US20050022424A1 - Shoes - a new design - Google Patents

Shoes - a new design Download PDF

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Publication number
US20050022424A1
US20050022424A1 US10/627,312 US62731203A US2005022424A1 US 20050022424 A1 US20050022424 A1 US 20050022424A1 US 62731203 A US62731203 A US 62731203A US 2005022424 A1 US2005022424 A1 US 2005022424A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
skeleton
mattress
cushions
foot
shoe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/627,312
Inventor
Jerry Held
Original Assignee
Held Jerry Martin
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Held Jerry Martin filed Critical Held Jerry Martin
Priority to US10/627,312 priority Critical patent/US20050022424A1/en
Publication of US20050022424A1 publication Critical patent/US20050022424A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/1425Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the ball of the foot, i.e. the joint between the first metatarsal and first phalange
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/181Resiliency achieved by the structure of the sole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/187Resiliency achieved by the features of the material, e.g. foam, non liquid materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/1435Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the joint between the fifth phalange and the fifth metatarsal bone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/144Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the heel, i.e. the calcaneus bone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/1445Footwear with foot-supporting parts provided with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the midfoot, i.e. the metatarsal

Abstract

A new design, applicable to most shoe types, having isolated, compressible rubber cushions as the only contact points with the ground. These cushions, usually 4 in number, are attached at only key points to an overlying flexible skeleton, made of a durable but bendable support structure. The ‘skeleton’ in turn is affixed to an overlying compressible ‘mattress’. This entire structure, consisting of compressible mattress, skeleton, and cushions duplicates the arch of the foot. Under the force of walking, running, etc. the rubber cushions will compress to absorb the force of the step. The overlying skeleton will also absorb energy by bowing convex downward at the toes, middle, and heel of the foot. Similarly the air space of the overlying mattress will also be compressed, absorbing pressure. Upon lifting the foot, the opposite actions will occur, releasing energy in an upward and forward direction, and thereby both lifting and propelling the foot.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a novel contact surface and support structure for a shoe. Shoes are almost universal apparel, worn for both appearance and function. This varies from walking, running, jumping, etc. and are used by both athletes and amputees. This invention seeks to enhance and complement the normal structure and function of the foot, rather than merely surround it in a box.
  • The human foot is a dynamic structure intended to contact the found at predominantly two areas—the heel (talo-calcaneous) and the metatarsal-phalangeal joints (MT) and metatarsal heads. These structures are strongly formed and well supported by ligaments, tendons, and connective tissue. In contrast the toes (phalanges) and metatarsals (M) are lightweight, and weekly formed and protected. They are easily bruised, sprained, and broken.
  • A traditional shoe provides some arch support, but transmits force to both the toes and metatarsal areas in a crushing manner. The submitted invention prevents, or minimizes, this injury by minimizing contact with the toes and M areas, and instead transmitting all force to sturdy areas. This is accomplished through contact pads located over the heel and metatarsal heads/MT areas. Stress on the foot is also minimized by the pad compressibility and mattress, in addition to the coiling of the skeleton. Because of the form of the skeleton, consisting of two independent portions inserting separately and at different points into the compressible pads, the energy captured on downward contact gives a lift and forward thrust upon lifting the foot, with the MT essentially action as a fulcrum.
  • The presented invention would be a notable advance in the field, enhancing comfort and athletic performance while minimizing injury.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The inventor of the above shoe is a physician with a public health group and a marathon runner. Dr. Held has personally experienced the frustrations of currently available shoes, providing health care to many patients with foot and leg problems, diabetes, obesity, circulatory and neurological problems.
  • This novel shoe design is lighter in weight that the traditional, and also less expensive. The compressible rubber cushions are replaceable, thereby creating ‘reusuable shoes.’ Replacement should rarely be needed, as the underlying contact surface of the cushions is very sturdy, The contact cushions can be scored or imprinted on the bottom, maximizing traction or other functions. The cushions are screwed into the above skeleton, or possibly snapped with female and male portions, emphasizing reusability. The form of the cushions may vary to serve different functions—as tennis, basketball, running, walking. etc.
  • The skeleton is structured of either polyethylene, lightweight metal, plastic, polyvinyl, composite, etc. Its form is perforated in the center, or potentially could be constructed in a ‘rebar’ type structure. This structure will be durable, but also allows bendability in the center to maximize comfort and efficiency.
  • The invention allows great variety of the ‘foot cover’, providing both comfort and attractive design.
  • The invention can be personalized to an individual's foot structure or needs and pressure points through creating a unique set of cushions, skeleton, and overlying mattress.
  • The invention possesses other objects and advantages, especially as concerns particular characteristics and features thereof which will become apparent as review and specification coutinues.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING
  • FIG. 1 is a side view of the invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a view from below the shoe.
  • FIG. 3 is a view from above (or below) one layer of the mattress.
  • FIG. 4 is a view from below the back portion of the skeleton.
  • FIG. 5 is a view from below the front part of the skeleton.
  • FIG. 6 is a side view of the contact cushion
  • DETAILED DEXCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF INVENTION
  • Various aspects of the invention will evolve from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments thereof, which should be referenced to the prior described drawings. This is especially expected to occur if this novel invention is adapted to mass production.
  • The essence of this invention is 4 components:

Claims (4)

1- The invention, FIG. 1.
2- The mattress support (3) in FIG. 1. This is shaped in the form of the arch of the foot and is continuous from toe to heel. The mattress may vary in thickness from ¼ inch to ¾ inch, depending upon the type of shoe. The mattress consists of 2 to 5 layers, (13) in FIG. 3. The layers are affixed together with adhesive at their corresponding edges. Each layer is in the form of a monolayer of solid spheres, taking the form of a ‘bubble pack’. The layers can be made from soft rubber, gel, nylon, soft plastic, etc. In affixing the layers, spaces are created between the spheres, which become distorted or partially obliterated upon compression with walking.
3- Compressible rubber cushions as (4,5) in FIG. 1 and (8,9,10,11) in FIG. 2. The cushions serve as the only contact points with the ground below. They are of thickness from ¼ to 1 inch, depending on the type of shoe. The undersurface may be scored, or patterned depending on the function. The cushions are attached to the above skeleton at the key points of the talus-calcaneus and secondly at the metatarsal heads/MT joints in FIG. 1 by short but sturdy bolts or interlocking male-female parts: (8,9,10) in FIG. 2 into (32,33,34) in FIG. 5. (15,16,17) in FIG. 2 into (20,21,22) in FIG. 4. (18, 19) in FIG. 2 into (23,24) in FIG. 4.
Alternatively, contact could be with adhesive, staples, etc. Each cushion (FIG. 6) is made of a durable undersurface (29) and a softer, compressible upper portion (28).
4- The skeletal support of the shoe, (6,7), in FIG. 1, consists of 2 separate parts, FIGS. 4 and 5. Each part is separately attached to the rubber cushions below (as in claim #3.) In FIG. 4, the back portion of the skeleton is configured to duplicate the arch of the foot. In FIG. 4, (25.26.27) are solid but bendable, but (30, 31) are empty spaces. This structure is duplicated in FIG. 5, the toe portion of the skeleton, but with different dimensions.
The skeleton can be made of different materials, including plastic, composite, graphite, polyethylene, etc. The skeleton will bow downward under the force of contacting the surface, acting both as a Dynamic cushion and unidirectional spring. Each part of the skeleton, FIGS. 4 and 5, is surrounded by a flexible rubber casing, and affixed to the mattress, 3 in FIG. 1, by various possible adhesives.
Accessory, common components of the invention include #2 in FIG. 1 (a thin comfortable cloth cushion) and #1 in FIG. 1 (the shoe cover.) The shoe cover is attached to the bottom surface of the skeleton.
While in the foregoing, embodiments of the present invention have been set forth in great detail for the purpose of making a complete disclosure of the invention. It may be apparent, to those of skill in the art that numerous changes may be made in such detail without departing from the spirit and principles of the invention.
US10/627,312 2003-07-28 2003-07-28 Shoes - a new design Abandoned US20050022424A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/627,312 US20050022424A1 (en) 2003-07-28 2003-07-28 Shoes - a new design

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/627,312 US20050022424A1 (en) 2003-07-28 2003-07-28 Shoes - a new design

Publications (1)

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US20050022424A1 true US20050022424A1 (en) 2005-02-03

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US10/627,312 Abandoned US20050022424A1 (en) 2003-07-28 2003-07-28 Shoes - a new design

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100186256A1 (en) * 2009-01-28 2010-07-29 Sears Brands, Llc Shoe having an air cushioning system
US20130232822A1 (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-12 Jason McInulty Motorcycle Footwear Sole
ITRM20130307A1 (en) * 2013-05-28 2014-11-29 Scara Device for the dynamic control of the discharge to the ground of the body weight.
WO2017053665A1 (en) * 2015-09-24 2017-03-30 Nike Innovate C.V. Particulate foam with flexible casing
USD874107S1 (en) 2017-09-14 2020-02-04 Puma SE Shoe
USD875358S1 (en) * 2019-02-21 2020-02-18 Puma SE Shoe
USD875360S1 (en) * 2019-02-21 2020-02-18 Puma SE Shoe
USD878021S1 (en) 2018-04-04 2020-03-17 Puma SE Shoe

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US665797A (en) * 1898-09-26 1901-01-08 Joseph Newton Boot or shoe.
US879732A (en) * 1907-06-18 1908-02-18 L A Busby Antislipping tread for boots and shoes.
US4041619A (en) * 1975-03-21 1977-08-16 Peter Sapper Shoe
US4914836A (en) * 1989-05-11 1990-04-10 Zvi Horovitz Cushioning and impact absorptive structure
US5775005A (en) * 1995-06-21 1998-07-07 Wolverine World Wide Inc. Footwear sole with cleated window
US6018889A (en) * 1997-01-17 2000-02-01 Nike, Inc. Footwear with mountain goat traction elements
US20020050077A1 (en) * 1999-06-18 2002-05-02 Jack Wang Footwear with visible, replaceable cushioning cassette
US20040148803A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-05 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US665797A (en) * 1898-09-26 1901-01-08 Joseph Newton Boot or shoe.
US879732A (en) * 1907-06-18 1908-02-18 L A Busby Antislipping tread for boots and shoes.
US4041619A (en) * 1975-03-21 1977-08-16 Peter Sapper Shoe
US4914836A (en) * 1989-05-11 1990-04-10 Zvi Horovitz Cushioning and impact absorptive structure
US5775005A (en) * 1995-06-21 1998-07-07 Wolverine World Wide Inc. Footwear sole with cleated window
US6018889A (en) * 1997-01-17 2000-02-01 Nike, Inc. Footwear with mountain goat traction elements
US6226896B1 (en) * 1997-01-17 2001-05-08 Nike, Inc. Footwear with mountain goat traction elements
US20020050077A1 (en) * 1999-06-18 2002-05-02 Jack Wang Footwear with visible, replaceable cushioning cassette
US20040148803A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-05 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8146268B2 (en) 2009-01-28 2012-04-03 Sears Brands, Llc Shoe having an air cushioning system
US20100186256A1 (en) * 2009-01-28 2010-07-29 Sears Brands, Llc Shoe having an air cushioning system
US10531709B2 (en) * 2012-03-09 2020-01-14 Jason McInulty Motorcycle footwear sole
US20130232822A1 (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-12 Jason McInulty Motorcycle Footwear Sole
ITRM20130307A1 (en) * 2013-05-28 2014-11-29 Scara Device for the dynamic control of the discharge to the ground of the body weight.
EP2807940A1 (en) 2013-05-28 2014-12-03 Universita' Degli Studi "G. d'Annunzio" Chieti-Pescara Dynamic device for the control of discharge to ground of the body weight
WO2017053665A1 (en) * 2015-09-24 2017-03-30 Nike Innovate C.V. Particulate foam with flexible casing
US10098412B2 (en) 2015-09-24 2018-10-16 Nike, Inc. Particulate foam with other cushioning
US10098411B2 (en) 2015-09-24 2018-10-16 Nike, Inc. Particulate foam with other cushioning
USD874107S1 (en) 2017-09-14 2020-02-04 Puma SE Shoe
USD875362S1 (en) 2017-09-14 2020-02-18 Puma SE Shoe
USD875361S1 (en) 2017-09-14 2020-02-18 Puma SE Shoe
USD878021S1 (en) 2018-04-04 2020-03-17 Puma SE Shoe
USD875358S1 (en) * 2019-02-21 2020-02-18 Puma SE Shoe
USD875360S1 (en) * 2019-02-21 2020-02-18 Puma SE Shoe

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