US20040144050A1 - Floor made from individual elements - Google Patents

Floor made from individual elements Download PDF

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Publication number
US20040144050A1
US20040144050A1 US10/473,026 US47302604A US2004144050A1 US 20040144050 A1 US20040144050 A1 US 20040144050A1 US 47302604 A US47302604 A US 47302604A US 2004144050 A1 US2004144050 A1 US 2004144050A1
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
floor
characterized
panel
resistant
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/473,026
Inventor
Peter Kellner
Original Assignee
Peter Kellner
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE10114924 priority Critical
Priority to DE10114924.7 priority
Application filed by Peter Kellner filed Critical Peter Kellner
Priority to PCT/DE2002/000555 priority patent/WO2002077389A1/en
Publication of US20040144050A1 publication Critical patent/US20040144050A1/en
Priority claimed from US12/460,550 external-priority patent/US8046968B2/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/08Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of stone or stone-like material, e.g. ceramics, concrete; of glass or with a top layer of stone or stone-like material, e.g. ceramics, concrete or glass
    • E04F15/082Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of stone or stone-like material, e.g. ceramics, concrete; of glass or with a top layer of stone or stone-like material, e.g. ceramics, concrete or glass with a top layer of stone or stone-like material, e.g. ceramics, concrete or glass in combination with a lower layer of other material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02016Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips with sealing elements between flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/6145Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with recesses in both frontal surfaces co-operating with an additional connecting element
    • E04B1/615Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with recesses in both frontal surfaces co-operating with an additional connecting element the connection made by expansion

Abstract

The aim of the invention is an embodiment of a floor with high resistance, formed from individual elements which are light and easily transported and also easily removed and thus may be used in multiple applications. According to the invention, said aim is achieved whereby the flat elements are multi-layered plates, each with a thin pressure and wear resistant plate provided on the upper surface thereof and a light material layer, fixed by means of an adhesive layer arranged thereunder. The invention further relates to a floor made from individual flat elements.

Description

  • The invention relates to a floor consisting of individual two-dimensional elements. [0001]
  • The invention is intended, in particular, for floors, which can be removed once again and therefore are usable repeatedly. For floors, which can be removed once again and used repeatedly and are required, for example, for exhibitions, it was previously not possible to configure level and high-grade floor surfaces with a high load-carrying capability, especially when thin and therefore light natural stone panels are used. [0002]
  • In the state of the art, floors for textile coverings, which can be removed once again, are known. In this connection, it shall be possible to remove the covering from the floor once again without leaving a residue and without damaging the floor covering. [0003]
  • According to DE 36 00 807 C2, a method is given for this purpose, for which a plastic layer is disposed on both sides of a backing material, at least one side of which being glueable, impermeable to the adhesive and resistant to water. [0004]
  • For use under high loads and for external use, it is known that stone, concrete or ceramic elements may be laid in mortar or on corner supports. According to DE 197 37 097 C2, a system is known, for which panels are used, which are laid individually next to one another or with the help or with the help of connecting plates and on which the floor covering is applied. [0005]
  • When used in the usual manner for achieving the strength required, natural stone panels are thick and heavy and therefore cumbersome to transport. For this reason, they are not suitable for repeated use. Because of the danger of breakage, thin natural stone panels, which are therefore easily transported, must be glued onto a level substrate or laid in a bed of mortar and are therefore also not suitable for repeated use. [0006]
  • It is an object of the invention, to indicate a floor configuration of high strength with individual elements, which are light and easily transported as well as easily removable once again and, accordingly, can be used repeatedly. [0007]
  • Pursuant to the invention, this objective is accomplished with the distinguishing features given in claim [0008] 1
  • Advantageous developments are given in the dependent claims. [0009]
  • The invention has a series of advantages. [0010]
  • Due to the multilayer construction of the individual panels, with, in each case, a thin panel on the upper side and, below this, a pressure-resistant light material layer, which preferably consists of a foamed material, a light floor element with a high-grade surface and sufficient strength is realized. [0011]
  • Due the arrangement of the peripheral grooves at the edges of the layer of light material and of connecting strips in the grooves between adjacently placed multilayer panels, the securing of the floor elements against shifting in the joint direction as well as avoidance of offsets between adjacently laid multilayer panels is accomplished in an easy manner. Because thin, two-dimensional sheathing of high strength and high modulus of elasticity is glued between the upper panel and the light material layer, a very high strength of the floor elements is realized even when very thin panels and therefore very light floor elements are used. Such a high strength of the floor elements ensures a sufficient safety against fracture even in the case of localized stresses, which occur, for example, when shelves or cabinets, which are supported at points, are set up. Moreover, the floor elements do not need to be laid in a bed of mortar or glued to a substrate. [0012]
  • The invention is explained in greater detail in the following by means of an example. In the associated drawings, [0013]
  • FIG. 1 shows a section through an inventive, multilayer panel, [0014]
  • FIG. 2 shows an inventive connecting strip, [0015]
  • FIG. 3 shows a section of a total arrangement of a floor and [0016]
  • FIG. 4 shows a detail of the connecting site.[0017]
  • The section through an inventive, multilayer panel, illustrated in FIG. 1, shows a thin panel [0018] 1 of natural strength, to the underside of which a carbon fiber-reinforced plastic fabric of small thickness is glued two-dimensionally by means of an epoxide resin as a two dimensional sheathing 2. The thin panel 1 may consist of glass, wood, or metal. In comparison with the natural stone panel, the carbon fiber-reinforced plastic fabric has a high modulus of elasticity; the tensile strength and the compression strength of the carbon fiber-reinforced plastic fabric are clearly greater than the compression strength of the natural stone. Beneath the carbon fiber-reinforced plastic fabric, a pressure-resistant foam layer 4, which consists of an extruded and hydrophobized Styrofoam, is glued two-dimensionally. Due to the multilayer construction shown, a multilayer panel of low weight and high bending strength is achieved. In the case of an appropriate construction, the sheathing 2 is disposed within the layer 4 of light material. The sheathing elements advantageously can also be introduced owing to the fact that the slots for accommodating strip-shaped sheathing 2 are incorporated in the layer 4 of lightweight material. For example, the slots can be incorporated in pre-manufactured lightweight panels already before the latter are combined with the thin panel 1 and the strip-shaped sheathing 4 is glued into these slots subsequently.
  • Peripheral grooves [0019] 3, which accommodate the connecting strips 9, are disposed at all four edges of the layer 4 of light material of the square floor panel. The panels may have edge lengths of 200 to 2200 mm and preferably squares with a length of 300 to 500 mm and a thickness 10 to 20 mm are used.
  • Such a connecting strip [0020] 9 is shown in FIG. 2. The connecting strip 9 has at least two horizontal legs 9.1. The embodiment, shown in FIG. 2, is similar to a T-shaped profile and has two horizontal legs 9.1 and an additional vertical leg 9.2. The thickness of the horizontal legs 9.1 is slightly less than the width grooves 3; in the longitudinal direction of the profile, profilings, in which the horizontal legs 9.1 are clamped securely in the grooves 3 and which thus serve to connect adjacently disposed multilayer panels, are disposed at the horizontal legs 9.1. To facilitate the assembly, it is advisably to provide the ends of the horizontal legs 9.1 with a conically constructed chamfered edge. The vertical legs 9.2 maintain a defined vertical joint width between the multilayer panels.
  • FIG. 3 shows an asymmetrically represented section of an overall arrangement of a floor with several multilayer panels, which are connected in each case by connecting strips [0021] 9. The multilayer panels are laid on a level substrate; the substrate consists of a lower sheet 8, over which a rapidly setting jointless floor 7 is cast. An upper sheet 6 is disposed over the jointless floor 7. The floor is bounded at the sides by an L-shaped metal, angled profile 5, the horizontal leg of which is covered with the jointless floor 7. The angle profile 5 is fixed in the substrate by this covering. At the side facing the floor, the vertical leg of the angle profile 5 is provided with a compressible sealing tape, which prevents the mortar emerging from the frame. The mutual connection of the connecting strips 9, which are disposed in the two joint directions at the crossing points of joints between the multilayer panels, is not shown in the Figure.
  • FIG. 4 explains a detail of a connecting site, for which there are additional fastening rails [0022] 10, which have a groove engaged by the horizontal legs 9.1 of the connecting strips 9, in the side surfaces of the layer 4 of light material. Advantageously, the horizontal legs 9.1 are formed elastically by a slot and are provided at the end with thickenings, which engage corresponding undercuts at the inner surfaces of the fastening rails and thus make possible a positive, but detachable connection and, with that, a secure and gap-free arrangement of adjacent panels.
  • At the same time, it is also possible that the vertical legs [0023] 9.2 are provided at their upper side with colored edge strips 11 of an elastic plastic, which fulfill decorative tasks, as well as improve the sealing. Aside from a flat shape, shown in FIG. 4, the surface of the edge strip 11 can also have a raised shape, as shown in FIG. 4b, or be constructed as a fillet, as shown in FIG. 4c. Furthermore, it is possible to use the versions of the connecting strip 9 without a vertical leg 9.2. These embodiments, suitable especially for use for exterior patio panels, are shown in FIG. 4d. The connecting strip consists here only of the two horizontal legs 9.1, which are provided with openings. By these means, it becomes possible to discharge water from the surface of the panels, which drains through the gap between adjacent panels and can be discharged through the connecting strip 9.
  • List of Reference
  • [0024] 1. Panel
  • [0025] 2. Sheathing
  • [0026] 3. Groove
  • [0027] 4. Layer of light material
  • [0028] 5. Angle profile
  • [0029] 6. Upper sheet
  • [0030] 7. Jointless floor
  • [0031] 8. Lower sheet
  • [0032] 9. Connecting strip
  • [0033] 9.1 Horizontal leg
  • [0034] 9.2 Vertical leg
  • [0035] 10. Fastening rail
  • [0036] 11. Edge strip

Claims (18)

1. A floor, consisting of individual, two-dimensional elements, characterized in that the two-dimensional elements are multilayer panels, a thin, pressure-resistant and wear-resistant panel (1) being disposed at the upper side of the multilayer panels and a pressure-resistant layer (4) of light material being fastened by gluing below the panel (1).
2. The floor of claim 1, characterized in that the thin pressure-resistant and wear-resistant panel (1) consists of natural stone.
3. The floor of claim 1, characterized in that the thin pressure-resistant and wear-resistant panel (1) consists of glass.
4. The floor of claim 3, characterized in that the thin pressure-resistant and wear-resistant panel (1) consists of glass and that a graphic design, visible from above, is mounted at its underside.
5. The floor of one of the preceding claims, characterized in that grooves (3) are disposed at the veridical edge surfaces of the layer (4) of light material and connecting strips (9) are disposed in these grooves (3) in each case between adjacently laid multilayer panels.
6. The floor of one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a two-dimensional sheathing (2) of high strength and, in comparison to panel (1), of high modulus of elasticity and slight thickness is glued between the panel (1) and the layer (4) of light material at least in partial regions.
7. The floor of claim 6, characterized in that the two-dimensional sheathing (2) is disposed over the whole surface or in strip form and consists of the carbon fiber-reinforced plastic, carbon fiber-reinforced plastic fabric, fiberglass or metal.
8. The floor of claims 6 or 7, characterized in that the sheathing (2) is disposed within the layer (4) of light material.
9. The floor of claim 8, characterized in that the slots for accommodating strip-shaped sheathing (2) are incorporated in the layer (4) of light material.
10. The floor of one of the preceding claims, characterized in that two-dimensional elements form squares with an edge length of 300 to 500 mm and a thickness of 10 to 20 mm.
11. The floor of one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the multilayer panels are disposed on a flat substrate, which comprises a lower sheet (8), on which a rapidly setting jointless floor (7) is cast.
12. The floor of one of the claims 5 to 11, characterized in that the connecting strips (9) consist of two horizontal legs (9.1) and one upwardly directed leg (9.2), the thickness of the horizontal legs (9.1) being slightly less than the width of the grooves (3), the horizontal legs (9.1) engaging the grooves (3) and the upper edge of the vertical leg (9.2) terminating approximately at surface of the panel (1) of natural stone.
13. The floor of claim 12, characterized in that an additional part of a different material, which has a groove engaged by the horizontal legs (9.1) of the connecting strip (9), engages the side surfaces of the layer (4) of light material.
14. The floor of claims 12 or 13, characterized in that the upper side of the vertical legs (9.2) is provided with a colored strip (11).
15. The floor of one of the claims 12 to 14, characterized in that the horizontal legs (9.1) have thickenings for clamping the connecting strip (9) into the grooves (3).
16. The floor of one of the claims 12 to 15, characterized in that the connecting strips (9) are disposed both joint directions of the overall arrangement of the multilayer panel and are connected with one another at the crossing points of joints.
17. The floor of one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the undersurface of the layer (4) of light material has grooves, which enable water to drain.
18. The floor of one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the edges of the whole arrangement, which is formed by a plurality of multilayer panels, are bounded by an angle profile (5), the horizontal leg of which is fixed bellow the multilayer panels and the vertical leg of which is provided at its side, facing the floor, with a compressible sealing tape.
US10/473,026 2001-03-26 2002-02-15 Floor made from individual elements Abandoned US20040144050A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10114924 2001-03-26
DE10114924.7 2001-03-26
PCT/DE2002/000555 WO2002077389A1 (en) 2001-03-26 2002-02-15 Floor made from individual elements

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/460,550 US8046968B2 (en) 2001-03-26 2009-07-20 Floor made from individual elements

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12/460,550 Continuation-In-Part US8046968B2 (en) 2001-03-26 2009-07-20 Floor made from individual elements

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20040144050A1 true US20040144050A1 (en) 2004-07-29

Family

ID=7679164

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/473,026 Abandoned US20040144050A1 (en) 2001-03-26 2002-02-15 Floor made from individual elements

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US20040144050A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1373658B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1219958C (en)
AT (1) AT348927T (en)
DE (6) DE10201905B4 (en)
ES (1) ES2278909T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2002077389A1 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040177568A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-09-16 Hanks Jeffrey Alan Protective wall panel assembly
US20060230701A1 (en) * 2003-11-26 2006-10-19 Pepa Tomas D Tile to be used in a laying system especially for producing a floor covering and method for producing the same
US20070151186A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-07-05 Hanks Jeffrey A Protective wall panel assembly
US20070196614A1 (en) * 2003-09-18 2007-08-23 Peter Kellner Heated Floor Element having a Surface Layer
JP2007525610A (en) * 2004-02-26 2007-09-06 ナトウールシユタインヴエルク・リンシエ・ゲゼルシヤフト・ミツト・ベシユレンクテル・ハフツング Natural slate floors that are loosely laid
CN100400779C (en) 2006-03-02 2008-07-09 江苏丰彩新型建材有限公司 Outer wall heat insulating and decorating plate and its construction process
WO2019014377A1 (en) * 2017-07-11 2019-01-17 Johnson Technologies Corporation Therapy platform anti-fatigue matting

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE502004010666D1 (en) * 2003-09-18 2010-03-11 Peter Kellner Multilayer Floor element with grooves for connecting strips
DE10344755A1 (en) * 2003-09-25 2005-04-14 Peter Kellner Floor plate comprises a carrier layer consisting of particulate polypropylene foam, and a top layer, in particular, of natural stone joined to the carrier layer so that it stands back from its edge at least on two sides
DE102008044803B8 (en) 2008-08-28 2014-08-28 Peter Kellner A flooring system

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US3023681A (en) * 1958-04-21 1962-03-06 Edoco Technical Products Combined weakened plane joint former and waterstop
US3465654A (en) * 1967-07-17 1969-09-09 Harry Fox Drain device
US3627362A (en) * 1969-08-13 1971-12-14 John H Brenneman Spline and seat connector assemblies
US3720027A (en) * 1970-02-20 1973-03-13 Bruun & Soerensen Floor structure
US4185429A (en) * 1978-07-28 1980-01-29 Salvatore Mendola Apparatus for waterproofing a basement or similar structure
US4449346A (en) * 1980-11-12 1984-05-22 Tremblay J Gerard Panel assembly
US4599841A (en) * 1983-04-07 1986-07-15 Inter-Ikea Ag Panel structure comprising boards and for instance serving as a floor or a panel
US5007222A (en) * 1988-11-14 1991-04-16 Raymond Harry W Foamed building panel including an internally mounted stud
US5208086A (en) * 1988-04-05 1993-05-04 Owens Charles R Laminated tile product, method for producing the same and method for installing the same
US5438809A (en) * 1993-10-27 1995-08-08 Stone Art, Inc. Modular tile flooring system
US5694730A (en) * 1996-10-25 1997-12-09 Noranda Inc. Spline for joining boards
US5749282A (en) * 1995-06-29 1998-05-12 United Dominion Industries Building panel with double interlock joint and internal gutter
US5755068A (en) * 1995-11-17 1998-05-26 Ormiston; Fred I. Veneer panels and method of making
US6247285B1 (en) * 1997-10-04 2001-06-19 Maik Moebus Flooring panel
US6363677B1 (en) * 2000-04-10 2002-04-02 Mannington Mills, Inc. Surface covering system and methods of installing same
US20020083671A1 (en) * 2000-12-05 2002-07-04 Arne Clausen Mould resistant decorative panel
US6761008B2 (en) * 1999-12-14 2004-07-13 Mannington Mills, Inc. Connecting system for surface coverings

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1723306A (en) * 1927-08-02 1929-08-06 Harry E Sipe Resilient attaching strip
US3023681A (en) * 1958-04-21 1962-03-06 Edoco Technical Products Combined weakened plane joint former and waterstop
US3465654A (en) * 1967-07-17 1969-09-09 Harry Fox Drain device
US3627362A (en) * 1969-08-13 1971-12-14 John H Brenneman Spline and seat connector assemblies
US3720027A (en) * 1970-02-20 1973-03-13 Bruun & Soerensen Floor structure
US4185429A (en) * 1978-07-28 1980-01-29 Salvatore Mendola Apparatus for waterproofing a basement or similar structure
US4449346A (en) * 1980-11-12 1984-05-22 Tremblay J Gerard Panel assembly
US4599841A (en) * 1983-04-07 1986-07-15 Inter-Ikea Ag Panel structure comprising boards and for instance serving as a floor or a panel
US5208086A (en) * 1988-04-05 1993-05-04 Owens Charles R Laminated tile product, method for producing the same and method for installing the same
US5007222A (en) * 1988-11-14 1991-04-16 Raymond Harry W Foamed building panel including an internally mounted stud
US5438809A (en) * 1993-10-27 1995-08-08 Stone Art, Inc. Modular tile flooring system
US5749282A (en) * 1995-06-29 1998-05-12 United Dominion Industries Building panel with double interlock joint and internal gutter
US5755068A (en) * 1995-11-17 1998-05-26 Ormiston; Fred I. Veneer panels and method of making
US5694730A (en) * 1996-10-25 1997-12-09 Noranda Inc. Spline for joining boards
US6247285B1 (en) * 1997-10-04 2001-06-19 Maik Moebus Flooring panel
US6761008B2 (en) * 1999-12-14 2004-07-13 Mannington Mills, Inc. Connecting system for surface coverings
US6363677B1 (en) * 2000-04-10 2002-04-02 Mannington Mills, Inc. Surface covering system and methods of installing same
US20020083671A1 (en) * 2000-12-05 2002-07-04 Arne Clausen Mould resistant decorative panel

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040177568A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-09-16 Hanks Jeffrey Alan Protective wall panel assembly
US20070196614A1 (en) * 2003-09-18 2007-08-23 Peter Kellner Heated Floor Element having a Surface Layer
US20060230701A1 (en) * 2003-11-26 2006-10-19 Pepa Tomas D Tile to be used in a laying system especially for producing a floor covering and method for producing the same
JP2007525610A (en) * 2004-02-26 2007-09-06 ナトウールシユタインヴエルク・リンシエ・ゲゼルシヤフト・ミツト・ベシユレンクテル・ハフツング Natural slate floors that are loosely laid
US20080209831A1 (en) * 2004-02-26 2008-09-04 Natursteinwerk Rinsche Gmbh Loosely Laid Natural Stone Panel Floor
US20070151186A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-07-05 Hanks Jeffrey A Protective wall panel assembly
CN100400779C (en) 2006-03-02 2008-07-09 江苏丰彩新型建材有限公司 Outer wall heat insulating and decorating plate and its construction process
WO2019014377A1 (en) * 2017-07-11 2019-01-17 Johnson Technologies Corporation Therapy platform anti-fatigue matting

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE20213565U1 (en) 2003-01-23
DE10201905B4 (en) 2004-07-08
ES2278909T3 (en) 2007-08-16
DE20208589U1 (en) 2002-10-02
EP1373658A1 (en) 2004-01-02
DE10201905A1 (en) 2003-05-15
EP1373658B1 (en) 2006-12-20
WO2002077389A1 (en) 2002-10-03
DE10291243D2 (en) 2004-04-15
DE50209011D1 (en) 2007-02-01
DE20220416U1 (en) 2003-10-16
CN1219958C (en) 2005-09-21
CN1500170A (en) 2004-05-26
AT348927T (en) 2007-01-15

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