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US20040231914A1 - Low thickness sound absorptive multilayer composite - Google Patents

Low thickness sound absorptive multilayer composite Download PDF

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US20040231914A1
US20040231914A1 US10884544 US88454404A US2004231914A1 US 20040231914 A1 US20040231914 A1 US 20040231914A1 US 10884544 US10884544 US 10884544 US 88454404 A US88454404 A US 88454404A US 2004231914 A1 US2004231914 A1 US 2004231914A1
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composite
membrane
core
thickness
air
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Abandoned
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US10884544
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Delton Thompson
Xiaohe Liu
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3M Innovative Properties Co
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3M Innovative Properties Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/22Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by diffusion
    • B01D53/228Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by diffusion characterised by specific membranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/12Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin next to a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B5/00Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts
    • B32B5/22Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed
    • B32B5/32Layered products characterised by the non- homogeneity or physical structure, i.e. comprising a fibrous, filamentary, particulate or foam layer; Layered products characterised by having a layer differing constitutionally or physically in different parts characterised by the presence of two or more layers which are next to each other and are fibrous, filamentary, formed of particles or foamed at least two layers being foamed and next to each other
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10KSOUND-PRODUCING DEVICES; ACOUSTICS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10K11/00Methods or devices for transmitting, conducting or directing sound in general; Methods or devices for protecting against, or for damping, noise or other acoustic waves in general
    • G10K11/16Methods or devices for protecting against, or damping of, acoustic waves, e.g. sound
    • G10K11/162Selection of materials
    • G10K11/168Plural layers of different materials, e.g. sandwiches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2325/00Details relating to properties of membranes
    • B01D2325/26Electrical properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R13/00Elements for body-finishing, identifying, or decorating; Arrangements or adaptations for advertising purposes
    • B60R13/08Insulating elements, e.g. for sound insulation
    • B60R13/0815Acoustic or thermal insulation of passenger compartments
    • B60R13/083Acoustic or thermal insulation of passenger compartments for fire walls or floors

Abstract

A sound absorptive multilayer composite having an air-impermeable barrier, an air-permeable reinforcing core having an airflow resistance of at least about 100 mks Rayls and a thickness at least about ⅔ the final composite thickness, and a semipermeable airflow-resistive decorative membrane having an airflow resistance of about 500 to about 4000 mks Rayls can provide improved acoustic performance while maintaining a low thickness.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
  • [0001]
    This application is a continuation-in-part of copending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/335,752 filed Jan. 2, 2003, entitled ACOUSTIC WEB, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated by reference herein.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    This invention relates to sound absorptive multilayer composites, and to precursor components and methods for the preparation or such composites.
  • BACKGROUND
  • [0003]
    Multilayer composite articles are sometimes used to absorb sound and thereby reduce noise levels in nearby spaces. For example, sound absorptive multilayer composites may be employed in headliners, trunk liners, hood liners, dash mats, interior panels, carpeting and other porous decorative or functional vehicular facing materials to provide enhanced noise reduction in a vehicle interior.
  • [0004]
    References relating to acoustic insulation, vehicular facings or noise reduction include U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,459,291, 5,536,556, 5,549,776, 5,565,259, 5,824,973, 6,145,617, 6,150,287, 6,214,456 B1, 6,217,691 B1, 6,238,507 B1, 6,270,608 B1, 6,296,075 B1, 6,345,688 B1, 6,454,088 B1, 6,575,527 B1, 6,576,577 B1, 6,616,789 B2, 6,631,785 B2 and 6,659,223 B2; U.S. Published Patent Application Nos. US 2001/0036788 A1, US 2003/10479 A1 and US 2004/037995 A1; Canadian Published Application No. 2,350,477 A1; PCT Published Application Nos. WO 99/44817 A1 and WO 01/64991 A2; M. Schwartz and E. J. Gohmann, Jr., “Influence of Surface Coatings on Impedance and Absorption of Urethane Foams, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 34 (4): 502-513 (April, 1962); M. Schwartz and W. L. Buehner, “Effects of Light Coatings on Impedance and Absorption of Open-Celled Foams, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 35 (10): 1507-1510 (October, 1963); and “Guide to AZDEL SuperLite”, publication of AZDEL, Inc. available on the Internet at http://www.azdel.com/documents/Guide%20to%20AZDEL %20SuperLite.pdf.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0005]
    The design of headliners and other sound absorptive multilayer composites requires balancing a number of sometimes competing factors including thickness, weight, acoustic performance and manufacturability. Acoustic performance can be greatly assisted by placing a semipermeable airflow-resistive membrane near the headliner's passenger or occupant side and an air-impermeable film near the headliner's roof or vehicle side. In many current headliner designs this has not been done, and consequently the designs may have suboptimal acoustic performance. By rearranging the layers in some headliner designs or by adding a properly chosen and properly positioned semipermeable airflow-resistive membrane and a properly chosen and properly positioned air- impermeable barrier, we have obtained significant improvements in acoustic performance. Doing so may impose no or a very low additional thickness or weight penalty, and may audibly reduce vehicular interior noise levels. We have developed a sound absorbing headliner design with very simple construction and very low thickness by laminating together a decorative semipermeable airflow-restrictive membrane, an air-permeable reinforcing core and an air-impermeable barrier.
  • [0006]
    Thus the present invention provides, in one aspect, a sound absorptive multilayer composite comprising in order:
  • [0007]
    a) a semipermeable airflow-resistive decorative membrane having an airflow resistance of about 500 to about 4000 mks Rayls,
  • [0008]
    b) an air-permeable reinforcing core having an airflow resistance of at least about 100 mks Rayls and a thickness at least about 2/3 the total composite thickness, and
  • [0009]
    c) an air-impermeable barrier.
  • [0010]
    The invention also provides a method for making a multilayer sound absorptive composite comprising:
  • [0011]
    a) providing a stack of layers comprising in order an air-impermeable barrier, an air-permeable reinforcing core having an airflow resistance of at least about 100 mks Rayls and a thickness at least about 2/3 the final composite thickness, and a semipermeable airflow-resistive decorative membrane having an airflow resistance of about 500 to about 4000 mks Rayls, and
  • [0012]
    b) laminating the stack of layers together under sufficient heat and pressure to form a unitary sound absorptive multilayer composite.
  • [0013]
    These and other aspects of the invention will be apparent from the detailed description below. In no event, however, should the above summaries be construed as limitations on the claimed subject matter, which subject matter is defined solely by the attached claims, as may be amended during prosecution.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 1 is a side sectional view of a disclosed sound absorptive composite.
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 2 is a side sectional view of another disclosed sound absorptive composite.
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 3 is a side sectional view of another disclosed sound absorptive composite.
  • [0017]
    Like reference symbols in the various figures of the drawing indicate like elements. The elements in the drawing are not to scale.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • [0018]
    When used with respect to a multilayer composite, the phrase “occupant side” refers to a side of the composite that if employed to absorb sound in a vehicle interior would normally be nearest the vehicle occupants. The phrase “vehicle side” refers to a side of the composite that if so employed would normally be furthest from the vehicle occupants.
  • [0019]
    When used with respect to a layer (e.g., a membrane, adhesive or reinforcing core) of a multilayer sound absorptive composite, the phrase “air-permeable” refers to a layer that can permit the passage of sufficient air through the layer so that the composite can absorb sound in a frequency band of interest in a vehicle interior.
  • [0020]
    When air permeability values for a component (e.g., a membrane, reinforcing core or barrier) of a multilayer sound absorptive composite are expressed using values in mks Rayls, the recited values may be determined according to ASTM C522 and by measuring the component in place, or carefully removed from, the finished composite. In some instances such values may be deduced or otherwise determined based on the measured airflow resistance of the finished composite or one or more individual or aggregate components.
  • [0021]
    When used with respect to a barrier, the word “impermeable” refers an air- permeable film, foil or other substantially non-porous article whose airflow resistance is at least about 100,000 mks Rayls.
  • [0022]
    When used with respect to a multilayer composite, the phrase “reinforcing core” refers to a core whose stiffness is such that the composite can not be rolled up or folded over without damage.
  • [0023]
    When used with respect to a multilayer composite, the word “unitary” refers to a composite whose layers adhere together sufficiently so that the composite can normally be cut to fit as needed and installed in a vehicle without objectionable delamination.
  • [0024]
    [0024]FIG. 1 is a schematic side sectional view of a multilayer sound absorptive composite 10. Semipermeable airflow-resistive membrane 12 is colored and textured to provide a decorative appearance, and forms the outermost occupant side layer of composite 10. Membrane 12 is adhered via flame-lamination to reinforcing core 18. Core 18 contains a resin-saturated open cell foam structure filled with chopped fiberglass strands 19. Core 18 is adhered via air-permeable thermoplastic adhesive layer 17 to air-impermeable film barrier 24. Decorative membrane 12 limits airflow into composite 10 and may have higher airflow resistance per unit of thickness (viz., higher resistivity) than core 18. Barrier 24 prevents air from flowing through composite 10 and forms the outermost vehicle side layer of composite 10. The cavity having depth D1 between the outermost surface of membrane 12 and the innermost surface of barrier 24 forms a sound absorbing space whose acoustic effectiveness is maximized by placing membrane 12 and barrier 24 at opposing outermost surfaces of composite 10 and thus maximizing cavity depth D1 as a percentage of the overall composite thickness T1. Core 18 provides overall stiffness to composite 10, and enables composite 10 to span long distances (e.g., vehicular roof areas) without objectionably sagging.
  • [0025]
    [0025]FIG. 2 is a schematic side sectional view of a multilayer sound absorptive composite 20. Composite 20 is similar to composite 10 except for its use of reinforcing core 27 in place of core 18 and its somewhat greater cavity depth D2 and composite thickness T2 arising from the greater thickness of core 27 compared to core 18. Core 27 has outer fiberglass mat layers 28 on either side of central open cell foam layer 32, forming an “I-beam” structure somewhat analogous to lumber core plywood.
  • [0026]
    [0026]FIG. 3 is a schematic side sectional view of a multilayer sound absorptive composite 30. Composite 30 is similar to composite 20 except for its use of an air- permeable thermoplastic adhesive layer 15 between membrane 12 and core 27 and its somewhat greater cavity depth D3 and composite thickness T3 arising from the thickness of adhesive layer 15. Composite 30 may be made without using flame lamination to adhere membrane 12 to core 27.
  • [0027]
    A variety of airflow-resistive membranes may be used in the disclosed multilayer composites. The membrane may be formed, for example, from fibrous precursors such as synthetic fibers, natural fibers or blends of synthetic and natural fibers and processed into a nonwoven web using meltblowing, spunbonding or other suitable web processing techniques that will provide a finished semipermeable open structure having an airflow resistance of about 500 to about 4000 mks Rayls. The membrane may also be formed from microdenier continuous filament or staple fiber yarns (viz., yams having a denier per filament (dpf) less than about 1, e.g., between about 0.2 and about 1 dpf) and processed into a woven or knit fabric using suitable processing techniques to provide a finished semipermeable open structure having an airflow resistance of about 500 to about 4000 mks Rayls. Preferably the membrane airflow resistance is about 500 to about 2000 mks Rayls. The membrane may for example be less than about ¼ the total composite thickness. Membranes made from microdenier continuous or staple synthetic fibers, and especially synthetic fibers that are split or splittable, may be preferred. Suitable synthetic fibers include multicomponent (e.g., bicomponent) fibers such as side-by-side, sheath-core, segmented pie, islands in the sea, tipped and segmented ribbon fibers. Splitting may be carried out or encouraged using a variety of techniques that will be familiar to those skilled in the art including carding, air jets, embossing, calendering, hydroentangling or needle punching. The membrane is decorative and thus for a headliner may serve as the outermost occupant side layer and may be visible to vehicle occupants. The membrane may be processed in a variety of ways to alter or improve its appearance, tactile properties (e.g., hand), physical properties (e.g., stiffness or drape) and other desired characteristics. Such processing techniques include pigmentation, dyeing, impregnation, immersion, coating, calendering, stretching, embossing, corrugation, brushing, grinding, flocking and other treatments or steps that will be familiar to those skilled in the art. The membrane preferably has an elongation to break sufficient to enable the composite to survive deep cavity molding without objectionable delamination, rupture or adverse permeability changes. A preferred membrane elongation to break is at least about 5% and more preferably at least about 20%. The membrane also preferably has a thermal resistance sufficient to withstand the rigors of the high temperature molding processes that may be employed in manufacturing vehicular headliners and other multilayer sound absorptive composites. Thus it may be preferred to avoid using membranes containing extensive amounts of low-melting polyolefins or other materials that might cause an objectionable air-permeability change (e.g., a substantial decrease) during a molding cycle. The membrane may be treated as described in the above- mentioned application Ser. No. 10/335,752 so that it has a low surface energy, e.g., less than that of an adjacent thermoplastic adhesive layer (if employed), for example less than about 34 dynes/cm2, preferably less than about 30 dynes/cm2, and more preferably less than about 28 dynes/cm2. Lightweight membranes having basis weights less than 300 g/m2 are especially preferred, more preferably less than about 200 g/m2 and most preferably from about 100 to about 200 g/m2. Stiff or flexible membranes may be employed. For example, the membrane may have a bending stiffness B as low as 0.005 Nm or less when measured according to ASTM D1388 using Option A—Cantilever Test. The selection and processing of suitable membrane materials will be familiar to those skilled in the art. Representative membranes or fibers for use in such membranes are disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,459,291, 5,824,973, 6,057,256 and 6,145,617; U.S. Published Patent Application Nos. US 2001/0036788 A1 and US 2003/0104749 A1; Canadian Published Application No. 2,350,477 A1; and PCT Published Application No. WO 99/44817 A1. Representative commercially available membranes or fibers include EVOLON™ fabric (commercially available from Freudenberg & Co.); Nos. T-502, T-512 and T-522 segmented splittable bicomponent fibers from Fiber Innovation technology, Inc.; microdenier woven or warp knit fabrics from Guilford Mills, Inc.; splittable bicomponent fibers from Kanebo Ltd., Kuraray Co. Ltd. and Unitika Ltd. and splittable bicomponent fibers and fabrics from Toray Industries, Inc.
  • [0028]
    A variety of reinforcing cores may be employed in the disclosed composites. As noted above the core has an airflow resistance of at least about 100 mks Rayls. The core may for example have an airflow resistance of about 200 to about 7000 mks Rayls. As also noted above, the core thickness is at least about ⅔ the total composite thickness. Preferably the core is at least about {fraction (3/4)} the total composite thickness. The core may have higher stiffness (viz., higher modulus), higher density or higher airflow resistance than the membrane. The core preferably has a thermal resistance sufficient to withstand the rigors of the molding process. Thus it may be preferred to avoid using cores containing extensive amounts of low-melting polyolefins or other materials that might cause an objectionable air-permeability change (e.g., a substantial decrease) during a molding cycle. The core may for example have a relatively uniform structure such as is shown in FIG. 1, or an I-beam construction in which more dense skin layers flank a less dense central layer such as is shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3. Suitable cores include those described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,536,556, 5,549,776, 5,565,259, 6,150,287, 6,214,456 B1 and 6,238,507 B1 and Canadian Published Application No. 2,350,477 A1. Representative commercially available cores include AZDEL SUPERLITE™ composite from Azdel, Inc., UROCORE™ and TRU™ composites from Lear Corp. and ACOUSTICORE™ and POLYBOND™ composites from Johnson Controls, Inc.
  • [0029]
    A variety of air-impermeable barriers may be employed in the disclosed composites. The barrier may for example have a thickness less than about 2 mm, e.g., less than about 1 mm. Suitable barriers include polymeric films such as polyolefin, polyester or vinyl films and metal foils. One widely-used barrier film that includes an adhesive is INTEGRAL™ 909 adhesive film from Dow Chemical Company.
  • [0030]
    The membrane, core and barrier are adhered or laminated together to form a unitary composite. Such adhesion or lamination may be accomplished in a variety of ways, and may take place in a single step that addresses all of the layers or in a series of steps that individually address some of the layers. For example, the disclosed sound absorptive multilayer composites may conveniently be made by laying up or applying the individual composite layers in a suitable mold. The layers may be preheated if needed and then compression molded using sufficient heat and pressure to form a unitary composite.
  • [0031]
    A variety of adhesive measures or adhesive layers may be employed as needed to promote formation of the disclosed unitary composites. For example, the membrane may conveniently be adhered to the core using measures such as compression molding or flame lamination. The core may be adhered to the membrane an barrier using an air- permeable adhesive layer such as a thermoplastic air-permeable adhesive, or by incorporating a suitable polymer in the core (e.g., a thermoplastic urethane) that will form a bond to the membrane or barrier upon heating. Other measures for joining together the various layers and forming a unitary composite will be apparent to those skilled in the art. The finished composite may be air quenched as needed and cut (using, for example, a water jet) to yield the desired completed parts.
  • [0032]
    A variety of thermoplastic adhesives may optionally be used in the disclosed composites. The multilayer composites may for example contain one or two adhesive layers which may be the same or different. Desirably the adhesive layers will satisfactorily bond together adjacent layers of the composite when processed using typical high temperature molding processes while maintaining adequate air-permeability, and will maintain adequate bonding strength at the expected use temperatures that may be experienced inside a vehicle (e.g., at temperatures of 70° C. or more). Preferred adhesives include copolyesters, polyesters, polyurethanes, polyamides, ethylene vinyl acetates, low density polyethylenes, atactic polypropylenes, propylene/1-butene/ethylene terpolymers, and propylene/ethylene, 1-butene/ethylene, 1-butene/propylene copolymers and copolymers of any of the foregoing. Other useful adhesives include those described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,932,328, 4,081,415, 4,692,370, 5,248,719, 5,869,562 and 6,288,149. The adhesive may also be a low basis weight thermoplastic scrim such as SHARNET™ hot melt adhesive web from Bostik-Findley Company. The selection and processing of such adhesives will largely be familiar to those skilled in the art. It may be noted however that although the completed multilayer composite's sound absorption characteristics will depend in large measure on the known porosity characteristics of the composite's thicker layers (e.g., those of the semipermeable airflow-resistive membrane and reinforcing core), the sound absorption characteristics may also depend a great deal on more process- dependent factors including the manner in which adhesive layers are applied and the chosen composite molding or laminating techniques.
  • [0033]
    The disclosed composites may consist of or consist essentially of the recited layers. The disclosed composites may include additional interior or exterior layers, coatings, treatments or other elements if desired. For example, the composite may include one or more reinforcing scrim layers, a vehicle side adhesive layer, fire retardant additives or treatments, antennas, and other layers, coatings treatments or elements that will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
  • [0034]
    The disclosed sound absorptive multilayer composites preferably have a cavity depth that is at least 75%, more preferably at least 90% and most preferably at least 95% of the total composite thickness. For purposes of making this comparison, the cavity depth may be measured from the air-impermeable barrier innermost side to the membrane outermost side, and the total composite thickness may be measured from the composite vehicle side to the composite occupant side.
  • [0035]
    The disclosed sound absorptive multilayer composites can significantly attenuate sound waves passing into or through an interior of the vehicle. The composite is positioned at an appropriate interior location (e.g., near the roof, pillars, firewall, floor pan or door panels) so that it absorbs sound waves and reduces perceived noise levels.
  • [0036]
    Various modifications and alterations of this invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of this invention. This invention should not be restricted to that which has been set forth herein only for illustrative purposes.

Claims (22)

  1. 1. A sound absorptive multilayer composite comprising in order:
    a) a semipermeable airflow-resistive decorative membrane having an airflow resistance of about 500 to about 4000 mks Rayls,
    b) an air-permeable reinforcing core having an airflow resistance of at least about 100 mks Rayls and a thickness at least about 2/3 the total composite thickness, and
    c) an air-impermeable barrier.
  2. 2. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the composite has a cavity depth at least 90% of the total composite thickness, with the cavity depth being measured from the air- impermeable barrier innermost side to the membrane outermost side.
  3. 3. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the composite has a cavity depth at least 95% of the total composite thickness, with the cavity depth being measured from the air- impermeable barrier innermost side to the membrane outermost side.
  4. 4. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the membrane has an airflow resistance of about 500 to about 1500 mks Rayls.
  5. 5. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the membrane is colored or textured to provide a decorative appearance.
  6. 6. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the membrane comprises a nonwoven web.
  7. 7. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the membrane comprises knit or woven fabric comprising microdenier yarns.
  8. 8. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the membrane comprises multicomponent fibers.
  9. 9. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the membrane comprises split or splittable bicomponent fibers.
  10. 10. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the core has a thickness at least about ¾ the total composite thickness.
  11. 11. A composite according to claim 1 wherein the core has an airflow resistance less than about 2000 mks Rayls.
  12. 12. A method for making a multilayer sound absorptive composite comprising:
    a) providing a stack of layers comprising in order an air-impermeable barrier, an air-permeable reinforcing core having an airflow resistance of at least about 100 mks Rayls and a thickness at least about ⅔ the final composite thickness, and a semipermeable airflow-resistive decorative membrane having an airflow resistance of about 500 to about 4000 mks Rayls, and
    b) laminating the stack of layers together under sufficient heat and pressure to form a unitary sound absorptive multilayer composite.
  13. 13. A method according to claim 12 wherein the composite has a cavity depth at least 90% of the total composite thickness, with the cavity depth being measured from the air- impermeable barrier innermost side to the membrane outermost side.
  14. 14. A method according to claim 12 wherein the composite has a cavity depth at least 95% of the total composite thickness, with the cavity depth being measured from the air- impermeable barrier innermost side to the membrane outermost side.
  15. 15. A method according to claim 12 wherein the membrane has an airflow resistance of about 500 to about 1500 mks Rayls.
  16. 16. A method according to claim 12 wherein the membrane is colored or textured to provide a decorative appearance.
  17. 17. A method according to claim 12 wherein the membrane comprises a nonwoven web.
  18. 18. A method according to claim 12 wherein the membrane comprises knit or woven fabric comprising microdenier yarns.
  19. 19. A method according to claim 12 wherein the membrane comprises multicomponent fibers.
  20. 20. A method according to claim 12 wherein the membrane comprises split or splittable bicomponent fibers.
  21. 21. A method according to claim 12 wherein the core has a thickness at least about ¾ the total composite thickness.
  22. 22. A method according to claim 12 wherein the core has an airflow resistance less than about 2000 mks Rayls.
US10884544 2003-01-02 2004-07-01 Low thickness sound absorptive multilayer composite Abandoned US20040231914A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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US10335752 US20040131836A1 (en) 2003-01-02 2003-01-02 Acoustic web
US10884544 US20040231914A1 (en) 2003-01-02 2004-07-01 Low thickness sound absorptive multilayer composite

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10884544 US20040231914A1 (en) 2003-01-02 2004-07-01 Low thickness sound absorptive multilayer composite
DE200560023306 DE602005023306D1 (en) 2004-07-01 2005-06-03 Thin, sound-absorbing multilayer bandage
PCT/US2005/019481 WO2006007275A1 (en) 2004-07-01 2005-06-03 Low thickness sound absorptive multilayer composite
JP2007520305A JP2008505022A (en) 2004-07-01 2005-06-03 Less the thickness of the sound-absorbing multilayer composite
KR20077002459A KR20070037631A (en) 2004-07-01 2005-06-03 Low thickness sound absorptive multilayer composite
CN 200580022441 CN100589176C (en) 2004-07-01 2005-06-03 Low thickness sound absorptive multilayer composite
EP20050758703 EP1761914B1 (en) 2004-07-01 2005-06-03 Low thickness sound absorptive multilayer composite

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US10335752 Continuation-In-Part US20040131836A1 (en) 2003-01-02 2003-01-02 Acoustic web

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EP (1) EP1761914B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2008505022A (en)
KR (1) KR20070037631A (en)
CN (1) CN100589176C (en)
DE (1) DE602005023306D1 (en)
WO (1) WO2006007275A1 (en)

Cited By (12)

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US20050188626A1 (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-09-01 Lahnie Johnson Sound reducing system
US20060101750A1 (en) * 2004-10-26 2006-05-18 Paquin Bruce J SCIF construction system
US20060254855A1 (en) * 2005-05-16 2006-11-16 Loftus James E Fibrous material having densified surface for improved air flow resistance and method of making
US20080001431A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-01-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Sound insulation constructions and methods of using the same
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US20080256879A1 (en) * 2007-04-19 2008-10-23 Francis John Babineau Suspended ceiling structure and layer-core-layer acoustic ceiling panel therefor
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EP1761914B1 (en) 2010-09-01 grant
EP1761914A1 (en) 2007-03-14 application
KR20070037631A (en) 2007-04-05 application
CN100589176C (en) 2010-02-10 grant
DE602005023306D1 (en) 2010-10-14 grant
CN101010721A (en) 2007-08-01 application
WO2006007275A1 (en) 2006-01-19 application
JP2008505022A (en) 2008-02-21 application

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