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Cutter with optical alignment system

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Publication number
US20030233921A1
US20030233921A1 US10174731 US17473102A US2003233921A1 US 20030233921 A1 US20030233921 A1 US 20030233921A1 US 10174731 US10174731 US 10174731 US 17473102 A US17473102 A US 17473102A US 2003233921 A1 US2003233921 A1 US 2003233921A1
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US
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
blade
laser
indicator
fig
cutter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10174731
Inventor
Jaime Garcia
Joseph Jenkins
Jeffrey Weston
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Black and Decker Inc
Original Assignee
Delta International Machinery Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D59/00Accessories specially designed for sawing machines or sawing devices
    • B23D59/001Measuring or control devices, e.g. for automatic control of work feed pressure on band saw blade
    • B23D59/002Measuring or control devices, e.g. for automatic control of work feed pressure on band saw blade for the position of the saw blade
    • B23D59/003Indicating the cutting plane on the workpiece, e.g. by projecting a laser beam
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/24Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools using optics or electromagnetic waves
    • B23Q17/2404Arrangements for improving direct observation of the working space, e.g. using mirrors or lamps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/04Processes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/768Rotatable disc tool pair or tool and carrier
    • Y10T83/7684With means to support work relative to tool[s]
    • Y10T83/7688Plural tool elements successively actuated at same station
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/768Rotatable disc tool pair or tool and carrier
    • Y10T83/7684With means to support work relative to tool[s]
    • Y10T83/7722Support and tool relatively adjustable
    • Y10T83/7726By movement of the tool
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/768Rotatable disc tool pair or tool and carrier
    • Y10T83/7684With means to support work relative to tool[s]
    • Y10T83/773Work-support includes passageway for tool [e.g., slotted table]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/768Rotatable disc tool pair or tool and carrier
    • Y10T83/7755Carrier for rotatable tool movable during cutting
    • Y10T83/7788Tool carrier oscillated or rotated
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/828With illuminating or viewing means for work
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/828With illuminating or viewing means for work
    • Y10T83/839Mirror or lens
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/849With signal, scale, or indicator
    • Y10T83/853Indicates tool position

Abstract

An optical system mounted on a cutter that has a base and a housing supporting a blade. In one embodiment, the optical system may projects first and second indicator lines on the base. The optical system may also include a mechanism selectively operable to adjust the first and second lines to indicate the width of the blade.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    Recent patents, such as U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,285,708 and 5,375,495, disclose optical alignment systems for power saws that have circular blades. Such optical alignment systems typically utilize a single laser generator that projects a line on a workpiece to indicate the location at which one of the sides of the blade will enter the workpiece and purport to facilitate cutting the workpiece.
  • [0002]
    Because power saw blades have varying thickness, there is a need for an optical system that may be used to indicate accurately the width of the material to be removed by the blade in a cost-efficient and convenient manner.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • [0003]
    One embodiment of the invention provides an optical system mounted on a cutter that has a base and a housing supporting a blade. The optical system may projects first and second indicator lines on the base. The optical system may also include a mechanism selectively operable to adjust the first and second lines to indicate the width of the blade.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • [0004]
    In the accompanying Figures, there are shown present embodiments of the invention wherein like reference numerals are employed to designate like parts and wherein:
  • [0005]
    [0005]FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment of the cutter according to the invention;
  • [0006]
    [0006]FIG. 2 is a partially exploded view of a portion of the cutter of FIG. 1;
  • [0007]
    [0007]FIG. 3a is a left side perspective view of an embodiment of an optical system employed in the cutter embodiment of FIG. 1;
  • [0008]
    [0008]FIG. 3b is a top view of the optical system of FIG. 3a;
  • [0009]
    [0009]FIG. 4a is a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of a laser generator holder for the optical system of FIG. 3a;
  • [0010]
    [0010]FIG. 4b is an exploded view of FIG. 4a;
  • [0011]
    [0011]FIG. 5 is a right side perspective view of the optical system of FIG. 3a;
  • [0012]
    [0012]FIG. 6 is a right side perspective and partially exploded view of the optical system of FIG. 3a with one laser generator holder removed;
  • [0013]
    [0013]FIG. 7 is a partially exploded right side perspective view of the optical system of FIG. 3a with both laser generator holders removed;
  • [0014]
    [0014]FIG. 8 is a left side perspective and partially exploded view of the optical system of FIG. 3a with one laser generator holder removed;
  • [0015]
    [0015]FIG. 9 is a right side perspective view of an embodiment of a cover for the optical system of FIG. 3a;
  • [0016]
    [0016]FIG. 10 is a partial perspective view of the cutter of FIG. 1 showing two indicator lines injected by the optical system of FIG. 3a in one configuration on a workpiece prior to cutting;
  • [0017]
    [0017]FIG. 11 is an enlarged partial perspective view of the blade of the cutter of FIG. 1 showing two indicator lines projected by the optical system of FIG. 3a in another configuration on a workpiece prior to cutting;
  • [0018]
    [0018]FIGS. 12a-12 d are plan views of a portion of the cutter base for the cutter of FIG. 1 diagrammatically showing various adjustments of the indicator lines of the optical system of FIG. 3a;
  • [0019]
    [0019]FIG. 13 is a perspective view of the projection of the indicator lines 62, 64 of the optical system of FIG. 3a for a slanted cut of the cutter of FIG. 1;
  • [0020]
    [0020]FIG. 14 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a laser generator for the optical system of FIG. 3a; and
  • [0021]
    [0021]FIG. 15 is a side view of an embodiment of a lower guard for the cutter of FIG. 1.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • [0022]
    Referring now to the drawings for the purpose of illustrating the invention and not for the purpose of limiting the same, it is to be understood that standard components or features that are within the purview of an artisan of ordinary skill and do not contribute to the understanding of the various embodiments of the invention are omitted from the drawings to enhance clarity. Furthermore, it will be appreciated that the characterizations of various components and orientations described herein as being “vertical” or “horizontal”, “right” or “left”, “side”, “upper” or “lower”, are relative characterizations only based upon the particular position or orientation of a given component for a particular application.
  • [0023]
    [0023]FIGS. 1 and 2 are partial perspective views of an embodiment of a cutter 20 having a base 22 and a housing 24. The housing 24 supports a blade 26 that is rotatable about an axis A-A by a conventional electric motor (not shown) and may include an upper blade guard 28 and movable lower blade guard 30. The blade 26 has two lateral sides 50, 52, which define the width of the cut made by the blade 26. See FIG. 2. Accordingly, if the blade 26 has carbide tooth inserts, as in common in some applications, the outermost surfaces of such inserts define the width of the cut and comprise the lateral sides 50, 52 of the blade 26. The cutter 20 may be any circular saw, such as, for example, a miter saw, a table saw, a radial arm saw, a cutoff saw, a hand-held circular saw, a frame and trim saw, a compound and slide miter saw, etc., although other non-circular cutters may also be used. The manufacture and operation of such saws are known in the art and, therefore, they will not be described herein beyond what is necessary for a person of ordinary skill in the art to make and use the various embodiments of the subject invention.
  • [0024]
    An embodiment of an optical alignment system 40 for the cutter 20 may be mounted on the upper guard 28. See FIGS. 2-9. In one embodiment, the optical alignment system 40 may include first and second laser generators 42, 44 mounted on respective first and second holders 46, 48. Each of the holders 46, 48 may have a cylindrical portion 41, 47, with a respective axis A1-A1, A2-A2, which is parallel to the axis A-A of the blade 26 when the holder 46, 48 is installed on the upper guard 28. The holders 46, 48 may also include lateral adjustment portions 51, 57 and may be slidably supported on the upper blade guard 28 such that they can be laterally displaced relative to the blade 26 along their respective axes A1-A1, A2-A2 in the lateral directions represented by arrows “D” and “E”.
  • [0025]
    In one embodiment, the right and left walls 21, 23 of the upper guard 28 may include various openings that have surface portions that slidably support the holders 46, 48. The openings may also facilitate the installation of the holders 46, 48 on the upper guard 28. For example, the left wall 23 may include circular left side openings 120 having bearing surfaces 121 that are in contact with the left ends 122 of the cylindrical portions 41, 47 of the holders 46, 48. See FIG. 7. The right wall 21 may include right side openings 124 that are sized and shaped to receive the holders 46, 48. The openings 124 may also include bearing surfaces 123 that are in bearing contact with the right ends 126 of cylindrical portions 41, 47 of the holders 46, 48.
  • [0026]
    After the holders 46, 48 are inserted through the right side openings 124 into the upper guard 28 between the right and left walls 21, 23, they may be rotated into operative positions in the direction of the arrows “F” and “G”. The operative position may be determined such that, for example, the laser generators 42, 44 project light that passes through openings 98 of the lower guard 30 of a cutter 20 when the blade 26 is in its uppermost position away from the base 22. See FIG. 1. The holders 46, 48 may be rotated in the direction opposite to the directions represented by the arrows F and G for removal from the upper blade guard 28. It will be appreciated that the laser generators 42, 43 may first be removed from the holders 46, 48 during the installation or removal of the holders 46, 48 into and out of the upper blade guard 28.
  • [0027]
    More particularly and with reference to FIG. 3a, the first and second laser generators 42, 44 may be mounted on the respective holders 46, 48 so that they are laterally offset from the blade 26 and on opposite lateral sides 50, 52 of the blade 26. The laser generators 42, 44 may be powered by a battery or a cutter power source via electrical cables 128. In the latter case, converters may be connected to the laser generators 42, 44 to convert the alternate current of the cutter power source to direct current for the laser generators 42, 44, and to reduce the power source voltage level to the voltage level of the laser generators 42, 44. In one embodiment, the laser generators 42, 44 may be controlled through a dedicated switch 43, which may be located, for example, on the upper blade guard 28. See FIG. 2. The power to the laser generators 42, 44, may be also controlled by the electric switch of the cutter 20 in certain applications, such that the laser generators 42, 44 are powered when the cutter 20 is powered.
  • [0028]
    The laser generators 42, 44 may comprise commercial laser generators of the type that produce a fan of light, i.e. line generators, such as those laser line generators manufactured by Sean & Stephen Corporation of Taiwan and China under Model 1894. In one embodiment, each laser generator 42, 44 may be customized to include a handle arrangement 84, such as, for example, a nut or socket attached to a barrel 85 that encloses the laser unit 89 of the laser generator 42, 44. See FIG. 14.
  • [0029]
    To prevent accidental rotation of the laser generators 42, 44 within the holders 46, 48 respectively, frictional inserts 86 may be supported in the holders 46, 48 to frictionally contact the lateral surfaces of the laser generators 42, 44. The frictional inserts 86 may be made of foam, rubber or other material that may increase the coefficient of friction at the lateral surfaces of the laser generators 42, 44. See FIGS. 4a and 4 b.
  • [0030]
    Additionally, the optical lens of the laser unit 85 may be customized so that it produces a fan angle “D” of approximately 30° centrally disposed about axis B-B, instead of the 60° fan angle β of typical commercial laser line generators. See FIG. 14. The narrower fan angle produces a laser beam of greater intensity that may be visible even in direct sunlight.
  • [0031]
    In one embodiment, the optical alignment system 40 may also be protected by a removable cover 45 that is attached to upper blade guard 28 by fasteners 13, such as, for example, screws, or by other fastening arrangements or snap-on fittings, etc. See FIGS. 2 and 9. The cover 45 may also include openings 133 that provide access to lateral adjustment features for the holders 46, 48, as will be described below. The cover 45 may be molded as one piece from polymeric material or otherwise manufactured as is known in the art.
  • [0032]
    In one embodiment, when the laser generators 42, 44 are powered, they project two indicator lines 62, 64 on the base 22 or on a workpiece 25 that is supported on the base 22. See FIG. 10. Namely, the first laser generator 42 projects a “left” indicator line 62 and the second laser generator 44 projects a “right” indicator line 64. The optical alignment system 40 may also include several adjustment mechanisms that can be used to adjust the spacing, position and orientation of the indicator lines 62, 64 relative to each other and relative to the blade 26, to indicate the width of the workpiece material or “kerf” 100 to be removed by the blade 26.
  • [0033]
    [0033]FIGS. 12a-12 d illustrate a portion of the base 22 and also show the indicator lines 62, 64. Although the workpiece 25 and the blade 26 are not shown in these Figures, the kerf 100 is depicted in dashed lines to illustrate the various adjustments of the indicator lines relative to the kerf 100. FIG. 12a illustrates the right indicator line 62 and the left indicator line 64 in a non-parallel relationship. A parallelism adjustment may be provided by rotating each laser generator 42, 44 about its own longitudinal axis B-B to cause the respective indicator line 62, 64 to become parallel to a respective lateral side of the blade 26, defining the kerf 100. See FIGS. 11, 12a, and 12 b. The handle 84 attached to each laser generator 42, 44 may be used to facilitate the rotation of the laser generators 42, 44 about their longitudinal axes B-B.
  • [0034]
    A lateral macro-adjustment may be provided by moving the holders 46, 48 laterally to accommodate the width of the blade 26 or the kerf 100 of the cut between the left and right indicator lines 62, 64, which are then laterally displaced with respect to kerf 100, as shown in FIGS. 12b and 12 c. To facilitate such adjustment, as can be seen in FIG. 3a, the first holder 46 may include a first threaded hole 66 parallel to its axis A1-A1 and a second threaded hole 70 oriented orthogonally to the first hole 66. Likewise, As can be seen in FIG. 4b, the second holder 48 may include a first threaded hole 68 parallel to its axis A2-A2 and a second threaded hole 72 oriented orthogonally to the first hole 68. First macro-adjustment actuators 74, 78, in the form, for example, of screws, may extend through holes 132, 132′, 134, 134′ in the left and right walls 23, 21 of the upper blade guard 28, and may be received in the respective first holes 66, 68 to move the respective holders 46, 48 laterally. The wall holes 132, 132′, 134, 134′ are aligned with the first threaded holes 66, 68. Macro-adjustment fasteners 80, 82, such as set screws, may be used to lock the macro-adjustment actuators 70, 74.
  • [0035]
    A lateral micro-adjustment of the indicator lines 62, 64 may be provided by supporting the laser generators 42, 44 on beams or sleeves 88 cantilevered from the holders 46, 48. See FIGS. 4a and 4 b. In one embodiment, each laser generator 42, 44 may be supported on its respective holder 46, 48 inside a central opening 87 of a sleeve 88 which is received inside an opening 83 of the respective holder 46, 48. Each sleeve 88 may have first and second end tabs 90, 92 that protrude on each side of the sleeve, and may be cantilevered from its first end tab 90, which may be received, for example, in a cavity 91 of the respective holder 46, 48. It will be appreciated that other ways of supporting the laser generators 42, 44 on cantilevered beams 88 and mounting such beams 88 on the holders 44, 46 may be employed.
  • [0036]
    A micro-adjustment actuator 94, in the form of a screw or similar fastener, may be received in an opening 140 of the holder 46, 48. The micro adjustment actuator 94 may operate to exert force on the second end tab 92 of the sleeve 88 to cause the sleeve 88 to deflect and move in the directions indicated by arrows C relative to the respective axis A1-A1, A2-A2 of the holder 46, 48. The deflection of the sleeve 88 causes the respective laser generator 42, 44 to move in like manner, such that the respective indicator line 62, 64 is displaced parallel to itself. See FIG. 12d.
  • [0037]
    The micro-adjustment actuator 94 may be operated by rotating, for example, a hex nut 96. The sleeve 88 and the micro-adjustment actuator 94 may also be calibrated such that one full turn of the nut 96 corresponds to a predetermined amount of displacement. For example, in one embodiment, one full turn of the nut 96 corresponds to a lateral displacement of {fraction (1/32)}″. Those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that one or more micro-adjustment operations may be required to bring the indicator lines 62, 64 onto the planes corresponding with the sides 50, 52 of the blade 26 depending on the proximity provided by a preceding macro-adjustment.
  • [0038]
    A biasing stopper 95 may be provided against the second end tab 92 of the sleeve 88 to bias the second end tab 92 toward a predetermined position, for example in contact with an inner surface 99 of the respective holder 46, 48. The stopper 95 may be made from any resilient material, such as, for example, rubber. It will be appreciated that other biasing arrangements or devices may be used, including, for example, ordinary coil springs. The biasing stopper 95 may be secured by a fastener 136, such as a set screw, or other supporting arrangement. The sleeve 88 may include a cavity 138 for receiving the frictional insert 86.
  • [0039]
    The laser light of the laser generators 42, 44 may pass through a bottom surface 31 of the lower guard 30, if such lower guard 30 is provided. The bottom surface 31 of the lower guard 30 may be constructed from materials having acceptable optical transmission properties, such as, for example, glass or polymer having a transparency index that minimizes distortion and/or dispersion of the laser light. Alternatively, the bottom surface 31 of the lower guard 30 may be provided with one or more openings 98, for example, a series of slits or louvers. See FIG. 1.
  • [0040]
    The openings 98, may be oriented substantially perpendicularly to a periphery 33 of the lower guard 30, as shown in FIG. 1, or parallel to the periphery 33. When the openings 98 are oriented perpendicularly to the periphery 33 of the lower guard 30, the indicator lines 62, 64 are projected as dashed lines on the base 22 or on the workpiece 25. See FIG. 10.
  • [0041]
    In one embodiment, the shape of the openings 98 may be determined by drawing radial lines 142 emanating from a point “X” of the upper blade guard 28. Point X may be located, for example, midway between the first and second laser generators 42, 44. The angle “γ” between two adjacent radial lines 142 that define the lateral sides of the openings 98 may be adjusted to achieve a desire length and spacing of the dashes of the indicator lines 62, 64. See FIG. 15.
  • [0042]
    By operating the adjustment mechanisms described above, each of the indicator lines 62, 64 may be adjusted such that it is parallel to the first or second sides 50, 52 of the blade 26. Moreover, each indicator line 62, 64 may be manipulated to be tangent to one of the sides 50, 52 of the blade 26, or to fall within the width of the blade 26 (or the kerf 100), and therefore, within the width of the material to be removed by the blade 26. In the latter case, i.e., when the indicator lines 62, 64 are adjusted to fall within the kerf 100, certain portions of the indicator line 62, 64 may be obstructed by the blade 26 such that the indicator line 62, 64 may appear to be interrupted, i.e. having blank or shadowed portions. FIG. 11 illustrates an example in which the left indicator line 62 is interrupted by the width of the blade 26 (hitting a tooth insert), while the right indicator line 64 is uninterrupted and tangent to the right side 52 of the blade 26.
  • [0043]
    In operation, the optical system 40 may be powered to project two indicator lines 62, 64 near the sides 102, 104 of the kerf 100, as shown in FIG. 12a. Using the handle 84, each laser generator 42, 44 may be rotated about its longitudinal axis B-B until the corresponding indicator line 62, 64 becomes parallel to the corresponding side of the kerf 100. See FIG. 12b. The macro-adjustment actuators 74, 78 may then be operated to slide the corresponding holders 46, 48 toward or away from the blade 26, such that the indicator lines 62, 64 are on each side of kerf 100 and close to the kerf sides 102, 104. See FIG. 12c. Finally, the micro-adjustment actuators 94 may be operated to cause one or both indicator lines 62, 64 to coincide with the outer edges of the kerf sides 102, 104, as shown in FIG. 12d.
  • [0044]
    As explained in connection with FIG. 11, it is also possible, if desired, to bring the indicator line 62, 64 inside the kerf 100, for example against the inner edge of one of the kerf sides 102, 104. In such case, the corresponding indicator line 62, 64 may be partially interrupted or shadowed by a portion of the blade 26, as described in connection with FIG. 11.
  • [0045]
    Further, for a cutter such as a miter saw, as the upper guard 28 is lowered to bring the blade 26 in cutting position, the lower guard 30 rotates to expose the blade 26. Accordingly, as the blade 26 is lowered, the indicator lines 62, 64 may change from dashed to solid as they no longer pass through the lower guard 30. Additionally, the indicator lines 62, 64 may also project on the side surface of the workpiece 25, indicating, for example, a straight or slanted cut and guiding vertical or slanted orientations of the blade 26. See FIG. 13.
  • [0046]
    Providing two laser generators 42, 44 with multiple and selectively operable adjustment mechanisms greatly facilitates the operation of cutting a workpiece 25 along a predetermined line and removing a predetermined amount of material. Such cutting operations may be performed accurately and conveniently using a variety of blades of different widths and teeth arrangements.
  • [0047]
    It will be understood that although the optical alignment system was described in reference to laser generators, other light sources capable of projecting distinctive indicator lines on the workpiece may be utilized in the spirit of the invention in connection parallelism, macro- and micro-adjustment mechanisms.
  • [0048]
    Whereas particular embodiments of the invention have been described herein for the purpose of illustrating the invention and not for the purpose of limiting the same, it will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that numerous variations of the details, materials and arrangement of parts may be made within the principle and scope of the invention without departing from the spirit invention. The preceding description, therefore, is not meant to limit the scope of the invention. Rather the scope of the invention is to be determined only by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (34)

What is claimed is:
1. A cutter comprising:
a base;
a housing mounted on the base and supporting a rotatable blade having first and second lateral sides;
an optical system adjustably supported on the housing for adjustably projecting first and second indicator lines on the base to indicate a width of the blade.
2. The cutter of claim 1, wherein said optical system comprises:
a first laser generator emitting laser light and mounted on a first holder supported on said housing; and
a second laser generator emitting laser light and mounted on a second holder supported on said housing.
3. The cutter of claim 2, wherein said first laser generator is disposed within said first holder at positions that are laterally offset from the first lateral side of the blade and wherein said second laser generator is disposed within said second holder at positions that are laterally offset from the second lateral side of the blade.
4. The cutter of claim 3, further comprising a first macro-adjuster coupled to said housing and said first holder and being selectively operable to laterally displace the first holder on said housing such that the first indicator line generated by said first laser generator is displaced laterally relative to the blade.
5. The cutter of claim 4, wherein said first holder supports a first micro-adjuster that is selectively operable to move said first laser generator within said first holder such that the first indicator line is laterally displaced relatively to the first lateral side of the blade.
6. The cutter of claim 5, wherein said first micro-adjuster comprises:
a first sleeve cantilevered from said first holder and supportingly receiving said first laser generator therein; and
a first micro-actuator adjustably supported in said first holder and selectively operable to deflect the first sleeve relative to said first holder.
7. The cutter of claim 6, wherein the first sleeve is biased in a predetermined direction against said first holder.
8. The cutter of claim 2, further including a first rotational adjuster coupled to the first laser generator, for selectively rotating the first indicator line relative to the first lateral side of the blade.
9. The cutter of claim 8, further including a first frictional insert supported in said first holder and in frictional contact with said first laser generator.
10. The cutter of claim 3, further comprising a second macro-adjuster coupled to said housing and said second holder and being selectively operable to laterally displace the second holder on said housing such that the second indicator line generated by said second laser generator is displaced laterally relative to the blade.
11. The cutter of claim 10, wherein said second holder supports a second micro-adjuster that is selectively operable to move said second laser generator within said second holder such that the second indicator line is laterally displaced relatively to the second lateral side of the blade.
12. The cutter of claim 11, wherein said second micro-adjuster comprises:
a second sleeve cantilevered from said second holder and supportingly receiving said second laser generator therein; and
a second micro-actuator adjustably supported in said second holder and selectively operable to deflect the second sleeve relative to said second holder.
13. The cutter of claim 12, wherein the second sleeve is biased in a predetermined direction against said second holder.
14. The cutter of claim 2, further including a second rotational adjuster coupled to the second laser generator, for selectively rotating the second indicator line relative to the second lateral side of the blade.
15. The cutter of claim 14, further including a second frictional insert supported in said second holder and in frictional contact with said second laser generator.
16 The cutter of claim 2, wherein the optical system is attached to an upper blade guard portion of the housing.
17. The cutter of claim 16, wherein the housing includes a movable lower guard that allows at least portion of laser light to pass therethrough.
18. The cutter of claim 17, wherein the lower guard includes openings through which at least a portion of the laser light passes through.
19. The cutter of claim 18, wherein said openings have lateral sides along lines that intersect at a point on the upper blade guard.
20. A cutter comprising:
a base;
a housing supporting a blade having first and second lateral sides defining a width said first lateral side defining a first plane and said second lateral side defining a second plane; and
an optical system adjustably supported on the housing for adjustably projecting two indicator lines on the base, the optical system including an adjustment mechanism selectively operable to adjust at least one of the lines to be projected on the base to indicate said first plane.
21. The cutter of claim 20, wherein the other of said indicator lines to be projected relative thereto such that the distance between the two indicator lines is less than the width of the blade.
22. The cutter of claim 20, wherein the other of said indicator lines is partially obscured by the blade.
23. The cutter of claim 20, wherein the other of said indicator lines to be projected relative thereto such that the distance between the two indicator lines is greater than the width of the blade.
24. The cutter of claim 20, wherein the other of said indicator lines to be projected relative thereto such that the distance between the two indicator lines is equal to the width of the blade.
25. An optical alignment system for a cutter having a base and a housing supporting a blade, the optical system comprising:
first and second laser generators supported on the housing and projecting first and second indicator lines onto the base; and
an adjustment mechanism supported on the housing and being selectively operable to adjust the first and second indicator lines to indicate a width of the blade.
26. The optical alignment system of claim 25, wherein the adjustment mechanism includes a macro-adjuster for selective lateral displacement of each indicator line relative to the planes defined by the lateral sides of the blade.
27. The optical alignment system of claim 25, wherein the macro-adjuster includes first and second holders supporting the first and second laser generators on the housing and at least one actuator selectively operable to displace one of the first and second holders laterally relative to the planes defined by the lateral sides of the blade.
28. The optical alignment system of claim 25, wherein the adjustment mechanism includes a micro-adjuster for lateral micro-displacement of at least one of the first and second indicator lines relative to the planes defined by the lateral sides of the blade.
29. The optical alignment system of claim 28, wherein the micro-adjuster comprises:
a sleeve cantilevered from a holder and receiving one of the first and second laser generators therein; and
a micro-actuator supported within said holder for selective contact with said sleeve to move said laser generator such that the corresponding indicator line generated by said laser generator is displaced laterally relative to the planes defined by the lateral sides of the blade.
30. An optical system for a cutter having a base and a housing supporting a blade, the optical system comprising:
first and second laser generators movably mounted on first and second holders, the first and second holders slidably supported on the housing, the first and second laser generators projecting first and second indicator lines on the base, and the first and second indicators lines being selectively adjustable to indicate a width of the blade;
first and second actuators coupled to said first and second holders, respectively, and being selectively operable for lateral displacement of the first and second holders relative to said blade;
first and second sleeves cantilevered from the first and second holders, respectively, and receiving the first and second laser generators therein, respectively; and
first and second micro-actuators selectively operable on the first and second sleeves respectively to move the first and second laser generators such that the first and second indicator lines are displaced laterally relative to the blade.
31. An optical alignment system for a cutter having a base and a housing supporting a blade, the optical system comprising:
means for projecting first and second indicator lines on the base; and
means for selectively adjusting the first and second indicator lines to indicate a width of the blade.
32. A method for indicating material to be removed by the blade of a cutter, the cutter having a base supporting a housing for the blade, the method comprising:
mounting a first laser generator on the housing laterally offset from a first lateral side of the blade, the first laser generator projecting a first indicator line on the base;
mounting a second laser generator on the housing laterally offset from a second lateral side of the blade, the second laser generator projecting a second indicator line on the base; and
selectively rotating and displacing the first and second laser generators such that the first and second indicator lines indicate material to be removed by the blade.
33. A method for indicating material to be removed by the blade of a cutter, the cutter having a base supporting a housing for the blade, the method comprising:
projecting a first indicator line on the base;
projecting a second indicator line on the base; and
selectively adjusting the first and second indicator lines to indicate material to be removed by the blade.
34. A method of cutting a workpiece, comprising:
supporting the workpiece on the base of a cutter having a rotatable blade supported above the base;
projecting two indicator lines onto the workpiece, said indicator lines separated by a distance representing a width of the blade; and
rotating said blade through said workpiece such that material removed from the workpiece by the blade corresponds to said distance between said indicator line.
US10174731 2002-06-19 2002-06-19 Cutter with optical alignment system Abandoned US20030233921A1 (en)

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CN 03149004 CN1494979A (en) 2002-06-19 2003-06-19 Cutter with optical alignment system
US10632561 US20060101969A1 (en) 2002-06-19 2003-07-31 Optical alignment system
US11033502 US7926398B2 (en) 2002-06-19 2005-01-11 Cutter with optical alignment system

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US7926398B2 (en) 2011-04-19 grant
US20050126356A1 (en) 2005-06-16 application
CN1494979A (en) 2004-05-12 application
US20060101969A1 (en) 2006-05-18 application
CA2432108A1 (en) 2003-12-19 application

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