US20040200491A1 - On line formation of recessed cigarette filter - Google Patents

On line formation of recessed cigarette filter Download PDF

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Publication number
US20040200491A1
US20040200491A1 US10/410,626 US41062603A US2004200491A1 US 20040200491 A1 US20040200491 A1 US 20040200491A1 US 41062603 A US41062603 A US 41062603A US 2004200491 A1 US2004200491 A1 US 2004200491A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
substrate
particulate material
process
filter
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
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US10/410,626
Inventor
Georgios Karles
Henry Dante
Xuan Pham
Barry Smith
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Philip Morris USA Inc
Original Assignee
Philip Morris USA Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Philip Morris USA Inc filed Critical Philip Morris USA Inc
Priority to US10/410,626 priority Critical patent/US20040200491A1/en
Assigned to PHILIP MORRIS USA INC. reassignment PHILIP MORRIS USA INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: DANTE, HENRY M., KARLES, GEORGIOS D., PHAM, XUAN, SMITH, BARRY S.
Publication of US20040200491A1 publication Critical patent/US20040200491A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/02Manufacture of tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/0275Manufacture of tobacco smoke filters for filters with special features
    • A24D3/0287Manufacture of tobacco smoke filters for filters with special features for composite filters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/02Manufacture of tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/0204Preliminary operations before the filter rod forming process, e.g. crimping, blooming
    • A24D3/0212Applying additives to filter materials
    • A24D3/0225Applying additives to filter materials with solid additives, e.g. incorporation of a granular product

Abstract

A process for the on line production of cigarette filters comprises the steps of conveying a continuous thin flexible substrate past a source of smoke altering particulate material, such as adsorbents, catalysts and flavorants. An electrostatic charge is applied onto the substrate upstream of the source of particulate material. A layer of particulate material from the source is deposited onto the substrate with the thickness of the layer depending upon the strength of the electrostatic charge. The coated substrate is then cut into pieces, and the pieces are placed into the cavities between spaced apart filter components. In an alternative process, filter paper is coated with smoke altering particulate material by electrostatic deposition techniques, and spaced apart filter components are placed onto the particulate coated filter paper which is then folded around the filter components.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to the formation of recessed cigarette filters, and more particularly to the on line formation of filters that include smoke altering particulate material such as catalysts, adsorbents, flavors and the like. [0001]
  • Many filter making procedures include combining a number of independent filter components fabricated beforehand, stored and then combined into a particular cigarette filter design, such as a plug-space-plug configuration. Such procedures require a number of steps which can be eliminated with on line formation of the filter components, such as the step of storing the preformed filter components before assembly. [0002]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Accordingly, one of the objects of the present invention is a procedure for the on line formation of cigarette filters in the production of cigarettes. [0003]
  • Another object of the present invention is a procedure for on line formation of filters which enables variation of the process parameters to produce filters of different construction and efficiency. [0004]
  • Still another object of the present invention is a filter making process which is simple, but highly effective in producing cigarette filters at high production speeds. [0005]
  • In accordance with the present invention, an electrostatic deposition or other process such as xerography or electrophotography that allows the formation of a layer of smoke altering particulate material on a paper substrate or the filter paper or any other suitable substrate is used on line to create an active layer in the recessed area of a cigarette filter. The amount of smoke altering particulate material can be varied depending on the strength of the applied field and coverage on the filter paper. The particulate material may be bound together using small amounts of a hot melt binder. Hot melt binders are preferred over solution or latex binders which may require extensive drying for the removal of the liquid carrier. Moreover, the use of such a binder to keep the particulate material bound to the surface of the paper does not render the material inactive. A wide variety of particulates may be deposited in this manner such as catalysts, flavors and adsorbents, for example. [0006]
  • Particulate material may be introduced in the electrostatically deposited layer to assist in the removal of specific components in the tobacco smoke stream. Silicas could be used to remove specific aldehydes, for example. [0007]
  • The electrostatically deposited layer could also include a combination of particulates such as a carbon adsorbent and a flavorant that enhances the flavor or subjective characteristics of the cigarette. This along with the ability to apply the layer on line improves the flexibility of the cigarette designer in terms of smoke delivery and increases the ability to control the quality of the entire process. [0008]
  • Another aspect of the invention deals with the use of nonwovens in place of particulate laden paper. For example, a nonwoven activated carbon piece may be used in place of carbon filled paper. Under some circumstances cellulose fibers used in the carbon filled paper are hygroreactive and may tend to make the smoke dry. Accordingly, use of a paperless nonwoven with activated carbon adsorbent could improve the subjective characteristics experienced during the smoking process. [0009]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • Novel features and advantages of the present invention in addition to those mentioned above will become apparent to persons of ordinary skill in the art from a reading of the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein similar reference characters refer to similar parts and in which: [0010]
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagrammatic view illustrating on line electrostatic deposition of particulate material onto a substrate and formation of the particulate coated substrate into plug form for on line insertion into the cavities between a continuous line of spaced apart cellulose acetate plugs; [0011]
  • FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the particulate plug of FIG. 1 after being cut and prior to the flap being folded over to complete the plug form; [0012]
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic diagrammatic view illustrating the plugs of FIG. 1 inserted into the cavities between spaced apart cellulose acetate plugs in the continuous production of cigarette filters; [0013]
  • FIG. 4 is a complete plug-space-plug cigarette filter with a particulate plug in the cavity between two cellulose acetate plugs; [0014]
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic diagrammatic view illustrating an alternate process for on line electrostatic deposition of particulate material onto filter paper during the continuous production of plug-space-plug cigarette filters; [0015]
  • FIG. 6 is a plan view of the cigarette filter paper of FIG. 5 with smoke altering material electrostatically deposited on the paper; [0016]
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic diagrammatic view illustrating still another procedure for on line electrostatic deposition of particulate material onto filter paper by indirect transfer; [0017]
  • FIG. 8 shows particulate material electrostatically deposited on the paper in pattern form; [0018]
  • FIG. 9 is another schematic diagrammatic view showing particulate material deposited on both sides of a suitable substrate; and [0019]
  • FIG. 10 is an end elevated view of a roll formed filter component where the particulate coated substrate is crimped before being rolled.[0020]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • Referring in more particularity to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates an arrangement for depositing particulate material [0021] 10 from a first supply 12 onto a continuous thin flexible substrate 14. The substrate may be paper or nonwoven material, for example, and the particulate material 10 may comprise any smoke altering particles such as adsorbents, catalysts and flavorants. Adsorbents may include carbon, zeolite, APS silica gel and other adsorbent materials alone or in combination with one another. For example, silica is particularly effective for removing specific aldehydes from tobacco smoke.
  • An electrostatic charge is applied onto the substrate [0022] 14 by any suitable mechanism such as the corona discharge device 16 shown in FIG. 1. The strength of the charge is selected in accordance with the thickness of particulate material coated onto the substrate 14 with higher charges producing greater thickness. As the electrostatically charged substrate 14 travels in a downstream direction past the first supply 12 of particulate material 10, the substrate becomes coated with the material. The particles may be bound together using small amounts of hot melt binder, if desired. Moreover, the coated substrate may pass through the nip of a pair of rollers 18 to fuse or otherwise press the particulate material 10 into the substrate 14, as shown in FIG. 1.
  • The particulate material may be deposited in a single pass or multiple layers may be applied to the substrate. In this regard, a second supply [0023] 12A of the same or different particulate 10A deposits another layer on the first deposited layer, and rollers 18A press the material onto the substrate.
  • The particulate coated substrate [0024] 14 is then cut into pieces by cutter 20 and those pieces are deposited into cavities between spaced apart filter components, as explained more fully below.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the cut pieces are formed into a cylindrical plug [0025] 22 by rolling the coated substrate piece into that configuration. FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate the plug 22, and in FIG. 2 flap 24 is ready for folding over to complete the plug form.
  • FIG. 3 illustrates an arrangement for producing a continuous line of plug-space-plug filters. This arrangement includes filter paper [0026] 26 with spaced apart plugs 28 of cellulose acetate on the filter paper. Cavities 30 are located between the cellulose acetate plugs, and the plug rolls 22 of particulate coated substrate are deposited into these cavities. Ultimately, the continuous filter of FIG. 3 is cut at 32 into the plug-space-plug filter 34 shown as in FIG. 4. The spaced apart cellulose acetate plugs 28 A and B define the cavity 30 into which the plug roll 22 has been deposited. The filter paper 26 surrounds this assembly.
  • FIG. 5 illustrates an alternative embodiment of the present invention where the filter paper [0027] 26 is coated with particulate material 10B from a source 12B. Here again an electrostatic charge is applied to the filter paper 26 with charger device 16. The filter paper 30 with particulate thereon passes through the rollers 18 and thereafter cellulose acetate plugs 28 are appropriately positioned on the coated filter paper. The coated filter paper is ultimately wrapped around the spaced apart cellulose acetate plugs 28 with plows 36 and the continuous filter arrangement is later cut into individual cigarette filter assemblies, such as shown in FIG. 4. However, in this particular embodiment the cavities are somewhat hollow and the smoke altering particulate material 10 is in the form of an inside surface layer within the cavity 30. FIG. 6 shows the filter paper 26 coated with the particulate material 10B.
  • FIG. 7 illustrates another embodiment of the present invention where the continuous thin flexible substrate [0028] 14 is indirectly coated with particulate material 10C. A rotating transfer roll 30 receives an electrostatic charge from device 16, and particulate material 10C is deposited on the charged surface of the roll from a supply 12C. The particulate material on the surface of the roll is transferred onto substrate 14 by suction, from a plenum 32, for example. Thereafter, the layer of material 10C passes through the nip of rollers 18 to fuse or otherwise press the material into the substrate. The coated substrate is subsequently cut and formed into filter pieces, as described above.
  • FIG. 7 also illustrates an optional second transfer station [0029] 30A for depositing another layer on the substrate similar to the system described above in conjunction with FIG. 1.
  • The layer of particulate material [0030] 10D of FIG. 8 is deposited on substrate 14 in pattern form. In this regard, the charging device may be constructed and arranged to place a pattered charge on the substrate, and the particulate only adheres to the substrate at the charged portions thereof.
  • FIG. 9 shows an arrangement for applying particulate material layers [0031] 10 and 10E on opposite sides of substrate 14. A first supply 12 of particulate material is located on one side of the substrate and a second supply 12E is located on the other side of the substrate. An electrostatic charge is applied to both sides of substrate 14 by devices 16 and 16E. Otherwise the system is similar to FIG. 1, and the coated substrate is formed into filter components in the same manner as described above.
  • FIG. 10 is cross-sectional view of a filter component [0032] 40 similar to the one shown in FIG. 2. However, in filter component 40 the substrate 14 coated with particulate material is crimped prior to being roll formed into its final configuration.
  • It should be understood that the above detailed description while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention are given by way of illustration only since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the detailed description. For example, different particulate materials may be combined in single and multiple layers. [0033]

Claims (26)

We claim:
1. A process for producing cigarette filters comprising the steps of:
a) conveying a continuous thin flexible substrate past a source of smoke altering particulate material;
b) applying an electrostatic charge onto the substrate upstream of the source of particulate material;
c) depositing a layer of particulate material from the source onto the substrate with the thickness of layer depending upon the strength of the electrostatic charge on the substrate;
d) cutting the particulate coated substrate into pieces; and
e) placing those pieces into cavities between spaced apart filter components.
2. A process as in claim 1 wherein the substrate is paper.
3. A process as in claim 1 wherein the substrate is a nonwoven material.
4. A process as in claim 1 wherein the particulate material is selected from the group consisting of adsorbents, catalysts and flavorants.
5. A process as in claim 1 wherein the particulate material is an adsorbent selected from the group consisting of carbon, zeolite and APS silica gel.
6. A process as in claim 1 wherein the step of applying the electrostatic charge is variable whereby the thickness of the layer of particulate material is variable depending upon the strength of the electrostatic charge on the substrate.
7. A process as in claim 1 including the further step of:
f) rolling each of the cut pieces into a cylindrical plug form before placement thereof into the cavities between spaced apart filter components.
8. A process as in claim 1 including the step of adding flavor to the particulate material.
9. A process as in claim 1 including the step of:
a) depositing multiple layers of particulate material onto the substrate.
10. A process as in claim 9 wherein the multiple layers of particulate material are on opposite sides of the substrate.
11. A process for producing cigarette filters comprising the steps of:
a) conveying a continuous thin flexible substrate past a source of smoke altering particulate material;
b) applying an electrostatic charge onto the substrate upstream of the source of particulate material;
c) depositing a layer of particulate material from the source onto the substrate with the thickness of layer depending upon the strength of the electrostatic charge on the substrate;
d) placing spaced apart filter components on the particulate coated substrate; and
e) folding the particulate coated substrate around the filter components.
12. A process as in claim 11 wherein the step of applying the electrostatic charge is variable whereby the thickness of the layer of particulate material is variable depending upon the strength of the electrostatic charge on the substrate.
13. A process as in claim 11 wherein the continuous substrate is filter paper.
14. A process as in claim 11 wherein the spaced apart filter components placed on the particulate coated substrate comprise cellulose acetate plugs.
15. A process as in claim 11 wherein the particulate material is selected from the group consisting of adsorbents, catalysts and flavorants.
16. A process as in claim 11 wherein the particulate material is an adsorbent selected from the group consisting of carbon, zeolite and APS silica gel.
17. A filter plug for a cigarette filter comprising a flexible substrate piece with at least one layer of electrostatically deposited smoke altering particulate material on the substrate.
18. A filter plug as in claim 17 wherein the substrate is paper.
19. A filter plug as in claim 17 wherein the substrate is a nonwoven material.
20. A filter plug as in claim 17 wherein the particulate material is selected from the group consisting of adsorbents, catalysts and flavorants.
21. A filter plug as in claim 17 wherein the particulate material is an adsorbent selected from the group consisting of carbon, zeolite and APS silica gel.
22. A filter plug as in claim 17 wherein the flexible substrate piece with at least one layer of electrostatically deposited smoke altering particulate material on the substrate is in the form of a roll having a cylindrical shape.
23. A filter plug as in claim 17 wherein the flexible substrate piece has plural layers of electrostatically deposited particulate material on the substrate.
24. A filter plug as in claim 23 wherein the plural layers are both on one side of the substrate.
25. A filter plug as in claim 23 wherein the plural layers are on opposite sides of the substrate.
26. A filter plug as in claim 17 wherein the at least one layer of electrostatically deposited particulate material forms a pattern on the substrate.
US10/410,626 2003-04-09 2003-04-09 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter Abandoned US20040200491A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/410,626 US20040200491A1 (en) 2003-04-09 2003-04-09 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter

Applications Claiming Priority (18)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/410,626 US20040200491A1 (en) 2003-04-09 2003-04-09 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter
AT04725454T AT398939T (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 recesses assembly line production of cigarette filter with
PCT/IB2004/001327 WO2004089124A1 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter
JP2006506552A JP4522403B2 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 The method of online production filter for embedded cigarette
KR1020057018969A KR20050113672A (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter
CN2011100727154A CN102100404A (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 Recessed cigarette filter
ES07021885T ES2333171T3 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 Online training coupled cigarette filters.
AT07021885T AT442061T (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 recesses Fliebbandanfertigung of cigarette filter with
RU2005134654/12A RU2342892C2 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 Method of manufacturing cigarette filters (versions) and filtering plug for cigarette filter (versions)
DE200460014599 DE602004014599D1 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 recesses assembly line production of cigarette filter with
EP20040725454 EP1610632B1 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter
KR1020117019989A KR101174611B1 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 Recessed cigarette filters
BRPI0409254-6 BRPI0409254B1 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 process for the production of cigarette filters and filter element.
CN 200480009553 CN1770987B (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter
ES04725454T ES2305759T3 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 Online training coupled filter cigarettes.
EP07021885A EP1908360B1 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter
DE200460023142 DE602004023142D1 (en) 2003-04-09 2004-04-02 Assembly line production of cigarette filters with recesses
US11/643,155 US7918232B2 (en) 2003-04-09 2006-12-21 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter

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US11/643,155 Division US7918232B2 (en) 2003-04-09 2006-12-21 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter

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US20040200491A1 true US20040200491A1 (en) 2004-10-14

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US10/410,626 Abandoned US20040200491A1 (en) 2003-04-09 2003-04-09 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter
US11/643,155 Active 2025-02-20 US7918232B2 (en) 2003-04-09 2006-12-21 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11/643,155 Active 2025-02-20 US7918232B2 (en) 2003-04-09 2006-12-21 On line formation of recessed cigarette filter

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US (2) US20040200491A1 (en)
EP (2) EP1610632B1 (en)
JP (1) JP4522403B2 (en)
KR (2) KR20050113672A (en)
CN (2) CN102100404A (en)
AT (2) AT442061T (en)
BR (1) BRPI0409254B1 (en)
DE (2) DE602004014599D1 (en)
ES (2) ES2333171T3 (en)
RU (1) RU2342892C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2004089124A1 (en)

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US20060096605A1 (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-05-11 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Continuous process for surface modification of filter materials
WO2007104908A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-09-20 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Smoking article filter
ITBO20100151A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-13 Montrade S R L Method for the production of filter material for tobacco products, cords
ITBO20100150A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-13 Montrade S R L Method for producing combined filters for tobacco products,
EA024090B1 (en) * 2012-03-05 2016-08-31 МОНТРАДЕ С.р.л. Method and machine for producing paperless filter rods for smoking articles

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DE102006049823A1 (en) * 2006-10-19 2008-04-24 Hauni Maschinenbau Ag Device and method for the preparation of filter material for cigarette filters or the like
US20080314400A1 (en) * 2007-05-31 2008-12-25 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Filter including electrostatically charged fiber material
KR20100118132A (en) * 2008-02-07 2010-11-04 필트로나 인터내셔날 리미티드 Tobacco smoke filter
RS57203B1 (en) 2008-06-02 2018-07-31 Philip Morris Products Sa Smoking article with transparent section
US8534294B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2013-09-17 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Method for manufacture of smoking article filter assembly including electrostatically charged fiber
US8671951B2 (en) * 2010-03-26 2014-03-18 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Methods of manufacturing cigarettes and filter subassemblies with squeezable flavor capsule
DE102011114522A1 (en) * 2011-09-29 2013-04-04 Focke & Co. (Gmbh & Co. Kg) Method and apparatus for manufacturing a package for a group of smokable articles
CN103917116B (en) 2011-11-07 2017-06-06 菲利普莫里斯生产公司 Smoking article having a color change segment
LT2775868T (en) 2011-11-07 2017-04-25 Philip Morris Products S.A. Smoking article with visible contents
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US20060096605A1 (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-05-11 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Continuous process for surface modification of filter materials
WO2006051416A1 (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-05-18 Philip Morris Products S.A. Continuous process for surface modification of filter materials
US7478637B2 (en) 2004-11-09 2009-01-20 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Continuous process for surface modification of cigarette filter materials
WO2007104908A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2007-09-20 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Smoking article filter
US8752556B2 (en) 2006-03-10 2014-06-17 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Smoking article filter
ITBO20100151A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-13 Montrade S R L Method for the production of filter material for tobacco products, cords
ITBO20100150A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-13 Montrade S R L Method for producing combined filters for tobacco products,
EA024090B1 (en) * 2012-03-05 2016-08-31 МОНТРАДЕ С.р.л. Method and machine for producing paperless filter rods for smoking articles

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Publication number Publication date
AT442061T (en) 2009-09-15
ES2333171T3 (en) 2010-02-17
EP1610632A1 (en) 2006-01-04
JP2006522600A (en) 2006-10-05
US7918232B2 (en) 2011-04-05
KR20050113672A (en) 2005-12-02
BRPI0409254B1 (en) 2012-07-10
RU2342892C2 (en) 2009-01-10
ES2305759T3 (en) 2008-11-01
JP4522403B2 (en) 2010-08-11
RU2005134654A (en) 2006-05-10
US20070102012A1 (en) 2007-05-10
KR101174611B1 (en) 2012-08-16
EP1610632B1 (en) 2008-06-25
AT398939T (en) 2008-07-15
KR20110100325A (en) 2011-09-09
CN1770987A (en) 2006-05-10
BRPI0409254A (en) 2006-03-28
DE602004014599D1 (en) 2008-08-07
EP1908360B1 (en) 2009-09-09
EP1908360A1 (en) 2008-04-09
WO2004089124A1 (en) 2004-10-21
CN102100404A (en) 2011-06-22
CN1770987B (en) 2011-04-06
DE602004023142D1 (en) 2009-10-22

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