US20040006827A1 - Chemical formulations and methods utilizing NPB(n-propyl bromide) as non-aqueous carrier mediums to apply fluorocarbons and other organic chemicals to substrates - Google Patents

Chemical formulations and methods utilizing NPB(n-propyl bromide) as non-aqueous carrier mediums to apply fluorocarbons and other organic chemicals to substrates Download PDF

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US20040006827A1
US20040006827A1 US10611746 US61174603A US2004006827A1 US 20040006827 A1 US20040006827 A1 US 20040006827A1 US 10611746 US10611746 US 10611746 US 61174603 A US61174603 A US 61174603A US 2004006827 A1 US2004006827 A1 US 2004006827A1
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npb
substrates
set forth
weight
formula
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Larry Rising
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Rising Larry Ervin
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M13/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with non-macromolecular organic compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M13/08Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with non-macromolecular organic compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with halogenated hydrocarbons
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS BY LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B9/00Solvent-treatment of textile materials
    • D06B9/06Solvent-treatment of textile materials with recovery of the solvent
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/19Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D06M15/21Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M15/263Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds of unsaturated carboxylic acids; Salts or esters thereof
    • D06M15/277Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds of unsaturated carboxylic acids; Salts or esters thereof containing fluorine
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2200/00Functionality of the treatment composition and/or properties imparted to the textile material
    • D06M2200/10Repellency against liquids
    • D06M2200/11Oleophobic properties
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product
    • Y02P70/62Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product related technologies for production or treatment of textile or flexible materials or products thereof, including footwear
    • Y02P70/637Treatment of textiles
    • Y02P70/641Recovery of solvents

Abstract

The present invention relates to methods and chemical formulations utilizing NPB(n-propyl bromide) also called 1-bromopropane or propyl bromide or 1-BP or N-Bromopropane as non-aqueous carrier mediums to apply fluorocarbons and other chemicals to substrates, whereby the NPB is evaporated away leaving the remaining chemicals on the substrate. The present invention offers formula and method for applying organic chemicals to substrates that perform superior to current water based technology. Additional, the invention offers a more economical and environmental friendly alternative to current chlorinated hydrocarbons carriers that are being phased out by mandate of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • NPB (n-propyl bromide) has been used in the metal parts degreasing industry, particularly in vapor degreasers for years. Now according to the invention it has been discovered to have a very useful and desired purpose in other industries. Many substrates, for example, home textiles, carpets, upholstery acquire oil-,water- and soil-repellant properties by treatment with fluorocarbons. [0001]
  • These chemicals are now applied to substrates with water based (aqueous) carriers requiring other auxiliary chemicals i.e.: emulsifiers and dispersing agents to keep organics in suspension. These auxiliary chemicals needed for aqueous application often lesson the intended benefit of the applied chemical to the substrate. These aqueous carriers require high temperatures and expensive drying systems to evaporate the water. Chlorinated hydrocarbons have been used in the past as carrier mediums to apply organic chemicals to substrates when an aqueous carrier could not be used. Chlorinated hydrocarbons are being phased out by mandate of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). [0002]
  • BRIEF SUMMERY OF THE INVENTION
  • By this invention, NPB has shown an excellent alternative to current aqueous and chlorinated hydrocarbons as a carrier medium for application of organics to substrates. NPB is non-regulated, non-toxic and has no ozone pollution properties. NPB is economical and environmentally friendly. [0003]
  • After extensive study, it has been found that the use of NPB as a carrier dramatically improves the performances and durability of benefits achieved by application of organics to substrate and that this invention is superior to current methods and chemistry. [0004]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • The invention relates to methods and formulations to provide substrates with treatment to include oil and water repellant treatment, for example; the treatment of home textiles and apparel, which achieve desired effects with significantly smaller amounts of expensive fluorocarbon compounds as Compared to available current technology, as illustrated in Example 2 Compared to Example 4. [0005]
  • The following description, taken in conjunction with the referenced examples, is presented to enable one of ordinary skill in the art to make and use the invention. Various modifications will be readily apparent to those Skilled in the art, and the general principles defined herein may be applied to a wide range of aspects. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the aspects presented, but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein. Furthermore, the compositions according to the invention should furthermore impart to the substrates, in particular the home textiles, water-repellant actions that meet increased requirements. Another object comprises providing treatment compositions with which the heat treatment can be carried out at the lowest temperature or, preferably, no heat treatment is necessary (Example 3). [0006]
  • In one aspect, invention relates to substrates from the group consisting of naturally occurring and synthetic textiles and their mixtures, leather, mineral substances, thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers and paper, which are treated with fluorine-containing compositions of the type mentioned below in an amount of 10 to 10,000 ppm, preferably 50 to 5,000 ppm, particularly preferably 100 to 2,000 ppm, calculated as fluorine and based on the total weight of substrates provided with an oil-, water- and soil-repellant treatment. [0007]
  • In another aspect, other textile auxiliary chemicals can be added during preparation of the treatment formula as according to the invention, or subsequently. Such additives are crease-proofing and soft handle agents, melamine, flame retardant, oleophobizing agents, hydrophobizing agents, Urethane, finishing agents, extenders for textile auxiliaries and others. [0008]
  • Substrates which are suitable for imparting oil-, water- and soil-repellant properties according to the invention are: linen, cotton, wool, silk, jute, polyamide, polyester, polyacrylonitrile and mixtures thereof, leather, stone slabs, floor tiles, glazed tiles, roof tiles, glass, ground surfaces of silicon, foils and films and compact workpieces of polyolefins, polyesters, polyamides, polycarbonates, polyurethane, polyacetals, polyethers, polysulphides, polysulphones, polyamides and other thermoplastics, as well as of phenol/formaldehyde resins, urea/formaldehyde resins, melamine/formaldehyde resins and other thermosetting resins, paper and paper-like materials, such as paperboard. Preferred base substrates are home textiles based on naturally occurring and synthetic textiles and their mixtures, which are employed, for example, as carpets, curtains, decorative materials or coverings for upholstered furniture. [0009]
  • Processes for the treatment of such base substrates and therefore for application of the fluorine-containing compositions according to the invention are known to the expert and are, for example, foaming, dipping or spraying of the base substrates; the compositions according to the invention furthermore can be employed during the production of the base substrates, for example the pulp. [0010]
  • Textiles as base substrates, preferably home textiles and apparel can be treated, for example, in the padding, spraying or foaming process. The padder consists of a liquor trough (chassis) and at least one pair of rubber rolls (Example 2). The textiles to be treated are impregnated with the treatment liquor in the chassis and squeezed off between the rolls; the liquor runs back into the chassis. It is very important that a uniform liquor pick-up is achieved over the entire width of the goods during squeezing-off. [0011]
  • In the padding process, the liquor pick-up is stated in percentage of the weight of goods, and for normal textile constructions can be between 30 and 300%, depending on the quality of the goods and the padder pressure used. [0012]
  • In the spraying process, (Example 3) the textile is sprayed with the treatment liquor. The treatment liquor is finely divided by nozzles and applied uniformly. An amount of treatment liquor precisely defined beforehand is applied to one square meter of textile goods. [0013]
  • In the foaming process, the treatment liquor is continuously foamed mechanically in a commercially available mixer with out the addition of a foaming agent. The foam is produced in the mixing head by mixing the liquor with air. The foam, which emerges, is conveyed via a foam line to a discharge slot in the applicator. The goods are pressed against the slot and taken off via a separate unit, for example a stenter frame. In example 1, a concentration of 98% NPB and 2% Perfluoroalkyl polyacrylate were used. The experiments were carried out on the Gaston Systems, Inc. Foam Applicator, Stanly, N.C. [0014]
  • By the invention, it has been discovered surprisingly that a mixture of NPB and Perfluoroalkyl polyacrylate can be foamed with or without the aid of a foaming agent (Example 1). Not using foaming agents greatly improves the benefit of the applied fluorine composition to the substrate and reduces the amount of compound added to fabric to achieve water and oil repellency. [0015]
  • In another aspect, this invention involves the surprising discovery that the use of NPB applied in 100% concentration via dipping and squeezing with pressure rollers (Padding) and the NPB being evaporated away imparts a much improved softness and luster to textile substrates, especially home furnishing, apparel fabrics and upholstery fabrics. [0016]
  • After the treatment, the textiles, preferably home textiles, are dried, it being possible to use temperatures of 120.degree. to 170.degree. C. to achieve the desired treatment effect according to the known procedure. However, good oil-, water- and soil-repellant treatments can also be obtained with the new compositions according to the invention at significantly lower drying temperatures, for example at 25.degree. C. (Example 3). [0017]
  • Samples of the materials thus pretreated were taken for testing of the following effects: [0018]
  • Oil-repellency (according to AATCC 118-1972): The test sample is placed on a horizontal, smooth surface, a small drop (drop diameter about 5 mm) of he test liquids is applied to the test sample with the aid of a dropping pipette, In addition, the sample is evaluated as specified. [0019]
  • The AATCC oil-repellency level of a test fabric is the highest number of that test liquid which does not wet or penetrate into the test material within a time span of 30 seconds. The test liquids and mixtures for the test method are: No. 1: Nujol or paraffin oil DAB 8; No. 2: 65% by volume of Nujol and 35% by volume of n-hexadecane; No. 3: n-hexadecane; No. 4: n-tetradecane; No. 5: n-dodecane; No. 6: n-decane; No. 7: n-octane; No. 8: n-heptane. [0020]
  • Repellency towards a water/alcohol mixture (hydrophobicity): Drops of water/isopropanol mixtures (ratio 90/10 to 10/90) are applied to the test sample. The test result corresponds to the mixture with the highest isopropanol content which remains on the test sample in unchanged form for at least 20 seconds (the value 80/20, for example, is better than 20/80). [0021]
  • EXAMPLES
  • Compositions which are not according to the invention (Example 4) and which represent the prior art are the following: Nuva HPU (Clariant Corporation). Scotchgard.RTM. FC 396 (3M Comp.) according to DE-A 2 149 292 Baygard.RTM. SF-A. (Bayer AG) according to DE-A 3 307 420 and Zonyl (E. I. Dupont) [0022]
  • The compositions according to the invention (Examples 1, 2 & 3) are non-aqueous solutions contents of which comprise a mixture of NPB (component A) and one or more poly (meth) acrylates (component B). [0023]
  • Use of the Compositions According to the Invention Example 1
  • A solution of 98% NPB and 2% Perfluoroalkyl polyacrylate were mixed and applied to the foam generator which imparts the solution to a high speed mixer that generates the solution into foam. The foam was then dispensed to the substrates listed in below via an applicator at 30%-wet pickup. The substrates were then dried at 170 deg C. for 1-minute dwell time with the following results: [0024]
    Initial After 10 Home Laundries
    Example 1 Oil IPA Spray Fluoride Oil IPA Spray Fluoride
    Cotton 5 85 100 2160 ppm 2 60 70 1600 ppm
    Polyester 6 90 100 1170 ppm 5 90 90  980 ppm
    Pes/Rayon 6 80 100 5 60 70
  • Example 2
  • A solution of 99.6% NPB and 0.4% Perfluoroalkyl polyacrylate were mixed and applied to the substrates listed below via a pad applicator at 3.5 bars pressure. The solution was applied at noted wet pickup. Again, the substrates were dried at 170 deg C. with a 1-minute dwell. [0025]
    Initial After 10 Home Laundries
    Example 2 Oil IPA Spray Fluoride Oil IPA Spray Fluoride
    Cotton 6 100 100 2480 ppm 3 90 80 2200 ppm
    Polyester 8 90 100 1270 ppm 6 90 90 1100 ppm
    Pes/Rayon 8 80 100 6 80 80
  • Example 3
  • A solution of 99.6% NPB and 2% Perfluoroalkyl polyacrylate were mixed and applied to the substrates listed below via a Spray at 1.5 bars pressure. The solution was applied at noted wet pickup. Again, the substrates were dried at 170 deg C. with a 1-minute dwell. [0026]
    Initial After 10 Home Laundries
    Example 3 Oil IPA Spray Fluoride Oil IPA Spray Fluoride
    Cotton 6 85 100 2260 ppm 2 60 70 1690 ppm
    Polyester 6 90 100 1170 ppm 5 90 90 1080 ppm
    Pes/Rayon 6 80 100 5 60 70
  • Use of the Compositions Not According to the Invention Example 4
  • An aqueous Perfluoroalkyl polyacrylate dispersion using Nuva HPU at 2% concentration was prepared and applied via a padding applicator at 3.5 bars pressure. The solution was applied at noted wet pickup. Again, the substrates were dried at 170 deg C. with a 1-minute dwell. [0027]
    Initial After 10 H me Laundries
    Example 4 Oil IPA Spray Fluoride Oil IPA Spray Fluoride
    Cotton 7 100 100 2460 7  90   80 2210
    ppm ppm
    Polyester 6 60 100 1270 4-5 45-50 90 1100
    ppm ppm
    Pes/Rayon 5 60 100 2  35-40 70
  • In all examples, the substrates used were (1) White Polyester 8 oz/sq yd (PES), (2) 100% Cotton interlock and (3) 60/40 PES and Rayon Blend. [0028]

Claims (15)

What is claimed is:
1. Methods and chemical formulations utilizing NPB(n-propyl bromide) as non-aqueous carrier mediums to apply fluorocarbons and other chemicals to substrates, whereby the NPB is evaporated away leaving the remaining chemicals on the substrate.
2. Formula as set forth in claim 1, Fluorine-containing compositions for oil-, water- and soil-repellant treatment of substrates, comprising two components A (NPB) and B (fluorine-containing copolymer) which comprises, based on the total weight of A, the following weight contents of comonomer (B):
0.002 to 50% by weight of (meth) acrylates containing perfluoroalkyl groups, of the formula
C.sub.n F.sub.2n+1--X--O--CO--CR.sup.1.dbd.CH.sub.2  (I).
3. Formula as set forth in claim 2, whereby treatment of substrates, comprising two components A (NPB) and B (other fluoroine-containing compounds) which comprises, based on the total weight of A, the following weight contents of comonomer (B):
0.002 to 40% by weight of component A
4. Formula as set forth in claim 3, whereby treatment of substrates, comprising two components A (NPB) and B (Ultraviolet light inhibitor compound) which comprises, based on the total weight of A, the following weight contents of comonomer (B):
0.002 to 20% by weight of component A
5. Formula as set forth in claim 4, whereby treatment of substrates, comprising two components A (NPB) and B (Antistat compounds) which comprises, based on the total weight of A, the following weight contents of comonomer (B):
0.002 to 10% by weight of component A
6. Formula as set forth in claim 5, whereby treatment of substrates, comprising two components A (NPB) and B (Foaming compounds) which comprises, based on the total weight of A, the following weight contents of comonomer (B):
0.002 to 18% by weight of component A
7. Formula as set forth in claim 6, whereby treatment of substrates, comprising two components A (NPB) and B (Antibacterial compound) which comprises, based on the total weight of A, the following weight contents of comonomer (B):
0.002 to 15% by weight of component A
8. Formula as set forth in claim 7, whereby treatment of substrates, comprising two components A (NPB) and B (softening and hand building compound) which comprises, based on the total weight of A, the following weight contents of comonomer (B)
0.002 to 20% by weight of component A
9. Formula as set forth in claim 8, whereby treatment of substrates, comprising two components A (NPB) and B (resin compounds) which comprises, based on the total weight of A, the following weight contents of comonomer (B):
0.002 to 80% by weight of component A
10. Formula as set forth in claim 9, whereby treatment of substrates, comprising two components A (NPB) and B (Urethane) which comprises, based on the total weight of A, the following weight contents of comonomer (B)
0.002 to 12% by weight of component A
11. Formula as set forth in claim 10, whereby treatment of substrates, comprising the single component A(NPB) being used as scouring agent.
12. A method for applying formulas set forth in claims 2 through 11 with a substrate, comprising the acts of padding; applying the chemical mixture with the substrate forming a wet substrate; and removing the non-aqueous solvent from the wet substrate, leaving a substrate with remaining chemical solution.
13. Method as set forth in claim 12, where by formula set forth in claims 2 through 11 are foamed onto substrtate.
14. Method as set forth in claim 13, where by formula set forth in claims 2 through 11 are sprayed onto substrtate.
15. Method as set forth in claim 14, where by formula set forth in claims 2 through 11 are coated onto substrtate.
US10611746 2002-07-03 2003-06-30 Chemical formulations and methods utilizing NPB(n-propyl bromide) as non-aqueous carrier mediums to apply fluorocarbons and other organic chemicals to substrates Abandoned US20040006827A1 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US39421202 true 2002-07-03 2002-07-03
US10611746 US20040006827A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-06-30 Chemical formulations and methods utilizing NPB(n-propyl bromide) as non-aqueous carrier mediums to apply fluorocarbons and other organic chemicals to substrates

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10611746 US20040006827A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-06-30 Chemical formulations and methods utilizing NPB(n-propyl bromide) as non-aqueous carrier mediums to apply fluorocarbons and other organic chemicals to substrates
US11254201 US20060035798A1 (en) 2003-06-30 2005-10-20 Non-aqueous water and oil repellent compositions for a durable hydrophobic textile
US11355270 US20060135386A1 (en) 2003-06-30 2006-02-15 Chemical composition for a fire retardant textile
US11443687 US20060217279A1 (en) 2003-06-30 2006-06-01 Surface treatment compositions for foaming process

Related Child Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US11254201 Continuation-In-Part US20060035798A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2005-10-20 Non-aqueous water and oil repellent compositions for a durable hydrophobic textile
US11355270 Division US20060135386A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2006-02-15 Chemical composition for a fire retardant textile
US11443687 Continuation-In-Part US20060217279A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2006-06-01 Surface treatment compositions for foaming process

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US10613735 Abandoned US20040134421A1 (en) 2002-07-03 2003-07-03 Apparatus and method for applying chemicals to substrates via the use of nonaqueous solvents

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040134421A1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2004-07-15 Larry Rising Apparatus and method for applying chemicals to substrates via the use of nonaqueous solvents
US20060105110A1 (en) * 2004-11-18 2006-05-18 Precision Fabrics Group, Inc. Methods of finishing medical barrier fabrics
US7842625B1 (en) 2006-10-26 2010-11-30 Nano-Tex, Inc. Methods for treating fabric to facilitate moisture transfer from one side to the other
US20120218285A1 (en) * 2011-02-25 2012-08-30 University Of Rochester Methods and systems for treatment of vestibular disorders

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US5827812A (en) * 1995-05-16 1998-10-27 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Azeotrope-like compositions and their use
US6342471B1 (en) * 2000-01-25 2002-01-29 Toney M. Jackson Electrical contact cleaner
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5139879A (en) * 1991-09-20 1992-08-18 Allied-Signal Inc. Fluoropolymer blend anti-reflection coatings and coated articles
US5827812A (en) * 1995-05-16 1998-10-27 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Azeotrope-like compositions and their use
US6342471B1 (en) * 2000-01-25 2002-01-29 Toney M. Jackson Electrical contact cleaner
US6699829B2 (en) * 2002-06-07 2004-03-02 Kyzen Corporation Cleaning compositions containing dichloroethylene and six carbon alkoxy substituted perfluoro compounds

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040134421A1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2004-07-15 Larry Rising Apparatus and method for applying chemicals to substrates via the use of nonaqueous solvents
US20060105110A1 (en) * 2004-11-18 2006-05-18 Precision Fabrics Group, Inc. Methods of finishing medical barrier fabrics
US7208202B2 (en) 2004-11-18 2007-04-24 Precision Fabrics Group, Inc. Methods of finishing medical barrier fabrics
US7842625B1 (en) 2006-10-26 2010-11-30 Nano-Tex, Inc. Methods for treating fabric to facilitate moisture transfer from one side to the other
US20120218285A1 (en) * 2011-02-25 2012-08-30 University Of Rochester Methods and systems for treatment of vestibular disorders
US9167998B2 (en) * 2011-02-25 2015-10-27 University Of Rochester Methods and systems for treatment of vestibular disorders

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US20040134421A1 (en) 2004-07-15 application
WO2004004924A3 (en) 2004-04-01 application
WO2004004924A2 (en) 2004-01-15 application

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