US20040242171A1 - Transmitter circuit, transmission circuit and driver unit - Google Patents

Transmitter circuit, transmission circuit and driver unit Download PDF

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Publication number
US20040242171A1
US20040242171A1 US10/853,654 US85365404A US2004242171A1 US 20040242171 A1 US20040242171 A1 US 20040242171A1 US 85365404 A US85365404 A US 85365404A US 2004242171 A1 US2004242171 A1 US 2004242171A1
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Prior art keywords
circuit
output terminal
terminal
input signal
signal
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US10/853,654
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Akio Hosokawa
Kouichi Nishimura
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Renesas Electronics Corp
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NEC Electronics Corp
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Priority to JP2003152745A priority patent/JP4327504B2/en
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Assigned to NEC ELECTRONICS CORPORATION reassignment NEC ELECTRONICS CORPORATION ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HOSOKAWA, AKIO, NISHIMURA, KOUICHI
Publication of US20040242171A1 publication Critical patent/US20040242171A1/en
Assigned to RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPORATION reassignment RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPORATION CHANGE OF NAME (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: NEC ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K5/00Manipulating of pulses not covered by one of the other main groups of this subclass
    • H03K5/153Arrangements in which a pulse is delivered at the instant when a predetermined characteristic of an input signal is present or at a fixed time interval after this instant
    • H03K5/1534Transition or edge detectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L25/00Baseband systems
    • H04L25/02Details ; Arrangements for supplying electrical power along data transmission lines
    • H04L25/0264Arrangements for coupling to transmission lines
    • H04L25/028Arrangements specific to the transmitter end
    • H04L25/0286Provision of wave shaping within the driver
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2310/00Command of the display device
    • G09G2310/02Addressing, scanning or driving the display screen or processing steps related thereto
    • G09G2310/0264Details of driving circuits
    • G09G2310/0267Details of drivers for scan electrodes, other than drivers for liquid crystal, plasma or OLED displays
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2310/00Command of the display device
    • G09G2310/02Addressing, scanning or driving the display screen or processing steps related thereto
    • G09G2310/0264Details of driving circuits
    • G09G2310/0275Details of drivers for data electrodes, other than drivers for liquid crystal, plasma or OLED displays, not related to handling digital grey scale data or to communication of data to the pixels by means of a current
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2370/00Aspects of data communication
    • G09G2370/08Details of image data interface between the display device controller and the data line driver circuit
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L25/00Baseband systems
    • H04L25/02Details ; Arrangements for supplying electrical power along data transmission lines
    • H04L25/0264Arrangements for coupling to transmission lines
    • H04L25/0272Arrangements for coupling to multiple lines, e.g. for differential transmission

Abstract

A transmitter circuit for use in a display device of the type having a transmission line consisting of aluminum or copper conductor formed on a glass substrate includes a driver circuit, which has a non-inverting output terminal and an inverting output terminal, for outputting a signal current, which has a loop direction that changes based upon an input signal, to the non-inverting and inverting output terminals; and an output-waveform control circuit for detecting the edge of the waveform of the input signal and responding by increasing the signal current temporarily.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates to a transmitter circuit, a transmission circuit and a driver unit. More particularly, the invention relates to a transmitter circuit, a transmission circuit and a driver unit applicable to a liquid crystal display device, an organic electroluminescence display device and a plasma display device. [0001]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Conventionally, in a matrix-type liquid crystal display device, an organic electroluminescence (EL) display device and a plasma display device, a timing controller LSI chip, which successively generates and outputs one horizontal line of a grayscale data signal and scanning signal from one frame of image signals, and a source driver LSI chip, which serves as a driver unit that receive the grayscale data signal and drive respective ones of data lines of a display panel, are mounted on a printed circuit board. Transmission of signals between the timing controller LSI chip and the source driver LSI chip, as well as transmission of signals between the source driver LSI chips that are cascade-connected, is achieved by transmission lines consisting of printed conductor. An LVDS (Low Voltage Differential Signaling) interface, for example, is a high-speed interface used as the transmission circuit. [0002]
  • As shown in FIG. 11, the conventional transmitter circuit of an LVDS interface includes a constant-current source [0003] 6 having one end connected to a high-potential power supply VDD; a constant-current source 7 having one end connected to a low-potential power supply VSS; an N-channel MOS transistor N1 and an N-channel MOS transistor N2 serving as switching means connected serially between the other end of the constant-current source 6 and the other end of the constant-current source 7; an N-channel MOS transistor N3 and an N-channel MOS transistor N4 serving as switching means connected serially between the other end of the constant-current source 6 and the other end of the constant-current source 7; a non-inverting output terminal 2 connected to the node of the N-channel MOS transistor N1 and N-channel MOS transistor N2; and an inverting output terminal 3 connected to the node of the N-channel MOS transistor N3 and N-channel MOS transistor N4. A terminating resistor of a receiver circuit is connected between the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 via a pair of transmission lines, and a voltage comparator of the receiver circuit recognizes signal logic by discriminating the voltage across the terminating resistor. A CMOS-level non-inverted input data signal supplied to an input terminal 1 is applied to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N1 and to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N4. An inverting input data signal, which is a result of the non-inverted input data signal being inverted by the CMOS-type inverter circuit 5, is applied to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N2 and to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N3. When the non-inverted input data signal is at the VDD level serving as logic H, the N-channel MOS transistors N1 and N4 turn on, the N-channel MOS transistors N2 and N3 turn off, loop signal current flows from the constant-current source 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N1, non-inverting output terminal 2, transmission line, terminating resistor, transmission line, inverting output terminal 3 and N-channel MOS transistor N4, and the receiver circuit recognizes the logic H level. When the non-inverted input data signal is at the VSS level serving as logic L, the N-channel MOS transistors N1 and N4 turn off, the N-channel MOS transistors N2 and N3 turn on, loop signal current in the opposite direction flows from the constant-current source 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N3, non-inverting output terminal 3, transmission line, terminating resistor, transmission line, non-inverting output terminal 2 and N-channel MOS transistor N2, and the receiver circuit recognizes the logic L level.
  • Patent Document 1 [0004]
  • Japanese Patent Kokai Publication No. JP-P2000-31810A (FIG. 13) [0005]
  • SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE
  • For the purpose of reducing the size, weight and cost of display devices, progress has recently been made in COG (Chip On Glass) techniques for mounting a source driver LSI chip on a glass substrate such as a matrix display panel. In such an arrangement, transmission of signals between a timing controller LSI chip and the source driver LSI chip, as well as transmission of signals between the cascade-connected source driver LSI chips, is by transmission lines, which consist of aluminum or copper conductor, formed on the glass substrate. [0006]
  • However, whereas the resistance component of a transmission line consisting of copper conductor on a printed circuit board is several tens of milliohms, the resistance component of a transmission line consisting of aluminum or copper conductor formed on a glass substrate is several hundred ohms because both the conductor thickness and conductor width are small owing to the fabrication process for the display panel. The output capacitance of the transmitter circuit and the input capacitance of the receiver circuit is several picofarads. Consequently, even if signal transmission is performed in a high-frequency region that exceeds 100 MHz with the higher resolutions and larger screen areas of display panels, the signal waveform at the input end of the receiver circuit becomes significantly blunted owing to the RC time constant and a problem that arises is that good signal transmission cannot be achieved. [0007]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a transmitter circuit, a transmission circuit and a driver unit in which high-speed signal transmission can be performed by reducing blunting of the signal waveform at the input end of the receiver circuit even if the transmission line has a high resistance component as in the manner of aluminum or copper conductor on a glass substrate. [0008]
  • The above and other objects are attained by a transmitter circuit in accordance with one aspect of the present invention, comprising a driver circuit, which has a non-inverting output terminal and an inverting output terminal, for outputting a signal current, whose loop direction changes based upon an input signal, to the non-inverting output terminal and inverting output terminal; and an output-waveform control circuit for detecting a waveform edge of the input signal and increasing the signal current temporarily. [0009]
  • Further, in the transmitter circuit in accordance with the present invention, the output-waveform control circuit preferably includes an edge detecting circuit for outputting a detection signal when the edge is detected; switch means turned on by the detection signal; and a current source for supplying a current, which is added to the signal current, when the switch means has been turned on. [0010]
  • In the transmitter circuit in accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the output-waveform control circuit preferably includes a first inverter to which a non-inverted input signal is applied; a first capacitor having one end connected to an output terminal of the first inverter circuit and another end connected to the inverting output terminal; a second inverter circuit to which an inverted input signal is applied; and a second capacitor having one end connected to an output terminal of the second inverter circuit and another end connected to the non-inverting output terminal. [0011]
  • In the transmitter circuit in accordance with the present invention, the driver circuit preferably includes a first transistor, which has a non-inverting output terminal and an inverting output terminal, to which a non-inverted input signal is applied, for switching in response and passing a current from a high-potential power supply to the non-inverting output terminal; a third transistor, to which the inverted input signal is applied, for switching in response and passing a current from the high-potential power supply to the inverting output terminal; a fourth transistor, to which the non-inverted input signal is applied, for switching in response and passing a current from the inverting output terminal to a low-potential power supply; and a second transistor, to which the inverted input signal is applied, for switching in response and passing a current from the non-inverting output terminal to the low-potential power supply. [0012]
  • Further, the above and other objects are attained by a transmitter circuit in accordance with another aspect of the present invention, comprising a driver circuit, which has a non-inverting output terminal and an inverting output terminal, for outputting a differential voltage, whose polarity changes based upon an input signal, to the non-inverting output terminal and inverting output terminal; and an output-waveform control circuit for detecting a waveform edge of the input signal and increasing the differential voltage temporarily. [0013]
  • Further, the output-waveform control circuit in the transmitter circuit according to the present invention preferably includes an edge detecting circuit for outputting a first detection signal when a rising edge of the waveform is detected and a second detection signal when a falling edge of the waveform is detected; switch means for pulling up the non-inverting output terminal in response to the first detection signal; switch means for pulling down the inverting output terminal in response to the first detection signal; switch means for pulling down the non-inverting output terminal in response to the second detection signal; and switch means for pulling up the inverting output terminal in response to the second detection signal. [0014]
  • Further, the driver circuit according to the present invention includes a potential dividing circuit for generating high- and low-level potential-divided voltages; switch means for selecting the potential-divided voltage based upon a non-inverted input signal and outputting the voltage to the non-inverting output terminal; and switch means for selecting the potential-divided voltage based upon the non-inverted input signal and outputting the voltage to the inverting output terminal. [0015]
  • Further, according to the present invention, the foregoing object is attained by providing a transmission circuit comprising the above-described transmitter circuit; a transmission line having one end connected to the non-inverting output terminal and inverting output terminal of the transmitter circuit; and a receiver circuit connected to the other end of the transmission line. [0016]
  • Further, the above and other objects are attained by a driver unit in accordance with another aspect of the present invention, comprising a shift register circuit to which is input grayscale data for driving data lines of a matrix display panel; and the above-described transmitter circuit connected to a serial output end of the shift register circuit. [0017]
  • The drive unit according to the present invention preferably comprises the transmission line described above. [0018]
  • Further, the transmission line of the driver unit according to the present invention comprises a conductor on a glass substrate of the matrix display panel. [0019]
  • Still other objects and advantages of the present invention will become readily apparent to those skilled in this art from the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein only the preferred embodiments of the invention are shown and described, simply by way of illustration of the best mode contemplated of carrying out this invention. As will be realized, the invention is capable of other and different embodiments, and its several details are capable of modifications in various obvious respects, all without departing from the invention. Accordingly, the drawing and description are to be regarded as illustrative in nature, and not as restrictive.[0020]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmitter circuit according to a first embodiment of the present invention; [0021]
  • FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmission circuit having the transmitter circuit of the first embodiment; [0022]
  • FIG. 3 is a diagram useful in describing the operation of the transmitter circuit of the first embodiment; [0023]
  • FIG. 4 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmitter circuit according to a second embodiment of the present invention; [0024]
  • FIG. 5 is a diagram useful in describing the operation of the transmitter circuit of the second embodiment; [0025]
  • FIG. 6 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmitter circuit according to a third embodiment of the present invention; [0026]
  • FIG. 7 is a diagram useful in describing the operation of the transmitter circuit of the third embodiment; [0027]
  • FIG. 8 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmitter circuit according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention; [0028]
  • FIG. 9 is a block diagram of driver units according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention; [0029]
  • FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating the structure of a matrix display panel having the driver units of the fifth embodiment; and [0030]
  • FIG. 11 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmitter circuit according to the prior art.[0031]
  • PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION
  • Preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings. [0032]
  • FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a transmitter circuit according to a first embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the transmitter circuit includes an input terminal [0033] 1, a non-inverting output terminal 2, an inverting output terminal 3, a driver circuit 4 and an output-waveform control circuit 8.
  • The driver circuit [0034] 4 includes a CMOS-type inverter circuit 5, a constant-current source 6 for signal current source, a constant-current source 7 for signal current sink, and N-channel MOS transistors N1, N2, N3 and N4. One end of the constant-current source 6 is connected to a high-potential power supply VDD and the other end thereof is connected to the drain terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N1 and to the drain terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N3. One end of the constant-current source 7 is connected to a low-potential power supply VSS and the other end thereof is connected to the source terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N2 and to the source terminal of N-channel MOS transistor N4. The source terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N1 is connected to the drain terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N2 and the source terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N3 is connected to the drain terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N4. The input terminal 1 is connected to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N1, the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N4 and the input terminal of the inverter circuit 5, and the output terminal of the inverter circuit 5 is connected to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N2 and to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N3. The non-inverting output terminal 2 is connected to the source terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N1 and the inverting output terminal 3 is connected to the source terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N3.
  • The output-waveform control circuit [0035] 8 includes an edge detecting circuit 9, a constant-current source 12 for a signal current source, switch means 13, a constant-current source 15 for signal current sink and switch means 16.
  • The edge detecting circuit [0036] 9 includes a CMOS-type non-inverting buffer circuit 10 and a CMOS-type exclusive-OR gate 11. The input terminal of the non-inverting buffer circuit 10 and a first input terminal of the exclusive-OR gate 11 are tied together and connected to the input terminal 1 serving as the input terminal of the edge detecting circuit 9. The output terminal of the non-inverting buffer circuit 10 is connected to a second input terminal of the exclusive-OR gate 11. The edge detecting circuit 9 detects the rising and falling edges of the waveform of a non-inverted input data signal that is supplied to the input terminal 1 and outputs an edge detection signal EMP from the output terminal thereof. The pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP is equal to the delay time of the non-inverting buffer circuit 10, and the delay time can be set appropriately. If the non-inverting buffer circuit 10 is composed by an even-number stages of inverter circuits, then the delay time can be changed by changing the number of stages that operate.
  • The switch means [0037] 13 includes a CMOS-type inverter circuit 14 and a P-channel MOS transistor P1. The source terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P1 is connected to the high-potential power supply VDD, the drain terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P1 is connected to one end of the constant-current source 12, and the gate terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P1 is connected to the output terminal of the inverter circuit 14. The input terminal of the inverter circuit 14 is connected to the output terminal of the exclusive-OR gate 11 serving as the output terminal of the edge detecting circuit 9. The P-channel MOS transistor P1 is turned on when the edge detection signal EMP at the VDD level (the logic H level) is input. The other end of the constant-current source 12 serially connected to the switch means 13 is connected to the drain terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N1 and to the drain terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N3.
  • The source of an N-channel MOS transistor N[0038] 5 serving as switch means 16 is connected to the low-potential power supply VSS, the drain of the N-channel MOS transistor N5 is connected to one end of the constant-current source 15 and the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N5 is connected to the output terminal of the exclusive-OR gate 11. The N-channel MOS transistor N5 is turned on when the edge detection signal EMP at the VDD level (the logic H level) is input. The other end of the constant-current source 15 serially connected to the switch means 16 is connected to the source terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N2 and to the source terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N4.
  • FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmission circuit having the transmitter circuit according to this embodiment. As shown in FIG. 2, the transmission circuit includes a transmitter circuit [0039] 43 according to this embodiment, a balanced transmission line 44, which comprises a pair of lines, connected at one end to the non-inverting output terminal 2 and to the inverting output terminal 3 of the transmitter circuit 43, and a receiver circuit 45 connected to the other end of the transmission line 44. The receiver circuit 45 includes a terminating resistor RL connected to the other end of the transmission line 44, and a differential-type voltage comparator CMP having a non-inverted input terminal and an inverting input terminal connected to respective ones of the two ends of the terminating resistor RL. The voltage comparator CMP recognizes signal logic by discriminating the voltage across the terminating resistor RL. The transmission line 44, which comprises aluminum or copper conductor on the glass substrate of a matrix display panel, has a high resistance component. The non-inverting output terminal 2 has a parasitic capacitance CO1 with respect to the low-potential power supply VSS, the inverting output terminal 3 a parasitic capacitance CO2 with respect to the low-potential power supply VSS, the non-inverting terminal of the receiver circuit 45 a parasitic capacitance CI1 with respect to the low-potential power supply VSS, and the inverting terminal of the receiver circuit 45 a parasitic capacitance CI2 with respect to the low-potential power supply VSS.
  • With regard to the transmitter circuit [0040] 43, the CMOS-level non-inverted input data signal that enters the input terminal 1 is applied to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N1 and to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N4. An inverted input data signal, which is a result of the non-inverted input data signal being inverted by the CMOS-type inverter circuit 5, is applied to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N2 and to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N3.
  • The N-channel MOS transistor N[0041] 1, in response to input of the non-inverted input data signal, switches to pass the current from the high-potential power supply VDD to the non-inverting output terminal 2; the N-channel MOS transistor N3, in response to input of the inverted input data signal, switches to pass the current from the high-potential power supply VDD to the inverting output terminal 3; the N-channel MOS transistor N4, in response to input of the non-inverted input data signal, switches to pass the current from the inverting output terminal 3 to the low-potential power supply VSS; and the N-channel MOS transistor N2, in response to input of the non-inverted input data signal, switches to pass the current from the non-inverting output terminal 2 to the low-potential power supply VSS.
  • When the non-inverted input data signal is at the VDD level serving as logic H, the N-channel MOS transistors N[0042] 1 and N4 turn on, the N-channel MOS transistors N2 and N3 turn off, loop signal current flows from the constant-current source 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N1, non-inverting output terminal 2, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, inverting output terminal 3 and N-channel MOS transistor N4, and the receiver circuit 45 recognizes the logic H level.
  • When the non-inverted input data signal is at the VSS level serving as logic L, the N-channel MOS transistors N[0043] 1 and N4 turn off, the N-channel MOS transistors N2 and N3 turn on, loop signal current in the opposite direction flows from the constant-current source 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N3, non-inverting output terminal 3, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, non-inverting output terminal 2 and N-channel MOS transistor N2, and the receiver circuit recognizes the logic L level.
  • Operation according to the first embodiment will be described next. FIG. 3 is a diagram useful in describing the operation of the transmitter circuit according to the first embodiment in the transmission circuit illustrated in FIG. 2. In FIG. 3, a waveform VI indicates the non-inverted input data signal applied to the input terminal [0044] 1, a waveform V2 the edge detection signal EMP that is output from the output terminal of the exclusive-OR gate 11, a waveform V3 the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3, a waveform V4 the voltage across the terminating resistor RL, and a waveform V5 the voltage across the terminating resistor RL when signal transmission is performed by the prior-art transmitter circuit illustrated in FIG. 11.
  • First, when the non-inverted input data signal applied to the input terminal [0045] 1 does not change, the edge detection signal EMP remains at the VSS level (the logic L level) and the VDD-level (H-level) edge detection signal EMP is not output. When the non-inverted input data signal is at the VDD level (logic H level), therefore, loop signal current flows from the constant-current source 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N1, non-inverting output terminal 2, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, inverting output terminal 3 and N-channel MOS transistor N4. When the non-inverted input data signal is at the VSS level (logic L level), oppositely directed loop signal current flows from the constant-current source 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N3, inverting output terminal 3, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, non-inverting output terminal 2 and N-channel MOS transistor N2. As a result, the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 has a voltage amplitude in the steady state.
  • Next, if the non-inverted input data signal changes from the VSS level (logic L level) to the VDD level (logic H level), then loop signal current flows from the constant-current source [0046] 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N1, non-inverting output terminal 2, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, inverting output terminal 3 and N-channel MOS transistor N4. However, the edge detecting circuit 9 detects the rising edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal and outputs the edge detection signal EMP at the VDD level (the logic H level). As a result, the switch means 13 turns on, the current of the constant-current source 12 is added to the current of the constant-current source 6, the switch means 16 also turns on, the current of the constant-current source 15 is added to the current of the constant-current source 7 and the loop signal current increases. When a time equivalent to the pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP elapses from the timing of the rising edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal, the switch means 13 and 16 turn off again and the steady state is attained. Accordingly, the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 takes on a signal waveform whose voltage amplitude becomes large temporarily in comparison with the steady state for a period of time equivalent to the pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP measured from the timing of the rising edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal.
  • Conversely, if the non-inverted input data signal changes from the VDD level (logic H level) to the VSS level (logic L level), then oppositely directed loop signal current flows from the constant-current source [0047] 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N3, inverting output terminal 3, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, non-inverting output terminal 2 and N-channel MOS transistor N2. However, the edge detecting circuit 9 detects the falling edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal and outputs the edge detection signal EMP at the VDD level (the logic H level). As a result, the switch means 13 turns on, the current of the constant-current source 12 is added to the current of the constant-current source 6, the switch means 16 also turns on, the current of the constant-current source 15 is added to the current of the constant-current source 7 and the loop signal current increases. When a time equivalent to the pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP elapses from the timing of the falling edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal, the switch means 13 and switch means 16 turn off again and the steady state is attained. Accordingly, the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 takes on a waveform whose voltage amplitude becomes large temporarily in comparison with the steady state for a period of time equivalent to the pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP measured from the timing of the falling edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal.
  • The pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP is set in accordance with the relationship among the resistance value of the aluminum or copper conductor, the parasitic capacitors CO[0048] 1, CO2, CI1 and CI2 and the current values of the constant-current source 12 and constant-current source 15 in such a manner that the voltage across the terminating resistor RL will take on an excellent waveform.
  • Accordingly, as indicated by waveform V[0049] 4 in FIG. 3, the voltage across the terminating resistor RL becomes an excellent waveform exhibiting rapid rise and fall that follow up well the non-inverted input data signal. By contrast, the prior-art transmitter circuit illustrated in FIG. 11 does not possess the output-waveform control circuit 8. Consequently, as indicated a V5 in FIG. 3, the waveform becomes rounded or blunted and excellent signal transmission cannot be achieved.
  • As described above, the transmitter circuit according to the first embodiment of the present invention is provided with the output-waveform control circuit [0050] 8 and is adapted so as to increase the output signal amplitude temporarily from the edge of the input data signal waveform. As a result, even if the transmission line has a high resistance component as in the case of aluminum or copper conductor on a glass substrate, blunting of the signal at the input end of the receiver circuit is reduced and it becomes possible to achieve high-speed signal transmission.
  • FIG. 4 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmitter circuit according to a second embodiment of the present invention. Structurally, the transmitter circuit according to the second embodiment of FIG. 4 differs from the transmitter circuit according to the first embodiment of FIG. 1 only in that the output-waveform control circuit [0051] 8 is modified to an output-waveform control circuit 17. The two transmitter circuits are structurally identical in all other respects. Components in FIG. 4 identical with those shown in FIG. 1 are designated by like reference characters and need not be described again.
  • As shown in FIG. 4, the transmitter circuit according to the second embodiment includes the input terminal [0052] 1, non-inverting output terminal 2, inverting output terminal 3, driver circuit 4 and output-waveform control circuit 17.
  • The output-waveform control circuit [0053] 17 includes CMOS-type inverter circuits 18 and 20 and capacitors 19 and 21. The input terminal of the inverter circuit 20 is connected to the input terminal 1 and has the non-inverted input data signal applied thereto. One end of the capacitor 21 is connected to the output terminal of the inverter circuit 20 and the other end of the capacitor 21 is connected to the inverting output terminal 3. The input terminal of the inverter circuit 18 is connected to the output terminal of the inverter circuit 5 and has the inverted input data signal applied thereto. One end of the capacitor 19 is connected to the output terminal of the inverter circuit 18 and the other end of the capacitor 19 is connected to the non-inverting output terminal 2.
  • The capacitor [0054] 21 differentiates the output voltage of the inverter circuit 20 and applies the resultant signal to the inverting output terminal 3, and the capacitor 19 differentiates the output voltage of the inverter circuit 18 and applies the resultant signal to the non-inverting output terminal 2.
  • Operation according to the second embodiment will be described next. FIG. 5 is a diagram useful in describing the operation of the transmitter circuit according to the second embodiment in the transmission circuit illustrated in FIG. 2. In FIG. 5, the waveform VI indicates the non-inverted input data signal applied to the input terminal [0055] 1, a waveform V6 the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3, and a waveform V7 the voltage across the terminating resistor RL.
  • First, when the non-inverted input data signal applied to the input terminal [0056] 1 does not change and is at the VDD level (the logic H level), loop signal current flows from the constant-current source 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N1, non-inverting output terminal 2, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, inverting output terminal 3 and N-channel MOS transistor N4. When the non-inverted input data signal is at the VSS level (logic L level), oppositely directed loop signal current flows from the constant-current source 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N3, inverting output terminal 3, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, non-inverting output terminal 2 and N-channel MOS transistor N2. As a result, the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 has a voltage amplitude in the steady state.
  • Next, if the non-inverted input data signal changes from the VSS level (logic L level) to the VDD level (logic H level), then loop signal current flows from the constant-current source [0057] 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N1, non-inverting output terminal 2, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, inverting output terminal 3 and N-channel MOS transistor N4. However, the inverter circuit 20 detects the rising edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal and a voltage that is the result of differentiating the output voltage of the inverter circuit 20 by the capacitor 21 is added to the voltage at the inverting output terminal 3. At the same time, the inverter circuit 18 detects the falling edge of the waveform of the inverted input data signal and a voltage that is the result of differentiating the output voltage of the inverter circuit 18 by the capacitor 19 is added to the voltage at the non-inverting output terminal 2, whereby the loop signal current is increased. Accordingly, the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 takes on a waveform whose voltage amplitude becomes large temporarily in comparison with the steady state from the timing of the rising edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal.
  • Conversely, if the non-inverted input data signal changes from the VDD level (logic H level) to the VSS level (logic L level), then oppositely directed loop signal current flows from the constant-current source [0058] 6 to the constant-current source 7 via the N-channel MOS transistor N3, inverting output terminal 3, transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL, transmission line 44, non-inverting output terminal 2 and N-channel MOS transistor N2. However, the inverter circuit 20 detects the falling edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal and a voltage that is the result of differentiating the output voltage of the inverter circuit 20 by the capacitor 21 is added to the voltage at the inverting output terminal 3. At the same time, the inverter circuit 18 detects the rising edge of the waveform of the inverted input data signal and a voltage that is the result of differentiating the output voltage of the inverter circuit 18 by the capacitor 19 is added to the voltage at the non-inverting output terminal 2, whereby the loop signal current is increased. Accordingly, the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 takes on a waveform whose voltage amplitude becomes large temporarily in comparison with the steady state from the timing of the falling edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal.
  • The capacitance values of the capacitors [0059] 19 and 21 are set in accordance with the relationship among the resistance value of the aluminum or copper conductor and the parasitic capacitors CO1, CO2, CI1 and CI2 (see FIG. 2) in such a manner that the voltage across the terminating resistor RL will take on an excellent waveform.
  • Accordingly, as indicated by waveform V[0060] 7 in FIG. 5, the voltage across the terminating resistor RL becomes an excellent waveform exhibiting rapid rise and fall that follow up well the non-inverted input data signal.
  • In accordance with the transmitter circuit of the second embodiment, as described above, the edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal is detected by the inverter circuit [0061] 20 and a voltage that is the result of differentiating the output voltage of the inverter circuit 20 is added to the voltage at the inverting output terminal 3. At the same time, the edge of the non-inverted input data signal is detected by the inverter circuit 18 and a voltage that is the result of differentiating the output voltage of the inverter circuit 18 is added to the voltage at the non-inverting output terminal 2. Accordingly, effects similar to these of the first embodiment are obtained by circuitry of a scale smaller than that of the transmitter circuit of the first embodiment.
  • FIG. 6 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmitter circuit according to a third embodiment of the present invention. As illustrated in FIG. 6, the transmitter circuit according to the third embodiment includes the input terminal [0062] 1, the non-inverting output terminal 2, the inverting output terminal 3, a driver circuit 22 and an output-waveform control circuit 36.
  • The driver circuit [0063] 22 includes a CMOS-type inverter circuit 23, potential dividing circuits 24 and 27 and switch means 25, 26, 28 and 29.
  • The potential dividing circuit [0064] 24 has resistors R1, R2 and R3 connected serially between the high-potential power supply VDD and low-potential power supply VSS for generating a potential-divided voltage VH (high level) from the connection node of the resistors R1 and R2 and a potential-divided voltage VL (low level), which is lower than the potential-divided voltage VH, from the connection node of the resistors R2 and R3.
  • Similarly, the potential dividing circuit [0065] 27 has resistors R4, R5 and R6 connected serially between the high-potential power supply VDD and low-potential power supply VSS for generating a potential-divided voltage VH (high level) from the connection node of the resistors R4 and R5 and a potential-divided voltage VL (low level), which is lower than the potential-divided voltage VH, from the connection node of the resistors R5 and R6.
  • The switch means [0066] 25 includes an N-channel MOS transistor N6 and a P-channel MOS transistor P2 and is a transfer gate obtained by connecting the source-drain line of the N-channel MOS transistor N6 in parallel with the source-drain line of the P-channel MOS transistor P2. The potential-divided voltage VH from the potential dividing circuit 24 is applied to one end of the switch means 25; the other end of the switch means 25 is connected to the non-inverting output terminal 2.
  • The switch means [0067] 26 includes an N-channel MOS transistor N7 and a P-channel MOS transistor P3 and is a transfer gate obtained by connecting the source-drain line of the N-channel MOS transistor N7 in parallel with the source-drain line of the P-channel MOS transistor P3. The potential-divided voltage VL from the potential dividing circuit 24 is applied to one end of the switch means 26; the other end of the switch means 26 is connected to the non-inverting output terminal 2.
  • The input terminal [0068] 1 is connected to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N6, the gate terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P3 and the input terminal of the inverter circuit 23. The output terminal of the inverter circuit 23 is connected to the gate terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P1 and to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N7. The switch means 25 and 26 select the potential-divided voltage VH and output it to the non-inverting output terminal 2 when the CMOS-level non-inverted input data signal that enters the input terminal 1 is at the VDD level (the logic H level), and select the potential-divided voltage VL and output it to the non-inverting output terminal 2 when the non-inverted input data is at the VSS level (the logic L level).
  • The switch means [0069] 28 includes an N-channel MOS transistor N8 and a P-channel MOS transistor P4 and is a transfer gate obtained by connecting the source-drain line of the N-channel MOS transistor N8 in parallel with the source-drain line of the P-channel MOS transistor P4. The potential-divided voltage VH from the potential dividing circuit 27 is applied to one end of the switch means 28; the other end of the switch means 28 is connected to the inverting output terminal 3.
  • The switch means [0070] 29 includes an N-channel MOS transistor N9 and a P-channel MOS transistor P5 and is a transfer gate obtained by connecting the source-drain line of the N-channel MOS transistor N8 in parallel with the source-drain line of the P-channel MOS transistor P5. The potential-divided voltage VL from the potential dividing circuit 27 is applied to one end of the switch means 29; the other end of the switch means 28 is connected to the inverting output terminal 3.
  • The input terminal [0071] 1 is connected to the gate terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P4 and to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N9, and the output terminal of the inverter circuit 23 is connected to the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N8 and to the gate terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P5. The switch means 28 and 29 select the potential-divided voltage VL and output it to the inverting output terminal 3 when the CMOS-level non-inverted input data signal that enters the input terminal 1 is at the VDD level (the logic H level), and select the potential-divided voltage VH and output it to the inverting output terminal 3 when the non-inverted input data is at the VSS level (the logic L level).
  • The output-waveform control circuit [0072] 36 includes an edge detecting circuit 30 and switch means 37, 39, 40 and 42.
  • The edge detecting circuit [0073] 30 includes a CMOS-type non-inverting buffer circuit 31, a CMOS-type exclusive-OR gate 32, a CMOS-type inverter circuit 33 and CMOS-type AND gates 34 and 35. An input terminal of the non-inverting buffer circuit 31, a first input terminal of the exclusive-OR gate 32, the input terminal of the inverter circuit 33 and a first input terminal of the AND gate 34 are tied together and connected to the input terminal 1 as the input terminal of the edge detecting circuit 30. The output terminal of the non-inverting buffer circuit 31 is connected to a second input terminal of the exclusive-OR gate 32. The output terminal of the exclusive-OR gate 32 is connected to a second input terminal of the AND gate 34 and to a second input terminal of the AND gate 35. The output terminal of the inverter circuit 33 is connected to a first input terminal of the AND gate 35. The edge detecting circuit 30 detects the rising edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal that enters the input terminal 1, thereby outputting the edge detection signal EMP (UP) from the output terminal of the AND gate 34. The edge detecting circuit 30 detects the falling edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal, thereby outputting the edge detection signal EMP (DN) from the output terminal of the AND gate 35. The pulse width of the edge detection signals EMP (UP) and EMP (DN) is equal to the delay time of the non-inverting buffer circuit 31. This delay time can be set appropriately. If the non-inverting buffer circuit 31 is constructed from an even-number of inverter circuit stages, then the delay time can be changed by changing the number of stages that operate.
  • The switch means [0074] 37 includes a CMOS-type inverter circuit 38 and a P-channel MOS transistor P6. The source terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P6 is connected to the high-potential power supply VDD, the drain terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P6 is connected to the inverting output terminal 3, the gate terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P6 is connected to the output terminal of the inverter circuit 38, and the input terminal of the inverter circuit 38 is connected to the output terminal of the AND gate 35. The P-channel MOS transistor P6 is turned on when the edge detection signal EMP (DN) at the VDD level (the logic H level) is input, thereby pulling up the inverting output terminal 3 toward the high-potential power supply VDD.
  • The switch means [0075] 40 includes a CMOS-type inverter circuit 41 and a P-channel MOS transistor P7. The source terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P7 is connected to the high-potential power supply VDD, the drain terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P7 is connected to the non-inverting output terminal 2, the gate terminal of the P-channel MOS transistor P7 is connected to the output terminal of the inverter circuit 41, and the input terminal of the inverter circuit 41 is connected to the output terminal of the AND gate 34. The P-channel MOS transistor P7 is turned on when the edge detection signal EMP (UP) at the VDD level (the logic H level) is input, thereby pulling up the non-inverting output terminal 2 toward the high-potential power supply VDD.
  • The source of an N-channel MOS transistor N[0076] 10 serving as switch means 39 is connected to the low-potential power supply VSS, the drain of the N-channel MOS transistor N10 is connected to the inverting output terminal 3, and the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N10 is connected to the output terminal of the AND gate 34. The N-channel MOS transistor N10 is turned on when the edge detection signal EMP (UP) at the VDD level (the logic H level) is input, thereby pulling down the inverting output terminal 3 toward the low-potential power supply VSS.
  • The source of an N-channel MOS transistor N[0077] 11 serving as switch means 42 is connected to the low-potential power supply VSS, the drain of the N-channel MOS transistor N11 is connected to the non-inverting output terminal 2, and the gate terminal of the N-channel MOS transistor N11 is connected to the output terminal of the AND gate 35. The N-channel MOS transistor N11 is turned on when the edge detection signal EMP (DN) at the VDD level (the logic H level) is input, thereby pulling down the non-inverting output terminal 2 toward the low-potential power supply VSS.
  • Operation according to the third embodiment will be described next. FIG. 7 is a diagram useful in describing the operation of the transmitter circuit according to the third embodiment in the transmission circuit illustrated in FIG. 2. In FIG. 7, waveform VI indicates the non-inverted input data signal applied to the input terminal [0078] 1, a waveform V8 the edge detection signal EMP (UP) that is output from the output terminal of the AND gate 34, a waveform V9 the edge detection signal EMP (DN) that is output from the output terminal of the AND gate 35, a waveform V11 the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3, and a waveform V11 the voltage across the terminating resistor RL.
  • First, when the non-inverted input data signal applied to the input terminal [0079] 1 does not change, the edge detection signal EMP (UP) and the edge detection signal EMP (DN) remain at the VSS level (the logic L level) and the VDD-level (H-level) edge detection signal EMP (UP) or edge detection signal EMP (DN) is not output. When the non-inverted input data signal is at the VDD level (logic H level), therefore, the potential-divided voltage VH is output to the non-inverting output terminal 2 and the potential-divided voltage VL is output to the inverting output terminal 3. Accordingly, loop signal current flows from the non-inverting output terminal 2 to the inverting output terminal 3 via the transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL and transmission line 44. When the non-inverted input data signal is at the VSS level (logic L level), the potential-divided voltage VH is output to the inverting output terminal 3 and the potential-divided voltage VL is output to the non-inverting output terminal 2. Accordingly, loop signal current flows from the inverting output terminal 3 to the non-inverting output terminal 2 via the transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL and transmission line 44. As a result, the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 has a voltage amplitude in the steady state.
  • Next, if the non-inverted input data signal changes from the VSS level (logic L level) to the VDD level (logic H level), the potential-divided voltage VH is output to the non-inverting output terminal [0080] 2 and the potential-divided voltage VL is output to the inverting output terminal 3. Accordingly, loop signal current flows from the non-inverting output terminal 2 to the inverting output terminal 3 via the transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL and transmission line 44. However, the edge detecting circuit 30 detects the rising edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal and outputs the VDD-level (logic H level) edge detection signal EMP (UP). As a result, the switch means 39 turns on and the inverting output terminal 3 is pulled down. Further, the switch means 40 also turns on and the non-inverting output terminal 2 is pulled up. Hence the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 increases, thereby increasing the loop signal current. When a time equivalent to the pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP (UP) elapses from the timing of the rising edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal, the switch means 39 and 40 turn off again and the steady state is attained. Accordingly, the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 takes on a signal waveform whose voltage amplitude becomes large temporarily in comparison with the steady state for a period of time equivalent to the pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP (UP) measured from the timing of the rising edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal.
  • Conversely, if the non-inverted input data signal changes from the VDD level (logic H level) to the VSS level (logic L level), then the potential-divided voltage VH is output to the inverting output terminal [0081] 3 and the potential-divided voltage VL is output to the non-inverting output terminal 2. Accordingly, loop signal current flows from the inverting output terminal 3 to the non-inverting output terminal 2 via the transmission line 44, terminating resistor RL and transmission line 44. However, the edge detecting circuit 30 detects the falling edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal and outputs the VDD-level (logic H level) edge detection signal EMP (DN). As a result, the switch means 39 turns on and the inverting output terminal 3 is pulled up. Further, the switch means 42 also turns on and the non-inverting output terminal 2 is pulled down. Hence the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 increases, thereby increasing the loop signal current. When a time equivalent to the pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP (DN) elapses from the timing of the falling edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal, the switch means 37 and 42 turn off again and the steady state is attained. Accordingly, the differential output voltage across the non-inverting output terminal 2 and inverting output terminal 3 takes on a signal waveform whose voltage amplitude becomes large temporarily in comparison with the steady state for a period of time equivalent to the pulse width of the edge detection signal EMP (DN) measured from the timing of the falling edge of the waveform of the non-inverted input data signal.
  • The pulse width of the edge detection signals EMP (UP) and EMP (DN) is set in accordance with the relationship among the resistance value of the aluminum or copper conductor, and the parasitic capacitors CO[0082] 1, CO2, CI1 and CI2 in such a manner that the voltage across the terminating resistor RL will take on an excellent waveform.
  • Accordingly, as indicated by waveform V[0083] 11 in FIG. 7, the voltage across the terminating resistor RL becomes an excellent waveform exhibiting rapid rise and fall that follow up well the non-inverted input data signal.
  • It should be noted that since the transmitter circuit according to this embodiment is of the voltage-output type, signal transmission based upon a differential voltage signal rather than a loop current can be achieved without connecting the terminating resistor RL. [0084]
  • In accordance with the transmitter circuit according to the third embodiment of the invention, as described above, effects similar to those of the transmitter circuit of the first embodiment are obtained. Since the transmitter circuit is of the voltage-output type, signal transmission can be performed without connecting the terminating resistor RL and a further effect obtained is that a limitation on dynamic range can be reduced. [0085]
  • FIG. 8 is a circuit diagram illustrating a transmitter circuit according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. Structurally, the transmitter circuit according to the fourth embodiment of FIG. 8 differs from the transmitter circuit according to the third embodiment of FIG. 6 only in that the output-waveform control circuit [0086] 36 in the transmitter circuit of the third embodiment shown in FIG. 6 is replaced with the output-waveform control circuit 17 of the transmitter circuit according to the second embodiment shown in FIG. 4. The two transmitter circuits are structurally identical in all other respects. Components in FIG. 8 identical with those shown in FIGS. 4 and 6 are designated by like reference characters and need not be described again.
  • As shown in FIG. 8, the transmitter circuit according to the fourth embodiment includes the input terminal [0087] 1, non-inverting output terminal 2, inverting output terminal 3, driver circuit 22 and output-waveform control circuit 17.
  • In accordance with the transmitter circuit of the fourth embodiment, as described above, effects similar to these of the third embodiment are obtained by circuitry of a scale smaller than that of the transmitter circuit of the third embodiment. [0088]
  • FIG. 9 is a block diagram of driver units according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention. Specifically, two source driver LSI chips [0089] 46 serving as the driver units according to this embodiment are connected in cascade. Further, FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating the structure of a matrix display panel having driver units according to this embodiment. As illustrated in FIG. 10, a timing controller LSI chip 51 and a plurality of source driver LSI chips 46 are mounted directly on a glass substrate 50 of a matrix display panel of a TFT liquid crystal device, organic EL display device or plasma display device. The timing controller LSI chip 51 and the source driver LSI chips 46 perform transmission of grayscale data signals, and the plurality of source driver LSI chips 46 perform transmission of grayscale data signals in cascade. Transmission is via a transmission line consisting of aluminum or copper conductor formed on the glass substrate 50 by the manufacturing process of the matrix display panel. If the matrix display panel has, e.g., 1024 columns, then eight of the source driver LSI chips 46 each having 128 columns would be connected in cascade.
  • As shown in FIG. 9, each source driver LSI chip [0090] 46 includes the transmitter circuit 43, the receiver circuit 45, a shift register 47, a latch circuit 48 and a data-line driver circuit 49. The transmitter circuit 43 is any one of the transmitter circuit of the first embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the transmitter circuit of the second embodiment shown in FIG. 4, the transmitter circuit of the third embodiment shown in FIG. 6 or the transmitter circuit of the fourth embodiment shown in FIG. 8. Further, the transmitter circuit 43, receiver circuit 45 and the transmission line 44 between the transmitter circuit 43 and the receiver circuit 45 constitute the transmission circuit shown in FIG. 2. The transmission line 44 connected to the input terminal of the receiver circuit 45 from the preceding stage, the output terminal of the receiver circuit 45 is connected to the serial input terminal of the shift register 47, and the serial output terminal of the shift register 47 is connected to the input terminal 1 of the transmitter circuit 43.
  • When the timing controller LSI chip [0091] 51 stores one frame of image data in a frame memory, the timing controller LSI chip 51 successively inputs one horizontal line of grayscale data, which is for driving a data line of the matrix display panel, to cascade-connected shift registers 47 via the transmitter circuit 43, transmission line 44 and receiver circuit 45 while applying a shift clock to each of the source driver LSI chips 46. When 128 columns of grayscale data is stored in the shift register 47, the grayscale data is transferred to the latch circuit 48 in response to a control signal from the timing controller LSI chip 51. Furthermore, analog driving voltage corresponding to the grayscale data held in the latch circuit 48 is sent from the data-line driver circuit 49 to the data line (source line of the TFT) of the matrix display panel, whereby a display is presented.
  • In accordance with the drive unit of the fifth embodiment, as described above, the drive unit is provided with the transmitter circuit [0092] 43 connected to the serial output terminal of one shift register 47, and the receiver circuit 45 connected to the serial input terminal of the other shift register 47. As a result, even though the source driver LSI chips 46 and timing controller LSI chip 51 are mounted on the glass substrate 50 of the matrix display panel and signal transmission is performed by high-resistance aluminum or copper conductor formed on the glass substrate 50, blunting or rounding of the signal waveform at the input terminal of the receiver circuit 45 is reduced, thereby making it possible to perform high-speed transmission of a grayscale data signal.
  • It should be noted that although the driver circuit in the transmitter circuit according to the first and second embodiments relies upon N-channel MOS transistors, these can be replaced with P-channel MOS transistors. [0093]
  • Further, the non-inverting buffer for delay in the transmitter circuit according to the first and third embodiments may be adapted so as to latch the non-inverted input data signal by a delay clock. [0094]
  • The meritorious effects of the present invention are summarized as follows. [0095]
  • The effect of the present invention is that it is possible to implement a transmitter circuit, transmission circuit and driver unit in which even if a transmission line has a high resistance component, as is the case with aluminum or copper conductor formed on a glass substrate, blunting or rounding of the signal waveform at the input terminal of the receiver circuit is reduced, thereby making it possible to perform high-speed signal transmission. [0096]
  • As many apparently widely different embodiments of the present invention can be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific embodiments thereof except as defined in the appended claims. [0097]
  • It should be noted that other objects, features and aspects of the present invention will become apparent in the entire disclosure and that modifications may be done without departing the gist and scope of the present invention as disclosed herein and claimed as appended herewith. [0098]
  • Also it should be noted that any combination of the disclosed and/or claimed elements, matters and/or items may fall under the modifications aforementioned. [0099]

Claims (20)

What is claimed is:
1. A transmitter circuit comprising:
a driver circuit having a non-inverting output terminal and an inverting output terminal for outputting a signal current, which has a loop direction that changes based upon an input signal, to the non-inverting output terminal and inverting output terminal; and
an output-waveform control circuit for detecting a waveform edge of the input signal and responding by increasing the signal current temporarily.
2. The transmitter circuit according to claim 1, wherein said output-waveform control circuit includes:
an edge detecting circuit receiving the input signal and outputting a detection signal when the edge of the input signal is detected;
switch means controlled to be turned on by the detection signal; and
a current source for supplying a current, which is added to the signal current, when said switch means has been turned on.
3. The transmitter circuit according to claim 1, wherein said output-waveform control circuit includes:
a first inverter circuit receiving a non-inverted input signal;
a first capacitor having one end connected to an output terminal of said first inverter circuit and another end connected to the inverting output terminal;
a second inverter circuit receiving an inverted input signal; and
a second capacitor having one end connected to an output terminal of the second inverter circuit and another end connected to the non-inverting output terminal.
4. The transmitter circuit according to claim 1, wherein said driver circuit includes:
a non-inverting output terminal and an inverting output terminal;
a first transistor for receiving a non-inverted input signal and switching in response to pass a current from a high-potential power supply to the non-inverting output terminal;
a second transistor for receiving an inverted input signal and switching in response to pass a current from the non-inverting output terminal to the low-potential power supply;
a third transistor for receiving the inverted input signal, and switching in response to pass a current from the high-potential power supply to the inverting output terminal; and
a fourth transistor for receiving the non-inverted input signal and switching on in response to pass a current from the inverting output terminal to a low-potential power supply.
5. A transmitter circuit comprising:
a driver circuit, which has a non-inverting output terminal and an inverting output terminal, for outputting a differential voltage, whose polarity changes based upon an input signal, to the non-inverting output terminal and inverting output terminal; and
an output-waveform control circuit for detecting a waveform edge of the input signal and responding by increasing the differential voltage temporarily.
6. The transmitter circuit according to claim 5, wherein said output-waveform control circuit includes:
an edge detecting circuit for outputting a first detection signal when a rising edge of the waveform is detected and a second detection signal when a falling edge of the waveform is detected;
a first switch circuit for pulling up the non-inverting output terminal in response to the first detection signal;
a second switch circuit for pulling down the inverting output terminal in response to the first detection signal;
a third switch circuit for pulling down the non-inverting output terminal in response to the second detection signal; and
a fourth switch circuit for pulling up the inverting output terminal in response to the second detection signal.
7. The transmitter circuit according to claim 5, wherein said driver circuit includes:
a potential dividing circuit for generating high- and low-level potential-divided voltages;
a first switch circuit for selecting the potential-divided voltage based upon a non-inverted input signal and outputting the voltage to the non-inverting output terminal; and
a second switch circuit for selecting the potential-divided voltage based upon the non-inverted input signal and outputting the voltage to the inverting output terminal.
8. A transmission circuit comprising:
the transmitter circuit as set forth in claim 1;
a transmission line having one end connected to the non-inverting output terminal and inverting output terminal of said transmitter circuit; and
a receiver circuit connected to the other end of said transmission line.
9. A driver unit comprising:
a shift register circuit receiving grayscale data for driving data lines of a matrix display panel; and
the transmitter circuit as set forth in claim 1, connected to a serial output end of said shift register circuit.
10. The driver unit according to claim 9, further comprising the transmission line having one end connected to the non-inverting output terminal and inverting output terminal of said transmitter circuit.
11. The driver unit according to claim 10, wherein said transmission line comprises a conductor on a glass substrate of the matrix display panel.
12. A transmission circuit comprising:
the transmitter circuit as set forth in claim 5;
a transmission line having one end connected to the non-inverting output terminal and inverting output terminal of said transmitter circuit; and
a receiver circuit connected to the other end of said transmission line.
13. A driver unit comprising:
a shift register circuit receiving grayscale data for driving data lines of a matrix display panel; and
the transmitter circuit as set forth in claim 5, connected to a serial output end of said shift register circuit.
14. The driver unit according to claim 13, further comprising the transmission line having one end connected to the non-inverting output terminal and inverting output terminal of said transmitter circuit.
15. The driver unit according to claim 14, wherein said transmission line comprises a conductor on a glass substrate of the matrix display panel.
16. A transmitter circuit comprising:
a driver circuit including an input terminal for receiving an input signal; a pair of differential output terminals for outputting a differential output signal; and first and second current sources for supplying source and sink currents; said driver circuit responsive to the input signal received at the input terminal performing control so that charging drive of one of said differential output terminals with the source current and discharging drive of the other of said differential output terminals with the sink current are performed;
an edge detection circuit receiving the input signal and detecting a transition of the input signal to output a detection signal which is set in an active state for a preset period; and
third and fourth current sources, both receiving the detection signal from the edge detection circuit and controlled to be set into an active state when the detection signal is set in an active state to provide respective currents which are summed to said source/sink currents from said first and second currents sources; said third and forth current sources being controlled to be in an inactive state when the detection signal is set in an inactive state.
17. A transmitter circuit comprising:
a driver circuit having an input terminal for receiving an input signal and a pair of differential output terminals for outputting a differential output signal and controlling, responsive to the input signal received at the input terminal, so as to perform charging drive of one of said differential output terminals and discharging drive of the other of said differential output terminals; and
first and second differentiators receiving the input signal and a complementary signal of the input signal respectively and having respective outputs connected to said differential output terminals; wherein when the input signal undergoes a transition, the differential output signal from said differential output terminals has a waveform having an amplitude thereof increased temporally by the outputs from said first and second differentiators.
18. A transmitter circuit comprising:
a driver circuit including:
an input terminal for receiving an input signal;
a pair of differential output terminals for outputting a differential output signal;
a first voltage divider circuit including a plurality of resistors serially connected across first and second power supplies and outputting first and second voltages from first and second connection nodes of said resistors;
a first selector circuit receiving respective voltages from said first and second connection nodes of said first voltage divider circuit and selecting one of the received two voltages based on the input signal received at the input terminal to supply so selected voltage to a first terminal constituting said differential output terminals;
a second voltage divider circuit including a plurality of resistors serially connected across said first and second power supplies and outputting first and second voltages from first and second connection nodes of said resistors; and
a second selector circuit receiving respective voltages from said first and second connection nodes of said second voltage divider circuit and selecting one of the received two voltages, which is complementary to the voltage supplied to the first terminal of said differential output terminals, based on said input signal to supply so selected voltage to a second terminal constituting said differential output terminals;
an edge detection circuit receiving the input signal and detecting rise and fall transitions of the input signal to output respectively first and second detection signals which are set in an active state for a preset period; and
a control circuit having two outputs respectively connected to said differential output terminals, receiving said first and second detection signals from the edge detection circuit and performing control so that charging drive of the first terminal of said differential output terminals and discharging drive of the second terminal of said differential output terminals are performed concurrently when the first detection signal is in an active state, while charging drive of the second terminal of said differential output terminals and discharging drive of the first terminal of said differential output terminals are performed concurrently when the second detection signal is in an active state.
19. A transmitter circuit comprising:
a driver circuit including:
an input terminal for receiving an input signal;
a pair of differential output terminals for outputting a differential output signal;
a first voltage divider circuit including a plurality of resistors serially connected across first and second power supplies and outputting first and second voltages from first and second connection nodes of said resistors;
a first selector circuit receiving respective voltages from said first and second connection nodes of said first voltage divider circuit and selecting one of the received two voltages based on the input signal received at the input terminal to supply so selected voltage to a first terminal constituting said differential output terminals;
a second voltage divider circuit including a plurality of resistors serially connected across said first and second power supplies and outputting first and second voltages from first and second connection nodes of said resistors; and
a second selector circuit receiving respective voltages from said first and second connection nodes of said second voltage divider circuit and selecting one of the received two voltages, which is complementary to the voltage supplied to the first terminal of said differential output terminals, based on said input signal to supply so selected voltage to a second terminal constituting said differential output terminals; and
first and second differentiators receiving said input signal and a complementary signal of said input signal respectively and having respective outputs connected to said differential output terminals; wherein when the input signal undergoes a transition, the differential output signal from said differential output terminals has a waveform having an amplitude thereof increased temporally by the outputs from said first and second differentiators.
20. The transmitter circuit according to claim 16, wherein said driver circuit includes:
a first series circuit comprising first and second transistors serially connected across said first current source and said second current source; said first and second transistors having control terminals for receiving the input signal and an inverted signal obtained by inverting the input signal respectively with a connection node of said first and second transistors being connected to a first terminal constituting said differential output terminals; and
a second series circuit comprising third and fourth transistors serially connected in parallel with said first series circuit across said first current source and said second current source; said third and fourth transistors having control terminals for receiving the inverted signal and the input signal respectively with a connection node of said third and fourth transistors being connected to a second terminal constituting said differential output terminals.
US10/853,654 2003-05-29 2004-05-26 Transmitter circuit, transmission circuit and driver unit Abandoned US20040242171A1 (en)

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US8421727B2 (en) 2013-04-16
CN1574633A (en) 2005-02-02

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