US20050098188A1 - File, particularly nail file - Google Patents

File, particularly nail file Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050098188A1
US20050098188A1 US10/679,195 US67919503A US2005098188A1 US 20050098188 A1 US20050098188 A1 US 20050098188A1 US 67919503 A US67919503 A US 67919503A US 2005098188 A1 US2005098188 A1 US 2005098188A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
surface
nail file
file
glass
roughened
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/679,195
Inventor
Dalibor Blazek
Original Assignee
Dalibor Blazek
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to CZ19976936U priority Critical patent/CZ6492U1/en
Priority to CZPUV6936-97 priority
Priority to PCT/CZ1998/000030 priority patent/WO1999002064A1/en
Priority to US09/254,578 priority patent/US6488034B1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=5468508&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US20050098188(A1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Priority to US10/176,508 priority patent/US6694988B2/en
Application filed by Dalibor Blazek filed Critical Dalibor Blazek
Priority to US10/679,195 priority patent/US20050098188A1/en
Publication of US20050098188A1 publication Critical patent/US20050098188A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D29/00Manicuring or pedicuring implements
    • A45D29/04Nail files, e.g. manually operated

Abstract

The file, the body of which is provided on at least part of its surface with a roughness varying from 10 to 100 μm, is made of flat, pressed or hardened glass. The file can have a variety of geometrical shapes and cross sections.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention involves a file, particularly for nails, manufactured from glass.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART
  • Nail files, which are among the principal components of the various sets of cosmetic equipment, are at the present time manufactured from various metals or their alloys, from paper or fabric with a rough finish, as the case may be. Since files destined for such purposes are often used in an environment with high humidity, for example during personal hygiene in the bathroom, it happens in some cases that they corrode or the material from which the file is made becomes moist resulting, on the one hand, in a deterioration in appearance and, on the other, a dulling of the cutting edges of the file from the effects of corrosion and humidity and, thereby, a basic loss of effectiveness. If non-corrosive materials are used in the manufacture of files, which is generally the case, then the disadvantage is the high price. The disadvantage of metal files in which the cutting edges are formed by mechanical means is also the limited “smoothness” of the file, and the fact that by mechanical means it is possible to produce only a limited degree of roughness of the abrasive surface. Likewise, it is simply not possible to produce a series of files with finely graded roughness. It is convenient, in the use of a file, that the side edges be functional that is rough. Because metal files are flat and too thin, it is not practical to use their side edges to trim the nails.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The above disadvantages are eliminated in the file according to the invention presented her, the basis of which lies in the fact that it is made from glass roughened on at least part of its surface, with a roughness varying from 10 to 100 μm.
  • The advantage of such a file is its absolute resistance to the environment in which it is used. It is significant too that, given its non-corrosive properties, the abrasive surfaces can be kept clean by rinsing in water.
  • It is important to note here the wide range of surface roughness that can be attained, varying from the smoothest finish with a roughness of 10 μm to a roughness of around 100 μm.
  • The glass body of the file has an oblong board shape and has a point at one end at least. The advantage of such a shape for the glass body of the file is the ease of manipulation in use and, thanks to the point, its practical value for hand hygiene is increased.
  • Another advantageous solution to be noted is the fact that the glass body of the file is roughened along one whole side at least, having a V-shaped point at the end. The advantages of such a file arm apparent both during use of the file and during its manufacture, when roughening of the whole surface is carried out without the need, for instance, to mask part of the surface during the roughening process by use of acid engraving for example. The point is formed in a V shape, its symmetrical shape facilitating manipulation during use of the file in either the left or the right hand.
  • A further advantageous feature is the fact that body of the file is roughened along one whole side at least and is ground to a sharp finish on at least one edge. The longitudinal edge formed on one side of the body of the file further increases the functional possibilities of the nail file.
  • It is possible to form the body of the file so that both edges are bevelled, while the bevelled edge at the end is at an oblique angle to the side edge, so that together they form a point. This variation further increases the wide range of uses for the file.
  • Another advantageous arrangement for the shape of the body of the file, consisting in the fact that the surface of at least one of the edges and of one end of the body of the file is also rouged, further contributes to increasing its usefulness.
  • To further improve performance, the edges of the body of the file are rounded. These variations in the shape of the glass file further extend its usefulness for special cases of hand hygiene.
  • From the point of view of production technology, it is an advantage if the body of the file can be formed from flat or pressed glass.
  • All the various shapes of the file can have a glass body formed from hardened glass. The advantages of such a treated glass body are its increased stability and particularly increased safety in the event of breakage of the whole of the glass body by dropping etc. The hardening of the glass-bodied file gives it properties which are well-known in such treated glass.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The invention can be better described by means of the drawings, of which FIG. 1 represents an axonometric overview of the glass body of the file. FIG. 2 presets a cross section of the glass body of the file with roughening on one surface. FIG. 3 also shows a cross section of the glass body of the file with roughening on one side and rounded edges. Similarly, FIG. 4 presents a cross section of the glass body of the file, both of whose edges are bevelled.
  • DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • The file according to FIG. 1 is formed from a glass body 1, shown here in oblong board shape, with a roughening 4 on the surface 2. The roughening 4 is produced by a wide variety of techniques, the choice depending upon the degree of roughness. To produce the smoothest finish, for example around 10 μm, a chemical process can be used, such as acid engraving with a hydrogen fluoride solution. Greater roughness, of around 100 μm for instance, can be produced mechanically, by sanding for example. FIG. 2 shows a cross section of the glass body 1 of the file illustrated in FIG. 1, with a roughened finish 4 along the whole of one surface 2.
  • FIGS. 3 and 4 illustrate further possible variants on the glass body 1 of the oblong board-shaped file. A cross section is shown of the glass body 1 of the file, with roughening 4 of one surface finish 2, the glass body 1 of the file having rounded edges 3, while the cross section in FIG. 4 presents the glass body 1 of the file with edges 3 bevelled to a sharp finish, the glass body 1 of the file having a rough finish 4 on both surfaces 2.
  • Industrial use of the Invention
  • The glass-bodied file has been described from the point of view of its use as a nail file. This example of use, however, in no way excludes further possible uses in other fields, particularly given the wide range of roughness which can be achieved in the glass-bodied file. A file produced according to this invention with a low degree of roughness, that is to say the finest, can be used in polishing surfaces, for example, while the coarsest can be used for grinding.

Claims (24)

1-10. (canceled)
11. A nail file comprising:
a body having a first surface, a second surface opposite the first surface, first and second opposite ends, and first and second opposite edges;
at least a portion of one of the first and second surfaces being roughened to form an abrading surface, the abrading surface is defined by random peaks and valleys; and
the body, the first and second surfaces, the first and second ends, the first and second edges, and the abrading surface are integrally formed of a single material th is non-corrosive and moisture impervious.
12. The nail file of claim 11, wherein the abrading surface has a roughness between about 10 μm to about 100 μm.
13. The nail file of claim 11, wherein the material is glass.
14. The nail file of claim 13, wherein the glass is hardened.
15. The nail file of claim 13, wherein the glass is transparent.
16. The nail file of claim 11, wherein at least one of the ends tapers to a point.
17. The nail file of claim 16, wherein the end opposite the tapered end is rounded.
18. The nail file of claim 11, wherein at least a portion of each of the first and second sides includes an abrading surface.
19. A nail file device comprising:
a body having a first surface, a second surface opposite the first surface, first and second opposite ends, and first and second opposite edges;
at least a majority of the first surface is roughened, the roughened portion of the first surface extends from the first end toward the second end and extends from the first edge to the second edge, and the roughened portion of the first surface is defined by random peaks and valleys;
the body, the first and second surfaces, the first and second ends, the first and second edges, and the roughened portion of the first surface are integrally formed of a single material, and the material is non-corrosive and moisture impervious.
20. The nail file of claim 19, wherein the roughened portion has a roughness between about 10 μm to about 100 μm.
21. The nail file of claim 19, wherein the material is glass.
22. The nail file of claim 21, wherein the glass is hardened.
23. The nail file of claim 21, wherein the glass is transparent.
24. The nail file of claim 19, wherein at least one of the ends tapers to a point.
25. The nail file of claim 24, wherein the end opposite the tapered end is rounded.
26. The nail file of claim 19, wherein at least a majority of each of the first and second sides are roughened.
27. A nail file comprising:
a body having a first surface, a second since opposite the first surface, first and second opposite ends, and first and second opposite edges;
at least a majority of the first surface is roughened, the roughened portion of the first surface extends from the first end toward the second end and extends from the first edge to the second edge, and the roughened portion of the first surface is defined by random peaks and valleys;
the body, the first and second surfaces, the first and second ends, the first and second edges, and the roughened portion of te first surface are formed of glass.
28. The nail file of claim 27, wherein the roughened portion has a roughness between about 10 μm to about 100 μm.
29. The nail file of claim 27, wherein the glass is hardened.
30. The nail file of claim 27, wherein the glass is transparent.
31. The nail file of claim 27, wherein at least one of the ends tapers to a point.
32. The nail file of claim 31, wherein the end opposite the tapered end is rounded.
33. The nail file of claim 27, wherein at least a majority of each of the first and second sides are roughened.
US10/679,195 1997-07-10 2003-10-03 File, particularly nail file Abandoned US20050098188A1 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CZ19976936U CZ6492U1 (en) 1997-07-10 1997-07-10 File, particularly nail file
CZPUV6936-97 1997-07-10
PCT/CZ1998/000030 WO1999002064A1 (en) 1997-07-10 1998-07-09 File, particularly nail file
US09/254,578 US6488034B1 (en) 1997-07-10 1998-07-09 File, particularly nail file
US10/176,508 US6694988B2 (en) 1997-07-10 2002-06-21 File, particularly nail file
US10/679,195 US20050098188A1 (en) 1997-07-10 2003-10-03 File, particularly nail file

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/679,195 US20050098188A1 (en) 1997-07-10 2003-10-03 File, particularly nail file

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/176,508 Continuation US6694988B2 (en) 1997-07-10 2002-06-21 File, particularly nail file

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050098188A1 true US20050098188A1 (en) 2005-05-12

Family

ID=5468508

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09/254,578 Expired - Lifetime US6488034B1 (en) 1997-07-10 1998-07-09 File, particularly nail file
US10/176,508 Expired - Lifetime US6694988B2 (en) 1997-07-10 2002-06-21 File, particularly nail file
US10/679,195 Abandoned US20050098188A1 (en) 1997-07-10 2003-10-03 File, particularly nail file

Family Applications Before (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09/254,578 Expired - Lifetime US6488034B1 (en) 1997-07-10 1998-07-09 File, particularly nail file
US10/176,508 Expired - Lifetime US6694988B2 (en) 1997-07-10 2002-06-21 File, particularly nail file

Country Status (15)

Country Link
US (3) US6488034B1 (en)
EP (4) EP1138221B1 (en)
JP (2) JP2001500420A (en)
AT (3) AT489867T (en)
AU (1) AU728029B2 (en)
BR (1) BR9806188A (en)
CA (1) CA2265866C (en)
CZ (1) CZ6492U1 (en)
DE (7) DE69828911T2 (en)
DK (2) DK1138221T3 (en)
ES (2) ES2236064T3 (en)
FR (1) FR2765782B3 (en)
NZ (1) NZ335098A (en)
SI (2) SI0925003T1 (en)
WO (1) WO1999002064A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (21)

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CZ6492U1 (en) 1997-07-10 1997-11-12 Dalibor Blažek File, particularly nail file
WO2000066324A1 (en) * 1999-04-29 2000-11-09 Vetrovsky Zdenek Glass grinding segment
US20020066459A1 (en) * 2000-12-06 2002-06-06 Turina Ing Jan Method and device for glass nail files
CZ12134U1 (en) * 2001-09-20 2002-05-15 Zdeněk Větrovský Multipurpose cosmetic file
US6913025B2 (en) * 2002-03-12 2005-07-05 Cho In-Sool Callus-removing skin-file and method of manufacturing the same
EP1413219A1 (en) 2002-10-25 2004-04-28 Jirina Mrazova Casing for a glas tool
CN100392142C (en) * 2004-08-23 2008-06-04 财团法人工业技术研究院 Nail clippers-file and its making process
US20060130864A1 (en) * 2004-12-21 2006-06-22 Anne Jensen Manicure file
KR100723456B1 (en) 2006-07-21 2007-05-31 김재영 Manufacturing method and the product of nail care goods
JP4290758B2 (en) * 2006-07-21 2009-07-08 ジャエ ヨン キム Beauty device for claw and horny cleaning of limbs and method for manufacturing the same
CZ307483B6 (en) * 2007-10-08 2018-10-10 BlaĹľek Glass s.r.o. A file for polishing or filing materials, especially for nails and skin
JP2009262269A (en) * 2008-04-24 2009-11-12 Takashiba Gimune Seisakusho:Kk File
US7768071B2 (en) * 2008-07-09 2010-08-03 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd. Stabilizing breakdown voltages by forming tunnels for ultra-high voltage devices
US20100031462A1 (en) * 2008-08-07 2010-02-11 Eric Jon Hassfurther Portable golf ball damage repair device
US20170007001A1 (en) * 2013-07-01 2017-01-12 Selva Kumar Fluid discharger and applicator device
US20150018845A1 (en) * 2013-07-12 2015-01-15 Edison Nation, Llc Epilation apparatus and method of use
USD759312S1 (en) * 2014-05-21 2016-06-14 Revlon Consumer Products Corp. Peelable nail file
AT515835B1 (en) 2014-05-28 2016-09-15 Painsith Hermann Dipl Ing Pocket tool
DE202015008939U1 (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-03-21 Fb21 Vertriebs Gmbh Dermabrasionsstick
CZ31901U1 (en) 2018-05-03 2018-07-18 BlaĹľek Glass s.r.o. A file for polishing or filing fingernails
USD869667S1 (en) 2018-10-27 2019-12-10 Mueller Sports Medicine, Inc. Stay for a wrist brace

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CA2265866A1 (en) 1999-01-21
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DE69801977T2 (en) 2002-05-16
JP2005131392A (en) 2005-05-26
SI1138221T1 (en) 2005-08-31
EP1138221B1 (en) 2005-02-02
AT489867T (en) 2010-12-15
EP0925003A1 (en) 1999-06-30
NZ335098A (en) 2000-07-28
FR2765782B3 (en) 1999-05-14
BR9806188A (en) 2000-01-18
EP2000043B1 (en) 2010-12-01
AT288211T (en) 2005-02-15
FR2765782A3 (en) 1999-01-15
DE29823492U1 (en) 1999-05-27
US20020157681A1 (en) 2002-10-31
EP1520492A1 (en) 2005-04-06
CZ6492U1 (en) 1997-11-12
ES2165683T3 (en) 2002-03-16
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EP1138221A1 (en) 2001-10-04
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EP2000043A3 (en) 2008-12-17
US6488034B1 (en) 2002-12-03
US6694988B2 (en) 2004-02-24
DE69842031D1 (en) 2011-01-13
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AT206590T (en) 2001-10-15
DE925003T1 (en) 2000-09-14
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EP2000043A2 (en) 2008-12-10

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