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Radial artery compression system

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Publication number
US20040039413A1
US20040039413A1 US10224586 US22458602A US20040039413A1 US 20040039413 A1 US20040039413 A1 US 20040039413A1 US 10224586 US10224586 US 10224586 US 22458602 A US22458602 A US 22458602A US 20040039413 A1 US20040039413 A1 US 20040039413A1
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US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
splint
artery
wrist
radial
compression
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10224586
Inventor
Dan Akerfeldt
Krister Hornfeldt
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
St Jude Medical Systems AB
Original Assignee
St Jude Medical Systems AB
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/0057Implements for plugging an opening in the wall of a hollow or tubular organ, e.g. for sealing a vessel puncture or closing a cardiac septal defect
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/0102Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations
    • A61F5/0104Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations without articulation
    • A61F5/0118Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces specially adapted for correcting deformities of the limbs or for supporting them; Ortheses, e.g. with articulations without articulation for the arms, hands or fingers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/30Pressure-pads
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/12Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for ligaturing or otherwise compressing tubular parts of the body, e.g. blood vessels, umbilical cord
    • A61B17/132Tourniquets
    • A61B17/1322Tourniquets comprising a flexible encircling member
    • A61B17/1325Tourniquets comprising a flexible encircling member with means for applying local pressure

Abstract

A splint (2) for a radial artery compression system (1) or an arterial wrist support, which is provided with one or more longitudinal reinforcement profiles (10 a, 10 b) on the bottom surface thereof. Whereby the reinforcement profiles (10 a, 10 b) form a support structure (11), such that the splint (2) when placed on a flat surface is supported in one position without wobbling. The splint (2) may further be comprised of a non-rigid material such as polystyrene, paper (preferably recycled) and the like, such that a disposable splint (2) may be achieved.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to a radial artery compression system or an arterial wrist support. More specifically, the invention relates to a splint for a radial artery compression system or an arterial wrist support, wherein the wrist is securely fixated before compression of the artery, and which spread the compression pressure over a large area on the back of the hand, wrist and forearm, such that increased comfort is achieved, and which gives enhanced support during handling.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0002]
    Following an invasive medical procedure such as catheterization or similar invasive medical procedure, the blood flow through the puncture wound has to be stopped, so that haemostasis may begin as fast as possible. This may be done using a radial artery occluder, comprising a splint and a pressure strap, such as the system proposed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,601,597 that is described in detail below. A similar splint is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,798,199. When performing catheterization and the like, it is of great importance that the wrist be kept firmly at a specified angle throughout the whole procedure.
  • [0003]
    U.S. Pat. No. 4,798,199 discloses an arterial wrist support for invasive monitoring of a patient's blood gases during and after surgery. The apparatus is designed to support a patient's hand, wrist, and at least a portion of the patient's forearm in a relaxed position which allows for efficient starting of the arterial line and continuous maintenance, observation and cleaning of the arterial site. The apparatus may also be effectively used in the administration of intravenous care.
  • [0004]
    More specifically, the arterial wrist support according to U.S. Pat. No. 4,798,199 includes a substantially rigid, lightweight, unitary molded body anatomically shaped to accommodate the contours of a patient's arm and to position the patient's wrist at the proper angle to expose the radial artery for accurate and efficient handling of the arterial puncture. Wide resilient straps adapted to be releasably secured to the molded body are provided to attach the body to the patient's arm and thus immobilize the patient's wrist. The molded body may also include a foam pad lining located on its upper surface and extending along its length to cushion the patient's hand and wrist and thus provide a soft comfortable support.
  • [0005]
    U.S. Pat. No. 5,601,597 discloses a combination radial artery occluder and wrist splint to prevent blood flow through a puncture wound or incision following catheterization or similar invasive medical procedure. This device generally includes three main components: a wrist splint that extends along the distal end of the patient's forearm and the back of the wrist and hand; an adjustable pressure strap attached to the splint that extends around the distal end of the forearm; and an adjustable securing strap also attached to the splint that extends around the palm of the patient's hand. The wrist splint is preferably generally trough-shaped so as to cradle the forearm, wrist, and hand around at least approximately half the circumference thereof. Also, the wrist splint preferably includes padding on its inner, concave surface to cushion the forearm. The pressure strap includes a pressure pad that is selectively positioned over the wound in the forearm or wrist to occlude blood flow through only the radial artery while allowing blood flow to the hand through the ulnar artery. During use, the adjustable pressure strap is slowly tightened over the wound until radial artery blood flow has stopped at the wound. This aids haemostasis in the wound in the radial artery but allows the ulnar artery to deliver enough blood to the hand to ensure tissue viability. In addition, the securing strap is tightened around the palm of the hand to help immobilize the wrist joint.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0006]
    In U.S. Pat. No. 5,601,597 the inventors claim that they solve the problem of delay in haemostasis caused by movement of the wounded tissue, such as wrist movement after a radial artery cardiac catheterization procedure. Tissue stretching and contraction caused by movement of a limb joint can prevent clotting and inadvertently reopen wounds. But as the pressure strap and the pressure pad are located at the forearm end of the splint, the pressure on the puncture wound varies if the patient tries to move the wrist in the splint, whereby the haemostasis can be delayed. Further, during compression of the radial artery, this device only spreads out the pressure from the pressure strap over a relatively small area on back of the forearm. Still further, this design is limited to be used for compressing wounds within a limited range along the extension of the artery, as the pressure strap is arranged in a fixed position on the splint.
  • [0007]
    Both the support of U.S. Pat. No. 4,798,199 and the splint of U.S. Pat. No. 5,601,597 are molded structures that preferably are comprised of a rigid or semi rigid plastic material such as PVC or the like, which preferably also have a soft padding on the side that will be in contact with the hand. Therefore, these products are expensive to produce and will have to be reused, which implies that they have to be sterilized every time they are to be used, which further increases the costs.
  • [0008]
    An improved radial artery compression system is needed, which provides increased patient comfort, and which, compared with existing devices, is cheap to produce such that a disposable radial artery compression system may be achieved.
  • [0009]
    An object of the invention is to provide a device that overcomes the drawbacks of the prior art devices. This is achieved by the radial artery compression system described below.
  • [0010]
    One advantage with such a radial artery compression system is increased patient comfort, due to a large contact area on the back of the hand/wrist/forearm, and light weight.
  • [0011]
    Another advantage is that the radial artery compression system described below is disposable, and is comprised of cheap, lightweight, and recyclable materials.
  • [0012]
    Still a further advantage is that the radial artery compression system described below may be formed to have a supporting structure, which stabilizes the device during use.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0013]
    [0013]FIG. 1 is a top view in perspective of a radial artery compression system according to the invention.
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 2 is a bottom view in perspective of a radial artery compression system according to the invention.
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 3 is a front view in perspective of a radial artery compression system according to the invention.
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • [0017]
    Embodiments of the invention will now be described with reference to the figures.
  • [0018]
    [0018]FIG. 1 shows a preferred embodiment of a radial artery compression system according to the invention. The system comprises a splint 2 having a main body 2 a, a first and a second strap 3 a, 3 b, a compression strap 4, and a compression pad 5. The first and second straps 3 a, 3 b are preferably arranged at the longitudinal ends of the splint 2 and fixate the hand, wrist and forearm in the splint 2. When the hand, wrist and forearm are fixated in the splint 2, the compression strap 4 is used to put pressure on the compression pad 5, which is to be positioned over the wound in the forearm or wrist to occlude blood flow through only the radial artery while allowing blood flow to the hand through the ulnar artery.
  • [0019]
    The inner surface of the splint 2 is preferably generally trough-shaped so as to cradle the forearm, wrist and hand around approximately half the circumference thereof. As can be seen in FIG. 2, the outer surface of the splint 2 generally has the same shape as the top surface, apart from one or more essentially longitudinally arranged reinforcement profiles 10 a, 10 b. A reinforcement profile is a portion of the splint which has an area of increased thickness as compared to the rest of the splint. If the main body 2 a of the splint has a thickness of T, the longitudinal reinforcement profile extends beyond the main body by an additional thickness of at least T, and preferably by at least 2T, and further preferably by at least 3T. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, these profiles 10 a, 10 b extend along a fraction of the length of the splint 2. These reinforcement profiles 10 a, 10 b greatly increase the rigidity and the torsional rigidity of the splint 2, whereby the splint may be produced with reduced material thickness, or using cheap non-rigid materials such as polystyrene, paper (preferably recycled), and the like. In this embodiment, the main body 2 a and the reinforcement profiles 10 a, 10 b are formed as one piece from the same material. By lowering the material consumption or by using such cheap materials a disposable radial artery compression system 1 is achieved.
  • [0020]
    The reinforcement profiles 10 a, 10 b may further form a support structure 11 for the splint 2, whereby the splint 2 when placed on a flat surface is firmly supported in one position without wobbling, which can be seen in FIG. 3. To form the support structure 11, the bottom surfaces of the reinforcement profiles 10 a, 10 b are arranged to lie in the same plane, below which plane no parts of the splint 2 may extend. This supporting feature facilitates over all handling when using the radial artery compression system 1 of the invention, especially when strapping the compression pad 5 to the wound. The supporting structure 11 also gives increased stability if the splint 2 is used as a support when performing invasive medical procedures such as catheterization, wherein accurate and efficient handling of the arterial puncture is of great importance.
  • [0021]
    The support structure 11 formed by the reinforcement profiles 10 a, 10 b may further be shaped such that the hand positioned in the splint 2 will be placed in a predefined angle with respect to the surface on which the support structure 11 of the splint 2 is placed. In an alternative embodiment the reinforcement profiles 10 a, 10 b may be formed so as to mate a non-flat surface or a matching fixture for fixation of the splint 2, e.g. a dovetail structure or the like.
  • [0022]
    [0022]FIG. 4 is a bottom perspective view of another embodiment 100 of the invention. In this embodiment, one or more reinforcement profiles 110 a, 110 b extend along substantially the entire length of the splint. The bottom surface(s) of the reinforcement profile(s) lie in the same plane to allow the splint to rest on a surface without wobbling. In the FIG. 4 embodiment, two reinforcement profiles are shown, separated by a recess 112 (which saves material); however the recess may be omitted and essentially one large reinforcement profile may be provided. The top portion of the splint 100 is similar to that of splint 2. In FIG. 4, strap recesses 122, 124, 126 are provided for straps (not shown). Recesses may also be provided on portion 110 a. The straps generally go around the patient and the splint, similar to that shown in FIG. 1. The straps may be attached to the splint and/or themselves using a hook and loop type fastener, self-adhesive, or other suitable technique. Even if a strap lies between the splint and the surface on which the splint is resting, because the support structure of the splint is comprised of flat surface(s), the splint will rest without wobbling. The recess 124 is sized to allow some longitudinal movement of the strap within recess 124. The entire contents of Swedish application 0101040-4, filed Mar. 23, 2001, is incorporated herein by reference.
  • [0023]
    The invention is not limited to the embodiments described above. Variations and modifications of the invention will occur to those skilled in this field after receiving the above teachings. The invention is, therefore, defined with reference to the following claims.

Claims (13)

What is claimed is:
1. A splint for a radial artery compression system comprising at least one longitudinal reinforcement profile arranged on a bottom surface thereof.
2. A splint according to claim 1, wherein the reinforcement profile forms a support structure.
3. A splint according to claim 2, wherein the support structure is formed such that a bottom surface of the reinforcement profile lies in the same plane.
4. A splint according to claim 2, wherein the support structure is shaped to match a fixation fixture.
5. A splint according to claim 1, wherein the splint is comprised of a non-rigid material.
6. A radial artery compression system comprising a splint according to claim 1.
7. An arterial wrist support, comprising a splint according to claim 1.
8. A splint according to claim 5, wherein the non-rigid material is polystyrene.
9. A splint according to claim 5, wherein the non-rigid material is paper.
10. A splint according to claim 1, comprising at least two longitudinal reinforcement profiles having bottom surfaces which lie in the same plane.
11. A splint according to claim 1, further comprising a main body and wherein the main body and the at least one longitudinal reinforcement profile are formed from the same material.
12. A splint according to claim 1, wherein the reinforcement profile extends substantially along the full length of the splint.
13. A splint for a radial artery compression system, comprising:
an inner surface shaped to cradle at least one of a hand, wrist, and forearm of a patient; and
a support structure on an opposite side of the splint than the inner surface, the support structure including a substantially flat bottom surface.
US10224586 2002-08-21 2002-08-21 Radial artery compression system Abandoned US20040039413A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10224586 US20040039413A1 (en) 2002-08-21 2002-08-21 Radial artery compression system

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10224586 US20040039413A1 (en) 2002-08-21 2002-08-21 Radial artery compression system
EP20030741743 EP1534147A1 (en) 2002-08-21 2003-07-09 Radial artery compression system
PCT/SE2003/001189 WO2004017841A1 (en) 2002-08-21 2003-07-09 Radial artery compression system

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US20040039413A1 true true US20040039413A1 (en) 2004-02-26

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EP (1) EP1534147A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2004017841A1 (en)

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US20070016246A1 (en) * 2005-07-12 2007-01-18 Cook Incorporated Embolic protection device with an integral basket and bag
US20090062703A1 (en) * 2005-12-12 2009-03-05 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression Sleeve Having Air Conduits
US20100082060A1 (en) * 2008-09-30 2010-04-01 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression Device with Wear Area
US20110213414A1 (en) * 2008-02-15 2011-09-01 Mcguckin Jr James F Vascular hole closure device
US8016779B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-09-13 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device having cooling capability
US8016778B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-09-13 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with improved moisture evaporation
US8021388B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-09-20 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with improved moisture evaporation
US8029450B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-10-04 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Breathable compression device
US8034007B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-10-11 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with structural support features
US8070699B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-12-06 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Method of making compression sleeve with structural support features
US8109892B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2012-02-07 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Methods of making compression device with improved evaporation
US8128584B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2012-03-06 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with S-shaped bladder
US8162861B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2012-04-24 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with strategic weld construction
US20120101516A1 (en) * 2009-12-18 2012-04-26 Atthoff Bjoern Dorsal forearm plate
US8235923B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2012-08-07 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with removable portion
US20130072963A1 (en) * 2011-09-20 2013-03-21 Peter W. KREMERS Medical compression device
US8506508B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2013-08-13 Covidien Lp Compression device having weld seam moisture transfer
US8539647B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2013-09-24 Covidien Ag Limited durability fastening for a garment
US8652079B2 (en) 2010-04-02 2014-02-18 Covidien Lp Compression garment having an extension
CN104224270A (en) * 2014-09-09 2014-12-24 河南科技大学第一附属医院 Fixing device facilitating venipuncture
US8968361B2 (en) 2008-02-15 2015-03-03 Rex Medical, L.P. Vascular hole closure device
US9205021B2 (en) 2012-06-18 2015-12-08 Covidien Lp Compression system with vent cooling feature
US9226738B2 (en) 2008-02-15 2016-01-05 Rex Medical, L.P. Vascular hole closure delivery device
US9241826B1 (en) 2012-02-08 2016-01-26 Lih-Bin Shih Topical wound healing device for dynamic elastic injury site
US9295458B2 (en) 2008-02-15 2016-03-29 Rex Medical, L.P. Vascular hole closure delivery device
WO2016107158A1 (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-07-07 武汉奥绿新生物科技有限公司 Radial artery pressure hemostatic apparatus
US9439827B2 (en) 2013-10-25 2016-09-13 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Tissue compression device with pressure indicator
US9463005B2 (en) 2008-02-15 2016-10-11 Rex Medical, L.P. Vascular hole closure device
US9763670B2 (en) 2010-01-19 2017-09-19 St. Jude Medical Coordination Center Bvba Compression unit and a radial artery compression system
US9782155B2 (en) 2008-02-15 2017-10-10 Rex Medical, L.P. Vascular hole closure device
US9867625B2 (en) 2011-03-18 2018-01-16 Marine Polymer Technologies, Inc. Methods and apparatus for a manual radial artery compression device

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Cited By (51)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070016246A1 (en) * 2005-07-12 2007-01-18 Cook Incorporated Embolic protection device with an integral basket and bag
US8539647B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2013-09-24 Covidien Ag Limited durability fastening for a garment
US9364037B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2016-06-14 Covidien Ag Limited durability fastening for a garment
US20090062703A1 (en) * 2005-12-12 2009-03-05 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression Sleeve Having Air Conduits
US8079970B2 (en) 2005-12-12 2011-12-20 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression sleeve having air conduits formed by a textured surface
US8029451B2 (en) 2005-12-12 2011-10-04 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression sleeve having air conduits
US8721575B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2014-05-13 Covidien Lp Compression device with s-shaped bladder
US8016778B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-09-13 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with improved moisture evaporation
US8029450B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-10-04 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Breathable compression device
US8034007B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-10-11 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with structural support features
US8070699B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-12-06 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Method of making compression sleeve with structural support features
US8016779B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2011-09-13 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device having cooling capability
US8109892B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2012-02-07 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Methods of making compression device with improved evaporation
US9387146B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2016-07-12 Covidien Lp Compression device having weld seam moisture transfer
US8128584B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2012-03-06 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with S-shaped bladder
US8162861B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2012-04-24 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression device with strategic weld construction
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EP1534147A1 (en) 2005-06-01 application

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