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Method for making a 3D embroidery

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Publication number
US20050087113A1
US20050087113A1 US10783521 US78352104A US20050087113A1 US 20050087113 A1 US20050087113 A1 US 20050087113A1 US 10783521 US10783521 US 10783521 US 78352104 A US78352104 A US 78352104A US 20050087113 A1 US20050087113 A1 US 20050087113A1
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
layer
base
embroidery
dimensional
top
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10783521
Inventor
Minoru Goda
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GODA EMB HK Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Goda EMB H K Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D05SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05CEMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05C7/00Special-purpose or automatic embroidering machines
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D05SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05CEMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05C15/00Making pile fabrics or articles having similar surface features by inserting loops into a base material

Abstract

A simple, convenient and cost-effective method for making a three-dimensional embroidery, comprising the steps of: (1) providing layers of fabric comprising a base layer, a top layer and an intermediary layer of a thickness; (2) embroidering a pattern through the layers of fabric with thread; (3) cutting the intermediary layer at a height to separate the top and base layers; and (4) removing the remaining intermediary layer from at least one of the top and base layers.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0002]
    The present invention relates to a production method for a three-dimensional embroidery with patterns of rich colors.
  • [0003]
    2. Description of the Prior Art
  • [0004]
    Previous production methods for an embroidery with three-dimensional patterns include the gradation method and the filler method.
  • [0005]
    The gradation method is a method whereby layers of embroidery threads are accumulated to a certain height to create a three-dimensional effect. However, this embroidery method requires large quantities of thread and a large amount of needlework to complete a pattern. Consequently, the production cost can be high.
  • [0006]
    The filler method is a method whereby three-dimensional materials, such as velvet, are cut into certain patterns and then sewn on embroideries. This method has been patented, namely in CN 1201088A and CN 1288984A. Although the patterns obtained have three-dimensional aspects, the use of fillers has led to manufacturing issues. Moreover, since the choice of color is limited, patterns with rich colors cannot be produced.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0007]
    It is an object of the present invention to provide a production method for a three-dimensional embroidery of rich colors with simple manufacturing process and low cost.
  • [0008]
    It is another object of the present invention to provide a production method for a three-dimensional embroidery with both flat and three-dimensional patterns.
  • [0009]
    The present invention relates to a production method for a three-dimensional embroidery with patterns of rich colors.
  • [0010]
    According to an aspect of the invention, a production method for a three-dimensional embroidery includes the steps of (1) providing layers of fabric including a base layer, a top layer and an intermediary layer of a thickness; (2) embroidering a pattern through the layers of fabric with thread; (3) cutting the intermediary layer at a height to separate the top and base layers; and (4) removing the remaining intermediary layer from at least one of the top and base layers.
  • [0011]
    According to another aspect of the invention, the embroidery obtained may be further cleaned and dried, in order to obtain the finished embroidery.
  • [0012]
    According to a further aspect of the invention, prior to providing layers of fabric in step (1), flat embroidery may be performed either on the base layer alone or on both the base layer and top layer. Thereafter, when providing layers of fabric, the flat patterns that are embroidered on the base layer and top layer should overlap.
  • [0013]
    According to another aspect of the invention, prior to cutting the intermediary layer in step (3), thermal fusible film may be bonded onto the base layer and top layer by hot extrusion to secure the fabric and bottom threads, and to make it possible to obtain complete patterns without detached threads when removing the intermediary in step (4). In other words, hot extrusion makes it possible to simultaneously obtain two pieces of embroidery with mutually symmetrical patterns. If a flat pattern is embroidered on the base layer only, then a complete pattern with both a flat pattern and a three-dimensional pattern is available on the base layer only.
  • [0014]
    According to a further aspect of the invention, prior to removing the remaining intermediary layer in step (4), thermal fusible film may be bonded onto the base layer and top layer by hot extrusion to secure the fabric and bottom threads and to make it possible to obtain complete patterns without detached threads. Hot extrusion makes it possible to simultaneously obtain two pieces of embroidery with mutually symmetrical patterns.
  • [0015]
    According to another aspect of the invention, thermal plastic epoxies such as polyamide, polyester and polyurethane may be used as thermal fusible film. Thermal plastic films made of polyamide are most commonly used. However, when polyester fabrics are used as top or base layer, thermal plastic films made of polyester are used. Furthermore, when flexibility is given weight, thermal plastic films made of polyurethane are preferred. Specific examples of thermal fusible films include: Nylon-610, polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, and polynaphthalene terephthalate.
  • [0016]
    According to a further aspect of the invention, materials commonly used in the past, such as polyester yarn and cotton yarn, may be used as threads. Thermal fusible yarn or mixed yarn of two different threads may also be used. However, when thermal fusible yarn is used, the thermal fusible film described above does not have to be used. Specific examples of threads with good thermal fusibility include: polypropylene (such as ELCHEL®) and polyester. In addition, if mixed wool and silk is used as fabric thread, there may be a curling effect after washing, and a sense of novelty may be generated.
  • [0017]
    According to another aspect of the invention, foamed polyurethane, foamed ethylene/acetate ethylene polymers or felt may be used as intermediary layer. Materials soluble in solvent or water (hot water) may also be used, and the top and base layer may be cut off after the intermediary layer is dissolved, to obtain embroidery with three-dimensional patterns. A specific example of intermediary materials soluble in solvent is diacetate fabric soluble in acetone. A specific example of intermediary materials soluble in water is polyvinyl alcohol fiber non-woven fabric.
  • [0018]
    Based on the embroidery method in this invention, embroidery with three-dimensional patterns or a combination of flat and three-dimensional patterns can be obtained. Moreover, the manufacturing process for such embroidery is simple, convenient, and with a relatively low manufacturing cost.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0019]
    FIG. 1 is a front view of the layers of fabric.
  • [0020]
    FIG. 2 is a front view of the layers of fabric with a three-dimensional pattern embroidered.
  • [0021]
    FIG. 3 is a front view of the layers of fabric with a three-dimensional pattern embroidered, thermal fusible films bonded on the base and top layer, and having dissection line A.
  • [0022]
    FIG. 4 is a front view of the finished three-dimensional embroidery with thermal fusible films bonded on the base and top layer.
  • [0023]
    FIG. 5 is a front view of the base layer with a flat pattern embroidered.
  • [0024]
    FIG. 6 is a front view of the layers of fabric with a flat pattern embroidered on the base layer.
  • [0025]
    FIG. 7 is a front view of the layers of fabric with a three-dimensional pattern embroidered and a flat pattern embroidered on the base layer.
  • [0026]
    FIG. 8 is a front view of the layers of fabric with a three-dimensional pattern embroidered, a flat pattern embroidered on the base layer, thermal fusible films bonded on the base and top layer, and having dissection line A.
  • [0027]
    FIG. 9 is a front view of the finished three-dimensional embroidery, with a flat pattern embroidered on the base layer and thermal fusible films bonded on the base layer.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS AND PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0028]
    A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery includes four steps, as shown in FIGS. 1-4. In step (1), place intermediary layer 2 and top layer 3 sequentially on base layer 1, as shown in FIG. 1. In step (2), use fabric threads 4 and an embroidery machine (not shown) to embroider a pattern through the base layer 1, the intermediary layer 2 and the top layer 3, as shown in FIG. 2. The specific embroidery process in this invention is identical to flat embroidery. Therefore, issues on the input of its patterns, value calculation and embroidery machine output are related to existing technologies and will not be discussed here. In step (3), cut the intermediary layer 2 along line A using a cutting knife 8, as shown in FIG. 3. Cutting line A is located at a height in the intermediary layer 2, preferably closer to the top layer 3. In step (4), remove the portions of intermediary layer 2 that are remaining on the base layer 1 and top layer 3, as shown in FIG. 4. At this time, two pieces of embroidery with mutually symmetrical three-dimensional patterns are obtained. The three-dimensional patterns on base layer 1 and top layer 3 are mutually symmetrical.
  • [0029]
    Moreover, prior to cutting intermediary 2 in step (3), depending on the types of materials used for the intermediary layer 2 and fabric thread 4, thermal fusible films 6 and 7 may be bonded to top layer 3 and base layer 1, respectively, to secure fabric thread 4 and bottom thread 5 and to ensure smooth cutting, as shown in FIG. 3. Specifically, through hot extrusion, upper thermal fusible film 6 is heated to a temperature above its melting point and bonded to top layer 3. At the same time, lower thermal fusible film 7 is also heated to a temperature above its melting point and bonded to base layer 1. Thereafter, proceed to complete the embroidery as described in steps (3)-(4) above. By bonding thermal fusible films 6 and 7 to top layer 3 and base layer 1, respectively, prior to cutting the intermediary layer 2 in step (3), a complete, three-dimensional embroidery without any detached part can be obtained, as shown in FIG. 4. Thermal fusible films 6 and 7 may also be bonded to top layer 3 and base layer 1, respectively, to secure fabric thread 4 and bottom thread 5, prior to removing the intermediary layer 2 in step (4), to obtain complete patterns without detached threads.
  • [0030]
    Furthermore, prior to placing intermediary layer 2 and top layer 3 sequentially on base layer 1 as described in step (1), a flat pattern 9 may be first embroidered on the base layer 1, as shown in FIG. 5. Thereafter, proceed to complete the embroidery as described in steps (1)-(4) above, as shown in FIGS. 6-9. At this time, the three-dimensional pattern 4 and the flat pattern 9 have been embroidered on the base layer 1, as shown in FIG. 9. By embroidering a flat pattern 9 on the base layer 1 prior to providing layers of fabric in step (1), embroidery with simultaneous two styles of patterns, i.e., flat pattern 9 and three-dimensional pattern 4, may be obtained.
  • [0031]
    Further explanation is given below based on the specific examples, but this invention is not limited to the specific examples given.
  • SPECIFIC EXAMPLES Example 1
  • [0032]
    Sequentially place a polyamide liner cloth to be used as base layer, a foamed ethylene/acetate ethylene polymer layer to be used as intermediary layer, and a polyamide liner cloth to be used as top layer. Then, place the layers of fabric on an embroidery machine and perform embroidery based on a pre-designed pattern, using polyacrylonitrile fiber as fabric thread and cotton yarn as bottom thread. Thereafter, heat the embroidered layers of fabric to 150° C. Then, use a cutting knife to dissect the foamed ethylene/acetate ethylene polymer intermediary layer into two pieces along the side closer to the top layer. Finally, remove the foamed ethylene/acetate ethylene polymer intermediary layer remaining on the plain polyamide liner cloth and a three-dimensional embroidery is obtained.
  • Example 2
  • [0033]
    Same as Example 1, except in this example, a thermal fusible film made of polyamide is bonded onto the top layer and base layer prior to cutting the intermediary layer. When bonding the polyamide thermal fusible film onto the top layer and base layer, it is heated to 150° C., and the pressure is exerted at 0.3 kg/cm2 for 10 seconds.
  • Example 3
  • [0034]
    Same as Example 1, except in this example, a flat pattern is embroidered on the base layer prior to placing the intermediary layer and the top layer. After the embroidery is produced, there are both the flat pattern and the three-dimensional pattern embroidered on the base layer. Whereas on the top layer, there is only the three-dimensional pattern embroidered.

Claims (11)

1. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery, comprising the steps of:
providing layers of fabric comprising a base layer, a top layer and an intermediary layer of a thickness;
embroidering a pattern through the layers of fabric with thread;
cutting the intermediary layer at a height to separate the top and base layers; and removing the remaining intermediary layer from at least one of the top and base layers.
2. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 1, further comprising the step of embroidering a flat pattern on at least one of the base and top layers with thread.
3. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 1, further comprising the step of bonding a thermal fusible film to at least one of the base and top layers prior to cutting the intermediary layer.
4. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 1, further comprising the step of bonding a thermal fusible film to at least one of the base and top layers prior to removing the remaining intermediary layer from at least one of the top and base layers.
5. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 3, wherein the thermal fusible film is a thermal plastic epoxy film.
6. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 5, wherein the thermal plastic epoxy film is composed of polyamide, polyester or polyurethane.
7. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 1, wherein the thread used is composed of polypropylene or polyester.
8. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 1, wherein the thread used is composed of mixed wool and silk.
9. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 1, wherein the intermediary layer is composed of foamed polyurethane, foamed ethylene/acetate ethylene polymers or felt.
10. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 1, wherein the intermediary layer is soluble in solvent or water.
11. A method for making a three-dimensional embroidery as in claim 10, wherein solvent or water is used to remove the intermediary layer in place of cutting the intermediary layer.
US10783521 2003-10-24 2004-02-20 Method for making a 3D embroidery Abandoned US20050087113A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200310102579 CN100462494C (en) 2003-10-24 2003-10-24 Method for making stereo-embroidery
CN200310102579.4 2003-10-24

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US20050087113A1 true true US20050087113A1 (en) 2005-04-28

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120225242A1 (en) * 2011-03-04 2012-09-06 Kangning Liang Felt-based patch, felt-based patch materials for a sewing device, and method for bonding patches to items via liquid and spray adhesives
CN104057683A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-09-24 苏州市叶绣工艺厂 Embroidery product

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103046261B (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-10-15 太原理工大学 Three sides of a two-layer embroidery sewing process
CN104972815A (en) * 2014-04-02 2015-10-14 和羣娱乐有限公司 Three-dimensional stamping method as well as cloth, object and stamping template thereof
CN104328699B (en) * 2014-11-12 2016-05-25 南通泰慕士服装有限公司 A garment embroidered patch method
CN105696137B (en) * 2016-04-13 2017-10-24 宁波萌恒抽纱有限公司 A three-dimensional floating flowers

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US735575A (en) * 1902-09-29 1903-08-04 Singer Mfg Co Method of ornamenting fabrics.
US2211850A (en) * 1937-04-10 1940-08-20 Dreyfus Camille Thread and the method of making same
US3444017A (en) * 1964-10-24 1969-05-13 Hubert Kleinermanns Process for making a pile fabric
US3771479A (en) * 1972-04-12 1973-11-13 M Mavis Method of making a textile fabric
US4517910A (en) * 1982-04-07 1985-05-21 Joy Insignia, Inc. Embroidered design for securement to an article and method of making the same
US6263817B1 (en) * 1997-06-23 2001-07-24 Tokai Kogyo Mishin Kabushiki Kaisha Embroidery auxiliary member, and embroidery method and embroidery product using the member
US6467420B1 (en) * 1999-05-24 2002-10-22 Teruaki Komatsu Cloth having embroidery pattern and method for forming embroidery pattern
US6718895B1 (en) * 2001-08-30 2004-04-13 Terrence M. Fortuna Method for producing a raised applique on a substrate and articles made therefrom
US20040231478A1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2004-11-25 Teruaki Komatsu Embroidery surface treating device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3756178A (en) 1972-03-22 1973-09-04 G Forstmann Method of producing fabric
US5357886A (en) 1992-08-05 1994-10-25 Helmut Piller Apparatus for the production of tufting material
CN2222174Y (en) 1995-05-05 1996-03-13 森泽善规 Embroidery decoration block
CN2303019Y (en) 1997-02-24 1999-01-06 洪荣堂 Embroidery products having stereo floriation

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US735575A (en) * 1902-09-29 1903-08-04 Singer Mfg Co Method of ornamenting fabrics.
US2211850A (en) * 1937-04-10 1940-08-20 Dreyfus Camille Thread and the method of making same
US3444017A (en) * 1964-10-24 1969-05-13 Hubert Kleinermanns Process for making a pile fabric
US3771479A (en) * 1972-04-12 1973-11-13 M Mavis Method of making a textile fabric
US4517910A (en) * 1982-04-07 1985-05-21 Joy Insignia, Inc. Embroidered design for securement to an article and method of making the same
US6263817B1 (en) * 1997-06-23 2001-07-24 Tokai Kogyo Mishin Kabushiki Kaisha Embroidery auxiliary member, and embroidery method and embroidery product using the member
US6467420B1 (en) * 1999-05-24 2002-10-22 Teruaki Komatsu Cloth having embroidery pattern and method for forming embroidery pattern
US6718895B1 (en) * 2001-08-30 2004-04-13 Terrence M. Fortuna Method for producing a raised applique on a substrate and articles made therefrom
US20040231478A1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2004-11-25 Teruaki Komatsu Embroidery surface treating device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120225242A1 (en) * 2011-03-04 2012-09-06 Kangning Liang Felt-based patch, felt-based patch materials for a sewing device, and method for bonding patches to items via liquid and spray adhesives
CN104057683A (en) * 2014-07-02 2014-09-24 苏州市叶绣工艺厂 Embroidery product

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Publication number Publication date Type
CN1609319A (en) 2005-04-27 application
CN100462494C (en) 2009-02-18 grant

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: GODA EMB. H.K. CO., LTD., HONG KONG

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GODA, MINORU;REEL/FRAME:015013/0146

Effective date: 20040110