US20050067131A1 - Semi-solid metal casting process - Google Patents

Semi-solid metal casting process Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20050067131A1
US20050067131A1 US10/671,707 US67170703A US2005067131A1 US 20050067131 A1 US20050067131 A1 US 20050067131A1 US 67170703 A US67170703 A US 67170703A US 2005067131 A1 US2005067131 A1 US 2005067131A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
casting
cast
metal
ssm
temperature
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/671,707
Inventor
Rathindra DasGupta
Robert Hollacher
Mark Musser
Yun Xia
Richard Szymanowski
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SPX Corp
Original Assignee
SPX Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SPX Corp filed Critical SPX Corp
Priority to US10/671,707 priority Critical patent/US20050067131A1/en
Assigned to SPX CORPORATION reassignment SPX CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: SZYMANOWSKI, RICHARD BRIAN, XIA, YUN, DASGUPTA, RATHINDRA, HOLLACHER, ROBERT, MUSSER, MARK
Publication of US20050067131A1 publication Critical patent/US20050067131A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D17/00Pressure die casting or injection die casting, i.e. casting in which the metal is forced into a mould under high pressure
    • B22D17/007Semi-solid pressure die casting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D17/00Pressure die casting or injection die casting, i.e. casting in which the metal is forced into a mould under high pressure
    • B22D17/08Cold chamber machines, i.e. with unheated press chamber into which molten metal is ladled
    • B22D17/12Cold chamber machines, i.e. with unheated press chamber into which molten metal is ladled with vertical press motion

Abstract

A method and product for semi-solid metal casting without the need for retrofitting of conventional casting equipment is provided. A semi solid method is used with a vertical indexing casting machine in which an indexing time can be used as the time to allow the metal that is heated to one temperature to cool to a second temperature before casting. The resulting product from the semi-solid metal casting method with the vertical indexing casting machine is also provided.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates generally to the field of processes for casting metal alloys. More particularly, the present invention relates to a process and apparatus for semi-solid metal casting of metal alloys.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Regular casting methods such as conventional die casting, gravity permanent mold casting, and squeeze casting have long been used for metals and their alloys. However, these current processes when used to manufacture parts with relatively complex geometries often yield products with undesirable shrink porosity, which can adversely impact the quality and integrity of the part. Shrink porosity defines a condition that arises as a metal part begins to shrink as it cools and solidifies along the outer surface, leaving pockets of air (referred to as “voids”) trapped in the center of the part. If the voids are not reconstituted with metal, the cast part is termed “porous”. Particularly in the design of complex parts, such as, for example, automotive transmission valve bodies or engine bedplates, the greatest shrink porosity is found in the thicker areas.
  • One method of reducing shrink porosity is to cast semi-solid metal (SSM) instead of liquid molten metal. SSM casting, which generally involves low temperature, low velocity, and less turbulent injection of metal, typically reduces the occurrence of shrink porosity. Where SSM casting of metal materials has been involved however, the conventional methods have not been employed successfully to date. Rheocasting and thixocasting are casting methods that were developed in an attempt to convert conventional casting means to SSM casting, but these SSM methods require costly retrofitting to conventional casting machinery and attempts at conventional casting of SSM have been unsuccessful.
  • Another method to reduce porosity levels is to apply a direct-feed system. The direct-feed system allows molten metal to continue to feed directly into the areas of thick geometry during solidification, thereby filling the air pockets with metal as they form. In this way, shrink porosity can be significantly reduced in those areas. Preferably, the direct feed can be localized to multiple areas within particularly complex parts or as required.
  • Accordingly, it is desirable to provide a method of casting SSM metals and alloys utilizing conventional and/or rheocasting die casting devices that can impart desirable mechanical properties. It is further desirable to provide a process to control the shrink porosity of cast parts at multiple locations though out a part. Further still, it is desirable to provide a method of producing products with metal alloy castings wherein the temperature of the semi-solid metal slurry can be controlled.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The foregoing needs are met, to an extent, by the present invention, wherein in one embodiment a process and an apparatus is provided that enables the use of conventional die casting machinery in SSM casting.
  • In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, a semi-solid metal casting process is provided, comprising heating a metal alloy to a chosen temperature, cooling the metal alloy for a determined period of time to form a semi-solid metal, wherein the time can be zero, and then casting the semi-solid metal in a vertical die casting machine. The metal alloys of the invention can be aluminum-silicon alloys, including hypoeutectic alloys and hypereutectic alloys. The vertical die casting machines may also be an indexing-type machine. In embodiments where an indexing type vertical die casting machine is used, the time required to index from the pour station to a transfer station may be chosen so that the metal alloy within will form a semi-solid slurry.
  • In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, an SSM cast product that is manufactured by casting a metal alloy in an SSM casting process using a vertical die casting machine is provided. The vertical die casting machine may optionally include an indexing feature described herein. The product may be manufactured by heating a metal alloy to a chosen temperature and then cooling the metal for a determined period of time to form a semi-solid metal, wherein the time can be zero, and then casting the semi-solid metal alloy in the vertical die casting machine. The metal alloy may be an aluminum-silicon based alloy, including hypoeutectic and hypereutectic alloys.
  • There has thus been outlined, rather broadly, certain embodiments of the invention in order that the detailed description thereof herein may be better understood, and in order that the present contribution to the art may be better appreciated. There are, of course, additional embodiments of the invention that will be described below and which will form the subject matter of the claims appended hereto.
  • In this respect, before explaining at least one embodiment of the invention in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and to the arrangements of the components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The invention is capable of embodiments in addition to those described and of being practiced and carried out in various ways. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein, as well as the abstract, are for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting.
  • As such, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the conception upon which this disclosure is based may readily be utilized as a basis for the designing of other structures, methods and systems for carrying out the several purposes of the present invention. It is important, therefore, that the claims be regarded as including such equivalent constructions insofar as they do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 illustrates a cross section of an exemplary vertical die casting press of a type suitable for carrying out the functions of an embodiment of the invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an exemplary vertical die casting press of a type suitable for carrying out the functions of an embodiment of the invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a front view of a mold with multiple “gates” in one embodiment.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The invention will now be described with reference to the drawing figures, in which like reference numerals refer to like parts throughout. An embodiment in accordance with the present invention provides a method of SSM casting without the need for retrofitting of conventional casting equipment. Moreover, other embodiments of the instant invention provide a direct-feed semi-solid casting process.
  • In one embodiment, vertical die casting machines or presses of the general type disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,660,233 and 5,429,175, assigned to and commercially available from THT Presses, Inc., Dayton, Ohio, are desirable. The THT presses such as a 200 Ton Indexing Shot Machine, a 1000 Ton Shuttle Machine or a 100 Ton Shuttle Machine, in particular, are capable of operating at a higher speed and with a shorter cycle time than previously known die casting presses and which, as a result, produce higher quality parts without porosity. The die casting presses are also simpler and less expensive in construction, requiring less maintenance and therefore more convenient to service.
  • One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate from the descriptions herein, that some or all of the features of the presses of the instant invention may differ to some extent from those specified below depending on the specific press, but that variations are to be expected and are within the scope and spirit of the present invention. By way of example, the THT presses of this invention may be classified as “indexing-type” or “shuttle-type.” Though the indexing press will be detailed in an embodiment below, both types of presses may be used in the instant invention.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 2, in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, a vertical die casting press 10 includes a frame 20 having a base 30 supporting a vertical pedestal 40 or post on which is mounted a rotary indexing table 50. The table 50 supports a pair of diametrically opposite shot sleeves 60 each of which receives a shot piston 65 connected to a downwardly projecting piston rod 67. A gate plate 90 extends horizontally between the side walls of the frame 20 and above the indexing table 50 for supporting a lower mold 70 section defining a cavity 61. When the table 50 is indexed in steps of 180 degrees, the shot sleeves 60 are alternately located at a metal receiving or pour station 80 and a metal injecting or transfer station 85 under the gate plate 90. A hydraulic clamping cylinder 100 is supported by the frame 20 above the transfer station 85 and moves an upper mold 110 section vertically above the lower mold 70 section.
  • A high pressure hydraulic shot cylinder 120 is mounted on the base under the transfer station 85, and a substantially smaller hydraulic ejection cylinder 130 is mounted on the base 30 under the metal receiving or pour station 70. Each of the hydraulic cylinders 120 and 130 has a non-rotating vertical piston rod 121 and 131 which carries a set of spaced coupling plates 140. Each set of plates 140 defines laterally extending and opposing undercut grooves for slidably receiving an outwardly projecting bottom flange on each of the shot piston rods. Thus when the rotary table 50 is indexed, the shot piston rods rotate with the shot sleeves 60 and alternately engage the piston rods of the two fixed hydraulic shot 120 and ejection cylinders 130.
  • The upper platen moves downwardly to close and clamp the upper mold 110 against the lower mold 70 or against a cavity defining part P confined between the upper and lower molds 110 and 70. The hydraulic shot cylinder 120 is actuated for transferring the molten metal from each shot cylinder 60 upwardly into the cavity 61 defined by the clamped mold sections 70 and 110. The cavity 61 is evacuated, and the shot piston 65 is forced upwardly to inject the molten metal into the mold cavity or cavities. The molds 70 and 110 and the shot piston 65 are then cooled, optionally by circulating water through passages within the molds and shot piston, to solidify the die cast material. The shot cylinder 120 then retracts the connected sprues 150 or biscuit downwardly into the shot sleeve 60 after the metal has partially solidified within the gate plate 90. After the table 50 is indexed 180 degrees, the smaller hydraulic ejection cylinder 130 is actuated for ejecting the biscuit upwardly to the top of the indexing table 50 where the biscuit is discharged. The cycle is then repeated for die casting another part or set of parts.
  • In operation of the vertical die casting machine or press described above in connection with FIG. 1, a predetermined charge or shot of molten metal is poured into the shot sleeve 60 in the pour station 80. The shot sleeves 60 can be equipped with heaters and temperature sensors to heat and or cool the metal as is desirable at any time, including the period while table 50 indexes 180 degrees. The lateral transfer of the molten metal and the upward injection of the metal into the mold cavities is also effective to degas the molten metal, thereby minimizing porosity of the solidified die cast parts. Preferably, a light suction is applied to the cavities 108 and runner 202 and the injecting chamber 146 to remove air from the chamber and to remove the gas separated from the molten metal within the shot cylinder.
  • It has now been found that the above described press can also be used for SSM casting. The use of metal slurry metal over molten metal reduces fluid turbulence when injected into the die, which also reduces the amount of air that may be trapped in the final part. Less air in the final part lends greater mechanical integrity and allows cast products to be heat treated. In addition, metals that are SSM casting requires less heat thereby reducing cost and improving longevity of the molds and dies.
  • Without being limited to or bound by theory, the microstructure of SSM cast products can determine the mechanical properties of the product. Moreover, it is understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that the microstructure can be manipulated prior to casting. One way to manipulate the final microscructure of an SSM cast part is to control, thereby reduce, the time the metal remains in the SSM range. The presses described above afford such an opportunity. Specifically, the indexing time (i.e., the delay between indexing between the pour station 80 and transfer station 85) can be used to control the time the molten metal is cooled in the shot sleeve to reach the SSM range. That is, the amount of time the metal spends in the shot sleeve before it is injected into the molds can be regulated or optimized for a desirable microstructure. Alternatively, molten metal at a predetermined temperature may be poured into the shot sleeve of shuttle presses, i.e. presses that lack the indexing feature.
  • Many metals and alloys known in the art can be used for SSM casting and can be employed with the instant invention. In some embodiments aluminum-silicon alloys can be used. By definition, aluminum alloys with up to but less than about 11.7 weight percent Si are defined “hypoeutectic”, whereas those with greater than about 11.7 weight percent Si are defined “hypereutectic”. In all instances, the term “about” has been incorporated in this disclosure to account for the inherent inaccuracies associated with measuring chemical weights and measurements known and present in the art. In yet other embodiments, aluminum-silicon copper alloys and/or aluminum-copper alloys may be used with the present invention.
  • Preferably, the metal is be cast is heated in a range from about 10° C. to about 15° C. above the liquidus temperature (i.e., the semi-solid temperature). For Al—Si alloys this generally ranges from about 585° C. to about 590° C. The melt temperature is then allowed to cool to form a semi-solid slurry before it is finally cast.
  • In one embodiment, a 380 alloy, (Al—Si—Cu alloy commonly used in the art) is heated to 590 to 595° C. Once heated to the desired temperature, the metal is then transferred to the shot sleeve 60 in the pour station 85. The metal is then indexed to the transfer station 80, taking about 2 seconds. During that period, the metal is cooled to between 585° C. and 590° C. before being cast.
  • The optimal transfer time from the pour station 80 to transfer station 85 can be experimentally determined and will vary depending on the metal or alloy being cast. Generally, for Al—Si alloys, a transfer time in the ranging from about 0.5 seconds to about 5 seconds is preferred. In other embodiments, the time may range from about 1 seconds to about 30 seconds.
  • FIG. 3 exemplifies a gate plate that may be used in accordance with the invention. As mentioned above, gated plates allow for direct feed of metal to multiple locations within a part simultaneously. Especially true in complex parts, direct feed enables metal to be selectively injected into specific locations within a part as the part cools. As a part cools and contracts along the edges, voids emerge within the center or thicker portions of a cast. With gated plates, however, the potential voids may be continually supplied with metal so as to reduce the likelihood of their emergence and thereby reduce porosity.
  • The present invention may be applied to cast a variety of parts known in the art and all such applications are within the scope of the present invention. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the die cast process described herein is used to cast parts with relatively complex geometries. Such parts may include automotive parts, for example, suspension components including knuckles and control arms, bed plates, swashplates, air conditioning compressor pistons, engine valve bodies and pump housings.
  • The present invention may be preferable suited for complex parts in that the presses described herein have a smaller ratio of upper die to lower die parting position than found in conventional die casting presses which can reduce the gas content in the part. Also, where in conventional die casting processes the dwell time is controlled by biscuit thickness, the ingate controls dwell time in the present invention. The smaller ingates have smaller volumes to be cooled, and thereby solidification time is reduced. The casting process described herein also requires less clamping force than required by other casting processes such as with high pressure die casting and/or squeeze casting. Moreover, the present invention employs a large number of cavities which allows for more parts to be produced per given amount of time.
  • The many features and advantages of the invention are apparent from the detailed specification, and thus, it is intended by the appended claims to cover all such features and advantages of the invention which fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and variations will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation illustrated and described, and accordingly, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention.

Claims (43)

1. A semi-solid metal (SSM) casting process, comprising:
providing a metal and a vertical indexing die casting machine,
heating the metal to a first temperature,
cooling the metal to a second temperature to form a semi solid metal based on an index time; and
casting the semi-solid metal in the vertical indexing die casting machine.
2. The SSM casting process according to claim 1, wherein the metal is an Al—Si alloy.
3. The SSM casting process according to claim 2, wherein Al—Si alloy is a hypereutectic Al Si alloy comprising more than about 11.7 weight percent Si in Al.
4. The SSM casting process according to claim 2, wherein Al—Si alloy is a hypoeutectic Al—Si alloy comprising less than about 11.7 weight percent Si in Al.
5. The SSM casting process according to claim 2, wherein Al—Si alloy is a 380 alloy.
6. (canceled)
7. The SSM casting process according to claim 1, wherein the vertical die indexing casting machine is a 1000 Ton Shuttle Machine.
8. The SSM casting process according to claim 1, wherein the die indexing time is the time that a shot sleeve indexes between a pour station and a transfer station.
9. The SSM casting process according to claim 8, wherein the first temperature is is the temperature that the metal will form a semi-solid metal as it cools from indexing between the pour station in the transfer station.
10. The SSM casting process according to claim 1, wherein the indexing time is chosen to achieve a determined rate of cooling so that the metal reaches a SSM range.
11. (canceled)
12. (canceled)
13. (canceled)
14. (canceled)
15. (canceled)
16. (canceled)
17. (canceled)
18. (canceled)
19. (canceled)
20. (canceled)
21. The SSM casting process according to claim 1, wherein the first temperature is between about 10° C. to about 15° C. above a liquidus temperature for the metal.
22. The SSM casting process according to claim 1, wherein die first temperature is between about 585° C. to about 595° C.
23. The SSM casting process according to claim 22, wherein the first temperature is between about 590° C. to about 595° C.
24. The SSM casting process according to claim 1, wherein the indexing time is zero.
25. The SSM casting process according to claim 1, wherein the indexing time is between about 0.5 second to about 30 seconds.
26. The SSM casting process according to claim 25, wherein the indexing time is about 0.5 to about 5 seconds.
27. A cast product made by SSM, comprising:
an alloy metal that is heated to a first temperature and transferred to a shot sleeve in a vertical indexing die casting machine, wherein the metal is cooled to a second temperature to form a semi-solid metal based on an index time and is injected into a mold to form the cast product.
28. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the metal is an Al—Si alloy.
29. The cast product according to claim 28, wherein Al—Si alloy is a hypereutectic Al—Si alloy comprising more than about 11.7 weight percent Si in Al.
30. The cast product according to claim 28, wherein Al Si alloy is a hypoeutectic Al—Si alloy comprising less than about 11.7 weight percent Si in Al.
31. The cast product according to claim 28, wherein Al—Si alloy is a 380 alloy.
32. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the vertical is indexing casting machine is a 1000 Ton Shuttle Machine.
33. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the indexing time is the time that the shot sleeve indexes between a pour station and a transfer station.
34. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the first temperature is the temperature that the metal will form the semi-solid metal as it cools from indexing between a pour station to a transfer station.
35. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the indexing time is chosen to achieve a determined rate of cooling so that the metal reaches a SSM range.
36. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the first temperature is between about 10° C. to about 15° C. about a liquidus temperature for the metal.
37. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the first temperature is between about 585° C. to about 595° C.
38. The cast product according to claim 37, wherein the first temperature is between about 590° C. to about 595° C.
39. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the indexing time is zero.
40. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the indexing time is between about 0.5 second to about 30 seconds.
41. The cast product according to claim 40, wherein the indexing time is about 0.5 to about 5 seconds.
42. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the cast product is an automotive product.
43. The cast product according to claim 27, wherein the product can be selected form a group consisting suspension components, knuckles, control arms, bed plates, swash plates, air conditioning compressor pistons, engine valve bodies and pump housings.
US10/671,707 2003-09-29 2003-09-29 Semi-solid metal casting process Abandoned US20050067131A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/671,707 US20050067131A1 (en) 2003-09-29 2003-09-29 Semi-solid metal casting process

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/671,707 US20050067131A1 (en) 2003-09-29 2003-09-29 Semi-solid metal casting process
PCT/US2004/029985 WO2005032746A1 (en) 2003-09-29 2004-09-15 Semi-solid metal casting process
US11/035,062 US20050109479A1 (en) 2003-09-29 2005-01-14 Semi-solid metal casting process

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/035,062 Division US20050109479A1 (en) 2003-09-29 2005-01-14 Semi-solid metal casting process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050067131A1 true US20050067131A1 (en) 2005-03-31

Family

ID=34376176

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/671,707 Abandoned US20050067131A1 (en) 2003-09-29 2003-09-29 Semi-solid metal casting process
US11/035,062 Abandoned US20050109479A1 (en) 2003-09-29 2005-01-14 Semi-solid metal casting process

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/035,062 Abandoned US20050109479A1 (en) 2003-09-29 2005-01-14 Semi-solid metal casting process

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (2) US20050067131A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2005032746A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US11040394B2 (en) * 2018-08-21 2021-06-22 Gf Casting Solutions Ag Casting of metals

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7331373B2 (en) * 2005-01-14 2008-02-19 Contech U.S., Llc Semi-solid and squeeze casting process
CN105081265B (en) * 2015-09-10 2017-12-12 太仓市微贯机电有限公司 A kind of shaped device and its method of work

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US533202A (en) * 1895-01-29 Device for handling barrels
US5429175A (en) * 1993-07-01 1995-07-04 Tht Presses Inc. Vertical die casting press and method of operation
US5660223A (en) * 1995-11-20 1997-08-26 Tht Presses Inc. Vertical die casting press with indexing shot sleeves
US5911843A (en) * 1995-04-14 1999-06-15 Northwest Aluminum Company Casting, thermal transforming and semi-solid forming aluminum alloys
US6467528B1 (en) * 2001-05-17 2002-10-22 Tht Presses Inc. Vertical die casting press and method of producing fiber reinforced die cast metal parts
US20030141033A1 (en) * 2002-01-31 2003-07-31 Tht Presses Inc. Semi-solid molding method

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0315801A3 (en) * 1987-11-10 1990-05-30 Ube Industries, Ltd. Die casting apparatus
US5332026A (en) * 1992-09-28 1994-07-26 Tht Presses Inc. Production of copper die cast rotors for electric motors

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US533202A (en) * 1895-01-29 Device for handling barrels
US5429175A (en) * 1993-07-01 1995-07-04 Tht Presses Inc. Vertical die casting press and method of operation
US5911843A (en) * 1995-04-14 1999-06-15 Northwest Aluminum Company Casting, thermal transforming and semi-solid forming aluminum alloys
US5660223A (en) * 1995-11-20 1997-08-26 Tht Presses Inc. Vertical die casting press with indexing shot sleeves
US6467528B1 (en) * 2001-05-17 2002-10-22 Tht Presses Inc. Vertical die casting press and method of producing fiber reinforced die cast metal parts
US20030141033A1 (en) * 2002-01-31 2003-07-31 Tht Presses Inc. Semi-solid molding method
US20040094286A1 (en) * 2002-01-31 2004-05-20 Tht Presses Inc. Semi-solid molding method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US11040394B2 (en) * 2018-08-21 2021-06-22 Gf Casting Solutions Ag Casting of metals

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2005032746A1 (en) 2005-04-14
US20050109479A1 (en) 2005-05-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6808004B2 (en) Semi-solid molding method
US7299854B2 (en) Semi-solid molding method
US5000244A (en) Lost foam casting of dual alloy engine block
US6901991B2 (en) Semi-solid molding apparatus and method
CN103990775A (en) Metal extruding, casting and forging forming method and products of method
US7323069B2 (en) Squeeze and semi-solid metal (SSM) casting of aluminum-copper (206) alloy
CA2119566C (en) Casting process
CN1199659A (en) Casting mould and method for manufacturing metallic hollow castings and hollow castings
US7165598B2 (en) Magnesium alloy and methods for making
CN108296468A (en) A kind of pressure regulation supercharging casting machine fills the casting device and casting method of type High Pressure Solidification with low pressure
US7331373B2 (en) Semi-solid and squeeze casting process
US20050109479A1 (en) Semi-solid metal casting process
JP2005305466A (en) Molten metal forging apparatus and molten metal forging method
US20050103461A1 (en) Process for generating a semi-solid slurry
EP1779943B1 (en) Method and device for casting light metal crankcases in sand moulds
CN101065201A (en) Process for casting a semi-solid metal alloy
US20180029113A1 (en) Direct squeeze casting
CN106493339A (en) A kind of method for producing aluminium alloy spring base with Horizontal type extrusion casting machine
US20070044937A1 (en) In-situ slurry formation and delivery apparatus and method
Reikher et al. Casting of Light Metals

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SPX CORPORATION, NORTH CAROLINA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DASGUPTA, RATHINDRA;HOLLACHER, ROBERT;MUSSER, MARK;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:015401/0963;SIGNING DATES FROM 20030826 TO 20030922

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION