US20040108096A1 - Geothermal loopless exchanger - Google Patents

Geothermal loopless exchanger Download PDF

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Publication number
US20040108096A1
US20040108096A1 US10643440 US64344003A US2004108096A1 US 20040108096 A1 US20040108096 A1 US 20040108096A1 US 10643440 US10643440 US 10643440 US 64344003 A US64344003 A US 64344003A US 2004108096 A1 US2004108096 A1 US 2004108096A1
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
heat
water
fluid
exchanger
conduit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10643440
Inventor
Terrance Janssen
Original Assignee
Janssen Terrance Ernest
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being helically coiled
    • F28D7/024Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being helically coiled the conduits of only one medium being helically coiled tubes, the coils having a cylindrical configuration
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D3/00Hot-water central heating systems
    • F24D3/18Hot-water central heating systems using heat pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24TGEOTHERMAL COLLECTORS; GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
    • F24T10/00Geothermal collectors
    • F24T10/10Geothermal collectors with circulation of working fluids through underground channels, the working fluids not coming into direct contact with the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/0008Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits for one medium being in heat conductive contact with the conduits for the other medium
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/40Geothermal heat-pumps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/10Geothermal energy
    • Y02E10/12Earth coil heat exchangers

Abstract

This invention is a geothermal heating and cooling system for providing space conditioning, including heating, cooling and humidity control, by transferring heat, or cooling, from a city water main supply, or other like flooded state water source, thereby allowing for a more economical heating, cooling and climate control of the building. The geothermal system may also provide water heating, either to supplement or replace conventional water heaters.

Description

    RELATED APPLICATION
  • [0001]
    This application is being filed as a corresponding application to and claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 601429,160, filed Nov. 27, 2002, the entire teachings of which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    1. Field of the Invention
  • [0003]
    This invention relates to geothermal heating and cooling systems for providing space conditioning, including heating, cooling and humidity control. The geothermal system may also provide water heating, either to supplement or replace conventional water heaters, pool heating and cooling, and refrigeration.
  • [0004]
    2. Description of the Prior Art
  • [0005]
    The prior art is exemplified by many examples of heat reclamation systems and earth heat exchange systems, most of which are gravity flow, expensive, complicated and require periodic cleaning and maintenance in order to avoid fouling and/or degradation of heat recovery efficiency; examples of which are shown in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,304,292; 4,300,247; 4,150,787; 4,352,391, 4,372,372 and 4,619,311. Typically such systems include conduit, conduits, and/or a pipe loop within the earth, a pond or well, apparatus for circulating heat transfer fluid there through and through other systems or apparatuses above the surface, and heat exchange apparatus for exchanging heat between the transfer fluid and an item, apparatus, device or other thing. However, as will be seen herein, there are no existing systems that are as simple, versatile and inexpensive as the instant invention.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0006]
    In the present invention, the disadvantages of the prior art are overcome by using a relatively simple heat exchanger configuration in a flooded state, rather than a gravity state, and attached to a city water main, or similar forced water source, whereby the city water supply and the like flows through the heat exchanger. Said heat exchanger is comprised of an inner pipe or conduit through which the water source will flow, and is wrapped by a coiled conduit, through which the heat transfer fluid will flow.
  • [0007]
    The use of said heat exchanger in this manner is inventive because the fluids within said heat exchanger never mix with the city water supply, or the like, thereby ensuring safe operation. Further, the cost is greatly reduced due to the length of conduit needed.
  • [0008]
    Due to the simplicity of said heat exchanger design, the flooded water supply can pass through, providing an even temperature, whereas prior art heat exchangers utilize stagnant or gravity heat sources which may fluctuate in their respective heat intensities. Finally, the constant forced flow of water through the city water main, and the like, allows for a more rapid transfer of heat, or cooling, than prior art suggests.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING
  • [0009]
    [0009]FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the apparatus and shows a system whereby a geothermal heat pump, or multiple pumps, is located within the building with a closed conduit loop line that has a heat exchanger within the loop line, said heat exchanger being attached to the city water main.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING AND DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
  • [0010]
    The prior art includes many techniques for the recovery of heat energy contained primarily in waste water. As disclosed, for example, in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,304,292; 4,300,247; 4,321,798; 4,150,787; 4,352,391, 4,372,372 and 4,619,311, water used for showering, as well as other purposes, and discharged through drain lines can be placed into a heat exchange relationship with colder feed water in order to preheat either water heater feed water and/or cold water prior to mixing with hot water to provide tepid water for direct use. (See also A. A. Field, Heating/Piping/Air Conditioning, Volume 48, No. 3, pp. 87-91, “Solar Energy: Part II, The Continent,” March 1976.) Said heat exchange relationship conserves energy by lowering the temperature of said waste water by transferring heat energy to said feed water, or said cold water, or both, thereby reducing primary hot water heater input energy requirements and the quantity of hot water used in showering, for example. The present invention is directed at installations whereby the heat source comes from a flooded source, such as city water flowing through the city water main.
  • [0011]
    Referring to FIG. 1, the geothermal heat pump 1 is contained within the building. The geothermal heat pump may be connected to a variety of apparatus to utilize the heat, or cooling, generated, such as heating or cooling air ducts, interior water lines, etc.
  • [0012]
    Still referring to FIG. 1, a closed loop line conduit 2 is attached to the geothermal heat pump 1 at two points, one being a fluid inlet 3 and the other a fluid outlet 4, the outlet 4 having attached thereto a contaminate monitor alarm and shut down switch 5 to monitor leaks and shut down the apparatus if a leak is detected. The closed loop line conduit 2 contains a fluid, such as an ecologically safe coolant or refrigerant that has a very low boiling point such that the fluid is in a gaseous state at room temperature. Two such fluids that are acceptable are R22 and R410a, although others may work equally as well.
  • [0013]
    Still referring to FIG. 1, the heat exchanger 6 is inserted as a section of the city water main 7, such that a section of the city water main 7 is cut out and replaced by the heat exchanger 6, thereby allowing the city water supply 8 to flow through the heat exchanger 6. The section where the heat exchanger 6 is attached is encased in an insulated vault 9 with a locking cover to allow restricted access into the vault 9 to service the heat exchanger 6. Within the vault 9 area, and attached to the outlet 4 of the closed loop line conduit 2, there is a first walled failure alarm 10 whereby any failure in the system at that point would be detected, thereby allowing for the shutting down of the apparatus and servicing and repair within the vault 9 area.
  • [0014]
    Referring still to FIG. 1, the heat exchanger 6 comprises a fluid intake 11, which is attached to the outlet 4 portion of the closed loop line conduit 2, and a fluid return 12, which is attached to the inlet 3 portion of the closed loop line conduit 2. A flow meter 13 is attached to the inlet 3 portion of the closed loop line conduit 2 at a location within the building and relatively close to the geothermal heat pump 1, whereby the flow of the fluid within the closed loop line conduit can be monitored. The fluid within the closed loop line conduit 2 is moved within the closed line loop conduit by a pumping means at or within the geothermal heat pump 1.
  • [0015]
    The invention, thus, allows for the flow of a refrigerant or other like fluid to flow from the geothermal heat pump 1 through the closed loop line conduit 2 to the heat exchanger 6, whereby the heat exchanger transfers the heat from the city water supply 8, or in the summer months, the cooling from the water supply 8, to the fluid, and the fluid flow returns to the geothermal heat pump 1 which transfers that heat, or cooling, to a variety of building space conditioning purposes.
  • [0016]
    The present invention is more efficient and economical than prior art in that it requires less conduit and utilizes an easily and readily available heat and cooling source, that being the city water main supply. Further, the present invention allows for the more rapid and even transfer of heat from the heat source, such as the city water supply 8, due to the flooded state of the exchanger. The flooded state also reduces the need for cleaning, as the water flows rapidly and freely through the exchanger and does not allow the buildup of residue along the inside of the heat exchanger 6.
  • [0017]
    The conduit connections are relatively simple and straight, thereby eliminating many curves and bends which may weaken the conduit. The preferred embodiment would have the system installed below grade level, however other installations, such as above ground level, could also be used simply by inserting an elbow down joint in both the inlet 3 and outlet 4 portions of the closed loop line conduit 2 near the geothermal heat pump 1 and within the building, so that the closed loop line conduit 2 thereby exits the building below grade.
  • [0018]
    The present invention also differs from prior art in that it utilizes a flooded state heat exchanger rather than a gravity flow exchanger as described in prior art. Thus, the present invention can be utilized with any flooded or forced water source, such a natural spring, well or river. Further, other embodiments of the present invention can be used in a lake or pond, or other still water source, with the addition of a pump to force the water through the exchanger. The present invention can also be easily adapted to work with a solar heat source system, wherein the heat exchanger 6 would be situated such that the fluid heated by solar energy would be pumped through the heat exchanger 6, and thus allow for the transfer of heat from the solar heated fluid to the fluid contained within the closed line loop conduit 2.
  • [0019]
    While the form of apparatus herein described constitutes a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is understood that the invention is not limited to this precise form of apparatus and that changes may be made therein without departing from the scope of this invention.

Claims (6)

    I claim:
  1. 1. A geothermal loopless exchanger apparatus comprising:
    a geothermal heat pump;
    a pumping means attached to said geothermal heat pump;
    a closed loop line conduit comprising a fluid inlet, a heat exchanger and a fluid outlet whereby the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet are attached to said geothermal heat pump and whereby the heat exchanger is situated such that the heat exchanger is inserted into a water source thereby creating a flooded state about the heat exchanger;
    said heat exchanger comprising a fluid intake and a fluid return, said fluid intake being attached to the fluid outlet of the closed loop line conduit and said fluid return being attached to the fluid inlet of the closed loop line conduit;
    a fluid flowing within said closed loop line conduit;
    a contaminate monitor alarm and shut down switch attached to said fluid outlet of the closed loop line conduit whereby the contaminate monitor alarm and shut down switch would monitor the closed loop line conduit and shut down the apparatus if a leak of fluid is detected;
    an insulated vault encasing said heat exchanger, said insulated vault having a locking cover thereby restricting access to the heat exchanger;
    a first walled failure alarm attached to the fluid outlet and contained within the insulated vault whereby any failure in the apparatus within the insulated vault would be detected thereby allowing for the shutting down of the apparatus; and
    a flow meter attached to the fluid inlet of the closed loop line conduit and further situated at a position on the fluid inlet that is relatively close to the geothermal heat pump to monitor the flow of the fluid within said closed loop line conduit, whereby the fluid is pumped through the closed loop line conduit by the pumping means, flowing through the heat exchanger to allow for the transfer of heat from the water supply into the fluid, the fluid then continuing to flow back through the closed loop line conduit to the geothermal heat pump to extract the transferred heat for use in a dwelling or other such type building.
  2. 2. The apparatus of claim 1 wherein the fluid is an ecologically safe coolant or refrigerant having a very low boiling point such that the fluid is in a gaseous state at room temperature.
  3. 3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein the ecologically safe coolant or refrigerant is R22 or R410a.
  4. 4. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein the water source is a city water main.
  5. 5. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein the water source is provided by a solar energy heat source system
  6. 6. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein the water source is any flooded or forced water source, such as a natural spring, well or river.
US10643440 2002-11-27 2003-08-19 Geothermal loopless exchanger Abandoned US20040108096A1 (en)

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US42916002 true 2002-11-27 2002-11-27
US10643440 US20040108096A1 (en) 2002-11-27 2003-08-19 Geothermal loopless exchanger

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US10721698 Abandoned US20040159110A1 (en) 2002-11-27 2003-11-25 Heat exchange apparatus, system, and methods regarding same

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US20070089447A1 (en) * 2004-06-22 2007-04-26 Wiggs B R Direct exchange geothermal heating/cooling system sub-surface tubing installation with supplemental sub-surface tubing configuration
US7146823B1 (en) * 2004-06-22 2006-12-12 Earth To Air Systems, Llc Horizontal and vertical direct exchange heating/cooling system sub-surface tubing installation means
US7856839B2 (en) 2004-06-22 2010-12-28 Earth To Air Systems, Llc Direct exchange geothermal heating/cooling system sub-surface tubing installation with supplemental sub-surface tubing configuration
US20070074847A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2007-04-05 Wiggs B R Encasement assembly for installation of sub-surface refrigerant tubing in a direct exchange heating/cooling system
US20080028761A1 (en) * 2006-05-30 2008-02-07 Tai-Her Yang Temperature equilibrating methodology & installation with water supply system
WO2008119528A1 (en) * 2007-04-03 2008-10-09 Lessing Juergen Safety heat exchanger
US20090000318A1 (en) * 2007-06-27 2009-01-01 Hart Charles M Environmentally friendly heatpump system
US20100252228A1 (en) * 2007-11-13 2010-10-07 Tracto-Technik Gmbh & Co. Kg Geothermal System
WO2009062721A2 (en) * 2007-11-13 2009-05-22 Tracto-Technik Gmbh & Co. Kg Geothermiesystem
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GB2467280A (en) * 2007-11-13 2010-07-28 Tracto Technik Geothermiesystem
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GB2469273A (en) * 2009-04-06 2010-10-13 Zenex Technologies Ltd Cold water distribution system
GB2469273B (en) * 2009-04-06 2011-08-24 Zenex Technologies Ltd Cold water distribution system
US20110238362A1 (en) * 2010-03-11 2011-09-29 Kelix Heat Transfer Systems, Llc Enthalpy-based ground heat exchanger (ghe) performance test instrument system
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