US20040200005A1 - Structuring systems for fabric treatment compositions - Google Patents

Structuring systems for fabric treatment compositions Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20040200005A1
US20040200005A1 US10655836 US65583603A US2004200005A1 US 20040200005 A1 US20040200005 A1 US 20040200005A1 US 10655836 US10655836 US 10655836 US 65583603 A US65583603 A US 65583603A US 2004200005 A1 US2004200005 A1 US 2004200005A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
structuring
structuring system
liquid
fabric treatment
agent
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10655836
Inventor
Mark Smerznak
Luc Lievens
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Procter and Gamble Co
Original Assignee
Procter and Gamble Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/37Polymers
    • C11D3/3703Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C11D3/373Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing silicones
    • C11D3/3742Nitrogen containing silicones
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/83Mixtures of non-ionic with anionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/86Ternary Mixtures of anionic, cationic, and non-ionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D17/00Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties
    • C11D17/0008Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties aqueous liquid non soap compositions
    • C11D17/0026Structured liquid compositions, e.g. liquid crystalline phases, network containing non-Newtonian phase
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/0005Other compounding ingredients characterised by their effect
    • C11D3/001Softening compositions
    • C11D3/0015Softening compositions liquid
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2093Esters; Carbonates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/22Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aromatic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/38Cationic compounds
    • C11D1/62Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/72Ethers of polyoxyalkylene glycols
    • C11D1/721End blocked ethers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/75Amino oxides

Abstract

The invention is directed to structuring systems suitable for incorporation into liquid fabric treatment compositions. Such structuring systems comprise, as added components, (A) a non-polymeric, crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agent, which can crystallize to form a thread-like structuring network throughout liquid matrices; (B) a nonionic emulsifier; (C) an anionic emulsifier; and (D) a liquid carrier. The anionic emulsifier is present in such structuring systems, at concentrations from 0.1% to 8.0% by weight of the structuring system.
The present invention also relates to processes for preparing such structuring systems and to the use of the structuring system of the present invention to control the particle size of a thread-like structuring material by mixing an anionic emulsifier with a structuring agent. Liquid fabric treatment compositions containing such structuring systems are also disclosed.

Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119(a) to European Application Serial No. 02447167.4, filed Sep. 5, 2002 (Attorney Docket No. CM2695F). [0001]
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention relates to structuring systems suitable for incorporation into liquid fabric treatment compositions. The invention also relates to processes for preparing such structuring systems. This invention further relates to liquid fabric treatment compositions comprising the structuring systems of the present invention. [0002]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • When consumers launder fabrics, they desire not only excellence in cleaning, they also seek to impart superior fabric care benefits. Such fabric care effects can be exemplified by one or more of reduction of wrinkles benefits; removal of wrinkles benefits; prevention of wrinkles benefits; fabric softness benefits; fabric feel benefits; garment shape retention benefits; garment shape recovery benefits; elasticity benefits; ease of ironing benefits; perfume benefits; color care benefits; anti-abrasion benefits; anti-pilling benefits; or any combination thereof. Compositions which can provide fabric care benefits during laundering operations are known, for example in form of rinse-added fabric softening compositions. Compositions which can provide both cleaning and fabric care benefits, e.g., fabric softening benefits, at the same time, are also known, for example in the form of “2-in-1” compositions and/or “softening through the wash” compositions. [0003]
  • Fabric treatment compositions for use in laundering operations have been known for many years. They are available in solid form, e.g. in form of granules, in form of compressed tablets, and in liquid forms, e.g. as liquid compositions. Liquid fabric treatment compositions frequently comprise one or more a fabric care ingredients, which typically can be cationic compounds. More typically the cationic fabric care ingredient is a cationic silicone polymer comprising one or more polysiloxane units and one or more quaternary nitrogen units. WO 02/18 528 (P&G, published Mar. 07, 2002) describes fabric treatment compositions comprising a cationic silicone fabric care component and a nonionic surfactant. [0004]
  • Fabric care agents including cationic fabric care materials such as the silicone-based quaternary nitrogen materials just described are generally insoluble or of limited solubility in liquid fabric treatment compositions. Accordingly, they are generally found in such liquid products in the form of emulsions or dispersions. These liquid compositions will thus frequently contain, in addition to the fabric care agent, a structuring system comprising an emulsified structuring agent. Such a structuring system serves to stabilize the fabric care materials within the liquid fabric treatment compositions and to provide such liquid compositions with suitable rheological characteristics. The structuring agent also prevents the fabric care ingredient included in such compositions from separating, settling, coagulating and/or creaming. [0005]
  • The structuring systems for liquid fabric treatment compositions, typically in the form of emulsified, crystal-forming stabilizing agents, are frequently prepared as a premix and then added to the liquid products which contain the insoluble or limited soluble fabric care ingredients. In preparing such emulsified premixes of structuring agent, care is generally taken not to employ any emulsifiers which would be incompatible with the fabric care materials in the fabric treatment compositions with which the emulsified structuring system will be combined. Since, frequently such fabric care ingredients are cationic, there has been an incentive to avoid the use of anionic ingredients in preparing stabilizing systems so minimizing the possibility of deactivating any of the fabric care ingredients which are cationic. Accordingly, structuring systems known in the art have generally utilized a mixture of a structuring agent and nonionic emulsifiers, and/or amphoteric emulsifiers. [0006]
  • It has now been found that addition of small amounts of anionic emulsifiers to structuring systems suitable for incorporation into fabric treatment compositions can greatly enhance the ability of the structuring system to provide structured liquid fabric treatment compositions of especially desirable stability and rheology. Without being bound by theory, it is believed that the addition of anionic emulsifiers improves the crystallization of the structuring agent by controlling the structuring agent particle size during the crystallization process. This results in smaller, and more complex crystal structures to be formed. The effect of adding anionic emulsifiers to a structuring system is to provide a more efficacious structuring system with regards to structuring efficiency as it has been observed that less structuring agent is needed to achieve a specific rheology of a certain cationic fabric treatment composition. This in return, provides more flexibility for the formulator of such compositions to add additional ingredients providing additional benefits to the fabrics treated therewith. It has also been found that such beneficial anionic emulsifier can even be used for systems to be added to products containing cationic fabric care agents. This can be accomplished, for example, by adding a cationic scavenging agent for the anionic emulsifier to the structuring system or to the composition or both. In this manner, the benefits of using anionic emulsifier can be realized while avoiding the drawback which the use of anionics might otherwise impart to products containing cationic fabric care agents. [0007]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates to structuring systems suitable for incorporation into liquid fabric treatment compositions. Such structuring systems comprise, as added components, [0008]
  • (A) a non-polymeric, crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agent, which can crystallize to form a thread-like structuring network throughout liquid matrices; [0009]
  • (B) a nonionic emulsifier; [0010]
  • (C) an anionic emulsifier; and [0011]
  • (D) a liquid carrier. [0012]
  • The anionic emulsifier is present in such structuring systems, at concentrations from 0.1% to 8.0% by weight of the structuring system. [0013]
  • The present invention also relates to processes for preparing such structuring systems. Such processes comprise the steps of: [0014]
  • (A) premixing the anionic emulsifier with the liquid carrier; [0015]
  • (B) mixing the nonionic emulsifier with the premix from step (A); and [0016]
  • (C) mixing the structuring agent with the premix from step (B) to form the structuring system. [0017]
  • The invention further is directed to the use of an anionic emulsifier in such structuring systems of the present invention to control the particle size of a thread-like structuring agent. [0018]
  • Liquid fabric treatment compositions comprising the structuring systems of the present invention represent another embodiment of the present invention. Such liquid fabric treatment compositions have especially desirable stability and rheological characteristics and impart superior fabric care benefits to fabrics treated therewith. [0019]
  • The invention also includes fabric treatment products in a wide range of forms and types. The objects, features and advantages of the invention are further borne out in the following detailed description, examples and appended claims.[0020]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • Definition: The phrases “fabric care agent having limited solubility” or “limited soluble fabric care agent” as used herein means a fabric care agent having a solubility of less than 10 g, preferably of less than 5.0 g fabric care agent per 100 g of demineralized water. [0021]
  • A, Structuring Systems [0022]
  • The structuring systems of the present invention comprise four essential ingredients: a structuring agent, a nonionic emulsifier; an anionic emulsifier; and a liquid carrier. [0023]
  • Structuring agents—The present structuring systems comprise as an essential added component a structuring agent. The structuring agent is preferably present at concentrations from 0.1% to 80%, more preferably from 0.2% to 50%, even more preferably from 1.0% to 10%, and most preferably from 2.0% to 6.0% by weight of the structuring system. [0024]
  • The structuring agent is a non-polymeric, crystalline, hydroxyl-containing material which can crystallize to form a “thread-like” structuring network throughout liquid matrices. Generally, the structuring agent will comprise a fatty acid, a fatty ester, a fatty soap water-insoluble wax-like substance, and mixtures thereof. Suitably hydroxyl-containing materials are described in WO 00/26 285 and include hydroxyl-containing ethers. Other examples of suitable hydroxyl-containing materials include hydroxyalkylated polyhydric alcohol derivatives (WO 03/008527), aliphatic amide ethers (WO 03/040253), alkoxycarboxylate derivatives (WO 03/010 222), hydroxycarboxylic esters (DE 19 622 214) and amidated triglycerides (DE 19 827 304), provided that the selected material is hydroxyl-functional. [0025]
  • The crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agent typically can be selected from the group consisting of: [0026]
  • i) [0027]
    Figure US20040200005A1-20041014-C00001
  • wherein R[0028] 1 is —C(O)R4, R2 is R1 or H, R3 is R1 or H, and R4 is independently C10-C22 alkyl or alkenyl comprising at least one hydroxyl group;
  • ii) [0029]
    Figure US20040200005A1-20041014-C00002
  • wherein: [0030]
    Figure US20040200005A1-20041014-C00003
  • R[0031] 4 is as defined above in i);
  • M is Na[0032] +, K+, Mg++ or Al3+, or H; and
  • iii) mixtures thereof. [0033]
  • Alternatively, the crystalline, hydroxyl-containing stabilizing agent may have the formula: [0034]
    Figure US20040200005A1-20041014-C00004
  • wherein: [0035]
  • (x+a) is from between 11 and 17; (y+b) is from between 11 and 17; and [0036]
  • (z+c) is from between 11 and 17. Preferably, wherein x=y=z=10 and/or wherein a=b=c=5. [0037]
  • Most preferably, the structuring agent is selected from castor oil, castor oil derivatives, especially hydrogenated castor oil derivatives, for example, castor wax, and mixtures thereof. [0038]
  • Highly preferred esters include triesters of 12-hydroxyoctadecanonic acid, though mono and diesters can also be present. It is preferred that the hydroxyl-containing material does not have ethoxylated or propoxylated components or moieties. [0039]
  • Commercially available crystalline, hydroxyl-containing stabilizing agents include THIXCIN® from Rheox, Inc., now Elementis. [0040]
  • Without intending to be limited by theory, the crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agents are agents which form a thread-like structuring network when crystallized within a liquid matrix. This network reduces the tendency of materials within the liquid wherein the network forms, to coalesce and/or phase split. It is believed that the thread-like structuring system forms a fibrous or entangled threadlike network in-situ on cooling of the matrix. The thread-like structuring system can have an average aspect ratio of from 1.5:1, preferably from at least 10:1, to 200:1. [0041]
  • The thread-like structuring system can be made to have a viscosity of 2000 cstks or less at an intermediate shear range (5 s[0042] −1 to 50 s−1) which allows the processing of a system while the low shear viscosity of the product at 0.1 s−1 can be at least 2000 cstks but more preferably greater than 20,000 cstks.
  • Emulsifiers—The structuring systems of the present invention must also comprise both a nonionic emulsifier and an anionic emulsifier. The total amount of emulsifier, defined as the sum of the concentrations of nonionic emulsifier and anionic emulsifier, will frequently be at least 5%, preferably at least 10%, more preferably at least 15% by weight of the structuring system and will preferably not exceed 50%, more preferably will not exceed 40%, and most preferably will not exceed 30% by weight of the structuring system. The anionic emulsifier preferably will be present at a concentration of from 0.1% to 8.0%, more preferably from 0.5% to 5.0%, even more preferably from 1.0% to 3.5%, and most preferably from 1.5% to 2.5% by weight of the structuring system. [0043]
  • The weight ratio of the nonionic emulsifier to the anionic emulsifier in the structuring system will generally range from 100:1 to 1:1, more preferably from 20:1 and 2:1 and most preferably from 15:1 and 4:1. [0044]
  • Nonionic emulsifiers: Generally, any conventional nonionic emulsifier can be used. Preferred are alkoxylated nonionic emulsifiers, especially ones containing only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen for inclusion in the present structuring systems. Amidofunctional and other heteroatom-functional types, however, can also be used. Ethoxylated, propoxylated, butoxylated or mixed alkoxylated, for example ethoxylated/propoxylated aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbyl chain nonionic emulsifiers are more preferred. Suitable hydrocarbyl moieties can contain from 6 to 22 carbon atoms and can be linear, branched, cycloaliphatic or aromatic and the nonionic emulsifier can be derived from a primary or secondary alcohol. [0045]
  • Preferred alkoxylated emulsifiers can be selected from the classes of the nonionic condensates of ethoxylated and ethoxylated/propoxylated or propoxylated/ethoxylated linear or lightly branched monohydric aliphatic alcohols, which can be natural or synthetic. Alkylphenyl alkoxylates such as the nonylphenyl ethoxylates can also suitably be used. [0046]
  • Especially suitable as nonionic emulsifiers are the condensation products of primary aliphatic alcohols with from 1 to 75 moles of C[0047] 2-C3 alkylene oxide, more suitably 1 to 15 moles, preferably 1 to 11 moles. Particularly preferred are the condensation products of alcohols having an alkyl group containing from 8 to 20 carbon atoms with from 2 to 9 moles and in particular 3 or 5 moles, of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol.
  • Suitable nonionic emulsifiers containing nitrogen as a heteroatom include the polyhydroxy fatty amides having the structural formula R[0048] 1CONR2Z wherein R1 is a C5-C31 hydrocarbyl, preferably straight-chain C7-C19 alkyl or alkenyl, more preferably straight-chain C11-C17 alkyl or alkenyl, or mixture thereof; R2 is H, C1-C18, preferably C1-C4 hydrocarbyl, 2-hydroxethyl, 2-hydroxypropyl, ethoxy, propoxy, or a mixture thereof, preferably C1-C4 alkyl, more preferably methyl; and Z is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls directly connected to the chain, or an alkoxylated derivative (preferably ethoxylated or propoxylated) thereof. Z preferably will be derived from a reducing sugar such as glucose, a corresponding preferred compound being a C11-C17 alkyl N-methyl glucamide.
  • Other nonionic emulsifiers useful herein include the so-called “capped” nonionics in which one or more —OH moieties are replaced by —OR wherein R is typically lower alkyl such as C[0049] 1-C3 alkyl; the long-chain alkyl polysaccharides, more particularly the polyglycoside and/or oligosaccharide type, as well as nonionic emulsifiers derivable by esterifying fatty acids.
  • Other suitable nonionic emulsifiers belong to the group of semi-polar emulsifiers, known as amine-oxides, having the formula: R(EO)[0050] x(PO)y(BO)zN(O)(CH2R′)2.qH2O. R is a relatively long-chain hydrocarbyl moiety which can be saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched, and can contain from 8 to 20, preferably from 10 to 16 carbon atoms, and is more preferably C12-C16 primary alkyl. R′ is a short-chain moiety preferably selected from hydrogen, methyl and —CH2OH, x, y, z are each from 0 to 100. When x+y+z is different from 0, EO is ethyleneoxy, PO is propyleneneoxy and BO is butyleneoxy. Amine oxide surfactants are illustrated by C12-14 alkyldimethyl amine oxide.
  • Still another group of suitable nonionic emulsifiers is selected from the group of amine emulsifiers, preferably an amine emulsifier having the formula RX(CH[0051] 2)2NR2R3 wherein R is C6-C12 alkyl; X is a bridging group which is selected from NH, CONH, COO, or O or X can be absent; x is from 2 to 4; R2 and R3 are each independently selected from H, C1-C4 alkyl, or (CH2—CH2—O(R4)) wherein R4 is H or methyl. Particularly preferred emulsifiers of this type include those selected from the group consisting of decyl amine, dodecyl amine, C8-C12 bis(hydroxyethyl)amine, C8-C12 bis(hydroxypropyl)amine, C8-C12 amido propyl dimethyl amine, and mixtures thereof.
  • Anionic emulsifiers: Theoretically, By nature, every anionic emulsifier known in the art may be used in the structuring systems of the present invention. However, the structuring systems of the present invention comprise preferably at least a sulphonic acid emulsifier, such as a linear alkyl benzene sulphonic acid. However, water-soluble salt forms may also be used. [0052]
  • Anionic sulfonate or sulfonic acid emulsifiers suitable for use herein include the acid and salt forms of C[0053] 5-C20, more preferably C10-C16, more preferably C11-C13 alkylbenzene sulfonates, C5-C20 alkyl ester sulfonates, C6-C22 primary or secondary alkane sulfonates, C5-C20 sulfonated polycarboxylic acids, and any mixtures thereof, but preferably C11-C13 alkylbenzene sulfonates.
  • Anionic sulphate salts or their acids suitable for use in the structuring systems of the invention include the primary and secondary alkyl sulphates, having a linear or branched alkyl or alkenyl moiety having from 9 to 22 carbon atoms or more preferably 12 to 18 carbon atoms. [0054]
  • Also useful are beta-branched alkyl sulphate emulsifiers or mixtures of commercial available materials, having a weight average (of the emulsifier or the mixture) branching degree of at least 50%. [0055]
  • Mid-chain branched alkyl sulphates or sulfonates are also suitable anionic emulsifiers for use in the structuring systems of the invention. Preferred are the C[0056] 5-C22, preferably C10-C20 mid-chain branched alkyl primary sulphates. When mixtures are used, a suitable average total number of carbon atoms for the alkyl moieties is preferably within the range of from greater than 14.5 to about 17.5. Preferred mono-methyl-branched primary alkyl sulphates are selected from the group consisting of the 3-methyl to 13-methyl pentadecanol sulphates, the corresponding hexadecanol sulphates, and mixtures thereof. Dimethyl derivatives or other biodegradable alkyl sulphates having light branching can similarly be used.
  • Other suitable anionic emulsifiers for use herein include fatty methyl ester sulphonates and/or alkyl ethyoxy sulphates (AES) and/or alkyl polyalkoxylated carboxylates (AEC). Mixtures of anionic emulsifiers can be used, for example mixtures of alkylbenzenesulphonates and AES. [0057]
  • The emulsifiers are typically present in the form of their salts with alkanolamines or alkali metals such as sodium and potassium. Preferably, the anionic emulsifiers are neutralized with alkanolamines such as mono-ethanolamine or triethanolamine, and are fully soluble in the liquid phase of the structuring system. [0058]
  • Preferred anionic and nonionic emulsifies include those not having star, radial or multi block structures. [0059]
  • Liquid carriers—The structuring systems of the present invention further comprise as an added component a liquid carrier. A suitable liquid carrier can be selected from the group consisting of water, one or more organic solvents and mixtures thereof. Preferred organic solvents include monohydric alcohols, dihydric alcohols, polyhydric alcohols, glycerol, glycols, polyalkylene glycols such as polyethylene glycol, and mixtures thereof. Highly preferred organic solvents are mixtures of solvents, especially mixtures of lower aliphatic alcohols such as ethanol, propanol, butanol, isopropanol, and/or diols such as 1,2-propanediol or 1,3-propanediol; or mixtures thereof with glycerol. Suitable alcohols especially include C[0060] 1-C4 alcohols. Preferred is 1,2-propanediol or ethanol and mixtures thereof. The liquid carrier is typically present at levels in the range of from 1.0% to 98%, preferably at least from 10% to 95%, more preferably from 25% to 75% by weight of the composition.
  • Optional Ingredients [0061]
  • pH-adjusting agents—Optionally, the structuring systems of the present invention may comprise one or more pH-adjusting agents. If present, the pH-adjusting agent is typically present at concentrations from 0.05% to 50%, preferably from 0.2% to 10%, more preferably from 0.3% to 5.0% by weight of the structuring system. [0062]
  • In general any known pH-adjusting agents are useful herein, including alkalinity sources as well as acidifying agents of either inorganic type and organic type. [0063]
  • Inorganic alkalinity sources include but are not limited to, water-soluble alkali metal hydroxides, oxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, borates, silicates, metasilicates, and mixtures thereof; water-soluble alkali earth metal hydroxides, oxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, borates, silicates, metasilicates, and mixtures thereof; water-soluble boron group metal hydroxides, oxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, borates, silicates, metasilicates, and mixtures thereof; and mixtures thereof. Preferred inorganic alkalinity sources are sodium hydroxide, and potassium hydroxide and mixtures thereof. Although not preferred for ecological reasons, water-soluble phosphate salts may be utilized as alkalinity sources, including pyrophosphates, orthophosphates, polyphosphates, phosphonates, and mixtures thereof. [0064]
  • Organic alkalinity sources include but are not limited to, primary, secondary, tertiary amines, and mixtures thereof. [0065]
  • Inorganic acidifying agents include but are not limited to, HF, HCl, HBr, HI, boric acid, phosphoric acid, phosphonic acid, sulphuric acid, sulphonic acid, and mixtures thereof. Preferred inorganic acidifying agent is boric acid. [0066]
  • Organic acidifying agents include but are not limited to, substituted and substituted, branched, linear and/or cyclic C[0067] 1 to C30 carboxyl acids, and mixtures thereof.
  • Suds suppressors—Optionally, the structuring systems of the present invention may comprise suds suppressors. If present, the suds suppressors are typically present at concentrations of less than 15%, preferably from 0.001% to 10%, more preferably from 0.01% to 8%, and most preferably from 0.05% to 5%, by weight of the structuring system. [0068]
  • Suitable suds suppressors for use herein may comprise essentially any known antifoam compound or mixture. Suitable suds suppressors can include low solubility components such as highly crystalline waxes and/or hydrogenated fatty acids, or more sophisticated compounded suds suppressor combinations, for example those commercially available from companies such as Dow Corning. More soluble antifoams include for example the lower 2-alkyl alkanols such as 2-methyl-butanol. [0069]
  • Excluded Ingredients [0070]
  • Structuring systems similar to those of the present invention are known in the art for the use in personal care products, such as deodorants and antiperspirants as disclosed for example in WO 00/44 339, in U.S. Pat. No. 5,972,320, and in GB 2 291 805. [0071]
  • The structuring systems herein, however, are to be used in fabric treatment products. Accordingly, the structuring systems of the present invention should be free of any antiperspirant actives, such as aluminum zirconium complexes, aluminum chlorohydrates, aluminum chlorohydroxides, and mixtures thereof as disclosed for example in WO 00/44 339, in U.S. Pat. No. 5,972,320, and in GB 2 291 805. [0072]
  • B, Processes for Preparing Structuring Systems [0073]
  • The structuring systems of the present invention can be prepared in any suitable manner and can, in general, involve any order of mixing or addition of the specified added components. However, it has been discovered that there exists a certain preferred way to accomplish such a preparation. [0074]
  • The first step involves the preparation of a premix comprising the anionic emulsifier and the liquid carrier. The second step involves the mixing of the nonionic emulsifier with the premix from the first step, preferably in the presence of a pH-adjusting agent. The structuring agent is then mixed with the resulting mixture from the second step to form the structuring system. Generally, the mixture so formed is heated up to a temperature above room temperature, preferably to above the melting point of the structuring agent. This heating can be applied either before adding the structuring agent, during the addition of the structuring agent, or even after the addition of the structuring agent to the mixture resulting from the second step. In cases where any mixture is heated to above room temperature, preferably to a temperature above the melting point of the structuring agent, it is preferred to thereafter cool down the resulting mixture to a temperature at or below the crystallization temperature of the structuring agent. The cooling process is preferably carried out with a cooling rate between 0.1° C./min to 200° C./min, more preferably with a cooling rate between 0.5° C./min to 20° C./min, even more preferably with a cooling rate between 1.0° C./min to 5.0° C./min and most preferably with a cooling rate between 1.5° C./min to 2.5° C./min. Generally, the cooling water temperature for this step is between 1° C. and 50° C., more preferably between 1° C. and 25° C., and most preferably between 1° C. and 10° C. [0075]
  • The structuring systems herein are described with respect to their components as added. Such components may, of course, react or otherwise change form once the structuring systems are prepared and all components have been combined. [0076]
  • The process for preparing the structuring systems of the present invention is preferably carried out by using conventional high-shear mixing means. This ensures proper dispersion of the ingredients throughout the final structuring system. [0077]
  • In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the structuring system comprises as added components [0078]
  • (A) from 2.0% to 6.0% wt. of hydrogenated castor oil derivatives; [0079]
  • (B) from 10% to 40% wt. of a nonionic emulsifier; [0080]
  • (C) from 0.5% to 6.0% wt. of an anionic emulsifier; and [0081]
  • (D) from 48% to 87.5% wt. of a liquid carrier. [0082]
  • C, Liquid Fabric Treatment Compositions [0083]
  • The present invention is also directed to certain types of liquid fabric treatment compositions. Such liquid fabric treatment compositions comprise the structuring system of the present invention, preferably at a concentration from 0.1% to 50%, more preferably from 1.0% to 25%, even more preferably from 2.0% to 20% and most preferably from 4.0% to 15% by weight of the composition. [0084]
  • Such liquid fabric treatment compositions comprise further at least one fabric care agent having limited solubility within the liquid fabric treatment compositions herein. The structuring systems used in such liquid fabric treatment compositions serve to suspend such limited solubility materials within the liquid fabric treatment compositions and to thereby prevent visible settling or visible phase separation of such limited solubility materials within the liquid fabric treatment products of this invention. [0085]
  • A wide variety of such limited solubility fabric care agents may be used. These materials may be cationic, nonionic or anionic in nature. Examples of limited solubility fabric care agent types include fabric softening agents such as quaternary ammonium compounds and functionalized or non-functionalized silicones, anti-abrasion polymers, dye fixative agents, optical brighteners, fabric substantive perfumes, and soil release polymers. Such materials, for example, are described in detail in WO 02/40627. These limited solubility fabric care agents can generally be used in the liquid fabric treatment compositions herein in their conventional concentrations which can vary widely depending upon their function. Typical concentrations for such limited solubility fabric care agents can range, for example, from 0.1% to 50% by weight of the liquid fabric treatment compositions. [0086]
  • Especially preferred fabric care agents of limited solubility include the silicone-based fabric care agents such as those described in the Applicant's co-pending patent applications WO 02/18528 and EP 02 447 167.4. These are cationic, quaternary nitrogen-containing silicones which are especially effective fabric care agents. When such materials, or for that matter any of such limited solubility fabric care agents which are cationic in nature, are present, it may be desirable to also incorporate a cationic scavenging agent into the fabric treatment compositions herein. A cationic scavenging agent is a material which can interact with the anionic emulsifier that is brought into the compositions from the structuring system. Such a scavenging agent, for example dimethyl hydroxyethyl lauryl ammonium chloride, thus prevents this anionic emulsifier from deactivating the cationic fabric care agent. Types and functioning of suitable cationic scavenging agents are described in the Applicant's co-pending application EP 02 447 167.4. [0087]
  • The liquid fabric treatment compositions herein, containing a structuring system and one or more limited solubility fabric care agents such as described herein, will also generally contain a liquid carrier. Such a carrier, which is preferably water, can be of the same type described hereinbefore for use in the structuring systems. Liquid carrier will preferably comprise from 30% to 95% by weight of the liquid fabric treatment compositions herein, not including any such liquid carrier which is provided by the structuring system component of the compositions. [0088]
  • Further ingredients suitable for optional incorporation into the liquid fabric treatment compositions herein may include any conventional materials which are not necessarily fabric care agents and which are typically employed in products of this type, provided they are compatible with other composition components. These optional materials may be soluble or insoluble in such compositions. Examples include cleaning surfactants (anionic, nonionic, cationic, amphoteric, zwitterionic in nature, and mixtures thereof), coupling agents, perfumes, perfume precursors, chelating agents, bleaches, bleach activators, bleach catalysts, enzymes, enzyme stabilizing systems, dispersants or polymeric organic builders including water-soluble polyacrylates, acrylate/maleate copolymers and the like, dyes, colorants, filler salts such as sodium sulfate, hydrotropes such as toluenesulfonates, cumenesulfonates and naphthalenesulfonates, photoactivators, hydrolyzable surfactants, preservatives, anti-oxidants, germicides, fungicides, color speckles, colored beads, spheres or extrudates, sunscreens, fluorinated compounds, clays, pearlescent agents, luminescent agents or chemiluminescent agents, anti-corrosion and/or appliance protectant agents, processing aids, pigments, free radical scavengers, and pH control agents. Suitable materials include those described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,705,464; 5,710,115; 5,698,504; 5,695,679; 5,686,014; 5,646,101 and in WO 02/40 627 as well as in WO 02/18528. [0089]
  • Process for Preparing Fabric Treatment Compositions [0090]
  • Procedures suitable for preparing the fabric treatment compositions of the type contemplated by the present invention are disclosed in the Applicant's co-pending European patent application EP 02 447 167.4 and in WO 02/18528. [0091]
  • The liquid fabric treatment compositions of the present invention can in fact, be prepared in any suitable manner and can, in general, involve any order of mixing or addition of the specified added components. However, it has been discovered that there exists a certain preferred way to accomplish such a preparation. [0092]
  • The first step involves the preparation of a premix comprising the fabric care agent having limited solubility and the liquid carrier. Optionally, it may be desirable to add the cationic scavenging agent at this point to the premix. The second step involves the addition of the structuring system of the present invention. As noted herein before, this structuring system comprises the structuring agent, the nonionic emulsifier and the anionic emulsifier and a liquid carrier. The third step involves the preparation of yet a third mixture comprising all of the additional components of the fabric treatment composition, generally in the presence of a liquid carrier. It may be desirable to add to this third mixture the cationic scavenging agent. The last step involves the combination of all premixes and mixtures described above. [0093]
  • In the process for preparing the fabric treatment composition of the present invention, the cationic scavenging agent can be added either to the fabric care agent having limited solubility-premix or to the other component mixture or to both premixes. [0094]
  • This process for preparing the structured liquid fabric treatment composition of the present invention is also preferably carried out by use of conventional high-shear mixing means. This ensures proper dispersion of the ingredients throughout the final composition. [0095]
  • The fabric treatment compositions herein are described with respect to their components as added. Such components may, of course, react or otherwise change form once the compositions are prepared and all components have been combined. [0096]
  • Forms and Types of the Fabric Treatment Compositions [0097]
  • The structured liquid fabric treatment compositions of the present invention may be in any form, such as liquids (aqueous or non-aqueous), pastes, and gels. Encapsulated and/or unitized dose compositions are also included, as are compositions, which form two or more separate but combined dispensable portions. The liquid compositions can also be in a “concentrated” or diluted form. More preferred liquid fabric treatment compositions of the present invention include heavy duty. liquid fabric treatment compositions and liquid laundry detergents for washing ‘standard’, non-fine fabrics as well as fine fabrics including silk, wool and the like. Compositions formed by mixing the provided compositions with water in widely ranging proportions are included. In case that the structured liquid fabric treatment composition of the present invention is in form of a non-aqueous liquid fabric treatment composition the composition suitably incorporated into a water-soluble film, e.g. a polyvinylalcohol-containing film, to form a unit dose laundry product. [0098]
  • The water content of the fabric treatment compositions of the present invention is intended to be either very low, such as from 0.1% to 10%, preferably from 0.5% to 5%, more preferably from 1.0% to 3.0% by weight of the composition, so that the resulting fabric treatment composition is suitable for incorporation into a water-soluble film, e.g. a polyvinylalcohol-containing film, to form a unit dose product or the water content of the fabric treatment compositins of the present invention is intended to be very high, such as at least 15%, preferably from 20% to 90%, more preferably from 25% to 50% by weight of the composition. Low water contents are being measured by Farl Fischer titration. [0099]
  • The pH of intended use of the liquid fabric treatment compositions of the present invention will generally range from pH 3 to pH 10, preferably from pH 6 to pH 8.5. [0100]
  • The structured liquid fabric treatment composition of the present invention may also be present in form of a rinse-added composition for delivering fabric care benefits, i.e., in form of a rinse-added fabric-softening composition, or in form of a rinse-added fabric finishing composition, or in form of a rinse-added wrinkle-reduction composition. [0101]
  • The liquid fabric treatment compositions of the present invention may be in the form of spray compositions, preferably contained within a suitable spray dispenser. The present invention also includes products in a wide range of types such as single-phase compositions, as well as dual-phase or even multi-phase compositions. The liquid fabric treatment compositions of the present invention may be incorporated and stored in a single-, dual-, or multi-compartment bottle. [0102]
  • EXAMPLES
  • The following non-limiting examples are illustrative of the present invention. Percentages are by weight unless otherwise specified. [0103]
  • Example (1)
  • Preparation of a Structuring Premix, Prepared According to the Process of the Present Invention. [0104]
  • 1.55 g of C[0105] 13-C15 alkylbenzene sulphonic acid are placed in 53.5 g of demineralized water under stirring. 0.42 g sodium hydroxide are added under stirring. 40 g of C12-C14 dimethyl amineoxide (32% active material in water) are added under stirring. The mixture is then heated up to 90° C. to 95° C.
  • 4.5 g of hydrogenated castor oil are added. The mixture is then allowed to emulsify either by mixing for approximately one hour or by high shear mixing for approximately 15 minutes. The particle size distribution of the hydrogenated castor oil particle in the emulsion observed at this stage is typically between 10 μm and 15 μm (via Lasentec measurement). [0106]
  • The emulsion is then cooled down to a temperature of 65° C. via a heat exchanger with a cooling rate of 1.5° C./min. As of 65° C., the emulsion is then immediately cooled down (“flashed cooled down”) to a temperature below 35° C. via a heat exchanger. The resulting structuring system has a network of the crystallized hydrogenated castor oil suspended throughout. [0107]
  • Example (2)
  • Preparation of a Structuring Premix, Prepared According to the Process of the Present Invention. [0108]
  • 1.5 g of C[0109] 13-C15 alkylbenzene sulphonic acid are placed in 54.1 g of demineralized water under stirring. 0.4 g sodium hydroxide are added under stirring. 40 g of Neodol 45-7 (1) are added under stirring. 4.0 g of hydrogenated castor oil are added while heating up the mixture to 90° C. to 95° C.
  • The mixture is then allowed to emulsify either by mixing for approximately one hour or by high shear mixing for approximately 15 minutes. The particle size distribution of the hydrogenated castor oil particle in the emulsion observed at this stage is typically between 10 μm and 15 μm (via Lasentec measurement). [0110]
  • The emulsion is then cooled down to a temperature of 70° C. via a heat exchanger with a cooling rate of 2.0° C./min. As of 70° C., the emulsion is then immediately cooled down (“flashed cooled down”) to a temperature below 35° C. via a heat exchanger. The resulting structuring system has a network of the crystallized hydrogenated castor oil suspended throughout. [0111]
  • The structuring systems of Examples 1 and 2 can be used to prevent fabric treatment compositions, containing limited soluble fabric care agents, from coagulating and/or creaming. Liquid fabric treatment compositions containing the structuring systems of examples 1 and 2 show excellent stability and rheology. [0112]
  • Example (3)
  • Structured Heavy Liquid Detergent Composition [0113]
  • The final fabric treatment compositions are formulated by combining three distinctive premixes: 81 g of fabric cleaning premix A1, 14 g of structuring system premix B1, and 5 g fabric care premix C1 as set forth herein below. A second fabric treatment composition is obtained by combining 81 g of fabric cleaning premix A2, 14 g of structuring premix B2 and 5 g of fabric care premix C2. [0114]
  • Fabric Cleaning Premix (A): [0115]
    Wt % in Wt % in
    Formula A1 Formula A2
    C12-C14 dimethyl amineoxide 5.0
    (32% active material in water)
    Neodol 45-7 (1) 15.0 15.0
    Citric acid 5.0 5.0
    Ethoxylated tetraethylene pentamine 1.0 1.0
    Hydroxyethane dimethylene phosphonic 0.4 0.3
    acid
    Boric acid 2.0 3.0
    CaCl2 0.04 0.03
    Propanediol 10.0 10.0
    Ethanol 0.8 0.6
    Monoethanolamine to pH 7.0-8.0 to pH 7.0-8.0
    Protease enzyme (raw material) 1.0 0.80
    Amylase enzyme (raw material) 0.40 0.32
    Cellulase enzyme (raw material) 0.02 0.01
    Mannanase enzyme (raw material) 0.08 0.06
    Suds suppressor 0.4 0.2
    Dye 0.002 0.003
    Perfume 0.4 0.8
    C13-C15 hydroxyethyl dimethyl 1.5
    ammonium chloride
    Water Balance to 100 Balance to 100
  • Structuring System Premix (B): [0116]
    Wt % in Formula B1 Wt % in Formula B2
    Hydrogenated castor oil 4.5 6.0
    C13-C15 alkylbenzene 2.0 1.7
    sulphonic acid
    Neodol 45-7 (1) 30  
    C12-C14 dimethyl 40  
    amineoxide (32% active
    material in water)
    Boric acid  0.37  0.51
    NaOH  0.45  0.28
    Water Balance to 100 Balance to 100
  • Fabric Care Premix (C): [0117]
    Wt % in Formula C1 Wt % in Formula C2
    C13-C15 hydroxyethyl 1.0
    dimethyl ammonium
    chloride
    Cationic silicone 25.0  18.6 
    solution (2)
    C12-C14 dimethyl 10.0  3.2
    amineoxide (32% active
    material in water)
    Neodol 25-3 (3) 6.0 6.0
    Ethanol 6.5 4.7
    Water Balance to 100 Balance to 100
  • The liquid fabric treatment compositions obtainable by combining premixes A1, B1 and C1 or by combining premixes A2, B2 and C2, respectively, demonstrate excellent product stability as fully formulated composition as well as in diluted form during a laundering cycle. These liquid fabric treatment compositions further provide excellent fabric cleaning and fabric care performance when added to the drum of an automatic washing machine wherein fabric are there and thereinafter laundered in conventional manner. [0118]
  • The liquid fabric treatment compositions as defined above are particularly advantageous with respect to fabric softening benefits imparted to fabrics treated therewith. [0119]

Claims (20)

    What is claimed is:
  1. 1. A structuring system suitable for incorporation into liquid fabric treatment compositions, which structuring system comprises as added components
    (A) a non-polymeric, crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agent, which can crystallize to form a thread-like structuring network throughout liquid matrices;
    (B) a nonionic emulsifier;
    (C) an anionic emulsifier; and
    (D) a liquid carrier
    wherein the anionic emulsifier is present at a concentration from 0.1% to 8.0% by weight of the structuring system.
  2. 2. A structuring system according to claim 1 wherein the total amount of emulsifier present is at least 5% and does not exceed 50% by weight of the structuring system.
  3. 3. A structuring system according to claim 1 wherein the structuring agent is present at a concentration from 0.1% to 80% by weight of the structuring system.
  4. 4. A structuring system according to claim 1 wherein the structuring agent is selected from the group consisting of fatty acids, fatty esters, fatty soap water-insoluble wax-like substances and mixtures thereof.
  5. 5. A structuring system according to claim 4, wherein the structuring agent is castor wax.
  6. 6. A structuring system according to claim 1 wherein the nonionic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of alkoxylated nonionic emulsifiers, amidofunctional nonionic emulsifiers, condensation products of primary aliphatic alcohols with from 1 to 75 moles of C2 to C3 alkylene oxide, and from semi-polar emulsifiers having the formula:
    R(EO)x(PO)y(BO)zN(O)(CH2R′)2
    wherein R is a saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched C8 to C20 hydrocarbyl moiety; R′ is a C1 to C4 hydrocarbyl moiety; and x, y, z are each from 0 to 100; and wherein the anionic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of sulfonate or sulfonic acid emulsifiers including their acid form and their salt forms of C5 to C20 alkylbenzene sulfonates, C5 to C20 alkyl ester sulfonates, C6 to C22 primary or secondary alkane sulfonates, C5 to C20 sulfonated polycarboxylates acids, and mixtures thereof.
  7. 7. A structuring system according to claim 1 wherein in the structuring system, the weight ratio of the nonionic emulsifier to the anionic emulsifier is between 100:1 to 1:1.
  8. 8. A structuring system according to claim 1 further comprising one or more components selected from the group consisting of pH-adjusting agents, suds suppressors, and mixtures thereof.
  9. 9. A structuring system according to claim 1 wherein the structuring system is free of any antiperspirant actives, such as aluminum zirconium complexes, aluminum chlorohydrates, aluminum chlorohydroxides, and mixtures thereof.
  10. 10. A structuring system suitable for incorporation into liquid fabric treatment compositions, which structuring system comprises as added components
    (A) from 2.0% to 6.0% wt. of a hydrogenated castor oil derivative;
    (B) from 10% to 40% wt. of a nonionic emulsifier;
    (C) from 0.5% to 6.0% wt. of an anionic emulsifier; and
    (D) from 48% to 87.5% wt. of a liquid carrier.
  11. 11. Process for preparing a structuring system suitable for incorporation into liquid fabric treatment compositions, said process comprises the steps of:
    (A) premixing the anionic emulsifier with the liquid carrier;
    (B) mixing the nonionic emulsifier with the premix from step (A); and
    (C) mixing the structuring agent with the premix from step (B) to form said structuring system, wherein the anionic emulsifier is present at a concentration from 0.1% to 8.0% by weight of the structuring system.
  12. 12. A process according to claim 11 wherein the premix from step (B) or the mixture resulting from step (C) is heated to a temperature above room temperature.
  13. 13. A process according to claim 11 wherein the premix from step (B) or the mixture resulting from step (C) is heated to a temperature above the melting point of the structuring agent.
  14. 14. A process according to claim 12 wherein the resulting structuring system after completion of step (C) is cooled down to a temperature of or below the crystallization temperature of the structuring agent.
  15. 15. A process according to claim 13 wherein the resulting structuring system after completion of step (C) is cooled down to a temperature of or below the crystallization temperature of the structuring agent.
  16. 16. A liquid fabric treatment composition comprising a structuring system suitable for incorporation into liquid fabric treatment compositions, which structuring system comprises as added components
    (A) a non-polymeric, crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agent, which can crystallize to form a thread-like structuring network throughout liquid matrices;
    (B) a nonionic emulsifier;
    (C) an anionic emulsifier;
    (D) a liquid carrier;
    wherein the anionic emulsifier is present at a concentration from 0.1% to 8.0% by weight of the structuring system, and
    wherein said liquid fabric treatment composition further comprises one or more fabric care agents of limited solubility
  17. 17. A liquid fabric treatment composition according to claim 16 wherein said limited solubility fabric care agent is selected from the group consisting of fabric softening agents, anti-abrasion polymers, dye fixative agents, optical brighteners, fabric substantive perfumes, soil release polymers, and mixtures thereof.
  18. 18. A liquid fabric treatment composition according to claim 17 wherein said limited solubility agent comprises a cationic, quaternary nitrogen containing silicone.
  19. 19. A liquid fabric treatment composition according to claim 16 which additionally contains a cationic scavenging agent for the anionic emulsifier of the structuring system.
  20. 20. A liquid fabric treatment composition according to claim 16 wherein the structuring system is present at a concentration from 0.1% to 50% by weight of the composition.
US10655836 2002-09-05 2003-09-05 Structuring systems for fabric treatment compositions Abandoned US20040200005A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP02447167.4 2002-09-05
EP20020447167 EP1396535B1 (en) 2002-09-05 2002-09-05 Structured liquid fabric treatment compositions
EP03447219.1 2003-08-29
EP20030447219 EP1396536B1 (en) 2002-09-05 2003-08-29 Structuring systems for fabric treatment compostions

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11433677 US20060205631A1 (en) 2002-09-05 2006-05-12 Structuring systems for fabric treatment compositions

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11433677 Continuation US20060205631A1 (en) 2002-09-05 2006-05-12 Structuring systems for fabric treatment compositions

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20040200005A1 true true US20040200005A1 (en) 2004-10-14

Family

ID=31716859

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10655836 Abandoned US20040200005A1 (en) 2002-09-05 2003-09-05 Structuring systems for fabric treatment compositions
US11433677 Abandoned US20060205631A1 (en) 2002-09-05 2006-05-12 Structuring systems for fabric treatment compositions

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11433677 Abandoned US20060205631A1 (en) 2002-09-05 2006-05-12 Structuring systems for fabric treatment compositions

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (2) US20040200005A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1396536B1 (en)
JP (1) JP4237140B2 (en)
CN (1) CN1678722B (en)
CA (1) CA2494525C (en)
WO (1) WO2004022682A1 (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110061174A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-17 Jean-Pol Boutique Compact fluid laundry detergent composition
US20110065625A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-17 Jean-Pol Boutique External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
EP2712914A1 (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 The Procter and Gamble Company Process to prepare an external structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
EP2712913A1 (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 The Procter and Gamble Company External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
US20140162930A1 (en) * 2012-12-12 2014-06-12 The Proctor & Gamble Company Structuring with threads of non-polymeric, crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agents
US8901062B2 (en) * 2012-08-15 2014-12-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for making a crystalline structurant comprising a molten hydrogenated castor oil

Families Citing this family (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB0416155D0 (en) * 2004-07-20 2004-08-18 Unilever Plc Laundry product
GB0422026D0 (en) * 2004-10-05 2004-11-03 Unilever Plc Laundry product
GB0423986D0 (en) * 2004-10-29 2004-12-01 Unilever Plc Method of preparing a laundry product
ES2326818T5 (en) 2004-11-22 2013-04-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Bag containing liquids, soluble in water
GB0610801D0 (en) * 2006-05-31 2006-07-12 Unilever Plc Laundry product
WO2011002475A1 (en) 2009-06-30 2011-01-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Fabric care compositions, process of making, and method of use
CN102224233A (en) * 2008-09-25 2011-10-19 荷兰联合利华有限公司 Liquid detergents
EP2208776A1 (en) 2009-01-16 2010-07-21 The Procter and Gamble Company Bleaching compositions containing perfume microcapsules
US8900328B2 (en) * 2009-03-16 2014-12-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Cleaning method
US20100229312A1 (en) * 2009-03-16 2010-09-16 De Buzzaccarini Francesco Cleaning method
US8263543B2 (en) * 2009-04-17 2012-09-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Fabric care compositions comprising organosiloxane polymers
EP2449073A1 (en) * 2009-06-30 2012-05-09 The Procter and Gamble Company Multiple use fabric conditioning composition with aminosilicone
EP2449074A1 (en) * 2009-06-30 2012-05-09 The Procter and Gamble Company Rinse added aminosilicone containing compositions and methods of using same
RU2663114C2 (en) 2011-05-05 2018-08-01 Дзе Проктер Энд Гэмбл Компани Methods and compositions comprising serine protease variants
EP2585573A1 (en) 2010-06-23 2013-05-01 The Procter and Gamble Company Product for pre-treatment and laundering of stained fabric
US20120101018A1 (en) 2010-10-22 2012-04-26 Gregory Scot Miracle Bis-azo colorants for use as bluing agents
CN103764823B (en) 2011-05-05 2018-05-11 丹尼斯科美国公司 The compositions and methods comprising the serine protease variant
US20140371435A9 (en) 2011-06-03 2014-12-18 Eduardo Torres Laundry Care Compositions Containing Thiophene Azo Dyes
US20120324655A1 (en) 2011-06-23 2012-12-27 Nalini Chawla Product for pre-treatment and laundering of stained fabric
US8921299B2 (en) 2011-07-25 2014-12-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergents having acceptable color
CN104220535B (en) 2012-03-19 2017-03-22 美利肯公司 Carboxylate dyes
EP2743338B1 (en) * 2012-12-12 2017-03-29 The Procter and Gamble Company Improved structuring with short non-polymeric, crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agents
WO2015042086A1 (en) 2013-09-18 2015-03-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Laundry care composition comprising carboxylate dye
US9834682B2 (en) 2013-09-18 2017-12-05 Milliken & Company Laundry care composition comprising carboxylate dye
CA2921433A1 (en) 2013-09-18 2015-03-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Laundry care composition comprising carboxylate dye
CN105555934A (en) 2013-09-18 2016-05-04 宝洁公司 Laundry care compositions containing thiophene azo carboxylate dyes
EP3097172A1 (en) 2014-01-22 2016-11-30 The Procter and Gamble Company Method of treating textile fabrics
WO2015112339A1 (en) 2014-01-22 2015-07-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Fabric treatment composition
EP3097175B1 (en) 2014-01-22 2018-10-17 The Procter and Gamble Company Fabric treatment composition
EP3097174A1 (en) 2014-01-22 2016-11-30 The Procter and Gamble Company Method of treating textile fabrics
EP3140384A1 (en) 2014-05-06 2017-03-15 Milliken & Company Laundry care compositions
EP3132016A1 (en) 2014-06-30 2017-02-22 The Procter and Gamble Company Laundry detergent composition
JP6163463B2 (en) * 2014-07-25 2017-07-12 ライオン株式会社 Liquid cleaning agent for textile products
CA2967658A1 (en) 2014-11-17 2016-05-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Benefit agent delivery compositions
JP2016113510A (en) * 2014-12-12 2016-06-23 花王株式会社 Thixotropy-imparting agent
CN107820515A (en) 2015-04-29 2018-03-20 宝洁公司 Detergent composition
WO2016176240A1 (en) 2015-04-29 2016-11-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Method of treating a fabric
JP2018524483A (en) 2015-04-29 2018-08-30 ザ プロクター アンド ギャンブル カンパニー Processing method of fabric
CN107548415A (en) 2015-04-29 2018-01-05 宝洁公司 Method of laundering a fabric
EP3088503B1 (en) 2015-04-29 2018-05-23 The Procter and Gamble Company Method of treating a fabric
EP3292173A1 (en) 2015-05-04 2018-03-14 Milliken & Company Leuco triphenylmethane colorants as bluing agents in laundry care compositions
EP3173467A1 (en) 2015-11-26 2017-05-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Cleaning compositions comprising enzymes
CN105296251A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 河南工程学院 Structured liquid detergent composition
KR101777219B1 (en) 2015-12-30 2017-09-12 애경산업(주) Structured liquid detergent composition for washing down products
WO2018085315A1 (en) 2016-11-01 2018-05-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Leuco colorants as bluing agents in laundry care compositions, packaging, kits and methods thereof
WO2018085310A1 (en) 2016-11-01 2018-05-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Leuco colorants as bluing agents in laundry care compositions
US20180148672A1 (en) 2016-11-01 2018-05-31 Milliken & Company Leuco colorants as bluing agents in laundry care compositions
US20180119056A1 (en) 2016-11-03 2018-05-03 Milliken & Company Leuco Triphenylmethane Colorants As Bluing Agents in Laundry Care Compositions

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5419842A (en) * 1994-06-13 1995-05-30 Colgate-Palmolive Company Anionic fabric softening composition containing pentaerythritol softener
US5599473A (en) * 1994-08-04 1997-02-04 Colgate-Palmolive Company Nitrogen-free rinse cycle fabric softeners based on microemulsions

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999000483A1 (en) * 1997-06-27 1999-01-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Non aqueous, particulate-containing structured liquid detergent compositions
US6903061B2 (en) * 2000-08-28 2005-06-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Fabric care and perfume compositions and systems comprising cationic silicones and methods employing same

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5419842A (en) * 1994-06-13 1995-05-30 Colgate-Palmolive Company Anionic fabric softening composition containing pentaerythritol softener
US5599473A (en) * 1994-08-04 1997-02-04 Colgate-Palmolive Company Nitrogen-free rinse cycle fabric softeners based on microemulsions

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110061174A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-17 Jean-Pol Boutique Compact fluid laundry detergent composition
US20110065625A1 (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-17 Jean-Pol Boutique External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
EP2478083A4 (en) * 2009-09-14 2016-08-17 Procter & Gamble External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
US8940677B2 (en) 2009-09-14 2015-01-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Compact fluid laundry detergent composition
US9758747B2 (en) 2009-09-14 2017-09-12 The Procter & Gamble Company External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
US8901062B2 (en) * 2012-08-15 2014-12-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for making a crystalline structurant comprising a molten hydrogenated castor oil
WO2014052304A1 (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Process to prepare an external structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
US20140094397A1 (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-03 The Procter & Gamble Company External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
RU2609007C2 (en) * 2012-09-28 2017-01-30 Дзе Проктер Энд Гэмбл Компани External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
WO2014052317A1 (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-03 The Procter & Gamble Company External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
EP2712913A1 (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 The Procter and Gamble Company External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
EP3020792A1 (en) * 2012-09-28 2016-05-18 The Procter and Gamble Company External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
EP2712914A1 (en) * 2012-09-28 2014-04-02 The Procter and Gamble Company Process to prepare an external structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
US9752108B2 (en) * 2012-09-28 2017-09-05 The Procter & Gamble Company External structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
US8835374B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2014-09-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Process to prepare an external structuring system for liquid laundry detergent composition
US20140162930A1 (en) * 2012-12-12 2014-06-12 The Proctor & Gamble Company Structuring with threads of non-polymeric, crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agents
US9587209B2 (en) * 2012-12-12 2017-03-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Structuring with threads of non-polymeric, crystalline, hydroxyl-containing structuring agents

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CN1678722B (en) 2010-06-16 grant
EP1396536B1 (en) 2005-10-19 grant
WO2004022682A1 (en) 2004-03-18 application
EP1396536A1 (en) 2004-03-10 application
CA2494525C (en) 2010-03-23 grant
CN1678722A (en) 2005-10-05 application
US20060205631A1 (en) 2006-09-14 application
CA2494525A1 (en) 2004-03-18 application
JP4237140B2 (en) 2009-03-11 grant
JP2005534800A (en) 2005-11-17 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4842758A (en) Stabilized enzyme system for use in aqueous liquid built detergent compositions
US5460736A (en) Fabric softening composition containing chlorine scavengers
US4255294A (en) Fabric softening composition
US20040152617A1 (en) Laundry cleansing and conditioning compositions
US4789491A (en) Method for preparing biodegradable fabric softening compositions
US4302364A (en) Liquid detergent compositions comprising anionic, nonionic and cationic surfactants
US5093014A (en) Fabric treatment composition and the preparation thereof
US7205269B2 (en) Laundry detergent compositions with hueing dye
US3812041A (en) Non-gelling heavy duty liquid laundry detergent
US6462008B1 (en) Detergent compositions comprising photobleaching delivery systems
US5643865A (en) Concentrated biodegradable quaternary ammonium fabric softener compositions containing quaternary ammonium compounds with short fatty acid alkyl chains
US20060030513A1 (en) Softening laundry detergent
US4233167A (en) Liquid detergent softening and brightening composition
US6271192B1 (en) Associative thickener for aqueous fabric softener
US3920564A (en) Softener-detergent composition
US9365806B2 (en) Alkaline liquid laundry detergent compositions comprising polyesters
US5830843A (en) Fabric care compositions including dispersible polyolefin and method for using same
US20030139309A1 (en) Fabric care compositions
US5368756A (en) Fabric softening compositions containing mixtures of softener material and highly ethoxylated curd dispersant
EP0309052A2 (en) Stable biodegradable fabric softening compositions containing linear alkoxylated alcohols
US4717507A (en) Liquid detergent with fabric softening properties
US6833344B2 (en) Fabric treatment compositions comprising different silicones, a process for preparing them and a method for using them
US5071573A (en) Microemulsified silicones in liquid fabric care compositions containing dye
US4759876A (en) Stable soil release promoting enzymatic liquid detergent composition
US4888119A (en) Cationic/anionic surfactant complex antistatic and fabric softening emulsion for wash cycle laundry applications

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY, THE, OHIO

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SMERZNAK, MARK ALLEN;LIEVENS, LUC MARIE WILLY;REEL/FRAME:014713/0454;SIGNING DATES FROM 20030109 TO 20030829