 30 that is indicated by the dashed lines.
  • As shown, the thread profile 44 of the present invention is unsymmetrical. The resulting profile 44 provides for a larger thread root radius 52 than the root radius 42 provided by the conventional prior art design. Because the thread root radius 52 governs the stress concentration and the level of fatigue of the threaded connection 46 experienced under bending and axial stresses, the larger root radius 52 acts to reduce the susceptibility to fatigue failure of the threaded connection 46. The same is accomplished by reducing the angle of the non-load bearing flank 54 of the threaded connection 46. In this way, the load bearing area and pitch P of the threaded connection 46 is maintained while a larger root radius 52 is provided. Accordingly, the make-up parameters, such as torque carrying capacity of the threaded connection 46, remain unaffected while the fatigue failure susceptibility is reduced.
  • FIGS. 8 and 9 show an embodiment of the thread profile 56 of the threaded connection 58 of the present invention wherein the thread profile 56 is adapted for use on the box-side 60 of the stator/adapter housing 62. FIG. 8 shows the box-side 60 of the stator/adapter housing 62, while FIG. 9 shows an enlarged view of the threaded connection 58. As best seen in FIG. 9, the embodiment of the thread profile 56 of the present invention is shown in solid lines that overlay the prior art conventional thread profile 30 that is indicated by the dashed lines.
  • Similar to the above discussion regarding the thread profile 44 for the threaded connection 46 on the pin-side 50 of the stator/adapter housing 48, the thread profile 56 on the box-side 60 is unsymmetrical. The resulting profile 56 provides for a larger thread root radius 64 than the root radius 42 provided by the conventional prior art design. Because the thread root radius 64 governs the stress concentration and the level of fatigue of the threaded connection 58 experienced under bending and axial stresses, the larger root radius 64 acts to reduce the susceptibility to fatigue failure of the threaded connection 58. The same is accomplished by reducing the angle of the non load-bearing flank 66 of the threaded connection 58. In this way, the load bearing area and pitch P of the threaded connection 58 is maintained while a larger root radius 64 is provided. Accordingly, the make-up parameters, such as torque carrying capacity of the threaded connection 58, remain unaffected while the fatigue failure susceptibility is reduced.
  • While the invention has been described with respect to a limited number of embodiments, those skilled in the art, having benefit of this disclosure, will appreciate that other embodiments can be devised which do not depart from the scope of the invention as disclosed herein. Accordingly, the scope of the invention should be limited only by the attached claims.

Claims (5)

  1. 1. An unsymmetrical thread profile used to connect stator housings of a positive displacement motor, comprising:
    one or more load bearing flanks angled with respect to the longitudinal axis of the thread profile at a first angle;
    one or more non-load bearing flanks angled with respect to the longitudinal axis of the thread profile at a second angle; and
    a root radius between the non-load bearing flanks and the load bearing flanks;
    wherein the second angle is less than the first angle such that the root radius is greater than the root radius of a symmetrical thread profile having substantially the same pitch and first angle.
  2. 2. The unsymmetrical thread profile of claim 1, wherein the thread profile is a pin-side profile.
  3. 3. The unsymmetrical thread profile of claim 1, wherein the thread profile is a box-side profile.
  4. 5. A method of providing a larger root radius for a thread profile, comprising:
    providing a load bearing flank having a first angle; and
    providing a non-load bearing flank having a second angle less than the first angle.
  5. 6. A method of reducing the fatigue experienced by a threaded connection, comprising:
    reducing the angle of the non-load bearing flank to increase the root radius.
US10765021 2004-01-26 2004-01-26 Unsymmetrical profile threads for use in a positive displacement motor housing Abandoned US20050161259A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10765021 US20050161259A1 (en) 2004-01-26 2004-01-26 Unsymmetrical profile threads for use in a positive displacement motor housing

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10765021 US20050161259A1 (en) 2004-01-26 2004-01-26 Unsymmetrical profile threads for use in a positive displacement motor housing
GB0501221A GB0501221D0 (en) 2004-01-26 2005-01-20 Unsymmetrical profile threads for use in a positive displacement motor housing

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050161259A1 true true US20050161259A1 (en) 2005-07-28

Family

ID=34274901

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10765021 Abandoned US20050161259A1 (en) 2004-01-26 2004-01-26 Unsymmetrical profile threads for use in a positive displacement motor housing

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US20050161259A1 (en)
GB (1) GB0501221D0 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9874058B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2018-01-23 Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc Fatigue resistant thread profile with combined curve rounding
WO2018071171A1 (en) * 2016-10-13 2018-04-19 Forum Us, Inc. Stress reducing thread form

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4549754A (en) * 1983-06-20 1985-10-29 Reed Tubular Products Company Tool joint
US4861209A (en) * 1986-07-15 1989-08-29 Sandvik Ab Threaded coupling
US5056611A (en) * 1990-05-29 1991-10-15 Galloway Trust Screw thread structure
US5163523A (en) * 1990-05-29 1992-11-17 Sandvik Rock Tools, Inc. Screw thread structure for percussion drill driver sub and case
US6047997A (en) * 1996-05-15 2000-04-11 Iberia Threading, Inc. Threaded connection with radiused surfaces
US6447025B1 (en) * 2000-05-12 2002-09-10 Grant Prideco, L.P. Oilfield tubular connection
US6467818B1 (en) * 1999-10-01 2002-10-22 Grant Prideco, L.P. Drill collar box
US20030075924A1 (en) * 1996-05-15 2003-04-24 Olivier Huey P. Connection
US20040026924A1 (en) * 2002-08-12 2004-02-12 Kessler Francois Dominique Andre Louis Thread design for uniform distribution of makeup forces

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2161563B (en) * 1983-06-20 1988-06-08 Reed Tubular Prod Pin and box couplings

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4549754A (en) * 1983-06-20 1985-10-29 Reed Tubular Products Company Tool joint
US4861209A (en) * 1986-07-15 1989-08-29 Sandvik Ab Threaded coupling
US5056611A (en) * 1990-05-29 1991-10-15 Galloway Trust Screw thread structure
US5163523A (en) * 1990-05-29 1992-11-17 Sandvik Rock Tools, Inc. Screw thread structure for percussion drill driver sub and case
US6047997A (en) * 1996-05-15 2000-04-11 Iberia Threading, Inc. Threaded connection with radiused surfaces
US20030075924A1 (en) * 1996-05-15 2003-04-24 Olivier Huey P. Connection
US6467818B1 (en) * 1999-10-01 2002-10-22 Grant Prideco, L.P. Drill collar box
US6447025B1 (en) * 2000-05-12 2002-09-10 Grant Prideco, L.P. Oilfield tubular connection
US20040026924A1 (en) * 2002-08-12 2004-02-12 Kessler Francois Dominique Andre Louis Thread design for uniform distribution of makeup forces

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9874058B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2018-01-23 Baker Hughes, A Ge Company, Llc Fatigue resistant thread profile with combined curve rounding
WO2018071171A1 (en) * 2016-10-13 2018-04-19 Forum Us, Inc. Stress reducing thread form

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB2410304A (en) 2005-07-27 application
GB0501221D0 (en) 2005-03-02 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3360960A (en) Helical grooved tubular drill string
US3355192A (en) Threaded connections
US4113290A (en) Pressure tight joint for a large diameter casing
US4049066A (en) Apparatus for reducing annular back pressure near the drill bit
US6309195B1 (en) Internally profiled stator tube
US6196598B1 (en) Straight hole drilling system
US5447200A (en) Method and apparatus for downhole sand clean-out operations in the petroleum industry
US5788401A (en) Rod joint
US5148877A (en) Apparatus for lateral drain hole drilling in oil and gas wells
US4485879A (en) Downhole motor and method for directional drilling of boreholes
US3999901A (en) Progressive cavity transducer
US7210710B2 (en) Drill stem connection
US6378626B1 (en) Balanced torque drilling system
US5573063A (en) Deep well pumping apparatus
US5954483A (en) Guide member details for a through-tubing retrievable well pump
US4011917A (en) Process and universal downhole motor for driving a tool
US5960886A (en) Deep well pumping apparatus
US5090497A (en) Flexible coupling for progressive cavity downhole drilling motor
US6213229B1 (en) Drilling motor drill bit reaming stabilizer
US5931511A (en) Threaded connection for enhanced fatigue resistance
US6604921B1 (en) Optimized liner thickness for positive displacement drilling motors
US20100187010A1 (en) Process and apparatus for subterranean drilling
US6868912B2 (en) Tension thrust ESPCP system
US7562725B1 (en) Downhole pilot bit and reamer with maximized mud motor dimensions
US5421780A (en) Joint assembly permitting limited transverse component displacement

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION, TEXAS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KAUL, ANMOL;REEL/FRAME:014939/0359

Effective date: 20040126