Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Resource management with policies

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20050138412A1
US20050138412A1 US11052356 US5235605A US2005138412A1 US 20050138412 A1 US20050138412 A1 US 20050138412A1 US 11052356 US11052356 US 11052356 US 5235605 A US5235605 A US 5235605A US 2005138412 A1 US2005138412 A1 US 2005138412A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
role
resource
embodiment
policy
principal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US11052356
Inventor
Philip Griffin
Manish Devgan
Alex Toussaint
Rod McCauley
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Oracle International Corp
Original Assignee
Griffin Philip B.
Manish Devgan
Alex Toussaint
Mccauley Rod
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRICAL DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for programme control, e.g. control unit
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for programme control, e.g. control unit using stored programme, i.e. using internal store of processing equipment to receive and retain programme
    • G06F9/46Multiprogramming arrangements
    • G06F9/50Allocation of resources, e.g. of the central processing unit [CPU]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/99931Database or file accessing
    • Y10S707/99939Privileged access

Abstract

A system, method and media for controlling access to a resource in a distributed computing environment, comprising: receiving a request for a principal to access the resource; determining a policy that is appropriate for the principal given the resource; determining whether access to the resource is allowed given the policy.

Description

    CLAIM OF PRIORITY
  • [0001]
    This application is a continuation of the following application which is included by reference in its entirety:
  • [0002]
    U.S. application Ser. No. 10/367,462 entitled METHOD FOR ROLE AND RESOURCE POLICY MANAGEMENT by Philip B. Griffin et al, filed Feb. 14, 2003 (Attorney Docket No. BEAS-1356US0).
  • CROSS REFERENCES
  • [0003]
    This application is related to the following co-pending applications which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety:
  • [0004]
    U.S. application Ser. No. 10/367,177 entitled SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIERARCHICAL ROLE-BASED ENTITLEMENTS, by Philip B. Griffin et al, filed Feb. 14, 2003 (Attorney Docket No. BEAS-1353US0);
  • [0005]
    U.S. application Ser. No. 10/367,190 entitled METHOD FOR DELEGATED ADMINISTRATION by Philip B. Griffin et al, filed Feb. 14, 2003 (Attorney Docket No. BEAS- 1358US0);
  • [0006]
    U.S. application Ser. No. 10/366,778 entitled METHOD FOR ROLE AND RESOURCE POLICY MANAGEMENT OPTIMIZATION by Philip B. Griffin et al, filed Feb. 14, 2003 (Attorney Docket No. BEAS-1357US0); and
  • [0007]
    U.S. application Ser. No. ______ entitled RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WITH ROLES by Philip B. Griffin et al, filed ______ (Attorney Docket No. BEAS- 1356US 1).
  • COPYRIGHT NOTICE
  • [0008]
    A portion of the disclosure of this patent document contains material which is subject to copyright protection. The copyright owner has no objection to the facsimile reproduction by anyone of the patent document or the patent disclosure, as it appears in the Patent and Trademark Office patent file or records, but otherwise reserves all copyright rights whatsoever.
  • FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE
  • [0009]
    The present invention disclosure relates to authorization and control of resources in an enterprise application.
  • BACKGROUND
  • [0010]
    Enterprise applications can increase the availability of goods and services to customers inside and outside of an organization. One issue that accompanies deployment of an enterprise application is authorization or access control. Both customers and system administrators need to be privileged to perform certain actions (e.g., modifying a customer account) or to gain access to certain content. Typical authorization systems can be complex and time consuming to implement and maintain, especially if they are tied closely to the business logic in an enterprise application.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0011]
    FIG. 1 is an illustration of a exemplary resource hierarchy in accordance to one embodiment of the invention.
  • [0012]
    FIG. 2 is the exemplary hierarchy of FIG. 1 further illustrating roles and security policies.
  • [0013]
    FIG. 3 is a diagram of an authorization system in accordance to one embodiment of the invention.
  • [0014]
    FIG. 4 is an illustration of a delegation role hierarchy in accordance to one embodiment of the invention.
  • [0015]
    FIG. 5 is an illustration of exemplary delegation security policies in one embodiment of the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0016]
    The invention is illustrated by way of example and not by way of limitation in the figures of the accompanying drawings in which like references indicate similar elements. It should be noted that references to “an” or “one” embodiment in this disclosure are not necessarily to the same embodiment, and such references mean at least one.
  • [0017]
    In one embodiment, an enterprise application includes one or more resources that facilitate the performance of business, scientific or other functions and tasks. In another embodiment, an enterprise application can be a Java™ 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) deployment unit that bundles together Web Applications, Enterprise Java™ Beans and Resource Adaptors into a single deployable unit. The Java™ programming language and its run-time libraries and environment are available from Sun Microsystems, Inc., of Santa Clara, Calif. Enterprise applications can include software, firmware and hardware elements. Software, firmware and hardware can be arbitrarily combined or divided into separate logical components. Furthermore, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that such components, irregardless of how they are combined or divided, can execute on the same computer or can be arbitrarily distributed among different computers connected by one or more networks.
  • [0018]
    In one embodiment, a resource can correspond to any person, place or thing, including an object or an entity (e.g., a network, a computer, a computer user, a bank account, an electronic mail message, aspects of a computer operating system such as virtual memory, threads and file storage, etc.), a method or a process (e.g., balancing a checkbook, installing a device driver, allocating virtual memory, deleting a file, etc.), the occurrence or non-occurrence of an event (e.g., an attempt by a user to logon to a computer, a change in state, etc.) and an organization or association of resources (e.g., lists, trees, maps, hierarchies, etc.).
  • [0019]
    In one embodiment, resources can be classified into a hierarchical taxonomy (which itself can be a resource). By way of a non-limiting example, in an enterprise application, it may be necessary to refer to a particular resource such as a booklet. In order to reference the booklet, one needs to know which web page it is on, which portal the web page belongs to, which web application (or “web app”) owns the web page, and which domain the web app belongs to. Each of these components is considered a resource and can be described as a resource path (e.g., a sequence of components separated by slashes):
      • domain/web_app/portal/desktop/page/booklet
  • [0021]
    The first resource is domain which lies at the “top” of the resource hierarchy. Working down the hierarchy, the next component is web_app. The web_app is a “child” or “descendent” of domain and domain is a “parent” of web_app. The domain is superior to web_app and web_app is inferior to domain. Likewise, portal is a child of web_app and a parent of desktop. The page is a child of desktop with booklet as its child. The depth of the resource is the number of components in its path. For example, the depth of booklet is six (assuming that we are counting from 1) and the depth of portal is three. In one embodiment, the depth of a resource can be unlimited. In one embodiment, a resource can have properties or capabilities. By way of a non-limiting example, a booklet resource could have the ability to be customized by an end-user. The capability could be appended to the hierarchy as follows:
      • domain/web_app/portal/desktop/page/booklet.customize
  • [0023]
    FIG. 1 is an illustration of an exemplary resource hierarchy in accordance to one embodiment of the invention. By way of a non-limiting example, this hierarchy can represent resources within an enterprise application. Web App 1 and Web App 2 are Web applications. A Web application resource is a part of an enterprise application that is accessible on the World Wide Web. Portal 1 and Portal 2 are portal resources and are children of Web App 1. Portal 3 is a child of Web App 2. In one embodiment, Web App 1 and Web App 2 can be children of one or more enterprise applications (not shown) which can be children of one or more domains (not shown). A portal is a point of access to data and applications that provides a unified and potentially personalized view of information and resources. Typically, a portal is implemented as one or more pages on a website (Page 1, Page 2, Page A, Page B, Page X, and Page Y). Portal pages can integrate many elements, such as applications, live data feeds, static information and multimedia presentations.
  • [0024]
    Desktop A, Desktop B and Desktop C contain one or more views of a portal that have been customized for a particular user or group of users. Pages within each desktop can contain portlets (Portlet A, Portlet B, and Portlet C) and booklets (Booklet 1 and Booklet 2). A portlet is a self-contained application that renders itself on a portal page. In one embodiment, a booklet is a collection of one or more pages or booklets. Resource Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page 2/Booklet 1/Page A has a capability Cap 3. Likewise, Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page 2/Booklet 1/Booklet 2 has a capability Cap 4 and Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page 2/Booklet 1/Booklet 2/Page Y/Portlet A has capabilities Cap 1 and Cap 2.
  • [0025]
    Enterprise applications can control access to their resources and/or capabilities through the use of entitlements. In one embodiment, evaluation of an entitlement consists of determining a security policy by dynamically associating one or more roles with a principal. In one embodiment, a role can be based on rules that take into account information including knowledge about the principal, knowledge about a communication session, the current state of the system, and/or any other relevant information.
  • [0026]
    In one embodiment, a user represents a person who uses an enterprise application. A group can be an arbitrary collection of users. In one embodiment, members of a group share common traits such as job title, etc. A process can be a software or firmware computer program or portion thereof of any granularity (e.g., a task, thread, lightweight process, distributed object, Enterprise Java™ Bean, or any other computing operation). Users, groups and processes can be considered subjects. Subjects can be authenticated based on providing adequate proof (e.g., password, social security number, etc.) to an authentication system. Once authenticated, a subject can be considered a principal for purposes of evaluating entitlements. A principal is an identity assigned to a user, group or process as a result of authentication. A principal can also represent an anonymous user, group or process (e.g., a subject that has not been authenticated).
  • [0027]
    In one embodiment, a role definition contains one or more expressions that evaluate to true or false when evaluated for a given principal in a given context. In another embodiment, an expression can evaluate to a degree of certainty that access to a resource should be granted. Expressions may be nested within each other and can contain functions, arithmetic or logical operators, etc. In one embodiment, expressions are combined (e.g., with Boolean operators such as “and”, “or”, and “not”) to form a Boolean expression that evaluates to true or false. If a role evaluates to true, then the principal in question is considered to satisfy the role.
  • [0028]
    Role expressions can be dynamically evaluated against a principal attempting to access a resource in a given context. A context can contain any information relevant to making a determination of whether a principal belongs in a role. By way of a non-limiting example, a context can include any of a principal's attributes (e.g., name, age, address, etc.) and/or information about a communication session. In another embodiment, a context can include information from a hypertext transfer protocol (“HTTP”) or hypertext transfer protocol (secure) (HTTPS) request. This information can pertain to character encoding, remote user, authorization scheme, content length, server port, context path, request URI, request method, scheme, servlet path, content type, remote host, request protocol, locale, server name, remote address, query string, path information, etc. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a context can include any information which is relevant to evaluating an expression.
  • [0029]
    In one embodiment, expressions can include predicates. The invention disclosed herein is not limited to the present predicates discussed. A user predicate evaluates to true if the principal in question is the principal supplied as an argument to the predicate. The group predicate evaluates to true if the principal in question is a member of the specified group.
    TABLE 1
    Exemplary Roles
    Role Expression
    Anonymous Satisfied by all principals
    BankManager (User = Donna)
    CustomerService (User = Michael or Peter) or (Group = BankTellers)
    LoanOfficer (Group = Associate) and (Group = TrainingLevel2)
    and not (User = Bob)
    BankManager (User = Donna) and ((10/14/02 <= currentDate <=
    10/25/02) or (11/14/02 <= currentDate <=
    11/25/02))
    Software (Segment = JavaDeveloper)
    SysAdmin ((User = Donna) and ((10/14/02 <= currentDate <=
    10/25/02) or (11/14/02 <= currentDate <=
    11/25/02))) or (Segment = SystemAdministrator)
  • [0030]
    Table 1 illustrates seven exemplary roles and their accompanying expressions. In one embodiment, the role “Anonymous” is a special role that is always satisfied. In another embodiment, the role of “Anonymous” is satisfied by an unauthenticated principal. The role of “BankManager” is met by a principal that is authenticated as user “Donna”. The role of “CustomerService” is fulfilled by a principal authenticated as “Michael” or “Peter”, or belonging to group “BankTellers”. The “LoanOfficer” role is met by a principal that is a member of both the “Associate” group and the “TrainingLevel2” group, but is not “Bob”. Roles can also be dynamic. By way of a non-limiting example, a role can be date and/or time dependent. In one embodiment, a time period can be specified using the currentDate predicate. The role of “BankManager” can be fulfilled by “Donna”, but only between Oct. 14, 2002-Oct. 25, 2002 or Nov. 14, 2002-Nov. 25, 2002. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that many such date or time predicates are possible (e.g., a predicate that is based on a date and a time, or one that is based on time only, etc.).
  • [0031]
    In addition to the predicates discussed above, a segment predicate (hereafter referred to as a “segment”) can also be included in a role definition. A segment evaluates to true if the principal in question satisfies the segment's criteria. A segment can be defined in terms of one or more expressions or conditions which can be nested and include logical operators, mathematical operations, method calls, calls to external systems, function calls, etc. In another embodiment, a segment can be specified in plain language. By way of a non-limiting example:
  • [0032]
    When all of these conditions apply, the principal is a
      • JavaDeveloper:
      • Developer is equal to True
      • Skill level is equal to ‘High’
      • Preferred language is equal to ‘Java’
  • [0037]
    In this example, the segment being described is “ExperiencedJavaDeveloper”. The condition “Developer is equal to True” will evaluate to true when information contained in or referenced through a context indicates that the principal in question is a user in the software development department of an organization. Likewise, the other conditions (“Skill level is equal to ‘High”’, “Preferred language is equal to ‘Java”’) could similarly be evaluated using information from or referenced through a context. In another embodiment, a condition can pertain to information about a communication session. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a condition can be based on any information, whether the information is connected with a particular principal or not. If the segment as a whole evaluates to true, the principal is said to have satisfied the segment. In Table 1, by way of a non-limiting example, the role of “Software” is met by a principal that satisfies the “JavaDeveloper” segment. By way of a further non-limiting example:
  • [0038]
    When all of these conditions apply, the principal is a SystemAdministrator:
      • TimeofDay is between 12:00 am and 7:00 am
      • SystemLoad is ‘Low’
      • AdminSkillLevel is at least 5
  • [0042]
    In this example, two conditions (“TimeofDay is between 12:00 am and 7:00 am” and “SystemLoad is ‘Low”’) are based on information unrelated to a particular principal. The segment evaluates to true for the principal in question if it is the middle of the night, the system is not busy, and the principal has level 5 administration skills. In Table 1, by way of a non-limiting example, the role of “SysAdmin” is met by “Donna”, but only between Oct. 14, 2002-Oct. 25, 2002 or Nov. 14, 2002-Nov. 25, 2002, or by a principal that satisfies the “SystemAdministrator” segment.
  • [0043]
    In one embodiment, a segment can be persisted in Extensible Markup Language (XML). XML is a platform independent language for representing structured documents. Retrieving information stored in an XML document can be time consuming since the text comprising the XML document must be parsed. To save time, in another embodiment once a XML document representing a segment has been parsed, the information extracted therefrom can be cached to avoid the need to parse the file again.
  • [0044]
    FIG. 2 is the exemplary hierarchy of FIG. 1 further illustrating roles and security policies. Roles are designated by the letter ‘R’ followed by a parenthetical list of one or more roles. Likewise, policies are designated by the letter ‘P’ followed by a parenthetical list including a set of roles and an optional capability to which the policy applies. If no capability is present, the policy applies to the resource as a whole. In one embodiment, roles can be considered global in scope or can be associated with a particular resource. A global role is considered within the scope of any resource. In one embodiment, a role associated with a resource is within the scope of that resource. In another embodiment, the role is within the scope of the resource and all of its descendents. In yet another embodiment, the role is within the scope of the resource and all of its descendents unless a role with the same name is associated with a descendent. In this way, a “more local” role occludes a “less local” role of the name.
  • [0045]
    In FIG. 2, the role Anonymous is associated with the resource Web App 1. In one embodiment, Anonymous is within the scope of Web App 1 and all resources beneath it in the hierarchy. Role G is associated with resource Desktop A and as such, is within the scope of Desktop A and its descendents. Role S is associated with resource Page A. Since Page A has no children (i.e., the attribute Cap 3 does not count as a child), the scope of role S is limited to Page A. Resource Booklet 2 is associated with roles T and U. In one embodiment, role T is within the scope of Booklet 2 and all of its descendents but the same does not hold true for role U. Since a descendent of Booklet 2 (i.e., Page Y) is associated with another role by the same name, the role U associated with Booklet 2 is only within the scope of Booklet 2 and Page X. In one embodiment, the role U associated with Page Y however is within the scope of all of the descendents of Page Y (i.e., Portlet A, Portlet B, and Portlet C). Roles V and W are within the scope of Portlet A.
  • [0046]
    In one embodiment, a security policy (hereinafter referred to as a “policy”) is an association between a resource, a set of roles, and an optional capability. Generally speaking, a policy grants access to the resource for all principals for which the set of roles evaluates to true. In one embodiment, a policy is satisfied if any of its roles evaluate to true for a given principal. In another embodiment, a policy is satisfied if all of its roles evaluate to true for a given principal. In another embodiment, a security policy integrity system can prevent removing or deleting roles that have policies which depend on them. Although one of skill in the art will recognize that there are many ways to implement such a system, one approach would be to keep track of the number of policies that depend on a particular role by using a reference count. Only when the reference count is equal to zero will the particular role be eligible for removal.
  • [0047]
    In yet a further embodiment, a policy's set of roles can be an expression including Boolean operators, set operators and roles for operands. A policy can be expressed as the tuple <resource, roles, [capability]>, wherein resource specifies the name of a resource and roles specifies a set of roles, and capability is an optional capability. While a policy is predicated on one or more roles, roles are predicated on users and groups. Therefore, one of skill in the art will appreciate that policies are in essence predicated on users, groups and/or segments. By way of illustration, there are four policies illustrated in FIG. 2:
      • P1=<Web App 1, {Anonymous}>
      • P2=<Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page 2, {G}>
      • P3=<Web App 1/ . . . /Page Y/Portlet A, {W, T}, Cap 1>
  • [0051]
    P4=<web App 1/ . . . /Page Y/Portlet A, {U, G, Anonymous}, Cap 2>
  • [0052]
    By way of a non-limiting illustration, assume a principal p attempts to access resource Cap 1. In order to do so, the security policy P3 on Cap 1 requires that p satisfy either role W or T. In one embodiment, all roles within the scope of Cap 1 (i.e., Anonymous, G, T, U, U, V, and W) are determined for p. If any of the roles that p satisfies match W or T, P3 is likewise satisfied and access to Cap 1 is granted for p.
  • [0053]
    By way of a further non-limiting illustration, assume principal p attempts to access capability Cap 2 for resource Portlet A. In order to do so, the security policy P4 on Cap 2 requires that p satisfy one of the roles U, G or Anonymous. In one embodiment, all roles within the scope of Portlet A (i.e., Anonymous, G, T, U, V and W) are determined for p. Note that in one embodiment, the role U associated with resource Booklet 2 is not in the scope of Portal A. Instead, the role having the same name but associated with the more “local” resource Page Y occludes it. Thus, if any of the roles that p satisfies match U, G or Anonymous, P4 is satisfied and access to Cap 2 is granted for p. However, since in one embodiment every principal satisfies the role Anonymous, P4 will always be satisfied.
  • [0054]
    By way of a further non-limiting example, assume p attempts to access capability Cap 4 associated with resource Booklet 2. This resource has no policy. In one embodiment, access will be denied. In another embodiment, access will be granted. In yet a further embodiment, access will be granted if p satisfies a policy in a parent resource of Booklet 2. Table 2 is a non-limiting illustration of a parent policy search using the resource hierarchy of FIG. 2. It is important to note, however, that the particular search order or the method of searching is irrelevant for purposes of this disclosure. In yet another embodiment, a resource without an explicit policy can include information regarding its parent policy and thus circumvent the need for a search.
    TABLE 2
    Exemplary Policy Search
    Search Policy
    Step current Resource Capability Found?
    1 Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page Cap 4 No
    2/Booklet 1/Booklet 2
    2 Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page No
    2/Booklet 1/Booklet 2
    3 Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page Cap 4 No
    2/Booklet 1
    4 Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page No
    2/Booklet 1
    5 Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page 2 Cap 4 No
    6 Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page 2 Yes
  • [0055]
    In one embodiment, the search for a policy proceeds as follows. The starting point for the search is the resource that owns the capability (i.e., Booklet 2) to which the principal is attempting to access (i.e., Cap 4). This is the current resource. If no policy exists at the current resource for the specific capability, in Step 2 we determine whether or not there is a policy merely on the resource itself. If no policy is found, in Step 3 the current resource is set equal to its parent (i.e., Booklet 1). If the current resource has no policy for Cap 4, we determine whether or not there is a policy on Booklet 1 itself. If no policy is found, in Step 5 the current resource is set equal to its parent (i.e., Page 2). If no policy is found for Cap 4 at the current resource, we determine in Step 6 whether or not there is a policy on Page 2 itself. Since this is the case, the search stops at Step 6. Web App 1/Portal 1/Desktop A/Page 2 has policy P2. Therefore if p satisfies role G, access to Cap 4 is granted for p.
  • [0056]
    In another embodiment, capabilities are associated with particular resource types. For example, booklets may have a type of capability (e.g., Cap 4) that is not compatible with or available for other resource types (e.g., pages or desktops). Therefore, when searching for a policy as in Table 2, if a capability is not compatible for the current resource, that resource can be omitted from the search. In yet a further embodiment, if a policy is not found for a given resource type, a global library could be consulted to determine if there are any applicable global policies.
  • [0057]
    In another embodiment, roles and policies can reside in their own hierarchies, apart from the primary resource hierarchy. For applications that do not need to associate roles and/or policies with resources in the primary hierarchy, such an approach can allow for a shallow role and/or policy tree, perhaps only with a single level. Searching smaller hierarchies can potentially reduce the time it takes to find all roles within scope and locate a policy.
  • [0058]
    FIG. 3 is a diagram of an authorization system in accordance to one embodiment of the invention. Although this diagram depicts objects as functionally separate, such depiction is merely for illustrative purposes. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the objects portrayed in FIG. 3 can be arbitrarily combined or divided into separate software, firmware or hardware components. Furthermore, it will also be apparent to those skilled in the art that such components, irregardless of how they are combined or divided, can execute on the same computer or can be arbitrarily distributed among different computers connected by one or more networks.
  • [0059]
    In one embodiment, security framework 300 is a modular security architecture having a published interface that allows for plug-in components. By way of a non-limiting example, a framework can be a library, a set of interfaces, distributed objects, or any other means for software, firmware and/or hardware components to intercommunicate. Connected to the framework are one or more role mapper components (302-306). A role mapper maps (e.g., determines which roles are appropriate) a principal to one or more roles based on a resource hierarchy and a context. Each role mapper can implement its own specialized algorithms in this regard and use information and resources beyond that which is provided by the framework. Also connected to the framework are one or more authorizers (308-310). An authorizer is responsible for determining if access to a resource can be granted based on whether a principal satisfies a resource policy. Each authorizer can implement its own specialized algorithms in this regard and use information and resources beyond that which is provided by the framework. Finally, adjudicator 314 resolves any difference in outcome between authorization modules and returns a final result (e.g., “grant”, “deny” or “abstain”). In one embodiment, the adjudicator can take the logical “or” of the final results such that if any result is a “grant”, the outcome of adjudication is “grant”. In another embodiment, the adjudicator can take the logical “and” of the final results such that if any result is a “deny”, the outcome of adjudication is “deny”. In yet a further embodiment, the adjudicator can use a weighted average or other statistical means to determine the final outcome.
  • [0060]
    A process can interact with the framework in a number of ways which will be apparent to those skilled in the art. In one embodiment, a calling process provides a resource access request {circle over (1)} to the framework 300. This request can include information about the principal, the resource to which access is requested, and any context information. In another embodiment, the request can contain references to this information. This information is then provided to one or more role mappers {circle over (2)} by the framework. Each role mapper determines which roles are appropriate for the principal based on their own criteria. In another embodiment, each role mapper can implement a cache to speed up searching for roles. Rather than traversing a resource tree to find all roles within scope, each role mapper can cache roles that were previously retrieved from a resource tree based on a key comprising the resource to which access is requested and the principal. After the initial retrieval from a resource tree, subsequent roles for a given resource-principal combination can be taken directly from the cache.
  • [0061]
    A set of satisfied roles is then returned to the framework in {circle over (3)}. The framework can provide the information from {circle over (1)} and {circle over (3)} to the authorizer modules in {circle over (4)}. The authorization modules individually determine whether or not a policy is satisfied based on this information and their own criteria. In another embodiment, each authorizer can implement a cache to speed up searching for policies. Rather than traversing a resource tree to find a policy within scope, each authorizer can cache policies that were previously retrieved from a resource tree based on a key comprising the resource to which access is requested and the principal. After the initial retrieval from a resource tree, subsequent policies for a given resource-principal combination can be taken directly from the cache. The authorizer results (e.g., in terms of grant or deny decisions) are provided to the framework in {circle over (5)} and provided to the adjudicator in {circle over (6)}. The adjudicator makes a final decision which it provides to the framework in {circle over (7)}. The framework then provides this decision to the calling process in {circle over (8)}.
  • [0062]
    As enterprise applications grow large and complex, so do the number of administrative tasks. One way to reduce the number of tasks that a system administrator is responsible for is to distribute the tasks among a number of administrators. Delegated administration allows a hierarchy of roles to manage administrative capabilities. By way of a non-limiting example, administrative capabilities can include the ability to manage customer accounts, the ability to delegate administrative capabilities, the ability to customize or personalize user interface elements (e.g., portals, booklets, desktops, portlets, etc.), the ability to perform administration of an enterprise application, etc. In another embodiment, any capability or property can be delegated. In one embodiment, delegation is an act whereby a principal in one role enables another hierarchically inferior role to have an administrative capability and/or further delegate an administrative capability. In one embodiment, a delegation role is identical to a role and can thusly be defined using predicates (e.g., user, group, currentDate, segment, etc.).
  • [0063]
    FIG. 4 is an illustration of a delegation role hierarchy in accordance to one embodiment of the invention. In one embodiment, delegation roles can be organized into a delegation hierarchy to control the extent of delegation. In one embodiment, delegation roles can be associated with a single top-level resource, such as an enterprise application, and a delegation role hierarchy can be maintained separate from the resource hierarchy. A security policy can be associated with the enterprise application to limit which principals are allowed to alter the role definitions and the separately maintained role hierarchy. In another embodiment, a fictitious resource hierarchy that mirrors an arbitrary delegation role hierarchy can be utilized whereby each delegation role is associated with a resource corresponding to the delegation role's proper position in the hierarchy. A security policy can be associated with each resource to control which principals can modify the associated role. A security policy at the root of the hierarchy could limit which principals are allowed to modify the fictitious hierarchy itself.
  • [0064]
    Referring again to FIG. 4, role Admin_Role is at the top of the delegation role hierarchy. In one embodiment, the principal in this role has no limitations in its administrative capabilities or delegation authority. By way of a non-limiting example, a principal in the Admin_Role can modify the definition of delegation roles and the delegation hierarchy. In one embodiment, a principal in a delegation role can delegate administrative capabilities only to roles beneath it in a delegation hierarchy. Admin_Role has two children, A_Role and B_Role. A_Role has one child, C_Role, which as two children: D_Role and E_Role. By way of a non-limiting example, Admin_Role can delegate to all other roles beneath it in the hierarchy. Likewise, A_Role can delegate to C_Role, D_Role and E_Role. Whereas C_Role can only delegate to D_Role and E_Role. The leaves of the tree, D_Role, E_Role and B_Role cannot delegate since they have no children. In another embodiment, a node in the hierarchy can be related to more than one parent. This allows more than one superior role to delegate to an inferior role.
  • [0065]
    In one embodiment, a delegation can be represented by a security policy. The policy is associated with a delegated resource/capability and is based on the role to which the resource/capability was delegated. FIG. 5 is an illustration of exemplary delegation security policies in one embodiment of the invention. Assume for this example that the delegation hierarchy of FIG. 4 holds. Notice that the root resource in FIG. 5, Enterprise App 1 is associated with the following roles: Admin_Role, A_Role, B_Role, C_Role, D_Role and E_Role. The hierarchy depicted in FIG. 5 could include other resources, roles and policies, but is limited for illustrative purposes. In one embodiment, a delegation creates a policy on the resource who's capability is being delegated. For example, resource Web App 1 has an Admin capability and an associated security policy P(D_Role). A principal in the role of C_Role, A_Role or Admin_Role created this policy by delegating to D_Role the Admin capability for Web App 1. (It will be apparent to those of skill in the art that any capability can be delegated; i.e., not just Admin.) Thus, principals that satisfy D_Role can perform administration of Web App 1. However, since Web App 1 does not have a delegation capability, a principal satisfying the D_Role cannot further delegate Web App 1's Admin capability.
  • [0066]
    Resource Desktop A has two capabilities, Admin and Delegate, each of which has a policy. The policy P(A_Role)attached to both indicates that a principal in the role of Admin_Role delegated to Role_A the capability to both administer Desktop A and further delegate this capability. Thus, a principal in Role_A can further delegate both the Admin and Delegate capabilities to hierarchically inferior delegation roles (i.e., C_Role, D_Role and E_Role). For example, resource Desktop B has a capability Admin that has a policy P(C_Role). This policy was put in place by a principal in the role of A_Role or Admin_Role. A principal in the role of C_Role will be able to administer Desktop B, but will not be able to further delegate this capability.
  • [0067]
    In one embodiment, a delegation to a node that is already delegated to by a principal in a hierarchically superior delegation role is not permitted. Referring to FIGS. 4 and 5, and by way of a non-limiting illustration, if resource Portal 2 had a policy P(A_Role), a principal in the role of C_Role would not be able to delegate Portal 2 since it had been delegated to a role superior to C_Role (i.e., A_Role).
  • [0068]
    In another embodiment, aspects of user group administration can be delegated. By way of a non-limiting example, user groups can by organized into a hierarchy by viewing them as children of an enterprise application resource. Capabilities that can be delegated include: user profile administration, the ability to view the members of group, and the ability to create, update and remove users and groups.
  • [0069]
    One embodiment may be implemented using a conventional general purpose or a specialized digital computer or microprocessor(s) programmed according to the teachings of the present disclosure, as will be apparent to those skilled in the computer art. Appropriate software coding can readily be prepared by skilled programmers based on the teachings of the present disclosure, as will be apparent to those skilled in the software art. The invention may also be implemented by the preparation of integrated circuits or by interconnecting an appropriate network of conventional component circuits, as will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art.
  • [0070]
    One embodiment includes a computer program product which is a storage medium (media) having instructions stored thereon/in which can be used to program a computer to perform any of the features presented herein. The storage medium can include, but is not limited to, any type of disk including floppy disks, optical discs, DVD, CD-ROMs, microdrive, and magneto-optical disks, ROMs, RAMs, EPROMs, EEPROMs, DRAMs, VRAMs, flash memory devices, magnetic or optical cards, nanosystems (including molecular memory ICs), or any type of media or device suitable for storing instructions and/or data.
  • [0071]
    Stored on any one of the computer readable medium (media), the present invention includes software for controlling both the hardware of the general purpose/specialized computer or microprocessor, and for enabling the computer or microprocessor to interact with a human user or other mechanism utilizing the results of the present invention. Such software may include, but is not limited to, device drivers, operating systems, execution environments/containers, and user applications.
  • [0072]
    The foregoing description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention has been provided for the purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to the practitioner skilled in the art. Embodiments were chosen and described in order to best describe the principles of the invention and its practical application, thereby enabling others skilled in the art to understand the invention, the various embodiments and with various modifications that are suited to the particular use contemplated. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the following claims and their equivalents.

Claims (17)

1. A method for controlling access to a resource in a distributed computing environment, comprising:
receiving a request for a principal to access the resource;
determining a policy that is appropriate for the principal given the resource;
determining whether access to the resource is allowed given the policy;
wherein the policy is associated with a first resource in a hierarchy of resources; and
wherein the policy can supersede a second policy associated with a parent of the resource in the hierarchy of resources.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein:
a policy includes one or more expressions.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein the step of determining whether to allow access to the resource includes:
evaluating the policy.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein:
a resource is part of an enterprise application.
5. The method of claim 1 wherein:
a resource can inherit a policy.
6. The method of claim 1 wherein:
the policy evaluates to true or false for the principal.
7. The method of claim 1 wherein:
a policy includes one or more predicates.
8. The method of claim 1, further comprising:
responding to the request.
9. A machine readable medium having instructions stored thereon to cause a system to:
receive a request for a principal to access a resource;
determine a policy that is appropriate for the principal given the resource;
determine whether access to the resource is allowed given the policy;
wherein the policy is associated with a first resource in a hierarchy of resources; and
wherein the policy can supersede a second policy associated with a parent of the resource in the hierarchy of resources.
10. A system for controlling access to a resource in a distributed computing environment, comprising:
a security framework capable of receiving a request for a principal to access the resource;
a component coupled to the security framework and capable of determining whether access to the resource is allowed given the policy;
wherein the policy is associated with a first resource in a hierarchy of resources; and
wherein the policy can supersede a second policy associated with a parent of the resource in the hierarchy of resources.
11. The system of claim 10 wherein:
a policy includes one or more expressions.
12. The system of claim 10 wherein:
determining whether to allow access to the resource includes evaluating the policy.
13. The system of claim 10 wherein:
a resource is part of an enterprise application.
14. The system of claim 10 wherein:
a resource can inherit a policy.
15. The system of claim 10 wherein:
the policy evaluates to true or false for the principal.
16. The system of claim 10 wherein:
a policy includes one or more predicates.
17. The system of claim 10 wherein:
the security framework is capable of responding to the request.
US11052356 2003-02-14 2005-02-07 Resource management with policies Abandoned US20050138412A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10367462 US6917975B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2003-02-14 Method for role and resource policy management
US11052356 US20050138412A1 (en) 2003-02-14 2005-02-07 Resource management with policies

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11052356 US20050138412A1 (en) 2003-02-14 2005-02-07 Resource management with policies

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050138412A1 true true US20050138412A1 (en) 2005-06-23

Family

ID=32849984

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10367462 Active US6917975B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2003-02-14 Method for role and resource policy management
US11052148 Abandoned US20050138411A1 (en) 2003-02-14 2005-02-07 Resource management with roles
US11052356 Abandoned US20050138412A1 (en) 2003-02-14 2005-02-07 Resource management with policies

Family Applications Before (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10367462 Active US6917975B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2003-02-14 Method for role and resource policy management
US11052148 Abandoned US20050138411A1 (en) 2003-02-14 2005-02-07 Resource management with roles

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (3) US6917975B2 (en)
WO (1) WO2004074994A3 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050138411A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2005-06-23 Griffin Philip B. Resource management with roles
US20090276840A1 (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-11-05 Bao Hua Cao Unified access control system and method for composed services in a distributed environment
US7653930B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Bea Systems, Inc. Method for role and resource policy management optimization
US7774601B2 (en) 2004-04-06 2010-08-10 Bea Systems, Inc. Method for delegated administration
US7992189B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2011-08-02 Oracle International Corporation System and method for hierarchical role-based entitlements
US8490152B2 (en) 2010-10-26 2013-07-16 Microsoft Corporation Entitlement lifecycle management in a resource management system
US8831966B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2014-09-09 Oracle International Corporation Method for delegated administration
US9191369B2 (en) 2009-07-17 2015-11-17 Aryaka Networks, Inc. Application acceleration as a service system and method

Families Citing this family (72)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7240280B2 (en) * 2001-10-24 2007-07-03 Bea Systems, Inc. System and method for application flow integration in a portal framework
US7155720B2 (en) * 2001-10-26 2006-12-26 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Dynamic task assignment in workflows
US8631142B2 (en) * 2002-08-07 2014-01-14 International Business Machines Corporation Inserting targeted content into a portlet content stream
CA2406713C (en) * 2002-10-04 2009-06-30 Ibm Canada Limited-Ibm Canada Limitee Method and apparatus for relaying session information from a portal server
US20050060572A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-03-17 Trulogica, Inc. System and method for managing access entitlements in a computing network
US7546640B2 (en) * 2003-12-10 2009-06-09 International Business Machines Corporation Fine-grained authorization by authorization table associated with a resource
US9324239B2 (en) * 2004-03-19 2016-04-26 Sap Se Authoring tool to structure and create a computer-based training course, and having role-specific functions
JP4706262B2 (en) * 2004-05-21 2011-06-22 日本電気株式会社 Access control system, access control method, and the access control program
US9032076B2 (en) * 2004-10-22 2015-05-12 International Business Machines Corporation Role-based access control system, method and computer program product
US7698731B2 (en) * 2004-10-25 2010-04-13 Panasonic Corporation Security architecture and mechanism to access and use security components in operating system
US7409310B1 (en) 2005-01-21 2008-08-05 Z Microsystems, Inc. System and method for tracking operational data in a distributed environment
US20060218394A1 (en) * 2005-03-28 2006-09-28 Yang Dung C Organizational role-based controlled access management system
US20060236408A1 (en) * 2005-04-14 2006-10-19 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus for device dependent access control for device independent web content
US7752205B2 (en) 2005-09-26 2010-07-06 Bea Systems, Inc. Method and system for interacting with a virtual content repository
US7953734B2 (en) 2005-09-26 2011-05-31 Oracle International Corporation System and method for providing SPI extensions for content management system
US7818344B2 (en) 2005-09-26 2010-10-19 Bea Systems, Inc. System and method for providing nested types for content management
US7917537B2 (en) 2005-09-26 2011-03-29 Oracle International Corporation System and method for providing link property types for content management
US8025572B2 (en) * 2005-11-21 2011-09-27 Microsoft Corporation Dynamic spectator mode
US8261331B2 (en) 2006-01-17 2012-09-04 International Business Machines Corporation Security management for an integrated console for applications associated with multiple user registries
US8887241B2 (en) * 2006-02-22 2014-11-11 International Business Machines Corporation Virtual roles
US20070255958A1 (en) * 2006-05-01 2007-11-01 Microsoft Corporation Claim transformations for trust relationships
US8769604B2 (en) 2006-05-15 2014-07-01 Oracle International Corporation System and method for enforcing role membership removal requirements
US7933925B2 (en) * 2006-06-01 2011-04-26 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for role based analysis and access control
US8336078B2 (en) 2006-07-11 2012-12-18 Fmr Corp. Role-based access in a multi-customer computing environment
US8661074B2 (en) * 2006-09-05 2014-02-25 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Adaptive choice for context source request
US20100220613A1 (en) * 2006-09-05 2010-09-02 Jozef Henricus Petrus Hendriks Network node optimization with triggered expressions
US8014308B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2011-09-06 Microsoft Corporation Hardware architecture for cloud services
US7689524B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2010-03-30 Microsoft Corporation Dynamic environment evaluation and service adjustment based on multiple user profiles including data classification and information sharing with authorized other users
US20080082667A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Remote provisioning of information technology
US8341405B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2012-12-25 Microsoft Corporation Access management in an off-premise environment
US9746912B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2017-08-29 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Transformations for virtual guest representation
US7716280B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2010-05-11 Microsoft Corporation State reflection
US7680908B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2010-03-16 Microsoft Corporation State replication
US7836056B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2010-11-16 Microsoft Corporation Location management of off-premise resources
US20080091613A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-17 Microsoft Corporation Rights management in a cloud
US7647522B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2010-01-12 Microsoft Corporation Operating system with corrective action service and isolation
US7716150B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2010-05-11 Microsoft Corporation Machine learning system for analyzing and establishing tagging trends based on convergence criteria
US20080080526A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Migrating data to new cloud
US20080082670A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Resilient communications between clients comprising a cloud
US8012023B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2011-09-06 Microsoft Corporation Virtual entertainment
US20080080396A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Marketplace for cloud services resources
US20080082465A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Guardian angel
US20080082600A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Remote network operating system
US20080215450A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-09-04 Microsoft Corporation Remote provisioning of information technology
US20080082490A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Rich index to cloud-based resources
US20080104393A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-05-01 Microsoft Corporation Cloud-based access control list
US20080104699A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-05-01 Microsoft Corporation Secure service computation
US8595356B2 (en) 2006-09-28 2013-11-26 Microsoft Corporation Serialization of run-time state
US7930197B2 (en) 2006-09-28 2011-04-19 Microsoft Corporation Personal data mining
US8719143B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2014-05-06 Microsoft Corporation Determination of optimized location for services and data
US8402110B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2013-03-19 Microsoft Corporation Remote provisioning of information technology
US7672909B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2010-03-02 Microsoft Corporation Machine learning system and method comprising segregator convergence and recognition components to determine the existence of possible tagging data trends and identify that predetermined convergence criteria have been met or establish criteria for taxonomy purpose then recognize items based on an aggregate of user tagging behavior
US7657493B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2010-02-02 Microsoft Corporation Recommendation system that identifies a valuable user action by mining data supplied by a plurality of users to find a correlation that suggests one or more actions for notification
US8601598B2 (en) * 2006-09-29 2013-12-03 Microsoft Corporation Off-premise encryption of data storage
US8474027B2 (en) * 2006-09-29 2013-06-25 Microsoft Corporation Remote management of resource license
US20080083040A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Aggregated resource license
US7797453B2 (en) * 2006-09-29 2010-09-14 Microsoft Corporation Resource standardization in an off-premise environment
US20080082480A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Data normalization
US8705746B2 (en) * 2006-09-29 2014-04-22 Microsoft Corporation Data security in an off-premise environment
US8463852B2 (en) 2006-10-06 2013-06-11 Oracle International Corporation Groupware portlets for integrating a portal with groupware systems
US20080127354A1 (en) * 2006-11-28 2008-05-29 Microsoft Corporation Condition based authorization model for data access
US20080083031A1 (en) * 2006-12-20 2008-04-03 Microsoft Corporation Secure service computation
US7650633B2 (en) 2007-01-04 2010-01-19 International Business Machines Corporation Automated organizational role modeling for role based access controls
US8032558B2 (en) * 2007-01-10 2011-10-04 Novell, Inc. Role policy management
US8745087B2 (en) * 2007-10-01 2014-06-03 Eka Labs, Llc System and method for defining and manipulating roles and the relationship of roles to other system entities
US8150820B1 (en) * 2007-10-04 2012-04-03 Adobe Systems Incorporated Mechanism for visible users and groups
US20090198815A1 (en) * 2008-02-04 2009-08-06 Nelson Nicola Saba Criteria-based creation of organizational hierarchies in a group-centric network
US20090222879A1 (en) * 2008-03-03 2009-09-03 Microsoft Corporation Super policy in information protection systems
US20110296523A1 (en) * 2010-05-26 2011-12-01 Microsoft Corporation Access control management mapping resource/action pairs to principals
US8904553B2 (en) * 2011-03-15 2014-12-02 Business Objects Software Limited Resource expression for access control
US9152803B2 (en) 2012-04-24 2015-10-06 Oracle International Incorporated Optimized policy matching and evaluation for hierarchical resources
US9547764B2 (en) 2012-04-24 2017-01-17 Oracle International Corporation Optimized policy matching and evaluation for non-hierarchical resources

Citations (93)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5173939A (en) * 1990-09-28 1992-12-22 Digital Equipment Corporation Access control subsystem and method for distributed computer system using compound principals
US5335345A (en) * 1990-04-11 1994-08-02 Bell Communications Research, Inc. Dynamic query optimization using partial information
US5341478A (en) * 1990-08-14 1994-08-23 Digital Equipment Corporation Methods and apparatus for providing dynamic invocation of applications in a distributed heterogeneous environment
US5355474A (en) * 1991-09-27 1994-10-11 Thuraisngham Bhavani M System for multilevel secure database management using a knowledge base with release-based and other security constraints for query, response and update modification
US5369702A (en) * 1993-10-18 1994-11-29 Tecsec Incorporated Distributed cryptographic object method
US5426747A (en) * 1991-03-22 1995-06-20 Object Design, Inc. Method and apparatus for virtual memory mapping and transaction management in an object-oriented database system
US5481700A (en) * 1991-09-27 1996-01-02 The Mitre Corporation Apparatus for design of a multilevel secure database management system based on a multilevel logic programming system
US5544322A (en) * 1994-05-09 1996-08-06 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for policy-based inter-realm authentication within a distributed processing system
US5557747A (en) * 1993-06-22 1996-09-17 Rogers; Lawrence D. Network policy implementation system for performing network control operations in response to changes in network state
US5619710A (en) * 1990-08-14 1997-04-08 Digital Equipment Corporation Method and apparatus for object-oriented invocation of a server application by a client application
US5627886A (en) * 1994-09-22 1997-05-06 Electronic Data Systems Corporation System and method for detecting fraudulent network usage patterns using real-time network monitoring
US5757669A (en) * 1995-05-31 1998-05-26 Netscape Communications Corporation Method and apparatus for workgroup information replication
US5797128A (en) * 1995-07-03 1998-08-18 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System and method for implementing a hierarchical policy for computer system administration
US5825883A (en) * 1995-10-31 1998-10-20 Interval Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus that accounts for usage of digital applications
US5826268A (en) * 1996-04-12 1998-10-20 Ontos, Inc. Secure multilevel object oriented database management system
US5848396A (en) * 1996-04-26 1998-12-08 Freedom Of Information, Inc. Method and apparatus for determining behavioral profile of a computer user
US5872928A (en) * 1995-02-24 1999-02-16 Cabletron Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for defining and enforcing policies for configuration management in communications networks
US5911143A (en) * 1994-08-15 1999-06-08 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for advanced role-based access control in distributed and centralized computer systems
US5918210A (en) * 1996-06-07 1999-06-29 Electronic Data Systems Corporation Business query tool, using policy objects to provide query responses
US5941947A (en) * 1995-08-18 1999-08-24 Microsoft Corporation System and method for controlling access to data entities in a computer network
US5950195A (en) * 1996-09-18 1999-09-07 Secure Computing Corporation Generalized security policy management system and method
US5954798A (en) * 1997-10-06 1999-09-21 Ncr Corporation Mechanism for dependably managing web synchronization and tracking operations among multiple browsers
US5956400A (en) * 1996-07-19 1999-09-21 Digicash Incorporated Partitioned information storage systems with controlled retrieval
US5991877A (en) * 1997-04-03 1999-11-23 Lockheed Martin Corporation Object-oriented trusted application framework
US6005571A (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-12-21 Softline, Inc. Graphical user interface for managing security in a database system
US6006194A (en) * 1997-10-01 1999-12-21 Merel; Peter A. Computer-implemented system for controlling resources and policies
US6014666A (en) * 1997-10-28 2000-01-11 Microsoft Corporation Declarative and programmatic access control of component-based server applications using roles
US6023765A (en) * 1996-12-06 2000-02-08 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Commerce Implementation of role-based access control in multi-level secure systems
US6029182A (en) * 1996-10-04 2000-02-22 Canon Information Systems, Inc. System for generating a custom formatted hypertext document by using a personal profile to retrieve hierarchical documents
US6029196A (en) * 1997-06-18 2000-02-22 Netscape Communications Corporation Automatic client configuration system
US6054910A (en) * 1995-12-12 2000-04-25 Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Dielectric filter having an inner conductor with two open-circuited inner ends
US6055637A (en) * 1996-09-27 2000-04-25 Electronic Data Systems Corporation System and method for accessing enterprise-wide resources by presenting to the resource a temporary credential
US6058392A (en) * 1996-11-18 2000-05-02 Wesley C. Sampson Revocable Trust Method for the organizational indexing, storage, and retrieval of data according to data pattern signatures
US6073242A (en) * 1998-03-19 2000-06-06 Agorics, Inc. Electronic authority server
US6088679A (en) * 1997-12-01 2000-07-11 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Commerce Workflow management employing role-based access control
US6108687A (en) * 1998-03-02 2000-08-22 Hewlett Packard Company System and method for providing a synchronized display to a plurality of computers over a global computer network
US6122647A (en) * 1998-05-19 2000-09-19 Perspecta, Inc. Dynamic generation of contextual links in hypertext documents
US6141686A (en) * 1998-03-13 2000-10-31 Deterministic Networks, Inc. Client-side application-classifier gathering network-traffic statistics and application and user names using extensible-service provider plugin for policy-based network control
US6141010A (en) * 1998-07-17 2000-10-31 B. E. Technology, Llc Computer interface method and apparatus with targeted advertising
US6148333A (en) * 1998-05-13 2000-11-14 Mgi Software Corporation Method and system for server access control and tracking
US6154844A (en) * 1996-11-08 2000-11-28 Finjan Software, Ltd. System and method for attaching a downloadable security profile to a downloadable
US6158010A (en) * 1998-10-28 2000-12-05 Crosslogix, Inc. System and method for maintaining security in a distributed computer network
US6158007A (en) * 1997-09-17 2000-12-05 Jahanshah Moreh Security system for event based middleware
US6157924A (en) * 1997-11-07 2000-12-05 Bell & Howell Mail Processing Systems Company Systems, methods, and computer program products for delivering information in a preferred medium
US6161139A (en) * 1998-07-10 2000-12-12 Encommerce, Inc. Administrative roles that govern access to administrative functions
US6182226B1 (en) * 1998-03-18 2001-01-30 Secure Computing Corporation System and method for controlling interactions between networks
US6226745B1 (en) * 1997-03-21 2001-05-01 Gio Wiederhold Information sharing system and method with requester dependent sharing and security rules
US6241608B1 (en) * 1997-01-15 2001-06-05 Lawrence J. Torango Progressive wagering system
US6260050B1 (en) * 1999-03-23 2001-07-10 Microstrategy, Inc. System and method of adapting automatic output of service related OLAP reports to disparate output devices
US6269393B1 (en) * 1999-03-23 2001-07-31 Microstrategy, Inc. System and method for automatic transmission of personalized OLAP report output
US6285985B1 (en) * 1998-04-03 2001-09-04 Preview Systems, Inc. Advertising-subsidized and advertising-enabled software
US6308163B1 (en) * 1999-03-16 2001-10-23 Hewlett-Packard Company System and method for enterprise workflow resource management
US20020010741A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2002-01-24 Rocky Stewart Workflow integration system for enterprise wide electronic collaboration
US20020023122A1 (en) * 2000-04-27 2002-02-21 Polizzi Kathleen Riddell Method and apparatus for processing jobs on an enterprise-wide computer system
US20020046099A1 (en) * 2000-09-05 2002-04-18 Renee Frengut Method for providing customized user interface and targeted marketing forum
US6408336B1 (en) * 1997-03-10 2002-06-18 David S. Schneider Distributed administration of access to information
US20020107913A1 (en) * 2001-02-08 2002-08-08 Rivera Gustavo R. System and method for rendering documents in a user-familiar format
US6434607B1 (en) * 1997-06-19 2002-08-13 International Business Machines Corporation Web server providing role-based multi-level security
US20020111998A1 (en) * 2001-02-12 2002-08-15 Kim Jae Hoon System and method for exchanging online information over private network
US20020124053A1 (en) * 2000-12-28 2002-09-05 Robert Adams Control of access control lists based on social networks
US20020123983A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2002-09-05 Riley Karen E. Method for implementing service desk capability
US6460141B1 (en) * 1998-10-28 2002-10-01 Rsa Security Inc. Security and access management system for web-enabled and non-web-enabled applications and content on a computer network
US20020147801A1 (en) * 2001-01-29 2002-10-10 Gullotta Tony J. System and method for provisioning resources to users based on policies, roles, organizational information, and attributes
US20020173971A1 (en) * 2001-03-28 2002-11-21 Stirpe Paul Alan System, method and application of ontology driven inferencing-based personalization systems
US6539375B2 (en) * 1998-08-04 2003-03-25 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for generating and using a computer user's personal interest profile
US20030065721A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-04-03 Roskind James A. Passive personalization of buddy lists
US20030078972A1 (en) * 2001-09-12 2003-04-24 Open Tv, Inc. Method and apparatus for disconnected chat room lurking in an interactive television environment
US6571247B1 (en) * 1998-11-02 2003-05-27 Hitachi, Ltd. Object oriented technology analysis and design supporting method
US20030126236A1 (en) * 2001-12-05 2003-07-03 Marl Dennis Craig Configuration and management systems for mobile and embedded devices
US20030144389A1 (en) * 2000-02-01 2003-07-31 Andrews Stephen Mark Method of content protection with durable UV absorbers
US20030177389A1 (en) * 2002-03-06 2003-09-18 Zone Labs, Inc. System and methodology for security policy arbitration
US20030187956A1 (en) * 2002-04-01 2003-10-02 Stephen Belt Method and apparatus for providing access control and content management services
US20040003071A1 (en) * 2002-06-28 2004-01-01 Microsoft Corporation Parental controls customization and notification
US20040010719A1 (en) * 2002-07-12 2004-01-15 Alcatel Method, a portal system, a portal server, a personalized access policy server, a firewall and computer software products for dynamically granting and denying network resources
US20040019650A1 (en) * 2000-01-06 2004-01-29 Auvenshine John Jason Method, system, and program for filtering content using neural networks
US20040019494A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2004-01-29 Manugistics, Inc. System and method for sharing information relating to supply chain transactions in multiple environments
US20040030746A1 (en) * 2001-08-13 2004-02-12 Sathyanarayanan Kavacheri Hierarchical client detection in a wireless portal server
US6728748B1 (en) * 1998-12-01 2004-04-27 Network Appliance, Inc. Method and apparatus for policy based class of service and adaptive service level management within the context of an internet and intranet
US6754672B1 (en) * 2000-09-13 2004-06-22 American Management Systems, Inc. System and method for efficient integration of government administrative and program systems
US20040162905A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-19 Griffin Philip B. Method for role and resource policy management optimization
US20040162733A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-19 Griffin Philip B. Method for delegated administration
US20040215650A1 (en) * 2003-04-09 2004-10-28 Ullattil Shaji Interfaces and methods for group policy management
US20050138411A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2005-06-23 Griffin Philip B. Resource management with roles
US20060085836A1 (en) * 2004-10-14 2006-04-20 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for visually rendering resource policy usage information
US7039176B2 (en) * 2000-08-14 2006-05-02 Telephony@Work Call center administration manager with rules-based routing prioritization
US20060173999A1 (en) * 2002-08-07 2006-08-03 Rider Kenneth D System and method for securing network resources
US7111321B1 (en) * 1999-01-25 2006-09-19 Dell Products L.P. Portable computer system with hierarchical and token-based security policies
US20060225123A1 (en) * 2005-04-01 2006-10-05 International Business Machines Corporation Use of policy levels to enforce enterprise control
US7134137B2 (en) * 2000-07-10 2006-11-07 Oracle International Corporation Providing data to applications from an access system
US20060277594A1 (en) * 2005-06-02 2006-12-07 International Business Machines Corporation Policy implementation delegation
US7185010B2 (en) * 2000-02-01 2007-02-27 Morinville Paul V Systems and methods for rule inheritance
US20070294743A1 (en) * 2006-06-15 2007-12-20 Microsoft Corporation Selecting policy for compatible communication
US7591000B2 (en) * 2003-02-14 2009-09-15 Oracle International Corporation System and method for hierarchical role-based entitlements

Family Cites Families (61)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5237614A (en) * 1991-06-07 1993-08-17 Security Dynamics Technologies, Inc. Integrated network security system
CN1912885B (en) * 1995-02-13 2010-12-22 英特特拉斯特技术公司 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection
US5889953A (en) * 1995-05-25 1999-03-30 Cabletron Systems, Inc. Policy management and conflict resolution in computer networks
US6055515A (en) * 1996-07-30 2000-04-25 International Business Machines Corporation Enhanced tree control system for navigating lattices data structures and displaying configurable lattice-node labels
US5867667A (en) * 1997-03-24 1999-02-02 Pfn, Inc. Publication network control system using domain and client side communications resource locator lists for managing information communications between the domain server and publication servers
US6275941B1 (en) * 1997-03-28 2001-08-14 Hiatchi, Ltd. Security management method for network system
US6185587B1 (en) * 1997-06-19 2001-02-06 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for building a web site with automated help
US6029144A (en) * 1997-08-29 2000-02-22 International Business Machines Corporation Compliance-to-policy detection method and system
US6202066B1 (en) * 1997-11-19 2001-03-13 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Commerce Implementation of role/group permission association using object access type
JP2001525585A (en) * 1997-11-27 2001-12-11 セキュリティー‐7(ソフトウェア)リミテッド Method for compliance with security policies for communications and system
US6202157B1 (en) * 1997-12-08 2001-03-13 Entrust Technologies Limited Computer network security system and method having unilateral enforceable security policy provision
US6360363B1 (en) * 1997-12-31 2002-03-19 Eternal Systems, Inc. Live upgrade process for object-oriented programs
US6035423A (en) * 1997-12-31 2000-03-07 Network Associates, Inc. Method and system for providing automated updating and upgrading of antivirus applications using a computer network
US6083276A (en) * 1998-06-11 2000-07-04 Corel, Inc. Creating and configuring component-based applications using a text-based descriptive attribute grammar
US6253321B1 (en) * 1998-06-19 2001-06-26 Ssh Communications Security Ltd. Method and arrangement for implementing IPSEC policy management using filter code
US6397231B1 (en) * 1998-08-31 2002-05-28 Xerox Corporation Virtual documents generated via combined documents or portions of documents retrieved from data repositories
US6412070B1 (en) * 1998-09-21 2002-06-25 Microsoft Corporation Extensible security system and method for controlling access to objects in a computing environment
US6377973B2 (en) * 1998-09-30 2002-04-23 Emrys Technologies, Ltd. Event management in a system with application and graphical user interface processing adapted to display predefined graphical elements resides separately on server and client machine
US6341352B1 (en) * 1998-10-15 2002-01-22 International Business Machines Corporation Method for changing a security policy during processing of a transaction request
US6530024B1 (en) * 1998-11-20 2003-03-04 Centrax Corporation Adaptive feedback security system and method
US6381579B1 (en) * 1998-12-23 2002-04-30 International Business Machines Corporation System and method to provide secure navigation to resources on the internet
US6510513B1 (en) * 1999-01-13 2003-01-21 Microsoft Corporation Security services and policy enforcement for electronic data
DE19921844A1 (en) * 1999-05-11 2000-11-23 Bosch Gmbh Robert A device for detecting objects in the surroundings of a vehicle
US6988138B1 (en) * 1999-06-30 2006-01-17 Blackboard Inc. Internet-based education support system and methods
US6519647B1 (en) * 1999-07-23 2003-02-11 Microsoft Corporation Methods and apparatus for synchronizing access control in a web server
US6587876B1 (en) * 1999-08-24 2003-07-01 Hewlett-Packard Development Company Grouping targets of management policies
US7051316B2 (en) * 1999-10-05 2006-05-23 Borland Software Corporation Distributed computing component system with diagrammatic graphical representation of code with separate delineated display area by type
US6430556B1 (en) * 1999-11-01 2002-08-06 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System and method for providing a query object development environment
US6865549B1 (en) * 1999-11-15 2005-03-08 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for concurrency control in a policy-based management system
US6587849B1 (en) * 1999-12-10 2003-07-01 Art Technology Group, Inc. Method and system for constructing personalized result sets
WO2001045018A1 (en) * 1999-12-17 2001-06-21 Dorado Network Systems Corporation Purpose-based adaptive rendering
US6584454B1 (en) * 1999-12-31 2003-06-24 Ge Medical Technology Services, Inc. Method and apparatus for community management in remote system servicing
WO2001059623A3 (en) * 2000-02-08 2002-03-07 Onepage Inc System and method for dynamic aggregation of content distributed over a computer network
US6735624B1 (en) * 2000-04-07 2004-05-11 Danger, Inc. Method for configuring and authenticating newly delivered portal device
WO2001090908A1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2001-11-29 Sap Portals Inc. Snippet selection
US20020019827A1 (en) * 2000-06-05 2002-02-14 Shiman Leon G. Method and apparatus for managing documents in a centralized document repository system
US7647407B2 (en) * 2000-09-15 2010-01-12 Invensys Systems, Inc. Method and system for administering a concurrent user licensing agreement on a manufacturing/process control information portal server
KR100398711B1 (en) * 2000-11-08 2003-09-19 주식회사 와이즈엔진 Content publication system for supporting real-time integration and processing of multimedia contents including dynamic data and method thereof
US7647387B2 (en) * 2000-12-01 2010-01-12 Oracle International Corporation Methods and systems for rule-based distributed and personlized content delivery
US6889222B1 (en) * 2000-12-26 2005-05-03 Aspect Communications Corporation Method and an apparatus for providing personalized service
US7062490B2 (en) * 2001-03-26 2006-06-13 Microsoft Corporation Serverless distributed file system
US7080000B1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2006-07-18 Mcafee, Inc. Method and system for bi-directional updating of antivirus database
US7003578B2 (en) * 2001-04-26 2006-02-21 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Method and system for controlling a policy-based network
US7047522B1 (en) * 2001-04-30 2006-05-16 General Electric Capital Corporation Method and system for verifying a computer program
US20030033356A1 (en) * 2001-08-13 2003-02-13 Luu Tran Extensible client aware detection in a wireless portal system
US7035944B2 (en) * 2001-09-19 2006-04-25 International Business Machines Corporation Programmatic management of software resources in a content framework environment
US7240280B2 (en) * 2001-10-24 2007-07-03 Bea Systems, Inc. System and method for application flow integration in a portal framework
US20030126464A1 (en) * 2001-12-04 2003-07-03 Mcdaniel Patrick D. Method and system for determining and enforcing security policy in a communication session
US7062511B1 (en) * 2001-12-31 2006-06-13 Oracle International Corporation Method and system for portal web site generation
US7035857B2 (en) * 2002-01-04 2006-04-25 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Method and apparatus for increasing the functionality and ease of use of lights out management in a directory enabled environment
US7565367B2 (en) * 2002-01-15 2009-07-21 Iac Search & Media, Inc. Enhanced popularity ranking
CA2486851A1 (en) * 2002-05-22 2003-12-04 Commnav, Inc. Method and system for multiple virtual portals
US6950825B2 (en) * 2002-05-30 2005-09-27 International Business Machines Corporation Fine grained role-based access to system resources
US8631142B2 (en) * 2002-08-07 2014-01-14 International Business Machines Corporation Inserting targeted content into a portlet content stream
US7254581B2 (en) * 2002-11-13 2007-08-07 Jerry Johnson System and method for creation and maintenance of a rich content or content-centric electronic catalog
US20040098467A1 (en) * 2002-11-15 2004-05-20 Humanizing Technologies, Inc. Methods and systems for implementing a customized life portal
US20060085412A1 (en) * 2003-04-15 2006-04-20 Johnson Sean A System for managing multiple disparate content repositories and workflow systems
WO2004107112A3 (en) * 2003-05-23 2005-03-24 Benjamin Chen Data federation methods and system
US20050050184A1 (en) * 2003-08-29 2005-03-03 International Business Machines Corporation Method, system, and storage medium for providing life-cycle management of grid services
US7552109B2 (en) * 2003-10-15 2009-06-23 International Business Machines Corporation System, method, and service for collaborative focused crawling of documents on a network
US7953734B2 (en) * 2005-09-26 2011-05-31 Oracle International Corporation System and method for providing SPI extensions for content management system

Patent Citations (98)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5335345A (en) * 1990-04-11 1994-08-02 Bell Communications Research, Inc. Dynamic query optimization using partial information
US5341478A (en) * 1990-08-14 1994-08-23 Digital Equipment Corporation Methods and apparatus for providing dynamic invocation of applications in a distributed heterogeneous environment
US5619710A (en) * 1990-08-14 1997-04-08 Digital Equipment Corporation Method and apparatus for object-oriented invocation of a server application by a client application
US5173939A (en) * 1990-09-28 1992-12-22 Digital Equipment Corporation Access control subsystem and method for distributed computer system using compound principals
US5426747A (en) * 1991-03-22 1995-06-20 Object Design, Inc. Method and apparatus for virtual memory mapping and transaction management in an object-oriented database system
US5481700A (en) * 1991-09-27 1996-01-02 The Mitre Corporation Apparatus for design of a multilevel secure database management system based on a multilevel logic programming system
US5355474A (en) * 1991-09-27 1994-10-11 Thuraisngham Bhavani M System for multilevel secure database management using a knowledge base with release-based and other security constraints for query, response and update modification
US5557747A (en) * 1993-06-22 1996-09-17 Rogers; Lawrence D. Network policy implementation system for performing network control operations in response to changes in network state
US5369702A (en) * 1993-10-18 1994-11-29 Tecsec Incorporated Distributed cryptographic object method
US5544322A (en) * 1994-05-09 1996-08-06 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for policy-based inter-realm authentication within a distributed processing system
US5911143A (en) * 1994-08-15 1999-06-08 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for advanced role-based access control in distributed and centralized computer systems
US5627886A (en) * 1994-09-22 1997-05-06 Electronic Data Systems Corporation System and method for detecting fraudulent network usage patterns using real-time network monitoring
US5872928A (en) * 1995-02-24 1999-02-16 Cabletron Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for defining and enforcing policies for configuration management in communications networks
US5757669A (en) * 1995-05-31 1998-05-26 Netscape Communications Corporation Method and apparatus for workgroup information replication
US5797128A (en) * 1995-07-03 1998-08-18 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System and method for implementing a hierarchical policy for computer system administration
US5941947A (en) * 1995-08-18 1999-08-24 Microsoft Corporation System and method for controlling access to data entities in a computer network
US5825883A (en) * 1995-10-31 1998-10-20 Interval Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus that accounts for usage of digital applications
US6054910A (en) * 1995-12-12 2000-04-25 Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Dielectric filter having an inner conductor with two open-circuited inner ends
US5826268A (en) * 1996-04-12 1998-10-20 Ontos, Inc. Secure multilevel object oriented database management system
US5848396A (en) * 1996-04-26 1998-12-08 Freedom Of Information, Inc. Method and apparatus for determining behavioral profile of a computer user
US5918210A (en) * 1996-06-07 1999-06-29 Electronic Data Systems Corporation Business query tool, using policy objects to provide query responses
US5956400A (en) * 1996-07-19 1999-09-21 Digicash Incorporated Partitioned information storage systems with controlled retrieval
US5950195A (en) * 1996-09-18 1999-09-07 Secure Computing Corporation Generalized security policy management system and method
US6055637A (en) * 1996-09-27 2000-04-25 Electronic Data Systems Corporation System and method for accessing enterprise-wide resources by presenting to the resource a temporary credential
US6029182A (en) * 1996-10-04 2000-02-22 Canon Information Systems, Inc. System for generating a custom formatted hypertext document by using a personal profile to retrieve hierarchical documents
US6154844A (en) * 1996-11-08 2000-11-28 Finjan Software, Ltd. System and method for attaching a downloadable security profile to a downloadable
US6058392A (en) * 1996-11-18 2000-05-02 Wesley C. Sampson Revocable Trust Method for the organizational indexing, storage, and retrieval of data according to data pattern signatures
US6023765A (en) * 1996-12-06 2000-02-08 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Commerce Implementation of role-based access control in multi-level secure systems
US6241608B1 (en) * 1997-01-15 2001-06-05 Lawrence J. Torango Progressive wagering system
US6408336B1 (en) * 1997-03-10 2002-06-18 David S. Schneider Distributed administration of access to information
US6226745B1 (en) * 1997-03-21 2001-05-01 Gio Wiederhold Information sharing system and method with requester dependent sharing and security rules
US5991877A (en) * 1997-04-03 1999-11-23 Lockheed Martin Corporation Object-oriented trusted application framework
US6029196A (en) * 1997-06-18 2000-02-22 Netscape Communications Corporation Automatic client configuration system
US6434607B1 (en) * 1997-06-19 2002-08-13 International Business Machines Corporation Web server providing role-based multi-level security
US6158007A (en) * 1997-09-17 2000-12-05 Jahanshah Moreh Security system for event based middleware
US6005571A (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-12-21 Softline, Inc. Graphical user interface for managing security in a database system
US6006194A (en) * 1997-10-01 1999-12-21 Merel; Peter A. Computer-implemented system for controlling resources and policies
US5954798A (en) * 1997-10-06 1999-09-21 Ncr Corporation Mechanism for dependably managing web synchronization and tracking operations among multiple browsers
US6014666A (en) * 1997-10-28 2000-01-11 Microsoft Corporation Declarative and programmatic access control of component-based server applications using roles
US6157924A (en) * 1997-11-07 2000-12-05 Bell & Howell Mail Processing Systems Company Systems, methods, and computer program products for delivering information in a preferred medium
US6088679A (en) * 1997-12-01 2000-07-11 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Commerce Workflow management employing role-based access control
US6108687A (en) * 1998-03-02 2000-08-22 Hewlett Packard Company System and method for providing a synchronized display to a plurality of computers over a global computer network
US6141686A (en) * 1998-03-13 2000-10-31 Deterministic Networks, Inc. Client-side application-classifier gathering network-traffic statistics and application and user names using extensible-service provider plugin for policy-based network control
US6182226B1 (en) * 1998-03-18 2001-01-30 Secure Computing Corporation System and method for controlling interactions between networks
US6073242A (en) * 1998-03-19 2000-06-06 Agorics, Inc. Electronic authority server
US6285985B1 (en) * 1998-04-03 2001-09-04 Preview Systems, Inc. Advertising-subsidized and advertising-enabled software
US6148333A (en) * 1998-05-13 2000-11-14 Mgi Software Corporation Method and system for server access control and tracking
US6122647A (en) * 1998-05-19 2000-09-19 Perspecta, Inc. Dynamic generation of contextual links in hypertext documents
US6161139A (en) * 1998-07-10 2000-12-12 Encommerce, Inc. Administrative roles that govern access to administrative functions
US6141010A (en) * 1998-07-17 2000-10-31 B. E. Technology, Llc Computer interface method and apparatus with targeted advertising
US6539375B2 (en) * 1998-08-04 2003-03-25 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for generating and using a computer user's personal interest profile
US6158010A (en) * 1998-10-28 2000-12-05 Crosslogix, Inc. System and method for maintaining security in a distributed computer network
US6460141B1 (en) * 1998-10-28 2002-10-01 Rsa Security Inc. Security and access management system for web-enabled and non-web-enabled applications and content on a computer network
US6571247B1 (en) * 1998-11-02 2003-05-27 Hitachi, Ltd. Object oriented technology analysis and design supporting method
US6728748B1 (en) * 1998-12-01 2004-04-27 Network Appliance, Inc. Method and apparatus for policy based class of service and adaptive service level management within the context of an internet and intranet
US7111321B1 (en) * 1999-01-25 2006-09-19 Dell Products L.P. Portable computer system with hierarchical and token-based security policies
US6308163B1 (en) * 1999-03-16 2001-10-23 Hewlett-Packard Company System and method for enterprise workflow resource management
US6269393B1 (en) * 1999-03-23 2001-07-31 Microstrategy, Inc. System and method for automatic transmission of personalized OLAP report output
US6260050B1 (en) * 1999-03-23 2001-07-10 Microstrategy, Inc. System and method of adapting automatic output of service related OLAP reports to disparate output devices
US20040019650A1 (en) * 2000-01-06 2004-01-29 Auvenshine John Jason Method, system, and program for filtering content using neural networks
US7185010B2 (en) * 2000-02-01 2007-02-27 Morinville Paul V Systems and methods for rule inheritance
US20030144389A1 (en) * 2000-02-01 2003-07-31 Andrews Stephen Mark Method of content protection with durable UV absorbers
US7251666B2 (en) * 2000-02-01 2007-07-31 Internet Business Information Group Signature loop authorizing method and apparatus
US20020010741A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2002-01-24 Rocky Stewart Workflow integration system for enterprise wide electronic collaboration
US20020023122A1 (en) * 2000-04-27 2002-02-21 Polizzi Kathleen Riddell Method and apparatus for processing jobs on an enterprise-wide computer system
US7134137B2 (en) * 2000-07-10 2006-11-07 Oracle International Corporation Providing data to applications from an access system
US7039176B2 (en) * 2000-08-14 2006-05-02 Telephony@Work Call center administration manager with rules-based routing prioritization
US20020046099A1 (en) * 2000-09-05 2002-04-18 Renee Frengut Method for providing customized user interface and targeted marketing forum
US6754672B1 (en) * 2000-09-13 2004-06-22 American Management Systems, Inc. System and method for efficient integration of government administrative and program systems
US20020123983A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2002-09-05 Riley Karen E. Method for implementing service desk capability
US20020124053A1 (en) * 2000-12-28 2002-09-05 Robert Adams Control of access control lists based on social networks
US20020147801A1 (en) * 2001-01-29 2002-10-10 Gullotta Tony J. System and method for provisioning resources to users based on policies, roles, organizational information, and attributes
US20020107913A1 (en) * 2001-02-08 2002-08-08 Rivera Gustavo R. System and method for rendering documents in a user-familiar format
US20020111998A1 (en) * 2001-02-12 2002-08-15 Kim Jae Hoon System and method for exchanging online information over private network
US20020173971A1 (en) * 2001-03-28 2002-11-21 Stirpe Paul Alan System, method and application of ontology driven inferencing-based personalization systems
US20040030746A1 (en) * 2001-08-13 2004-02-12 Sathyanarayanan Kavacheri Hierarchical client detection in a wireless portal server
US20030078972A1 (en) * 2001-09-12 2003-04-24 Open Tv, Inc. Method and apparatus for disconnected chat room lurking in an interactive television environment
US20030065721A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-04-03 Roskind James A. Passive personalization of buddy lists
US20030126236A1 (en) * 2001-12-05 2003-07-03 Marl Dennis Craig Configuration and management systems for mobile and embedded devices
US20030177389A1 (en) * 2002-03-06 2003-09-18 Zone Labs, Inc. System and methodology for security policy arbitration
US7546629B2 (en) * 2002-03-06 2009-06-09 Check Point Software Technologies, Inc. System and methodology for security policy arbitration
US20030187956A1 (en) * 2002-04-01 2003-10-02 Stephen Belt Method and apparatus for providing access control and content management services
US20040019494A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2004-01-29 Manugistics, Inc. System and method for sharing information relating to supply chain transactions in multiple environments
US20040003071A1 (en) * 2002-06-28 2004-01-01 Microsoft Corporation Parental controls customization and notification
US20040010719A1 (en) * 2002-07-12 2004-01-15 Alcatel Method, a portal system, a portal server, a personalized access policy server, a firewall and computer software products for dynamically granting and denying network resources
US20060173999A1 (en) * 2002-08-07 2006-08-03 Rider Kenneth D System and method for securing network resources
US20040162733A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-19 Griffin Philip B. Method for delegated administration
US6917975B2 (en) * 2003-02-14 2005-07-12 Bea Systems, Inc. Method for role and resource policy management
US20040162905A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-19 Griffin Philip B. Method for role and resource policy management optimization
US20050138411A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2005-06-23 Griffin Philip B. Resource management with roles
US7653930B2 (en) * 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Bea Systems, Inc. Method for role and resource policy management optimization
US20100037290A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2010-02-11 Oracle International Corporation System and method for hierarchical role-based entitlements
US7591000B2 (en) * 2003-02-14 2009-09-15 Oracle International Corporation System and method for hierarchical role-based entitlements
US20040215650A1 (en) * 2003-04-09 2004-10-28 Ullattil Shaji Interfaces and methods for group policy management
US20060085836A1 (en) * 2004-10-14 2006-04-20 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for visually rendering resource policy usage information
US20060225123A1 (en) * 2005-04-01 2006-10-05 International Business Machines Corporation Use of policy levels to enforce enterprise control
US20060277594A1 (en) * 2005-06-02 2006-12-07 International Business Machines Corporation Policy implementation delegation
US20070294743A1 (en) * 2006-06-15 2007-12-20 Microsoft Corporation Selecting policy for compatible communication

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050138411A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2005-06-23 Griffin Philip B. Resource management with roles
US8831966B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2014-09-09 Oracle International Corporation Method for delegated administration
US7653930B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2010-01-26 Bea Systems, Inc. Method for role and resource policy management optimization
US7992189B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2011-08-02 Oracle International Corporation System and method for hierarchical role-based entitlements
US7774601B2 (en) 2004-04-06 2010-08-10 Bea Systems, Inc. Method for delegated administration
US8769653B2 (en) * 2008-04-30 2014-07-01 International Business Machines Corporation Unified access control system and method for composed services in a distributed environment
US20090276840A1 (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-11-05 Bao Hua Cao Unified access control system and method for composed services in a distributed environment
US9191369B2 (en) 2009-07-17 2015-11-17 Aryaka Networks, Inc. Application acceleration as a service system and method
US9832170B2 (en) 2009-07-17 2017-11-28 Aryaka Networks, Inc. Application acceleration as a service system and method
US8490152B2 (en) 2010-10-26 2013-07-16 Microsoft Corporation Entitlement lifecycle management in a resource management system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20040162894A1 (en) 2004-08-19 application
WO2004074994A2 (en) 2004-09-02 application
US20050138411A1 (en) 2005-06-23 application
WO2004074994A3 (en) 2004-10-28 application
US6917975B2 (en) 2005-07-12 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Damianou et al. Ponder: A language for specifying security and management policies for distributed systems
Damianou A policy framework for management of distributed systems
Dulay et al. A policy deployment model for the ponder language
US5675787A (en) Unification of directory service with file system services
US6105066A (en) Client-server system with central application management and using fully qualified class names of object-oriented applications for determining permanent server storage locations for application configuration information
US7219234B1 (en) System and method for managing access rights and privileges in a data processing system
Ferraiolo et al. A role-based access control model and reference implementation within a corporate intranet
US6754702B1 (en) Custom administrator views of management objects
US6233576B1 (en) Enhanced security for computer system resources with a resource access authorization control facility that creates files and provides increased granularity of resource permission
US5911143A (en) Method and system for advanced role-based access control in distributed and centralized computer systems
US6944777B1 (en) System and method for controlling access to resources in a distributed environment
US6578037B1 (en) Partitioned access control to a database
US6209101B1 (en) Adaptive security system having a hierarchy of security servers
US6910041B2 (en) Authorization model for administration
US20090125977A1 (en) Language framework and infrastructure for safe and composable applications
US6105063A (en) Client-server system for maintaining application preferences in a hierarchical data structure according to user and user group or terminal and terminal group contexts
US6976023B2 (en) System and method for managing application specific privileges in a content management system
US20040254884A1 (en) Content catalog and application designer framework
US6412070B1 (en) Extensible security system and method for controlling access to objects in a computing environment
Crampton Specifying and enforcing constraints in role-based access control
US20050257250A1 (en) Method and system for protecting internet users&#39; privacy by evaluating web site platform for privacy preferences policy
US20020077803A1 (en) Access control system and methods
US5999978A (en) Distributed system and method for controlling access to network resources and event notifications
Karjoth Access control with IBM Tivoli access manager
US6321334B1 (en) Administering permissions associated with a security zone in a computer system security model

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: ORACLE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BEA SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:025986/0548

Effective date: 20110202